PAKET UMROH BULAN FEBRUARI MARET APRIL MEI 2018




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BENGKULU, Saco-Indonesia.com — Wali Kota Bengkulu Helmi Hasan menyediakan hadiah berupa berangkat haji, umrah, dan mobil Toyota Innova milik pribadinya bagi warga daerah itu jika rajin shalat dzuhur berjemaah di Masjid At-Taqwa setiap hari Rabu. Wah ini mendidik mendidik warga untuk melaksanakan ibadah karna hadiah dong Pak, bagaimana niat Karna Allohnya nanti, kan solat ada lima waktu, kalau cuman hari rabu saja bagaimana solat waktu dan hari yang lainnya Pak, harap dikaji ulang ya Bapak Wali Kota Bengkulu yang budiman.

"Saya memberikan motivasi agar masjid ramai tidak sepi, jadi masyarakat Kota Bengkulu yang rajin shalat dzuhur berjemaah akan mendapatkan umrah dan haji gratis serta hadiah bonus satu unit mobil jenis Toyota Innova milik pribadi saya," kata Helmi Hasan saat dihubungi via telepon, Kamis (6/2/2014).

Adapun syarat untuk mendapatkan hadiah itu adalah harus melaksanakan salat dzuhur berturut-turut selama 40 kali, sedangkan untuk mendapatkan hadiah menunaikan ibadah haji gratis, masyarakat harus melaksanakan shalat dzuhur berjemaah secara berturut-turut selama 52 kali. Semuanya dilakukan setiap hari Rabu di Masjid Agung At-Taqwa.

Selanjutnya, hadiah mobil pribadi miliknya itu akan diberikan berdasarkan penilaian warga mana yang paling konsisten mendirikan shalat dzuhur secara berjemaah lebih dari 52 kali. Adapun pemenangnya akan ditentukan sebanyak 100 orang berangkat haji dan umrah, dan akan disiapkan dana sebesar Rp 2,3 miliar dari APBD Kota Bengkulu.

Lalu, dari 100 orang tersebut akan diseleksi siapa yang paling konsisten shalat berjemaah akan mendapatkan bonus hadiah mobil pribadi miliknya itu.

"Saat ini tim penilai tengah bekerja, yang langsung ditangani oleh Kantor Kementerian Agama Kota Bengkulu. Kegiatan ini akan dilakukan setiap tahun," tambah dia.

Program ini, lanjut dia, merupakan motivasi bagi warga Kota Bengkulu untuk meramaikan masjid. Kegiatan ini merupakan satu dari delapan tekad yang kerap didengungkan oleh Kota Bengkulu, yakni "Bengkuluku Religius".

Adapun delapan tekad Bengkulu yakni, bersih, sehat, religius, indah, aman, peduli, kreatif, dan sejuk.

Sumber :kompas.com

Editor : Maulana Lee

Untuk Warga yang Rajin Shalat, Wali Kota Siapkan Hadiah Innova

Saco-Indonesia.com — Kolesterol tinggi dalam darah merupakan salah satu faktor risiko dari penyakit jantung. Namun, kolesterol tinggi tidak terbentuk dalam semalam, tetapi perlahan-lahan. Salah satunya akibat pola makan yang salah.

Meskipun Anda tidak memiliki tanda-tanda, gejala, ataupun riwayat keluarga dengan penyakit jantung, tetapi wajib hukumnya untuk menjaga diet sehat agar tetap memiliki kesehatan yang prima.

Mungkin Anda sudah menghindari makanan-makanan berlemak yang diketahui sebagai sumber kolesterol. Namun, ada juga makanan yang tak terduga mengandung kolesterol tinggi seperti berikut:

1. Daging unggas
Daging unggas memang dianggap lebih minim risiko dibanding daging merah karena memiliki kandungan lemak yang cenderung lebih rendah. Namun, jika dimakan dalam jumlah yang banyak atau terlalu sering, daging unggas juga akan memberikan efek negatif, salah satunya adalah peningkatan kadar kolesterol dalam darah.

2. Gula tambahan
Satu fakta yang cukup mengejutkan adalah gula tambahan ternyata berhubungan dengan penurunan kadar kolesterol "baik" atau high density lipoprotein (HDL) dalam darah. Jadi, pengurangan gula tambahan dalam diet, selain mengurangi risiko diabetes juga memperbaiki kadar kolesterol.

3. Kentang tumbuk
Kentang tumbuk atau mashed potato ternyata memiliki kandungan lemak yang tinggi. Terutama yang ditemukan di restoran karena mengandung mentega, krim, susu, keju yang berlebihan. Hal tesebut membuat salah satu sumber karbohidrat ini menjadi makanan tinggi lemak jenuh.

4. Pizza
Satu potong pizza mengandung 10 gram lemak dan 4,4 gram lemak jenuh. Angka itu belum termasuk topping yang mungkin mengandung lebih banyak lemak.

5. Kelapa
Produk kelapa seperti santan ataupun minyak kelapa mengandung lemak jenuh yang cukup tinggi. Namun, penggunaannya dalam skala sedang tidak terlalu berakibat buruk terhadap kadar kolesterol darah.

6. Produk susu
Produk susu memang mengandung banyak nutrisi yang penting seperti kalsium, protein, vitamin, dan mineral, tetapi juga mengandung lemak jenuh. Maka sebaiknya pilihlah produk yang rendah lemak.

7. Pai dan kue
Pai dan kue berbahan baku mentega, krim, susu, dan keju yang mengandung lemak jenuh. Maka satu gigitan pai dan kue sudah memberikan sumbangan kalori yang tinggi bagi tubuh.

8. Popcorn
Satu wadah popcorn ukuran sedang mengandung 60 gram lemak jenuh dan 1.200 kalori. Hal ini dikarenakan pengolahan popcorn membutuhkan minyak yang berpengaruh terhadap kadar kolesterol.

 

 

Editor : Liwon Maulana(galipat)
Ternyata 8 Makanan Tak Terduga Tinggi Kolesterol

saco-indonesia.com, Selama Gunung Kelud meletus pada Kamis malam lalu hingga Senin kemarin (17/2), jumlah pengungsi di lima lokasi yang berbeda telah menderita sakit, tercatat ada sekitar 123 orang. Rata-rata, mereka telah menderita penyakit Inspeksi Saluran Pernapasan Akut (ISPA) akibat menghirup banyak debu.

"Rata-rata mereka sakit karena terlalu banyak menghirup debu letusan Kelud," kata Wadan Satgas TNI AL, Letkol Rudi P Napitupulu di Posko Kesehatan Basarnas Lapangan Wates, Kediri, Jawa Timur, Selasa (18/2).

Rudi juga mengatakan, para pengungsi yang telah menderita ISPA di lima lokasi pengungsian itu di antaranya, Pos Pengungsian Wates, Wonorejo, Segaran, Juet dan Tawang.

"Di masing-masing pos, kita juga telah tempatkan beberapa personel, satu dokter umum dan tujuah orang medis, dan sejak Kelud meletus sampai Senin kemarin, jumlah pengungsi yang telah menderita ISPA ada sekitar 123 orang," ujarnya.

Dia juga menjelaskan, untuk langkah awal sebagai bentuk antisipasi atau pengobatan, pihaknya juga telah memberikan injeksi anti biotik sesuai aturan yang bisa digunakan. "Kemudian memberi obat batuk dan menyediakan masker sebagai antisipasi agar tidak kembali menghirup debu," terang Rudi.

