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KOTAK MENCINTAIKU DAN DIA

CARA : Harga Mesin Ayakan Pasir / Pengayak Pasir adalah merupakan alat tambang yang digunakan khusus untuk menyaring pasir, seperti silica dan lain jenis pasir lainnya. Kalau dulu orang hanya menggunakan cara manual dengan dilakukan oleh 2 orang yang saling berhadapan dengan masing-masing memegang kedua sudut pengayak tersebut sambil digoyang-goyangkan. Tapi sekarang tidak lagi, ayakan pasir atau yang dikenal dalam bahasa bugis dengan Conveyor pasir sudah bisa dijalankan oleh mesin dengan kapasitas yang jauh lebih besar dari yang cara manual.

Sistem kerja mesin ayakan pasir hampir sama dengan cara manual yang dijalankan oleh dua orang pekerja sebagaimana dijelaskan di atas, hanya saja dengan alat modern ini pengerjaannya jauh lebih cepat dan kita tidak perlu repot mengeluarkan tenaga besar untuk mengayak pasir yang bertumpuk, apalagi untuk kebutuhan pertambangan dan bisnis bahan bangunan. Mengapa demikian, karena alat ini dijalankan dengan mesin dengan kecepatan dan hasil produksi yang bisa disetting oleh pemiliknya. Tapi perlu diperhatikan bahwa dalam menjalankan mesin ini harus dengan teknik dan panduan lengkap dari penyedianya agar hasil dan ketahanan mesin bisa dipertahankan untuk jangka waktu yang lebih lama.

Harga Mesin Ayakan Pasir / Pengayak Pasir by Caramaster
Mesin Ayakan Pasir / Pengayak Pasir

Dilihat dari gambar mesin Pengayak Pasir yang anda saksikan di atas sudah memiliki spesifikasi : Belt Conveyor, Vibrating Screener, Roda Pemindahan Lokasi Pengayakan, serta Diesel Genset. Dengan berbagai kelengkapan tersbut maka tentunya akan sangat memudahkan kita dalam mengoperasikannya sebab dapat mobile atau dipindahkan sesuai dengan tempat akan dilakukannya pengayakan pasir

Kelebihan lain dari mesin ini adalah dimana hasil ayak yang dihasilkan bisa seragam besaran butirannya. Dan inilah mungkin yang sangat kita butuhkan dari hasil produksi pasir yang kita usahakan. Selain itu pemakaian listriknya juga cenderung hemat sehingga mengurangi biaya pengeluaran produksi serta tidak cepat habis saat digunakan. Di indonesia sendiri sudah banyak yang memesannya dan bahkan telah membeli dan menggunakan barangnya.

Di pasaran mesin dengan kapasitas seperti yang kami terangkan biasanya dibandrol di kisaran Rp. 120.000.000 (seratus dua puluh jutaan) dengan tambahan spek seperti motor listrik 10 HP, dengan lebar alat pengayak yaitu 1,6 x 4,5 meter untuk menghasilkan hasil penapisan pasir yang banyak sekaligus. Dan untuk mengantisipasi jika disekitar mesin tidak ditemukan saluran listrik langsung maka dilengkapi juga dengan mesin genset yang bermesin diesel berkekuatan 30 KVA serta tentunya juga untuk memudahkan pemindahan ke berbagai tempat dan medan yang berbeda maka sudah dilengkapi dengan roda ban.

HARGA MESIN AYAKAN PASIR / PENGAYAK PASIR

Satu lagi wisata yang dapat kita dikunjungi di Bandung, Jawa Barat. Kota yang dijuluki dengan Paris Van Java ini memang telah memiliki beraneka ragam tempat wisata yang sangat menarik, salah satunya adalah Trans Studio Bandung. Siapa yang tidak kenal dengan obyek wisata satu ini. Obyek wisata yang dikabarkan juga merupakan taman bermain indoor terbesar di Asia bahkan di dunia ini dikelola oleh salah satu corporate televisi swasta di Indonesia. Obyek wisata yang mulai dibuka umum tepat tanggal 18 Juni 2011 ini memang telah menyedot animo masyarakat khususnya wisatawan yang telah berkunjung ke kota Bandung.

Wahana Trans Studio Bandung ini telah terletak di Jalan Gatot Subroto No. 258, Bandung, Jawa Barat, Indonesia. Obyek wisata yang buka mulai pukul 10.00-22.00 WIB pada hari Senin-Jum’at dan 09.00-22.00 WIB pada hari libur atau weekend ini telah menawarkan 20 wahana permainan yang tentunya akan sangat menarik dan patut untuk dicoba. Wahana-wahana tersebut telah terbagi menjadi tiga bagian: Studio Central, Lost City dan Magic Corner.

