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SEJARAH PULAU TIDUNG

By  :  Bro Iman

 

Indonesia terkenal dengan ragam budaya dan wisatanya, tak ketinggalan tempat wisata yang berada di daerah jakarta utara ini, tepatnya di suatu pulau dengan nama pulau tidung.Banyak orang berdatangan untuk berwisata ke pulau indah ini, karena keunikan dan keindahan pulau ini, tempat wisata ini tentunya mempunyai sejarah tersendiri, kenapa harus dinamakan pulau tidung.mari kita simak sejarahnya pulau tidung.


Pada Awalnya Pulau Tidung diambil dari nama tempat yang ada di daerah Kalimantan Timur , tepatnya dari desa malinau yaitu "tana tidung"Kok diberi  nama "tidung" kenapa ? karena yang memberi nama pada waktu itu adalah seorang Raja besar dan terkenal di kalimantan waktu itu, dari suku Tidung.

Pada awalnya indonesia masih di jajah oleh kolonial yang bengis dan kejam, siapa yang tidak ingat penjajahan belanda selama 3,5 abad. Yang mana seorang raja ini awalnya diusir oleh kolonial belanda, karena tidak mau diajak untuk bekerjasama dan menjadi anteknya di kalimantan timur ,Hal ini di dasarkan karena ia  seorang raja sekaligus tokoh pahlawan yang tidak ingin di jajah oleh kolonial belanda pada waktu itu. Nama dari Raja pada waktu itu adalah Raja Pandita alias Kaca alias Sapu.

Dalam perjalannanya di usir dari tana tidung, akhirnya raja pandita meneruskan perjalannanya tak tentu arah dan tujuan, mau kemana, ketemu siapa, diliputi rasa bingung yang tak karuan.Sepanjang perjalanan, akhirnya
dia sampai di jepara, setelah itu ia meneruskan perjalanan nya dengan tekad yang mulia ini, akhirnya sampailah ia di pulau terpencil, di pinggiran jakarta, yang sekarang terkenal dengan nama pulau tidung ini.

Hari berganti hari, terus berlalu, hingga berganti bulan dan tahun, yang mana dengan keberadaan raja pandita di pulau tidung itu tidak ada satu orangpun yang tahu kalau dia adalah seorang raja yang pertamakali datang ke pulau tidung itu adalah seorang raja dari kalimantan Timur.Karena raja pandita pergi dari kalimantan timur, tidak membawa gelar sebagai raja, karena waktu itu tidak di dampingi oleh para prajuritnya.Raja pandita pada waktu itu hanya dikenal dengan sebutan "Kaca".
Sampai meninggalnya pun Kaca hanya dikenal sebagai masyarakat biasa yang tidak beda dengan masyarakat lainnya.


Beberapa puluh Tahun kemudian datanglah sekelompok keluarga Raja Pandita dari Kalimantan Timur dan mencari tahu tentang keberadaan raja pandita.Pulau ini mengapa bernama Pulau Tidung? singkat cerita keluarga Raja Pandita dari Kaltim bertemu dengan keluarga Kaca di Pulau Tidung  ketika keluarga Raja Pandita Bertanya kepada keluarga Kaca dan ternyata menurut kelurga Raja Pandita bahwa Kaca adalah nama kecil Raja Pandita sebelum diangkat dari Raja.
dan akhirnya keduanya mengambil kesimpulan bahwa nama Pulau Tidung di beri nama dari Raja Pandita yang berasal dari tanah tidung Kalimantan Timur.

Itulah sejarah singkat tentang keberadaan pulau tidung yang sekarang banyak di kunjungi oleh wisatawan,
baik dari dalam negeri, maupun luar negeri.

