PAKET UMROH BULAN FEBRUARI MARET APRIL MEI 2018




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saco-indonesia.com, Masalah pembajakan hak cipta untuk karya lagu di Indonesia sudah mencapai titik nadir. Yeah, begitu mudahnya kita mendapatkan lagu-lagu dengan format mp3 secara ilegal, entah itu download dari layanan file sharing, men- copy dari teman maupun membelinya dari lapak-lapak DVD di pinggir jalan. Bahkan artis dan label dibuat pusing dengan permasalahan ini, berbagai kampanye anti bajakan dan langkah- langkah lainnya untuk mencegah terjadinya pembajakan gencar dilakukan.

Okey, saya juga mengakui kalau dulu pernah download lagu-lagu secara ilegal. Kemudian saya menyadari bahwa karya lagu merupakan sumber penghasilan bagi para musisi dan mendapatkannya secara ilegal tentunya sangat merugikan bagi para musisi tersebut. Sangat penting untuk menyadari akan masalah copyright atau hak cipta bagi kita yang bekerja di dunia kreatif.

Bagi Anda yang berkocek tebal tentu tidak memiliki masalah untuk dapat membeli dan menikmati lagu-lagu. Tapi bagi kamu yang memiliki dana terbatas dan tidak cukup untuk membeli sebuah CD, solusinya? Download lagu gratis! (dan legal tentunya) Yeah, banyak sekali online resource yang menyediakan lagu-lagu ber-format mp3 secara gratis. Memang kebanyakan dari musisi-musisi indie dan (mungkin) masih asing didengar bagai dari antah berantah. But, hei secara musikalitas lagu-lagunya gak kalah keren dari artis-artis terkenal loh. Mencoba mendengarkan sesuatu yang baru tentu menjadi tantangan tersendiri kan? :D dan para hipster bilang “is too mainstream! let’s get indie”.

Jamendo

Jamendo

Jamendo

Semua lagu di Jamendo gratis untuk di-download dan dilisensikan dari salah satu lisensi Creative Commons atau Free Art License, sehingga hukum untuk men- copy, berbagi, memodifikasi dan digunakan secara komersial sudah diatur pada tiap lisensi yang dicantumkan pada lagu-lagu tersebut. Ada lebih dari 32.000 album dari seluruh musisi di dunia yang tersedia untuk di-download sekarang di Jamendo. Menjadikan Jamendo salah satu dari website terbaik untuk men-download lagu gratis dan tumbuh menjadi perpustakaan lagu-lagu gratis.

PureVolume

PureVolume

PureVolume

PureVolume adalah sebuah website yang digunakan untuk mencari dan mempromosikan seorang musisi maupun band. Musisi atau band di PureVolume memiliki akses penuh untuk men-upload lagu dan mengaturnya untuk dibagikan gratis ataupun dijual, men- upload video, menjual merchandise dan memberi info jadwal tour/konser mereka.

ReverbNation

ReverbNation

ReverbNation

ReverbNation menjadi sebuah wadah berkumpulnya para pelaku industri musik profesional, manajemen artis, label, musisi, band, promotor, dan tentunya fans. Banyak artis, musisi dan band terkenal nangkring disini, yang lokal Indonesia juga banyak. Biasanya mereka memberikan minimal satu lagu gratis untuk di-download.

LastFM

LastFM

LastFM

Selain menjadi jejaring sosial musik terbesar, LastFM juga turut memberikan lagu-lagu gratis terutama dari para musisi atau band indie. Masuk ke menu “Free Music Downloads” untuk melihat daftar lagu gratis dan men-download-nya.

MP3

MP3

MP3

MP3 adalah sebuah website yang dioperasikan oleh CNET Networks yang menyediakan informasi tentang lagu, album, dan video dari para musisi di seluruh dunia. Tidak hanya berbayar, MP3 juga menyediakan ribuan lagu-lagu gratis untuk di-download.

SoundCloud

SoundCloud

SoundCloud

Siapa yang tidak kenal SoundCloud? bagi pecinta musik tidak afdol rasanya bila tidak memiliki akun di sini. Selain sebagai social sound platform, SoundCloud juga menyediakan lagu-lagu dari para member-nya yang bisa di-download secara gratis.

NoiseTrade

NoiseTrade

NoiseTrade

Ide dari NoiseTrade sangat menarik! “Fans get free music. Artists connect with new fans. Everybody wins”. Sound very Indie, right? Tentunya NoiseTrade menjadi sebuah ‘Valhalla’ bagi para musisi di jalur indie.

Epitonic

Epitonic

Epitonic

Epitonic pertama kali di launch pada 8 Maret 1999. Website ini menjadi salah satu yang pertama sebagai music library dan informasi seputar industri musik. Sempat terbengkalai pada tahun 2004 dan pada 8 Maret 2011 Epitonic kembali di launch dengan penambahan fitur-fitur yang lebih keren.

Stereogum

Stereogum

Stereogum

Stereogum adalah salah satu blog mp3 pertama. Stereogum pertama kali rilis lebih fokus membahas pada genre musik indie dan alternatif. Tapi dengan antusiasme yang besar dari para musisi, kini Stereogum menghadirkan hampir semua genre musik. Anda bisa men-download lagu secara gratis dari beberapa artis terkenal seperti: Kanye West, Ryan Adams, Vampire Weekend, dan lain-lain.

FreeMusicArchive

FreeMusicArchive

FreeMusicArchive

Ingin mendapatkan playlist yang tidak biasa? Anda bisa mencoba di FreeMusicArchive. Download seluruh track dari playlist yang sudah di kurasi oleh para kurator indie terpercaya. “It’s not just free music; it’s good music”.

Myspoonful

Myspoonful

Myspoonful

Myspoonful memberikan lagu-lagu baru secara gratis tiap harinya. Tim Myspoonful rutin menkurasi artis atau musisi indie yang terbaik dan merekomendasikannya untuk anda.

Amazon MP3

Amazon mp3

Amazon mp3

Amazon salah satu toko online retail terbesar juga menjual lagu-lagu layaknya iTunes store. Selain berbayar, Amazon MP3 memberikan cukup banyak lagu gratis yang bisa anda download.

Insound

Insound

Insound

Insound adalah sebuah toko online musik yang salah satu produk terkenalnya adalah mixtape lagu digital yang di-convert dari vynil. Insound juga memberikan 1-2 track gratis untuk di-download setiap harinya (mungkin sebagai bentuk dari promosinya).

Museopen

Museopen

Museopen

Museopen adalah sebuat website non-profit yang memfokuskan pada pengembangan akses dan informasi musik serta sebagai bahan pendidikan. Museopen menyediakan musik rekaman gratis, sheet music dan textbooks kepada publik secara gratis. Suka dengan musik orkestra, Museopen bisa menjadi referensi yang bagus.

Overclocked Remix

Overclocked Remix

Overclocked Remix

Suka dengan musik remix khas game? atau penggemar film Scott Pilgrim vs The World? Well, Overclocked Remix didedikasikan buat anda.

CCMixter

CCMixter

CCMixter

CCMixter hampir serupa seperti Overclocked Remix, tetapi lebih luas dan tidak terfokus hanya untuk musik remix game saja. Musisi remix maupun komunitas remix bisa men- upload karyanya di sini untuk dibagikan secara gratis.

