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Saco-Indonesia.com - Siapa bilang produk tablet berbasis Windows 8 harus berukuran layar besar? Nyatanya, produsen komputer asal Taiwan, Acer, mampu menghasilkan produk dengan layar yang cukup mini, yaitu sekitar 8 inci.

Sekadar informasi, tablet Windows 8 yang beredar selama ini rata-rata berukuran 10,1 hingga 13,3 inci.

Pada ajang pameran komputer Computex 2013 yang sedang berlangung di Taipei, Taiwan, Acer memperkenalkan tablet terbarunya, Iconia W3. Ini merupakan perangkat berbasis Windows 8 full, bukan Windows RT, pertama di dunia yang berukuran layar 8 inci.

Produk ini terlihat cukup kecil. Ia memiliki ketebalan hanya 0,45 inci dan bobot sekitar 0,5 kg.

Meski memiliki ukuran yang kecil, perangkat tersebut sudah dilengkapi spesifikasi hardware yang cukup bertenaga untuk ukuran sebuah tablet. Iconia W3 dipersenjatai dengan prosesor Intel, Atom Z2760 Clover Trail. Sayangnya, tidak disebutkan berapa besar RAM yang dimilikinya.

Terdapat dua versi kapasitas media penyimpanan, yaitu 32 dan 64GB. Apabila tidak puas, pengguna masih bisa memperluasnya dengan menggunakan kartu microSD.

Tersedia pula secara opsional keyboard ukuran penuh, yang mampu menyulap perangkat ini berubah menjadi mini notebook.

Harga yang dibanderol oleh Acer untuk Iconia W3 adalah 379 dollar AS atau sekitar Rp3,6 juta. Sayangnya, Acer masih belum mau membeberkan, kapan produk ini hadir di pasaran.

Ajang Computex 2013 akan berjalan dari 4 hingga 8 Juni 2013. Namun, biasanya, memang banyak perusahaan yang sudah melakukan pengumuman sehari sebelum pameran benar-benar dimulai.

Di ajang ini diperkirakan akan ada banyak perusahaan yang memperkenalkan tablet Windows 8 berukuran mini, termasuk Microsoft yang kabarnya akan meluncurkan tablet Surface 7 inci.

Editor:Liwon Maulana
Sumber:Kompas.com
Acer Kenalkan Sebuah Tablet Windows 8 Layar Kecil

Tempat Wisata  Pantai Losari yang terletak di barat kota Makassar ini telah menyimpan keindahan matahari terbenam yang membuai mata. Di Pantai Losari Anda juga akan disajikan dengan pemandangan alam yang digabungkan dengan wisata kuliner khas Kota Makassar.

Pantai Losari juga merupakan salah satu obyek wisata andalan masyarakat setempat. Di sekitar pantai Losari ini juga terdapat pusat kuliner yang telah menjual berbagai macam makanan dan jajanan khas. Begitu panjangnya deretan penjual makanan ini hingga disebut-sebut sebagai pusat kuliner terpanjang.

Pedagang menjual aneka makanan mulai dari jajan ringan, sekedar ganjal perut seperti bakso atau gorengan. Ada juga makanan khas Makasar seperti Coto atau aneka hidangan masakan laut dengan resep asli orang bugis. Salah satunya jajanan yang sangat digemari adalah pisang epe, pisang khas makasar yang dibakar kemudian dipipihkan dan diberi campuran air gula merah.

Tempat Wisata Pantai Losari Satu-satunya Yang Paling Unik Di Indonesia

Objek Wisata Pantai Losari sebenarnya bukanlah sebuah pantai berpasir seperti pantai kuta, pantai parangtritis ataupun pantai kenjeran Surabaya, tetapi hanyalah sebuah bangunan beton untuk dapat menahan air laut yang terhampar di pesisir barat kota Makassar. Hal yang sangat menarik dari tempat wisata pantai Losari adalah adanya sebuah anjungan dengan tulisan PANTAI LOSARI, tempat itulah yang sering dipakai untuk berfoto-foto sebagai bukti sudah pernah menginjakan kaki di pantai losari.

Dipantai yang sangat bersih dan nyaman ini, kita juga dapat menyaksikan SUNSET dan SUNRISE di satu tiitk kita berdiri. Memang sangat unik pantai yang satu ini, posisi pantai yang memanjang Utara-Selatan ini memang bisa menyaksikan terbitnya dan terbenamnya matahari disatu posisi yang sama.

