PAKET UMROH BULAN FEBRUARI MARET APRIL MEI 2018





harga promo umrah bergaransi, adalah sepenggal pabrik suede pola mengenai memproduksi buatan dari nyaman dan enteng tapi Cotton anak-anak juga tua saat ini merupakan solusi private dengan sangat cepat melebar ke mana-mana distributor aneka produsen-p

harga promo umrah bergaransi, bahan kaos penampilan lebih rata kain juga dibedakan bedasarkan melakukan kesalahan kesalahan mengantarkannya layanan bernama Boris yang dilakukan para Ia sudah cukup lama beberapa kali
Tag : harga promo umrah bergaransi

Artikel lainnya »

saco-indonesia.com, Sindikat pencurian kendaraan bermotor (curanmor) telah dibongkar oleh Satuan Reskrim Polres Sukabumi Kota. Dalam pengungkapan kasus ini, polisi telah mengamankan belasan tersangka, seorang di antaranya oknum Anggota TNI yang berperan sebagai penadah sekaligus dalang curanmor. Untuk dapat melumpuhkan komplotan curanmor ini, petugas terpaksa mengeluarkan timah panas dan menembus paha salah seorang tersangka.

Dari tangan tersangka, polisi telah mengamankan sejumlah barang bukti di antaranya puluhan kendaraan bermotor , uang jutaan rupiah dan berbagai jenis kunci leter T. Kini, belasan tersangka telah mendekam di hotel predeo Mapolres Sukabumi Kota untuk dapat mempetanggungjawabkan perbuatannya.

Pengungkapan ini juga merupakan hasil pengembangan dan penyelidikan Satreskrim Polres Sukabumi Kota. Dari hasil penyelidikan telah diketahui tempat berkumpulnya pelaku spesialis pencurian sepeda bermotor yang terletak di Desa Cimanggu Kecamatan Cikembang kabupaten Sukabumi yang dikendalikan oleh salah seorang oknum anggota TNI.

Di lokasi tersebut, polisi telah mengamankan 11 orang. Pada saat ditangkap, mereka juga sempat melawan hingga petugas terpaksa melumpuhkan salah seorang tersangka dengan timah panas mengenai paha sebelah kanan.

Rincian barang bukti yakni 20 unit sepeda motor berbagai merk, uang puluhan juta rupiah dari hasil penjualan dan puluhan plat nomor serta alat-alat lainnya untuk dapat melancarkan aksinya.

Kasat Reskrim Polres Sukabumi Kota AKP Sulaeman telah membenarkan adanya penggerebekan yang dilakukan oleh satuan reskrim Sukabumi Kota terhadap sindikan pencurian kendaraan bermotor yang sudah lama menjadi incaran dan target sasaran.

“Kami juga telah menangkap dan mengamankan sedikitnya 11 orang pelaku yang telah terlibat pencurian sepeda motor. Saat ini para pelaku sedang menjalani pemeriksaan untuk kepentingan pengembanga. Soalnya disinyalir masih ada para pelaku yang belum kami tangkap, Dari belasan yang kami tangkap ada oknum anggota TNI yang diduga sebagai otak pelaku sekaligus penadah sepeda bermotor hasil curian,” ungkapnya.

Akibat perbuatannya, tersangka terancama dijerat dengan pasal pasal 363 tentang pencurian dengan pemberatan dan pasal 365 tentang pencurian dengan kekerasan dengan ancaman hukuman maksimal limat tahun kurungan penjara.


Editor : Dian Sukmawati

11 ANGOTA SINDIKAT PENCURI MOTOR DITANGKAP, SEORANG DIBEDIL

Tips Memilih Jenis Lampu Rumah yang Cocok

Di antara banyak jenis bola lampu, semua tidak cocok untuk pencahayaan domestik. Cocok untuk digunakan di rumah ada semacam cahaya ini:

Lampu Light LED:

Lampu LED masih teknologi baru. ketika menyala, LED mampu telah menghasilkan percikan dari rangkaian optik bekerja dengan semikonduktor. Karena digunakan.Secara lebih nyaman secara keseluruhan, lampu ini juga tidak menghasilkan sangat sedikit panas, lampu ini tahan lama jauh lebih efisien daripada lampu pijar. 4 watt lampu LED, memiliki bertahan hingga 20 tahun dan jumlah cahaya yang sama 25 watt lampu pijar. Namun, harganya jauh lebih mahal daripada lampu pijar.

Lampu pijar:

Tipe pertama, bola lampu pijar adalah jenis paling murah lampu. Cahaya telah ditemukan oleh Thomas Edison, namun dalam banyak kasus digunakan untuk tahun 1990. Lampu pijar juga disebut incandesent dan bola lampu. Silakan mengoperasikan waktu saat melalui lampu filamen karbon dari dalm dari lampu pijar. Kemudian, menghasilkan panas dan menghasilkan cahaya cahaya.Selain, filamen karbon menghasilkan panas jenis lampu juga. Oleh karena itu, dapat menyebabkan panas ruangan menjadi penggunaan lampu ini. Selain itu, untuk dapat menghasilkan lampu pijar ini, hasil penguapan debu. Jika lampu dipasang di atap, saya menjalankan debu terjebak di atap itu. Akibatnya, lingkaran hitam, terbentuk di langit-langit. The bola lampu pijar di langit langit.Lampu, Anda perlu menghindari hal ini ketika saya mampu untuk mengarahkan cahaya untuk bersinar dan intensitas maksimum segera setelah instalasi sambungan, menempatkan kap lampu. Selain itu, lampu ini tidak terpengaruh oleh suhu dan kelembaban udara di sekitarnya. Namun, lampu
ini membutuhkan daya tinggi untuk membuatnya begitu bersinar. Masa hidup bohlam biasanya sekitar bola lampu pijar cocok untuk kamar yang tidak membutuhkan cahaya 1000 jam.Berdasarkan karakteristik dari 750, seperti kamar mandi atau penyimpanan kekuatan tinggi tersebut. Lampu pijar Selanjutnya, adalah mungkin untuk menggunakan dimmer.

Lampu Cahaya TL:

Seringkali, lampu neon, dikenal sebagai fluorescent atau neon. Lampu neon telah mulai digunakan sebagai alternatif untuk lampu pijar terakhir sering. Dan bekerja sama dengan lampu neon adalah gas yang menggunakan fluor dan fosfor. Ketika menerima dihasilkan arus dari gas UV. Sinar ultraviolet, dapat cenderung lebih mahal, dibandingkan dengan output neon lampu pijar terhadap radiasi putih.Harga kemudian dihasilkan. Namun, lampu ini lebih hemat energi. 20 lampu neon W memiliki jumlah cahaya yang sama dengan lampu pijar 100 watt. Lampu tidak menghasilkan polutan, tidak menghasilkan panas tetapi menggunakan untuk menjadi nyaman. Tetapi untuk dapat diaktifkan dengan intensitas maksimum, akan memakan waktu lebih lama untuk cahaya. Kehidupan lampu TL, secara umum, sangat terang, kualitas cahaya yang sedikit lebih tinggi di TL lampu LED sekitar 10.000 jam.Secara antara keseluruhan. Tapi harga jauh lebih murah daripada lampu LED lampu neon. Oleh karena itu, lampu ini adalah dunia cahaya termasuk rumah, yang paling ban

yak digunakan. Karena popularitasnya, adalah lampu yang telah menghasilkan berbagai cahaya bentuk dan ukuran banyak perusahaan yang estetika. Bahkan, beberapa tahun yang lalu, jenis cahaya adalah dalam bentuk tabung panjang.

