PAKET UMROH BULAN FEBRUARI MARET APRIL MEI 2018




Paket Umroh 2015

Biro Travel Umroh Jakarta Melayani Biaya Harga Paket Umroh Murah Promo Hemat dan Plus Turki Desember 2015 - Januari | Februari | Maret | April 2016. Paket Umroh 2015

Artikel lainnya »

Kecenderungan penghematan energi tidak sekadar lantaran isu global warming. Lebih dari itu, penghematan energi pun juga benar-benar terhubung lewat mengoreksi perilaku, dengan begitu anda juga dapat lebih bisa menjadi satu bersama alam. Sektor rumah tangga memakan kurang lebih 10,3 persen dari keseluruhan energi di tanah air. Pemanfaatan energi terbanyak berpangkal dari pemakaian sparepart ac yang salah, ac serta kulkas. Maka apabila berniat untuk mengawali penghematan listrik, cermati sparepart ac kebutuhan kedua peranti itu, baru dari sana anda dapat merintis

pengiritan listrik.

Seberapa banyak penghematan yang dapat anda kerjakan lewat untuk mengganti konsumsi peranti listrik di tempat tinggal anda? Lihat sejumlah metode mengirit energi di rumah layaknya yang dijelaskan tim Energy Efficiency and Conservation Clearing House Indonesia (EECHI) selanjutnya ini :

1. Pendingin Ruang (AC) juga mampu untuk menghemat 130 ribu setiap bulan
Apabila Anda hendak berhemat, gantilah budaya Anda memakai AC di bawah 24 derajat C. Kecuali tubuh lebih bugar, temperatur ideal 24 -25 derajat C pun juga dapat berpeluang mengirit listrik sampai 130 ribu setiap bulan. Tiap-tiap mengurangi temperatur 1 derajat C untuk AC, untuk itu konsumsi listrik naik 6 persen. Anda pun juga dapat membersihkan dengan rutin filter, kondensor,  juga koil AC. AC kotor merupakan inefisiensi energi. Kecuali itu, Anda hendaknya menutup akses udara keluar semacam  jendela, pintu,juga bukaan lain supaya udara dingin tidak terbiar percuma.

2. Pemakaian Lampu mampu menghemat 55 ribu setiap bulan
Gantilah setiap lampu pijar menggunakan Compact Fluorescent Light (lampu hemat energi). CFL juga mampu mengirit lebih dari 50 persen biaya listrik. Kecuali itu, Anda juga dapat mematikan lampu bilamana tak dipakai. Pemeliharaan lampu (membersihkannya dari debu) pun dapat meniadakan kans penurunan daya penerangan sampai 5 persen. Guna mengirit listrik, hendaknya matikan setiap alat elektronik kala tak dipakai. Cabutlah kabel listrik dari stop kontak. Energi tetap terbiar percuma ketika kabel terus pada kondisi stand by. Penghematan paling banyak dapat ditempuh lewat menukar komputer desktop menggunakan laptop. Pengiritannya sampai-sampai menembus lima kali ketimbang komputer desktop.

3. Kulkas mampu menghemat hingga 10 ribu setiap bulan
Aturlah temperatur ideal kulkas di 2 hingga 4 derajat C. Sementara pada freezer, temperatur boleh diatur di 17 – 15 derajat C. Lebih baik Anda pun menukar kulkas yang telah lebih dari 10 thn.. Hal tersebut juga dapat memangkas biaya listrik sampai 75 persen. Sebagai pengiritan optimal, Anda dapat juga memangkas frekuensi membuka pintu kulkas lantaran 7 persen energi terbuang percuma ketika pintu terbuka kelewat kerap juga kelewat lama.

Penghematan semestinya ditempuh atas kesadaran, tidak keterpaksaan. So, pengiritan tidak mesti menurunkan kenyamanan bekerja, namun malahan dapat menambah produktivitas serta derajat kesehatan. Nah, bila mengikuti pengiritan layaknya di atas, pengiritan pemakaian listrik Anda dapat menembus sampai 2,8 juta setiap tahun! Sangat banyak yang bisa dihemat.

TIPS - PEMAKAIAN AC HEMAT LISTRIK

Manfaat buah anggur untuk diet : Banyak alternatif buah-buahan yang bisa anda jadikan sebagai alternatif untuk dapat menjadikan tubuh langsing dan menjaga berat badan tetap ideal. Salah satunya adalah buah anggur. Mengkonsumsi buah anggur secara rutin dan teratur terbukti bisa untuk membantu menurunkan berat badan dan menjaganya agar tetap ideal.

Manfaat buah anggur untuk turunkan badan dan tekan obesitas

Sebuah penelitian untuk dapat mengetahui manfaat buah anggur telah dilakukan oleh dua ilmuan dari Purdue Uneversity yaitu Kee-Hong Kim dan Jung Yeon Kwon. Mereka telah menemukan bahwa senyawa dalam minuman anggur merah, buah anggur dan beberapa jenis buah lainya yang mirip dengan struktur resveratrol. Senyawa ini telah mampu memblok proses seluler yang memungkinkan sel-sel lemak untuk berkembang.

Kedua ilmuan tersebut juga telah melaporkan bahwa dalam anggur terdapat senyawa piceatannol yang telah memiliki kemampuan untuk memblok sel lemak yang belum matang untuk tumbuh dan berkembang. Piceatannol ini juga baik untuk kesehatan tubuh karena dipercaya mampu untuk memerangi kanker, penyakit jantung dan penyakit neurodegeratif. Para ilmuan-pun juga berpendapat, bahwa piceatannol mungkin dapat menjadi salah satu “senjata penting” untuk melawan obesitas

Peranan Piceatannol untuk penderita obesitas

Piceatannol juga merupakan hasil dari perubahan Resveratrol. Perubahan ini telah terjadi dalam tubuh manusia setelah mengkonsumsi makanan yang mengandung senyawa tersebut.

Piceatannol telah memiliki kemampuan untuk dapat merubah ekspresi gen, fungsi gen dan kerja insulin selama adipogenesis yaitu proses awal sel lemak berubah menjadi sel lemak matang. Dengan keberadaan piceatannol, maka proses adipogenesis dapat ditunda atau dihambat.

Kim juga menerangkan, selama periode 10 hari atau lebih, sel-sel lemak yang ada di dalam tubuh biasanya belum terlalu matang, fase ini disebut preadipocytes. Namun setelah melalui beberapa tahapan, sel-sel lemak itu berubah menjadi matang, atau biasa disebut adipocytes.

"Kami juga menganggap, proses adipogenesis adalah target yang tepat untuk menunda atau mencegah akumulasi sel lemak," katanya.

Kim juga menambahkan, piceatannol mampu mengikat reseptor insulin dari sel-sel lemak yang belum matang pada tahap pertama proses adipogenesis. Piceatannol juga bekerja dengan menghalangi jalur sel-sel lemak untuk berproduksi dan tumbuh.

Penelitan tentang Piceatannol yang juga terkandung dalam biji dan kulit anggur, blueberry, markisa dan buah lainnya hingga kini masih dilakukan untuk lebih mengetahui manfaat dan khasiatnya bagi kesehatan tubuh selain dari peranannya untuk dapat menghambat proses pematangan lemak dalam tubuh.

Dengan membaca artikel diatas, tentunya anda tidak perlu ragu lagi untuk meneruskan mengkonsumsi buah anggur, karena manfaat buah anggur untuk diet sudah bisa dibuktikan secara ilmiah.

 

MANFAAT BUAH ANGGUR UNTUK DIET

Riffa Express perusahaan jasa pengiriman lnternasional ,melayani jasa kirim barang ke luar negeri baik berupa dokumen ,paket – paket kecil maupun barang barang pindahan.

