PAKET UMROH BULAN FEBRUARI MARET APRIL MEI 2018




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saco-indonesia.com, Polda Metro Jaya akan menggelar operasi penindakan bagi pengendara roda dua di Jalan Layang Non Tol (JLNT) Casablanca. Operasi tersebut digelar akan setelah sosialisasi yang telah dilakukan Kepolisian selama dua pekan terkait bukan diperuntukkannya JLNT bagi pengendara sepeda motor.

"Penindakan tersebut juga sebagai reminder bagi pengendara kembali bahwa JLNT hanya diperuntukkan bagi pengendara roda empat," ujar Kabid Humas Polda Metro Jaya Kombes Pol Rikwanto saat dihubungi, Senin (10/2).

Sementara itu Kasubdit BinGakkum Ditlantas Polda Metro Jaya AKBP Hindarsono telah menambahkan operasi tersebut juga sudah dimulai sejak pukul 07.00 pagi WIB. Namun, hingga satu jam dilaksanakan, belum ada kendaraan roda dua yang masuk ke JLNT.

Petugas berada di turunan JLNT Casablanca yang mengarah ke Tanah Abang tepatnya di depan Citywalk, Jakarta Pusat. "Sejauh ini kendaraan roda dua yang masuk ke JLNT masih nihil," tuturnya.

Hindarsono telah menilai kesadaran masyarakat akan bahayanya pengendara roda dua yang telah melintas di JLNT sudah mulai tumbuh.


Editor : Dian Sukmawati

POLISI RAZIA PEMOTOR YANG MASUK JLNT CASABLANCA

    saco-indonesia.com,

    selalu cerita siapa mantanmu
    yang pernah berikan yang tak ku berikan

    aku bukanlah dirinya, dia bukanlah diriku
    jangan pernah membandingkan aku dan dia
    dan aku akan buktikan ku lebih baik darinya
    cobalah untuk lupakan mantanmu

    selalu (selalu) cerita (cerita) lebihnya mantanmu
    yang pernah berikan yang tak ku berikan

    aku bukanlah dirinya, dia bukanlah diriku
    jangan pernah membandingkan aku dan dia
    dan aku akan buktikan ku lebih baik darinya
    cobalah untuk lupakan, lupakan mantanmu
    lupakan mantanmu (diriku bukanlah dirinya)

    aku bukanlah dirinya, dia bukanlah diriku
    jangan pernah membandingkan aku dan dia
    oh karena ku akan membuktikan ku lebih baik darinya
    cobalah untuk lupakan mantanmu


    Editor : Dian Sukmawati

 

VIDI ALDIANO LUPAKAN MANTAN

Makin banyaknya orang bertransaksi secara online saat ini mulai membuat paradigma baru dalam kehidupan masyarakat. Orang-orang akan semakin mudah berbelanja walaupun penjual dan pembeli tidak saling bertemu secara fisik, tempat merekapun sangat berjauhan. Itulah sebabnya jasa kirim barang semakin di butuhkan terutama oleh para pelaku bisnis ini.

Peluang bisnis dan prospek jasa kirim barang masih sangat bagus dan terus berkembang. Tentu saja bukan hanya orang yang berbisnis online target utama kita, masyarakat umum hingga perusahaan besar sangat membutuhkan bisnis jasa kirim barang ini. Walau begitu, diperlukan riset yang mendalam guna memulai usaha jasa kirim barang.

Ada beberapa hal yang mesti anda lakukan sebelum memulai usaha jasa kirim barang, riset ini juga akan menentukan jenis usaha jasa kirim barang dan jangkauannya.

1. Tentukan daerah operasional dan alat transportasi usaha jasa kirim barang anda.

Bila lokasi usaha anda berada di pusat bisnis kota yang ramai dengan banyak perusahaan, bank, pusat perbelanjaan dan kantor lainnya. Anda juga dapat memilih sepeda motor sebagai sarana transfortasi utama, ruang lingkup daerah operasi anda mungkin akan lebih kecil karena keterbatasan sepeda motor yang tidak dapat mengantar dengan jarak yang jauh dan paket ukuran besar. Namun sepeda motor juga dapat mempercepat pengantaran paket yang dikirim karena pusat bisnis kota adalah daerah macet, memilih sepeda motor sebagai alat transportasi adalah yang terbaik bagi usaha baru.

