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saco-indonesia.com, Indonesian Corruption Wacth (ICW) telah menilai korupsi yang dilakukan oleh Gubernur Banten, Ratu Atut Choysiah, lebih kental untuk kepentingan bisnis keluarga daripada politik. Pasalnya, proyek-proyek yang tertera pada APBD Banten sebagian besar tender telah dimenangkan oleh perusahaan milik keluarga Atut.

“Aspek ekonomi lebih kental daripada aspek politik. Upaya pemenangan proyek sebagian ke perusahaan milik Atut. Kan Wawan juga banyak membiayai politisi-politisi di sana,” kata Wakil koordinator ICW, Ade Irawan, saat berbincang, Jumat (20/12/2013).

Ade juga menjelaskan, karakteristik korupsi Atut adalah memenangkan perusahaan miliknya untuk bisa mendapatkan proyek di APBN dan APBD dengan memanfaatkan kekuasaannya. Sehingga ketika kekuasaan tidak lagi dipegang, mereka akan kesulitan untuk membiayai perusahaannya.

“Bagaimana mereka mengarahkan uang negara untuk perusahaan mereka. Misalnya dalam pengadaan sport centre dan RSUD. Kepentingan bisnis lebih besar. Itu faktor yang lebih besar untuk bisa membangun sebuah dinasti politik di Banten,” ucapnya.

Ade juga menambahkan, jika kepentingan untuk bisnis mereka tidak tercapai, maka mereka juga akan mencoba merebut kekuasaan sehingga kepentingan bisnis mereka bisa diraih.

“Misalnya di Pandeglang untuk bisa bekerja dengan Bupati Pandeglang, Dimyati Natakusuma, asal ada kepentingan bisnis tertentu yang dipertemukan. Jika tidak, mereka (Atut) akan rebut kekuasaan,” tukasnya.


Editor : Dian Sukmawati

ATUT KORUPSI UNTUK KEPENTINGAN BISNIS

Pertama kali manusia menggunaan pipa pada tahun 1800-an, di boston dan montréal, bahan yang digunakan pada saat itu adalah kayu.

Seiring Perkembangan Jaman timah menjadi bahan pilihan untuk pipa air, khususnya karena kelunakannya. Pateri logam campuran berlapis timah umum digunakan untuk menggabungkan pipa tembaga, namun sekarang lebih banyak digunakan pateri campuran berlapis logam putih untuk menggabungkan pateri agar mengurangi dampak buruk timah.

Pipa Yang Terbuat Dari Besi Dan Baja Juga Menjadi Pilihan, sebelum penemuan bahan plastik namun pengepas non-konduktif khusus harus digunakan di mana peralihan bisa dibuat untuk pipa logam lain, kecuali untuk pengepas akhir, agar menghindari karatan akibat reaksi elektrokimia antara logam- logam yang tak cocok.

Selain itu, perunggu juga umum digabungkan dengan bahan lain untuk membuat pipa besi.

Sistem Saluran pipa Banyak Digunakan oleh gedung-gedung besar Untuk Penyediaan Air Dan Distribusi air Minum Menggunakan Pipa Dan Semua Perlengkapannya. Pipa umumnya dibedakan dari sistem air dan limbah. Tabung pipa dirancang khusus untuk penggunaan dalam sistem pipa dan aplikasi. Tabung ini digunakan untuk berbagai tujuan, seperti

  • Gas layanan medis
  • Bahan bakar, oli dan sistem distribusi gas
  • Layanan air bawah tanah
  • Drainase dan sistem ventilasi
  • Radiant pemanas
  • Distribusi air minum
  • Instalasi sprinkler ap

Tabung untuk aplikasi pipa yang umumnya dibuat melalui proses ekstrusi. Tabung pipa dirancang dengan struktur berdinding tipis dan memerlukan teknik penyambungan  khusus, seperti - 'solder', 'crimping', 'kompresi pas', atau 'pengelasan pelarut' plastik,.

 Jenis Piapa Berkembang Sangat Banyak Sekali Pada Saat Ini, Untuk Melihat Berbagai Macam Jenis Pipa Yang Ada Dapat Mengunjungi Pusatpipa.com,   Rajapipa.com,  Bajapipa.com,   Sumberpipa.com

PIPA DAN SEGALA TENTANGNYA

Saco-Indonesia.com – Suasana atau Suhu dingin dan kelembaban tinggi di musim hujan membuat aneka mikroorganisme berkembang dengan cepat. Mikroorganisme inilah yang menginfeksi orang di sekitarnya. Bila daya tahan tubuh sedang menurun bisa dipastikan serangan virus dan bakteri akan menyebabkan sakit.