Bergerak di bidang jasa kurir International kami telah di percaya ratusan perusahaan di Jakarta dan sekitarnya maupun perorangan untuk dapat menangani proses kirim barang ke luar negeri,

kami telah memberikan service terbaik untuk anda dan perusahaan anda dengan harga dan biaya pengiriman yang murah ,cepat aman dan terjamin hingga di terima di tujuan akhir penerima barang.

Dari sejak pertama berdirinya ,Riffa expres memfokuskan diri untuk dapat menangani jasa kirim barang ke luar negeri dengan tarif yang terjangakau dengan estimasi penyampaian yang cepat.

Kami telah memberikan jasa pelayanan dengan sistem door to door atau penjemputan barang ke kantor ataupun rumah pelanggan merupakan salah satu jenis layanan yang kami berikan untuk lebih memudahkan customer customer kami dalam melakuan proses jasa kirim barang ke luar negeri,tanpa harus di repotkan dengan kertas kerja dan  proses penghantaran ke perusahaan ataupun jasa expedisi pengiriman.

Dengan layanan yang mengedepankan kepuasan pelanggan, kami senantiasa terus akan melakukan pengembangan untuk dapat memberikan jasa pelayanan yang tidak hanya murah dari segi biaya pengiriman ,namun juga dengan kualitas pelayanan yang Profesional ,aman cepat dan bertanggung jawab penuh atas keselamatan paket paket pengiriman yang kami tangani.

Percayakan penanganan kirim barang , paket dan dokumen penting perusahaan anda kepada kami,pelayan yang cepat dengan tarif kompetitif akan anda dapatkan.

 

JASA PENGIRIMAN BARANG LUAR NEGERI

Meski sudah menggunakan masker saat keluar dari rumah untuk melakukan aktivitas, tebalnya kabut asap menembus kesehatan warga Riau hingga menyebabkan sakit. Tidak sedikit pula yang terserang Infeksi Saluran Pernapasan Akut (ISPA).

Nofry yang berusia (28) tahun, salah seorang warga Panam Pekanbaru, telah mengeluhkan pekatnya kabut asap yang semakin hari semakin tebal. "Sudah pakai masker, tapi kepala saya pusing, mata perih, tenggorokan pun gatal," ujar Nofry, Jumat (14/3).

Kabut asap di Riau kini tak hanya menyelimuti udara di luar, namun di dalam ruangan pun juga masuk. Akibatnya, sejumlah sekolah dan perguruan tinggi terpaksa diliburkan karena khawatir bertambahnya korban ISPA dari kalangan pelajar.

"Sebenarnya kami tidak suka libur, rugi rasanya tidak masuk kuliah, tapi mau bagaimana lagi, daripada mati karena asap ini. Pasrah sajalah diliburkan, diam di rumah pun asap masuk juga, mau ke mana lagi kami ini," kata Rivaldi, mahasiswa Universitas Islam Riau (UIR).

Dinas Kesehatan Propinsi Riau telah mencatat sudah 53.553 warga Riau terkena berbagai penyakit akibat bencana kabut asap. Dominannya masyarakat terserang penyakit ISPA.

Kepala Dinas Kesehatan Riau H Zainal Arifin juga mengatakan, dari 53.553 orang, ada 46.867 warga yang terjangkit penyakit ISPA. "Itu jumlah keseluruhan di Riau," kata Zainal.

Asap masuk rumah, warga Riau stress mau ke mana lagi

saco-indonesia.com, Sedikitnya ada 1000 personel kepolisian dikerahkan guna untuk mengamankan jalur Puncak, Bogor, saat malam pergantian tahun 2013-2014 mendatang. Kapolres Bogor AKBP Asep Safrudin juga menjelaskan personel tersebut akan dipusatkan di dua tempat di wilayah Bogor yang kerap dijadikan sebagi pusat keramaian saat malam pergantian tahun.

"Dua tempat itu yakni di Jalan Raya Tegar Beriman, Cibinong, dan Jalan Raya Puncak, Cisarua, Kabupaten Bogor. Tapi mayoritas akan difokuskan di kawasan Puncak," ungkapnya, Rabu (18/12).

Personelnya juga akan ditugaskan untuk dapat mengatur arus lalu lintas dan mengantisipasi terjadinya tindak kejahatan. Sebab, kawasan Puncak juga sering dijadikan sebagai pusat keramaian dari berbagai daerah di Jabodetabek.

Untuk dapat mengurangi beban kendaraan yang telah melintas di Cisarua-Puncak, kepolisian juga akan mengalihkan kendaraan yang akan melintas selama 11 jam.

"Kami juga mengimbau kepada masyarakat yang akan menghabiskan malam tahun baru di Puncak agar melintas sebelum pukul 19.00 WIB, Selasa (31/12), karena sejak pukul 19.00 WIB tersebut, kendaraan yang akan melintas Puncak akan dialihkan melalui Jalan Jonggol tembus di Cipanas, Cianjur," jelasnya.

Sedangkan untuk kendaraan sepeda motor akan dialihkan melalui jalan alternatif Bendungan yang akan tembus di Cikopo, Cisarua. AKBP Asep juga menerangkan, selain rekayasa lalu lintas tersebut, pihaknya bersama Dinas Lalu Lintas Angkutan Jalan (DLLAJ) Kabupaten Bogor dengan membatasi pengangkutan truk bermuatan di atas 20 ton yang akan melintas di jalur Ciawi-Sukabumi.


Editor : Dian Sukmawati

 

1000 PERSONEL AMANKAN JALUR PUNCAK

BALTIMORE — In the afternoons, the streets of Locust Point are clean and nearly silent. In front of the rowhouses, potted plants rest next to steps of brick or concrete. There is a shopping center nearby with restaurants, and a grocery store filled with fresh foods.

And the National Guard and the police are largely absent. So, too, residents say, are worries about what happened a few miles away on April 27 when, in a space of hours, parts of this city became riot zones.

“They’re not our reality,” Ashley Fowler, 30, said on Monday at the restaurant where she works. “They’re not what we’re living right now. We live in, not to be racist, white America.”

As Baltimore considers its way forward after the violent unrest brought by the death of Freddie Gray, a 25-year-old black man who died of injuries he suffered while in police custody, residents in its predominantly white neighborhoods acknowledge that they are sometimes struggling to understand what beyond Mr. Gray’s death spurred the turmoil here. For many, the poverty and troubled schools of gritty West Baltimore are distant troubles, glimpsed only when they pass through the area on their way somewhere else.

Photo
 
Officers blocked traffic at Pennsylvania and West North Avenues after reports that a gun was discharged in the area. Credit Drew Angerer for The New York Times

And so neighborhoods of Baltimore are facing altogether different reckonings after Mr. Gray’s death. In mostly black communities like Sandtown-Winchester, where some of the most destructive rioting played out last week, residents are hoping businesses will reopen and that the police will change their strategies. But in mostly white areas like Canton and Locust Point, some residents wonder what role, if any, they should play in reimagining stretches of Baltimore where they do not live.

“Most of the people are kind of at a loss as to what they’re supposed to do,” said Dr. Richard Lamb, a dentist who has practiced in the same Locust Point office for nearly 39 years. “I listen to the news reports. I listen to the clergymen. I listen to the facts of the rampant unemployment and the lack of opportunities in the area. Listen, I pay my taxes. Exactly what can I do?”

And in Canton, where the restaurants have clever names like Nacho Mama’s and Holy Crepe Bakery and Café, Sara Bahr said solutions seemed out of reach for a proudly liberal city.

“I can only imagine how frustrated they must be,” said Ms. Bahr, 36, a nurse who was out with her 3-year-old daughter, Sally. “I just wish I knew how to solve poverty. I don’t know what to do to make it better.”

