PAKET UMROH BULAN FEBRUARI MARET APRIL MEI 2018




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saco-indonesia.com, Mengunci perangkat mobile dengan menggunakan password, sensor muka, sensor retina atau bahkan sensor sidik jari, mungkin sudah terlalu mainstream. Bagaimana dengan penguncian perangkat mobile dengan gunakan telinga?

Satu inovasi atau terobosan yang juga cukup aneh namun unik dan menarik. Sebuah perusahaan yang bernama Descartes Biometrics dari Amerika Serikat mengklaim telah berhasil kembangkan sistem keamanan perangkat mobile khususnya smartphone yang lain dari biasanya.

Sistem penguncian ini adalah dengan menggunakan telinga. Cara kerjanya pun juga tidak rumit karena pengguna perangkat mobile yang hanya perlu mendekatkan gadgetnya dengan telinga dan membiarkan proses scanning berlangsung.

Bahkan teknologi tersebut juga akan dapat mendeteksi dan scanning bentuk telinga dari beberapa angle. Pengembang teknologi yang disebut pula dengan istilah aplikasi autentifikasi biometrik ini menjelaskan, "Karena setiap telinga manusia telah memiliki bentuk yang cukup unik seperti halnya sidik jari."

Seperti halnya cara kerja di sensor sidik jari, pengguna perangkat mobile hanya perlu 'mendaftarkan' telinganya terlebih dahulu agar dapat di-scan bentuknya dan digunakan sebagai kunci paten gadget yang telah bersangkutan.

Untuk saat ini, aplikasi autentifikasi biometrik yang bernama Ergo ini hanya support dengan perangkat berbasis Android saja. Belum dapat diketahui kapan pengembangnya akan membuat versi untuk gadget lainnya.


Editor : Dian Sukmawati

SISTEM PENGAMANAN ANDROID TERBARU

Jakarta, Saco-Indonesia - Dengan Hujan deras yang mengguyur kawasan hulu Sungai Ciliwung Bogor pagi tadi akan segera berimbas ke bagian hilir yang ada di Jakarta. Debit air dalam jumlah besar diperkirakan akan sampai di ibukota pada sore ini.

Pada pukul 10.00 WIB, bendungan ketinggian air di bendungan Katulampa Bogor menyentuh level Siaga 2 atau 150 cm. Pada pukul 11.00 WIB, ketinggian naik menjadi 160 cm, masih di status yang sama.

Di Depok tinggi muka air menyentuh 260 cm (Siaga 2) pada pukul 12.40 WIB. Naiknya status Siaga 2 di bagian hulu dan tengah Sungai Ciliwung yaitu di Katulampa dan Depok maka diperkirakan akan menyebabkan potensi banjir di bantaran sungai kiri kanan Sungai Ciliwung meliputi Rawajati, Kalibata, Pengadegan, Gang Arus/Cawang, Kebon Baru, Bukit Duri, Bidara Cina, dan Kampung Melayu.

"Warga diimbau untuk selalu waspada banjir yang akan datang sekitar 6 jam kemudian," ujar Kepala Humas BNPB Sutopo Purwo dalam pernyataannya, Jumat (17/1/2014). Dengan kata lain, debit air dalam jumlah besar dari Bogor itu akan sampai ke Jakarta sekitar pukul 18.30 WIB.

Ada pun, kondisi tinggi muka air pada Jum'at (17/01) Pkl. 11.00 wib berdasarkan pantauan Pusdalops BPBD DKI Jakarta:

Katulampa 160 cm/M (siaga 2);
Depok 230 cm/M (siaga 3);
Manggarai 740 cm/G (siaga 4);
Pesanggrahan 100 cm/M (siaga 4);
Angke Hulu 195 cm/M (siaga 3);
Cipinang Hulu 110 cm/M (siaga 4);
Sunter Hulu 65 cm/M (siaga 4);
Pulogadung 535 cm/M (siaga 4);
Karet 480 cm/M (siaga 3);
Waduk Pluit -65 cm/M;
Pasar Ikan 205 cm/M (siaga 4);
Krukut Hulu 80 cm/H (siaga 4)

Kenaikan tinggi muka air Sungai Ciliwung di Depok pada:
pkul 11.10 : 210 cm/M (siaga3)
Pkul 11.20 : 220 cm/M (siaga3)
Pkul 11.30 : 240 cm/M (siaga3)
Pkul 12.40 : 260 cm/M (siaga2)
Pkul 12.45 : 270 cm/M (siaga2)

