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Ilmu grafis tutorial desain macam-macam jenis kertas digital photo printing atau jenis kertas untuk mencetak foto digital dengan kualitas dan harga yang beragam. Perkembangan alat cetak (printer) sekarang ini sangat cepat, sampai-sampai kita belum sempat mengenal satu jenis printer, jenis yang lain sudah beredar dipasaran. Berbeda dengan kertas photo printing yang cenderung tetap, walaupun ada perbaikan berupa kulitas kertas dan kekuatannya. Bagi kita yang akan menggeluti dunia Digital Photo Studio mengenal jenis kertas photo printing wajib hukumnya, karena hal ini berhubungan langsung dengan kepuasan konsumen.


Bukan berarti harga kertas mahal akan menghasilkan hasil cetakan optimal, pengetahuan jenis printer (teknologi, rpm dan tinta yang dipakai) dan jenis kertas foto sangat menentukan hasil akhir cetakan (diluar kemampuan editing foto). Untuk itu kita perlu mencocokkan jenis printer, jenis tinta, rpm printer dengan jenis kertas untuk menghasilkan kualitas cetakan foto yang sesuai bahkan memuaskan konsumen.

Ada beberapa jenis kertas foto printing yang banyak beredar dipasaran, diantaranya :
1. Matte / Doff paper
Sangat mudah menyerap tinta sehingga bisa dipakai untuk ngumpetin kualitas tinta dan printer sekaligus tidak memantulkan cahaya. Mencetak foto warna bisa dilihat dari kebutuhannya. Kalau untuk dibingkai atau banyak dipegang-pegang, kertas doff lebih awet dan tidak lengket. Kertas jenis ini seringkali menjadi rekomendasi untuk kertas cetak foto dengan hasil yang bagus.

2. Sublime Paper
Kertas jenis ini bukan digunakan untuk mencetak foto sebagai pajangan dirumah, didompet atau untuk dibingkai tetapi kertas ini digunakan sebagai mediator (media perantara) transfer gambar ke t-shirt (kaos). Jadi bila kita ingin sebuah gambar dipindahkannya ke t-shirt (kaos) maka gunakanlah jenis Sublim Paper karena kertas ini mampu memindahkan tinta dengan maksimal ke t-shirt.

3. Double-Side Paper
Jenis kertas ini mampu digunakan untuk mencetak foto pada kedua sisinya (depan dan belakang). Kualitas foto yang dihasilkan juga cukup bagus, tidak terlalu mengkilap dan cenderung doff. Jenis kertas ini cocok digunakan untuk mencetak pamflet yang biasanya digunakan untuk sarana promosi, sehingga para konsumen dapat melihat dikedua sisinya.

4. fiber matte
Kertas Fiber Base paling tahan lama, karena dia menggunakan kertas dengan pH netral ( biasa di sebut Archival Paper ).

5. Pemium Glossy foto Paper
Kertas jenis ini biasa disebut oleh para penggunanya dengan sebutan high glossy, kertas jenis ini mampu menghasilkan cetakan dengan efek yang lebih mengkilap. Kertas jenis ini sangat cocok untuk mengcetak foto dengan resolusi tinggi. Walaupun harga kertas ini lebih mahal tetapi jika kita gunakan, akan menghasilkan cetakan foto yang maksimal dan lebih cerah.

6. Sticker Glossy foto Paper
Sering kita menjumpai sticker yang menampilkan foto dengan warna dasar kertas putih dan mengkilap, jenis ini sangat cocok untuk keperluan pembuatan sticker serta mampu mencetak foto beresolusi tinggi.

7. Laster foto Paper
Laster foto paper biasanya digunakan untuk keperluan dokumenter karena jenis kertas ini sangat awet bahkan bisa bertahan hingga puluhan tahun, tidak mudah pudar, mampu menghasilkan efek doff, dan sangat cocok untuk foto dengan resolusi tinggi. Permukaan kertas yang mirip kulit jeruk adalah ciri khas untuk membedakan dengan jenis kertas lain. Ketahanan hasil cetakan membuat para konsumen puas, mungkin jenis ini bisa menjadi pertimbangan jika kita ingin serius didunia digital foto printing.

8. Glossy foto Paper / glanz paper
Kertas ini merupakan jenis standar cetak foto. Dengan jenis kertas yang mengkilap, permukaan memantulkan cahaya, permukaan lebih lengket terhadap kaca pigura dan putih mampu menghasilkan cetakan yang standar. Dapat digunakan untuk foto resolusi tinggi dan harga kertas yang relatif murah (standar cetak foto).

9. Canvas Paper
Jenis kertas ini jika kita gunakan untuk mencetak foto akan menghasilkan cetakan dengan sentuhan canvas layaknya sebuah lukisan. Hasil akhir cetakan akan menampilkan foto yang persis dengan kertas canvas.

10. Inkjet Paper
Kertas ini kurang cocok untuk keperluan digital foto printing, jenis kerta inkjet ini biasanya digunakan untuk keperluan grafis, seperti mencetak sketsa gambar, proof arsitektur rumah, grafik bar, dan sebagainya. Kualitas kertasnya lebih bagus dari jenis HVS karena serapan pada tinta lebih bagus dan cepat kering.

11. Metallic paper
Seperti glossy, tapi lebih mengkilap lagi, ada sedikit warna keemasan /metalik. Metallic paper mempunyai permukaan halus dan terlihat agak mengkilat. Sangat cocok dengan namanya karena ada titik-titik metallic pada permukaan kertas ini.

12. Metallic + laminating paper
Hampir sama dengan metallic paper namun pada salah satu sisi ada plastik atau sejenisnya yang menutupi.

13. silky paper
Permukaan kertas lembut namun tidak mengkilat. Daya lekat tinta cukup tinggi sehingga tinta tidak mudah bercecer. Sekaligus bagian permukaan kertas ini tidak mudah terbawa oleh head printer membuat hasil cetakan menjadi lebih baik.