The day of unrest and the overwhelmingly peaceful demonstrations that followed led to hundreds of arrests, often for violations of the curfew imposed on the city for five consecutive nights while National Guard soldiers patrolled the streets. Although there were isolated instances of trouble in Canton, the neighborhood association said on its website, many parts of southeast Baltimore were physically untouched by the tumult.

Tensions in the city bubbled anew on Monday after reports that the police had wounded a black man in Northwest Baltimore. The authorities denied those reports and sent officers to talk with the crowds that gathered while other officers clutching shields blocked traffic at Pennsylvania and West North Avenues.

Lt. Col. Melvin Russell, a community police officer, said officers had stopped a man suspected of carrying a handgun and that “one of those rounds was spent.”

Colonel Russell said officers had not opened fire, “so we couldn’t have shot him.”

Photo
 
Lambi Vasilakopoulos, right, who runs a casual restaurant in Canton, said he was incensed by last week's looting and predicted tensions would worsen. Credit Drew Angerer for The New York Times

The colonel said the man had not been injured but was taken to a hospital as a precaution. Nearby, many people stood in disbelief, despite the efforts by the authorities to quash reports they described as “unfounded.”

Monday’s episode was a brief moment in a larger drama that has yielded anger and confusion. Although many people said they were familiar with accounts of the police harassing or intimidating residents, many in Canton and Locust Point said they had never experienced it themselves. When they watched the unrest, which many protesters said was fueled by feelings that they lived only on Baltimore’s margins, even those like Ms. Bahr who were pained by what they saw said they could scarcely comprehend the emotions associated with it.

But others, like Lambi Vasilakopoulos, who runs a casual restaurant in Canton, said they were incensed by what unfolded last week.

“What happened wasn’t called for. Protests are one thing; looting is another thing,” he said, adding, “We’re very frustrated because we’re the ones who are going to pay for this.”

There were pockets of optimism, though, that Baltimore would enter a period of reconciliation.

“I’m just hoping for peace,” Natalie Boies, 53, said in front of the Locust Point home where she has lived for 50 years. “Learn to love each other; be patient with each other; find justice; and care.”

A skeptical Mr. Vasilakopoulos predicted tensions would worsen.

“It cannot be fixed,” he said. “It’s going to get worse. Why? Because people don’t obey the laws. They don’t want to obey them.”

But there were few fears that the violence that plagued West Baltimore last week would play out on these relaxed streets. The authorities, Ms. Fowler said, would make sure of that.

“They kept us safe here,” she said. “I didn’t feel uncomfortable when I was in my house three blocks away from here. I knew I was going to be O.K. because I knew they weren’t going to let anyone come and loot our properties or our businesses or burn our cars.”

Baltimore Residents Away From Turmoil Consider Their Role

A lapsed seminarian, Mr. Chambers succeeded Saul Alinsky as leader of the social justice umbrella group Industrial Areas Foundation.

Edward Chambers, Early Leader in Community Organizing, Dies at 85

The bottle Mr. Sokolin famously broke was a 1787 Château Margaux, which was said to have belonged to Thomas Jefferson. Mr. Sokolin had been hoping to sell it for $519,750.

William Sokolin, Wine Seller Who Broke Famed Bottle, Dies at 85

As he reflected on the festering wounds deepened by race and grievance that have been on painful display in America’s cities lately, President Obama on Monday found himself thinking about a young man he had just met named Malachi.

A few minutes before, in a closed-door round-table discussion at Lehman College in the Bronx, Mr. Obama had asked a group of black and Hispanic students from disadvantaged backgrounds what could be done to help them reach their goals. Several talked about counseling and guidance programs.

“Malachi, he just talked about — we should talk about love,” Mr. Obama told a crowd afterward, drifting away from his prepared remarks. “Because Malachi and I shared the fact that our dad wasn’t around and that sometimes we wondered why he wasn’t around and what had happened. But really, that’s what this comes down to is: Do we love these kids?”

Many presidents have governed during times of racial tension, but Mr. Obama is the first to see in the mirror a face that looks like those on the other side of history’s ledger. While his first term was consumed with the economy, war and health care, his second keeps coming back to the societal divide that was not bridged by his election. A president who eschewed focusing on race now seems to have found his voice again as he thinks about how to use his remaining time in office and beyond.

Continue reading the main story Video
Play Video|1:17

Obama Speaks of a ‘Sense of Unfairness’

Obama Speaks of a ‘Sense of Unfairness’

At an event announcing the creation of a nonprofit focusing on young minority men, President Obama talked about the underlying reasons for recent protests in Baltimore and other cities.

By Associated Press on Publish Date May 4, 2015. Photo by Stephen Crowley/The New York Times.

In the aftermath of racially charged unrest in places like Baltimore, Ferguson, Mo., and New York, Mr. Obama came to the Bronx on Monday for the announcement of a new nonprofit organization that is being spun off from his White House initiative called My Brother’s Keeper. Staked by more than $80 million in commitments from corporations and other donors, the new group, My Brother’s Keeper Alliance, will in effect provide the nucleus for Mr. Obama’s post-presidency, which will begin in January 2017.

“This will remain a mission for me and for Michelle not just for the rest of my presidency but for the rest of my life,” Mr. Obama said. “And the reason is simple,” he added. Referring to some of the youths he had just met, he said: “We see ourselves in these young men. I grew up without a dad. I grew up lost sometimes and adrift, not having a sense of a clear path. The only difference between me and a lot of other young men in this neighborhood and all across the country is that I grew up in an environment that was a little more forgiving.”

Advertisement

Organizers said the new alliance already had financial pledges from companies like American Express, Deloitte, Discovery Communications and News Corporation. The money will be used to help companies address obstacles facing young black and Hispanic men, provide grants to programs for disadvantaged youths, and help communities aid their populations.

Joe Echevarria, a former chief executive of Deloitte, the accounting and consulting firm, will lead the alliance, and among those on its leadership team or advisory group are executives at PepsiCo, News Corporation, Sprint, BET and Prudential Group Insurance; former Secretary of State Colin L. Powell; Senator Cory Booker, Democrat of New Jersey; former Attorney General Eric H. Holder Jr.; the music star John Legend; the retired athletes Alonzo Mourning, Jerome Bettis and Shaquille O’Neal; and the mayors of Indianapolis, Sacramento and Philadelphia.

The alliance, while nominally independent of the White House, may face some of the same questions confronting former Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton as she begins another presidential campaign. Some of those donating to the alliance may have interests in government action, and skeptics may wonder whether they are trying to curry favor with the president by contributing.

“The Obama administration will have no role in deciding how donations are screened and what criteria they’ll set at the alliance for donor policies, because it’s an entirely separate entity,” Josh Earnest, the White House press secretary, told reporters on Air Force One en route to New York. But he added, “I’m confident that the members of the board are well aware of the president’s commitment to transparency.”

The alliance was in the works before the disturbances last week after the death of Freddie Gray, the black man who suffered fatal injuries while in police custody in Baltimore, but it reflected the evolution of Mr. Obama’s presidency. For him, in a way, it is coming back to issues that animated him as a young community organizer and politician. It was his own struggle with race and identity, captured in his youthful memoir, “Dreams From My Father,” that stood him apart from other presidential aspirants.

But that was a side of him that he kept largely to himself through the first years of his presidency while he focused on other priorities like turning the economy around, expanding government-subsidized health care and avoiding electoral land mines en route to re-election.

After securing a second term, Mr. Obama appeared more emboldened. Just a month after his 2013 inauguration, he talked passionately about opportunity and race with a group of teenage boys in Chicago, a moment aides point to as perhaps the first time he had spoken about these issues in such a personal, powerful way as president. A few months later, he publicly lamented the death of Trayvon Martin, a black Florida teenager, saying that “could have been me 35 years ago.”