Sumber : detik.com

Editor : Maulana Lee

Waspada dan Siap-siap! Debit Air dari Bogor Diprediksi Sampai di Jakarta Sore Ini
Ikan mas merupakan jenis ikan konsumsi air tawar, berbadan memanjang pipih kesamping dan lunak. Ikan mas sudah dipelihara sejak tahun 475 sebelum masehi di Cina. Di Indonesia ikan mas mulai dipelihara sekitar tahun 1920. Ikan mas yang terdapat di Indonesia merupakan merupakan ikan mas yang dibawa dari Cina, Eropa, Taiwan dan Jepang. Ikan mas Punten dan Majalaya merupakan hasil seleksi di Indonesia. Sampai saat ini sudah terdapat 10 ikan mas yang dapat diidentifikasi berdasarkan karakteristik morfologisnya. Budidaya ikan mas telah berkembang pesat di kolam biasa, di sawah, waduk, sungai air deras, bahkan ada yang dipelihara dalam keramba di perairan umum Dalam ilmu taksonomi hewan, klasifikasi ikan mas adalah sebagai berikut: Kelas  : Osteichthyes Anak kelas : Actinopterygii Bangsa : Cypriniformes Suku  : Cyprinidae Marga  : Cyprinus Jenis  : Cyprinus carpio L. Saat ini ikan mas mempunyai banyak ras atau stain. Perbedaan sifat dan ciri dari ras disebabkan oleh adanya interaksi antara genotipe dan lingkungan kolam, musim dan cara pemeliharaan yang terlihat dari penampilan bentuk fisik, bentuk tubuh dan warnanya. Adapun ciri-ciri dari beberapa strain ikan mas adalah sebagai berikut: 1)Ikan mas punten: sisik berwarna hijau gelap; potongan badan paling pendek; bagian punggung tinggi melebar; mata agak menonjol; gerakannya gesit; perbandingan antara panjang badan dan tinggi badan antara 2,3:1. 2) Ikan mas majalaya: sisik berwarna hijau keabu-abuan dengan tepi sisik lebih gelap; punggung tinggi; badannya relatif pendek; gerakannya lamban, bila diberi makanan suka berenang di permukaan air; perbandingan panjang badan dengan tinggi badan antara 3,2:1. 3) Ikan mas si nyonya: sisik berwarna kuning muda; badan relatif panjang; mata pada ikan muda tidak menonjol, sedangkan ikan dewasa bermata sipit; gerakannya lamban, lebih suka berada di permukaan air; perbandingan panjang badan dengan tinggi badan antara 3,6:1. 4) Ikan mas taiwan: sisik berwarna hijau kekuning-kuningan; badan relatif panjang; penampang punggung membulat; mata agak menonjol; gerakan lebih gesit dan aktif; perbandingan panjang badan dengan tinggi badan antara 3,5:1. 5) Ikan mas koi: bentuk badan bulat panjang dan bersisisk penuh; warna sisik bermacam-macam seperti putih, kuning, merah menyala, atau kombinasi dari warna-warna tersebut. Beberapa ras koi adalah long tail Indonesian carp, long tail platinm nishikigoi, platinum nishikigoi, long tail shusui nishikigoi, shusi nishikigoi, kohaku hishikigoi, lonh tail hishikigoi, taishusanshoku nshikigoi dan long tail taishusanshoku nishikigoi. Budidaya Ikan Mas di Pandaisikek Budidaya ikan mas di Kenagaraian Pandaisikek masih menggunakan cara tradisonal. Dimana ikan dipelihara di kolam dengan berbagai ukuran sesuai ketersedian lahan. Biasanya kolam berada tidak jauh dari rumah pemilik.Usaha pemeliharan ikan hanya merupakan usaha sampingan, tidak di jumpai di Nagari ini masyarakat yang perekonimoannya ditopang sepenuhnya dari pembudidayaan ikan. Namun demikian pembudidayaan ikan cukup memberi konstribusi terhadap perekonomian pembudidaya karena dapat menghasilkan uang yang lumayan banyak pada sa’at tertentu atau saat panen. Pembudidayaan ikan ini tidak hanya terfokus pada ikan mas saja, dalam satu kolam bisa saja di jumpai jenis ikan lain seperti mujair/gurami, dan beberapa jenis ikan lainya. Ikan dipelihara secara alami yang mana tidak ada diberikan perlakuan khusus seperti pemberian pellet atau pemisahan bibit sesuai umur atau pertumbuhan. Makanan ikan bersumber dari sisa mencuci piring, ampas-ampas dapur, sayur rusak dari panen yang tidak memenuhi standar untuk di jual, kotoran manusia ( karena setip kolam di lengkapi dengan wc yang pembuangannya langsung ke kolam) dan jarang sekali pembudidaya yang member pellet untuk makan