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saco-indonesia.com, Sembilan orang dilaporkan telah mengalami keracunan akibat genset di Klinik Sapta Mitra di Jalan Raya Pondok Timur, Kelurahan Pengasinan, Kecamatan Bekasi Timur. Lima orang tewas, sedangkan empat lainnya masih kritis.

Hasil identifikasi kepolisian telah menyebutkan, empat orang dirawat di rumah sakit Mitra Keluarga Bekasi Timur di antaranya, Santi siwi (20), Siti Nurjanah, (21), Hendra Rukwanto (13), Ifa Riana Dewi (20).

Sedangkan korban tewas adalah, Ani Dwi Pastiwi (23), M Zamroni, (19), Dr Friska (26), Desi Purwono, (21), dan Slamet Afriana, (21).

"Seluruh korban telah berada di RS Mitra Keluarga Bekasi Timur," kata Kasie Humas Polsek Bekasi Timur, Ipda Puji Astuti.


Editor : Dian Sukmawati

KORBAN TEWAS KERACUNAN GENSET DI BEKASI JADI 5 ORANG & 4 KRITIS

Seoul, Saco-Indonesia.com - Rencana Kia menghadirkan model yang akan dijadikan salah satu daya tarik (halo cars) berembus kencang. Bahkan kia-world.net menampilkan sketsa model atap terbuka (cabrio) berbasis Pro_cee'd GT kupe 2-penumpang. Penampilannya sangat menarik karena dihasilkan oleh tim desain yang langsung dipimpin oleh Peter Schreyer yang telah terbukti menghasilkan model-model Kia yang semakin menarik akhir-akhir ini.   

Untuk sumber penggerak, kemungkinan menggunakan mesin 4 silinder 1,6 liter dengan turbo ganda yang menghasilkan tenaga 204 PS. Begitu pula dengan suspens, sama dengan Pro_cee'd GT namun disetel lagi sesuai dengan karakteristik mobil sport. Dikabarkan model ini akan diluncurkan pada akhir 2015.

Sumber: kia-world.net/Kompas.com
Editor :Liwon Maulana
Saatnya Kia Siapkan Model "Topless"

Saco-Indonesia.com - Memiliki tubuh ideal penting untuk meningkatkan kepercayaan diri seseorang dalam pergaulan. Namun apa jadinya jika impian untuk mendapatkan tubuh ideal terhalang oleh timbunan lemak membandel di tubuh?

Maka tidak ada jalan lain selain menurunkan kadar lemak tersebut. Nah, jika Anda belum menemukan cara efektif untuk mengatasi lemak membandel di tubuh Anda, sebaiknya simak tip berikut ini.

Bulatkan Tekad
Ini adalah modal awal yang tidak boleh dilewatkan. Keberhasilan Anda berawal dari seberapa besar tekad Anda untuk meraih tubuh ideal. Jika Anda hanya coba-coba tetapi mengharapkan hasil cepat dan maksimal, sebaiknya Anda berpikir ulang.

Membakar lemak dengan cara sehat adalah sebuah proses yang menuntun Anda pada gaya hidup sehat. So, sama sekali tidak ada ruginya jika Anda fokuskan pikiran Anda untuk melakukan sesuatu yang bisa memperbaiki kualitas hidup Anda.

Bersenang-senang dengan latihan
Latihan itu akan menyengsarakan jika Anda menganggapnya seperti itu. Padahal latihan itu diciptakan untuk menyenangkan tubuh Anda. Tubuh kita didesain untuk melakukan lebih banyak aktivitas fisik, bukan bermalas-malasan di sofa sambil menonton TV.

Lihatlah kesudahan orang-orang yang jarang melakukan aktivitas fisik. Berbagai penyakit seperti diabetes, serangan jantung, stroke, hingga kematian mendadak, kerap dialami orang-orang yang tidak aktif secara fisik. Nah, kalau sudah begitu, Anda tidak akan berharap untuk menjadi salah satu dari mereka. So, have fun with exercises!

Coba latihan Ini
Ada berbagai latihan yang efektif untuk meningkatkan pembakaran lemak, di antaranya:

-   Aerobik
    Latihan aerobik biasanya dilakukan dengan musik dalam sebuah kelompok. Biasanya, ada instruktur yang memimpin gerakan dan isyarat dari perubahan gerakan aerobik. Bahkan beberapa latihan aerobik mulai mengadopsi gerakan dance untuk memunculkan ‘fun factor’ saat latihan.

-   Latihan Interval
    Sebuah studi menemukan bahwa setelah 2 minggu latihan interval, lemak tubuh dapat terbakar 36% lebih banyak. Latihan interval bisa dilakukan dalam waktu yang singkat. Contohnya, lakukan sprint selama 10 detik kemudian lari kecil 15 detik, kemudian sprint lagi begitu seterusnya selama 10-15 menit.

-   Cross Training
    Prinsip cross training adalah menggabungkan beberapa latihan untuk melatih berbagai bagian tubuh. Misalnya melakukan latihan dengan stationary bike sebelum melakukan jogging di pagi hari. Atau lari di treadmill sebelum berenang.

-   Latihan Beban
    Lakukan latihan beban terutama untuk melatih otot-otot seperti bahu, punggung, serta kaki agar tubuh membakar lebih banyak kalori setiap saat. Semakin banyak massa otot yang Anda miliki, semakin banyak lemak yang akan tersingkir dari tubuh Anda.

Perbanyak lauknya, bukan nasinya
Masyarakat Indonesia masih terbiasa mengonsumsi banyak nasi putih dengan sedikit lauk. Nah, agar hasil latihan Anda maksimal dan lemak bisa berkurang lebih cepat, maka pola makan di atas harus terbalik, yaitu sedikit nasi putih dan perbanyak lauknya.

Anda harus memilih lauk yang tinggi protein seperti, putih telur, dada ayam, kedelai dan olahannya (tahu, tempe, susu kedelai, dan lainnya), ikan, dan masih banyak lagi pilihan makanan berprotein tinggi dengan harga terjangkau.