Photo
 
President Obama on Monday with Darinel Montero, a student at Bronx International High School who introduced him before remarks at Lehman College in the Bronx. Credit Stephen Crowley/The New York Times

That case, along with public ruptures of anger over police shootings in Ferguson and elsewhere, have pushed the issue of race and law enforcement onto the public agenda. Aides said they imagined that with his presidency in its final stages, Mr. Obama might be thinking more about what comes next and causes he can advance as a private citizen.

That is not to say that his public discussion of these issues has been universally welcomed. Some conservatives said he had made matters worse by seeming in their view to blame police officers in some of the disputed cases.

“President Obama, when he was elected, could have been a unifying leader,” Senator Ted Cruz of Texas, a Republican candidate for president, said at a forum last week. “He has made decisions that I think have inflamed racial tensions.”

On the other side of the ideological spectrum, some liberal African-American activists have complained that Mr. Obama has not done enough to help downtrodden communities. While he is speaking out more, these critics argue, he has hardly used the power of the presidency to make the sort of radical change they say is necessary.

The line Mr. Obama has tried to straddle has been a serrated one. He condemns police brutality as he defends most officers as honorable. He condemns “criminals and thugs” who looted in Baltimore while expressing empathy with those trapped in a cycle of poverty and hopelessness.

In the Bronx on Monday, Mr. Obama bemoaned the death of Brian Moore, a plainclothes New York police officer who had died earlier in the day after being shot in the head Saturday on a Queens street. Most police officers are “good and honest and fair and care deeply about their communities,” even as they put their lives on the line, Mr. Obama said.

“Which is why in addressing the issues in Baltimore or Ferguson or New York, the point I made was that if we’re just looking at policing, we’re looking at it too narrowly,” he added. “If we ask the police to simply contain and control problems that we ourselves have been unwilling to invest and solve, that’s not fair to the communities, it’s not fair to the police.”

Moreover, if society writes off some people, he said, “that’s not the kind of country I want to live in; that’s not what America is about.”

His message to young men like Malachi Hernandez, who attends Boston Latin Academy in Massachusetts, is not to give up.

“I want you to know you matter,” he said. “You matter to us.”

Advertisement Politics Obama Finds a Bolder Voice on Race Issues
Joseph Lechleider

Mr. Lechleider helped invent DSL technology, which enabled phone companies to offer high-speed web access over their infrastructure of copper wires.

Joseph Lechleider, a Father of the DSL Internet Technology, Dies at 82

At the National Institutes of Health, Dr. Suzman’s signature accomplishment was the central role he played in creating a global network of surveys on aging.

Richard Suzman, 72, Dies; Researcher Influenced Global Surveys on Aging

Mr. Goldberg was a serial Silicon Valley entrepreneur and venture capitalist who was married to Sheryl Sandberg, the chief operating officer of Facebook.

Dave Goldberg Was Lifelong Women’s Advocate

Dave Goldberg, Head of Web Survey Company and Half of a Silicon Valley Power Couple, Dies at 47

HOBART, Tasmania — Few places seem out of reach for China’s leader, Xi Jinping, who has traveled from European capitals to obscure Pacific and Caribbean islands in pursuit of his nation’s strategic interests.

So perhaps it was not surprising when he turned up last fall in this city on the edge of the Southern Ocean to put down a long-distance marker in another faraway region, Antarctica, 2,000 miles south of this Australian port.

Standing on the deck of an icebreaker that ferries Chinese scientists from this last stop before the frozen continent, Mr. Xi pledged that China would continue to expand in one of the few places on earth that remain unexploited by humans.

He signed a five-year accord with the Australian government that allows Chinese vessels and, in the future, aircraft to resupply for fuel and food before heading south. That will help secure easier access to a region that is believed to have vast oil and mineral resources; huge quantities of high-protein sea life; and for times of possible future dire need, fresh water contained in icebergs.

It was not until 1985, about seven decades after Robert Scott and Roald Amundsen raced to the South Pole, that a team representing Beijing hoisted the Chinese flag over the nation’s first Antarctic research base, the Great Wall Station on King George Island.

But now China seems determined to catch up. As it has bolstered spending on Antarctic research, and as the early explorers, especially the United States and Australia, confront stagnant budgets, there is growing concern about its intentions.

China’s operations on the continent — it opened its fourth research station last year, chose a site for a fifth, and is investing in a second icebreaker and new ice-capable planes and helicopters — are already the fastest growing of the 52 signatories to the Antarctic Treaty. That gentlemen’s agreement reached in 1959 bans military activity on the continent and aims to preserve it as one of the world’s last wildernesses; a related pact prohibits mining.

Advertisement

But Mr. Xi’s visit was another sign that China is positioning itself to take advantage of the continent’s resource potential when the treaty expires in 2048 — or in the event that it is ripped up before, Chinese and Australian experts say.

“So far, our research is natural-science based, but we know there is more and more concern about resource security,” said Yang Huigen, director general of the Polar Research Institute of China, who accompanied Mr. Xi last November on his visit to Hobart and stood with him on the icebreaker, Xue Long, or Snow Dragon.

With that in mind, the polar institute recently opened a new division devoted to the study of resources, law, geopolitics and governance in Antarctica and the Arctic, Mr. Yang said.

Australia, a strategic ally of the United States that has strong economic relations with China, is watching China’s buildup in the Antarctic with a mix of gratitude — China’s presence offers support for Australia’s Antarctic science program, which is short of cash — and wariness.

“We should have no illusions about the deeper agenda — one that has not even been agreed to by Chinese scientists but is driven by Xi, and most likely his successors,” said Peter Jennings, executive director of the Australian Strategic Policy Institute and a former senior official in the Australian Department of Defense.

“This is part of a broader pattern of a mercantilist approach all around the world,” Mr. Jennings added. “A big driver of Chinese policy is to secure long-term energy supply and food supply.”

That approach was evident last month when a large Chinese agriculture enterprise announced an expansion of its fishing operations around Antarctica to catch more krill — small, protein-rich crustaceans that are abundant in Antarctic waters.

“The Antarctic is a treasure house for all human beings, and China should go there and share,” Liu Shenli, the chairman of the China National Agricultural Development Group, told China Daily, a state-owned newspaper. China would aim to fish up to two million tons of krill a year, he said, a substantial increase from what it currently harvests.

Because sovereignty over Antarctica is unclear, nations have sought to strengthen their claims over the ice-covered land by building research bases and naming geographic features. China’s fifth station will put it within reach of the six American facilities, and ahead of Australia’s three.

Chinese mappers have also given Chinese names to more than 300 sites, compared with the thousands of locations on the continent with English names.

In the unspoken competition for Antarctica’s future, scientific achievement can also translate into influence. Chinese scientists are driving to be the first to drill and recover an ice core containing tiny air bubbles that provide a record of climate change stretching as far back as 1.5 million years. It is an expensive and delicate effort at which others, including the European Union and Australia, have failed.

In a breakthrough a decade ago, European scientists extracted an ice core nearly two miles long that revealed 800,000 years of climate history. But finding an ice core going back further would allow scientists to examine a change in the earth’s climate cycles believed to have occurred 900,000 to 1.2 million years ago.

China is betting it has found the best location to drill, at an area called Dome A, or Dome Argus, the highest point on the East Antarctic Ice Sheet. Though it is considered one of the coldest places on the planet, with temperatures of 130 degrees below zero Fahrenheit, a Chinese expedition explored the area in 2005 and established a research station in 2009.

“The international community has drilled in lots of places, but no luck so far,” said Xiao Cunde, a member of the first party to reach the site and the deputy director of the Institute for Climate Change at the Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences. “We think at Dome A we will have a straight shot at the one-million-year ice core.”

Mr. Xiao said China had already begun drilling and hoped to find what scientists are looking for in four to five years.

