Kamar anak biasanya berwarna-warni, mulai dari dinding, furniture, hingga aksesori ruanganya. Untuk dapat menampilkan warna ruang, furniture serta aksesori yang sesuai warna aslinya, juga dapat digunakan lampu dengan cahaya putih atau lampu dengan tingkat CRI mendekati 100%. Kategori cahaya tersebut juga dapat diperoleh dengan menempatkan lampu pijar berupa bola lampu biasa atau lampu halogen. Kedua lampu ini telah memiliki CRI 100%, tapi keduanya memakan cukup banyak energi listrik. Sebagai pengganti, Anda dapat memilih lampu neon. Meski memiliki tingkat CRI di bawah 100%, di bawah sorot lampu neon tertentu, tone warna tidak terlalu berubah. Nah, ketika menata pencahayaan pada kamar anak, perhatikan tips berikut ini:
1. Tempatkan dimmer sebagai pengganti sakelar on/off. Anak-anak telah memiliki fantasi dan mood yang selalu berubah dan berbeda. Terkadang mereka takut tidur di temapt gelap atau remang-remang, tapi kadang mereka juga tak menyukai ruang yang terlalu terang. Dimmer telah membuat tingkat terang pada ruang dapat diatur sesaui mood anak-anak.
2. Anak selalu serba ingin tahu. Agar mereka terhindar dari sengatan listri, aplikasikan stop kontak, lampu meja atau sakelar yang telah memiliki tingkat keamanan tinggi. Stop kontak yang rusak atau terbuka mungkin malah menarik minat mereka untuk mengutak-atiknya. AKibatnya mereka berpotensi terkena sengatan listrik.
3. Untuk Lampu meja, pilih yang berbahan penutup plastic, agar jika ada arus bocor, anak-anak masih mungkin terhindar dari bahaya. Plastik merupakan bahan yang tidak menghantarkan arus listrik (isolator listrik).TIPS MEMILIH LAMPU/PENCAHAYAAN UNTUK KAMAR ANAK
Lebih memilih mana, membeli baru atau memperbaiki yang telah ada? Terkadang kita juga telah berpikiran bahwa untuk membeli baru itu akan lebih baik lagi, namun tidak ada salahnya kan bisa kita untuk mencoba memperbaiki. Membeli hanya akan membuang uang untuk keperluan yang tidak perlu saja, kecuali jika anda telah memiliki banyak uang. Jika sparepart ac nya ada kenapa tidak mencoba memperbaikinya. Sparepart ac juga bisa ditemukan di pusat sparepart ac / disini
Berat rasanya hidup tanpa AC (Air Conditioner) atau kita sebut sebagai pendingin ruangan. Adakalanya kalo lagi membutuhkan terkadang AC tidak berjalan dengan baik.
Sebenarnya dalam memperbaiki AC anda selayaknya harus tau apa apa yang menjadi bagian Sparepart AC, antara lain, Indoor, Filter dan Outdoor. Memperbaiki AC tidaklah mahal, hanya perlu menyiapkan Sparepart AC yang dibutuhkan saja ketimbang anda membelinya dengan yang baru.
Jika anda merasa keberatan untuk dapat mendandani AC anda, anda tidak perlu khawatir, Service Sparepart AC lebih efektif ketimbang anda membelinya dengan yang baru cukup bayar 200 ribu (ditambah beberapa perangkat yang hanya menghabiskan kurang dari 500 ribu), anda hanya tinggal duduk manis dan Sparepart AC anda akan menyala lagi. Selamat mencobaMEMPERBAIKI AC LAMA VS MEMBELI AC BARU
Sangat kurang lengkap jika seseorang yang menjajakan barang dagangannya melalui internt tetapi tidak memahami tehnik Cara Meningkatkan Penjualan Online yang jitu. Supaya hal ini jangan sampai terjadi pada anda, berikut kami akan membagikan sebuah trik bagaimana Cara Meningkatkan Penjualan Online yang paling jitu dan paling ampuh dan layak untuk dicoba. Bintaro Xchange Mall yang di bangun tepat disisi jalan tol Bintaro - Pondok Indah telah memberikan warna tersendiri bagi sang Ibu Kota khususnya Bintaro Jaya. Dibangun dengan konsep yang mengacu pada life style center dengan interactive green area telah menjadikan Bintaro Xchange Mall sebagai Mall di Jakarta yang bersahabat dengan lingkungan.
