PAKET UMROH BULAN FEBRUARI MARET APRIL MEI 2018

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PAKET UMROH PAKET HAJI PLUS PROMO UMROH




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 Tawaf
Tawaf adalah suatu ritual mengelilingi ka’bah (bangunan suci di makkah) sebanyak tujuh kali dan sebagai bagian dari pelaksanaan ibadah umroh ataupun haji.
Syarat-syarat untuk melaksanakan tawaf.
1.      Suci dari hadast
2.      Suci badan/pakaian dan tempat tawaf dari najis.
3.      Menutup aurot
4.      Bermula pada sudut Al-Hajarul aswad dab berniat tawaf (tawaf wada’,sunat,nazar).
5.      Menjadikan baitullah berada di sebelah kiri dan berjalan ke hadapan (berlawanan dengan jarum jam).
6.      Berjalan dengan niat dan tujuan tawaf bukan untuk bertujuan lain.
7.      Cukup 7 kali mengelilingi dengan yakin.
8.      Dilakukan di dalam masjidil haram dan di luar hijir ismail / syazarwan.

Macam-macam dari thawaf, yang antara lain :
1.      Tawaf rukun
2.      Tawaf Qudum (selamat datang)
3.      Tawaf wada’ (selamat tinggal)
4.      Tawaf sunat
5.      Tawaf nazar

Adapun beberapa sunah-sunah tawaf diantaranya :
1.      Berjalan kaki
2.      Berittiba’ bagi tawaf diiringi dengan sa’i (laki-laki)
3.      Melakukan ramal (berlari-lari kecil) bagi tawaf yang diiringi dengan sa’i (laki-laki).
4.      Istilam hajarul aswad dan mengucapnya / istilam rukun yamani dan tidak mengucupnya
5.      Membaca doa dan dzikir
6.      Berturut-turut 7 kali keliling
7.      Tawaf dengan khusyuk/ Tawadhuk.
8.      Sembahyang sunat tawaf

SA’I
Sa’i merupakan salah satu rukun umroh dan haji yang dilakukan dengan berjalan kaki (berlari-lari kecil) bolak-balik sebanyak 7 kali dari Bukit Shafa menuju ke Bukit Marwah sebanyak 7 kali. Kedua bukit satu sama lainnya yang berjarak sekitar 405 meter. Ketika melintasi Bathnul waadi yaitu kawasan yang letaknya di antar bukit shafa dan bukit marwah (saat ini di tandai dengan lampu yang berwarna hijau), para jama’ah pria di sunnatkan untuk berlari-lari kecil dan sedangkan untuk untuk jama’ah wanita berjalan cepat. Ibadah sa’i diperbolehkan di lakukan dalam keadaan tidak berwudhu dan oleh wanita yang datang haid. Maksud sari melaksanakan sa’i adalah untuk memperingati pencarian air oleh siti hajar dan kemurahan Allah dalam mengabulkan doa-doa.
Sa’i adalah pencarian. Kenapa sa’i diartikan sebagai pencarian ? karena sa’i menceritakan siti hajar yang mencari air untuk putranya yaitu nabi ismail AS, dari Bukit Shafa menuju ke Bukit Marwah.


 


HIKMAH SESUDAH MELAKSANAKAN IBADAH HAJI DAN UMROH.
Ibadah haji dan umroh merupakan rukun iman yang ke lima. Banyak hikmah yang terkandung di dalamnya, karena ibadah umroh dan haji adalah wujud kesadaran barin dan kecerdasan rasio.
Setiap orang yang telah melaksanakan ibadah umroh maupun haji pasti punya pengalaman spiritual yang berbeda antar jama’ah satu dengan jama’ah yang lainnya. Dan bahkan ada juga yang tak masuk akal atau di luar perkiraan.
Adapun hikmah sesudah melaksanakan haji dan umroh selengkapnya yang antara lain :

SA'I DAN UMROH

saco-indonesia.com, Model lampu hias juga sangat penting dalam membantu interor rumah anda. lampu juga tidak hanya berperan sebagai penerang saja, namun juga dapat menambah nilai estetika dalam rumah anda. banyak bentuk lampu yang telah tersedia yang dapat anda pilih sesuai dengan keinginan anda. harga lampu hias yang ada dipasaran mulai dari ratusan ribu rupiah hingga jutaan rupiah. Beragam model yang telah ditawarkan, dari yang bergaya retro, klasik, atau modern minimalis. Hal ini tentu saja akan dapat melengkapi keindahan dan kenyamanan hunian bertipe minimalis anda.

Walau hunian minimalis, tidak menekankan pada segi interior melainkan pada memaksimalkan fungsi dari suatu ruangan namun mendekorasi ruangan anda agar lebih indah tidak ada salahnya. Dalam hal ini, juga akan menekankan kesan minimalis. Banyak model lampu hias rumah minimalis yang telah mempunyai bentuk indah dan unik. Karena lampu yang anda gunakan, tidak hanya berfungsi sebagai penerang ruangan saja, namun juga sebagai dekorasi ruangan. Lebih efisien bukan?

Banyak jenis dan bahan lampu hias yang dapat anda pilih sesuai dengan kantong anda. Pilihlah lampu hias yang sesuai dengan konsep rumah minimalis anda. beragam model lampu hias rumah minimalis juga dapat anda pilih. Berikut langkah-langkah dalam anda dalam menentukan lampu hias yang akan anda pilih.

