PAKET UMROH BULAN FEBRUARI MARET APRIL MEI 2018





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saco-indonesia.com, Manager-coach Persebaya, Rahmad Darmawan telah menekankan agar pasukannya berhati-hati terhadap calon lawan mereka, Putra Samarinda (Pusam). Kedua tim tersebut akan bertemu di Stadion Gelora Bung Tomo (GBT), Rabu (5/2) besok sore.

Menurut Rahmad, Pusam didukung dengan materi pemain yang masih muda, bertenaga dan juga punya kecepatan.

"Di sana ada pemain-pemain yang pernah saya asuh, seperti Joko Sasongko, Bayu Gatra dan Engelbert Sani," ujar Rahmad.

"Mereka adalah pemain-pemain yang telah memiliki kualitas dan cepat," imbuhnya.

Bayu, Joko dan Engel bukan satu-satunya pemain yang harus diwaspadai oleh kubu Persebaya. Sebab Pesut Mahakam, julukan Pusam juga punya tiga pemain lain dengan karakter menyerang nan lincah, yakni Loudry Setiawan, Sultan Samma dan Radiansyah.

Untuk lini depan, tim besutan Mundari Karya ini telah memiliki salah satu pemain yang produktif mencetak gol, yakni Ilija Spasojevic. Dalam debutnya lawan PSM Makassar, Spaso sukses untuk mencetak satu gol sekaligus menghindarkan Pusam dari kekalahan.

Untuk dapat meredam kecepatan pemain Pusam, Rahmad telah meminta dua fullback-nya, yakni Hasim Kipuw dan Leo Saputra bermain lebih taktis dan telaten menghadapi licinnya para pemain Pesut Mahakam. "Blocking di kanan dan kiri harus lebih sabar," tutur Rahmad.

Pada pertandingan besok, Rahmad nampaknya belum bisa untuk menurunkan Ricardo Salampessy dan Dedi Kusnandar. Pasalnya, kondisi kedua pemain ini belum 100 persen. Sebagai ganti dari Salampessy, Rahmad telah mempercayakan Ambrizal untuk berduet dengan OK John.

Sedangkan Manahati Lestusen dipersiapkan sebagai opsi bila Dedi benar-benar tak bisa dimainkan. Untuk menyokong striker tunggal Emmanuel "Pacho" Kenmogne, Rahmad memainkan trio M Ilham, Alfin Tuasalamony dan kapten tim, Greg Nwokolo.

"Kita ingin menyapu bersih kemenangan pada dua pertandingan di kandang sendiri. Saya harap para pemain dapat menunjukkan performa lebih baik jika dibandingkan dengan pertandingan pertama," tutup asisten manajer Persebaya, Amran Said Ali.


Editor : Dian Sukmawati

RD WASPADAI KECEPATAN PESUT MAHAKAM

saco-indonesia.com, Terpidana kasus narkotika asal Australia, Schapelle Leigh Corby telah mendapat pembebasan bersyarat. Pembebasan bersyarat tersebut telah berdasarkan telaah dari Tim Pengamat Pemasyarakatan Direktorat Jenderal Pemasyarakatan.

Sesepuh Polri Komjen (purn) Noegroho Djajusman juga berharap agar pembebasan bersyarat Corby tak dipolitisir oleh pihak-pihak tertentu.

"Saya harap pembebasan bersyarat Corby jangan 'lari' ke politik," kata Noegroho, saat berbincang dengan Okezone, Senin (10/2/2014).

Dia juga menambahkan bahwa jika memang telah diputuskan pembebasan bersyarat, lantaran dianggap telah memenuhi persyaratan substantif dan administratif, maka itu adalah hak dari seorang narapidana.

"Itu juga sudah hak dari Corby sebagai orang narapidana. Karena sudah memenuhi syarat karena berkelakuan baik dan dibuktikan dengan tidak adanya pelanggaran tata tertib dan hukuman disiplin dalam lapas,"ungkapnya.

Saat ini kontroversi pembebasan bersyarat Corby berpotensi dapat membunuh karakternya. Sebab banyak pihak yang berwacana dengan sudut pandang politik. "Seharusnya di negara hukum, kita bertindak sesuai hukum saja. Jangan sampai hak ini mencoreng nama Indonesia di luar negeri," terangnya.

Mantan Kapolda Metro Jaya ini juga menapik anggapan bahwa pembebasan bersyarat Corby akan dapat mencoreng citra pemberantasan narkoba di Indonesia. "Tidak akan seperti itu. Karena kita tahu bahwa pemerintah saat ini tengah berusaha untuk dapat menekan peredaran narkoba di Indonesia. Mulai dengan cara mencegah masuknya narkoba, hingga melakukan sosialisasi bahaya narkoba. Di dalam Undang-Undang juga sudah jelas tentang hukuman yang diberikan sudah tegas,"bebernya.

Jangan sampai, lanjut Noegroho, saat keputusan telah dikeluarkan kemudian malah merugikan Corby. Sebab wacana yang muncul seolah-olah membunuh karakter Corby. "Pro dan kontra wajar, namun seharusnya melihat juga hak azasi Corby, sebagai seorang terpidana yang telah mendapatkan pembebasan bersyarat. Jangan sampai malah jadi character assassination untuk Corby," bebernya.