Sementara data Satlak Pengungsi Gunung Kelud, telah tercatat ada sekitar 36 ribu pengungsi, yang tersebar di 36 titik di Kediri. Namun, karena banyak yang memaksa kembali pulang sejak Sabtu pagi lalu, jumlah pengungsi yang bertahan tinggal 16.400 jiwa.


Editor : Dian Sukmawati

PENGUNGSI KELUD DI KEDIRI BANYAK IDAP ISPA AKIBAT DEBU VULKANIK

Jika kita membutuhkan besi beton, dan mencari penjual besi beton, tentu lumrah jika kita membandingkan harganya dari berbagai agen, distributor atau pabrik. Dengan mengisi form yang ada disini, Anda juga bisa mendapatkan harga terbaru besi beton polos dan besi beton ulir.

Daftar harga yang pernah dibagikan di website ini, tentu saja adalah harga pada saat daftar tersebut dipublikasikan. Sedangkan harga besi beton, sebagaimana komoditi yang lainnya, tentu harganya selalu berubah dari waktu ke waktu. Untuk itu update harga terbaru perlu diinformasikan via email. Data yang Anda masukkan ke dalam form tersebut hanya digunakan untuk dapat membuat penawaran besi beton sesuai yang Anda minta, tidak akan dipergunakan untuk kepentingan yang lain.
 
Untuk bisa mendapatkan penawaran resmi harga besi beton, sebaiknya Anda bukan saja melengkapi data Anda dan email yang falid, namun juga melengkapi dengan masing-masing ukuran beserta jumlahnya.

Ukuran dan jumlah masing-masing sesuai kebutuhan Anda, bisa Anda tuliskan di kolom pesan.

Harga besi beton telah ditentukan oleh harga bahan baku, ongkos produksi, angkutan, dan perbandingan antara permintaan dan persediaan. Harga bahan baku sering berubah, yang menjadi bahan baku produksi besi beton adalah billet, dan yang telah menjadi bahan baku produk billet adalah scrap atau besi tua. Semua produk terbut adalah komoditi yang fluktuasi harganya sangat tinggi. Ongkos produksi banyak dipengaruhi oleh efisiensi pabrik dalam proses produksi. Harga proses produksi banyak dipengaruhi oleh harga listrik, bahan bakar, harga spare part, dan tenaga kerja. Semua itu juga memberikan harga yang berubah-ubah setiap waktu.

Berikutnya angkutan juga telah memberikan pengaruh nilai atau harga besi beton cukup signifikan. Sebagai produk yang besar dan berat, ongkos pengiriman besi beton dari pabrik, ke distributor hingga ke lokasi proyek, memberikan pengaruh yang besar pula.

Sebagaimana semua produk di pasaran, perbandingan antaranya ketersediaan produk dengan banyaknya permintaan, sangat mempengaruhi harga. Jika permintaan naik, tentu harga biasanya juga ikut naik. Jika permintaan produk turun, harga juga biasanya ikut turun. Berkaitan juga dengan pasokan dari pabrik-pabrik yang ada, juga mungkin adanya import. Jika pasokan sangat banyak, bahkan mungkin melebihi permintaan, bisa jadi harga besi beton akan turun, demikian juga sebaliknya, jika pasokan berkurang, mungkin harga akan naik.

Harga besi beton, sering dicari oleh pelaku pasar, yang berhubungan dengan besi beton. Marketing pabrik besi beton, distributor besi beton, juga kontraktor, dan masyarakat konsumen.

 

HARGA BESI BETON

Bekasi, Saco-Indonesia.com - Organ yang namanya jantung adalah salah satu anggota tubuh yang sangat penting dalam tubuh manusia. Jantung menjadi sumber darah yang dipompa dan mengalir ke seluruh tubuh. Bahkan detak jantung merupakan salah satu parameter adanya kehidupan dalam diri manusia.

Sedikit masalah pada jantung bisa menyebabkan masalah serius pada organ lain dalam tubuh. Jantung yang sehat memberikan kesempatan bagi manusia untuk hidup lebih lama. Untuk itu, manusia harus senantiasa menjaga kesehatan jantung mereka.

Sakit yang terjadi pada jantung bisa disebabkan oleh dua hal. Pertama adalah sakit bawaan yang dipengaruhi oleh genetik sejak lahir, sementara yang kedua adalah penyakit jantung yang disebabkan gaya hidup dan bisa dicegah. Untuk mencegah penyakit jantung jenis kedua, Anda bisa mengonsumsi beberapa camilan sehat berikut ini, seperti dilansir oleh Boldsky

1. Oat

Oat yang terbuat dari gandum adalah camilan paling sehat untuk jantung. Oat ini bisa menurunkan kolesterol dan menjaga kesehatan jantung. Oat juga mengandung lemak yang sehat serta asam lemak yang bisa menurunkan jumlah kolesterol jahat. Untuk itu, oat diketahui sebagai camilan dan sarapan yang sehat untuk jantung Anda. Menjaga jantung sehat bisa dimulai dengan memasukkan oat pada menu Anda secara teratur.

2. Sandwich roti cokelat

Roti cokelat yang dimaksud di sini bukan roti putih yang berisi cokelat, melainkan roti berwarna cokelat yang terbuat dari gandum utuh. Roti cokelat dari gandum utuh sangat baik untuk jantung, terutama jika dipadukan dengan sayuran dan buah yang mengandung banyak vitamin, mineral dan nutrisi dalam bentuk sandwich. Sandwich roti gandum yang dipotong kecil-kecil bisa menjadi camilan yang menyehatkan untuk Anda. sandwich bisa diisi daun bayam, tomat, mentimun, dan bawang merah untuk membuat jantung lebih sehat.

3. Kecambah

Kecambah mengandung nutrisi yang bisa menyeimbangkan tingkat kolesterol dan menjaga kesehatan jantung. Semangkuk kecambah atau tauge setiap hari dicampur dengan bawang merah, tomat atau sayuran lainnya bisa menjadi camilan yang sangat menyehatkan jantung. Tambahkan juga tauge pada salad atau masakan Anda.

4. Buah dan yogurt

Campuran buah dan yogurt tak hanya mengenyangkan tetapi juga sangat menyehatkan jantung dan membuat Anda kembali berenergi. Yogurt dan buah juga memiliki kandungan lemak yang rendah serta kandungan antioksidan yang sangat tinggi. Tak hanya menyehatkan jantung, camilan sehat ini juga membantu Anda berdiet dan menangkal radikal bebas pada tubuh.

5. Sup

Sup adalah salah satu jenis makanan yang juga bisa Anda konsumsi sebagai camilan. Anda bisa menggunakan berbagai macam sayuran yang menyehatkan jantung seperti bayam dan tomat yang mengandung banyak nutrisi dan antioksidan. Meski bisa dijadikan camilan, namun sup juga bisa mengenyangkan.

Itulah beberapa camilan yang bisa Anda konsumsi untuk menyehatkan jantung. Selain enak dan mudah dibuat, camilan di atas juga kaya nutrisi yang tak hanya menyehatkan jantung tetapi juga membantu Anda tetap bugar.

Sumber : Kompas.com

Editor : Maulana Lee

Ada Lima Camilan enak ini membuat jantung sehat!

Late in April, after Native American actors walked off in disgust from the set of Adam Sandler’s latest film, a western sendup that its distributor, Netflix, has defended as being equally offensive to all, a glow of pride spread through several Native American communities.

Tantoo Cardinal, a Canadian indigenous actress who played Black Shawl in “Dances With Wolves,” recalled thinking to herself, “It’s come.” Larry Sellers, who starred as Cloud Dancing in the 1990s television show “Dr. Quinn, Medicine Woman,” thought, “It’s about time.” Jesse Wente, who is Ojibwe and directs film programming at the TIFF Bell Lightbox in Toronto, found himself encouraged and surprised. There are so few film roles for indigenous actors, he said, that walking off the set of a major production showed real mettle.