Itulah jenis-jenis kertas yang banyak beredar dipasaran, tetapi sebenarnya masih banyak jenis lainnya. Jenis yang sudah dijelaskan adalah yang paling mudah untuk ditemukan disekitar kita. Kemampuan kita sangat mempengaruhi hasil akhir cetakan, dengan mengenal jenis kertas memudahkan kita menyesuaikan dengan keperluan cetak. Setiap merk kertas mempunyai tingkat daya serap tinta yang berbeda yang juga akan berpengaruh pada hasil cetakan. Ada baiknya Anda berkonsultasi dengan penjual kertas (grosir) untuk mengetahui hasil lebih detail atau mencobanya satu persatu untuk mendapatkan pengalaman. Namun jika sekedar mini studio, ambil kertas glossy dan doff sudah mencukupi.

 

MACAM-MACAM JENIS KERTAS DIGITAL PHOTO PRINTING

saco-indonesia.com, Diduga karena cemburu mantan pacarnya didekati oleh temannya,  Rido Hasan yang berusia 21 tahun , karyawan Indomaret, telah tewas ditusuk tersangka F di halaman parkir Indomaret, Desa Candimas, Natar, Lampung Selatan, pada Sabtu (1/2) malam.

Tersangka F yang langsung kabur dengan mengendaraai sepeda motor usai menusuk leher korban dengan pisau belati, malam sekitar pukul 22.00 malam itu.

Saat kejadian tersebut , korban warga Dusun IV, Desa Pancasila, Natar, Lampung Selatan, hendak pulang kerja.

Warga yang telah melihat langsung memberikan pertolongan membawa korban ke Rumah Sakit Medika Natar namun karena terlalu banyak mengluarkan darah nyawa korban akhirnya tidak berhasil diselamatkan.

Kapolsek Natar Kompol Yohanes Agustiandaru juga telah membenarkan, ada laporan kasus pembunuhan di Desa Candi Mas Natar atas nama Rido Hasan meninggal dunia setelah ditusuk oleh rekannya di bagian leher belakang.

“Tersangka F kini dalam pengejaran,” kata Kompol Yohanes.

Pada awalnya tersangka telah  mendatangi korban yang sedang membereskan tempatnya bekerja di Indomart kemudian tersangka telah mengajak korban keluar saat itulah tersangka menusuk korban dengan pisau di bagian belakang leher.


Editor : Dian Sukmawati

PEGAWAI MINIMARKET DITUSUK MANTAN PACAR

Saco-Indonesia.com - Orang kebanyakan bahkan seluruh dunia menyatakan perang terhadap rokok, tidak demikian dengan ormas Islam terbesar di Indonesia, Nahdlatul Ulama (NU). Tidak seperti saat melarang pembagian kondom, Pengurus Besar Nahdlatul Ulama (PBNU) justru tidak mendukung kampanye Kemenkes untuk menekan angka perokok di Indonesia.

Berbagai pembenaran dan alasan dikemukakan oleh PBNU. Menurut, staf dewan halal PBNU, Kiai Arwani Faisal, semua kiai NU pun telah sepakat untuk memperbolehkan pengikutnya menghisap rokok.

Bahkan, pihaknya menegaskan tidak akan mengharamkan rokok hingga kiamat. "Rokok itu mubah, sampai kiamat ulama NU ga akan mengharamkan rokok. Untuk penderita jantung rokok haram. Tapi kalau rokok bikin semangat enggak haram lagi," kata dia sambil tertawa saat membawakan materi di diskusi publik 'Kampanye kondom, anti rokok: Indah tapi manipulatif,' di kantor PBNU, Jakarta, Senin (16/12).

Berikut empat alasan PBNU tak mau haramkan rokok hingga kiamat seperti dirangkum

1. Rokok tidak bahaya

Staf dewan halal PBNU, Kiai Arwani Faisal mengatakan penetapan rokok tidak berbahaya sudah diperhitungkan masak-masak ketika muktamar NU. Bahkan ada dalil agama yang membenarkan kalau rokok ini tidak terlalu berbahaya sehingga hukumnya mubah.

"Harus dilihat kadarnya. Kalau Ma'syadahnya (kerugian) besar hukumnya haram. Rokok kan sekali hisap tidak langsung pingsan," kata dia saat membawakan materi di diskusi publik 'Kampanye kondom, anti rokok: Indah tapi manipulatif,' di kantor PBNU, Jakarta, Senin (16/12).

2. Merokok, kiai sepuh NU masih panjang umur

Sebagai perokok aktif, para pembesar NU mengkritik kampanye antirokok yang digalakkan Kemenkes. Menurut PBNU, rokok tidak punya bahaya yang berlebihan terhadap kesehatan manusia sehingga tidak perlu dilarang berlebihan.

"Kok kejam langsung bilang haram, ulama NU bilang enggak haram. Karena puluhan tahun merokok sehat-sehat saja. Kan tingkat bahayanya dilihat," jelas Staf dewan halal PBNU, KH. Arwani Faisal di diskusi publik 'Kampanye kondom, anti rokok : Indah tapi manipulatif,' di kantor PBNU, Jakarta, Senin (16/12).

3. Rokok tidak haram

PBNU tidak mendukung kampanye Kemenkes untuk menekan angka perokok di Indonesia. Menurut, Staf dewan halal PBNU, Arwani Faisal, rokok tidaklah haram.

"Rokok itu mubah, sampai kiamat ulama NU ga akan mengharamkan rokok. Untuk penderita jantung rokok haram. Tapi kalau rokok bikin semangat enggak haram lagi," kata dia sambil tertawa saat membawakan materi di diskusi publik 'Kampanye kondom, antirokok: Indah tapi manipulatif,' di kantor PBNU, Jakarta, Senin (16/12).

Dia juga mengklaim kalau kiai NU sebenarnya mendukung upaya meminimalisir rokok. Itu dibuktikan dengan penetapan hukum 'mubah' untuk? pengikut PBNU.

"Kiai gak berarti menerima data kesehatan. Rokok mubah karena menerima data kesehatan. Kalau enggak nerima, akan menetapkan hukum rokok wajib. Itu justru karena ngerti itu bahaya," katanya.

4. Rokok kretek sehat

Ketidaksetujuan NU terhadap kebijakan Menkes semakin meruncing. Seolah membalas kampanye antirokok menkes, kini NU menggalakkan rokok alami alias kretek.

