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PANGKALPINANG, Saco_Indonesia.com - Kasus pemukulan terhadap pramugari Sriwijaya Air, Nur Febriani, yang dilakukan Kepala Badan Koordinasi Penanaman Modal daerah (BKPMD) Provinsi Bangka Belitung (Babel) diambil alih Polres Pangkalpinang.

"Berkas dari Polsek Pangkalanbaru sudah kita ambil alih. Pengambil alihan perkara ini supaya proses penyidikannya lebih cepat. Karena di Polsek Pangkalanbaru, penyidiknya masih menangani beberapa kasus lainnya," kata Kapolres Pangkalpinang, AKBP Bariza Sulfi, sabtu (8/6/2013) kemarin.

Ia mengatakan, berkas perkara dan barang bukti dari Polsek Pangkalanbaru sudah diserahkan penyidik Polres Pangkalpinang. Selanjutnya, berkas tersebut akan ditangani oleh Unit Reskrim Polres Pangkalpinang.

AKBP Bariza Sulfi menjelaskan, pihaknya hanya menangani perkara penganiayaan yang dilakukan Zakaria terhadap Nur Febriani. Untuk dugaan pelanggaran undang-undang keselamatan penerbangan tidak ditangani Polres Pangkalpinang.

"Saat ini kita hanya menangani kasus pidana pemukulannya saja. Kita tidak menerapkan kasus ke dalam undang-undang keselamatan penerbangan," kata Bariza Sulfi.

Hal ini karena sesuai pemeriksaan, hal-hal yang berkait dengan dugaan pelanggaran keselamatan penerbangan tidak terjadi di Pangkalpinang. Akan tetapi, terjadinya di Bandara Soekarno Hatta, Tangerang.

Seperti diberitakan sebelumnya, Zakaria dilaporkan ke aparat kepolisian oleh seorang pramugari Sriwijaya Air bernama Febriani. Pemukulan itu terjadi di pesawat bernomor penerbangan SJ 078 tak lama setelah mendarat di Bandara Depati Amir, Pangkal Pinang, Rabu (5/6/2013) sekitar pukul 19.30 WIB.

Dalam kasus ini, Zakaria sudah ditetapkan sebagai tersangka dan sudah ditahan oleh aparat kepolisian. Zakaria dianggap bertanggung jawab karena telah memukulkan gulungan koran ke arah bagian belakang leher korban sehingga menimbulkan bekas kemerahan. Pemukulan tersebut dipicu kekesalan tersangka karena ditegur korban untuk mematikan ponsel saat pesawat akan lepas landas dari Bandara Soekarno-Hatta, Tangerang, sekitar satu jam sebelumnya.

Upaya damai kedua belah pihak sudah ditempuh dengan permohonan maaf dari Zakaria. Namun, Febriani masih trauma dan tidak terima dengan perlakuan tersebut sehingga kasus ini tetap dibawa ke jalur hukum. (Hendra)

Editor :Liwon Maulana
Sebuah Kasus Pemukulan Pramugari Diambil Alih Polres Pangkalpinang

    saco-indonesia.com,

    hujan datang di siang terang

    pertanda baik atau malah sebaiknya

    hati hampa lama sendiri

    walaupun ada, cinta tak bertahan lama

     

    ku ingin menikah seperti yang lain

    bukankah cinta itu hak semua insan

    kapankah cinta datang menyunting hatiku

    datanglah oh cinta, aku ingin menikah

     

    hampa hati lama sendiri

    walaupun ada, cinta tak bertahan lama

     

    ku ingin menikah seperti yang lain

    bukankah cinta itu hak semua insan

    kapankah cinta datang menyunting hatiku

    datanglah oh cinta, aku ingin menikah

     

    ku ingin menikah seperti yang lain

    bukankah cinta itu hak semua insan

    kapankah cinta datang menyunting hatiku

    datanglah oh cinta, aku ingin menikah

    
    Editor : dian sukmawati

 

BBB GIRL INGIN MENIKAH

Layanan terbaik jasa sewa mobil di Solo hanya anda dapatkan di Poetri Bimo rental mobil. Layanan prima dengan pengalaman bertahun-tahun dalam melayani persewaan mobil di Solo. Kami juga sangat yakin jika anda memilih jasa rental mobil kami maka anda tidak akan pernah pindah layanan rental mobil lain. Kualitas kenyamanan yang didapatkan oleh pengguna armada sewa mobil yang dikelola oleh Poetri Bimo ini cukup maksimal.
Hal-hal yang sangat mempengaruhi layanan kami sehingga dinyatakan terbaik oleh pelanggan kami disebabkan oleh beberapa faktor. Layanan terbaik jasa sewa mobil di Solo oleh Poetri Bimo Rent Car diantaranya:

    Sewa mobil di Solo dengan tarif sewa mobil yang paling murah. Kami berani memasang tabel harga karena harga kami jelas dan paling murah.
    Rental mobil dengan sopir yang ramah dan berpengalaman. Pengemudi armada sewa mobil kami adalah asli orang Solo yang sangat mengenal wilayah sekitar Jawa Tengah.
    Pada jasa sewa mobil Solo Poetri Bimo tidak ada biaya bayangan atau tarif tersembunyi. Soal biaya telah dikeluarkan tarif resmi yang kami publish di website dan harga tersebut bersifat tetap (fix).
    Mobil baru dengan kondisi sangat prima. Dengan umur mobil yang sangat muda dan perawatanw pada bengkel resmi menjadikan kondisi mobil kami prima dan layak mengantar anda ke mana saja selama anda berada di kota Solo.
    Mobil ready stock dengan jumlah armada sangat banyak.

Layanan terbaik persewaan mobil solo oleh Poetri Bimo Rent Car ini kami adopsi karena masukan dari pelanggan kami selama ini. Setiap konsumen yang menggunakan jasa kami selalu kami tanya perihal kepuasan pelanggan. Hal inilah yang menyebabkan Poetri Bimo menjadi rental mobil terbaik di Solo. Sewa mobil di Solo yang kami tawarkan memuaskan anda. Coba bandingkan layanan sewa mobil solo di tempat lain. Secara nyata anda akan merasakan bedanya.
Jadi jangan ragu, segera hubungi kami untuk mendapatkan layanan istimewa sewa mobil di Solo. Dan menghadapi tahun baru 2014, Poetri Bimo memberlakukan tarif khusus yang sangat murah untuk penggunaan unit rental terbaik di Solo ini.

 

JASA SEWA MOBIL TERBAIK DI SOLO

BANDUNG, Saco-Indonesia.com - Sementara sebagian penduduk Jakarta mengutuk musibah banjir yang terjadi hampir setiap datangnya hujan besar, penduduk di wilayah lain justeru menghadapi bahaya kekeringan. Hal ini terungkap dalam penyampaian makalah di Sidang Kolokium Puslitbang Sumber Daya Air Kementerian Pekerjaan Umum, Rabu (15/5/2013).

Perubahan intensitas kekeringan tersebut menimbulkan kerentanan terhadap sektor pertanian, terutama padi dan palawija.
-- Wanny M Putuhena

Subjek mengenai kekeringan ini disampaikan oleh Wanny K. Adidarma berdasakan makalah berjudul "Perubahan Ciri Kekeringan Pertanian di Pulau Jawa". Makalah tersebut merupakan karyanya bersama William M. Putuhena.

Wanny mengatakan, karakteristik musibah kekeringan jauh berbeda dengan musibah banjir. Musibah banjir dapat diantisipasi dengan tindakan-tindakan spontan, sementara kekeringan dapat datang perlahan-lahan tanpa mampu diantisipasi.

Inilah jenis bencana yang seringkali mengalami overlapping dengan pemberitaan bencana banjir. Padahal, keduanya merupakan musibah berbahaya.

"Dampak dari perubahan iklim terhadap kekeringan sudah mulai terasa di beberapa wilayah di Indonesia. Perubahan intensitas kekeringan tersebut menimbulkan kerentanan terhadap sektor pertanian, terutama padi dan palawija," ujar Wanny.

Untuk membuktikan hal tersebut, Wanny melakukan penelitian di lima lokasi. Kelimanya yaitu, wilayah Cidanau Cilisung Ciliman, wilayah Cirebon, Pemali Comal beserta Daerah Aliran Sungai (DAS) Pemali dan DAS Comal, DAS Solo Hulu, dan wilayah Kedu. Kajian dilakukan oleh Wanny dan William itu menyiratkan bahwa jenis kekeringan pertanian mempunyai hubungan dengan dampaknya.

Kekeringan pertanian digambarkan oleh intensitas kekeringan yang pada umumnya kurang dari 220mm/bulan dan durasi kekeringan kurang dari sembilan bulan. Selama dua hingga tiga dasawarsa terakhir, intensitas kekeringan mengalami perubahan jika dibandingkan dengan durasi kekeringan terutama bagi tanaman padi. Kekeringan untuk padi yang terjadi pada tahun-tahun kering sifatnya lebih merata secara ruang dibandingkan kekeringan untuk palawija.