But what didn’t surprise Mr. Wente was the content of the script. According to the actors who walked off the set, the film, titled “The Ridiculous Six,” included a Native American woman who passes out and is revived after white men douse her with alcohol, and another woman squatting to urinate while lighting a peace pipe. “There’s enough history at this point to have set some expectations around these sort of Hollywood depictions,” Mr. Wente said.

The walkout prompted a rhetorical “What do you expect from an Adam Sandler film?,” and a Netflix spokesman said that in the movie, blacks, Mexicans and whites were lampooned as well. But Native American actors and critics said a broader issue was at stake. While mainstream portrayals of native peoples have, Mr. Wente said, become “incrementally better” over the decades, he and others say, they remain far from accurate and reflect a lack of opportunities for Native American performers. What’s more, as Native Americans hunger for representation on screen, critics say the absence of three-dimensional portrayals has very real off-screen consequences.

“Our people are still healing from historical trauma,” said Loren Anthony, one of the actors who walked out. “Our youth are still trying to figure out who they are, where they fit in this society. Kids are killing themselves. They’re not proud of who they are.” They also don’t, he added, see themselves on prime time television or the big screen. Netflix noted while about five people walked off the “The Ridiculous Six” set, 100 or so Native American actors and extras stayed.

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But in interviews, nearly a dozen Native American actors and film industry experts said that Mr. Sandler’s humor perpetuated decades-old negative stereotypes. Mr. Anthony said such depictions helped feed the despondency many Native Americans feel, with deadly results: Native Americans have the highest suicide rate out of all the country’s ethnicities.

The on-screen problem is twofold, Mr. Anthony and others said: There’s a paucity of roles for Native Americans — according to the Screen Actors Guild in 2008 they accounted for 0.3 percent of all on-screen parts (those figures have yet to be updated), compared to about 2 percent of the general population — and Native American actors are often perceived in a narrow way.

In his Peabody Award-winning documentary “Reel Injun,” the Cree filmmaker Neil Diamond explored Hollywood depictions of Native Americans over the years, and found they fell into a few stereotypical categories: the Noble Savage, the Drunk Indian, the Mystic, the Indian Princess, the backward tribal people futilely fighting John Wayne and manifest destiny. While the 1990 film “Dances With Wolves” won praise for depicting Native Americans as fully fleshed out human beings, not all indigenous people embraced it. It was still told, critics said, from the colonialists’ point of view. In an interview, John Trudell, a Santee Sioux writer, actor (“Thunderheart”) and the former chairman of the American Indian Movement, described the film as “a story of two white people.”

“God bless ‘Dances with Wolves,’ ” Michael Horse, who played Deputy Hawk in “Twin Peaks,” said sarcastically. “Even ‘Avatar.’ Someone’s got to come save the tribal people.”

Dan Spilo, a partner at Industry Entertainment who represents Adam Beach, one of today’s most prominent Native American actors, said while typecasting dogs many minorities, it is especially intractable when it comes to Native Americans. Casting directors, he said, rarely cast them as police officers, doctors or lawyers. “There’s the belief that the Native American character should be on reservations or riding a horse,” he said.

“We don’t see ourselves,” Mr. Horse said. “We’re still an antiquated culture to them, and to the rest of the world.”

Ms. Cardinal said she was once turned down for the role of the wife of a child-abusing cop because the filmmakers felt that casting her would somehow be “too political.”

Another sore point is the long run of white actors playing American Indians, among them Burt Lancaster, Rock Hudson, Audrey Hepburn and, more recently, Johnny Depp, whose depiction of Tonto in the 2013 film “Lone Ranger,” was viewed as racist by detractors. There are, of course, exceptions. The former A&E series “Longmire,” which, as it happens, will now be on Netflix, was roundly praised for its depiction of life on a Northern Cheyenne reservation, with Lou Diamond Phillips, who is of Cherokee descent, playing a Northern Cheyenne man.

Others also point to the success of Mr. Beach, who played a Mohawk detective in “Law & Order: Special Victims Unit” and landed a starring role in the forthcoming D C Comics picture “Suicide Squad.” Mr. Beach said he had come across insulting scripts backed by people who don’t see anything wrong with them.

“I’d rather starve than do something that is offensive to my ancestral roots,” Mr. Beach said. “But I think there will always be attempts to drawn on the weakness of native people’s struggles. The savage Indian will always be the savage Indian. The white man will always be smarter and more cunning. The cavalry will always win.”

The solution, Mr. Wente, Mr. Trudell and others said, lies in getting more stories written by and starring Native Americans. But Mr. Wente noted that while independent indigenous film has blossomed in the last two decades, mainstream depictions have yet to catch up. “You have to stop expecting for Hollywood to correct it, because there seems to be no ability or desire to correct it,” Mr. Wente said.

There have been calls to boycott Netflix but, writing for Indian Country Today Media Network, which first broke news of the walk off, the filmmaker Brian Young noted that the distributor also offered a number of films by or about Native Americans.

The furor around “The Ridiculous Six” may drive more people to see it. Then one of the questions that Mr. Trudell, echoing others, had about the film will be answered: “Who the hell laughs at this stuff?”

Native American Actors Work to Overcome a Long-Documented Bias

HOBART, Tasmania — Few places seem out of reach for China’s leader, Xi Jinping, who has traveled from European capitals to obscure Pacific and Caribbean islands in pursuit of his nation’s strategic interests.

So perhaps it was not surprising when he turned up last fall in this city on the edge of the Southern Ocean to put down a long-distance marker in another faraway region, Antarctica, 2,000 miles south of this Australian port.

Standing on the deck of an icebreaker that ferries Chinese scientists from this last stop before the frozen continent, Mr. Xi pledged that China would continue to expand in one of the few places on earth that remain unexploited by humans.

He signed a five-year accord with the Australian government that allows Chinese vessels and, in the future, aircraft to resupply for fuel and food before heading south. That will help secure easier access to a region that is believed to have vast oil and mineral resources; huge quantities of high-protein sea life; and for times of possible future dire need, fresh water contained in icebergs.

It was not until 1985, about seven decades after Robert Scott and Roald Amundsen raced to the South Pole, that a team representing Beijing hoisted the Chinese flag over the nation’s first Antarctic research base, the Great Wall Station on King George Island.

But now China seems determined to catch up. As it has bolstered spending on Antarctic research, and as the early explorers, especially the United States and Australia, confront stagnant budgets, there is growing concern about its intentions.

China’s operations on the continent — it opened its fourth research station last year, chose a site for a fifth, and is investing in a second icebreaker and new ice-capable planes and helicopters — are already the fastest growing of the 52 signatories to the Antarctic Treaty. That gentlemen’s agreement reached in 1959 bans military activity on the continent and aims to preserve it as one of the world’s last wildernesses; a related pact prohibits mining.

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But Mr. Xi’s visit was another sign that China is positioning itself to take advantage of the continent’s resource potential when the treaty expires in 2048 — or in the event that it is ripped up before, Chinese and Australian experts say.

“So far, our research is natural-science based, but we know there is more and more concern about resource security,” said Yang Huigen, director general of the Polar Research Institute of China, who accompanied Mr. Xi last November on his visit to Hobart and stood with him on the icebreaker, Xue Long, or Snow Dragon.

With that in mind, the polar institute recently opened a new division devoted to the study of resources, law, geopolitics and governance in Antarctica and the Arctic, Mr. Yang said.