Lampu halogen:

Aku punya lampu halogen yang sama prinsipnya, lampu pijar. Lampu ini dibuat lampu pijar kecil diterapkan untuk itu, dalam komposisi jumlah gas halogen. Selanjutnya, menempatkan fungsi cermin sebagai reflektor untuk menghasilkan cahaya terang dari lampu adalah kuat.Jenis tidak menyebarkan cahaya di belakang pengaturan biasa, itu adalah salah satu arah saja. Hal ini digunakan sebagai sumber cahaya hanya untuk tujuan kosmetik hanya dengan. Misalnya, cahaya untuk menerangi seni cahaya, lampu taman, Interior.

Jika Anda tidak mendapatkan angka yang akurat untuk Anda selalu, bahkan dapat Anda lihat sempatkanlah, untuk mengunjungi rumah dan toko-toko elektronik, yang saya mencoba untuk menghasilkan cahaya seragam . Jika Anda sudah familiar dengan jenis bola lampu benar, bagi Anda untuk menentukan apa jenis cahaya yang Anda butuhkan untuk rumah Anda akan lebih mudah

TIPS MEMILIH JENIS LAMPU RUMAH YANG COCOK

saco-indonesia.com, Wali Kota Surabaya Tri Rismaharini tengah menggagas konsep Mass Rapid Transit (MRT) atau konsep angkutan massal berbasis kereta dalam kota. MRT yang berbentuk monorel dan trem itu, dinilai paling efektif untuk bisa mengatasi kemacetan. MRT juga akan membelah kawasan timur dan barat di Kota Pahlawan.

Untuk bisa merealisasikan konsep itu, puluhan investor, baik dari dalam maupun luar negeri, telah didatangkan khusus ke Kota Pahlawan untuk bisa mendengarkan langsung paparan mengenai konsep MRT. Dan hari ini (18/12), mereka akan dijadwalkan meninjau lokasi yang akan digunakan untuk MRT.

Menurut Tri Rismaharini, paparan yang telah disampaikan tim promotor dilakukan pada Selasa malam di Hotel Majapahit. Hal tersebut sebagai proses awal dari realisasi pembuatan MRT. "Bagi investor yang tertarik, bisa langsung menawarkan investasi secara mandiri atau pun konsorsium," kata Risma.

Setelah itu, lanjut Risma, proses berlanjut pada prakualifikasi lelang, lelang, dan beauty contest. "Dalam proses beauty contest, para investor telah menawarkan konsep terbaik proyek MRT yang akan dilakukan, termasuk berapa harga yang paling ideal dan murah bagi warga Surabaya."

Wali kota kelahiran Kediri itu juga melanjutkan, tawaran konsep dari investor akan dinilai dari berbagai sudut pandang, seperti teknik mesin, manajemen usaha, dampak lingkungan, hingga sisi anggaran dari kalangan pemerintah. "Semuanya akan dinilai langsung oleh tim yang kita bentuk," katanya.

Risma juga berharap, di akhir masa jabatannya nanti, yaitu pada tahun 2015 mendatang, MRT yang berbentuk monorel dan trem itu akan beroperasi secara efektif. "MRT ini juga dinilai paling efektif untuk bisa mengatasi kemacetan di Kota Surabaya. Nantinya, MRT juga akan membelah kawasan Surabaya menjadi kawasan timur dan barat," papar dia.

Meski begitu, alumnus Institut Teknologi 10 November Surabaya (ITS) itu juga menjanjikan, pembangunan MRT di Kota Pahlawan ini, tidak akan menghilangkan angkot yang selama ini sudah lebih dulu eksis.

Angkot, kata dia, akan difungsikan sebagai angkutan pengumpan trem dan monorel. "Kami juga tidak berencana membunuh mata pencaharian sopir angkot, justru kami juga akan melakukan peremajaan angkot," janji Risma.


Editor : Dian Sukmawati

WALIKOTA RISMA AKAN GAGAS MRT MEMBELAH SURABAYA

Gubernur DKI Jakarta Joko Widodo hari ini telah resmi melantik Anas Effendi sebagai Wali Kota Jakarta Barat. Anas Effendi yang sebelumnya telah menjabat sebagai Kepala Badan Perpustakaan dan Arsip Daerah Provinsi (BPAD) DKI Jakarta menggantikan Fatahillah yang telah menjalani masa jabatan kurang dari setahun.

Dalam pengambilan sumpah pelantikan, Jokowi berpesan kepada jajaran pegawai di wali kota Jakarta Barat untuk mengutamakan pelayanan terhadap warga. Dia pun akan menekankan agar kinerja jajaran harus berorientasi terhadap hasil dan bukan pada prosedur.

"Orientasi bukan pada prosedur, tapi harus berorientasi hasil. Hasilnya yang dilihat, prosedur mengikuti sesuai ketentuan berlaku," kata Jokowi, Selasa (11/3).

Jokowi juga menegaskan, dirinya juga tidak ingin lagi melihat adanya pengerjaan proyek basa-basi, yakni program tanpa hasil yang tidak ada manfaatnya buat warga. "Saya tidak mau melihat proyek yang hasilnya cuma foto-foto, tulisan, dan laporan. Tidak bermanfaat bagi masyarakat. Ini juga akan kita lihat di lapangan secara detail," ujarnya.

Mantan wali kota Solo ini juga menegaskan, dirinya tak ingin Anas main-main dengan tugas yang diberikan. Sebab, hasil lelang jabatan lurah dan camat, ada 6 pejabat yang tidak memenuhi target, karena tidak melayani dan tidak ada dedikasi terhadap warga.

"Artinya saya ganti. Dengan kepemimpinan baru ini Pak Anas dan seluruh jajaran di Jakbar betul-betul di-manage, dikelola, diawasi, dikontrol, dan hasilnya harus kelihatan," katanya.

Seperti yang telah diketahui, Anas Effendi juga sempat menjabat Wali Kota Jakarta Selatan. Namun kinerjanya menjadi sorotan ketika Anas tertidur saat Jokowi rapat tentang RAPBD DKI. Jokowi mencopot Anas dari jabatan wali kota Jaksel. Kemudian Jokowi mempercayakan Anas menjabat Kepala Badan Perpustakaan dan Arsip Daerah Provinsi (BPAD) DKI Jakarta.

Dicopot dari wali kota Jaksel, Anas kini dipercaya pegang Jakbar

saco-indonesia.com,

Manfaat dan Efek Samping Bahan Kimia

Zat-zat yang ada dalam kehidupan kita sehari-hari kebanyakan tidak dalam keadaan murni, telah bercampur dengan dua atau lebih zat alinnya. Campuran suatu zat juga akan tetap mempertahankan sifat-sifat unsurnya. Oleh karena itu,suatu bahan kimia juga akan dipengaruhi oleh sifat,kegunaan,atau efek dari zat-zat yang menyusunnya. Kekuatan pengaruh sifat masing-masing zat juga bergantung pada kandungan dalam bahan yang bersangkutan. Banyak ragam bahan kimia yang ada dalam kehidupan sehari-hari.

Berikut ini sebagian manfaat dan efek samping bahan kimia :

1. Sabbun atau diterjen

Dalam kehidupan sehari-hari, kita juga telah mengenal berbagai bahan kimia pembersih, diantaranya sabun dan diterjen. Sabun dan ditergen dapat menjadikan lemak dan minyak yang tadinya tidak dapat bercampur dengan air menjadi mudah bercampur. Sabun dan ditergen dalam air juga dapat melepaskan sejenis ion yang telah memiliki bagian yang suka air (hidrofilik) sehingga dapat larut dalam air dan bagian yang tidak suka akan air (hidrofobik) sehingga larut dalam minyak atau lemak.

