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saco-indonesia.com, TNI AD akan siap untuk mengerahkan personel dan alutsista miliknya untuk dapat membantu kelancaran distribusi logistik Pemilu 2014. Kapal water jet terbaru milik TNI AD juga akan dikerahkan. Kepala Staf Angkatan Darat (Kasad), Jenderal TNI Budiman juga menyatakan, water jet itu nantinya akan mempunyai kapasitas 50 orang. Untuk kecepatannya bisa bisa mencapai 30 sampai 40 knot di atas permukaan air.

"Kita siapkan juga kapal angkutan air kita, kebetulan kapal itu produk dalam negeri sendiri yaitu water jet," kata Budiman di Balai Kartini, Jakarta, Rabu (12/2)

Budiman juga menambahkan, water jet tersebut juga merupakan pembelian alutsista yang telah dihasilkan dari perusahaan pembuat kapal ternama di Indonesia. Harga satuannya pun juga bisa dikatakan lebih murah jika dibandingkan dengan membeli dari luar negeri.

"Harga satu kapal seharga Rp 12 miliar, yang sudah dibuat sampai saat ini sudah 10 unit. Mudah-mudahan yang pertama jadi ini awal Maret, nanti kita demonstrasikan di Tanjung Priok," jelasnya.

Selain itu, pihaknya juga akan menyiapkan beberapa kendaraan TNI AD juga untuk dapat membantu pendistribusian dan pengamanan pemilu 9 April nanti.

"Segera kita drop motor-motor ke Babinsa. Kemudian Dandim segera kita turunkan, dan sebagian bus kecil untuk Kodim. Kemudian kita siapkan untuk helikopter kita, pesawat Cassa kita," pungkasnya.

Sebelumnya, terkait Pemilu damai, tertib dan aman, TNI juga sudah menerjunkan semua satuannya. Mulai angkatan darat, angkatan laut dan angkatan udara. Namun, penebalan yang telah dilakukan oleh TNI kepada Polri bersifat tidak langsung.

Berikut format kekuatan penebalan yang dilakukan TNI di semua lini :

TNI AD :
1 SSY (satuan setingkat batalyon) untuk tiap Polda tipe A
2 SSK (satuan setingkat kompi) untuk tiap Polda tipe B
1 SST (satuan setingkat peleton) untuk tiap Polres
3 SSY Kostrad dan Satgultor sebagai cadangan pusat yang setiap saat dapat digerakkan sesuai kepentingan.

TNI AL :
5 SSK pada masing-masing Koarmada
5 SSK Marinir serta Denjaka sebagai cadangan pusat.

TNI AU :
2 SSK pada masing-masing Koopsau - 2 SSK Paskhas serta Denbravo sebagai cadangan pusat.


Editor : Dian Sukmawati

BANTU DISTRIBUSI LOGISTIK PEMILU, TNI AD PAKAI KAPAL WATER JET
Rokok lebih mematikan dibanding obesitas

Dalam penelitian yang dilakukan oleh peneliti pada 6.200 pria dan wanita berusia 44 - 48 tahun, mereka menemukan bahwa kebiasaan merokok adalah salah satu faktor penting yang bisa mempengaruhi kesehatan jantung dan risiko kematian.

Roger Blumental, seorang peneliti senior menjelaskan bahwa menghindari kebiasaan merokok bisa membuat risiko kematian seseorang turun 7,6 persen. Angka ini bahkan lebih rendah jika dibandingkan dengan orang yang mengalami obesitas. Sebaliknya, kebiasaan merokok juga bisa meningkatkan risiko kematian melebihi orang yang mengalami obesitas.

Dalam penelitian selama 7,6 tahun ini, peneliti menemukan empat kebiasaan dalam gaya hidup sehat yang sebaiknya dilakukan oleh orang untuk menghindari penyakit jantung dan menurunkan risiko kematian, seperti dilansir oleh Third Age (05/06).

Empat kebiasaan baik tersebut antara lain berolahraga, menjaga berat badan, melakukan diet sehat, serta menghindari kebiasaan merokok. KEempat gaya hidup sehat ini bisa melindungi seseorang dari penyakit jantung koroner, serta mengurangi risiko kematian.

"Dalam pengetahuan kami, ini adalah penelitian pertama yang menemukan kaitan antara gaya hidup dengan penurunan risiko penyakit jantung dan kematian," ungkap Haitham Ahmed, ketua peneliti.

Orang yang melakukan empat gaya hidup sehat tersebut diketahui bisa menurunkan risiko kematian hingga 80 persen dibandingkan dengan orang yang tak melakukan empat kebiasaan tersebut.