Bila lokasi usaha anda jauh dari pusat bisnis kota, atau bagi anda yang sudah menguasai pusat bisnis kota. Pilihan menggunakan mobil adalah keharusan, hal ini karena jarak tempuh mobil lebih luas dan paket yang di antar dapat lebih banyak dan ukuran paket yang lebih besar. Semakin luas jangkauan operasi tentu juga akan semakin banyak keuntungan yang di dapat.

2. Tentukan jenis paket layanan yang akan anda antar

Bila lokasi usaha jasa kirim barang anda berada di pusat bisnis kota, anda juga dapat menangani pengiriman surat menyurat, dokumen penting dan paket-paket kecil di dalam kawasan pusat bisnis kota saja. Transfortasi utama yang anda butuhkan adalah sepeda motor. Kuasai dahulu pasar ini sebelum anda memutuskan melebarkan wilayah operasi.

Bila lokasi usaha jasa kiriman barang anda terletak di pinggiran kota, anda juga dapat mengambil semua jenis paket anataran. Mulai dari surat menyurat, dokumen rahasia, paket kecil sampai kargo ukuran besar. Anda juga dapat beroperasi di semua wilayah, tentu dengan dukungan alat transfortasi mobil yang harus anda miliki. Hal ini juga berlaku bagi anda yang sudah menguasai pasar pusat bisnis kota dan ingin melebarkan pelayanan usaha anda.

3. Tentukan tarif layanan yang anda antar

Anda juga harus menentukan besaran tarif yang pas bagi layanan jasa kirim barang anda. Tentunya tarif untuk dapat mengantar surat dengan dokumen rahasia adalah berbeda walaupun ukuran mungkin saja sama, begitu juga paket. Anda juga harus membuat tarif berdasarkan jenis, berat, ukuran dan jarak tempuh antaran paket tersebut.

Anda juga harus menentukan jam operasional, batas kirim barang, biaya tambahan dan layanan lainnya yang ditawarkan. Anda juga harus menentukan jam berapa batas kirim barang yang langsung diantar hari ini atau termasuk antaran esok hari. Ketahui juga tarif dari kompetitor anda diwilayah usaha anda.

4. Promosikan bisnis jasa pengiriman barang anda

Promosi untuk peluang usaha jasa kirim barang adalah suatu keharusan. Buatlah kartu nama dan brosur atau leaflet usaha anda. Bagikan ke kantor kantor di pusat bisnis kota, tempat keramaian atau toko toko di pasar, mal dan disekitar tempat usaha anda. Buat papan nama didepan lokasi usaha, memasang iklan di korandan yelow page.

Anda juga dapat membuat sebuah Website perusahaan yang profesional guna untuk membantu usaha anda secara online. Pastikan website berisi konten berupa daftar tarif, wilayah operasional, waktu pengiriman dan kalau memungkinkan ada traking barang yang sedang diantar.

5. Urus izin usaha agar bisnis anda menjadi resmi

Izin usaha bagi peluang usaha jasa kirim barang merupakan sebuah keharusan juga, hal ini jugs akan dapat meningkatkan kepercayaan dan kredibilitas usaha anda dimata pelanggan. Pelanggan memerlukan kepastian bahwa barang mereka akan sampai sesuai dengan layanan. Anda dapat mengurus Surat izin gangguan, surat izin usaha perdagangan dan perizinan lain yang dibutuhkan di kantor Dinas Perindustrian dan Perdagangan di Daerah Tingkat II atau setingkat dengan Kabupaten atau Kotamadya setempat. Bagi Kabupaten atau kota yang sudah di lengkapi unit pelayanan terpadu bisa mendapatkannya di sana berikut dengan perizinan lainnya.

6. Kerjasama dengan perusahaan jasa kirim barang lain

Adakalanya barang yang hendak anda kirim ternyata telah memiliki tujuan yang jauh, diluar jangkauan dan belum terdapat kantor atau pelayanan ke daerah tersebut. Tentu anda tidak ingin begitu saja menolaknya karena ini adalah peluang bagi anda, apalagi bila itu pelanggan setia anda. Saat ini banyak yang mengajak kerjasama dibidang jasa pengantaran, anda dapat mengambil salah satunya guna melebarkan sayap. Anda juga dapat berkerjasama dengan perusahaan jasa kirim barang terkemuka seperti FedEx, Tiki atau JNE atau Pos Indonesia. Biasanya mereka akan memberikan diskon khusus bagi anda, barang yang anda kirimpun lebih terjamin.