Bintaro Xchange Mall merupakan sebuah ikon gaya hidup dan belanja di kawasan Bintaro Jaya. Walaupun salah satu Mall di Jakarta ini belum lama di launching, namun berkat managemen yang solid dengan menyajikan apapun kebutuhan para pengunjungnya untuk membuat mereka senyaman mungkin, telah menjadikan salah satu Mall di Jakarta ini menjadi tempat berkunjung paling pavorit di kawasan selatan Jakarta.
Bintaro Xchange Mall ini merupakan Mall di Jakarta yang ramah terhadap lingkungan. Sehingga tentu saja memberikan efek nyaman bagi para pengunjung dan para penghuni kawasan Bintaro Jaya. Area taman yang hijau dan arena ice skating untuk anda yang ingin mencoba permainan di atas salju yang terhampar luas.
Ada cukup banyak Mall di Jakarta, dan baru-baru ini di kawasan Bintaro Jaya yakni sebelah selatan Jakarta telah di luncurkan sebuah Mall yang bakal menjadi pavorit untuk di kunjungi setiap akhir pekan bahkan setiap hari sekalipun, karena anda tidak akan pernah merasa bosan untuk selalu berkunjung ke Bintaro Xchange Mall ini.
Bintaro Xchange Mall ini merupakan sebuah Mall yang di bangun dengan konsep moderen namun etap mengedepankan Green Area, yang itu artinya akan sangat berpengaruh untuk kesehatan para pengunjungnya juga untuk kawasan di sekitar Mall di Jakarta yang satu ini.
Mungkin anda pernah berjalan-jalan di salah atu Mall di Jakarta? Tentu saja bukan? Dan apa yang anda rasakan? Relatif, masing-masing mempunyai kesan yang berbeda ketika mengunjungi suatu temtap. Bukankah demikian? Namun demikian apakah anda sudah pernah mengunjungi Mall di Jakarta yang satu ini? Dimana? Itu loh salah satu mall di Bintaro Jaya yang baru saja diluncurkan beberapa waktu yang lau, oh Bintaro Xchange Mall maksudnya? Betul sekali kawan, cobalah di suatu waktu mengunjunginya dan anda akan mendapatkan layanan yang memanjakan di Mall di Jakarta yang atu ini.
Demikian sedikit informasi dari kami seputar Bintaro Jaya Xchange Mall pusat lifestyle dan belanja terbaru di selatan Jakarta, semoga berguna dan sampai jumpa kembali di berbagai info lainnya. Jangan lupa untuk singgah di pusat bisnis pulsa di Indonesia. Terimakasih.MALL DI JAKARTA, BINTARO XCHANGE MALL, PUSAT LIFESTYLE DAN BELANJA TERBARU DI SELATAN JAKARTA
JAKARTA, Saco-Indonesia.com —
Menteri Keuangan Chatib Basri mengatakan, kedatangan pemerintah ke DPR bukan untuk
meminta persetujuan menaikkan harga bahan bakar minyak bersubsidi.
Chatib menjelaskan, tujuan pemerintah bolak-balik ke DPR hanya untuk membahas Rancangan APBN Perubahan (RAPBN-P) 2013.
"Persoalan mengenai kenaikan BBM ada di badan pemerintah. Di Pasal 8 Ayat 10, pemerintah hanya membahas APBN-P bersama DPR," ujar Chatib di Gedung DPR Nusantara III, Senin (3/6/2013).
Chatib menuturkan, pembahasan kenaikan harga BBM tidak bersamaan dengan RAPBN-P. "Kenaikan harga BBM tidak datang bersamaan dengan pembahasan APBN-P," ujarnya.
APBN-P dibahas dengan DPR selama ini karena ada perubahan defiasi dari asumsi makro. Selain itu, Chatib juga menyebutkan ada program pemotongan kementerian dan lembaga (K/L)untuk pengendalian defisit yang harus dibahas dengan DPR.
"Tentu APBN-P bergulir akan diselesaikan ketika harga BBM naik. Kalau pemotongan K/L, harus juga meminta persetujuan DPR," ungkap Chatib.
saco-indonesia.com, Tempat prostitusi di Jawa Timur saat ini masih marak. Untuk dapat menekan berkembangnya tempat-tempat lokalisasi tersebut, MUI Jawa Timur telah membentuk Ikatan Dai Area Lokalisasi (IDIAL). Mereka telah ditugaskan untuk berdakwah di area prostitusi.