"Rokok ini (kretek) bermanfaat untuk kita yang berbahan alami. Yang alamiah selalu lebih baik. Alam itu baik untuk manusia tinggal pengetahuan kita." jelas Profesor Universitas Brawijaya, Sutiman di kantor PBNU Jakarta, (16/12).

Alasannya, dibandingkan dengan rokok lainnya, rokok jenis kretek tidak punya bahan kimia berlebih.

"Ini kan dari bahan alami dan kalau dibakar elemen pecah sendiri. Kalau daun dia enggak berbahaya. Menurut saya komponen (kimia) semakin sedikit semakin sehat," tutur dia.

Editor : Liwon Maulana

Sumber : Merdeka.com

Ada Empat Alasan PBNU tak haramkan rokok sampai kiamat

Trend sewa komputer di Indonesia mulai dikenal masyarakat sejak tahun 2007. Seiring dengan semakin ketatnya persaingan, maka perusahaan juga harus menekan biaya perusahaan, di mana salah satu beban perusahaan yang cukup besar yang bisa ditekan secara signifikan adalah biaya pengadaan barang dan peralatan yang hanya digunakan untuk jangka waktu tertentu, peralatan untuk seminar, workshop, meeting, pelatihan, ujian online, festival, carnival, pameran, presentasi, dan lain-lain. Pada saat inilah, sewa komputer mulai booming, dan banyak dicari oleh perusahaan melalui media internet.

Selanjutnya, seiring dengan kemajuan teknologi, perusahaan tidak lagi menyewa komputer, tetapi mulai menyewa laptop yang telah memiliki ukuran lebih kecil dan lebih mudah dibawa, serta tidak memakan tempat. Hingga pada pertengahan tahun 2008 lalau , booming pencarian rental laptop pun juga mulai banyak dilakukan oleh konsumen melalui media internet.

Hingga akhirnya, bukan hanya penyedia jasa sewa komputer dan rental laptop saja yang banyak digunakan oleh perusahaan, tetapi juga sewa poyektor, screen, TV Plasma, printer, mesin forocopy, dan sebagainya.

Trend sewa proyektor, sewa screen, dan sewa TV Plasma, pun juga tidak lagi didominasi oleh perusahaan, tetapi juga oleh event organizer, wedding, dan lain-lain.

TREND JASA SEWA KOMPUTER SURABAYA

Ceruk peluang bisnis bagi industri sewa mobil melaju pesat seiring dengan pertumbuhan ekonomi yang semakin meningkat di Indonesia dan telah membuat banyak perusahaan bertumbuh besar. Alat transportasi pun juga semakin dibutuhkan untuk dapat memudahkan mobilisasi demi kepentingan bisnis. "Sekarang memang banyak jasa sewa mobil yang berdiri atau tumbuh karena kebutuhan perusahaan semakin banyak. Baik itu transportasi karyawan hingga transportasi untuk mengangkut hasil tambang," Prodjo Sunarjanto, Presiden Direktur PT Adi Sarana Armada (ASSA), salah satu perusahaan sewa mobil perusahaan terbesar di Indonesia.

Dia juga mengakui sebelum ini industri sewa mobil untuk perusahaan memang sudah banyak pemainnya, tetapi dengan pertumbuhan ekonomi seperti ini telah membuat bisnis semakin menggiurkan. Oleh karena itu dia berharap ekonomi Indonesia bisa terus meningkat atau setidaknya terjaga agar ritme industri sewa mobil bisa terus bertahan. "Kalau pertumbuhan ekonomi jelek atau anjlok kayak waktu tahun 1998, ya kacau. Perusahaan pada bangkrut, tingkat sewa juga menurun drastis," ungkapnya.

Pendorong lainnya adalah persentase Return on Equity (ROE) atau rasio tingkat pengembalian atas modal yang tinggi yang mengindikasikan apakah perusahaan dikelola dengan baik dan efisien. Semakin tinggi persentase artinya semakin efisien sebuah perusahaan dikelola. "Perusahaan kami tahun ini akan menargetkan ROE mencapai 18%," harapnya. Dia juga menambahkan, model bisnis sewa mobil memang padat modal sehingga modal yang dibutuhkan tinggi.

 
Industri Sewa Mobil Didukung Perbankan

 
Cara manajemen dan skema keuangan pun telah menjadi penting untuk dapat menghasilkan keuntungan. "Banyak perusahaan yang salah menerapkan hal ini karena tidak menyadari industri ini telah memiliki skema yang berbeda, jadi banyak perusahaan yang tidak berkembang atau malah bisa tutup. Salah satu skema yang biasa terjadi adalah kompetisi dengan harga murah, tidak memperhitungkan banyak hal hingga akhirnya kekurangan dana untuk berkembang," tambahnya. Oleh karena itu, ASSA memutuskan tidak akan main banting-bantingan harga.

Risiko yang tersebar juga menjadi andalan industri rental mobil untuk terus melaju pertumbuhannya. Prodjo juga menjelaskan, banyak bank yang berminat untuk memberikan pinjaman karena kemungkinan gagal bayar sangat kecil. Alasannya, industri rental mobil merupakan bisnis padat modal berupa mobil atau kendaraan lainnya. Modal ini pun bisa dicairkan dengan cara menjual sesuai dengan kebutuhan yang diperlukan.

"Kita kan bisnis padat modal, banyak mobil yang kita miliki yang harganya minimal Rp 150 juta. Kalau ada utang atau apa-apa yang butuh uang kita tinggal jual. Apalagi kalau ekonomi sedang anjlok berarti harga mobil dan kurs dolar meningkat, artinya harga jual mobil bekas juga meningkat. Pengalaman saya waktu tahun 1998, harga mobil Rp 30 juta bisa dijual Rp 100 juta," jelasnya. Hal ini membuat risiko perusahaan tersebar sehingga cenderung lebih aman. "Oleh karena itu, bank juga selalu siap meminjamkan uangnya karena senang dengan bisnis model industri rental mobil," tegasnya.

