PAKET UMROH BULAN FEBRUARI MARET APRIL MEI 2018




Artikel lainnya »

Jual Obat Tidur / Jual Obat Bius Cair Jual Obat Bius Hirup Jual Obat Bius Serbuk Jual Obat Tidur Aman Obat Bius Manjur Harga Obat Bius Murah Cs :085200654999


Pemesanan dan Konsultasi

Pin BB: 21C7DA51


TELPON / SMS:

085 200 654 999 (T-SEL)


087 836 866 999 (IND XL)

085 740 740 810 (INDOSAT)


Www.jualobatbiusherbal.blogspot.com


Online 24Hours
Kami Buka & Melayani Konsomen 24jam.
Termasuk Hari Sabtu & Minggu

Obat Bius/Obat Tidur Merk Liquid Sex


LiQuid Sex adalah Obat Bius Yang Berbentuk Cair, Cair Buatan German Ini Bisa bikin Wanita Langsung Pingsan Dalam Beberapa Menit Saja ( 2-3 Menit ).

Dan itu Walau Anda apa - apain pun Target Anda gak bakalan bangun Selama 4 - 5 jam, kadang lebih, selain itu bisa juga untuk membius orang yang mau diperkosa ( gue cuma ngomongin, bukan nyuruh Lo ! Hhehe ... ).

Obat Bius Ini Berbentuk Cair tidak berbau,
tidak berasa, tidak berwarna Dan tidak beracun, ( So It Safely ).

1 botol bisa di pakai untuk berkali kali, cukup ditaruh di air minum apa saja kecuali susu dan air kelapa muda , lebih baik dalam air mineral, teh, jus, sirup atau di minuman yang bersoda.
dan dalam waktu 2 - 3 menit setelah di minum maka langsung bereaksi pada target anda seperti tepar dan terkapar .

AWAS ! ! ! .Tolong Jangan gunakan Obat Bius Cair ini pada orang yang baru dikenal atau penyalah gunaan obat ini.
Baik di gunakan untuk Teman Dekat atau Pacar Sendiri …..

LiQuid Sex Obat Bius Cair .
NEGARA ASAL : German
Netto : 15ml
HARGA : Rp 250.000, -


"Dan Juga Tersedia Produc-Produc Terbaik"

Jual Obat Tidur / Jual Obat Bius Cair Jual Obat Bius Hirup Jual Obat Bius Serbuk Jual Obat Tidur Aman Obat Bius Manjur Harga Obat Bius Murah Cs :085200654999   

CHLOROFORM FOR SALE
DIJUAL OBAT BIUS KLOROFORM! HARGA TERBARU CEK ! Permisi agan-agan, saya menjual OBAT BIUS chloroform (trichloromethane / CHCl3) buatan Merck Jerman. Botolnya 2,5 Liter, ane biasanya pake buat pelarut organik di lab. Punya saya kemurniannya diatas 99%! Dan ini merupakan kloroform termurni yang dibikin buat pasar, jadi jangan tanya "gan apa ada campurannya?" dll, ini sudah laboratory grade / standar laboratorium dan dibikin buat standar penelitian. Jadi bukan kloroform abal-abal murahan yang dicampuri,

dll. Lihat aja gambarnya ya!

 Chloroform ini bisa digunakan untuk ekstraksi (misalkan alkaloid, dan zat-zat organik lainnya) mungkin yang jurusan biologi / kimia / farmasi, selain itu bisa juga membius orang yang mau diperkosa (gue cuma ngomongin, bukan nyuruh lo! hehe), trus juga bisa buat keperluan rekreasi (nidurin diri di malam hari). Ingat, ini bukan permainan. Sekali dua kali boleh aja pake, jangan keterusan.

Chloroform bukan dimakan, tapi dihirup uapnya. Ane prihatin di kaskus ada seller yang mengatakan chloroform dapat dimakan. 10 ml sudah cukup untuk menimbulkan cardiac arrest / henti jantung pada manusia 70 kg.

Thanks

UNTUK 50, 100 ML HARGA SUDAH NETT, 500 ML, 1000 ML, 2500 ML BISA NEGO dan BELUM ONGKIR, pertanyaan mengenai "berapa harga nett gan?" tidak akan dibalas. Mohon maaf.

50 ml = Rp 750.000,-
100 ml = Rp 1300.000,-
500 ml = Rp 3.250.000,-
1000 ml = Rp 6.000.000,-
Botol 2,5 Liter SEGEL Pure Analysis Merck Germany = Rp 12.000.000,- (murah abis reseller!)

"Dan Juga Tersedia Produc-Produc Terbaik"  Jual Obat Tidur / Jual Obat Bius Cair Jual Obat Bius Hirup Jual Obat Bius Serbuk Jual Obat Tidur Aman Obat Bius Manjur Harga Obat Bius Murah Cs :085200654999

 

Obat Bius Serbuk Soporific

Jual Obat Bius Serbuk, Serbuk Ini Bisa bikin ( PINGSAN ) Dalam Beberapa Detik Saja,

Dan itu Walau Anda apa - apain pun Target Anda gak bakalan bangun Selama 4 - 5 jam, kadang lebih, selain itu bisa juga untuk membius orang yang mau diperkosa ( gue cuma ngomongin, bukan nyuruh Lo ! Hhehe ... )

Obat Bius Ini Berbentuk Serbuk tidak berbau,
tidak berasa, tapi berwarna ( putih  Aman ).
1 saset bisa di pakai cukup untuk 2 - 3 kali pemakaian, cukup ditaruh di air minum apa saja KECUALI SUSU & KELAPA MUDA ,dan dalam waktu singkat setelah di minum maka obat itu langsung bereaksi pada target anda .

AWAS ! ! ! .Tolong Jangan gunakan Obat Bius Serbuk ini pada orang yang baru dikenal atau penyalah gunaan obat ini.

Baik di gunakan untuk Teman Dekat atau Pacar Sendiri …..


Obat Bius Serbuk 1 Paket Isi 4 Sachet Harga : Rp 300.000,-

Tersedia Produk Terbaik

Agen Tempat Penjualan Obat Tidur Dan Obat Bius, Obat Tidur Wanita,

Obat Tidur Cair, Obat Tidur Jual Obat Bius Aman, Toko Obat Bius Ampuh, Obat Tidur,

 Bius Wanita, Obat Penenang, Obat Bius Cair,Agen Resmi Jual Obat bius, obat tidur,

obat penenang termurah dan terpercaya @ Www.jualobatbiusherbal.blogspot.com,

Toko Pria ,Wanita Dewasa , Obat Bius, Jual Obat Bius, Obat Bius, Obat Bius Wanita,

 Solusi Keharmonisan Pasutri Harga Paling Murah Se iNdonesia,Jual Obat Bius,

 Toko Obat Bius, Pusat Obat Bius, obat bius cair, obat bius hirup,

obat bius serbuk. liquid , chloroform hirup, sleeping beauty,obat bius

,bius hirup,bius cair,bius serbuk,obat tidur,obat bius,bius hirup,

bius cair,bius serbuk,bius capsule dan bius tablet,jenis obat bius,

obat susah tidur,obat tidur bagus,obat bius manjur,obat tidur joss,

Tentang obat tidur,harga obat tidur,paling ampuh,herbal alami,harga bius terjangkau

,mengatasi susah tidur,tidur lelap,atasi insomnia,gejala susah tidur,

menenangkan pikiran,tidur nyaman,depresi,obat bikin ngantuk,jenis obat tidur,

resep bikin tidur pulas,obat bius joss,harga obat bius,obat bius manjur,

obat bius topcer,Obat Bius Hirup, Obat Bius Cair, Obat Bius Capsule,

Obat Bius Tablet, Obat Bius Ampuh,Obat Bius Jos obat tidur,obat bius,bius

hirup,bius cair,bius serbuk,bius capsule dan bius tablet,jenis obat bius,

obat susah tidur,obat tidur bagus,obat bius manjur,obat tidur joss,

tentang obat tidur,harga obat tidur,paling ampuh,herbal alami,

harga bius terjangkau,mengatasi susah tidur,tidur lelap,atasi insomnia,

gejala susah tidur,menenangkan pikiran,tidur nyaman,depresi,obat bikin ngantuk,

jenis obat tidur,resep bikin tidur pulas,obat bius joss,harga obat bius,

obat bius manjur,obat bius topcer,obat bius,bius hirup,bius cair,bius serbuk,

obat tidur,obat bius,bius hirup,bius cair,bius serbuk,bius capsule dan bius tablet,

jenis obat bius,obat susah tidur,obat tidur bagus,obat bius manjur,obat tidur joss.