"Untuk bisa mengentaskan para WTS dan mucikari menuju profesi dan alih fungsi, IDIAL telah melakukan pendekatan religiusitas keagamaan, yaitu dengan dakwah persuasif, integratif dan solutif," kata Ketua IDIAL Jawa Timur, Sunarto dalam bedah buku: "Kiai Prostitusi dan Pelatihan Da'i Relawan Mandiri" di Auditorium Universitas Islam Negeri Sunan Ampel (UINSA) Surabaya, Kamis (19/12).
Sunarto juga mengatakan, pelatihan ini juga sudah merambah ke seluruh pelosok kabupaten dan kota di Jawa Timur. "Ini kali ketiga, pelatihan sebelumnya hanya lingkup Surabaya, tapi sekarang IDIAL telah merekrut relawan di seluruh daerah se-Jawa Timur," katanya.
Untuk Surabaya sendiri, kata Sunarto, relawan dan dai yang disebar di enam lokalisasi sudah berhasil menutup empat lokalisasi, bekerjasama dengan Pemkot Surabaya dan Pemprov Jawa Timur. "Sekarang, di Surabaya yang sudah ditutup di antaranya, Dupak Bangunsari, Tambak Asri, dan Klakah Rejo. Sememi sebentar lagi yang dilanjutkan Dolly dan Jarak," ujarnya.
Sejauh ini sudah ada 300 dai. Mereka juga sudah dibekali dengan pelatihan khusus. "Mereka (peserta pelatihan) juga diharapkan akan bisa menjadi juru dakwah dan relawan mandiri yang betul-betul dapat memahami karakteristik, situasi dan kondisi di lokalisasi daerah mereka masing-masing," harap Sunarto.
Sunarto menulis buku ini karena terinspirasi dari perjuangan Khoiron Syu'aeb. Menurutnya, Khoirun sebagai sosok dai yang telah malang melintang di dunia pembinaan prostitusi.
"Buku ini, semoga bisa juga menjadi inspirasi bagi dai-dai baru yang siap diterjunkan di daerahnya masing-masing, khususnya di wilayah prostitusi," harapnya.
Kiai Khoiron sendiri, masih menurut Sunarto, tidak pernah merasa keberatan dijuluki sebagai Kiai Prostitusi. Dengan begitu, ia lebih mudah berdakwah di tempat prostitusi.
"Kiprah dakwahnya telah terbukti lebih ampuh dan efektif dan bisa dijadikan sebagai contoh untuk menangani prostitusi. Sudah ada bukti, seperti Hj Narti misalnya, yang telah memulai karirnya sebagai WTS, kemudian mucikari yang kemudian berhasil dientaskan oleh Kiai Khoiron, bahkan sudah berhaji dan membuka bisnis ekspedisi sekarang," ungkapnya.
Kini, Narti juga berperan aktif menjadi relawan dan mengajak eks WTS terlibat dalam pengajian rutin di daerah Dupak Bangunsari. "Diharapkan, ada banyak lagi Hj Narti-Hj Narti lain. Meski nantinya usaha yang telah mereka dirikan pasca penutupan lokalisasi tidak besar, dengan modal yang telah disediakan oleh Kementerian Sosial dan pemerintah serta pembinaan rutin, mereka juga bisa mengembangkan usaha yang mulanya kecil menjadi besar," harap Sunarto.
MUI DI JAWA TIMUR SEBAR DAI MUDA
Editor : Dian Sukmawati
The magical quality Mr. Lesnie created in shooting the “Babe” films caught the eye of the director Peter Jackson, who chose him to film the fantasy epic.Andrew Lesnie, Cinematographer of â€˜Lord of the Rings,â€™ Dies at 59
Mr. Goldberg was a serial Silicon Valley entrepreneur and venture capitalist who was married to Sheryl Sandberg, the chief operating officer of Facebook.