Dia juga berharap agar proses hukum yang telah dijalani tak merugikan Corby. "Kalau memang sudah ada keputusan pembebasan bersyarat keluarkan. Jangan dirugikan narapidananya,"tutupnya.


Editor : Dian Sukmawati

PEMBEBASAN BERSYARAT CORBY JANGAN DIPOLITISIR

saco-indonesia.com, Pemilik rumah yang telah ditempati oleh kakak tersangka dalam pelaku pembunuhan Feby Lolita, di Perumahan Puri Citayam Permai 2, RT 07/22, Blok D1/2, Kel. Rawa Panjang, Kec. Bojong Gede Kab. Bogor, juga merupakan rumah kontrakan.

Rumah ukuran tipe 22 bercat orange bergaya minimalis juga merupakan rumah milik dari Vivi warga Komp. Depag, Desa Pabuaran Bojong Gede.

“Rumah yang sering didatangi oleh pelaku yaitu Edo, sebetulnya telah ditempati oleh kakaknya yang disebut dengan mama Rahel bersama keluarganya satu anak,”ujar Yani yang berusia 54 tahun , tetangga samping rumah pelaku.

Rumah yang telah ditempati oleh keluarga Rahel tersebut adalah kontrakan. “Oleh keluarga pelaku rumah dikontrak dua tahun dengan tiap tahun sebesar Rp5 juta.Semestinya rumah tersebut sudah ditinggalkan keluarga pelaku, atas alasan mau mencari tempat tinggal baru rumah diperpanjang kontraknya dengan membayar Rp500 ribu,”katanya.

Menurut ibu tiga anak ini telah menyebutkan, kakak pelaku juga sempat mencalonkan diri jadi Calon Legislatif di daerah Medan, Sumatera Utara. “Karena pernah mendengar kakak pelaku pernah mendaftar menjadi Caleg, namun tidak jadi dianggap warga sekitar orang kaya. Kelakukan pelaku sendiri di warga dan tetangga dikenal cuek dan kasar,”ungkapnya.

Sementara itu, Edo dikenal juga sebagai sopir angkot 06 jurusan Kp. Melayu – Gandaria Jakarta Selatan.

“Edo itu juga punya Angkot, selain itu juga menyupirin angkot milik sendiri. Angkot miliknya itu diparkir di rumah orangtuanya di daerah Pondok Gede,”paparnya.

Sebelumnya, Edo telah menjadi pelaku pembunuhan gadis cantik Feby yang jasadnya selama tiga hari ditaruh dalam bagasi mobil nissan March Putih milik korban. Mobil berisi mayat tersebut telah dibuang pelaku di area TPU Pondok Kelapa, Jakarta Timur.


Editor : Dian Sukmawati

RUMAH DITEMPATI KAKAK PEMBUNUH FEBY TERNYATA KONTRAKAN

Saco-Indonesia.com - Sakit tenggorokan hingga membuat hilangnya suara tentu akan merepotkan, terlebih jika pekerjaan atau aktivitas kita membutuhkan suara yang prima. "Suara hilang" atau laringitis disebabkan oleh inflamasi atau iritasi dari pita suara. Pita suara yang membengkak dan meradang akan memicu gejala suara hilang.

Menurut Medline Plus, situs dari National Library of Medicine dan National Institutes of Health Amerika Serikat, inflamasi dan iritasi pita suara antara lain disebabkan oleh infeksi virus dan bakteri seperti bronkitis, flu, pneumonia, dan bahan kimia.

Pada umumnya orang akan langsung mencari antibiotik untuk mengatasi radang tenggorokan , namun penanganan gangguan ini sebenarnya bisa diredakan dengan beberapa cara sederhana yang lebih alami. Simaklah 4 cara berikut ini.

1. Istirahat
Ketika merasakan suara mulai melemah, maka berhentilah berbicara, jangan berteriak ataupun bernyanyi, bahkan berbisik. Cobalah untuk mengistirahatkan total pita suara Anda. Memaksakan diri untuk menggunakan pita suara malah akan menambah bengkak dan radang.

2. Minum air
Minum air bisa membantu meringankan gejala.  Maka biasakan membawa air kemana saja Anda pergi ketika sedang sakit tenggorokan. Pilihlah minuman hangat bebas kafein ataupun alkohol, karena kedua bahan ini dapat memperburuk kondisi Anda. Hindari pula irisan lemon karena akan memicu refluks asam lambung yang memperparah iritasi.

3. Herbal pelega tenggorokan
Herbal pelega tenggorokan bekerja dengan menjaga kelembaban tenggorokan sehingga meringankan gejala sakit tenggorokan. Herbal pelega tenggorokan saat ini sudah tersedia dalam banyak bentuk, dari mulai permen hingga lembaran. Pilih sesuai kebutuhan Anda.

4. Kumur air garam
Cara ini mungkin paling tidak nyaman, namun dapat membantu untuk meredakan iritasi tenggorokan. Larutkan garam ke air hangat, kemudian gunakan untuk berkumur. Garam membantu membunuh virus penyebab sakit tenggorokan.