 Tentang obat tidur,harga obat tidur,paling ampuh,herbal alami,harga bius terjangkau

,mengatasi susah tidur,tidur lelap,atasi insomnia,gejala susah tidur,menenangkan pikiran,

tidur nyaman,depresi,obat bikin ngantuk,jenis obat tidur,resep bikin tidur pulas,

obat bius joss,harga obat bius,obat bius manjur,obat bius topcer,Jual Obat Bius Aman,

 Toko Obat Bius Ampuh, Obat Tidur, Bius Wanita, Obat Penenang, Obat Bius Cair,

Agen Resmi Jual Obat bius, obat tidur, obat penenang termurah dan terpercaya @ Www.jualobatbiusherbal.blogspot.com ,

Toko Pria ,Wanita Dewasa , Obat Bius, Jual Obat Bius, Obat Bius, Obat Bius Wanita, Solusi Keharmonisan Pasutri Harga Paling Murah Se iNdonesia,

Jual Obat Bius, Toko Obat Bius, Pusat Obat Bius, obat bius cair, obat bius hirup,obat bius serbuk. liquid , chloroform hirup, sleeping beauty,

Obat Bius Hirup, Obat Bius Cair, Obat Bius Capsule, Obat Bius Tablet, Obat Bius Ampuh,

Obat Bius Joss,obat tidur,obat bius,bius hirup,bius cair,bius serbuk,bius capsule dan bius tablet,

jenis obat bius,obat susah tidur,obat tidur bagus,obat bius manjur,obat tidur joss,tentang obat tidur,

harga obat tidur,paling ampuh,herbal alami,harga bius terjangkau,mengatasi susah tidur,

tidur lelap,atasi insomnia,gejala susah tidur,menenangkan pikiran,tidur nyaman,depresi,

obat bikin ngantuk,jenis obat tidur,resep bikin tidur pulas,obat bius joss,harga obat bius,obat bius manjur,obat bius topcer,

Jual Obat Bius Jual Obat Bius Wanita Jual Obat Bius Cair Jual Obat Bius SerbukJual Obat Bius Hirup
Jual Obat Bius Aman Jual Obat Bius Ampuh Jual Obat Bius Topcer Jual Obat Bius Wanita
Jual Obat Bius Sex Jual Obat Tidur Jual Obat Tidur Cair Jual Obat Tidur Wanita Jual Obat Tidur Pria
Jual Obat Tidur Murah Jual Obat Tidur Ampuh Jual Obat Tidur
Obat Tidur Obat Tidur Cair Obat Tidur Serbuk Obat Tidur Wanita Obat Tidur Pria
Obat Tidur Herbal
Obat Tidur Aman Pusat Obat Tidur Pusat Obat Bius Agen Obat Bius Agen Obat Tidur

Obat Bius Hirup, Obat Bius Cair, Obat Bius Capsule, Obat Bius Tablet, Obat Bius Ampuh,Obat Bius Joss

obat tidur,obat bius,bius hirup,bius cair,bius serbuk,bius capsule dan bius tablet,jenis obat bius,obat susah tidur,obat tidur bagus,obat bius manjur,obat tidur joss,tentang obat tidur,harga obat tidur,paling ampuh,herbal alami,harga bius terjangkau,mengatasi susah tidur,tidur lelap,atasi insomnia,gejala susah tidur,menenangkan pikiran,tidur nyaman,depresi,obat bikin ngantuk,jenis obat tidur,resep bikin tidur pulas,obat bius joss,harga obat bius,obat bius manjur,obat bius topcer,

Harga Obat Bius Kamu Super Murah. Harga bisa Dibandingkan.

Minta Call/SMS kami.

Jual Obat Bius Aman, Toko Obat Bius Ampuh, Obat Tidur, Bius Wanita, Obat Penenang, Obat Bius Cair.

Agen Resmi Jual Obat bius, obat tidur, obat penenang termurah dan terpercaya @ Www.jualobatbiusherbal.blogspot.com.

Toko Pria ,Wanita Dewasa , Obat Bius, Jual Obat Bius, Obat Bius, Obat Bius Wanita, Solusi Keharmonisan Pasutri Harga Paling Murah Se iNdonesia.

Obat Bius Cair, Cairan Buatan dari German Ini Bisa bikin Horny Dan Tolong Jangan gunakan Obat bius Cair ini pada wanita yang baru dikenal.

Jual Obat Bius, Toko Obat Bius, Pusat Obat Bius, obat bius cair, obat bius hirup,obat bius serbuk. liquid sex, chloroform hirup, sleeping beauty.

Obat Bius, Obat Perangsang Sexdrop cair, perangsang khusus untuk di gunakan wanita yang kurang gairah dalam berhubungan intim, sexdrop cair germany.

obat bius,bius hirup,bius cair,bius serbuk

obat tidur,obat bius,bius hirup,bius cair,bius serbuk,bius capsule dan bius tablet,jenis obat bius,obat susah tidur,obat tidur bagus,obat bius manjur,obat tidur joss.
Tentang obat tidur,harga obat tidur,paling ampuh,herbal alami,harga bius terjangkau,mengatasi susah tidur,tidur lelap,atasi insomnia,gejala susah tidur,menenangkan pikiran,tidur nyaman,depresi,obat bikin ngantuk,jenis obat tidur,resep bikin tidur pulas,obat bius joss,harga obat bius,obat bius manjur,obat bius topcer,

 Obat Kuat

Obat Pembesar Penis

Obat Perangsang Wanita

Alat Bantu Sex Pria Dan Wanita

Aneka Kosmetic/Kecantikan

DLL.

OBAT TIDUR WANITA

    saco-indonesia.com,

    We go by the name of R, A to the N
    We're three normal guys tryin to make new friends by
    Making music that you guys understand
    And if you guys like it, we appreciate it, then..
    Let's start the show, rock the boat, but don't stop because you can't stop the flow
    Go on dressed up, because the party's about to start on one, two, three, four!

    (Chorus)

    Indahnya warna warni dunia dunia yang terasa indah di dalam asaku
    Oh betapa indah hidup ini saat ku dimabuk asmara
    Oo getar-getar cinta yang telah tumbuh diantara kita
    Menambah indahnya kisah cinta kita berdua

    (Chorus)

    Yeah, when I saw you on friendster
    Then I added you as my friend
    Girl, my mind was always full of you
    Girl, waste no time because I wanna tell you it's true

    That I love you and you love me
    we're gonna make a happy fa,ily
    I'm Rayi and that's it from me

    (Chorus)
    Don't run, because we about to have fun


    Editor : Dian Sukmawati

 

RAN WARNA WARNI DUNIA

    saco-indonesia.com,

    Andai bisa ku memelukmu
    Andai bisa ku mencintaimu
    Kan ku persembahkan segalanya
    Hanyalah untukmu

    Andai bisa ku menyentuhmu
    Andai bisa ku memilikimu
    Kan ku berikan semuanya
    Rasa di hatiku

    Dan bila jauh rindu hatiku

    Ku berharap cepat waktu berlalu
    Ku berharap cepat kau di sampingku
    Aku yang rindu dan memuja dirimu
    mencintaimu

    Dalam bisik
    Dalam sepi jiwaku
    Hanya dirimu
    Di hati...