Mr. Fox, known for his well-honed countrified voice, wrote about things dear to South Carolina and won over Yankee critics.William Price Fox, Admired Southern Novelist and Humorist, Dies at 89
Pronovost, who played for the Red Wings, was not a prolific scorer, but he was a consummate team player with bruising checks and fearless bursts up the ice that could puncture a defense.Marcel Pronovost, 84, Dies; Hall of Famer Shared in Five N.H.L. Titles
Fullmer, who reigned when fight clubs abounded and Friday night fights were a television staple, was known for his title bouts with Sugar Ray Robinson and Carmen Basilio.Gene Fullmer, a Brawling Middleweight Champion, Dies at 83
Judge Patterson helped to protect the rights of Attica inmates after the prison riot in 1971 and later served on the Federal District Court in Manhattan.Robert Patterson Jr., Lawyer and Judge Who Fought for the Accused, Dies at 91
Imagine an elite professional services firm with a high-performing, workaholic culture. Everyone is expected to turn on a dime to serve a client, travel at a moment’s notice, and be available pretty much every evening and weekend. It can make for a grueling work life, but at the highest levels of accounting, law, investment banking and consulting firms, it is just the way things are.
Except for one dirty little secret: Some of the people ostensibly turning in those 80- or 90-hour workweeks, particularly men, may just be faking it.
Many of them were, at least, at one elite consulting firm studied by Erin Reid, a professor at Boston University’s Questrom School of Business. It’s impossible to know if what she learned at that unidentified consulting firm applies across the world of work more broadly. But her research, published in the academic journal Organization Science, offers a way to understand how the professional world differs between men and women, and some of the ways a hard-charging culture that emphasizes long hours above all can make some companies worse off.
Ms. Reid interviewed more than 100 people in the American offices of a global consulting firm and had access to performance reviews and internal human resources documents. At the firm there was a strong culture around long hours and responding to clients promptly.
“When the client needs me to be somewhere, I just have to be there,” said one of the consultants Ms. Reid interviewed. “And if you can’t be there, it’s probably because you’ve got another client meeting at the same time. You know it’s tough to say I can’t be there because my son had a Cub Scout meeting.”
Some people fully embraced this culture and put in the long hours, and they tended to be top performers. Others openly pushed back against it, insisting upon lighter and more flexible work hours, or less travel; they were punished in their performance reviews.
The third group is most interesting. Some 31 percent of the men and 11 percent of the women whose records Ms. Reid examined managed to achieve the benefits of a more moderate work schedule without explicitly asking for it.
They made an effort to line up clients who were local, reducing the need for travel. When they skipped work to spend time with their children or spouse, they didn’t call attention to it. One team on which several members had small children agreed among themselves to cover for one another so that everyone could have more flexible hours.
A male junior manager described working to have repeat consulting engagements with a company near enough to his home that he could take care of it with day trips. “I try to head out by 5, get home at 5:30, have dinner, play with my daughter,” he said, adding that he generally kept weekend work down to two hours of catching up on email.
Despite the limited hours, he said: “I know what clients are expecting. So I deliver above that.” He received a high performance review and a promotion.
What is fascinating about the firm Ms. Reid studied is that these people, who in her terminology were “passing” as workaholics, received performance reviews that were as strong as their hyper-ambitious colleagues. For people who were good at faking it, there was no real damage done by their lighter workloads.
It calls to mind the episode of “Seinfeld” in which George Costanza leaves his car in the parking lot at Yankee Stadium, where he works, and gets a promotion because his boss sees the car and thinks he is getting to work earlier and staying later than anyone else. (The strategy goes awry for him, and is not recommended for any aspiring partners in a consulting firm.)
A second finding is that women, particularly those with young children, were much more likely to request greater flexibility through more formal means, such as returning from maternity leave with an explicitly reduced schedule. Men who requested a paternity leave seemed to be punished come review time, and so may have felt more need to take time to spend with their families through those unofficial methods.
The result of this is easy to see: Those specifically requesting a lighter workload, who were disproportionately women, suffered in their performance reviews; those who took a lighter workload more discreetly didn’t suffer. The maxim of “ask forgiveness, not permission” seemed to apply.
It would be dangerous to extrapolate too much from a study at one firm, but Ms. Reid said in an interview that since publishing a summary of her research in Harvard Business Review she has heard from people in a variety of industries describing the same dynamic.
High-octane professional service firms are that way for a reason, and no one would doubt that insane hours and lots of travel can be necessary if you’re a lawyer on the verge of a big trial, an accountant right before tax day or an investment banker advising on a huge merger.
But the fact that the consultants who quietly lightened their workload did just as well in their performance reviews as those who were truly working 80 or more hours a week suggests that in normal times, heavy workloads may be more about signaling devotion to a firm than really being more productive. The person working 80 hours isn’t necessarily serving clients any better than the person working 50.
In other words, maybe the real problem isn’t men faking greater devotion to their jobs. Maybe it’s that too many companies reward the wrong things, favoring the illusion of extraordinary effort over actual productivity.