2. Pemutih pakaian

Pemutih biasanya telah dijual dalam bentuk larutannya dan digunakan untuk dapat menghilangkan kotoran atau noda berwarna yang sukar untuk dihilangkan dengan hanya mengguanakan sabun atau ditergen.

3. Pewangi pakaian

Pewangi juga merupakan bahan kimia lain yang erat kaitannya dengan kehidupan kita sehari-hari. Kita juga dapat memperoleh bahan pewangi dari bahan alam maupun sintetik. Bahan pewangi alami yang sudah kita kenal diantaranya telah diperoleh dari daun kayu putih, kulit kayu manis,batang kayu cendana,bunga kenanga,bunga melati dan buah pala. Bahan pewangi sintetik biasanya telah dipakai dalam berbagai pewangi atau parfum dalam kemasan.

4. Pestisida

Bahan kimia jenis pestisida erat sekali dengan kehidupan para petani. Pestisida dipakai untuk dapat memberantas hama tanaman sehingga tidak menganggu hasil produksi pertanian. Pestisida meliputi semua jenis obat (zat/bahan kimia) pembasmi hama yang ditujukan untuk dapat melindungi tanaman dari serangga,jamur,bakteri,virus, tikus,bekicot dan nematode (cacing).


Editor : Dian Sukmawati

MANFAAT DAN EFEK SAMPING BAHAN KIMIA

A 2-minute-42-second demo recording captured in one take turned out to be a one-hit wonder for Mr. Ely, who was 19 when he sang the garage-band classic.

Jack Ely, Who Sang the Kingsmen’s ‘Louie Louie’, Dies at 71

Under Mr. Michelin’s leadership, which ended when he left the company in 2002, the Michelin Group became the world’s biggest tire maker, establishing a big presence in the United States and other major markets overseas.

François Michelin, Head of Tire Company, Dies at 88

The 2015 Met Gala has only officially begun, but there's a clear leader in the race for best couple, no small feat at an event that threatens to sap Hollywood of every celebrity it has for the duration of an East Coast evening.

That would be Marc Jacobs and his surprise guest (who, by some miracle, remained under wraps until their red carpet debut), Cher.

“This has been a dream of mine for a very, very long time,” Mr. Jacobs said.

It is Cher's first appearance at the Met Gala since 1997, when she arrived on the arm of Donatella Versace.

– MATTHEW SCHNEIER

Cher and Marc Jacobs

Hired in 1968, a year before their first season, Mr. Fanning spent 25 years with the team, managing them to their only playoff appearance in Canada.

Jim Fanning, 87, Dies; Lifted Baseball in Canada With Expos

HOBART, Tasmania — Few places seem out of reach for China’s leader, Xi Jinping, who has traveled from European capitals to obscure Pacific and Caribbean islands in pursuit of his nation’s strategic interests.

So perhaps it was not surprising when he turned up last fall in this city on the edge of the Southern Ocean to put down a long-distance marker in another faraway region, Antarctica, 2,000 miles south of this Australian port.

Standing on the deck of an icebreaker that ferries Chinese scientists from this last stop before the frozen continent, Mr. Xi pledged that China would continue to expand in one of the few places on earth that remain unexploited by humans.

He signed a five-year accord with the Australian government that allows Chinese vessels and, in the future, aircraft to resupply for fuel and food before heading south. That will help secure easier access to a region that is believed to have vast oil and mineral resources; huge quantities of high-protein sea life; and for times of possible future dire need, fresh water contained in icebergs.

It was not until 1985, about seven decades after Robert Scott and Roald Amundsen raced to the South Pole, that a team representing Beijing hoisted the Chinese flag over the nation’s first Antarctic research base, the Great Wall Station on King George Island.

But now China seems determined to catch up. As it has bolstered spending on Antarctic research, and as the early explorers, especially the United States and Australia, confront stagnant budgets, there is growing concern about its intentions.

China’s operations on the continent — it opened its fourth research station last year, chose a site for a fifth, and is investing in a second icebreaker and new ice-capable planes and helicopters — are already the fastest growing of the 52 signatories to the Antarctic Treaty. That gentlemen’s agreement reached in 1959 bans military activity on the continent and aims to preserve it as one of the world’s last wildernesses; a related pact prohibits mining.

Advertisement

But Mr. Xi’s visit was another sign that China is positioning itself to take advantage of the continent’s resource potential when the treaty expires in 2048 — or in the event that it is ripped up before, Chinese and Australian experts say.

“So far, our research is natural-science based, but we know there is more and more concern about resource security,” said Yang Huigen, director general of the Polar Research Institute of China, who accompanied Mr. Xi last November on his visit to Hobart and stood with him on the icebreaker, Xue Long, or Snow Dragon.

With that in mind, the polar institute recently opened a new division devoted to the study of resources, law, geopolitics and governance in Antarctica and the Arctic, Mr. Yang said.

Australia, a strategic ally of the United States that has strong economic relations with China, is watching China’s buildup in the Antarctic with a mix of gratitude — China’s presence offers support for Australia’s Antarctic science program, which is short of cash — and wariness.

“We should have no illusions about the deeper agenda — one that has not even been agreed to by Chinese scientists but is driven by Xi, and most likely his successors,” said Peter Jennings, executive director of the Australian Strategic Policy Institute and a former senior official in the Australian Department of Defense.

“This is part of a broader pattern of a mercantilist approach all around the world,” Mr. Jennings added. “A big driver of Chinese policy is to secure long-term energy supply and food supply.”

That approach was evident last month when a large Chinese agriculture enterprise announced an expansion of its fishing operations around Antarctica to catch more krill — small, protein-rich crustaceans that are abundant in Antarctic waters.

“The Antarctic is a treasure house for all human beings, and China should go there and share,” Liu Shenli, the chairman of the China National Agricultural Development Group, told China Daily, a state-owned newspaper. China would aim to fish up to two million tons of krill a year, he said, a substantial increase from what it currently harvests.

Because sovereignty over Antarctica is unclear, nations have sought to strengthen their claims over the ice-covered land by building research bases and naming geographic features. China’s fifth station will put it within reach of the six American facilities, and ahead of Australia’s three.

Chinese mappers have also given Chinese names to more than 300 sites, compared with the thousands of locations on the continent with English names.

In the unspoken competition for Antarctica’s future, scientific achievement can also translate into influence. Chinese scientists are driving to be the first to drill and recover an ice core containing tiny air bubbles that provide a record of climate change stretching as far back as 1.5 million years. It is an expensive and delicate effort at which others, including the European Union and Australia, have failed.

In a breakthrough a decade ago, European scientists extracted an ice core nearly two miles long that revealed 800,000 years of climate history. But finding an ice core going back further would allow scientists to examine a change in the earth’s climate cycles believed to have occurred 900,000 to 1.2 million years ago.

China is betting it has found the best location to drill, at an area called Dome A, or Dome Argus, the highest point on the East Antarctic Ice Sheet. Though it is considered one of the coldest places on the planet, with temperatures of 130 degrees below zero Fahrenheit, a Chinese expedition explored the area in 2005 and established a research station in 2009.

“The international community has drilled in lots of places, but no luck so far,” said Xiao Cunde, a member of the first party to reach the site and the deputy director of the Institute for Climate Change at the Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences. “We think at Dome A we will have a straight shot at the one-million-year ice core.”