 

INDUSTRI SEWA MOBIL MELAJU CEPAT, UNTUNG PUN DIRAIH

Imagine an elite professional services firm with a high-performing, workaholic culture. Everyone is expected to turn on a dime to serve a client, travel at a moment’s notice, and be available pretty much every evening and weekend. It can make for a grueling work life, but at the highest levels of accounting, law, investment banking and consulting firms, it is just the way things are.

Except for one dirty little secret: Some of the people ostensibly turning in those 80- or 90-hour workweeks, particularly men, may just be faking it.

Many of them were, at least, at one elite consulting firm studied by Erin Reid, a professor at Boston University’s Questrom School of Business. It’s impossible to know if what she learned at that unidentified consulting firm applies across the world of work more broadly. But her research, published in the academic journal Organization Science, offers a way to understand how the professional world differs between men and women, and some of the ways a hard-charging culture that emphasizes long hours above all can make some companies worse off.

Photo
 
Credit Peter Arkle

Ms. Reid interviewed more than 100 people in the American offices of a global consulting firm and had access to performance reviews and internal human resources documents. At the firm there was a strong culture around long hours and responding to clients promptly.

“When the client needs me to be somewhere, I just have to be there,” said one of the consultants Ms. Reid interviewed. “And if you can’t be there, it’s probably because you’ve got another client meeting at the same time. You know it’s tough to say I can’t be there because my son had a Cub Scout meeting.”

Some people fully embraced this culture and put in the long hours, and they tended to be top performers. Others openly pushed back against it, insisting upon lighter and more flexible work hours, or less travel; they were punished in their performance reviews.

The third group is most interesting. Some 31 percent of the men and 11 percent of the women whose records Ms. Reid examined managed to achieve the benefits of a more moderate work schedule without explicitly asking for it.

They made an effort to line up clients who were local, reducing the need for travel. When they skipped work to spend time with their children or spouse, they didn’t call attention to it. One team on which several members had small children agreed among themselves to cover for one another so that everyone could have more flexible hours.

A male junior manager described working to have repeat consulting engagements with a company near enough to his home that he could take care of it with day trips. “I try to head out by 5, get home at 5:30, have dinner, play with my daughter,” he said, adding that he generally kept weekend work down to two hours of catching up on email.

Despite the limited hours, he said: “I know what clients are expecting. So I deliver above that.” He received a high performance review and a promotion.

What is fascinating about the firm Ms. Reid studied is that these people, who in her terminology were “passing” as workaholics, received performance reviews that were as strong as their hyper-ambitious colleagues. For people who were good at faking it, there was no real damage done by their lighter workloads.

It calls to mind the episode of “Seinfeld” in which George Costanza leaves his car in the parking lot at Yankee Stadium, where he works, and gets a promotion because his boss sees the car and thinks he is getting to work earlier and staying later than anyone else. (The strategy goes awry for him, and is not recommended for any aspiring partners in a consulting firm.)

A second finding is that women, particularly those with young children, were much more likely to request greater flexibility through more formal means, such as returning from maternity leave with an explicitly reduced schedule. Men who requested a paternity leave seemed to be punished come review time, and so may have felt more need to take time to spend with their families through those unofficial methods.

The result of this is easy to see: Those specifically requesting a lighter workload, who were disproportionately women, suffered in their performance reviews; those who took a lighter workload more discreetly didn’t suffer. The maxim of “ask forgiveness, not permission” seemed to apply.

It would be dangerous to extrapolate too much from a study at one firm, but Ms. Reid said in an interview that since publishing a summary of her research in Harvard Business Review she has heard from people in a variety of industries describing the same dynamic.

High-octane professional service firms are that way for a reason, and no one would doubt that insane hours and lots of travel can be necessary if you’re a lawyer on the verge of a big trial, an accountant right before tax day or an investment banker advising on a huge merger.

But the fact that the consultants who quietly lightened their workload did just as well in their performance reviews as those who were truly working 80 or more hours a week suggests that in normal times, heavy workloads may be more about signaling devotion to a firm than really being more productive. The person working 80 hours isn’t necessarily serving clients any better than the person working 50.

In other words, maybe the real problem isn’t men faking greater devotion to their jobs. Maybe it’s that too many companies reward the wrong things, favoring the illusion of extraordinary effort over actual productivity.

How Some Men Fake an 80-Hour Workweek, and Why It Matters

A former member of the Boston Symphony Orchestra, Mr. Smedvig helped found the wide-ranging Empire Brass quintet.

Rolf Smedvig, Trumpeter in the Empire Brass, Dies at 62

Public perceptions of race relations in America have grown substantially more negative in the aftermath of the death of a young black man who was injured while in police custody in Baltimore and the subsequent unrest, far eclipsing the sentiment recorded in the wake of turmoil in Ferguson, Mo., last summer.

Americans are also increasingly likely to say that the police are more apt to use deadly force against a black person, the latest New York Times/CBS News poll finds.

The poll findings highlight the challenges for local leaders and police officials in trying to maintain order while sustaining faith in the criminal justice system in a racially polarized nation.

Sixty-one percent of Americans now say race relations in this country are generally bad. That figure is up sharply from 44 percent after the fatal police shooting of Michael Brown and the unrest that followed in Ferguson in August, and 43 percent in December. In a CBS News poll just two months ago, 38 percent said race relations were generally bad. Current views are by far the worst of Barack Obama’s presidency.

The negative sentiment is echoed by broad majorities of blacks and whites alike, a stark change from earlier this year, when 58 percent of blacks thought race relations were bad, but just 35 percent of whites agreed. In August, 48 percent of blacks and 41 percent of whites said they felt that way.

Looking ahead, 44 percent of Americans think race relations are worsening, up from 36 percent in December. Forty-one percent of blacks and 46 percent of whites think so. Pessimism among whites has increased 10 points since December.

Continue reading the main story
Do you think race relations in the United States are generally good or generally bad?
60
40
20
0
White
Black
May '14
May '15
Generally bad
Continue reading the main story
Do you think race relations in the United States are getting better, getting worse or staying about the same?
Getting worse
Staying the same
Getting better
Don't know/No answer
All adults
Whites
Blacks
44%
37
17
46
36
16
41
42
15

The poll finds that profound racial divisions in views of how the police use deadly force remain. Blacks are more than twice as likely to say police in most communities are more apt to use deadly force against a black person — 79 percent of blacks say so compared with 37 percent of whites. A slim majority of whites say race is not a factor in a police officer’s decision to use deadly force.

