PAKET UMROH BULAN FEBRUARI MARET APRIL MEI 2018




Artikel lainnya »

Setelah empat bulan berlalu, pelaku penembakan terhadap Briptu Ruslan Kusuma di tempat cuci motor di Jalan Pekapuran, Cimanggis, Depok, Jumat (13/9/2013) malam lalu, akhirnya tertangkap. Pelaku penembakan adalah kelompok curanmor asal Lampung. Kasubdit Resmob Direktorat Reserse Kriminal Umum Polda Metro Jaya AKBP Adex Yudiswan, saat dikonfirmasi membenarkan adanya penangkapan tersebut. "Betul, pelaku sudah kita tangkap dan masih dikembangkan," kata Adex saat berbincang dengan detikcom, Selasa (21/1/2014). Informasi yang dihimpun detikcom, pelaku yang tertangkap berjumlah 4 orang. Salah satu pelaku yakni bernama Sukur yang ditangkap di Sukabumi, Jawa Barat pada Jumat (17/1) lalu. Briptu Ruslan Kusuma ditembak oleh 4 orang pria saat sedang mencuci motornya di 'Arema Car Wash', Jalan Pekapuran, Sukatani, Depok, Jumat (13/9/2013) pukul 18.30 WIB. Dua orang pelaku merampas kunci motor anggota Sabhara Baharkam Mabes Polti itu dan seketika korban melakukan perlawanan. Pelaku kemudian melepaskan tembakan ke arah Ruslan. Sebutir timah panas pun bersarang di kaki Ruslan. Usai melumpuhkan Ruslan, para pelaku berhasil membawa kabur motor Kawasaki Ninja milik korban. Setelah itu mereka melarikan diri ke arah Leuwinanggung.

4 PENEMBAK BRIPTU RUSLAN DI DEPOK DITANGKAP POLISI ASAL LAMPUNG

saco-indonesia.com, Pencuri kabel listrik tegangan tinggi ternyata tidak hanya terjadi di Indonesia saja . Ternyata perbuatan nekat itu juga ada di Inggris Raya. Oleh karena itu tujuh pencuri kabel di Cardiff, Wales -yang telah mempertaruhkan nyawa dengan memanjat tiang listrik tegangan tinggi-  telah diganjar hukuman penjara.

Ketujuh pelaku tersebut memang pantas dihukum berat yaitu penadahnya masing-masing 2 tahun penjara dan pelakunya antara 21 bulan hingga 30 bulan. Pasalnya akibat dari kelakukan pencuri nekat ini Inggris Barat Daya telah mengalami pemadam listrik.

Menurut BBC, mereka telah mencuri kabel yang menyalurkan aliran listrik 33.000 volt dari tiang listrik tegangan tinggi di Gloucestershire, Inggris barat daya, dan dibawa ke Cardiff.

Kerugian akibat dari pencurian kabel itu telah mencapai 150.000 poundstaerling atau sekitar Rp2,5 miliar.
Saat menjatuhkan hukuman, Selasa (17/12), Hakim William Hard telah mengatakan pencurian itu telah direncanakan dengan baik namun dengan sedikit ‘kebodohan’.”Direncanakan dengan amat baik dan membutukan keberanian yang berbeda tipis dengan kebodohan,” tegasnya.

Komplotan pencuri naik ke tiang listrik dan konduktor listrik dipotong di kedua ujung kabel sepanjang 7.000 meter yang kemudian digulung sebelum dibawa pergi untuk dapat dijual sebagai logam.
Aksi mereka telah terungkap karena polisi yang sedang melakukan patroli telah curiga dengan pengemudi mobil barang dan mobil sedan yang mengaku sedang berburu kelinci.

Dua kakak beradik, Vijay dan Umar Chohan -yang dituduh menadah barang curian logam itu telah membantah terlibat namun diganjar dua tahun penjara.Sementara lima lainnya telah mendapat hukuman 21 hingga 30 bulan penjara.


Editor : Dian Sukmawati

DI INGGRIS JUGA ADA KASUS PENCURIAN

MANADO, Saco-Indonesia.com - Sampai dengan pagi ini, Kamis (16/1/2014), bencana banjir bandang yang terjadi di enam kabupaten/kota di Sulawesi Utara, Rabu kemarin, telah merenggut 13 korban tewas, dan dua warga lainnya belum ditemukan. Sementara, tercatat 40 ribu warga mengungsi.

Seperti yang telah diberitakan, banjir terjadi di enam kabupaten/kota di Sulut secara bersamaan, yaitu Kota Manado, Minahasa Utara, Kota Tomohon, Minahasa, Minahasa Selatan, dan Kepulauan Sangihe.

Menurut Sutopo Purwo Nugroho, Kepala Pusat Data Informasi dan Humas BNPB, bencana ini terjadi akibat kombinasi antara faktor alam dan antropogenik yang memicu terjadinya banjir bandang dan longsor yang masif di Sulawesi Utara.

Sutopo menguraikan, di Kota Manado lima tewas, satu orang hanyut belum ditemukan (Veber Sony Lowing). Di Kota Tomohon lima orang tewas. Di Minahasa tiga orang tewas, satu orang hilang (Niko-54), dan satu orang luka berat.

