PAKET UMROH BULAN FEBRUARI MARET APRIL MEI 2018




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Gede Pasek Suardika telah merasa yakin kursinya di senayan aman hingga masa jabatannya berakhir. Keyakinan itu karena Ketua Umum DPP Partai Demokrat Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono masih sayang terhadap dirinya.

Kendati Ketua Harian Demokrat Syarif Hasan juga telah mengajukan surat pencopotan Pasek dari keanggotaan DPR dan partai, namun sampai saat ini posisi politisi asal Bali itu masih aman bercokol di Senayan.

Dia juga menilai, surat pemecatan dan pemanggilan yang diajukan Syarif dinilai janggal sehingga oleh pimpinan DPR hal itu ditolak.

“Kok saya yang dipecat, sementara dia yang jelas-jelas terlibat kasus videotroon dibiarkan,“ ujar Pasek , Selasa (18/3/2014).

Karenanya, alasan pemecatan yang dinilai aneh dan tidak sesuai mekanisme telah membuat pimpinan DPR menolak dan SBY juga tidak meneken surat persetujuan pemecatan.

“Ketum (SBY), masih sayang saya, nyatanya sampai sekarang beliau tidak mau menandatangani surat pemecatan,“ imbuh Pasek yang kini maju sebagai calon Dewan Perwakilan Daerah DPD itu.

Bagi Pasek, SBY telah menjadi guru politiknya selama ini dan dia tidak ada keinginan untuk keluar dari partai berlambang bintang mercy itu.

Meski demikian, Pasek tetap memandang jika nantinya dia benar-benar dipecat maka tidak dianggapnya sebagai musibah, malah menjadi berkah.

"Sekarang saya main di pinggiran, main seperti makan bubur justru lebih nikmat, ya dinikmati saja," imbuh Sekjend Perhimpunan Pergerakan Indonesia (PPI) itu.

Pasek Yakin Posisinya Aman di DPR hingga Akhir Periode

saco-indonesia.com,

Jika Anda ingin memilih kantor yang tepat, mengambil identitas perusahaan Anda dan pada saat yang sama meningkatkan citra perusahaan Anda. Jadi apakah Anda bisa mendapatkan sama sekali. Salah satunya adalah stabilitas keuangan gagasan rencana “dan apa yang Anda inginkan Kecuali Anda berada di kantor,. Dan kami juga masih tidak bisa membeli, maka menyewa adalah pilihan yang sangat baik. Tersedia untuk dapat menawarkan pemeriksaan ruang kantor .. Ketika tujuan bisnis dari pelanggan Anda dan apa yang kita inginkan adalah kesan yang baik dari ide Berikut adalah beberapa hal yang perlu dipertimbangkan ketika memilih Kantor Rent, sebagai berikut:

    Lokasi juga harus mudah diakses oleh pengguna. Jika sulit untuk tempat, maka jangan, setiap perusahaan juga dapat menjadi alasan bagi pelanggan.
    Juga, staf karena jarak, mungkin sulit untuk pergi bepergian. Kantor tapi tinggalkan pekerjaan, atau mungkin untuk menolak alasan.
    Besar merek, atau bahkan orang yang telah memiliki ambisi yang sangat besar dan penting untuk dapat menjaga di kantor, untuk dapat menarik perhatian pada bersih dan rapi.
    Dari luar, itu juga harus meyakinkan dan pasien kusam atau membosankan, perumahan tidak akan terlihat. Jika memungkinkan, Anda juga harus bertemu dengan furnitur.
    Klien tidak boleh dianggap sebagai pertemuan formal dan informal dan bertemu dengan Anda untuk dapat mencapai keputusan bersama bahwa kita di kantor. Semua ini harus mempermudah kantor dukungan akan dilengkapi dengan hubungan berkualitas tinggi.
    Jika Anda berada di kantor, sehingga saham preferen dapat disewa. Sumber daya bersama, seperti air, bisa sumber daya, karyawan manusia, atau bahkan saat ini, penjaga, resepsionis, dll Tersedia
    Periksa semua fitur dan pastikan bahwa kantor dalam kondisi baik. Mekanik, listrik poin, air, dll, semua harus mengikuti. Menurut orang, termasuk konsumen, karyawan yang baik, dan, tentu saja, karena akan membuat kesan yang sangat baik.
    Pelajari cara untuk dapat menyewa kantor Anda sebelumnya, dia akan membuat deposit, ketentuan sewa, semua penutup, dll
    Anda juga harus tahu bagaimana untuk dapat memarkir mobil di karyawan dan klien mereka. Meskipun ini adalah tempat kecil, parkir yang baik.
    Jika Anda harus pergi ke perabot kantor Anda. Ini juga akan menjadi kantor multi-tujuan dan tidak boleh kelebihan beban. Ini juga menggambarkan suasana kantor profesional.

Setelah bergerak, telepon, internet akses, teh dan makanan ringan, Xerox, dan lini bisnis lainnya, memberikan semua yang Anda butuhkan untuk dapat mempersiapkan ruang kantor. Jika Anda hati-hati memilih dan melengkapi kantor, pekerjaan dapat ditangguhkan.