Tambahan diri Liwon Maulana:

5.Asam jawa + gula Aren/gula merah/gula kelapa + kunyit satu siung

Asem jaa + gula merah + kunyit + Air panas----> di blender lalu diminum sebelum tidur

 

Sumber :LiveStrong
Editor :Liwon Maulana(galipat)
Cara Alami Obati Sakit Tenggorokan

Liburan dengan suasana alami dan merasakan wilayah kepulauan dengan tepi pantai yang indah adalah sebuah wisata yang tak ternilai, mengingat aktivitas dan kesibukan perkotaan yang membuat jenuh pikiran dan tubuh. Alfah Tour hadir dengan menyediakan paket wisata yang murah dan berkualitas dengan mengedepankan kepuasan dan pelayanan dari kami untuk customer.

Alfah Tour & Travel menyediakan berbagai paket tour dengan harga yang berbeda – beda, sehingga customer bisa menyesuaikan dengan budgetnya, yang disesuaikan dengan fasilitas wisata yang diberikan. Alfah Tour telah berpengalaman dalam bidang pembuatan dan penanganan paket wisata, sehingga banyak dari customer kami secara berkala menggunakan jasa wisata kami. Untuk informasi lebih lanjut mengenai Alfah Tour, Anda bisa menghubungi kontak kami yang terdapat pada laman web ini.

pulau kembar yang berada di lautan teluk jakarta ini terdiri dari Pulau TidungBesar yang luasnya kurang lebih 50 hektare dan Pulau Tidung Kecil luasnya sekitar 30 hektare memang mempunyai daya tarik tersendiri dan layak untuk menjadi destinasi wisata yang pantas untuk dikunjungi, bahkan Metro TV menempatkan pulau tidung sebagai tempat wisata yang paling unik yang berada di Ibukota Jakarta. Keunikannya yaitu ketika anda memasuki pulau tidung besar anda akan disuguhkan keramahan penduduk setempat dan menginap di rumah penduduk yang dikemas menjadi homestay, serta anda dapat berkeliling kampung dengan menggunakan sepeda untuk menjelajah dari ujung / “Tanjongan” Barat Pulau Tidung sampai Tanjongan Timur. Di Pulau Tidung Kecil, anda akan dimanjakan dengan keasrian pulau yang sunyi dan menenangkan, cocok untuk ada yang  mencari ketenangan serta ingin jeda sejenak dari hiruk- pikuk dan sumpeknya kehidupan di kota.

Dan yang terpenting dan paling eksotis diantara kedua pulau itu terdapat jembatan yang membentang menjadi penghubung kedua pulau tidung itu, kondisi dan letak jembatan yang terbentang diatas lautan yang berwarna-warni serta melewati hamparan terumbu karang tersebut menjadikan pemandangan yang sangat luar biasa dan memukau mata siapapun yang melihatnya, sehingga jembatan yang disebut oleh para pengunjung sebagai “Jembatan Cinta” tak ayal lagi menjadi icon wisata pulau tidung bahkan wisata jakarta.

Kami Agent Perjalanan dan Akomodasi wisata anda ke Pulau Tidung serta pulau-pulau lainnya di Kepulauan Seribu. Personil kami yang terdiri dari puta-putri pribumi asli pulau tidung kami jadikan modal utama kami untuk senantiasa berusaha menjadikan liburan anda lebih nyaman dan mengesankan, karena selain menguasai medan kami juga berkomitmen agar lebih profesional dalam menemani liburan anda di Pulau Seribu, khususnya Pulau Tidung.

WISATA PULAU TIDUNG

WASHINGTON — During a training course on defending against knife attacks, a young Salt Lake City police officer asked a question: “How close can somebody get to me before I’m justified in using deadly force?”

Dennis Tueller, the instructor in that class more than three decades ago, decided to find out. In the fall of 1982, he performed a rudimentary series of tests and concluded that an armed attacker who bolted toward an officer could clear 21 feet in the time it took most officers to draw, aim and fire their weapon.

The next spring, Mr. Tueller published his findings in SWAT magazine and transformed police training in the United States. The “21-foot rule” became dogma. It has been taught in police academies around the country, accepted by courts and cited by officers to justify countless shootings, including recent episodes involving a homeless woodcarver in Seattle and a schizophrenic woman in San Francisco.

Now, amid the largest national debate over policing since the 1991 beating of Rodney King in Los Angeles, a small but vocal set of law enforcement officials are calling for a rethinking of the 21-foot rule and other axioms that have emphasized how to use force, not how to avoid it. Several big-city police departments are already re-examining when officers should chase people or draw their guns and when they should back away, wait or try to defuse the situation

Police Rethink Long Tradition on Using Force

Mr. Miller, of the firm Weil, Gotshal & Manges, represented companies including Lehman Brothers, General Motors and American Airlines, and mentored many of the top Chapter 11 practitioners today.

Harvey R. Miller, Renowned Bankruptcy Lawyer, Dies at 82

Mr. Tepper was not a musical child and had no formal training, but he grew up to write both lyrics and tunes, trading off duties with the other member of the team, Roy C. Bennett.

