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saco-indonesia.com, Akibat dari perebutan lahan persawahan, menantu dan mertua, Sardiansyah yang berusia (35) tahun dan Muhammad Jude yang berusia (56) tahun telah terlibat duel dengan menggunakan senjata tajam di tengah pesawahan Pangkrat, Desa Maronge, Kabupaten Sumbawa. Akibat dari perkelahian tersebut, keduanya telah mengalami luka tebasan.

Kapolsek Plampang Iptu Mathias AW ketika dihubungi , juga mengatakan, perkelahian antara menantu dan kakak mertuanya itu berlatar belakang memperebutkan lahan pesawahan.

Dia melanjutkan, sebelumnya dua tahun yang lalu lahan itu telah diperebutkan oleh Muhammad Jude dengan saudara kandungnya, Saleh Jude, yang juga merupakan mertua dari Sardiansyah.

"Persoalan ini juga sempat ditangani oleh pihak Pospol Maronge, di mana lahan yang telah diperebutkan tersebut kemudian telah dikuasai oleh Saleh Jude. Akhirnya, lahan sawah itu diserahkan kepada menantunya, Sardiansyah, yang sudah setahun terakhir ini mengelolanya," ujar Mathias.

Pada Senin (30/12) siang, Muhammad Jude datang dan membajak lahan itu, yang rencananya juga akan digunakan untuk bercocok tanam.

Sardiansyah pun telah keberatan melihat aksi Muhammad Jude, hingga menegur kakak dari mertuanya itu. Saling ngotot, Sardiansyah dan Muhammad Jude akhirnya telah terlibat 'duel' dengan sengit.

Perkelahian di lokasi pesawahan Pangkrat, Desa Maronge, Kecamatan Maronge itu telah mengakibatkan Sardiansyah, guru ngaji di Dusun Unter Ngengas, Desa Maronge, hingga menderita luka di bagian wajahnya.

Sedangkan Muhammad Jude, warga Dusun Sekayu, Desa Berora, Lopok, telah mengalami luka serius karena dadanya tertusuk pisau dan hingga kini masih harus menjalani perawatan medis di RSUD Sumbawa.

"Sardiansyah kemudian telah mendatangi Polsek Plampang untuk dapat melaporkan kasus itu secara resmi, dia diserang dengan menggunakan parang, dan melakukan upaya untuk membela diri, hingga ujung parang yang dipegang Muhammad Jude mengenai badannya sendiri.

"Keterangan ini masih sepihak, karena kami belum meminta keterangan dari terlapor (Muhammad Jude) yang kini masih berbaring di RSUD Sumbawa. Menurut informasi keluarganya, pihak Muhammad Jude juga akan melaporkan kasus yang sama," ujar Mathias.

Dikatakan Mathias, pihaknya juga akan mengoordinasikan kasus ini dengan Polres Sumbawa untuk mendapat petunjuk lebih lanjut, apakah penanganannya dilakukan di Polsek atau di Polres.