Letak. Pilihlah letak yang tepat dalam anda meletakkan model lampu hias rumah minimalis anda. apakah digantung di atas atau menjadi lampu hias tegak di sudut ruangan. Bila anda telah memilih untuk lampu hias tegak di sudut ruangan, maka untuk lampu yang anda gantung di langit-langit ruangan anda, pilihlah lampu biasa saja. bila anda juga menggunakan lampu hias di langit-langit ruangan anda, akan dapat membuat ruangan anda justru akan menjadi kurang luas dan meninggalkan kesan minimalis.

Jenis lampu hias. Beragam lampu hias banyak di pasaran. Lampu hias gantung, lampu hias tegak, atau lampu hias meja dapat anda pilih sesuai dengan konsep ruangan anda. Bila anda memilih lampu hias di langit-langit maka pilihlah yang telah mempunyai bentuk elegan dan berbahan kristal maka akan dapat menambah nilai estetika anda. Bila anggaran anda tidak mencukupi, pilihlah lampu gantung lain dengan harga yang lebih terjangkau. Namun bila anda telah memilih lampu hias dengan bentuk tegak, letakkan di sudut ruangan. Pilihlah lampu hias tegak, dengan tinggi paling tidak setengah dari ruangan anda. Bila anda memilih lampu hias meja, pilihlah dengan bentuk unik agar menambah kesan minimalis anda.

Banyak model lampu hias rumah minimalis yang dapat anda pilih, diantaranya bentuk melingkar, bentuk cangkir tumpah, untuk lampu langit-langit anda dapat memilih lampu hias dengan model cangkir terbalik yang cocok untuk hiasan dapur atau ruang makan anda.
Model Lampu Hias Rumah Minimalis

Editor : Dian Sukmawati
Sumber : Desainrumahminimalismodern.com

LAMPU HIAS


Profil

Risalah adalah tugas yang dipikulkan kepada Nabi Muhammad shalallahu alaihi was salam untuk menyampaikan wahyu yang diterimanya kepada umat muslim, selain itu Risalah yang dibawa Nabi Muhammad shalallahu alaihi was salam juga memiliki keistimewaan dari segi peruntukan. Jika, nabi-nabi sebelumnya membawa risalah khusus untuk ummat tertentu, maka risalah kenabian Muhammad shalallahu alaihi was salam diperuntukkan bagi seluruh ummat hingga hari kiamat. Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala telah mengamanahkan beban risalah ini hanya kepada Nabi Muhammad shalallahu alaihi was salam. Dan diantara risalah yang Allah turunkan adalah rukun-rukun Iman dan Islam, termasuk didalamnya adalah menunaikan ibadah Haji dan Umroh.

Penertian Haji Dan Umroh

Pengertian Umroh bahasa artinya berkunjung, sedangkan secara istilah adalah berkunjung ke ka’bah dengan melaksanakan ketentuan-ketentuan yang berkaitan dengan umrah dalam rangka mendekatkan diri pada Allah.

Umrah disebut juga haji kecil, karena beberapa ketentuannya hampir sama dengan haji misalnya tentang syarat-syarat, rukun, atau larangan-larangannya. Apalagi perintah umrah disejajarkan dengan perintah haji. Allah berfirman :

Dan sempurnakanlah ibadah haji dan umrah karena Allah (Al-Baqoroh:196).

tetapi pelaksanaan umrah lebih sederhana dibandingkan dengan pelaksanaan haji. Umrah dapat dilaksanan sewaktu-waktu sepanjang tahun, baik di dalam bulan haji atau sebelum maupun sesudahnya.

       Bisa melaksanakan ibadah Umroh ke tanah suci adalah impian setiap muslim. Tentu, tidak akan ada hamba Allah yang menolak menikmati kesempatan beribadah di negeri para nabi, menapaki jejak Rosulullah untuk bersujud di hadapan ka’bah secara langsung. Sayangnya, tidak semua orang bisa mendapatkan kesempatan ini dikarenakan jarak yang memisahkan, untuk berumroh, seorang muslim harus merogoh saku lebih dalam untuk memperoleh kesempatan ini.

Dalam hal yang paling mandasar dibutuhkan oleh setiap Jama’ah yang menjalankan ibadah umroh adalah kenyamanan dan keamanan dalam menjalankan rutinitas ibadah umroh itu sendiri dari keberangkatan sampai akhirnya kembali lagi kerumah masing-masing.

Begitu juga dengan makna disetiap ritual Umroh itu sendiri mempunyai artian yang berbeda-beda. Didalamnya berlangsung sebuah peristiwa sosial, yang tidak hanya menghubungkan manusia dengan Allah SWT,melainkan juga tentang manusia berhubungan dengan manusia lainnya. Mempererat tali silaturahim diantara Jama’ah memiliki banyak manfaat bagi kita semua, salah satunya mendapat Ridho dari Allah SWT dan meningkatkan rasa kebersamaan dan rasa kekeluargaan,

Orang yang hendak pergi menunaikan ibadah Umroh biasanya menggunakan jasa KBIH atau perusahaan penyelenggara ibadah Umroh untuk menyiapkan segala kebutuhan seperti visa umroh, tiket pesawat, akomodasi, memandu seluruh kegiatan ibadah umroh selama ditanah suci.