Sejarah yang lainnya tentang pulau pulau di sekitar pulau tidung akan saya ceritakan di www.pulautidungjaya.com

 

sumber : http://pulautidungjaya.com

Wisata Pulau Tidung Dan Sejarahnya

saco-indonesia.com,

Tips Cara Mencegah Diabetes

Penyakit yang telah diakibatkan dengan gaya hidup yang kurang sehat ini bisa dapat dicegah dengan merubah gaya hidup yang tidak sehat tersebut, dengan cara mencegah diabetes berikut ini :

Mempertahankan berat badan ideal

Pada sebagian besar orang para penderita diabetes (biasanya tipe 2) telah memiliki kecenderungan berat badan yang lebih. Obesitas atau kelebihan berat dan juga lemak dalam tubuh juga akan dapat meningkatkan risiko terkena diabetes.

Olahraga secara teratur

Seperti manfaat berjalan kaki yang luar biasa namun olahraga simpel ini juga sering malas dilakukan. Olahraga akan dapat mengontrol berat badan dan meningkatkan aliran darah.

Memeriksakan kondisi kesehatan

Mengingat diabetes sering kali terlambat dilakukan penyembuhan nya, sangat dianjurkan untuk dapat mendeteksi penyakit tersebut sejak dini dengan pemeriksaan teratur. Pada seseorang yang telah berusia diatas 40 tahun, seharusnya telah memiliki jadwal rutin untuk pemeriksaan kadar gula darah setiap 3 tahun sekali.


Editor : Dian Sukmawati

CARA MENCEGAH DIABETES SECARA ALAMI

    saco-indonesia.com,

    kau yang di sana
    siapa dirinya
    buatku terpana

    kesan pertama
    sungguh mempesona
    ingan mengenalnya

    *
    di kepalaku
    ada suka yang menggila
    sudikah kamu
    mengenalku mendekati aku

    Reff :
    aku mau tapi malu
    ku suka matamu hidungmu wajahmu
    dan aku mau untuk jadi milikku
      aku mau tapi malu
      ku suka gayamu tingkahku senyummu
      tapi ku malu tuk katakan padanya

    aku yang selalu
    punya sejuta cara
    cara tuk merayu

    tapi yang terjadi
    aku seperti ini
    ku bingung sendiri

    back to * , back to Reff


    aku suka aku mau
    tapi sungguh aku malu
    aku diam aku bingung
    aku harus bagaimana
    oh tuhanku tolong aku
    mengapa aku jadi bodoh
    ku tak tahu kenapa aku
    tiba tiba jadi malu

    ku tak tahu, tak tahu, tak tahu
    ku tak tahu, tak tahu

    back to Reff

    aku mau tapi malu.. ( mau tuk jadi milikku )
    aku mau tapi malu.. ( ku suka tetapi ku malu )
    aku mau.. ( matamu hidungmu wajahmu )
    tapi malu.. ( ku mau tuk jadi milikku )
    aku mau.. ( gayamu senyummu tingkahmu )
    tapi malu.. ( ku suka tetapi ku malu )

    aku mau.. tapi malu

    Editor : dian sukmawati

GITA GUTAWA FEAT MAIA MALU TAPI MAU

saco-indonesia.com, Warga Lampung telah menjadi korban kajahatan pmbiusan di Bogor.  Oleh pelaku, korban telah dibuang di samping Perumahan Tanah Baru Indah RT  02/04 Kelurahan Tanah Baru Kecamatan Bogor Utara Kota Bogor.

Korban pemegang yang bernama Ir Reyi Akmal Yudha Putra, berusia usia 48 tahun. Korban juga merupakan PNS Tanjung Karang Lampung dengan jabatan Kepala Bidang Produksi Perkebunan.

Warga Jalan Wae Umpu Nomor 22 RT 06/01 Kelurahan Paloman Kecamatan Teluk Bitung Utara Bandar Lampung ini juga sempat mendapat pertolongan medis di RS PMI Bbogor.

Saat sadar dari pengaruh hipnotis ia lalu dibawa ke Mapolsek Bogor Utara guna untuk dimintai keterangan.

Kepada polisi, korban telah menuturkan, ia naik mobil sewaan dari bandara Soekarno-Hatta Cengkareng menuju Bogor untuk urusan dinas.