To support its Antarctic aspirations, China is building a sophisticated $300 million icebreaker that is expected to be ready in a few years, said Xia Limin, deputy director of the Chinese Arctic and Antarctic Administration in Beijing. It has also bought a high-tech fixed-wing aircraft, outfitted in the United States, for taking sensitive scientific soundings from the ice.

China has chosen the site for its fifth research station at Inexpressible Island, named by a group of British explorers who were stranded at the desolate site in 1912 and survived the winter by excavating a small ice cave.

Mr. Xia said the inhospitable spot was ideal because China did not have a presence in that part of Antarctica, and because the rocky site did not have much snow, making it relatively cheap to build there.

Anne-Marie Brady, a professor of political science at the University of Canterbury in New Zealand and the author of a soon-to-be-released book, “China as a Polar Great Power,” said Chinese scientists also believed they had a good chance of finding mineral and energy resources near the site.

“China is playing a long game in Antarctica and keeping other states guessing about its true intentions and interests are part of its poker hand,” she said. But she noted that China’s interest in finding minerals was presented “loud and clear to domestic audiences” as the main reason it was investing in Antarctica.

Because commercial drilling is banned, estimates of energy and mineral resources in Antarctica rely on remote sensing data and comparisons with similar geological environments elsewhere, said Millard F. Coffin, executive director of the Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies in Hobart.

But the difficulty of extraction in such severe conditions and uncertainty about future commodity prices make it unlikely that China or any country would defy the ban on mining anytime soon.

Tourism, however, is already booming. Travelers from China are still a relatively small contingent in the Antarctic compared with the more than 13,000 Americans who visited in 2013, and as yet there are no licensed Chinese tour operators.

But that is about to change, said Anthony Bergin, deputy director of the Australian Strategic Policy Institute. “I understand very soon there will be Chinese tourists on Chinese vessels with all-Chinese crew in the Antarctic,” he said.

 

Top News China’s Intents Are Questioned as It Builds in Antarctica

Since a white police officer, Darren Wilson fatally shot unarmed black teenager, Michael Brown, in a confrontation last August in Ferguson, Mo., there have been many other cases in which the police have shot and killed suspects, some of them unarmed. Mr. Brown's death set off protests throughout the country, pushing law enforcement into the spotlight and sparking a public debate on police tactics. Here is a selection of police shootings that have been reported by news organizations since Mr. Brown's death. In some cases, investigations are continuing.

Photo
 
 
The apartment complex northeast of Atlanta where Anthony Hill, 27, was fatally shot by a DeKalb County police officer. Credit Ben Gray/Atlanta Journal Constitution

Chamblee, Ga.
Fatal Police Shootings: Accounts Since Ferguson

The career criminals in genre novels don’t have money problems. If they need some, they just go out and steal it. But such financial transactions can backfire, which is what happened back in 2004 when the Texas gang in Michael

Take the Money and Run

Pronovost, who played for the Red Wings, was not a prolific scorer, but he was a consummate team player with bruising checks and fearless bursts up the ice that could puncture a defense.

Marcel Pronovost, 84, Dies; Hall of Famer Shared in Five N.H.L. Titles

“It was really nice to play with other women and not have this underlying tone of being at each other’s throats.”

ay 4, 2015 ‘Game of Thrones’ Q&A: Keisha Castle-Hughes on the Tao of the Sand Snakes

THE WRITERS ASHLEY AND JAQUAVIS COLEMAN know the value of a good curtain-raiser. The couple have co-authored dozens of novels, and they like to start them with a bang: a headlong action sequence, a blast of violence or sex that rocks readers back on their heels. But the Colemans concede they would be hard-pressed to dream up anything more gripping than their own real-life opening scene.

In the summer of 2001, JaQuavis Coleman was a 16-year-old foster child in Flint, Mich., the former auto-manufacturing mecca that had devolved, in the wake of General Motors’ plant closures, into one of the country’s most dangerous cities, with a decimated economy and a violent crime rate more than three times the national average. When JaQuavis was 8, social services had removed him from his mother’s home. He spent years bouncing between foster families. At 16, JaQuavis was also a businessman: a crack dealer with a network of street-corner peddlers in his employ.

One day that summer, JaQuavis met a fellow dealer in a parking lot on Flint’s west side. He was there to make a bulk sale of a quarter-brick, or “nine-piece” — a nine-ounce parcel of cocaine, with a street value of about $11,000. In the middle of the transaction, JaQuavis heard the telltale chirp of a walkie-talkie. His customer, he now realized, was an undercover policeman. JaQuavis jumped into his car and spun out onto the road, with two unmarked police cars in pursuit. He didn’t want to get into a high-speed chase, so he whipped his car into a church parking lot and made a run for it, darting into an alleyway behind a row of small houses, where he tossed the quarter-brick into some bushes. When JaQuavis reached the small residential street on the other side of the houses, he was greeted by the police, who handcuffed him and went to search behind the houses where, they told him, they were certain he had ditched the drugs. JaQuavis had been dealing since he was 12, had amassed more than $100,000 and had never been arrested. Now, he thought: It’s over.

But when the police looked in the bushes, they couldn’t find any cocaine. They interrogated JaQuavis, who denied having ever possessed or sold drugs. They combed the backyard alley some more. After an hour of fruitless efforts, the police were forced to unlock the handcuffs and release their suspect.

JaQuavis was baffled by the turn of events until the next day, when he received a phone call. The previous afternoon, a 15-year-old girl had been sitting in her home on the west side of Flint when she heard sirens. She looked out of the window of her bedroom, and watched a young man throw a package in the bushes behind her house. She recognized him. He was a high school classmate — a handsome, charismatic boy whom she had admired from afar. The girl crept outside and grabbed the bundle, which she hid in her basement. “I have something that belongs to you,” Ashley Snell told JaQuavis Coleman when she reached him by phone. “You wanna come over here and pick it up?”

Photo
Three of the nearly 50 works of urban fiction published by the Colemans over the last decade, often featuring drug deals, violence, sex and a brash kind of feminism.Credit Marko Metzinger

In the Colemans’ first novel, “Dirty Money” (2005), they told a version of this story. The outline was the same: the drug deal gone bad, the dope chucked in the bushes, the fateful phone call. To the extent that the authors took poetic license, it was to tone down the meet-cute improbability of the true-life events. In “Dirty Money,” the girl, Anari, and the crack dealer, Maurice, circle each other warily for a year or so before coupling up. But the facts of Ashley and JaQuavis’s romance outstripped pulp fiction. They fell in love more or less at first sight, moved into their own apartment while still in high school and were married in 2008. “We were together from the day we met,” Ashley says. “I don’t think we’ve spent more than a week apart in total over the past 14 years.”

That partnership turned out to be creative and entrepreneurial as well as romantic. Over the past decade, the Colemans have published nearly 50 books, sometimes as solo writers, sometimes under pseudonyms, but usually as collaborators with a byline that has become a trusted brand: “Ashley & JaQuavis.” They are marquee stars of urban fiction, or street lit, a genre whose inner-city settings and lurid mix of crime, sex and sensationalism have earned it comparisons to gangsta rap. The emergence of street lit is one of the big stories in recent American publishing, a juggernaut that has generated huge sales by catering to a readership — young, black and, for the most part, female — that historically has been ill-served by the book business. But the genre is also widely maligned. Street lit is subject to a kind of triple snobbery: scorned by literati who look down on genre fiction generally, ignored by a white publishing establishment that remains largely indifferent to black books and disparaged by African-American intellectuals for poor writing, coarse values and trafficking in racial stereotypes.