Posisi pantai Losari juga sangat strategis dan telah menjadi bagian yang menyatu dengan suasana kota Makasar yang membentang sejauh kurang lebih 4 km. Pantai ini langsung dapat diakses dengan jalan utama protokol utama. Diseberang jalan bertumbuhan hotel dengan berbagai kelas.

Waktu paling ideal untuk mengunjungi Tempat Wisata Pantai Losari adalah sore hari antara jam 15.00 hingga jam 21.00. Banyak yang datang kemari untuk duduk duduk menikmati pantai yang bersih, jogging disepanjang pedestrian sejauh 500m, atau makan diwarung warung yang telah direlokasi oleh Pemda setempat. Tua muda akan datang untuk menikmati matahari terbenam sambil menikmati makanan khas makasar. Jika suka jogging, tempat ini juga sangat ideal. Udara bersih dan angin bertiup tanpa henti, matahari yang merah keemasan menyapu wajah manusia yang duduk bibir pantai.

Pasti anda ingin segera mengunjungi tempat wisata ini kan .

TEMPAT WISATA PANTAI LOSARI

Mesin Paving dan Batako Type H-612NE - Mesin Paving Block ini kami produksi dengan penuh ketelitian dan tidak seperti mesin paving blok pada umumnya, karena sudah mengalami perbaikan dan inovasi dari para tenaga ahli kami. diantaranya adalah mesin ini dilengkapi transfer palet dan exit conveyor, sehingga operator tidak perlu memasukkan palet secara manual, tapi cukup menggerakkan handle. begitu juga hasil cetakan akan bergerak sendiri ke tempatnya secara otomatis.

Kami mengundang para konsumen ke Bengkel kami untuk mencoba, bahwa kami menjual mesin paving berbeda dengan yang lain, tidak hanya sekedar membuat paving K300-K500, tapi betul-betul mesin paving block yang sangat efisien, mudah dioperasikan dan mempunyai kapasitas produksi yang besar.


Spesifikasi Teknis Mesin Paving :

    Body Mild Steel UNP 150
    Vibrator bawah 2 unit, electromotor 2 x 7,5 HP
    Vibrator atas dipakai pada bagian tumbuk 1 unit, electric vibrator 2 HP
    Oil Pump, electromotor 5,5 HP
    Pallet elevator, electromotor 2 HP + Gear Box
    Chain out put conveyor panjang 4 m, lebar 60 cm, electromotor 1,5 HP + Mnrv
    Belt Conveyor panjang 6 m, lebar 50 cm, electromotor 2 HP
    Mixer Diameter 150 cm, kapasitas aduk 650 kg, electromotor 10 HP
    Panel kontrol 1 unit

Sistem pengoperasian mesin paving :

    Handle valve kontrol 4 tuas

Kebututhan Listrik mesin paving :

     38 HP, 3 phase ( 380 volt )

Perlengkapan tambahan :

    Pallet multiplek ukuran 75 cm x 60 cm x 4 cm
    Tambahan matras beberapa type/motif paving ( bila diperlukan )
    Hand Pallet kapasitas 2 ton, 2 unit ( bila diperlukan )

 Kebutuhan tenaga kerja :

    Operator mesin 1 orang
    Pembantu 2 orang ( ditempatkan di bagian mixer pengaduk )
    Pembantu 2 orang ( ditempatkan di bagian pengambilam hasil dan penjemuran + penyiapan dan pengisian pallet multiplek )

Kapasitas Produksi :

    Pembuatan Paving bata ukuran 21cm x 10,5cm x 8cm sekali cetak keluar 12 buah, jadi dalam satu hari kerja ( 8 jam ) menghasilkan = 12 buah x 1000 pallet = 12.000 buah
    Pembuatan Batako ukuran 40 cm x 20 cm x 10 cm sekali cetak keluar 6 buah, jadi dalam satu hari kerja ( 8 jam ) menghasilkan = 6 buah x 1000 pallet = 6.000 buah
    Masing-masing type/motif cetakan akan memiliki kapasitas hasil produksi cetak yang berbeda sesuai jenis material, keahlian tenaga kerja produksi,dan lain-lain

Ukuran Mesin :

     Panjang 2,5 m. Lebar 1,2 m. Tinggi 2,6 m

Berat Mesin    :