Di jalan, ia telah ditawarkan minuman oleh sopir dan beberapa lelaki yang juga mengaku sebagai penumpang. Tanpa curiga, korban telah menerima air mineral dan meminum. “Saat minum itu dia langsung hilang kesadaran,”kata AKP Indraningtyas, Kapolsek Bogor Utara.

Korban diakui AKP Indraningtyas, juga telah menderita luka pada jidatnya. Luka ini diduga diderita korban, saat dilempar pelaku dari dalam mobil.

“Beberapa pria dalam mobil berbincang dengan korban telah memperkenalkan diri sebagai penumpang dengan tujuan Bogor. Korban yang juga penumpang lalu terlibat pembicaraan. Nggak tahunya pria dalam mobil tersebut , ternyata teman sopir yang jadi pelaku,” paparnya.

Tas serta dompet korban telah dibawa pelaku. Kepada petugas korban juga mengaku, dompet yang berisi sejumlah surat identitas dirinya dan beberapa kartu ATM dan uang jutaan rupiah.

Hasil olah TKP dan keterangan beberapa warga, mereka tidak melihat kejadian secara langsung. Hanya melihat sebuah mobil Avanza yang bergerak dari samping perumahan.

Mobil merek Toyoya ini, sesuai dengan pernyataan korban. “Hanya warga tidak ada yang tahu berapa nomor polisi mobil,” papar AKP Indraningtyas Kamis malam.


Editor : Dian Sukmawati

PNS LAMPUNG KENA BIUS

saco-indonesia.com, Belum lekang ingatan kita beberapa kasus kekerasan yang bermotif politik telah terjadi di Aceh. Kini kekerasan yang berujung merenggut nyawa telah kembali terjadi. Seorang kader Partai Nasional Aceh (PNA), Muhammad Juwanis tewas setelah dianiaya di pos kamling, Kecamatan Kuta Makmur, Kabupaten Aceh Utara.

Korban yang juga merupakan kader dan ketua PNA Kecamatan Kuta Makmur, Kabupaten Aceh Utara sekitar pukul 00.00 WIB keluar rumah untuk membeli rokok. Akan tetapi, nahas telah menimpanya saat tiba di depan pos kamling, dua orang yang tak dikenal langsung menganiaya korban hingga tidak berdaya pada 02.30 WIB dini hari.

"Korban sudah meninggal di rumah sakit," kata Kapolres Lhokseumawe, AKBP Joko Surachmanto saat dihubungi, Kamis (6/2).

Lanjutnya, usai dalam melakukan penganiayaan itu pelaku langsung kabur yang diduga berjumlah dua orang. Sedangkan sejumlah warga yang kemudian mengetahuinya, langsung telah melarikan korban ke rumah sakit, akan tetapi nyawa korban tetap tidak tertolong.

"Kita juga sudah kantongi indentitas pelaku, sekarang sedang kita cari pelaku itu," imbuhnya.

Sementara itu, Juru Bicara (Jubir) PNA Provinsi Aceh, Thamren Ananda melalui BBM menulis meninggalnya Juwanis akibat dikeroyok oleh Zulkifli alias Abu Don Cs yang diduga juga merupakan simpatisan Partai Aceh (PA) sekira pukul 02.30 WIB di Aceh Utara.

"Innalillah wainna Ilaihi Rajiun, telah berpulang kerahmatullah Ketua PNA Kecamatan Kuta Makmur Muhammad Juwanis akibat dikeroyok oleh Zukifli alias Abu Don Cs dari PA, pukul 02.30 WIB semalam," tulis Thamren Ananda.


Editor : Dian Sukmawati

KADER PARTAI LOKAL ACEH TEWAS DIANIAYA

Mr. Haroche was a founder of Liberty Travel, which grew from a two-man operation to the largest leisure travel operation in the United States.

Gilbert Haroche, Builder of an Economy Travel Empire, Dies at 87

Ms. von Furstenberg made her debut in the movies and on the Broadway stage in the early 1950s as a teenager and later reinvented herself as a television actress, writer and philanthropist.

