PAKET UMROH BULAN FEBRUARI MARET APRIL MEI 2018




Artikel lainnya »

Hampir satu pekan pesawat Malaysia Airlines MH 370 yang hilang di kawasan laut China Selatan masih menjadi misteri. Dunia penerbangan di Indonesia telah diminta untuk mengambil hikmah dari insiden hilangnya pesawat yang telah melibatkan 239 penumpang tujuan Beijing, China itu.

Anggota Komisi V DPR Marwan Jafar juga mengaku prihatin dengan peristiwa hilangnya pesawat yang juga mengangkut 7 orang warga Indonesia itu. Menurut dia, banyak hikmah yang harus diambil atas insiden tersebut.

"Saya kira dunia penerbangan Indonesia juga harus mengambil hikmah dari peristiwa itu," ujar Marwan , Kamis (13/3).

Dia juga menilai, kejadian ini sudah harus meningkatkan kehati-hatian dan kewaspadaan penerbangan Indonesia. Termasuk kesiapan mesin pesawat sebelum tinggal landas maupun pemeriksaan kelengkapan dokumen penumpang di bandara.

"Kita juga harus hati-hati semuanya, dicek-cek semuanya, dikontrol semuanya," tutur dia.

Kendati demikian, Ketua Fraksi PKB DPR ini juga menilai, kinerja penerbangan Tanah Air sudah cukup bagus. Sehingga hanya perlu meningkatkan kewaspadaan.

"Saya kira sudah bagus," imbuhnya.

'Indonesia harus ambil hikmah dari insiden Malaysia Airlines'

saco-indonesia.com,

indikator Asam Basa

Telah disebutkan bahwa asam telah mempunyai rasa asam, sedangkan basa telah mempunyai rasa pahit. Namun begitu, tidak dianjurkan untuk dapat mengenali asam dan basa dengan, cara mencicipinya, sebab banyak diantaranya yang dapat merusak kulit (korosif) atau bahkan bersifat racun. Asam dan basa juga dapat dikenali dengan menggunakan zat indikator, yaitu zat yang telah meniberi warna berbeda dahlia) lingkungan asam dan lingkungan basa (zat yang warnanya dapat berubah saat berinteraksi atau bereaksi dengan senyawa asam maupun senyawa basa).

Dalam laboratorium kimia, indikator asam-basa yang biasa di gunakan adalah indikator buatan dan indikator alami, Berikut ini penjelasan tentang indikator asam-basa buatan dan indikator asam-basa alami.
Derajat keasaman (pH)

Indikator Tingkat Keasaman Suatu zat asam yang di masukkan ke dalam air akan dapat mengakibatkan bertambahnya ion hidrogen (H+) dalam air dan berkurangnya ion hidroksida (OH- ). Sedangkan pada basa, akan dapat terjadi sebaliknya. Zat basa yang dimasukkan ke dalam air akan dapat mengakibatkan bertambahnya ion hidroksida (OH- ) dan berkurangnya ion hidrogen (H+).

Jumlah ion H+ dan OH- di dalam air dapat di gunakan untuk dapat menentukan derajat keasaman atau kebasaan suatu zat. Semakin asam suatu zat, semakin banyak ion H+ dan semakin sedikit jumlah ion OH- di dalam air. Sebaliknya semakin basa suatu zat, semakin sedikit jumlah ion H+ dan semakin banyak ion OH- di dalam air.
Proses netralisasi

Apabila suatu larutan asam dengan larutan basa akan dicampurkan dalam suatu bejana, maka ion H+ (dari asam) akan bereaksi dengan ion OH- (dari 311 basa) membentuk air. Reaksi antara ion H+ dengan OH- tersebut juga dapat di tuliskan sebagai berikut. H+ + OH- air

ini karena selain air, basil reaksi antara asam dan basa adalah suatu zat yang bersifat netral, yaitu zat yang tidak bersifat asam maupun basa. Zat netral yang di maksudkan di sini adalah garam. Mengingat reaksi netralisasi juga dapat menghasilkan garam, maka reaksi ini juga di kenal dengan istilah reaksi penggaraman. Secara sederhana, reaksi netralisasi atau reaksi penggaraman juga dapat di tuliskan sebagai berikut.

Contoh sederhana dari reaksi penggaraman adalah reaksi antara asam klorida (HC1) dengan natrium hidroksida (NaOH), yang akan dapat membentuk natrium klorida NaCl (garam dapur) dan air. Pada dasarnya, reaksi penggaraman (netralisasi) juga sangat berguna bagi kehidupan manusia.

Reaksi netralisasi tidak hanya terbatas pada pembentukkan garam dan air. Dalam kehidupan sehari-hari banyak dijumpai prinsip atau reaksi netralisasi, termasuk dalam bidang kesehatan dan pertanian. Perhatikan contoh berikut ini : gas-gas sisa, baik yang berasal dari kendaraan bermotor atau pabrik, mengandung gas belerang dioksida dan nitrogen oksida.

Gas-gas ini akan dilepas ke udara sehingga menimbulkan polusi. Gas-gas tersebut juga akan larut dalam titik-titik air di awan sehingga membentuk larutan asam sulfat dan asam nitrat. Ketika terjadi hujan, larutan-larutan ini akan bercampur dan turun bersama hujan. Inilah yang dinamakan dengan hujan asam.