Penutup

Cukup banyak sekali online resource untuk mendapatkan lagu-lagu secara legal dan gratis. Hari gini dibilang gak gaul, karena playlist-mu terbatas? hehehe… balas deh tuh anak-anak songong dengan playlist lagu-lagu indie dan pengetahuan musik yang mumpuni yang didapat dari website-website diatas. “Is too mainstream! let’s get indie” *toss*

16 WEBSITE DOWNLOAD LAGU SECARA LEGAL DAN GRATIS

saco-indonesia.com,

Begitu banyak hal yang ku alami, yang ku temui
Saat bersamamu ku rasa senang, ku rasa sedih

Air mata ini menyadarkanku
Kau takkan pernah jadi milikku
Air mata ini menyadarkanku
Kau takkan pernah menjadi milikku

Tak pernah ku mengerti aku segila ini
Aku hidup untukmu, aku mati tanpamu
Tak pernah ku sadari aku sebodoh ini
Aku hidup untukmu, aku mati tanpamu

Air mata ini menyadarkanku oooh
Kau takkan pernah menjadi milikku ooo

Tak pernah ku mengerti aku segila ini
Aku hidup untukmu, aku mati tanpamu
Tak pernah ku sadari aku sebodoh ini
Aku hidup untukmu, aku mati tanpamu

Editor : dian sukmawati

NOAH – Hidup Untukmu, Mati Tanpamu


Profil

Risalah adalah tugas yang dipikulkan kepada Nabi Muhammad shalallahu alaihi was salam untuk menyampaikan wahyu yang diterimanya kepada umat muslim, selain itu Risalah yang dibawa Nabi Muhammad shalallahu alaihi was salam juga memiliki keistimewaan dari segi peruntukan. Jika, nabi-nabi sebelumnya membawa risalah khusus untuk ummat tertentu, maka risalah kenabian Muhammad shalallahu alaihi was salam diperuntukkan bagi seluruh ummat hingga hari kiamat. Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala telah mengamanahkan beban risalah ini hanya kepada Nabi Muhammad shalallahu alaihi was salam. Dan diantara risalah yang Allah turunkan adalah rukun-rukun Iman dan Islam, termasuk didalamnya adalah menunaikan ibadah Haji dan Umroh.

Penertian Haji Dan Umroh

Pengertian Umroh bahasa artinya berkunjung, sedangkan secara istilah adalah berkunjung ke ka’bah dengan melaksanakan ketentuan-ketentuan yang berkaitan dengan umrah dalam rangka mendekatkan diri pada Allah.

Umrah disebut juga haji kecil, karena beberapa ketentuannya hampir sama dengan haji misalnya tentang syarat-syarat, rukun, atau larangan-larangannya. Apalagi perintah umrah disejajarkan dengan perintah haji. Allah berfirman :

Dan sempurnakanlah ibadah haji dan umrah karena Allah (Al-Baqoroh:196).

tetapi pelaksanaan umrah lebih sederhana dibandingkan dengan pelaksanaan haji. Umrah dapat dilaksanan sewaktu-waktu sepanjang tahun, baik di dalam bulan haji atau sebelum maupun sesudahnya.

       Bisa melaksanakan ibadah Umroh ke tanah suci adalah impian setiap muslim. Tentu, tidak akan ada hamba Allah yang menolak menikmati kesempatan beribadah di negeri para nabi, menapaki jejak Rosulullah untuk bersujud di hadapan ka’bah secara langsung. Sayangnya, tidak semua orang bisa mendapatkan kesempatan ini dikarenakan jarak yang memisahkan, untuk berumroh, seorang muslim harus merogoh saku lebih dalam untuk memperoleh kesempatan ini.

Dalam hal yang paling mandasar dibutuhkan oleh setiap Jama’ah yang menjalankan ibadah umroh adalah kenyamanan dan keamanan dalam menjalankan rutinitas ibadah umroh itu sendiri dari keberangkatan sampai akhirnya kembali lagi kerumah masing-masing.

Begitu juga dengan makna disetiap ritual Umroh itu sendiri mempunyai artian yang berbeda-beda. Didalamnya berlangsung sebuah peristiwa sosial, yang tidak hanya menghubungkan manusia dengan Allah SWT,melainkan juga tentang manusia berhubungan dengan manusia lainnya. Mempererat tali silaturahim diantara Jama’ah memiliki banyak manfaat bagi kita semua, salah satunya mendapat Ridho dari Allah SWT dan meningkatkan rasa kebersamaan dan rasa kekeluargaan,

Orang yang hendak pergi menunaikan ibadah Umroh biasanya menggunakan jasa KBIH atau perusahaan penyelenggara ibadah Umroh untuk menyiapkan segala kebutuhan seperti visa umroh, tiket pesawat, akomodasi, memandu seluruh kegiatan ibadah umroh selama ditanah suci.

Dengan demikian, jamaah tinggal mempersiapkan diri untuk berangkat ketanah suci dan melaksanakan ibadah umroh supaya meraih keutamaan dan pahala dari Allah SWT. Supaya tujuan ibadah umroh terpenuhi,

Penting bagi Jama’ah untuk mencari KBIH atau perusahaan penyelenggara ibadah umroh yang baik, jujur, bertanggung jawab, bisa dipercaya dan mengakomodasi segala kebutuhan selama berlangsungnya ibadah Umroh tersebut.

Perusahaan penyelenggara ibadah umroh diharapkan dapat memenuhi harapan para Jama’ah yaitu memperoleh ibadah yang khusu, aman, nyaman, dapat memahami segala macam bentuk dan makna

dari ibadah Umroh itu sendiri dan sesuai dengan apa yang di syariatkan oleh Rosulullah shallallahu 'alaihi wasallam. Salah memilih KBIH atau perusahaan penyelenggara umroh akan berdampak buruk bagi kesejahtraan Jama’ah, sehingga tentunya akan mempengaruhi kelancaran dan kualitas ibadah.

 

RISALAH WISATA NABAWI yang berdiri sejak tahun 2012 memberikan solusi tepat bagi para Jama’ah dengan menawarkan pelayanan yang prima, tanggap dan optimal untuk membantu para Jama’ah dalam menjalankan ibadah Umroh. Bagi kami, tiada hari tanpa menolong sesama, keberhasilan, kekhusu’an dan kepuasan para jama’ah selama menjalankan ibadah umroh adalah kebanggan tersendiri bagi kami sebagai penyelenggara ibadah Umroh. Alhamdulillah selama kami telah membantu para Jama’ah dari berbagai daerah di Indonesia khususnya daerah jawa barat dalam menjalankan ibadah umroh.