Australia, a strategic ally of the United States that has strong economic relations with China, is watching China’s buildup in the Antarctic with a mix of gratitude — China’s presence offers support for Australia’s Antarctic science program, which is short of cash — and wariness.

“We should have no illusions about the deeper agenda — one that has not even been agreed to by Chinese scientists but is driven by Xi, and most likely his successors,” said Peter Jennings, executive director of the Australian Strategic Policy Institute and a former senior official in the Australian Department of Defense.

“This is part of a broader pattern of a mercantilist approach all around the world,” Mr. Jennings added. “A big driver of Chinese policy is to secure long-term energy supply and food supply.”

That approach was evident last month when a large Chinese agriculture enterprise announced an expansion of its fishing operations around Antarctica to catch more krill — small, protein-rich crustaceans that are abundant in Antarctic waters.

“The Antarctic is a treasure house for all human beings, and China should go there and share,” Liu Shenli, the chairman of the China National Agricultural Development Group, told China Daily, a state-owned newspaper. China would aim to fish up to two million tons of krill a year, he said, a substantial increase from what it currently harvests.

Because sovereignty over Antarctica is unclear, nations have sought to strengthen their claims over the ice-covered land by building research bases and naming geographic features. China’s fifth station will put it within reach of the six American facilities, and ahead of Australia’s three.

Chinese mappers have also given Chinese names to more than 300 sites, compared with the thousands of locations on the continent with English names.

In the unspoken competition for Antarctica’s future, scientific achievement can also translate into influence. Chinese scientists are driving to be the first to drill and recover an ice core containing tiny air bubbles that provide a record of climate change stretching as far back as 1.5 million years. It is an expensive and delicate effort at which others, including the European Union and Australia, have failed.

In a breakthrough a decade ago, European scientists extracted an ice core nearly two miles long that revealed 800,000 years of climate history. But finding an ice core going back further would allow scientists to examine a change in the earth’s climate cycles believed to have occurred 900,000 to 1.2 million years ago.

China is betting it has found the best location to drill, at an area called Dome A, or Dome Argus, the highest point on the East Antarctic Ice Sheet. Though it is considered one of the coldest places on the planet, with temperatures of 130 degrees below zero Fahrenheit, a Chinese expedition explored the area in 2005 and established a research station in 2009.

“The international community has drilled in lots of places, but no luck so far,” said Xiao Cunde, a member of the first party to reach the site and the deputy director of the Institute for Climate Change at the Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences. “We think at Dome A we will have a straight shot at the one-million-year ice core.”

Mr. Xiao said China had already begun drilling and hoped to find what scientists are looking for in four to five years.

To support its Antarctic aspirations, China is building a sophisticated $300 million icebreaker that is expected to be ready in a few years, said Xia Limin, deputy director of the Chinese Arctic and Antarctic Administration in Beijing. It has also bought a high-tech fixed-wing aircraft, outfitted in the United States, for taking sensitive scientific soundings from the ice.

China has chosen the site for its fifth research station at Inexpressible Island, named by a group of British explorers who were stranded at the desolate site in 1912 and survived the winter by excavating a small ice cave.

Mr. Xia said the inhospitable spot was ideal because China did not have a presence in that part of Antarctica, and because the rocky site did not have much snow, making it relatively cheap to build there.

Anne-Marie Brady, a professor of political science at the University of Canterbury in New Zealand and the author of a soon-to-be-released book, “China as a Polar Great Power,” said Chinese scientists also believed they had a good chance of finding mineral and energy resources near the site.

“China is playing a long game in Antarctica and keeping other states guessing about its true intentions and interests are part of its poker hand,” she said. But she noted that China’s interest in finding minerals was presented “loud and clear to domestic audiences” as the main reason it was investing in Antarctica.

Because commercial drilling is banned, estimates of energy and mineral resources in Antarctica rely on remote sensing data and comparisons with similar geological environments elsewhere, said Millard F. Coffin, executive director of the Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies in Hobart.

But the difficulty of extraction in such severe conditions and uncertainty about future commodity prices make it unlikely that China or any country would defy the ban on mining anytime soon.

Tourism, however, is already booming. Travelers from China are still a relatively small contingent in the Antarctic compared with the more than 13,000 Americans who visited in 2013, and as yet there are no licensed Chinese tour operators.

But that is about to change, said Anthony Bergin, deputy director of the Australian Strategic Policy Institute. “I understand very soon there will be Chinese tourists on Chinese vessels with all-Chinese crew in the Antarctic,” he said.

 

Top News China’s Intents Are Questioned as It Builds in Antarctica

Even as a high school student, Dave Goldberg was urging female classmates to speak up. As a young dot-com executive, he had one girlfriend after another, but fell hard for a driven friend named Sheryl Sandberg, pining after her for years. After they wed, Mr. Goldberg pushed her to negotiate hard for high compensation and arranged his schedule so that he could be home with their children when she was traveling for work.

Mr. Goldberg, who died unexpectedly on Friday, was a genial, 47-year-old Silicon Valley entrepreneur who built his latest company, SurveyMonkey, from a modest enterprise to one recently valued by investors at $2 billion. But he was also perhaps the signature male feminist of his era: the first major chief executive in memory to spur his wife to become as successful in business as he was, and an essential figure in “Lean In,” Ms. Sandberg’s blockbuster guide to female achievement.

Over the weekend, even strangers were shocked at his death, both because of his relatively young age and because they knew of him as the living, breathing, car-pooling center of a new philosophy of two-career marriage.

“They were very much the role models for what this next generation wants to grapple with,” said Debora L. Spar, the president of Barnard College. In a 2011 commencement speech there, Ms. Sandberg told the graduates that whom they married would be their most important career decision.

In the play “The Heidi Chronicles,” revived on Broadway this spring, a male character who is the founder of a media company says that “I don’t want to come home to an A-plus,” explaining that his ambitions require him to marry an unthreatening helpmeet. Mr. Goldberg grew up to hold the opposite view, starting with his upbringing in progressive Minneapolis circles where “there was woman power in every aspect of our lives,” Jeffrey Dachis, a childhood friend, said in an interview.

The Goldberg parents read “The Feminine Mystique” together — in fact, Mr. Goldberg’s father introduced it to his wife, according to Ms. Sandberg’s book. In 1976, Paula Goldberg helped found a nonprofit to aid children with disabilities. Her husband, Mel, a law professor who taught at night, made the family breakfast at home.

Later, when Dave Goldberg was in high school and his prom date, Jill Chessen, stayed silent in a politics class, he chastised her afterward. He said, “You need to speak up,” Ms. Chessen recalled in an interview. “They need to hear your voice.”

Years later, when Karin Gilford, an early employee at Launch Media, Mr. Goldberg’s digital music company, became a mother, he knew exactly what to do. He kept giving her challenging assignments, she recalled, but also let her work from home one day a week. After Yahoo acquired Launch, Mr. Goldberg became known for distributing roses to all the women in the office on Valentine’s Day.

Ms. Sandberg, who often describes herself as bossy-in-a-good-way, enchanted him when they became friendly in the mid-1990s. He “was smitten with her,” Ms. Chessen remembered. Ms. Sandberg was dating someone else, but Mr. Goldberg still hung around, even helping her and her then-boyfriend move, recalled Bob Roback, a friend and co-founder of Launch. When they finally married in 2004, friends remember thinking how similar the two were, and that the qualities that might have made Ms. Sandberg intimidating to some men drew Mr. Goldberg to her even more.