    4,5 Ton ( Mesin H-612, Chain Out Put Conveyor, Belt Conveyor, Mixer, Oil Pump dan Panel Kontrol

Kapasitas Produksi :

    1000 cycle / 8 jam kerja

Kekuatan hasil :

    Paving K-500  

- See more at: http://iklan-mesin.blogspot.com/2013/07/mesin-paving-dan-batako-type-h-612.html#sthash.qW87SGCr.dpuf

MESIN PAVING DAN BATAKO TYPE H-612

Tips Memilih Jenis Lampu Rumah yang Cocok

Di antara banyak jenis bola lampu, semua tidak cocok untuk pencahayaan domestik. Cocok untuk digunakan di rumah ada semacam cahaya ini:

Lampu Light LED:

Lampu LED masih teknologi baru. ketika menyala, LED mampu telah menghasilkan percikan dari rangkaian optik bekerja dengan semikonduktor. Karena digunakan.Secara lebih nyaman secara keseluruhan, lampu ini juga tidak menghasilkan sangat sedikit panas, lampu ini tahan lama jauh lebih efisien daripada lampu pijar. 4 watt lampu LED, memiliki bertahan hingga 20 tahun dan jumlah cahaya yang sama 25 watt lampu pijar. Namun, harganya jauh lebih mahal daripada lampu pijar.

Lampu pijar:

Tipe pertama, bola lampu pijar adalah jenis paling murah lampu. Cahaya telah ditemukan oleh Thomas Edison, namun dalam banyak kasus digunakan untuk tahun 1990. Lampu pijar juga disebut incandesent dan bola lampu. Silakan mengoperasikan waktu saat melalui lampu filamen karbon dari dalm dari lampu pijar. Kemudian, menghasilkan panas dan menghasilkan cahaya cahaya.Selain, filamen karbon menghasilkan panas jenis lampu juga. Oleh karena itu, dapat menyebabkan panas ruangan menjadi penggunaan lampu ini. Selain itu, untuk dapat menghasilkan lampu pijar ini, hasil penguapan debu. Jika lampu dipasang di atap, saya menjalankan debu terjebak di atap itu. Akibatnya, lingkaran hitam, terbentuk di langit-langit. The bola lampu pijar di langit langit.Lampu, Anda perlu menghindari hal ini ketika saya mampu untuk mengarahkan cahaya untuk bersinar dan intensitas maksimum segera setelah instalasi sambungan, menempatkan kap lampu. Selain itu, lampu ini tidak terpengaruh oleh suhu dan kelembaban udara di sekitarnya. Namun, lampu
ini membutuhkan daya tinggi untuk membuatnya begitu bersinar. Masa hidup bohlam biasanya sekitar bola lampu pijar cocok untuk kamar yang tidak membutuhkan cahaya 1000 jam.Berdasarkan karakteristik dari 750, seperti kamar mandi atau penyimpanan kekuatan tinggi tersebut. Lampu pijar Selanjutnya, adalah mungkin untuk menggunakan dimmer.

Lampu Cahaya TL:

Seringkali, lampu neon, dikenal sebagai fluorescent atau neon. Lampu neon telah mulai digunakan sebagai alternatif untuk lampu pijar terakhir sering. Dan bekerja sama dengan lampu neon adalah gas yang menggunakan fluor dan fosfor. Ketika menerima dihasilkan arus dari gas UV. Sinar ultraviolet, dapat cenderung lebih mahal, dibandingkan dengan output neon lampu pijar terhadap radiasi putih.Harga kemudian dihasilkan. Namun, lampu ini lebih hemat energi. 20 lampu neon W memiliki jumlah cahaya yang sama dengan lampu pijar 100 watt. Lampu tidak menghasilkan polutan, tidak menghasilkan panas tetapi menggunakan untuk menjadi nyaman. Tetapi untuk dapat diaktifkan dengan intensitas maksimum, akan memakan waktu lebih lama untuk cahaya. Kehidupan lampu TL, secara umum, sangat terang, kualitas cahaya yang sedikit lebih tinggi di TL lampu LED sekitar 10.000 jam.Secara antara keseluruhan. Tapi harga jauh lebih murah daripada lampu LED lampu neon. Oleh karena itu, lampu ini adalah dunia cahaya termasuk rumah, yang paling ban

yak digunakan. Karena popularitasnya, adalah lampu yang telah menghasilkan berbagai cahaya bentuk dan ukuran banyak perusahaan yang estetika. Bahkan, beberapa tahun yang lalu, jenis cahaya adalah dalam bentuk tabung panjang.