Editor : Dian sukmawati

MENANTU DAN MERTUA BERDUEL DENGAN PISAU
MEMILIH BENIH Benih bermutu merupakan syarat utama untuk mendapatkan panen yang maksimal. Disebut benih bermutu; jenisnya murni, bernas, kering, sehat, bebas penyakit dan campuran biji rumput yang tidak dikehendaki. Kriteria ini biasanya menghasilkan tanaman sehat, kekar, kokoh dan pertumbuhan yang seragam. PEMILIHAN LAHAN LAHAN YANG BAIK Lahan yang baik adalah lahan yang kering, berpengairan cukup, lahan tadah hujan, lahan gambut yang telah diperbaiki atau lahan basah bekas menanam padi. Agar tumbuh dan berproduksi dengan baik Jagung harus ditanam di lahan terbuka yang terkena sinar matahari penuh selama 8 jam. KADAR pH Meskipun idealnya memerlukan pH 6,8 tetapi jagung bisa toleran terhadap lahan tanaman pH 5,5 – 7.0. Apabila ada tanah yang pH nya terlalu rendah bisa dinaikkan dengan menaburkan kapur. Kemudian agar lebih efisien, aplikasinya bisa dilakukan bersama dengan pengolahan lahan. Setelah penaburan, lahan dicangkul dan disiram agar kapur bisa tercampur secara merata. Kebutuhan kapur sangat bergantung pada nilai pH awal lahan. Sebagai patokan, untuk satu hektar lahan yang memiliki pH 5,0 dibutuhkan kapur antara 2 sampai 4 ton. Apabila pH lahan terlalu tinggi atau basa, maka dapat diturunkan dengan menaburkan belerang. Namun hal ini dilakukan jika nilai pH lahan memang sangat tinggi yakni 8,0 atau 9,0 PENGOLAHAN LAHAN PEMBERSIHAN GULMA Sebelum jagung ditanam, lahan perlu dibersihkan dari gulma dan tanaman liar. Gulma seperti alang alang, rumput teki, semak dan pohon perdu disiangi sampai ke akar akarnya. Gulma itu dibakar, abunya ditaburkan ke lahan sebagai kompos untuk kesuburan tanah. Gulma jangan dikubur, karena dikawatirkan akan munculnya hama seperti rayap dan semut. Selain itu, alang alang dan rumput teki bisa tumbuh kembali apabila hanya dikubur di dalam tanah. Selain gulma, pohon pohon besar yang tumbuh di sekitar lahan dan berpotensi menghalangi masuknya sinar matahari; untuk jagung melakukan proses fotosintesis, juga perlu ditebang. PENCANGKULAN Pencangkulan dilakukan dengan memindahlkan tanah bagian bawah sedalam 15 s/d 20 cm ke atas permukaan lahan. Selain untuk menyeimbangkan ketersediaan unsur hara antara bagian bawah dan bagian atas lahan, pencangkulan juga dimaksudkan membuat tanah lebih remah dan gembur. Untuk lahan yang memiliki jenis tanah gembur atau bekas tanaman semusim, pencangkulan cukup dilakukan sekali saja. Sementara itu untuk lahan yang memiliki tanah berat, pencangkulan perlu dilakukan dua kali lalu digaru. Jika lahan yang digarap terlalu luas, pencangkulan bisa diganti dengan bajak agar pengerjaannya bisa lebih cepat. PEMBUATAN BEDENGAN Pembuatan bedengan untuk lokasi penanaman benih banyak dilakukan di dataran rendah pada lahan kering, lahan bekas sawah, atau lahan tadah hujan. Bedengan dibuat selebar 70 s/d 100 cm, dengan ketinggian antara 10 s/d 20 cm. Sedangkan untuk panjangnya disesuaikan dengan kondisi, kontur, lahan. Di daerah kering tinggi bedengan sebaiknya dibuat agak rendah untuk memudahkan penyiraman karena jika terlalu tinggi membutuhkan banyak air saat penyiraman. Di antara bedengan dibuat parit selebar 20 s/d 30 cm yang berfungsi untuk mengatur keluar masuknya air di bedengan agar akar jagung tidak tergenang. PEMUPUKAN Pemupukan dimaksudkan meningkatkan kandungan unsur hara di lahan tanam. Waktu pemberian pupuk RI1, yang paling efektif selain bersama dengan saat pencangkulan atau pembajakan bisa juga diberikan saat akan membuat lubang tanam. Dengan cara begitu, pupuk RI1 yang diberikan akan tercampur merata dengan lahan tanam. Sebagai pedoman untuk lahan 1 hektar diperlukan 12 – 15 liter pupuk RI 1. PENANAMAN PEMBUATAN LUBANG TANAM Lubang tanam dibuat sedalam antara 2 s/d 5 cm menggunakan tugal, yakni alat terbuat dari kayu bulat panjang ujungnya runcing. Jarak lubang adalah 20 x 20 cm atau 20 x 40 cm. Agar barisan lubang tanam yang dibuat menjadi teratur, bisa digunakan alat bantu berupa tali yang dibentangkan sepanjang bedengan. Sementara itu, untuk benih yang ditanam di parit bedengan, diperlukan jarak antar lubang sepanjang 20 cm. PENANAMAN BENIH Untuk menghindarkan hama dan jamur serta untuk merangsang pertumbuhan dengan kualitas yang baik, sebelum ditanam benih direndam terlebih dahulu ke dalam air yang sudah dicampur pupuk RI1 selama 30 menit. Sesudah direndam perlu ditiriskan, tetapi tidak perlu diberi fungisida. Penanaman benih dilakukan pada pagi atau sore, saat matahari tidak begitu terik. Setelah benih masuk ke lubang, maka lubang itu harus ditutuip lagi dengan tanah secara ringan; tidak perlu dipadat padatkan. Waktu terbaik menanam benih adalah waktu akhir musim hujan agar saat masa pertumbuhan hingga memasuki masa mengeluarkan buah, tanaman masih mendapatkan pasokan air dan diharapkan saat panen tiba, musim kemarau telah datang sehingga memudahkan proses pengeringan. Mengingat dewasa ini kondisi dan situasi musim di Indonesia selalu berubah, untuk memastikan jadwal yang tepat, seyogyanya berkonsultasi terlebih dahulu dengan dinas pertanian setempat. PERAWATAN PENYULAMAN BENIH Satu minggu setelah tanam benih akan tumbuh dan muncul tanaman muda. Saat itu pengecekan harus dilakukan. Jika ada benih yang tidak tumbuh, mati, atau tanaman muda terserang penyakit, segera lakukan penyulaman yakni melakukan penanaman benih kembali yang proses dan tata caranya sama dengan penanaman benih sebelumnya. Penyulaman ini dimaksudkan agar tanaman tumbuh seragam, baik umur maupun sosoknya. Karena itu penyulaman tidak bisa dilakukan setelah tanaman berumur di atas 25 hari, dikarenakan pada usia itu sistem perakaran tanaman sudah tumbuh kuat sehingga benih sulaman tidak mampu bersaing memperebutkan unsur hara. PENYIANGAN GULMA Penyiangan dilakukan dua kali; pada saat tanaman berumur 14 hari dan 40 hari setelah tanam. Untuk gulma seperti rumput atau perdu lain, penyiangan dilakukan manual dengan cara mencabut seluruh bagian tanaman gulma sampai ke akar akarnya. Setelah itu gulma dikumpulkan dan dibakar sampai habis! Bersama penyiangan gulma yang kedua dilakukan juga pembubunan, yakni menutup akar tanaman yang muncul ke permukaan tanah dengan menggunakan tanah yang diambil di antara tanaman. Dengan menggunakan cangkul, tanah dipindahkan ke barisan jagung yang ada di kanan dan kiri hingga tercipta parit baru barisan tanaman. Hal ini dimaksudkan agar akar tanaman semakin mencengkeram tanah sehingga tanaman tidak akan roboh saat diterpa angin. PUPUK LANJUTAN Pada usia 15 s/d 30 hari setelah tanam atau setelah penyiangan pertama, tanaman perlu diberi pupuk lanjutan. Dengan tetap menggunakan RI1, pemberian pupuk ini dilanjutkan kembali setelah berusia 40 hari. PENGAIRAN Pengariran dilakukan dengan sistem leb; mengalirkan air ke dalam parit hingga meresap ke seluruh bagian bedengan. Cara ini lebih efisien dibanding penyiraman manual yang tentu memakan banyak waktu dan tenaga. Agar akar tanaman tetap mudah bernafas, usahakan saat melakukan pengairan air tidak sampai menggenangi bedengan. Untuk lahan yang tergolong kering atau saat tanaman mulai mengeluarkan buah, pengairan harus dilakukan dengan teratur dan terjadwal. Lahan yang terlalu kering atau kekurangan air saat proses pembuahan akan mengakibatkan tongkol tumbuh kecil sehingga mengurangi jumlah produksi pada saat panen. MASA PANEN Umur panen tergantung dari varietasnya. Tetapi ada beberapa ciri khusus, salah satunya adalah ketika daun jagung, kelobot, sudah berwarna putih kecoklatan dan tidak meninggalkan bekas apabila bijinya ditekan menggunakan kuku. Sebelum dipanen, daun jagung dikupas dan dipangkas bagian atasnya sehingga yang tersisa di pohon adalah buah jagung yang