    Andai bisa ku menyentuhmu
    Andai bisa ku memilikimu
    Kan ku berikan semuanya
    Rasa di hatiku

    Dan bila jauh rindu hatiku

    Ku berharap cepat waktu berlalu
    Ku berharap cepat kau di sampingku
    Aku yang rindu dan memuja dirimu
    mencintaimu

    Dan bila jauh rindu hatiku

    Ku berharap cepat waktu berlalu
    Ku berharap cepat kau di sampingku
    Aku yang rindu dan memuja dirimu
    Setia selalu
    Selalu...


    Editor : Dian Sukmawati

 

IRWANSYAH WAJAHMU

    saco-indonesia.com,

    Mataku sudah buta
    Tak dapat melihat
    Wajah rupawan lagi
    Selain wajahmu
    Hatiku sudah mati
    Tak dapat merasa kerinduan yang dalam
    Selain rinduku padamu

    Reff :
    Sumpah i love you
    I need you
    I miss you
    Aku tak bisa musnahkan
    Kamu dari otakku
    Sumpah i love you
    I need you
    I miss you
    Aku tak bisa musnahkan
    Kamu dari otakku


    Editor : Dian Sukmawati

 

MAHADEWI SUMPAH I LOVE YOU

saco-indonesia.com, Turut dapat meramaikan ulang tahun MNC yang ke-22 tahun, Mikha Angelo juga mengaku kesulitan saat berkolaborasi dengan Coboy Junior. Diakui Mikha, Coboy Junior ternyata juga memiliki karakter suara yang tinggi.

Terlebih keputusan tampil satu panggung baru bisa diterima Mikha saat dirinya hadir tiba di lokasi perayaan untuk dapat melakukan gladi resik. Bersyukur penampilan Mikha dan Coboy Junior dapat berjalan dengan lancar.

"Sama Coboy Junior dadakan banget. Susah untuk menyesuaikan vokalnya, suaranya tinggi-tinggi banget. Syukur akhirnya bisa juga," ungkap Mikha di Kawasan TMII Jakarta Timur.

Tak hanya berkolaborasi dengan Coboy Junior saja , Mikha juga berduet bersama Fatin Shidqia. Tampilan bersama Fatin, Mikha juga tak menemukan kesulitan. Pasalnya mereka juga pernah berduet menyanyikan lagu Lucky sebelumnya.

"Satu lagu lagi featuring sama Fatin. Kalau sama Fatin sih nggak dadakan juga, karena sebelumnya kita sudah pernah ngebawain bareng," akunya.

Editor : dian sukmawati
Sumber ; kapanlagi.com

COBOY JUNIOR JUGA MEMPUNYAI KARAKTER SUARA YANG TINGGI

Since a white police officer, Darren Wilson fatally shot unarmed black teenager, Michael Brown, in a confrontation last August in Ferguson, Mo., there have been many other cases in which the police have shot and killed suspects, some of them unarmed. Mr. Brown's death set off protests throughout the country, pushing law enforcement into the spotlight and sparking a public debate on police tactics. Here is a selection of police shootings that have been reported by news organizations since Mr. Brown's death. In some cases, investigations are continuing.

Photo
 
 
The apartment complex northeast of Atlanta where Anthony Hill, 27, was fatally shot by a DeKalb County police officer. Credit Ben Gray/Atlanta Journal Constitution

Chamblee, Ga.
Fatal Police Shootings: Accounts Since Ferguson
Frontline  An installment of this PBS program looks at the effects of Ebola on Liberia and other countries, as well as the origins of the outbreak.
Frontline

Frontline An installment of this PBS program looks at the effects of Ebola on Liberia and other countries, as well as the origins of the outbreak.

The program traces the outbreak to its origin, thought to be a tree full of bats in Guinea.

Review: ‘9-Man’ Is More Than a Game for Chinese-Americans

A variation of volleyball with nine men on each side is profiled Tuesday night on the World Channel in an absorbing documentary called “9-Man.”

Television

‘Hard Earned’ Documents the Plight of the Working Poor

“Hard Earned,” an Al Jazeera America series, follows five working-class families scrambling to stay ahead on limited incomes.

Review: ‘Frontline’ Looks at Missteps During the Ebola Outbreak

Ms. Plisetskaya, renowned for her fluidity of movement, expressive acting and willful personality, danced on the Bolshoi stage well into her 60s, but her life was shadowed by Stalinism.

Maya Plisetskaya, Ballerina Who Embodied Bolshoi, Dies at 89

Mr. Fox, known for his well-honed countrified voice, wrote about things dear to South Carolina and won over Yankee critics.

William Price Fox, Admired Southern Novelist and Humorist, Dies at 89

Mr. Goldberg was a serial Silicon Valley entrepreneur and venture capitalist who was married to Sheryl Sandberg, the chief operating officer of Facebook.

Dave Goldberg Was Lifelong Women’s Advocate

Dave Goldberg, Head of Web Survey Company and Half of a Silicon Valley Power Couple, Dies at 47

Hockey is not exactly known as a city game, but played on roller skates, it once held sway as the sport of choice in many New York neighborhoods.

“City kids had no rinks, no ice, but they would do anything to play hockey,” said Edward Moffett, former director of the Long Island City Y.M.C.A. Roller Hockey League, in Queens, whose games were played in city playgrounds going back to the 1940s.

From the 1960s through the 1980s, the league had more than 60 teams, he said. Players included the Mullen brothers of Hell’s Kitchen and Dan Dorion of Astoria, Queens, who would later play on ice for the National Hockey League.

One street legend from the heyday of New York roller hockey was Craig Allen, who lived in the Woodside Houses projects and became one of the city’s hardest hitters and top scorers.

“Craig was a warrior, one of the best roller hockey players in the city in the ’70s,” said Dave Garmendia, 60, a retired New York police officer who grew up playing with Mr. Allen. “His teammates loved him and his opponents feared him.”

Young Craig took up hockey on the streets of Queens in the 1960s, playing pickup games between sewer covers, wearing steel-wheeled skates clamped onto school shoes and using a roll of electrical tape as the puck.

His skill and ferocity drew attention, Mr. Garmendia said, but so did his skin color. He was black, in a sport made up almost entirely by white players.

“Roller hockey was a white kid’s game, plain and simple, but Craig broke the color barrier,” Mr. Garmendia said. “We used to say Craig did more for race relations than the N.A.A.C.P.”

Mr. Allen went on to coach and referee roller hockey in New York before moving several years ago to South Carolina. But he continued to organize an annual alumni game at Dutch Kills Playground in Long Island City, the same site that held the local championship games.

The reunion this year was on Saturday, but Mr. Allen never made it. On April 26, just before boarding the bus to New York, he died of an asthma attack at age 61.

Word of his death spread rapidly among hundreds of his old hockey colleagues who resolved to continue with the event, now renamed the Craig Allen Memorial Roller Hockey Reunion.

The turnout on Saturday was the largest ever, with players pulling on their old equipment, choosing sides and taking once again to the rink of cracked blacktop with faded lines and circles. They wore no helmets, although one player wore a fedora.

Another, Vinnie Juliano, 77, of Long Island City, wore his hearing aids, along with his 50-year-old taped-up quads, or four-wheeled skates with a leather boot. Many players here never converted to in-line skates, and neither did Mr. Allen, whose photograph appeared on a poster hanging behind the players’ bench.

