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Diabetes merupakan keadaan di mana tubuh Anda gagal untuk dapat menghasilkan insulin atau menyerap insulin. Kedua hal ini akan meningkatkan kadar gula di dalam darah yang dapat membahayakan kesehatan tubuh Anda.

Saat ini jumlah penderita diabetes telah meningkat secara drastis. Bahkan anak-anak pun juga dapat terserang penyakit ini. Sebagian besar anak-anak menderita diabetes tipe 1 yang dapat berubah menjadi diabetes tipe 2 apabila tidak terdeteksi gejalanya secara dini.

Berikut adalah gejala dini penyakit diabetes pada anak :

Mudah haus
Salah satu gejala umum dari penyakit diabetes pada anak adalah rasa haus yang meningkat. Hal ini telah disebabkan karena terjadinya peningkatan kadar gula darah. Mereka juga akan lebih suka mengonsumsi minuman dingin yang manis.

Sering buang air kecil
Karena mereka sering minum, maka anak-anak juga akan sering buang air kecil.

Selalu lapar
Selain sering haus, anak-anak juga akan mudah lapar. Sebab tidak adanya insulin untuk mentransfer gula di dalam tubuh sehingga proses ini akan menghabiskan energi mereka dan membuat cepat lapar.

Penurunan berat badan yang tidak sehat
Meskipun sering makan, namun anak-anak yang menderita diabetes akan cenderung kehilangan berat badan secara drastis.

Selalu lelah
Seorang pasien diabetes juga akan mudah lelah sebab energi mereka terpakai untuk dapat mentransfer gula ke sel tubuh.

Masalah penglihatan
Karena kadar gula darah cukup tinggi, maka cairan di dalam tubuh pun juga akan meningkat. Termasuk cairan di dalam mata mereka. Hal inilah yang kemudian dapat menyebabkan masalah penglihatan.

Infeksi ragi
Gejala diabetes juga dapat menyebabkan infeksi ragi organ vital anak-anak terutama anak perempuan. Hal ini pulalah yang akan menyebabkan ruam popok.

Masalah perilaku
Gejala diabetes mampu mempengaruhi perilaku anak. Mereka jadi mudah labil dan mudah merasa jengkel. Hal ini telah terjadi karena peningkatan kadar gula darah yang tinggi.

Apakah Anda menemukan gejala tersebut di dalam tubuh buah hati Anda? Jika Anda menemukannya, sebaiknya segera berkonsultasilah pada dokter.

Kenali 8 gejala dini diabetes pada anak

Berkendara dengan mobil sewaan memang cukup nyaman, tetapi tingkat kenyamanan Anda juga masih bisa ditingkatkan dengan menyewa supir dari pihak sewa mobil jogja murah. Setiap perusahaan sewa mobil murah pasti bisa menyediakan supir yang berkompeten bila Anda ingin menyewa mobil 1 paket bersamaan dengan si supir. Sehingga Anda tidak hanya mendapatkan mobil yang dapat mempermudah transportasi Anda tetapi juga Anda bisa menghemat tenaga karena si supirlah yang akan mengemudikan mobil yang Anda sewa.

Penggunaan jasa supir sewa mobil murah juga sangat berguna bagi Anda yang tidak memiliki keahlian menyupir sama sekali atau bagi Anda yang tidak mengetahui jalanan di kota yang Anda tuju. Sebagai sebuah asumsi, seorang supir yang profesional akan sangat mengerti karakter jalan yang harus dilalui dan akan dapat menentukan jalan tercepat untuk dapat mencapai tujuan yang Anda inginkan. Jika supir yang Anda sewa memiliki pengalaman yang sangat banyak, maka mereka juga bisa berfungsi sebagai tour guide gratisan. Keuntungan menggunakan supir yang ditawarkan sewa mobil murah adalah sebagai berikut..

Pertama, hemat tenaga karena Anda dapat beristirahat sepanjang jalan dan sampai di tempat tujuan dengan tenaga yang masih terisi penuh. Anda juga dapat segera melakukan berbagai macam aktivitas tanpa terganggu dengan rasa capai dalam perjalanan. Anda juga tidak akan merasa stress menghadapi pengendara lain yang biasanya seenak sendiri menggunakan jalanan umum. Keuntungan kedua adalah Anda dapat bebas dari tanggung jawab bila sewaktu-waktu mobil mengalami kerusakan di tengah jalan atau bila terjadi kecelakaan. Segala tipe kerusakan pada mobil yang Anda sewa dari pihak sewa mobil murah menjadi tanggung jawab si supir. Selanjutnya, perjalanan Anda akan menjadi lebih cepat karena supir yang Anda sewa telah hapal perjalanan yang harus dilewati serta jalur-jalur alternatif untuk menghindari kemacetan. Dan keuntungan terakhir adalah mereka bisa bertindak sebagai pemandu wisata gratis untuk menginformasikan Anda tentang tempat-tempat wisata yang harus Anda kunjungi atau penjelasan tentang adat daerah yang dikunjungi.

Menggunakan jasa supir yang ditawarkan pihak rental mobil murah memang menyenangkan, tetapi Anda juga harus mengusahakan supir yang Anda ajak adalah orang yang tidak hanya memiliki kemampuan yang mumpuni tetapi juga berkelakuan baik.