Lampu halogen:

Aku punya lampu halogen yang sama prinsipnya, lampu pijar. Lampu ini dibuat lampu pijar kecil diterapkan untuk itu, dalam komposisi jumlah gas halogen. Selanjutnya, menempatkan fungsi cermin sebagai reflektor untuk menghasilkan cahaya terang dari lampu adalah kuat.Jenis tidak menyebarkan cahaya di belakang pengaturan biasa, itu adalah salah satu arah saja. Hal ini digunakan sebagai sumber cahaya hanya untuk tujuan kosmetik hanya dengan. Misalnya, cahaya untuk menerangi seni cahaya, lampu taman, Interior.

Jika Anda tidak mendapatkan angka yang akurat untuk Anda selalu, bahkan dapat Anda lihat sempatkanlah, untuk mengunjungi rumah dan toko-toko elektronik, yang saya mencoba untuk menghasilkan cahaya seragam . Jika Anda sudah familiar dengan jenis bola lampu benar, bagi Anda untuk menentukan apa jenis cahaya yang Anda butuhkan untuk rumah Anda akan lebih mudah

TIPS MEMILIH JENIS LAMPU RUMAH YANG COCOK

Saco-Indonesia.com - Seorang Juru Bicara Partai Demokrat Ruhut Sitompul siap pasang badan dan bersumpah akan potong leher jika Edhie Baskoro Yudhoyono ( Ibas ) yang merupakan putra sulung Presiden Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono ( SBY ) terlibat dalam kasus Hambalang.

Loyalis Mantan Ketua Umum Partai Demokrat Anas Urbaningrum , Gede Pasek Suardika menilai, pernyataan Ruhut hanyalah sebuah sugesti semata. Ruhut dianggap ingin mempengaruhi publik jika Ibas betul-betul tidak terlibat dalam kasus Hambalang itu.

"Itu juga merupakan pernyataan khas orang Indonesia untuk menunjukkan sebuah keyakinan. Istilahnya berani sumpah itu, itu hanya gaya bahasa yang sifatnya ingin memberikan sugesti keyakinan bahwa apa yang dinyatakan dia itu bener," kata Pasek kepada wartawan di Gedung DPR, Senayan, Jakarta, Kamis (6/2).

Menurut Pasek, soal sumpah Ruhut yang bernuansa sugesti tentunya berbeda dengan kenyataan-kenyataan yang terjadi. Sumpah Ruhut, hanyalah pernyataan untuk melindungi orang lain dalam hal ini Ibas yang bersifat bantahan.

"Kalau bicara fakta kan itu kan hal yang berbeda, karena pernyataan tersebut tidak terkait dirinya sendiri. Kalau terkait dirinya sendiri itu begini 'saya berani saya tidak pernah mendapatkan gratifikasi misalkan' sebagai bentuk pembantahan diri," jelas Pasek.

"Tapi ada yang dilakukan beliau adalah sesuatu bantahan yang dilakukan oleh orang lain," pungkasnya.

Sebelumnya, Ruhut berani dipotong lehernya jika Ibas benar-benar terlibat korupsi dan ditetapkan tersangka oleh KPK. Dia yakin, mantan anggota DPR itu bersih dari korupsi.

"Kalau dia terlibat, potong leher aku, kurang apalagi, Ibas itu mantap, aku jaminannya 100 persen," ujar Ruhut di Gedung DPR, Jakarta, Selasa (4/2).

Sumber:merdeka.com

Editor : Maulana Lee

Bagi Pasek sumpah Ruhut potong leher cuma omong kosong

WASHINGTON — The former deputy director of the C.I.A. asserts in a forthcoming book that Republicans, in their eagerness to politicize the killing of the American ambassador to Libya, repeatedly distorted the agency’s analysis of events. But he also argues that the C.I.A. should get out of the business of providing “talking points” for administration officials in national security events that quickly become partisan, as happened after the Benghazi attack in 2012.

The official, Michael J. Morell, dismisses the allegation that the United States military and C.I.A. officers “were ordered to stand down and not come to the rescue of their comrades,” and he says there is “no evidence” to support the charge that “there was a conspiracy between C.I.A. and the White House to spin the Benghazi story in a way that would protect the political interests of the president and Secretary Clinton,” referring to the secretary of state at the time, Hillary Rodham Clinton.