Di Kabupaten Minahasa Utara tiga desa dengan 1.000 jiwa terisolasi akibat banjir dan longsor. Di Kepulauan Sangihe beberapa rumah tertimbun longsor. Diperkirakan, sekitar 40.000 warga mengungsi ke tempat yang aman. 

Sutopo menjelaskan, hujan deras dipicu sistem tekanan rendah di perairan selatan Filipina, menyebabkan pembentukan awan intensif. Selain itu, adanya konvergensi dampak dari tekanan rendah di utara Australia, awan-awan besar masuk ke wilayah Sulut.

Akibatnya, empat sungai besar di Kota Manado meluap dan menghanyutkan puluhan rumah dan kendaraan. Bencana kali ini lebih besar daripada sebelumnya yang pernah terjadi pada tahun 2000 yang menyebabkan 22 tewas, dan Februari 2013 yang menyebabkan 17 tewas.

Sumber : kompas.com

Editor : Maulana Lee

Renggut 13 Nyawa Akibat Bencana Banjir di Manado

Jadi, tunggu apa lagi langsung saja anda menuju sumber artikel dan mempelajari tehnik cara meningkatkan penjualan online yang kami bagikan tersebut. Harapan kami semoga memang benar-benar ampuh untuk mempromosikan produk anda secara online.

Nah supaya anda tidak penasaran bagaimana cara meningkatkan penjualan online dengan menggunakan fasilitas facebook commerce ini maka kami mengajak anda untuk berkunjung dan membaca artikel kami dimana telah kami sertakan tautannya pada tulisan singkat kami di group ini.

Ketika kita berbicara tentang bisnis, entah itu bisnis online maupun offline, agen pulsa termurah, strategi marketing yang baik akan sangat berandil besar dalam kemajuan bisnis tersebut. Nah untuk i bisnis online, tentu saja marekting online yang baik lah yang akan menentukan kemajuan bisnis online tersebut.

Trik bagaimana cara meningkatkan penjualan secara online ini adalah sebuah fasilitas yang diadakan oleh lakubgt, yaitu facebook commerce. Facebook commerce ini adalah sebuah toko online di lakubgt yang terintegrasi dengan facebook sebagai sosial media paling besar di dunia.

CARA MENINGKATKAN PENJUALAN ONLINE

saco-indonesia.com, Pelaku utama penembak polisi Brigadir Anunerta Nurul Affandi, masih buron. Polda Jabar telah merilis foto wajah penembak anggota Serse Polsek Kalapanunggal, Bogor, Jawa Barat.  Pelaku Muhamad Sugandi alias Muklis sudah resmi masuk Daftar Pencarian orang (DPO).

“ Pria itu juga sudah resmi ditetapkan jadi DPO,“ tandas Kasubdit IiI Jatanras Ditreskrium Polda Jabar, AKBP Murjoko Budoyono. Dia juga menjelaskan, tim gabungan Polda Jabar dan Polres Bogor terus akan memburu pelaku yang telah menembak anggota polisi di warung makanan tak jauh dari mapolsek tempat korban bertugas. Dari hasil pengejaran tim berhasil menangkap seorang tersangka K di kawasan Bandar Lampung.

Diberitakan, Brigadir Anumerta Nurul tewas ditembak dua bandit jalanan di Bogor. Korban ditembak saat tengah makan siang di warung. Almarhum memergoki pelaku yang mencuri motor. Tanpa diduga sebelumnya salah seorang pelaku mencabut pistol dan menembak almarhum.

Buntut peritiwa tersebut Polda Jabar telah memberikan santunan pendidikan dan kesehatan Rp100 juta untuk anak almarhum bernama Muhamad Zaidan yang berusia 4 bulan.


Editor : Dian Sukmawati

POLDA JABAR SEBAR FOTO PENEMBAK ANGGOTA RESERSE

Mr. Paczynski was one of the concentration camp’s longest surviving inmates and served as the personal barber to its Nazi commandant Rudolf Höss.

Jozef Paczynski, Inmate Barber to Auschwitz Commandant, Dies at 95

As he reflected on the festering wounds deepened by race and grievance that have been on painful display in America’s cities lately, President Obama on Monday found himself thinking about a young man he had just met named Malachi.

A few minutes before, in a closed-door round-table discussion at Lehman College in the Bronx, Mr. Obama had asked a group of black and Hispanic students from disadvantaged backgrounds what could be done to help them reach their goals. Several talked about counseling and guidance programs.

“Malachi, he just talked about — we should talk about love,” Mr. Obama told a crowd afterward, drifting away from his prepared remarks. “Because Malachi and I shared the fact that our dad wasn’t around and that sometimes we wondered why he wasn’t around and what had happened. But really, that’s what this comes down to is: Do we love these kids?”

Many presidents have governed during times of racial tension, but Mr. Obama is the first to see in the mirror a face that looks like those on the other side of history’s ledger. While his first term was consumed with the economy, war and health care, his second keeps coming back to the societal divide that was not bridged by his election. A president who eschewed focusing on race now seems to have found his voice again as he thinks about how to use his remaining time in office and beyond.

Continue reading the main story Video
Play Video|1:17

Obama Speaks of a ‘Sense of Unfairness’

Obama Speaks of a ‘Sense of Unfairness’

At an event announcing the creation of a nonprofit focusing on young minority men, President Obama talked about the underlying reasons for recent protests in Baltimore and other cities.