“I’m seeing people walking by wondering why all these rusty, grizzly old guys are here playing hockey,” one player, Tommy Dominguez, said. “We’re here for Craig, and let me tell you, these old guys still play hard.”

Everyone seemed to have a Craig Allen story, from his earliest teams at Public School 151 to the Bryant Rangers, the Woodside Wings, the Woodside Blues and more.

Mr. Allen, who became a yellow-cab driver, was always recruiting new talent. He gained the nickname Cabby for his habit of stopping at playgrounds all over the city to scout players.

Teams were organized around neighborhoods and churches, and often sponsored by local bars. Mr. Allen, for one, played for bars, including Garry Owen’s and on the Fiddler’s Green Jokers team in Inwood, Manhattan.

Play was tough and fights were frequent.

“We were basically street gangs on skates,” said Steve Rogg, 56, a mail clerk who grew up in Jackson Heights, Queens, and who on Saturday wore his Riedell Classic quads from 1972. “If another team caught up with you the night before a game, they tossed you a beating so you couldn’t play the next day.”

Mr. Garmendia said Mr. Allen’s skin color provoked many fights.

“When we’d go to some ignorant neighborhoods, a lot of players would use slurs,” Mr. Garmendia said, recalling a game in Ozone Park, Queens, where local fans parked motorcycles in a lineup next to the blacktop and taunted Mr. Allen. Mr. Garmendia said he checked a player into the motorcycles, “and the bikes went down like dominoes, which started a serious brawl.”

A group of fans at a game in Brooklyn once stuck a pole through the rink fence as Mr. Allen skated by and broke his jaw, Mr. Garmendia said, adding that carloads of reinforcements soon arrived to defend Mr. Allen.

And at another racially incited brawl, the police responded with six patrol cars and a helicopter.

Before play began on Saturday, the players gathered at center rink to honor Mr. Allen. Billy Barnwell, 59, of Woodside, recalled once how an all-white, all-star squad snubbed Mr. Allen by playing him third string. He scored seven goals in the first game and made first string immediately.

“He’d always hear racial stuff before the game, and I’d ask him, ‘How do you put up with that?’” Mr. Barnwell recalled. “Craig would say, ‘We’ll take care of it,’ and by the end of the game, he’d win guys over. They’d say, ‘This guy’s good.’”

Tribute for a Roller Hockey Warrior

Over the last five years or so, it seemed there was little that Dean G. Skelos, the majority leader of the New York Senate, would not do for his son.

He pressed a powerful real estate executive to provide commissions to his son, a 32-year-old title insurance salesman, according to a federal criminal complaint. He helped get him a job at an environmental company and employed his influence to help the company get government work. He used his office to push natural gas drilling regulations that would have increased his son’s commissions.

He even tried to direct part of a $5.4 billion state budget windfall to fund government contracts that the company was seeking. And when the company was close to securing a storm-water contract from Nassau County, the senator, through an intermediary, pressured the company to pay his son more — or risk having the senator subvert the bid.

The criminal complaint, unsealed on Monday, lays out corruption charges against Senator Skelos and his son, Adam B. Skelos, the latest scandal to seize Albany, and potentially alter its power structure.

Photo
 
Preet Bharara, the United States attorney in Manhattan, discussed the case involving Dean G. Skelos and his son, Adam. Credit Eduardo Munoz/Reuters

The repeated and diverse efforts by Senator Skelos, a Long Island Republican, to use what prosecutors said was his political influence to find work, or at least income, for his son could send both men to federal prison. If they are convicted of all six charges against them, they face up to 20 years in prison for each of four of the six counts and up to 10 years for the remaining two.

Senator Kenneth P. LaValle, of Long Island, who serves as chairman of the Republican conference, emerged from a closed-door meeting Monday night to say that conference members agreed that Mr. Skelos should be benefited the “presumption of innocence,” and would stay in his leadership role.

“The leader has indicated he would like to remain as leader,” said Mr. LaValle, “and he has the support of the conference.” The case against Mr. Skelos and his son grew out of a broader inquiry into political corruption by the United States attorney for the Southern District of New York, Preet Bharara, that has already changed the face of the state capital. It is based in part, according to the six-count complaint, on conversations secretly recorded by one of two cooperating witnesses, and wiretaps on the cellphones of the senator and his son. Those recordings revealed that both men were concerned about electronic surveillance, and illustrated the son’s unsuccessful efforts to thwart it.

Advertisement

Adam Skelos took to using a “burner” phone, the complaint says, and told his father he wanted them to speak through a FaceTime video call in an apparent effort to avoid detection. They also used coded language at times.

At one point, Adam Skelos was recorded telling a Senate staff member of his frustration in not being able to speak openly to his father on the phone, noting that he could not “just send smoke signals or a little pigeon” carrying a message.

The 43-page complaint, sworn out by Paul M. Takla, a special agent for the Federal Bureau of Investigation, outlines a five-year scheme to “monetize” the senator’s official position; it also lays bare the extent to which a father sought to use his position to help his son.

The charges accuse the two men of extorting payments through a real estate developer, Glenwood Management, based on Long Island, and the environmental company, AbTech Industries, in Scottsdale, Ariz., with the expectation that the money paid to Adam Skelos — nearly $220,000 in total — would influence his father’s actions.

Glenwood, one of the state’s most prolific campaign donors, had ties to AbTech through investments in the environmental firm’s parent company by Glenwood’s founding family and a senior executive.

The accusations in the complaint portray Senator Skelos as a man who, when it came to his son, was not shy about twisting arms, even in situations that might give other arm-twisters pause.

Seeking to help his son, Senator Skelos turned to the executive at Glenwood, which develops rental apartments in New York City and has much at stake when it comes to real estate legislation in Albany. The senator urged him to direct business to his son, who sold title insurance.

After much prodding, the executive, Charles C. Dorego, engineered a $20,000 payment to Adam Skelos from a title insurance company even though he did no work for the money. But far more lucrative was a consultant position that Mr. Dorego arranged for Adam Skelos at AbTech, which seeks government contracts to treat storm water. (Mr. Dorego is not identified by name in the complaint, but referred to only as CW-1, for Cooperating Witness 1.)

Senator Skelos appeared to take an active interest in his son’s new line of work. Adam Skelos sent him several drafts of his consulting agreement with AbTech, the complaint says, as well as the final deal that was struck.

“Mazel tov,” his father replied.

Senator Skelos sent relevant news articles to his son, including one about a sewage leak near Albany. When AbTech wanted to seek government contracts after Hurricane Sandy, the senator got on a conference call with his son and an AbTech executive, Bjornulf White, and offered advice. (Like Mr. Dorego, Mr. White is not named in the complaint, but referred to as CW-2.)

The assistance paid off: With the senator’s help, AbTech secured a contract worth up to $12 million from Nassau County, a big break for a struggling small business.

But the money was slow to materialize. The senator expressed impatience with county officials.

Adam Skelos, in a phone call with Mr. White in late December, suggested that his father would seek to punish the county. “I tell you this, the state is not going to do a [expletive] thing for the county,” he said.

Three days later, Senator Skelos pressed his case with the Nassau County executive, Edward P. Mangano, a fellow Republican. “Somebody feels like they’re just getting jerked around the last two years,” the senator said, referring to his son in what the complaint described as “coded language.”

The next day, the senator pursued the matter, as he and Mr. Mangano attended a wake for a slain New York City police officer. Senator Skelos then reassured his son, who called him while he was still at the wake. “All claims that are in will be taken care of,” the senator said.

AbTech’s fortunes appeared to weigh on his son. At one point in January, Adam Skelos told his father that if the company did not succeed, he would “lose the ability to pay for things.”