Over the next decade, Mr. Goldberg and Ms. Sandberg pioneered new ways of capturing information online, had a son and then a daughter, became immensely wealthy, and hashed out their who-does-what-in-this-marriage issues. Mr. Goldberg’s commute from the Bay Area to Los Angeles became a strain, so he relocated, later joking that he “lost the coin flip” of where they would live. He paid the bills, she planned the birthday parties, and both often left their offices at 5:30 so they could eat dinner with their children before resuming work afterward.

Friends in Silicon Valley say they were careful to conduct their careers separately, politely refusing when outsiders would ask one about the other’s work: Ms. Sandberg’s role building Facebook into an information and advertising powerhouse, and Mr. Goldberg at SurveyMonkey, which made polling faster and cheaper. But privately, their work was intertwined. He often began statements to his team with the phrase “Well, Sheryl said” sharing her business advice. He counseled her, too, starting with her salary negotiations with Mark Zuckerberg.

“I wanted Mark to really feel he stretched to get Sheryl, because she was worth it,” Mr. Goldberg explained in a 2013 “60 Minutes” interview, his Minnesota accent and his smile intact as he offered a rare peek of the intersection of marriage and money at the top of corporate life.

 

 

While his wife grew increasingly outspoken about women’s advancement, Mr. Goldberg quietly advised the men in the office on family and partnership matters, an associate said. Six out of 16 members of SurveyMonkey’s management team are female, an almost unheard-of ratio among Silicon Valley “unicorns,” or companies valued at over $1 billion.

When Mellody Hobson, a friend and finance executive, wrote a chapter of “Lean In” about women of color for the college edition of the book, Mr. Goldberg gave her feedback on the draft, a clue to his deep involvement. He joked with Ms. Hobson that she was too long-winded, like Ms. Sandberg, but aside from that, he said he loved the chapter, she said in an interview.

By then, Mr. Goldberg was a figure of fascination who inspired a “where can I get one of those?” reaction among many of the women who had read the best seller “Lean In.” Some lamented that Ms. Sandberg’s advice hinged too much on marrying a Dave Goldberg, who was humble enough to plan around his wife, attentive enough to worry about which shoes his young daughter would wear, and rich enough to help pay for the help that made the family’s balancing act manageable.

Now that he is gone, and Ms. Sandberg goes from being half of a celebrated partnership to perhaps the business world’s most prominent single mother, the pages of “Lean In” carry a new sting of loss.

“We are never at 50-50 at any given moment — perfect equality is hard to define or sustain — but we allow the pendulum to swing back and forth between us,” she wrote in 2013, adding that they were looking forward to raising teenagers together.

“Fortunately, I have Dave to figure it out with me,” she wrote.

Dave Goldberg Was Lifelong Women’s Advocate

A 2-minute-42-second demo recording captured in one take turned out to be a one-hit wonder for Mr. Ely, who was 19 when he sang the garage-band classic.

Jack Ely, Who Sang the Kingsmen’s ‘Louie Louie’, Dies at 71

WASHINGTON — The last three men to win the Republican nomination have been the prosperous son of a president (George W. Bush), a senator who could not recall how many homes his family owned (John McCain of Arizona; it was seven) and a private equity executive worth an estimated $200 million (Mitt Romney).

The candidates hoping to be the party’s nominee in 2016 are trying to create a very different set of associations. On Sunday, Ben Carson, a retired neurosurgeon, joined the presidential field.

Senator Marco Rubio of Florida praises his parents, a bartender and a Kmart stock clerk, as he urges audiences not to forget “the workers in our hotel kitchens, the landscaping crews in our neighborhoods, the late-night janitorial staff that clean our offices.”

Gov. Scott Walker of Wisconsin, a preacher’s son, posts on Twitter about his ham-and-cheese sandwiches and boasts of his coupon-clipping frugality. His $1 Kohl’s sweater has become a campaign celebrity in its own right.

Senator Rand Paul of Kentucky laments the existence of “two Americas,” borrowing the Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.’s phrase to describe economically and racially troubled communities like Ferguson, Mo., and Detroit.

Photo
 
Senator Marco Rubio of Florida praises his parents, a bartender and a Kmart stock clerk. Credit Joe Raedle/Getty Images

“Some say, ‘But Democrats care more about the poor,’ ” Mr. Paul likes to say. “If that’s true, why is black unemployment still twice white unemployment? Why has household income declined by $3,500 over the past six years?”

We are in the midst of the Empathy Primary — the rhetorical battleground shaping the Republican presidential field of 2016.

Harmed by the perception that they favor the wealthy at the expense of middle-of-the-road Americans, the party’s contenders are each trying their hardest to get across what the elder George Bush once inelegantly told recession-battered voters in 1992: “Message: I care.”

Their ability to do so — less bluntly, more sincerely — could prove decisive in an election year when power, privilege and family connections will loom large for both parties.

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Questions of understanding and compassion cost Republicans in the last election. Mr. Romney, who memorably dismissed the “47 percent” of Americans as freeloaders, lost to President Obama by 63 percentage points among voters who cast their ballots for the candidate who “cares about people like me,” according to exit polls.

And a Pew poll from February showed that people still believe Republicans are indifferent to working Americans: 54 percent said the Republican Party does not care about the middle class.

That taint of callousness explains why Senator Ted Cruz of Texas declared last week that Republicans “are and should be the party of the 47 percent” — and why another son of a president, Jeb Bush, has made economic opportunity the centerpiece of his message.

With his pedigree and considerable wealth — since he left the Florida governor’s office almost a decade ago he has earned millions of dollars sitting on corporate boards and advising banks — Mr. Bush probably has the most complicated task making the argument to voters that he understands their concerns.

On a visit last week to Puerto Rico, Mr. Bush sounded every bit the populist, railing against “elites” who have stifled economic growth and innovation. In the kind of economy he envisions leading, he said: “We wouldn’t have the middle being squeezed. People in poverty would have a chance to rise up. And the social strains that exist — because the haves and have-nots is the big debate in our country today — would subside.”

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Who Is Running for President (and Who’s Not)?

Republicans’ emphasis on poorer and working-class Americans now represents a shift from the party’s longstanding focus on business owners and “job creators” as the drivers of economic opportunity.

This is intentional, Republican operatives said.

In the last presidential election, Republicans rushed to defend business owners against what they saw as hostility by Democrats to successful, wealthy entrepreneurs.

“Part of what you had was a reaction to the Democrats’ dehumanization of business owners: ‘Oh, you think you started your plumbing company? No you didn’t,’ ” said Grover Norquist, the conservative activist and president of Americans for Tax Reform.

But now, Mr. Norquist said, Republicans should move past that. “Focus on the people in the room who know someone who couldn’t get a job, or a promotion, or a raise because taxes are too high or regulations eat up companies’ time,” he said. “The rich guy can take care of himself.”

Democrats argue that the public will ultimately see through such an approach because Republican positions like opposing a minimum-wage increase and giving private banks a larger role in student loans would hurt working Americans.

“If Republican candidates are just repeating the same tired policies, I’m not sure that smiling while saying it is going to be enough,” said Guy Cecil, a Democratic strategist who is joining a “super PAC” working on behalf of Hillary Rodham Clinton.

Republicans have already attacked Mrs. Clinton over the wealth and power she and her husband have accumulated, caricaturing her as an out-of-touch multimillionaire who earns hundreds of thousands of dollars per speech and has not driven a car since 1996.

Mr. Walker hit this theme recently on Fox News, pointing to Mrs. Clinton’s lucrative book deals and her multiple residences. “This is not someone who is connected with everyday Americans,” he said. His own net worth, according to The Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, is less than a half-million dollars; Mr. Walker also owes tens of thousands of dollars on his credit cards.