But if a certain kind of cultural prestige is shut off to the Colemans, they have reaped other rewards. They’ve built a large and loyal fan base, which gobbles up the new Ashley & JaQuavis titles that arrive every few months. Many of those books are sold at street-corner stands and other off-the-grid venues in African-American neighborhoods, a literary gray market that doesn’t register a blip on best-seller tallies. Yet the Colemans’ most popular series now regularly crack the trade fiction best-seller lists of The New York Times and Publishers Weekly. For years, the pair had no literary agent; they sold hundreds of thousands of books without banking a penny in royalties. Still, they have earned millions of dollars, almost exclusively from cash-for-manuscript deals negotiated directly with independent publishing houses. In short, though little known outside of the world of urban fiction, the Colemans are one of America’s most successful literary couples, a distinction they’ve achieved, they insist, because of their work’s gritty authenticity and their devotion to a primal literary virtue: the power of the ripping yarn.

“When you read our books, you’re gonna realize: ‘Ashley & JaQuavis are storytellers,’ ” says Ashley. “Our tales will get your heart pounding.”

THE COLEMANS’ HOME BASE — the cottage from which they operate their cottage industry — is a spacious four-bedroom house in a genteel suburb about 35 miles north of downtown Detroit. The house is plush, but when I visited this past winter, it was sparsely appointed. The couple had just recently moved in, and had only had time to fully furnish the bedroom of their 4-year-old son, Quaye.

In conversation, Ashley and JaQuavis exude both modesty and bravado: gratitude for their good fortune and bootstrappers’ pride in having made their own luck. They talk a lot about their time in the trenches, the years they spent as a drug dealer and “ride-or-die girl” tandem. In Flint they learned to “grind hard.” Writing, they say, is merely a more elevated kind of grind.

“Instead of hitting the block like we used to, we hit the laptops,” says Ashley. “I know what every word is worth. So while I’m writing, I’m like: ‘Okay, there’s a hundred dollars. There’s a thousand dollars. There’s five thousand dollars.’ ”

They maintain a rigorous regimen. They each try to write 5,000 words per day, five days a week. The writers stagger their shifts: JaQuavis goes to bed at 7 p.m. and wakes up early, around 3 or 4 in the morning, to work while his wife and child sleep. Ashley writes during the day, often in libraries or at Starbucks.

They divide the labor in other ways. Chapters are divvied up more or less equally, with tasks assigned according to individual strengths. (JaQuavis typically handles character development. Ashley loves writing murder scenes.) The results are stitched together, with no editorial interference from one author in the other’s text. The real work, they contend, is the brainstorming. The Colemans spend weeks mapping out their plot-driven books — long conversations that turn into elaborate diagrams on dry-erase boards. “JaQuavis and I are so close, it makes the process real easy,” says Ashley. “Sometimes when I’m thinking of something, a plot point, he’ll say it out loud, and I’m like: ‘Wait — did I say that?’ ”

Their collaboration developed by accident, and on the fly. Both were bookish teenagers. Ashley read lots of Judy Blume and John Grisham; JaQuavis liked Shakespeare, Richard Wright and “Atlas Shrugged.” (Their first official date was at a Borders bookstore, where Ashley bought “The Coldest Winter Ever,” the Sister Souljah novel often credited with kick-starting the contemporary street-lit movement.) In 2003, Ashley, then 17, was forced to terminate an ectopic pregnancy. She was bedridden for three weeks, and to provide distraction and boost her spirits, JaQuavis challenged his girlfriend to a writing contest. “She just wasn’t talking. She was laying in bed. I said, ‘You know what? I bet you I could write a better book than you.’ My wife is real competitive. So I said, ‘Yo, all right, $500 bet.’ And I saw her eyes spark, like, ‘What?! You can’t write no better book than me!’ So I wrote about three chapters. She wrote about three chapters. Two days later, we switched.”

The result, hammered out in a few days, would become “Dirty Money.” Two years later, when Ashley and JaQuavis were students at Ferris State University in Western Michigan, they sold the manuscript to Urban Books, a street-lit imprint founded by the best-selling author Carl Weber. At the time, JaQuavis was still making his living selling drugs. When Ashley got the phone call informing her that their book had been bought, she assumed they’d hit it big, and flushed more than $10,000 worth of cocaine down the toilet. Their advance was a mere $4,000.

Photo
The roots of street lit, found in the midcentury detective novels of Chester Himes and the ‘60s and ‘70s “ghetto fiction” of Iceberg Slim and Donald Goines.Credit Marko Metzinger

Those advances would soon increase, eventually reaching five and six figures. The Colemans built their career, JaQuavis says, in a manner that made sense to him as a veteran dope peddler: by flooding the street with product. From the start, they were prolific, churning out books at a rate of four or five a year. Their novels made their way into stores; the now-defunct chain Waldenbooks, which had stores in urban areas typically bypassed by booksellers, was a major engine of the street-lit market. But Ashley and JaQuavis took advantage of distribution channels established by pioneering urban fiction authors such as Teri Woods and Vickie Stringer, and a network of street-corner tables, magazine stands, corner shops and bodegas. Like rappers who establish their bona fides with gray-market mixtapes, street-lit authors use this system to circumnavigate industry gatekeepers, bringing their work straight to the genre’s core readership. But urban fiction has other aficionados, in less likely places. “Our books are so popular in the prison system,” JaQuavis says. “We’re banned in certain penitentiaries. Inmates fight over the books — there are incidents, you know? I have loved ones in jail, and they’re like: ‘Yo, your books can’t come in here. It’s against the rules.’ ”

The appeal of the Colemans’ work is not hard to fathom. The books are formulaic and taut; they deliver the expected goods efficiently and exuberantly. The titles telegraph the contents: “Diary of a Street Diva,” “Kiss Kiss, Bang Bang,” “Murderville.” The novels serve up a stream of explicit sex and violence in a slangy, tangy, profane voice. In Ashley & JaQuavis’s books people don’t get killed: they get “popped,” “laid out,” get their “cap twisted back.” The smut is constant, with emphasis on the earthy, sticky, olfactory particulars. Romance novel clichés — shuddering orgasms, heroic carnal feats, superlative sexual skill sets — are rendered in the Colemans’ punchy patois.

Subtlety, in other words, isn’t Ashley & JaQuavis’s forte. But their books do have a grainy specificity. In “The Cartel” (2008), the first novel in the Colemans’ best-selling saga of a Miami drug syndicate, they catch the sights and smells of a crack workshop in a housing project: the nostril-stinging scent of cocaine and baking soda bubbling on stovetops; the teams of women, stripped naked except for hospital masks so they can’t pilfer the merchandise, “cutting up the cooked coke on the round wood table.” The subject matter is dark, but the Colemans’ tone is not quite noir. Even in the grimmest scenes, the mood is high-spirited, with the writers palpably relishing the lewd and gory details: the bodies writhing in boudoirs and crumpling under volleys of bullets, the geysers of blood and other bodily fluids.

The luridness of street lit has made it a flashpoint, inciting controversy reminiscent of the hip-hop culture wars of the 1980s and ’90s. But the street-lit debate touches deeper historical roots, reviving decades-old arguments in black literary circles about the mandate to uplift the race and present wholesome images of African-Americans. In 1928, W. E. B. Du Bois slammed the “licentiousness” of “Home to Harlem,” Claude McKay’s rollicking novel of Harlem nightlife. McKay’s book, Du Bois wrote, “for the most part nauseates me, and after the dirtier parts of its filth I feel distinctly like taking a bath.” Similar sentiments have greeted 21st-century street lit. In a 2006 New York Times Op-Ed essay, the journalist and author Nick Chiles decried “the sexualization and degradation of black fiction.” African-American bookstores, Chiles complained, are “overrun with novels that . . . appeal exclusively to our most prurient natures — as if these nasty books were pairing off back in the stockrooms like little paperback rabbits and churning out even more graphic offspring that make Ralph Ellison books cringe into a dusty corner.”