ikan peliharaanya. Akan tetapi harus di akui bahwa rasa daging ikan yang dipelihara dengan cara seperti ini jauh lebih enak dan lebih gurih ketimbang ikan yang diberi makan pellet. Air yang digunankan untuk menggenangi kolam bersumber dari air gunung, yaitu Gunung singgalang dan gunung Merapi ditambah dengan sumber dari mata air alam yang di Nagari Pandaisikek serta air buangan dari sawah penduduk. Tiap kolam mempunyai beberapa pembuangan air sesuai kondisi. Secara umum kolam mempunyai tiga pembuangan air. Pembuangan permukaan, bertujuan untuk menjaga ke stabilan tinggi air permukaan,agar  tidak terlalu tinggi dan tidak terlalu rendah. Permukaan air yang terlalu tinggi akan menyebabkan ikan gampang meloncat keluar kolam, sedangkan permukaan yang terlalau rendah akan menyebabkan ikan gampang di mangsa oleh hama seperti anjing dan kucing air (berang-berang). Pembuangan air yang kedua yaitu pembuangan air tengah , berada hampir mendekati dasar kolam, kira-kira se lutut dari dasar kolam. Pembuangan ini berguna untuk pengeringan kolam dan untuk mengurangi air kolam saat panen tiba. Pembuangan air yang ketiga terletak pada dasar kolam, ini berguna saat melakuan pembersihan dasar kolam ketika selesai panen. , menghanyut lumpur dan sampah sampah yang berada di dasar kolam. Panen dilakukan sekali dalam setahun, biasanya pada saat menjelang lebaran Idil Fitri, dimana pada saat itu permintaan pasar akan kebutuhan ikan sangat tinggi. Biasanya panen diserahkan kepada orang yang berprofesi sampingan sebagai tukang panen ikan. Tengah malam atau menjelang subuh tukang panen membuka tutup pembuangan air tengah dengan tujuan mengurangi air kolam sehingga yang tersisa hanya sebatas lutut, dengan demikian proses penangkapan ikan akan lebih mudah di lakukan. Pembuangan air tengah ini bisa dilakukan pengaturan agar air keluar  seimbang dengan air masuk. Setiap kolam memiliki kolam kecil yang terletak di punggang kolam atau posisinya berada sedikit di atas pembuangan air tengah, kolam kecil ini akan terlihat jika permukaan air sejajar dengan pembuangan air tengah. Fungsi kolam kecil ini adalah untuk menampung ikan kecil-kecil (anak ikan) yang dipisahkan saat panen. Panen dimulai setelah selesai sholat subuh atau kira-kira jam 5.30. Satu atau dua orang tukang panen masuk ke kolam dengan membawa alat panen yang disebut “tangguak”. Tangguak disisirkan ke kolam sehingga semua ikan berbagai jenis dan ukuran yang terkena akan masuk ke dalam tangguak. Kemudian tangguak yang sudah penuh ikan dibawa ke pinggir kolam dan selanjutnya dilakukan pemisahan ikan. Pemisahan dilakukan berdasarkan jenis ikan dan ukuran, ada ukuran besar dan ada ukuran sedang. Ikan yang kecil akan di masukan ke dalam kolam kecil (kolam penampung bibit)  yang sudah tersedia dan anak ikan ini akan dijadikan sebagai bibit untuk periode berikutnya. Proses ini dilakukan berulang-ulang sampai ikan yang ada dalam kolam habis. Setelah panen selesai, tahap selanjutnya adalah melakukan pembersihan kolam dari endapan lumpur dan sampah. Untuk itu perlu membuka tutup pembuangan dasar. Sebelum membuka tutup pembuangan dasar dipastikan dulu kalau debet air masuk cukup untuk menghanyutkan lumpur dan sampah. Dengan demikian proses pembuangan endapan lumpur akan lebih cepat dan mudah  dilakukan.  Setelah kolam bersih dari sampah dan endapan lumpur maka lobang pembuangan dasar dan lobang pembuangan tengah ditutup kembali dengan tujuan agar kolam terisi penuh lagi dengan air. Anak ikan (ikan bibit ) yang tadinya berada dalam kolam kecil penampung sementara, secara perlahan akan dapat berenang bebas sejalan dengan terendamnya kolam penampungan bibit tersebut. Jika bibit dirasa kurang dengan ukuran kolam yang ada maka dilakukan penaburan bibit tambahan yang di beli dari luar. Selesai sudah proses panen, pemilik kolam  menunggu sampai tahun depan hingga siap lagi untuk di panen.(EC-1266).MELIRIK BUDIDAYA IKAN DI PANDASIKEK