Salah satu penyakit yang banyak menyerang saat musim hujan adalah sakit tenggorokan. Sakit tenggorokan menimbulkan sensasi panas dan kesulitan menelan. Namun jangan khawatir, sakit tenggorokan bisa diatasi dengan pengobatan alami, berikut caranya:

1. Berkumur air garam.
Walaupun terkesan kuno, berkumur air garam sangat efektif dan cepat melegakan sakit tenggorokan. Selain sebagai antiseptik, garam membantu membersihkan lendir di tenggorokan dan mengurangi rasa sakit yang timbul.

Sebelum berkumur pastikan air dalam suhu hangat dan cukup nyaman. Kemudian tambahkan setengah sendok teh garam dan aduk hingga rata. Kumur air garam sebaiknya dilakukan tiga kali sehari.

2. Madu.Madu adalah pengobatan alami sakit tenggorokan, yang paling sering ditemukan dan akrab dengan kehidupan masyarakat. Madu kerap digunakan karena kemampuan anti bakterialnya membantu proses pengobatan. Madu bisa dikonsumsi bersama secangkir air hangat atau teh herbal.

3. Teh jahe.Walau menimbulkan sensasi panas dan pedas, kualitas jahe sebagai pengobatan alami untuk sakit tenggorokan tak lagi diragukan. Kandungan zingiberin pada jahe membantu menghilangkan racun dari dalam tubuh, dan meningkatkan sirkulasi darah. Khasiat anti-inflamasi dalam jahe juga membantu membunuh bakteri jahat dalam tubuh. Untuk menikmati minuman berkhasiat ini, cukup iris beberapa ruas jahe dan nikmati dengan secangkir teh hangat.

 

Sumber : http://articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/kompas.com
Editor : Maulana Lee
Mari Kita Coba Obat Alami Sakit Tenggorokan

Secara umum, syarat-syarat haji dan umrah adalah sama, yaitu:

    Islam
    Baligh
    Berakal sehat
    Merdeka
    Istitha'ah

Keterangan

    Orang non muslim tidak sah dalam melaksanakan haji atau umrah. Jika dia berkunjung ke tanah suci bahkan mengikuti ibadah haji atau umrah seperti thawaf dan sa'i maka perjalanan haji atau umrahnya hanya sebatas melancong saja.
    Ukuran baligh (dewasa) adalah 9 tahun untuk anak perempuan dan sekitar 15 tahun untuk anak laki-laki. Atau sebagian mengatakan rata-rata umur 15 tahun, baik untuk anak perempuan maupun anak laki-laki. Seorang yang belum mencapai usia baligh tidak memiliki kewajiban melaksanakan ibadah haji/umrah. Bila dia sudah dewasa dan memiliki kemampuan materi dan non materi, maka wajib mengulangi ibadah haji/umrah.
    Berakal sehat adalah tidak gila dan tidak memiliki gangguan jiwa.
    Yang dimaksud merdeka adalah tidak berstatus sebagai budak (hamba sahaya di masa Rasulullah Saw. yang di masa modern ini hampir tidak ditemukan di dunia). Istilah merdeka juga bisa diartikan bebas dari tanggungan hutang dan tanggungan nafkah keluarga yang ditinggalkan.
    Istilah Istitha'ah berarti mampu, baik secara materi dengan tidak memiliki hutang, maupun kesiapan mental dan spiritual.

 

SYARAT HAJI

saco-indonesia.com, John Chen sebagai CEO BlackBerry memang telah memiliki keinginan untuk dapat mengembalikan masa kejayaan perusahaan yang telah ditukanginya di kancah produsen teknologi dunia.

Dalam sebuah wawancara dengan Fact Company (2/2), Chen telah mengungkapkan bahwa inilah waktu yang tepat untuk dapat membangun perusahaan. "Untuk kepentingan semua konstituen kami," ujarnya.

John Chen telah mengungkapkan bakal mulai untuk memasarkan smartphone baru ditahun ini.

Banyak orang yang telah mengatakan bahwa BlackBerry akan semakin terpuruk jika memproduksi perangkat hing-end, sebab pandangan masyarakat dunia pada perusahaan Kanada tersebut sudah 'miring'.