Hujan asam sangat merugikan manusia dan lingkungan. Berikut adalah dampak yang ditimbulkan oleh hujan asam:

    Hujan asam dapat menyebabkan matinya tumbuhan dan ikan. Asam yang telah terdapat dalam air hujan juga dapat bereaksi dengan mineral dalam tanah. Tumbuhan akan menjadi kekurangan mineral sehingga mati atau tidak tumbuh dengan baik. Hujan asam juga dapat melarutkan aluminium dari mineral dalam tanah dan bebatuan, kemudian menghanyutkannya ke sungai sehingga dapat meracuni ikan dan mahluk air lainnya.
    Hujan asam yang bereaksi dengan logam juga dapat merusak jembatan, mobil, kapal laut, dan rangka bangunan. Hujan asam juga dapat merusak bangunan (gedung/ rumah) yang terbuat dari batu kapur.


Editor : Dian Sukmawati

INDIKATOR ASAM BASA

    saco-indonesia.com

    semua yang telah aku dapat

    indah dan gemerlap

    satu hari kan pudar

    dan sinarnya akan hilang

     

    sesuatu yang telah aku raih

    di dalam hidup ini

    tak untuk selamanya

    ini semua sementara

     

    reff:

    yang aku cari hanyalah cinta

    hanya cinta yang tak terganti

    yang aku mau hanyalah cinta

    hanyalah cinta yang ku beri

     

    yang selalu ku tunggu hanyalah cinta

    hanya cinta yang tak terganti

    yang aku nanti hanyalah cinta

    hanyalah cinta yang abadi

     

    mencari artinya hidup ini

    detak waktu masih ada

    ada yang paling berwarna

    apa yang kan sia-sia

     

    repeat reff

     

    abadi, abadi, hanyalah cinta

    hanya cinta ooh

     

    repeat reff

     

    abadi

 

ANGGUN HANYALAH CINTA

JAKARTA, Saco- Indonesia.com-  Sampai 2013, KTP elektronik sudah dicetak untuk 176 juta warga. Namun, dunia perbankan masih belum menerima penggunaan KTP elektronik yang semestinya berlaku secara nasional.

KTP elektronik dilaksanakan sejak 2011 dengan tujuan tidak ada lagi warga yang memiliki KTP lebih dari satu.

Sebelumnya, salah satu alasan memiliki KTP ganda yang paling banyak dikemukakan adalah untuk membeli rumah, kendaraan bermotor, serta membuka rekening di bank.

Namun, kendati Presiden sudah menerbitkan aturan yang menyebutkan KTP elektronik berlaku nasional mulai 2013, kenyataannya lain.

Rika, warga Kota Tangerang, kemarin gagal membuka rekening di Bank Mandiri. Sebab, KTP elektroniknya diterbitkan di Yogyakarta.

Pihak bank meminta dia membawa surat keterangan domisili dari RT, RW, dan kelurahan di Sleman, Yogyakarta.

Sebelumnya, Rika juga gagal membeli kendaraan karena KTP elektroniknya tidak bisa digunakan.

Peraturan Presiden 67/2011 tentang Penerapan KTP Berbasis NIK secara Nasional tidak hanya menyebutkan KTP elektronik sebagai identitas resmi bukti domisili penduduk, bukti diri penduduk untuk administrasi pemerintahan, dan bukti diri penduduk untuk pengurusan kepentingan pelayanan publik di instansi pemerintah, pemerintah daerah, lembaga perbankan, dan swasta.

Namun, instansi pemerintah, pemerintah daerah, lembaga perbankan dan swasta juga diwajibkan menyiapkan kelengkapan teknis yang diperlukan berkaitan dengan penerapan e-KTP termasuk pembaca kartu (card reader).

Gubernur Bank Indonesia Darmin Nasution mengatakan, kerja sama dengan Kementerian Dalam Negeri terkait penggunaan KTP elektronik dan data kependudukan yang tunggal baru dimulai dengan penandatangan nota kesepahaman Senin (6/5/2013).

Kerja sama ini mendorong perbankan menggunakan KTP elektronik. Namun, itu bukan sesuatu yang bisa langsung diterapkan karena diperlukan pembaca kartu (card reader).

Kerja sama ini, lanjut Darmin, juga akan digunakan dalam sistem perbankan secara keseluruhan.

Harapannya, bisa dibentuk nomor identitas keuangan dengan dasar nomor induk kependudukan (NIK).

Sistem ini, menurut Darmin dalam sambutannya, akan memudahkan dalam kepemilikan rekening seorang warga.

Saat ini, tiadanya nomor identitas keuangan membuat seseorang bisa memiliki 30 rekening tanpa terdeteksi. Namun, ketika ditanya kapan KTP elektronik ditargetkan diterima dunia perbankan Indonesia, Darmin mengelak.

"Wong kita baru mulai kerja sama koq," ujarnya. Terkait perlindungan data kependudukan yang dibagi oleh Kemendagri, Darmin juga menyatakan tidak mampu melakukannya.

Kendati bisa membuat Peratuan BI yang tegas, Darmin tidak mampu menjawab sanksi yang bisa diterapkan.