"Kekeringan pertanian terjadi karena kurangnya hujan bulanan, padahal kebutuhan air lebih banyak," kata Wanny.

Perubahan ciri kekeringan pertanian terjadi dalam bentuk pergeseran tingkat keparahan, makin besar periode ulang, artinya semakin parah. Sementara itu, setiap wilayah juga memiliki perubahan berbeda, namun secara garis besar tingkat kekeringan semakin parah. Lewat penelitian dan pemantauan yang dilakukan oleh Wanny dan William, tampak tren terjadinya kekeringan di wilayah-wilayah sampel tersebut.

"Kalau kita tahu dengan pasti intensitasnya berapa, kita bisa tahu kapan kekeringan dapat terjadi," ujarnya.

 
Editor :Liwon Maulana(galipat)
sumber:Kompas.com
Waspadai Bahaya Kekeringan

Setelah menjalani perawatan satu minggu di RS Atmajaya, Pluit, karyawati yang telah menjadi korban penusukan penjahat di Jalan Tiang Bendera, Roa Malaka, Kec. Tambora, akhirnya tewas.

Tewasnya Lutfi Alfiatin yang berusia 20 tahun , telah menimbulkan kesedihan bagi keluarganya. Mereka juga berharap pelaku yang sudah ditangkap satu orang, dan lainnya buron dihukum seberat-beratnya.

Lutfi ditodong dua pria saat berjalan kaki pada Selasa (4/3) pukul 23.30 WIB, setelah lembur di tempat kerjanya, kawasan Kota, Jakarta Barat. Pelaku mengambil tas isi uang Rp200 ribu.

Tak mau tasnya berpindah tangan, korban melawan hingga membuat pelaku kesal dan menusuk perutnya. Usai menggasak tas korban, pelaku kabur ke arah Kota. Petugas Polsek Tambora yang menangani kasus ini menembak mati pelakunya yakni Heri Firmansyah, 26, dan Hilman, 23, ditembak di kaki.

Kapolsek Tambora, KOmpol Dedy Tabrani MSi didampingi Kanit Reskrim, AKP Widharma Jaya juga menyatakan, keluarga korban menolak jenazah diotopsi karena akan dibawa ke kampung halaman. “Kasusnya tetap kami proses karena masih ada satu pelaku yang dalam proses pemberkasan ke kejaksaan,” ungkapnya.

Karyawati Korban Perampokan Akhirnya Tewas

Over the last five years or so, it seemed there was little that Dean G. Skelos, the majority leader of the New York Senate, would not do for his son.

He pressed a powerful real estate executive to provide commissions to his son, a 32-year-old title insurance salesman, according to a federal criminal complaint. He helped get him a job at an environmental company and employed his influence to help the company get government work. He used his office to push natural gas drilling regulations that would have increased his son’s commissions.

He even tried to direct part of a $5.4 billion state budget windfall to fund government contracts that the company was seeking. And when the company was close to securing a storm-water contract from Nassau County, the senator, through an intermediary, pressured the company to pay his son more — or risk having the senator subvert the bid.

The criminal complaint, unsealed on Monday, lays out corruption charges against Senator Skelos and his son, Adam B. Skelos, the latest scandal to seize Albany, and potentially alter its power structure.

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Preet Bharara, the United States attorney in Manhattan, discussed the case involving Dean G. Skelos and his son, Adam. Credit Eduardo Munoz/Reuters

The repeated and diverse efforts by Senator Skelos, a Long Island Republican, to use what prosecutors said was his political influence to find work, or at least income, for his son could send both men to federal prison. If they are convicted of all six charges against them, they face up to 20 years in prison for each of four of the six counts and up to 10 years for the remaining two.

Senator Kenneth P. LaValle, of Long Island, who serves as chairman of the Republican conference, emerged from a closed-door meeting Monday night to say that conference members agreed that Mr. Skelos should be benefited the “presumption of innocence,” and would stay in his leadership role.

“The leader has indicated he would like to remain as leader,” said Mr. LaValle, “and he has the support of the conference.” The case against Mr. Skelos and his son grew out of a broader inquiry into political corruption by the United States attorney for the Southern District of New York, Preet Bharara, that has already changed the face of the state capital. It is based in part, according to the six-count complaint, on conversations secretly recorded by one of two cooperating witnesses, and wiretaps on the cellphones of the senator and his son. Those recordings revealed that both men were concerned about electronic surveillance, and illustrated the son’s unsuccessful efforts to thwart it.