7. Cari pelanggan tetap

Carilah pelanggan tetap, berikan tarif khusus bagi mereka. Anda juga dapat mendatangi kantor kantor atau restauran guna untuk mengurus pengiriman atau delivery barang mereka. Anda juga dapat menempatkan karyawan di tempat pelanggan tetap anda

Selain beberapa hal di atas, anda juga harus memperhatikan kesiapan usaha anda. Perhatikan kualitas pelayanan usaha, kecepatan dan ketepatan pengiriman, dan tentu saja karyawan anda. Pilih karyawan yang mempunyai keinginan untuk membantu. Dalam bidang jasa, kepuasan pelanggan adalah prioritas utama.

 

MAKIN BANYAKNYA ORANG BERTRANSAKSI SECARA ONLINE SAAT INI MULAI MEMBUAT PARADIGMA BARU DALAM KEHIDUPAN MASYARAKAT. ORANG-ORANG AKAN SEMAKIN MUDAH BERBELANJA WALAUPUN PENJUAL DAN PEMBELI TIDAK SALING BERTEMU SECARA FISIK, TEMPAT MEREKAPUN SANGAT BERJAUHAN.

 

Koyo kaki merupakan ramuan herbal yang di buat dengan teknologi mutakhir  dari jepang yang berupa koyo yang ditempelkan pada kaki yang berkhasiat untuk mengeluarkan racun atau toksin yang bersarang di dalam tubuh kita, pemakaian yang efektif hanya membutuhkan waktu satu malam, maka pada pagi hari setelah bangun tidur racun atau toksin akan keluar melalui kaki yan di tandai dengan berubahnya warna koyo kaki tersebut.

Mengapa kita memerlukan koyo kaki untuk mengekuarkan racun dalam tubuh kita?

TOKSIN PADA TUBUH MERUPAKAN PENYEBAB PENYAKIT PADA MANUSIA. JENIS- JENIS PENYAKIT YANG DIALAMI DITENTUKAN OLEH KERUSAKAN YANG DISEBABKAN OLEH RACUN TERSEBUT.  kata DR. HENRY B. BIELER.
RACUN SEBAGAI SUMBER PENYAKIT
toksin ada dimana-mana, Saat ini kita berada dalam suatu masa, di mana bumi tempat kita hidup, telah tercemar oleh racun atau toksin yang sangat berbahaya bagi tubuh kita. Udara yang kita hirup, air yang kita minum, dan makanan yang kita makan, hampir semuanya telah terkontaminasi oleh racun (zat berbahaya) atau toksin.

Setiap hari tubuh manusia tercemar toksin (racun), baik dari sisa hasil metabolisme yang tidak diharapkan, maupun dari luar tubuh manusia, melalui makanan, minuman, dan udara.

Semakin banyak polusi udara di lingkungan dan semakin banyak kita memperoleh toksin dari makanan dan minuman, maka semakin besar peluang tubuh kita menumpuk toksin, sehingga dapat menimbulkan berbagai penyakit.

“Gejala yang paling sederhana bahwa di dalam tubuh kita banyak terdapat racun adalah keringat berbau tak sedap, mudah pusing, mual, mengantuk, dan badan terasa lemas meski telah banyak makan,” demikian papar Prof Dr Ir Hardinsyah, Guru Besar Ilmu Gizi di Fakultas Ekologi Manusia (FEMA) Institut Pertanian Bogor, Rabu (9/8/2011).

Ia memaparkan, secara fitrah manusia memiliki kekuatan yang mampu menjaga kesehatan dirinya sendiri, karena dianugerahi paru-paru, usus, hati, dan ginjal, yang salah satu fungsi utamanya adalah untuk membersihkan toksin. Kekuatan ini akan semakin melemah apabila asupan gizi tidak lengkap, sehingga akan memengaruhi fungsi organ tubuh lainnya.