Dengan demikian, jamaah tinggal mempersiapkan diri untuk berangkat ketanah suci dan melaksanakan ibadah umroh supaya meraih keutamaan dan pahala dari Allah SWT. Supaya tujuan ibadah umroh terpenuhi,

Penting bagi Jama’ah untuk mencari KBIH atau perusahaan penyelenggara ibadah umroh yang baik, jujur, bertanggung jawab, bisa dipercaya dan mengakomodasi segala kebutuhan selama berlangsungnya ibadah Umroh tersebut.

Perusahaan penyelenggara ibadah umroh diharapkan dapat memenuhi harapan para Jama’ah yaitu memperoleh ibadah yang khusu, aman, nyaman, dapat memahami segala macam bentuk dan makna

dari ibadah Umroh itu sendiri dan sesuai dengan apa yang di syariatkan oleh Rosulullah shallallahu 'alaihi wasallam. Salah memilih KBIH atau perusahaan penyelenggara umroh akan berdampak buruk bagi kesejahtraan Jama’ah, sehingga tentunya akan mempengaruhi kelancaran dan kualitas ibadah.

 

RISALAH WISATA NABAWI yang berdiri sejak tahun 2012 memberikan solusi tepat bagi para Jama’ah dengan menawarkan pelayanan yang prima, tanggap dan optimal untuk membantu para Jama’ah dalam menjalankan ibadah Umroh. Bagi kami, tiada hari tanpa menolong sesama, keberhasilan, kekhusu’an dan kepuasan para jama’ah selama menjalankan ibadah umroh adalah kebanggan tersendiri bagi kami sebagai penyelenggara ibadah Umroh. Alhamdulillah selama kami telah membantu para Jama’ah dari berbagai daerah di Indonesia khususnya daerah jawa barat dalam menjalankan ibadah umroh.

Sebelum keberangkatan, kami berbagi pengetahuan akan hal-hal yang dasar dalam ibadah Umroh dan berbagai macam persiapan sebelum meninggalkan Tanah Air. Mengadakan Manasik Umroh yang rutin kami lakukan menjadi sangat penting bagi Jama’ah, khususnya bagi para Jama’ah yang baru pertama kali menjalankan ibadah umroh

RISALAH WISATA NABAWI didukung oleh asatizd lulusan Timur Tengah yang sangat berpengalaman dalam memberikan pengetahuan akan ibadah serta menanamkan nilai-nilah dari ibadah sesuai dengan RISALAH Rosulullah shallallahu 'alaihi wasallam selama atau pasca Umroh. Muthawif yang handal dalam bidangnya, tanggap, cekatan. team yang muda, ramah, sopan, enerjik, bersahabat akan memudahkan Jama’ah mendapatkan pelayanan yang maksimal sebelum dan sesudah menjalankan ibadah Umroh,

RISALAH WISATA NABAWI menawarkan berbagai jenis paket Umroh. Mulai dari paket regular, paket keluarga, peket super hemat, sampai paket Umroh plus liburan yaitu Jama’ah akan diajak berlibur sebelum atau sesudah ibadah selesai. Liburan yang ditawarkan ketempat-tempat bersejarah di Arab Saudi dan wisata kebeberapa Negara timur tengah lainnya.

 
 
Makna Risalah Versi Risalah Nabawi Tour

 

    Ridho Illahi yang selalu kami kejar dan Ramah dalam berinteraksi
    Ibadah yang sesuai dengan Sunnah Rosulullah shallallahu alaihi wasallam.
    Sopan dalam berbicara, Santun dalam berbuat, bersahabat dengan semua eleman masyarakat dan Silaturahim selalu kami jaga
    Amanah selama menjalankan tugas.
    Layanan yang maksimal bagi para Jama’ah dari proses pemberangkatan sampai kembali ke Tanah Air,
    Aman dalam perjalanan dengan asuransi terpercaya.
    Hikmah disetiap langkahnya. Perjalanan yang penuh Hikmah dan Pelajaran disetiap proses kegiatan Umroh akan memberikan makna tersendiri bagi para Jamaah.

Sumber : http://www.myrisalah.com

Baca Artikel Lainnya : HUKUM BERDOA DI DEPAN MAKAM RASULULLAH

RISALAH NABAWI TOUR

Setelah asyik bermain di pantai tepatnya di Pulau Untung Jawa di bulan Maret 2013 lalu, perjalanan selanjutnya di bulan April 2013 AK dan beberapa teman mengadakan trip menuju Taman Wisata Cibodas dan sekitarnya. Berikut catatan perjalanannya :

Sabtu pagi setelah menunaikan sholat shubuh beberapa teman yang ikut dalam trip ini sudah berkumpul di star point yang ditentukan, beberapa lagi masih ada saja yang belum hadir dikarenakan sibuk dengan barang bawaan. Setelah semuanya kumpul dengan jumlah 8 orang dan mobil Innova serta sopirnya yang udah di booking sebelumnya siap untuk menuju Taman Wisata Cibodas.