OBESITAS DARIPADA ROKOK YANG LEBIH MEMATIKAN

saco-indonesia.com, Gubernur DKI Jakarta Joko Widodo (Jokowi) telah menyebut, macet dan banjir dapat menyebabkan infrastruktur ibu kota terhambat. Namun, dia juga bersama Pemerintah Provinsi (Pemprov) DKI juga akan berupaya untuk dapat membangun Jakarta menuju kota internasional.

"Kita fokus ke situ, progresnya misalnya masuk ke industri-industri yang punya nilai tinggi. Ini juga akan kita pikirkan karena apa, infrastruktur kita terhambat karena macet dan banjir," ujar Jokowi di Balai Kota, Jakarta Pusat.

Menurut mantan wali kota Solo itu, apabila infrastruktur Jakarta akan dapat berjalan dengan baik, dia juga akan memikirkan untuk prestasi ibu kota yang sudah diciptakan. Sebab Jokowi juga menegaskan, dia akan fokus mengatasi macet dan banjir.

"Kalau infrastrukturnya sudah baik semuanya baru kita akan memikirkan prestasi-prestasi lainnya. Kalau belum apa yang harus kita lakukan. Artinya fasilitas kemacetan harus kita atasi, banjirnya bisa diminimalkan," kata Jokowi.

Lebih lanjut, Jokowi juga menambahkan, Pemprov DKI tahun ini telah memulai tahapan baru menuju Kota Jakarta berkelas internasional. "Saya kira kita sudah mulai kok dan ini kita kirim orang ke Taiwan untuk masuk ke manufaktur ke posisi ke atas," terang Jokowi.


Editor : Dian Sukmawati

JOKOWI SEBUT MACET DAN BANJIR HAMBAT PEMBANGUNAN JAKARTA

PALU, Saco-Indonesia.com — Pasca-ledakan bom bunuh diri di Markas Kepolisian Resor Poso, sejumlah pos polisi dan markas polres diminta untuk siaga serta meningkatkan kewaspadaan. Pernyataan ini disampaikan Kepala Bidang Hubungan Masyarakat Kepolisian Daerah Sulawesi Tengah Ajun Komisaris Besar Soemarno di Polda Sulteng, Senin (3/6/2013).

Menurut dia, sampai saat ini polisi masih melakukan olah tempat kejadian yang dipimpin langsung oleh Kapolda Sulteng Brigadir Jenderal (Pol) Aridono, sambil menunggu tim Laboratorium Forensik dan Tim Disaster Victim Identification Polri yang direncanakan akan tiba di Poso hari ini.

"Ini dilakukan untuk dapat mengidentifikasi pelaku bom bunuh diri tersebut karena di TKP (tempat kejadian) tidak ditemukan identitas seperti KTP atau SIM milik pelaku peledakan," kata Soemarno.

Seperti diberitakan sebelumnya, aksi bom bunuh diri terjadi di Kantor Polres Poso di Jalan Pulau Sumatera, Poso Kota, Kabupaten Poso, Sulawesi Tengah, Senin pagi tadi. Ledakan tersebut menewaskan pelaku yang hingga saat ini belum diketahui identitasnya dan melukai satu warga sipil yang tengah mengerjakan bangunan masjid di halaman Polres Poso.

 
Editor :Liwon Maulan
Sumber:Kompas.com
Sumber:Kompas.com
Pasca-peledakan Bom, Pos Polisi dan Mapolres Diminta Siaga

Asyik pacaran di Fly over Pasar Rebo, Ciracas, Jakarta Timur, pasangan muda-mudi telah jadi korban perampokan, Senin (10/3) kemarin. Akibatnya, handphone dan uang senilai Rp100 ribu serta kepalanya bocor dihantam gir motor.

Muchlis yang berusia 19 , dan Iin yang berusia 21 tahun , tengah asyik ngobrol di atas sepeda motor Yamaha Mio B 6132 TNE miliknya. Lalu dua pemuda yang tidak dikenal datang menghampirinya. “Awalnya mereka hanya menanyakan alamat Rumah Sakit Harapan Bunda,” katanya .

Namun, saat usai menanyakan alamat, salah satu pelaku mengancam korban dengan golok.Keduanya telah diminta menyerahkan harta benda miliknya. “Dua handphone, uang Rp100 ribu diambil pelaku,” tuturnya.

Setelah itu, menurut pemuda yang tinggal di RT 004/02 Gedong, Kramatjati, Jakarta Timur, pelaku langsung melarikan diri dengan mengendarai sepeda motor Honda Supra 125 X. “Tapi yang minta uang juga ngambil kunci motor saya. Sementara yang satu menghantamkan sabuk gir motor yang mengenai kepala saya,” ungkapnya.