Detoksifikasi adalah proses penetralan dan pengeluaran untuk meminimalkan bahkan menghilangkan toksin dari dalam tubuh atau lebih dikenal sebagai internal cleansing. Proses ini bermanfaat untuk membuang segala macam zat yang tidak diperlukan oleh tubuh.

jadi kita memerlukan sesuatu untuk mengeluarkan racun atau toksin dalam tubuh kita, solusi yang mudah dan murah adalah memakai koyo kaki.

KOYO KAKI

saco-indonesia.com, Kecelakaan maut telah kembali terjadi. Pagi ini sebuah truk tangki di Banyumas telah terlibat kecelakaan dengan angkutan pedesaan (Angkudes) dan telah menyebabkan 5 orang meninggal dunia.

Kejadian tersebut telah terjadi di Jalan Raya Desa Ciberung, Ajibarang, Banyumas, Jawa Tengah. Belum dapat diketahui penyebab dan kronologis dari kecelakaan maut tersebut.

Informasi yang telah diperoleh, Senin (30/12) akibat dari kecelakaan tersebut 5 orang meninggal dunia dan tiga lainnya telah mengalami luka bakar. Para korban adalah para penumpang angkudes.

Kecelakaan tersebut terjadi sekitar pukul 04.00 WIB. Saat ini pihak kepolisian belum mau memberikan komentar perihal kecelakaan maut ini.


Editor : Dian Sukmawati

TRUK TABRAK ANGKUDES DI BANYUMAS

A 214-pound Queens housewife struggled with a lifelong addiction to food until she shed 72 pounds and became the public face of the worldwide weight-control empire Weight Watchers.

Jean Nidetch, 91, Dies; Pounds Came Off, and Weight Watchers Was Born

Ms. Pryor, who served more than two decades in the State Department, was the author of well-regarded biographies of the founder of the American Red Cross and the Confederate commander.

Elizabeth Brown Pryor, Biographer of Clara Barton and Robert E. Lee, Dies at 64

The 2015 Met Gala has only officially begun, but there's a clear leader in the race for best couple, no small feat at an event that threatens to sap Hollywood of every celebrity it has for the duration of an East Coast evening.

That would be Marc Jacobs and his surprise guest (who, by some miracle, remained under wraps until their red carpet debut), Cher.

“This has been a dream of mine for a very, very long time,” Mr. Jacobs said.

It is Cher's first appearance at the Met Gala since 1997, when she arrived on the arm of Donatella Versace.

– MATTHEW SCHNEIER

Cher and Marc Jacobs

The magical quality Mr. Lesnie created in shooting the “Babe” films caught the eye of the director Peter Jackson, who chose him to film the fantasy epic.

Andrew Lesnie, Cinematographer of ‘Lord of the Rings,’ Dies at 59

Ms. Rendell was a prolific writer of intricately plotted mystery novels that combined psychological insight, social conscience and teeth-chattering terror.

Ruth Rendell, Novelist Who Thrilled and Educated, Dies at 85

Mr. Fox, known for his well-honed countrified voice, wrote about things dear to South Carolina and won over Yankee critics.

William Price Fox, Admired Southern Novelist and Humorist, Dies at 89

Though Robin and Joan Rolfs owned two rare talking dolls manufactured by Thomas Edison’s phonograph company in 1890, they did not dare play the wax cylinder records tucked inside each one.

The Rolfses, longtime collectors of Edison phonographs, knew that if they turned the cranks on the dolls’ backs, the steel phonograph needle might damage or destroy the grooves of the hollow, ring-shaped cylinder. And so for years, the dolls sat side by side inside a display cabinet, bearers of a message from the dawn of sound recording that nobody could hear.

In 1890, Edison’s dolls were a flop; production lasted only six weeks. Children found them difficult to operate and more scary than cuddly. The recordings inside, which featured snippets of nursery rhymes, wore out quickly.

Yet sound historians say the cylinders were the first entertainment records ever made, and the young girls hired to recite the rhymes were the world’s first recording artists.

Year after year, the Rolfses asked experts if there might be a safe way to play the recordings. Then a government laboratory developed a method to play fragile records without touching them.

Audio

The technique relies on a microscope to create images of the grooves in exquisite detail. A computer approximates — with great accuracy — the sounds that would have been created by a needle moving through those grooves.

In 2014, the technology was made available for the first time outside the laboratory.

