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 HIKMAH SESUDAH MELAKSANAKAN IBADAH HAJI DAN UMROH.
Ibadah haji dan umroh merupakan rukun iman yang ke lima. Banyak hikmah yang terkandung di dalamnya, karena ibadah umroh dan haji adalah wujud kesadaran barin dan kecerdasan rasio.
Setiap orang yang telah melaksanakan ibadah umroh maupun haji pasti punya pengalaman spiritual yang berbeda antar jama’ah satu dengan jama’ah yang lainnya. Dan bahkan ada juga yang tak masuk akal atau di luar perkiraan.

Patuh dan menyerahkan diri kepada Allah SWT merupakan wujud utama dari pelaksanaan ibadah umroh maupun haji. Ibadah umroh dan haji merupakan panggilan Allah dengan menempuh perjalanan panjang dan biaya banyak, sehingga juga diperlukan waktu yang lama. Tujuan dari pelaksanaan ibadah umroh maupun haji adalah menjalankan tugas mulia melalui ibadah dan ritual yang sesuai dengan syarat-syarat yang telah di tentukan.

HIKMAH YANG TERKANDUNG SESUDAH MELAKSANAKAN IBADAH HAJI DAN UMROH.
1.      Meningkatkan kualitas diri dalam hal beribadah.
Orang yang merasa dirinya banyak dosa sering merasa putus asa. Tetapi Allah telah menjanjikanakan mengampuni dan menghapus segala dosa yang dimiliki ketika dia mau melaksanakan ibadah secara ikhlas dan tulus. Dan hal itulah yang membuat mendorong kita untuk taat menjalankan jenis ibadah yang lainnya selain ibadah umroh dan haji.

2.      Bertingkatnya kedisiplinan.
Ketika jamaah haji berada di tanah suci Mekkah dan Madinah, seluruh umat muslim yang melaksanakan ibadah haji maupun umroh harus terbiasa dngan kedisiplinan ketika melaksanakan  ritual haji maupun sholat. Kedisiplinan ini lah yang diharapkan bisa berkelanjutan secara terus menerus meski pelaksanaan waktu ibadah sudah selesai.

3.      Melahirkan rasa kekeluargaan dan solidaritas.
Dengan banyak berkumpulnya jama’ah haji maupun umroh di seluruh dunia, akan timbul rasa persatuan yang tinggi, tanpa membeda-bedakan golongan dan lain-lain. Perbedaan yang ada tidak perlu menimpulkan perpecahan, tetapi justru akan membuat dan menguatkan tali persaudaraan sesama umat muslim di seluruh dunia.

4.      Meningkatkan dakwah.
Pada saat umat islam dari penjuru dunia bekumpul, maka akan menjadikan media yang tepat untuk meningkatkan kualitas dakwah yang efektif. Ketika melaksanakan ibadah umroh maupun haji kita bisa saling belajar dan bertukar pengalaman  terhadap pelaksanaan ibadah maupun penanaman nilai-nilai agama di dalam kehidupan sehari-hari dari masing-masing negara.
Selain Hikmah dari pelaksanaan ibadah umroh dan haji di atas, masih ada banyak lagi  hikmah yang lain. Setiap umat pasti mempunyai sudut pandang yang berbeda terhadap ibadah umroh dan haji  yang di lakukan di Makkah.
Dan yang terpebting setelah pulang dari umroh maupun haji, umat islam harus punya pencerahan jiwa yang baru dan diwujudkan dalam amal shaleh, baik untuk diri sendiri maupun bagi masyarakat lain.

5.      Munculnya sifat sabar.
Pada saat melaksanakan ibadah umroh maupun haji, pasti banyak cobaan dan godaan yang muncul. Banyak umat muslim yang datang dari berbagai penjuru dunia yang berkumpul di satu tempat. Maka hal inilah yang akan menimbulkan masalah dan dengan fasilitas yang harus digunakan bersama-sama. Dari sini lah sifat sabar yang harus dikedepankan, karena sifat egois dan mementingkan diri sendiri akan mengurangi nilai-nilai ibadah yang sedang di kerjakan.

HIKMAH SESUDAH MENUNAIKAN IBADAH UMROH DAN HAJI

saco-indonesia.com, Tim Search and Rescue (SAR) gabungan akhirnya telah berhasil menemukan satu korban terakhir dari 3 pelajar yang tenggelam di Waduk Cengklik, Boyolali, Jawa Tengah Rabu (18/12) kemarin. Korban terakhir yang telah ditemukan adalah Angel Pramana Putra yang berusia (15) tahun , dalam kondisi meninggal dunia sekitar pukul 18.43 WIB.

Kepala Basarnas Jawa Tengah , Agus Haryono yang juga ikut dalam melakukan evakuasi mengatakan, ketiga korban yang telah ditemukan tidak bisa diselamatkan lantaran tenggelamnya yang cukup lama.