Sambil mendorong motor yang kuncinya dibawa kabur pelaku, pemuda yang bercucuran darah dari kepalanya, terus berjalan mencari klinik. Pemuda yang bekerja di salon mobil ini mendapatkan empat jahitan. “Setelah itu saya baru kabari orang rumah untuk minta dijemput,” tuturnya.

Kapolsek Ciracas Kompol Suwanda juga mengaku belum menerima laporan atas kasus tersebut. “Sejak malam kejadian hingga Selasa (11/3) kemarin sore, tidak ada laporan yang masuk atas peristiwa tersebut,” ujarnya.

Namun untuk dapat mencegah aksi itu terulang, ia juga mengaku akan segera merazia dengan mengusir warga yang berada di kawasan tersebut. Penempatan mobil patroli juga akan dilakukan untuk dapat mempersempit segala macam persoalan.

Camat Ciracas Rommy Sidarta juga mengakau pihaknya sudah puluhan kali menertibkan pedagang dan warga yang kerap mangkal di fly over Pasar Rebo. Dimana petugas Satpol PP seakan main kucing-kucingan dengan warga. “Setiap hari kita jaga dari pagi hingga jam 9 malam, namun selepas itu mereka ngumpul lagi,” ungkapnya.

Rommy n juga mengaku, keterbatasan personil dan tenaga petugas Satpol PP yang membuatnya kurang maksimal. Meski begitu, ia berjanji akan mengatur petugasnya lagi agar kejadian tersebut tak terulang. “Yang jelas kita akan lebih giatkan lagi agar kawasan itu bersih dari pedagang dan warga yang nongkrong,” tandasnya.

Asyik Pacaran di Fly Over, Dua Sejoli Dirampok

The live music at the Vice Media party on Friday shook the room. Shane Smith, Vice’s chief executive, was standing near the stage — with a drink in his hand, pants sagging, tattoos showing — watching the rapper-cum-chef Action Bronson make pizzas.

The event was an after-party, a happy-hour bacchanal for the hundreds of guests who had come for Vice’s annual presentation to advertisers and agencies that afternoon, part of the annual frenzy for ad dollars called the Digital Content NewFronts. Mr. Smith had spoken there for all of five minutes before running a slam-bang highlight reel of the company’s shows that had titles like “Weediquette” and “Gaycation.”

In the last year, Vice has secured $500 million in financing and signed deals worth hundreds of millions of dollars with established media companies like HBO that are eager to engage the young viewers Vice attracts. Vice said it was now worth at least $4 billion, with nearly $1 billion in projected revenue for 2015. It is a long way from Vice’s humble start as a free magazine in 1994.

Photo
 
At the Vice after-party, the rapper Action Bronson, a host of a Vice show, made a pizza. Credit Jesse Dittmar for The New York Times

But even as cash flows freely in Vice’s direction, the company is trying to keep its brash, insurgent image. At the party on Friday, it plied guests with beers and cocktails. Its apparently unrehearsed presentation to advertisers was peppered with expletives. At one point, the director Spike Jonze, a longtime Vice collaborator, asked on stage if Mr. Smith had been drinking.

“My assistant tried to cut me off,” Mr. Smith replied. “I’m on buzz control.”

Now, Vice is on the verge of getting its own cable channel, which would give the company a traditional outlet for its slate of non-news programming. If all goes as planned, A&E Networks, the television group owned by Hearst and Disney, will turn over its History Channel spinoff, H2, to Vice.

The deal’s announcement was expected last week, but not all of A&E’s distribution partners — the cable and satellite TV companies that carry the network’s channels — have signed off on the change, according to a person familiar with the negotiations who spoke on the condition of anonymity because the talks were private.

A cable channel would be a further step in a transformation for Vice, from bad-boy digital upstart to mainstream media company.

Keen for the core audience of young men who come to Vice, media giants like 21st Century Fox, Time Warner and Disney all showed interest in the company last year. Vice ultimately secured $500 million in financing from A&E Networks and Technology Crossover Ventures, a Silicon Valley venture capital firm that has invested in Facebook and Netflix.

Those investments valued Vice at more than $2.5 billion. (In 2013, Fox bought a 5 percent stake for $70 million.)

Then in March, HBO announced that it had signed a multiyear deal to broadcast a daily half-hour Vice newscast. Vice already produces a weekly newsmagazine show, called “Vice,” for the network. That show will extend its run through 2018, with an increase to 35 episodes a year, from 14.