SEWA MOBIL JOGJA LEBIH MURAH DENGAN SUPIR

saco-indonesia.com, Badan Narkotika Nasional Provinsi (BNP) Sumut telah memusnahkan 2.300 gram sabu dan 11.430 butir pil ekstasi, Rabu (18/12). Narkoba itu telah dihancurkan dengan incenerator milik RSU Pirngadi, Medan.

"Narkoba yang kita musnahkan ini juga merupakan bagian dari barang bukti 2 kasus yang kita tangani, ditambah dengan titipan dari Lanal Tanjung Balai," kata AKBP Joko Susilo, Kabid Penindakan BNP Sumut.

Dia juga merinci, dua kasus yang telah ditangani BNP itu yaitu hasil penggerebekan di Perumahan Kelapa Gading Blok B, Jalan Kelambir V, Tanjung Gusta, Sunggal, Deliserdang pada 29 Oktober 2013 lalu . Sebanyak 183,44 gram sabu-sabu telah disita dari dua tersangka, yaitu Zafrizal alias Rijal dan Zulfikar alias Fikar.

Satu penangkapan lain telah terjadi di Perumahan Grand Puri Pasar IV Marelan, Medan. Saat itu, telah disita sekitar 2 kg sabu-sabu dan lebih dari 11.000 butir pil ekstasi dari sejumlah tersangka, di antaranya Ardieyatun alias Dedek dan Elly Salmiati alias Elly.

Selain itu, turut dimusnahkan sekitar 200 gram sabu-sabu yang telah diserahkan aparat Pangkalan Angkatan Laut Tanjung Balai. "Pelakunya melarikan diri meninggalkan kapalnya, sekarang kapalnya ada di Lanal Tanjung Balai," jelas Joko.

Barang yang telah dimusnahkan ini diasumsikan akan laku di pasaran hingga melampaui Rp 4 miliar. Narkoba ini telah diperkirakan dapat meracuni lebih dari 20 ribu orang.

Narkotika ini juga sengaja dihancurkan di RSU Pirngadi karena rumah sakit itu memiliki incenerator. Alat ini dinilai memenuhi syarat untuk pemusnahan narkotika yang merupakan bahan berbahaya.

Selain memusnahkan sebagian barang bukti, BNP Sumut tengah menelusuri tindak pidana pencucian uang yang dilakukan para tersangka. "Sudah ada beberapa asetnya yang kita sita," kelas Joko.


Editor : Dian Sukmawati

2,3 KG SABU DAN 11 RIBU EKSTASI DIMUSNAHKAN

saco-indonesia.com, Komisi Pemberantasan Korupsi (KPK) terus akan mendalami keterlibatan Gubernur Banten, Ratu Atut Chosiyah, dalam kasus dugaan suap penanganan sengketa Pilkada Lebak dan dugaan korupsi proyek pengadaan alat kesehatan (alkes) di Provinsi Banten.

Pasalnya, lembaga pimpinan Abraham Samad itu telah kembali memeriksa Ratu Atut sebagai tersangka, Jumat (20/12/2013).

Kuasa hukum Ratu Atut, Firman Wijaya, juga mengaku belum bisa memastikan kehadiran orang nomor satu di Banten itu ke Gedung KPK, meski pihaknya juga sudah menjalin komunikasi.

"Belum bisa dipastikan, apakah ibu besok hadir atau tidak. Tadi sih sudah komunikasi tapi belum ada kepastian," katanya.

Menurut Firman, kalau kakak ipar Wali Kota Tangerang Selatan (Tangsel) Airin Rachmi Diany ini akan memenuhi panggilan KPK, tentu pihaknya akan mendampingi.

"Kalau hadir saya akan dampingi," tukasnya.

Namun, secara terpisah, juru bicara Ratu Atut, Ahmad Jajuli, telah mengatakan, bila Ratu Atut akan segera memenuhi panggilan KPK sekitar pukul 10.00 WIB.

"Ya, Insya Allah hadir pukul 10.00 WIB pagi didampingi oleh para pengacara dan Kepala Biro Hukum Setda Banten," kata Jajuli.
Saat ini, sambung Jajuli, kondisi kakak kandung tersangka Tubagus Chaeri Wardhana alias Wawan itu juga dalam keadaan kurang sehat dan sedang dalam tahap pemulihan. Ini terjadi karena dampak penetapannya sebagai tersangka.

"Sekarang sedang dalam pemulihan kondisi kesehatannya dan persiapan besok (hari ini) ke KPK," tuturnya.

"Ya tentu karena ada tekanan psikologis atas musibah yang telah menimpa beliau," tandasnya.

Sementara itu, ketika disinggung ihwal kesiapan Ratu Atut bila ditahan KPK seusai pemeriksaan, Ahmad tidak menanggapinya karena tidak ingin berandai-andai.

Yang jelas, ujar Jajuli, Ratu Atut juag akan mengikuti dan menghormati proses hukum yang sedang berlangsung di KPK.

"Beliau menghormati proses hukum yang sedang berjalan. Tapi tidak tepat kalau berandai-andai tentang apa yang akan terjadi besok (hari ini). Tentu kami juga berharap tidak ada penahanan," imbuhnya.