Dia mengelak dengan mengatakan sulit mengetahui di level mana kebocoran data terjadi. Sebab, biasanya dilakukan "orang dalam" bank.

"BI tidak mencampuri bank sampai ke dalam, mereka bertanggungjawab terhadap rahasia keuangan orang, rahasia data orang, dan itu mestinya tanggung jawab dari bank. Kalau data Anda terbuka, Anda berhak menuntut banknya. Tapi tidak semua data pribadi rahasia, data tabungan pasti rahasia, tapi kalau pinjam uang di bank itu bukan rahasia," tuturnya.

Sementara Menteri Dalam Negeri Gamawan Fauzi mengatakan, pembaca kartu (card reader) adalah produk dalam negeri dan bisa dibeli di BPPT.

"Kami hanya memfasilitasi kalau ada yang mau beli card reader impor, tapi produksi dalam negeri lebih murah harganya dan BPPT menjual produk itu untuk swasta," tutur Gamawan.

Selain dengan BI, Kemendagri juga bekerja sama dengan Direktorat Jenderal Pajak Kementerian Keuangan untuk berbagi data kependudukan.

Data ini, kata Dirjen Pajak Fuad Rahmany, akan membantu dalam mengoptimalkan penerimaan pajak. Sebab, saat ini jumlah wajib pajak yang terdaftar baru 60 jutaan dari 110 juta orang yang bekerja di Indonesia.

Lemahnya tingkat kepatuhan membayar pajak disebabkan pula lemahnya akses pada informasi warga dan data tempat tinggalnya.

Bila data nomor pokok wajib pajak dan identitas tunggal sudah berpadu, penelusuran wajib pajak lebih mudah dilakukan.

Gamawan menambahkan, tahun 2013 ini pencetakan KTP elektronik akan mencapai 176 juta.

Namun, pemerintah pusat bersama pemerintah daerah masih mencari wajib KTP yang belum merekam data untuk KTP elektronik. Diperkirakan masih sekitar 16 juta wajib KTP yang belum merekam data.

 
Editor :Maulana Lee
Sumber:KOMPAS.com
KTP Elektronik Belum Diterima Perbankan

BANDUNG, KOMPAS.com — AL (17), salah satu korban pelecehan yang dilakukan AD, Kepala Sekolah SMK 4 Bandung, mengaku diiming-imingi pelunasan tunggakan iuran sekolah (SPP) jika mau melayani nafsu AD.

AL menuturkan, saat pelecehan tersebut berlangsung, dia sedang berada di ruangan AD. " Waktu itu dipanggil sama Bapak ke ruangannya. Dia nanya SPP sudah lunas atau belum. Saya bilang belum. Kalau belum lunas, nanti dilunasin semuanya," kata AL menirukan ucapan sang kepala sekolah di ruang Wakil Wali Kota Bandung, Senin (3/6/2013).

AL pun terkejut ketika sang kepala sekolah mengajukan persyaratan jika uang sekolahnya mau dilunasi. AD meminta AL untuk melayani nafsunya di ruangan tersebut. "Saya menolak tawaran Bapak untuk melunasi. Tapi dia terus maksa saya," ujar AL.

Masih terus memaksa, AL mengaku lebih terkejut lagi, ketika mendapati celana sang kepala sekolah sudah merosot. Berada di bawah ancaman AD, AL mengaku takut untuk berteriak meski rasa takutnya sudah memuncak.

"Dia sudah buka celana. Saya makin takut. Akhirnya saya cari kesempatan dan bilang mau ke toilet. Sebenernya dari awal udah ingin berontak tapi takut. Alhamdulillah tidak sampai kejadian," ujarnya.

Lebih lanjut AL mengatakan, ancaman yang diberikan oleh AD memang bukan ancaman penganiayaan atau pembunuhan. Sang kepala sekolah hanya mengancam akan mengeluarkan murid kelas 3 audio video itu dari sekolah, jika berani mengungkap kasus ini kepada orang lain.

"Namanya juga murid, pasti takut sekali kalau di DO, sama takut dibilang bohong juga. Tapi akhirnya saya berani bilang ke sahabat saya saja," paparnya.

Diberitakan sebelumnya, sebanyak lima orang siswi SMK 4 Kota Bandung yang diduga telah dilecehkan oleh kepala sekolahnya, mengadu ke Pemerintah Kota Bandung.

Kelima orang sisiwi yang telah membuat pernyataan secara tertulis itu adalah AL (17), M (16), CD (17), NS (16) dan NN (17).

Mereka mengaku mendapat perlakuan tidak sononoh dari AD. "Kita kemari ingin melaporkan kejadian pelecehan ini kepada Wali Kota Bandung. Ini telah mencoreng nama Kota Bandung sebagai kota agamis dan mencoreng dunia pendidikan. seharusnya kepala sekolah menjadi seorang teladan bagi muridnya," ucap Wakil Ketua Lembaga Cegah Kejahatan Indonesia (LCKI) Sunatra saat mendampingi orangtua dan siswi korban pelecehan di Kantor Wakil Wali Kota.

 
Editor :Liwon Maulana
Sumber:Kompas.com
Kepsek Janjikan

A 2-minute-42-second demo recording captured in one take turned out to be a one-hit wonder for Mr. Ely, who was 19 when he sang the garage-band classic.