Making matters worse, in recent months, Senator Skelos and his son appeared to grow wary about who was watching them. In addition to making calls on the burner phone, Adam Skelos said he used the FaceTime video calling “because that doesn’t show up on the phone bill,” as he told Mr. White.

In late February, Adam Skelos arranged a pair of meetings between Mr. White and state senators; AbTech needed to win state legislation that would allow its contract to move beyond its initial stages. But Senator Skelos deemed the plan too risky and caused one of the meetings to be canceled.

In another recorded call, Adam Skelos, promising to be “very, very vague” on the phone, urged his father to allow the meeting. The senator offered a warning. “Right now we are in dangerous times, Adam,” he told him.

A month later, in another phone call that was recorded by the authorities, Adam Skelos complained that his father could not give him “real advice” about AbTech while the two men were speaking over the telephone.

“You can’t talk normally,” he told his father, “because it’s like [expletive] Preet Bharara is listening to every [expletive] phone call. It’s just [expletive] frustrating.”

“It is,” his father agreed.

Dean Skelos, Albany Senate Leader, Aided Son at All Costs, U.S. Says

A 214-pound Queens housewife struggled with a lifelong addiction to food until she shed 72 pounds and became the public face of the worldwide weight-control empire Weight Watchers.

Jean Nidetch, 91, Dies; Pounds Came Off, and Weight Watchers Was Born

Mr. Alger, who served five terms from Texas, led Republican women in a confrontation with Lyndon B. Johnson that may have cost Richard M. Nixon the 1960 presidential election.

Bruce Alger, 96, Dies; Led ‘Mink Coat’ Protest Against Lyndon Johnson

WASHINGTON — The former deputy director of the C.I.A. asserts in a forthcoming book that Republicans, in their eagerness to politicize the killing of the American ambassador to Libya, repeatedly distorted the agency’s analysis of events. But he also argues that the C.I.A. should get out of the business of providing “talking points” for administration officials in national security events that quickly become partisan, as happened after the Benghazi attack in 2012.

The official, Michael J. Morell, dismisses the allegation that the United States military and C.I.A. officers “were ordered to stand down and not come to the rescue of their comrades,” and he says there is “no evidence” to support the charge that “there was a conspiracy between C.I.A. and the White House to spin the Benghazi story in a way that would protect the political interests of the president and Secretary Clinton,” referring to the secretary of state at the time, Hillary Rodham Clinton.

But he also concludes that the White House itself embellished some of the talking points provided by the Central Intelligence Agency and had blocked him from sending an internal study of agency conclusions to Congress.

Photo
 
Michael J. Morell Credit Mark Wilson/Getty Images

“I finally did so without asking,” just before leaving government, he writes, and after the White House released internal emails to a committee investigating the State Department’s handling of the issue.

A lengthy congressional investigation remains underway, one that many Republicans hope to use against Mrs. Clinton in the 2016 election cycle.

In parts of the book, “The Great War of Our Time” (Twelve), Mr. Morell praises his C.I.A. colleagues for many successes in stopping terrorist attacks, but he is surprisingly critical of other C.I.A. failings — and those of the National Security Agency.

Soon after Mr. Morell retired in 2013 after 33 years in the agency, President Obama appointed him to a commission reviewing the actions of the National Security Agency after the disclosures of Edward J. Snowden, a former intelligence contractor who released classified documents about the government’s eavesdropping abilities. Mr. Morell writes that he was surprised by what he found.

Advertisement

“You would have thought that of all the government entities on the planet, the one least vulnerable to such grand theft would have been the N.S.A.,” he writes. “But it turned out that the N.S.A. had left itself vulnerable.”

He concludes that most Wall Street firms had better cybersecurity than the N.S.A. had when Mr. Snowden swept information from its systems in 2013. While he said he found himself “chagrined by how well the N.S.A. was doing” compared with the C.I.A. in stepping up its collection of data on intelligence targets, he also sensed that the N.S.A., which specializes in electronic spying, was operating without considering the implications of its methods.

“The N.S.A. had largely been collecting information because it could, not necessarily in all cases because it should,” he says.

The book is to be released next week.

Mr. Morell was a career analyst who rose through the ranks of the agency, and he ended up in the No. 2 post. He served as President George W. Bush’s personal intelligence briefer in the first months of his presidency — in those days, he could often be spotted at the Starbucks in Waco, Tex., catching up on his reading — and was with him in the schoolhouse in Florida on the morning of Sept. 11, 2001, when the Bush presidency changed in an instant.

Mr. Morell twice took over as acting C.I.A. director, first when Leon E. Panetta was appointed secretary of defense and then when retired Gen. David H. Petraeus resigned over an extramarital affair with his biographer, a relationship that included his handing her classified notes of his time as America’s best-known military commander.

Mr. Morell says he first learned of the affair from Mr. Petraeus only the night before he resigned, and just as the Benghazi events were turning into a political firestorm. While praising Mr. Petraeus, who had told his deputy “I am very lucky” to run the C.I.A., Mr. Morell writes that “the organization did not feel the same way about him.” The former general “created the impression through the tone of his voice and his body language that he did not want people to disagree with him (which was not true in my own interaction with him),” he says.

But it is his account of the Benghazi attacks — and how the C.I.A. was drawn into the debate over whether the Obama White House deliberately distorted its account of the death of Ambassador J. Christopher Stevens — that is bound to attract attention, at least partly because of its relevance to the coming presidential election. The initial assessments that the C.I.A. gave to the White House said demonstrations had preceded the attack. By the time analysts reversed their opinion, Susan E. Rice, now the national security adviser, had made a series of statements on Sunday talk shows describing the initial assessment. The controversy and other comments Ms. Rice made derailed Mr. Obama’s plan to appoint her as secretary of state.

The experience prompted Mr. Morell to write that the C.I.A. should stay out of the business of preparing talking points — especially on issues that are being seized upon for “political purposes.” He is critical of the State Department for not beefing up security in Libya for its diplomats, as the C.I.A., he said, did for its employees.

But he concludes that the assault in which the ambassador was killed took place “with little or no advance planning” and “was not well organized.” He says the attackers “did not appear to be looking for Americans to harm. They appeared intent on looting and conducting some vandalism,” setting fires that killed Mr. Stevens and a security official, Sean Smith.

Mr. Morell paints a picture of an agency that was struggling, largely unsuccessfully, to understand dynamics in the Middle East and North Africa when the Arab Spring broke out in late 2011 in Tunisia. The agency’s analysts failed to see the forces of revolution coming — and then failed again, he writes, when they told Mr. Obama that the uprisings would undercut Al Qaeda by showing there was a democratic pathway to change.

“There is no good explanation for our not being able to see the pressures growing to dangerous levels across the region,” he writes. The agency had again relied too heavily “on a handful of strong leaders in the countries of concern to help us understand what was going on in the Arab street,” he says, and those leaders themselves were clueless.

Moreover, an agency that has always overvalued secretly gathered intelligence and undervalued “open source” material “was not doing enough to mine the wealth of information available through social media,” he writes. “We thought and told policy makers that this outburst of popular revolt would damage Al Qaeda by undermining the group’s narrative,” he writes.

Instead, weak governments in Egypt, and the absence of governance from Libya to Yemen, were “a boon to Islamic extremists across both the Middle East and North Africa.”

Mr. Morell is gentle about most of the politicians he dealt with — he expresses admiration for both Mr. Bush and Mr. Obama, though he accuses former Vice President Dick Cheney of deliberately implying a connection between Al Qaeda and Iraq that the C.I.A. had concluded probably did not exist. But when it comes to the events leading up to the Bush administration’s decision to go to war in Iraq, he is critical of his own agency.