Betsy von Furstenberg, Baroness and Versatile Actress, Dies at 83

Mr. Bartoszewski was given honorary Israeli citizenship for his work to save Jews during World War II and later surprised even himself by being instrumental in reconciling Poland and Germany.

Wladyslaw Bartoszewski, 93, Dies; Polish Auschwitz Survivor Aided Jews

Mr. Pfaff was an international affairs columnist and author who found Washington’s intervention in world affairs often misguided.

William Pfaff, Critic of American Foreign Policy, Dies at 86

Over the last five years or so, it seemed there was little that Dean G. Skelos, the majority leader of the New York Senate, would not do for his son.

He pressed a powerful real estate executive to provide commissions to his son, a 32-year-old title insurance salesman, according to a federal criminal complaint. He helped get him a job at an environmental company and employed his influence to help the company get government work. He used his office to push natural gas drilling regulations that would have increased his son’s commissions.

He even tried to direct part of a $5.4 billion state budget windfall to fund government contracts that the company was seeking. And when the company was close to securing a storm-water contract from Nassau County, the senator, through an intermediary, pressured the company to pay his son more — or risk having the senator subvert the bid.

The criminal complaint, unsealed on Monday, lays out corruption charges against Senator Skelos and his son, Adam B. Skelos, the latest scandal to seize Albany, and potentially alter its power structure.

Photo
 
Preet Bharara, the United States attorney in Manhattan, discussed the case involving Dean G. Skelos and his son, Adam. Credit Eduardo Munoz/Reuters

The repeated and diverse efforts by Senator Skelos, a Long Island Republican, to use what prosecutors said was his political influence to find work, or at least income, for his son could send both men to federal prison. If they are convicted of all six charges against them, they face up to 20 years in prison for each of four of the six counts and up to 10 years for the remaining two.

Senator Kenneth P. LaValle, of Long Island, who serves as chairman of the Republican conference, emerged from a closed-door meeting Monday night to say that conference members agreed that Mr. Skelos should be benefited the “presumption of innocence,” and would stay in his leadership role.

“The leader has indicated he would like to remain as leader,” said Mr. LaValle, “and he has the support of the conference.” The case against Mr. Skelos and his son grew out of a broader inquiry into political corruption by the United States attorney for the Southern District of New York, Preet Bharara, that has already changed the face of the state capital. It is based in part, according to the six-count complaint, on conversations secretly recorded by one of two cooperating witnesses, and wiretaps on the cellphones of the senator and his son. Those recordings revealed that both men were concerned about electronic surveillance, and illustrated the son’s unsuccessful efforts to thwart it.

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Adam Skelos took to using a “burner” phone, the complaint says, and told his father he wanted them to speak through a FaceTime video call in an apparent effort to avoid detection. They also used coded language at times.

At one point, Adam Skelos was recorded telling a Senate staff member of his frustration in not being able to speak openly to his father on the phone, noting that he could not “just send smoke signals or a little pigeon” carrying a message.

The 43-page complaint, sworn out by Paul M. Takla, a special agent for the Federal Bureau of Investigation, outlines a five-year scheme to “monetize” the senator’s official position; it also lays bare the extent to which a father sought to use his position to help his son.

The charges accuse the two men of extorting payments through a real estate developer, Glenwood Management, based on Long Island, and the environmental company, AbTech Industries, in Scottsdale, Ariz., with the expectation that the money paid to Adam Skelos — nearly $220,000 in total — would influence his father’s actions.

Glenwood, one of the state’s most prolific campaign donors, had ties to AbTech through investments in the environmental firm’s parent company by Glenwood’s founding family and a senior executive.

The accusations in the complaint portray Senator Skelos as a man who, when it came to his son, was not shy about twisting arms, even in situations that might give other arm-twisters pause.

Seeking to help his son, Senator Skelos turned to the executive at Glenwood, which develops rental apartments in New York City and has much at stake when it comes to real estate legislation in Albany. The senator urged him to direct business to his son, who sold title insurance.