But he also concludes that the White House itself embellished some of the talking points provided by the Central Intelligence Agency and had blocked him from sending an internal study of agency conclusions to Congress.

Photo
 
Michael J. Morell Credit Mark Wilson/Getty Images

“I finally did so without asking,” just before leaving government, he writes, and after the White House released internal emails to a committee investigating the State Department’s handling of the issue.

A lengthy congressional investigation remains underway, one that many Republicans hope to use against Mrs. Clinton in the 2016 election cycle.

In parts of the book, “The Great War of Our Time” (Twelve), Mr. Morell praises his C.I.A. colleagues for many successes in stopping terrorist attacks, but he is surprisingly critical of other C.I.A. failings — and those of the National Security Agency.

Soon after Mr. Morell retired in 2013 after 33 years in the agency, President Obama appointed him to a commission reviewing the actions of the National Security Agency after the disclosures of Edward J. Snowden, a former intelligence contractor who released classified documents about the government’s eavesdropping abilities. Mr. Morell writes that he was surprised by what he found.

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“You would have thought that of all the government entities on the planet, the one least vulnerable to such grand theft would have been the N.S.A.,” he writes. “But it turned out that the N.S.A. had left itself vulnerable.”

He concludes that most Wall Street firms had better cybersecurity than the N.S.A. had when Mr. Snowden swept information from its systems in 2013. While he said he found himself “chagrined by how well the N.S.A. was doing” compared with the C.I.A. in stepping up its collection of data on intelligence targets, he also sensed that the N.S.A., which specializes in electronic spying, was operating without considering the implications of its methods.

“The N.S.A. had largely been collecting information because it could, not necessarily in all cases because it should,” he says.

The book is to be released next week.

Mr. Morell was a career analyst who rose through the ranks of the agency, and he ended up in the No. 2 post. He served as President George W. Bush’s personal intelligence briefer in the first months of his presidency — in those days, he could often be spotted at the Starbucks in Waco, Tex., catching up on his reading — and was with him in the schoolhouse in Florida on the morning of Sept. 11, 2001, when the Bush presidency changed in an instant.

Mr. Morell twice took over as acting C.I.A. director, first when Leon E. Panetta was appointed secretary of defense and then when retired Gen. David H. Petraeus resigned over an extramarital affair with his biographer, a relationship that included his handing her classified notes of his time as America’s best-known military commander.

Mr. Morell says he first learned of the affair from Mr. Petraeus only the night before he resigned, and just as the Benghazi events were turning into a political firestorm. While praising Mr. Petraeus, who had told his deputy “I am very lucky” to run the C.I.A., Mr. Morell writes that “the organization did not feel the same way about him.” The former general “created the impression through the tone of his voice and his body language that he did not want people to disagree with him (which was not true in my own interaction with him),” he says.

But it is his account of the Benghazi attacks — and how the C.I.A. was drawn into the debate over whether the Obama White House deliberately distorted its account of the death of Ambassador J. Christopher Stevens — that is bound to attract attention, at least partly because of its relevance to the coming presidential election. The initial assessments that the C.I.A. gave to the White House said demonstrations had preceded the attack. By the time analysts reversed their opinion, Susan E. Rice, now the national security adviser, had made a series of statements on Sunday talk shows describing the initial assessment. The controversy and other comments Ms. Rice made derailed Mr. Obama’s plan to appoint her as secretary of state.

The experience prompted Mr. Morell to write that the C.I.A. should stay out of the business of preparing talking points — especially on issues that are being seized upon for “political purposes.” He is critical of the State Department for not beefing up security in Libya for its diplomats, as the C.I.A., he said, did for its employees.

But he concludes that the assault in which the ambassador was killed took place “with little or no advance planning” and “was not well organized.” He says the attackers “did not appear to be looking for Americans to harm. They appeared intent on looting and conducting some vandalism,” setting fires that killed Mr. Stevens and a security official, Sean Smith.

Mr. Morell paints a picture of an agency that was struggling, largely unsuccessfully, to understand dynamics in the Middle East and North Africa when the Arab Spring broke out in late 2011 in Tunisia. The agency’s analysts failed to see the forces of revolution coming — and then failed again, he writes, when they told Mr. Obama that the uprisings would undercut Al Qaeda by showing there was a democratic pathway to change.