By Associated Press on Publish Date May 4, 2015. Photo by Stephen Crowley/The New York Times.

In the aftermath of racially charged unrest in places like Baltimore, Ferguson, Mo., and New York, Mr. Obama came to the Bronx on Monday for the announcement of a new nonprofit organization that is being spun off from his White House initiative called My Brother’s Keeper. Staked by more than $80 million in commitments from corporations and other donors, the new group, My Brother’s Keeper Alliance, will in effect provide the nucleus for Mr. Obama’s post-presidency, which will begin in January 2017.

“This will remain a mission for me and for Michelle not just for the rest of my presidency but for the rest of my life,” Mr. Obama said. “And the reason is simple,” he added. Referring to some of the youths he had just met, he said: “We see ourselves in these young men. I grew up without a dad. I grew up lost sometimes and adrift, not having a sense of a clear path. The only difference between me and a lot of other young men in this neighborhood and all across the country is that I grew up in an environment that was a little more forgiving.”

Advertisement

Organizers said the new alliance already had financial pledges from companies like American Express, Deloitte, Discovery Communications and News Corporation. The money will be used to help companies address obstacles facing young black and Hispanic men, provide grants to programs for disadvantaged youths, and help communities aid their populations.

Joe Echevarria, a former chief executive of Deloitte, the accounting and consulting firm, will lead the alliance, and among those on its leadership team or advisory group are executives at PepsiCo, News Corporation, Sprint, BET and Prudential Group Insurance; former Secretary of State Colin L. Powell; Senator Cory Booker, Democrat of New Jersey; former Attorney General Eric H. Holder Jr.; the music star John Legend; the retired athletes Alonzo Mourning, Jerome Bettis and Shaquille O’Neal; and the mayors of Indianapolis, Sacramento and Philadelphia.

The alliance, while nominally independent of the White House, may face some of the same questions confronting former Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton as she begins another presidential campaign. Some of those donating to the alliance may have interests in government action, and skeptics may wonder whether they are trying to curry favor with the president by contributing.

“The Obama administration will have no role in deciding how donations are screened and what criteria they’ll set at the alliance for donor policies, because it’s an entirely separate entity,” Josh Earnest, the White House press secretary, told reporters on Air Force One en route to New York. But he added, “I’m confident that the members of the board are well aware of the president’s commitment to transparency.”

The alliance was in the works before the disturbances last week after the death of Freddie Gray, the black man who suffered fatal injuries while in police custody in Baltimore, but it reflected the evolution of Mr. Obama’s presidency. For him, in a way, it is coming back to issues that animated him as a young community organizer and politician. It was his own struggle with race and identity, captured in his youthful memoir, “Dreams From My Father,” that stood him apart from other presidential aspirants.

But that was a side of him that he kept largely to himself through the first years of his presidency while he focused on other priorities like turning the economy around, expanding government-subsidized health care and avoiding electoral land mines en route to re-election.

After securing a second term, Mr. Obama appeared more emboldened. Just a month after his 2013 inauguration, he talked passionately about opportunity and race with a group of teenage boys in Chicago, a moment aides point to as perhaps the first time he had spoken about these issues in such a personal, powerful way as president. A few months later, he publicly lamented the death of Trayvon Martin, a black Florida teenager, saying that “could have been me 35 years ago.”

Photo
 
President Obama on Monday with Darinel Montero, a student at Bronx International High School who introduced him before remarks at Lehman College in the Bronx. Credit Stephen Crowley/The New York Times

That case, along with public ruptures of anger over police shootings in Ferguson and elsewhere, have pushed the issue of race and law enforcement onto the public agenda. Aides said they imagined that with his presidency in its final stages, Mr. Obama might be thinking more about what comes next and causes he can advance as a private citizen.

That is not to say that his public discussion of these issues has been universally welcomed. Some conservatives said he had made matters worse by seeming in their view to blame police officers in some of the disputed cases.

“President Obama, when he was elected, could have been a unifying leader,” Senator Ted Cruz of Texas, a Republican candidate for president, said at a forum last week. “He has made decisions that I think have inflamed racial tensions.”

On the other side of the ideological spectrum, some liberal African-American activists have complained that Mr. Obama has not done enough to help downtrodden communities. While he is speaking out more, these critics argue, he has hardly used the power of the presidency to make the sort of radical change they say is necessary.

The line Mr. Obama has tried to straddle has been a serrated one. He condemns police brutality as he defends most officers as honorable. He condemns “criminals and thugs” who looted in Baltimore while expressing empathy with those trapped in a cycle of poverty and hopelessness.

In the Bronx on Monday, Mr. Obama bemoaned the death of Brian Moore, a plainclothes New York police officer who had died earlier in the day after being shot in the head Saturday on a Queens street. Most police officers are “good and honest and fair and care deeply about their communities,” even as they put their lives on the line, Mr. Obama said.

“Which is why in addressing the issues in Baltimore or Ferguson or New York, the point I made was that if we’re just looking at policing, we’re looking at it too narrowly,” he added. “If we ask the police to simply contain and control problems that we ourselves have been unwilling to invest and solve, that’s not fair to the communities, it’s not fair to the police.”