Ada beberapa wahana yang dapat kita dinikmati. Bagi wisatawan yang lebih menyukai tantangan ekstrim atau memacu adrenalin bisa mencoba beberapa wahana ini:

Yamaha Race Coaster

Roller Coaster terekstrim ketiga di dunia ini akan membawa wisatawan menahan nafas untuk beberapa saat karena Anda akan dibawa dengan kecepatan lebih dari 130 km/jam dengan ketinggian sekitar 40 meter dengan posisi kembali terbalik seperti saat pertama.

Giant Swing

Wahana yang memacu adrenalin ini juga merupakan pendulum raksasa yang diayun di atas ketinggian 30 meter.

Vertigo

Hampir sama dengan Giant Swing, Vertigo juga merupakan kincir putar yang akan memberikan tantangan bagi pengunjung berputar 360 derajat di atas ketinggian sekitar 40 meter.

Negeri Raksasa (Jack and The Bean)

Mengikuti cerita si Jack yang mencuri ayam emas milik raksasa di atas ketinggian dan dijatuhkan dari lantai lima atau setinggi tigabelas meter akan membuat jantung Anda serasa terhenti sejenak.

Dunia Lain

Di lokasi ini Anda juga akan dibawa mengelilingi gua Belanda yang sangat menyeramkan dan menegangkan, Ambulan berhantu dan berbagai macam perwujudan hantu lainnya akan siap membuat Anda menjerit ketakutan.

Tidak semua wahana di Trans Studio Bandung bersifat menantang. Ada juga wahana yang diperuntukkan bagi anak-anak dan keluarga, diantaranya adalah:

Pulau Liliput

Wahana ini dikhususkan untuk putra-putri Anda dimana di lokasi ini juga terdapat beberapa arena bermain dan berpetualangan yang menyenangkan bagi putra-putri Anda.

Si Bolang

Wahana ini juga akan menyuguhkan petualangan menarik. Anda beserta keluarga bisa mengelilingi seluruh provinsi di Indonesia bersama tokoh Bolang.

Dunia Anak (Kiddy’s Land)

Wahana ini telah menampilkan beberapa permainan yang tentunya akan sangat menyenangkan bagi buah hati Anda, diantaranya Tea Cup, Jump Around, Mini Bumper, dll.

Science Center

Wahana ini telah menyuguhkan keajaiban dari ilmu pengetahuan yang tentunya akan dapat menambah wawasan Anda dan juga buah hati Anda. Pengunjung juga dapat langsung mempraktekkan beberapa alat peraga yang terdapat di wahana ini.

Jelajah

Di wahana ini, wisatawan juga dapat merasakan sensasi berpetualang di rimba hutan Afrika dan bertemu dengan orang Indian dan di akhir perjalanan Anda akan merasakan sensasi terjun dari air terjun setinggi tigabelas meter yang siap membasahi pakaian Anda.

Skypirates "Zeppelin"

Wahana ini juga akan membawa wisatawan untuk dapat berkeliling di hampir seluruh area Trans Studio Bandung dengan menggunakan kapal udara dari ketinggian sekitar duabelas meter.

Marvel Superheroes The Ride 4D

Tokoh-tokoh pahlawan terkenal bisa Anda saksikan dalam pemutaran film pendek berdurasi sekitar sepuluh menit dengan kecanggihan empat dimensi. Sehingga pengunjung serasa dibawa dalam setiap adegan di film tersebut.

Amphitheater

Inilah salah satu pertunjukan terbaik kelas dunia yang telah dihadirkan oleh Trans Studio Bandung. Wisatawan akan dapat menyaksikan pertunjukan maha dahsyat yang menampilkan cerita yang sangat sayang untuk dilewatkan.

Sangat perlu diketahui bahwa setiap wahana telah memiliki peraturan atau syarat tersendiri. Jadi, pengunjung senantiasa diharapkan untuk dapat mematuhi setiap aturan yang terdapat di setiap wahana permainan. Bagi pengunjung yang ingin menikmati keseluruhan permainan tersebut dapat membeli tiket masuk seharga Rp 150.000 pada hari Senin-Jum’at dan Rp 200.000 pada hari libur atau weekend. Bagi wisatwana juga disediakan tiket VIP yang tentunya akan sangat membantu dalam menikmati setiap permainan karena dengan VIP card ini Anda akan mendapatkan antrian yang berbeda dan lebih cepat. Untuk menadapatkan tiket VIP ini, wisatawan diharuskan menambah biaya sebesar Rp 250.000,-.

Di area ini juga telah tersedia berbagai macam outlet yang menjual makanan dan minuman. Selain itu, terdapat juga beberapa outlet yang menjual souvenir atau oleh-oleh khas dari Trans Studio Bandung. Namun pembelian di setiap outlet di area Trans Studio Bandung ini tidak dapat menggunakan uang cash. Setiap pembayaran untuk makan, souvenir dan lain sebagainya menggunakan kartu yang telah diisi ulang sebelumnya. Kartu tersebut bisa didapatkan ketika membeli tiket masuk dengan biaya sebesar Rp 10.000. Untuk dapat menggunakan kartu ini dalam setiap transaksi, pengujung terlebih dahulu harus mengisi ulang di outlet-outlet yang telah disediakan di seputar area Trans Studio Bandung dengan maksimum pengisian Rp 1.000.000,- (Mega Cash yang tidak terdaftar) dan Rp 5.000.000,- (Mega Cash terdaftar).