Sid Tepper Dies at 96; Delivered ‘Red Roses for a Blue Lady’ and Other Songs

HOBART, Tasmania — Few places seem out of reach for China’s leader, Xi Jinping, who has traveled from European capitals to obscure Pacific and Caribbean islands in pursuit of his nation’s strategic interests.

So perhaps it was not surprising when he turned up last fall in this city on the edge of the Southern Ocean to put down a long-distance marker in another faraway region, Antarctica, 2,000 miles south of this Australian port.

Standing on the deck of an icebreaker that ferries Chinese scientists from this last stop before the frozen continent, Mr. Xi pledged that China would continue to expand in one of the few places on earth that remain unexploited by humans.

He signed a five-year accord with the Australian government that allows Chinese vessels and, in the future, aircraft to resupply for fuel and food before heading south. That will help secure easier access to a region that is believed to have vast oil and mineral resources; huge quantities of high-protein sea life; and for times of possible future dire need, fresh water contained in icebergs.

It was not until 1985, about seven decades after Robert Scott and Roald Amundsen raced to the South Pole, that a team representing Beijing hoisted the Chinese flag over the nation’s first Antarctic research base, the Great Wall Station on King George Island.

But now China seems determined to catch up. As it has bolstered spending on Antarctic research, and as the early explorers, especially the United States and Australia, confront stagnant budgets, there is growing concern about its intentions.

China’s operations on the continent — it opened its fourth research station last year, chose a site for a fifth, and is investing in a second icebreaker and new ice-capable planes and helicopters — are already the fastest growing of the 52 signatories to the Antarctic Treaty. That gentlemen’s agreement reached in 1959 bans military activity on the continent and aims to preserve it as one of the world’s last wildernesses; a related pact prohibits mining.

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But Mr. Xi’s visit was another sign that China is positioning itself to take advantage of the continent’s resource potential when the treaty expires in 2048 — or in the event that it is ripped up before, Chinese and Australian experts say.

“So far, our research is natural-science based, but we know there is more and more concern about resource security,” said Yang Huigen, director general of the Polar Research Institute of China, who accompanied Mr. Xi last November on his visit to Hobart and stood with him on the icebreaker, Xue Long, or Snow Dragon.

With that in mind, the polar institute recently opened a new division devoted to the study of resources, law, geopolitics and governance in Antarctica and the Arctic, Mr. Yang said.

Australia, a strategic ally of the United States that has strong economic relations with China, is watching China’s buildup in the Antarctic with a mix of gratitude — China’s presence offers support for Australia’s Antarctic science program, which is short of cash — and wariness.

“We should have no illusions about the deeper agenda — one that has not even been agreed to by Chinese scientists but is driven by Xi, and most likely his successors,” said Peter Jennings, executive director of the Australian Strategic Policy Institute and a former senior official in the Australian Department of Defense.

“This is part of a broader pattern of a mercantilist approach all around the world,” Mr. Jennings added. “A big driver of Chinese policy is to secure long-term energy supply and food supply.”

That approach was evident last month when a large Chinese agriculture enterprise announced an expansion of its fishing operations around Antarctica to catch more krill — small, protein-rich crustaceans that are abundant in Antarctic waters.

“The Antarctic is a treasure house for all human beings, and China should go there and share,” Liu Shenli, the chairman of the China National Agricultural Development Group, told China Daily, a state-owned newspaper. China would aim to fish up to two million tons of krill a year, he said, a substantial increase from what it currently harvests.

Because sovereignty over Antarctica is unclear, nations have sought to strengthen their claims over the ice-covered land by building research bases and naming geographic features. China’s fifth station will put it within reach of the six American facilities, and ahead of Australia’s three.

Chinese mappers have also given Chinese names to more than 300 sites, compared with the thousands of locations on the continent with English names.

In the unspoken competition for Antarctica’s future, scientific achievement can also translate into influence. Chinese scientists are driving to be the first to drill and recover an ice core containing tiny air bubbles that provide a record of climate change stretching as far back as 1.5 million years. It is an expensive and delicate effort at which others, including the European Union and Australia, have failed.

In a breakthrough a decade ago, European scientists extracted an ice core nearly two miles long that revealed 800,000 years of climate history. But finding an ice core going back further would allow scientists to examine a change in the earth’s climate cycles believed to have occurred 900,000 to 1.2 million years ago.

China is betting it has found the best location to drill, at an area called Dome A, or Dome Argus, the highest point on the East Antarctic Ice Sheet. Though it is considered one of the coldest places on the planet, with temperatures of 130 degrees below zero Fahrenheit, a Chinese expedition explored the area in 2005 and established a research station in 2009.

“The international community has drilled in lots of places, but no luck so far,” said Xiao Cunde, a member of the first party to reach the site and the deputy director of the Institute for Climate Change at the Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences. “We think at Dome A we will have a straight shot at the one-million-year ice core.”

Mr. Xiao said China had already begun drilling and hoped to find what scientists are looking for in four to five years.