Namun Chen telah membantah. Dia juga mengatakan bahwa smartphone high-end masih akan menjadi kartu penting di dunia teknologi. Menurutnya, ada 6 perangkat baru yang akan ditelurkan di tahun ini . Diharapkan ada dua smartphone andalan di dalamnya, sementara sisanya akan bergerak di pasar mid-end yang ditangani oleh Foxconn.

Chen secara implisit juga mengatakan bahwa BlackBerry masih mempunyai banyak rencana, inovasi dan produk baru yang siap digeber, namun dia juga masih menyembunyikan apa produk dan inovasi yang dimaksudkan.

Sekarang ini, BlackBerry masih kalah jauh dari pemuncak ekosistem mobile OS yaitu Android. Beberapa hari lalu juga muncul berita bahwa Nokia yang selama ini telah membuat produk berbasis Windows Phone ternyata juga mempunyai perangkat lain yang menggunakan Android.

Memang terlalu naif apabila langsung menuduh bahwa BlackBerry akan hancur, namun menurut analisis beberapa pakar, tidak ada salahnya BlackBerry mencoba untuk membuat produk menggunakan Android agar dapat menyelamatkan 'kesehatan' mereka.


Editor : Dian Sukmawati

INI ADALAH WAKTU YANG TEPAT UNTUK MEMBANGUN BLACKBERRY

The bottle Mr. Sokolin famously broke was a 1787 Château Margaux, which was said to have belonged to Thomas Jefferson. Mr. Sokolin had been hoping to sell it for $519,750.

William Sokolin, Wine Seller Who Broke Famed Bottle, Dies at 85

Under Mr. Michelin’s leadership, which ended when he left the company in 2002, the Michelin Group became the world’s biggest tire maker, establishing a big presence in the United States and other major markets overseas.

François Michelin, Head of Tire Company, Dies at 88

UNITED NATIONS — Wearing pinstripes and a pince-nez, Staffan de Mistura, the United Nations envoy for Syria, arrived at the Security Council one Tuesday afternoon in February and announced that President Bashar al-Assad had agreed to halt airstrikes over Aleppo. Would the rebels, Mr. de Mistura suggested, agree to halt their shelling?

What he did not announce, but everyone knew by then, was that the Assad government had begun a military offensive to encircle opposition-held enclaves in Aleppo and that fierce fighting was underway. It would take only a few days for rebel leaders, having pushed back Syrian government forces, to outright reject Mr. de Mistura’s proposed freeze in the fighting, dooming the latest diplomatic overture on Syria.

Diplomacy is often about appearing to be doing something until the time is ripe for a deal to be done.

 

 

Now, with Mr. Assad’s forces having suffered a string of losses on the battlefield and the United States reaching at least a partial rapprochement with Mr. Assad’s main backer, Iran, Mr. de Mistura is changing course. Starting Monday, he is set to hold a series of closed talks in Geneva with the warring sides and their main supporters. Iran will be among them.

In an interview at United Nations headquarters last week, Mr. de Mistura hinted that the changing circumstances, both military and diplomatic, may have prompted various backers of the war to question how much longer the bloodshed could go on.

“Will that have an impact in accelerating the willingness for a political solution? We need to test it,” he said. “The Geneva consultations may be a good umbrella for testing that. It’s an occasion for asking everyone, including the government, if there is any new way that they are looking at a political solution, as they too claim they want.”

He said he would have a better assessment at the end of June, when he expects to wrap up his consultations. That coincides with the deadline for a final agreement in the Iran nuclear talks.

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Whether a nuclear deal with Iran will pave the way for a new opening on peace talks in Syria remains to be seen. Increasingly, though, world leaders are explicitly linking the two, with the European Union’s top diplomat, Federica Mogherini, suggesting last week that a nuclear agreement could spur Tehran to play “a major but positive role in Syria.”

It could hardly come soon enough. Now in its fifth year, the Syrian war has claimed 220,000 lives, prompted an exodus of more than three million refugees and unleashed jihadist groups across the region. “This conflict is producing a question mark in many — where is it leading and whether this can be sustained,” Mr. de Mistura said.

Part Italian, part Swedish, Mr. de Mistura has worked with the United Nations for more than 40 years, but he is more widely known for his dapper style than for any diplomatic coups. Syria is by far the toughest assignment of his career — indeed, two of the organization’s most seasoned diplomats, Lakhdar Brahimi and Kofi Annan, tried to do the job and gave up — and critics have wondered aloud whether Mr. de Mistura is up to the task.