Tepatnya jam 5.30 pagi AK dan teman - teman sudah berangkat menuju Taman Wisata Cibodas, hal ini dilakukan agar kami lebih cepat sampai ke sana dan tidak terjebak macet di jalur puncak Bogor. AK dan teman - teman  menikmati pemandangan sepanjang perjalanan dengan diiringi musik pilihan yang telah disediakan, mengobrol sambil menikmati beberapa makanan yang dibawa oleh teman teman cukup untuk menghilangkan suntuk dan bete serta agar suasana menjadi nyaman.

Perjalanan ditempuh sekitar 2 setengah jam dari Jakarta Barat, walaupun sempat kelewat sampai Cipanas karena asyiknya suasana di dalam mobil hingga tidak ada yang perhatikan tanda masuk ke Cibodas. Setelah berbalik arah, mobil pun memasuki kawasan Wisata Cibodas sekitar pukul 8 pagi saat itu.

Setelah membayar dipintu masuk seharga Rp. 9.500/ orang dan 16 ribu untuk mobilnya, kami pun mengitari dengan mobil  beberapa tempat yang asyik di kawasan ini. Akhirnya kamipun sepakat untuk memarkir mobil di parkiran menuju Air terjun Ciismun di kawasan Cibodas ini.

Perjalanan dari parkir mobil menuju air terjun Ciismun ditempuh sekitar setengah jam, melihat indahnya air terjun dan bermain air menjadi semangat kami untuk terus melangkah agar sampai ke tujuan. Dan beberapa momen yang tidak terlewatkan kami abadikan berikut ini :

Terpana adalah kata yang pas buat perasaan kami saat sampai di air terjun Ciismun ini, air terjun yang tersembunyi ini sangat memukau penglihatan kami kala itu, ditambah suasana pagi yang sepi saat itu serasa hanya kami yang menikmati keindahan air terjun Ciismun ini.  Beberapa dari kami langsung bermain air di air terjun ini, beberapa yang lain menikmati pemandangan air terjun yang memukau sambil mencari spot untuk berphoto ria.

Setelah kurang lebih 1 jam di air terjeun Ciismun, kami pun bersiap - siap untuk melakukan perjalanan kembali ke area parkir mobil, karena lelahnya perjalanan saat itu kami pun siap untuk  menikmati makan siang yang kami bawa dari rumah sambil menikmati hijaunya alam Cibodas.

Setelah menikmati makan siang kami kembali mengelilingi kawasan Cibodas dengan mobil, beberapa saat mobil berhenti agar kami bisa menikmati  hamparan  taman hijau yang  luas  atau pemandangan kolam air mancur yang indah serta gunung dan pohon pohon yang rindang.

Sebenarnya masih banyak area menarik di kawasan ini yang belum sempat kami kunjungi namun karena waktu sudah siang dan kami ingin melanjutkan perjalanan selanjutnya, kami pun segera menuju pintu keluar 2 dari kawasan Cibodas menuju parkiran air terjun Cibereum yang dekat dengan pintu masuk wisata Mandalawangi di kawasan Taman Nasional Gunung Gede Pangrango.

Namun sebelumnya kami santai sejenak di area parkir sambil menikmati beberapa jajanan yang ada di area ini, melaksanakan sholat dan bersih bersih di wc yang ada di area ini dengan membayar Rp. 2000 untuk buang air kecil dan Rp. 3000 untuk mandi dan buang air besar.

Sekitar kurang lebih pukul 13.00 kami pun mulai perjalanan menuju air terjun Cibereum yang berada 1.675 diatas permukaan laut ini harus kami daki sekitar 1 jam. Setelah membayar tiket di pintu masuk Rp. 2.500/ orang kami pun mulai memasuki jalan berbatu di tengah hutan.

Perjalanan menuju air terjun Cibereum ini amat sangat melelahkan, melewati hutan yang gelap walau kadang ada jalan yang sudah bagus. Sesaat berjalan kami harus istirahat sejenak untuk menghilangkan rasa lelah dan letih seraya memberi semangat kepada teman teman untuk sampai ke tujuan.

Setelah berjuang sepanjang jalan dengan keringat yang bercucuran, akhirnya air terjun Cibereum dapat kami taklukan. Kami pun hanya bisa bengong  melihat indahnya alam yang mempesona ini dan ternyata ada 2 air terjun lain yang berdekatan dengan air terjun Cibereum ini.  Sungguh menakjubkan, kami pun tak lupa mengabadikan momen ini.

Perasaan bangga dan bahagia bersatu dalam jiwa kami saat berada di tempat yang jauh ini, rasa lelah dan letih seakan sirna dengan sampainya kami di tempat ini. Kami pun mulai menikmati  suasana ramai saat itu, sesekali bermain air dan makan makanan yang kami sudah siapkan.

Ketika waktu sudah sore, kamipun mulai melangkah turun menuju parkiran mobil, sesampainya disana dan sebelum meninggalkan kawasan wisata tak lupa kami membeli beberapa oleh - oleh seperti sandal, kaos, tas, makanan ringan dan sayur - sayuran dengan harga terjangkau tentunya.