Bakar lemak dengan tidur
Latihan sudah. Menjaga pola makan juga sudah. Nah, sekarang ada satu aktivitas menyenangkan lain yang dapat membantu Anda membakar lemak lebih cepat, yaitu tidur. Semua orang pasti suka tidur, termasuk Anda.

Tidur 7-8 jam sehari dapat meningkatkan kemampuan tubuh dalam meningkatkan massa otot dan membakar lemak. Jadi, tidur cukup bisa menjadi opsi terbaik untuk membakar lebih banyak lemak demi mendapatkan tubuh ideal seperti yang Anda impikan.

It’s easy to burn fat.

 

Sumber :Dunia Fitnes/http://health.kompas.com/read/2013/06/02/11122826/Ternyata.Membakar.Lemak.itu.Mudah.
Editor :Liwon Maulana
Ternyata Membakar Lemak itu Sangat Mudah!

Honda Motor Company Limited telah memperkenalkan teknologi pengecatan baru yang disebut "Honda Smart Ecological Paint (Honda SE Paint)". Teknologi ini telah membuat proses pengecatan menjadi lebih hemat dan berlangsung makin cepat dan tentu saja meningkatkan produktivitas. Proses pengecatan ini akan dimanfaatkan untuk pertama kalinya pada pabrik Honda di Yorii, Saitama mulai Juli 2013.

Pada proses normal, setiap unit mobil harus melalui empat tahap pengecatan sebelum dirakit menjadi satu unit. Namun dengan teknologi baru, menjadi tiga. Pasalnya, material baru selain bisa digunakan sebagai car dasar, juga untuk lapisan terakhir eksterior.

Honda juga memperkenalkan robot pengecatan dengan sistem baru. Kelebihannya bisa memangkas efisiensi pengecatan pada proses perakitan mobil. Tidak tanggung-tanggung, jumlah cat yang digunakan bisa dihemat 40 persen. Berarti juga ikut menghemat energi dan menekan emisi karbondioksida. 

HONDA PERKENALKAN TEKNOLOGI PROSES PENGECATAN TERBARU

Athiyya Laila , istri Anas Urbaningrum, tersangka dalam kasus dugaan penerimaan gratifikasi terkait dalam proyek pembangunan sport center di Bukit Hambalang, Bogor, Jawa Barat, dan pencucian uang, kembali menjenguk suaminya yang kini telah mendekam di Rutan KPK.

Saat tiba di Gedung KPK, Kamis (13/3/2014) pagi, Athiyya tampak membawa sebuah map warna merah. Seperti biasanya, perempuan berhijab ini tidak mengeluarkan pernyataan dari mulutnya.

Bahkan, ketika disinggung ihwal kasus pencucian uang dan aset suaminya yang telah disita KPK, tetap menutup rapat mulutnya dan hanya melontarkan senyum.

Sekedar diketahui, sejumlah aset yang telah disita KPK, diantaranya merupakan aset yang diatasnamakan ayah Athiyya, Attabik Ali. Dalam perkara yang ditangani KPK telah menetapkan Anas bukan hanya dalam kasus penerimaan gratifikasi, tetapi ia juga ditetapkan sebagai tersangka pencucian uang.

Aset milik mantan Ketua Umum Partai Demokrat itu, beberapa diantaranya telah disita oleh KPK, yakni dua bidang tanah di Kelurahan Mantrirejo, Yogyakarta dengan luas 7.670 M2 dan 200 M2 atas nama Attabik Ali.

Kemudian, tanah dan bangunan di Jalan Selat Makasar C9/22 di Duren Sawit, Jakarta Timur,  serta tiga bidang tanah di Desa Panggungharjo, Bantul atas nama Dina Az, anak Attabik Ali.

Ini Reaksi Istri Anas saat KPK Sita Harta Suaminya

Mr. Haroche was a founder of Liberty Travel, which grew from a two-man operation to the largest leisure travel operation in the United States.

Gilbert Haroche, Builder of an Economy Travel Empire, Dies at 87

The live music at the Vice Media party on Friday shook the room. Shane Smith, Vice’s chief executive, was standing near the stage — with a drink in his hand, pants sagging, tattoos showing — watching the rapper-cum-chef Action Bronson make pizzas.

The event was an after-party, a happy-hour bacchanal for the hundreds of guests who had come for Vice’s annual presentation to advertisers and agencies that afternoon, part of the annual frenzy for ad dollars called the Digital Content NewFronts. Mr. Smith had spoken there for all of five minutes before running a slam-bang highlight reel of the company’s shows that had titles like “Weediquette” and “Gaycation.”

In the last year, Vice has secured $500 million in financing and signed deals worth hundreds of millions of dollars with established media companies like HBO that are eager to engage the young viewers Vice attracts. Vice said it was now worth at least $4 billion, with nearly $1 billion in projected revenue for 2015. It is a long way from Vice’s humble start as a free magazine in 1994.

Photo
 
At the Vice after-party, the rapper Action Bronson, a host of a Vice show, made a pizza. Credit Jesse Dittmar for The New York Times

But even as cash flows freely in Vice’s direction, the company is trying to keep its brash, insurgent image. At the party on Friday, it plied guests with beers and cocktails. Its apparently unrehearsed presentation to advertisers was peppered with expletives. At one point, the director Spike Jonze, a longtime Vice collaborator, asked on stage if Mr. Smith had been drinking.

“My assistant tried to cut me off,” Mr. Smith replied. “I’m on buzz control.”

Now, Vice is on the verge of getting its own cable channel, which would give the company a traditional outlet for its slate of non-news programming. If all goes as planned, A&E Networks, the television group owned by Hearst and Disney, will turn over its History Channel spinoff, H2, to Vice.

The deal’s announcement was expected last week, but not all of A&E’s distribution partners — the cable and satellite TV companies that carry the network’s channels — have signed off on the change, according to a person familiar with the negotiations who spoke on the condition of anonymity because the talks were private.

A cable channel would be a further step in a transformation for Vice, from bad-boy digital upstart to mainstream media company.

Keen for the core audience of young men who come to Vice, media giants like 21st Century Fox, Time Warner and Disney all showed interest in the company last year. Vice ultimately secured $500 million in financing from A&E Networks and Technology Crossover Ventures, a Silicon Valley venture capital firm that has invested in Facebook and Netflix.