To support its Antarctic aspirations, China is building a sophisticated $300 million icebreaker that is expected to be ready in a few years, said Xia Limin, deputy director of the Chinese Arctic and Antarctic Administration in Beijing. It has also bought a high-tech fixed-wing aircraft, outfitted in the United States, for taking sensitive scientific soundings from the ice.

China has chosen the site for its fifth research station at Inexpressible Island, named by a group of British explorers who were stranded at the desolate site in 1912 and survived the winter by excavating a small ice cave.

Mr. Xia said the inhospitable spot was ideal because China did not have a presence in that part of Antarctica, and because the rocky site did not have much snow, making it relatively cheap to build there.

Anne-Marie Brady, a professor of political science at the University of Canterbury in New Zealand and the author of a soon-to-be-released book, “China as a Polar Great Power,” said Chinese scientists also believed they had a good chance of finding mineral and energy resources near the site.

“China is playing a long game in Antarctica and keeping other states guessing about its true intentions and interests are part of its poker hand,” she said. But she noted that China’s interest in finding minerals was presented “loud and clear to domestic audiences” as the main reason it was investing in Antarctica.

Because commercial drilling is banned, estimates of energy and mineral resources in Antarctica rely on remote sensing data and comparisons with similar geological environments elsewhere, said Millard F. Coffin, executive director of the Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies in Hobart.

But the difficulty of extraction in such severe conditions and uncertainty about future commodity prices make it unlikely that China or any country would defy the ban on mining anytime soon.

Tourism, however, is already booming. Travelers from China are still a relatively small contingent in the Antarctic compared with the more than 13,000 Americans who visited in 2013, and as yet there are no licensed Chinese tour operators.

But that is about to change, said Anthony Bergin, deputy director of the Australian Strategic Policy Institute. “I understand very soon there will be Chinese tourists on Chinese vessels with all-Chinese crew in the Antarctic,” he said.

 

Top News China’s Intents Are Questioned as It Builds in Antarctica
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Many bodies prepared for cremation last week in Kathmandu were of young men from Gongabu, a common stopover for Nepali migrant workers headed overseas. Credit Daniel Berehulak for The New York Times

KATHMANDU, Nepal — When the dense pillar of smoke from cremations by the Bagmati River was thinning late last week, the bodies were all coming from Gongabu, a common stopover for Nepali migrant workers headed overseas, and they were all of young men.

Hindu custom dictates that funeral pyres should be lighted by the oldest son of the deceased, but these men were too young to have sons, so they were burned by their brothers or fathers. Sukla Lal, a maize farmer, made a 14-hour journey by bus to retrieve the body of his 19-year-old son, who had been on his way to the Persian Gulf to work as a laborer.

“He wanted to live in the countryside, but he was compelled to leave by poverty,” Mr. Lal said, gazing ahead steadily as his son’s remains smoldered. “He told me, ‘You can live on your land, and I will come up with money, and we will have a happy family.’ ”

Weeks will pass before the authorities can give a complete accounting of who died in the April 25 earthquake, but it is already clear that Nepal cannot afford the losses. The countryside was largely stripped of its healthy young men even before the quake, as they migrated in great waves — 1,500 a day by some estimates — to work as laborers in India, Malaysia or one of the gulf nations, leaving many small communities populated only by elderly parents, women and children. Economists say that at some times of the year, one-quarter of Nepal’s population is working outside the country.

Nepal’s Young Men, Lost to Migration, Then a Quake

Though Robin and Joan Rolfs owned two rare talking dolls manufactured by Thomas Edison’s phonograph company in 1890, they did not dare play the wax cylinder records tucked inside each one.

The Rolfses, longtime collectors of Edison phonographs, knew that if they turned the cranks on the dolls’ backs, the steel phonograph needle might damage or destroy the grooves of the hollow, ring-shaped cylinder. And so for years, the dolls sat side by side inside a display cabinet, bearers of a message from the dawn of sound recording that nobody could hear.

In 1890, Edison’s dolls were a flop; production lasted only six weeks. Children found them difficult to operate and more scary than cuddly. The recordings inside, which featured snippets of nursery rhymes, wore out quickly.

Yet sound historians say the cylinders were the first entertainment records ever made, and the young girls hired to recite the rhymes were the world’s first recording artists.

Year after year, the Rolfses asked experts if there might be a safe way to play the recordings. Then a government laboratory developed a method to play fragile records without touching them.

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The technique relies on a microscope to create images of the grooves in exquisite detail. A computer approximates — with great accuracy — the sounds that would have been created by a needle moving through those grooves.

In 2014, the technology was made available for the first time outside the laboratory.

“The fear all along is that we don’t want to damage these records. We don’t want to put a stylus on them,” said Jerry Fabris, the curator of the Thomas Edison Historical Park in West Orange, N.J. “Now we have the technology to play them safely.”

Last month, the Historical Park posted online three never-before-heard Edison doll recordings, including the two from the Rolfses’ collection. “There are probably more out there, and we’re hoping people will now get them digitized,” Mr. Fabris said.