“There is no good explanation for our not being able to see the pressures growing to dangerous levels across the region,” he writes. The agency had again relied too heavily “on a handful of strong leaders in the countries of concern to help us understand what was going on in the Arab street,” he says, and those leaders themselves were clueless.

Moreover, an agency that has always overvalued secretly gathered intelligence and undervalued “open source” material “was not doing enough to mine the wealth of information available through social media,” he writes. “We thought and told policy makers that this outburst of popular revolt would damage Al Qaeda by undermining the group’s narrative,” he writes.

Instead, weak governments in Egypt, and the absence of governance from Libya to Yemen, were “a boon to Islamic extremists across both the Middle East and North Africa.”

Mr. Morell is gentle about most of the politicians he dealt with — he expresses admiration for both Mr. Bush and Mr. Obama, though he accuses former Vice President Dick Cheney of deliberately implying a connection between Al Qaeda and Iraq that the C.I.A. had concluded probably did not exist. But when it comes to the events leading up to the Bush administration’s decision to go to war in Iraq, he is critical of his own agency.

Mr. Morell concludes that the Bush White House did not have to twist intelligence on Saddam Hussein’s alleged effort to rekindle the country’s work on weapons of mass destruction.

“The view that hard-liners in the Bush administration forced the intelligence community into its position on W.M.D. is just flat wrong,” he writes. “No one pushed. The analysts were already there and they had been there for years, long before Bush came to office.”

Ex-C.I.A. Official Rebuts Republican Claims on Benghazi Attack in ‘The Great War of Our Time’
Joseph Lechleider

Mr. Lechleider helped invent DSL technology, which enabled phone companies to offer high-speed web access over their infrastructure of copper wires.

Joseph Lechleider, a Father of the DSL Internet Technology, Dies at 82

Hired in 1968, a year before their first season, Mr. Fanning spent 25 years with the team, managing them to their only playoff appearance in Canada.

Jim Fanning, 87, Dies; Lifted Baseball in Canada With Expos

Though Robin and Joan Rolfs owned two rare talking dolls manufactured by Thomas Edison’s phonograph company in 1890, they did not dare play the wax cylinder records tucked inside each one.

The Rolfses, longtime collectors of Edison phonographs, knew that if they turned the cranks on the dolls’ backs, the steel phonograph needle might damage or destroy the grooves of the hollow, ring-shaped cylinder. And so for years, the dolls sat side by side inside a display cabinet, bearers of a message from the dawn of sound recording that nobody could hear.

In 1890, Edison’s dolls were a flop; production lasted only six weeks. Children found them difficult to operate and more scary than cuddly. The recordings inside, which featured snippets of nursery rhymes, wore out quickly.

Yet sound historians say the cylinders were the first entertainment records ever made, and the young girls hired to recite the rhymes were the world’s first recording artists.

Year after year, the Rolfses asked experts if there might be a safe way to play the recordings. Then a government laboratory developed a method to play fragile records without touching them.

Audio

The technique relies on a microscope to create images of the grooves in exquisite detail. A computer approximates — with great accuracy — the sounds that would have been created by a needle moving through those grooves.

In 2014, the technology was made available for the first time outside the laboratory.

“The fear all along is that we don’t want to damage these records. We don’t want to put a stylus on them,” said Jerry Fabris, the curator of the Thomas Edison Historical Park in West Orange, N.J. “Now we have the technology to play them safely.”

Last month, the Historical Park posted online three never-before-heard Edison doll recordings, including the two from the Rolfses’ collection. “There are probably more out there, and we’re hoping people will now get them digitized,” Mr. Fabris said.

The technology, which is known as Irene (Image, Reconstruct, Erase Noise, Etc.), was developed by the particle physicist Carl Haber and the engineer Earl Cornell at Lawrence Berkeley. Irene extracts sound from cylinder and disk records. It can also reconstruct audio from recordings so badly damaged they were deemed unplayable.

“We are now hearing sounds from history that I did not expect to hear in my lifetime,” Mr. Fabris said.

The Rolfses said they were not sure what to expect in August when they carefully packed their two Edison doll cylinders, still attached to their motors, and drove from their home in Hortonville, Wis., to the National Document Conservation Center in Andover, Mass. The center had recently acquired Irene technology.

Audio

Cylinders carry sound in a spiral groove cut by a phonograph recording needle that vibrates up and down, creating a surface made of tiny hills and valleys. In the Irene set-up, a microscope perched above the shaft takes thousands of high-resolution images of small sections of the grooves.