Moreover, if society writes off some people, he said, “that’s not the kind of country I want to live in; that’s not what America is about.”

His message to young men like Malachi Hernandez, who attends Boston Latin Academy in Massachusetts, is not to give up.

“I want you to know you matter,” he said. “You matter to us.”

Obama Finds a Bolder Voice on Race Issues

A lapsed seminarian, Mr. Chambers succeeded Saul Alinsky as leader of the social justice umbrella group Industrial Areas Foundation.

Edward Chambers, Early Leader in Community Organizing, Dies at 85

Ms. Plisetskaya, renowned for her fluidity of movement, expressive acting and willful personality, danced on the Bolshoi stage well into her 60s, but her life was shadowed by Stalinism.

Maya Plisetskaya, Ballerina Who Embodied Bolshoi, Dies at 89

The 2015 Met Gala has only officially begun, but there's a clear leader in the race for best couple, no small feat at an event that threatens to sap Hollywood of every celebrity it has for the duration of an East Coast evening.

That would be Marc Jacobs and his surprise guest (who, by some miracle, remained under wraps until their red carpet debut), Cher.

“This has been a dream of mine for a very, very long time,” Mr. Jacobs said.

It is Cher's first appearance at the Met Gala since 1997, when she arrived on the arm of Donatella Versace.

– MATTHEW SCHNEIER

Cher and Marc Jacobs

Mr. Mankiewicz, an Oscar-nominated screenwriter for “I Want to Live!,” also wrote episodes of television shows such as “Star Trek” and “Marcus Welby, M.D.”

Don Mankiewicz, Screenwriter in a Family Film Tradition, Dies at 93

Hockey is not exactly known as a city game, but played on roller skates, it once held sway as the sport of choice in many New York neighborhoods.

“City kids had no rinks, no ice, but they would do anything to play hockey,” said Edward Moffett, former director of the Long Island City Y.M.C.A. Roller Hockey League, in Queens, whose games were played in city playgrounds going back to the 1940s.

From the 1960s through the 1980s, the league had more than 60 teams, he said. Players included the Mullen brothers of Hell’s Kitchen and Dan Dorion of Astoria, Queens, who would later play on ice for the National Hockey League.

One street legend from the heyday of New York roller hockey was Craig Allen, who lived in the Woodside Houses projects and became one of the city’s hardest hitters and top scorers.

“Craig was a warrior, one of the best roller hockey players in the city in the ’70s,” said Dave Garmendia, 60, a retired New York police officer who grew up playing with Mr. Allen. “His teammates loved him and his opponents feared him.”

Young Craig took up hockey on the streets of Queens in the 1960s, playing pickup games between sewer covers, wearing steel-wheeled skates clamped onto school shoes and using a roll of electrical tape as the puck.

His skill and ferocity drew attention, Mr. Garmendia said, but so did his skin color. He was black, in a sport made up almost entirely by white players.

“Roller hockey was a white kid’s game, plain and simple, but Craig broke the color barrier,” Mr. Garmendia said. “We used to say Craig did more for race relations than the N.A.A.C.P.”

Mr. Allen went on to coach and referee roller hockey in New York before moving several years ago to South Carolina. But he continued to organize an annual alumni game at Dutch Kills Playground in Long Island City, the same site that held the local championship games.

The reunion this year was on Saturday, but Mr. Allen never made it. On April 26, just before boarding the bus to New York, he died of an asthma attack at age 61.

Word of his death spread rapidly among hundreds of his old hockey colleagues who resolved to continue with the event, now renamed the Craig Allen Memorial Roller Hockey Reunion.

The turnout on Saturday was the largest ever, with players pulling on their old equipment, choosing sides and taking once again to the rink of cracked blacktop with faded lines and circles. They wore no helmets, although one player wore a fedora.

Another, Vinnie Juliano, 77, of Long Island City, wore his hearing aids, along with his 50-year-old taped-up quads, or four-wheeled skates with a leather boot. Many players here never converted to in-line skates, and neither did Mr. Allen, whose photograph appeared on a poster hanging behind the players’ bench.

“I’m seeing people walking by wondering why all these rusty, grizzly old guys are here playing hockey,” one player, Tommy Dominguez, said. “We’re here for Craig, and let me tell you, these old guys still play hard.”

Everyone seemed to have a Craig Allen story, from his earliest teams at Public School 151 to the Bryant Rangers, the Woodside Wings, the Woodside Blues and more.

Mr. Allen, who became a yellow-cab driver, was always recruiting new talent. He gained the nickname Cabby for his habit of stopping at playgrounds all over the city to scout players.

Teams were organized around neighborhoods and churches, and often sponsored by local bars. Mr. Allen, for one, played for bars, including Garry Owen’s and on the Fiddler’s Green Jokers team in Inwood, Manhattan.

Play was tough and fights were frequent.

“We were basically street gangs on skates,” said Steve Rogg, 56, a mail clerk who grew up in Jackson Heights, Queens, and who on Saturday wore his Riedell Classic quads from 1972. “If another team caught up with you the night before a game, they tossed you a beating so you couldn’t play the next day.”

Mr. Garmendia said Mr. Allen’s skin color provoked many fights.