 

TEMPAT WISATA TRANSTUDIO BANDUNG

Fungsi dan manfaat Ping. Ping adalah singkatan dari Packet Internet Gopher yaitu sebuah program utilitas yang dapat digunakan untuk memeriksa konektivitas jaringan berbasis teknologi Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/ IP). Bagi Blogger, Ping adalah salah satu cara teknik SEO yang paling mudah dan sangat-sangat friendly. Ping biasanya dilakukan setiap kali kita selesai mempublish artikel baru. Ping berfungsi untuk mengirimkan notifikasi pada website direktori dan search enggine bahwa ada kontent baru di blog Anda. Dengan begitu Anda tidak perlu menunggu lama hingga artikel bisa terindeks oleh search enggine dan di tayangkan di halaman hasil pencarian.
Fungsi dan manfaat Ping
Setidaknya ada 2 manfaat yang bisa di peroleh dari melakukan kegiatan ping, yaitu:

Agar artikel baru cepat terindeks mesin pencari
Meningkatkan traffict
mengoptimalkan dan meningkatkan rangking SEO blog

Untuk melakukan Ping, anda hanya perlu mendaftarkan sedikit informasi tentang website/blog anda di situs-situs yang menyediakan layanan Ping. Saat ini banyak sekali situs-situs yang menyediakan layanan Ping, diantaranya pingomatic.com, auto-ping.com, pingler.com, pingmyblog.com, dll. Untuk mengetahui daftar situs penyedia layanan ping, silah berkunjung ke Daftar Situs Penyedia layanan Ping. Dan jika Anda juga ingin tahu langkah-langkah dan cara melakukan Ping bisa membacanya di Cara Melakukan Ping | Langkah-langkah melakukan Ping

FUNGSI DAN MANFAAT PING BAGI WEBSITE

Direktur Eksekutif Fox Indonesia, Andi Zulkarnain Anwar alias Choel Mallarangeng, rupanya telah diberi 'kekuasaan' oleh mantan Menteri Pemuda dan Olahraga, Andi Alifian Mallarangeng. Sebab, sebelum proses lelang proyek P3SON Hambalang dilaksanakan, mantan Sekretaris Menpora, Wafid Muharam, harus menghadap dan meminta persetujuan Choel terlebih dulu.

Dalam surat dakwaan Andi Mallarangeng yang dibacakan oleh Jaksa Penuntut Umum pada Komisi Pemberantasan Korupsi, Irene Putri, Wafid telah melakukan pertemuan dengan Choel, mantan Kepala Biro Perencanaan sekaligus bekas Kepala Biro Keuangan dan Rumah Tangga serta Pejabat Pembuat Komitmen proyek P3SON Hambalang, Deddy Kusdinar, Manajer Pemasaran Divisi Konstruksi I PT Adhi Karya, Muhammad Arief Taufiqurrahman, dan Staf Khusus Menpora, Muhammad Fakhruddin. Dalam pertemuan itu, Choel telah menanyakan kesiapan PT Adhi Karya melaksanakan lelang proyek Hambalang.

"Dijawab oleh Arief kalau PT Adhi Karya sudah siap. Kemudian, Wafid bertanya kepada Choel apakah proyek P3SON Hambalang bisa dilelang, dan Choel mempersilakan," kata Jaksa Irene saat membacakan dakwaan Andi di Gedung Pengadilan Tindak Pidana Korupsi, Jakarta, kemarin.

Wafid tunduk dan telah melakukan hal itu karena Choel adalah adik Andi. Dia juga harus meminta persetujuan Choel lantaran merupakan titah Andi setelah dilantik menjadi menteri.

Sebab, beberapa hari setelah dilantik menjadi Menpora pada 21 Oktober 2009 lalu , Andi tiba-tiba membawa Choel ke Kemenpora dan memperkenalkannya kepada mantan Sekretaris Menpora, Wafid Muharam. Peristiwa itu telah terjadi ruang kerja Andi. Saat itu, lanjut dia, Andi mengatakan Choel akan banyak membantu urusan di Kemenpora, sehingga jika Wafid butuh konsultasi supaya segera menghubungi Choel.

"Padahal terdakwa telah mengetahui Choel bukanlah orang yang kompeten dan telah memiliki korelasi dengan program-program di Kemenpora," ujar Jaksa Irene.

Hendak lelang proyek Hambalang, Wafid minta restu Choel

Imagine an elite professional services firm with a high-performing, workaholic culture. Everyone is expected to turn on a dime to serve a client, travel at a moment’s notice, and be available pretty much every evening and weekend. It can make for a grueling work life, but at the highest levels of accounting, law, investment banking and consulting firms, it is just the way things are.