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Adam Skelos took to using a “burner” phone, the complaint says, and told his father he wanted them to speak through a FaceTime video call in an apparent effort to avoid detection. They also used coded language at times.

At one point, Adam Skelos was recorded telling a Senate staff member of his frustration in not being able to speak openly to his father on the phone, noting that he could not “just send smoke signals or a little pigeon” carrying a message.

The 43-page complaint, sworn out by Paul M. Takla, a special agent for the Federal Bureau of Investigation, outlines a five-year scheme to “monetize” the senator’s official position; it also lays bare the extent to which a father sought to use his position to help his son.

The charges accuse the two men of extorting payments through a real estate developer, Glenwood Management, based on Long Island, and the environmental company, AbTech Industries, in Scottsdale, Ariz., with the expectation that the money paid to Adam Skelos — nearly $220,000 in total — would influence his father’s actions.

Glenwood, one of the state’s most prolific campaign donors, had ties to AbTech through investments in the environmental firm’s parent company by Glenwood’s founding family and a senior executive.

The accusations in the complaint portray Senator Skelos as a man who, when it came to his son, was not shy about twisting arms, even in situations that might give other arm-twisters pause.

Seeking to help his son, Senator Skelos turned to the executive at Glenwood, which develops rental apartments in New York City and has much at stake when it comes to real estate legislation in Albany. The senator urged him to direct business to his son, who sold title insurance.

After much prodding, the executive, Charles C. Dorego, engineered a $20,000 payment to Adam Skelos from a title insurance company even though he did no work for the money. But far more lucrative was a consultant position that Mr. Dorego arranged for Adam Skelos at AbTech, which seeks government contracts to treat storm water. (Mr. Dorego is not identified by name in the complaint, but referred to only as CW-1, for Cooperating Witness 1.)

Senator Skelos appeared to take an active interest in his son’s new line of work. Adam Skelos sent him several drafts of his consulting agreement with AbTech, the complaint says, as well as the final deal that was struck.

“Mazel tov,” his father replied.

Senator Skelos sent relevant news articles to his son, including one about a sewage leak near Albany. When AbTech wanted to seek government contracts after Hurricane Sandy, the senator got on a conference call with his son and an AbTech executive, Bjornulf White, and offered advice. (Like Mr. Dorego, Mr. White is not named in the complaint, but referred to as CW-2.)

The assistance paid off: With the senator’s help, AbTech secured a contract worth up to $12 million from Nassau County, a big break for a struggling small business.

But the money was slow to materialize. The senator expressed impatience with county officials.

Adam Skelos, in a phone call with Mr. White in late December, suggested that his father would seek to punish the county. “I tell you this, the state is not going to do a [expletive] thing for the county,” he said.

Three days later, Senator Skelos pressed his case with the Nassau County executive, Edward P. Mangano, a fellow Republican. “Somebody feels like they’re just getting jerked around the last two years,” the senator said, referring to his son in what the complaint described as “coded language.”

The next day, the senator pursued the matter, as he and Mr. Mangano attended a wake for a slain New York City police officer. Senator Skelos then reassured his son, who called him while he was still at the wake. “All claims that are in will be taken care of,” the senator said.

AbTech’s fortunes appeared to weigh on his son. At one point in January, Adam Skelos told his father that if the company did not succeed, he would “lose the ability to pay for things.”

Making matters worse, in recent months, Senator Skelos and his son appeared to grow wary about who was watching them. In addition to making calls on the burner phone, Adam Skelos said he used the FaceTime video calling “because that doesn’t show up on the phone bill,” as he told Mr. White.

In late February, Adam Skelos arranged a pair of meetings between Mr. White and state senators; AbTech needed to win state legislation that would allow its contract to move beyond its initial stages. But Senator Skelos deemed the plan too risky and caused one of the meetings to be canceled.

In another recorded call, Adam Skelos, promising to be “very, very vague” on the phone, urged his father to allow the meeting. The senator offered a warning. “Right now we are in dangerous times, Adam,” he told him.

A month later, in another phone call that was recorded by the authorities, Adam Skelos complained that his father could not give him “real advice” about AbTech while the two men were speaking over the telephone.

“You can’t talk normally,” he told his father, “because it’s like [expletive] Preet Bharara is listening to every [expletive] phone call. It’s just [expletive] frustrating.”