Copulating paperbacks aside, it’s clear that the street-lit debate is about more than literature, touching on questions of paternalism versus populism, and on middle-class anxieties about the black underclass. “It’s part and parcel of black elites’ efforts to define not only a literary tradition, but a racial politics,” said Kinohi Nishikawa, an assistant professor of English and African-American Studies at Princeton University. “There has always been a sense that because African-Americans’ opportunities to represent themselves are so limited in the first place, any hint of criminality or salaciousness would necessarily be a knock on the entire racial politics. One of the pressing debates about African-American literature today is: If we can’t include writers like Ashley & JaQuavis, to what extent is the foundation of our thinking about black literature faulty? Is it just a literature for elites? Or can it be inclusive, bringing urban fiction under the purview of our umbrella term ‘African-American literature’?”

Defenders of street lit note that the genre has a pedigree: a tradition of black pulp fiction that stretches from Chester Himes, the midcentury author of hardboiled Harlem detective stories, to the 1960s and ’70s “ghetto fiction” of Iceberg Slim and Donald Goines, to the current wave of urban fiction authors. Others argue for street lit as a social good, noting that it attracts a large audience that might otherwise never read at all. Scholars like Nishikawa link street lit to recent studies showing increased reading among African-Americans. A 2014 Pew Research Center report found that a greater percentage of black Americans are book readers than whites or Latinos.

For their part, the Colemans place their work in the broader black literary tradition. “You have Maya Angelou, Alice Walker, James Baldwin — all of these traditional black writers, who wrote about the struggles of racism, injustice, inequality,” says Ashley. “We’re writing about the struggle as it happens now. It’s just a different struggle. I’m telling my story. I’m telling the struggle of a black girl from Flint, Michigan, who grew up on welfare.”

Photo
The Colemans in their new four-bedroom house in the northern suburbs of Detroit.Credit Courtesy of Ashley and JaQuavis Coleman

Perhaps there is a high-minded case to be made for street lit. But the virtues of Ashley & JaQuavis’s work are more basic. Their novels do lack literary polish. The writing is not graceful; there are passages of clunky exposition and sex scenes that induce guffaws and eye rolls. But the pleasure quotient is high. The books flaunt a garish brand of feminism, with women characters cast not just as vixens, but also as gangsters — cold-blooded killers, “murder mamas.” The stories are exceptionally well-plotted. “The Cartel” opens by introducing its hero, the crime boss Carter Diamond; on page 9, a gunshot spatters Diamond’s brain across the interior of a police cruiser. The book then flashes back seven years and begins to hurtle forward again — a bullet train, whizzing readers through shifting alliances, romantic entanglements and betrayals, kidnappings, shootouts with Haitian and Dominican gangsters, and a cliffhanger closing scene that leaves the novel’s heroine tied to a chair in a basement, gruesomely tortured to the edge of death. Ashley & JaQuavis’s books are not Ralph Ellison, certainly, but they build up quite a head of steam. They move.

The Colemans are moving themselves these days. They recently signed a deal with St. Martin’s Press, which will bring out the next installment in the “Cartel” series as well as new solo series by both writers. The St. Martin’s deal is both lucrative and legitimizing — a validation of Ashley and JaQuavis’s work by one of publishing’s most venerable houses. The Colemans’ ambitions have grown, as well. A recent trilogy, “Murderville,” tackles human trafficking and the blood-diamond industry in West Africa, with storylines that sweep from Sierra Leone to Mexico to Los Angeles. Increasingly, Ashley & JaQuavis are leaning on research — traveling to far-flung settings and hitting the books in the libraries — and spending less time mining their own rough-and-tumble past.

But Flint remains a source of inspiration. One evening not long ago, JaQuavis led me on a tour of his hometown: a popular roadside bar; the parking lot where he met the undercover cop for the ill-fated drug deal; Ashley’s old house, the site of his almost-arrest. He took me to a ramshackle vehicle repair shop on Flint’s west side, where he worked as a kid, washing cars. He showed me a bathroom at the rear of the garage, where, at age 12, he sneaked away to inspect the first “boulder” of crack that he ever sold. A spray-painted sign on the garage wall, which JaQuavis remembered from his time at the car wash, offered words of warning:

WHAT EVERY YOUNG MAN SHOULD KNOW
ABOUT USING A GUN:
MURDER . . . 30 Years
ARMED ROBBERY . . . 15 Years
ASSAULT . . . 15 Years
RAPE . . . 20 Years
POSSESSION . . . 5 Years
JACKING . . . 20 YEARS

“We still love Flint, Michigan,” JaQuavis says. “It’s so seedy, so treacherous. But there’s some heart in this city. This is where it all started, selling books out the box. In the days when we would get those little $40,000 advances, they’d send us a couple boxes of books for free. We would hit the streets to sell our books, right out of the car trunk. It was a hustle. It still is.”

One old neighborhood asset that the Colemans have not shaken off is swagger. “My wife is the best female writer in the game,” JaQuavis told me. “I believe I’m the best male writer in the game. I’m sleeping next to the best writer in the world. And she’s doing the same.”

 
From T Magazine: Street Lit’s Power Couple

Under Mr. Michelin’s leadership, which ended when he left the company in 2002, the Michelin Group became the world’s biggest tire maker, establishing a big presence in the United States and other major markets overseas.

François Michelin, Head of Tire Company, Dies at 88

Hockey is not exactly known as a city game, but played on roller skates, it once held sway as the sport of choice in many New York neighborhoods.

“City kids had no rinks, no ice, but they would do anything to play hockey,” said Edward Moffett, former director of the Long Island City Y.M.C.A. Roller Hockey League, in Queens, whose games were played in city playgrounds going back to the 1940s.

From the 1960s through the 1980s, the league had more than 60 teams, he said. Players included the Mullen brothers of Hell’s Kitchen and Dan Dorion of Astoria, Queens, who would later play on ice for the National Hockey League.

One street legend from the heyday of New York roller hockey was Craig Allen, who lived in the Woodside Houses projects and became one of the city’s hardest hitters and top scorers.

“Craig was a warrior, one of the best roller hockey players in the city in the ’70s,” said Dave Garmendia, 60, a retired New York police officer who grew up playing with Mr. Allen. “His teammates loved him and his opponents feared him.”

Young Craig took up hockey on the streets of Queens in the 1960s, playing pickup games between sewer covers, wearing steel-wheeled skates clamped onto school shoes and using a roll of electrical tape as the puck.

His skill and ferocity drew attention, Mr. Garmendia said, but so did his skin color. He was black, in a sport made up almost entirely by white players.

“Roller hockey was a white kid’s game, plain and simple, but Craig broke the color barrier,” Mr. Garmendia said. “We used to say Craig did more for race relations than the N.A.A.C.P.”

Mr. Allen went on to coach and referee roller hockey in New York before moving several years ago to South Carolina. But he continued to organize an annual alumni game at Dutch Kills Playground in Long Island City, the same site that held the local championship games.

The reunion this year was on Saturday, but Mr. Allen never made it. On April 26, just before boarding the bus to New York, he died of an asthma attack at age 61.

Word of his death spread rapidly among hundreds of his old hockey colleagues who resolved to continue with the event, now renamed the Craig Allen Memorial Roller Hockey Reunion.

The turnout on Saturday was the largest ever, with players pulling on their old equipment, choosing sides and taking once again to the rink of cracked blacktop with faded lines and circles. They wore no helmets, although one player wore a fedora.

Another, Vinnie Juliano, 77, of Long Island City, wore his hearing aids, along with his 50-year-old taped-up quads, or four-wheeled skates with a leather boot. Many players here never converted to in-line skates, and neither did Mr. Allen, whose photograph appeared on a poster hanging behind the players’ bench.

“I’m seeing people walking by wondering why all these rusty, grizzly old guys are here playing hockey,” one player, Tommy Dominguez, said. “We’re here for Craig, and let me tell you, these old guys still play hard.”

Everyone seemed to have a Craig Allen story, from his earliest teams at Public School 151 to the Bryant Rangers, the Woodside Wings, the Woodside Blues and more.