“When we’d go to some ignorant neighborhoods, a lot of players would use slurs,” Mr. Garmendia said, recalling a game in Ozone Park, Queens, where local fans parked motorcycles in a lineup next to the blacktop and taunted Mr. Allen. Mr. Garmendia said he checked a player into the motorcycles, “and the bikes went down like dominoes, which started a serious brawl.”

A group of fans at a game in Brooklyn once stuck a pole through the rink fence as Mr. Allen skated by and broke his jaw, Mr. Garmendia said, adding that carloads of reinforcements soon arrived to defend Mr. Allen.

And at another racially incited brawl, the police responded with six patrol cars and a helicopter.

Before play began on Saturday, the players gathered at center rink to honor Mr. Allen. Billy Barnwell, 59, of Woodside, recalled once how an all-white, all-star squad snubbed Mr. Allen by playing him third string. He scored seven goals in the first game and made first string immediately.

“He’d always hear racial stuff before the game, and I’d ask him, ‘How do you put up with that?’” Mr. Barnwell recalled. “Craig would say, ‘We’ll take care of it,’ and by the end of the game, he’d win guys over. They’d say, ‘This guy’s good.’”

Tribute for a Roller Hockey Warrior

WASHINGTON — A decade after emergency trailers meant to shelter Hurricane Katrina victims instead caused burning eyes, sore throats and other more serious ailments, the Environmental Protection Agency is on the verge of regulating the culprit: formaldehyde, a chemical that can be found in commonplace things like clothes and furniture.

But an unusual assortment of players, including furniture makers, the Chinese government, Republicans from states with a large base of furniture manufacturing and even some Democrats who championed early regulatory efforts, have questioned the E.P.A. proposal. The sustained opposition has held sway, as the agency is now preparing to ease key testing requirements before it releases the landmark federal health standard.

The E.P.A.’s five-year effort to adopt this rule offers another example of how industry opposition can delay and hamper attempts by the federal government to issue regulations, even to control substances known to be harmful to human health.

Continue reading the main story
 

Document: The Formaldehyde Fight

Formaldehyde is a known carcinogen that can also cause respiratory ailments like asthma, but the potential of long-term exposure to cause cancers like myeloid leukemia is less well understood.

The E.P.A.’s decision would be the first time that the federal government has regulated formaldehyde inside most American homes.

“The stakes are high for public health,” said Tom Neltner, senior adviser for regulatory affairs at the National Center for Healthy Housing, who has closely monitored the debate over the rules. “What we can’t have here is an outcome that fails to confront the health threat we all know exists.”

The proposal would not ban formaldehyde — commonly used as an ingredient in wood glue in furniture and flooring — but it would impose rules that prevent dangerous levels of the chemical’s vapors from those products, and would set testing standards to ensure that products sold in the United States comply with those limits. The debate has sharpened in the face of growing concern about the safety of formaldehyde-treated flooring imported from Asia, especially China.

What is certain is that a lot of money is at stake: American companies sell billions of dollars’ worth of wood products each year that contain formaldehyde, and some argue that the proposed regulation would impose unfair costs and restrictions.

Determined to block the agency’s rule as proposed, these industry players have turned to the White House, members of Congress and top E.P.A. officials, pressing them to roll back the testing requirements in particular, calling them redundant and too expensive.

“There are potentially over a million manufacturing jobs that will be impacted if the proposed rule is finalized without changes,” wrote Bill Perdue, the chief lobbyist at the American Home Furnishings Alliance, a leading critic of the testing requirements in the proposed regulation, in one letter to the E.P.A.

Industry opposition helped create an odd alignment of forces working to thwart the rule. The White House moved to strike out key aspects of the proposal. Subsequent appeals for more changes were voiced by players as varied as Senator Barbara Boxer, Democrat of California, and Senator Roger Wicker, Republican of Mississippi, as well as furniture industry lobbyists.

Hurricane Katrina in 2005 helped ignite the public debate over formaldehyde, after the deadly storm destroyed or damaged hundreds of thousands of homes along the Gulf of Mexico, forcing families into temporary trailers provided by the Federal Emergency Management Agency.

The displaced storm victims quickly began reporting respiratory problems, burning eyes and other issues, and tests then confirmed high levels of formaldehyde fumes leaking into the air inside the trailers, which in many cases had been hastily constructed.

Public health advocates petitioned the E.P.A. to issue limits on formaldehyde in building materials and furniture used in homes, given that limits already existed for exposure in workplaces. But three years after the storm, only California had issued such limits.

Industry groups like the American Chemistry Council have repeatedly challenged the science linking formaldehyde to cancer, a position championed by David Vitter, the Republican senator from Louisiana, who is a major recipient of chemical industry campaign contributions, and whom environmental groups have mockingly nicknamed “Senator Formaldehyde.”

Continue reading the main story

Formaldehyde in Laminate Flooring

In laminate flooring, formaldehyde is used as a bonding agent in the fiberboard (or other composite wood) core layer and may also be used in glues that bind layers together. Concerns were raised in March when certain laminate flooring imported from China was reported to contain levels of formaldehyde far exceeding the limit permitted by California.