Overall, 44 percent of Americans say deadly force is more likely to be used against a black person, up from 37 percent in August and 40 percent in December.

Blacks also remain far more likely than whites to say they feel mostly anxious about the police in their community. Forty-two percent say so, while 51 percent feel mostly safe. Among whites, 8 in 10 feel mostly safe.

One proposal to address the matter — having on-duty police officers wear body cameras — receives overwhelming support. More than 9 in 10 whites and blacks alike favor it.

Continue reading the main story
How would you describe your feelings about the police in your community? Would you say they make you feel mostly safe or mostly anxious?
Mostly safe
Mostly anxious
Don't know/No answer
All adults
Whites
Blacks
75%
21
3
81
16
3
51
42
7
Continue reading the main story
In general, do you think the police in most communities are more likely to use deadly force against a black person, or more likely to use it against a white person, or don’t you think race affects police use of deadly force?
Police more likely to use deadly force against a black person
Police more likely to use deadly force against a white person
Race DOES NOT affect police use of deadly force
Don't know/No answer
All adults
Whites
Blacks
44%
37%
79%
2%
2%
1%
46%
53%
16%
9%
8%
4%
Continue reading the main story
Do you favor or oppose on-duty police officers wearing video cameras that would record events and actions as they occur?
Favor
Oppose
Don't know/No answer
All adults
Whites
Blacks
92%
93%
93%
6%
5%
5%
2%
2%
2%

Asked specifically about the situation in Baltimore, most Americans expressed at least some confidence that the investigation by local authorities would be conducted fairly. But while nearly two-thirds of whites think so, fewer than half of blacks agree. Still, more blacks are confident now than were in August regarding the investigation in Ferguson. On Friday, six members of the police force involved in the arrest of Mr. Gray were charged with serious offenses, including manslaughter. The poll was conducted Thursday through Sunday; results from before charges were announced are similar to those from after.

Reaction to the recent turmoil in Baltimore, however, is similar among blacks and whites. Most Americans, 61 percent, say the unrest after Mr. Gray’s death was not justified. That includes 64 percent of whites and 57 percent of blacks.

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As you may know, a Baltimore man, Freddie Gray, recently died after being in the custody of the Baltimore police. How much confidence do you have that the investigation by local authorities into this matter will be conducted fairly?
A lot
Some
Not much
None at all
Don't know/No answer
All adults
Whites
Blacks
29%
31
22
14
5
31
33
20
11
5
20
26
30
22
In general, do you think the unrest in Baltimore after the death of Freddie Gray was justified, or do you think the unrest was not justified?
Justified
Not justified
Don't know/No answer
All adults
Whites
Blacks
28%
61
11
26
64
11
37
57
6

Negative View of U.S. Race Relations Grows, Poll Finds

A 2-minute-42-second demo recording captured in one take turned out to be a one-hit wonder for Mr. Ely, who was 19 when he sang the garage-band classic.

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Frontline  An installment of this PBS program looks at the effects of Ebola on Liberia and other countries, as well as the origins of the outbreak.
Frontline

Frontline An installment of this PBS program looks at the effects of Ebola on Liberia and other countries, as well as the origins of the outbreak.

The program traces the outbreak to its origin, thought to be a tree full of bats in Guinea.

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A variation of volleyball with nine men on each side is profiled Tuesday night on the World Channel in an absorbing documentary called “9-Man.”

Television

‘Hard Earned’ Documents the Plight of the Working Poor

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Judge Patterson helped to protect the rights of Attica inmates after the prison riot in 1971 and later served on the Federal District Court in Manhattan.

Robert Patterson Jr., Lawyer and Judge Who Fought for the Accused, Dies at 91

Mr. Miller, of the firm Weil, Gotshal & Manges, represented companies including Lehman Brothers, General Motors and American Airlines, and mentored many of the top Chapter 11 practitioners today.

Harvey R. Miller, Renowned Bankruptcy Lawyer, Dies at 82

At the National Institutes of Health, Dr. Suzman’s signature accomplishment was the central role he played in creating a global network of surveys on aging.

Richard Suzman, 72, Dies; Researcher Influenced Global Surveys on Aging
Children playing last week in Sandtown-Winchester, the Baltimore neighborhood where Freddie Gray was raised. One young resident called it “a tough community.”
Todd Heisler/The New York Times

Children playing last week in Sandtown-Winchester, the Baltimore neighborhood where Freddie Gray was raised. One young resident called it “a tough community.”

Hard but Hopeful Home to ‘Lot of Freddies’

Hard but Hopeful Home to ‘Lot of Freddies’

HOBART, Tasmania — Few places seem out of reach for China’s leader, Xi Jinping, who has traveled from European capitals to obscure Pacific and Caribbean islands in pursuit of his nation’s strategic interests.

So perhaps it was not surprising when he turned up last fall in this city on the edge of the Southern Ocean to put down a long-distance marker in another faraway region, Antarctica, 2,000 miles south of this Australian port.

Standing on the deck of an icebreaker that ferries Chinese scientists from this last stop before the frozen continent, Mr. Xi pledged that China would continue to expand in one of the few places on earth that remain unexploited by humans.

He signed a five-year accord with the Australian government that allows Chinese vessels and, in the future, aircraft to resupply for fuel and food before heading south. That will help secure easier access to a region that is believed to have vast oil and mineral resources; huge quantities of high-protein sea life; and for times of possible future dire need, fresh water contained in icebergs.

It was not until 1985, about seven decades after Robert Scott and Roald Amundsen raced to the South Pole, that a team representing Beijing hoisted the Chinese flag over the nation’s first Antarctic research base, the Great Wall Station on King George Island.

But now China seems determined to catch up. As it has bolstered spending on Antarctic research, and as the early explorers, especially the United States and Australia, confront stagnant budgets, there is growing concern about its intentions.

China’s operations on the continent — it opened its fourth research station last year, chose a site for a fifth, and is investing in a second icebreaker and new ice-capable planes and helicopters — are already the fastest growing of the 52 signatories to the Antarctic Treaty. That gentlemen’s agreement reached in 1959 bans military activity on the continent and aims to preserve it as one of the world’s last wildernesses; a related pact prohibits mining.