Sebelum keberangkatan, kami berbagi pengetahuan akan hal-hal yang dasar dalam ibadah Umroh dan berbagai macam persiapan sebelum meninggalkan Tanah Air. Mengadakan Manasik Umroh yang rutin kami lakukan menjadi sangat penting bagi Jama’ah, khususnya bagi para Jama’ah yang baru pertama kali menjalankan ibadah umroh

RISALAH WISATA NABAWI didukung oleh asatizd lulusan Timur Tengah yang sangat berpengalaman dalam memberikan pengetahuan akan ibadah serta menanamkan nilai-nilah dari ibadah sesuai dengan RISALAH Rosulullah shallallahu 'alaihi wasallam selama atau pasca Umroh. Muthawif yang handal dalam bidangnya, tanggap, cekatan. team yang muda, ramah, sopan, enerjik, bersahabat akan memudahkan Jama’ah mendapatkan pelayanan yang maksimal sebelum dan sesudah menjalankan ibadah Umroh,

RISALAH WISATA NABAWI menawarkan berbagai jenis paket Umroh. Mulai dari paket regular, paket keluarga, peket super hemat, sampai paket Umroh plus liburan yaitu Jama’ah akan diajak berlibur sebelum atau sesudah ibadah selesai. Liburan yang ditawarkan ketempat-tempat bersejarah di Arab Saudi dan wisata kebeberapa Negara timur tengah lainnya.

 
 
Makna Risalah Versi Risalah Nabawi Tour

 

    Ridho Illahi yang selalu kami kejar dan Ramah dalam berinteraksi
    Ibadah yang sesuai dengan Sunnah Rosulullah shallallahu alaihi wasallam.
    Sopan dalam berbicara, Santun dalam berbuat, bersahabat dengan semua eleman masyarakat dan Silaturahim selalu kami jaga
    Amanah selama menjalankan tugas.
    Layanan yang maksimal bagi para Jama’ah dari proses pemberangkatan sampai kembali ke Tanah Air,
    Aman dalam perjalanan dengan asuransi terpercaya.
    Hikmah disetiap langkahnya. Perjalanan yang penuh Hikmah dan Pelajaran disetiap proses kegiatan Umroh akan memberikan makna tersendiri bagi para Jamaah.

Sumber : http://www.myrisalah.com

Baca Artikel Lainnya : HUKUM BERDOA DI DEPAN MAKAM RASULULLAH

RISALAH NABAWI TOUR

Berbagai macam cara yang dilakukan orang dalam bisnis internet sangatlah banyak, dan ranking website sangat diperlukan untuk memajukan usaha yang dijalankan. Berikut saya berbagi tips untuk menaikkan ranking disalah satu search engine, ALEXA.

 
 
1.  Install toolbar Alexa atau extensi Firefox SearchStatus dan atur blog anda sebagai homepage di browser anda. Ini adalah langkah paling dasar.
2.  Pasang widget rangking Alexa di web anda. Saya melakukannya setiap hampir setiap blogging dan menerima beberapa klik setiap hari. Menurut beberapa orang, setiap klik dihitung sebagai sebuah kunjungan bahkan jika toolbar-nya tidak dipakai oleh sang pengunjung.
3.  Ajak orang lain untuk menggunakan toolbar Alexa. Termasuk teman-teman anda, sesama webmaster juga pengunjung atau pembaca blog/situs. Pastikan bahwa anda me-link ke penjelasan mendetail yang diberikan oleh Alexa mengenai toolbar mereka dan sistem pelacakan yang mereka gunakan sehingga para pembaca tahu toolbar apa yang akan mereka install.
4.  Jika kamu bekerja di warnet, kantor, dll.  Pasanglah toolbar Alexa atau extensi Firefox SS di semua komputer disana dan pasanglah web anda sebagai homepage di semua browser. Mungkin hal itu akan membantu hanya jika komputer di kantor tersebut menggunakan IP dinamis atau berbeda. kang salman sering melakukan ini saat iseng main ke warnet-warnet yang kang salman temukan.
5.  Mintalah teman-teman mengulas (review) dan menilai profile website anda menurut Alexa. Kang salman merasa hal ini menjadi nilai tambah kita di mata alexa rank
6.  Tulis artikel mengenai Alexa. Webmaster dan blogger suka membaca bagaimana cara meningkatkan rangking Alexa. Mereka akan membuat link ke artikel anda dan jika beruntung mereka akan dengan baik hati mengirim pengunjung ke blog anda (dengan kata lain para pengunjung dengan toolbar sudah terinstall). Hal ini secara berangsur-angsur akan berefek pada rangking Alexa anda.
7.   Pamerkan URL anda di forum-forum webmaster. Webmaster biasanya memiliki toolbar terinstall dalam komputer mereka. Anda akan mendapatkan kunjungan dari para webmaster dan mampu menawarkan feedback yang berguna. Hal itu juga merupakan cara yang baik untuk membalas budi pada komunitas jika anda memiliki artikel yang berguna untuk dibagi dengan yang lain.
8.  Tulis artikel yang berkaitan dengan webmaster. Webmaster adalah sebuah web yang cukup besar dan menangani banyak pengunjung, misal : Blog ini hehehe bercanda, Artikel tersebut bisa membahas domain dan SEO,dua bidang di mana para webmaster akan memiliki toolbar Alexa terinstall. Promosikan konten anda di web jejaring sosial dan forum webmaster.
9.  Gunakan redirect Alexa untuk URL web anda. Coba ini : http://redirect.alexa.com/redirect?www.doshdosh.com Ganti doshdosh.com dengan URL dari blog anda. Tinggalkan link ini dalam komentar blog juga tanda tangan forum. Redirect ini akan dihitung sebagai alamat IP unik setiap satu hari jadi mengklik link ini beberapa kali tidak akan membantu. Menurut Kabar yang kang salman dengar, Tidak ada bukti remsi bahwa redirect secara positif menguntungkan rangking Alexa anda, jadi gunakan dengan hati- hati.
10.  Posting artikel di web jejaring sosial kawasan Asia atau forum-forum. Beberapa webmaster telah menyarankan bahwa pengguna web dari Asia Timur adalah penggemar berat toolbar Alexa, menilai dari hadirnya beberapa website dari Asia yang muncul di Alexa Top 500. Saya menyarankan mencoba hal ini jika anda memiliki kapasitas untuk melakukannya.
11.  Ciptaan sebuah bagian webmaster tool di dalam website anda. Hal ini merupakan sebuah magnet untuk webmaster yang akan sering mengunjungi web anda untuk mendapatkan akses ke tool itu. misal tool itu meta tag analisis, atau cek pagerank dll.
12.  Dapatkan pengunjung yang menyebar artikel anda ke Digg atau Stumbled maupun Facebook dan Twitter. Biasanya hal ini akan membawa banyak pengunjung ke web anda dan jumlah yang meningkat tajam itu akan menimbulkan dampak positif untuk rangking Alexa anda. Secara alami, anda perlu mengembangkan artikel yang layak untuk dilink.
13.  Lakukanlah  promosi dengan memanfatkan iklan Pay Per Click. Beli spot iklan di search engine seperti Google atau Exact Seek akan menolong anda memperoleh sejumlah pengunjung. Dua kali lipat menguntungkan anda bila iklan anda sangat relevan untuk webmaster. atau silakan klik disini untuk cara promosi yang baik
14.  Buat sebuah kategori mengenai Alexa di dalam blog anda dan gunakan itu sebagai kategori saat anda menulis artikel atau berita apapun mengenai Alexa. Tindakan ini adalah sebuah sumber yang mudah diakses oleh webmaster atau para pengunjung yang datang dari search engine dan juga akan menolong rangking anda meningkat dalam sebuah hasil pencarian. Walaupun sebenarnya kang salman tidak menerapkan ini :p hehehe tapi yang penting arahkanlah pengunjung anda untuk lebih mudah mengakses informasi mengenai Alexa
15.  Optimalkan posting populer anda. Anda memiliki posting populer yang secara teratur mendapatkan traffic dari search engine? Masukkan sebuah widget /graphic di bawah posting itu, link ke posting mengenai Alexa yang anda buat atau gunakan redirection dari Alexa di dalam URL internal anda.
16.  Pasang Iklan banner dan link untuk mendapatkan pengunjung dari forum webmaster dan situs-situs. Iklan yang menyolok dan bagus akan menarik banyak pengunjung ke situs anda, yang bisa secara signifikan menaikkan rangking anda.
17.  Sewa editor grafis untuk mendandani web anda. Cara lain beli tanda tangan di sebuah forum web atau promosikan artikel tertentu atau materi tertentu di situs anda secara teratur. Anda bisa dengan mudah menemukan editor grafis untuk disewa di Digital Point dan forum webmaster lain. tujuannya agar memaksimalkan kekuatan tersembunyi dari situs anda
18.   Ini cara yang tidak kang salman gunakan, Bayar pemilik Warnet untuk menginstall toolbar Alexa dan memasang situs anda sebagai homepage untuk semua komputer mereka. Hal ini mungkin sulit untuk dinego dan sebuah solusi yang tidak benar- benar berhasil untuk kebanyakan orang. Tetapi beberapa orang mengatakan bahwa hal ini berhasil. ( tapi bisa menjadi inspirasi buat anda. kang salman mengakalinya dengan mencoba ngelamar magang di warnet. Silakan kamu ngelamar kerja ke warnet deh, selain bisa ngenet gratis, kamu juga bisa lebih leluasa mengubah homepagenya hihihi)
19.  Gunakan MySpace. Hal ini agak curang dan kang salman sangat tidak merekomendasikannya kecuali jika anda benar-benar tertarik untuk memanipulasi rangkin Alexa anda. Gunakan gambar yang menarik secara visual atau banner dan link gambar itu ke URL anda yang sudah diredirected ke Alexa. Hal ini efektif jika web anda memiliki konten yang sangat relevan dengan pengguna MySpace.
20.  Coba Alexa auto surf. Apakah mereka bekerja ? Mungkin untuk situs yang benar-benar baru. Saya pikir mereka akan sangat sesuai untuk situs baru yang sangat miskin rangking Alexa. Ingat bahwa akan ada masalah saat anda mencoba menggunakan auto surf bersamaan dengan iklan kontekstual seperti Adsense. Dan cara ini juga bukan solusi jangka panjang untuk meningkatkan rangking Alexa anda jadi saya sarankan anda berhati-hati dengan cara ini.

