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saco-indonesia.com, Komisi Pemberantasan Korupsi mulai telah mengusut dugaan pemberian (gratifikasi) dari PT Pertamina kepada mantan Sekretaris Jenderal Kementerian Energi Sumber Daya Alam Mineral, Waryono Karno. Guna untuk menguak hal itu, penyidik lembaga antikorupsi itu juga memeriksa Direktur PT Pertamina, Karen Agustiawan.

Karen telah memenuhi panggilan pemeriksaan hari ini. Perempuan itu juga mengenakan batik coklat dan didampingi oleh kuasa hukumnya, Rudi Alfonso. Tetapi, Karen juga enggan memberikan pernyataan apapun. Malah Rudi yang telah memberikan pernyataan.

"Bersaksi untuk Pak Waryono Karno," kata Rudi kepada awak media di Gedung KPK, Jakarta, Senin (27/1).

Rudi menampik dalam pemeriksaan kali ini penyidik bakal mengusut soal pemberian Tunjangan Hari Raya kepada anggota DPR. Dia juga menyatakan akan membeberkan soal materi yang ditanyakan usai pemeriksaan.

"Ya enggak tahu, kan belum diperiksa. Tunggu saja nanti selesainya, baru ini kita kasih tahu," ujar Rudi.


Editor : Dian Sukmawati

KPK AKAN USUST DUGAAN GRATIFIKASI DARI PERTAMINA

Pada dasarnya orang yang sudah memenuhi syarat-syarat untuk mengerjakan haji, wajib hukumnya menunaikan ibadah tersebut. Akan tetapi, bagaimana jika ia menunda ibadah hajinya?

Ada dua pendapat di kalangan para ulama tentang masalah ini. Pertama, haji wajib segera dilaksanakan apabila seseorang telah memiliki kemampuan untuk pergi ke Baitullah. Pendapat ini didukung oleh para ulama madzhab Hanafi, Maliki, dan Hanbali.

Pendapat kedua, haji wajib dilaksanakan dengan kelonggaran waktu. Artinya, meski seseorang sudah mampu menunaikan ibadah haji namun ia boleh melaksanakannya di lain kesempatan. Pendapat ini didukung oleh ulama madzhab Syafi’i, sebagian ulama madzhab Hanafi, dan sebagian ulama madzhab Maliki.

Terlepas dari dua pendapat yang berbeda di atas, haji tidak dapat ditunda-tunda jika ada hal-hal yang mengharuskannya segera dilaksanakan. Misalnya, karena nadzar, qadha’, kekhawatiran bahwa tahun-tahun berikutnya jatuh sakit atau meninggal dunia, maupun harta benda yang berkurang sehingga tidak cukup digunakan untuk membayar biaya haji.

Dalam kondisi-kondisi seperti itu, menunda pelaksanaan ibadah haji dilarang. Pada saat yang sama, jika syarat- syarat menunaikan haji sudah terpenuhi maka sunnah hukumnya segera melaksanakannya. Wallahu’alam

Sumber : http://www.jurnalhaji.com

Baca Artikel Lainnya : FILOSOFI DARI BERNIAT HAJI

MENUNDA BERANGKAT HAJI, HUKUMNYA?

Ada banyak cara untuk menilai sesuatu itu dikatakan terpopuler. Diperlukan kriteria atau parameter untuk mengukurnya. Termasuk sosial media yang sedang booming saat ini. Apakah sosial media terpopuler saat ini menurut Anda? Tak ada salahnya Anda menyimak tulisan dibawah ini.

Populer menurut sebagian orang memiliki arti (1) dikenal dan disukai orang banyak (umum), (2) sesuai dengan kebutuhan masyarakat pada umumnya; mudah dipahami orang banyak, (3) disukai dan dikagumi orang banyak. Berikut adalah kriteria sosial media terpopuler menurut penulis :

1. Jumlah Anggota

Semakin banyak anggotanya, semakin banyak yang memasang iklan. Semakin banyak income yang dihasilkan sebuah sosial media dari periklanan, semakin besar peluang untuk berkembang.