Mr. Alger, who served five terms from Texas, led Republican women in a confrontation with Lyndon B. Johnson that may have cost Richard M. Nixon the 1960 presidential election.Bruce Alger, 96, Dies; Led â€˜Mink Coatâ€™ Protest Against Lyndon Johnson
Late in April, after Native American actors walked off in disgust from the set of Adam Sandler’s latest film, a western sendup that its distributor, Netflix, has defended as being equally offensive to all, a glow of pride spread through several Native American communities.
Tantoo Cardinal, a Canadian indigenous actress who played Black Shawl in “Dances With Wolves,” recalled thinking to herself, “It’s come.” Larry Sellers, who starred as Cloud Dancing in the 1990s television show “Dr. Quinn, Medicine Woman,” thought, “It’s about time.” Jesse Wente, who is Ojibwe and directs film programming at the TIFF Bell Lightbox in Toronto, found himself encouraged and surprised. There are so few film roles for indigenous actors, he said, that walking off the set of a major production showed real mettle.
But what didn’t surprise Mr. Wente was the content of the script. According to the actors who walked off the set, the film, titled “The Ridiculous Six,” included a Native American woman who passes out and is revived after white men douse her with alcohol, and another woman squatting to urinate while lighting a peace pipe. “There’s enough history at this point to have set some expectations around these sort of Hollywood depictions,” Mr. Wente said.
The walkout prompted a rhetorical “What do you expect from an Adam Sandler film?,” and a Netflix spokesman said that in the movie, blacks, Mexicans and whites were lampooned as well. But Native American actors and critics said a broader issue was at stake. While mainstream portrayals of native peoples have, Mr. Wente said, become “incrementally better” over the decades, he and others say, they remain far from accurate and reflect a lack of opportunities for Native American performers. What’s more, as Native Americans hunger for representation on screen, critics say the absence of three-dimensional portrayals has very real off-screen consequences.
“Our people are still healing from historical trauma,” said Loren Anthony, one of the actors who walked out. “Our youth are still trying to figure out who they are, where they fit in this society. Kids are killing themselves. They’re not proud of who they are.” They also don’t, he added, see themselves on prime time television or the big screen. Netflix noted while about five people walked off the “The Ridiculous Six” set, 100 or so Native American actors and extras stayed.
But in interviews, nearly a dozen Native American actors and film industry experts said that Mr. Sandler’s humor perpetuated decades-old negative stereotypes. Mr. Anthony said such depictions helped feed the despondency many Native Americans feel, with deadly results: Native Americans have the highest suicide rate out of all the country’s ethnicities.
The on-screen problem is twofold, Mr. Anthony and others said: There’s a paucity of roles for Native Americans — according to the Screen Actors Guild in 2008 they accounted for 0.3 percent of all on-screen parts (those figures have yet to be updated), compared to about 2 percent of the general population — and Native American actors are often perceived in a narrow way.
In his Peabody Award-winning documentary “Reel Injun,” the Cree filmmaker Neil Diamond explored Hollywood depictions of Native Americans over the years, and found they fell into a few stereotypical categories: the Noble Savage, the Drunk Indian, the Mystic, the Indian Princess, the backward tribal people futilely fighting John Wayne and manifest destiny. While the 1990 film “Dances With Wolves” won praise for depicting Native Americans as fully fleshed out human beings, not all indigenous people embraced it. It was still told, critics said, from the colonialists’ point of view. In an interview, John Trudell, a Santee Sioux writer, actor (“Thunderheart”) and the former chairman of the American Indian Movement, described the film as “a story of two white people.”
“God bless ‘Dances with Wolves,’ ” Michael Horse, who played Deputy Hawk in “Twin Peaks,” said sarcastically. “Even ‘Avatar.’ Someone’s got to come save the tribal people.”
Dan Spilo, a partner at Industry Entertainment who represents Adam Beach, one of today’s most prominent Native American actors, said while typecasting dogs many minorities, it is especially intractable when it comes to Native Americans. Casting directors, he said, rarely cast them as police officers, doctors or lawyers. “There’s the belief that the Native American character should be on reservations or riding a horse,” he said.
“We don’t see ourselves,” Mr. Horse said. “We’re still an antiquated culture to them, and to the rest of the world.”
Ms. Cardinal said she was once turned down for the role of the wife of a child-abusing cop because the filmmakers felt that casting her would somehow be “too political.”