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But showing off a cheap sweater or boasting of a bootstraps family background not only helps draw a contrast with Mrs. Clinton’s latter-day affluence, it is also an implicit argument against Mr. Bush.

Mr. Walker, who featured a 1998 Saturn with more than 100,000 miles on the odometer in a 2010 campaign ad during his first run for governor, likes to talk about flipping burgers at McDonald’s as a young person. His mother, he has said, grew up on a farm with no indoor plumbing until she was in high school.

Mr. Rubio, among the least wealthy members of the Senate, with an estimated net worth of around a half-million dollars, uses his working-class upbringing as evidence of the “exceptionalism” of America, “where even the son of a bartender and a maid can have the same dreams and the same future as those who come from power and privilege.”

Mr. Cruz alludes to his family’s dysfunction — his parents, he says, were heavy drinkers — and recounts his father’s tale of fleeing Cuba with $100 sewn into his underwear.

Gov. Chris Christie of New Jersey notes that his father paid his way through college working nights at an ice cream plant.

But sometimes the attempts at projecting authenticity can seem forced. Mr. Christie recently found himself on the defensive after telling a New Hampshire audience, “I don’t consider myself a wealthy man.” Tax returns showed that he and his wife, a longtime Wall Street executive, earned nearly $700,000 in 2013.

The story of success against the odds is a political classic, even if it is one the Republican Party has not been able to tell for a long time. Ronald Reagan liked to say that while he had not been born on the wrong side of the tracks, he could always hear the whistle. Richard Nixon was fond of reminding voters how he was born in a house his father had built.

“Probably the idea that is most attractive to an average voter, and an idea that both Republicans and Democrats try to craft into their messages, is this idea that you can rise from nothing,” said Charles C. W. Cooke, a writer for National Review.

There is a certain delight Republicans take in turning that message to their advantage now.

“That’s what Obama did with Hillary,” Mr. Cooke said. “He acknowledged it openly: ‘This is ridiculous. Look at me, this one-term senator with dark skin and all of America’s unsolved racial problems, running against the wife of the last Democratic president.”

G.O.P. Hopefuls Now Aiming to Woo the Middle Class

The 2015 Met Gala has only officially begun, but there's a clear leader in the race for best couple, no small feat at an event that threatens to sap Hollywood of every celebrity it has for the duration of an East Coast evening.

That would be Marc Jacobs and his surprise guest (who, by some miracle, remained under wraps until their red carpet debut), Cher.

“This has been a dream of mine for a very, very long time,” Mr. Jacobs said.

It is Cher's first appearance at the Met Gala since 1997, when she arrived on the arm of Donatella Versace.

– MATTHEW SCHNEIER

Cher and Marc Jacobs

Mr. Paczynski was one of the concentration camp’s longest surviving inmates and served as the personal barber to its Nazi commandant Rudolf Höss.

Jozef Paczynski, Inmate Barber to Auschwitz Commandant, Dies at 95

BEIJING (AP) — The head of Taiwan's Nationalists reaffirmed the party's support for eventual unification with the mainland when he met Monday with Chinese President Xi Jinping as part of continuing rapprochement between the former bitter enemies.

Nationalist Party Chairman Eric Chu, a likely presidential candidate next year, also affirmed Taiwan's desire to join the proposed Chinese-led Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank during the meeting in Beijing. China claims Taiwan as its own territory and doesn't want the island to join using a name that might imply it is an independent country.

Chu's comments during his meeting with Xi were carried live on Hong Kong-based broadcaster Phoenix Television.

The Nationalists were driven to Taiwan by Mao Zedong's Communists during the Chinese civil war in 1949, leading to decades of hostility between the sides. Chu, who took over as party leader in January, is the third Nationalist chairman to visit the mainland and the first since 2009.

Relations between the communist-ruled mainland and the self-governing democratic island of Taiwan began to warm in the 1990s, partly out of their common opposition to Taiwan's formal independence from China, a position advocated by the island's Democratic Progressive Party.

Despite increasingly close economic ties, the prospect of political unification has grown increasingly unpopular on Taiwan, especially with younger voters. Opposition to the Nationalists' pro-China policies was seen as a driver behind heavy local electoral defeats for the party last year that led to Taiwanese President Ma Ying-jeou resigning as party chairman.

Taiwan party leader affirms eventual reunion with China

Ms. Crough played the youngest daughter on the hit ’70s sitcom starring David Cassidy and Shirley Jones.

Suzanne Crough, Actress in ‘The Partridge Family,’ Dies at 52

Mr. Alger, who served five terms from Texas, led Republican women in a confrontation with Lyndon B. Johnson that may have cost Richard M. Nixon the 1960 presidential election.

Bruce Alger, 96, Dies; Led ‘Mink Coat’ Protest Against Lyndon Johnson
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Many bodies prepared for cremation last week in Kathmandu were of young men from Gongabu, a common stopover for Nepali migrant workers headed overseas. Credit Daniel Berehulak for The New York Times

KATHMANDU, Nepal — When the dense pillar of smoke from cremations by the Bagmati River was thinning late last week, the bodies were all coming from Gongabu, a common stopover for Nepali migrant workers headed overseas, and they were all of young men.

Hindu custom dictates that funeral pyres should be lighted by the oldest son of the deceased, but these men were too young to have sons, so they were burned by their brothers or fathers. Sukla Lal, a maize farmer, made a 14-hour journey by bus to retrieve the body of his 19-year-old son, who had been on his way to the Persian Gulf to work as a laborer.

“He wanted to live in the countryside, but he was compelled to leave by poverty,” Mr. Lal said, gazing ahead steadily as his son’s remains smoldered. “He told me, ‘You can live on your land, and I will come up with money, and we will have a happy family.’ ”

Weeks will pass before the authorities can give a complete accounting of who died in the April 25 earthquake, but it is already clear that Nepal cannot afford the losses. The countryside was largely stripped of its healthy young men even before the quake, as they migrated in great waves — 1,500 a day by some estimates — to work as laborers in India, Malaysia or one of the gulf nations, leaving many small communities populated only by elderly parents, women and children. Economists say that at some times of the year, one-quarter of Nepal’s population is working outside the country.

Nepal’s Young Men, Lost to Migration, Then a Quake

With 12 tournament victories in his career, Mr. Peete was the most successful black professional golfer before Tiger Woods.

Calvin Peete, 71, a Racial Pioneer on the PGA Tour, Is Dead

Mr. Pfaff was an international affairs columnist and author who found Washington’s intervention in world affairs often misguided.

William Pfaff, Critic of American Foreign Policy, Dies at 86

WASHINGTON — A decade after emergency trailers meant to shelter Hurricane Katrina victims instead caused burning eyes, sore throats and other more serious ailments, the Environmental Protection Agency is on the verge of regulating the culprit: formaldehyde, a chemical that can be found in commonplace things like clothes and furniture.

But an unusual assortment of players, including furniture makers, the Chinese government, Republicans from states with a large base of furniture manufacturing and even some Democrats who championed early regulatory efforts, have questioned the E.P.A. proposal. The sustained opposition has held sway, as the agency is now preparing to ease key testing requirements before it releases the landmark federal health standard.

The E.P.A.’s five-year effort to adopt this rule offers another example of how industry opposition can delay and hamper attempts by the federal government to issue regulations, even to control substances known to be harmful to human health.

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Document: The Formaldehyde Fight

Formaldehyde is a known carcinogen that can also cause respiratory ailments like asthma, but the potential of long-term exposure to cause cancers like myeloid leukemia is less well understood.