Those investments valued Vice at more than $2.5 billion. (In 2013, Fox bought a 5 percent stake for $70 million.)

Then in March, HBO announced that it had signed a multiyear deal to broadcast a daily half-hour Vice newscast. Vice already produces a weekly newsmagazine show, called “Vice,” for the network. That show will extend its run through 2018, with an increase to 35 episodes a year, from 14.

Michael Lombardo, HBO’s president for programming, said when the deal was announced that it was “certainly one of our biggest investments with hours on the air.”

Vice, based in Brooklyn, also recently signed a multiyear $100 million deal with Rogers Communications, a Canadian media conglomerate, to produce original content for TV, smartphone and desktop viewers.

Vice’s finances are private, but according to an internal document reviewed by The New York Times and verified by a person familiar with the company’s financials, the company is on track to make about $915 million in revenue this year.

Photo
 
Vice showed a highlight reel of its TV series at the NewFronts last week in New York. Credit Jesse Dittmar for The New York Times

It brought in $545 million in a strong first quarter, which included portions of the new HBO deal and the Rogers deal, according to the document. More of its revenue now comes from these types of content partnerships, compared with the branded content deals that made up much of its revenue a year ago, the company said.

Mr. Smith said the company was worth at least $4 billion. If the valuation gets much higher, he said he would consider taking the company public.

“I don’t care about money; we have plenty of money,” Mr. Smith, who is Vice’s biggest shareholder, said in an interview after the presentation on Friday. “I care about strategic deals.”

In the United States, Vice Media had 35.2 million unique visitors across its sites in March, according to comScore.

The third season of Vice’s weekly HBO show has averaged 1.8 million viewers per episode, including reruns, through April 12, according to Brad Adgate, the director of research at Horizon Media. (Vice said the show attracted three million weekly viewers when repeat broadcasts, online and on-demand viewings were included.)

For years, Mr. Smith has criticized traditional TV, calling it slow and unable to draw younger viewers. But if all the deals Vice has struck are to work out, Mr. Smith may have to play more by the rules of traditional media. James Murdoch, Rupert Murdoch’s son and a member of Vice’s board, was at the company’s presentation on Friday, as were other top media executives.

“They know they need people like me to help them, but they can’t get out of their own way,” Mr. Smith said in the interview Friday. “My only real frustration is we’re used to being incredibly dynamic, and they’re not incredibly dynamic.”

With its own television channel in the United States, Vice would have something it has long coveted even as traditional media companies are looking beyond TV. Last year, Vice’s deal with Time Warner failed in part because the two companies could not agree on how much control Vice would have over a 24-hour television network.

Vice said it intended to fill its new channel with non-news programming. The company plans to have sports shows, fashion shows, food shows and the “Gaycation” travel show with the actress Ellen Page. It is also in talks with Kanye West about a show.

It remains to be seen whether Vice’s audience will watch a traditional cable channel. Still, Vice has effectively presold all of the ad spots to two of the biggest advertising agencies for the first three years, Mr. Smith said.

In the meantime, Mr. Smith is enjoying Vice’s newfound role as a potential savior of traditional media companies.

“I’m a C.E.O. of a content company,” Mr. Smith said before he caught a flight to Las Vegas for the boxing match on Saturday between Floyd Mayweather Jr. and Manny Pacquiao. “If it stops being fun, then why are you doing it?”

As Vice Moves More to TV, It Tries to Keep Brash Voice

Late in April, after Native American actors walked off in disgust from the set of Adam Sandler’s latest film, a western sendup that its distributor, Netflix, has defended as being equally offensive to all, a glow of pride spread through several Native American communities.

Tantoo Cardinal, a Canadian indigenous actress who played Black Shawl in “Dances With Wolves,” recalled thinking to herself, “It’s come.” Larry Sellers, who starred as Cloud Dancing in the 1990s television show “Dr. Quinn, Medicine Woman,” thought, “It’s about time.” Jesse Wente, who is Ojibwe and directs film programming at the TIFF Bell Lightbox in Toronto, found himself encouraged and surprised. There are so few film roles for indigenous actors, he said, that walking off the set of a major production showed real mettle.

But what didn’t surprise Mr. Wente was the content of the script. According to the actors who walked off the set, the film, titled “The Ridiculous Six,” included a Native American woman who passes out and is revived after white men douse her with alcohol, and another woman squatting to urinate while lighting a peace pipe. “There’s enough history at this point to have set some expectations around these sort of Hollywood depictions,” Mr. Wente said.

The walkout prompted a rhetorical “What do you expect from an Adam Sandler film?,” and a Netflix spokesman said that in the movie, blacks, Mexicans and whites were lampooned as well. But Native American actors and critics said a broader issue was at stake. While mainstream portrayals of native peoples have, Mr. Wente said, become “incrementally better” over the decades, he and others say, they remain far from accurate and reflect a lack of opportunities for Native American performers. What’s more, as Native Americans hunger for representation on screen, critics say the absence of three-dimensional portrayals has very real off-screen consequences.

“Our people are still healing from historical trauma,” said Loren Anthony, one of the actors who walked out. “Our youth are still trying to figure out who they are, where they fit in this society. Kids are killing themselves. They’re not proud of who they are.” They also don’t, he added, see themselves on prime time television or the big screen. Netflix noted while about five people walked off the “The Ridiculous Six” set, 100 or so Native American actors and extras stayed.

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But in interviews, nearly a dozen Native American actors and film industry experts said that Mr. Sandler’s humor perpetuated decades-old negative stereotypes. Mr. Anthony said such depictions helped feed the despondency many Native Americans feel, with deadly results: Native Americans have the highest suicide rate out of all the country’s ethnicities.

The on-screen problem is twofold, Mr. Anthony and others said: There’s a paucity of roles for Native Americans — according to the Screen Actors Guild in 2008 they accounted for 0.3 percent of all on-screen parts (those figures have yet to be updated), compared to about 2 percent of the general population — and Native American actors are often perceived in a narrow way.