terkupas tetapi masih tersisa daunnya. Perlakuan ini dimaksudkan untuk mempercepat proses pengeringan jagung. Setelah beberapa hari di pohon dan bijinya tampak mengering, barulah dilakukan pemetikan dengan mengambil waktu pada siang hari, ketika cuaca terik, agar kadar air dalam biji tidak bertambah. Ingat, kadar air yang tinggi menyebabkan buah jagung mudah terserang penyakit. Pemetikan jagung bisa dilakukan dengan memetik buahnya saja, tongkolan, atau sekaligus dengan daun keringnya. Jika jagung yang dipanen buahnya saja akan lebih mudah diangkut menggunakan keranjang atau karung, maka jagung yang dipanen dengan daunnya akan memudahkan pengangkutan bila menggunakan pikulan. Setelah jagung dipanen, selanjutnya perlu dilakukan penjemuran, pemipilan; memisahkan biji jagung dari tongkolnya, dan penyimpanan. HAMA DAN PENYAKIT PENANGGULANGAN HAMA Penggerek Batang Serangga ini meletakkan telurnya pada daun, dan setelah menetas larvanya akan memakan batang jagung. Gejala ini bisa dilihat ketika muncul lubang pada batang jagung. Selain itu, Penggerek Batang juga menyerang rambut dan pucuk tongkol buah jagung. Jika dibiarkan hama ini bisa menyebabkan berkurangnya produksi bahkan gagal panen. Pencegahannya bisa dilakukan dengan menanam jagung secara serempak, melakukan rotasi, dan memusnahkan tanaman yang terserang. Lalat Hama lalat berwarna abu abu, meletakkan telurnya berwarna putih di bawah permukaan daun. Setelah beberapa hari menetas larva memakan daun, pangkal daun dan pangkal batang serta menyebabkan munculnya lubang lubang di seluruh bagian tanaman. Jika seranggannya hebat, batang bisa patah karena pangkalnya habis dimakan. Pencegahannya antara lain dengan melakukan penanaman serentak, memilih varietas yang tahan serangan hama, memasang mulsa jerami di atas bedengan dan selalu menjaga kebersihan dari gulma. Ulat Tongkol Ulat tongkol meletakkan telurnya yang berwarna putih di daun dan rambut tongkol. Setelah menetas telur akanberubah menjadi larva berwarna kuning berkepala hitam. Larva inilah yang akan menyerang tongkol buah, dan menyebabkan kebusukan. Pencegahan hama ini dilakukan dengan mengambil dan memusnahkan satu per satu. Ulat Tanah Ulat tanah ini menyerang bagian bagian vital seperti batang dan buah. Hama ini menyerang pada malam hari dan dan bersembunyi di dalam tanah pada siang hari. Ulat tanah biasa menyerang tanaman yang masih muda, membuat batang tanaman akan patah dan mati. Pencegahannya dengan menggunakan metode olah tanah. Kumbang Penggerek Biji Kumbang ini menyerang buah sejak saat panen sampai masuk ke dalam gudang. Biji buah menjadi keropos karena bagian dalamnya habis digerogoti, dan kerugiannya bisa mencapai 70%. Kumbang Bubuk Kumbang ini hampir seperti Kumbang Penggerek Biji, juga menyerang buah jagung. Gejala yang ditimbulkan adalah munculnya lubang lubang pada biji jagung yang lama kelamaan biji jagung akan hancur menjadi bubuk. Hama ini menyerang biji yang kurang kering dan biasanya terjadi pada saat cuaca lembab, dan kerusakan yang terjadi bisa mencapai 10%. Kutu Daun Kutu daun menyerang dengan cara menghisap cairan makanan yang ada di daun. Tanaman akan kekurangan cairan dan daun berubah warna menjadi kuning, mengering, akhirnya mati. Pencegahan dilakukan dengan merotasi tanaman untuk memutus siklus kehidupannya. Ulat Grayak Dalam skala besar ulat grayak akan menghabiskan seluruh daun dan hanya menyisakan tulang daun. Pencegahannya dengan melakukan rotasi tanaman dan untuk menekan perkembangannya perlu menjaga kebersihan lahan. Monyet dan Babi Serangan kedua hama ini dapat menimbulkan kerugian yang sangat besar. Dalam waktu semalam monyet dan babi bisa menghabiskan dan merusak tanaman seluas seperempat hektar. Untuk mengatasi hama ini bisa digunakan jerat dan kincir bambu yang bersuara keras. PENANGGULANGAN PENYAKIT Busuk Kelobot Penyakit busuk kelobot, daun jagung, disebabkan oleh jamur dengan gejala munculnya bintik bintik bulat warna hitam kebiruan di kelobot. Buah akan membusuk, akhirnya mati. Pencegahannya selain berdekatan dengan pohon pisang; karena sama sama merupakan inang jamur, bibit harus direndam dengan RI1. Bercak Daun Penyakit ini juga disebabkan oleh jamur, menyerang daun, pelepah, dan tongkol buah. Gejalanya muncul bercak bercak berwarna coklat dan kuning di daun, pelepah, dan tongkol buah. Penyakit ini menyebabkan terhambatnya proses fotosintesis sehingga mengganggu produktivitas. Pencegahannya dilakukan dengan menanam varietas yang tahan serangan penyakit ini. Pengendaliannya dilakukan dengan memusnahkan tanaman yang terserang agar tidak menular ke tanaman lain. Busuk Tongkol Pada awalnya jamur menyerang daun kemudian merembet ke buah, dengan gejalanya memunculkan bercak bercak berwarna merah muda atau coklat gelap di kelobot buah. Akibatnya tongkol buah akan membusuk dan menyebabkan gagal panen. Pencegahannya dilakukan dengan menanam varietas yang tahan terhadap hama ini dan membersihkan gulma yang berpotensi menjadi inang jamur. Busuk Kerdil Penyakit kerdil disebabkan oleh virus yang pada awalnya memunculkan bercak bercak kuning muda dan memenuhi seluruh permukaan daun. Tanaman tidak bisa melakukan proses fotosintesis sehingga kekurangan makanan dan menjadi cacat atau kerdil. Pencegahan terbaik dengan melakukan penanaman varietas yang tahan terhadap penyakit ini dan melakukan rotasi tanaman untuk memutuskan siklus kehidupan virus. Tanaman yang terserang harus dimusnahkan agar tidak menjadi inang dan menulari tanaman lain yang masih sehat. Hawar/Blight Penyakit Hawar disebabkan oleh bakteri yang biasa menyerang daun bagian bawah tanaman muda yang akan berbunga, dengan gejala awal munculnya bercak bercak pada daun berbentuk huruf V. Akibatnya pertumbuhan terhambat dan produktivitasnya menurun, daun mengering lalu mati. Pencegahannya selain menanam varietas yang tahan terhadap penyakit ini, juga harus membersihkan gulma di sekitar lahan terutama inang sejenis bawang. Sedangkan pengendaliannya dengan cara memeusnahkan tanaman yang terserang. Bulai/Downy Mildew Penyakit ini disebabkan jamur, dan bagian yang diserang adalah daun terutama pada tanaman muda berumur di bawah 40 hari. Daun berubah warna menjadi kuning keputih putihan dan di bagian bawahnya muncul semacam serbuk berwarna putih berbentuk seperti tepung. Serangan jamur ini akan meningkat pada suhu udara tinggi. Akibatnya tanaman rusak dan tidak bisa menghasilkan tongkol jagung yang sempurna. Jika serangan hebat tanaman mati. Pencegahan penyakit ini dilakukan dengan merendam benih dengan RI1 sebelum ditanam. Pengendaliannya dilakukan dengan cara membakar tanaman yang diserang. Busuk Batang Penyakit busuk batang disebabkan oleh bakteri yang gejala awalnya batang abgian bawah berubah warna menjadi kecoklatan kemudian membusuk, mati, dan patah secara tiba tiba. Dari titik patahan tercium bau busuk yang menyengat. Pencegahannya dilakukan dengan selalu menjaga kebersihan lahan agar tidak menular ke tanaman yang masih sehat. Karat Daun Penyakit Karat Daun disebabkan oleh jamur dengan gejala awal muncul bercak bercak merah dan keluar serbuk seperti tepung berwarna coklat kekuning kuningan. Akibatnya tanaman tidak bisa melakukan fotosintesis fengan sempurna sehingga pertumbuhannya lambat, bahkan bisa mati. Pencegahannya dilakukan dengan menanam varietas yang tahan terhadap penyakit ini. Catatan : Dari semua jenis hama diatas ketika tanaman kita diserang hama, dapat dilakukan langkah - langkah sebagai berikut : Aplikasikan Nutrisi RI1 Organik dicampur dengan rendama daun tembakau dan extrak daun sirsak, extrak daun intaran, extrak daun suren kemudian semprot kan pada tanaman dan tanaman yang terserang hama secara merata. BERCOCOK TANAM JAGUNG