saco-indonesia.com, Pegawai Bank Mutiara (Bank Century) Michael Chung telah dimintai keterangan oleh penyidik Komisi Pemberantasan Korupsi (KPK).

Dia telah diperiksa untuk dapat mendalami kasus dugaan korupsi pemberian Fasilitas Pinjaman Jangka Pendek (FPJP) dan penetapan Bank Century sebagai bank yang gagal berdampak sistemik.

"Dia telah diperiksa sebagai saksi," kata Kepala Pemberitaan dan publikasi KPK, Priharsa Nugraha saat dikonfirmasi wartawan, Rabu (18/12/2013).

Tak hanya Michael saja , penyidik KPK juga akan memanggil dua orang saksi lain, yaitu dari pihak swasta Wenawat Direktur Macroprudential Departemen pada BI Agusman.

Dalam kasus yang telah merugikan negara senilai Rp6,7 triliun itu, penyidik KPK juga sudah memeriksa puluhan saksi, baik dari kalangan swasta atau pejabat negara, tapi baru satu tersangka yang sudah ditahan oleh penyidik yakni mantan Deputi Bank Indonesia, Budi Mulya.

Bahkan, KPK juga sudah memeriksa mantan Menteri Keuangan (Menkeu) Sri Mulyani di Amerika Serikat (AS) dan Wakil Presiden Boediono di kantornya dalam kapasitasnya sebagai saksi saat menjabat mantan Gubernur Bank Indonesia.


Editor : Dian Sukmawati

PEGAWAI BANK CENTURY DIPERIKSA OLEH KPK

KOMPAS.com - Perhelatan Jakarta Fashion and Food Festival (JFFF) memasuki perhelatan ke-10 tahun ini. Usia satu dekade menandakan kalau perhelatan pekan fashion yang digelar Summarecon Kelapa Gading ini mendapat perhatian cukup besar dan diperhitungkan. Apa saja peragaan busana yang menjanjikan untuk disimak?

Peragaan busana "Sinergy" yang menampilkan tujuh desainer muda berbakat telah membuka parade peragaan busana pada Sabtu (11/5/2013). Dalam peragaan tersebut, Gede Yudi, Erdan, Rasyid Salim, Rini Suwardy, Paula Meliana, Soko Wijanto, dan Wira Krisna, mencoba mengeksplorasi busana wanita dari sisi warna, aplikasi, dan bahan yang digunakan.

Selain "Sinergy", masih ada sembilan peragaan busana lain yang akan berlangsung di JFFF sampai 26 Mei 2013. Selain merayakan kuliner Nusantara, fashion adalah suguhan utama dalam festival ini. Di antara peragaan busana yang dijadwalkan berjalan di runway utama di Ballroom Hotel Harris, berikut 9 di antaranya yang sayang untuk dilewatkan.

1. Mini show APPMI karya desainer Anastasia, Formalhaut Zamel, Lisa Fitria, dan Melia Wijaya, dalam sesi “Fairy Tales”, Minggu (12/5/2013) pukul 15.00.
2. Parade koleksi Nusa Tenggara Barat to Nusa Tenggara Timur oleh Stephanus Hamy, Minggu (12/5/2013) pukul 17.00.
3. Parade desainer IPMI dalam sesi “Kain Negeri”, yang terdiri atas desainer Barli Asmara, Carmanita, Denny Wirawan, Didi Budiardjo, Era Soekamto, Kanaya Tabitha, Liliana Lim, Tri Handoko, Tuty Cholid, Yongki Budisutisna, Senin (13/5/2013) pukul 19.00.
4. JFFF Awards 2013 Feat Cita Tenun Indonesia (CTI) dengan desainer Ari Seputra, Denny Wirawan, Didi Budiardjo, Priyo Oktaviano, dan Sebastian Gunawan, Rabu (15/5/2013), pukul 19.00.
5. Mini show APPMI  kedua dalam “Inorganic Ethnicity”, dengan desainer Misan, Philip Iswardono, Sugeng Waskito, Zainal Songket. Kamis (16/5/2013), pukul 15.00. Mini show APPMI  ketiga dalam “Inmost Mozaic” dengan desainer Elok Rege Napio, Handy Hartono, Jimmy Fei Fei, dan Poppy Dharsono, Kamis (16/5/2013) pukul 17.00.
6. Peragaan Universal (Poetry) M oleh Musa Widyatmodjo. Kamis (16/5/2013) pukul 19.00.
7. Peragaan busana muslim APPMI bertema “Treasure of the Sea”, dengan para desainer Alisa Listiawaty, Dian Pelangi, Jeny Tjahyawati, Lia Afif, Tuty Adib, Jumat (17/5/2013) pukul 15.00.
8. Peragaan koleksi ”Classic Blossom” oleh Defrico Audy dan Malik Moestaram. Jumat (17/5/2013) pukul 17.00.
9. Desainer Anne Avantie akan membawakan “Ramli dalam Kenangan” pada Jumat (17/5/2013) pukul 19.00.

Editor :Liwon Maulana
Sumber:Kompas.com
9 Peragaan Busana Penting di JFFF

HOBART, Tasmania — Few places seem out of reach for China’s leader, Xi Jinping, who has traveled from European capitals to obscure Pacific and Caribbean islands in pursuit of his nation’s strategic interests.

So perhaps it was not surprising when he turned up last fall in this city on the edge of the Southern Ocean to put down a long-distance marker in another faraway region, Antarctica, 2,000 miles south of this Australian port.

Standing on the deck of an icebreaker that ferries Chinese scientists from this last stop before the frozen continent, Mr. Xi pledged that China would continue to expand in one of the few places on earth that remain unexploited by humans.

He signed a five-year accord with the Australian government that allows Chinese vessels and, in the future, aircraft to resupply for fuel and food before heading south. That will help secure easier access to a region that is believed to have vast oil and mineral resources; huge quantities of high-protein sea life; and for times of possible future dire need, fresh water contained in icebergs.