2. Banyak Sedikitnya Fasilitas yang Dimiliki

Semakin banyak jumlah fasilitas dan jenis yang dimiliki sebuah sosial media. Kemungkinan untuk menarik minat anggota baru dari semua kalangan semakin besar.

3. Bisa Diakses di Semua Negara

Sosial media tidak untuk kalangan tertentu saja, maka dari itu harus bisa menjangkau seluruh kalangan.

4. Up To Date

Tanpa meninggalkan identitas yang menjadi trend sebelumnya. Dari segi penampilan dan content biasanya ada perubahan-perubahan yang inovatif. Agar selalu segar dan tetap diminati banyak kalangan.

5. Ada Predikat Keanggotan

Untuk mengetahui valid tidaknya berita atau informasi, salah satunya bisa dilihat dari predikat keanggotaanya. Terpercaya atau tidak, namun belum tentu pula yang paling aktif adalah yang paling valid. Nah, masih perlukah predikat keanggotaan? Semua ada positif negatifnya.

6. Bisa Menghasilkan Uang

Tidak dipungkiri sosial media saat ini telah menyita sebagian waktu anggotanya. Ada yang telah dan mulai untuk menghasilkan uang dari sosial media ini.

7. Interaktif Dengan Anggotanya

Untuk meningkatkan dan menjaga kualitasnya, sosial media biasanya melakukan interaksi dengan anggotanya secara kontinyu dan berkelanjutan. Baik lewat survey, FAQ (Frequently Asked Question) maupun yang lainnya.

8. Gratis

Gratis adalah daya tarik tersendiri. Namun bukan jaminan suatu sosial media digemari.

Urutan nomer di atas bukan berdasarkan prioritas. Karena semua ada masanya, sosial media terpopuler saat ini belum tentu populer untuk masa mendatang.

 

Jasa penerjemah

SOSIAL MEDIA JASA PENERJEMAH

Bandung, Saco- Indonesia.com, Badan Nasional Penanggulangan Teroris atau BNPT menduga Pelaku bom bunuh diri di Mapolres Poso merupakan satu jaringan dengan teroris di Jakarta, Bandung, Solo, NTT, Aceh, yang merupakan anak buah dari Abu Umar, Abu Roban, Kodrat, Sofyan dan Jamil.

Demikian hal itu dikatakan Kepala BNPT, Ansyad Mbai, Selasa (4/6) hari ini.

Ansyad mengatakan, aparat kepolisian dari mabes polri terus melakukan identifikasi terkait pelaku bom bunuh diri yang terjadi di Poso, dan hal ini perlu dilakukan untuk mengetahui jaringan-jaringan mana. Karena saat ini jaringan teroris tersebut mencari bibit-bibit baru untuk dijadikan sel-sel teroris.

Editor:Liwon Maulana

Sumber:Elshinta

BNPT : Bom Bunuh Diri Diduga Adalah Jaringan Abu Umar

saco-indonesia.com, Sindikat pencurian kendaraan bermotor (curanmor) telah dibongkar Satuan Reskrim Polres Sukabumi Kota. Dalam pengungkapan kasus ini, polisi telah mengamankan belasan tersangka, seorang di antaranya oknum Anggota TNI yang berperan sebagai penadah sekaligus dalang curanmor. Untuk dapat melumpuhkan komplotan curanmor ini, petugas terpaksa harus mengeluarkan timah panas dan menembus paha salah seorang tersangka.

Dari tangan tersangka, polisi telah berhasil mengamankan sejumlah barang bukti di antaranya puluhan kendaraan bermotor , uang jutaan rupiah dan berbagai jenis kunci leter T. Kini, belasan tersangka telah mendekam di hotel predeo Mapolres Sukabumi Kota untuk dapat mempetanggungjawabkan perbuatannya.