Michael Lombardo, HBO’s president for programming, said when the deal was announced that it was “certainly one of our biggest investments with hours on the air.”

Vice, based in Brooklyn, also recently signed a multiyear $100 million deal with Rogers Communications, a Canadian media conglomerate, to produce original content for TV, smartphone and desktop viewers.

Vice’s finances are private, but according to an internal document reviewed by The New York Times and verified by a person familiar with the company’s financials, the company is on track to make about $915 million in revenue this year.

Photo
 
Vice showed a highlight reel of its TV series at the NewFronts last week in New York. Credit Jesse Dittmar for The New York Times

It brought in $545 million in a strong first quarter, which included portions of the new HBO deal and the Rogers deal, according to the document. More of its revenue now comes from these types of content partnerships, compared with the branded content deals that made up much of its revenue a year ago, the company said.

Mr. Smith said the company was worth at least $4 billion. If the valuation gets much higher, he said he would consider taking the company public.

“I don’t care about money; we have plenty of money,” Mr. Smith, who is Vice’s biggest shareholder, said in an interview after the presentation on Friday. “I care about strategic deals.”

In the United States, Vice Media had 35.2 million unique visitors across its sites in March, according to comScore.

The third season of Vice’s weekly HBO show has averaged 1.8 million viewers per episode, including reruns, through April 12, according to Brad Adgate, the director of research at Horizon Media. (Vice said the show attracted three million weekly viewers when repeat broadcasts, online and on-demand viewings were included.)

For years, Mr. Smith has criticized traditional TV, calling it slow and unable to draw younger viewers. But if all the deals Vice has struck are to work out, Mr. Smith may have to play more by the rules of traditional media. James Murdoch, Rupert Murdoch’s son and a member of Vice’s board, was at the company’s presentation on Friday, as were other top media executives.

“They know they need people like me to help them, but they can’t get out of their own way,” Mr. Smith said in the interview Friday. “My only real frustration is we’re used to being incredibly dynamic, and they’re not incredibly dynamic.”

With its own television channel in the United States, Vice would have something it has long coveted even as traditional media companies are looking beyond TV. Last year, Vice’s deal with Time Warner failed in part because the two companies could not agree on how much control Vice would have over a 24-hour television network.

Vice said it intended to fill its new channel with non-news programming. The company plans to have sports shows, fashion shows, food shows and the “Gaycation” travel show with the actress Ellen Page. It is also in talks with Kanye West about a show.

It remains to be seen whether Vice’s audience will watch a traditional cable channel. Still, Vice has effectively presold all of the ad spots to two of the biggest advertising agencies for the first three years, Mr. Smith said.

In the meantime, Mr. Smith is enjoying Vice’s newfound role as a potential savior of traditional media companies.

“I’m a C.E.O. of a content company,” Mr. Smith said before he caught a flight to Las Vegas for the boxing match on Saturday between Floyd Mayweather Jr. and Manny Pacquiao. “If it stops being fun, then why are you doing it?”

As Vice Moves More to TV, It Tries to Keep Brash Voice

BALTIMORE — In the afternoons, the streets of Locust Point are clean and nearly silent. In front of the rowhouses, potted plants rest next to steps of brick or concrete. There is a shopping center nearby with restaurants, and a grocery store filled with fresh foods.

And the National Guard and the police are largely absent. So, too, residents say, are worries about what happened a few miles away on April 27 when, in a space of hours, parts of this city became riot zones.

“They’re not our reality,” Ashley Fowler, 30, said on Monday at the restaurant where she works. “They’re not what we’re living right now. We live in, not to be racist, white America.”

As Baltimore considers its way forward after the violent unrest brought by the death of Freddie Gray, a 25-year-old black man who died of injuries he suffered while in police custody, residents in its predominantly white neighborhoods acknowledge that they are sometimes struggling to understand what beyond Mr. Gray’s death spurred the turmoil here. For many, the poverty and troubled schools of gritty West Baltimore are distant troubles, glimpsed only when they pass through the area on their way somewhere else.

Photo
 
Officers blocked traffic at Pennsylvania and West North Avenues after reports that a gun was discharged in the area. Credit Drew Angerer for The New York Times

And so neighborhoods of Baltimore are facing altogether different reckonings after Mr. Gray’s death. In mostly black communities like Sandtown-Winchester, where some of the most destructive rioting played out last week, residents are hoping businesses will reopen and that the police will change their strategies. But in mostly white areas like Canton and Locust Point, some residents wonder what role, if any, they should play in reimagining stretches of Baltimore where they do not live.