It was not until 1985, about seven decades after Robert Scott and Roald Amundsen raced to the South Pole, that a team representing Beijing hoisted the Chinese flag over the nation’s first Antarctic research base, the Great Wall Station on King George Island.

But now China seems determined to catch up. As it has bolstered spending on Antarctic research, and as the early explorers, especially the United States and Australia, confront stagnant budgets, there is growing concern about its intentions.

China’s operations on the continent — it opened its fourth research station last year, chose a site for a fifth, and is investing in a second icebreaker and new ice-capable planes and helicopters — are already the fastest growing of the 52 signatories to the Antarctic Treaty. That gentlemen’s agreement reached in 1959 bans military activity on the continent and aims to preserve it as one of the world’s last wildernesses; a related pact prohibits mining.

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But Mr. Xi’s visit was another sign that China is positioning itself to take advantage of the continent’s resource potential when the treaty expires in 2048 — or in the event that it is ripped up before, Chinese and Australian experts say.

“So far, our research is natural-science based, but we know there is more and more concern about resource security,” said Yang Huigen, director general of the Polar Research Institute of China, who accompanied Mr. Xi last November on his visit to Hobart and stood with him on the icebreaker, Xue Long, or Snow Dragon.

With that in mind, the polar institute recently opened a new division devoted to the study of resources, law, geopolitics and governance in Antarctica and the Arctic, Mr. Yang said.

Australia, a strategic ally of the United States that has strong economic relations with China, is watching China’s buildup in the Antarctic with a mix of gratitude — China’s presence offers support for Australia’s Antarctic science program, which is short of cash — and wariness.

“We should have no illusions about the deeper agenda — one that has not even been agreed to by Chinese scientists but is driven by Xi, and most likely his successors,” said Peter Jennings, executive director of the Australian Strategic Policy Institute and a former senior official in the Australian Department of Defense.

“This is part of a broader pattern of a mercantilist approach all around the world,” Mr. Jennings added. “A big driver of Chinese policy is to secure long-term energy supply and food supply.”

That approach was evident last month when a large Chinese agriculture enterprise announced an expansion of its fishing operations around Antarctica to catch more krill — small, protein-rich crustaceans that are abundant in Antarctic waters.

“The Antarctic is a treasure house for all human beings, and China should go there and share,” Liu Shenli, the chairman of the China National Agricultural Development Group, told China Daily, a state-owned newspaper. China would aim to fish up to two million tons of krill a year, he said, a substantial increase from what it currently harvests.

Because sovereignty over Antarctica is unclear, nations have sought to strengthen their claims over the ice-covered land by building research bases and naming geographic features. China’s fifth station will put it within reach of the six American facilities, and ahead of Australia’s three.

Chinese mappers have also given Chinese names to more than 300 sites, compared with the thousands of locations on the continent with English names.

In the unspoken competition for Antarctica’s future, scientific achievement can also translate into influence. Chinese scientists are driving to be the first to drill and recover an ice core containing tiny air bubbles that provide a record of climate change stretching as far back as 1.5 million years. It is an expensive and delicate effort at which others, including the European Union and Australia, have failed.

In a breakthrough a decade ago, European scientists extracted an ice core nearly two miles long that revealed 800,000 years of climate history. But finding an ice core going back further would allow scientists to examine a change in the earth’s climate cycles believed to have occurred 900,000 to 1.2 million years ago.

China is betting it has found the best location to drill, at an area called Dome A, or Dome Argus, the highest point on the East Antarctic Ice Sheet. Though it is considered one of the coldest places on the planet, with temperatures of 130 degrees below zero Fahrenheit, a Chinese expedition explored the area in 2005 and established a research station in 2009.

“The international community has drilled in lots of places, but no luck so far,” said Xiao Cunde, a member of the first party to reach the site and the deputy director of the Institute for Climate Change at the Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences. “We think at Dome A we will have a straight shot at the one-million-year ice core.”

Mr. Xiao said China had already begun drilling and hoped to find what scientists are looking for in four to five years.

To support its Antarctic aspirations, China is building a sophisticated $300 million icebreaker that is expected to be ready in a few years, said Xia Limin, deputy director of the Chinese Arctic and Antarctic Administration in Beijing. It has also bought a high-tech fixed-wing aircraft, outfitted in the United States, for taking sensitive scientific soundings from the ice.

China has chosen the site for its fifth research station at Inexpressible Island, named by a group of British explorers who were stranded at the desolate site in 1912 and survived the winter by excavating a small ice cave.

Mr. Xia said the inhospitable spot was ideal because China did not have a presence in that part of Antarctica, and because the rocky site did not have much snow, making it relatively cheap to build there.

Anne-Marie Brady, a professor of political science at the University of Canterbury in New Zealand and the author of a soon-to-be-released book, “China as a Polar Great Power,” said Chinese scientists also believed they had a good chance of finding mineral and energy resources near the site.