Seperti yang telah diketahui, Ratu Atut telah ditetapkan oleh KPK sebagai tersangka dalam dua kasus, yang meliputi dugaan suap terhadap mantan Ketua Mahkamah Konstitusi (MK) Akil Mochtar atas penanganan sengketa Pilkada Lebak. Di mana, Atut disangkakan telah memiliki peran dalam upaya pemberian suap senilai Rp1 miliar kepada Akil melalui Wawan dan pengacara Susi Tur Andayani. Keempat orang tersebut kini sudah berstatus sebagai tersangka.

Kasus lainnya, yakni  dugaan korupsi proyek pengadaan alat kesehatan (alkes) di Provinsi Banten.

Atas perbuatannya gubernur perempuan pertama di Indonesia itu telah dijerat dengan Pasal 6 ayat (1) huruf a Undang-Undang Nomor 31 Tahun 1999 tentang Tindak Pidana Korupsi juncto Pasal 55 ayat (1) ke-1 KUHP.


Editor : Dian Sukmawati

HARI INI RATU ATUT AKAN DIPERIKSA OLEH KPK

saco-indonesia.com, Aksi mogok ratusan nelayan yang sudah dilakukan beberapa hari telah membuat Tempat Pelelangan Ikan (TPI) di Tegalsari, Kota Tegal, Jawa Tengah, sepi.

Mogok yang telah dilakukan nelayan sebagai protes terkait dalam Peraturan Menteri Sumber Daya Mineral nomor 15 tahun 2013 tentang harga solar industri bagi kapal ikan ukuran di atas 30 gross ton (GT).

pelelangan ikan lebih sepi dari biasanya. Hanya terlihat beberapa petugas yang tengah membersihkan pelelangan tersebut . Sementara ratusan kapal berjejer di tepi pelabuhan tanda tak melaut.

Kepala TPI Tegalsari, Herry Pramadikdo, juga mengatakan kapal yang biasanya membongkar muatan hasil tangkapan lebih sedikit jika dibandingkan dengan hari-hari biasa.

"Biasanya sampai enam kapal, ini hanya sekitar dua kapal," katanya Kamis(6/2).

Sementara untuk kapal one day fishing hanya sekitar 15 hingga 20 kapal. Padahal di hari biasa mencapai tak kurang dari 40 kapal one day fishing yang telah membongkar muatan hasil tangkapan tersebut.

Proses lelang di TPI Tegalsari pun juga selesai lebih cepat. Lelang biasanya telah dilakukan dua kali dan selesai pada pukul 15.00 WIB.

"Beberapa hari ini lelang ikan selesai pukul 1 siang, yang dilelang hanya sedikit jumlahnya," ujarnya.

Herry juga menjelaskan dampak lain, harga ikan melonjak. Tak tanggung-tanggung, kenaikan harga telah mencapai 100 persen.

Selain mogoknya nelayan sebab kenaikan harga solar, faktor cuaca juga menjadi salah satu penyebab TPI sepi.

"Sudah sejak awal Desember memang cuaca buruk telah membuat nelayan tidak bisa melaut. Sekarang ditambah dengan kenaikan harga solar yang tinggi ," ungkapnya.

Herry juga berharap, pemerintah akan segera mencabut kebijakan pemberlakuan harga solar industri bagi kapal pencari ikan.

"Cepat-cepat ada kesepakatan untuk dapat menyelesaikan masalah. Jika tidak dampaknya akan semakin lama dan harga ikan bisa naik lagi," katanya.

Kenaikan harga ikan juga dikatakan oleh salah seorang penjual ikan.

"Cumi-cumi naik dari Rp 30.000 sekarang harganya Rp 60.000 per kilo," kata Eni pedagang ikan di TPI.


Editor : Dian Sukmawati

NELAYAN MOGOK MELAUT KARENA SOLAR NAIK, HARGA IKAN MELAMBUNG

Mr. Goldberg was a serial Silicon Valley entrepreneur and venture capitalist who was married to Sheryl Sandberg, the chief operating officer of Facebook.

Dave Goldberg Was Lifelong Women’s Advocate

Dave Goldberg, Head of Web Survey Company and Half of a Silicon Valley Power Couple, Dies at 47

WASHINGTON — During a training course on defending against knife attacks, a young Salt Lake City police officer asked a question: “How close can somebody get to me before I’m justified in using deadly force?”

Dennis Tueller, the instructor in that class more than three decades ago, decided to find out. In the fall of 1982, he performed a rudimentary series of tests and concluded that an armed attacker who bolted toward an officer could clear 21 feet in the time it took most officers to draw, aim and fire their weapon.

The next spring, Mr. Tueller published his findings in SWAT magazine and transformed police training in the United States. The “21-foot rule” became dogma. It has been taught in police academies around the country, accepted by courts and cited by officers to justify countless shootings, including recent episodes involving a homeless woodcarver in Seattle and a schizophrenic woman in San Francisco.

Now, amid the largest national debate over policing since the 1991 beating of Rodney King in Los Angeles, a small but vocal set of law enforcement officials are calling for a rethinking of the 21-foot rule and other axioms that have emphasized how to use force, not how to avoid it. Several big-city police departments are already re-examining when officers should chase people or draw their guns and when they should back away, wait or try to defuse the situation

Police Rethink Long Tradition on Using Force
Children playing last week in Sandtown-Winchester, the Baltimore neighborhood where Freddie Gray was raised. One young resident called it “a tough community.”
Todd Heisler/The New York Times

Children playing last week in Sandtown-Winchester, the Baltimore neighborhood where Freddie Gray was raised. One young resident called it “a tough community.”