"Korban pertama Hendi Pradana telah ditemukan oleh Tim Penyelam SAR Gabungan. Dua korban berikutnya telah ditemukan tertangkap oleh jaring nelayan yang mencari ikan di sekitar lokasi kejadian," ujar Agus.

Ditemui terpisah, Komandan SAR HNC Lanud Adi Soemarmo Solo, Dwiyanto juga menuturkan faktor cuaca buruk telah membuat proses evakuasi ketiga korban sempat terhambat. Kondisi air waduk yang keruh dan berlumpur juga telah membuat tim penyelam kesulitan melakukan pencarian di dasar waduk.

"Jarak pandang di dasar waduk juga sangat terbatas. Tim kami juga telah mengalami kesulitan," jelas Dwiyanto.

Seperti yang telah diketahui, tiga orang pelajar SMPN 1 Colomadu tenggelam saat perahu yang telah ditumpangi terguling pada rabu (18/12) kemarin. Pencarian 3 korban tenggelam telah sempat dihentikan pada Rabu malam, lantaran hujan dan kurangnya penerangan.

Sesuai Standar Operasional Prosedur SAR, pencarian dihentikan, untuk kemudian dilanjutkan pada Kamis pagi. Petugas pun akhirnya telah menemukan korban yaitu Christopus Satria Wibowo (15) warga Mantren Colomadu Karanganyar dan Hendi Perdana (15) warga Gedongan Colomadu, Karanganyar, pada siang hari dan sore hari.

Setelah ditemukan korban pun langsung diotopsi dan diserahkan ke pihak keluarga untuk segera dimakamkan.


Editor : Dian Sukmawati

TIM SAR TELAH MENEMUKAN 3 ANAK YANG TENGGELAM DI WADUK CENGKLIK

saco-indonesia.com,

Mengenal jenis kulit

Sahabat dr.dep

Penting tidak ya dalam mengetahui jenis kulit kita? mengetahui jenis kulit ternyata sangat penting, hal ini juga berguna untuk dapat menjaga kesehatan kulit dan memilih produk perawatan yang sangat tepat. Bila kita tidak cermat dalam memilih produk perawatan kecantikan yang tepat untuk kulit kita, hasil yang kita harapkan dalam perawatan kemungkinan besar tidak akan tercapai.

Secara garis besar pembagian type kulit telah dibagi menjadi 4:

    Kulit berminyak
    Kulit kering
    Kulit seimbang (normal)
    Kulit sensitif

Kita bahas ya satu persatu

1.Kulit berminyak

Kalau kita lihat dengan skin analyzer, tampilan tekstur kulit yang berminyak pada umumnya tebal dan kasar.Pori pori tampak membesar.Kulit juag terlihat mengkilap karena produksi minyak yang berlebihan. Kulit berminyak juga sangat rentan terhadap jerawat dan komedo karena kelebihan sekresi sebum,kelebihan sekresi sebum ini juga dapat menangkap kotoran pada wajah, sehingga dapat mengakibatkan pori-pori akan tersumbat. Nah kalau pori pori sudah tersumbat, ini bisa akan menimbulkan berbagai masalah, salah satu- nya jerawat.

 2. Kulit kering

Tipe kulit kering telah ditandai dengan tidak meratanya tekstur kilapan pada permukaan kulit,hal ini juga dikarenakan kurangnya produksi minyak yang berfungsi untuk dapat melumasi bagian permukaan dari sel-sel kulit.Bisa karena faktor congenital/bawaan atau karena berbagai kondisi.Kulit kering ini dapat dilihat dari penyebabnya karena berkurangnya kandungan air pada stratum corneum (SC).

Jadi kita sudah tahu ya, pengertiannya kulit berminyak dan kulit kering, kedua type kulit ini kadang muncul secara bersamaan, misalnya ada orang yang telah mengalami kulit kering pada bagian V area (dagu sampai pipi), dan bagian T area (dahi) tampak berminyak.Itu yang kita sebut tipe kulit kombinasi.

 3. Kulit seimbang

Tipe kulit yang telah mempunyai keseimbangan antara produksi minyak dan kelembaban, sehingga dapat terjaga kehalusan, kekenyalan dan kelenturannya.

4. Kulit sensitif

Tipe kulit yang bereaksi secara berlebihan pada bahan stimulus (rangsangan) yang paling ringan sekalipun. Kulit mudah berubah kemerahan.

Jika kita sudah mengetahui jenis kulit kita, tentunya kita juga dapat memilih produk perawatan yang sesuai dengan kebutuhan kulit kita.Dengan begitu kita dapat merawat kulit dengan tepat.

Kulit akan menjadi lebih cerah dan sehat, seperti yang kita harapkan.