The E.P.A.’s decision would be the first time that the federal government has regulated formaldehyde inside most American homes.

“The stakes are high for public health,” said Tom Neltner, senior adviser for regulatory affairs at the National Center for Healthy Housing, who has closely monitored the debate over the rules. “What we can’t have here is an outcome that fails to confront the health threat we all know exists.”

The proposal would not ban formaldehyde — commonly used as an ingredient in wood glue in furniture and flooring — but it would impose rules that prevent dangerous levels of the chemical’s vapors from those products, and would set testing standards to ensure that products sold in the United States comply with those limits. The debate has sharpened in the face of growing concern about the safety of formaldehyde-treated flooring imported from Asia, especially China.

What is certain is that a lot of money is at stake: American companies sell billions of dollars’ worth of wood products each year that contain formaldehyde, and some argue that the proposed regulation would impose unfair costs and restrictions.

Determined to block the agency’s rule as proposed, these industry players have turned to the White House, members of Congress and top E.P.A. officials, pressing them to roll back the testing requirements in particular, calling them redundant and too expensive.

“There are potentially over a million manufacturing jobs that will be impacted if the proposed rule is finalized without changes,” wrote Bill Perdue, the chief lobbyist at the American Home Furnishings Alliance, a leading critic of the testing requirements in the proposed regulation, in one letter to the E.P.A.

Industry opposition helped create an odd alignment of forces working to thwart the rule. The White House moved to strike out key aspects of the proposal. Subsequent appeals for more changes were voiced by players as varied as Senator Barbara Boxer, Democrat of California, and Senator Roger Wicker, Republican of Mississippi, as well as furniture industry lobbyists.

Hurricane Katrina in 2005 helped ignite the public debate over formaldehyde, after the deadly storm destroyed or damaged hundreds of thousands of homes along the Gulf of Mexico, forcing families into temporary trailers provided by the Federal Emergency Management Agency.

The displaced storm victims quickly began reporting respiratory problems, burning eyes and other issues, and tests then confirmed high levels of formaldehyde fumes leaking into the air inside the trailers, which in many cases had been hastily constructed.

Public health advocates petitioned the E.P.A. to issue limits on formaldehyde in building materials and furniture used in homes, given that limits already existed for exposure in workplaces. But three years after the storm, only California had issued such limits.

Industry groups like the American Chemistry Council have repeatedly challenged the science linking formaldehyde to cancer, a position championed by David Vitter, the Republican senator from Louisiana, who is a major recipient of chemical industry campaign contributions, and whom environmental groups have mockingly nicknamed “Senator Formaldehyde.”

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Formaldehyde in Laminate Flooring

In laminate flooring, formaldehyde is used as a bonding agent in the fiberboard (or other composite wood) core layer and may also be used in glues that bind layers together. Concerns were raised in March when certain laminate flooring imported from China was reported to contain levels of formaldehyde far exceeding the limit permitted by California.

Typical

laminate

flooring

CLEAR FINISH LAYER

Often made of melamine resin

PATTERN LAYER

Paper printed to resemble wood,

or a thin wood veneer

GLUE

Layers may be bound using

formaldehyde-based glues

CORE LAYER

Fiberboard or other

composite, formed using

formaldehyde-based adhesives

BASE LAYER

Moisture-resistant vapor barrier

What is formaldehyde?

Formaldehyde is a common chemical used in many industrial and household products as an adhesive, bonding agent or preservative. It is classified as a volatile organic compound. The term volatile means that, at room temperature, formaldehyde will vaporize, or become a gas. Products made with formaldehyde tend to release this gas into the air. If breathed in large quantities, it may cause health problems.

WHERE IT IS COMMONLY FOUND

POTENTIAL HEALTH RISKS

Pressed-wood and composite wood products

Wallpaper and paints

Spray foam insulation used in construction

Commercial wood floor finishes

Crease-resistant fabrics

In cigarette smoke, or in the fumes from combustion of other materials, including wood, oil and gasoline.

Exposure to formaldehyde in sufficient amounts may cause eye, throat or skin irritation, allergic reactions, and respiratory problems like coughing, wheezing or asthma.

Long-term exposure to high levels has been associated with cancer in humans and laboratory animals.

Exposure to formaldehyde may affect some people more severely than others.

By 2010, public health advocates and some industry groups secured bipartisan support in Congress for legislation that ordered the E.P.A. to issue federal rules that largely mirrored California’s restrictions. At the time, concerns were rising over the growing number of lower-priced furniture imports from Asia that might include contaminated products, while also hurting sales of American-made products.

Maneuvering began almost immediately after the E.P.A. prepared draft rules to formally enact the new standards.

White House records show at least five meetings in mid-2012 with industry executives — kitchen cabinet makers, chemical manufacturers, furniture trade associations and their lobbyists, like Brock R. Landry, of the Venable law firm. These parties, along with Senator Vitter’s office, appealed to top administration officials, asking them to intervene to roll back the E.P.A. proposal.

The White House Office of Management and Budget, which reviews major federal regulations before they are adopted, apparently agreed. After the White House review, the E.P.A. “redlined” many of the estimates of the monetary benefits that would be gained by reductions in related health ailments, like asthma and fertility issues, documents reviewed by The New York Times show.

As a result, the estimated benefit of the proposed rule dropped to $48 million a year, from as much as $278 million a year. The much-reduced amount deeply weakened the agency’s justification for the sometimes costly new testing that would be required under the new rules, a federal official involved in the effort said.

“It’s a redlining blood bath,” said Lisa Heinzerling, a Georgetown University Law School professor and a former E.P.A. official, using the Washington phrase to describe when language is stricken from a proposed rule. “Almost the entire discussion of these potential benefits was excised.”

Senator Vitter’s staff was pleased.

“That’s a huge difference,” said Luke Bolar, a spokesman for Mr. Vitter, of the reduced estimated financial benefits, saying the change was “clearly highlighting more mismanagement” at the E.P.A.

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The review’s outcome galvanized opponents in the furniture industry. They then targeted a provision that mandated new testing of laminated wood, a cheaper alternative to hardwood. (The California standard on which the law was based did not require such testing.)

But E.P.A. scientists had concluded that these laminate products — millions of which are sold annually in the United States — posed a particular risk. They said that when thin layers of wood, also known as laminate or veneer, are added to furniture or flooring in the final stages of manufacturing, the resulting product can generate dangerous levels of fumes from often-used formaldehyde-based glues.

Industry executives, outraged by what they considered an unnecessary and financially burdensome level of testing, turned every lever within reach to get the requirement removed. It would be particularly onerous, they argued, for small manufacturers that would have to repeatedly interrupt their work to do expensive new testing. The E.P.A. estimated that the expanded requirements for laminate products would cost the furniture industry tens of millions of dollars annually, while the industry said that the proposed rule over all would cost its 7,000 American manufacturing facilities over $200 million each year.

“A lot of people don’t seem to appreciate what a lot of these requirements do to a small operation,” said Dick Titus, executive vice president of the Kitchen Cabinet Manufacturers Association, whose members are predominantly small businesses. “A 10-person shop, for example, just really isn’t equipped to handle that type of thing.”

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Becky Gillette wants strong regulation of formaldehyde. Credit Beth Hall for The New York Times

Big industry players also weighed in. Executives from companies including La-Z-Boy, Hooker Furniture and Ashley Furniture all flew to Washington for a series of meetings with the offices of lawmakers including House Speaker John Boehner, Republican of Ohio, and about a dozen other lawmakers, asking several of them to sign a letter prepared by the industry to press the E.P.A. to back down, according to an industry report describing the lobbying visit.