He served as a United Nations envoy in Afghanistan and Iraq, and before that in Lebanon, where a former minister recalled, with some scorn, that he spent many hours sunbathing at a private club in the hills above Beirut. Those who know him say he has a taste for fine suits and can sometimes speak too soon and too much, just as they point to his diplomatic missteps and hyperbole.

They cite, for instance, a news conference in October, when he raised the specter of Srebrenica, where thousands of Muslims were massacred in 1995 during the Balkans war, in warning that the Syrian border town of Kobani could fall to the Islamic State. In February, he was photographed at a party in Damascus, the Syrian capital, celebrating the anniversary of the Iranian revolution just as Syrian forces, aided by Iran, were pummeling rebel-held suburbs of Damascus; critics seized on that as evidence of his coziness with the government.

Mouin Rabbani, who served briefly as the head of Mr. de Mistura’s political affairs unit and has since emerged as one of his most outspoken critics, said Mr. de Mistura did not have the background necessary for the job. “This isn’t someone well known for his political vision or political imagination, and his closest confidants lack the requisite knowledge and experience,” Mr. Rabbani said.

As a deputy foreign minister in the Italian government, Mr. de Mistura was tasked in 2012 with freeing two Italian marines detained in India for shooting at Indian fishermen. He made 19 trips to India, to little effect. One marine was allowed to return to Italy for medical reasons; the other remains in India.

He said he initially turned down the Syria job when the United Nations secretary general approached him last August, only to change his mind the next day, after a sleepless, guilt-ridden night.

Mr. de Mistura compared his role in Syria to that of a doctor faced with a terminally ill patient. His goal in brokering a freeze in the fighting, he said, was to alleviate suffering. He settled on Aleppo as the location for its “fame,” he said, a decision that some questioned, considering that Aleppo was far trickier than the many other lesser-known towns where activists had negotiated temporary local cease-fires.

“Everybody, at least in Europe, are very familiar with the value of Aleppo,” Mr. de Mistura said. “So I was using that as an icebreaker.”

The cease-fire negotiations, to which he had devoted six months, fell apart quickly because of the government’s military offensive in Aleppo the very day of his announcement at the Security Council. Privately, United Nations diplomats said Mr. de Mistura had been manipulated. To this, Mr. de Mistura said only that he was “disappointed and concerned.”

Tarek Fares, a former rebel fighter, said after a recent visit to Aleppo that no Syrian would admit publicly to supporting Mr. de Mistura’s cease-fire proposal. “If anyone said they went to a de Mistura meeting in Gaziantep, they would be arrested,” is how he put it, referring to the Turkish city where negotiations between the two sides were held.

Secretary General Ban Ki-moon remains staunchly behind Mr. de Mistura’s efforts. His defenders point out that he is at the center of one of the world’s toughest diplomatic problems, charged with mediating a conflict in which two of the world’s most powerful nations — Russia, which supports Mr. Assad, and the United States, which has called for his ouster — remain deadlocked.

R. Nicholas Burns, a former State Department official who now teaches at Harvard, credited Mr. de Mistura for trying to negotiate a cease-fire even when the chances of success were exceedingly small — and the chances of a political deal even smaller. For his efforts to work, Professor Burns argued, the world powers will first have to come to an agreement of their own.

“He needs the help of outside powers,” he said. “It starts with backers of Assad. That’s Russia and Iran. De Mistura is there, waiting.”

With Iran Talks, a Tangled Path to Ending Syria’s War

Ms. Pryor, who served more than two decades in the State Department, was the author of well-regarded biographies of the founder of the American Red Cross and the Confederate commander.

Elizabeth Brown Pryor, Biographer of Clara Barton and Robert E. Lee, Dies at 64
Joseph Lechleider

Mr. Lechleider helped invent DSL technology, which enabled phone companies to offer high-speed web access over their infrastructure of copper wires.

Joseph Lechleider, a Father of the DSL Internet Technology, Dies at 82

Ms. Meadows was the older sister of Audrey Meadows, who played Alice Kramden on “The Honeymooners.”