Akhirnya usai sudah perjalanan kali ini, mobilpun bergegas menuju Jakarta, sesaat kami berhenti di kawasan Puncak Bogor untuk sejenak menikmati indahnya hamparan kebun teh di Kawasan Wisata Gunung Mas. Demikian

TAMAN WISATA CIBODAS

Tanah dengan luas sekira 7.670 meter persegi di Jalan Panjaitan, Mantrijeron, Kota Yogyakarta disegel KPK. Tanah milik Ponpes Ali-Maksum Krapyak itu telah disinyalir dari hasil Pencucian Uang oleh tersangka Anas Urbaningrum.
 
Papan penyegelan oleh KPK itu bertuliskan, "Tanah dan Bangunan ini Telah Disita Dalam Perkara Tindak Pidana Pencucian Uang Dengan Tersangka Anas Urbaningrum,". Terdapat surat perintah penyitaan nomor: sprin.sita 10/01/02/2014 tanggal 28 Februari 2014 lalu .
 
Papan itu telah berisi larangan bagi siapapun yang tidak berkepentingan untuk memasuki, menduduki, menggunakan, atau merusak segala sesuatu yang ada di atas tanah tersebut tanpa seijin KPK.
 
"Tadi pagi dipasang itu sekitar pukul 10.30 WIB oleh beberapa orang. Ada dua orang mengenakan seragam bertuliskan KPK," kata Sarmidi, warga setempat kepada wartawan.
 
Dia juga mengaku tidak banyak yang mengetahui proses pemasangan. "Mereka cuma sebentar, setelah pasang langsung pergi," jelasnya.
 
Tanah luas itu telah terdapat lapangan bola basket dan lapangan sepakbola. Ada pagar besi yang melingari tanah yang menghadap dua jalan besar tersebut, Jalan Panjaitan dan Jalan Jogkaryan, Mantrijeron, Kota Yogyakarta.

KPK Segel Tanah Anas Urbaningrum di Krapyak

Mr. Mankiewicz, an Oscar-nominated screenwriter for “I Want to Live!,” also wrote episodes of television shows such as “Star Trek” and “Marcus Welby, M.D.”

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Ms. Crough played the youngest daughter on the hit ’70s sitcom starring David Cassidy and Shirley Jones.

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Mr. Alger, who served five terms from Texas, led Republican women in a confrontation with Lyndon B. Johnson that may have cost Richard M. Nixon the 1960 presidential election.

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The magical quality Mr. Lesnie created in shooting the “Babe” films caught the eye of the director Peter Jackson, who chose him to film the fantasy epic.

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“It was really nice to play with other women and not have this underlying tone of being at each other’s throats.”

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A lapsed seminarian, Mr. Chambers succeeded Saul Alinsky as leader of the social justice umbrella group Industrial Areas Foundation.

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Frontline  An installment of this PBS program looks at the effects of Ebola on Liberia and other countries, as well as the origins of the outbreak.
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The program traces the outbreak to its origin, thought to be a tree full of bats in Guinea.

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A variation of volleyball with nine men on each side is profiled Tuesday night on the World Channel in an absorbing documentary called “9-Man.”

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Mr. Bartoszewski was given honorary Israeli citizenship for his work to save Jews during World War II and later surprised even himself by being instrumental in reconciling Poland and Germany.

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Joseph Lechleider

Mr. Lechleider helped invent DSL technology, which enabled phone companies to offer high-speed web access over their infrastructure of copper wires.

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Hockey is not exactly known as a city game, but played on roller skates, it once held sway as the sport of choice in many New York neighborhoods.

“City kids had no rinks, no ice, but they would do anything to play hockey,” said Edward Moffett, former director of the Long Island City Y.M.C.A. Roller Hockey League, in Queens, whose games were played in city playgrounds going back to the 1940s.

From the 1960s through the 1980s, the league had more than 60 teams, he said. Players included the Mullen brothers of Hell’s Kitchen and Dan Dorion of Astoria, Queens, who would later play on ice for the National Hockey League.

One street legend from the heyday of New York roller hockey was Craig Allen, who lived in the Woodside Houses projects and became one of the city’s hardest hitters and top scorers.

“Craig was a warrior, one of the best roller hockey players in the city in the ’70s,” said Dave Garmendia, 60, a retired New York police officer who grew up playing with Mr. Allen. “His teammates loved him and his opponents feared him.”

Young Craig took up hockey on the streets of Queens in the 1960s, playing pickup games between sewer covers, wearing steel-wheeled skates clamped onto school shoes and using a roll of electrical tape as the puck.

His skill and ferocity drew attention, Mr. Garmendia said, but so did his skin color. He was black, in a sport made up almost entirely by white players.

“Roller hockey was a white kid’s game, plain and simple, but Craig broke the color barrier,” Mr. Garmendia said. “We used to say Craig did more for race relations than the N.A.A.C.P.”

Mr. Allen went on to coach and referee roller hockey in New York before moving several years ago to South Carolina. But he continued to organize an annual alumni game at Dutch Kills Playground in Long Island City, the same site that held the local championship games.

The reunion this year was on Saturday, but Mr. Allen never made it. On April 26, just before boarding the bus to New York, he died of an asthma attack at age 61.

Word of his death spread rapidly among hundreds of his old hockey colleagues who resolved to continue with the event, now renamed the Craig Allen Memorial Roller Hockey Reunion.

The turnout on Saturday was the largest ever, with players pulling on their old equipment, choosing sides and taking once again to the rink of cracked blacktop with faded lines and circles. They wore no helmets, although one player wore a fedora.