Jack Ely, Who Sang the Kingsmen’s ‘Louie Louie’, Dies at 71

Ms. Plisetskaya, renowned for her fluidity of movement, expressive acting and willful personality, danced on the Bolshoi stage well into her 60s, but her life was shadowed by Stalinism.

Maya Plisetskaya, Ballerina Who Embodied Bolshoi, Dies at 89

Though Robin and Joan Rolfs owned two rare talking dolls manufactured by Thomas Edison’s phonograph company in 1890, they did not dare play the wax cylinder records tucked inside each one.

The Rolfses, longtime collectors of Edison phonographs, knew that if they turned the cranks on the dolls’ backs, the steel phonograph needle might damage or destroy the grooves of the hollow, ring-shaped cylinder. And so for years, the dolls sat side by side inside a display cabinet, bearers of a message from the dawn of sound recording that nobody could hear.

In 1890, Edison’s dolls were a flop; production lasted only six weeks. Children found them difficult to operate and more scary than cuddly. The recordings inside, which featured snippets of nursery rhymes, wore out quickly.

Yet sound historians say the cylinders were the first entertainment records ever made, and the young girls hired to recite the rhymes were the world’s first recording artists.

Year after year, the Rolfses asked experts if there might be a safe way to play the recordings. Then a government laboratory developed a method to play fragile records without touching them.

Audio

The technique relies on a microscope to create images of the grooves in exquisite detail. A computer approximates — with great accuracy — the sounds that would have been created by a needle moving through those grooves.

In 2014, the technology was made available for the first time outside the laboratory.

“The fear all along is that we don’t want to damage these records. We don’t want to put a stylus on them,” said Jerry Fabris, the curator of the Thomas Edison Historical Park in West Orange, N.J. “Now we have the technology to play them safely.”

Last month, the Historical Park posted online three never-before-heard Edison doll recordings, including the two from the Rolfses’ collection. “There are probably more out there, and we’re hoping people will now get them digitized,” Mr. Fabris said.

The technology, which is known as Irene (Image, Reconstruct, Erase Noise, Etc.), was developed by the particle physicist Carl Haber and the engineer Earl Cornell at Lawrence Berkeley. Irene extracts sound from cylinder and disk records. It can also reconstruct audio from recordings so badly damaged they were deemed unplayable.

“We are now hearing sounds from history that I did not expect to hear in my lifetime,” Mr. Fabris said.

The Rolfses said they were not sure what to expect in August when they carefully packed their two Edison doll cylinders, still attached to their motors, and drove from their home in Hortonville, Wis., to the National Document Conservation Center in Andover, Mass. The center had recently acquired Irene technology.

Audio

Cylinders carry sound in a spiral groove cut by a phonograph recording needle that vibrates up and down, creating a surface made of tiny hills and valleys. In the Irene set-up, a microscope perched above the shaft takes thousands of high-resolution images of small sections of the grooves.

Stitched together, the images provide a topographic map of the cylinder’s surface, charting changes in depth as small as one five-hundredth the thickness of a human hair. Pitch, volume and timbre are all encoded in the hills and valleys and the speed at which the record is played.

At the conservation center, the preservation specialist Mason Vander Lugt attached one of the cylinders to the end of a rotating shaft. Huddled around a computer screen, the Rolfses first saw the wiggly waveform generated by Irene. Then came the digital audio. The words were at first indistinct, but as Mr. Lugt filtered out more of the noise, the rhyme became clearer.

“That was the Eureka moment,” Mr. Rolfs said.

In 1890, a girl in Edison’s laboratory had recited:

There was a little girl,

And she had a little curl

Audio

Right in the middle of her forehead.

When she was good,

She was very, very good.

But when she was bad, she was horrid.

Recently, the conservation center turned up another surprise.

In 2010, the Woody Guthrie Foundation received 18 oversize phonograph disks from an anonymous donor. No one knew if any of the dirt-stained recordings featured Guthrie, but Tiffany Colannino, then the foundation’s archivist, had stored them unplayed until she heard about Irene.

Last fall, the center extracted audio from one of the records, labeled “Jam Session 9” and emailed the digital file to Ms. Colannino.

“I was just sitting in my dining room, and the next thing I know, I’m hearing Woody,” she said. In between solo performances of “Ladies Auxiliary,” “Jesus Christ,” and “Dead or Alive,” Guthrie tells jokes, offers some back story, and makes the audience laugh. “It is quintessential Guthrie,” Ms. Colannino said.

The Rolfses’ dolls are back in the display cabinet in Wisconsin. But with audio stored on several computers, they now have a permanent voice.

Ghostly Voices From Thomas Edison’s Dolls Can Now Be Heard

With 12 tournament victories in his career, Mr. Peete was the most successful black professional golfer before Tiger Woods.

Calvin Peete, 71, a Racial Pioneer on the PGA Tour, Is Dead

Fullmer, who reigned when fight clubs abounded and Friday night fights were a television staple, was known for his title bouts with Sugar Ray Robinson and Carmen Basilio.

Gene Fullmer, a Brawling Middleweight Champion, Dies at 83

The 2015 Met Gala has only officially begun, but there's a clear leader in the race for best couple, no small feat at an event that threatens to sap Hollywood of every celebrity it has for the duration of an East Coast evening.