After much prodding, the executive, Charles C. Dorego, engineered a $20,000 payment to Adam Skelos from a title insurance company even though he did no work for the money. But far more lucrative was a consultant position that Mr. Dorego arranged for Adam Skelos at AbTech, which seeks government contracts to treat storm water. (Mr. Dorego is not identified by name in the complaint, but referred to only as CW-1, for Cooperating Witness 1.)

Senator Skelos appeared to take an active interest in his son’s new line of work. Adam Skelos sent him several drafts of his consulting agreement with AbTech, the complaint says, as well as the final deal that was struck.

“Mazel tov,” his father replied.

Senator Skelos sent relevant news articles to his son, including one about a sewage leak near Albany. When AbTech wanted to seek government contracts after Hurricane Sandy, the senator got on a conference call with his son and an AbTech executive, Bjornulf White, and offered advice. (Like Mr. Dorego, Mr. White is not named in the complaint, but referred to as CW-2.)

The assistance paid off: With the senator’s help, AbTech secured a contract worth up to $12 million from Nassau County, a big break for a struggling small business.

But the money was slow to materialize. The senator expressed impatience with county officials.

Adam Skelos, in a phone call with Mr. White in late December, suggested that his father would seek to punish the county. “I tell you this, the state is not going to do a [expletive] thing for the county,” he said.

Three days later, Senator Skelos pressed his case with the Nassau County executive, Edward P. Mangano, a fellow Republican. “Somebody feels like they’re just getting jerked around the last two years,” the senator said, referring to his son in what the complaint described as “coded language.”

The next day, the senator pursued the matter, as he and Mr. Mangano attended a wake for a slain New York City police officer. Senator Skelos then reassured his son, who called him while he was still at the wake. “All claims that are in will be taken care of,” the senator said.

AbTech’s fortunes appeared to weigh on his son. At one point in January, Adam Skelos told his father that if the company did not succeed, he would “lose the ability to pay for things.”

Making matters worse, in recent months, Senator Skelos and his son appeared to grow wary about who was watching them. In addition to making calls on the burner phone, Adam Skelos said he used the FaceTime video calling “because that doesn’t show up on the phone bill,” as he told Mr. White.

In late February, Adam Skelos arranged a pair of meetings between Mr. White and state senators; AbTech needed to win state legislation that would allow its contract to move beyond its initial stages. But Senator Skelos deemed the plan too risky and caused one of the meetings to be canceled.

In another recorded call, Adam Skelos, promising to be “very, very vague” on the phone, urged his father to allow the meeting. The senator offered a warning. “Right now we are in dangerous times, Adam,” he told him.

A month later, in another phone call that was recorded by the authorities, Adam Skelos complained that his father could not give him “real advice” about AbTech while the two men were speaking over the telephone.

“You can’t talk normally,” he told his father, “because it’s like [expletive] Preet Bharara is listening to every [expletive] phone call. It’s just [expletive] frustrating.”

“It is,” his father agreed.

Dean Skelos, Albany Senate Leader, Aided Son at All Costs, U.S. Says

Judge Patterson helped to protect the rights of Attica inmates after the prison riot in 1971 and later served on the Federal District Court in Manhattan.

Robert Patterson Jr., Lawyer and Judge Who Fought for the Accused, Dies at 91

Mr. Napoleon was a self-taught musician whose career began in earnest with the orchestra led by Chico Marx of the Marx Brothers.

Marty Napoleon, 93, Dies; Jazz Pianist Played With Louis Armstrong
Children playing last week in Sandtown-Winchester, the Baltimore neighborhood where Freddie Gray was raised. One young resident called it “a tough community.”
Todd Heisler/The New York Times

Children playing last week in Sandtown-Winchester, the Baltimore neighborhood where Freddie Gray was raised. One young resident called it “a tough community.”