“Most of the people are kind of at a loss as to what they’re supposed to do,” said Dr. Richard Lamb, a dentist who has practiced in the same Locust Point office for nearly 39 years. “I listen to the news reports. I listen to the clergymen. I listen to the facts of the rampant unemployment and the lack of opportunities in the area. Listen, I pay my taxes. Exactly what can I do?”

And in Canton, where the restaurants have clever names like Nacho Mama’s and Holy Crepe Bakery and Café, Sara Bahr said solutions seemed out of reach for a proudly liberal city.

“I can only imagine how frustrated they must be,” said Ms. Bahr, 36, a nurse who was out with her 3-year-old daughter, Sally. “I just wish I knew how to solve poverty. I don’t know what to do to make it better.”

The day of unrest and the overwhelmingly peaceful demonstrations that followed led to hundreds of arrests, often for violations of the curfew imposed on the city for five consecutive nights while National Guard soldiers patrolled the streets. Although there were isolated instances of trouble in Canton, the neighborhood association said on its website, many parts of southeast Baltimore were physically untouched by the tumult.

Tensions in the city bubbled anew on Monday after reports that the police had wounded a black man in Northwest Baltimore. The authorities denied those reports and sent officers to talk with the crowds that gathered while other officers clutching shields blocked traffic at Pennsylvania and West North Avenues.

Lt. Col. Melvin Russell, a community police officer, said officers had stopped a man suspected of carrying a handgun and that “one of those rounds was spent.”

Colonel Russell said officers had not opened fire, “so we couldn’t have shot him.”

Photo
 
Lambi Vasilakopoulos, right, who runs a casual restaurant in Canton, said he was incensed by last week's looting and predicted tensions would worsen. Credit Drew Angerer for The New York Times

The colonel said the man had not been injured but was taken to a hospital as a precaution. Nearby, many people stood in disbelief, despite the efforts by the authorities to quash reports they described as “unfounded.”

Monday’s episode was a brief moment in a larger drama that has yielded anger and confusion. Although many people said they were familiar with accounts of the police harassing or intimidating residents, many in Canton and Locust Point said they had never experienced it themselves. When they watched the unrest, which many protesters said was fueled by feelings that they lived only on Baltimore’s margins, even those like Ms. Bahr who were pained by what they saw said they could scarcely comprehend the emotions associated with it.

But others, like Lambi Vasilakopoulos, who runs a casual restaurant in Canton, said they were incensed by what unfolded last week.

“What happened wasn’t called for. Protests are one thing; looting is another thing,” he said, adding, “We’re very frustrated because we’re the ones who are going to pay for this.”

There were pockets of optimism, though, that Baltimore would enter a period of reconciliation.

“I’m just hoping for peace,” Natalie Boies, 53, said in front of the Locust Point home where she has lived for 50 years. “Learn to love each other; be patient with each other; find justice; and care.”

A skeptical Mr. Vasilakopoulos predicted tensions would worsen.

“It cannot be fixed,” he said. “It’s going to get worse. Why? Because people don’t obey the laws. They don’t want to obey them.”

But there were few fears that the violence that plagued West Baltimore last week would play out on these relaxed streets. The authorities, Ms. Fowler said, would make sure of that.

“They kept us safe here,” she said. “I didn’t feel uncomfortable when I was in my house three blocks away from here. I knew I was going to be O.K. because I knew they weren’t going to let anyone come and loot our properties or our businesses or burn our cars.”

Baltimore Residents Away From Turmoil Consider Their Role

The 2015 Met Gala has only officially begun, but there's a clear leader in the race for best couple, no small feat at an event that threatens to sap Hollywood of every celebrity it has for the duration of an East Coast evening.

That would be Marc Jacobs and his surprise guest (who, by some miracle, remained under wraps until their red carpet debut), Cher.

“This has been a dream of mine for a very, very long time,” Mr. Jacobs said.

It is Cher's first appearance at the Met Gala since 1997, when she arrived on the arm of Donatella Versace.

– MATTHEW SCHNEIER

Cher and Marc Jacobs

The 6-foot-10 Phillips played alongside the 6-11 Rick Robey on the Wildcats team that won the 1978 N.C.A.A. men’s basketball title.

Mike Phillips, Half of Kentucky’s ‘Twin Towers’ of Basketball, Dies at 59

Ms. Meadows was the older sister of Audrey Meadows, who played Alice Kramden on “The Honeymooners.”