That would be Marc Jacobs and his surprise guest (who, by some miracle, remained under wraps until their red carpet debut), Cher.

“This has been a dream of mine for a very, very long time,” Mr. Jacobs said.

It is Cher's first appearance at the Met Gala since 1997, when she arrived on the arm of Donatella Versace.

– MATTHEW SCHNEIER

Cher and Marc Jacobs

Mr. Mankiewicz, an Oscar-nominated screenwriter for “I Want to Live!,” also wrote episodes of television shows such as “Star Trek” and “Marcus Welby, M.D.”

Don Mankiewicz, Screenwriter in a Family Film Tradition, Dies at 93
Children playing last week in Sandtown-Winchester, the Baltimore neighborhood where Freddie Gray was raised. One young resident called it “a tough community.”
Todd Heisler/The New York Times

Children playing last week in Sandtown-Winchester, the Baltimore neighborhood where Freddie Gray was raised. One young resident called it “a tough community.”

Hard but Hopeful Home to ‘Lot of Freddies’

Hard but Hopeful Home to ‘Lot of Freddies’

Public perceptions of race relations in America have grown substantially more negative in the aftermath of the death of a young black man who was injured while in police custody in Baltimore and the subsequent unrest, far eclipsing the sentiment recorded in the wake of turmoil in Ferguson, Mo., last summer.

Americans are also increasingly likely to say that the police are more apt to use deadly force against a black person, the latest New York Times/CBS News poll finds.

The poll findings highlight the challenges for local leaders and police officials in trying to maintain order while sustaining faith in the criminal justice system in a racially polarized nation.

Sixty-one percent of Americans now say race relations in this country are generally bad. That figure is up sharply from 44 percent after the fatal police shooting of Michael Brown and the unrest that followed in Ferguson in August, and 43 percent in December. In a CBS News poll just two months ago, 38 percent said race relations were generally bad. Current views are by far the worst of Barack Obama’s presidency.

The negative sentiment is echoed by broad majorities of blacks and whites alike, a stark change from earlier this year, when 58 percent of blacks thought race relations were bad, but just 35 percent of whites agreed. In August, 48 percent of blacks and 41 percent of whites said they felt that way.

Looking ahead, 44 percent of Americans think race relations are worsening, up from 36 percent in December. Forty-one percent of blacks and 46 percent of whites think so. Pessimism among whites has increased 10 points since December.

Continue reading the main story
Do you think race relations in the United States are generally good or generally bad?
60
40
20
0
White
Black
May '14
May '15
Generally bad
Continue reading the main story
Do you think race relations in the United States are getting better, getting worse or staying about the same?
Getting worse
Staying the same
Getting better
Don't know/No answer
All adults
Whites
Blacks
44%
37
17
46
36
16
41
42
15

The poll finds that profound racial divisions in views of how the police use deadly force remain. Blacks are more than twice as likely to say police in most communities are more apt to use deadly force against a black person — 79 percent of blacks say so compared with 37 percent of whites. A slim majority of whites say race is not a factor in a police officer’s decision to use deadly force.

Overall, 44 percent of Americans say deadly force is more likely to be used against a black person, up from 37 percent in August and 40 percent in December.

Blacks also remain far more likely than whites to say they feel mostly anxious about the police in their community. Forty-two percent say so, while 51 percent feel mostly safe. Among whites, 8 in 10 feel mostly safe.

One proposal to address the matter — having on-duty police officers wear body cameras — receives overwhelming support. More than 9 in 10 whites and blacks alike favor it.

Continue reading the main story
How would you describe your feelings about the police in your community? Would you say they make you feel mostly safe or mostly anxious?
Mostly safe
Mostly anxious
Don't know/No answer
All adults
Whites
Blacks
75%
21
3
81
16
3
51
42
7
Continue reading the main story
In general, do you think the police in most communities are more likely to use deadly force against a black person, or more likely to use it against a white person, or don’t you think race affects police use of deadly force?
Police more likely to use deadly force against a black person
Police more likely to use deadly force against a white person
Race DOES NOT affect police use of deadly force
Don't know/No answer
All adults
Whites
Blacks
44%
37%
79%
2%
2%
1%
46%
53%
16%
9%
8%
4%
Continue reading the main story
Do you favor or oppose on-duty police officers wearing video cameras that would record events and actions as they occur?
Favor
Oppose
Don't know/No answer
All adults
Whites
Blacks
92%
93%
93%
6%
5%
5%
2%
2%
2%

Asked specifically about the situation in Baltimore, most Americans expressed at least some confidence that the investigation by local authorities would be conducted fairly. But while nearly two-thirds of whites think so, fewer than half of blacks agree. Still, more blacks are confident now than were in August regarding the investigation in Ferguson. On Friday, six members of the police force involved in the arrest of Mr. Gray were charged with serious offenses, including manslaughter. The poll was conducted Thursday through Sunday; results from before charges were announced are similar to those from after.

Reaction to the recent turmoil in Baltimore, however, is similar among blacks and whites. Most Americans, 61 percent, say the unrest after Mr. Gray’s death was not justified. That includes 64 percent of whites and 57 percent of blacks.