Hard but Hopeful Home to ‘Lot of Freddies’

Hard but Hopeful Home to ‘Lot of Freddies’

“It was really nice to play with other women and not have this underlying tone of being at each other’s throats.”

ay 4, 2015 ‘Game of Thrones’ Q&A: Keisha Castle-Hughes on the Tao of the Sand Snakes

WASHINGTON — The last three men to win the Republican nomination have been the prosperous son of a president (George W. Bush), a senator who could not recall how many homes his family owned (John McCain of Arizona; it was seven) and a private equity executive worth an estimated $200 million (Mitt Romney).

The candidates hoping to be the party’s nominee in 2016 are trying to create a very different set of associations. On Sunday, Ben Carson, a retired neurosurgeon, joined the presidential field.

Senator Marco Rubio of Florida praises his parents, a bartender and a Kmart stock clerk, as he urges audiences not to forget “the workers in our hotel kitchens, the landscaping crews in our neighborhoods, the late-night janitorial staff that clean our offices.”

Gov. Scott Walker of Wisconsin, a preacher’s son, posts on Twitter about his ham-and-cheese sandwiches and boasts of his coupon-clipping frugality. His $1 Kohl’s sweater has become a campaign celebrity in its own right.

Senator Rand Paul of Kentucky laments the existence of “two Americas,” borrowing the Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.’s phrase to describe economically and racially troubled communities like Ferguson, Mo., and Detroit.

Photo
 
Senator Marco Rubio of Florida praises his parents, a bartender and a Kmart stock clerk. Credit Joe Raedle/Getty Images

“Some say, ‘But Democrats care more about the poor,’ ” Mr. Paul likes to say. “If that’s true, why is black unemployment still twice white unemployment? Why has household income declined by $3,500 over the past six years?”

We are in the midst of the Empathy Primary — the rhetorical battleground shaping the Republican presidential field of 2016.

Harmed by the perception that they favor the wealthy at the expense of middle-of-the-road Americans, the party’s contenders are each trying their hardest to get across what the elder George Bush once inelegantly told recession-battered voters in 1992: “Message: I care.”

Their ability to do so — less bluntly, more sincerely — could prove decisive in an election year when power, privilege and family connections will loom large for both parties.

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Questions of understanding and compassion cost Republicans in the last election. Mr. Romney, who memorably dismissed the “47 percent” of Americans as freeloaders, lost to President Obama by 63 percentage points among voters who cast their ballots for the candidate who “cares about people like me,” according to exit polls.

And a Pew poll from February showed that people still believe Republicans are indifferent to working Americans: 54 percent said the Republican Party does not care about the middle class.

That taint of callousness explains why Senator Ted Cruz of Texas declared last week that Republicans “are and should be the party of the 47 percent” — and why another son of a president, Jeb Bush, has made economic opportunity the centerpiece of his message.

With his pedigree and considerable wealth — since he left the Florida governor’s office almost a decade ago he has earned millions of dollars sitting on corporate boards and advising banks — Mr. Bush probably has the most complicated task making the argument to voters that he understands their concerns.

On a visit last week to Puerto Rico, Mr. Bush sounded every bit the populist, railing against “elites” who have stifled economic growth and innovation. In the kind of economy he envisions leading, he said: “We wouldn’t have the middle being squeezed. People in poverty would have a chance to rise up. And the social strains that exist — because the haves and have-nots is the big debate in our country today — would subside.”

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Who Is Running for President (and Who’s Not)?

Republicans’ emphasis on poorer and working-class Americans now represents a shift from the party’s longstanding focus on business owners and “job creators” as the drivers of economic opportunity.

This is intentional, Republican operatives said.

In the last presidential election, Republicans rushed to defend business owners against what they saw as hostility by Democrats to successful, wealthy entrepreneurs.

“Part of what you had was a reaction to the Democrats’ dehumanization of business owners: ‘Oh, you think you started your plumbing company? No you didn’t,’ ” said Grover Norquist, the conservative activist and president of Americans for Tax Reform.