Editor : Dian Sukmawati

HAL YANG HARUS DIPERHATIKAN DALAM SEBUAH KANTOR SEWA

Labbaik Allahumma Labbaik, Labbaik Laa Syarika Laka Labbaik.

Ibadah Umroh dan haji merupakan sebuah pengalaman rohani yang tidak mungkin bisa dilupakan dan harus dipersiapkan dengan matang. Rasulullah bersabda, bahwa siapa yang hendak meraih dunia harus dengan ilmu. Demikian juga akhirat, meraihnya juga dengan ilmu.

PT. Wanda Fatimah Zahra adalah sebuah perusahaan penyelenggara Umroh dan Haji Plus yang berlokasi di Semarang, Jawa Tengah. Berbekal Pengalaman lebih dari 20 tahun di bidang umroh dan haji Kami Siap melayani para tamu-tamu Allah. Kami selalu mendedikasikan diri untuk setia melayani para jamaah dari seluruh Indonesia dengan selalu mengutamakan Ibadah, Fasilitas dan Pelayanan sesuai dengan tagline perusahaan kami.

Dengan tenaga-tenaga yang profesional dan mengerti akan kebutuhan jamaah, kami siap melayani Anda sekalian para jamaah yang mempercayakan perjalanannya ke Tanah Suci bersama kami. Karena Insya Allah, dengan Anda mempercayakan kepada kami amanat tersebut akan selalu menjadi semangat di pundak kami untuk melayani Anda sekalian baik dari tahap pendaftaran, manasik, di tanah suci, hingga kembali lagi ke tanah air dengan sebaik-baiknya.

Kami adalah perusahaan yang sudah terdaftar resmi pada Kementrian Agama dan juga anggota dari HIMPUH (Himpunan Penyelenggara Ibadah Haji dan Umroh). Jadi Insya Allah kami akan memberikan bukti kepada para jamaah sekalian, bukan janji-janji yang tidak jelas, sehingga akan mengotori niat suci dan mengecewakan jamaah sekalian yang ingin datang dan bertamu kerumah Allah.

"Ya Allah izinkan kami meminjam ilmuMu, untuk dapat menyempurnakan ibadah kami ini"
"Janganlah Engkau biarkan kami menyia-nyiakan kesempatan Berhaji yang telah Engkau berikan kepada kami"
"Mudahkanlah untuk kami untuk memenuhi panggilanMu ya Robbi"
"Terimalah ibadah kami dan ampunilah dosa kami, ya Allah"
"Anugerahkanlah kami Umrah dan Haji yang Mabrur"

Amin. Amin. Taqabbal Yaa Kariim, Yaa Robbal 'alamiin.

Sumber : http://www.fatimahzahra.com

Baca Artikel Lainnya : GRANADA TOUR TRAVEL

FATIMAH ZAHRA TOUR HAJI DAN UMROH

kata-kata mutiara yandre
Tugas kita bukanlah untuk berhasil. Tugas kita

adalah untuk mencoba, karena didalam mencoba
itulah kita menemukan dan belajar membangun
kesempatan untuk berhasil
kita hanya dekat dengan mereka yang kita
sukai. Dan seringkali kita menghindari orang
yang tidak tidak kita sukai, padahal dari dialah
kita akan mengenal sudut pkitang yang baru
Tinggalkanlah kesenangan yang menghalangi
pencapaian kecemerlangan hidup yang di
idamkan. Dan berhati-hatilah, karena beberapa
kesenangan adalah cara gembira menuju
kegagalan
Orang-orang yang berhenti belajar akan menjadi
pemilik masa lalu. Orang-orang yang masih terus
belajar, akan menjadi pemilik masa depan
Jangan menolak perubahan hanya karena kita
takut kehilangan yang telah dimiliki, karena
dengannya kita merendahkan nilai yang bisa
kita capai melalui perubahan itu
Jangan pernah merobohkan pagar tanpa mengetahui
mengapa didirikan. Jangan pernah mengabaikan
tuntunan kebaikan tanpa mengetahui keburukan
yang kemudian kita dapat
Ketepatan sikap adalah dasar semua ketepatan.
Tidak ada penghalang keberhasilan bila sikap
kita tepat, dan tidak ada yang bisa menolong
bila sikap kita salah
kita tidak akan berhasil menjadi pribadi baru bila
kita berkeras untuk mempertahankan cara-cara
lama kita. kita akan disebut baru, hanya bila
cara-cara kita baru
Orang lanjut usia yang berorientasi pada
kesempatan adalah orang muda yang tidak
pernah menua ; tetapi pemuda yang berorientasi
pada keamanan, telah menua sejak muda
Hanya orang takut yang bisa berani, karena
keberanian adalah melakukan sesuatu yang
ditakutinya. Maka, bila merasa takut, kita akan
punya kesempatan untuk bersikap berani
Kekuatan terbesar yang mampu mengalahkan
stress adalah kemampuan memilih pikiran yang
tepat. kita akan menjadi lebih damai bila yang
kita pikirkan adalah jalan keluar masalah.
Seseorang yang menolak memperbarui cara-cara
kerjanya yang tidak lagi menghasilkan, berlaku
seperti orang yang terus memeras jerami untuk
mendapatkan santan
Bila kita belum menemkan pekerjaan yang sesuai
dengan bakat kita, bakatilah apapun pekerjaan
kita sekarang. kita akan tampil secemerlang
yang berbakat
by yandre pramana putra