Editor : Dian Sukmawati

MENGENAL JENIS KULIT

MAGELANG, Saco-Indonesia.com — Wanita paruh baya ini tidak kuasa berdiri, tubuhnya kurus kering, perutnya terlihat membesar seperti orang hamil tua. Ya, karena kondisi itu, Tasminati (40), warga Dusun Sabrang, Margoyoso, Salaman, Kabupaten Magelang, Jawa Tengah, hanya bisa termangu lemas di kamar rumah kayunya.

Sejak dua tahun terakhir ia hampir tidak pernah merasakan dan melihat indahnya dunia luar. "Saya ingin sembuh, bisa bekerja dan beribadah lagi, saya juga ingin merawat anak saya hingga besar," tutur Tasminati sambil menyeka air mata dari mata butanya akibat penyakit herpes yang tak kunjung sembuh, Selasa (4/6/2013) kemarin.

Ibu dari Muyasaroh (6,5) itu sendiri tidak tahu persis penyakit apa yang dideritanya. Dokter hingga ahli akupuntur yang pernah memeriksanya mengatakan ia terkena komplikasi penyakit liver, limpa, pembuluh darah, maag, serta ususnya luka. "Awalnya dulu perut dan tenggorokan terasa panas. Waktu itu saya masih umur usia 25 tahun. Tapi saya biarkan saja. Sampai saya kena herpes waktu bertani di sawah," kisah wanita kelahiran Magelang, 31 Desember 1973 itu.

Meskipun kena herpes, Tasminati tetap bisa mengandung buah hatinya bersama suaminya, Sarmono (38). Tasminati menikah dengan Sarmono di usia 32 tahun. Namun, selama kehamilannya itu, Tasminati sering muntah darah bahkan kerap mengalami sakit yang luar biasa di perut. Akibatnya,Tasminati terpaksa melahirkan lebih awal di bulan keenam.

"Waktu itu saya sempat dirawat di RS Muntilan dan dirujuk ke RS Sardjito Yogyakarta. Saya pendarahan hebat. Dikira saya keguguran tapi ternyata itu darah penyakit," papar Tasminati.

Alih-alih perut mengempis, perut Tasminati justru makin membesar usai melahirkan. Sejak itu pun Tasminati tidak mampu bekerja lagi sebagai buruh pabrik kayu. "Jangankan bekerja, melakukan pekerjaan rumah tangga untuk melayani suami dan anak pun saya tidak sanggup," ujar Tasminati lagi dengan suara parau.

Hingga saat ini, kataTasminati, ia belum pernah melakukan pengobatan untuk kondisi perutnya. Pengobatan masih terfokus pada herpes di matanya. Beruntung tahun 2012 lalu dirinya masih mendapat keringanan biaya pengobatan melalui Jaminan Kesehatan Masyarakat (Jamkesmas). Namun, entah bagaimana, tahun 2013 ini dirinya tidak mendapat pelayanan itu.

"Kami masih kesulitan mencari biaya pengobatan. Penghasilan suami saya yang hanya buruh pabrik hanya untuk kebutuhan sehari-hari saja," tutur Tasminati.

Menurut Tasminati, pihak keluarga dan aparat desa setempat pernah mengusulkan agar ia mendapat Jamkesmas 2013. Namun, hingga saat ini usulan itu belum terwujud.

Sementara itu, Yohana, bidan desa setempat yang memberikan pendampingan intensif pada Tasminati mengatakan selama ini penyakit Tasminati belum tertangani dengan baik. Salah satu sebabnya adalah faktor ekonomi. "Dia itu sebetulnya punya semangat untuk sembuh. Tapi sering ketakutan untuk berobat karena tidak punya uang," ungkap Yohana.

Yohana berharap pemerintah setempat memberikan perhatian pada Tasminati. Program Jamkesmas juga diharapkan lebih bisa tepat sasaran.

Kepala Dusun Sabrang, Zarkoni, ketika dikonfirmasi mengatakan sudah pernah mengusahakan dan mendampingi Tasminati mendapatkan Jamkesmas lagi. "Kami sudah membantu sebisa mungkin. Saat ini kami masih upayakan untuk mendapatkan Jamkesmas," tandas Zakoni. 

****

Informasi penyaluran bantuan untuk Mimin, hubungi: redaksikcm@kompas.com

 
Editor :Liwon Maulana
Sumber:Kompas.com
Penderita Penyakit Aneh, Perut Wanita Ini Terus Membesar

saco-indonesia.com, LSM Masyarakat Antikorupsi Indonesia (MAKI) telah mendasak Komisi Pemberantasan Korupsi (KPK) untuk memeriksa Menteri Agama (Menag) Suryadharma Ali terkait dalam kasus dugaan korupsi pengelolaan dana haji.