Hard but Hopeful Home to ‘Lot of Freddies’

Hard but Hopeful Home to ‘Lot of Freddies’

Ms. Pryor, who served more than two decades in the State Department, was the author of well-regarded biographies of the founder of the American Red Cross and the Confederate commander.

Elizabeth Brown Pryor, Biographer of Clara Barton and Robert E. Lee, Dies at 64

The live music at the Vice Media party on Friday shook the room. Shane Smith, Vice’s chief executive, was standing near the stage — with a drink in his hand, pants sagging, tattoos showing — watching the rapper-cum-chef Action Bronson make pizzas.

The event was an after-party, a happy-hour bacchanal for the hundreds of guests who had come for Vice’s annual presentation to advertisers and agencies that afternoon, part of the annual frenzy for ad dollars called the Digital Content NewFronts. Mr. Smith had spoken there for all of five minutes before running a slam-bang highlight reel of the company’s shows that had titles like “Weediquette” and “Gaycation.”

In the last year, Vice has secured $500 million in financing and signed deals worth hundreds of millions of dollars with established media companies like HBO that are eager to engage the young viewers Vice attracts. Vice said it was now worth at least $4 billion, with nearly $1 billion in projected revenue for 2015. It is a long way from Vice’s humble start as a free magazine in 1994.

Photo
 
At the Vice after-party, the rapper Action Bronson, a host of a Vice show, made a pizza. Credit Jesse Dittmar for The New York Times

But even as cash flows freely in Vice’s direction, the company is trying to keep its brash, insurgent image. At the party on Friday, it plied guests with beers and cocktails. Its apparently unrehearsed presentation to advertisers was peppered with expletives. At one point, the director Spike Jonze, a longtime Vice collaborator, asked on stage if Mr. Smith had been drinking.

“My assistant tried to cut me off,” Mr. Smith replied. “I’m on buzz control.”

Now, Vice is on the verge of getting its own cable channel, which would give the company a traditional outlet for its slate of non-news programming. If all goes as planned, A&E Networks, the television group owned by Hearst and Disney, will turn over its History Channel spinoff, H2, to Vice.

The deal’s announcement was expected last week, but not all of A&E’s distribution partners — the cable and satellite TV companies that carry the network’s channels — have signed off on the change, according to a person familiar with the negotiations who spoke on the condition of anonymity because the talks were private.

A cable channel would be a further step in a transformation for Vice, from bad-boy digital upstart to mainstream media company.

Keen for the core audience of young men who come to Vice, media giants like 21st Century Fox, Time Warner and Disney all showed interest in the company last year. Vice ultimately secured $500 million in financing from A&E Networks and Technology Crossover Ventures, a Silicon Valley venture capital firm that has invested in Facebook and Netflix.

Those investments valued Vice at more than $2.5 billion. (In 2013, Fox bought a 5 percent stake for $70 million.)

Then in March, HBO announced that it had signed a multiyear deal to broadcast a daily half-hour Vice newscast. Vice already produces a weekly newsmagazine show, called “Vice,” for the network. That show will extend its run through 2018, with an increase to 35 episodes a year, from 14.

Michael Lombardo, HBO’s president for programming, said when the deal was announced that it was “certainly one of our biggest investments with hours on the air.”

Vice, based in Brooklyn, also recently signed a multiyear $100 million deal with Rogers Communications, a Canadian media conglomerate, to produce original content for TV, smartphone and desktop viewers.

Vice’s finances are private, but according to an internal document reviewed by The New York Times and verified by a person familiar with the company’s financials, the company is on track to make about $915 million in revenue this year.

Photo
 
Vice showed a highlight reel of its TV series at the NewFronts last week in New York. Credit Jesse Dittmar for The New York Times

It brought in $545 million in a strong first quarter, which included portions of the new HBO deal and the Rogers deal, according to the document. More of its revenue now comes from these types of content partnerships, compared with the branded content deals that made up much of its revenue a year ago, the company said.

Mr. Smith said the company was worth at least $4 billion. If the valuation gets much higher, he said he would consider taking the company public.

“I don’t care about money; we have plenty of money,” Mr. Smith, who is Vice’s biggest shareholder, said in an interview after the presentation on Friday. “I care about strategic deals.”

In the United States, Vice Media had 35.2 million unique visitors across its sites in March, according to comScore.

The third season of Vice’s weekly HBO show has averaged 1.8 million viewers per episode, including reruns, through April 12, according to Brad Adgate, the director of research at Horizon Media. (Vice said the show attracted three million weekly viewers when repeat broadcasts, online and on-demand viewings were included.)

For years, Mr. Smith has criticized traditional TV, calling it slow and unable to draw younger viewers. But if all the deals Vice has struck are to work out, Mr. Smith may have to play more by the rules of traditional media. James Murdoch, Rupert Murdoch’s son and a member of Vice’s board, was at the company’s presentation on Friday, as were other top media executives.

“They know they need people like me to help them, but they can’t get out of their own way,” Mr. Smith said in the interview Friday. “My only real frustration is we’re used to being incredibly dynamic, and they’re not incredibly dynamic.”