Pengungkapan ini juga merupakan hasil pengembangan dan penyelidikan Satreskrim Polres Sukabumi Kota. Dari hasil penyelidikan telah diketahui tempat berkumpulnya pelaku spesialis pencurian sepeda bermotor yang terletak di Desa Cimanggu Kecamatan Cikembang kabupaten Sukabumi yang dikendalikan oleh salah seorang oknum anggota TNI.

Di lokasi tersebut, polisi telah mengamankan 11 orang. Pada saat ditangkap, mereka juga sempat melawan hingga petugas terpaksa harus melumpuhkan salah seorang tersangka dengan timah panas mengenai paha sebelah kanan.

Rincian barang bukti yakni 20 unit sepeda motor berbagai merk, uang puluhan juta rupiah dari hasil penjualan dan puluhan plat nomor serta alat-alat lainnya untuk dapat melancarkan aksinya.

Kasat Reskrim Polres Sukabumi Kota AKP Sulaeman telah membenarkan adanya penggerebekan yang dilakukan satuan reskrim Sukabumi Kota terhadap sindikan pencurian kendaraan bermotor yang sudah lama menjadi incaran dan target sasaran.

“Kami juga telah menangkap dan mengamankan sedikitnya 11 orang pelaku yang terlibat pencurian sepeda motor. Saat ini para pelaku juga sedang menjalani pemeriksaan untuk kepentingan pengembanga. Soalnya disinyalir masih ada para pelaku yang belum kami tangkap, Dari belasan yang kami tangkap ada oknum anggota TNI yang diduga sebagai otak pelaku sekaligus penadah sepeda bermotor hasil curian,” ungkapnya.

Akibat perbuatannya, tersangka terancam dijerat dengan pasal pasal 363 tentang pencurian dengan pemberatan dan pasal 365 tentang pencurian dengan kekerasan dengan ancaman hukuman maksimal limat tahun kurungan penjara.


Editor : Dian Sukmawati

11 ANGOTA SINDIKAT PENCURI MOTOR DITANGKAP
Photo
 
Many bodies prepared for cremation last week in Kathmandu were of young men from Gongabu, a common stopover for Nepali migrant workers headed overseas. Credit Daniel Berehulak for The New York Times

KATHMANDU, Nepal — When the dense pillar of smoke from cremations by the Bagmati River was thinning late last week, the bodies were all coming from Gongabu, a common stopover for Nepali migrant workers headed overseas, and they were all of young men.

Hindu custom dictates that funeral pyres should be lighted by the oldest son of the deceased, but these men were too young to have sons, so they were burned by their brothers or fathers. Sukla Lal, a maize farmer, made a 14-hour journey by bus to retrieve the body of his 19-year-old son, who had been on his way to the Persian Gulf to work as a laborer.

“He wanted to live in the countryside, but he was compelled to leave by poverty,” Mr. Lal said, gazing ahead steadily as his son’s remains smoldered. “He told me, ‘You can live on your land, and I will come up with money, and we will have a happy family.’ ”

Weeks will pass before the authorities can give a complete accounting of who died in the April 25 earthquake, but it is already clear that Nepal cannot afford the losses. The countryside was largely stripped of its healthy young men even before the quake, as they migrated in great waves — 1,500 a day by some estimates — to work as laborers in India, Malaysia or one of the gulf nations, leaving many small communities populated only by elderly parents, women and children. Economists say that at some times of the year, one-quarter of Nepal’s population is working outside the country.

Nepal’s Young Men, Lost to Migration, Then a Quake

Judge Patterson helped to protect the rights of Attica inmates after the prison riot in 1971 and later served on the Federal District Court in Manhattan.

Robert Patterson Jr., Lawyer and Judge Who Fought for the Accused, Dies at 91

Mr. Mankiewicz, an Oscar-nominated screenwriter for “I Want to Live!,” also wrote episodes of television shows such as “Star Trek” and “Marcus Welby, M.D.”

Don Mankiewicz, Screenwriter in a Family Film Tradition, Dies at 93

Late in April, after Native American actors walked off in disgust from the set of Adam Sandler’s latest film, a western sendup that its distributor, Netflix, has defended as being equally offensive to all, a glow of pride spread through several Native American communities.