source : berbagai artikel tentang Alexa
 
GOOD RANK ON ALEXA

saco-indonesia.com, Dalam Sebuah Buku Tertulis bahwa mansia terbagi menjadi 2 jenis berdasarkan penyelesaian terhadap suatu masalah,

MANUSIA EKSTERNAL
adalah manusia yang selalu memandang sesuatu yang terjadi padanya sebagai akibat keadaan yang terjadi diluar dirinya, manusia eksternal beranggapan bahwa segala sesuatu yang menimpa dirinya disebabkan oleh keadaan eksternal yang terjadi diluar dirinya. Manusia eksternal selalu berfikir keadaan yang mengontrol dirinya, bukan dirinnya yang mengontrol keadaan, MANUSIA YANG SELALU MENYALAHKAN KEADAAN. Contoh kecilnya saat kalah bermain sepakbola, menurutnya yang salah adalah lapangan atau wasitnya.

MANUSIA INTERNAL
yaitu manusia yang menanggapi sebuah masalah berlawanan dengan manusia eksternal. Manusiayang berfikir bahwa dirinyalah yang harus mengontrol keadaan, tidak mau kalah dengan keadaan. Manusia Internal akan melihat terlebih dahulu apa yang salah pada dirinya, bukan yang lantas menyalahkan keadaan.

MANUSIA INTERNAL DAN MANUSIA EKSTERNAL

BALTIMORE — In the afternoons, the streets of Locust Point are clean and nearly silent. In front of the rowhouses, potted plants rest next to steps of brick or concrete. There is a shopping center nearby with restaurants, and a grocery store filled with fresh foods.

And the National Guard and the police are largely absent. So, too, residents say, are worries about what happened a few miles away on April 27 when, in a space of hours, parts of this city became riot zones.

“They’re not our reality,” Ashley Fowler, 30, said on Monday at the restaurant where she works. “They’re not what we’re living right now. We live in, not to be racist, white America.”

As Baltimore considers its way forward after the violent unrest brought by the death of Freddie Gray, a 25-year-old black man who died of injuries he suffered while in police custody, residents in its predominantly white neighborhoods acknowledge that they are sometimes struggling to understand what beyond Mr. Gray’s death spurred the turmoil here. For many, the poverty and troubled schools of gritty West Baltimore are distant troubles, glimpsed only when they pass through the area on their way somewhere else.

Photo
 
Officers blocked traffic at Pennsylvania and West North Avenues after reports that a gun was discharged in the area. Credit Drew Angerer for The New York Times

And so neighborhoods of Baltimore are facing altogether different reckonings after Mr. Gray’s death. In mostly black communities like Sandtown-Winchester, where some of the most destructive rioting played out last week, residents are hoping businesses will reopen and that the police will change their strategies. But in mostly white areas like Canton and Locust Point, some residents wonder what role, if any, they should play in reimagining stretches of Baltimore where they do not live.

“Most of the people are kind of at a loss as to what they’re supposed to do,” said Dr. Richard Lamb, a dentist who has practiced in the same Locust Point office for nearly 39 years. “I listen to the news reports. I listen to the clergymen. I listen to the facts of the rampant unemployment and the lack of opportunities in the area. Listen, I pay my taxes. Exactly what can I do?”

And in Canton, where the restaurants have clever names like Nacho Mama’s and Holy Crepe Bakery and Café, Sara Bahr said solutions seemed out of reach for a proudly liberal city.

“I can only imagine how frustrated they must be,” said Ms. Bahr, 36, a nurse who was out with her 3-year-old daughter, Sally. “I just wish I knew how to solve poverty. I don’t know what to do to make it better.”

The day of unrest and the overwhelmingly peaceful demonstrations that followed led to hundreds of arrests, often for violations of the curfew imposed on the city for five consecutive nights while National Guard soldiers patrolled the streets. Although there were isolated instances of trouble in Canton, the neighborhood association said on its website, many parts of southeast Baltimore were physically untouched by the tumult.

Tensions in the city bubbled anew on Monday after reports that the police had wounded a black man in Northwest Baltimore. The authorities denied those reports and sent officers to talk with the crowds that gathered while other officers clutching shields blocked traffic at Pennsylvania and West North Avenues.