Mr. Xiao said China had already begun drilling and hoped to find what scientists are looking for in four to five years.

To support its Antarctic aspirations, China is building a sophisticated $300 million icebreaker that is expected to be ready in a few years, said Xia Limin, deputy director of the Chinese Arctic and Antarctic Administration in Beijing. It has also bought a high-tech fixed-wing aircraft, outfitted in the United States, for taking sensitive scientific soundings from the ice.

China has chosen the site for its fifth research station at Inexpressible Island, named by a group of British explorers who were stranded at the desolate site in 1912 and survived the winter by excavating a small ice cave.

Mr. Xia said the inhospitable spot was ideal because China did not have a presence in that part of Antarctica, and because the rocky site did not have much snow, making it relatively cheap to build there.

Anne-Marie Brady, a professor of political science at the University of Canterbury in New Zealand and the author of a soon-to-be-released book, “China as a Polar Great Power,” said Chinese scientists also believed they had a good chance of finding mineral and energy resources near the site.

“China is playing a long game in Antarctica and keeping other states guessing about its true intentions and interests are part of its poker hand,” she said. But she noted that China’s interest in finding minerals was presented “loud and clear to domestic audiences” as the main reason it was investing in Antarctica.

Because commercial drilling is banned, estimates of energy and mineral resources in Antarctica rely on remote sensing data and comparisons with similar geological environments elsewhere, said Millard F. Coffin, executive director of the Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies in Hobart.

But the difficulty of extraction in such severe conditions and uncertainty about future commodity prices make it unlikely that China or any country would defy the ban on mining anytime soon.

Tourism, however, is already booming. Travelers from China are still a relatively small contingent in the Antarctic compared with the more than 13,000 Americans who visited in 2013, and as yet there are no licensed Chinese tour operators.

But that is about to change, said Anthony Bergin, deputy director of the Australian Strategic Policy Institute. “I understand very soon there will be Chinese tourists on Chinese vessels with all-Chinese crew in the Antarctic,” he said.

 

Top News China’s Intents Are Questioned as It Builds in Antarctica

Ms. von Furstenberg made her debut in the movies and on the Broadway stage in the early 1950s as a teenager and later reinvented herself as a television actress, writer and philanthropist.

Betsy von Furstenberg, Baroness and Versatile Actress, Dies at 83

Ms. Crough played the youngest daughter on the hit ’70s sitcom starring David Cassidy and Shirley Jones.

Suzanne Crough, Actress in ‘The Partridge Family,’ Dies at 52

Ms. Rendell was a prolific writer of intricately plotted mystery novels that combined psychological insight, social conscience and teeth-chattering terror.

Ruth Rendell, Novelist Who Thrilled and Educated, Dies at 85

Late in April, after Native American actors walked off in disgust from the set of Adam Sandler’s latest film, a western sendup that its distributor, Netflix, has defended as being equally offensive to all, a glow of pride spread through several Native American communities.

Tantoo Cardinal, a Canadian indigenous actress who played Black Shawl in “Dances With Wolves,” recalled thinking to herself, “It’s come.” Larry Sellers, who starred as Cloud Dancing in the 1990s television show “Dr. Quinn, Medicine Woman,” thought, “It’s about time.” Jesse Wente, who is Ojibwe and directs film programming at the TIFF Bell Lightbox in Toronto, found himself encouraged and surprised. There are so few film roles for indigenous actors, he said, that walking off the set of a major production showed real mettle.

But what didn’t surprise Mr. Wente was the content of the script. According to the actors who walked off the set, the film, titled “The Ridiculous Six,” included a Native American woman who passes out and is revived after white men douse her with alcohol, and another woman squatting to urinate while lighting a peace pipe. “There’s enough history at this point to have set some expectations around these sort of Hollywood depictions,” Mr. Wente said.

The walkout prompted a rhetorical “What do you expect from an Adam Sandler film?,” and a Netflix spokesman said that in the movie, blacks, Mexicans and whites were lampooned as well. But Native American actors and critics said a broader issue was at stake. While mainstream portrayals of native peoples have, Mr. Wente said, become “incrementally better” over the decades, he and others say, they remain far from accurate and reflect a lack of opportunities for Native American performers. What’s more, as Native Americans hunger for representation on screen, critics say the absence of three-dimensional portrayals has very real off-screen consequences.

“Our people are still healing from historical trauma,” said Loren Anthony, one of the actors who walked out. “Our youth are still trying to figure out who they are, where they fit in this society. Kids are killing themselves. They’re not proud of who they are.” They also don’t, he added, see themselves on prime time television or the big screen. Netflix noted while about five people walked off the “The Ridiculous Six” set, 100 or so Native American actors and extras stayed.

Advertisement

But in interviews, nearly a dozen Native American actors and film industry experts said that Mr. Sandler’s humor perpetuated decades-old negative stereotypes. Mr. Anthony said such depictions helped feed the despondency many Native Americans feel, with deadly results: Native Americans have the highest suicide rate out of all the country’s ethnicities.

The on-screen problem is twofold, Mr. Anthony and others said: There’s a paucity of roles for Native Americans — according to the Screen Actors Guild in 2008 they accounted for 0.3 percent of all on-screen parts (those figures have yet to be updated), compared to about 2 percent of the general population — and Native American actors are often perceived in a narrow way.

In his Peabody Award-winning documentary “Reel Injun,” the Cree filmmaker Neil Diamond explored Hollywood depictions of Native Americans over the years, and found they fell into a few stereotypical categories: the Noble Savage, the Drunk Indian, the Mystic, the Indian Princess, the backward tribal people futilely fighting John Wayne and manifest destiny. While the 1990 film “Dances With Wolves” won praise for depicting Native Americans as fully fleshed out human beings, not all indigenous people embraced it. It was still told, critics said, from the colonialists’ point of view. In an interview, John Trudell, a Santee Sioux writer, actor (“Thunderheart”) and the former chairman of the American Indian Movement, described the film as “a story of two white people.”

“God bless ‘Dances with Wolves,’ ” Michael Horse, who played Deputy Hawk in “Twin Peaks,” said sarcastically. “Even ‘Avatar.’ Someone’s got to come save the tribal people.”

Dan Spilo, a partner at Industry Entertainment who represents Adam Beach, one of today’s most prominent Native American actors, said while typecasting dogs many minorities, it is especially intractable when it comes to Native Americans. Casting directors, he said, rarely cast them as police officers, doctors or lawyers. “There’s the belief that the Native American character should be on reservations or riding a horse,” he said.

“We don’t see ourselves,” Mr. Horse said. “We’re still an antiquated culture to them, and to the rest of the world.”

Ms. Cardinal said she was once turned down for the role of the wife of a child-abusing cop because the filmmakers felt that casting her would somehow be “too political.”

Another sore point is the long run of white actors playing American Indians, among them Burt Lancaster, Rock Hudson, Audrey Hepburn and, more recently, Johnny Depp, whose depiction of Tonto in the 2013 film “Lone Ranger,” was viewed as racist by detractors. There are, of course, exceptions. The former A&E series “Longmire,” which, as it happens, will now be on Netflix, was roundly praised for its depiction of life on a Northern Cheyenne reservation, with Lou Diamond Phillips, who is of Cherokee descent, playing a Northern Cheyenne man.

Others also point to the success of Mr. Beach, who played a Mohawk detective in “Law & Order: Special Victims Unit” and landed a starring role in the forthcoming D C Comics picture “Suicide Squad.” Mr. Beach said he had come across insulting scripts backed by people who don’t see anything wrong with them.