Another sore point is the long run of white actors playing American Indians, among them Burt Lancaster, Rock Hudson, Audrey Hepburn and, more recently, Johnny Depp, whose depiction of Tonto in the 2013 film “Lone Ranger,” was viewed as racist by detractors. There are, of course, exceptions. The former A&E series “Longmire,” which, as it happens, will now be on Netflix, was roundly praised for its depiction of life on a Northern Cheyenne reservation, with Lou Diamond Phillips, who is of Cherokee descent, playing a Northern Cheyenne man.
Others also point to the success of Mr. Beach, who played a Mohawk detective in “Law & Order: Special Victims Unit” and landed a starring role in the forthcoming D C Comics picture “Suicide Squad.” Mr. Beach said he had come across insulting scripts backed by people who don’t see anything wrong with them.
“I’d rather starve than do something that is offensive to my ancestral roots,” Mr. Beach said. “But I think there will always be attempts to drawn on the weakness of native people’s struggles. The savage Indian will always be the savage Indian. The white man will always be smarter and more cunning. The cavalry will always win.”
The solution, Mr. Wente, Mr. Trudell and others said, lies in getting more stories written by and starring Native Americans. But Mr. Wente noted that while independent indigenous film has blossomed in the last two decades, mainstream depictions have yet to catch up. “You have to stop expecting for Hollywood to correct it, because there seems to be no ability or desire to correct it,” Mr. Wente said.
There have been calls to boycott Netflix but, writing for Indian Country Today Media Network, which first broke news of the walk off, the filmmaker Brian Young noted that the distributor also offered a number of films by or about Native Americans.
The furor around “The Ridiculous Six” may drive more people to see it. Then one of the questions that Mr. Trudell, echoing others, had about the film will be answered: “Who the hell laughs at this stuff?”Native American Actors Work to Overcome a Long-Documented Bias
Though Robin and Joan Rolfs owned two rare talking dolls manufactured by Thomas Edison’s phonograph company in 1890, they did not dare play the wax cylinder records tucked inside each one.
The Rolfses, longtime collectors of Edison phonographs, knew that if they turned the cranks on the dolls’ backs, the steel phonograph needle might damage or destroy the grooves of the hollow, ring-shaped cylinder. And so for years, the dolls sat side by side inside a display cabinet, bearers of a message from the dawn of sound recording that nobody could hear.
In 1890, Edison’s dolls were a flop; production lasted only six weeks. Children found them difficult to operate and more scary than cuddly. The recordings inside, which featured snippets of nursery rhymes, wore out quickly.
Yet sound historians say the cylinders were the first entertainment records ever made, and the young girls hired to recite the rhymes were the world’s first recording artists.
Year after year, the Rolfses asked experts if there might be a safe way to play the recordings. Then a government laboratory developed a method to play fragile records without touching them.
The technique relies on a microscope to create images of the grooves in exquisite detail. A computer approximates — with great accuracy — the sounds that would have been created by a needle moving through those grooves.
In 2014, the technology was made available for the first time outside the laboratory.
“The fear all along is that we don’t want to damage these records. We don’t want to put a stylus on them,” said Jerry Fabris, the curator of the Thomas Edison Historical Park in West Orange, N.J. “Now we have the technology to play them safely.”
Last month, the Historical Park posted online three never-before-heard Edison doll recordings, including the two from the Rolfses’ collection. “There are probably more out there, and we’re hoping people will now get them digitized,” Mr. Fabris said.
The technology, which is known as Irene (Image, Reconstruct, Erase Noise, Etc.), was developed by the particle physicist Carl Haber and the engineer Earl Cornell at Lawrence Berkeley. Irene extracts sound from cylinder and disk records. It can also reconstruct audio from recordings so badly damaged they were deemed unplayable.
“We are now hearing sounds from history that I did not expect to hear in my lifetime,” Mr. Fabris said.
The Rolfses said they were not sure what to expect in August when they carefully packed their two Edison doll cylinders, still attached to their motors, and drove from their home in Hortonville, Wis., to the National Document Conservation Center in Andover, Mass. The center had recently acquired Irene technology.
Cylinders carry sound in a spiral groove cut by a phonograph recording needle that vibrates up and down, creating a surface made of tiny hills and valleys. In the Irene set-up, a microscope perched above the shaft takes thousands of high-resolution images of small sections of the grooves.