Lt. Col. Melvin Russell, a community police officer, said officers had stopped a man suspected of carrying a handgun and that “one of those rounds was spent.”

Colonel Russell said officers had not opened fire, “so we couldn’t have shot him.”

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Lambi Vasilakopoulos, right, who runs a casual restaurant in Canton, said he was incensed by last week's looting and predicted tensions would worsen. Credit Drew Angerer for The New York Times

The colonel said the man had not been injured but was taken to a hospital as a precaution. Nearby, many people stood in disbelief, despite the efforts by the authorities to quash reports they described as “unfounded.”

Monday’s episode was a brief moment in a larger drama that has yielded anger and confusion. Although many people said they were familiar with accounts of the police harassing or intimidating residents, many in Canton and Locust Point said they had never experienced it themselves. When they watched the unrest, which many protesters said was fueled by feelings that they lived only on Baltimore’s margins, even those like Ms. Bahr who were pained by what they saw said they could scarcely comprehend the emotions associated with it.

But others, like Lambi Vasilakopoulos, who runs a casual restaurant in Canton, said they were incensed by what unfolded last week.

“What happened wasn’t called for. Protests are one thing; looting is another thing,” he said, adding, “We’re very frustrated because we’re the ones who are going to pay for this.”

There were pockets of optimism, though, that Baltimore would enter a period of reconciliation.

“I’m just hoping for peace,” Natalie Boies, 53, said in front of the Locust Point home where she has lived for 50 years. “Learn to love each other; be patient with each other; find justice; and care.”

A skeptical Mr. Vasilakopoulos predicted tensions would worsen.

“It cannot be fixed,” he said. “It’s going to get worse. Why? Because people don’t obey the laws. They don’t want to obey them.”

But there were few fears that the violence that plagued West Baltimore last week would play out on these relaxed streets. The authorities, Ms. Fowler said, would make sure of that.

“They kept us safe here,” she said. “I didn’t feel uncomfortable when I was in my house three blocks away from here. I knew I was going to be O.K. because I knew they weren’t going to let anyone come and loot our properties or our businesses or burn our cars.”

Baltimore Residents Away From Turmoil Consider Their Role

Ms. Meadows was the older sister of Audrey Meadows, who played Alice Kramden on “The Honeymooners.”

Jayne Meadows, Actress and Steve Allen’s Wife and Co-Star, Dies at 95

Though Robin and Joan Rolfs owned two rare talking dolls manufactured by Thomas Edison’s phonograph company in 1890, they did not dare play the wax cylinder records tucked inside each one.

The Rolfses, longtime collectors of Edison phonographs, knew that if they turned the cranks on the dolls’ backs, the steel phonograph needle might damage or destroy the grooves of the hollow, ring-shaped cylinder. And so for years, the dolls sat side by side inside a display cabinet, bearers of a message from the dawn of sound recording that nobody could hear.

In 1890, Edison’s dolls were a flop; production lasted only six weeks. Children found them difficult to operate and more scary than cuddly. The recordings inside, which featured snippets of nursery rhymes, wore out quickly.

Yet sound historians say the cylinders were the first entertainment records ever made, and the young girls hired to recite the rhymes were the world’s first recording artists.

Year after year, the Rolfses asked experts if there might be a safe way to play the recordings. Then a government laboratory developed a method to play fragile records without touching them.

Audio

The technique relies on a microscope to create images of the grooves in exquisite detail. A computer approximates — with great accuracy — the sounds that would have been created by a needle moving through those grooves.

In 2014, the technology was made available for the first time outside the laboratory.

“The fear all along is that we don’t want to damage these records. We don’t want to put a stylus on them,” said Jerry Fabris, the curator of the Thomas Edison Historical Park in West Orange, N.J. “Now we have the technology to play them safely.”

Last month, the Historical Park posted online three never-before-heard Edison doll recordings, including the two from the Rolfses’ collection. “There are probably more out there, and we’re hoping people will now get them digitized,” Mr. Fabris said.

The technology, which is known as Irene (Image, Reconstruct, Erase Noise, Etc.), was developed by the particle physicist Carl Haber and the engineer Earl Cornell at Lawrence Berkeley. Irene extracts sound from cylinder and disk records. It can also reconstruct audio from recordings so badly damaged they were deemed unplayable.

“We are now hearing sounds from history that I did not expect to hear in my lifetime,” Mr. Fabris said.

The Rolfses said they were not sure what to expect in August when they carefully packed their two Edison doll cylinders, still attached to their motors, and drove from their home in Hortonville, Wis., to the National Document Conservation Center in Andover, Mass. The center had recently acquired Irene technology.

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Cylinders carry sound in a spiral groove cut by a phonograph recording needle that vibrates up and down, creating a surface made of tiny hills and valleys. In the Irene set-up, a microscope perched above the shaft takes thousands of high-resolution images of small sections of the grooves.

Stitched together, the images provide a topographic map of the cylinder’s surface, charting changes in depth as small as one five-hundredth the thickness of a human hair. Pitch, volume and timbre are all encoded in the hills and valleys and the speed at which the record is played.

At the conservation center, the preservation specialist Mason Vander Lugt attached one of the cylinders to the end of a rotating shaft. Huddled around a computer screen, the Rolfses first saw the wiggly waveform generated by Irene. Then came the digital audio. The words were at first indistinct, but as Mr. Lugt filtered out more of the noise, the rhyme became clearer.

“That was the Eureka moment,” Mr. Rolfs said.

In 1890, a girl in Edison’s laboratory had recited:

There was a little girl,

And she had a little curl

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Right in the middle of her forehead.

When she was good,

She was very, very good.

But when she was bad, she was horrid.

Recently, the conservation center turned up another surprise.

In 2010, the Woody Guthrie Foundation received 18 oversize phonograph disks from an anonymous donor. No one knew if any of the dirt-stained recordings featured Guthrie, but Tiffany Colannino, then the foundation’s archivist, had stored them unplayed until she heard about Irene.

Last fall, the center extracted audio from one of the records, labeled “Jam Session 9” and emailed the digital file to Ms. Colannino.

“I was just sitting in my dining room, and the next thing I know, I’m hearing Woody,” she said. In between solo performances of “Ladies Auxiliary,” “Jesus Christ,” and “Dead or Alive,” Guthrie tells jokes, offers some back story, and makes the audience laugh. “It is quintessential Guthrie,” Ms. Colannino said.

The Rolfses’ dolls are back in the display cabinet in Wisconsin. But with audio stored on several computers, they now have a permanent voice.

Ghostly Voices From Thomas Edison’s Dolls Can Now Be Heard

WASHINGTON — During a training course on defending against knife attacks, a young Salt Lake City police officer asked a question: “How close can somebody get to me before I’m justified in using deadly force?”

Dennis Tueller, the instructor in that class more than three decades ago, decided to find out. In the fall of 1982, he performed a rudimentary series of tests and concluded that an armed attacker who bolted toward an officer could clear 21 feet in the time it took most officers to draw, aim and fire their weapon.

The next spring, Mr. Tueller published his findings in SWAT magazine and transformed police training in the United States. The “21-foot rule” became dogma. It has been taught in police academies around the country, accepted by courts and cited by officers to justify countless shootings, including recent episodes involving a homeless woodcarver in Seattle and a schizophrenic woman in San Francisco.