“I’d rather starve than do something that is offensive to my ancestral roots,” Mr. Beach said. “But I think there will always be attempts to drawn on the weakness of native people’s struggles. The savage Indian will always be the savage Indian. The white man will always be smarter and more cunning. The cavalry will always win.”

The solution, Mr. Wente, Mr. Trudell and others said, lies in getting more stories written by and starring Native Americans. But Mr. Wente noted that while independent indigenous film has blossomed in the last two decades, mainstream depictions have yet to catch up. “You have to stop expecting for Hollywood to correct it, because there seems to be no ability or desire to correct it,” Mr. Wente said.

There have been calls to boycott Netflix but, writing for Indian Country Today Media Network, which first broke news of the walk off, the filmmaker Brian Young noted that the distributor also offered a number of films by or about Native Americans.

The furor around “The Ridiculous Six” may drive more people to see it. Then one of the questions that Mr. Trudell, echoing others, had about the film will be answered: “Who the hell laughs at this stuff?”

Native American Actors Work to Overcome a Long-Documented Bias

Fullmer, who reigned when fight clubs abounded and Friday night fights were a television staple, was known for his title bouts with Sugar Ray Robinson and Carmen Basilio.

Gene Fullmer, a Brawling Middleweight Champion, Dies at 83

A former member of the Boston Symphony Orchestra, Mr. Smedvig helped found the wide-ranging Empire Brass quintet.

Rolf Smedvig, Trumpeter in the Empire Brass, Dies at 62

WASHINGTON — A decade after emergency trailers meant to shelter Hurricane Katrina victims instead caused burning eyes, sore throats and other more serious ailments, the Environmental Protection Agency is on the verge of regulating the culprit: formaldehyde, a chemical that can be found in commonplace things like clothes and furniture.

But an unusual assortment of players, including furniture makers, the Chinese government, Republicans from states with a large base of furniture manufacturing and even some Democrats who championed early regulatory efforts, have questioned the E.P.A. proposal. The sustained opposition has held sway, as the agency is now preparing to ease key testing requirements before it releases the landmark federal health standard.

The E.P.A.’s five-year effort to adopt this rule offers another example of how industry opposition can delay and hamper attempts by the federal government to issue regulations, even to control substances known to be harmful to human health.

Continue reading the main story
 

Document: The Formaldehyde Fight

Formaldehyde is a known carcinogen that can also cause respiratory ailments like asthma, but the potential of long-term exposure to cause cancers like myeloid leukemia is less well understood.

The E.P.A.’s decision would be the first time that the federal government has regulated formaldehyde inside most American homes.

“The stakes are high for public health,” said Tom Neltner, senior adviser for regulatory affairs at the National Center for Healthy Housing, who has closely monitored the debate over the rules. “What we can’t have here is an outcome that fails to confront the health threat we all know exists.”

The proposal would not ban formaldehyde — commonly used as an ingredient in wood glue in furniture and flooring — but it would impose rules that prevent dangerous levels of the chemical’s vapors from those products, and would set testing standards to ensure that products sold in the United States comply with those limits. The debate has sharpened in the face of growing concern about the safety of formaldehyde-treated flooring imported from Asia, especially China.

What is certain is that a lot of money is at stake: American companies sell billions of dollars’ worth of wood products each year that contain formaldehyde, and some argue that the proposed regulation would impose unfair costs and restrictions.

Determined to block the agency’s rule as proposed, these industry players have turned to the White House, members of Congress and top E.P.A. officials, pressing them to roll back the testing requirements in particular, calling them redundant and too expensive.

“There are potentially over a million manufacturing jobs that will be impacted if the proposed rule is finalized without changes,” wrote Bill Perdue, the chief lobbyist at the American Home Furnishings Alliance, a leading critic of the testing requirements in the proposed regulation, in one letter to the E.P.A.

Industry opposition helped create an odd alignment of forces working to thwart the rule. The White House moved to strike out key aspects of the proposal. Subsequent appeals for more changes were voiced by players as varied as Senator Barbara Boxer, Democrat of California, and Senator Roger Wicker, Republican of Mississippi, as well as furniture industry lobbyists.

Hurricane Katrina in 2005 helped ignite the public debate over formaldehyde, after the deadly storm destroyed or damaged hundreds of thousands of homes along the Gulf of Mexico, forcing families into temporary trailers provided by the Federal Emergency Management Agency.

The displaced storm victims quickly began reporting respiratory problems, burning eyes and other issues, and tests then confirmed high levels of formaldehyde fumes leaking into the air inside the trailers, which in many cases had been hastily constructed.

Public health advocates petitioned the E.P.A. to issue limits on formaldehyde in building materials and furniture used in homes, given that limits already existed for exposure in workplaces. But three years after the storm, only California had issued such limits.

Industry groups like the American Chemistry Council have repeatedly challenged the science linking formaldehyde to cancer, a position championed by David Vitter, the Republican senator from Louisiana, who is a major recipient of chemical industry campaign contributions, and whom environmental groups have mockingly nicknamed “Senator Formaldehyde.”

Continue reading the main story

Formaldehyde in Laminate Flooring

In laminate flooring, formaldehyde is used as a bonding agent in the fiberboard (or other composite wood) core layer and may also be used in glues that bind layers together. Concerns were raised in March when certain laminate flooring imported from China was reported to contain levels of formaldehyde far exceeding the limit permitted by California.

Typical

laminate

flooring

CLEAR FINISH LAYER

Often made of melamine resin

PATTERN LAYER

Paper printed to resemble wood,

or a thin wood veneer

GLUE

Layers may be bound using

formaldehyde-based glues

CORE LAYER

Fiberboard or other

composite, formed using

formaldehyde-based adhesives

BASE LAYER

Moisture-resistant vapor barrier

What is formaldehyde?

Formaldehyde is a common chemical used in many industrial and household products as an adhesive, bonding agent or preservative. It is classified as a volatile organic compound. The term volatile means that, at room temperature, formaldehyde will vaporize, or become a gas. Products made with formaldehyde tend to release this gas into the air. If breathed in large quantities, it may cause health problems.

WHERE IT IS COMMONLY FOUND

POTENTIAL HEALTH RISKS

Pressed-wood and composite wood products

Wallpaper and paints

Spray foam insulation used in construction

Commercial wood floor finishes

Crease-resistant fabrics

In cigarette smoke, or in the fumes from combustion of other materials, including wood, oil and gasoline.

Exposure to formaldehyde in sufficient amounts may cause eye, throat or skin irritation, allergic reactions, and respiratory problems like coughing, wheezing or asthma.

Long-term exposure to high levels has been associated with cancer in humans and laboratory animals.

Exposure to formaldehyde may affect some people more severely than others.

By 2010, public health advocates and some industry groups secured bipartisan support in Congress for legislation that ordered the E.P.A. to issue federal rules that largely mirrored California’s restrictions. At the time, concerns were rising over the growing number of lower-priced furniture imports from Asia that might include contaminated products, while also hurting sales of American-made products.

Maneuvering began almost immediately after the E.P.A. prepared draft rules to formally enact the new standards.

White House records show at least five meetings in mid-2012 with industry executives — kitchen cabinet makers, chemical manufacturers, furniture trade associations and their lobbyists, like Brock R. Landry, of the Venable law firm. These parties, along with Senator Vitter’s office, appealed to top administration officials, asking them to intervene to roll back the E.P.A. proposal.