With its own television channel in the United States, Vice would have something it has long coveted even as traditional media companies are looking beyond TV. Last year, Vice’s deal with Time Warner failed in part because the two companies could not agree on how much control Vice would have over a 24-hour television network.

Vice said it intended to fill its new channel with non-news programming. The company plans to have sports shows, fashion shows, food shows and the “Gaycation” travel show with the actress Ellen Page. It is also in talks with Kanye West about a show.

It remains to be seen whether Vice’s audience will watch a traditional cable channel. Still, Vice has effectively presold all of the ad spots to two of the biggest advertising agencies for the first three years, Mr. Smith said.

In the meantime, Mr. Smith is enjoying Vice’s newfound role as a potential savior of traditional media companies.

“I’m a C.E.O. of a content company,” Mr. Smith said before he caught a flight to Las Vegas for the boxing match on Saturday between Floyd Mayweather Jr. and Manny Pacquiao. “If it stops being fun, then why are you doing it?”

As Vice Moves More to TV, It Tries to Keep Brash Voice
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Many bodies prepared for cremation last week in Kathmandu were of young men from Gongabu, a common stopover for Nepali migrant workers headed overseas. Credit Daniel Berehulak for The New York Times

KATHMANDU, Nepal — When the dense pillar of smoke from cremations by the Bagmati River was thinning late last week, the bodies were all coming from Gongabu, a common stopover for Nepali migrant workers headed overseas, and they were all of young men.

Hindu custom dictates that funeral pyres should be lighted by the oldest son of the deceased, but these men were too young to have sons, so they were burned by their brothers or fathers. Sukla Lal, a maize farmer, made a 14-hour journey by bus to retrieve the body of his 19-year-old son, who had been on his way to the Persian Gulf to work as a laborer.

“He wanted to live in the countryside, but he was compelled to leave by poverty,” Mr. Lal said, gazing ahead steadily as his son’s remains smoldered. “He told me, ‘You can live on your land, and I will come up with money, and we will have a happy family.’ ”

Weeks will pass before the authorities can give a complete accounting of who died in the April 25 earthquake, but it is already clear that Nepal cannot afford the losses. The countryside was largely stripped of its healthy young men even before the quake, as they migrated in great waves — 1,500 a day by some estimates — to work as laborers in India, Malaysia or one of the gulf nations, leaving many small communities populated only by elderly parents, women and children. Economists say that at some times of the year, one-quarter of Nepal’s population is working outside the country.

Nepal’s Young Men, Lost to Migration, Then a Quake

Late in April, after Native American actors walked off in disgust from the set of Adam Sandler’s latest film, a western sendup that its distributor, Netflix, has defended as being equally offensive to all, a glow of pride spread through several Native American communities.

Tantoo Cardinal, a Canadian indigenous actress who played Black Shawl in “Dances With Wolves,” recalled thinking to herself, “It’s come.” Larry Sellers, who starred as Cloud Dancing in the 1990s television show “Dr. Quinn, Medicine Woman,” thought, “It’s about time.” Jesse Wente, who is Ojibwe and directs film programming at the TIFF Bell Lightbox in Toronto, found himself encouraged and surprised. There are so few film roles for indigenous actors, he said, that walking off the set of a major production showed real mettle.

But what didn’t surprise Mr. Wente was the content of the script. According to the actors who walked off the set, the film, titled “The Ridiculous Six,” included a Native American woman who passes out and is revived after white men douse her with alcohol, and another woman squatting to urinate while lighting a peace pipe. “There’s enough history at this point to have set some expectations around these sort of Hollywood depictions,” Mr. Wente said.

The walkout prompted a rhetorical “What do you expect from an Adam Sandler film?,” and a Netflix spokesman said that in the movie, blacks, Mexicans and whites were lampooned as well. But Native American actors and critics said a broader issue was at stake. While mainstream portrayals of native peoples have, Mr. Wente said, become “incrementally better” over the decades, he and others say, they remain far from accurate and reflect a lack of opportunities for Native American performers. What’s more, as Native Americans hunger for representation on screen, critics say the absence of three-dimensional portrayals has very real off-screen consequences.

“Our people are still healing from historical trauma,” said Loren Anthony, one of the actors who walked out. “Our youth are still trying to figure out who they are, where they fit in this society. Kids are killing themselves. They’re not proud of who they are.” They also don’t, he added, see themselves on prime time television or the big screen. Netflix noted while about five people walked off the “The Ridiculous Six” set, 100 or so Native American actors and extras stayed.

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But in interviews, nearly a dozen Native American actors and film industry experts said that Mr. Sandler’s humor perpetuated decades-old negative stereotypes. Mr. Anthony said such depictions helped feed the despondency many Native Americans feel, with deadly results: Native Americans have the highest suicide rate out of all the country’s ethnicities.

The on-screen problem is twofold, Mr. Anthony and others said: There’s a paucity of roles for Native Americans — according to the Screen Actors Guild in 2008 they accounted for 0.3 percent of all on-screen parts (those figures have yet to be updated), compared to about 2 percent of the general population — and Native American actors are often perceived in a narrow way.