Within a matter of weeks, two letters — using nearly identical language — were sent by House and Senate lawmakers to the E.P.A. — with the industry group forwarding copies of the letters to the agency as well, and then posting them on its website.

The industry lobbyists also held their own meeting at E.P.A. headquarters, and they urged Jim Jones, who oversaw the rule-making process as the assistant administrator for the agency’s Office of Chemical Safety and Pollution Prevention, to visit a North Carolina furniture manufacturing plant. According to the trade group, Mr. Jones told them that the visit had “helped the agency shift its thinking” about the rules and how laminated products should be treated.

The resistance was particularly intense from lawmakers like Mr. Wicker of Mississippi, whose state is home to major manufacturing plants owned by Ashley Furniture Industries, the world’s largest furniture maker, and who is one of the biggest recipients in Congress of donations from the industry’s trade association. Asked if the political support played a role, a spokesman for Mr. Wicker replied: “Thousands of Mississippians depend on the furniture manufacturing industry for their livelihoods. Senator Wicker is committed to defending all Mississippians from government overreach.”

Individual companies like Ikea also intervened, as did the Chinese government, which claimed that the new rule would create a “great barrier” to the import of Chinese products because of higher costs.

Perhaps the most surprising objection came from Senator Boxer, of California, a longtime environmental advocate, whose office questioned why the E.P.A.’s rule went further than her home state’s in seeking testing on laminated products. “We did not advocate an outcome, other than safety,” her office said in a statement about why the senator raised concerns. “We said ‘Take a look to see if you have it right.’ ”

Safety advocates say that tighter restrictions — like the ones Ms. Boxer and Mr. Wicker, along with Representative Doris Matsui, a California Democrat, have questioned — are necessary, particularly for products coming from China, where items as varied as toys and Christmas lights have been found to violate American safety standards.

While Mr. Neltner, the environmental advocate who has been most involved in the review process, has been open to compromise, he has pressed the E.P.A. not to back down entirely, and to maintain a requirement that laminators verify that their products are safe.

An episode of CBS’s “60 Minutes” in March brought attention to the issue when it accused Lumber Liquidators, the discount flooring retailer, of selling laminate products with dangerous levels of formaldehyde. The company has disputed the show’s findings and test methods, maintaining that its products are safe.

“People think that just because Congress passed the legislation five years ago, the problem has been fixed,” said Becky Gillette, who then lived in coastal Mississippi, in the area hit by Hurricane Katrina, and was among the first to notice a pattern of complaints from people living in the trailers. “Real people’s faces and names come up in front of me when I think of the thousands of people who could get sick if this rule is not done right.”

An aide to Ms. Matsui rejected any suggestion that she was bending to industry pressure.

“From the beginning the public health has been our No. 1 concern,” said Kyle J. Victor, an aide to Ms. Matsui.

But further changes to the rule are likely, agency officials concede, as they say they are searching for a way to reduce the cost of complying with any final rule while maintaining public health goals. The question is just how radically the agency will revamp the testing requirement for laminated products — if it keeps it at all.

“It’s not a secret to anybody that is the most challenging issue,” said Mr. Jones, the E.P.A. official overseeing the process, adding that the health consequences from formaldehyde are real. “We have to reduce those exposures so that people can live healthy lives and not have to worry about being in their homes.”

The Uphill Battle to Better Regulate Formaldehyde

Gagne wrestled professionally from the late 1940s until the 1980s and was a transitional figure between the early 20th century barnstormers and the steroidal sideshows of today

Verne Gagne, Wrestler Who Grappled Through Two Eras, Dies at 89
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biaya berangkat umrah desember di Pondok Ranggon jakarta
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harga paket berangkat umrah mei di Jatinegara jakarta
paket promo umroh februari di Bidaracina jakarta
harga paket umroh akhir tahun di Cilangkap jakarta
paket promo berangkat umroh desember di Rawa Terate jakarta
harga paket umrah april di Halim Perdanakusuma jakarta
paket umrah april di Cilangkap jakarta
paket promo berangkat umroh februari di Cipinang Melayu jakarta
paket promo berangkat umrah mei di Cawang jakarta
biaya berangkat umrah januari di Makasar jakarta
paket umroh april di Klender jakarta
harga berangkat umroh februari di Duren Sawit jakarta
biaya umrah maret di Penggilingan jakarta
paket promo umrah awal tahun di Kampung Melayu jakarta
paket umroh desember di Halim Perdanakusuma jakarta
paket berangkat umrah maret di Halim Perdanakusuma jakarta
biaya umroh akhir tahun di Cakung jakarta
promo umroh awal tahun di Pulogebang jakarta
paket berangkat umroh desember di Bidaracina jakarta
biaya paket umrah juni di Bambu Apus jakarta
biaya paket umroh juni di Kampung Baru jakarta
paket umrah juni di Pinang Ranti jakarta
harga paket berangkat umrah ramadhan di Kebon Manggis jakarta
biaya umroh februari di Cipinang Cempedak jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umroh akhir tahun di Jatinegara Kaum jakarta
paket promo berangkat umrah ramadhan di Kayu Putih jakarta
biaya paket umroh mei di Duren Sawit jakarta
harga paket umrah akhir tahun di Pisangan Timur jakarta
harga berangkat umroh april di Batuampar jakarta
paket promo berangkat umroh maret di Lubang Buaya jakarta
promo umrah januari di Cibubur jakarta
harga paket berangkat umrah awal tahun di Cakung Barat jakarta
promo umrah maret di Kayu Manis jakarta
paket berangkat umroh desember di Penggilingan jakarta
harga berangkat umrah juni di Cipinang Cempedak jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umrah februari di Makasar jakarta
promo berangkat umroh akhir tahun di Pal Meriam jakarta
harga paket umroh februari bogor
paket promo umroh februari di Cipinang jakarta
harga umroh desember di Pulogebang jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umrah ramadhan di Pondok Kopi jakarta
biaya umrah april di Pondok Kelapa jakarta
promo umroh desember di Rawa Terate jakarta
harga berangkat umrah desember bekasi selatan
paket promo umrah akhir tahun di Makasar jakarta
paket promo berangkat umroh maret di Pal Meriam jakarta
harga umroh akhir tahun di Bambu Apus jakarta
paket promo berangkat umrah mei depok
harga paket umrah mei di Cipayung jakarta
biaya umroh februari di Kampung Melayu jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umroh akhir tahun di Kayu Manis jakarta
biaya paket umrah akhir tahun di Pondok Kopi jakarta
biaya paket umrah juni di Makasar jakarta
harga berangkat umrah april di Kramat Jati jakarta
harga berangkat umroh awal tahun depok
promo umrah februari di Bidaracina jakarta
harga berangkat umrah awal tahun tangerang
promo umroh februari di Cakung Barat jakarta
harga paket umrah desember di Kayu Manis jakarta
biaya umroh awal tahun bogor
promo berangkat umroh februari di Cakung Timur jakarta
harga berangkat umrah april di Cipinang jakarta
paket berangkat umrah mei di Pal Meriam jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umroh maret di Pasar Rebo jakarta
paket umrah maret di Cipinang Muara jakarta
paket promo berangkat umrah maret di Utan Kayu Utara jakarta
paket promo berangkat umroh mei di Kebon Pala jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umroh mei di Pasar Rebo jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umrah februari di Kebon Pala jakarta
harga umroh mei di Jati jakarta
paket berangkat umroh ramadhan di Setu jakarta
paket promo umroh desember di Batuampar jakarta
biaya berangkat umrah april di Penggilingan jakarta