Mr. Morell concludes that the Bush White House did not have to twist intelligence on Saddam Hussein’s alleged effort to rekindle the country’s work on weapons of mass destruction.

“The view that hard-liners in the Bush administration forced the intelligence community into its position on W.M.D. is just flat wrong,” he writes. “No one pushed. The analysts were already there and they had been there for years, long before Bush came to office.”

Ex-C.I.A. Official Rebuts Republican Claims on Benghazi Attack in ‘The Great War of Our Time’

WASHINGTON — A decade after emergency trailers meant to shelter Hurricane Katrina victims instead caused burning eyes, sore throats and other more serious ailments, the Environmental Protection Agency is on the verge of regulating the culprit: formaldehyde, a chemical that can be found in commonplace things like clothes and furniture.

But an unusual assortment of players, including furniture makers, the Chinese government, Republicans from states with a large base of furniture manufacturing and even some Democrats who championed early regulatory efforts, have questioned the E.P.A. proposal. The sustained opposition has held sway, as the agency is now preparing to ease key testing requirements before it releases the landmark federal health standard.

The E.P.A.’s five-year effort to adopt this rule offers another example of how industry opposition can delay and hamper attempts by the federal government to issue regulations, even to control substances known to be harmful to human health.

Continue reading the main story
 

Document: The Formaldehyde Fight

Formaldehyde is a known carcinogen that can also cause respiratory ailments like asthma, but the potential of long-term exposure to cause cancers like myeloid leukemia is less well understood.

The E.P.A.’s decision would be the first time that the federal government has regulated formaldehyde inside most American homes.

“The stakes are high for public health,” said Tom Neltner, senior adviser for regulatory affairs at the National Center for Healthy Housing, who has closely monitored the debate over the rules. “What we can’t have here is an outcome that fails to confront the health threat we all know exists.”

The proposal would not ban formaldehyde — commonly used as an ingredient in wood glue in furniture and flooring — but it would impose rules that prevent dangerous levels of the chemical’s vapors from those products, and would set testing standards to ensure that products sold in the United States comply with those limits. The debate has sharpened in the face of growing concern about the safety of formaldehyde-treated flooring imported from Asia, especially China.

What is certain is that a lot of money is at stake: American companies sell billions of dollars’ worth of wood products each year that contain formaldehyde, and some argue that the proposed regulation would impose unfair costs and restrictions.

Determined to block the agency’s rule as proposed, these industry players have turned to the White House, members of Congress and top E.P.A. officials, pressing them to roll back the testing requirements in particular, calling them redundant and too expensive.

“There are potentially over a million manufacturing jobs that will be impacted if the proposed rule is finalized without changes,” wrote Bill Perdue, the chief lobbyist at the American Home Furnishings Alliance, a leading critic of the testing requirements in the proposed regulation, in one letter to the E.P.A.

Industry opposition helped create an odd alignment of forces working to thwart the rule. The White House moved to strike out key aspects of the proposal. Subsequent appeals for more changes were voiced by players as varied as Senator Barbara Boxer, Democrat of California, and Senator Roger Wicker, Republican of Mississippi, as well as furniture industry lobbyists.

Hurricane Katrina in 2005 helped ignite the public debate over formaldehyde, after the deadly storm destroyed or damaged hundreds of thousands of homes along the Gulf of Mexico, forcing families into temporary trailers provided by the Federal Emergency Management Agency.

The displaced storm victims quickly began reporting respiratory problems, burning eyes and other issues, and tests then confirmed high levels of formaldehyde fumes leaking into the air inside the trailers, which in many cases had been hastily constructed.

Public health advocates petitioned the E.P.A. to issue limits on formaldehyde in building materials and furniture used in homes, given that limits already existed for exposure in workplaces. But three years after the storm, only California had issued such limits.

Industry groups like the American Chemistry Council have repeatedly challenged the science linking formaldehyde to cancer, a position championed by David Vitter, the Republican senator from Louisiana, who is a major recipient of chemical industry campaign contributions, and whom environmental groups have mockingly nicknamed “Senator Formaldehyde.”

Continue reading the main story

Formaldehyde in Laminate Flooring

In laminate flooring, formaldehyde is used as a bonding agent in the fiberboard (or other composite wood) core layer and may also be used in glues that bind layers together. Concerns were raised in March when certain laminate flooring imported from China was reported to contain levels of formaldehyde far exceeding the limit permitted by California.

Typical

laminate

flooring

CLEAR FINISH LAYER

Often made of melamine resin

PATTERN LAYER

Paper printed to resemble wood,

or a thin wood veneer

GLUE

Layers may be bound using

formaldehyde-based glues

CORE LAYER

Fiberboard or other

composite, formed using

formaldehyde-based adhesives

BASE LAYER

Moisture-resistant vapor barrier

What is formaldehyde?

Formaldehyde is a common chemical used in many industrial and household products as an adhesive, bonding agent or preservative. It is classified as a volatile organic compound. The term volatile means that, at room temperature, formaldehyde will vaporize, or become a gas. Products made with formaldehyde tend to release this gas into the air. If breathed in large quantities, it may cause health problems.

WHERE IT IS COMMONLY FOUND

POTENTIAL HEALTH RISKS

Pressed-wood and composite wood products

Wallpaper and paints

Spray foam insulation used in construction

Commercial wood floor finishes

Crease-resistant fabrics

In cigarette smoke, or in the fumes from combustion of other materials, including wood, oil and gasoline.

Exposure to formaldehyde in sufficient amounts may cause eye, throat or skin irritation, allergic reactions, and respiratory problems like coughing, wheezing or asthma.

Long-term exposure to high levels has been associated with cancer in humans and laboratory animals.

Exposure to formaldehyde may affect some people more severely than others.

By 2010, public health advocates and some industry groups secured bipartisan support in Congress for legislation that ordered the E.P.A. to issue federal rules that largely mirrored California’s restrictions. At the time, concerns were rising over the growing number of lower-priced furniture imports from Asia that might include contaminated products, while also hurting sales of American-made products.

Maneuvering began almost immediately after the E.P.A. prepared draft rules to formally enact the new standards.

White House records show at least five meetings in mid-2012 with industry executives — kitchen cabinet makers, chemical manufacturers, furniture trade associations and their lobbyists, like Brock R. Landry, of the Venable law firm. These parties, along with Senator Vitter’s office, appealed to top administration officials, asking them to intervene to roll back the E.P.A. proposal.

The White House Office of Management and Budget, which reviews major federal regulations before they are adopted, apparently agreed. After the White House review, the E.P.A. “redlined” many of the estimates of the monetary benefits that would be gained by reductions in related health ailments, like asthma and fertility issues, documents reviewed by The New York Times show.

As a result, the estimated benefit of the proposed rule dropped to $48 million a year, from as much as $278 million a year. The much-reduced amount deeply weakened the agency’s justification for the sometimes costly new testing that would be required under the new rules, a federal official involved in the effort said.

“It’s a redlining blood bath,” said Lisa Heinzerling, a Georgetown University Law School professor and a former E.P.A. official, using the Washington phrase to describe when language is stricken from a proposed rule. “Almost the entire discussion of these potential benefits was excised.”

Senator Vitter’s staff was pleased.

“That’s a huge difference,” said Luke Bolar, a spokesman for Mr. Vitter, of the reduced estimated financial benefits, saying the change was “clearly highlighting more mismanagement” at the E.P.A.

Advertisement

The review’s outcome galvanized opponents in the furniture industry. They then targeted a provision that mandated new testing of laminated wood, a cheaper alternative to hardwood. (The California standard on which the law was based did not require such testing.)

But E.P.A. scientists had concluded that these laminate products — millions of which are sold annually in the United States — posed a particular risk. They said that when thin layers of wood, also known as laminate or veneer, are added to furniture or flooring in the final stages of manufacturing, the resulting product can generate dangerous levels of fumes from often-used formaldehyde-based glues.