Except for one dirty little secret: Some of the people ostensibly turning in those 80- or 90-hour workweeks, particularly men, may just be faking it.

Many of them were, at least, at one elite consulting firm studied by Erin Reid, a professor at Boston University’s Questrom School of Business. It’s impossible to know if what she learned at that unidentified consulting firm applies across the world of work more broadly. But her research, published in the academic journal Organization Science, offers a way to understand how the professional world differs between men and women, and some of the ways a hard-charging culture that emphasizes long hours above all can make some companies worse off.

Photo
 
Credit Peter Arkle

Ms. Reid interviewed more than 100 people in the American offices of a global consulting firm and had access to performance reviews and internal human resources documents. At the firm there was a strong culture around long hours and responding to clients promptly.

“When the client needs me to be somewhere, I just have to be there,” said one of the consultants Ms. Reid interviewed. “And if you can’t be there, it’s probably because you’ve got another client meeting at the same time. You know it’s tough to say I can’t be there because my son had a Cub Scout meeting.”

Some people fully embraced this culture and put in the long hours, and they tended to be top performers. Others openly pushed back against it, insisting upon lighter and more flexible work hours, or less travel; they were punished in their performance reviews.

The third group is most interesting. Some 31 percent of the men and 11 percent of the women whose records Ms. Reid examined managed to achieve the benefits of a more moderate work schedule without explicitly asking for it.

They made an effort to line up clients who were local, reducing the need for travel. When they skipped work to spend time with their children or spouse, they didn’t call attention to it. One team on which several members had small children agreed among themselves to cover for one another so that everyone could have more flexible hours.

A male junior manager described working to have repeat consulting engagements with a company near enough to his home that he could take care of it with day trips. “I try to head out by 5, get home at 5:30, have dinner, play with my daughter,” he said, adding that he generally kept weekend work down to two hours of catching up on email.

Despite the limited hours, he said: “I know what clients are expecting. So I deliver above that.” He received a high performance review and a promotion.

What is fascinating about the firm Ms. Reid studied is that these people, who in her terminology were “passing” as workaholics, received performance reviews that were as strong as their hyper-ambitious colleagues. For people who were good at faking it, there was no real damage done by their lighter workloads.

It calls to mind the episode of “Seinfeld” in which George Costanza leaves his car in the parking lot at Yankee Stadium, where he works, and gets a promotion because his boss sees the car and thinks he is getting to work earlier and staying later than anyone else. (The strategy goes awry for him, and is not recommended for any aspiring partners in a consulting firm.)

A second finding is that women, particularly those with young children, were much more likely to request greater flexibility through more formal means, such as returning from maternity leave with an explicitly reduced schedule. Men who requested a paternity leave seemed to be punished come review time, and so may have felt more need to take time to spend with their families through those unofficial methods.

The result of this is easy to see: Those specifically requesting a lighter workload, who were disproportionately women, suffered in their performance reviews; those who took a lighter workload more discreetly didn’t suffer. The maxim of “ask forgiveness, not permission” seemed to apply.

It would be dangerous to extrapolate too much from a study at one firm, but Ms. Reid said in an interview that since publishing a summary of her research in Harvard Business Review she has heard from people in a variety of industries describing the same dynamic.

High-octane professional service firms are that way for a reason, and no one would doubt that insane hours and lots of travel can be necessary if you’re a lawyer on the verge of a big trial, an accountant right before tax day or an investment banker advising on a huge merger.

But the fact that the consultants who quietly lightened their workload did just as well in their performance reviews as those who were truly working 80 or more hours a week suggests that in normal times, heavy workloads may be more about signaling devotion to a firm than really being more productive. The person working 80 hours isn’t necessarily serving clients any better than the person working 50.

In other words, maybe the real problem isn’t men faking greater devotion to their jobs. Maybe it’s that too many companies reward the wrong things, favoring the illusion of extraordinary effort over actual productivity.

How Some Men Fake an 80-Hour Workweek, and Why It Matters

BALTIMORE — In the afternoons, the streets of Locust Point are clean and nearly silent. In front of the rowhouses, potted plants rest next to steps of brick or concrete. There is a shopping center nearby with restaurants, and a grocery store filled with fresh foods.

And the National Guard and the police are largely absent. So, too, residents say, are worries about what happened a few miles away on April 27 when, in a space of hours, parts of this city became riot zones.

“They’re not our reality,” Ashley Fowler, 30, said on Monday at the restaurant where she works. “They’re not what we’re living right now. We live in, not to be racist, white America.”

As Baltimore considers its way forward after the violent unrest brought by the death of Freddie Gray, a 25-year-old black man who died of injuries he suffered while in police custody, residents in its predominantly white neighborhoods acknowledge that they are sometimes struggling to understand what beyond Mr. Gray’s death spurred the turmoil here. For many, the poverty and troubled schools of gritty West Baltimore are distant troubles, glimpsed only when they pass through the area on their way somewhere else.