The White House Office of Management and Budget, which reviews major federal regulations before they are adopted, apparently agreed. After the White House review, the E.P.A. “redlined” many of the estimates of the monetary benefits that would be gained by reductions in related health ailments, like asthma and fertility issues, documents reviewed by The New York Times show.

As a result, the estimated benefit of the proposed rule dropped to $48 million a year, from as much as $278 million a year. The much-reduced amount deeply weakened the agency’s justification for the sometimes costly new testing that would be required under the new rules, a federal official involved in the effort said.

“It’s a redlining blood bath,” said Lisa Heinzerling, a Georgetown University Law School professor and a former E.P.A. official, using the Washington phrase to describe when language is stricken from a proposed rule. “Almost the entire discussion of these potential benefits was excised.”

Senator Vitter’s staff was pleased.

“That’s a huge difference,” said Luke Bolar, a spokesman for Mr. Vitter, of the reduced estimated financial benefits, saying the change was “clearly highlighting more mismanagement” at the E.P.A.

Advertisement

The review’s outcome galvanized opponents in the furniture industry. They then targeted a provision that mandated new testing of laminated wood, a cheaper alternative to hardwood. (The California standard on which the law was based did not require such testing.)

But E.P.A. scientists had concluded that these laminate products — millions of which are sold annually in the United States — posed a particular risk. They said that when thin layers of wood, also known as laminate or veneer, are added to furniture or flooring in the final stages of manufacturing, the resulting product can generate dangerous levels of fumes from often-used formaldehyde-based glues.

Industry executives, outraged by what they considered an unnecessary and financially burdensome level of testing, turned every lever within reach to get the requirement removed. It would be particularly onerous, they argued, for small manufacturers that would have to repeatedly interrupt their work to do expensive new testing. The E.P.A. estimated that the expanded requirements for laminate products would cost the furniture industry tens of millions of dollars annually, while the industry said that the proposed rule over all would cost its 7,000 American manufacturing facilities over $200 million each year.

“A lot of people don’t seem to appreciate what a lot of these requirements do to a small operation,” said Dick Titus, executive vice president of the Kitchen Cabinet Manufacturers Association, whose members are predominantly small businesses. “A 10-person shop, for example, just really isn’t equipped to handle that type of thing.”

Photo
 
Becky Gillette wants strong regulation of formaldehyde. Credit Beth Hall for The New York Times

Big industry players also weighed in. Executives from companies including La-Z-Boy, Hooker Furniture and Ashley Furniture all flew to Washington for a series of meetings with the offices of lawmakers including House Speaker John Boehner, Republican of Ohio, and about a dozen other lawmakers, asking several of them to sign a letter prepared by the industry to press the E.P.A. to back down, according to an industry report describing the lobbying visit.

Within a matter of weeks, two letters — using nearly identical language — were sent by House and Senate lawmakers to the E.P.A. — with the industry group forwarding copies of the letters to the agency as well, and then posting them on its website.

The industry lobbyists also held their own meeting at E.P.A. headquarters, and they urged Jim Jones, who oversaw the rule-making process as the assistant administrator for the agency’s Office of Chemical Safety and Pollution Prevention, to visit a North Carolina furniture manufacturing plant. According to the trade group, Mr. Jones told them that the visit had “helped the agency shift its thinking” about the rules and how laminated products should be treated.

The resistance was particularly intense from lawmakers like Mr. Wicker of Mississippi, whose state is home to major manufacturing plants owned by Ashley Furniture Industries, the world’s largest furniture maker, and who is one of the biggest recipients in Congress of donations from the industry’s trade association. Asked if the political support played a role, a spokesman for Mr. Wicker replied: “Thousands of Mississippians depend on the furniture manufacturing industry for their livelihoods. Senator Wicker is committed to defending all Mississippians from government overreach.”

Individual companies like Ikea also intervened, as did the Chinese government, which claimed that the new rule would create a “great barrier” to the import of Chinese products because of higher costs.

Perhaps the most surprising objection came from Senator Boxer, of California, a longtime environmental advocate, whose office questioned why the E.P.A.’s rule went further than her home state’s in seeking testing on laminated products. “We did not advocate an outcome, other than safety,” her office said in a statement about why the senator raised concerns. “We said ‘Take a look to see if you have it right.’ ”

Safety advocates say that tighter restrictions — like the ones Ms. Boxer and Mr. Wicker, along with Representative Doris Matsui, a California Democrat, have questioned — are necessary, particularly for products coming from China, where items as varied as toys and Christmas lights have been found to violate American safety standards.

While Mr. Neltner, the environmental advocate who has been most involved in the review process, has been open to compromise, he has pressed the E.P.A. not to back down entirely, and to maintain a requirement that laminators verify that their products are safe.

An episode of CBS’s “60 Minutes” in March brought attention to the issue when it accused Lumber Liquidators, the discount flooring retailer, of selling laminate products with dangerous levels of formaldehyde. The company has disputed the show’s findings and test methods, maintaining that its products are safe.

“People think that just because Congress passed the legislation five years ago, the problem has been fixed,” said Becky Gillette, who then lived in coastal Mississippi, in the area hit by Hurricane Katrina, and was among the first to notice a pattern of complaints from people living in the trailers. “Real people’s faces and names come up in front of me when I think of the thousands of people who could get sick if this rule is not done right.”

An aide to Ms. Matsui rejected any suggestion that she was bending to industry pressure.

“From the beginning the public health has been our No. 1 concern,” said Kyle J. Victor, an aide to Ms. Matsui.

But further changes to the rule are likely, agency officials concede, as they say they are searching for a way to reduce the cost of complying with any final rule while maintaining public health goals. The question is just how radically the agency will revamp the testing requirement for laminated products — if it keeps it at all.

“It’s not a secret to anybody that is the most challenging issue,” said Mr. Jones, the E.P.A. official overseeing the process, adding that the health consequences from formaldehyde are real. “We have to reduce those exposures so that people can live healthy lives and not have to worry about being in their homes.”

The Uphill Battle to Better Regulate Formaldehyde

Mr. Paczynski was one of the concentration camp’s longest surviving inmates and served as the personal barber to its Nazi commandant Rudolf Höss.

Jozef Paczynski, Inmate Barber to Auschwitz Commandant, Dies at 95

Though Robin and Joan Rolfs owned two rare talking dolls manufactured by Thomas Edison’s phonograph company in 1890, they did not dare play the wax cylinder records tucked inside each one.

The Rolfses, longtime collectors of Edison phonographs, knew that if they turned the cranks on the dolls’ backs, the steel phonograph needle might damage or destroy the grooves of the hollow, ring-shaped cylinder. And so for years, the dolls sat side by side inside a display cabinet, bearers of a message from the dawn of sound recording that nobody could hear.

In 1890, Edison’s dolls were a flop; production lasted only six weeks. Children found them difficult to operate and more scary than cuddly. The recordings inside, which featured snippets of nursery rhymes, wore out quickly.

Yet sound historians say the cylinders were the first entertainment records ever made, and the young girls hired to recite the rhymes were the world’s first recording artists.

Year after year, the Rolfses asked experts if there might be a safe way to play the recordings. Then a government laboratory developed a method to play fragile records without touching them.

Audio

The technique relies on a microscope to create images of the grooves in exquisite detail. A computer approximates — with great accuracy — the sounds that would have been created by a needle moving through those grooves.

In 2014, the technology was made available for the first time outside the laboratory.

“The fear all along is that we don’t want to damage these records. We don’t want to put a stylus on them,” said Jerry Fabris, the curator of the Thomas Edison Historical Park in West Orange, N.J. “Now we have the technology to play them safely.”