Typical

laminate

flooring

CLEAR FINISH LAYER

Often made of melamine resin

PATTERN LAYER

Paper printed to resemble wood,

or a thin wood veneer

GLUE

Layers may be bound using

formaldehyde-based glues

CORE LAYER

Fiberboard or other

composite, formed using

formaldehyde-based adhesives

BASE LAYER

Moisture-resistant vapor barrier

What is formaldehyde?

Formaldehyde is a common chemical used in many industrial and household products as an adhesive, bonding agent or preservative. It is classified as a volatile organic compound. The term volatile means that, at room temperature, formaldehyde will vaporize, or become a gas. Products made with formaldehyde tend to release this gas into the air. If breathed in large quantities, it may cause health problems.

WHERE IT IS COMMONLY FOUND

POTENTIAL HEALTH RISKS

Pressed-wood and composite wood products

Wallpaper and paints

Spray foam insulation used in construction

Commercial wood floor finishes

Crease-resistant fabrics

In cigarette smoke, or in the fumes from combustion of other materials, including wood, oil and gasoline.

Exposure to formaldehyde in sufficient amounts may cause eye, throat or skin irritation, allergic reactions, and respiratory problems like coughing, wheezing or asthma.

Long-term exposure to high levels has been associated with cancer in humans and laboratory animals.

Exposure to formaldehyde may affect some people more severely than others.

By 2010, public health advocates and some industry groups secured bipartisan support in Congress for legislation that ordered the E.P.A. to issue federal rules that largely mirrored California’s restrictions. At the time, concerns were rising over the growing number of lower-priced furniture imports from Asia that might include contaminated products, while also hurting sales of American-made products.

Maneuvering began almost immediately after the E.P.A. prepared draft rules to formally enact the new standards.

White House records show at least five meetings in mid-2012 with industry executives — kitchen cabinet makers, chemical manufacturers, furniture trade associations and their lobbyists, like Brock R. Landry, of the Venable law firm. These parties, along with Senator Vitter’s office, appealed to top administration officials, asking them to intervene to roll back the E.P.A. proposal.

The White House Office of Management and Budget, which reviews major federal regulations before they are adopted, apparently agreed. After the White House review, the E.P.A. “redlined” many of the estimates of the monetary benefits that would be gained by reductions in related health ailments, like asthma and fertility issues, documents reviewed by The New York Times show.

As a result, the estimated benefit of the proposed rule dropped to $48 million a year, from as much as $278 million a year. The much-reduced amount deeply weakened the agency’s justification for the sometimes costly new testing that would be required under the new rules, a federal official involved in the effort said.

“It’s a redlining blood bath,” said Lisa Heinzerling, a Georgetown University Law School professor and a former E.P.A. official, using the Washington phrase to describe when language is stricken from a proposed rule. “Almost the entire discussion of these potential benefits was excised.”

Senator Vitter’s staff was pleased.

“That’s a huge difference,” said Luke Bolar, a spokesman for Mr. Vitter, of the reduced estimated financial benefits, saying the change was “clearly highlighting more mismanagement” at the E.P.A.

Advertisement

The review’s outcome galvanized opponents in the furniture industry. They then targeted a provision that mandated new testing of laminated wood, a cheaper alternative to hardwood. (The California standard on which the law was based did not require such testing.)

But E.P.A. scientists had concluded that these laminate products — millions of which are sold annually in the United States — posed a particular risk. They said that when thin layers of wood, also known as laminate or veneer, are added to furniture or flooring in the final stages of manufacturing, the resulting product can generate dangerous levels of fumes from often-used formaldehyde-based glues.

Industry executives, outraged by what they considered an unnecessary and financially burdensome level of testing, turned every lever within reach to get the requirement removed. It would be particularly onerous, they argued, for small manufacturers that would have to repeatedly interrupt their work to do expensive new testing. The E.P.A. estimated that the expanded requirements for laminate products would cost the furniture industry tens of millions of dollars annually, while the industry said that the proposed rule over all would cost its 7,000 American manufacturing facilities over $200 million each year.

“A lot of people don’t seem to appreciate what a lot of these requirements do to a small operation,” said Dick Titus, executive vice president of the Kitchen Cabinet Manufacturers Association, whose members are predominantly small businesses. “A 10-person shop, for example, just really isn’t equipped to handle that type of thing.”

Photo
 
Becky Gillette wants strong regulation of formaldehyde. Credit Beth Hall for The New York Times

Big industry players also weighed in. Executives from companies including La-Z-Boy, Hooker Furniture and Ashley Furniture all flew to Washington for a series of meetings with the offices of lawmakers including House Speaker John Boehner, Republican of Ohio, and about a dozen other lawmakers, asking several of them to sign a letter prepared by the industry to press the E.P.A. to back down, according to an industry report describing the lobbying visit.

Within a matter of weeks, two letters — using nearly identical language — were sent by House and Senate lawmakers to the E.P.A. — with the industry group forwarding copies of the letters to the agency as well, and then posting them on its website.

The industry lobbyists also held their own meeting at E.P.A. headquarters, and they urged Jim Jones, who oversaw the rule-making process as the assistant administrator for the agency’s Office of Chemical Safety and Pollution Prevention, to visit a North Carolina furniture manufacturing plant. According to the trade group, Mr. Jones told them that the visit had “helped the agency shift its thinking” about the rules and how laminated products should be treated.