Continue reading the main story
As you may know, a Baltimore man, Freddie Gray, recently died after being in the custody of the Baltimore police. How much confidence do you have that the investigation by local authorities into this matter will be conducted fairly?
A lot
Some
Not much
None at all
Don't know/No answer
All adults
Whites
Blacks
29%
31
22
14
5
31
33
20
11
5
20
26
30
22
In general, do you think the unrest in Baltimore after the death of Freddie Gray was justified, or do you think the unrest was not justified?
Justified
Not justified
Don't know/No answer
All adults
Whites
Blacks
28%
61
11
26
64
11
37
57
6

Negative View of U.S. Race Relations Grows, Poll Finds
Photo
 
Many bodies prepared for cremation last week in Kathmandu were of young men from Gongabu, a common stopover for Nepali migrant workers headed overseas. Credit Daniel Berehulak for The New York Times

KATHMANDU, Nepal — When the dense pillar of smoke from cremations by the Bagmati River was thinning late last week, the bodies were all coming from Gongabu, a common stopover for Nepali migrant workers headed overseas, and they were all of young men.

Hindu custom dictates that funeral pyres should be lighted by the oldest son of the deceased, but these men were too young to have sons, so they were burned by their brothers or fathers. Sukla Lal, a maize farmer, made a 14-hour journey by bus to retrieve the body of his 19-year-old son, who had been on his way to the Persian Gulf to work as a laborer.

“He wanted to live in the countryside, but he was compelled to leave by poverty,” Mr. Lal said, gazing ahead steadily as his son’s remains smoldered. “He told me, ‘You can live on your land, and I will come up with money, and we will have a happy family.’ ”

Weeks will pass before the authorities can give a complete accounting of who died in the April 25 earthquake, but it is already clear that Nepal cannot afford the losses. The countryside was largely stripped of its healthy young men even before the quake, as they migrated in great waves — 1,500 a day by some estimates — to work as laborers in India, Malaysia or one of the gulf nations, leaving many small communities populated only by elderly parents, women and children. Economists say that at some times of the year, one-quarter of Nepal’s population is working outside the country.

Nepal’s Young Men, Lost to Migration, Then a Quake

Mr. Miller, of the firm Weil, Gotshal & Manges, represented companies including Lehman Brothers, General Motors and American Airlines, and mentored many of the top Chapter 11 practitioners today.

Harvey R. Miller, Renowned Bankruptcy Lawyer, Dies at 82

A lapsed seminarian, Mr. Chambers succeeded Saul Alinsky as leader of the social justice umbrella group Industrial Areas Foundation.

Edward Chambers, Early Leader in Community Organizing, Dies at 85

Mr. Bartoszewski was given honorary Israeli citizenship for his work to save Jews during World War II and later surprised even himself by being instrumental in reconciling Poland and Germany.

Wladyslaw Bartoszewski, 93, Dies; Polish Auschwitz Survivor Aided Jews

The bottle Mr. Sokolin famously broke was a 1787 Château Margaux, which was said to have belonged to Thomas Jefferson. Mr. Sokolin had been hoping to sell it for $519,750.

William Sokolin, Wine Seller Who Broke Famed Bottle, Dies at 85

HOBART, Tasmania — Few places seem out of reach for China’s leader, Xi Jinping, who has traveled from European capitals to obscure Pacific and Caribbean islands in pursuit of his nation’s strategic interests.

So perhaps it was not surprising when he turned up last fall in this city on the edge of the Southern Ocean to put down a long-distance marker in another faraway region, Antarctica, 2,000 miles south of this Australian port.

Standing on the deck of an icebreaker that ferries Chinese scientists from this last stop before the frozen continent, Mr. Xi pledged that China would continue to expand in one of the few places on earth that remain unexploited by humans.

He signed a five-year accord with the Australian government that allows Chinese vessels and, in the future, aircraft to resupply for fuel and food before heading south. That will help secure easier access to a region that is believed to have vast oil and mineral resources; huge quantities of high-protein sea life; and for times of possible future dire need, fresh water contained in icebergs.

It was not until 1985, about seven decades after Robert Scott and Roald Amundsen raced to the South Pole, that a team representing Beijing hoisted the Chinese flag over the nation’s first Antarctic research base, the Great Wall Station on King George Island.

But now China seems determined to catch up. As it has bolstered spending on Antarctic research, and as the early explorers, especially the United States and Australia, confront stagnant budgets, there is growing concern about its intentions.

China’s operations on the continent — it opened its fourth research station last year, chose a site for a fifth, and is investing in a second icebreaker and new ice-capable planes and helicopters — are already the fastest growing of the 52 signatories to the Antarctic Treaty. That gentlemen’s agreement reached in 1959 bans military activity on the continent and aims to preserve it as one of the world’s last wildernesses; a related pact prohibits mining.

Advertisement

But Mr. Xi’s visit was another sign that China is positioning itself to take advantage of the continent’s resource potential when the treaty expires in 2048 — or in the event that it is ripped up before, Chinese and Australian experts say.

“So far, our research is natural-science based, but we know there is more and more concern about resource security,” said Yang Huigen, director general of the Polar Research Institute of China, who accompanied Mr. Xi last November on his visit to Hobart and stood with him on the icebreaker, Xue Long, or Snow Dragon.