“China is playing a long game in Antarctica and keeping other states guessing about its true intentions and interests are part of its poker hand,” she said. But she noted that China’s interest in finding minerals was presented “loud and clear to domestic audiences” as the main reason it was investing in Antarctica.

Because commercial drilling is banned, estimates of energy and mineral resources in Antarctica rely on remote sensing data and comparisons with similar geological environments elsewhere, said Millard F. Coffin, executive director of the Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies in Hobart.

But the difficulty of extraction in such severe conditions and uncertainty about future commodity prices make it unlikely that China or any country would defy the ban on mining anytime soon.

Tourism, however, is already booming. Travelers from China are still a relatively small contingent in the Antarctic compared with the more than 13,000 Americans who visited in 2013, and as yet there are no licensed Chinese tour operators.

But that is about to change, said Anthony Bergin, deputy director of the Australian Strategic Policy Institute. “I understand very soon there will be Chinese tourists on Chinese vessels with all-Chinese crew in the Antarctic,” he said.

 

Top News China’s Intents Are Questioned as It Builds in Antarctica

Mr. Pfaff was an international affairs columnist and author who found Washington’s intervention in world affairs often misguided.

William Pfaff, Critic of American Foreign Policy, Dies at 86
Joseph Lechleider

Mr. Lechleider helped invent DSL technology, which enabled phone companies to offer high-speed web access over their infrastructure of copper wires.

Joseph Lechleider, a Father of the DSL Internet Technology, Dies at 82

Ms. Turner and her twin sister founded the Love Kitchen in 1986 in a church basement in Knoxville, Tenn., and it continues to provide clothing and meals.

Ellen Turner Dies at 87; Opened Kitchen to Feed the Needy of Knoxville

BALTIMORE — In the afternoons, the streets of Locust Point are clean and nearly silent. In front of the rowhouses, potted plants rest next to steps of brick or concrete. There is a shopping center nearby with restaurants, and a grocery store filled with fresh foods.

And the National Guard and the police are largely absent. So, too, residents say, are worries about what happened a few miles away on April 27 when, in a space of hours, parts of this city became riot zones.

“They’re not our reality,” Ashley Fowler, 30, said on Monday at the restaurant where she works. “They’re not what we’re living right now. We live in, not to be racist, white America.”

As Baltimore considers its way forward after the violent unrest brought by the death of Freddie Gray, a 25-year-old black man who died of injuries he suffered while in police custody, residents in its predominantly white neighborhoods acknowledge that they are sometimes struggling to understand what beyond Mr. Gray’s death spurred the turmoil here. For many, the poverty and troubled schools of gritty West Baltimore are distant troubles, glimpsed only when they pass through the area on their way somewhere else.

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Officers blocked traffic at Pennsylvania and West North Avenues after reports that a gun was discharged in the area. Credit Drew Angerer for The New York Times

And so neighborhoods of Baltimore are facing altogether different reckonings after Mr. Gray’s death. In mostly black communities like Sandtown-Winchester, where some of the most destructive rioting played out last week, residents are hoping businesses will reopen and that the police will change their strategies. But in mostly white areas like Canton and Locust Point, some residents wonder what role, if any, they should play in reimagining stretches of Baltimore where they do not live.

“Most of the people are kind of at a loss as to what they’re supposed to do,” said Dr. Richard Lamb, a dentist who has practiced in the same Locust Point office for nearly 39 years. “I listen to the news reports. I listen to the clergymen. I listen to the facts of the rampant unemployment and the lack of opportunities in the area. Listen, I pay my taxes. Exactly what can I do?”

And in Canton, where the restaurants have clever names like Nacho Mama’s and Holy Crepe Bakery and Café, Sara Bahr said solutions seemed out of reach for a proudly liberal city.

“I can only imagine how frustrated they must be,” said Ms. Bahr, 36, a nurse who was out with her 3-year-old daughter, Sally. “I just wish I knew how to solve poverty. I don’t know what to do to make it better.”

The day of unrest and the overwhelmingly peaceful demonstrations that followed led to hundreds of arrests, often for violations of the curfew imposed on the city for five consecutive nights while National Guard soldiers patrolled the streets. Although there were isolated instances of trouble in Canton, the neighborhood association said on its website, many parts of southeast Baltimore were physically untouched by the tumult.

Tensions in the city bubbled anew on Monday after reports that the police had wounded a black man in Northwest Baltimore. The authorities denied those reports and sent officers to talk with the crowds that gathered while other officers clutching shields blocked traffic at Pennsylvania and West North Avenues.

Lt. Col. Melvin Russell, a community police officer, said officers had stopped a man suspected of carrying a handgun and that “one of those rounds was spent.”

Colonel Russell said officers had not opened fire, “so we couldn’t have shot him.”