Another, Vinnie Juliano, 77, of Long Island City, wore his hearing aids, along with his 50-year-old taped-up quads, or four-wheeled skates with a leather boot. Many players here never converted to in-line skates, and neither did Mr. Allen, whose photograph appeared on a poster hanging behind the players’ bench.

“I’m seeing people walking by wondering why all these rusty, grizzly old guys are here playing hockey,” one player, Tommy Dominguez, said. “We’re here for Craig, and let me tell you, these old guys still play hard.”

Everyone seemed to have a Craig Allen story, from his earliest teams at Public School 151 to the Bryant Rangers, the Woodside Wings, the Woodside Blues and more.

Mr. Allen, who became a yellow-cab driver, was always recruiting new talent. He gained the nickname Cabby for his habit of stopping at playgrounds all over the city to scout players.

Teams were organized around neighborhoods and churches, and often sponsored by local bars. Mr. Allen, for one, played for bars, including Garry Owen’s and on the Fiddler’s Green Jokers team in Inwood, Manhattan.

Play was tough and fights were frequent.

“We were basically street gangs on skates,” said Steve Rogg, 56, a mail clerk who grew up in Jackson Heights, Queens, and who on Saturday wore his Riedell Classic quads from 1972. “If another team caught up with you the night before a game, they tossed you a beating so you couldn’t play the next day.”

Mr. Garmendia said Mr. Allen’s skin color provoked many fights.

“When we’d go to some ignorant neighborhoods, a lot of players would use slurs,” Mr. Garmendia said, recalling a game in Ozone Park, Queens, where local fans parked motorcycles in a lineup next to the blacktop and taunted Mr. Allen. Mr. Garmendia said he checked a player into the motorcycles, “and the bikes went down like dominoes, which started a serious brawl.”

A group of fans at a game in Brooklyn once stuck a pole through the rink fence as Mr. Allen skated by and broke his jaw, Mr. Garmendia said, adding that carloads of reinforcements soon arrived to defend Mr. Allen.

And at another racially incited brawl, the police responded with six patrol cars and a helicopter.

Before play began on Saturday, the players gathered at center rink to honor Mr. Allen. Billy Barnwell, 59, of Woodside, recalled once how an all-white, all-star squad snubbed Mr. Allen by playing him third string. He scored seven goals in the first game and made first string immediately.

“He’d always hear racial stuff before the game, and I’d ask him, ‘How do you put up with that?’” Mr. Barnwell recalled. “Craig would say, ‘We’ll take care of it,’ and by the end of the game, he’d win guys over. They’d say, ‘This guy’s good.’”

Tribute for a Roller Hockey Warrior

Though Robin and Joan Rolfs owned two rare talking dolls manufactured by Thomas Edison’s phonograph company in 1890, they did not dare play the wax cylinder records tucked inside each one.

The Rolfses, longtime collectors of Edison phonographs, knew that if they turned the cranks on the dolls’ backs, the steel phonograph needle might damage or destroy the grooves of the hollow, ring-shaped cylinder. And so for years, the dolls sat side by side inside a display cabinet, bearers of a message from the dawn of sound recording that nobody could hear.

In 1890, Edison’s dolls were a flop; production lasted only six weeks. Children found them difficult to operate and more scary than cuddly. The recordings inside, which featured snippets of nursery rhymes, wore out quickly.

Yet sound historians say the cylinders were the first entertainment records ever made, and the young girls hired to recite the rhymes were the world’s first recording artists.

Year after year, the Rolfses asked experts if there might be a safe way to play the recordings. Then a government laboratory developed a method to play fragile records without touching them.

Audio

The technique relies on a microscope to create images of the grooves in exquisite detail. A computer approximates — with great accuracy — the sounds that would have been created by a needle moving through those grooves.

In 2014, the technology was made available for the first time outside the laboratory.

“The fear all along is that we don’t want to damage these records. We don’t want to put a stylus on them,” said Jerry Fabris, the curator of the Thomas Edison Historical Park in West Orange, N.J. “Now we have the technology to play them safely.”

Last month, the Historical Park posted online three never-before-heard Edison doll recordings, including the two from the Rolfses’ collection. “There are probably more out there, and we’re hoping people will now get them digitized,” Mr. Fabris said.

The technology, which is known as Irene (Image, Reconstruct, Erase Noise, Etc.), was developed by the particle physicist Carl Haber and the engineer Earl Cornell at Lawrence Berkeley. Irene extracts sound from cylinder and disk records. It can also reconstruct audio from recordings so badly damaged they were deemed unplayable.

“We are now hearing sounds from history that I did not expect to hear in my lifetime,” Mr. Fabris said.

The Rolfses said they were not sure what to expect in August when they carefully packed their two Edison doll cylinders, still attached to their motors, and drove from their home in Hortonville, Wis., to the National Document Conservation Center in Andover, Mass. The center had recently acquired Irene technology.

Audio

Cylinders carry sound in a spiral groove cut by a phonograph recording needle that vibrates up and down, creating a surface made of tiny hills and valleys. In the Irene set-up, a microscope perched above the shaft takes thousands of high-resolution images of small sections of the grooves.

Stitched together, the images provide a topographic map of the cylinder’s surface, charting changes in depth as small as one five-hundredth the thickness of a human hair. Pitch, volume and timbre are all encoded in the hills and valleys and the speed at which the record is played.