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Officers blocked traffic at Pennsylvania and West North Avenues after reports that a gun was discharged in the area. Credit Drew Angerer for The New York Times

And so neighborhoods of Baltimore are facing altogether different reckonings after Mr. Gray’s death. In mostly black communities like Sandtown-Winchester, where some of the most destructive rioting played out last week, residents are hoping businesses will reopen and that the police will change their strategies. But in mostly white areas like Canton and Locust Point, some residents wonder what role, if any, they should play in reimagining stretches of Baltimore where they do not live.

“Most of the people are kind of at a loss as to what they’re supposed to do,” said Dr. Richard Lamb, a dentist who has practiced in the same Locust Point office for nearly 39 years. “I listen to the news reports. I listen to the clergymen. I listen to the facts of the rampant unemployment and the lack of opportunities in the area. Listen, I pay my taxes. Exactly what can I do?”

And in Canton, where the restaurants have clever names like Nacho Mama’s and Holy Crepe Bakery and Café, Sara Bahr said solutions seemed out of reach for a proudly liberal city.

“I can only imagine how frustrated they must be,” said Ms. Bahr, 36, a nurse who was out with her 3-year-old daughter, Sally. “I just wish I knew how to solve poverty. I don’t know what to do to make it better.”

The day of unrest and the overwhelmingly peaceful demonstrations that followed led to hundreds of arrests, often for violations of the curfew imposed on the city for five consecutive nights while National Guard soldiers patrolled the streets. Although there were isolated instances of trouble in Canton, the neighborhood association said on its website, many parts of southeast Baltimore were physically untouched by the tumult.

Tensions in the city bubbled anew on Monday after reports that the police had wounded a black man in Northwest Baltimore. The authorities denied those reports and sent officers to talk with the crowds that gathered while other officers clutching shields blocked traffic at Pennsylvania and West North Avenues.

Lt. Col. Melvin Russell, a community police officer, said officers had stopped a man suspected of carrying a handgun and that “one of those rounds was spent.”

Colonel Russell said officers had not opened fire, “so we couldn’t have shot him.”

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Lambi Vasilakopoulos, right, who runs a casual restaurant in Canton, said he was incensed by last week's looting and predicted tensions would worsen. Credit Drew Angerer for The New York Times

The colonel said the man had not been injured but was taken to a hospital as a precaution. Nearby, many people stood in disbelief, despite the efforts by the authorities to quash reports they described as “unfounded.”

Monday’s episode was a brief moment in a larger drama that has yielded anger and confusion. Although many people said they were familiar with accounts of the police harassing or intimidating residents, many in Canton and Locust Point said they had never experienced it themselves. When they watched the unrest, which many protesters said was fueled by feelings that they lived only on Baltimore’s margins, even those like Ms. Bahr who were pained by what they saw said they could scarcely comprehend the emotions associated with it.

But others, like Lambi Vasilakopoulos, who runs a casual restaurant in Canton, said they were incensed by what unfolded last week.

“What happened wasn’t called for. Protests are one thing; looting is another thing,” he said, adding, “We’re very frustrated because we’re the ones who are going to pay for this.”

There were pockets of optimism, though, that Baltimore would enter a period of reconciliation.

“I’m just hoping for peace,” Natalie Boies, 53, said in front of the Locust Point home where she has lived for 50 years. “Learn to love each other; be patient with each other; find justice; and care.”

A skeptical Mr. Vasilakopoulos predicted tensions would worsen.

“It cannot be fixed,” he said. “It’s going to get worse. Why? Because people don’t obey the laws. They don’t want to obey them.”

But there were few fears that the violence that plagued West Baltimore last week would play out on these relaxed streets. The authorities, Ms. Fowler said, would make sure of that.

“They kept us safe here,” she said. “I didn’t feel uncomfortable when I was in my house three blocks away from here. I knew I was going to be O.K. because I knew they weren’t going to let anyone come and loot our properties or our businesses or burn our cars.”

Baltimore Residents Away From Turmoil Consider Their Role

WASHINGTON — During a training course on defending against knife attacks, a young Salt Lake City police officer asked a question: “How close can somebody get to me before I’m justified in using deadly force?”

Dennis Tueller, the instructor in that class more than three decades ago, decided to find out. In the fall of 1982, he performed a rudimentary series of tests and concluded that an armed attacker who bolted toward an officer could clear 21 feet in the time it took most officers to draw, aim and fire their weapon.

The next spring, Mr. Tueller published his findings in SWAT magazine and transformed police training in the United States. The “21-foot rule” became dogma. It has been taught in police academies around the country, accepted by courts and cited by officers to justify countless shootings, including recent episodes involving a homeless woodcarver in Seattle and a schizophrenic woman in San Francisco.

Now, amid the largest national debate over policing since the 1991 beating of Rodney King in Los Angeles, a small but vocal set of law enforcement officials are calling for a rethinking of the 21-foot rule and other axioms that have emphasized how to use force, not how to avoid it. Several big-city police departments are already re-examining when officers should chase people or draw their guns and when they should back away, wait or try to defuse the situation

Police Rethink Long Tradition on Using Force

The 2015 Met Gala has only officially begun, but there's a clear leader in the race for best couple, no small feat at an event that threatens to sap Hollywood of every celebrity it has for the duration of an East Coast evening.