In his Peabody Award-winning documentary “Reel Injun,” the Cree filmmaker Neil Diamond explored Hollywood depictions of Native Americans over the years, and found they fell into a few stereotypical categories: the Noble Savage, the Drunk Indian, the Mystic, the Indian Princess, the backward tribal people futilely fighting John Wayne and manifest destiny. While the 1990 film “Dances With Wolves” won praise for depicting Native Americans as fully fleshed out human beings, not all indigenous people embraced it. It was still told, critics said, from the colonialists’ point of view. In an interview, John Trudell, a Santee Sioux writer, actor (“Thunderheart”) and the former chairman of the American Indian Movement, described the film as “a story of two white people.”

“God bless ‘Dances with Wolves,’ ” Michael Horse, who played Deputy Hawk in “Twin Peaks,” said sarcastically. “Even ‘Avatar.’ Someone’s got to come save the tribal people.”

Dan Spilo, a partner at Industry Entertainment who represents Adam Beach, one of today’s most prominent Native American actors, said while typecasting dogs many minorities, it is especially intractable when it comes to Native Americans. Casting directors, he said, rarely cast them as police officers, doctors or lawyers. “There’s the belief that the Native American character should be on reservations or riding a horse,” he said.

“We don’t see ourselves,” Mr. Horse said. “We’re still an antiquated culture to them, and to the rest of the world.”

Ms. Cardinal said she was once turned down for the role of the wife of a child-abusing cop because the filmmakers felt that casting her would somehow be “too political.”

Another sore point is the long run of white actors playing American Indians, among them Burt Lancaster, Rock Hudson, Audrey Hepburn and, more recently, Johnny Depp, whose depiction of Tonto in the 2013 film “Lone Ranger,” was viewed as racist by detractors. There are, of course, exceptions. The former A&E series “Longmire,” which, as it happens, will now be on Netflix, was roundly praised for its depiction of life on a Northern Cheyenne reservation, with Lou Diamond Phillips, who is of Cherokee descent, playing a Northern Cheyenne man.

Others also point to the success of Mr. Beach, who played a Mohawk detective in “Law & Order: Special Victims Unit” and landed a starring role in the forthcoming D C Comics picture “Suicide Squad.” Mr. Beach said he had come across insulting scripts backed by people who don’t see anything wrong with them.

“I’d rather starve than do something that is offensive to my ancestral roots,” Mr. Beach said. “But I think there will always be attempts to drawn on the weakness of native people’s struggles. The savage Indian will always be the savage Indian. The white man will always be smarter and more cunning. The cavalry will always win.”

The solution, Mr. Wente, Mr. Trudell and others said, lies in getting more stories written by and starring Native Americans. But Mr. Wente noted that while independent indigenous film has blossomed in the last two decades, mainstream depictions have yet to catch up. “You have to stop expecting for Hollywood to correct it, because there seems to be no ability or desire to correct it,” Mr. Wente said.

There have been calls to boycott Netflix but, writing for Indian Country Today Media Network, which first broke news of the walk off, the filmmaker Brian Young noted that the distributor also offered a number of films by or about Native Americans.

The furor around “The Ridiculous Six” may drive more people to see it. Then one of the questions that Mr. Trudell, echoing others, had about the film will be answered: “Who the hell laughs at this stuff?”

Native American Actors Work to Overcome a Long-Documented Bias

Ms. Plisetskaya, renowned for her fluidity of movement, expressive acting and willful personality, danced on the Bolshoi stage well into her 60s, but her life was shadowed by Stalinism.

Maya Plisetskaya, Ballerina Who Embodied Bolshoi, Dies at 89

Hockey is not exactly known as a city game, but played on roller skates, it once held sway as the sport of choice in many New York neighborhoods.

“City kids had no rinks, no ice, but they would do anything to play hockey,” said Edward Moffett, former director of the Long Island City Y.M.C.A. Roller Hockey League, in Queens, whose games were played in city playgrounds going back to the 1940s.

From the 1960s through the 1980s, the league had more than 60 teams, he said. Players included the Mullen brothers of Hell’s Kitchen and Dan Dorion of Astoria, Queens, who would later play on ice for the National Hockey League.

One street legend from the heyday of New York roller hockey was Craig Allen, who lived in the Woodside Houses projects and became one of the city’s hardest hitters and top scorers.

“Craig was a warrior, one of the best roller hockey players in the city in the ’70s,” said Dave Garmendia, 60, a retired New York police officer who grew up playing with Mr. Allen. “His teammates loved him and his opponents feared him.”

Young Craig took up hockey on the streets of Queens in the 1960s, playing pickup games between sewer covers, wearing steel-wheeled skates clamped onto school shoes and using a roll of electrical tape as the puck.

His skill and ferocity drew attention, Mr. Garmendia said, but so did his skin color. He was black, in a sport made up almost entirely by white players.

“Roller hockey was a white kid’s game, plain and simple, but Craig broke the color barrier,” Mr. Garmendia said. “We used to say Craig did more for race relations than the N.A.A.C.P.”

Mr. Allen went on to coach and referee roller hockey in New York before moving several years ago to South Carolina. But he continued to organize an annual alumni game at Dutch Kills Playground in Long Island City, the same site that held the local championship games.

The reunion this year was on Saturday, but Mr. Allen never made it. On April 26, just before boarding the bus to New York, he died of an asthma attack at age 61.

Word of his death spread rapidly among hundreds of his old hockey colleagues who resolved to continue with the event, now renamed the Craig Allen Memorial Roller Hockey Reunion.