Photo
 
Lambi Vasilakopoulos, right, who runs a casual restaurant in Canton, said he was incensed by last week's looting and predicted tensions would worsen. Credit Drew Angerer for The New York Times

The colonel said the man had not been injured but was taken to a hospital as a precaution. Nearby, many people stood in disbelief, despite the efforts by the authorities to quash reports they described as “unfounded.”

Monday’s episode was a brief moment in a larger drama that has yielded anger and confusion. Although many people said they were familiar with accounts of the police harassing or intimidating residents, many in Canton and Locust Point said they had never experienced it themselves. When they watched the unrest, which many protesters said was fueled by feelings that they lived only on Baltimore’s margins, even those like Ms. Bahr who were pained by what they saw said they could scarcely comprehend the emotions associated with it.

But others, like Lambi Vasilakopoulos, who runs a casual restaurant in Canton, said they were incensed by what unfolded last week.

“What happened wasn’t called for. Protests are one thing; looting is another thing,” he said, adding, “We’re very frustrated because we’re the ones who are going to pay for this.”

There were pockets of optimism, though, that Baltimore would enter a period of reconciliation.

“I’m just hoping for peace,” Natalie Boies, 53, said in front of the Locust Point home where she has lived for 50 years. “Learn to love each other; be patient with each other; find justice; and care.”

A skeptical Mr. Vasilakopoulos predicted tensions would worsen.

“It cannot be fixed,” he said. “It’s going to get worse. Why? Because people don’t obey the laws. They don’t want to obey them.”

But there were few fears that the violence that plagued West Baltimore last week would play out on these relaxed streets. The authorities, Ms. Fowler said, would make sure of that.

“They kept us safe here,” she said. “I didn’t feel uncomfortable when I was in my house three blocks away from here. I knew I was going to be O.K. because I knew they weren’t going to let anyone come and loot our properties or our businesses or burn our cars.”

Baltimore Residents Away From Turmoil Consider Their Role

The career criminals in genre novels don’t have money problems. If they need some, they just go out and steal it. But such financial transactions can backfire, which is what happened back in 2004 when the Texas gang in Michael

Take the Money and Run

Judge Patterson helped to protect the rights of Attica inmates after the prison riot in 1971 and later served on the Federal District Court in Manhattan.

Robert Patterson Jr., Lawyer and Judge Who Fought for the Accused, Dies at 91
Photo
 
Many bodies prepared for cremation last week in Kathmandu were of young men from Gongabu, a common stopover for Nepali migrant workers headed overseas. Credit Daniel Berehulak for The New York Times

KATHMANDU, Nepal — When the dense pillar of smoke from cremations by the Bagmati River was thinning late last week, the bodies were all coming from Gongabu, a common stopover for Nepali migrant workers headed overseas, and they were all of young men.

Hindu custom dictates that funeral pyres should be lighted by the oldest son of the deceased, but these men were too young to have sons, so they were burned by their brothers or fathers. Sukla Lal, a maize farmer, made a 14-hour journey by bus to retrieve the body of his 19-year-old son, who had been on his way to the Persian Gulf to work as a laborer.

“He wanted to live in the countryside, but he was compelled to leave by poverty,” Mr. Lal said, gazing ahead steadily as his son’s remains smoldered. “He told me, ‘You can live on your land, and I will come up with money, and we will have a happy family.’ ”

Weeks will pass before the authorities can give a complete accounting of who died in the April 25 earthquake, but it is already clear that Nepal cannot afford the losses. The countryside was largely stripped of its healthy young men even before the quake, as they migrated in great waves — 1,500 a day by some estimates — to work as laborers in India, Malaysia or one of the gulf nations, leaving many small communities populated only by elderly parents, women and children. Economists say that at some times of the year, one-quarter of Nepal’s population is working outside the country.

Nepal’s Young Men, Lost to Migration, Then a Quake

A former member of the Boston Symphony Orchestra, Mr. Smedvig helped found the wide-ranging Empire Brass quintet.

Rolf Smedvig, Trumpeter in the Empire Brass, Dies at 62

Gagne wrestled professionally from the late 1940s until the 1980s and was a transitional figure between the early 20th century barnstormers and the steroidal sideshows of today

Verne Gagne, Wrestler Who Grappled Through Two Eras, Dies at 89

Hockey is not exactly known as a city game, but played on roller skates, it once held sway as the sport of choice in many New York neighborhoods.

“City kids had no rinks, no ice, but they would do anything to play hockey,” said Edward Moffett, former director of the Long Island City Y.M.C.A. Roller Hockey League, in Queens, whose games were played in city playgrounds going back to the 1940s.

From the 1960s through the 1980s, the league had more than 60 teams, he said. Players included the Mullen brothers of Hell’s Kitchen and Dan Dorion of Astoria, Queens, who would later play on ice for the National Hockey League.

One street legend from the heyday of New York roller hockey was Craig Allen, who lived in the Woodside Houses projects and became one of the city’s hardest hitters and top scorers.