KATA-KATA MUTIARA YANDRE

Pada era modern layaknya saat ini, pemakaian sparepart AC untuk pendingin ruangan sukar dihindari. Pendingin udara atau yang terkenal lewat istilah AC beberapa tahun silam juga merupakan salah satu produk mahal. Akan tetapi, akhir-akhir ini nyaris tiap-tiap rumah telah mempunyainya. Sekalipun mengandalkan AC, tidak berarti Anda tak dapat bijak ketika memakainya. Diawali lewat menentukan Sparepart AC yang sesuai itu susah-susah gampang. Kecuali menyelaraskan dengan budget, Anda hendaknya juga menyelaraskan pula luas ruang dan kapasitas PK (Paard Kracht). PK juga merupakan power yang diperlukan guna untuk memproduksi British thermal unit (BTU). BTU dimana akan dapat menentukan derajat kesejukan udara yang diperoleh. Memang, guna untuk menciptakan BTU yang tinggi diperlukan juga PK tinggi juga. Akibatnya, orang sering mengatakan

derajat dingin AC menurut PK-nya.

Apabila telah membeli sparepart AC yang sesuai, waktu pemakaiannya juga mesti bijak. Contohnya saja, Anda memasang AC pada luas kamar yang pas. Jika tidak pas, maka AC bakal berfungsi dengan boros serta menyebabkan tagihan listrik kian besar. Selanjutnya, aturlah suhu AC di nilai 25 derajat C maupun suhu yang nyaman untuk anda. Kian rendah suhu yang telah dipilih maka kian besar tenaga listrik yang telah dibutuhkan. Tahap selanjutnya, gunakan timer dalam mematikan AC 1 jam ketika anda hendak bangun pagi. Tidak boleh ketinggalan menutup jendela juga pintu ketika Anda sedang mengoperasikan  sparepartAC. Paling akhir, kerap membersihkan saringan udara juga menservis AC dengan berkala tiap-tiap 3 hingga 4 bulan sekali

Walaupun ruangan dengan AC begitu nyaman, apa dikata, udara yang terlampau dingin serta perawatan AC yang jelek dapat mengakibatkan problem. AC pada keadaan kotor merupakan area berkembang biak mikroorganisme, umpamanya saja Legionella pneumophilia. Bakteri tersebut bertanggung jawab pada penyakit Legionnaires disease atau demam legion, dimana mampu mengakibatkan sakit pneumonia. Transisi suhu yang mendadak dari panas menuju dingin pun bisa memberi pengaruh pada sistem pernapasan kita. Kecuali itu sparepart AC pun juga memilik akibat mengeringkan kulit maupun selaput lendir yang terdapat pada tubuh. Supaya anda selalu bugar sekalipun tiap-tiap waktu tinggal pada ruang ber-AC, simaklah Kiat selanjutnya ini :

1. Tidak boleh lupa minum. Air putih lebih bagus. Sebab tak berkeringat tidak bermakna badan tak memerlukan air. Paling tidak 8 gelas setiap hari harus hukumnya.

2. Supaya kulit tak kering, tidak boleh lupa juga menggunakan hand and body lotion. Begitu juga pelembab pada muka.

3. Lindungi fisik dengan menggunakan vitamin supaya tak gampang terkena penyakit. Lebih-lebih bagi mereka yang telah beraktifitas pada ruang ber-AC sentral.

4. Terdapat ventilasi yang telah memadai Sebagai aliran udara. Tidak boleh rapat keseluruhan.

5. Cermati jadwal dalam pemeliharaan sparepart AC.

6. Upayakan supaya temperatur ada di rentang 21 – 25 derajat C. Gampang untuk dikerjakan di rumah akan tetapi suka tak suka mesti menerima temperatur berapa saja bagi AC sentral.

7. Kelembaban diatur  berkisar 60 % – 70 %.

TIPS - BIJAK DAN TETAP SEHAT MEMAKAI AC

Ms. Meadows was the older sister of Audrey Meadows, who played Alice Kramden on “The Honeymooners.”

Jayne Meadows, Actress and Steve Allen’s Wife and Co-Star, Dies at 95

Mr. Bartoszewski was given honorary Israeli citizenship for his work to save Jews during World War II and later surprised even himself by being instrumental in reconciling Poland and Germany.

Wladyslaw Bartoszewski, 93, Dies; Polish Auschwitz Survivor Aided Jews

Gagne wrestled professionally from the late 1940s until the 1980s and was a transitional figure between the early 20th century barnstormers and the steroidal sideshows of today

Verne Gagne, Wrestler Who Grappled Through Two Eras, Dies at 89

Ms. von Furstenberg made her debut in the movies and on the Broadway stage in the early 1950s as a teenager and later reinvented herself as a television actress, writer and philanthropist.