“It is,” his father agreed.

Dean Skelos, Albany Senate Leader, Aided Son at All Costs, U.S. Says

WASHINGTON — During a training course on defending against knife attacks, a young Salt Lake City police officer asked a question: “How close can somebody get to me before I’m justified in using deadly force?”

Dennis Tueller, the instructor in that class more than three decades ago, decided to find out. In the fall of 1982, he performed a rudimentary series of tests and concluded that an armed attacker who bolted toward an officer could clear 21 feet in the time it took most officers to draw, aim and fire their weapon.

The next spring, Mr. Tueller published his findings in SWAT magazine and transformed police training in the United States. The “21-foot rule” became dogma. It has been taught in police academies around the country, accepted by courts and cited by officers to justify countless shootings, including recent episodes involving a homeless woodcarver in Seattle and a schizophrenic woman in San Francisco.

Now, amid the largest national debate over policing since the 1991 beating of Rodney King in Los Angeles, a small but vocal set of law enforcement officials are calling for a rethinking of the 21-foot rule and other axioms that have emphasized how to use force, not how to avoid it. Several big-city police departments are already re-examining when officers should chase people or draw their guns and when they should back away, wait or try to defuse the situation

Police Rethink Long Tradition on Using Force

The career criminals in genre novels don’t have money problems. If they need some, they just go out and steal it. But such financial transactions can backfire, which is what happened back in 2004 when the Texas gang in Michael

Take the Money and Run

A 214-pound Queens housewife struggled with a lifelong addiction to food until she shed 72 pounds and became the public face of the worldwide weight-control empire Weight Watchers.

Jean Nidetch, 91, Dies; Pounds Came Off, and Weight Watchers Was Born

Hired in 1968, a year before their first season, Mr. Fanning spent 25 years with the team, managing them to their only playoff appearance in Canada.

Jim Fanning, 87, Dies; Lifted Baseball in Canada With Expos

Fullmer, who reigned when fight clubs abounded and Friday night fights were a television staple, was known for his title bouts with Sugar Ray Robinson and Carmen Basilio.

Gene Fullmer, a Brawling Middleweight Champion, Dies at 83

Pronovost, who played for the Red Wings, was not a prolific scorer, but he was a consummate team player with bruising checks and fearless bursts up the ice that could puncture a defense.

Marcel Pronovost, 84, Dies; Hall of Famer Shared in Five N.H.L. Titles

The 6-foot-10 Phillips played alongside the 6-11 Rick Robey on the Wildcats team that won the 1978 N.C.A.A. men’s basketball title.

Mike Phillips, Half of Kentucky’s ‘Twin Towers’ of Basketball, Dies at 59

HOBART, Tasmania — Few places seem out of reach for China’s leader, Xi Jinping, who has traveled from European capitals to obscure Pacific and Caribbean islands in pursuit of his nation’s strategic interests.

So perhaps it was not surprising when he turned up last fall in this city on the edge of the Southern Ocean to put down a long-distance marker in another faraway region, Antarctica, 2,000 miles south of this Australian port.

Standing on the deck of an icebreaker that ferries Chinese scientists from this last stop before the frozen continent, Mr. Xi pledged that China would continue to expand in one of the few places on earth that remain unexploited by humans.

He signed a five-year accord with the Australian government that allows Chinese vessels and, in the future, aircraft to resupply for fuel and food before heading south. That will help secure easier access to a region that is believed to have vast oil and mineral resources; huge quantities of high-protein sea life; and for times of possible future dire need, fresh water contained in icebergs.

It was not until 1985, about seven decades after Robert Scott and Roald Amundsen raced to the South Pole, that a team representing Beijing hoisted the Chinese flag over the nation’s first Antarctic research base, the Great Wall Station on King George Island.

But now China seems determined to catch up. As it has bolstered spending on Antarctic research, and as the early explorers, especially the United States and Australia, confront stagnant budgets, there is growing concern about its intentions.

China’s operations on the continent — it opened its fourth research station last year, chose a site for a fifth, and is investing in a second icebreaker and new ice-capable planes and helicopters — are already the fastest growing of the 52 signatories to the Antarctic Treaty. That gentlemen’s agreement reached in 1959 bans military activity on the continent and aims to preserve it as one of the world’s last wildernesses; a related pact prohibits mining.

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But Mr. Xi’s visit was another sign that China is positioning itself to take advantage of the continent’s resource potential when the treaty expires in 2048 — or in the event that it is ripped up before, Chinese and Australian experts say.