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BAJU CASUAL

JAKARTA, Saco-Indonesia.com — Tjarmadi, petugas kebersihan yang menjadi korban atas kecelakaan motor yang dikendarai artis peran Ari Wibowo, akhirnya selesai menjalani operasi untuk mengeluarkan darah yang mengendap di tempurung kepalanya.

Hal tersebut langsung disampaikan keponakan Tjarmadi, Samsidi. "Abis dioperasi baik-baik saja, semua berjalan dengan lancar. Kalau lukanya saya enggak lihat," ujar Samsidi ditemui di Rumah Sakit Pusat Pertamina (RSPP), Jakarta Selatan, Senin (10/6/2013) malam.

Setelah menjalani operasi, Tjarmadi langsung menjalani pemulihan di ruang ICU. "Sekarang di ruang ICU, dijaga anaknya, sama teman anaknya juga. Sekarang belum sadar," kata Samsidi.

Sejauh ini, menurut Samsidi, Ari bertanggung jawab penuh atas perawatan Tjarmadi. Seperti halnya ketika pria kelahiran Pemalang itu masuk unit gawat darurat, Ari disebut telah memberikan bantuan berupa makanan dan uang.

"Dia (Ari) ngasih makanan sama uang. Tapi saya enggak tahu berapa uangnya," ujar Samsidi.

Atas kejadian ini pula, Samsidi belum mengetahui apakah pihak keluarga Tjarmadi akan memperkarakan Ari. "Kalau anaknya belum sih, tapi dia (Ari) mau tanggung jawab," tekan Samsidi.

Editor :Liwon Maulana
Sumber:http://entertainment.kompas.com/read/2013/06/11/06015893/Keponakan.Korban.Ari.Wibow o.Tanggung.Jawab
Kata Keponakan Korban: Ari Wibowo Tanggung Jawab
Pencopet yang biasa beraksi di atas kereta telah berhasil diringkus oleh petugas keamanan Stasiun Depok Baru . Pelaku juga sempat merobek tas korban dan mengambil laptop serta HP BlackBerry saat kereta dalam keadaan sesak penumpang. Setelah didata di stasiun, tersangka telah diserahkan ke Polres Depok guna untuk proses penyidikan lebih lanjut. Informasi yang telah dihimpun, siang itu KRL hendak tiba di Stasiun Depok Baru. Tiba-tiba terdengar suara ribut ada orang yang kecopetan. Melihat hal itu, petugas keamanan stasiun telah mendekat dan mendapati penumpang menunjuk seorang pria yang diduga pencopet. Pria yang diketahui bernama Agus Suryadi yang berusia 34 tahun , ini pun telah berhasil ditangkap. Kepada petugas keamanan ia mengaku wartawan salah satu surat kabar nasional. Namun setelah diinterogasi dan dipertemukan dengan korban, Aris Saputra, ia pun tak bisa mengelak dan mengakui perbuatannya. “Pelaku juga merupakan pemain lama bersama komplotannya,” kata Danru Pengamanan Khusus KCJ Stasiun Depok Baru, Yucki. PENCOPET DI ATAS KERETA DITANGKAP

UNITED NATIONS — Wearing pinstripes and a pince-nez, Staffan de Mistura, the United Nations envoy for Syria, arrived at the Security Council one Tuesday afternoon in February and announced that President Bashar al-Assad had agreed to halt airstrikes over Aleppo. Would the rebels, Mr. de Mistura suggested, agree to halt their shelling?

What he did not announce, but everyone knew by then, was that the Assad government had begun a military offensive to encircle opposition-held enclaves in Aleppo and that fierce fighting was underway. It would take only a few days for rebel leaders, having pushed back Syrian government forces, to outright reject Mr. de Mistura’s proposed freeze in the fighting, dooming the latest diplomatic overture on Syria.

Diplomacy is often about appearing to be doing something until the time is ripe for a deal to be done.

 

 

Now, with Mr. Assad’s forces having suffered a string of losses on the battlefield and the United States reaching at least a partial rapprochement with Mr. Assad’s main backer, Iran, Mr. de Mistura is changing course. Starting Monday, he is set to hold a series of closed talks in Geneva with the warring sides and their main supporters. Iran will be among them.

In an interview at United Nations headquarters last week, Mr. de Mistura hinted that the changing circumstances, both military and diplomatic, may have prompted various backers of the war to question how much longer the bloodshed could go on.

“Will that have an impact in accelerating the willingness for a political solution? We need to test it,” he said. “The Geneva consultations may be a good umbrella for testing that. It’s an occasion for asking everyone, including the government, if there is any new way that they are looking at a political solution, as they too claim they want.”

He said he would have a better assessment at the end of June, when he expects to wrap up his consultations. That coincides with the deadline for a final agreement in the Iran nuclear talks.

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Whether a nuclear deal with Iran will pave the way for a new opening on peace talks in Syria remains to be seen. Increasingly, though, world leaders are explicitly linking the two, with the European Union’s top diplomat, Federica Mogherini, suggesting last week that a nuclear agreement could spur Tehran to play “a major but positive role in Syria.”

It could hardly come soon enough. Now in its fifth year, the Syrian war has claimed 220,000 lives, prompted an exodus of more than three million refugees and unleashed jihadist groups across the region. “This conflict is producing a question mark in many — where is it leading and whether this can be sustained,” Mr. de Mistura said.

Part Italian, part Swedish, Mr. de Mistura has worked with the United Nations for more than 40 years, but he is more widely known for his dapper style than for any diplomatic coups. Syria is by far the toughest assignment of his career — indeed, two of the organization’s most seasoned diplomats, Lakhdar Brahimi and Kofi Annan, tried to do the job and gave up — and critics have wondered aloud whether Mr. de Mistura is up to the task.

He served as a United Nations envoy in Afghanistan and Iraq, and before that in Lebanon, where a former minister recalled, with some scorn, that he spent many hours sunbathing at a private club in the hills above Beirut. Those who know him say he has a taste for fine suits and can sometimes speak too soon and too much, just as they point to his diplomatic missteps and hyperbole.

They cite, for instance, a news conference in October, when he raised the specter of Srebrenica, where thousands of Muslims were massacred in 1995 during the Balkans war, in warning that the Syrian border town of Kobani could fall to the Islamic State. In February, he was photographed at a party in Damascus, the Syrian capital, celebrating the anniversary of the Iranian revolution just as Syrian forces, aided by Iran, were pummeling rebel-held suburbs of Damascus; critics seized on that as evidence of his coziness with the government.

Mouin Rabbani, who served briefly as the head of Mr. de Mistura’s political affairs unit and has since emerged as one of his most outspoken critics, said Mr. de Mistura did not have the background necessary for the job. “This isn’t someone well known for his political vision or political imagination, and his closest confidants lack the requisite knowledge and experience,” Mr. Rabbani said.

As a deputy foreign minister in the Italian government, Mr. de Mistura was tasked in 2012 with freeing two Italian marines detained in India for shooting at Indian fishermen. He made 19 trips to India, to little effect. One marine was allowed to return to Italy for medical reasons; the other remains in India.

He said he initially turned down the Syria job when the United Nations secretary general approached him last August, only to change his mind the next day, after a sleepless, guilt-ridden night.

Mr. de Mistura compared his role in Syria to that of a doctor faced with a terminally ill patient. His goal in brokering a freeze in the fighting, he said, was to alleviate suffering. He settled on Aleppo as the location for its “fame,” he said, a decision that some questioned, considering that Aleppo was far trickier than the many other lesser-known towns where activists had negotiated temporary local cease-fires.

“Everybody, at least in Europe, are very familiar with the value of Aleppo,” Mr. de Mistura said. “So I was using that as an icebreaker.”

The cease-fire negotiations, to which he had devoted six months, fell apart quickly because of the government’s military offensive in Aleppo the very day of his announcement at the Security Council. Privately, United Nations diplomats said Mr. de Mistura had been manipulated. To this, Mr. de Mistura said only that he was “disappointed and concerned.”