Betsy von Furstenberg, Baroness and Versatile Actress, Dies at 83

Mr. King sang for the Drifters and found success as a solo performer with hits like “Spanish Harlem.”

Ben E. King, Soulful Singer of ‘Stand by Me,’ Dies at 76

Pronovost, who played for the Red Wings, was not a prolific scorer, but he was a consummate team player with bruising checks and fearless bursts up the ice that could puncture a defense.

Marcel Pronovost, 84, Dies; Hall of Famer Shared in Five N.H.L. Titles

Even as a high school student, Dave Goldberg was urging female classmates to speak up. As a young dot-com executive, he had one girlfriend after another, but fell hard for a driven friend named Sheryl Sandberg, pining after her for years. After they wed, Mr. Goldberg pushed her to negotiate hard for high compensation and arranged his schedule so that he could be home with their children when she was traveling for work.

Mr. Goldberg, who died unexpectedly on Friday, was a genial, 47-year-old Silicon Valley entrepreneur who built his latest company, SurveyMonkey, from a modest enterprise to one recently valued by investors at $2 billion. But he was also perhaps the signature male feminist of his era: the first major chief executive in memory to spur his wife to become as successful in business as he was, and an essential figure in “Lean In,” Ms. Sandberg’s blockbuster guide to female achievement.

Over the weekend, even strangers were shocked at his death, both because of his relatively young age and because they knew of him as the living, breathing, car-pooling center of a new philosophy of two-career marriage.

“They were very much the role models for what this next generation wants to grapple with,” said Debora L. Spar, the president of Barnard College. In a 2011 commencement speech there, Ms. Sandberg told the graduates that whom they married would be their most important career decision.

In the play “The Heidi Chronicles,” revived on Broadway this spring, a male character who is the founder of a media company says that “I don’t want to come home to an A-plus,” explaining that his ambitions require him to marry an unthreatening helpmeet. Mr. Goldberg grew up to hold the opposite view, starting with his upbringing in progressive Minneapolis circles where “there was woman power in every aspect of our lives,” Jeffrey Dachis, a childhood friend, said in an interview.

The Goldberg parents read “The Feminine Mystique” together — in fact, Mr. Goldberg’s father introduced it to his wife, according to Ms. Sandberg’s book. In 1976, Paula Goldberg helped found a nonprofit to aid children with disabilities. Her husband, Mel, a law professor who taught at night, made the family breakfast at home.

Later, when Dave Goldberg was in high school and his prom date, Jill Chessen, stayed silent in a politics class, he chastised her afterward. He said, “You need to speak up,” Ms. Chessen recalled in an interview. “They need to hear your voice.”

Years later, when Karin Gilford, an early employee at Launch Media, Mr. Goldberg’s digital music company, became a mother, he knew exactly what to do. He kept giving her challenging assignments, she recalled, but also let her work from home one day a week. After Yahoo acquired Launch, Mr. Goldberg became known for distributing roses to all the women in the office on Valentine’s Day.

Ms. Sandberg, who often describes herself as bossy-in-a-good-way, enchanted him when they became friendly in the mid-1990s. He “was smitten with her,” Ms. Chessen remembered. Ms. Sandberg was dating someone else, but Mr. Goldberg still hung around, even helping her and her then-boyfriend move, recalled Bob Roback, a friend and co-founder of Launch. When they finally married in 2004, friends remember thinking how similar the two were, and that the qualities that might have made Ms. Sandberg intimidating to some men drew Mr. Goldberg to her even more.

Over the next decade, Mr. Goldberg and Ms. Sandberg pioneered new ways of capturing information online, had a son and then a daughter, became immensely wealthy, and hashed out their who-does-what-in-this-marriage issues. Mr. Goldberg’s commute from the Bay Area to Los Angeles became a strain, so he relocated, later joking that he “lost the coin flip” of where they would live. He paid the bills, she planned the birthday parties, and both often left their offices at 5:30 so they could eat dinner with their children before resuming work afterward.

Friends in Silicon Valley say they were careful to conduct their careers separately, politely refusing when outsiders would ask one about the other’s work: Ms. Sandberg’s role building Facebook into an information and advertising powerhouse, and Mr. Goldberg at SurveyMonkey, which made polling faster and cheaper. But privately, their work was intertwined. He often began statements to his team with the phrase “Well, Sheryl said” sharing her business advice. He counseled her, too, starting with her salary negotiations with Mark Zuckerberg.

“I wanted Mark to really feel he stretched to get Sheryl, because she was worth it,” Mr. Goldberg explained in a 2013 “60 Minutes” interview, his Minnesota accent and his smile intact as he offered a rare peek of the intersection of marriage and money at the top of corporate life.

 

 

While his wife grew increasingly outspoken about women’s advancement, Mr. Goldberg quietly advised the men in the office on family and partnership matters, an associate said. Six out of 16 members of SurveyMonkey’s management team are female, an almost unheard-of ratio among Silicon Valley “unicorns,” or companies valued at over $1 billion.