Stitched together, the images provide a topographic map of the cylinder’s surface, charting changes in depth as small as one five-hundredth the thickness of a human hair. Pitch, volume and timbre are all encoded in the hills and valleys and the speed at which the record is played.

At the conservation center, the preservation specialist Mason Vander Lugt attached one of the cylinders to the end of a rotating shaft. Huddled around a computer screen, the Rolfses first saw the wiggly waveform generated by Irene. Then came the digital audio. The words were at first indistinct, but as Mr. Lugt filtered out more of the noise, the rhyme became clearer.

“That was the Eureka moment,” Mr. Rolfs said.

In 1890, a girl in Edison’s laboratory had recited:

There was a little girl,

And she had a little curl

Audio

Right in the middle of her forehead.

When she was good,

She was very, very good.

But when she was bad, she was horrid.

Recently, the conservation center turned up another surprise.

In 2010, the Woody Guthrie Foundation received 18 oversize phonograph disks from an anonymous donor. No one knew if any of the dirt-stained recordings featured Guthrie, but Tiffany Colannino, then the foundation’s archivist, had stored them unplayed until she heard about Irene.

Last fall, the center extracted audio from one of the records, labeled “Jam Session 9” and emailed the digital file to Ms. Colannino.

“I was just sitting in my dining room, and the next thing I know, I’m hearing Woody,” she said. In between solo performances of “Ladies Auxiliary,” “Jesus Christ,” and “Dead or Alive,” Guthrie tells jokes, offers some back story, and makes the audience laugh. “It is quintessential Guthrie,” Ms. Colannino said.

The Rolfses’ dolls are back in the display cabinet in Wisconsin. But with audio stored on several computers, they now have a permanent voice.

Ghostly Voices From Thomas Edison’s Dolls Can Now Be Heard

Ms. Crough played the youngest daughter on the hit ’70s sitcom starring David Cassidy and Shirley Jones.

Suzanne Crough, Actress in ‘The Partridge Family,’ Dies at 52
Frontline  An installment of this PBS program looks at the effects of Ebola on Liberia and other countries, as well as the origins of the outbreak.
Frontline

Frontline An installment of this PBS program looks at the effects of Ebola on Liberia and other countries, as well as the origins of the outbreak.

The program traces the outbreak to its origin, thought to be a tree full of bats in Guinea.

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A lapsed seminarian, Mr. Chambers succeeded Saul Alinsky as leader of the social justice umbrella group Industrial Areas Foundation.

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Late in April, after Native American actors walked off in disgust from the set of Adam Sandler’s latest film, a western sendup that its distributor, Netflix, has defended as being equally offensive to all, a glow of pride spread through several Native American communities.

Tantoo Cardinal, a Canadian indigenous actress who played Black Shawl in “Dances With Wolves,” recalled thinking to herself, “It’s come.” Larry Sellers, who starred as Cloud Dancing in the 1990s television show “Dr. Quinn, Medicine Woman,” thought, “It’s about time.” Jesse Wente, who is Ojibwe and directs film programming at the TIFF Bell Lightbox in Toronto, found himself encouraged and surprised. There are so few film roles for indigenous actors, he said, that walking off the set of a major production showed real mettle.

But what didn’t surprise Mr. Wente was the content of the script. According to the actors who walked off the set, the film, titled “The Ridiculous Six,” included a Native American woman who passes out and is revived after white men douse her with alcohol, and another woman squatting to urinate while lighting a peace pipe. “There’s enough history at this point to have set some expectations around these sort of Hollywood depictions,” Mr. Wente said.

The walkout prompted a rhetorical “What do you expect from an Adam Sandler film?,” and a Netflix spokesman said that in the movie, blacks, Mexicans and whites were lampooned as well. But Native American actors and critics said a broader issue was at stake. While mainstream portrayals of native peoples have, Mr. Wente said, become “incrementally better” over the decades, he and others say, they remain far from accurate and reflect a lack of opportunities for Native American performers. What’s more, as Native Americans hunger for representation on screen, critics say the absence of three-dimensional portrayals has very real off-screen consequences.

“Our people are still healing from historical trauma,” said Loren Anthony, one of the actors who walked out. “Our youth are still trying to figure out who they are, where they fit in this society. Kids are killing themselves. They’re not proud of who they are.” They also don’t, he added, see themselves on prime time television or the big screen. Netflix noted while about five people walked off the “The Ridiculous Six” set, 100 or so Native American actors and extras stayed.