That would be Marc Jacobs and his surprise guest (who, by some miracle, remained under wraps until their red carpet debut), Cher.

“This has been a dream of mine for a very, very long time,” Mr. Jacobs said.

It is Cher's first appearance at the Met Gala since 1997, when she arrived on the arm of Donatella Versace.

– MATTHEW SCHNEIER

Cher and Marc Jacobs

A lapsed seminarian, Mr. Chambers succeeded Saul Alinsky as leader of the social justice umbrella group Industrial Areas Foundation.

Edward Chambers, Early Leader in Community Organizing, Dies at 85

Mr. Bartoszewski was given honorary Israeli citizenship for his work to save Jews during World War II and later surprised even himself by being instrumental in reconciling Poland and Germany.

Wladyslaw Bartoszewski, 93, Dies; Polish Auschwitz Survivor Aided Jews

HOBART, Tasmania — Few places seem out of reach for China’s leader, Xi Jinping, who has traveled from European capitals to obscure Pacific and Caribbean islands in pursuit of his nation’s strategic interests.

So perhaps it was not surprising when he turned up last fall in this city on the edge of the Southern Ocean to put down a long-distance marker in another faraway region, Antarctica, 2,000 miles south of this Australian port.

Standing on the deck of an icebreaker that ferries Chinese scientists from this last stop before the frozen continent, Mr. Xi pledged that China would continue to expand in one of the few places on earth that remain unexploited by humans.

He signed a five-year accord with the Australian government that allows Chinese vessels and, in the future, aircraft to resupply for fuel and food before heading south. That will help secure easier access to a region that is believed to have vast oil and mineral resources; huge quantities of high-protein sea life; and for times of possible future dire need, fresh water contained in icebergs.

It was not until 1985, about seven decades after Robert Scott and Roald Amundsen raced to the South Pole, that a team representing Beijing hoisted the Chinese flag over the nation’s first Antarctic research base, the Great Wall Station on King George Island.

But now China seems determined to catch up. As it has bolstered spending on Antarctic research, and as the early explorers, especially the United States and Australia, confront stagnant budgets, there is growing concern about its intentions.

China’s operations on the continent — it opened its fourth research station last year, chose a site for a fifth, and is investing in a second icebreaker and new ice-capable planes and helicopters — are already the fastest growing of the 52 signatories to the Antarctic Treaty. That gentlemen’s agreement reached in 1959 bans military activity on the continent and aims to preserve it as one of the world’s last wildernesses; a related pact prohibits mining.

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But Mr. Xi’s visit was another sign that China is positioning itself to take advantage of the continent’s resource potential when the treaty expires in 2048 — or in the event that it is ripped up before, Chinese and Australian experts say.

“So far, our research is natural-science based, but we know there is more and more concern about resource security,” said Yang Huigen, director general of the Polar Research Institute of China, who accompanied Mr. Xi last November on his visit to Hobart and stood with him on the icebreaker, Xue Long, or Snow Dragon.

With that in mind, the polar institute recently opened a new division devoted to the study of resources, law, geopolitics and governance in Antarctica and the Arctic, Mr. Yang said.

Australia, a strategic ally of the United States that has strong economic relations with China, is watching China’s buildup in the Antarctic with a mix of gratitude — China’s presence offers support for Australia’s Antarctic science program, which is short of cash — and wariness.

“We should have no illusions about the deeper agenda — one that has not even been agreed to by Chinese scientists but is driven by Xi, and most likely his successors,” said Peter Jennings, executive director of the Australian Strategic Policy Institute and a former senior official in the Australian Department of Defense.

“This is part of a broader pattern of a mercantilist approach all around the world,” Mr. Jennings added. “A big driver of Chinese policy is to secure long-term energy supply and food supply.”

That approach was evident last month when a large Chinese agriculture enterprise announced an expansion of its fishing operations around Antarctica to catch more krill — small, protein-rich crustaceans that are abundant in Antarctic waters.

“The Antarctic is a treasure house for all human beings, and China should go there and share,” Liu Shenli, the chairman of the China National Agricultural Development Group, told China Daily, a state-owned newspaper. China would aim to fish up to two million tons of krill a year, he said, a substantial increase from what it currently harvests.

Because sovereignty over Antarctica is unclear, nations have sought to strengthen their claims over the ice-covered land by building research bases and naming geographic features. China’s fifth station will put it within reach of the six American facilities, and ahead of Australia’s three.

Chinese mappers have also given Chinese names to more than 300 sites, compared with the thousands of locations on the continent with English names.

In the unspoken competition for Antarctica’s future, scientific achievement can also translate into influence. Chinese scientists are driving to be the first to drill and recover an ice core containing tiny air bubbles that provide a record of climate change stretching as far back as 1.5 million years. It is an expensive and delicate effort at which others, including the European Union and Australia, have failed.