Tarek Fares, a former rebel fighter, said after a recent visit to Aleppo that no Syrian would admit publicly to supporting Mr. de Mistura’s cease-fire proposal. “If anyone said they went to a de Mistura meeting in Gaziantep, they would be arrested,” is how he put it, referring to the Turkish city where negotiations between the two sides were held.

Secretary General Ban Ki-moon remains staunchly behind Mr. de Mistura’s efforts. His defenders point out that he is at the center of one of the world’s toughest diplomatic problems, charged with mediating a conflict in which two of the world’s most powerful nations — Russia, which supports Mr. Assad, and the United States, which has called for his ouster — remain deadlocked.

R. Nicholas Burns, a former State Department official who now teaches at Harvard, credited Mr. de Mistura for trying to negotiate a cease-fire even when the chances of success were exceedingly small — and the chances of a political deal even smaller. For his efforts to work, Professor Burns argued, the world powers will first have to come to an agreement of their own.

“He needs the help of outside powers,” he said. “It starts with backers of Assad. That’s Russia and Iran. De Mistura is there, waiting.”

With Iran Talks, a Tangled Path to Ending Syria’s War
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United’s first-class and business fliers get Rhapsody, its high-minded in-flight magazine, seen here at its office in Brooklyn. Credit Sam Hodgson for The New York Times

Last summer at a writers’ workshop in Oregon, the novelists Anthony Doerr, Karen Russell and Elissa Schappell were chatting over cocktails when they realized they had all published work in the same magazine. It wasn’t one of the usual literary outlets, like Tin House, The Paris Review or The New Yorker. It was Rhapsody, an in-flight magazine for United Airlines.

It seemed like a weird coincidence. Then again, considering Rhapsody’s growing roster of A-list fiction writers, maybe not. Since its first issue hit plane cabins a year and a half ago, Rhapsody has published original works by literary stars like Joyce Carol Oates, Rick Moody, Amy Bloom, Emma Straub and Mr. Doerr, who won the Pulitzer Prize for fiction two weeks ago.

As airlines try to distinguish their high-end service with luxuries like private sleeping chambers, showers, butler service and meals from five-star chefs, United Airlines is offering a loftier, more cerebral amenity to its first-class and business-class passengers: elegant prose by prominent novelists. There are no airport maps or disheartening lists of in-flight meal and entertainment options in Rhapsody. Instead, the magazine has published ruminative first-person travel accounts, cultural dispatches and probing essays about flight by more than 30 literary fiction writers.

 

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Sean Manning, executive editor of Rhapsody, which publishes works by the likes of Joyce Carol Oates, Amy Bloom and Anthony Doerr, who won a Pulitzer Prize. Credit Sam Hodgson for The New York Times

 

An airline might seem like an odd literary patron. But as publishers and writers look for new ways to reach readers in a shaky retail climate, many have formed corporate alliances with transit companies, including American Airlines, JetBlue and Amtrak, that provide a captive audience.

Mark Krolick, United Airlines’ managing director of marketing and product development, said the quality of the writing in Rhapsody brings a patina of sophistication to its first-class service, along with other opulent touches like mood lighting, soft music and a branded scent.

“The high-end leisure or business-class traveler has higher expectations, even in the entertainment we provide,” he said.

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Some of Rhapsody’s contributing writers say they were lured by the promise of free airfare and luxury accommodations provided by United, as well as exposure to an elite audience of some two million first-class and business-class travelers.

“It’s not your normal Park Slope Community Bookstore types who read Rhapsody,” Mr. Moody, author of the 1994 novel “The Ice Storm,” who wrote an introspective, philosophical piece about traveling to the Aran Islands of Ireland for Rhapsody, said in an email. “I’m not sure I myself am in that Rhapsody demographic, but I would like them to buy my books one day.”

In addition to offering travel perks, the magazine pays well and gives writers freedom, within reason, to choose their subject matter and write with style. Certain genres of flight stories are off limits, naturally: no plane crashes or woeful tales of lost luggage or rude flight attendants, and nothing too risqué.

“We’re not going to have someone write about joining the mile-high club,” said Jordan Heller, the editor in chief of Rhapsody. “Despite those restrictions, we’ve managed to come up with a lot of high-minded literary content.”

Guiding writers toward the right idea occasionally requires some gentle prodding. When Rhapsody’s executive editor asked Ms. Russell to contribute an essay about a memorable flight experience, she first pitched a story about the time she was chaperoning a group of teenagers on a trip to Europe, and their delayed plane sat at the airport in New York for several hours while other passengers got progressively drunker.

“He pointed out that disaster flights are not what people want to read about when they’re in transit, and very diplomatically suggested that maybe people want to read something that casts air travel in a more positive light,” said Ms. Russell, whose novel “Swamplandia!” was a finalist for the 2012 Pulitzer Prize.

She turned in a nostalgia-tinged essay about her first flight on a trip to Disney World when she was 6. “The Magic Kingdom was an anticlimax,” she wrote. “What ride could compare to that first flight?”

Ms. Oates also wrote about her first flight, in a tiny yellow propeller plane piloted by her father. The novelist Joyce Maynard told of the constant disappointment of never seeing her books in airport bookstores and the thrill of finally spotting a fellow plane passenger reading her novel “Labor Day.” Emily St. John Mandel, who was a finalist for the National Book Award in fiction last year, wrote about agonizing over which books to bring on a long flight.

“There’s nobody that’s looked down their noses at us as an in-flight magazine,” said Sean Manning, the magazine’s executive editor. “As big as these people are in the literary world, there’s still this untapped audience for them of luxury travelers.”

United is one of a handful of companies showcasing work by literary writers as a way to elevate their brands and engage customers. Chipotle has printed original work from writers like Toni Morrison, Jeffrey Eugenides and Barbara Kingsolver on its disposable cups and paper bags. The eyeglass company Warby Parker hosts parties for authors and sells books from 14 independent publishers in its stores.

JetBlue offers around 40 e-books from HarperCollins and Penguin Random House on its free wireless network, allowing passengers to read free samples and buy and download books. JetBlue will start offering 11 digital titles from Simon & Schuster soon. Amtrak recently forged an alliance with Penguin Random House to provide free digital samples from 28 popular titles, which passengers can buy and download over Amtrak’s admittedly spotty wireless service.

Amtrak is becoming an incubator for literary talent in its own right. Last year, it started a residency program, offering writers a free long-distance train trip and complimentary food. More than 16,000 writers applied and 24 made the cut.

Like Amtrak, Rhapsody has found that writers are eager to get onboard. On a rainy spring afternoon, Rhapsody’s editorial staff sat around a conference table discussing the June issue, which will feature an essay by the novelist Hannah Pittard and an unpublished short story by the late Elmore Leonard.

“Do you have that photo of Elmore Leonard? Can I see it?” Mr. Heller, the editor in chief, asked Rhapsody’s design director, Christos Hannides. Mr. Hannides slid it across the table and noted that they also had a photograph of cowboy spurs. “It’s very simple; it won’t take away from the literature,” he said.

Rhapsody’s office, an open space with exposed pipes and a vaulted brick ceiling, sits in Dumbo at the epicenter of literary Brooklyn, in the same converted tea warehouse as the literary journal N+1 and the digital publisher Atavist. Two of the magazine’s seven staff members hold graduate degrees in creative writing. Mr. Manning, the executive editor, has published a memoir and edited five literary anthologies.