Jayne Meadows, Actress and Steve Allen’s Wife and Co-Star, Dies at 95

Gagne wrestled professionally from the late 1940s until the 1980s and was a transitional figure between the early 20th century barnstormers and the steroidal sideshows of today

Verne Gagne, Wrestler Who Grappled Through Two Eras, Dies at 89

Late in April, after Native American actors walked off in disgust from the set of Adam Sandler’s latest film, a western sendup that its distributor, Netflix, has defended as being equally offensive to all, a glow of pride spread through several Native American communities.

Tantoo Cardinal, a Canadian indigenous actress who played Black Shawl in “Dances With Wolves,” recalled thinking to herself, “It’s come.” Larry Sellers, who starred as Cloud Dancing in the 1990s television show “Dr. Quinn, Medicine Woman,” thought, “It’s about time.” Jesse Wente, who is Ojibwe and directs film programming at the TIFF Bell Lightbox in Toronto, found himself encouraged and surprised. There are so few film roles for indigenous actors, he said, that walking off the set of a major production showed real mettle.

But what didn’t surprise Mr. Wente was the content of the script. According to the actors who walked off the set, the film, titled “The Ridiculous Six,” included a Native American woman who passes out and is revived after white men douse her with alcohol, and another woman squatting to urinate while lighting a peace pipe. “There’s enough history at this point to have set some expectations around these sort of Hollywood depictions,” Mr. Wente said.

The walkout prompted a rhetorical “What do you expect from an Adam Sandler film?,” and a Netflix spokesman said that in the movie, blacks, Mexicans and whites were lampooned as well. But Native American actors and critics said a broader issue was at stake. While mainstream portrayals of native peoples have, Mr. Wente said, become “incrementally better” over the decades, he and others say, they remain far from accurate and reflect a lack of opportunities for Native American performers. What’s more, as Native Americans hunger for representation on screen, critics say the absence of three-dimensional portrayals has very real off-screen consequences.

“Our people are still healing from historical trauma,” said Loren Anthony, one of the actors who walked out. “Our youth are still trying to figure out who they are, where they fit in this society. Kids are killing themselves. They’re not proud of who they are.” They also don’t, he added, see themselves on prime time television or the big screen. Netflix noted while about five people walked off the “The Ridiculous Six” set, 100 or so Native American actors and extras stayed.

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But in interviews, nearly a dozen Native American actors and film industry experts said that Mr. Sandler’s humor perpetuated decades-old negative stereotypes. Mr. Anthony said such depictions helped feed the despondency many Native Americans feel, with deadly results: Native Americans have the highest suicide rate out of all the country’s ethnicities.

The on-screen problem is twofold, Mr. Anthony and others said: There’s a paucity of roles for Native Americans — according to the Screen Actors Guild in 2008 they accounted for 0.3 percent of all on-screen parts (those figures have yet to be updated), compared to about 2 percent of the general population — and Native American actors are often perceived in a narrow way.

In his Peabody Award-winning documentary “Reel Injun,” the Cree filmmaker Neil Diamond explored Hollywood depictions of Native Americans over the years, and found they fell into a few stereotypical categories: the Noble Savage, the Drunk Indian, the Mystic, the Indian Princess, the backward tribal people futilely fighting John Wayne and manifest destiny. While the 1990 film “Dances With Wolves” won praise for depicting Native Americans as fully fleshed out human beings, not all indigenous people embraced it. It was still told, critics said, from the colonialists’ point of view. In an interview, John Trudell, a Santee Sioux writer, actor (“Thunderheart”) and the former chairman of the American Indian Movement, described the film as “a story of two white people.”

“God bless ‘Dances with Wolves,’ ” Michael Horse, who played Deputy Hawk in “Twin Peaks,” said sarcastically. “Even ‘Avatar.’ Someone’s got to come save the tribal people.”

Dan Spilo, a partner at Industry Entertainment who represents Adam Beach, one of today’s most prominent Native American actors, said while typecasting dogs many minorities, it is especially intractable when it comes to Native Americans. Casting directors, he said, rarely cast them as police officers, doctors or lawyers. “There’s the belief that the Native American character should be on reservations or riding a horse,” he said.

“We don’t see ourselves,” Mr. Horse said. “We’re still an antiquated culture to them, and to the rest of the world.”

Ms. Cardinal said she was once turned down for the role of the wife of a child-abusing cop because the filmmakers felt that casting her would somehow be “too political.”