The technology, which is known as Irene (Image, Reconstruct, Erase Noise, Etc.), was developed by the particle physicist Carl Haber and the engineer Earl Cornell at Lawrence Berkeley. Irene extracts sound from cylinder and disk records. It can also reconstruct audio from recordings so badly damaged they were deemed unplayable.

“We are now hearing sounds from history that I did not expect to hear in my lifetime,” Mr. Fabris said.

The Rolfses said they were not sure what to expect in August when they carefully packed their two Edison doll cylinders, still attached to their motors, and drove from their home in Hortonville, Wis., to the National Document Conservation Center in Andover, Mass. The center had recently acquired Irene technology.

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Cylinders carry sound in a spiral groove cut by a phonograph recording needle that vibrates up and down, creating a surface made of tiny hills and valleys. In the Irene set-up, a microscope perched above the shaft takes thousands of high-resolution images of small sections of the grooves.

Stitched together, the images provide a topographic map of the cylinder’s surface, charting changes in depth as small as one five-hundredth the thickness of a human hair. Pitch, volume and timbre are all encoded in the hills and valleys and the speed at which the record is played.

At the conservation center, the preservation specialist Mason Vander Lugt attached one of the cylinders to the end of a rotating shaft. Huddled around a computer screen, the Rolfses first saw the wiggly waveform generated by Irene. Then came the digital audio. The words were at first indistinct, but as Mr. Lugt filtered out more of the noise, the rhyme became clearer.

“That was the Eureka moment,” Mr. Rolfs said.

In 1890, a girl in Edison’s laboratory had recited:

There was a little girl,

And she had a little curl

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Right in the middle of her forehead.

When she was good,

She was very, very good.

But when she was bad, she was horrid.

Recently, the conservation center turned up another surprise.

In 2010, the Woody Guthrie Foundation received 18 oversize phonograph disks from an anonymous donor. No one knew if any of the dirt-stained recordings featured Guthrie, but Tiffany Colannino, then the foundation’s archivist, had stored them unplayed until she heard about Irene.

Last fall, the center extracted audio from one of the records, labeled “Jam Session 9” and emailed the digital file to Ms. Colannino.

“I was just sitting in my dining room, and the next thing I know, I’m hearing Woody,” she said. In between solo performances of “Ladies Auxiliary,” “Jesus Christ,” and “Dead or Alive,” Guthrie tells jokes, offers some back story, and makes the audience laugh. “It is quintessential Guthrie,” Ms. Colannino said.

The Rolfses’ dolls are back in the display cabinet in Wisconsin. But with audio stored on several computers, they now have a permanent voice.

Ghostly Voices From Thomas Edison’s Dolls Can Now Be Heard

Mr. Fox, known for his well-honed countrified voice, wrote about things dear to South Carolina and won over Yankee critics.

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Mr. King sang for the Drifters and found success as a solo performer with hits like “Spanish Harlem.”

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Ms. Rendell was a prolific writer of intricately plotted mystery novels that combined psychological insight, social conscience and teeth-chattering terror.

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Over the last five years or so, it seemed there was little that Dean G. Skelos, the majority leader of the New York Senate, would not do for his son.

He pressed a powerful real estate executive to provide commissions to his son, a 32-year-old title insurance salesman, according to a federal criminal complaint. He helped get him a job at an environmental company and employed his influence to help the company get government work. He used his office to push natural gas drilling regulations that would have increased his son’s commissions.

He even tried to direct part of a $5.4 billion state budget windfall to fund government contracts that the company was seeking. And when the company was close to securing a storm-water contract from Nassau County, the senator, through an intermediary, pressured the company to pay his son more — or risk having the senator subvert the bid.

The criminal complaint, unsealed on Monday, lays out corruption charges against Senator Skelos and his son, Adam B. Skelos, the latest scandal to seize Albany, and potentially alter its power structure.

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Preet Bharara, the United States attorney in Manhattan, discussed the case involving Dean G. Skelos and his son, Adam. Credit Eduardo Munoz/Reuters

The repeated and diverse efforts by Senator Skelos, a Long Island Republican, to use what prosecutors said was his political influence to find work, or at least income, for his son could send both men to federal prison. If they are convicted of all six charges against them, they face up to 20 years in prison for each of four of the six counts and up to 10 years for the remaining two.

Senator Kenneth P. LaValle, of Long Island, who serves as chairman of the Republican conference, emerged from a closed-door meeting Monday night to say that conference members agreed that Mr. Skelos should be benefited the “presumption of innocence,” and would stay in his leadership role.

“The leader has indicated he would like to remain as leader,” said Mr. LaValle, “and he has the support of the conference.” The case against Mr. Skelos and his son grew out of a broader inquiry into political corruption by the United States attorney for the Southern District of New York, Preet Bharara, that has already changed the face of the state capital. It is based in part, according to the six-count complaint, on conversations secretly recorded by one of two cooperating witnesses, and wiretaps on the cellphones of the senator and his son. Those recordings revealed that both men were concerned about electronic surveillance, and illustrated the son’s unsuccessful efforts to thwart it.

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Adam Skelos took to using a “burner” phone, the complaint says, and told his father he wanted them to speak through a FaceTime video call in an apparent effort to avoid detection. They also used coded language at times.