Mr. Manning said Rhapsody was conceived from the start as a place for literary novelists to write with voice and style, and nobody had been put off that their work would live in plane cabins and airport lounges.

Still, some contributors say they wish the magazine were more widely circulated.

“I would love it if I could read it,” said Ms. Schappell, a Brooklyn-based novelist who wrote a feature story for Rhapsody’s inaugural issue. “But I never fly first class.”

Rhapsody, a Lofty Literary Journal, Perused at 39,000 Feet

Fullmer, who reigned when fight clubs abounded and Friday night fights were a television staple, was known for his title bouts with Sugar Ray Robinson and Carmen Basilio.

Gene Fullmer, a Brawling Middleweight Champion, Dies at 83

Since a white police officer, Darren Wilson fatally shot unarmed black teenager, Michael Brown, in a confrontation last August in Ferguson, Mo., there have been many other cases in which the police have shot and killed suspects, some of them unarmed. Mr. Brown's death set off protests throughout the country, pushing law enforcement into the spotlight and sparking a public debate on police tactics. Here is a selection of police shootings that have been reported by news organizations since Mr. Brown's death. In some cases, investigations are continuing.

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The apartment complex northeast of Atlanta where Anthony Hill, 27, was fatally shot by a DeKalb County police officer. Credit Ben Gray/Atlanta Journal Constitution

Chamblee, Ga.
Fatal Police Shootings: Accounts Since Ferguson

Mr. Pfaff was an international affairs columnist and author who found Washington’s intervention in world affairs often misguided.

William Pfaff, Critic of American Foreign Policy, Dies at 86

At the National Institutes of Health, Dr. Suzman’s signature accomplishment was the central role he played in creating a global network of surveys on aging.

Richard Suzman, 72, Dies; Researcher Influenced Global Surveys on Aging

Mr. Paczynski was one of the concentration camp’s longest surviving inmates and served as the personal barber to its Nazi commandant Rudolf Höss.

Jozef Paczynski, Inmate Barber to Auschwitz Commandant, Dies at 95

Hired in 1968, a year before their first season, Mr. Fanning spent 25 years with the team, managing them to their only playoff appearance in Canada.

Jim Fanning, 87, Dies; Lifted Baseball in Canada With Expos

A former member of the Boston Symphony Orchestra, Mr. Smedvig helped found the wide-ranging Empire Brass quintet.

Rolf Smedvig, Trumpeter in the Empire Brass, Dies at 62

Ms. Plisetskaya, renowned for her fluidity of movement, expressive acting and willful personality, danced on the Bolshoi stage well into her 60s, but her life was shadowed by Stalinism.

Maya Plisetskaya, Ballerina Who Embodied Bolshoi, Dies at 89

Even as a high school student, Dave Goldberg was urging female classmates to speak up. As a young dot-com executive, he had one girlfriend after another, but fell hard for a driven friend named Sheryl Sandberg, pining after her for years. After they wed, Mr. Goldberg pushed her to negotiate hard for high compensation and arranged his schedule so that he could be home with their children when she was traveling for work.

Mr. Goldberg, who died unexpectedly on Friday, was a genial, 47-year-old Silicon Valley entrepreneur who built his latest company, SurveyMonkey, from a modest enterprise to one recently valued by investors at $2 billion. But he was also perhaps the signature male feminist of his era: the first major chief executive in memory to spur his wife to become as successful in business as he was, and an essential figure in “Lean In,” Ms. Sandberg’s blockbuster guide to female achievement.

Over the weekend, even strangers were shocked at his death, both because of his relatively young age and because they knew of him as the living, breathing, car-pooling center of a new philosophy of two-career marriage.

“They were very much the role models for what this next generation wants to grapple with,” said Debora L. Spar, the president of Barnard College. In a 2011 commencement speech there, Ms. Sandberg told the graduates that whom they married would be their most important career decision.

In the play “The Heidi Chronicles,” revived on Broadway this spring, a male character who is the founder of a media company says that “I don’t want to come home to an A-plus,” explaining that his ambitions require him to marry an unthreatening helpmeet. Mr. Goldberg grew up to hold the opposite view, starting with his upbringing in progressive Minneapolis circles where “there was woman power in every aspect of our lives,” Jeffrey Dachis, a childhood friend, said in an interview.

The Goldberg parents read “The Feminine Mystique” together — in fact, Mr. Goldberg’s father introduced it to his wife, according to Ms. Sandberg’s book. In 1976, Paula Goldberg helped found a nonprofit to aid children with disabilities. Her husband, Mel, a law professor who taught at night, made the family breakfast at home.

Later, when Dave Goldberg was in high school and his prom date, Jill Chessen, stayed silent in a politics class, he chastised her afterward. He said, “You need to speak up,” Ms. Chessen recalled in an interview. “They need to hear your voice.”

Years later, when Karin Gilford, an early employee at Launch Media, Mr. Goldberg’s digital music company, became a mother, he knew exactly what to do. He kept giving her challenging assignments, she recalled, but also let her work from home one day a week. After Yahoo acquired Launch, Mr. Goldberg became known for distributing roses to all the women in the office on Valentine’s Day.

Ms. Sandberg, who often describes herself as bossy-in-a-good-way, enchanted him when they became friendly in the mid-1990s. He “was smitten with her,” Ms. Chessen remembered. Ms. Sandberg was dating someone else, but Mr. Goldberg still hung around, even helping her and her then-boyfriend move, recalled Bob Roback, a friend and co-founder of Launch. When they finally married in 2004, friends remember thinking how similar the two were, and that the qualities that might have made Ms. Sandberg intimidating to some men drew Mr. Goldberg to her even more.

Over the next decade, Mr. Goldberg and Ms. Sandberg pioneered new ways of capturing information online, had a son and then a daughter, became immensely wealthy, and hashed out their who-does-what-in-this-marriage issues. Mr. Goldberg’s commute from the Bay Area to Los Angeles became a strain, so he relocated, later joking that he “lost the coin flip” of where they would live. He paid the bills, she planned the birthday parties, and both often left their offices at 5:30 so they could eat dinner with their children before resuming work afterward.

Friends in Silicon Valley say they were careful to conduct their careers separately, politely refusing when outsiders would ask one about the other’s work: Ms. Sandberg’s role building Facebook into an information and advertising powerhouse, and Mr. Goldberg at SurveyMonkey, which made polling faster and cheaper. But privately, their work was intertwined. He often began statements to his team with the phrase “Well, Sheryl said” sharing her business advice. He counseled her, too, starting with her salary negotiations with Mark Zuckerberg.

“I wanted Mark to really feel he stretched to get Sheryl, because she was worth it,” Mr. Goldberg explained in a 2013 “60 Minutes” interview, his Minnesota accent and his smile intact as he offered a rare peek of the intersection of marriage and money at the top of corporate life.

 

 

While his wife grew increasingly outspoken about women’s advancement, Mr. Goldberg quietly advised the men in the office on family and partnership matters, an associate said. Six out of 16 members of SurveyMonkey’s management team are female, an almost unheard-of ratio among Silicon Valley “unicorns,” or companies valued at over $1 billion.