Mr. Allen, who became a yellow-cab driver, was always recruiting new talent. He gained the nickname Cabby for his habit of stopping at playgrounds all over the city to scout players.

Teams were organized around neighborhoods and churches, and often sponsored by local bars. Mr. Allen, for one, played for bars, including Garry Owen’s and on the Fiddler’s Green Jokers team in Inwood, Manhattan.

Play was tough and fights were frequent.

“We were basically street gangs on skates,” said Steve Rogg, 56, a mail clerk who grew up in Jackson Heights, Queens, and who on Saturday wore his Riedell Classic quads from 1972. “If another team caught up with you the night before a game, they tossed you a beating so you couldn’t play the next day.”

Mr. Garmendia said Mr. Allen’s skin color provoked many fights.

“When we’d go to some ignorant neighborhoods, a lot of players would use slurs,” Mr. Garmendia said, recalling a game in Ozone Park, Queens, where local fans parked motorcycles in a lineup next to the blacktop and taunted Mr. Allen. Mr. Garmendia said he checked a player into the motorcycles, “and the bikes went down like dominoes, which started a serious brawl.”

A group of fans at a game in Brooklyn once stuck a pole through the rink fence as Mr. Allen skated by and broke his jaw, Mr. Garmendia said, adding that carloads of reinforcements soon arrived to defend Mr. Allen.

And at another racially incited brawl, the police responded with six patrol cars and a helicopter.

Before play began on Saturday, the players gathered at center rink to honor Mr. Allen. Billy Barnwell, 59, of Woodside, recalled once how an all-white, all-star squad snubbed Mr. Allen by playing him third string. He scored seven goals in the first game and made first string immediately.

“He’d always hear racial stuff before the game, and I’d ask him, ‘How do you put up with that?’” Mr. Barnwell recalled. “Craig would say, ‘We’ll take care of it,’ and by the end of the game, he’d win guys over. They’d say, ‘This guy’s good.’”

Tribute for a Roller Hockey Warrior
biaya paket umroh akhir tahun di Pondok Bambu jakarta
harga paket berangkat umroh juni di Cakung Timur jakarta
harga paket berangkat umroh ramadhan di Pondok Kelapa jakarta
biaya umroh maret di Bambu Apus jakarta
harga berangkat umroh maret di Kelapa Dua Wetan jakarta
biaya berangkat umroh maret di Jati jakarta
harga paket umroh januari di Kampung Tengah jakarta
paket berangkat umrah ramadhan di Cilangkap jakarta
paket promo umroh juni di Pondok Kelapa jakarta
promo berangkat umrah ramadhan di Pal Meriam jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umrah awal tahun di Utan Kayu Utara jakarta
promo berangkat umroh desember di Cilangkap jakarta
paket umroh juni di Makasar jakarta
paket berangkat umrah januari di Cilangkap jakarta
harga umrah awal tahun di Jatinegara jakarta
paket promo berangkat umroh januari di Susukan jakarta
harga umroh akhir tahun di Pisangan Timur jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umroh desember di Susukan jakarta
harga umroh mei di Cakung Timur jakarta
harga paket umrah awal tahun di Kalisari jakarta
promo umrah mei di Pinang Ranti jakarta
harga umroh april di Kampung Gedong,Cijantung jakarta
paket berangkat umrah ramadhan di Pal Meriam jakarta
harga berangkat umroh ramadhan di Pondok Kopi jakarta
paket berangkat umrah awal tahun di Bidaracina jakarta
paket berangkat umroh maret di Cililitan jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umroh januari di Pondok Kelapa jakarta
paket umrah april di Utan Kayu Selatan jakarta
harga paket umrah april bekasi barat
promo umroh februari di Pulogebang jakarta
paket promo berangkat umrah juni di Cibubur jakarta
promo berangkat umroh ramadhan di Kebon Manggis jakarta
promo berangkat umroh awal tahun di Malaka Jaya jakarta
biaya paket umroh akhir tahun di Pekayon jakarta
biaya umroh desember di Rawamangun jakarta
harga umroh maret di Cipayung jakarta
biaya berangkat umrah april di Utan Kayu Utara jakarta
biaya berangkat umroh ramadhan di Kayu Putih jakarta
harga paket berangkat umroh desember di Setu jakarta
paket promo berangkat umrah awal tahun di Rawa Bunga jakarta
harga paket berangkat umroh februari di Malaka Sari jakarta
biaya berangkat umrah januari di Kelapa Dua Wetan jakarta
harga umroh ramadhan di Kramat Jati jakarta
paket promo berangkat umrah ramadhan di Kampung Baru jakarta
harga berangkat umrah desember umrohdepag.com
biaya umroh awal tahun di Utan Kayu Selatan jakarta
harga paket berangkat umrah desember di Cipinang Melayu jakarta
paket promo umrah mei di Cipinang Besar Selatan jakarta
paket umrah februari di Cipinang jakarta
harga paket berangkat umroh mei di Cililitan jakarta
paket umrah mei di Pinang Ranti jakarta
harga umrah awal tahun di Cakung Timur jakarta
biaya umroh maret di Cakung Barat jakarta
harga umroh awal tahun umrohdepag.com
paket promo berangkat umrah juni di Malaka Sari jakarta
harga berangkat umroh mei di Cipinang Melayu jakarta
paket umroh februari di Utan Kayu Selatan jakarta
paket umrah juni di Bambu Apus jakarta
harga berangkat umrah ramadhan di Kebon Pala jakarta
paket promo berangkat umroh april di Utan Kayu Selatan jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umroh februari di Cilangkap jakarta
harga berangkat umrah april di Balekambang jakarta
harga paket umroh mei di Makasar jakarta
biaya umroh maret di Pondok Bambu jakarta
paket umroh akhir tahun di Cakung Barat jakarta
paket promo berangkat umroh juni di Klender jakarta
harga umrah desember di Pinang Ranti jakarta
promo umroh april di Bali Mester jakarta
harga umrah januari di Makasar jakarta
promo berangkat umrah maret di Kramat Jati jakarta
harga paket berangkat umrah januari di Rambutan jakarta
paket promo berangkat umrah januari di Kampung Baru jakarta
paket promo berangkat umroh ramadhan di Rawamangun jakarta
harga umroh juni di Penggilingan jakarta
harga paket umroh desember di Kampung Baru jakarta
paket berangkat umrah april di Bidaracina jakarta
harga paket berangkat umrah desember di Pisangan Timur jakarta
promo berangkat umroh april di Pulo Gadung jakarta
harga umroh ramadhan di Pekayon jakarta
promo umroh ramadhan di Kramat Jati jakarta
biaya paket umroh desember di Cipinang Cempedak jakarta
biaya paket umrah awal tahun di Jatinegara jakarta
paket umrah april tangerang
harga paket umroh januari di Cipinang Besar Selatan jakarta
harga paket berangkat umroh mei di Cipinang Besar Selatan jakarta
paket promo umrah februari di Jatinegara jakarta
harga paket berangkat umrah maret di Pekayon jakarta
promo berangkat umroh januari di Munjul jakarta
harga berangkat umroh april di Malaka Jaya jakarta
harga berangkat umroh akhir tahun di Setu jakarta
promo umroh juni di Balekambang jakarta
biaya paket umrah april di Pondok Ranggon jakarta
paket berangkat umroh maret di Klender jakarta
paket promo berangkat umroh awal tahun di Utan Kayu Selatan jakarta
biaya berangkat umrah maret di Pondok Ranggon jakarta
harga umrah januari di Duren Sawit jakarta
harga umrah april di Rawa Bunga jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umroh desember di Cipinang Besar Selatan jakarta
harga umrah awal tahun di Pulogebang jakarta
harga umroh april di Utan Kayu Utara jakarta