Jayne Meadows, Actress and Steve Allen’s Wife and Co-Star, Dies at 95

Gagne wrestled professionally from the late 1940s until the 1980s and was a transitional figure between the early 20th century barnstormers and the steroidal sideshows of today

Verne Gagne, Wrestler Who Grappled Through Two Eras, Dies at 89

The bottle Mr. Sokolin famously broke was a 1787 Château Margaux, which was said to have belonged to Thomas Jefferson. Mr. Sokolin had been hoping to sell it for $519,750.

William Sokolin, Wine Seller Who Broke Famed Bottle, Dies at 85

A lapsed seminarian, Mr. Chambers succeeded Saul Alinsky as leader of the social justice umbrella group Industrial Areas Foundation.

Edward Chambers, Early Leader in Community Organizing, Dies at 85

Under Mr. Michelin’s leadership, which ended when he left the company in 2002, the Michelin Group became the world’s biggest tire maker, establishing a big presence in the United States and other major markets overseas.

François Michelin, Head of Tire Company, Dies at 88

Late in April, after Native American actors walked off in disgust from the set of Adam Sandler’s latest film, a western sendup that its distributor, Netflix, has defended as being equally offensive to all, a glow of pride spread through several Native American communities.

Tantoo Cardinal, a Canadian indigenous actress who played Black Shawl in “Dances With Wolves,” recalled thinking to herself, “It’s come.” Larry Sellers, who starred as Cloud Dancing in the 1990s television show “Dr. Quinn, Medicine Woman,” thought, “It’s about time.” Jesse Wente, who is Ojibwe and directs film programming at the TIFF Bell Lightbox in Toronto, found himself encouraged and surprised. There are so few film roles for indigenous actors, he said, that walking off the set of a major production showed real mettle.

But what didn’t surprise Mr. Wente was the content of the script. According to the actors who walked off the set, the film, titled “The Ridiculous Six,” included a Native American woman who passes out and is revived after white men douse her with alcohol, and another woman squatting to urinate while lighting a peace pipe. “There’s enough history at this point to have set some expectations around these sort of Hollywood depictions,” Mr. Wente said.

The walkout prompted a rhetorical “What do you expect from an Adam Sandler film?,” and a Netflix spokesman said that in the movie, blacks, Mexicans and whites were lampooned as well. But Native American actors and critics said a broader issue was at stake. While mainstream portrayals of native peoples have, Mr. Wente said, become “incrementally better” over the decades, he and others say, they remain far from accurate and reflect a lack of opportunities for Native American performers. What’s more, as Native Americans hunger for representation on screen, critics say the absence of three-dimensional portrayals has very real off-screen consequences.

“Our people are still healing from historical trauma,” said Loren Anthony, one of the actors who walked out. “Our youth are still trying to figure out who they are, where they fit in this society. Kids are killing themselves. They’re not proud of who they are.” They also don’t, he added, see themselves on prime time television or the big screen. Netflix noted while about five people walked off the “The Ridiculous Six” set, 100 or so Native American actors and extras stayed.

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But in interviews, nearly a dozen Native American actors and film industry experts said that Mr. Sandler’s humor perpetuated decades-old negative stereotypes. Mr. Anthony said such depictions helped feed the despondency many Native Americans feel, with deadly results: Native Americans have the highest suicide rate out of all the country’s ethnicities.

The on-screen problem is twofold, Mr. Anthony and others said: There’s a paucity of roles for Native Americans — according to the Screen Actors Guild in 2008 they accounted for 0.3 percent of all on-screen parts (those figures have yet to be updated), compared to about 2 percent of the general population — and Native American actors are often perceived in a narrow way.

In his Peabody Award-winning documentary “Reel Injun,” the Cree filmmaker Neil Diamond explored Hollywood depictions of Native Americans over the years, and found they fell into a few stereotypical categories: the Noble Savage, the Drunk Indian, the Mystic, the Indian Princess, the backward tribal people futilely fighting John Wayne and manifest destiny. While the 1990 film “Dances With Wolves” won praise for depicting Native Americans as fully fleshed out human beings, not all indigenous people embraced it. It was still told, critics said, from the colonialists’ point of view. In an interview, John Trudell, a Santee Sioux writer, actor (“Thunderheart”) and the former chairman of the American Indian Movement, described the film as “a story of two white people.”

“God bless ‘Dances with Wolves,’ ” Michael Horse, who played Deputy Hawk in “Twin Peaks,” said sarcastically. “Even ‘Avatar.’ Someone’s got to come save the tribal people.”

Dan Spilo, a partner at Industry Entertainment who represents Adam Beach, one of today’s most prominent Native American actors, said while typecasting dogs many minorities, it is especially intractable when it comes to Native Americans. Casting directors, he said, rarely cast them as police officers, doctors or lawyers. “There’s the belief that the Native American character should be on reservations or riding a horse,” he said.