The turnout on Saturday was the largest ever, with players pulling on their old equipment, choosing sides and taking once again to the rink of cracked blacktop with faded lines and circles. They wore no helmets, although one player wore a fedora.

Another, Vinnie Juliano, 77, of Long Island City, wore his hearing aids, along with his 50-year-old taped-up quads, or four-wheeled skates with a leather boot. Many players here never converted to in-line skates, and neither did Mr. Allen, whose photograph appeared on a poster hanging behind the players’ bench.

“I’m seeing people walking by wondering why all these rusty, grizzly old guys are here playing hockey,” one player, Tommy Dominguez, said. “We’re here for Craig, and let me tell you, these old guys still play hard.”

Everyone seemed to have a Craig Allen story, from his earliest teams at Public School 151 to the Bryant Rangers, the Woodside Wings, the Woodside Blues and more.

Mr. Allen, who became a yellow-cab driver, was always recruiting new talent. He gained the nickname Cabby for his habit of stopping at playgrounds all over the city to scout players.

Teams were organized around neighborhoods and churches, and often sponsored by local bars. Mr. Allen, for one, played for bars, including Garry Owen’s and on the Fiddler’s Green Jokers team in Inwood, Manhattan.

Play was tough and fights were frequent.

“We were basically street gangs on skates,” said Steve Rogg, 56, a mail clerk who grew up in Jackson Heights, Queens, and who on Saturday wore his Riedell Classic quads from 1972. “If another team caught up with you the night before a game, they tossed you a beating so you couldn’t play the next day.”

Mr. Garmendia said Mr. Allen’s skin color provoked many fights.

“When we’d go to some ignorant neighborhoods, a lot of players would use slurs,” Mr. Garmendia said, recalling a game in Ozone Park, Queens, where local fans parked motorcycles in a lineup next to the blacktop and taunted Mr. Allen. Mr. Garmendia said he checked a player into the motorcycles, “and the bikes went down like dominoes, which started a serious brawl.”

A group of fans at a game in Brooklyn once stuck a pole through the rink fence as Mr. Allen skated by and broke his jaw, Mr. Garmendia said, adding that carloads of reinforcements soon arrived to defend Mr. Allen.

And at another racially incited brawl, the police responded with six patrol cars and a helicopter.

Before play began on Saturday, the players gathered at center rink to honor Mr. Allen. Billy Barnwell, 59, of Woodside, recalled once how an all-white, all-star squad snubbed Mr. Allen by playing him third string. He scored seven goals in the first game and made first string immediately.

“He’d always hear racial stuff before the game, and I’d ask him, ‘How do you put up with that?’” Mr. Barnwell recalled. “Craig would say, ‘We’ll take care of it,’ and by the end of the game, he’d win guys over. They’d say, ‘This guy’s good.’”

Tribute for a Roller Hockey Warrior

Mr. Haroche was a founder of Liberty Travel, which grew from a two-man operation to the largest leisure travel operation in the United States.

Gilbert Haroche, Builder of an Economy Travel Empire, Dies at 87
Photo
 
United’s first-class and business fliers get Rhapsody, its high-minded in-flight magazine, seen here at its office in Brooklyn. Credit Sam Hodgson for The New York Times

Last summer at a writers’ workshop in Oregon, the novelists Anthony Doerr, Karen Russell and Elissa Schappell were chatting over cocktails when they realized they had all published work in the same magazine. It wasn’t one of the usual literary outlets, like Tin House, The Paris Review or The New Yorker. It was Rhapsody, an in-flight magazine for United Airlines.

It seemed like a weird coincidence. Then again, considering Rhapsody’s growing roster of A-list fiction writers, maybe not. Since its first issue hit plane cabins a year and a half ago, Rhapsody has published original works by literary stars like Joyce Carol Oates, Rick Moody, Amy Bloom, Emma Straub and Mr. Doerr, who won the Pulitzer Prize for fiction two weeks ago.

As airlines try to distinguish their high-end service with luxuries like private sleeping chambers, showers, butler service and meals from five-star chefs, United Airlines is offering a loftier, more cerebral amenity to its first-class and business-class passengers: elegant prose by prominent novelists. There are no airport maps or disheartening lists of in-flight meal and entertainment options in Rhapsody. Instead, the magazine has published ruminative first-person travel accounts, cultural dispatches and probing essays about flight by more than 30 literary fiction writers.

 

Photo
 
Sean Manning, executive editor of Rhapsody, which publishes works by the likes of Joyce Carol Oates, Amy Bloom and Anthony Doerr, who won a Pulitzer Prize. Credit Sam Hodgson for The New York Times

 

An airline might seem like an odd literary patron. But as publishers and writers look for new ways to reach readers in a shaky retail climate, many have formed corporate alliances with transit companies, including American Airlines, JetBlue and Amtrak, that provide a captive audience.

Mark Krolick, United Airlines’ managing director of marketing and product development, said the quality of the writing in Rhapsody brings a patina of sophistication to its first-class service, along with other opulent touches like mood lighting, soft music and a branded scent.

“The high-end leisure or business-class traveler has higher expectations, even in the entertainment we provide,” he said.

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Some of Rhapsody’s contributing writers say they were lured by the promise of free airfare and luxury accommodations provided by United, as well as exposure to an elite audience of some two million first-class and business-class travelers.