The resistance was particularly intense from lawmakers like Mr. Wicker of Mississippi, whose state is home to major manufacturing plants owned by Ashley Furniture Industries, the world’s largest furniture maker, and who is one of the biggest recipients in Congress of donations from the industry’s trade association. Asked if the political support played a role, a spokesman for Mr. Wicker replied: “Thousands of Mississippians depend on the furniture manufacturing industry for their livelihoods. Senator Wicker is committed to defending all Mississippians from government overreach.”

Individual companies like Ikea also intervened, as did the Chinese government, which claimed that the new rule would create a “great barrier” to the import of Chinese products because of higher costs.

Perhaps the most surprising objection came from Senator Boxer, of California, a longtime environmental advocate, whose office questioned why the E.P.A.’s rule went further than her home state’s in seeking testing on laminated products. “We did not advocate an outcome, other than safety,” her office said in a statement about why the senator raised concerns. “We said ‘Take a look to see if you have it right.’ ”

Safety advocates say that tighter restrictions — like the ones Ms. Boxer and Mr. Wicker, along with Representative Doris Matsui, a California Democrat, have questioned — are necessary, particularly for products coming from China, where items as varied as toys and Christmas lights have been found to violate American safety standards.

While Mr. Neltner, the environmental advocate who has been most involved in the review process, has been open to compromise, he has pressed the E.P.A. not to back down entirely, and to maintain a requirement that laminators verify that their products are safe.

An episode of CBS’s “60 Minutes” in March brought attention to the issue when it accused Lumber Liquidators, the discount flooring retailer, of selling laminate products with dangerous levels of formaldehyde. The company has disputed the show’s findings and test methods, maintaining that its products are safe.

“People think that just because Congress passed the legislation five years ago, the problem has been fixed,” said Becky Gillette, who then lived in coastal Mississippi, in the area hit by Hurricane Katrina, and was among the first to notice a pattern of complaints from people living in the trailers. “Real people’s faces and names come up in front of me when I think of the thousands of people who could get sick if this rule is not done right.”

An aide to Ms. Matsui rejected any suggestion that she was bending to industry pressure.

“From the beginning the public health has been our No. 1 concern,” said Kyle J. Victor, an aide to Ms. Matsui.

But further changes to the rule are likely, agency officials concede, as they say they are searching for a way to reduce the cost of complying with any final rule while maintaining public health goals. The question is just how radically the agency will revamp the testing requirement for laminated products — if it keeps it at all.

“It’s not a secret to anybody that is the most challenging issue,” said Mr. Jones, the E.P.A. official overseeing the process, adding that the health consequences from formaldehyde are real. “We have to reduce those exposures so that people can live healthy lives and not have to worry about being in their homes.”

The Uphill Battle to Better Regulate Formaldehyde
Frontline  An installment of this PBS program looks at the effects of Ebola on Liberia and other countries, as well as the origins of the outbreak.
Frontline

Frontline An installment of this PBS program looks at the effects of Ebola on Liberia and other countries, as well as the origins of the outbreak.

The program traces the outbreak to its origin, thought to be a tree full of bats in Guinea.

Review: ‘9-Man’ Is More Than a Game for Chinese-Americans

A variation of volleyball with nine men on each side is profiled Tuesday night on the World Channel in an absorbing documentary called “9-Man.”

Television

‘Hard Earned’ Documents the Plight of the Working Poor

“Hard Earned,” an Al Jazeera America series, follows five working-class families scrambling to stay ahead on limited incomes.

Review: ‘Frontline’ Looks at Missteps During the Ebola Outbreak

Ms. Pryor, who served more than two decades in the State Department, was the author of well-regarded biographies of the founder of the American Red Cross and the Confederate commander.

Elizabeth Brown Pryor, Biographer of Clara Barton and Robert E. Lee, Dies at 64

“It was really nice to play with other women and not have this underlying tone of being at each other’s throats.”

ay 4, 2015 ‘Game of Thrones’ Q&A: Keisha Castle-Hughes on the Tao of the Sand Snakes

Under Mr. Michelin’s leadership, which ended when he left the company in 2002, the Michelin Group became the world’s biggest tire maker, establishing a big presence in the United States and other major markets overseas.

François Michelin, Head of Tire Company, Dies at 88

Mr. Bartoszewski was given honorary Israeli citizenship for his work to save Jews during World War II and later surprised even himself by being instrumental in reconciling Poland and Germany.

Wladyslaw Bartoszewski, 93, Dies; Polish Auschwitz Survivor Aided Jews

Judge Patterson helped to protect the rights of Attica inmates after the prison riot in 1971 and later served on the Federal District Court in Manhattan.

Robert Patterson Jr., Lawyer and Judge Who Fought for the Accused, Dies at 91

Ms. Meadows was the older sister of Audrey Meadows, who played Alice Kramden on “The Honeymooners.”