At one point, Adam Skelos was recorded telling a Senate staff member of his frustration in not being able to speak openly to his father on the phone, noting that he could not “just send smoke signals or a little pigeon” carrying a message.

The 43-page complaint, sworn out by Paul M. Takla, a special agent for the Federal Bureau of Investigation, outlines a five-year scheme to “monetize” the senator’s official position; it also lays bare the extent to which a father sought to use his position to help his son.

The charges accuse the two men of extorting payments through a real estate developer, Glenwood Management, based on Long Island, and the environmental company, AbTech Industries, in Scottsdale, Ariz., with the expectation that the money paid to Adam Skelos — nearly $220,000 in total — would influence his father’s actions.

Glenwood, one of the state’s most prolific campaign donors, had ties to AbTech through investments in the environmental firm’s parent company by Glenwood’s founding family and a senior executive.

The accusations in the complaint portray Senator Skelos as a man who, when it came to his son, was not shy about twisting arms, even in situations that might give other arm-twisters pause.

Seeking to help his son, Senator Skelos turned to the executive at Glenwood, which develops rental apartments in New York City and has much at stake when it comes to real estate legislation in Albany. The senator urged him to direct business to his son, who sold title insurance.

After much prodding, the executive, Charles C. Dorego, engineered a $20,000 payment to Adam Skelos from a title insurance company even though he did no work for the money. But far more lucrative was a consultant position that Mr. Dorego arranged for Adam Skelos at AbTech, which seeks government contracts to treat storm water. (Mr. Dorego is not identified by name in the complaint, but referred to only as CW-1, for Cooperating Witness 1.)

Senator Skelos appeared to take an active interest in his son’s new line of work. Adam Skelos sent him several drafts of his consulting agreement with AbTech, the complaint says, as well as the final deal that was struck.

“Mazel tov,” his father replied.

Senator Skelos sent relevant news articles to his son, including one about a sewage leak near Albany. When AbTech wanted to seek government contracts after Hurricane Sandy, the senator got on a conference call with his son and an AbTech executive, Bjornulf White, and offered advice. (Like Mr. Dorego, Mr. White is not named in the complaint, but referred to as CW-2.)

The assistance paid off: With the senator’s help, AbTech secured a contract worth up to $12 million from Nassau County, a big break for a struggling small business.

But the money was slow to materialize. The senator expressed impatience with county officials.

Adam Skelos, in a phone call with Mr. White in late December, suggested that his father would seek to punish the county. “I tell you this, the state is not going to do a [expletive] thing for the county,” he said.

Three days later, Senator Skelos pressed his case with the Nassau County executive, Edward P. Mangano, a fellow Republican. “Somebody feels like they’re just getting jerked around the last two years,” the senator said, referring to his son in what the complaint described as “coded language.”

The next day, the senator pursued the matter, as he and Mr. Mangano attended a wake for a slain New York City police officer. Senator Skelos then reassured his son, who called him while he was still at the wake. “All claims that are in will be taken care of,” the senator said.

AbTech’s fortunes appeared to weigh on his son. At one point in January, Adam Skelos told his father that if the company did not succeed, he would “lose the ability to pay for things.”

Making matters worse, in recent months, Senator Skelos and his son appeared to grow wary about who was watching them. In addition to making calls on the burner phone, Adam Skelos said he used the FaceTime video calling “because that doesn’t show up on the phone bill,” as he told Mr. White.

In late February, Adam Skelos arranged a pair of meetings between Mr. White and state senators; AbTech needed to win state legislation that would allow its contract to move beyond its initial stages. But Senator Skelos deemed the plan too risky and caused one of the meetings to be canceled.

In another recorded call, Adam Skelos, promising to be “very, very vague” on the phone, urged his father to allow the meeting. The senator offered a warning. “Right now we are in dangerous times, Adam,” he told him.

A month later, in another phone call that was recorded by the authorities, Adam Skelos complained that his father could not give him “real advice” about AbTech while the two men were speaking over the telephone.

“You can’t talk normally,” he told his father, “because it’s like [expletive] Preet Bharara is listening to every [expletive] phone call. It’s just [expletive] frustrating.”

“It is,” his father agreed.

Dean Skelos, Albany Senate Leader, Aided Son at All Costs, U.S. Says

BALTIMORE — In the afternoons, the streets of Locust Point are clean and nearly silent. In front of the rowhouses, potted plants rest next to steps of brick or concrete. There is a shopping center nearby with restaurants, and a grocery store filled with fresh foods.

And the National Guard and the police are largely absent. So, too, residents say, are worries about what happened a few miles away on April 27 when, in a space of hours, parts of this city became riot zones.

“They’re not our reality,” Ashley Fowler, 30, said on Monday at the restaurant where she works. “They’re not what we’re living right now. We live in, not to be racist, white America.”

As Baltimore considers its way forward after the violent unrest brought by the death of Freddie Gray, a 25-year-old black man who died of injuries he suffered while in police custody, residents in its predominantly white neighborhoods acknowledge that they are sometimes struggling to understand what beyond Mr. Gray’s death spurred the turmoil here. For many, the poverty and troubled schools of gritty West Baltimore are distant troubles, glimpsed only when they pass through the area on their way somewhere else.