Tantoo Cardinal, a Canadian indigenous actress who played Black Shawl in “Dances With Wolves,” recalled thinking to herself, “It’s come.” Larry Sellers, who starred as Cloud Dancing in the 1990s television show “Dr. Quinn, Medicine Woman,” thought, “It’s about time.” Jesse Wente, who is Ojibwe and directs film programming at the TIFF Bell Lightbox in Toronto, found himself encouraged and surprised. There are so few film roles for indigenous actors, he said, that walking off the set of a major production showed real mettle.

But what didn’t surprise Mr. Wente was the content of the script. According to the actors who walked off the set, the film, titled “The Ridiculous Six,” included a Native American woman who passes out and is revived after white men douse her with alcohol, and another woman squatting to urinate while lighting a peace pipe. “There’s enough history at this point to have set some expectations around these sort of Hollywood depictions,” Mr. Wente said.

The walkout prompted a rhetorical “What do you expect from an Adam Sandler film?,” and a Netflix spokesman said that in the movie, blacks, Mexicans and whites were lampooned as well. But Native American actors and critics said a broader issue was at stake. While mainstream portrayals of native peoples have, Mr. Wente said, become “incrementally better” over the decades, he and others say, they remain far from accurate and reflect a lack of opportunities for Native American performers. What’s more, as Native Americans hunger for representation on screen, critics say the absence of three-dimensional portrayals has very real off-screen consequences.

“Our people are still healing from historical trauma,” said Loren Anthony, one of the actors who walked out. “Our youth are still trying to figure out who they are, where they fit in this society. Kids are killing themselves. They’re not proud of who they are.” They also don’t, he added, see themselves on prime time television or the big screen. Netflix noted while about five people walked off the “The Ridiculous Six” set, 100 or so Native American actors and extras stayed.

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But in interviews, nearly a dozen Native American actors and film industry experts said that Mr. Sandler’s humor perpetuated decades-old negative stereotypes. Mr. Anthony said such depictions helped feed the despondency many Native Americans feel, with deadly results: Native Americans have the highest suicide rate out of all the country’s ethnicities.

The on-screen problem is twofold, Mr. Anthony and others said: There’s a paucity of roles for Native Americans — according to the Screen Actors Guild in 2008 they accounted for 0.3 percent of all on-screen parts (those figures have yet to be updated), compared to about 2 percent of the general population — and Native American actors are often perceived in a narrow way.

In his Peabody Award-winning documentary “Reel Injun,” the Cree filmmaker Neil Diamond explored Hollywood depictions of Native Americans over the years, and found they fell into a few stereotypical categories: the Noble Savage, the Drunk Indian, the Mystic, the Indian Princess, the backward tribal people futilely fighting John Wayne and manifest destiny. While the 1990 film “Dances With Wolves” won praise for depicting Native Americans as fully fleshed out human beings, not all indigenous people embraced it. It was still told, critics said, from the colonialists’ point of view. In an interview, John Trudell, a Santee Sioux writer, actor (“Thunderheart”) and the former chairman of the American Indian Movement, described the film as “a story of two white people.”

“God bless ‘Dances with Wolves,’ ” Michael Horse, who played Deputy Hawk in “Twin Peaks,” said sarcastically. “Even ‘Avatar.’ Someone’s got to come save the tribal people.”

Dan Spilo, a partner at Industry Entertainment who represents Adam Beach, one of today’s most prominent Native American actors, said while typecasting dogs many minorities, it is especially intractable when it comes to Native Americans. Casting directors, he said, rarely cast them as police officers, doctors or lawyers. “There’s the belief that the Native American character should be on reservations or riding a horse,” he said.

“We don’t see ourselves,” Mr. Horse said. “We’re still an antiquated culture to them, and to the rest of the world.”

Ms. Cardinal said she was once turned down for the role of the wife of a child-abusing cop because the filmmakers felt that casting her would somehow be “too political.”