In his Peabody Award-winning documentary “Reel Injun,” the Cree filmmaker Neil Diamond explored Hollywood depictions of Native Americans over the years, and found they fell into a few stereotypical categories: the Noble Savage, the Drunk Indian, the Mystic, the Indian Princess, the backward tribal people futilely fighting John Wayne and manifest destiny. While the 1990 film “Dances With Wolves” won praise for depicting Native Americans as fully fleshed out human beings, not all indigenous people embraced it. It was still told, critics said, from the colonialists’ point of view. In an interview, John Trudell, a Santee Sioux writer, actor (“Thunderheart”) and the former chairman of the American Indian Movement, described the film as “a story of two white people.”

“God bless ‘Dances with Wolves,’ ” Michael Horse, who played Deputy Hawk in “Twin Peaks,” said sarcastically. “Even ‘Avatar.’ Someone’s got to come save the tribal people.”

Dan Spilo, a partner at Industry Entertainment who represents Adam Beach, one of today’s most prominent Native American actors, said while typecasting dogs many minorities, it is especially intractable when it comes to Native Americans. Casting directors, he said, rarely cast them as police officers, doctors or lawyers. “There’s the belief that the Native American character should be on reservations or riding a horse,” he said.

“We don’t see ourselves,” Mr. Horse said. “We’re still an antiquated culture to them, and to the rest of the world.”

Ms. Cardinal said she was once turned down for the role of the wife of a child-abusing cop because the filmmakers felt that casting her would somehow be “too political.”

Another sore point is the long run of white actors playing American Indians, among them Burt Lancaster, Rock Hudson, Audrey Hepburn and, more recently, Johnny Depp, whose depiction of Tonto in the 2013 film “Lone Ranger,” was viewed as racist by detractors. There are, of course, exceptions. The former A&E series “Longmire,” which, as it happens, will now be on Netflix, was roundly praised for its depiction of life on a Northern Cheyenne reservation, with Lou Diamond Phillips, who is of Cherokee descent, playing a Northern Cheyenne man.

Others also point to the success of Mr. Beach, who played a Mohawk detective in “Law & Order: Special Victims Unit” and landed a starring role in the forthcoming D C Comics picture “Suicide Squad.” Mr. Beach said he had come across insulting scripts backed by people who don’t see anything wrong with them.

“I’d rather starve than do something that is offensive to my ancestral roots,” Mr. Beach said. “But I think there will always be attempts to drawn on the weakness of native people’s struggles. The savage Indian will always be the savage Indian. The white man will always be smarter and more cunning. The cavalry will always win.”

The solution, Mr. Wente, Mr. Trudell and others said, lies in getting more stories written by and starring Native Americans. But Mr. Wente noted that while independent indigenous film has blossomed in the last two decades, mainstream depictions have yet to catch up. “You have to stop expecting for Hollywood to correct it, because there seems to be no ability or desire to correct it,” Mr. Wente said.

There have been calls to boycott Netflix but, writing for Indian Country Today Media Network, which first broke news of the walk off, the filmmaker Brian Young noted that the distributor also offered a number of films by or about Native Americans.

The furor around “The Ridiculous Six” may drive more people to see it. Then one of the questions that Mr. Trudell, echoing others, had about the film will be answered: “Who the hell laughs at this stuff?”

Native American Actors Work to Overcome a Long-Documented Bias

Hockey is not exactly known as a city game, but played on roller skates, it once held sway as the sport of choice in many New York neighborhoods.

“City kids had no rinks, no ice, but they would do anything to play hockey,” said Edward Moffett, former director of the Long Island City Y.M.C.A. Roller Hockey League, in Queens, whose games were played in city playgrounds going back to the 1940s.

From the 1960s through the 1980s, the league had more than 60 teams, he said. Players included the Mullen brothers of Hell’s Kitchen and Dan Dorion of Astoria, Queens, who would later play on ice for the National Hockey League.

One street legend from the heyday of New York roller hockey was Craig Allen, who lived in the Woodside Houses projects and became one of the city’s hardest hitters and top scorers.

“Craig was a warrior, one of the best roller hockey players in the city in the ’70s,” said Dave Garmendia, 60, a retired New York police officer who grew up playing with Mr. Allen. “His teammates loved him and his opponents feared him.”

Young Craig took up hockey on the streets of Queens in the 1960s, playing pickup games between sewer covers, wearing steel-wheeled skates clamped onto school shoes and using a roll of electrical tape as the puck.

His skill and ferocity drew attention, Mr. Garmendia said, but so did his skin color. He was black, in a sport made up almost entirely by white players.

“Roller hockey was a white kid’s game, plain and simple, but Craig broke the color barrier,” Mr. Garmendia said. “We used to say Craig did more for race relations than the N.A.A.C.P.”

Mr. Allen went on to coach and referee roller hockey in New York before moving several years ago to South Carolina. But he continued to organize an annual alumni game at Dutch Kills Playground in Long Island City, the same site that held the local championship games.

The reunion this year was on Saturday, but Mr. Allen never made it. On April 26, just before boarding the bus to New York, he died of an asthma attack at age 61.

Word of his death spread rapidly among hundreds of his old hockey colleagues who resolved to continue with the event, now renamed the Craig Allen Memorial Roller Hockey Reunion.

The turnout on Saturday was the largest ever, with players pulling on their old equipment, choosing sides and taking once again to the rink of cracked blacktop with faded lines and circles. They wore no helmets, although one player wore a fedora.

Another, Vinnie Juliano, 77, of Long Island City, wore his hearing aids, along with his 50-year-old taped-up quads, or four-wheeled skates with a leather boot. Many players here never converted to in-line skates, and neither did Mr. Allen, whose photograph appeared on a poster hanging behind the players’ bench.

“I’m seeing people walking by wondering why all these rusty, grizzly old guys are here playing hockey,” one player, Tommy Dominguez, said. “We’re here for Craig, and let me tell you, these old guys still play hard.”

Everyone seemed to have a Craig Allen story, from his earliest teams at Public School 151 to the Bryant Rangers, the Woodside Wings, the Woodside Blues and more.