Koordinator MAKI, Boyamin Saiman telah mengatakan, Suryadharma Ali juga harus mempertanggungjawabkan adanya dugaan penyelewengan pengelolaan dana haji yang saat ini sedang diselidiki KPK.

"KPK juga harus memanggil Menteri Agama. Memanggil orang itu tidak harus bersalah. Tetapi, penanggungjawab tertinggi (pengelolaan dana haji) adalah Menteri. Menteri yang telah mengambil keputusan kepada siapa-siapa saja dana haji dikelola," kata Boyamin saat berbincang di Jakarta, Senin (10/2/2014).

Komisi Pemberantasan Korupsi (KPK) juga sedang melakukan penyelidikan pengelolaan dana haji tahun anggaran 2012-2013.

Untuk dapat menggali bukti adanya penyimpangan dana haji, KPK juga telah memeriksa anggota DPR dari Fraksi Partai Keadilan Sejahtera (F-PKS), Jazuli Juwaini. KPK juga membuka kemungkinan Suryadharma Ali akan dimintai keterangan.

Menurut laporan Pusat Pelaporan Analisis dan Transaksi Keuangan (PPATK), telah ditemukan pengelolaan dana haji pada 2010 yang mencapai Rp40 triliun ditambah bunga Rp1 triliun.

Suryadharma Ali lanjut Boyamin, harus bertanggungjawab terkait adanya dugaan penyimpangan pengelolaan dana haji. Pasalnya, tidak mungkin Suryadharma Ali tidak mengetahui adanya kebocoran dalam pelaksanaan ibadah haji di Kementerian Agama (Kemenag).

"Dalam konteks dugaan penyimpangan setoran, menurut saya kuat sekali mengarah ke Suryadharma Ali," tegasnya.


Editor : Dian Sukmawati

KPK DIDESAK PERIKSA SURYADHARMA ALI

WASHINGTON — During a training course on defending against knife attacks, a young Salt Lake City police officer asked a question: “How close can somebody get to me before I’m justified in using deadly force?”

Dennis Tueller, the instructor in that class more than three decades ago, decided to find out. In the fall of 1982, he performed a rudimentary series of tests and concluded that an armed attacker who bolted toward an officer could clear 21 feet in the time it took most officers to draw, aim and fire their weapon.

The next spring, Mr. Tueller published his findings in SWAT magazine and transformed police training in the United States. The “21-foot rule” became dogma. It has been taught in police academies around the country, accepted by courts and cited by officers to justify countless shootings, including recent episodes involving a homeless woodcarver in Seattle and a schizophrenic woman in San Francisco.

Now, amid the largest national debate over policing since the 1991 beating of Rodney King in Los Angeles, a small but vocal set of law enforcement officials are calling for a rethinking of the 21-foot rule and other axioms that have emphasized how to use force, not how to avoid it. Several big-city police departments are already re-examining when officers should chase people or draw their guns and when they should back away, wait or try to defuse the situation

Police Rethink Long Tradition on Using Force

With 12 tournament victories in his career, Mr. Peete was the most successful black professional golfer before Tiger Woods.

Calvin Peete, 71, a Racial Pioneer on the PGA Tour, Is Dead

Ms. Turner and her twin sister founded the Love Kitchen in 1986 in a church basement in Knoxville, Tenn., and it continues to provide clothing and meals.

Ellen Turner Dies at 87; Opened Kitchen to Feed the Needy of Knoxville
Frontline  An installment of this PBS program looks at the effects of Ebola on Liberia and other countries, as well as the origins of the outbreak.
Frontline

Frontline An installment of this PBS program looks at the effects of Ebola on Liberia and other countries, as well as the origins of the outbreak.

The program traces the outbreak to its origin, thought to be a tree full of bats in Guinea.

Review: ‘9-Man’ Is More Than a Game for Chinese-Americans

A variation of volleyball with nine men on each side is profiled Tuesday night on the World Channel in an absorbing documentary called “9-Man.”

Television

‘Hard Earned’ Documents the Plight of the Working Poor

“Hard Earned,” an Al Jazeera America series, follows five working-class families scrambling to stay ahead on limited incomes.

Review: ‘Frontline’ Looks at Missteps During the Ebola Outbreak

WASHINGTON — The last three men to win the Republican nomination have been the prosperous son of a president (George W. Bush), a senator who could not recall how many homes his family owned (John McCain of Arizona; it was seven) and a private equity executive worth an estimated $200 million (Mitt Romney).

The candidates hoping to be the party’s nominee in 2016 are trying to create a very different set of associations. On Sunday, Ben Carson, a retired neurosurgeon, joined the presidential field.

Senator Marco Rubio of Florida praises his parents, a bartender and a Kmart stock clerk, as he urges audiences not to forget “the workers in our hotel kitchens, the landscaping crews in our neighborhoods, the late-night janitorial staff that clean our offices.”