“It’s not your normal Park Slope Community Bookstore types who read Rhapsody,” Mr. Moody, author of the 1994 novel “The Ice Storm,” who wrote an introspective, philosophical piece about traveling to the Aran Islands of Ireland for Rhapsody, said in an email. “I’m not sure I myself am in that Rhapsody demographic, but I would like them to buy my books one day.”

In addition to offering travel perks, the magazine pays well and gives writers freedom, within reason, to choose their subject matter and write with style. Certain genres of flight stories are off limits, naturally: no plane crashes or woeful tales of lost luggage or rude flight attendants, and nothing too risqué.

“We’re not going to have someone write about joining the mile-high club,” said Jordan Heller, the editor in chief of Rhapsody. “Despite those restrictions, we’ve managed to come up with a lot of high-minded literary content.”

Guiding writers toward the right idea occasionally requires some gentle prodding. When Rhapsody’s executive editor asked Ms. Russell to contribute an essay about a memorable flight experience, she first pitched a story about the time she was chaperoning a group of teenagers on a trip to Europe, and their delayed plane sat at the airport in New York for several hours while other passengers got progressively drunker.

“He pointed out that disaster flights are not what people want to read about when they’re in transit, and very diplomatically suggested that maybe people want to read something that casts air travel in a more positive light,” said Ms. Russell, whose novel “Swamplandia!” was a finalist for the 2012 Pulitzer Prize.

She turned in a nostalgia-tinged essay about her first flight on a trip to Disney World when she was 6. “The Magic Kingdom was an anticlimax,” she wrote. “What ride could compare to that first flight?”

Ms. Oates also wrote about her first flight, in a tiny yellow propeller plane piloted by her father. The novelist Joyce Maynard told of the constant disappointment of never seeing her books in airport bookstores and the thrill of finally spotting a fellow plane passenger reading her novel “Labor Day.” Emily St. John Mandel, who was a finalist for the National Book Award in fiction last year, wrote about agonizing over which books to bring on a long flight.

“There’s nobody that’s looked down their noses at us as an in-flight magazine,” said Sean Manning, the magazine’s executive editor. “As big as these people are in the literary world, there’s still this untapped audience for them of luxury travelers.”

United is one of a handful of companies showcasing work by literary writers as a way to elevate their brands and engage customers. Chipotle has printed original work from writers like Toni Morrison, Jeffrey Eugenides and Barbara Kingsolver on its disposable cups and paper bags. The eyeglass company Warby Parker hosts parties for authors and sells books from 14 independent publishers in its stores.

JetBlue offers around 40 e-books from HarperCollins and Penguin Random House on its free wireless network, allowing passengers to read free samples and buy and download books. JetBlue will start offering 11 digital titles from Simon & Schuster soon. Amtrak recently forged an alliance with Penguin Random House to provide free digital samples from 28 popular titles, which passengers can buy and download over Amtrak’s admittedly spotty wireless service.

Amtrak is becoming an incubator for literary talent in its own right. Last year, it started a residency program, offering writers a free long-distance train trip and complimentary food. More than 16,000 writers applied and 24 made the cut.

Like Amtrak, Rhapsody has found that writers are eager to get onboard. On a rainy spring afternoon, Rhapsody’s editorial staff sat around a conference table discussing the June issue, which will feature an essay by the novelist Hannah Pittard and an unpublished short story by the late Elmore Leonard.

“Do you have that photo of Elmore Leonard? Can I see it?” Mr. Heller, the editor in chief, asked Rhapsody’s design director, Christos Hannides. Mr. Hannides slid it across the table and noted that they also had a photograph of cowboy spurs. “It’s very simple; it won’t take away from the literature,” he said.

Rhapsody’s office, an open space with exposed pipes and a vaulted brick ceiling, sits in Dumbo at the epicenter of literary Brooklyn, in the same converted tea warehouse as the literary journal N+1 and the digital publisher Atavist. Two of the magazine’s seven staff members hold graduate degrees in creative writing. Mr. Manning, the executive editor, has published a memoir and edited five literary anthologies.

Mr. Manning said Rhapsody was conceived from the start as a place for literary novelists to write with voice and style, and nobody had been put off that their work would live in plane cabins and airport lounges.

Still, some contributors say they wish the magazine were more widely circulated.

“I would love it if I could read it,” said Ms. Schappell, a Brooklyn-based novelist who wrote a feature story for Rhapsody’s inaugural issue. “But I never fly first class.”

Rhapsody, a Lofty Literary Journal, Perused at 39,000 Feet

Mr. Tepper was not a musical child and had no formal training, but he grew up to write both lyrics and tunes, trading off duties with the other member of the team, Roy C. Bennett.

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Joseph Lechleider

Mr. Lechleider helped invent DSL technology, which enabled phone companies to offer high-speed web access over their infrastructure of copper wires.

Joseph Lechleider, a Father of the DSL Internet Technology, Dies at 82

Fullmer, who reigned when fight clubs abounded and Friday night fights were a television staple, was known for his title bouts with Sugar Ray Robinson and Carmen Basilio.

Gene Fullmer, a Brawling Middleweight Champion, Dies at 83

Mr. Napoleon was a self-taught musician whose career began in earnest with the orchestra led by Chico Marx of the Marx Brothers.

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