Stitched together, the images provide a topographic map of the cylinder’s surface, charting changes in depth as small as one five-hundredth the thickness of a human hair. Pitch, volume and timbre are all encoded in the hills and valleys and the speed at which the record is played.
At the conservation center, the preservation specialist Mason Vander Lugt attached one of the cylinders to the end of a rotating shaft. Huddled around a computer screen, the Rolfses first saw the wiggly waveform generated by Irene. Then came the digital audio. The words were at first indistinct, but as Mr. Lugt filtered out more of the noise, the rhyme became clearer.
“That was the Eureka moment,” Mr. Rolfs said.
In 1890, a girl in Edison’s laboratory had recited:
There was a little girl,
And she had a little curl
Right in the middle of her forehead.
When she was good,
She was very, very good.
But when she was bad, she was horrid.
Recently, the conservation center turned up another surprise.
In 2010, the Woody Guthrie Foundation received 18 oversize phonograph disks from an anonymous donor. No one knew if any of the dirt-stained recordings featured Guthrie, but Tiffany Colannino, then the foundation’s archivist, had stored them unplayed until she heard about Irene.
Last fall, the center extracted audio from one of the records, labeled “Jam Session 9” and emailed the digital file to Ms. Colannino.
“I was just sitting in my dining room, and the next thing I know, I’m hearing Woody,” she said. In between solo performances of “Ladies Auxiliary,” “Jesus Christ,” and “Dead or Alive,” Guthrie tells jokes, offers some back story, and makes the audience laugh. “It is quintessential Guthrie,” Ms. Colannino said.
The Rolfses’ dolls are back in the display cabinet in Wisconsin. But with audio stored on several computers, they now have a permanent voice.Ghostly Voices From Thomas Edisonâ€™s Dolls Can Now Be Heard
The career criminals in genre novels don’t have money problems. If they need some, they just go out and steal it. But such financial transactions can backfire, which is what happened back in 2004 when the Texas gang in MichaelTake the Money and Run
Baltimore residents prepared to resume the more familiar rhythms of their lives as days passed without new bouts of widespread rioting and as the National Guard began to pull its troops from the city.In Baltimore, National Guard Pullout Begins as Citywide Curfew Is Lifted
A former member of the Boston Symphony Orchestra, Mr. Smedvig helped found the wide-ranging Empire Brass quintet.Rolf Smedvig, Trumpeter in the Empire Brass, Dies at 62
A lapsed seminarian, Mr. Chambers succeeded Saul Alinsky as leader of the social justice umbrella group Industrial Areas Foundation.Edward Chambers, Early Leader in Community Organizing, Dies at 85
As he reflected on the festering wounds deepened by race and grievance that have been on painful display in America’s cities lately, President Obama on Monday found himself thinking about a young man he had just met named Malachi.
A few minutes before, in a closed-door round-table discussion at Lehman College in the Bronx, Mr. Obama had asked a group of black and Hispanic students from disadvantaged backgrounds what could be done to help them reach their goals. Several talked about counseling and guidance programs.
“Malachi, he just talked about — we should talk about love,” Mr. Obama told a crowd afterward, drifting away from his prepared remarks. “Because Malachi and I shared the fact that our dad wasn’t around and that sometimes we wondered why he wasn’t around and what had happened. But really, that’s what this comes down to is: Do we love these kids?”
Many presidents have governed during times of racial tension, but Mr. Obama is the first to see in the mirror a face that looks like those on the other side of history’s ledger. While his first term was consumed with the economy, war and health care, his second keeps coming back to the societal divide that was not bridged by his election. A president who eschewed focusing on race now seems to have found his voice again as he thinks about how to use his remaining time in office and beyond.
In the aftermath of racially charged unrest in places like Baltimore, Ferguson, Mo., and New York, Mr. Obama came to the Bronx on Monday for the announcement of a new nonprofit organization that is being spun off from his White House initiative called My Brother’s Keeper. Staked by more than $80 million in commitments from corporations and other donors, the new group, My Brother’s Keeper Alliance, will in effect provide the nucleus for Mr. Obama’s post-presidency, which will begin in January 2017.
“This will remain a mission for me and for Michelle not just for the rest of my presidency but for the rest of my life,” Mr. Obama said. “And the reason is simple,” he added. Referring to some of the youths he had just met, he said: “We see ourselves in these young men. I grew up without a dad. I grew up lost sometimes and adrift, not having a sense of a clear path. The only difference between me and a lot of other young men in this neighborhood and all across the country is that I grew up in an environment that was a little more forgiving.”