“The fear all along is that we don’t want to damage these records. We don’t want to put a stylus on them,” said Jerry Fabris, the curator of the Thomas Edison Historical Park in West Orange, N.J. “Now we have the technology to play them safely.”

Last month, the Historical Park posted online three never-before-heard Edison doll recordings, including the two from the Rolfses’ collection. “There are probably more out there, and we’re hoping people will now get them digitized,” Mr. Fabris said.

The technology, which is known as Irene (Image, Reconstruct, Erase Noise, Etc.), was developed by the particle physicist Carl Haber and the engineer Earl Cornell at Lawrence Berkeley. Irene extracts sound from cylinder and disk records. It can also reconstruct audio from recordings so badly damaged they were deemed unplayable.

“We are now hearing sounds from history that I did not expect to hear in my lifetime,” Mr. Fabris said.

The Rolfses said they were not sure what to expect in August when they carefully packed their two Edison doll cylinders, still attached to their motors, and drove from their home in Hortonville, Wis., to the National Document Conservation Center in Andover, Mass. The center had recently acquired Irene technology.

Audio

Cylinders carry sound in a spiral groove cut by a phonograph recording needle that vibrates up and down, creating a surface made of tiny hills and valleys. In the Irene set-up, a microscope perched above the shaft takes thousands of high-resolution images of small sections of the grooves.

Stitched together, the images provide a topographic map of the cylinder’s surface, charting changes in depth as small as one five-hundredth the thickness of a human hair. Pitch, volume and timbre are all encoded in the hills and valleys and the speed at which the record is played.

At the conservation center, the preservation specialist Mason Vander Lugt attached one of the cylinders to the end of a rotating shaft. Huddled around a computer screen, the Rolfses first saw the wiggly waveform generated by Irene. Then came the digital audio. The words were at first indistinct, but as Mr. Lugt filtered out more of the noise, the rhyme became clearer.

“That was the Eureka moment,” Mr. Rolfs said.

In 1890, a girl in Edison’s laboratory had recited:

There was a little girl,

And she had a little curl

Audio

Right in the middle of her forehead.

When she was good,

She was very, very good.

But when she was bad, she was horrid.

Recently, the conservation center turned up another surprise.

In 2010, the Woody Guthrie Foundation received 18 oversize phonograph disks from an anonymous donor. No one knew if any of the dirt-stained recordings featured Guthrie, but Tiffany Colannino, then the foundation’s archivist, had stored them unplayed until she heard about Irene.

Last fall, the center extracted audio from one of the records, labeled “Jam Session 9” and emailed the digital file to Ms. Colannino.

“I was just sitting in my dining room, and the next thing I know, I’m hearing Woody,” she said. In between solo performances of “Ladies Auxiliary,” “Jesus Christ,” and “Dead or Alive,” Guthrie tells jokes, offers some back story, and makes the audience laugh. “It is quintessential Guthrie,” Ms. Colannino said.

The Rolfses’ dolls are back in the display cabinet in Wisconsin. But with audio stored on several computers, they now have a permanent voice.

Ghostly Voices From Thomas Edison’s Dolls Can Now Be Heard

Imagine an elite professional services firm with a high-performing, workaholic culture. Everyone is expected to turn on a dime to serve a client, travel at a moment’s notice, and be available pretty much every evening and weekend. It can make for a grueling work life, but at the highest levels of accounting, law, investment banking and consulting firms, it is just the way things are.

Except for one dirty little secret: Some of the people ostensibly turning in those 80- or 90-hour workweeks, particularly men, may just be faking it.

Many of them were, at least, at one elite consulting firm studied by Erin Reid, a professor at Boston University’s Questrom School of Business. It’s impossible to know if what she learned at that unidentified consulting firm applies across the world of work more broadly. But her research, published in the academic journal Organization Science, offers a way to understand how the professional world differs between men and women, and some of the ways a hard-charging culture that emphasizes long hours above all can make some companies worse off.

Photo
 
Credit Peter Arkle

Ms. Reid interviewed more than 100 people in the American offices of a global consulting firm and had access to performance reviews and internal human resources documents. At the firm there was a strong culture around long hours and responding to clients promptly.