Industry executives, outraged by what they considered an unnecessary and financially burdensome level of testing, turned every lever within reach to get the requirement removed. It would be particularly onerous, they argued, for small manufacturers that would have to repeatedly interrupt their work to do expensive new testing. The E.P.A. estimated that the expanded requirements for laminate products would cost the furniture industry tens of millions of dollars annually, while the industry said that the proposed rule over all would cost its 7,000 American manufacturing facilities over $200 million each year.

“A lot of people don’t seem to appreciate what a lot of these requirements do to a small operation,” said Dick Titus, executive vice president of the Kitchen Cabinet Manufacturers Association, whose members are predominantly small businesses. “A 10-person shop, for example, just really isn’t equipped to handle that type of thing.”

Photo
 
Becky Gillette wants strong regulation of formaldehyde. Credit Beth Hall for The New York Times

Big industry players also weighed in. Executives from companies including La-Z-Boy, Hooker Furniture and Ashley Furniture all flew to Washington for a series of meetings with the offices of lawmakers including House Speaker John Boehner, Republican of Ohio, and about a dozen other lawmakers, asking several of them to sign a letter prepared by the industry to press the E.P.A. to back down, according to an industry report describing the lobbying visit.

Within a matter of weeks, two letters — using nearly identical language — were sent by House and Senate lawmakers to the E.P.A. — with the industry group forwarding copies of the letters to the agency as well, and then posting them on its website.

The industry lobbyists also held their own meeting at E.P.A. headquarters, and they urged Jim Jones, who oversaw the rule-making process as the assistant administrator for the agency’s Office of Chemical Safety and Pollution Prevention, to visit a North Carolina furniture manufacturing plant. According to the trade group, Mr. Jones told them that the visit had “helped the agency shift its thinking” about the rules and how laminated products should be treated.

The resistance was particularly intense from lawmakers like Mr. Wicker of Mississippi, whose state is home to major manufacturing plants owned by Ashley Furniture Industries, the world’s largest furniture maker, and who is one of the biggest recipients in Congress of donations from the industry’s trade association. Asked if the political support played a role, a spokesman for Mr. Wicker replied: “Thousands of Mississippians depend on the furniture manufacturing industry for their livelihoods. Senator Wicker is committed to defending all Mississippians from government overreach.”

Individual companies like Ikea also intervened, as did the Chinese government, which claimed that the new rule would create a “great barrier” to the import of Chinese products because of higher costs.

Perhaps the most surprising objection came from Senator Boxer, of California, a longtime environmental advocate, whose office questioned why the E.P.A.’s rule went further than her home state’s in seeking testing on laminated products. “We did not advocate an outcome, other than safety,” her office said in a statement about why the senator raised concerns. “We said ‘Take a look to see if you have it right.’ ”

Safety advocates say that tighter restrictions — like the ones Ms. Boxer and Mr. Wicker, along with Representative Doris Matsui, a California Democrat, have questioned — are necessary, particularly for products coming from China, where items as varied as toys and Christmas lights have been found to violate American safety standards.

While Mr. Neltner, the environmental advocate who has been most involved in the review process, has been open to compromise, he has pressed the E.P.A. not to back down entirely, and to maintain a requirement that laminators verify that their products are safe.

An episode of CBS’s “60 Minutes” in March brought attention to the issue when it accused Lumber Liquidators, the discount flooring retailer, of selling laminate products with dangerous levels of formaldehyde. The company has disputed the show’s findings and test methods, maintaining that its products are safe.

“People think that just because Congress passed the legislation five years ago, the problem has been fixed,” said Becky Gillette, who then lived in coastal Mississippi, in the area hit by Hurricane Katrina, and was among the first to notice a pattern of complaints from people living in the trailers. “Real people’s faces and names come up in front of me when I think of the thousands of people who could get sick if this rule is not done right.”

An aide to Ms. Matsui rejected any suggestion that she was bending to industry pressure.

“From the beginning the public health has been our No. 1 concern,” said Kyle J. Victor, an aide to Ms. Matsui.

But further changes to the rule are likely, agency officials concede, as they say they are searching for a way to reduce the cost of complying with any final rule while maintaining public health goals. The question is just how radically the agency will revamp the testing requirement for laminated products — if it keeps it at all.

“It’s not a secret to anybody that is the most challenging issue,” said Mr. Jones, the E.P.A. official overseeing the process, adding that the health consequences from formaldehyde are real. “We have to reduce those exposures so that people can live healthy lives and not have to worry about being in their homes.”

The Uphill Battle to Better Regulate Formaldehyde

Public perceptions of race relations in America have grown substantially more negative in the aftermath of the death of a young black man who was injured while in police custody in Baltimore and the subsequent unrest, far eclipsing the sentiment recorded in the wake of turmoil in Ferguson, Mo., last summer.

Americans are also increasingly likely to say that the police are more apt to use deadly force against a black person, the latest New York Times/CBS News poll finds.

The poll findings highlight the challenges for local leaders and police officials in trying to maintain order while sustaining faith in the criminal justice system in a racially polarized nation.

Sixty-one percent of Americans now say race relations in this country are generally bad. That figure is up sharply from 44 percent after the fatal police shooting of Michael Brown and the unrest that followed in Ferguson in August, and 43 percent in December. In a CBS News poll just two months ago, 38 percent said race relations were generally bad. Current views are by far the worst of Barack Obama’s presidency.

The negative sentiment is echoed by broad majorities of blacks and whites alike, a stark change from earlier this year, when 58 percent of blacks thought race relations were bad, but just 35 percent of whites agreed. In August, 48 percent of blacks and 41 percent of whites said they felt that way.

Looking ahead, 44 percent of Americans think race relations are worsening, up from 36 percent in December. Forty-one percent of blacks and 46 percent of whites think so. Pessimism among whites has increased 10 points since December.

Continue reading the main story
Do you think race relations in the United States are generally good or generally bad?
60
40
20
0
White
Black
May '14
May '15
Generally bad
Continue reading the main story
Do you think race relations in the United States are getting better, getting worse or staying about the same?
Getting worse
Staying the same
Getting better
Don't know/No answer
All adults
Whites
Blacks
44%
37
17
46
36
16
41
42
15

The poll finds that profound racial divisions in views of how the police use deadly force remain. Blacks are more than twice as likely to say police in most communities are more apt to use deadly force against a black person — 79 percent of blacks say so compared with 37 percent of whites. A slim majority of whites say race is not a factor in a police officer’s decision to use deadly force.

Overall, 44 percent of Americans say deadly force is more likely to be used against a black person, up from 37 percent in August and 40 percent in December.

Blacks also remain far more likely than whites to say they feel mostly anxious about the police in their community. Forty-two percent say so, while 51 percent feel mostly safe. Among whites, 8 in 10 feel mostly safe.

One proposal to address the matter — having on-duty police officers wear body cameras — receives overwhelming support. More than 9 in 10 whites and blacks alike favor it.