Jayne Meadows, Actress and Steve Allen’s Wife and Co-Star, Dies at 95
biaya paket umroh ramadhan di Cipinang Melayu jakarta
harga paket berangkat umrah maret di Jati jakarta
paket promo umroh maret di Batuampar jakarta
harga berangkat umrah april di Pisangan Timur jakarta
biaya umrah desember di Matraman jakarta
biaya paket umrah januari di Pondok Ranggon jakarta
harga berangkat umroh awal tahun di Balekambang jakarta
harga umroh akhir tahun di Kramat Jati jakarta
harga umroh juni bogor
biaya umrah juni di Batuampar jakarta
promo umroh akhir tahun di Pekayon jakarta
promo berangkat umrah maret di Makasar jakarta
harga umrah april di Pondok Ranggon jakarta
harga paket berangkat umroh desember di Cipinang Melayu jakarta
paket promo umrah desember di Susukan jakarta
paket umrah desember di Kampung Melayu jakarta
paket berangkat umrah mei di Kayu Manis jakarta
biaya paket umroh ramadhan di Cipayung jakarta
paket promo berangkat umroh desember di Kalisari jakarta
paket berangkat umrah maret di Kampung Tengah jakarta
promo berangkat umrah juni di Bambu Apus jakarta
biaya berangkat umroh april di Cakung jakarta
biaya umrah maret di Ujung Menteng jakarta
paket berangkat umrah akhir tahun di Pinang Ranti jakarta
paket promo berangkat umroh awal tahun di Jatinegara jakarta
harga paket umroh awal tahun di Cililitan jakarta
paket umrah januari di Kayu Manis jakarta
biaya paket umroh maret di Bali Mester jakarta
biaya paket umroh desember di Cakung Timur jakarta
harga paket berangkat umroh april di Bidaracina jakarta
paket berangkat umroh akhir tahun di Pal Meriam jakarta
harga paket umroh juni di Dukuh jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umrah desember di Jati jakarta
biaya umroh januari di Bali Mester jakarta
biaya umroh desember di Penggilingan jakarta
biaya berangkat umroh awal tahun di Pondok Ranggon jakarta
biaya umroh januari di Susukan jakarta
biaya paket umrah akhir tahun depok
paket berangkat umroh ramadhan di Kalisari jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umrah juni di Cakung Barat jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umrah juni di Matraman jakarta
paket promo berangkat umroh april di Kampung Baru jakarta
biaya umroh desember di Pekayon jakarta
promo berangkat umroh mei di Cipayung jakarta
promo umroh maret di Kramat Jati jakarta
harga berangkat umroh maret bekasi selatan
biaya paket umrah maret di Cipayung jakarta
harga paket umroh juni di Kampung Baru jakarta
harga paket umroh mei di Pasar Rebo jakarta
paket promo berangkat umrah akhir tahun di Dukuh jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umrah desember di Cipinang Cempedak jakarta
harga umrah april di Cipinang jakarta
paket berangkat umroh desember di Lubang Buaya jakarta
harga umrah akhir tahun di Setu jakarta
paket berangkat umroh awal tahun di Rambutan jakarta
paket promo berangkat umroh april bekasi utara
promo berangkat umroh juni di Malaka Sari jakarta
biaya paket umrah februari di Cipinang jakarta
harga umrah mei di Rawa Bunga jakarta
paket promo umrah desember di Kramat Jati jakarta
biaya paket umrah desember di Pondok Bambu jakarta
promo umroh ramadhan di Penggilingan jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umrah desember tangerang
promo berangkat umrah maret di Rawa Bunga jakarta
paket berangkat umroh juni di Duren Sawit jakarta
paket umroh desember di Halim Perdanakusuma jakarta
promo berangkat umrah januari di Pisangan Timur jakarta
harga berangkat umroh akhir tahun di Munjul jakarta
biaya paket umrah april di Bidaracina jakarta
harga berangkat umroh akhir tahun di Rawa Terate jakarta
paket promo berangkat umroh maret di Bidaracina jakarta
biaya paket umroh desember di Kampung Melayu jakarta
harga paket umrah juni di Dukuh jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umrah januari di Halim Perdanakusuma jakarta
promo umroh juni di Kampung Tengah jakarta
harga berangkat umrah januari di Pondok Ranggon jakarta
harga berangkat umrah akhir tahun di Kampung Melayu jakarta
biaya berangkat umroh ramadhan di Pekayon jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umrah desember di Balekambang jakarta
paket promo berangkat umroh april di Makasar jakarta
harga berangkat umroh juni di Penggilingan jakarta
harga berangkat umrah januari di Kebon Pala jakarta
harga paket umrah akhir tahun bekasi selatan
harga paket berangkat umroh awal tahun bekasi utara
harga berangkat umrah maret di Kampung Melayu jakarta
paket berangkat umroh mei di Cipayung jakarta
paket promo berangkat umrah maret di Kramat Jati jakarta
biaya berangkat umroh akhir tahun di Bambu Apus jakarta
paket promo umrah april di Malaka Sari jakarta
paket promo umroh mei bogor
paket umroh akhir tahun di Kebon Pala jakarta
biaya berangkat umrah ramadhan di Malaka Sari jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umroh maret di Pondok Bambu jakarta
biaya berangkat umroh februari di Pal Meriam jakarta
biaya paket umroh ramadhan bekasi barat
harga umrah mei di Cipinang Melayu jakarta
promo umroh maret tangerang
biaya umroh april di Munjul jakarta
harga umroh maret di Rawa Terate jakarta
paket promo berangkat umrah januari di Jatinegara Kaum jakarta