But now, Mr. Norquist said, Republicans should move past that. “Focus on the people in the room who know someone who couldn’t get a job, or a promotion, or a raise because taxes are too high or regulations eat up companies’ time,” he said. “The rich guy can take care of himself.”

Democrats argue that the public will ultimately see through such an approach because Republican positions like opposing a minimum-wage increase and giving private banks a larger role in student loans would hurt working Americans.

“If Republican candidates are just repeating the same tired policies, I’m not sure that smiling while saying it is going to be enough,” said Guy Cecil, a Democratic strategist who is joining a “super PAC” working on behalf of Hillary Rodham Clinton.

Republicans have already attacked Mrs. Clinton over the wealth and power she and her husband have accumulated, caricaturing her as an out-of-touch multimillionaire who earns hundreds of thousands of dollars per speech and has not driven a car since 1996.

Mr. Walker hit this theme recently on Fox News, pointing to Mrs. Clinton’s lucrative book deals and her multiple residences. “This is not someone who is connected with everyday Americans,” he said. His own net worth, according to The Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, is less than a half-million dollars; Mr. Walker also owes tens of thousands of dollars on his credit cards.

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But showing off a cheap sweater or boasting of a bootstraps family background not only helps draw a contrast with Mrs. Clinton’s latter-day affluence, it is also an implicit argument against Mr. Bush.

Mr. Walker, who featured a 1998 Saturn with more than 100,000 miles on the odometer in a 2010 campaign ad during his first run for governor, likes to talk about flipping burgers at McDonald’s as a young person. His mother, he has said, grew up on a farm with no indoor plumbing until she was in high school.

Mr. Rubio, among the least wealthy members of the Senate, with an estimated net worth of around a half-million dollars, uses his working-class upbringing as evidence of the “exceptionalism” of America, “where even the son of a bartender and a maid can have the same dreams and the same future as those who come from power and privilege.”

Mr. Cruz alludes to his family’s dysfunction — his parents, he says, were heavy drinkers — and recounts his father’s tale of fleeing Cuba with $100 sewn into his underwear.

Gov. Chris Christie of New Jersey notes that his father paid his way through college working nights at an ice cream plant.

But sometimes the attempts at projecting authenticity can seem forced. Mr. Christie recently found himself on the defensive after telling a New Hampshire audience, “I don’t consider myself a wealthy man.” Tax returns showed that he and his wife, a longtime Wall Street executive, earned nearly $700,000 in 2013.

The story of success against the odds is a political classic, even if it is one the Republican Party has not been able to tell for a long time. Ronald Reagan liked to say that while he had not been born on the wrong side of the tracks, he could always hear the whistle. Richard Nixon was fond of reminding voters how he was born in a house his father had built.

“Probably the idea that is most attractive to an average voter, and an idea that both Republicans and Democrats try to craft into their messages, is this idea that you can rise from nothing,” said Charles C. W. Cooke, a writer for National Review.

There is a certain delight Republicans take in turning that message to their advantage now.

“That’s what Obama did with Hillary,” Mr. Cooke said. “He acknowledged it openly: ‘This is ridiculous. Look at me, this one-term senator with dark skin and all of America’s unsolved racial problems, running against the wife of the last Democratic president.”

G.O.P. Hopefuls Now Aiming to Woo the Middle Class
Joseph Lechleider

Mr. Lechleider helped invent DSL technology, which enabled phone companies to offer high-speed web access over their infrastructure of copper wires.

Joseph Lechleider, a Father of the DSL Internet Technology, Dies at 82

Ms. Crough played the youngest daughter on the hit ’70s sitcom starring David Cassidy and Shirley Jones.

Suzanne Crough, Actress in ‘The Partridge Family,’ Dies at 52

Though Robin and Joan Rolfs owned two rare talking dolls manufactured by Thomas Edison’s phonograph company in 1890, they did not dare play the wax cylinder records tucked inside each one.