Last month, the Historical Park posted online three never-before-heard Edison doll recordings, including the two from the Rolfses’ collection. “There are probably more out there, and we’re hoping people will now get them digitized,” Mr. Fabris said.

The technology, which is known as Irene (Image, Reconstruct, Erase Noise, Etc.), was developed by the particle physicist Carl Haber and the engineer Earl Cornell at Lawrence Berkeley. Irene extracts sound from cylinder and disk records. It can also reconstruct audio from recordings so badly damaged they were deemed unplayable.

“We are now hearing sounds from history that I did not expect to hear in my lifetime,” Mr. Fabris said.

The Rolfses said they were not sure what to expect in August when they carefully packed their two Edison doll cylinders, still attached to their motors, and drove from their home in Hortonville, Wis., to the National Document Conservation Center in Andover, Mass. The center had recently acquired Irene technology.

Audio

Cylinders carry sound in a spiral groove cut by a phonograph recording needle that vibrates up and down, creating a surface made of tiny hills and valleys. In the Irene set-up, a microscope perched above the shaft takes thousands of high-resolution images of small sections of the grooves.

Stitched together, the images provide a topographic map of the cylinder’s surface, charting changes in depth as small as one five-hundredth the thickness of a human hair. Pitch, volume and timbre are all encoded in the hills and valleys and the speed at which the record is played.

At the conservation center, the preservation specialist Mason Vander Lugt attached one of the cylinders to the end of a rotating shaft. Huddled around a computer screen, the Rolfses first saw the wiggly waveform generated by Irene. Then came the digital audio. The words were at first indistinct, but as Mr. Lugt filtered out more of the noise, the rhyme became clearer.

“That was the Eureka moment,” Mr. Rolfs said.

In 1890, a girl in Edison’s laboratory had recited:

There was a little girl,

And she had a little curl

Audio

Right in the middle of her forehead.

When she was good,

She was very, very good.

But when she was bad, she was horrid.

Recently, the conservation center turned up another surprise.

In 2010, the Woody Guthrie Foundation received 18 oversize phonograph disks from an anonymous donor. No one knew if any of the dirt-stained recordings featured Guthrie, but Tiffany Colannino, then the foundation’s archivist, had stored them unplayed until she heard about Irene.

Last fall, the center extracted audio from one of the records, labeled “Jam Session 9” and emailed the digital file to Ms. Colannino.

“I was just sitting in my dining room, and the next thing I know, I’m hearing Woody,” she said. In between solo performances of “Ladies Auxiliary,” “Jesus Christ,” and “Dead or Alive,” Guthrie tells jokes, offers some back story, and makes the audience laugh. “It is quintessential Guthrie,” Ms. Colannino said.

The Rolfses’ dolls are back in the display cabinet in Wisconsin. But with audio stored on several computers, they now have a permanent voice.

Ghostly Voices From Thomas Edison’s Dolls Can Now Be Heard

As he reflected on the festering wounds deepened by race and grievance that have been on painful display in America’s cities lately, President Obama on Monday found himself thinking about a young man he had just met named Malachi.

A few minutes before, in a closed-door round-table discussion at Lehman College in the Bronx, Mr. Obama had asked a group of black and Hispanic students from disadvantaged backgrounds what could be done to help them reach their goals. Several talked about counseling and guidance programs.

“Malachi, he just talked about — we should talk about love,” Mr. Obama told a crowd afterward, drifting away from his prepared remarks. “Because Malachi and I shared the fact that our dad wasn’t around and that sometimes we wondered why he wasn’t around and what had happened. But really, that’s what this comes down to is: Do we love these kids?”

Many presidents have governed during times of racial tension, but Mr. Obama is the first to see in the mirror a face that looks like those on the other side of history’s ledger. While his first term was consumed with the economy, war and health care, his second keeps coming back to the societal divide that was not bridged by his election. A president who eschewed focusing on race now seems to have found his voice again as he thinks about how to use his remaining time in office and beyond.

Continue reading the main story Video
Play Video|1:17

Obama Speaks of a ‘Sense of Unfairness’

Obama Speaks of a ‘Sense of Unfairness’

At an event announcing the creation of a nonprofit focusing on young minority men, President Obama talked about the underlying reasons for recent protests in Baltimore and other cities.

By Associated Press on Publish Date May 4, 2015. Photo by Stephen Crowley/The New York Times.

In the aftermath of racially charged unrest in places like Baltimore, Ferguson, Mo., and New York, Mr. Obama came to the Bronx on Monday for the announcement of a new nonprofit organization that is being spun off from his White House initiative called My Brother’s Keeper. Staked by more than $80 million in commitments from corporations and other donors, the new group, My Brother’s Keeper Alliance, will in effect provide the nucleus for Mr. Obama’s post-presidency, which will begin in January 2017.

“This will remain a mission for me and for Michelle not just for the rest of my presidency but for the rest of my life,” Mr. Obama said. “And the reason is simple,” he added. Referring to some of the youths he had just met, he said: “We see ourselves in these young men. I grew up without a dad. I grew up lost sometimes and adrift, not having a sense of a clear path. The only difference between me and a lot of other young men in this neighborhood and all across the country is that I grew up in an environment that was a little more forgiving.”

Advertisement

Organizers said the new alliance already had financial pledges from companies like American Express, Deloitte, Discovery Communications and News Corporation. The money will be used to help companies address obstacles facing young black and Hispanic men, provide grants to programs for disadvantaged youths, and help communities aid their populations.

Joe Echevarria, a former chief executive of Deloitte, the accounting and consulting firm, will lead the alliance, and among those on its leadership team or advisory group are executives at PepsiCo, News Corporation, Sprint, BET and Prudential Group Insurance; former Secretary of State Colin L. Powell; Senator Cory Booker, Democrat of New Jersey; former Attorney General Eric H. Holder Jr.; the music star John Legend; the retired athletes Alonzo Mourning, Jerome Bettis and Shaquille O’Neal; and the mayors of Indianapolis, Sacramento and Philadelphia.

The alliance, while nominally independent of the White House, may face some of the same questions confronting former Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton as she begins another presidential campaign. Some of those donating to the alliance may have interests in government action, and skeptics may wonder whether they are trying to curry favor with the president by contributing.

“The Obama administration will have no role in deciding how donations are screened and what criteria they’ll set at the alliance for donor policies, because it’s an entirely separate entity,” Josh Earnest, the White House press secretary, told reporters on Air Force One en route to New York. But he added, “I’m confident that the members of the board are well aware of the president’s commitment to transparency.”

The alliance was in the works before the disturbances last week after the death of Freddie Gray, the black man who suffered fatal injuries while in police custody in Baltimore, but it reflected the evolution of Mr. Obama’s presidency. For him, in a way, it is coming back to issues that animated him as a young community organizer and politician. It was his own struggle with race and identity, captured in his youthful memoir, “Dreams From My Father,” that stood him apart from other presidential aspirants.

But that was a side of him that he kept largely to himself through the first years of his presidency while he focused on other priorities like turning the economy around, expanding government-subsidized health care and avoiding electoral land mines en route to re-election.

After securing a second term, Mr. Obama appeared more emboldened. Just a month after his 2013 inauguration, he talked passionately about opportunity and race with a group of teenage boys in Chicago, a moment aides point to as perhaps the first time he had spoken about these issues in such a personal, powerful way as president. A few months later, he publicly lamented the death of Trayvon Martin, a black Florida teenager, saying that “could have been me 35 years ago.”