Gov. Scott Walker of Wisconsin, a preacher’s son, posts on Twitter about his ham-and-cheese sandwiches and boasts of his coupon-clipping frugality. His $1 Kohl’s sweater has become a campaign celebrity in its own right.

Senator Rand Paul of Kentucky laments the existence of “two Americas,” borrowing the Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.’s phrase to describe economically and racially troubled communities like Ferguson, Mo., and Detroit.

Photo
 
Senator Marco Rubio of Florida praises his parents, a bartender and a Kmart stock clerk. Credit Joe Raedle/Getty Images

“Some say, ‘But Democrats care more about the poor,’ ” Mr. Paul likes to say. “If that’s true, why is black unemployment still twice white unemployment? Why has household income declined by $3,500 over the past six years?”

We are in the midst of the Empathy Primary — the rhetorical battleground shaping the Republican presidential field of 2016.

Harmed by the perception that they favor the wealthy at the expense of middle-of-the-road Americans, the party’s contenders are each trying their hardest to get across what the elder George Bush once inelegantly told recession-battered voters in 1992: “Message: I care.”

Their ability to do so — less bluntly, more sincerely — could prove decisive in an election year when power, privilege and family connections will loom large for both parties.

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Questions of understanding and compassion cost Republicans in the last election. Mr. Romney, who memorably dismissed the “47 percent” of Americans as freeloaders, lost to President Obama by 63 percentage points among voters who cast their ballots for the candidate who “cares about people like me,” according to exit polls.

And a Pew poll from February showed that people still believe Republicans are indifferent to working Americans: 54 percent said the Republican Party does not care about the middle class.

That taint of callousness explains why Senator Ted Cruz of Texas declared last week that Republicans “are and should be the party of the 47 percent” — and why another son of a president, Jeb Bush, has made economic opportunity the centerpiece of his message.

With his pedigree and considerable wealth — since he left the Florida governor’s office almost a decade ago he has earned millions of dollars sitting on corporate boards and advising banks — Mr. Bush probably has the most complicated task making the argument to voters that he understands their concerns.

On a visit last week to Puerto Rico, Mr. Bush sounded every bit the populist, railing against “elites” who have stifled economic growth and innovation. In the kind of economy he envisions leading, he said: “We wouldn’t have the middle being squeezed. People in poverty would have a chance to rise up. And the social strains that exist — because the haves and have-nots is the big debate in our country today — would subside.”

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Who Is Running for President (and Who’s Not)?

Republicans’ emphasis on poorer and working-class Americans now represents a shift from the party’s longstanding focus on business owners and “job creators” as the drivers of economic opportunity.

This is intentional, Republican operatives said.

In the last presidential election, Republicans rushed to defend business owners against what they saw as hostility by Democrats to successful, wealthy entrepreneurs.

“Part of what you had was a reaction to the Democrats’ dehumanization of business owners: ‘Oh, you think you started your plumbing company? No you didn’t,’ ” said Grover Norquist, the conservative activist and president of Americans for Tax Reform.

But now, Mr. Norquist said, Republicans should move past that. “Focus on the people in the room who know someone who couldn’t get a job, or a promotion, or a raise because taxes are too high or regulations eat up companies’ time,” he said. “The rich guy can take care of himself.”

Democrats argue that the public will ultimately see through such an approach because Republican positions like opposing a minimum-wage increase and giving private banks a larger role in student loans would hurt working Americans.

“If Republican candidates are just repeating the same tired policies, I’m not sure that smiling while saying it is going to be enough,” said Guy Cecil, a Democratic strategist who is joining a “super PAC” working on behalf of Hillary Rodham Clinton.

Republicans have already attacked Mrs. Clinton over the wealth and power she and her husband have accumulated, caricaturing her as an out-of-touch multimillionaire who earns hundreds of thousands of dollars per speech and has not driven a car since 1996.

Mr. Walker hit this theme recently on Fox News, pointing to Mrs. Clinton’s lucrative book deals and her multiple residences. “This is not someone who is connected with everyday Americans,” he said. His own net worth, according to The Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, is less than a half-million dollars; Mr. Walker also owes tens of thousands of dollars on his credit cards.

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But showing off a cheap sweater or boasting of a bootstraps family background not only helps draw a contrast with Mrs. Clinton’s latter-day affluence, it is also an implicit argument against Mr. Bush.

Mr. Walker, who featured a 1998 Saturn with more than 100,000 miles on the odometer in a 2010 campaign ad during his first run for governor, likes to talk about flipping burgers at McDonald’s as a young person. His mother, he has said, grew up on a farm with no indoor plumbing until she was in high school.

Mr. Rubio, among the least wealthy members of the Senate, with an estimated net worth of around a half-million dollars, uses his working-class upbringing as evidence of the “exceptionalism” of America, “where even the son of a bartender and a maid can have the same dreams and the same future as those who come from power and privilege.”