“We don’t see ourselves,” Mr. Horse said. “We’re still an antiquated culture to them, and to the rest of the world.”

Ms. Cardinal said she was once turned down for the role of the wife of a child-abusing cop because the filmmakers felt that casting her would somehow be “too political.”

Another sore point is the long run of white actors playing American Indians, among them Burt Lancaster, Rock Hudson, Audrey Hepburn and, more recently, Johnny Depp, whose depiction of Tonto in the 2013 film “Lone Ranger,” was viewed as racist by detractors. There are, of course, exceptions. The former A&E series “Longmire,” which, as it happens, will now be on Netflix, was roundly praised for its depiction of life on a Northern Cheyenne reservation, with Lou Diamond Phillips, who is of Cherokee descent, playing a Northern Cheyenne man.

Others also point to the success of Mr. Beach, who played a Mohawk detective in “Law & Order: Special Victims Unit” and landed a starring role in the forthcoming D C Comics picture “Suicide Squad.” Mr. Beach said he had come across insulting scripts backed by people who don’t see anything wrong with them.

“I’d rather starve than do something that is offensive to my ancestral roots,” Mr. Beach said. “But I think there will always be attempts to drawn on the weakness of native people’s struggles. The savage Indian will always be the savage Indian. The white man will always be smarter and more cunning. The cavalry will always win.”

The solution, Mr. Wente, Mr. Trudell and others said, lies in getting more stories written by and starring Native Americans. But Mr. Wente noted that while independent indigenous film has blossomed in the last two decades, mainstream depictions have yet to catch up. “You have to stop expecting for Hollywood to correct it, because there seems to be no ability or desire to correct it,” Mr. Wente said.

There have been calls to boycott Netflix but, writing for Indian Country Today Media Network, which first broke news of the walk off, the filmmaker Brian Young noted that the distributor also offered a number of films by or about Native Americans.

The furor around “The Ridiculous Six” may drive more people to see it. Then one of the questions that Mr. Trudell, echoing others, had about the film will be answered: “Who the hell laughs at this stuff?”

Native American Actors Work to Overcome a Long-Documented Bias

Ms. von Furstenberg made her debut in the movies and on the Broadway stage in the early 1950s as a teenager and later reinvented herself as a television actress, writer and philanthropist.

Betsy von Furstenberg, Baroness and Versatile Actress, Dies at 83

Mr. Paczynski was one of the concentration camp’s longest surviving inmates and served as the personal barber to its Nazi commandant Rudolf Höss.

Jozef Paczynski, Inmate Barber to Auschwitz Commandant, Dies at 95

A former member of the Boston Symphony Orchestra, Mr. Smedvig helped found the wide-ranging Empire Brass quintet.

Rolf Smedvig, Trumpeter in the Empire Brass, Dies at 62

UNITED NATIONS — Wearing pinstripes and a pince-nez, Staffan de Mistura, the United Nations envoy for Syria, arrived at the Security Council one Tuesday afternoon in February and announced that President Bashar al-Assad had agreed to halt airstrikes over Aleppo. Would the rebels, Mr. de Mistura suggested, agree to halt their shelling?

What he did not announce, but everyone knew by then, was that the Assad government had begun a military offensive to encircle opposition-held enclaves in Aleppo and that fierce fighting was underway. It would take only a few days for rebel leaders, having pushed back Syrian government forces, to outright reject Mr. de Mistura’s proposed freeze in the fighting, dooming the latest diplomatic overture on Syria.

Diplomacy is often about appearing to be doing something until the time is ripe for a deal to be done.

 

 

Now, with Mr. Assad’s forces having suffered a string of losses on the battlefield and the United States reaching at least a partial rapprochement with Mr. Assad’s main backer, Iran, Mr. de Mistura is changing course. Starting Monday, he is set to hold a series of closed talks in Geneva with the warring sides and their main supporters. Iran will be among them.

In an interview at United Nations headquarters last week, Mr. de Mistura hinted that the changing circumstances, both military and diplomatic, may have prompted various backers of the war to question how much longer the bloodshed could go on.

“Will that have an impact in accelerating the willingness for a political solution? We need to test it,” he said. “The Geneva consultations may be a good umbrella for testing that. It’s an occasion for asking everyone, including the government, if there is any new way that they are looking at a political solution, as they too claim they want.”

He said he would have a better assessment at the end of June, when he expects to wrap up his consultations. That coincides with the deadline for a final agreement in the Iran nuclear talks.