At the conservation center, the preservation specialist Mason Vander Lugt attached one of the cylinders to the end of a rotating shaft. Huddled around a computer screen, the Rolfses first saw the wiggly waveform generated by Irene. Then came the digital audio. The words were at first indistinct, but as Mr. Lugt filtered out more of the noise, the rhyme became clearer.

“That was the Eureka moment,” Mr. Rolfs said.

In 1890, a girl in Edison’s laboratory had recited:

There was a little girl,

And she had a little curl

Audio

Right in the middle of her forehead.

When she was good,

She was very, very good.

But when she was bad, she was horrid.

Recently, the conservation center turned up another surprise.

In 2010, the Woody Guthrie Foundation received 18 oversize phonograph disks from an anonymous donor. No one knew if any of the dirt-stained recordings featured Guthrie, but Tiffany Colannino, then the foundation’s archivist, had stored them unplayed until she heard about Irene.

Last fall, the center extracted audio from one of the records, labeled “Jam Session 9” and emailed the digital file to Ms. Colannino.

“I was just sitting in my dining room, and the next thing I know, I’m hearing Woody,” she said. In between solo performances of “Ladies Auxiliary,” “Jesus Christ,” and “Dead or Alive,” Guthrie tells jokes, offers some back story, and makes the audience laugh. “It is quintessential Guthrie,” Ms. Colannino said.

The Rolfses’ dolls are back in the display cabinet in Wisconsin. But with audio stored on several computers, they now have a permanent voice.

Ghostly Voices From Thomas Edison’s Dolls Can Now Be Heard
Photo
 
Many bodies prepared for cremation last week in Kathmandu were of young men from Gongabu, a common stopover for Nepali migrant workers headed overseas. Credit Daniel Berehulak for The New York Times

KATHMANDU, Nepal — When the dense pillar of smoke from cremations by the Bagmati River was thinning late last week, the bodies were all coming from Gongabu, a common stopover for Nepali migrant workers headed overseas, and they were all of young men.

Hindu custom dictates that funeral pyres should be lighted by the oldest son of the deceased, but these men were too young to have sons, so they were burned by their brothers or fathers. Sukla Lal, a maize farmer, made a 14-hour journey by bus to retrieve the body of his 19-year-old son, who had been on his way to the Persian Gulf to work as a laborer.

“He wanted to live in the countryside, but he was compelled to leave by poverty,” Mr. Lal said, gazing ahead steadily as his son’s remains smoldered. “He told me, ‘You can live on your land, and I will come up with money, and we will have a happy family.’ ”

Weeks will pass before the authorities can give a complete accounting of who died in the April 25 earthquake, but it is already clear that Nepal cannot afford the losses. The countryside was largely stripped of its healthy young men even before the quake, as they migrated in great waves — 1,500 a day by some estimates — to work as laborers in India, Malaysia or one of the gulf nations, leaving many small communities populated only by elderly parents, women and children. Economists say that at some times of the year, one-quarter of Nepal’s population is working outside the country.

Nepal’s Young Men, Lost to Migration, Then a Quake

Mr. Napoleon was a self-taught musician whose career began in earnest with the orchestra led by Chico Marx of the Marx Brothers.

Marty Napoleon, 93, Dies; Jazz Pianist Played With Louis Armstrong

WASHINGTON — The last three men to win the Republican nomination have been the prosperous son of a president (George W. Bush), a senator who could not recall how many homes his family owned (John McCain of Arizona; it was seven) and a private equity executive worth an estimated $200 million (Mitt Romney).

The candidates hoping to be the party’s nominee in 2016 are trying to create a very different set of associations. On Sunday, Ben Carson, a retired neurosurgeon, joined the presidential field.

Senator Marco Rubio of Florida praises his parents, a bartender and a Kmart stock clerk, as he urges audiences not to forget “the workers in our hotel kitchens, the landscaping crews in our neighborhoods, the late-night janitorial staff that clean our offices.”

Gov. Scott Walker of Wisconsin, a preacher’s son, posts on Twitter about his ham-and-cheese sandwiches and boasts of his coupon-clipping frugality. His $1 Kohl’s sweater has become a campaign celebrity in its own right.

Senator Rand Paul of Kentucky laments the existence of “two Americas,” borrowing the Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.’s phrase to describe economically and racially troubled communities like Ferguson, Mo., and Detroit.

Photo
 
Senator Marco Rubio of Florida praises his parents, a bartender and a Kmart stock clerk. Credit Joe Raedle/Getty Images

“Some say, ‘But Democrats care more about the poor,’ ” Mr. Paul likes to say. “If that’s true, why is black unemployment still twice white unemployment? Why has household income declined by $3,500 over the past six years?”

We are in the midst of the Empathy Primary — the rhetorical battleground shaping the Republican presidential field of 2016.

Harmed by the perception that they favor the wealthy at the expense of middle-of-the-road Americans, the party’s contenders are each trying their hardest to get across what the elder George Bush once inelegantly told recession-battered voters in 1992: “Message: I care.”

Their ability to do so — less bluntly, more sincerely — could prove decisive in an election year when power, privilege and family connections will loom large for both parties.