Mr. Cruz alludes to his family’s dysfunction — his parents, he says, were heavy drinkers — and recounts his father’s tale of fleeing Cuba with $100 sewn into his underwear.

Gov. Chris Christie of New Jersey notes that his father paid his way through college working nights at an ice cream plant.

But sometimes the attempts at projecting authenticity can seem forced. Mr. Christie recently found himself on the defensive after telling a New Hampshire audience, “I don’t consider myself a wealthy man.” Tax returns showed that he and his wife, a longtime Wall Street executive, earned nearly $700,000 in 2013.

The story of success against the odds is a political classic, even if it is one the Republican Party has not been able to tell for a long time. Ronald Reagan liked to say that while he had not been born on the wrong side of the tracks, he could always hear the whistle. Richard Nixon was fond of reminding voters how he was born in a house his father had built.

“Probably the idea that is most attractive to an average voter, and an idea that both Republicans and Democrats try to craft into their messages, is this idea that you can rise from nothing,” said Charles C. W. Cooke, a writer for National Review.

There is a certain delight Republicans take in turning that message to their advantage now.

“That’s what Obama did with Hillary,” Mr. Cooke said. “He acknowledged it openly: ‘This is ridiculous. Look at me, this one-term senator with dark skin and all of America’s unsolved racial problems, running against the wife of the last Democratic president.”

G.O.P. Hopefuls Now Aiming to Woo the Middle Class

Public perceptions of race relations in America have grown substantially more negative in the aftermath of the death of a young black man who was injured while in police custody in Baltimore and the subsequent unrest, far eclipsing the sentiment recorded in the wake of turmoil in Ferguson, Mo., last summer.

Americans are also increasingly likely to say that the police are more apt to use deadly force against a black person, the latest New York Times/CBS News poll finds.

The poll findings highlight the challenges for local leaders and police officials in trying to maintain order while sustaining faith in the criminal justice system in a racially polarized nation.

Sixty-one percent of Americans now say race relations in this country are generally bad. That figure is up sharply from 44 percent after the fatal police shooting of Michael Brown and the unrest that followed in Ferguson in August, and 43 percent in December. In a CBS News poll just two months ago, 38 percent said race relations were generally bad. Current views are by far the worst of Barack Obama’s presidency.

The negative sentiment is echoed by broad majorities of blacks and whites alike, a stark change from earlier this year, when 58 percent of blacks thought race relations were bad, but just 35 percent of whites agreed. In August, 48 percent of blacks and 41 percent of whites said they felt that way.

Looking ahead, 44 percent of Americans think race relations are worsening, up from 36 percent in December. Forty-one percent of blacks and 46 percent of whites think so. Pessimism among whites has increased 10 points since December.

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Do you think race relations in the United States are generally good or generally bad?
60
40
20
0
White
Black
May '14
May '15
Generally bad
Continue reading the main story
Do you think race relations in the United States are getting better, getting worse or staying about the same?
Getting worse
Staying the same
Getting better
Don't know/No answer
All adults
Whites
Blacks
44%
37
17
46
36
16
41
42
15

The poll finds that profound racial divisions in views of how the police use deadly force remain. Blacks are more than twice as likely to say police in most communities are more apt to use deadly force against a black person — 79 percent of blacks say so compared with 37 percent of whites. A slim majority of whites say race is not a factor in a police officer’s decision to use deadly force.

Overall, 44 percent of Americans say deadly force is more likely to be used against a black person, up from 37 percent in August and 40 percent in December.

Blacks also remain far more likely than whites to say they feel mostly anxious about the police in their community. Forty-two percent say so, while 51 percent feel mostly safe. Among whites, 8 in 10 feel mostly safe.

One proposal to address the matter — having on-duty police officers wear body cameras — receives overwhelming support. More than 9 in 10 whites and blacks alike favor it.

Continue reading the main story
How would you describe your feelings about the police in your community? Would you say they make you feel mostly safe or mostly anxious?
Mostly safe
Mostly anxious
Don't know/No answer
All adults
Whites
Blacks
75%
21
3
81
16
3
51
42
7
Continue reading the main story
In general, do you think the police in most communities are more likely to use deadly force against a black person, or more likely to use it against a white person, or don’t you think race affects police use of deadly force?
Police more likely to use deadly force against a black person
Police more likely to use deadly force against a white person
Race DOES NOT affect police use of deadly force
Don't know/No answer
All adults
Whites
Blacks
44%
37%
79%
2%
2%
1%
46%
53%
16%
9%
8%
4%
Continue reading the main story
Do you favor or oppose on-duty police officers wearing video cameras that would record events and actions as they occur?
Favor
Oppose
Don't know/No answer
All adults
Whites
Blacks
92%
93%
93%
6%
5%
5%
2%
2%
2%

Asked specifically about the situation in Baltimore, most Americans expressed at least some confidence that the investigation by local authorities would be conducted fairly. But while nearly two-thirds of whites think so, fewer than half of blacks agree. Still, more blacks are confident now than were in August regarding the investigation in Ferguson. On Friday, six members of the police force involved in the arrest of Mr. Gray were charged with serious offenses, including manslaughter. The poll was conducted Thursday through Sunday; results from before charges were announced are similar to those from after.