Another sore point is the long run of white actors playing American Indians, among them Burt Lancaster, Rock Hudson, Audrey Hepburn and, more recently, Johnny Depp, whose depiction of Tonto in the 2013 film “Lone Ranger,” was viewed as racist by detractors. There are, of course, exceptions. The former A&E series “Longmire,” which, as it happens, will now be on Netflix, was roundly praised for its depiction of life on a Northern Cheyenne reservation, with Lou Diamond Phillips, who is of Cherokee descent, playing a Northern Cheyenne man.

Others also point to the success of Mr. Beach, who played a Mohawk detective in “Law & Order: Special Victims Unit” and landed a starring role in the forthcoming D C Comics picture “Suicide Squad.” Mr. Beach said he had come across insulting scripts backed by people who don’t see anything wrong with them.

“I’d rather starve than do something that is offensive to my ancestral roots,” Mr. Beach said. “But I think there will always be attempts to drawn on the weakness of native people’s struggles. The savage Indian will always be the savage Indian. The white man will always be smarter and more cunning. The cavalry will always win.”

The solution, Mr. Wente, Mr. Trudell and others said, lies in getting more stories written by and starring Native Americans. But Mr. Wente noted that while independent indigenous film has blossomed in the last two decades, mainstream depictions have yet to catch up. “You have to stop expecting for Hollywood to correct it, because there seems to be no ability or desire to correct it,” Mr. Wente said.

There have been calls to boycott Netflix but, writing for Indian Country Today Media Network, which first broke news of the walk off, the filmmaker Brian Young noted that the distributor also offered a number of films by or about Native Americans.

The furor around “The Ridiculous Six” may drive more people to see it. Then one of the questions that Mr. Trudell, echoing others, had about the film will be answered: “Who the hell laughs at this stuff?”

Native American Actors Work to Overcome a Long-Documented Bias

A lapsed seminarian, Mr. Chambers succeeded Saul Alinsky as leader of the social justice umbrella group Industrial Areas Foundation.

Edward Chambers, Early Leader in Community Organizing, Dies at 85

UNITED NATIONS — Wearing pinstripes and a pince-nez, Staffan de Mistura, the United Nations envoy for Syria, arrived at the Security Council one Tuesday afternoon in February and announced that President Bashar al-Assad had agreed to halt airstrikes over Aleppo. Would the rebels, Mr. de Mistura suggested, agree to halt their shelling?

What he did not announce, but everyone knew by then, was that the Assad government had begun a military offensive to encircle opposition-held enclaves in Aleppo and that fierce fighting was underway. It would take only a few days for rebel leaders, having pushed back Syrian government forces, to outright reject Mr. de Mistura’s proposed freeze in the fighting, dooming the latest diplomatic overture on Syria.

Diplomacy is often about appearing to be doing something until the time is ripe for a deal to be done.

 

 

Now, with Mr. Assad’s forces having suffered a string of losses on the battlefield and the United States reaching at least a partial rapprochement with Mr. Assad’s main backer, Iran, Mr. de Mistura is changing course. Starting Monday, he is set to hold a series of closed talks in Geneva with the warring sides and their main supporters. Iran will be among them.

In an interview at United Nations headquarters last week, Mr. de Mistura hinted that the changing circumstances, both military and diplomatic, may have prompted various backers of the war to question how much longer the bloodshed could go on.

“Will that have an impact in accelerating the willingness for a political solution? We need to test it,” he said. “The Geneva consultations may be a good umbrella for testing that. It’s an occasion for asking everyone, including the government, if there is any new way that they are looking at a political solution, as they too claim they want.”

He said he would have a better assessment at the end of June, when he expects to wrap up his consultations. That coincides with the deadline for a final agreement in the Iran nuclear talks.

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Whether a nuclear deal with Iran will pave the way for a new opening on peace talks in Syria remains to be seen. Increasingly, though, world leaders are explicitly linking the two, with the European Union’s top diplomat, Federica Mogherini, suggesting last week that a nuclear agreement could spur Tehran to play “a major but positive role in Syria.”