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Officers blocked traffic at Pennsylvania and West North Avenues after reports that a gun was discharged in the area. Credit Drew Angerer for The New York Times

And so neighborhoods of Baltimore are facing altogether different reckonings after Mr. Gray’s death. In mostly black communities like Sandtown-Winchester, where some of the most destructive rioting played out last week, residents are hoping businesses will reopen and that the police will change their strategies. But in mostly white areas like Canton and Locust Point, some residents wonder what role, if any, they should play in reimagining stretches of Baltimore where they do not live.

“Most of the people are kind of at a loss as to what they’re supposed to do,” said Dr. Richard Lamb, a dentist who has practiced in the same Locust Point office for nearly 39 years. “I listen to the news reports. I listen to the clergymen. I listen to the facts of the rampant unemployment and the lack of opportunities in the area. Listen, I pay my taxes. Exactly what can I do?”

And in Canton, where the restaurants have clever names like Nacho Mama’s and Holy Crepe Bakery and Café, Sara Bahr said solutions seemed out of reach for a proudly liberal city.

“I can only imagine how frustrated they must be,” said Ms. Bahr, 36, a nurse who was out with her 3-year-old daughter, Sally. “I just wish I knew how to solve poverty. I don’t know what to do to make it better.”

The day of unrest and the overwhelmingly peaceful demonstrations that followed led to hundreds of arrests, often for violations of the curfew imposed on the city for five consecutive nights while National Guard soldiers patrolled the streets. Although there were isolated instances of trouble in Canton, the neighborhood association said on its website, many parts of southeast Baltimore were physically untouched by the tumult.

Tensions in the city bubbled anew on Monday after reports that the police had wounded a black man in Northwest Baltimore. The authorities denied those reports and sent officers to talk with the crowds that gathered while other officers clutching shields blocked traffic at Pennsylvania and West North Avenues.

Lt. Col. Melvin Russell, a community police officer, said officers had stopped a man suspected of carrying a handgun and that “one of those rounds was spent.”

Colonel Russell said officers had not opened fire, “so we couldn’t have shot him.”

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Lambi Vasilakopoulos, right, who runs a casual restaurant in Canton, said he was incensed by last week's looting and predicted tensions would worsen. Credit Drew Angerer for The New York Times

The colonel said the man had not been injured but was taken to a hospital as a precaution. Nearby, many people stood in disbelief, despite the efforts by the authorities to quash reports they described as “unfounded.”

Monday’s episode was a brief moment in a larger drama that has yielded anger and confusion. Although many people said they were familiar with accounts of the police harassing or intimidating residents, many in Canton and Locust Point said they had never experienced it themselves. When they watched the unrest, which many protesters said was fueled by feelings that they lived only on Baltimore’s margins, even those like Ms. Bahr who were pained by what they saw said they could scarcely comprehend the emotions associated with it.

But others, like Lambi Vasilakopoulos, who runs a casual restaurant in Canton, said they were incensed by what unfolded last week.

“What happened wasn’t called for. Protests are one thing; looting is another thing,” he said, adding, “We’re very frustrated because we’re the ones who are going to pay for this.”

There were pockets of optimism, though, that Baltimore would enter a period of reconciliation.

“I’m just hoping for peace,” Natalie Boies, 53, said in front of the Locust Point home where she has lived for 50 years. “Learn to love each other; be patient with each other; find justice; and care.”

A skeptical Mr. Vasilakopoulos predicted tensions would worsen.

“It cannot be fixed,” he said. “It’s going to get worse. Why? Because people don’t obey the laws. They don’t want to obey them.”

But there were few fears that the violence that plagued West Baltimore last week would play out on these relaxed streets. The authorities, Ms. Fowler said, would make sure of that.

“They kept us safe here,” she said. “I didn’t feel uncomfortable when I was in my house three blocks away from here. I knew I was going to be O.K. because I knew they weren’t going to let anyone come and loot our properties or our businesses or burn our cars.”

Baltimore Residents Away From Turmoil Consider Their Role

Hired in 1968, a year before their first season, Mr. Fanning spent 25 years with the team, managing them to their only playoff appearance in Canada.

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Joseph Lechleider

Mr. Lechleider helped invent DSL technology, which enabled phone companies to offer high-speed web access over their infrastructure of copper wires.

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Mr. Alger, who served five terms from Texas, led Republican women in a confrontation with Lyndon B. Johnson that may have cost Richard M. Nixon the 1960 presidential election.

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The 2015 Met Gala has only officially begun, but there's a clear leader in the race for best couple, no small feat at an event that threatens to sap Hollywood of every celebrity it has for the duration of an East Coast evening.

That would be Marc Jacobs and his surprise guest (who, by some miracle, remained under wraps until their red carpet debut), Cher.

“This has been a dream of mine for a very, very long time,” Mr. Jacobs said.

It is Cher's first appearance at the Met Gala since 1997, when she arrived on the arm of Donatella Versace.

– MATTHEW SCHNEIER

Cher and Marc Jacobs
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