Reaction to the recent turmoil in Baltimore, however, is similar among blacks and whites. Most Americans, 61 percent, say the unrest after Mr. Gray’s death was not justified. That includes 64 percent of whites and 57 percent of blacks.

Continue reading the main story
As you may know, a Baltimore man, Freddie Gray, recently died after being in the custody of the Baltimore police. How much confidence do you have that the investigation by local authorities into this matter will be conducted fairly?
A lot
Some
Not much
None at all
Don't know/No answer
All adults
Whites
Blacks
29%
31
22
14
5
31
33
20
11
5
20
26
30
22
In general, do you think the unrest in Baltimore after the death of Freddie Gray was justified, or do you think the unrest was not justified?
Justified
Not justified
Don't know/No answer
All adults
Whites
Blacks
28%
61
11
26
64
11
37
57
6

Negative View of U.S. Race Relations Grows, Poll Finds

Mr. Goldberg was a serial Silicon Valley entrepreneur and venture capitalist who was married to Sheryl Sandberg, the chief operating officer of Facebook.

Dave Goldberg Was Lifelong Women’s Advocate

Dave Goldberg, Head of Web Survey Company and Half of a Silicon Valley Power Couple, Dies at 47

The 2015 Met Gala has only officially begun, but there's a clear leader in the race for best couple, no small feat at an event that threatens to sap Hollywood of every celebrity it has for the duration of an East Coast evening.

That would be Marc Jacobs and his surprise guest (who, by some miracle, remained under wraps until their red carpet debut), Cher.

“This has been a dream of mine for a very, very long time,” Mr. Jacobs said.

It is Cher's first appearance at the Met Gala since 1997, when she arrived on the arm of Donatella Versace.

– MATTHEW SCHNEIER

Cher and Marc Jacobs

Hockey is not exactly known as a city game, but played on roller skates, it once held sway as the sport of choice in many New York neighborhoods.

“City kids had no rinks, no ice, but they would do anything to play hockey,” said Edward Moffett, former director of the Long Island City Y.M.C.A. Roller Hockey League, in Queens, whose games were played in city playgrounds going back to the 1940s.

From the 1960s through the 1980s, the league had more than 60 teams, he said. Players included the Mullen brothers of Hell’s Kitchen and Dan Dorion of Astoria, Queens, who would later play on ice for the National Hockey League.

One street legend from the heyday of New York roller hockey was Craig Allen, who lived in the Woodside Houses projects and became one of the city’s hardest hitters and top scorers.

“Craig was a warrior, one of the best roller hockey players in the city in the ’70s,” said Dave Garmendia, 60, a retired New York police officer who grew up playing with Mr. Allen. “His teammates loved him and his opponents feared him.”

Young Craig took up hockey on the streets of Queens in the 1960s, playing pickup games between sewer covers, wearing steel-wheeled skates clamped onto school shoes and using a roll of electrical tape as the puck.

His skill and ferocity drew attention, Mr. Garmendia said, but so did his skin color. He was black, in a sport made up almost entirely by white players.

“Roller hockey was a white kid’s game, plain and simple, but Craig broke the color barrier,” Mr. Garmendia said. “We used to say Craig did more for race relations than the N.A.A.C.P.”

Mr. Allen went on to coach and referee roller hockey in New York before moving several years ago to South Carolina. But he continued to organize an annual alumni game at Dutch Kills Playground in Long Island City, the same site that held the local championship games.

The reunion this year was on Saturday, but Mr. Allen never made it. On April 26, just before boarding the bus to New York, he died of an asthma attack at age 61.

Word of his death spread rapidly among hundreds of his old hockey colleagues who resolved to continue with the event, now renamed the Craig Allen Memorial Roller Hockey Reunion.

The turnout on Saturday was the largest ever, with players pulling on their old equipment, choosing sides and taking once again to the rink of cracked blacktop with faded lines and circles. They wore no helmets, although one player wore a fedora.

Another, Vinnie Juliano, 77, of Long Island City, wore his hearing aids, along with his 50-year-old taped-up quads, or four-wheeled skates with a leather boot. Many players here never converted to in-line skates, and neither did Mr. Allen, whose photograph appeared on a poster hanging behind the players’ bench.