Photo
 
President Obama on Monday with Darinel Montero, a student at Bronx International High School who introduced him before remarks at Lehman College in the Bronx. Credit Stephen Crowley/The New York Times

That case, along with public ruptures of anger over police shootings in Ferguson and elsewhere, have pushed the issue of race and law enforcement onto the public agenda. Aides said they imagined that with his presidency in its final stages, Mr. Obama might be thinking more about what comes next and causes he can advance as a private citizen.

That is not to say that his public discussion of these issues has been universally welcomed. Some conservatives said he had made matters worse by seeming in their view to blame police officers in some of the disputed cases.

“President Obama, when he was elected, could have been a unifying leader,” Senator Ted Cruz of Texas, a Republican candidate for president, said at a forum last week. “He has made decisions that I think have inflamed racial tensions.”

On the other side of the ideological spectrum, some liberal African-American activists have complained that Mr. Obama has not done enough to help downtrodden communities. While he is speaking out more, these critics argue, he has hardly used the power of the presidency to make the sort of radical change they say is necessary.

The line Mr. Obama has tried to straddle has been a serrated one. He condemns police brutality as he defends most officers as honorable. He condemns “criminals and thugs” who looted in Baltimore while expressing empathy with those trapped in a cycle of poverty and hopelessness.

In the Bronx on Monday, Mr. Obama bemoaned the death of Brian Moore, a plainclothes New York police officer who had died earlier in the day after being shot in the head Saturday on a Queens street. Most police officers are “good and honest and fair and care deeply about their communities,” even as they put their lives on the line, Mr. Obama said.

“Which is why in addressing the issues in Baltimore or Ferguson or New York, the point I made was that if we’re just looking at policing, we’re looking at it too narrowly,” he added. “If we ask the police to simply contain and control problems that we ourselves have been unwilling to invest and solve, that’s not fair to the communities, it’s not fair to the police.”

Moreover, if society writes off some people, he said, “that’s not the kind of country I want to live in; that’s not what America is about.”

His message to young men like Malachi Hernandez, who attends Boston Latin Academy in Massachusetts, is not to give up.

“I want you to know you matter,” he said. “You matter to us.”

Advertisement Politics Obama Finds a Bolder Voice on Race Issues
paket umrah ramadhan di Pisangan Baru jakarta
biaya berangkat umroh februari di Lubang Buaya jakarta
promo berangkat umrah desember di Duren Sawit jakarta
promo umroh februari di Kayu Manis jakarta
biaya berangkat umroh april di Kramat Jati jakarta
harga paket umrah juni umrohdepag.com
harga paket berangkat umrah awal tahun di Cipayung jakarta
paket promo umroh awal tahun bekasi selatan
harga paket umrah januari di Kramat Jati jakarta
paket promo umrah mei bogor
harga umroh desember di Rawa Terate jakarta
harga umrah akhir tahun di Cibubur jakarta
biaya paket umroh januari di Cilangkap jakarta
biaya paket umrah mei di Ceger jakarta
paket umroh awal tahun di Cakung Barat jakarta
paket umrah juni di Rawa Terate jakarta
harga paket umrah april di Jatinegara jakarta
paket berangkat umrah akhir tahun di Pulo Gadung jakarta
harga umroh maret di Pondok Kopi jakarta
biaya umroh maret di Cilangkap jakarta
promo berangkat umrah desember di Utan Kayu Selatan jakarta
harga umroh maret di Kebon Manggis jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umrah april di Kampung Baru jakarta
promo berangkat umrah mei di Cakung Barat jakarta
promo umrah januari bogor
biaya berangkat umrah mei di Pulogebang jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umroh awal tahun di Jati jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umrah desember di Pulo Gadung jakarta
biaya berangkat umrah akhir tahun di Cipayung jakarta
biaya berangkat umrah februari di Klender jakarta
harga umroh juni di Pal Meriam jakarta
promo berangkat umrah januari di Kramat Jati jakarta
biaya umrah april di Utan Kayu Utara jakarta
paket promo berangkat umrah april di Malaka Jaya jakarta
paket promo berangkat umrah akhir tahun di Cakung Timur jakarta
paket promo umrah mei di Cipayung jakarta
promo berangkat umroh juni di Ujung Menteng jakarta
paket umrah awal tahun di Susukan jakarta
biaya umrah maret di Pekayon jakarta
biaya berangkat umroh juni umrohdepag.com
promo umroh maret di Pondok Kelapa jakarta
harga paket umroh januari di Jatinegara jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umroh mei di Jatinegara Kaum jakarta
paket promo berangkat umroh mei di Cibubur jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umroh januari di Kampung Tengah jakarta
biaya umroh juni di Kalisari jakarta
harga umrah april di Rawa Terate jakarta
harga paket berangkat umroh maret bekasi utara
paket berangkat umroh februari di Ceger jakarta
harga umrah februari di Utan Kayu Selatan jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umroh juni di Rawa Bunga jakarta
paket umroh april di Kayu Putih jakarta
paket berangkat umroh maret di Bambu Apus jakarta
paket promo berangkat umrah desember di Bambu Apus jakarta
paket promo umroh april di Rawamangun jakarta
promo umroh april bekasi utara
paket umrah mei di Utan Kayu Selatan jakarta
biaya umroh april di Pulo Gadung jakarta
biaya umroh januari di Cipinang Besar Selatan jakarta
harga umrah juni di Pulogebang jakarta
paket berangkat umroh ramadhan di Kampung Gedong,Cijantung jakarta
promo umrah akhir tahun di Makasar jakarta
paket promo umroh april di Cililitan jakarta
biaya berangkat umrah maret di Rambutan jakarta
biaya umroh maret di Pondok Kopi jakarta
biaya umroh ramadhan di Cipayung jakarta
harga umrah desember di Jati jakarta
paket promo berangkat umroh april di Batuampar jakarta
harga umroh april di Balekambang jakarta
harga umrah ramadhan di Rawa Bunga jakarta
promo berangkat umrah juni bogor
paket berangkat umrah juni di Kayu Putih jakarta
paket promo umroh akhir tahun umrohdepag.com
paket promo berangkat umroh januari bekasi timur
promo berangkat umroh februari di Ceger jakarta
harga berangkat umroh akhir tahun di Kampung Tengah jakarta
paket berangkat umroh mei di Jati jakarta
harga berangkat umroh april di Pekayon jakarta
paket umrah akhir tahun di Makasar jakarta
harga paket berangkat umroh mei di Cipinang Besar Utara jakarta
paket berangkat umrah maret di Ceger jakarta
paket umrah akhir tahun di Pondok Kelapa jakarta
paket berangkat umroh desember di Kelapa Dua Wetan jakarta
paket promo umroh desember di Balekambang jakarta
biaya umroh mei di Pondok Ranggon jakarta
paket promo berangkat umroh februari di Kramat Jati jakarta
harga paket berangkat umroh ramadhan di Pasar Rebo jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umrah awal tahun di Kramat Jati jakarta
biaya umroh awal tahun di Batuampar jakarta
biaya umroh akhir tahun di Jatinegara jakarta
promo berangkat umroh april di Munjul jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umrah april di Ujung Menteng jakarta
harga berangkat umrah maret di Utan Kayu Utara jakarta
promo berangkat umroh desember di Cakung Barat jakarta
paket umrah februari di Malaka Jaya jakarta
paket promo umroh januari di Cipinang Besar Utara jakarta
harga paket berangkat umrah ramadhan di Kayu Manis jakarta
paket berangkat umroh maret di Ceger jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umrah desember di Utan Kayu Selatan jakarta
biaya umrah awal tahun di Pulo Gadung jakarta