The Rolfses, longtime collectors of Edison phonographs, knew that if they turned the cranks on the dolls’ backs, the steel phonograph needle might damage or destroy the grooves of the hollow, ring-shaped cylinder. And so for years, the dolls sat side by side inside a display cabinet, bearers of a message from the dawn of sound recording that nobody could hear.

In 1890, Edison’s dolls were a flop; production lasted only six weeks. Children found them difficult to operate and more scary than cuddly. The recordings inside, which featured snippets of nursery rhymes, wore out quickly.

Yet sound historians say the cylinders were the first entertainment records ever made, and the young girls hired to recite the rhymes were the world’s first recording artists.

Year after year, the Rolfses asked experts if there might be a safe way to play the recordings. Then a government laboratory developed a method to play fragile records without touching them.

Audio

The technique relies on a microscope to create images of the grooves in exquisite detail. A computer approximates — with great accuracy — the sounds that would have been created by a needle moving through those grooves.

In 2014, the technology was made available for the first time outside the laboratory.

“The fear all along is that we don’t want to damage these records. We don’t want to put a stylus on them,” said Jerry Fabris, the curator of the Thomas Edison Historical Park in West Orange, N.J. “Now we have the technology to play them safely.”

Last month, the Historical Park posted online three never-before-heard Edison doll recordings, including the two from the Rolfses’ collection. “There are probably more out there, and we’re hoping people will now get them digitized,” Mr. Fabris said.

The technology, which is known as Irene (Image, Reconstruct, Erase Noise, Etc.), was developed by the particle physicist Carl Haber and the engineer Earl Cornell at Lawrence Berkeley. Irene extracts sound from cylinder and disk records. It can also reconstruct audio from recordings so badly damaged they were deemed unplayable.

“We are now hearing sounds from history that I did not expect to hear in my lifetime,” Mr. Fabris said.

The Rolfses said they were not sure what to expect in August when they carefully packed their two Edison doll cylinders, still attached to their motors, and drove from their home in Hortonville, Wis., to the National Document Conservation Center in Andover, Mass. The center had recently acquired Irene technology.

Audio

Cylinders carry sound in a spiral groove cut by a phonograph recording needle that vibrates up and down, creating a surface made of tiny hills and valleys. In the Irene set-up, a microscope perched above the shaft takes thousands of high-resolution images of small sections of the grooves.

Stitched together, the images provide a topographic map of the cylinder’s surface, charting changes in depth as small as one five-hundredth the thickness of a human hair. Pitch, volume and timbre are all encoded in the hills and valleys and the speed at which the record is played.

At the conservation center, the preservation specialist Mason Vander Lugt attached one of the cylinders to the end of a rotating shaft. Huddled around a computer screen, the Rolfses first saw the wiggly waveform generated by Irene. Then came the digital audio. The words were at first indistinct, but as Mr. Lugt filtered out more of the noise, the rhyme became clearer.

“That was the Eureka moment,” Mr. Rolfs said.

In 1890, a girl in Edison’s laboratory had recited:

There was a little girl,

And she had a little curl

Audio

Right in the middle of her forehead.

When she was good,

She was very, very good.

But when she was bad, she was horrid.

Recently, the conservation center turned up another surprise.

In 2010, the Woody Guthrie Foundation received 18 oversize phonograph disks from an anonymous donor. No one knew if any of the dirt-stained recordings featured Guthrie, but Tiffany Colannino, then the foundation’s archivist, had stored them unplayed until she heard about Irene.

Last fall, the center extracted audio from one of the records, labeled “Jam Session 9” and emailed the digital file to Ms. Colannino.

“I was just sitting in my dining room, and the next thing I know, I’m hearing Woody,” she said. In between solo performances of “Ladies Auxiliary,” “Jesus Christ,” and “Dead or Alive,” Guthrie tells jokes, offers some back story, and makes the audience laugh. “It is quintessential Guthrie,” Ms. Colannino said.

The Rolfses’ dolls are back in the display cabinet in Wisconsin. But with audio stored on several computers, they now have a permanent voice.

Ghostly Voices From Thomas Edison’s Dolls Can Now Be Heard

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