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But Mr. Xi’s visit was another sign that China is positioning itself to take advantage of the continent’s resource potential when the treaty expires in 2048 — or in the event that it is ripped up before, Chinese and Australian experts say.

“So far, our research is natural-science based, but we know there is more and more concern about resource security,” said Yang Huigen, director general of the Polar Research Institute of China, who accompanied Mr. Xi last November on his visit to Hobart and stood with him on the icebreaker, Xue Long, or Snow Dragon.

With that in mind, the polar institute recently opened a new division devoted to the study of resources, law, geopolitics and governance in Antarctica and the Arctic, Mr. Yang said.

Australia, a strategic ally of the United States that has strong economic relations with China, is watching China’s buildup in the Antarctic with a mix of gratitude — China’s presence offers support for Australia’s Antarctic science program, which is short of cash — and wariness.

“We should have no illusions about the deeper agenda — one that has not even been agreed to by Chinese scientists but is driven by Xi, and most likely his successors,” said Peter Jennings, executive director of the Australian Strategic Policy Institute and a former senior official in the Australian Department of Defense.

“This is part of a broader pattern of a mercantilist approach all around the world,” Mr. Jennings added. “A big driver of Chinese policy is to secure long-term energy supply and food supply.”

That approach was evident last month when a large Chinese agriculture enterprise announced an expansion of its fishing operations around Antarctica to catch more krill — small, protein-rich crustaceans that are abundant in Antarctic waters.

“The Antarctic is a treasure house for all human beings, and China should go there and share,” Liu Shenli, the chairman of the China National Agricultural Development Group, told China Daily, a state-owned newspaper. China would aim to fish up to two million tons of krill a year, he said, a substantial increase from what it currently harvests.

Because sovereignty over Antarctica is unclear, nations have sought to strengthen their claims over the ice-covered land by building research bases and naming geographic features. China’s fifth station will put it within reach of the six American facilities, and ahead of Australia’s three.

Chinese mappers have also given Chinese names to more than 300 sites, compared with the thousands of locations on the continent with English names.

In the unspoken competition for Antarctica’s future, scientific achievement can also translate into influence. Chinese scientists are driving to be the first to drill and recover an ice core containing tiny air bubbles that provide a record of climate change stretching as far back as 1.5 million years. It is an expensive and delicate effort at which others, including the European Union and Australia, have failed.

In a breakthrough a decade ago, European scientists extracted an ice core nearly two miles long that revealed 800,000 years of climate history. But finding an ice core going back further would allow scientists to examine a change in the earth’s climate cycles believed to have occurred 900,000 to 1.2 million years ago.

China is betting it has found the best location to drill, at an area called Dome A, or Dome Argus, the highest point on the East Antarctic Ice Sheet. Though it is considered one of the coldest places on the planet, with temperatures of 130 degrees below zero Fahrenheit, a Chinese expedition explored the area in 2005 and established a research station in 2009.

“The international community has drilled in lots of places, but no luck so far,” said Xiao Cunde, a member of the first party to reach the site and the deputy director of the Institute for Climate Change at the Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences. “We think at Dome A we will have a straight shot at the one-million-year ice core.”

Mr. Xiao said China had already begun drilling and hoped to find what scientists are looking for in four to five years.

To support its Antarctic aspirations, China is building a sophisticated $300 million icebreaker that is expected to be ready in a few years, said Xia Limin, deputy director of the Chinese Arctic and Antarctic Administration in Beijing. It has also bought a high-tech fixed-wing aircraft, outfitted in the United States, for taking sensitive scientific soundings from the ice.

China has chosen the site for its fifth research station at Inexpressible Island, named by a group of British explorers who were stranded at the desolate site in 1912 and survived the winter by excavating a small ice cave.

Mr. Xia said the inhospitable spot was ideal because China did not have a presence in that part of Antarctica, and because the rocky site did not have much snow, making it relatively cheap to build there.

Anne-Marie Brady, a professor of political science at the University of Canterbury in New Zealand and the author of a soon-to-be-released book, “China as a Polar Great Power,” said Chinese scientists also believed they had a good chance of finding mineral and energy resources near the site.

“China is playing a long game in Antarctica and keeping other states guessing about its true intentions and interests are part of its poker hand,” she said. But she noted that China’s interest in finding minerals was presented “loud and clear to domestic audiences” as the main reason it was investing in Antarctica.

Because commercial drilling is banned, estimates of energy and mineral resources in Antarctica rely on remote sensing data and comparisons with similar geological environments elsewhere, said Millard F. Coffin, executive director of the Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies in Hobart.

But the difficulty of extraction in such severe conditions and uncertainty about future commodity prices make it unlikely that China or any country would defy the ban on mining anytime soon.

Tourism, however, is already booming. Travelers from China are still a relatively small contingent in the Antarctic compared with the more than 13,000 Americans who visited in 2013, and as yet there are no licensed Chinese tour operators.

But that is about to change, said Anthony Bergin, deputy director of the Australian Strategic Policy Institute. “I understand very soon there will be Chinese tourists on Chinese vessels with all-Chinese crew in the Antarctic,” he said.

 

Top News China’s Intents Are Questioned as It Builds in Antarctica

Fullmer, who reigned when fight clubs abounded and Friday night fights were a television staple, was known for his title bouts with Sugar Ray Robinson and Carmen Basilio.

Gene Fullmer, a Brawling Middleweight Champion, Dies at 83

WASHINGTON — The last three men to win the Republican nomination have been the prosperous son of a president (George W. Bush), a senator who could not recall how many homes his family owned (John McCain of Arizona; it was seven) and a private equity executive worth an estimated $200 million (Mitt Romney).

The candidates hoping to be the party’s nominee in 2016 are trying to create a very different set of associations. On Sunday, Ben Carson, a retired neurosurgeon, joined the presidential field.

Senator Marco Rubio of Florida praises his parents, a bartender and a Kmart stock clerk, as he urges audiences not to forget “the workers in our hotel kitchens, the landscaping crews in our neighborhoods, the late-night janitorial staff that clean our offices.”