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But in interviews, nearly a dozen Native American actors and film industry experts said that Mr. Sandler’s humor perpetuated decades-old negative stereotypes. Mr. Anthony said such depictions helped feed the despondency many Native Americans feel, with deadly results: Native Americans have the highest suicide rate out of all the country’s ethnicities.

The on-screen problem is twofold, Mr. Anthony and others said: There’s a paucity of roles for Native Americans — according to the Screen Actors Guild in 2008 they accounted for 0.3 percent of all on-screen parts (those figures have yet to be updated), compared to about 2 percent of the general population — and Native American actors are often perceived in a narrow way.

In his Peabody Award-winning documentary “Reel Injun,” the Cree filmmaker Neil Diamond explored Hollywood depictions of Native Americans over the years, and found they fell into a few stereotypical categories: the Noble Savage, the Drunk Indian, the Mystic, the Indian Princess, the backward tribal people futilely fighting John Wayne and manifest destiny. While the 1990 film “Dances With Wolves” won praise for depicting Native Americans as fully fleshed out human beings, not all indigenous people embraced it. It was still told, critics said, from the colonialists’ point of view. In an interview, John Trudell, a Santee Sioux writer, actor (“Thunderheart”) and the former chairman of the American Indian Movement, described the film as “a story of two white people.”

“God bless ‘Dances with Wolves,’ ” Michael Horse, who played Deputy Hawk in “Twin Peaks,” said sarcastically. “Even ‘Avatar.’ Someone’s got to come save the tribal people.”

Dan Spilo, a partner at Industry Entertainment who represents Adam Beach, one of today’s most prominent Native American actors, said while typecasting dogs many minorities, it is especially intractable when it comes to Native Americans. Casting directors, he said, rarely cast them as police officers, doctors or lawyers. “There’s the belief that the Native American character should be on reservations or riding a horse,” he said.

“We don’t see ourselves,” Mr. Horse said. “We’re still an antiquated culture to them, and to the rest of the world.”

Ms. Cardinal said she was once turned down for the role of the wife of a child-abusing cop because the filmmakers felt that casting her would somehow be “too political.”

Another sore point is the long run of white actors playing American Indians, among them Burt Lancaster, Rock Hudson, Audrey Hepburn and, more recently, Johnny Depp, whose depiction of Tonto in the 2013 film “Lone Ranger,” was viewed as racist by detractors. There are, of course, exceptions. The former A&E series “Longmire,” which, as it happens, will now be on Netflix, was roundly praised for its depiction of life on a Northern Cheyenne reservation, with Lou Diamond Phillips, who is of Cherokee descent, playing a Northern Cheyenne man.

Others also point to the success of Mr. Beach, who played a Mohawk detective in “Law & Order: Special Victims Unit” and landed a starring role in the forthcoming D C Comics picture “Suicide Squad.” Mr. Beach said he had come across insulting scripts backed by people who don’t see anything wrong with them.

“I’d rather starve than do something that is offensive to my ancestral roots,” Mr. Beach said. “But I think there will always be attempts to drawn on the weakness of native people’s struggles. The savage Indian will always be the savage Indian. The white man will always be smarter and more cunning. The cavalry will always win.”

The solution, Mr. Wente, Mr. Trudell and others said, lies in getting more stories written by and starring Native Americans. But Mr. Wente noted that while independent indigenous film has blossomed in the last two decades, mainstream depictions have yet to catch up. “You have to stop expecting for Hollywood to correct it, because there seems to be no ability or desire to correct it,” Mr. Wente said.

There have been calls to boycott Netflix but, writing for Indian Country Today Media Network, which first broke news of the walk off, the filmmaker Brian Young noted that the distributor also offered a number of films by or about Native Americans.

The furor around “The Ridiculous Six” may drive more people to see it. Then one of the questions that Mr. Trudell, echoing others, had about the film will be answered: “Who the hell laughs at this stuff?”

Native American Actors Work to Overcome a Long-Documented Bias

Mr. Pfaff was an international affairs columnist and author who found Washington’s intervention in world affairs often misguided.

William Pfaff, Critic of American Foreign Policy, Dies at 86

Pronovost, who played for the Red Wings, was not a prolific scorer, but he was a consummate team player with bruising checks and fearless bursts up the ice that could puncture a defense.

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