“When the client needs me to be somewhere, I just have to be there,” said one of the consultants Ms. Reid interviewed. “And if you can’t be there, it’s probably because you’ve got another client meeting at the same time. You know it’s tough to say I can’t be there because my son had a Cub Scout meeting.”

Some people fully embraced this culture and put in the long hours, and they tended to be top performers. Others openly pushed back against it, insisting upon lighter and more flexible work hours, or less travel; they were punished in their performance reviews.

The third group is most interesting. Some 31 percent of the men and 11 percent of the women whose records Ms. Reid examined managed to achieve the benefits of a more moderate work schedule without explicitly asking for it.

They made an effort to line up clients who were local, reducing the need for travel. When they skipped work to spend time with their children or spouse, they didn’t call attention to it. One team on which several members had small children agreed among themselves to cover for one another so that everyone could have more flexible hours.

A male junior manager described working to have repeat consulting engagements with a company near enough to his home that he could take care of it with day trips. “I try to head out by 5, get home at 5:30, have dinner, play with my daughter,” he said, adding that he generally kept weekend work down to two hours of catching up on email.

Despite the limited hours, he said: “I know what clients are expecting. So I deliver above that.” He received a high performance review and a promotion.

What is fascinating about the firm Ms. Reid studied is that these people, who in her terminology were “passing” as workaholics, received performance reviews that were as strong as their hyper-ambitious colleagues. For people who were good at faking it, there was no real damage done by their lighter workloads.

It calls to mind the episode of “Seinfeld” in which George Costanza leaves his car in the parking lot at Yankee Stadium, where he works, and gets a promotion because his boss sees the car and thinks he is getting to work earlier and staying later than anyone else. (The strategy goes awry for him, and is not recommended for any aspiring partners in a consulting firm.)

A second finding is that women, particularly those with young children, were much more likely to request greater flexibility through more formal means, such as returning from maternity leave with an explicitly reduced schedule. Men who requested a paternity leave seemed to be punished come review time, and so may have felt more need to take time to spend with their families through those unofficial methods.

The result of this is easy to see: Those specifically requesting a lighter workload, who were disproportionately women, suffered in their performance reviews; those who took a lighter workload more discreetly didn’t suffer. The maxim of “ask forgiveness, not permission” seemed to apply.

It would be dangerous to extrapolate too much from a study at one firm, but Ms. Reid said in an interview that since publishing a summary of her research in Harvard Business Review she has heard from people in a variety of industries describing the same dynamic.

High-octane professional service firms are that way for a reason, and no one would doubt that insane hours and lots of travel can be necessary if you’re a lawyer on the verge of a big trial, an accountant right before tax day or an investment banker advising on a huge merger.

But the fact that the consultants who quietly lightened their workload did just as well in their performance reviews as those who were truly working 80 or more hours a week suggests that in normal times, heavy workloads may be more about signaling devotion to a firm than really being more productive. The person working 80 hours isn’t necessarily serving clients any better than the person working 50.

In other words, maybe the real problem isn’t men faking greater devotion to their jobs. Maybe it’s that too many companies reward the wrong things, favoring the illusion of extraordinary effort over actual productivity.

How Some Men Fake an 80-Hour Workweek, and Why It Matters

Ms. Plisetskaya, renowned for her fluidity of movement, expressive acting and willful personality, danced on the Bolshoi stage well into her 60s, but her life was shadowed by Stalinism.

Maya Plisetskaya, Ballerina Who Embodied Bolshoi, Dies at 89

BEIJING (AP) — The head of Taiwan's Nationalists reaffirmed the party's support for eventual unification with the mainland when he met Monday with Chinese President Xi Jinping as part of continuing rapprochement between the former bitter enemies.

Nationalist Party Chairman Eric Chu, a likely presidential candidate next year, also affirmed Taiwan's desire to join the proposed Chinese-led Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank during the meeting in Beijing. China claims Taiwan as its own territory and doesn't want the island to join using a name that might imply it is an independent country.

Chu's comments during his meeting with Xi were carried live on Hong Kong-based broadcaster Phoenix Television.

The Nationalists were driven to Taiwan by Mao Zedong's Communists during the Chinese civil war in 1949, leading to decades of hostility between the sides. Chu, who took over as party leader in January, is the third Nationalist chairman to visit the mainland and the first since 2009.