When Mellody Hobson, a friend and finance executive, wrote a chapter of “Lean In” about women of color for the college edition of the book, Mr. Goldberg gave her feedback on the draft, a clue to his deep involvement. He joked with Ms. Hobson that she was too long-winded, like Ms. Sandberg, but aside from that, he said he loved the chapter, she said in an interview.

By then, Mr. Goldberg was a figure of fascination who inspired a “where can I get one of those?” reaction among many of the women who had read the best seller “Lean In.” Some lamented that Ms. Sandberg’s advice hinged too much on marrying a Dave Goldberg, who was humble enough to plan around his wife, attentive enough to worry about which shoes his young daughter would wear, and rich enough to help pay for the help that made the family’s balancing act manageable.

Now that he is gone, and Ms. Sandberg goes from being half of a celebrated partnership to perhaps the business world’s most prominent single mother, the pages of “Lean In” carry a new sting of loss.

“We are never at 50-50 at any given moment — perfect equality is hard to define or sustain — but we allow the pendulum to swing back and forth between us,” she wrote in 2013, adding that they were looking forward to raising teenagers together.

“Fortunately, I have Dave to figure it out with me,” she wrote.

Dave Goldberg Was Lifelong Women’s Advocate

A lapsed seminarian, Mr. Chambers succeeded Saul Alinsky as leader of the social justice umbrella group Industrial Areas Foundation.

Edward Chambers, Early Leader in Community Organizing, Dies at 85

Ms. Plisetskaya, renowned for her fluidity of movement, expressive acting and willful personality, danced on the Bolshoi stage well into her 60s, but her life was shadowed by Stalinism.

Maya Plisetskaya, Ballerina Who Embodied Bolshoi, Dies at 89

A former member of the Boston Symphony Orchestra, Mr. Smedvig helped found the wide-ranging Empire Brass quintet.

Rolf Smedvig, Trumpeter in the Empire Brass, Dies at 62

With 12 tournament victories in his career, Mr. Peete was the most successful black professional golfer before Tiger Woods.

Calvin Peete, 71, a Racial Pioneer on the PGA Tour, Is Dead

WASHINGTON — A decade after emergency trailers meant to shelter Hurricane Katrina victims instead caused burning eyes, sore throats and other more serious ailments, the Environmental Protection Agency is on the verge of regulating the culprit: formaldehyde, a chemical that can be found in commonplace things like clothes and furniture.

But an unusual assortment of players, including furniture makers, the Chinese government, Republicans from states with a large base of furniture manufacturing and even some Democrats who championed early regulatory efforts, have questioned the E.P.A. proposal. The sustained opposition has held sway, as the agency is now preparing to ease key testing requirements before it releases the landmark federal health standard.

The E.P.A.’s five-year effort to adopt this rule offers another example of how industry opposition can delay and hamper attempts by the federal government to issue regulations, even to control substances known to be harmful to human health.

Continue reading the main story
 

Document: The Formaldehyde Fight

Formaldehyde is a known carcinogen that can also cause respiratory ailments like asthma, but the potential of long-term exposure to cause cancers like myeloid leukemia is less well understood.

The E.P.A.’s decision would be the first time that the federal government has regulated formaldehyde inside most American homes.

“The stakes are high for public health,” said Tom Neltner, senior adviser for regulatory affairs at the National Center for Healthy Housing, who has closely monitored the debate over the rules. “What we can’t have here is an outcome that fails to confront the health threat we all know exists.”

The proposal would not ban formaldehyde — commonly used as an ingredient in wood glue in furniture and flooring — but it would impose rules that prevent dangerous levels of the chemical’s vapors from those products, and would set testing standards to ensure that products sold in the United States comply with those limits. The debate has sharpened in the face of growing concern about the safety of formaldehyde-treated flooring imported from Asia, especially China.

What is certain is that a lot of money is at stake: American companies sell billions of dollars’ worth of wood products each year that contain formaldehyde, and some argue that the proposed regulation would impose unfair costs and restrictions.

Determined to block the agency’s rule as proposed, these industry players have turned to the White House, members of Congress and top E.P.A. officials, pressing them to roll back the testing requirements in particular, calling them redundant and too expensive.

“There are potentially over a million manufacturing jobs that will be impacted if the proposed rule is finalized without changes,” wrote Bill Perdue, the chief lobbyist at the American Home Furnishings Alliance, a leading critic of the testing requirements in the proposed regulation, in one letter to the E.P.A.

Industry opposition helped create an odd alignment of forces working to thwart the rule. The White House moved to strike out key aspects of the proposal. Subsequent appeals for more changes were voiced by players as varied as Senator Barbara Boxer, Democrat of California, and Senator Roger Wicker, Republican of Mississippi, as well as furniture industry lobbyists.

Hurricane Katrina in 2005 helped ignite the public debate over formaldehyde, after the deadly storm destroyed or damaged hundreds of thousands of homes along the Gulf of Mexico, forcing families into temporary trailers provided by the Federal Emergency Management Agency.