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Questions of understanding and compassion cost Republicans in the last election. Mr. Romney, who memorably dismissed the “47 percent” of Americans as freeloaders, lost to President Obama by 63 percentage points among voters who cast their ballots for the candidate who “cares about people like me,” according to exit polls.

And a Pew poll from February showed that people still believe Republicans are indifferent to working Americans: 54 percent said the Republican Party does not care about the middle class.

That taint of callousness explains why Senator Ted Cruz of Texas declared last week that Republicans “are and should be the party of the 47 percent” — and why another son of a president, Jeb Bush, has made economic opportunity the centerpiece of his message.

With his pedigree and considerable wealth — since he left the Florida governor’s office almost a decade ago he has earned millions of dollars sitting on corporate boards and advising banks — Mr. Bush probably has the most complicated task making the argument to voters that he understands their concerns.

On a visit last week to Puerto Rico, Mr. Bush sounded every bit the populist, railing against “elites” who have stifled economic growth and innovation. In the kind of economy he envisions leading, he said: “We wouldn’t have the middle being squeezed. People in poverty would have a chance to rise up. And the social strains that exist — because the haves and have-nots is the big debate in our country today — would subside.”

Continue reading the main story
 

Who Is Running for President (and Who’s Not)?

Republicans’ emphasis on poorer and working-class Americans now represents a shift from the party’s longstanding focus on business owners and “job creators” as the drivers of economic opportunity.

This is intentional, Republican operatives said.

In the last presidential election, Republicans rushed to defend business owners against what they saw as hostility by Democrats to successful, wealthy entrepreneurs.

“Part of what you had was a reaction to the Democrats’ dehumanization of business owners: ‘Oh, you think you started your plumbing company? No you didn’t,’ ” said Grover Norquist, the conservative activist and president of Americans for Tax Reform.

But now, Mr. Norquist said, Republicans should move past that. “Focus on the people in the room who know someone who couldn’t get a job, or a promotion, or a raise because taxes are too high or regulations eat up companies’ time,” he said. “The rich guy can take care of himself.”

Democrats argue that the public will ultimately see through such an approach because Republican positions like opposing a minimum-wage increase and giving private banks a larger role in student loans would hurt working Americans.

“If Republican candidates are just repeating the same tired policies, I’m not sure that smiling while saying it is going to be enough,” said Guy Cecil, a Democratic strategist who is joining a “super PAC” working on behalf of Hillary Rodham Clinton.

Republicans have already attacked Mrs. Clinton over the wealth and power she and her husband have accumulated, caricaturing her as an out-of-touch multimillionaire who earns hundreds of thousands of dollars per speech and has not driven a car since 1996.

Mr. Walker hit this theme recently on Fox News, pointing to Mrs. Clinton’s lucrative book deals and her multiple residences. “This is not someone who is connected with everyday Americans,” he said. His own net worth, according to The Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, is less than a half-million dollars; Mr. Walker also owes tens of thousands of dollars on his credit cards.

Continue reading the main story

But showing off a cheap sweater or boasting of a bootstraps family background not only helps draw a contrast with Mrs. Clinton’s latter-day affluence, it is also an implicit argument against Mr. Bush.

Mr. Walker, who featured a 1998 Saturn with more than 100,000 miles on the odometer in a 2010 campaign ad during his first run for governor, likes to talk about flipping burgers at McDonald’s as a young person. His mother, he has said, grew up on a farm with no indoor plumbing until she was in high school.

Mr. Rubio, among the least wealthy members of the Senate, with an estimated net worth of around a half-million dollars, uses his working-class upbringing as evidence of the “exceptionalism” of America, “where even the son of a bartender and a maid can have the same dreams and the same future as those who come from power and privilege.”

Mr. Cruz alludes to his family’s dysfunction — his parents, he says, were heavy drinkers — and recounts his father’s tale of fleeing Cuba with $100 sewn into his underwear.

Gov. Chris Christie of New Jersey notes that his father paid his way through college working nights at an ice cream plant.

But sometimes the attempts at projecting authenticity can seem forced. Mr. Christie recently found himself on the defensive after telling a New Hampshire audience, “I don’t consider myself a wealthy man.” Tax returns showed that he and his wife, a longtime Wall Street executive, earned nearly $700,000 in 2013.

The story of success against the odds is a political classic, even if it is one the Republican Party has not been able to tell for a long time. Ronald Reagan liked to say that while he had not been born on the wrong side of the tracks, he could always hear the whistle. Richard Nixon was fond of reminding voters how he was born in a house his father had built.

“Probably the idea that is most attractive to an average voter, and an idea that both Republicans and Democrats try to craft into their messages, is this idea that you can rise from nothing,” said Charles C. W. Cooke, a writer for National Review.

There is a certain delight Republicans take in turning that message to their advantage now.

“That’s what Obama did with Hillary,” Mr. Cooke said. “He acknowledged it openly: ‘This is ridiculous. Look at me, this one-term senator with dark skin and all of America’s unsolved racial problems, running against the wife of the last Democratic president.”

G.O.P. Hopefuls Now Aiming to Woo the Middle Class

With 12 tournament victories in his career, Mr. Peete was the most successful black professional golfer before Tiger Woods.

Calvin Peete, 71, a Racial Pioneer on the PGA Tour, Is Dead
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