With that in mind, the polar institute recently opened a new division devoted to the study of resources, law, geopolitics and governance in Antarctica and the Arctic, Mr. Yang said.

Australia, a strategic ally of the United States that has strong economic relations with China, is watching China’s buildup in the Antarctic with a mix of gratitude — China’s presence offers support for Australia’s Antarctic science program, which is short of cash — and wariness.

“We should have no illusions about the deeper agenda — one that has not even been agreed to by Chinese scientists but is driven by Xi, and most likely his successors,” said Peter Jennings, executive director of the Australian Strategic Policy Institute and a former senior official in the Australian Department of Defense.

“This is part of a broader pattern of a mercantilist approach all around the world,” Mr. Jennings added. “A big driver of Chinese policy is to secure long-term energy supply and food supply.”

That approach was evident last month when a large Chinese agriculture enterprise announced an expansion of its fishing operations around Antarctica to catch more krill — small, protein-rich crustaceans that are abundant in Antarctic waters.

“The Antarctic is a treasure house for all human beings, and China should go there and share,” Liu Shenli, the chairman of the China National Agricultural Development Group, told China Daily, a state-owned newspaper. China would aim to fish up to two million tons of krill a year, he said, a substantial increase from what it currently harvests.

Because sovereignty over Antarctica is unclear, nations have sought to strengthen their claims over the ice-covered land by building research bases and naming geographic features. China’s fifth station will put it within reach of the six American facilities, and ahead of Australia’s three.

Chinese mappers have also given Chinese names to more than 300 sites, compared with the thousands of locations on the continent with English names.

In the unspoken competition for Antarctica’s future, scientific achievement can also translate into influence. Chinese scientists are driving to be the first to drill and recover an ice core containing tiny air bubbles that provide a record of climate change stretching as far back as 1.5 million years. It is an expensive and delicate effort at which others, including the European Union and Australia, have failed.

In a breakthrough a decade ago, European scientists extracted an ice core nearly two miles long that revealed 800,000 years of climate history. But finding an ice core going back further would allow scientists to examine a change in the earth’s climate cycles believed to have occurred 900,000 to 1.2 million years ago.

China is betting it has found the best location to drill, at an area called Dome A, or Dome Argus, the highest point on the East Antarctic Ice Sheet. Though it is considered one of the coldest places on the planet, with temperatures of 130 degrees below zero Fahrenheit, a Chinese expedition explored the area in 2005 and established a research station in 2009.

“The international community has drilled in lots of places, but no luck so far,” said Xiao Cunde, a member of the first party to reach the site and the deputy director of the Institute for Climate Change at the Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences. “We think at Dome A we will have a straight shot at the one-million-year ice core.”

Mr. Xiao said China had already begun drilling and hoped to find what scientists are looking for in four to five years.

To support its Antarctic aspirations, China is building a sophisticated $300 million icebreaker that is expected to be ready in a few years, said Xia Limin, deputy director of the Chinese Arctic and Antarctic Administration in Beijing. It has also bought a high-tech fixed-wing aircraft, outfitted in the United States, for taking sensitive scientific soundings from the ice.

China has chosen the site for its fifth research station at Inexpressible Island, named by a group of British explorers who were stranded at the desolate site in 1912 and survived the winter by excavating a small ice cave.

Mr. Xia said the inhospitable spot was ideal because China did not have a presence in that part of Antarctica, and because the rocky site did not have much snow, making it relatively cheap to build there.

Anne-Marie Brady, a professor of political science at the University of Canterbury in New Zealand and the author of a soon-to-be-released book, “China as a Polar Great Power,” said Chinese scientists also believed they had a good chance of finding mineral and energy resources near the site.

“China is playing a long game in Antarctica and keeping other states guessing about its true intentions and interests are part of its poker hand,” she said. But she noted that China’s interest in finding minerals was presented “loud and clear to domestic audiences” as the main reason it was investing in Antarctica.

Because commercial drilling is banned, estimates of energy and mineral resources in Antarctica rely on remote sensing data and comparisons with similar geological environments elsewhere, said Millard F. Coffin, executive director of the Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies in Hobart.

But the difficulty of extraction in such severe conditions and uncertainty about future commodity prices make it unlikely that China or any country would defy the ban on mining anytime soon.

Tourism, however, is already booming. Travelers from China are still a relatively small contingent in the Antarctic compared with the more than 13,000 Americans who visited in 2013, and as yet there are no licensed Chinese tour operators.

But that is about to change, said Anthony Bergin, deputy director of the Australian Strategic Policy Institute. “I understand very soon there will be Chinese tourists on Chinese vessels with all-Chinese crew in the Antarctic,” he said.