Relations between the communist-ruled mainland and the self-governing democratic island of Taiwan began to warm in the 1990s, partly out of their common opposition to Taiwan's formal independence from China, a position advocated by the island's Democratic Progressive Party.

Despite increasingly close economic ties, the prospect of political unification has grown increasingly unpopular on Taiwan, especially with younger voters. Opposition to the Nationalists' pro-China policies was seen as a driver behind heavy local electoral defeats for the party last year that led to Taiwanese President Ma Ying-jeou resigning as party chairman.

Taiwan party leader affirms eventual reunion with China

At the National Institutes of Health, Dr. Suzman’s signature accomplishment was the central role he played in creating a global network of surveys on aging.

Richard Suzman, 72, Dies; Researcher Influenced Global Surveys on Aging

Mr. Pfaff was an international affairs columnist and author who found Washington’s intervention in world affairs often misguided.

William Pfaff, Critic of American Foreign Policy, Dies at 86

Ms. Meadows was the older sister of Audrey Meadows, who played Alice Kramden on “The Honeymooners.”

Jayne Meadows, Actress and Steve Allen’s Wife and Co-Star, Dies at 95

Late in April, after Native American actors walked off in disgust from the set of Adam Sandler’s latest film, a western sendup that its distributor, Netflix, has defended as being equally offensive to all, a glow of pride spread through several Native American communities.

Tantoo Cardinal, a Canadian indigenous actress who played Black Shawl in “Dances With Wolves,” recalled thinking to herself, “It’s come.” Larry Sellers, who starred as Cloud Dancing in the 1990s television show “Dr. Quinn, Medicine Woman,” thought, “It’s about time.” Jesse Wente, who is Ojibwe and directs film programming at the TIFF Bell Lightbox in Toronto, found himself encouraged and surprised. There are so few film roles for indigenous actors, he said, that walking off the set of a major production showed real mettle.

But what didn’t surprise Mr. Wente was the content of the script. According to the actors who walked off the set, the film, titled “The Ridiculous Six,” included a Native American woman who passes out and is revived after white men douse her with alcohol, and another woman squatting to urinate while lighting a peace pipe. “There’s enough history at this point to have set some expectations around these sort of Hollywood depictions,” Mr. Wente said.

The walkout prompted a rhetorical “What do you expect from an Adam Sandler film?,” and a Netflix spokesman said that in the movie, blacks, Mexicans and whites were lampooned as well. But Native American actors and critics said a broader issue was at stake. While mainstream portrayals of native peoples have, Mr. Wente said, become “incrementally better” over the decades, he and others say, they remain far from accurate and reflect a lack of opportunities for Native American performers. What’s more, as Native Americans hunger for representation on screen, critics say the absence of three-dimensional portrayals has very real off-screen consequences.

“Our people are still healing from historical trauma,” said Loren Anthony, one of the actors who walked out. “Our youth are still trying to figure out who they are, where they fit in this society. Kids are killing themselves. They’re not proud of who they are.” They also don’t, he added, see themselves on prime time television or the big screen. Netflix noted while about five people walked off the “The Ridiculous Six” set, 100 or so Native American actors and extras stayed.

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But in interviews, nearly a dozen Native American actors and film industry experts said that Mr. Sandler’s humor perpetuated decades-old negative stereotypes. Mr. Anthony said such depictions helped feed the despondency many Native Americans feel, with deadly results: Native Americans have the highest suicide rate out of all the country’s ethnicities.

The on-screen problem is twofold, Mr. Anthony and others said: There’s a paucity of roles for Native Americans — according to the Screen Actors Guild in 2008 they accounted for 0.3 percent of all on-screen parts (those figures have yet to be updated), compared to about 2 percent of the general population — and Native American actors are often perceived in a narrow way.

In his Peabody Award-winning documentary “Reel Injun,” the Cree filmmaker Neil Diamond explored Hollywood depictions of Native Americans over the years, and found they fell into a few stereotypical categories: the Noble Savage, the Drunk Indian, the Mystic, the Indian Princess, the backward tribal people futilely fighting John Wayne and manifest destiny. While the 1990 film “Dances With Wolves” won praise for depicting Native Americans as fully fleshed out human beings, not all indigenous people embraced it. It was still told, critics said, from the colonialists’ point of view. In an interview, John Trudell, a Santee Sioux writer, actor (“Thunderheart”) and the former chairman of the American Indian Movement, described the film as “a story of two white people.”