Continue reading the main story
How would you describe your feelings about the police in your community? Would you say they make you feel mostly safe or mostly anxious?
Mostly safe
Mostly anxious
Don't know/No answer
All adults
Whites
Blacks
75%
21
3
81
16
3
51
42
7
Continue reading the main story
In general, do you think the police in most communities are more likely to use deadly force against a black person, or more likely to use it against a white person, or don’t you think race affects police use of deadly force?
Police more likely to use deadly force against a black person
Police more likely to use deadly force against a white person
Race DOES NOT affect police use of deadly force
Don't know/No answer
All adults
Whites
Blacks
44%
37%
79%
2%
2%
1%
46%
53%
16%
9%
8%
4%
Continue reading the main story
Do you favor or oppose on-duty police officers wearing video cameras that would record events and actions as they occur?
Favor
Oppose
Don't know/No answer
All adults
Whites
Blacks
92%
93%
93%
6%
5%
5%
2%
2%
2%

Asked specifically about the situation in Baltimore, most Americans expressed at least some confidence that the investigation by local authorities would be conducted fairly. But while nearly two-thirds of whites think so, fewer than half of blacks agree. Still, more blacks are confident now than were in August regarding the investigation in Ferguson. On Friday, six members of the police force involved in the arrest of Mr. Gray were charged with serious offenses, including manslaughter. The poll was conducted Thursday through Sunday; results from before charges were announced are similar to those from after.

Reaction to the recent turmoil in Baltimore, however, is similar among blacks and whites. Most Americans, 61 percent, say the unrest after Mr. Gray’s death was not justified. That includes 64 percent of whites and 57 percent of blacks.

Continue reading the main story
As you may know, a Baltimore man, Freddie Gray, recently died after being in the custody of the Baltimore police. How much confidence do you have that the investigation by local authorities into this matter will be conducted fairly?
A lot
Some
Not much
None at all
Don't know/No answer
All adults
Whites
Blacks
29%
31
22
14
5
31
33
20
11
5
20
26
30
22
In general, do you think the unrest in Baltimore after the death of Freddie Gray was justified, or do you think the unrest was not justified?
Justified
Not justified
Don't know/No answer
All adults
Whites
Blacks
28%
61
11
26
64
11
37
57
6

Negative View of U.S. Race Relations Grows, Poll Finds

Judge Patterson helped to protect the rights of Attica inmates after the prison riot in 1971 and later served on the Federal District Court in Manhattan.

Robert Patterson Jr., Lawyer and Judge Who Fought for the Accused, Dies at 91

Ms. Turner and her twin sister founded the Love Kitchen in 1986 in a church basement in Knoxville, Tenn., and it continues to provide clothing and meals.

Ellen Turner Dies at 87; Opened Kitchen to Feed the Needy of Knoxville
paket berangkat umrah februari di Kelapa Dua Wetan jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umroh ramadhan bekasi timur
paket promo berangkat umrah mei di Kebon Manggis jakarta
paket berangkat umroh akhir tahun di Bali Mester jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umroh mei di Makasar jakarta
harga umroh april di Rawamangun jakarta
biaya paket umroh ramadhan tangerang
harga paket berangkat umroh awal tahun di Ciracas jakarta
promo umroh ramadhan di Penggilingan jakarta
paket berangkat umroh april di Matraman jakarta
paket promo umroh desember di Pondok Kopi jakarta
paket umroh januari di Utan Kayu Selatan jakarta
biaya umroh ramadhan di Rambutan jakarta
biaya umrah desember di Makasar jakarta
promo berangkat umrah akhir tahun tangerang
paket berangkat umroh mei umrohdepag.com
harga paket berangkat umroh ramadhan di Malaka Jaya jakarta
harga berangkat umrah april di Jatinegara jakarta
harga paket umroh januari di Cakung jakarta
harga umrah desember bogor
promo umroh mei di Kayu Manis jakarta
harga umrah januari di Cipinang Cempedak jakarta
biaya paket umrah akhir tahun di Rawamangun jakarta
harga berangkat umrah februari di Kebon Pala jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umroh awal tahun di Kampung Melayu jakarta
paket promo berangkat umrah juni di Pisangan Baru jakarta
promo umrah maret di Pekayon jakarta
biaya umrah ramadhan bekasi utara
paket promo berangkat umroh mei di Ciracas jakarta
biaya paket umroh januari di Klender jakarta
harga paket berangkat umroh ramadhan di Rambutan jakarta
harga berangkat umroh akhir tahun di Utan Kayu Utara jakarta
biaya berangkat umrah februari di Kramat Jati jakarta
harga berangkat umroh maret di Pinang Ranti jakarta
harga paket berangkat umrah mei di Pasar Rebo jakarta
harga berangkat umroh desember di Kampung Gedong,Cijantung jakarta
harga paket berangkat umrah mei di Cakung Timur jakarta
harga berangkat umroh akhir tahun di Kramat Jati jakarta
promo umroh akhir tahun di Cipinang Besar Utara jakarta
harga umrah maret di Pulo Gadung jakarta
paket umrah ramadhan di Dukuh jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umroh awal tahun di Cakung Barat jakarta
harga umrah maret di Rawamangun jakarta
biaya umroh februari di Cilangkap jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umroh januari di Kampung Gedong,Cijantung jakarta
harga berangkat umrah awal tahun di Cilangkap jakarta
biaya paket umroh mei di Utan Kayu Selatan jakarta
biaya berangkat umrah ramadhan di Ujung Menteng jakarta
promo berangkat umrah ramadhan di Pondok Kopi jakarta
paket umrah februari di Pisangan Timur jakarta
biaya umroh akhir tahun di Pinang Ranti jakarta
paket promo umroh desember di Utan Kayu Utara jakarta
harga umroh akhir tahun bogor
paket promo berangkat umrah akhir tahun di Ciracas jakarta
promo berangkat umrah juni di Pondok Kopi jakarta
biaya berangkat umroh akhir tahun depok
biaya paket berangkat umrah mei di Cakung jakarta
paket promo berangkat umroh maret di Kelapa Dua Wetan jakarta
biaya umroh awal tahun umrohdepag.com
biaya berangkat umroh awal tahun di Cakung Barat jakarta
biaya paket umroh juni di Batuampar jakarta
paket promo berangkat umrah maret di Makasar jakarta
harga umroh juni di Kayu Manis jakarta
paket promo umrah maret di Rawamangun jakarta
paket umroh juni di Utan Kayu Utara jakarta
promo umroh juni di Cibubur jakarta
harga berangkat umroh mei di Kampung Baru jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umrah april di Rawa Terate jakarta
paket promo berangkat umrah akhir tahun di Duren Sawit jakarta
harga umrah mei di Bambu Apus jakarta
paket promo berangkat umroh april di Jatinegara jakarta
paket promo berangkat umroh februari di Kramat Jati jakarta
harga umroh mei di Jatinegara jakarta
paket berangkat umroh akhir tahun di Kayu Putih jakarta
harga umrah februari di Setu jakarta
promo umroh awal tahun di Cipinang Besar Selatan jakarta
biaya umrah desember di Pisangan Baru jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umroh februari di Bambu Apus jakarta
harga paket berangkat umroh ramadhan di Batuampar jakarta
harga umroh maret depok
paket berangkat umroh desember di Jati jakarta
paket promo berangkat umroh februari bogor
harga umrah maret di Cipinang Cempedak jakarta
biaya umroh awal tahun di Cakung Timur jakarta
paket berangkat umroh awal tahun di Cipinang Besar Utara jakarta
biaya paket umroh mei di Bidaracina jakarta
promo berangkat umroh desember di Rawamangun jakarta
paket berangkat umroh mei di Cipayung jakarta
harga paket umroh januari di Bambu Apus jakarta
harga berangkat umroh awal tahun di Susukan jakarta
paket promo umrah akhir tahun di Pinang Ranti jakarta
paket promo berangkat umrah mei di Jatinegara jakarta
biaya umrah mei di Kramat Jati jakarta
promo umrah juni di Pulogebang jakarta
paket berangkat umroh juni di Lubang Buaya jakarta
harga paket umrah april di Cibubur jakarta
harga berangkat umrah desember di Pisangan Baru jakarta
biaya berangkat umrah awal tahun bekasi timur
promo berangkat umrah ramadhan di Cipinang Muara jakarta
harga paket berangkat umroh april di Kalisari jakarta