Mr. Allen, who became a yellow-cab driver, was always recruiting new talent. He gained the nickname Cabby for his habit of stopping at playgrounds all over the city to scout players.

Teams were organized around neighborhoods and churches, and often sponsored by local bars. Mr. Allen, for one, played for bars, including Garry Owen’s and on the Fiddler’s Green Jokers team in Inwood, Manhattan.

Play was tough and fights were frequent.

“We were basically street gangs on skates,” said Steve Rogg, 56, a mail clerk who grew up in Jackson Heights, Queens, and who on Saturday wore his Riedell Classic quads from 1972. “If another team caught up with you the night before a game, they tossed you a beating so you couldn’t play the next day.”

Mr. Garmendia said Mr. Allen’s skin color provoked many fights.

“When we’d go to some ignorant neighborhoods, a lot of players would use slurs,” Mr. Garmendia said, recalling a game in Ozone Park, Queens, where local fans parked motorcycles in a lineup next to the blacktop and taunted Mr. Allen. Mr. Garmendia said he checked a player into the motorcycles, “and the bikes went down like dominoes, which started a serious brawl.”

A group of fans at a game in Brooklyn once stuck a pole through the rink fence as Mr. Allen skated by and broke his jaw, Mr. Garmendia said, adding that carloads of reinforcements soon arrived to defend Mr. Allen.

And at another racially incited brawl, the police responded with six patrol cars and a helicopter.

Before play began on Saturday, the players gathered at center rink to honor Mr. Allen. Billy Barnwell, 59, of Woodside, recalled once how an all-white, all-star squad snubbed Mr. Allen by playing him third string. He scored seven goals in the first game and made first string immediately.

“He’d always hear racial stuff before the game, and I’d ask him, ‘How do you put up with that?’” Mr. Barnwell recalled. “Craig would say, ‘We’ll take care of it,’ and by the end of the game, he’d win guys over. They’d say, ‘This guy’s good.’”

Tribute for a Roller Hockey Warrior

The 2015 Met Gala has only officially begun, but there's a clear leader in the race for best couple, no small feat at an event that threatens to sap Hollywood of every celebrity it has for the duration of an East Coast evening.

That would be Marc Jacobs and his surprise guest (who, by some miracle, remained under wraps until their red carpet debut), Cher.

“This has been a dream of mine for a very, very long time,” Mr. Jacobs said.

It is Cher's first appearance at the Met Gala since 1997, when she arrived on the arm of Donatella Versace.

– MATTHEW SCHNEIER

Cher and Marc Jacobs

From sea to shining sea, or at least from one side of the Hudson to the other, politicians you have barely heard of are being accused of wrongdoing. There were so many court proceedings involving public officials on Monday that it was hard to keep up.

In Newark, two underlings of Gov. Chris Christie were arraigned on charges that they were in on the truly deranged plot to block traffic leading onto the George Washington Bridge.

Ten miles away, in Lower Manhattan, Dean G. Skelos, the leader of the New York State Senate, and his son, Adam B. Skelos, were arrested by the Federal Bureau of Investigation on accusations of far more conventional political larceny, involving a job with a sewer company for the son and commissions on title insurance and bond work.

The younger man managed to receive a 150 percent pay increase from the sewer company even though, as he said on tape, he “literally knew nothing about water or, you know, any of that stuff,” according to a criminal complaint the United States attorney’s office filed.

The success of Adam Skelos, 32, was attributed by prosecutors to his father’s influence as the leader of the Senate and as a potentate among state Republicans. The indictment can also be read as one of those unfailingly sad tales of a father who cannot stop indulging a grown son. The senator himself is not alleged to have profited from the schemes, except by being relieved of the burden of underwriting Adam.

The bridge traffic caper is its own species of crazy; what distinguishes the charges against the two Skeloses is the apparent absence of a survival instinct. It is one thing not to know anything about water or that stuff. More remarkable, if true, is the fact that the sewer machinations continued even after the former New York Assembly speaker, Sheldon Silver, was charged in January with taking bribes disguised as fees.

It was by then common gossip in political and news media circles that Senator Skelos, a Republican, the counterpart in the Senate to Mr. Silver, a Democrat, in the Assembly, could be next in line for the criminal dock. “Stay tuned,” the United States attorney, Preet Bharara said, leaving not much to the imagination.

Even though the cat had been unmistakably belled, Skelos father and son continued to talk about how to advance the interests of the sewer company, though the son did begin to use a burner cellphone, the kind people pay for in cash, with no traceable contracts.

That was indeed prudent, as prosecutors had been wiretapping the cellphones of both men. But it would seem that the burner was of limited value, because by then the prosecutors had managed to secure the help of a business executive who agreed to record calls with the Skeloses. It would further seem that the business executive was more attentive to the perils of pending investigations than the politician.

Through the end of the New York State budget negotiations in March, the hopes of the younger Skelos rested on his father’s ability to devise legislation that would benefit the sewer company. That did not pan out. But Senator Skelos did boast that he had haggled with Gov. Andrew M. Cuomo, a Democrat, in a successful effort to raise a $150 million allocation for Long Island to $550 million, for what the budget called “transformative economic development projects.” It included money for the kind of work done by the sewer company.

The lawyer for Adam Skelos said he was not guilty and would win in court. Senator Skelos issued a ringing declaration that he was unequivocally innocent.

THIS was also the approach taken in New Jersey by Bill Baroni, a man of great presence and eloquence who stopped outside the federal courthouse to note that he had taken risks as a Republican by bucking his party to support paid family leave, medical marijuana and marriage equality. “I would never risk my career, my job, my reputation for something like this,” Mr. Baroni said. “I am an innocent man.”

The lawyer for his co-defendant, Bridget Anne Kelly, the former deputy chief of staff to Mr. Christie, a Republican, said that she would strongly rebut the charges.

Perhaps they had nothing to do with the lane closings. But neither Mr. Baroni nor Ms. Kelly addressed the question of why they did not return repeated calls from the mayor of Fort Lee, N.J., begging them to stop the traffic tie-ups, over three days.

That silence was a low moment. But perhaps New York hit bottom faster. Senator Skelos, the prosecutors charged, arranged to meet Long Island politicians at the wake of Wenjian Liu, a New York City police officer shot dead in December, to press for payments to the company employing his son.