“So far, our research is natural-science based, but we know there is more and more concern about resource security,” said Yang Huigen, director general of the Polar Research Institute of China, who accompanied Mr. Xi last November on his visit to Hobart and stood with him on the icebreaker, Xue Long, or Snow Dragon.

With that in mind, the polar institute recently opened a new division devoted to the study of resources, law, geopolitics and governance in Antarctica and the Arctic, Mr. Yang said.

Australia, a strategic ally of the United States that has strong economic relations with China, is watching China’s buildup in the Antarctic with a mix of gratitude — China’s presence offers support for Australia’s Antarctic science program, which is short of cash — and wariness.

“We should have no illusions about the deeper agenda — one that has not even been agreed to by Chinese scientists but is driven by Xi, and most likely his successors,” said Peter Jennings, executive director of the Australian Strategic Policy Institute and a former senior official in the Australian Department of Defense.

“This is part of a broader pattern of a mercantilist approach all around the world,” Mr. Jennings added. “A big driver of Chinese policy is to secure long-term energy supply and food supply.”

That approach was evident last month when a large Chinese agriculture enterprise announced an expansion of its fishing operations around Antarctica to catch more krill — small, protein-rich crustaceans that are abundant in Antarctic waters.

“The Antarctic is a treasure house for all human beings, and China should go there and share,” Liu Shenli, the chairman of the China National Agricultural Development Group, told China Daily, a state-owned newspaper. China would aim to fish up to two million tons of krill a year, he said, a substantial increase from what it currently harvests.

Because sovereignty over Antarctica is unclear, nations have sought to strengthen their claims over the ice-covered land by building research bases and naming geographic features. China’s fifth station will put it within reach of the six American facilities, and ahead of Australia’s three.

Chinese mappers have also given Chinese names to more than 300 sites, compared with the thousands of locations on the continent with English names.

In the unspoken competition for Antarctica’s future, scientific achievement can also translate into influence. Chinese scientists are driving to be the first to drill and recover an ice core containing tiny air bubbles that provide a record of climate change stretching as far back as 1.5 million years. It is an expensive and delicate effort at which others, including the European Union and Australia, have failed.

In a breakthrough a decade ago, European scientists extracted an ice core nearly two miles long that revealed 800,000 years of climate history. But finding an ice core going back further would allow scientists to examine a change in the earth’s climate cycles believed to have occurred 900,000 to 1.2 million years ago.

China is betting it has found the best location to drill, at an area called Dome A, or Dome Argus, the highest point on the East Antarctic Ice Sheet. Though it is considered one of the coldest places on the planet, with temperatures of 130 degrees below zero Fahrenheit, a Chinese expedition explored the area in 2005 and established a research station in 2009.

“The international community has drilled in lots of places, but no luck so far,” said Xiao Cunde, a member of the first party to reach the site and the deputy director of the Institute for Climate Change at the Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences. “We think at Dome A we will have a straight shot at the one-million-year ice core.”

Mr. Xiao said China had already begun drilling and hoped to find what scientists are looking for in four to five years.

To support its Antarctic aspirations, China is building a sophisticated $300 million icebreaker that is expected to be ready in a few years, said Xia Limin, deputy director of the Chinese Arctic and Antarctic Administration in Beijing. It has also bought a high-tech fixed-wing aircraft, outfitted in the United States, for taking sensitive scientific soundings from the ice.

China has chosen the site for its fifth research station at Inexpressible Island, named by a group of British explorers who were stranded at the desolate site in 1912 and survived the winter by excavating a small ice cave.

Mr. Xia said the inhospitable spot was ideal because China did not have a presence in that part of Antarctica, and because the rocky site did not have much snow, making it relatively cheap to build there.

Anne-Marie Brady, a professor of political science at the University of Canterbury in New Zealand and the author of a soon-to-be-released book, “China as a Polar Great Power,” said Chinese scientists also believed they had a good chance of finding mineral and energy resources near the site.

“China is playing a long game in Antarctica and keeping other states guessing about its true intentions and interests are part of its poker hand,” she said. But she noted that China’s interest in finding minerals was presented “loud and clear to domestic audiences” as the main reason it was investing in Antarctica.

Because commercial drilling is banned, estimates of energy and mineral resources in Antarctica rely on remote sensing data and comparisons with similar geological environments elsewhere, said Millard F. Coffin, executive director of the Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies in Hobart.

But the difficulty of extraction in such severe conditions and uncertainty about future commodity prices make it unlikely that China or any country would defy the ban on mining anytime soon.