The displaced storm victims quickly began reporting respiratory problems, burning eyes and other issues, and tests then confirmed high levels of formaldehyde fumes leaking into the air inside the trailers, which in many cases had been hastily constructed.

Public health advocates petitioned the E.P.A. to issue limits on formaldehyde in building materials and furniture used in homes, given that limits already existed for exposure in workplaces. But three years after the storm, only California had issued such limits.

Industry groups like the American Chemistry Council have repeatedly challenged the science linking formaldehyde to cancer, a position championed by David Vitter, the Republican senator from Louisiana, who is a major recipient of chemical industry campaign contributions, and whom environmental groups have mockingly nicknamed “Senator Formaldehyde.”

Continue reading the main story

Formaldehyde in Laminate Flooring

In laminate flooring, formaldehyde is used as a bonding agent in the fiberboard (or other composite wood) core layer and may also be used in glues that bind layers together. Concerns were raised in March when certain laminate flooring imported from China was reported to contain levels of formaldehyde far exceeding the limit permitted by California.

Typical

laminate

flooring

CLEAR FINISH LAYER

Often made of melamine resin

PATTERN LAYER

Paper printed to resemble wood,

or a thin wood veneer

GLUE

Layers may be bound using

formaldehyde-based glues

CORE LAYER

Fiberboard or other

composite, formed using

formaldehyde-based adhesives

BASE LAYER

Moisture-resistant vapor barrier

What is formaldehyde?

Formaldehyde is a common chemical used in many industrial and household products as an adhesive, bonding agent or preservative. It is classified as a volatile organic compound. The term volatile means that, at room temperature, formaldehyde will vaporize, or become a gas. Products made with formaldehyde tend to release this gas into the air. If breathed in large quantities, it may cause health problems.

WHERE IT IS COMMONLY FOUND

POTENTIAL HEALTH RISKS

Pressed-wood and composite wood products

Wallpaper and paints

Spray foam insulation used in construction

Commercial wood floor finishes

Crease-resistant fabrics

In cigarette smoke, or in the fumes from combustion of other materials, including wood, oil and gasoline.

Exposure to formaldehyde in sufficient amounts may cause eye, throat or skin irritation, allergic reactions, and respiratory problems like coughing, wheezing or asthma.

Long-term exposure to high levels has been associated with cancer in humans and laboratory animals.

Exposure to formaldehyde may affect some people more severely than others.

By 2010, public health advocates and some industry groups secured bipartisan support in Congress for legislation that ordered the E.P.A. to issue federal rules that largely mirrored California’s restrictions. At the time, concerns were rising over the growing number of lower-priced furniture imports from Asia that might include contaminated products, while also hurting sales of American-made products.

Maneuvering began almost immediately after the E.P.A. prepared draft rules to formally enact the new standards.

White House records show at least five meetings in mid-2012 with industry executives — kitchen cabinet makers, chemical manufacturers, furniture trade associations and their lobbyists, like Brock R. Landry, of the Venable law firm. These parties, along with Senator Vitter’s office, appealed to top administration officials, asking them to intervene to roll back the E.P.A. proposal.

The White House Office of Management and Budget, which reviews major federal regulations before they are adopted, apparently agreed. After the White House review, the E.P.A. “redlined” many of the estimates of the monetary benefits that would be gained by reductions in related health ailments, like asthma and fertility issues, documents reviewed by The New York Times show.

As a result, the estimated benefit of the proposed rule dropped to $48 million a year, from as much as $278 million a year. The much-reduced amount deeply weakened the agency’s justification for the sometimes costly new testing that would be required under the new rules, a federal official involved in the effort said.

“It’s a redlining blood bath,” said Lisa Heinzerling, a Georgetown University Law School professor and a former E.P.A. official, using the Washington phrase to describe when language is stricken from a proposed rule. “Almost the entire discussion of these potential benefits was excised.”

Senator Vitter’s staff was pleased.

“That’s a huge difference,” said Luke Bolar, a spokesman for Mr. Vitter, of the reduced estimated financial benefits, saying the change was “clearly highlighting more mismanagement” at the E.P.A.

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The review’s outcome galvanized opponents in the furniture industry. They then targeted a provision that mandated new testing of laminated wood, a cheaper alternative to hardwood. (The California standard on which the law was based did not require such testing.)

But E.P.A. scientists had concluded that these laminate products — millions of which are sold annually in the United States — posed a particular risk. They said that when thin layers of wood, also known as laminate or veneer, are added to furniture or flooring in the final stages of manufacturing, the resulting product can generate dangerous levels of fumes from often-used formaldehyde-based glues.

Industry executives, outraged by what they considered an unnecessary and financially burdensome level of testing, turned every lever within reach to get the requirement removed. It would be particularly onerous, they argued, for small manufacturers that would have to repeatedly interrupt their work to do expensive new testing. The E.P.A. estimated that the expanded requirements for laminate products would cost the furniture industry tens of millions of dollars annually, while the industry said that the proposed rule over all would cost its 7,000 American manufacturing facilities over $200 million each year.