It could hardly come soon enough. Now in its fifth year, the Syrian war has claimed 220,000 lives, prompted an exodus of more than three million refugees and unleashed jihadist groups across the region. “This conflict is producing a question mark in many — where is it leading and whether this can be sustained,” Mr. de Mistura said.

Part Italian, part Swedish, Mr. de Mistura has worked with the United Nations for more than 40 years, but he is more widely known for his dapper style than for any diplomatic coups. Syria is by far the toughest assignment of his career — indeed, two of the organization’s most seasoned diplomats, Lakhdar Brahimi and Kofi Annan, tried to do the job and gave up — and critics have wondered aloud whether Mr. de Mistura is up to the task.

He served as a United Nations envoy in Afghanistan and Iraq, and before that in Lebanon, where a former minister recalled, with some scorn, that he spent many hours sunbathing at a private club in the hills above Beirut. Those who know him say he has a taste for fine suits and can sometimes speak too soon and too much, just as they point to his diplomatic missteps and hyperbole.

They cite, for instance, a news conference in October, when he raised the specter of Srebrenica, where thousands of Muslims were massacred in 1995 during the Balkans war, in warning that the Syrian border town of Kobani could fall to the Islamic State. In February, he was photographed at a party in Damascus, the Syrian capital, celebrating the anniversary of the Iranian revolution just as Syrian forces, aided by Iran, were pummeling rebel-held suburbs of Damascus; critics seized on that as evidence of his coziness with the government.

Mouin Rabbani, who served briefly as the head of Mr. de Mistura’s political affairs unit and has since emerged as one of his most outspoken critics, said Mr. de Mistura did not have the background necessary for the job. “This isn’t someone well known for his political vision or political imagination, and his closest confidants lack the requisite knowledge and experience,” Mr. Rabbani said.

As a deputy foreign minister in the Italian government, Mr. de Mistura was tasked in 2012 with freeing two Italian marines detained in India for shooting at Indian fishermen. He made 19 trips to India, to little effect. One marine was allowed to return to Italy for medical reasons; the other remains in India.

He said he initially turned down the Syria job when the United Nations secretary general approached him last August, only to change his mind the next day, after a sleepless, guilt-ridden night.

Mr. de Mistura compared his role in Syria to that of a doctor faced with a terminally ill patient. His goal in brokering a freeze in the fighting, he said, was to alleviate suffering. He settled on Aleppo as the location for its “fame,” he said, a decision that some questioned, considering that Aleppo was far trickier than the many other lesser-known towns where activists had negotiated temporary local cease-fires.

“Everybody, at least in Europe, are very familiar with the value of Aleppo,” Mr. de Mistura said. “So I was using that as an icebreaker.”

The cease-fire negotiations, to which he had devoted six months, fell apart quickly because of the government’s military offensive in Aleppo the very day of his announcement at the Security Council. Privately, United Nations diplomats said Mr. de Mistura had been manipulated. To this, Mr. de Mistura said only that he was “disappointed and concerned.”

Tarek Fares, a former rebel fighter, said after a recent visit to Aleppo that no Syrian would admit publicly to supporting Mr. de Mistura’s cease-fire proposal. “If anyone said they went to a de Mistura meeting in Gaziantep, they would be arrested,” is how he put it, referring to the Turkish city where negotiations between the two sides were held.

Secretary General Ban Ki-moon remains staunchly behind Mr. de Mistura’s efforts. His defenders point out that he is at the center of one of the world’s toughest diplomatic problems, charged with mediating a conflict in which two of the world’s most powerful nations — Russia, which supports Mr. Assad, and the United States, which has called for his ouster — remain deadlocked.

R. Nicholas Burns, a former State Department official who now teaches at Harvard, credited Mr. de Mistura for trying to negotiate a cease-fire even when the chances of success were exceedingly small — and the chances of a political deal even smaller. For his efforts to work, Professor Burns argued, the world powers will first have to come to an agreement of their own.