Tourism, however, is already booming. Travelers from China are still a relatively small contingent in the Antarctic compared with the more than 13,000 Americans who visited in 2013, and as yet there are no licensed Chinese tour operators.

But that is about to change, said Anthony Bergin, deputy director of the Australian Strategic Policy Institute. “I understand very soon there will be Chinese tourists on Chinese vessels with all-Chinese crew in the Antarctic,” he said.

 

Top News China’s Intents Are Questioned as It Builds in Antarctica

With 12 tournament victories in his career, Mr. Peete was the most successful black professional golfer before Tiger Woods.

Calvin Peete, 71, a Racial Pioneer on the PGA Tour, Is Dead

WASHINGTON — The last three men to win the Republican nomination have been the prosperous son of a president (George W. Bush), a senator who could not recall how many homes his family owned (John McCain of Arizona; it was seven) and a private equity executive worth an estimated $200 million (Mitt Romney).

The candidates hoping to be the party’s nominee in 2016 are trying to create a very different set of associations. On Sunday, Ben Carson, a retired neurosurgeon, joined the presidential field.

Senator Marco Rubio of Florida praises his parents, a bartender and a Kmart stock clerk, as he urges audiences not to forget “the workers in our hotel kitchens, the landscaping crews in our neighborhoods, the late-night janitorial staff that clean our offices.”

Gov. Scott Walker of Wisconsin, a preacher’s son, posts on Twitter about his ham-and-cheese sandwiches and boasts of his coupon-clipping frugality. His $1 Kohl’s sweater has become a campaign celebrity in its own right.

Senator Rand Paul of Kentucky laments the existence of “two Americas,” borrowing the Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.’s phrase to describe economically and racially troubled communities like Ferguson, Mo., and Detroit.

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Senator Marco Rubio of Florida praises his parents, a bartender and a Kmart stock clerk. Credit Joe Raedle/Getty Images

“Some say, ‘But Democrats care more about the poor,’ ” Mr. Paul likes to say. “If that’s true, why is black unemployment still twice white unemployment? Why has household income declined by $3,500 over the past six years?”

We are in the midst of the Empathy Primary — the rhetorical battleground shaping the Republican presidential field of 2016.

Harmed by the perception that they favor the wealthy at the expense of middle-of-the-road Americans, the party’s contenders are each trying their hardest to get across what the elder George Bush once inelegantly told recession-battered voters in 1992: “Message: I care.”

Their ability to do so — less bluntly, more sincerely — could prove decisive in an election year when power, privilege and family connections will loom large for both parties.

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Questions of understanding and compassion cost Republicans in the last election. Mr. Romney, who memorably dismissed the “47 percent” of Americans as freeloaders, lost to President Obama by 63 percentage points among voters who cast their ballots for the candidate who “cares about people like me,” according to exit polls.

And a Pew poll from February showed that people still believe Republicans are indifferent to working Americans: 54 percent said the Republican Party does not care about the middle class.

That taint of callousness explains why Senator Ted Cruz of Texas declared last week that Republicans “are and should be the party of the 47 percent” — and why another son of a president, Jeb Bush, has made economic opportunity the centerpiece of his message.

With his pedigree and considerable wealth — since he left the Florida governor’s office almost a decade ago he has earned millions of dollars sitting on corporate boards and advising banks — Mr. Bush probably has the most complicated task making the argument to voters that he understands their concerns.

On a visit last week to Puerto Rico, Mr. Bush sounded every bit the populist, railing against “elites” who have stifled economic growth and innovation. In the kind of economy he envisions leading, he said: “We wouldn’t have the middle being squeezed. People in poverty would have a chance to rise up. And the social strains that exist — because the haves and have-nots is the big debate in our country today — would subside.”

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Who Is Running for President (and Who’s Not)?

Republicans’ emphasis on poorer and working-class Americans now represents a shift from the party’s longstanding focus on business owners and “job creators” as the drivers of economic opportunity.

This is intentional, Republican operatives said.

In the last presidential election, Republicans rushed to defend business owners against what they saw as hostility by Democrats to successful, wealthy entrepreneurs.

“Part of what you had was a reaction to the Democrats’ dehumanization of business owners: ‘Oh, you think you started your plumbing company? No you didn’t,’ ” said Grover Norquist, the conservative activist and president of Americans for Tax Reform.