“A lot of people don’t seem to appreciate what a lot of these requirements do to a small operation,” said Dick Titus, executive vice president of the Kitchen Cabinet Manufacturers Association, whose members are predominantly small businesses. “A 10-person shop, for example, just really isn’t equipped to handle that type of thing.”

Photo
 
Becky Gillette wants strong regulation of formaldehyde. Credit Beth Hall for The New York Times

Big industry players also weighed in. Executives from companies including La-Z-Boy, Hooker Furniture and Ashley Furniture all flew to Washington for a series of meetings with the offices of lawmakers including House Speaker John Boehner, Republican of Ohio, and about a dozen other lawmakers, asking several of them to sign a letter prepared by the industry to press the E.P.A. to back down, according to an industry report describing the lobbying visit.

Within a matter of weeks, two letters — using nearly identical language — were sent by House and Senate lawmakers to the E.P.A. — with the industry group forwarding copies of the letters to the agency as well, and then posting them on its website.

The industry lobbyists also held their own meeting at E.P.A. headquarters, and they urged Jim Jones, who oversaw the rule-making process as the assistant administrator for the agency’s Office of Chemical Safety and Pollution Prevention, to visit a North Carolina furniture manufacturing plant. According to the trade group, Mr. Jones told them that the visit had “helped the agency shift its thinking” about the rules and how laminated products should be treated.

The resistance was particularly intense from lawmakers like Mr. Wicker of Mississippi, whose state is home to major manufacturing plants owned by Ashley Furniture Industries, the world’s largest furniture maker, and who is one of the biggest recipients in Congress of donations from the industry’s trade association. Asked if the political support played a role, a spokesman for Mr. Wicker replied: “Thousands of Mississippians depend on the furniture manufacturing industry for their livelihoods. Senator Wicker is committed to defending all Mississippians from government overreach.”

Individual companies like Ikea also intervened, as did the Chinese government, which claimed that the new rule would create a “great barrier” to the import of Chinese products because of higher costs.

Perhaps the most surprising objection came from Senator Boxer, of California, a longtime environmental advocate, whose office questioned why the E.P.A.’s rule went further than her home state’s in seeking testing on laminated products. “We did not advocate an outcome, other than safety,” her office said in a statement about why the senator raised concerns. “We said ‘Take a look to see if you have it right.’ ”

Safety advocates say that tighter restrictions — like the ones Ms. Boxer and Mr. Wicker, along with Representative Doris Matsui, a California Democrat, have questioned — are necessary, particularly for products coming from China, where items as varied as toys and Christmas lights have been found to violate American safety standards.

While Mr. Neltner, the environmental advocate who has been most involved in the review process, has been open to compromise, he has pressed the E.P.A. not to back down entirely, and to maintain a requirement that laminators verify that their products are safe.

An episode of CBS’s “60 Minutes” in March brought attention to the issue when it accused Lumber Liquidators, the discount flooring retailer, of selling laminate products with dangerous levels of formaldehyde. The company has disputed the show’s findings and test methods, maintaining that its products are safe.

“People think that just because Congress passed the legislation five years ago, the problem has been fixed,” said Becky Gillette, who then lived in coastal Mississippi, in the area hit by Hurricane Katrina, and was among the first to notice a pattern of complaints from people living in the trailers. “Real people’s faces and names come up in front of me when I think of the thousands of people who could get sick if this rule is not done right.”

An aide to Ms. Matsui rejected any suggestion that she was bending to industry pressure.

“From the beginning the public health has been our No. 1 concern,” said Kyle J. Victor, an aide to Ms. Matsui.

But further changes to the rule are likely, agency officials concede, as they say they are searching for a way to reduce the cost of complying with any final rule while maintaining public health goals. The question is just how radically the agency will revamp the testing requirement for laminated products — if it keeps it at all.

“It’s not a secret to anybody that is the most challenging issue,” said Mr. Jones, the E.P.A. official overseeing the process, adding that the health consequences from formaldehyde are real. “We have to reduce those exposures so that people can live healthy lives and not have to worry about being in their homes.”

The Uphill Battle to Better Regulate Formaldehyde

Hired in 1968, a year before their first season, Mr. Fanning spent 25 years with the team, managing them to their only playoff appearance in Canada.

Jim Fanning, 87, Dies; Lifted Baseball in Canada With Expos

Late in April, after Native American actors walked off in disgust from the set of Adam Sandler’s latest film, a western sendup that its distributor, Netflix, has defended as being equally offensive to all, a glow of pride spread through several Native American communities.

Tantoo Cardinal, a Canadian indigenous actress who played Black Shawl in “Dances With Wolves,” recalled thinking to herself, “It’s come.” Larry Sellers, who starred as Cloud Dancing in the 1990s television show “Dr. Quinn, Medicine Woman,” thought, “It’s about time.” Jesse Wente, who is Ojibwe and directs film programming at the TIFF Bell Lightbox in Toronto, found himself encouraged and surprised. There are so few film roles for indigenous actors, he said, that walking off the set of a major production showed real mettle.