 

Top News China’s Intents Are Questioned as It Builds in Antarctica
harga umroh awal tahun di Rawa Bunga jakarta
promo umrah april di Kampung Tengah jakarta
harga berangkat umroh juni di Kebon Pala jakarta
harga paket umroh awal tahun di Penggilingan jakarta
harga berangkat umrah februari di Cipinang Muara jakarta
harga paket berangkat umrah ramadhan di Rambutan jakarta
harga umroh maret di Rawamangun jakarta
harga berangkat umrah awal tahun di Kampung Baru jakarta
harga berangkat umroh mei di Bidaracina jakarta
harga berangkat umrah ramadhan di Cipinang Melayu jakarta
harga paket umrah awal tahun di Ujung Menteng jakarta
paket promo berangkat umrah februari bekasi selatan
paket promo berangkat umroh maret di Munjul jakarta
paket umrah mei di Cipayung jakarta
harga berangkat umroh akhir tahun di Munjul jakarta
harga umroh maret di Cipinang Cempedak jakarta
harga paket umrah februari di Bidaracina jakarta
harga paket umroh desember di Lubang Buaya jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umrah april di Kampung Gedong,Cijantung jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umroh mei di Kayu Manis jakarta
promo umroh januari di Utan Kayu Utara jakarta
paket promo umrah april di Cilangkap jakarta
harga umrah maret di Pulo Gadung jakarta
biaya umrah akhir tahun di Cibubur jakarta
harga paket berangkat umroh akhir tahun di Utan Kayu Selatan jakarta
harga paket berangkat umroh awal tahun di Pondok Kopi jakarta
harga umroh akhir tahun di Cipinang Melayu jakarta
harga paket berangkat umrah awal tahun di Balekambang jakarta
harga paket umroh maret di Kayu Putih jakarta
harga paket umrah april tangerang
harga paket berangkat umrah akhir tahun di Cawang jakarta
paket umrah mei di Kayu Manis jakarta
promo umroh akhir tahun di Ujung Menteng jakarta
promo umrah mei di Kampung Baru jakarta
biaya umroh awal tahun di Malaka Jaya jakarta
harga paket berangkat umrah ramadhan di Pondok Kopi jakarta
promo umrah desember di Cipinang jakarta
harga berangkat umrah maret di Kampung Baru jakarta
promo berangkat umroh desember di Rawa Terate jakarta
harga paket umroh februari di Cipayung jakarta
paket berangkat umrah februari di Cakung Timur jakarta
paket promo berangkat umrah mei di Pondok Ranggon jakarta
biaya berangkat umroh akhir tahun di Makasar jakarta
harga berangkat umroh awal tahun di Kramat Jati jakarta
paket berangkat umroh januari di Cakung Barat jakarta
harga umrah februari di Cipinang Besar Utara jakarta
biaya umroh ramadhan di Kebon Pala jakarta
paket promo berangkat umroh maret di Pondok Kelapa jakarta
biaya berangkat umroh ramadhan di Utan Kayu Selatan jakarta
biaya paket umrah januari di Ceger jakarta
promo umroh april di Kayu Putih jakarta
biaya berangkat umrah desember di Pondok Kelapa jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umrah ramadhan di Bambu Apus jakarta
paket promo berangkat umroh awal tahun di Bambu Apus jakarta
biaya berangkat umroh ramadhan di Batuampar jakarta
biaya paket umroh januari di Rawa Terate jakarta
paket promo umrah februari di Dukuh jakarta
biaya umroh januari di Munjul jakarta
harga umroh ramadhan bogor
harga umrah februari di Kayu Manis jakarta
paket promo berangkat umrah desember di Kebon Pala jakarta
biaya berangkat umroh desember di Malaka Jaya jakarta
harga berangkat umrah maret di Pondok Kopi jakarta
harga umroh akhir tahun di Bambu Apus jakarta
paket berangkat umrah april di Bali Mester jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umrah juni di Duren Sawit jakarta
biaya umrah februari di Kayu Putih jakarta
harga umrah akhir tahun di Cililitan jakarta
biaya berangkat umroh juni di Cipayung jakarta
harga berangkat umrah desember di Malaka Sari jakarta
biaya paket umrah januari di Setu jakarta
promo umrah mei di Rawamangun jakarta
paket promo umrah februari di Jatinegara jakarta
paket promo umrah februari di Pulo Gadung jakarta
harga paket berangkat umroh mei di Kalisari jakarta
paket umroh desember di Duren Sawit jakarta
paket umroh maret di Balekambang jakarta
harga paket umrah desember tangerang
biaya umrah awal tahun di Kalisari jakarta
paket umroh februari di Pulogebang jakarta
promo umrah januari di Cililitan jakarta
paket berangkat umroh desember di Ciracas jakarta
paket berangkat umrah januari di Susukan jakarta
harga paket umrah juni di Kramat Jati jakarta
biaya berangkat umroh juni di Cakung jakarta
biaya berangkat umrah awal tahun di Pinang Ranti jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umroh akhir tahun di Cakung Barat jakarta
biaya berangkat umrah maret di Kampung Baru jakarta
biaya umroh maret di Cipinang Melayu jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umroh juni di Susukan jakarta
promo umroh akhir tahun di Pondok Kopi jakarta
harga paket berangkat umrah februari umrohdepag.com
paket umroh mei di Cililitan jakarta
harga umroh januari di Cipinang Besar Utara jakarta
promo berangkat umrah akhir tahun di Kalisari jakarta
harga berangkat umroh juni di Rawa Bunga jakarta
paket umrah desember di Pasar Rebo jakarta
paket berangkat umrah akhir tahun depok
paket berangkat umrah awal tahun bekasi selatan
harga paket umrah awal tahun di Pisangan Timur jakarta