“I’m seeing people walking by wondering why all these rusty, grizzly old guys are here playing hockey,” one player, Tommy Dominguez, said. “We’re here for Craig, and let me tell you, these old guys still play hard.”

Everyone seemed to have a Craig Allen story, from his earliest teams at Public School 151 to the Bryant Rangers, the Woodside Wings, the Woodside Blues and more.

Mr. Allen, who became a yellow-cab driver, was always recruiting new talent. He gained the nickname Cabby for his habit of stopping at playgrounds all over the city to scout players.

Teams were organized around neighborhoods and churches, and often sponsored by local bars. Mr. Allen, for one, played for bars, including Garry Owen’s and on the Fiddler’s Green Jokers team in Inwood, Manhattan.

Play was tough and fights were frequent.

“We were basically street gangs on skates,” said Steve Rogg, 56, a mail clerk who grew up in Jackson Heights, Queens, and who on Saturday wore his Riedell Classic quads from 1972. “If another team caught up with you the night before a game, they tossed you a beating so you couldn’t play the next day.”

Mr. Garmendia said Mr. Allen’s skin color provoked many fights.

“When we’d go to some ignorant neighborhoods, a lot of players would use slurs,” Mr. Garmendia said, recalling a game in Ozone Park, Queens, where local fans parked motorcycles in a lineup next to the blacktop and taunted Mr. Allen. Mr. Garmendia said he checked a player into the motorcycles, “and the bikes went down like dominoes, which started a serious brawl.”

A group of fans at a game in Brooklyn once stuck a pole through the rink fence as Mr. Allen skated by and broke his jaw, Mr. Garmendia said, adding that carloads of reinforcements soon arrived to defend Mr. Allen.

And at another racially incited brawl, the police responded with six patrol cars and a helicopter.

Before play began on Saturday, the players gathered at center rink to honor Mr. Allen. Billy Barnwell, 59, of Woodside, recalled once how an all-white, all-star squad snubbed Mr. Allen by playing him third string. He scored seven goals in the first game and made first string immediately.

“He’d always hear racial stuff before the game, and I’d ask him, ‘How do you put up with that?’” Mr. Barnwell recalled. “Craig would say, ‘We’ll take care of it,’ and by the end of the game, he’d win guys over. They’d say, ‘This guy’s good.’”

Tribute for a Roller Hockey Warrior

Ms. Rendell was a prolific writer of intricately plotted mystery novels that combined psychological insight, social conscience and teeth-chattering terror.

Ruth Rendell, Novelist Who Thrilled and Educated, Dies at 85

Mr. Paczynski was one of the concentration camp’s longest surviving inmates and served as the personal barber to its Nazi commandant Rudolf Höss.

Jozef Paczynski, Inmate Barber to Auschwitz Commandant, Dies at 95

The magical quality Mr. Lesnie created in shooting the “Babe” films caught the eye of the director Peter Jackson, who chose him to film the fantasy epic.

Andrew Lesnie, Cinematographer of ‘Lord of the Rings,’ Dies at 59

BEIJING (AP) — The head of Taiwan's Nationalists reaffirmed the party's support for eventual unification with the mainland when he met Monday with Chinese President Xi Jinping as part of continuing rapprochement between the former bitter enemies.

Nationalist Party Chairman Eric Chu, a likely presidential candidate next year, also affirmed Taiwan's desire to join the proposed Chinese-led Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank during the meeting in Beijing. China claims Taiwan as its own territory and doesn't want the island to join using a name that might imply it is an independent country.

Chu's comments during his meeting with Xi were carried live on Hong Kong-based broadcaster Phoenix Television.

The Nationalists were driven to Taiwan by Mao Zedong's Communists during the Chinese civil war in 1949, leading to decades of hostility between the sides. Chu, who took over as party leader in January, is the third Nationalist chairman to visit the mainland and the first since 2009.

Relations between the communist-ruled mainland and the self-governing democratic island of Taiwan began to warm in the 1990s, partly out of their common opposition to Taiwan's formal independence from China, a position advocated by the island's Democratic Progressive Party.

Despite increasingly close economic ties, the prospect of political unification has grown increasingly unpopular on Taiwan, especially with younger voters. Opposition to the Nationalists' pro-China policies was seen as a driver behind heavy local electoral defeats for the party last year that led to Taiwanese President Ma Ying-jeou resigning as party chairman.

Taiwan party leader affirms eventual reunion with China

Ms. Crough played the youngest daughter on the hit ’70s sitcom starring David Cassidy and Shirley Jones.

Suzanne Crough, Actress in ‘The Partridge Family,’ Dies at 52

Judge Patterson helped to protect the rights of Attica inmates after the prison riot in 1971 and later served on the Federal District Court in Manhattan.

Robert Patterson Jr., Lawyer and Judge Who Fought for the Accused, Dies at 91
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