Sometimes it seems as though for some people, the only thing to be ashamed of is shame itself.

Finding Scandal in New York and New Jersey, but No Shame

As he reflected on the festering wounds deepened by race and grievance that have been on painful display in America’s cities lately, President Obama on Monday found himself thinking about a young man he had just met named Malachi.

A few minutes before, in a closed-door round-table discussion at Lehman College in the Bronx, Mr. Obama had asked a group of black and Hispanic students from disadvantaged backgrounds what could be done to help them reach their goals. Several talked about counseling and guidance programs.

“Malachi, he just talked about — we should talk about love,” Mr. Obama told a crowd afterward, drifting away from his prepared remarks. “Because Malachi and I shared the fact that our dad wasn’t around and that sometimes we wondered why he wasn’t around and what had happened. But really, that’s what this comes down to is: Do we love these kids?”

Many presidents have governed during times of racial tension, but Mr. Obama is the first to see in the mirror a face that looks like those on the other side of history’s ledger. While his first term was consumed with the economy, war and health care, his second keeps coming back to the societal divide that was not bridged by his election. A president who eschewed focusing on race now seems to have found his voice again as he thinks about how to use his remaining time in office and beyond.

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Play Video|1:17

Obama Speaks of a ‘Sense of Unfairness’

Obama Speaks of a ‘Sense of Unfairness’

At an event announcing the creation of a nonprofit focusing on young minority men, President Obama talked about the underlying reasons for recent protests in Baltimore and other cities.

By Associated Press on Publish Date May 4, 2015. Photo by Stephen Crowley/The New York Times.

In the aftermath of racially charged unrest in places like Baltimore, Ferguson, Mo., and New York, Mr. Obama came to the Bronx on Monday for the announcement of a new nonprofit organization that is being spun off from his White House initiative called My Brother’s Keeper. Staked by more than $80 million in commitments from corporations and other donors, the new group, My Brother’s Keeper Alliance, will in effect provide the nucleus for Mr. Obama’s post-presidency, which will begin in January 2017.

“This will remain a mission for me and for Michelle not just for the rest of my presidency but for the rest of my life,” Mr. Obama said. “And the reason is simple,” he added. Referring to some of the youths he had just met, he said: “We see ourselves in these young men. I grew up without a dad. I grew up lost sometimes and adrift, not having a sense of a clear path. The only difference between me and a lot of other young men in this neighborhood and all across the country is that I grew up in an environment that was a little more forgiving.”

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Organizers said the new alliance already had financial pledges from companies like American Express, Deloitte, Discovery Communications and News Corporation. The money will be used to help companies address obstacles facing young black and Hispanic men, provide grants to programs for disadvantaged youths, and help communities aid their populations.

Joe Echevarria, a former chief executive of Deloitte, the accounting and consulting firm, will lead the alliance, and among those on its leadership team or advisory group are executives at PepsiCo, News Corporation, Sprint, BET and Prudential Group Insurance; former Secretary of State Colin L. Powell; Senator Cory Booker, Democrat of New Jersey; former Attorney General Eric H. Holder Jr.; the music star John Legend; the retired athletes Alonzo Mourning, Jerome Bettis and Shaquille O’Neal; and the mayors of Indianapolis, Sacramento and Philadelphia.

The alliance, while nominally independent of the White House, may face some of the same questions confronting former Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton as she begins another presidential campaign. Some of those donating to the alliance may have interests in government action, and skeptics may wonder whether they are trying to curry favor with the president by contributing.

“The Obama administration will have no role in deciding how donations are screened and what criteria they’ll set at the alliance for donor policies, because it’s an entirely separate entity,” Josh Earnest, the White House press secretary, told reporters on Air Force One en route to New York. But he added, “I’m confident that the members of the board are well aware of the president’s commitment to transparency.”

The alliance was in the works before the disturbances last week after the death of Freddie Gray, the black man who suffered fatal injuries while in police custody in Baltimore, but it reflected the evolution of Mr. Obama’s presidency. For him, in a way, it is coming back to issues that animated him as a young community organizer and politician. It was his own struggle with race and identity, captured in his youthful memoir, “Dreams From My Father,” that stood him apart from other presidential aspirants.

But that was a side of him that he kept largely to himself through the first years of his presidency while he focused on other priorities like turning the economy around, expanding government-subsidized health care and avoiding electoral land mines en route to re-election.

After securing a second term, Mr. Obama appeared more emboldened. Just a month after his 2013 inauguration, he talked passionately about opportunity and race with a group of teenage boys in Chicago, a moment aides point to as perhaps the first time he had spoken about these issues in such a personal, powerful way as president. A few months later, he publicly lamented the death of Trayvon Martin, a black Florida teenager, saying that “could have been me 35 years ago.”

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President Obama on Monday with Darinel Montero, a student at Bronx International High School who introduced him before remarks at Lehman College in the Bronx. Credit Stephen Crowley/The New York Times

That case, along with public ruptures of anger over police shootings in Ferguson and elsewhere, have pushed the issue of race and law enforcement onto the public agenda. Aides said they imagined that with his presidency in its final stages, Mr. Obama might be thinking more about what comes next and causes he can advance as a private citizen.

That is not to say that his public discussion of these issues has been universally welcomed. Some conservatives said he had made matters worse by seeming in their view to blame police officers in some of the disputed cases.

“President Obama, when he was elected, could have been a unifying leader,” Senator Ted Cruz of Texas, a Republican candidate for president, said at a forum last week. “He has made decisions that I think have inflamed racial tensions.”

On the other side of the ideological spectrum, some liberal African-American activists have complained that Mr. Obama has not done enough to help downtrodden communities. While he is speaking out more, these critics argue, he has hardly used the power of the presidency to make the sort of radical change they say is necessary.

The line Mr. Obama has tried to straddle has been a serrated one. He condemns police brutality as he defends most officers as honorable. He condemns “criminals and thugs” who looted in Baltimore while expressing empathy with those trapped in a cycle of poverty and hopelessness.