Another sore point is the long run of white actors playing American Indians, among them Burt Lancaster, Rock Hudson, Audrey Hepburn and, more recently, Johnny Depp, whose depiction of Tonto in the 2013 film “Lone Ranger,” was viewed as racist by detractors. There are, of course, exceptions. The former A&E series “Longmire,” which, as it happens, will now be on Netflix, was roundly praised for its depiction of life on a Northern Cheyenne reservation, with Lou Diamond Phillips, who is of Cherokee descent, playing a Northern Cheyenne man.

Others also point to the success of Mr. Beach, who played a Mohawk detective in “Law & Order: Special Victims Unit” and landed a starring role in the forthcoming D C Comics picture “Suicide Squad.” Mr. Beach said he had come across insulting scripts backed by people who don’t see anything wrong with them.

“I’d rather starve than do something that is offensive to my ancestral roots,” Mr. Beach said. “But I think there will always be attempts to drawn on the weakness of native people’s struggles. The savage Indian will always be the savage Indian. The white man will always be smarter and more cunning. The cavalry will always win.”

The solution, Mr. Wente, Mr. Trudell and others said, lies in getting more stories written by and starring Native Americans. But Mr. Wente noted that while independent indigenous film has blossomed in the last two decades, mainstream depictions have yet to catch up. “You have to stop expecting for Hollywood to correct it, because there seems to be no ability or desire to correct it,” Mr. Wente said.

There have been calls to boycott Netflix but, writing for Indian Country Today Media Network, which first broke news of the walk off, the filmmaker Brian Young noted that the distributor also offered a number of films by or about Native Americans.

The furor around “The Ridiculous Six” may drive more people to see it. Then one of the questions that Mr. Trudell, echoing others, had about the film will be answered: “Who the hell laughs at this stuff?”

Native American Actors Work to Overcome a Long-Documented Bias

Mr. Tepper was not a musical child and had no formal training, but he grew up to write both lyrics and tunes, trading off duties with the other member of the team, Roy C. Bennett.

Sid Tepper Dies at 96; Delivered ‘Red Roses for a Blue Lady’ and Other Songs

Mr. Paczynski was one of the concentration camp’s longest surviving inmates and served as the personal barber to its Nazi commandant Rudolf Höss.

Jozef Paczynski, Inmate Barber to Auschwitz Commandant, Dies at 95

Mr. Bartoszewski was given honorary Israeli citizenship for his work to save Jews during World War II and later surprised even himself by being instrumental in reconciling Poland and Germany.

Wladyslaw Bartoszewski, 93, Dies; Polish Auschwitz Survivor Aided Jews

A lapsed seminarian, Mr. Chambers succeeded Saul Alinsky as leader of the social justice umbrella group Industrial Areas Foundation.

Edward Chambers, Early Leader in Community Organizing, Dies at 85

Ms. Turner and her twin sister founded the Love Kitchen in 1986 in a church basement in Knoxville, Tenn., and it continues to provide clothing and meals.

Ellen Turner Dies at 87; Opened Kitchen to Feed the Needy of Knoxville

Hired in 1968, a year before their first season, Mr. Fanning spent 25 years with the team, managing them to their only playoff appearance in Canada.

Jim Fanning, 87, Dies; Lifted Baseball in Canada With Expos

Even as a high school student, Dave Goldberg was urging female classmates to speak up. As a young dot-com executive, he had one girlfriend after another, but fell hard for a driven friend named Sheryl Sandberg, pining after her for years. After they wed, Mr. Goldberg pushed her to negotiate hard for high compensation and arranged his schedule so that he could be home with their children when she was traveling for work.

Mr. Goldberg, who died unexpectedly on Friday, was a genial, 47-year-old Silicon Valley entrepreneur who built his latest company, SurveyMonkey, from a modest enterprise to one recently valued by investors at $2 billion. But he was also perhaps the signature male feminist of his era: the first major chief executive in memory to spur his wife to become as successful in business as he was, and an essential figure in “Lean In,” Ms. Sandberg’s blockbuster guide to female achievement.

Over the weekend, even strangers were shocked at his death, both because of his relatively young age and because they knew of him as the living, breathing, car-pooling center of a new philosophy of two-career marriage.

“They were very much the role models for what this next generation wants to grapple with,” said Debora L. Spar, the president of Barnard College. In a 2011 commencement speech there, Ms. Sandberg told the graduates that whom they married would be their most important career decision.