When Mellody Hobson, a friend and finance executive, wrote a chapter of “Lean In” about women of color for the college edition of the book, Mr. Goldberg gave her feedback on the draft, a clue to his deep involvement. He joked with Ms. Hobson that she was too long-winded, like Ms. Sandberg, but aside from that, he said he loved the chapter, she said in an interview.

By then, Mr. Goldberg was a figure of fascination who inspired a “where can I get one of those?” reaction among many of the women who had read the best seller “Lean In.” Some lamented that Ms. Sandberg’s advice hinged too much on marrying a Dave Goldberg, who was humble enough to plan around his wife, attentive enough to worry about which shoes his young daughter would wear, and rich enough to help pay for the help that made the family’s balancing act manageable.

Now that he is gone, and Ms. Sandberg goes from being half of a celebrated partnership to perhaps the business world’s most prominent single mother, the pages of “Lean In” carry a new sting of loss.

“We are never at 50-50 at any given moment — perfect equality is hard to define or sustain — but we allow the pendulum to swing back and forth between us,” she wrote in 2013, adding that they were looking forward to raising teenagers together.

“Fortunately, I have Dave to figure it out with me,” she wrote.

Dave Goldberg Was Lifelong Women’s Advocate

With 12 tournament victories in his career, Mr. Peete was the most successful black professional golfer before Tiger Woods.

Calvin Peete, 71, a Racial Pioneer on the PGA Tour, Is Dead

WASHINGTON — The former deputy director of the C.I.A. asserts in a forthcoming book that Republicans, in their eagerness to politicize the killing of the American ambassador to Libya, repeatedly distorted the agency’s analysis of events. But he also argues that the C.I.A. should get out of the business of providing “talking points” for administration officials in national security events that quickly become partisan, as happened after the Benghazi attack in 2012.

The official, Michael J. Morell, dismisses the allegation that the United States military and C.I.A. officers “were ordered to stand down and not come to the rescue of their comrades,” and he says there is “no evidence” to support the charge that “there was a conspiracy between C.I.A. and the White House to spin the Benghazi story in a way that would protect the political interests of the president and Secretary Clinton,” referring to the secretary of state at the time, Hillary Rodham Clinton.

But he also concludes that the White House itself embellished some of the talking points provided by the Central Intelligence Agency and had blocked him from sending an internal study of agency conclusions to Congress.

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Michael J. Morell Credit Mark Wilson/Getty Images

“I finally did so without asking,” just before leaving government, he writes, and after the White House released internal emails to a committee investigating the State Department’s handling of the issue.

A lengthy congressional investigation remains underway, one that many Republicans hope to use against Mrs. Clinton in the 2016 election cycle.

In parts of the book, “The Great War of Our Time” (Twelve), Mr. Morell praises his C.I.A. colleagues for many successes in stopping terrorist attacks, but he is surprisingly critical of other C.I.A. failings — and those of the National Security Agency.

Soon after Mr. Morell retired in 2013 after 33 years in the agency, President Obama appointed him to a commission reviewing the actions of the National Security Agency after the disclosures of Edward J. Snowden, a former intelligence contractor who released classified documents about the government’s eavesdropping abilities. Mr. Morell writes that he was surprised by what he found.

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“You would have thought that of all the government entities on the planet, the one least vulnerable to such grand theft would have been the N.S.A.,” he writes. “But it turned out that the N.S.A. had left itself vulnerable.”

He concludes that most Wall Street firms had better cybersecurity than the N.S.A. had when Mr. Snowden swept information from its systems in 2013. While he said he found himself “chagrined by how well the N.S.A. was doing” compared with the C.I.A. in stepping up its collection of data on intelligence targets, he also sensed that the N.S.A., which specializes in electronic spying, was operating without considering the implications of its methods.

“The N.S.A. had largely been collecting information because it could, not necessarily in all cases because it should,” he says.

The book is to be released next week.

Mr. Morell was a career analyst who rose through the ranks of the agency, and he ended up in the No. 2 post. He served as President George W. Bush’s personal intelligence briefer in the first months of his presidency — in those days, he could often be spotted at the Starbucks in Waco, Tex., catching up on his reading — and was with him in the schoolhouse in Florida on the morning of Sept. 11, 2001, when the Bush presidency changed in an instant.

Mr. Morell twice took over as acting C.I.A. director, first when Leon E. Panetta was appointed secretary of defense and then when retired Gen. David H. Petraeus resigned over an extramarital affair with his biographer, a relationship that included his handing her classified notes of his time as America’s best-known military commander.

Mr. Morell says he first learned of the affair from Mr. Petraeus only the night before he resigned, and just as the Benghazi events were turning into a political firestorm. While praising Mr. Petraeus, who had told his deputy “I am very lucky” to run the C.I.A., Mr. Morell writes that “the organization did not feel the same way about him.” The former general “created the impression through the tone of his voice and his body language that he did not want people to disagree with him (which was not true in my own interaction with him),” he says.

But it is his account of the Benghazi attacks — and how the C.I.A. was drawn into the debate over whether the Obama White House deliberately distorted its account of the death of Ambassador J. Christopher Stevens — that is bound to attract attention, at least partly because of its relevance to the coming presidential election. The initial assessments that the C.I.A. gave to the White House said demonstrations had preceded the attack. By the time analysts reversed their opinion, Susan E. Rice, now the national security adviser, had made a series of statements on Sunday talk shows describing the initial assessment. The controversy and other comments Ms. Rice made derailed Mr. Obama’s plan to appoint her as secretary of state.

The experience prompted Mr. Morell to write that the C.I.A. should stay out of the business of preparing talking points — especially on issues that are being seized upon for “political purposes.” He is critical of the State Department for not beefing up security in Libya for its diplomats, as the C.I.A., he said, did for its employees.

But he concludes that the assault in which the ambassador was killed took place “with little or no advance planning” and “was not well organized.” He says the attackers “did not appear to be looking for Americans to harm. They appeared intent on looting and conducting some vandalism,” setting fires that killed Mr. Stevens and a security official, Sean Smith.

Mr. Morell paints a picture of an agency that was struggling, largely unsuccessfully, to understand dynamics in the Middle East and North Africa when the Arab Spring broke out in late 2011 in Tunisia. The agency’s analysts failed to see the forces of revolution coming — and then failed again, he writes, when they told Mr. Obama that the uprisings would undercut Al Qaeda by showing there was a democratic pathway to change.

“There is no good explanation for our not being able to see the pressures growing to dangerous levels across the region,” he writes. The agency had again relied too heavily “on a handful of strong leaders in the countries of concern to help us understand what was going on in the Arab street,” he says, and those leaders themselves were clueless.

Moreover, an agency that has always overvalued secretly gathered intelligence and undervalued “open source” material “was not doing enough to mine the wealth of information available through social media,” he writes. “We thought and told policy makers that this outburst of popular revolt would damage Al Qaeda by undermining the group’s narrative,” he writes.

Instead, weak governments in Egypt, and the absence of governance from Libya to Yemen, were “a boon to Islamic extremists across both the Middle East and North Africa.”

Mr. Morell is gentle about most of the politicians he dealt with — he expresses admiration for both Mr. Bush and Mr. Obama, though he accuses former Vice President Dick Cheney of deliberately implying a connection between Al Qaeda and Iraq that the C.I.A. had concluded probably did not exist. But when it comes to the events leading up to the Bush administration’s decision to go to war in Iraq, he is critical of his own agency.