But what didn’t surprise Mr. Wente was the content of the script. According to the actors who walked off the set, the film, titled “The Ridiculous Six,” included a Native American woman who passes out and is revived after white men douse her with alcohol, and another woman squatting to urinate while lighting a peace pipe. “There’s enough history at this point to have set some expectations around these sort of Hollywood depictions,” Mr. Wente said.

The walkout prompted a rhetorical “What do you expect from an Adam Sandler film?,” and a Netflix spokesman said that in the movie, blacks, Mexicans and whites were lampooned as well. But Native American actors and critics said a broader issue was at stake. While mainstream portrayals of native peoples have, Mr. Wente said, become “incrementally better” over the decades, he and others say, they remain far from accurate and reflect a lack of opportunities for Native American performers. What’s more, as Native Americans hunger for representation on screen, critics say the absence of three-dimensional portrayals has very real off-screen consequences.

“Our people are still healing from historical trauma,” said Loren Anthony, one of the actors who walked out. “Our youth are still trying to figure out who they are, where they fit in this society. Kids are killing themselves. They’re not proud of who they are.” They also don’t, he added, see themselves on prime time television or the big screen. Netflix noted while about five people walked off the “The Ridiculous Six” set, 100 or so Native American actors and extras stayed.

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But in interviews, nearly a dozen Native American actors and film industry experts said that Mr. Sandler’s humor perpetuated decades-old negative stereotypes. Mr. Anthony said such depictions helped feed the despondency many Native Americans feel, with deadly results: Native Americans have the highest suicide rate out of all the country’s ethnicities.

The on-screen problem is twofold, Mr. Anthony and others said: There’s a paucity of roles for Native Americans — according to the Screen Actors Guild in 2008 they accounted for 0.3 percent of all on-screen parts (those figures have yet to be updated), compared to about 2 percent of the general population — and Native American actors are often perceived in a narrow way.

In his Peabody Award-winning documentary “Reel Injun,” the Cree filmmaker Neil Diamond explored Hollywood depictions of Native Americans over the years, and found they fell into a few stereotypical categories: the Noble Savage, the Drunk Indian, the Mystic, the Indian Princess, the backward tribal people futilely fighting John Wayne and manifest destiny. While the 1990 film “Dances With Wolves” won praise for depicting Native Americans as fully fleshed out human beings, not all indigenous people embraced it. It was still told, critics said, from the colonialists’ point of view. In an interview, John Trudell, a Santee Sioux writer, actor (“Thunderheart”) and the former chairman of the American Indian Movement, described the film as “a story of two white people.”

“God bless ‘Dances with Wolves,’ ” Michael Horse, who played Deputy Hawk in “Twin Peaks,” said sarcastically. “Even ‘Avatar.’ Someone’s got to come save the tribal people.”

Dan Spilo, a partner at Industry Entertainment who represents Adam Beach, one of today’s most prominent Native American actors, said while typecasting dogs many minorities, it is especially intractable when it comes to Native Americans. Casting directors, he said, rarely cast them as police officers, doctors or lawyers. “There’s the belief that the Native American character should be on reservations or riding a horse,” he said.

“We don’t see ourselves,” Mr. Horse said. “We’re still an antiquated culture to them, and to the rest of the world.”

Ms. Cardinal said she was once turned down for the role of the wife of a child-abusing cop because the filmmakers felt that casting her would somehow be “too political.”

Another sore point is the long run of white actors playing American Indians, among them Burt Lancaster, Rock Hudson, Audrey Hepburn and, more recently, Johnny Depp, whose depiction of Tonto in the 2013 film “Lone Ranger,” was viewed as racist by detractors. There are, of course, exceptions. The former A&E series “Longmire,” which, as it happens, will now be on Netflix, was roundly praised for its depiction of life on a Northern Cheyenne reservation, with Lou Diamond Phillips, who is of Cherokee descent, playing a Northern Cheyenne man.

Others also point to the success of Mr. Beach, who played a Mohawk detective in “Law & Order: Special Victims Unit” and landed a starring role in the forthcoming D C Comics picture “Suicide Squad.” Mr. Beach said he had come across insulting scripts backed by people who don’t see anything wrong with them.

“I’d rather starve than do something that is offensive to my ancestral roots,” Mr. Beach said. “But I think there will always be attempts to drawn on the weakness of native people’s struggles. The savage Indian will always be the savage Indian. The white man will always be smarter and more cunning. The cavalry will always win.”

The solution, Mr. Wente, Mr. Trudell and others said, lies in getting more stories written by and starring Native Americans. But Mr. Wente noted that while independent indigenous film has blossomed in the last two decades, mainstream depictions have yet to catch up. “You have to stop expecting for Hollywood to correct it, because there seems to be no ability or desire to correct it,” Mr. Wente said.

There have been calls to boycott Netflix but, writing for Indian Country Today Media Network, which first broke news of the walk off, the filmmaker Brian Young noted that the distributor also offered a number of films by or about Native Americans.

The furor around “The Ridiculous Six” may drive more people to see it. Then one of the questions that Mr. Trudell, echoing others, had about the film will be answered: “Who the hell laughs at this stuff?”

Native American Actors Work to Overcome a Long-Documented Bias
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