“God bless ‘Dances with Wolves,’ ” Michael Horse, who played Deputy Hawk in “Twin Peaks,” said sarcastically. “Even ‘Avatar.’ Someone’s got to come save the tribal people.”

Dan Spilo, a partner at Industry Entertainment who represents Adam Beach, one of today’s most prominent Native American actors, said while typecasting dogs many minorities, it is especially intractable when it comes to Native Americans. Casting directors, he said, rarely cast them as police officers, doctors or lawyers. “There’s the belief that the Native American character should be on reservations or riding a horse,” he said.

“We don’t see ourselves,” Mr. Horse said. “We’re still an antiquated culture to them, and to the rest of the world.”

Ms. Cardinal said she was once turned down for the role of the wife of a child-abusing cop because the filmmakers felt that casting her would somehow be “too political.”

Another sore point is the long run of white actors playing American Indians, among them Burt Lancaster, Rock Hudson, Audrey Hepburn and, more recently, Johnny Depp, whose depiction of Tonto in the 2013 film “Lone Ranger,” was viewed as racist by detractors. There are, of course, exceptions. The former A&E series “Longmire,” which, as it happens, will now be on Netflix, was roundly praised for its depiction of life on a Northern Cheyenne reservation, with Lou Diamond Phillips, who is of Cherokee descent, playing a Northern Cheyenne man.

Others also point to the success of Mr. Beach, who played a Mohawk detective in “Law & Order: Special Victims Unit” and landed a starring role in the forthcoming D C Comics picture “Suicide Squad.” Mr. Beach said he had come across insulting scripts backed by people who don’t see anything wrong with them.

“I’d rather starve than do something that is offensive to my ancestral roots,” Mr. Beach said. “But I think there will always be attempts to drawn on the weakness of native people’s struggles. The savage Indian will always be the savage Indian. The white man will always be smarter and more cunning. The cavalry will always win.”

The solution, Mr. Wente, Mr. Trudell and others said, lies in getting more stories written by and starring Native Americans. But Mr. Wente noted that while independent indigenous film has blossomed in the last two decades, mainstream depictions have yet to catch up. “You have to stop expecting for Hollywood to correct it, because there seems to be no ability or desire to correct it,” Mr. Wente said.

There have been calls to boycott Netflix but, writing for Indian Country Today Media Network, which first broke news of the walk off, the filmmaker Brian Young noted that the distributor also offered a number of films by or about Native Americans.

The furor around “The Ridiculous Six” may drive more people to see it. Then one of the questions that Mr. Trudell, echoing others, had about the film will be answered: “Who the hell laughs at this stuff?”

Native American Actors Work to Overcome a Long-Documented Bias
Photo
 
Many bodies prepared for cremation last week in Kathmandu were of young men from Gongabu, a common stopover for Nepali migrant workers headed overseas. Credit Daniel Berehulak for The New York Times

KATHMANDU, Nepal — When the dense pillar of smoke from cremations by the Bagmati River was thinning late last week, the bodies were all coming from Gongabu, a common stopover for Nepali migrant workers headed overseas, and they were all of young men.

Hindu custom dictates that funeral pyres should be lighted by the oldest son of the deceased, but these men were too young to have sons, so they were burned by their brothers or fathers. Sukla Lal, a maize farmer, made a 14-hour journey by bus to retrieve the body of his 19-year-old son, who had been on his way to the Persian Gulf to work as a laborer.

“He wanted to live in the countryside, but he was compelled to leave by poverty,” Mr. Lal said, gazing ahead steadily as his son’s remains smoldered. “He told me, ‘You can live on your land, and I will come up with money, and we will have a happy family.’ ”

Weeks will pass before the authorities can give a complete accounting of who died in the April 25 earthquake, but it is already clear that Nepal cannot afford the losses. The countryside was largely stripped of its healthy young men even before the quake, as they migrated in great waves — 1,500 a day by some estimates — to work as laborers in India, Malaysia or one of the gulf nations, leaving many small communities populated only by elderly parents, women and children. Economists say that at some times of the year, one-quarter of Nepal’s population is working outside the country.

Nepal’s Young Men, Lost to Migration, Then a Quake
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