In the Bronx on Monday, Mr. Obama bemoaned the death of Brian Moore, a plainclothes New York police officer who had died earlier in the day after being shot in the head Saturday on a Queens street. Most police officers are “good and honest and fair and care deeply about their communities,” even as they put their lives on the line, Mr. Obama said.

“Which is why in addressing the issues in Baltimore or Ferguson or New York, the point I made was that if we’re just looking at policing, we’re looking at it too narrowly,” he added. “If we ask the police to simply contain and control problems that we ourselves have been unwilling to invest and solve, that’s not fair to the communities, it’s not fair to the police.”

Moreover, if society writes off some people, he said, “that’s not the kind of country I want to live in; that’s not what America is about.”

His message to young men like Malachi Hernandez, who attends Boston Latin Academy in Massachusetts, is not to give up.

“I want you to know you matter,” he said. “You matter to us.”

Advertisement Politics Obama Finds a Bolder Voice on Race Issues

ate in February, Dr. Ben Carson, the celebrated pediatric neurosurgeon turned political insurrectionist, was trying to check off another box on his presidential-campaign to-do list: hiring a press secretary. The lead prospect, a public-relations specialist named Deana Bass, had come to meet him at the dimly lit Capitol Hill office of Carson’s confidant and business manager, Armstrong Williams. Carson sat back and scrutinized her from behind a small granite table, as life-size cardboard cutouts of more conventional politicians — President Obama, with a tight smile, and Senator John McCain, glowering — loomed behind each of his shoulders. (The mock $3 bill someone had left on a table in Williams’s waiting room undercut any notion that this was a bipartisan zone; it featured Obama wearing a turban.)

Bass seemed momentarily speechless, and not just because no one had warned her that a New York Times reporter would be sitting in on her job interview. Though she knew Williams — a jack-of-all-trades entrepreneur who owns several television stations and a public-affairs business and who hosts a daily talk-radio show — through Washington’s small circle of black conservatives, the two hadn’t spoken in years until he called her two days earlier. He had been struggling to come up with the perfect national spokesperson, he told her. Then, at the gym, her name popped into his head; Williams was fairly certain she was the one. Sitting across from a likely candidate for president, Bass was adjusting to the idea that her life might be about to take a sudden chaotic turn.

“It’s like getting the most random call on a Monday that you simply do not see coming,” she said. “Oftentimes, that is how the Lord works.”

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His life in brain surgery
has prepared him for the
presidency, he maintains,
better than lives in
politics have for his rivals.

Carson concurred: “It’s always how he works in my life.” Carson is soft-spoken and often talks with his eyes half closed, frequently punctuating his sentences with a small laugh, even if the humor of his statement is not readily apparent. Bass told Carson that she had been a Republican staff member on Capitol Hill then worked for the Republican National Committee. In 2007 she started a Christian public-relations firm with her sister. She enjoyed working on the Hill, she said, but the pay wasn’t as high as the hours were long. “We figured that we worked like slaves for other people, and we wanted to work for ourselves.”

Carson stopped her. “You know you can’t mention that word, right?” Carson waited a beat, then laughed, and Williams and Bass joined in. He was getting to the point; he needed a professional who could help him check his penchant for creating uncontrolled controversy just by talking.

The Ben Carson movement began in 2013, when Carson, a neurosurgeon, whose operating-room prowess and up-from-poverty back story had made him the subject of a television movie and a regular on the inspirational-speaking circuit, was invited to address the annual National Prayer Breakfast in Washington. With Barack Obama sitting just two seats away, Carson warned that “moral decay” and “fiscal irresponsibility” could destroy America just as it did ancient Rome. He proposed a substitute for Obamacare — Health Savings Accounts, which, he said, would end any talk of “death panels” — and a flat-tax based on the concept of tithing. His address, combined with the president’s stony reaction, was a smash with Republican activists. Speaking and interview requests flooded in. Carson, then 61, announced his planned retirement a few weeks later, freeing his calendar to accept just about all of them. In the months that followed, his rhetoric became increasingly strident. The claim that drew the most attention, perhaps, was that Obamacare was “the worst thing that has happened in this nation since slavery.”

Bass’s own use of the word prompted Carson to ask her what she thought about that incident. She considered for a moment.

“If you want to reach people and have them even understand what you’re saying, there is a way to do it, without that hyperbole, that might be. . . . ” She paused. “I just think it’s important not to shut people off before they —”

Carson jumped in. “That doesn’t allow them to hear what you’re saying?”

Bass nodded.

Likening Obamacare to slavery — and slavery was incomparably worse, Carson said — had its political advantages for a candidacy like his. It was the kind of statement that stoked the angriest of the Republican voters: conservative stalwarts who can’t hear enough bad things about Obama. This, in turn, led to more talk-radio and Fox News appearances, more book sales, more donations to the super PAC started in his name, more support in the polls. (The day before the meeting, one poll of Republican voters showed Carson statistically tied for first place with Jeb Bush and Scott Walker.)

Rhetorical excess was good for business, but Carson now wants to be seen as more than a novelty candidate. He has come to learn that such extreme analogies, while true to his views, aren’t especially presidential. They alienate more moderate voters and, perhaps even more damaging, reinforce the impression that he is not “serious” — that he is another Herman Cain, the black former Godfather’s Pizza chief executive who rose to the top of the early presidential polls in 2011 but then bowed out before the Iowa caucuses, largely because of leaked allegations of sexual misconduct, which he denied but from which he never recovered. Cain lingers as a cautionary tale for the party as much as for a right-leaning candidate like Carson. The fact that Cain, with his folksy sayings (“shucky ducky”) and misnomers (“Ubeki-beki-beki-beki-stan-stan”), reached the top of the national polls — much less that he was eventually followed there by the likes of Michele Bachmann, Newt Gingrich and Rick Santorum, who all topped one or another poll in the 2012 primary season — wound up being a considerable embarrassment for the eventual nominee, Mitt Romney, and for the longtime party regulars who were trying to fast-track his way to the nomination.