In the play “The Heidi Chronicles,” revived on Broadway this spring, a male character who is the founder of a media company says that “I don’t want to come home to an A-plus,” explaining that his ambitions require him to marry an unthreatening helpmeet. Mr. Goldberg grew up to hold the opposite view, starting with his upbringing in progressive Minneapolis circles where “there was woman power in every aspect of our lives,” Jeffrey Dachis, a childhood friend, said in an interview.

The Goldberg parents read “The Feminine Mystique” together — in fact, Mr. Goldberg’s father introduced it to his wife, according to Ms. Sandberg’s book. In 1976, Paula Goldberg helped found a nonprofit to aid children with disabilities. Her husband, Mel, a law professor who taught at night, made the family breakfast at home.

Later, when Dave Goldberg was in high school and his prom date, Jill Chessen, stayed silent in a politics class, he chastised her afterward. He said, “You need to speak up,” Ms. Chessen recalled in an interview. “They need to hear your voice.”

Years later, when Karin Gilford, an early employee at Launch Media, Mr. Goldberg’s digital music company, became a mother, he knew exactly what to do. He kept giving her challenging assignments, she recalled, but also let her work from home one day a week. After Yahoo acquired Launch, Mr. Goldberg became known for distributing roses to all the women in the office on Valentine’s Day.

Ms. Sandberg, who often describes herself as bossy-in-a-good-way, enchanted him when they became friendly in the mid-1990s. He “was smitten with her,” Ms. Chessen remembered. Ms. Sandberg was dating someone else, but Mr. Goldberg still hung around, even helping her and her then-boyfriend move, recalled Bob Roback, a friend and co-founder of Launch. When they finally married in 2004, friends remember thinking how similar the two were, and that the qualities that might have made Ms. Sandberg intimidating to some men drew Mr. Goldberg to her even more.

Over the next decade, Mr. Goldberg and Ms. Sandberg pioneered new ways of capturing information online, had a son and then a daughter, became immensely wealthy, and hashed out their who-does-what-in-this-marriage issues. Mr. Goldberg’s commute from the Bay Area to Los Angeles became a strain, so he relocated, later joking that he “lost the coin flip” of where they would live. He paid the bills, she planned the birthday parties, and both often left their offices at 5:30 so they could eat dinner with their children before resuming work afterward.

Friends in Silicon Valley say they were careful to conduct their careers separately, politely refusing when outsiders would ask one about the other’s work: Ms. Sandberg’s role building Facebook into an information and advertising powerhouse, and Mr. Goldberg at SurveyMonkey, which made polling faster and cheaper. But privately, their work was intertwined. He often began statements to his team with the phrase “Well, Sheryl said” sharing her business advice. He counseled her, too, starting with her salary negotiations with Mark Zuckerberg.

“I wanted Mark to really feel he stretched to get Sheryl, because she was worth it,” Mr. Goldberg explained in a 2013 “60 Minutes” interview, his Minnesota accent and his smile intact as he offered a rare peek of the intersection of marriage and money at the top of corporate life.

 

 

While his wife grew increasingly outspoken about women’s advancement, Mr. Goldberg quietly advised the men in the office on family and partnership matters, an associate said. Six out of 16 members of SurveyMonkey’s management team are female, an almost unheard-of ratio among Silicon Valley “unicorns,” or companies valued at over $1 billion.

When Mellody Hobson, a friend and finance executive, wrote a chapter of “Lean In” about women of color for the college edition of the book, Mr. Goldberg gave her feedback on the draft, a clue to his deep involvement. He joked with Ms. Hobson that she was too long-winded, like Ms. Sandberg, but aside from that, he said he loved the chapter, she said in an interview.

By then, Mr. Goldberg was a figure of fascination who inspired a “where can I get one of those?” reaction among many of the women who had read the best seller “Lean In.” Some lamented that Ms. Sandberg’s advice hinged too much on marrying a Dave Goldberg, who was humble enough to plan around his wife, attentive enough to worry about which shoes his young daughter would wear, and rich enough to help pay for the help that made the family’s balancing act manageable.

Now that he is gone, and Ms. Sandberg goes from being half of a celebrated partnership to perhaps the business world’s most prominent single mother, the pages of “Lean In” carry a new sting of loss.

“We are never at 50-50 at any given moment — perfect equality is hard to define or sustain — but we allow the pendulum to swing back and forth between us,” she wrote in 2013, adding that they were looking forward to raising teenagers together.

“Fortunately, I have Dave to figure it out with me,” she wrote.

Dave Goldberg Was Lifelong Women’s Advocate
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