“He needs the help of outside powers,” he said. “It starts with backers of Assad. That’s Russia and Iran. De Mistura is there, waiting.”

With Iran Talks, a Tangled Path to Ending Syria’s War

“It was really nice to play with other women and not have this underlying tone of being at each other’s throats.”

ay 4, 2015 ‘Game of Thrones’ Q&A: Keisha Castle-Hughes on the Tao of the Sand Snakes

Mr. Tepper was not a musical child and had no formal training, but he grew up to write both lyrics and tunes, trading off duties with the other member of the team, Roy C. Bennett.

Sid Tepper Dies at 96; Delivered ‘Red Roses for a Blue Lady’ and Other Songs

The 2015 Met Gala has only officially begun, but there's a clear leader in the race for best couple, no small feat at an event that threatens to sap Hollywood of every celebrity it has for the duration of an East Coast evening.

That would be Marc Jacobs and his surprise guest (who, by some miracle, remained under wraps until their red carpet debut), Cher.

“This has been a dream of mine for a very, very long time,” Mr. Jacobs said.

It is Cher's first appearance at the Met Gala since 1997, when she arrived on the arm of Donatella Versace.

– MATTHEW SCHNEIER

Cher and Marc Jacobs

Gagne wrestled professionally from the late 1940s until the 1980s and was a transitional figure between the early 20th century barnstormers and the steroidal sideshows of today

Verne Gagne, Wrestler Who Grappled Through Two Eras, Dies at 89

Hockey is not exactly known as a city game, but played on roller skates, it once held sway as the sport of choice in many New York neighborhoods.

“City kids had no rinks, no ice, but they would do anything to play hockey,” said Edward Moffett, former director of the Long Island City Y.M.C.A. Roller Hockey League, in Queens, whose games were played in city playgrounds going back to the 1940s.

From the 1960s through the 1980s, the league had more than 60 teams, he said. Players included the Mullen brothers of Hell’s Kitchen and Dan Dorion of Astoria, Queens, who would later play on ice for the National Hockey League.

One street legend from the heyday of New York roller hockey was Craig Allen, who lived in the Woodside Houses projects and became one of the city’s hardest hitters and top scorers.

“Craig was a warrior, one of the best roller hockey players in the city in the ’70s,” said Dave Garmendia, 60, a retired New York police officer who grew up playing with Mr. Allen. “His teammates loved him and his opponents feared him.”

Young Craig took up hockey on the streets of Queens in the 1960s, playing pickup games between sewer covers, wearing steel-wheeled skates clamped onto school shoes and using a roll of electrical tape as the puck.

His skill and ferocity drew attention, Mr. Garmendia said, but so did his skin color. He was black, in a sport made up almost entirely by white players.

“Roller hockey was a white kid’s game, plain and simple, but Craig broke the color barrier,” Mr. Garmendia said. “We used to say Craig did more for race relations than the N.A.A.C.P.”

Mr. Allen went on to coach and referee roller hockey in New York before moving several years ago to South Carolina. But he continued to organize an annual alumni game at Dutch Kills Playground in Long Island City, the same site that held the local championship games.

The reunion this year was on Saturday, but Mr. Allen never made it. On April 26, just before boarding the bus to New York, he died of an asthma attack at age 61.

Word of his death spread rapidly among hundreds of his old hockey colleagues who resolved to continue with the event, now renamed the Craig Allen Memorial Roller Hockey Reunion.

The turnout on Saturday was the largest ever, with players pulling on their old equipment, choosing sides and taking once again to the rink of cracked blacktop with faded lines and circles. They wore no helmets, although one player wore a fedora.

Another, Vinnie Juliano, 77, of Long Island City, wore his hearing aids, along with his 50-year-old taped-up quads, or four-wheeled skates with a leather boot. Many players here never converted to in-line skates, and neither did Mr. Allen, whose photograph appeared on a poster hanging behind the players’ bench.