Mr. Morell concludes that the Bush White House did not have to twist intelligence on Saddam Hussein’s alleged effort to rekindle the country’s work on weapons of mass destruction.

“The view that hard-liners in the Bush administration forced the intelligence community into its position on W.M.D. is just flat wrong,” he writes. “No one pushed. The analysts were already there and they had been there for years, long before Bush came to office.”

Ex-C.I.A. Official Rebuts Republican Claims on Benghazi Attack in ‘The Great War of Our Time’

As he reflected on the festering wounds deepened by race and grievance that have been on painful display in America’s cities lately, President Obama on Monday found himself thinking about a young man he had just met named Malachi.

A few minutes before, in a closed-door round-table discussion at Lehman College in the Bronx, Mr. Obama had asked a group of black and Hispanic students from disadvantaged backgrounds what could be done to help them reach their goals. Several talked about counseling and guidance programs.

“Malachi, he just talked about — we should talk about love,” Mr. Obama told a crowd afterward, drifting away from his prepared remarks. “Because Malachi and I shared the fact that our dad wasn’t around and that sometimes we wondered why he wasn’t around and what had happened. But really, that’s what this comes down to is: Do we love these kids?”

Many presidents have governed during times of racial tension, but Mr. Obama is the first to see in the mirror a face that looks like those on the other side of history’s ledger. While his first term was consumed with the economy, war and health care, his second keeps coming back to the societal divide that was not bridged by his election. A president who eschewed focusing on race now seems to have found his voice again as he thinks about how to use his remaining time in office and beyond.

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Obama Speaks of a ‘Sense of Unfairness’

Obama Speaks of a ‘Sense of Unfairness’

At an event announcing the creation of a nonprofit focusing on young minority men, President Obama talked about the underlying reasons for recent protests in Baltimore and other cities.

By Associated Press on Publish Date May 4, 2015. Photo by Stephen Crowley/The New York Times.

In the aftermath of racially charged unrest in places like Baltimore, Ferguson, Mo., and New York, Mr. Obama came to the Bronx on Monday for the announcement of a new nonprofit organization that is being spun off from his White House initiative called My Brother’s Keeper. Staked by more than $80 million in commitments from corporations and other donors, the new group, My Brother’s Keeper Alliance, will in effect provide the nucleus for Mr. Obama’s post-presidency, which will begin in January 2017.

“This will remain a mission for me and for Michelle not just for the rest of my presidency but for the rest of my life,” Mr. Obama said. “And the reason is simple,” he added. Referring to some of the youths he had just met, he said: “We see ourselves in these young men. I grew up without a dad. I grew up lost sometimes and adrift, not having a sense of a clear path. The only difference between me and a lot of other young men in this neighborhood and all across the country is that I grew up in an environment that was a little more forgiving.”

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Organizers said the new alliance already had financial pledges from companies like American Express, Deloitte, Discovery Communications and News Corporation. The money will be used to help companies address obstacles facing young black and Hispanic men, provide grants to programs for disadvantaged youths, and help communities aid their populations.

Joe Echevarria, a former chief executive of Deloitte, the accounting and consulting firm, will lead the alliance, and among those on its leadership team or advisory group are executives at PepsiCo, News Corporation, Sprint, BET and Prudential Group Insurance; former Secretary of State Colin L. Powell; Senator Cory Booker, Democrat of New Jersey; former Attorney General Eric H. Holder Jr.; the music star John Legend; the retired athletes Alonzo Mourning, Jerome Bettis and Shaquille O’Neal; and the mayors of Indianapolis, Sacramento and Philadelphia.

The alliance, while nominally independent of the White House, may face some of the same questions confronting former Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton as she begins another presidential campaign. Some of those donating to the alliance may have interests in government action, and skeptics may wonder whether they are trying to curry favor with the president by contributing.

“The Obama administration will have no role in deciding how donations are screened and what criteria they’ll set at the alliance for donor policies, because it’s an entirely separate entity,” Josh Earnest, the White House press secretary, told reporters on Air Force One en route to New York. But he added, “I’m confident that the members of the board are well aware of the president’s commitment to transparency.”

The alliance was in the works before the disturbances last week after the death of Freddie Gray, the black man who suffered fatal injuries while in police custody in Baltimore, but it reflected the evolution of Mr. Obama’s presidency. For him, in a way, it is coming back to issues that animated him as a young community organizer and politician. It was his own struggle with race and identity, captured in his youthful memoir, “Dreams From My Father,” that stood him apart from other presidential aspirants.

But that was a side of him that he kept largely to himself through the first years of his presidency while he focused on other priorities like turning the economy around, expanding government-subsidized health care and avoiding electoral land mines en route to re-election.

After securing a second term, Mr. Obama appeared more emboldened. Just a month after his 2013 inauguration, he talked passionately about opportunity and race with a group of teenage boys in Chicago, a moment aides point to as perhaps the first time he had spoken about these issues in such a personal, powerful way as president. A few months later, he publicly lamented the death of Trayvon Martin, a black Florida teenager, saying that “could have been me 35 years ago.”

Photo
 
President Obama on Monday with Darinel Montero, a student at Bronx International High School who introduced him before remarks at Lehman College in the Bronx. Credit Stephen Crowley/The New York Times

That case, along with public ruptures of anger over police shootings in Ferguson and elsewhere, have pushed the issue of race and law enforcement onto the public agenda. Aides said they imagined that with his presidency in its final stages, Mr. Obama might be thinking more about what comes next and causes he can advance as a private citizen.

That is not to say that his public discussion of these issues has been universally welcomed. Some conservatives said he had made matters worse by seeming in their view to blame police officers in some of the disputed cases.

“President Obama, when he was elected, could have been a unifying leader,” Senator Ted Cruz of Texas, a Republican candidate for president, said at a forum last week. “He has made decisions that I think have inflamed racial tensions.”

On the other side of the ideological spectrum, some liberal African-American activists have complained that Mr. Obama has not done enough to help downtrodden communities. While he is speaking out more, these critics argue, he has hardly used the power of the presidency to make the sort of radical change they say is necessary.

The line Mr. Obama has tried to straddle has been a serrated one. He condemns police brutality as he defends most officers as honorable. He condemns “criminals and thugs” who looted in Baltimore while expressing empathy with those trapped in a cycle of poverty and hopelessness.

In the Bronx on Monday, Mr. Obama bemoaned the death of Brian Moore, a plainclothes New York police officer who had died earlier in the day after being shot in the head Saturday on a Queens street. Most police officers are “good and honest and fair and care deeply about their communities,” even as they put their lives on the line, Mr. Obama said.

“Which is why in addressing the issues in Baltimore or Ferguson or New York, the point I made was that if we’re just looking at policing, we’re looking at it too narrowly,” he added. “If we ask the police to simply contain and control problems that we ourselves have been unwilling to invest and solve, that’s not fair to the communities, it’s not fair to the police.”

Moreover, if society writes off some people, he said, “that’s not the kind of country I want to live in; that’s not what America is about.”

His message to young men like Malachi Hernandez, who attends Boston Latin Academy in Massachusetts, is not to give up.

“I want you to know you matter,” he said. “You matter to us.”

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