“Craig was a warrior, one of the best roller hockey players in the city in the ’70s,” said Dave Garmendia, 60, a retired New York police officer who grew up playing with Mr. Allen. “His teammates loved him and his opponents feared him.”

Young Craig took up hockey on the streets of Queens in the 1960s, playing pickup games between sewer covers, wearing steel-wheeled skates clamped onto school shoes and using a roll of electrical tape as the puck.

His skill and ferocity drew attention, Mr. Garmendia said, but so did his skin color. He was black, in a sport made up almost entirely by white players.

“Roller hockey was a white kid’s game, plain and simple, but Craig broke the color barrier,” Mr. Garmendia said. “We used to say Craig did more for race relations than the N.A.A.C.P.”

Mr. Allen went on to coach and referee roller hockey in New York before moving several years ago to South Carolina. But he continued to organize an annual alumni game at Dutch Kills Playground in Long Island City, the same site that held the local championship games.

The reunion this year was on Saturday, but Mr. Allen never made it. On April 26, just before boarding the bus to New York, he died of an asthma attack at age 61.

Word of his death spread rapidly among hundreds of his old hockey colleagues who resolved to continue with the event, now renamed the Craig Allen Memorial Roller Hockey Reunion.

The turnout on Saturday was the largest ever, with players pulling on their old equipment, choosing sides and taking once again to the rink of cracked blacktop with faded lines and circles. They wore no helmets, although one player wore a fedora.

Another, Vinnie Juliano, 77, of Long Island City, wore his hearing aids, along with his 50-year-old taped-up quads, or four-wheeled skates with a leather boot. Many players here never converted to in-line skates, and neither did Mr. Allen, whose photograph appeared on a poster hanging behind the players’ bench.

“I’m seeing people walking by wondering why all these rusty, grizzly old guys are here playing hockey,” one player, Tommy Dominguez, said. “We’re here for Craig, and let me tell you, these old guys still play hard.”

Everyone seemed to have a Craig Allen story, from his earliest teams at Public School 151 to the Bryant Rangers, the Woodside Wings, the Woodside Blues and more.

Mr. Allen, who became a yellow-cab driver, was always recruiting new talent. He gained the nickname Cabby for his habit of stopping at playgrounds all over the city to scout players.

Teams were organized around neighborhoods and churches, and often sponsored by local bars. Mr. Allen, for one, played for bars, including Garry Owen’s and on the Fiddler’s Green Jokers team in Inwood, Manhattan.

Play was tough and fights were frequent.

“We were basically street gangs on skates,” said Steve Rogg, 56, a mail clerk who grew up in Jackson Heights, Queens, and who on Saturday wore his Riedell Classic quads from 1972. “If another team caught up with you the night before a game, they tossed you a beating so you couldn’t play the next day.”

Mr. Garmendia said Mr. Allen’s skin color provoked many fights.

“When we’d go to some ignorant neighborhoods, a lot of players would use slurs,” Mr. Garmendia said, recalling a game in Ozone Park, Queens, where local fans parked motorcycles in a lineup next to the blacktop and taunted Mr. Allen. Mr. Garmendia said he checked a player into the motorcycles, “and the bikes went down like dominoes, which started a serious brawl.”

A group of fans at a game in Brooklyn once stuck a pole through the rink fence as Mr. Allen skated by and broke his jaw, Mr. Garmendia said, adding that carloads of reinforcements soon arrived to defend Mr. Allen.

And at another racially incited brawl, the police responded with six patrol cars and a helicopter.

Before play began on Saturday, the players gathered at center rink to honor Mr. Allen. Billy Barnwell, 59, of Woodside, recalled once how an all-white, all-star squad snubbed Mr. Allen by playing him third string. He scored seven goals in the first game and made first string immediately.

“He’d always hear racial stuff before the game, and I’d ask him, ‘How do you put up with that?’” Mr. Barnwell recalled. “Craig would say, ‘We’ll take care of it,’ and by the end of the game, he’d win guys over. They’d say, ‘This guy’s good.’”

Tribute for a Roller Hockey Warrior

Ms. Crough played the youngest daughter on the hit ’70s sitcom starring David Cassidy and Shirley Jones.

Suzanne Crough, Actress in ‘The Partridge Family,’ Dies at 52

Ms. Pryor, who served more than two decades in the State Department, was the author of well-regarded biographies of the founder of the American Red Cross and the Confederate commander.

Elizabeth Brown Pryor, Biographer of Clara Barton and Robert E. Lee, Dies at 64

Mr. Mankiewicz, an Oscar-nominated screenwriter for “I Want to Live!,” also wrote episodes of television shows such as “Star Trek” and “Marcus Welby, M.D.”

Don Mankiewicz, Screenwriter in a Family Film Tradition, Dies at 93

Mr. Alger, who served five terms from Texas, led Republican women in a confrontation with Lyndon B. Johnson that may have cost Richard M. Nixon the 1960 presidential election.

Bruce Alger, 96, Dies; Led ‘Mink Coat’ Protest Against Lyndon Johnson
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