Now, amid the largest national debate over policing since the 1991 beating of Rodney King in Los Angeles, a small but vocal set of law enforcement officials are calling for a rethinking of the 21-foot rule and other axioms that have emphasized how to use force, not how to avoid it. Several big-city police departments are already re-examining when officers should chase people or draw their guns and when they should back away, wait or try to defuse the situation

Police Rethink Long Tradition on Using Force

Gagne wrestled professionally from the late 1940s until the 1980s and was a transitional figure between the early 20th century barnstormers and the steroidal sideshows of today

Verne Gagne, Wrestler Who Grappled Through Two Eras, Dies at 89

The 2015 Met Gala has only officially begun, but there's a clear leader in the race for best couple, no small feat at an event that threatens to sap Hollywood of every celebrity it has for the duration of an East Coast evening.

That would be Marc Jacobs and his surprise guest (who, by some miracle, remained under wraps until their red carpet debut), Cher.

“This has been a dream of mine for a very, very long time,” Mr. Jacobs said.

It is Cher's first appearance at the Met Gala since 1997, when she arrived on the arm of Donatella Versace.

– MATTHEW SCHNEIER

Cher and Marc Jacobs

Mr. Tepper was not a musical child and had no formal training, but he grew up to write both lyrics and tunes, trading off duties with the other member of the team, Roy C. Bennett.

Sid Tepper Dies at 96; Delivered ‘Red Roses for a Blue Lady’ and Other Songs

The magical quality Mr. Lesnie created in shooting the “Babe” films caught the eye of the director Peter Jackson, who chose him to film the fantasy epic.

Andrew Lesnie, Cinematographer of ‘Lord of the Rings,’ Dies at 59

UNITED NATIONS — Wearing pinstripes and a pince-nez, Staffan de Mistura, the United Nations envoy for Syria, arrived at the Security Council one Tuesday afternoon in February and announced that President Bashar al-Assad had agreed to halt airstrikes over Aleppo. Would the rebels, Mr. de Mistura suggested, agree to halt their shelling?

What he did not announce, but everyone knew by then, was that the Assad government had begun a military offensive to encircle opposition-held enclaves in Aleppo and that fierce fighting was underway. It would take only a few days for rebel leaders, having pushed back Syrian government forces, to outright reject Mr. de Mistura’s proposed freeze in the fighting, dooming the latest diplomatic overture on Syria.

Diplomacy is often about appearing to be doing something until the time is ripe for a deal to be done.

 

 

Now, with Mr. Assad’s forces having suffered a string of losses on the battlefield and the United States reaching at least a partial rapprochement with Mr. Assad’s main backer, Iran, Mr. de Mistura is changing course. Starting Monday, he is set to hold a series of closed talks in Geneva with the warring sides and their main supporters. Iran will be among them.

In an interview at United Nations headquarters last week, Mr. de Mistura hinted that the changing circumstances, both military and diplomatic, may have prompted various backers of the war to question how much longer the bloodshed could go on.

“Will that have an impact in accelerating the willingness for a political solution? We need to test it,” he said. “The Geneva consultations may be a good umbrella for testing that. It’s an occasion for asking everyone, including the government, if there is any new way that they are looking at a political solution, as they too claim they want.”

He said he would have a better assessment at the end of June, when he expects to wrap up his consultations. That coincides with the deadline for a final agreement in the Iran nuclear talks.

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Whether a nuclear deal with Iran will pave the way for a new opening on peace talks in Syria remains to be seen. Increasingly, though, world leaders are explicitly linking the two, with the European Union’s top diplomat, Federica Mogherini, suggesting last week that a nuclear agreement could spur Tehran to play “a major but positive role in Syria.”

It could hardly come soon enough. Now in its fifth year, the Syrian war has claimed 220,000 lives, prompted an exodus of more than three million refugees and unleashed jihadist groups across the region. “This conflict is producing a question mark in many — where is it leading and whether this can be sustained,” Mr. de Mistura said.

Part Italian, part Swedish, Mr. de Mistura has worked with the United Nations for more than 40 years, but he is more widely known for his dapper style than for any diplomatic coups. Syria is by far the toughest assignment of his career — indeed, two of the organization’s most seasoned diplomats, Lakhdar Brahimi and Kofi Annan, tried to do the job and gave up — and critics have wondered aloud whether Mr. de Mistura is up to the task.

He served as a United Nations envoy in Afghanistan and Iraq, and before that in Lebanon, where a former minister recalled, with some scorn, that he spent many hours sunbathing at a private club in the hills above Beirut. Those who know him say he has a taste for fine suits and can sometimes speak too soon and too much, just as they point to his diplomatic missteps and hyperbole.

They cite, for instance, a news conference in October, when he raised the specter of Srebrenica, where thousands of Muslims were massacred in 1995 during the Balkans war, in warning that the Syrian border town of Kobani could fall to the Islamic State. In February, he was photographed at a party in Damascus, the Syrian capital, celebrating the anniversary of the Iranian revolution just as Syrian forces, aided by Iran, were pummeling rebel-held suburbs of Damascus; critics seized on that as evidence of his coziness with the government.

Mouin Rabbani, who served briefly as the head of Mr. de Mistura’s political affairs unit and has since emerged as one of his most outspoken critics, said Mr. de Mistura did not have the background necessary for the job. “This isn’t someone well known for his political vision or political imagination, and his closest confidants lack the requisite knowledge and experience,” Mr. Rabbani said.

As a deputy foreign minister in the Italian government, Mr. de Mistura was tasked in 2012 with freeing two Italian marines detained in India for shooting at Indian fishermen. He made 19 trips to India, to little effect. One marine was allowed to return to Italy for medical reasons; the other remains in India.

He said he initially turned down the Syria job when the United Nations secretary general approached him last August, only to change his mind the next day, after a sleepless, guilt-ridden night.

Mr. de Mistura compared his role in Syria to that of a doctor faced with a terminally ill patient. His goal in brokering a freeze in the fighting, he said, was to alleviate suffering. He settled on Aleppo as the location for its “fame,” he said, a decision that some questioned, considering that Aleppo was far trickier than the many other lesser-known towns where activists had negotiated temporary local cease-fires.

“Everybody, at least in Europe, are very familiar with the value of Aleppo,” Mr. de Mistura said. “So I was using that as an icebreaker.”

The cease-fire negotiations, to which he had devoted six months, fell apart quickly because of the government’s military offensive in Aleppo the very day of his announcement at the Security Council. Privately, United Nations diplomats said Mr. de Mistura had been manipulated. To this, Mr. de Mistura said only that he was “disappointed and concerned.”

Tarek Fares, a former rebel fighter, said after a recent visit to Aleppo that no Syrian would admit publicly to supporting Mr. de Mistura’s cease-fire proposal. “If anyone said they went to a de Mistura meeting in Gaziantep, they would be arrested,” is how he put it, referring to the Turkish city where negotiations between the two sides were held.