“I’m seeing people walking by wondering why all these rusty, grizzly old guys are here playing hockey,” one player, Tommy Dominguez, said. “We’re here for Craig, and let me tell you, these old guys still play hard.”

Everyone seemed to have a Craig Allen story, from his earliest teams at Public School 151 to the Bryant Rangers, the Woodside Wings, the Woodside Blues and more.

Mr. Allen, who became a yellow-cab driver, was always recruiting new talent. He gained the nickname Cabby for his habit of stopping at playgrounds all over the city to scout players.

Teams were organized around neighborhoods and churches, and often sponsored by local bars. Mr. Allen, for one, played for bars, including Garry Owen’s and on the Fiddler’s Green Jokers team in Inwood, Manhattan.

Play was tough and fights were frequent.

“We were basically street gangs on skates,” said Steve Rogg, 56, a mail clerk who grew up in Jackson Heights, Queens, and who on Saturday wore his Riedell Classic quads from 1972. “If another team caught up with you the night before a game, they tossed you a beating so you couldn’t play the next day.”

Mr. Garmendia said Mr. Allen’s skin color provoked many fights.

“When we’d go to some ignorant neighborhoods, a lot of players would use slurs,” Mr. Garmendia said, recalling a game in Ozone Park, Queens, where local fans parked motorcycles in a lineup next to the blacktop and taunted Mr. Allen. Mr. Garmendia said he checked a player into the motorcycles, “and the bikes went down like dominoes, which started a serious brawl.”

A group of fans at a game in Brooklyn once stuck a pole through the rink fence as Mr. Allen skated by and broke his jaw, Mr. Garmendia said, adding that carloads of reinforcements soon arrived to defend Mr. Allen.

And at another racially incited brawl, the police responded with six patrol cars and a helicopter.

Before play began on Saturday, the players gathered at center rink to honor Mr. Allen. Billy Barnwell, 59, of Woodside, recalled once how an all-white, all-star squad snubbed Mr. Allen by playing him third string. He scored seven goals in the first game and made first string immediately.

“He’d always hear racial stuff before the game, and I’d ask him, ‘How do you put up with that?’” Mr. Barnwell recalled. “Craig would say, ‘We’ll take care of it,’ and by the end of the game, he’d win guys over. They’d say, ‘This guy’s good.’”

Tribute for a Roller Hockey Warrior

WASHINGTON — During a training course on defending against knife attacks, a young Salt Lake City police officer asked a question: “How close can somebody get to me before I’m justified in using deadly force?”

Dennis Tueller, the instructor in that class more than three decades ago, decided to find out. In the fall of 1982, he performed a rudimentary series of tests and concluded that an armed attacker who bolted toward an officer could clear 21 feet in the time it took most officers to draw, aim and fire their weapon.

The next spring, Mr. Tueller published his findings in SWAT magazine and transformed police training in the United States. The “21-foot rule” became dogma. It has been taught in police academies around the country, accepted by courts and cited by officers to justify countless shootings, including recent episodes involving a homeless woodcarver in Seattle and a schizophrenic woman in San Francisco.

Now, amid the largest national debate over policing since the 1991 beating of Rodney King in Los Angeles, a small but vocal set of law enforcement officials are calling for a rethinking of the 21-foot rule and other axioms that have emphasized how to use force, not how to avoid it. Several big-city police departments are already re-examining when officers should chase people or draw their guns and when they should back away, wait or try to defuse the situation

Police Rethink Long Tradition on Using Force

With 12 tournament victories in his career, Mr. Peete was the most successful black professional golfer before Tiger Woods.

Calvin Peete, 71, a Racial Pioneer on the PGA Tour, Is Dead

Mr. Napoleon was a self-taught musician whose career began in earnest with the orchestra led by Chico Marx of the Marx Brothers.

Marty Napoleon, 93, Dies; Jazz Pianist Played With Louis Armstrong

Ms. Rendell was a prolific writer of intricately plotted mystery novels that combined psychological insight, social conscience and teeth-chattering terror.

Ruth Rendell, Novelist Who Thrilled and Educated, Dies at 85
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