In a breakthrough a decade ago, European scientists extracted an ice core nearly two miles long that revealed 800,000 years of climate history. But finding an ice core going back further would allow scientists to examine a change in the earth’s climate cycles believed to have occurred 900,000 to 1.2 million years ago.

China is betting it has found the best location to drill, at an area called Dome A, or Dome Argus, the highest point on the East Antarctic Ice Sheet. Though it is considered one of the coldest places on the planet, with temperatures of 130 degrees below zero Fahrenheit, a Chinese expedition explored the area in 2005 and established a research station in 2009.

“The international community has drilled in lots of places, but no luck so far,” said Xiao Cunde, a member of the first party to reach the site and the deputy director of the Institute for Climate Change at the Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences. “We think at Dome A we will have a straight shot at the one-million-year ice core.”

Mr. Xiao said China had already begun drilling and hoped to find what scientists are looking for in four to five years.

To support its Antarctic aspirations, China is building a sophisticated $300 million icebreaker that is expected to be ready in a few years, said Xia Limin, deputy director of the Chinese Arctic and Antarctic Administration in Beijing. It has also bought a high-tech fixed-wing aircraft, outfitted in the United States, for taking sensitive scientific soundings from the ice.

China has chosen the site for its fifth research station at Inexpressible Island, named by a group of British explorers who were stranded at the desolate site in 1912 and survived the winter by excavating a small ice cave.

Mr. Xia said the inhospitable spot was ideal because China did not have a presence in that part of Antarctica, and because the rocky site did not have much snow, making it relatively cheap to build there.

Anne-Marie Brady, a professor of political science at the University of Canterbury in New Zealand and the author of a soon-to-be-released book, “China as a Polar Great Power,” said Chinese scientists also believed they had a good chance of finding mineral and energy resources near the site.

“China is playing a long game in Antarctica and keeping other states guessing about its true intentions and interests are part of its poker hand,” she said. But she noted that China’s interest in finding minerals was presented “loud and clear to domestic audiences” as the main reason it was investing in Antarctica.

Because commercial drilling is banned, estimates of energy and mineral resources in Antarctica rely on remote sensing data and comparisons with similar geological environments elsewhere, said Millard F. Coffin, executive director of the Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies in Hobart.

But the difficulty of extraction in such severe conditions and uncertainty about future commodity prices make it unlikely that China or any country would defy the ban on mining anytime soon.

Tourism, however, is already booming. Travelers from China are still a relatively small contingent in the Antarctic compared with the more than 13,000 Americans who visited in 2013, and as yet there are no licensed Chinese tour operators.

But that is about to change, said Anthony Bergin, deputy director of the Australian Strategic Policy Institute. “I understand very soon there will be Chinese tourists on Chinese vessels with all-Chinese crew in the Antarctic,” he said.

 

Top News China’s Intents Are Questioned as It Builds in Antarctica

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Ms. Pryor, who served more than two decades in the State Department, was the author of well-regarded biographies of the founder of the American Red Cross and the Confederate commander.

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As he reflected on the festering wounds deepened by race and grievance that have been on painful display in America’s cities lately, President Obama on Monday found himself thinking about a young man he had just met named Malachi.

A few minutes before, in a closed-door round-table discussion at Lehman College in the Bronx, Mr. Obama had asked a group of black and Hispanic students from disadvantaged backgrounds what could be done to help them reach their goals. Several talked about counseling and guidance programs.

“Malachi, he just talked about — we should talk about love,” Mr. Obama told a crowd afterward, drifting away from his prepared remarks. “Because Malachi and I shared the fact that our dad wasn’t around and that sometimes we wondered why he wasn’t around and what had happened. But really, that’s what this comes down to is: Do we love these kids?”

Many presidents have governed during times of racial tension, but Mr. Obama is the first to see in the mirror a face that looks like those on the other side of history’s ledger. While his first term was consumed with the economy, war and health care, his second keeps coming back to the societal divide that was not bridged by his election. A president who eschewed focusing on race now seems to have found his voice again as he thinks about how to use his remaining time in office and beyond.

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Obama Speaks of a ‘Sense of Unfairness’

Obama Speaks of a ‘Sense of Unfairness’

At an event announcing the creation of a nonprofit focusing on young minority men, President Obama talked about the underlying reasons for recent protests in Baltimore and other cities.

By Associated Press on Publish Date May 4, 2015. Photo by Stephen Crowley/The New York Times.

In the aftermath of racially charged unrest in places like Baltimore, Ferguson, Mo., and New York, Mr. Obama came to the Bronx on Monday for the announcement of a new nonprofit organization that is being spun off from his White House initiative called My Brother’s Keeper. Staked by more than $80 million in commitments from corporations and other donors, the new group, My Brother’s Keeper Alliance, will in effect provide the nucleus for Mr. Obama’s post-presidency, which will begin in January 2017.