Secretary General Ban Ki-moon remains staunchly behind Mr. de Mistura’s efforts. His defenders point out that he is at the center of one of the world’s toughest diplomatic problems, charged with mediating a conflict in which two of the world’s most powerful nations — Russia, which supports Mr. Assad, and the United States, which has called for his ouster — remain deadlocked.

R. Nicholas Burns, a former State Department official who now teaches at Harvard, credited Mr. de Mistura for trying to negotiate a cease-fire even when the chances of success were exceedingly small — and the chances of a political deal even smaller. For his efforts to work, Professor Burns argued, the world powers will first have to come to an agreement of their own.

“He needs the help of outside powers,” he said. “It starts with backers of Assad. That’s Russia and Iran. De Mistura is there, waiting.”

With Iran Talks, a Tangled Path to Ending Syria’s War

BEIJING (AP) — The head of Taiwan's Nationalists reaffirmed the party's support for eventual unification with the mainland when he met Monday with Chinese President Xi Jinping as part of continuing rapprochement between the former bitter enemies.

Nationalist Party Chairman Eric Chu, a likely presidential candidate next year, also affirmed Taiwan's desire to join the proposed Chinese-led Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank during the meeting in Beijing. China claims Taiwan as its own territory and doesn't want the island to join using a name that might imply it is an independent country.

Chu's comments during his meeting with Xi were carried live on Hong Kong-based broadcaster Phoenix Television.

The Nationalists were driven to Taiwan by Mao Zedong's Communists during the Chinese civil war in 1949, leading to decades of hostility between the sides. Chu, who took over as party leader in January, is the third Nationalist chairman to visit the mainland and the first since 2009.

Relations between the communist-ruled mainland and the self-governing democratic island of Taiwan began to warm in the 1990s, partly out of their common opposition to Taiwan's formal independence from China, a position advocated by the island's Democratic Progressive Party.

Despite increasingly close economic ties, the prospect of political unification has grown increasingly unpopular on Taiwan, especially with younger voters. Opposition to the Nationalists' pro-China policies was seen as a driver behind heavy local electoral defeats for the party last year that led to Taiwanese President Ma Ying-jeou resigning as party chairman.

Taiwan party leader affirms eventual reunion with China

WASHINGTON — The last three men to win the Republican nomination have been the prosperous son of a president (George W. Bush), a senator who could not recall how many homes his family owned (John McCain of Arizona; it was seven) and a private equity executive worth an estimated $200 million (Mitt Romney).

The candidates hoping to be the party’s nominee in 2016 are trying to create a very different set of associations. On Sunday, Ben Carson, a retired neurosurgeon, joined the presidential field.

Senator Marco Rubio of Florida praises his parents, a bartender and a Kmart stock clerk, as he urges audiences not to forget “the workers in our hotel kitchens, the landscaping crews in our neighborhoods, the late-night janitorial staff that clean our offices.”

Gov. Scott Walker of Wisconsin, a preacher’s son, posts on Twitter about his ham-and-cheese sandwiches and boasts of his coupon-clipping frugality. His $1 Kohl’s sweater has become a campaign celebrity in its own right.

Senator Rand Paul of Kentucky laments the existence of “two Americas,” borrowing the Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.’s phrase to describe economically and racially troubled communities like Ferguson, Mo., and Detroit.

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Senator Marco Rubio of Florida praises his parents, a bartender and a Kmart stock clerk. Credit Joe Raedle/Getty Images

“Some say, ‘But Democrats care more about the poor,’ ” Mr. Paul likes to say. “If that’s true, why is black unemployment still twice white unemployment? Why has household income declined by $3,500 over the past six years?”

We are in the midst of the Empathy Primary — the rhetorical battleground shaping the Republican presidential field of 2016.

Harmed by the perception that they favor the wealthy at the expense of middle-of-the-road Americans, the party’s contenders are each trying their hardest to get across what the elder George Bush once inelegantly told recession-battered voters in 1992: “Message: I care.”

Their ability to do so — less bluntly, more sincerely — could prove decisive in an election year when power, privilege and family connections will loom large for both parties.

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Questions of understanding and compassion cost Republicans in the last election. Mr. Romney, who memorably dismissed the “47 percent” of Americans as freeloaders, lost to President Obama by 63 percentage points among voters who cast their ballots for the candidate who “cares about people like me,” according to exit polls.

And a Pew poll from February showed that people still believe Republicans are indifferent to working Americans: 54 percent said the Republican Party does not care about the middle class.

That taint of callousness explains why Senator Ted Cruz of Texas declared last week that Republicans “are and should be the party of the 47 percent” — and why another son of a president, Jeb Bush, has made economic opportunity the centerpiece of his message.

With his pedigree and considerable wealth — since he left the Florida governor’s office almost a decade ago he has earned millions of dollars sitting on corporate boards and advising banks — Mr. Bush probably has the most complicated task making the argument to voters that he understands their concerns.

On a visit last week to Puerto Rico, Mr. Bush sounded every bit the populist, railing against “elites” who have stifled economic growth and innovation. In the kind of economy he envisions leading, he said: “We wouldn’t have the middle being squeezed. People in poverty would have a chance to rise up. And the social strains that exist — because the haves and have-nots is the big debate in our country today — would subside.”

Continue reading the main story
 

Who Is Running for President (and Who’s Not)?

Republicans’ emphasis on poorer and working-class Americans now represents a shift from the party’s longstanding focus on business owners and “job creators” as the drivers of economic opportunity.

This is intentional, Republican operatives said.

In the last presidential election, Republicans rushed to defend business owners against what they saw as hostility by Democrats to successful, wealthy entrepreneurs.

“Part of what you had was a reaction to the Democrats’ dehumanization of business owners: ‘Oh, you think you started your plumbing company? No you didn’t,’ ” said Grover Norquist, the conservative activist and president of Americans for Tax Reform.

But now, Mr. Norquist said, Republicans should move past that. “Focus on the people in the room who know someone who couldn’t get a job, or a promotion, or a raise because taxes are too high or regulations eat up companies’ time,” he said. “The rich guy can take care of himself.”

Democrats argue that the public will ultimately see through such an approach because Republican positions like opposing a minimum-wage increase and giving private banks a larger role in student loans would hurt working Americans.

“If Republican candidates are just repeating the same tired policies, I’m not sure that smiling while saying it is going to be enough,” said Guy Cecil, a Democratic strategist who is joining a “super PAC” working on behalf of Hillary Rodham Clinton.

Republicans have already attacked Mrs. Clinton over the wealth and power she and her husband have accumulated, caricaturing her as an out-of-touch multimillionaire who earns hundreds of thousands of dollars per speech and has not driven a car since 1996.

Mr. Walker hit this theme recently on Fox News, pointing to Mrs. Clinton’s lucrative book deals and her multiple residences. “This is not someone who is connected with everyday Americans,” he said. His own net worth, according to The Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, is less than a half-million dollars; Mr. Walker also owes tens of thousands of dollars on his credit cards.

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But showing off a cheap sweater or boasting of a bootstraps family background not only helps draw a contrast with Mrs. Clinton’s latter-day affluence, it is also an implicit argument against Mr. Bush.