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Whether a nuclear deal with Iran will pave the way for a new opening on peace talks in Syria remains to be seen. Increasingly, though, world leaders are explicitly linking the two, with the European Union’s top diplomat, Federica Mogherini, suggesting last week that a nuclear agreement could spur Tehran to play “a major but positive role in Syria.”

It could hardly come soon enough. Now in its fifth year, the Syrian war has claimed 220,000 lives, prompted an exodus of more than three million refugees and unleashed jihadist groups across the region. “This conflict is producing a question mark in many — where is it leading and whether this can be sustained,” Mr. de Mistura said.

Part Italian, part Swedish, Mr. de Mistura has worked with the United Nations for more than 40 years, but he is more widely known for his dapper style than for any diplomatic coups. Syria is by far the toughest assignment of his career — indeed, two of the organization’s most seasoned diplomats, Lakhdar Brahimi and Kofi Annan, tried to do the job and gave up — and critics have wondered aloud whether Mr. de Mistura is up to the task.

He served as a United Nations envoy in Afghanistan and Iraq, and before that in Lebanon, where a former minister recalled, with some scorn, that he spent many hours sunbathing at a private club in the hills above Beirut. Those who know him say he has a taste for fine suits and can sometimes speak too soon and too much, just as they point to his diplomatic missteps and hyperbole.

They cite, for instance, a news conference in October, when he raised the specter of Srebrenica, where thousands of Muslims were massacred in 1995 during the Balkans war, in warning that the Syrian border town of Kobani could fall to the Islamic State. In February, he was photographed at a party in Damascus, the Syrian capital, celebrating the anniversary of the Iranian revolution just as Syrian forces, aided by Iran, were pummeling rebel-held suburbs of Damascus; critics seized on that as evidence of his coziness with the government.

Mouin Rabbani, who served briefly as the head of Mr. de Mistura’s political affairs unit and has since emerged as one of his most outspoken critics, said Mr. de Mistura did not have the background necessary for the job. “This isn’t someone well known for his political vision or political imagination, and his closest confidants lack the requisite knowledge and experience,” Mr. Rabbani said.

As a deputy foreign minister in the Italian government, Mr. de Mistura was tasked in 2012 with freeing two Italian marines detained in India for shooting at Indian fishermen. He made 19 trips to India, to little effect. One marine was allowed to return to Italy for medical reasons; the other remains in India.

He said he initially turned down the Syria job when the United Nations secretary general approached him last August, only to change his mind the next day, after a sleepless, guilt-ridden night.

Mr. de Mistura compared his role in Syria to that of a doctor faced with a terminally ill patient. His goal in brokering a freeze in the fighting, he said, was to alleviate suffering. He settled on Aleppo as the location for its “fame,” he said, a decision that some questioned, considering that Aleppo was far trickier than the many other lesser-known towns where activists had negotiated temporary local cease-fires.

“Everybody, at least in Europe, are very familiar with the value of Aleppo,” Mr. de Mistura said. “So I was using that as an icebreaker.”

The cease-fire negotiations, to which he had devoted six months, fell apart quickly because of the government’s military offensive in Aleppo the very day of his announcement at the Security Council. Privately, United Nations diplomats said Mr. de Mistura had been manipulated. To this, Mr. de Mistura said only that he was “disappointed and concerned.”

Tarek Fares, a former rebel fighter, said after a recent visit to Aleppo that no Syrian would admit publicly to supporting Mr. de Mistura’s cease-fire proposal. “If anyone said they went to a de Mistura meeting in Gaziantep, they would be arrested,” is how he put it, referring to the Turkish city where negotiations between the two sides were held.

Secretary General Ban Ki-moon remains staunchly behind Mr. de Mistura’s efforts. His defenders point out that he is at the center of one of the world’s toughest diplomatic problems, charged with mediating a conflict in which two of the world’s most powerful nations — Russia, which supports Mr. Assad, and the United States, which has called for his ouster — remain deadlocked.

R. Nicholas Burns, a former State Department official who now teaches at Harvard, credited Mr. de Mistura for trying to negotiate a cease-fire even when the chances of success were exceedingly small — and the chances of a political deal even smaller. For his efforts to work, Professor Burns argued, the world powers will first have to come to an agreement of their own.

“He needs the help of outside powers,” he said. “It starts with backers of Assad. That’s Russia and Iran. De Mistura is there, waiting.”

With Iran Talks, a Tangled Path to Ending Syria’s War

Ms. Crough played the youngest daughter on the hit ’70s sitcom starring David Cassidy and Shirley Jones.

Suzanne Crough, Actress in ‘The Partridge Family,’ Dies at 52
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