Organizers said the new alliance already had financial pledges from companies like American Express, Deloitte, Discovery Communications and News Corporation. The money will be used to help companies address obstacles facing young black and Hispanic men, provide grants to programs for disadvantaged youths, and help communities aid their populations.
Joe Echevarria, a former chief executive of Deloitte, the accounting and consulting firm, will lead the alliance, and among those on its leadership team or advisory group are executives at PepsiCo, News Corporation, Sprint, BET and Prudential Group Insurance; former Secretary of State Colin L. Powell; Senator Cory Booker, Democrat of New Jersey; former Attorney General Eric H. Holder Jr.; the music star John Legend; the retired athletes Alonzo Mourning, Jerome Bettis and Shaquille O’Neal; and the mayors of Indianapolis, Sacramento and Philadelphia.
The alliance, while nominally independent of the White House, may face some of the same questions confronting former Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton as she begins another presidential campaign. Some of those donating to the alliance may have interests in government action, and skeptics may wonder whether they are trying to curry favor with the president by contributing.
“The Obama administration will have no role in deciding how donations are screened and what criteria they’ll set at the alliance for donor policies, because it’s an entirely separate entity,” Josh Earnest, the White House press secretary, told reporters on Air Force One en route to New York. But he added, “I’m confident that the members of the board are well aware of the president’s commitment to transparency.”
The alliance was in the works before the disturbances last week after the death of Freddie Gray, the black man who suffered fatal injuries while in police custody in Baltimore, but it reflected the evolution of Mr. Obama’s presidency. For him, in a way, it is coming back to issues that animated him as a young community organizer and politician. It was his own struggle with race and identity, captured in his youthful memoir, “Dreams From My Father,” that stood him apart from other presidential aspirants.
But that was a side of him that he kept largely to himself through the first years of his presidency while he focused on other priorities like turning the economy around, expanding government-subsidized health care and avoiding electoral land mines en route to re-election.
After securing a second term, Mr. Obama appeared more emboldened. Just a month after his 2013 inauguration, he talked passionately about opportunity and race with a group of teenage boys in Chicago, a moment aides point to as perhaps the first time he had spoken about these issues in such a personal, powerful way as president. A few months later, he publicly lamented the death of Trayvon Martin, a black Florida teenager, saying that “could have been me 35 years ago.”
That case, along with public ruptures of anger over police shootings in Ferguson and elsewhere, have pushed the issue of race and law enforcement onto the public agenda. Aides said they imagined that with his presidency in its final stages, Mr. Obama might be thinking more about what comes next and causes he can advance as a private citizen.
That is not to say that his public discussion of these issues has been universally welcomed. Some conservatives said he had made matters worse by seeming in their view to blame police officers in some of the disputed cases.
“President Obama, when he was elected, could have been a unifying leader,” Senator Ted Cruz of Texas, a Republican candidate for president, said at a forum last week. “He has made decisions that I think have inflamed racial tensions.”
On the other side of the ideological spectrum, some liberal African-American activists have complained that Mr. Obama has not done enough to help downtrodden communities. While he is speaking out more, these critics argue, he has hardly used the power of the presidency to make the sort of radical change they say is necessary.
The line Mr. Obama has tried to straddle has been a serrated one. He condemns police brutality as he defends most officers as honorable. He condemns “criminals and thugs” who looted in Baltimore while expressing empathy with those trapped in a cycle of poverty and hopelessness.
In the Bronx on Monday, Mr. Obama bemoaned the death of Brian Moore, a plainclothes New York police officer who had died earlier in the day after being shot in the head Saturday on a Queens street. Most police officers are “good and honest and fair and care deeply about their communities,” even as they put their lives on the line, Mr. Obama said.
“Which is why in addressing the issues in Baltimore or Ferguson or New York, the point I made was that if we’re just looking at policing, we’re looking at it too narrowly,” he added. “If we ask the police to simply contain and control problems that we ourselves have been unwilling to invest and solve, that’s not fair to the communities, it’s not fair to the police.”
Moreover, if society writes off some people, he said, “that’s not the kind of country I want to live in; that’s not what America is about.”
His message to young men like Malachi Hernandez, who attends Boston Latin Academy in Massachusetts, is not to give up.
“I want you to know you matter,” he said. “You matter to us.”Obama Finds a Bolder Voice on Race Issues