Mr. Walker, who featured a 1998 Saturn with more than 100,000 miles on the odometer in a 2010 campaign ad during his first run for governor, likes to talk about flipping burgers at McDonald’s as a young person. His mother, he has said, grew up on a farm with no indoor plumbing until she was in high school.

Mr. Rubio, among the least wealthy members of the Senate, with an estimated net worth of around a half-million dollars, uses his working-class upbringing as evidence of the “exceptionalism” of America, “where even the son of a bartender and a maid can have the same dreams and the same future as those who come from power and privilege.”

Mr. Cruz alludes to his family’s dysfunction — his parents, he says, were heavy drinkers — and recounts his father’s tale of fleeing Cuba with $100 sewn into his underwear.

Gov. Chris Christie of New Jersey notes that his father paid his way through college working nights at an ice cream plant.

But sometimes the attempts at projecting authenticity can seem forced. Mr. Christie recently found himself on the defensive after telling a New Hampshire audience, “I don’t consider myself a wealthy man.” Tax returns showed that he and his wife, a longtime Wall Street executive, earned nearly $700,000 in 2013.

The story of success against the odds is a political classic, even if it is one the Republican Party has not been able to tell for a long time. Ronald Reagan liked to say that while he had not been born on the wrong side of the tracks, he could always hear the whistle. Richard Nixon was fond of reminding voters how he was born in a house his father had built.

“Probably the idea that is most attractive to an average voter, and an idea that both Republicans and Democrats try to craft into their messages, is this idea that you can rise from nothing,” said Charles C. W. Cooke, a writer for National Review.

There is a certain delight Republicans take in turning that message to their advantage now.

“That’s what Obama did with Hillary,” Mr. Cooke said. “He acknowledged it openly: ‘This is ridiculous. Look at me, this one-term senator with dark skin and all of America’s unsolved racial problems, running against the wife of the last Democratic president.”

G.O.P. Hopefuls Now Aiming to Woo the Middle Class

A lapsed seminarian, Mr. Chambers succeeded Saul Alinsky as leader of the social justice umbrella group Industrial Areas Foundation.

Edward Chambers, Early Leader in Community Organizing, Dies at 85

Hockey is not exactly known as a city game, but played on roller skates, it once held sway as the sport of choice in many New York neighborhoods.

“City kids had no rinks, no ice, but they would do anything to play hockey,” said Edward Moffett, former director of the Long Island City Y.M.C.A. Roller Hockey League, in Queens, whose games were played in city playgrounds going back to the 1940s.

From the 1960s through the 1980s, the league had more than 60 teams, he said. Players included the Mullen brothers of Hell’s Kitchen and Dan Dorion of Astoria, Queens, who would later play on ice for the National Hockey League.

One street legend from the heyday of New York roller hockey was Craig Allen, who lived in the Woodside Houses projects and became one of the city’s hardest hitters and top scorers.

“Craig was a warrior, one of the best roller hockey players in the city in the ’70s,” said Dave Garmendia, 60, a retired New York police officer who grew up playing with Mr. Allen. “His teammates loved him and his opponents feared him.”

Young Craig took up hockey on the streets of Queens in the 1960s, playing pickup games between sewer covers, wearing steel-wheeled skates clamped onto school shoes and using a roll of electrical tape as the puck.

His skill and ferocity drew attention, Mr. Garmendia said, but so did his skin color. He was black, in a sport made up almost entirely by white players.

“Roller hockey was a white kid’s game, plain and simple, but Craig broke the color barrier,” Mr. Garmendia said. “We used to say Craig did more for race relations than the N.A.A.C.P.”

Mr. Allen went on to coach and referee roller hockey in New York before moving several years ago to South Carolina. But he continued to organize an annual alumni game at Dutch Kills Playground in Long Island City, the same site that held the local championship games.

The reunion this year was on Saturday, but Mr. Allen never made it. On April 26, just before boarding the bus to New York, he died of an asthma attack at age 61.

Word of his death spread rapidly among hundreds of his old hockey colleagues who resolved to continue with the event, now renamed the Craig Allen Memorial Roller Hockey Reunion.

The turnout on Saturday was the largest ever, with players pulling on their old equipment, choosing sides and taking once again to the rink of cracked blacktop with faded lines and circles. They wore no helmets, although one player wore a fedora.

Another, Vinnie Juliano, 77, of Long Island City, wore his hearing aids, along with his 50-year-old taped-up quads, or four-wheeled skates with a leather boot. Many players here never converted to in-line skates, and neither did Mr. Allen, whose photograph appeared on a poster hanging behind the players’ bench.

“I’m seeing people walking by wondering why all these rusty, grizzly old guys are here playing hockey,” one player, Tommy Dominguez, said. “We’re here for Craig, and let me tell you, these old guys still play hard.”

Everyone seemed to have a Craig Allen story, from his earliest teams at Public School 151 to the Bryant Rangers, the Woodside Wings, the Woodside Blues and more.

Mr. Allen, who became a yellow-cab driver, was always recruiting new talent. He gained the nickname Cabby for his habit of stopping at playgrounds all over the city to scout players.

Teams were organized around neighborhoods and churches, and often sponsored by local bars. Mr. Allen, for one, played for bars, including Garry Owen’s and on the Fiddler’s Green Jokers team in Inwood, Manhattan.

Play was tough and fights were frequent.

“We were basically street gangs on skates,” said Steve Rogg, 56, a mail clerk who grew up in Jackson Heights, Queens, and who on Saturday wore his Riedell Classic quads from 1972. “If another team caught up with you the night before a game, they tossed you a beating so you couldn’t play the next day.”

Mr. Garmendia said Mr. Allen’s skin color provoked many fights.

“When we’d go to some ignorant neighborhoods, a lot of players would use slurs,” Mr. Garmendia said, recalling a game in Ozone Park, Queens, where local fans parked motorcycles in a lineup next to the blacktop and taunted Mr. Allen. Mr. Garmendia said he checked a player into the motorcycles, “and the bikes went down like dominoes, which started a serious brawl.”

A group of fans at a game in Brooklyn once stuck a pole through the rink fence as Mr. Allen skated by and broke his jaw, Mr. Garmendia said, adding that carloads of reinforcements soon arrived to defend Mr. Allen.

And at another racially incited brawl, the police responded with six patrol cars and a helicopter.

Before play began on Saturday, the players gathered at center rink to honor Mr. Allen. Billy Barnwell, 59, of Woodside, recalled once how an all-white, all-star squad snubbed Mr. Allen by playing him third string. He scored seven goals in the first game and made first string immediately.

“He’d always hear racial stuff before the game, and I’d ask him, ‘How do you put up with that?’” Mr. Barnwell recalled. “Craig would say, ‘We’ll take care of it,’ and by the end of the game, he’d win guys over. They’d say, ‘This guy’s good.’”

Tribute for a Roller Hockey Warrior

Mr. Haroche was a founder of Liberty Travel, which grew from a two-man operation to the largest leisure travel operation in the United States.

Gilbert Haroche, Builder of an Economy Travel Empire, Dies at 87

Mr. King sang for the Drifters and found success as a solo performer with hits like “Spanish Harlem.”

Ben E. King, Soulful Singer of ‘Stand by Me,’ Dies at 76
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