Gov. Scott Walker of Wisconsin, a preacher’s son, posts on Twitter about his ham-and-cheese sandwiches and boasts of his coupon-clipping frugality. His $1 Kohl’s sweater has become a campaign celebrity in its own right.

Senator Rand Paul of Kentucky laments the existence of “two Americas,” borrowing the Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.’s phrase to describe economically and racially troubled communities like Ferguson, Mo., and Detroit.

Photo
 
Senator Marco Rubio of Florida praises his parents, a bartender and a Kmart stock clerk. Credit Joe Raedle/Getty Images

“Some say, ‘But Democrats care more about the poor,’ ” Mr. Paul likes to say. “If that’s true, why is black unemployment still twice white unemployment? Why has household income declined by $3,500 over the past six years?”

We are in the midst of the Empathy Primary — the rhetorical battleground shaping the Republican presidential field of 2016.

Harmed by the perception that they favor the wealthy at the expense of middle-of-the-road Americans, the party’s contenders are each trying their hardest to get across what the elder George Bush once inelegantly told recession-battered voters in 1992: “Message: I care.”

Their ability to do so — less bluntly, more sincerely — could prove decisive in an election year when power, privilege and family connections will loom large for both parties.

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Questions of understanding and compassion cost Republicans in the last election. Mr. Romney, who memorably dismissed the “47 percent” of Americans as freeloaders, lost to President Obama by 63 percentage points among voters who cast their ballots for the candidate who “cares about people like me,” according to exit polls.

And a Pew poll from February showed that people still believe Republicans are indifferent to working Americans: 54 percent said the Republican Party does not care about the middle class.

That taint of callousness explains why Senator Ted Cruz of Texas declared last week that Republicans “are and should be the party of the 47 percent” — and why another son of a president, Jeb Bush, has made economic opportunity the centerpiece of his message.

With his pedigree and considerable wealth — since he left the Florida governor’s office almost a decade ago he has earned millions of dollars sitting on corporate boards and advising banks — Mr. Bush probably has the most complicated task making the argument to voters that he understands their concerns.

On a visit last week to Puerto Rico, Mr. Bush sounded every bit the populist, railing against “elites” who have stifled economic growth and innovation. In the kind of economy he envisions leading, he said: “We wouldn’t have the middle being squeezed. People in poverty would have a chance to rise up. And the social strains that exist — because the haves and have-nots is the big debate in our country today — would subside.”

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Who Is Running for President (and Who’s Not)?

Republicans’ emphasis on poorer and working-class Americans now represents a shift from the party’s longstanding focus on business owners and “job creators” as the drivers of economic opportunity.

This is intentional, Republican operatives said.

In the last presidential election, Republicans rushed to defend business owners against what they saw as hostility by Democrats to successful, wealthy entrepreneurs.

“Part of what you had was a reaction to the Democrats’ dehumanization of business owners: ‘Oh, you think you started your plumbing company? No you didn’t,’ ” said Grover Norquist, the conservative activist and president of Americans for Tax Reform.

But now, Mr. Norquist said, Republicans should move past that. “Focus on the people in the room who know someone who couldn’t get a job, or a promotion, or a raise because taxes are too high or regulations eat up companies’ time,” he said. “The rich guy can take care of himself.”

Democrats argue that the public will ultimately see through such an approach because Republican positions like opposing a minimum-wage increase and giving private banks a larger role in student loans would hurt working Americans.

“If Republican candidates are just repeating the same tired policies, I’m not sure that smiling while saying it is going to be enough,” said Guy Cecil, a Democratic strategist who is joining a “super PAC” working on behalf of Hillary Rodham Clinton.

Republicans have already attacked Mrs. Clinton over the wealth and power she and her husband have accumulated, caricaturing her as an out-of-touch multimillionaire who earns hundreds of thousands of dollars per speech and has not driven a car since 1996.

Mr. Walker hit this theme recently on Fox News, pointing to Mrs. Clinton’s lucrative book deals and her multiple residences. “This is not someone who is connected with everyday Americans,” he said. His own net worth, according to The Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, is less than a half-million dollars; Mr. Walker also owes tens of thousands of dollars on his credit cards.

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But showing off a cheap sweater or boasting of a bootstraps family background not only helps draw a contrast with Mrs. Clinton’s latter-day affluence, it is also an implicit argument against Mr. Bush.

Mr. Walker, who featured a 1998 Saturn with more than 100,000 miles on the odometer in a 2010 campaign ad during his first run for governor, likes to talk about flipping burgers at McDonald’s as a young person. His mother, he has said, grew up on a farm with no indoor plumbing until she was in high school.

Mr. Rubio, among the least wealthy members of the Senate, with an estimated net worth of around a half-million dollars, uses his working-class upbringing as evidence of the “exceptionalism” of America, “where even the son of a bartender and a maid can have the same dreams and the same future as those who come from power and privilege.”

Mr. Cruz alludes to his family’s dysfunction — his parents, he says, were heavy drinkers — and recounts his father’s tale of fleeing Cuba with $100 sewn into his underwear.

Gov. Chris Christie of New Jersey notes that his father paid his way through college working nights at an ice cream plant.

But sometimes the attempts at projecting authenticity can seem forced. Mr. Christie recently found himself on the defensive after telling a New Hampshire audience, “I don’t consider myself a wealthy man.” Tax returns showed that he and his wife, a longtime Wall Street executive, earned nearly $700,000 in 2013.

The story of success against the odds is a political classic, even if it is one the Republican Party has not been able to tell for a long time. Ronald Reagan liked to say that while he had not been born on the wrong side of the tracks, he could always hear the whistle. Richard Nixon was fond of reminding voters how he was born in a house his father had built.

“Probably the idea that is most attractive to an average voter, and an idea that both Republicans and Democrats try to craft into their messages, is this idea that you can rise from nothing,” said Charles C. W. Cooke, a writer for National Review.

There is a certain delight Republicans take in turning that message to their advantage now.

“That’s what Obama did with Hillary,” Mr. Cooke said. “He acknowledged it openly: ‘This is ridiculous. Look at me, this one-term senator with dark skin and all of America’s unsolved racial problems, running against the wife of the last Democratic president.”