But now, Mr. Norquist said, Republicans should move past that. “Focus on the people in the room who know someone who couldn’t get a job, or a promotion, or a raise because taxes are too high or regulations eat up companies’ time,” he said. “The rich guy can take care of himself.”

Democrats argue that the public will ultimately see through such an approach because Republican positions like opposing a minimum-wage increase and giving private banks a larger role in student loans would hurt working Americans.

“If Republican candidates are just repeating the same tired policies, I’m not sure that smiling while saying it is going to be enough,” said Guy Cecil, a Democratic strategist who is joining a “super PAC” working on behalf of Hillary Rodham Clinton.

Republicans have already attacked Mrs. Clinton over the wealth and power she and her husband have accumulated, caricaturing her as an out-of-touch multimillionaire who earns hundreds of thousands of dollars per speech and has not driven a car since 1996.

Mr. Walker hit this theme recently on Fox News, pointing to Mrs. Clinton’s lucrative book deals and her multiple residences. “This is not someone who is connected with everyday Americans,” he said. His own net worth, according to The Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, is less than a half-million dollars; Mr. Walker also owes tens of thousands of dollars on his credit cards.

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But showing off a cheap sweater or boasting of a bootstraps family background not only helps draw a contrast with Mrs. Clinton’s latter-day affluence, it is also an implicit argument against Mr. Bush.

Mr. Walker, who featured a 1998 Saturn with more than 100,000 miles on the odometer in a 2010 campaign ad during his first run for governor, likes to talk about flipping burgers at McDonald’s as a young person. His mother, he has said, grew up on a farm with no indoor plumbing until she was in high school.

Mr. Rubio, among the least wealthy members of the Senate, with an estimated net worth of around a half-million dollars, uses his working-class upbringing as evidence of the “exceptionalism” of America, “where even the son of a bartender and a maid can have the same dreams and the same future as those who come from power and privilege.”

Mr. Cruz alludes to his family’s dysfunction — his parents, he says, were heavy drinkers — and recounts his father’s tale of fleeing Cuba with $100 sewn into his underwear.

Gov. Chris Christie of New Jersey notes that his father paid his way through college working nights at an ice cream plant.

But sometimes the attempts at projecting authenticity can seem forced. Mr. Christie recently found himself on the defensive after telling a New Hampshire audience, “I don’t consider myself a wealthy man.” Tax returns showed that he and his wife, a longtime Wall Street executive, earned nearly $700,000 in 2013.

The story of success against the odds is a political classic, even if it is one the Republican Party has not been able to tell for a long time. Ronald Reagan liked to say that while he had not been born on the wrong side of the tracks, he could always hear the whistle. Richard Nixon was fond of reminding voters how he was born in a house his father had built.

“Probably the idea that is most attractive to an average voter, and an idea that both Republicans and Democrats try to craft into their messages, is this idea that you can rise from nothing,” said Charles C. W. Cooke, a writer for National Review.

There is a certain delight Republicans take in turning that message to their advantage now.

“That’s what Obama did with Hillary,” Mr. Cooke said. “He acknowledged it openly: ‘This is ridiculous. Look at me, this one-term senator with dark skin and all of America’s unsolved racial problems, running against the wife of the last Democratic president.”

G.O.P. Hopefuls Now Aiming to Woo the Middle Class

The bottle Mr. Sokolin famously broke was a 1787 Château Margaux, which was said to have belonged to Thomas Jefferson. Mr. Sokolin had been hoping to sell it for $519,750.

William Sokolin, Wine Seller Who Broke Famed Bottle, Dies at 85

Mr. Napoleon was a self-taught musician whose career began in earnest with the orchestra led by Chico Marx of the Marx Brothers.

Marty Napoleon, 93, Dies; Jazz Pianist Played With Louis Armstrong

Ms. Turner and her twin sister founded the Love Kitchen in 1986 in a church basement in Knoxville, Tenn., and it continues to provide clothing and meals.

Ellen Turner Dies at 87; Opened Kitchen to Feed the Needy of Knoxville

The 2015 Met Gala has only officially begun, but there's a clear leader in the race for best couple, no small feat at an event that threatens to sap Hollywood of every celebrity it has for the duration of an East Coast evening.

That would be Marc Jacobs and his surprise guest (who, by some miracle, remained under wraps until their red carpet debut), Cher.

“This has been a dream of mine for a very, very long time,” Mr. Jacobs said.

It is Cher's first appearance at the Met Gala since 1997, when she arrived on the arm of Donatella Versace.

– MATTHEW SCHNEIER

Cher and Marc Jacobs
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