“This will remain a mission for me and for Michelle not just for the rest of my presidency but for the rest of my life,” Mr. Obama said. “And the reason is simple,” he added. Referring to some of the youths he had just met, he said: “We see ourselves in these young men. I grew up without a dad. I grew up lost sometimes and adrift, not having a sense of a clear path. The only difference between me and a lot of other young men in this neighborhood and all across the country is that I grew up in an environment that was a little more forgiving.”

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Organizers said the new alliance already had financial pledges from companies like American Express, Deloitte, Discovery Communications and News Corporation. The money will be used to help companies address obstacles facing young black and Hispanic men, provide grants to programs for disadvantaged youths, and help communities aid their populations.

Joe Echevarria, a former chief executive of Deloitte, the accounting and consulting firm, will lead the alliance, and among those on its leadership team or advisory group are executives at PepsiCo, News Corporation, Sprint, BET and Prudential Group Insurance; former Secretary of State Colin L. Powell; Senator Cory Booker, Democrat of New Jersey; former Attorney General Eric H. Holder Jr.; the music star John Legend; the retired athletes Alonzo Mourning, Jerome Bettis and Shaquille O’Neal; and the mayors of Indianapolis, Sacramento and Philadelphia.

The alliance, while nominally independent of the White House, may face some of the same questions confronting former Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton as she begins another presidential campaign. Some of those donating to the alliance may have interests in government action, and skeptics may wonder whether they are trying to curry favor with the president by contributing.

“The Obama administration will have no role in deciding how donations are screened and what criteria they’ll set at the alliance for donor policies, because it’s an entirely separate entity,” Josh Earnest, the White House press secretary, told reporters on Air Force One en route to New York. But he added, “I’m confident that the members of the board are well aware of the president’s commitment to transparency.”

The alliance was in the works before the disturbances last week after the death of Freddie Gray, the black man who suffered fatal injuries while in police custody in Baltimore, but it reflected the evolution of Mr. Obama’s presidency. For him, in a way, it is coming back to issues that animated him as a young community organizer and politician. It was his own struggle with race and identity, captured in his youthful memoir, “Dreams From My Father,” that stood him apart from other presidential aspirants.

But that was a side of him that he kept largely to himself through the first years of his presidency while he focused on other priorities like turning the economy around, expanding government-subsidized health care and avoiding electoral land mines en route to re-election.

After securing a second term, Mr. Obama appeared more emboldened. Just a month after his 2013 inauguration, he talked passionately about opportunity and race with a group of teenage boys in Chicago, a moment aides point to as perhaps the first time he had spoken about these issues in such a personal, powerful way as president. A few months later, he publicly lamented the death of Trayvon Martin, a black Florida teenager, saying that “could have been me 35 years ago.”

Photo
 
President Obama on Monday with Darinel Montero, a student at Bronx International High School who introduced him before remarks at Lehman College in the Bronx. Credit Stephen Crowley/The New York Times

That case, along with public ruptures of anger over police shootings in Ferguson and elsewhere, have pushed the issue of race and law enforcement onto the public agenda. Aides said they imagined that with his presidency in its final stages, Mr. Obama might be thinking more about what comes next and causes he can advance as a private citizen.

That is not to say that his public discussion of these issues has been universally welcomed. Some conservatives said he had made matters worse by seeming in their view to blame police officers in some of the disputed cases.

“President Obama, when he was elected, could have been a unifying leader,” Senator Ted Cruz of Texas, a Republican candidate for president, said at a forum last week. “He has made decisions that I think have inflamed racial tensions.”

On the other side of the ideological spectrum, some liberal African-American activists have complained that Mr. Obama has not done enough to help downtrodden communities. While he is speaking out more, these critics argue, he has hardly used the power of the presidency to make the sort of radical change they say is necessary.

The line Mr. Obama has tried to straddle has been a serrated one. He condemns police brutality as he defends most officers as honorable. He condemns “criminals and thugs” who looted in Baltimore while expressing empathy with those trapped in a cycle of poverty and hopelessness.

In the Bronx on Monday, Mr. Obama bemoaned the death of Brian Moore, a plainclothes New York police officer who had died earlier in the day after being shot in the head Saturday on a Queens street. Most police officers are “good and honest and fair and care deeply about their communities,” even as they put their lives on the line, Mr. Obama said.

“Which is why in addressing the issues in Baltimore or Ferguson or New York, the point I made was that if we’re just looking at policing, we’re looking at it too narrowly,” he added. “If we ask the police to simply contain and control problems that we ourselves have been unwilling to invest and solve, that’s not fair to the communities, it’s not fair to the police.”

Moreover, if society writes off some people, he said, “that’s not the kind of country I want to live in; that’s not what America is about.”

His message to young men like Malachi Hernandez, who attends Boston Latin Academy in Massachusetts, is not to give up.

“I want you to know you matter,” he said. “You matter to us.”

Obama Finds a Bolder Voice on Race Issues

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