G.O.P. Hopefuls Now Aiming to Woo the Middle Class

A lapsed seminarian, Mr. Chambers succeeded Saul Alinsky as leader of the social justice umbrella group Industrial Areas Foundation.

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Even as a high school student, Dave Goldberg was urging female classmates to speak up. As a young dot-com executive, he had one girlfriend after another, but fell hard for a driven friend named Sheryl Sandberg, pining after her for years. After they wed, Mr. Goldberg pushed her to negotiate hard for high compensation and arranged his schedule so that he could be home with their children when she was traveling for work.

Mr. Goldberg, who died unexpectedly on Friday, was a genial, 47-year-old Silicon Valley entrepreneur who built his latest company, SurveyMonkey, from a modest enterprise to one recently valued by investors at $2 billion. But he was also perhaps the signature male feminist of his era: the first major chief executive in memory to spur his wife to become as successful in business as he was, and an essential figure in “Lean In,” Ms. Sandberg’s blockbuster guide to female achievement.

Over the weekend, even strangers were shocked at his death, both because of his relatively young age and because they knew of him as the living, breathing, car-pooling center of a new philosophy of two-career marriage.

“They were very much the role models for what this next generation wants to grapple with,” said Debora L. Spar, the president of Barnard College. In a 2011 commencement speech there, Ms. Sandberg told the graduates that whom they married would be their most important career decision.

In the play “The Heidi Chronicles,” revived on Broadway this spring, a male character who is the founder of a media company says that “I don’t want to come home to an A-plus,” explaining that his ambitions require him to marry an unthreatening helpmeet. Mr. Goldberg grew up to hold the opposite view, starting with his upbringing in progressive Minneapolis circles where “there was woman power in every aspect of our lives,” Jeffrey Dachis, a childhood friend, said in an interview.

The Goldberg parents read “The Feminine Mystique” together — in fact, Mr. Goldberg’s father introduced it to his wife, according to Ms. Sandberg’s book. In 1976, Paula Goldberg helped found a nonprofit to aid children with disabilities. Her husband, Mel, a law professor who taught at night, made the family breakfast at home.

Later, when Dave Goldberg was in high school and his prom date, Jill Chessen, stayed silent in a politics class, he chastised her afterward. He said, “You need to speak up,” Ms. Chessen recalled in an interview. “They need to hear your voice.”

Years later, when Karin Gilford, an early employee at Launch Media, Mr. Goldberg’s digital music company, became a mother, he knew exactly what to do. He kept giving her challenging assignments, she recalled, but also let her work from home one day a week. After Yahoo acquired Launch, Mr. Goldberg became known for distributing roses to all the women in the office on Valentine’s Day.

Ms. Sandberg, who often describes herself as bossy-in-a-good-way, enchanted him when they became friendly in the mid-1990s. He “was smitten with her,” Ms. Chessen remembered. Ms. Sandberg was dating someone else, but Mr. Goldberg still hung around, even helping her and her then-boyfriend move, recalled Bob Roback, a friend and co-founder of Launch. When they finally married in 2004, friends remember thinking how similar the two were, and that the qualities that might have made Ms. Sandberg intimidating to some men drew Mr. Goldberg to her even more.

Over the next decade, Mr. Goldberg and Ms. Sandberg pioneered new ways of capturing information online, had a son and then a daughter, became immensely wealthy, and hashed out their who-does-what-in-this-marriage issues. Mr. Goldberg’s commute from the Bay Area to Los Angeles became a strain, so he relocated, later joking that he “lost the coin flip” of where they would live. He paid the bills, she planned the birthday parties, and both often left their offices at 5:30 so they could eat dinner with their children before resuming work afterward.

Friends in Silicon Valley say they were careful to conduct their careers separately, politely refusing when outsiders would ask one about the other’s work: Ms. Sandberg’s role building Facebook into an information and advertising powerhouse, and Mr. Goldberg at SurveyMonkey, which made polling faster and cheaper. But privately, their work was intertwined. He often began statements to his team with the phrase “Well, Sheryl said” sharing her business advice. He counseled her, too, starting with her salary negotiations with Mark Zuckerberg.

“I wanted Mark to really feel he stretched to get Sheryl, because she was worth it,” Mr. Goldberg explained in a 2013 “60 Minutes” interview, his Minnesota accent and his smile intact as he offered a rare peek of the intersection of marriage and money at the top of corporate life.

 

 

While his wife grew increasingly outspoken about women’s advancement, Mr. Goldberg quietly advised the men in the office on family and partnership matters, an associate said. Six out of 16 members of SurveyMonkey’s management team are female, an almost unheard-of ratio among Silicon Valley “unicorns,” or companies valued at over $1 billion.

When Mellody Hobson, a friend and finance executive, wrote a chapter of “Lean In” about women of color for the college edition of the book, Mr. Goldberg gave her feedback on the draft, a clue to his deep involvement. He joked with Ms. Hobson that she was too long-winded, like Ms. Sandberg, but aside from that, he said he loved the chapter, she said in an interview.

By then, Mr. Goldberg was a figure of fascination who inspired a “where can I get one of those?” reaction among many of the women who had read the best seller “Lean In.” Some lamented that Ms. Sandberg’s advice hinged too much on marrying a Dave Goldberg, who was humble enough to plan around his wife, attentive enough to worry about which shoes his young daughter would wear, and rich enough to help pay for the help that made the family’s balancing act manageable.

Now that he is gone, and Ms. Sandberg goes from being half of a celebrated partnership to perhaps the business world’s most prominent single mother, the pages of “Lean In” carry a new sting of loss.

“We are never at 50-50 at any given moment — perfect equality is hard to define or sustain — but we allow the pendulum to swing back and forth between us,” she wrote in 2013, adding that they were looking forward to raising teenagers together.

“Fortunately, I have Dave to figure it out with me,” she wrote.

Dave Goldberg Was Lifelong Women’s Advocate
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harga paket umroh ramadhan di Malaka Sari jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umrah akhir tahun di Lubang Buaya jakarta
biaya paket umroh januari di Pondok Kopi jakarta
paket promo umroh akhir tahun di Rawamangun jakarta