Carson liked Bass and, without directly saying so, made it clear the job was hers for the taking. Carson’s campaign chairman, Terry Giles — a white lawyer whose clients have included the comedian Richard Pryor and the stepson of the model Anna Nicole Smith and who helped reconcile the business interests of the descendants of the Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. — had assembled a mostly white campaign team, including many from the 2012 Gingrich effort, and Carson wanted a person of color to speak for him. Bass said she would have to mull it over, pray about it. Carson nodded approvingly. “Pray about it,” he said. “See what you think.”

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Williams knew the party was intent on protecting the eventual 2016 nominee from the same embarrassment Romney suffered. Already, suspiciously tough articles about Carson were showing up in conservative magazines and on right-wing websites. “They’re protecting these establishment candidates,” Williams said. “This is coming from within the house. This is family.” At the very least, he wanted to make sure that Carson didn’t do their work for them. (Carson would commit another unforced error a week later, when he told CNN that homosexuality was clearly a choice, because a lot of people go in prison straight and “when they come out, they’re gay”; he later apologized.)

“We need somebody to protect him, sometimes, from himself,” he told Bass — laughing, but only half kidding.

A candidacy like Carson’s presents a new kind of problem to the establishment wing of the G.O.P., which, at least since 1980, has selected its presidential nominees with a routine efficiency that Democrats could only envy. The establishment candidate has usually been a current or former governor or senator, blandly Protestant, hailing from the moderate, big-business wing of the party (or at least friendly with it) and almost always a second-, third- or fourth-time national contender — someone who had waited “his turn.” These candidates would tack predictably to the right during the primaries to satisfy the evangelicals, deficit hawks, libertarian leaners and other inconvenient but vital constituents who made up the “base” of the party. In return, the base would, after a brief flirtation with some fantasy candidate like Steve Forbes or Pat Buchanan, “hold their noses” and deliver their votes come November. This bargain was always tenuous, of course, and when some of the furthest-right activists turned against George W. Bush, citing (among other apostasies) his expansion of Medicare’s prescription drug benefit, it began to fall apart. After Barack Obama defeated McCain in 2008, the party’s once dependable base started to reconsider the wisdom of holding their noses at all.

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Republican candidates at a pre-straw-poll debate, held at Iowa State University in 2011. Credit Chip Somodevilla/Getty Images

This insurgent attitude was helped along by changes in the nomination rules. In 2010, the Republican National Committee, hoping to capture the excitement of the coast-to-coast Democratic primary competition between Obama and Hillary Clinton, introduced new voting rules that required many of the early voting states to award some delegates to losing candidates, based on their shares of the vote. The proportional voting rules would encourage struggling candidates to stay in the primaries even after successive losses, as Clinton did, because they might be able to pull together enough delegates to take the nomination in a convention-floor fight or at least use them to bargain for a prime speaking slot or cabinet post.

This shift in incentives did not go unnoticed by potential 2012 candidates, nor did changes in election law that allowed billionaire donors to form super PACs in support of pet candidacies. At the same time, increasingly widespread broadband Internet access allowed candidates to reach supporters directly with video and email appeals and supporters to send money with the tap of a smartphone, making it easier than ever for individual candidates to ignore the wishes of the party.

Into this newly chaotic Republican landscape strode Mitt Romney. There could be no doubt that it was his turn, and yet his journey to the nomination was interrupted by one against-the-odds challenger after another — Cain, Michele Bachmann, Newt Gingrich, Rick Santorum, Ron Paul; always Ron Paul. It was easy to dismiss the 2012 primaries as a meaningless circus, but the onslaught did much more than tarnish the overall Republican brand. It also forced Romney to spend money he could have used against Obama and defend his right flank with embarrassing pandering that shadowed him through the general election. It was while trying to block a surge from Gingrich, for instance, that Romney told a debate audience that he was for the “self-deportation” of undocumented immigrants.

At the 2012 convention in Tampa, a group of longtime party hands, including Romney’s lawyer, Ben Ginsberg, gathered to discuss how to prevent a repeat of what had become known inside and outside the party as the “clown show.” Their aim was not just to protect the party but also to protect a potential President Romney from a primary challenge in 2016. They forced through new rules that would give future presumptive nominees more control over delegates in the event of a convention fight. They did away with the mandatory proportional delegate awards that encouraged long-shot candidacies. And, in a noticeably targeted effort, they raised the threshold that candidates needed to meet to enter their names into nomination, just as Ron Paul’s supporters were working to reach it. When John A. Boehner gaveled the rules in on a voice vote — a vote that many listeners heard as a tie, if not an outright loss — the hall erupted and a line of Ron Paul supporters walked off the floor in protest, along with many Tea Party members.

At a party meeting last winter, Reince Priebus, who as party chairman is charged with maintaining the support of all his constituencies, did restore some proportional primary and caucus voting, but only in states that held voting within a shortened two-week window. And he also condensed the nominating schedule to four and a half months from six months, and, for the first time required candidates to participate in a shortened debate schedule, determined by the party, not by the whims of the networks. (The panel that recommended those changes included names closely identified with the establishment — the former Bush White House spokesman Ari Fleischer, the Mississippi committeeman Haley Barbour and, notably, Jeb Bush’s closest adviser, Sally Bradshaw.)

Grass-roots activists have complained that the condensed schedule robs nonestablishment candidates — “movement candidates” like Carson — of the extra time they need to build momentum, money and organizations. But Priebus, who says the nomination could be close to settled by April, said it helped all the party’s constituencies when the nominee was decided quickly. “We don’t need a six-month slice-and-dice festival,” Priebus said when we spoke in mid-March. “While I can’t always control everyone’s mouth, I can control how long we can kill each other.”

All the rules changes were built to sidestep the problems of 2012. But the 2016 field is shaping up to be vastly different and far larger. A new Republican hints that he or she is considering a run seemingly every week. There are moderates like Gov. John Kasich of Ohio and former Gov. George Pataki of New York; no-compromise conservatives like Senator Ted Cruz of Texas and former Senator Rick Santorum of Pennsylvania; business-wingers like the former Hewlett-Packard chief executive Carly Fiorina; one-of-a-kinds like Donald Trump — some 20 in all, a dozen or so who seem fairly serious about it. That opens the possibility of multiple candidates vying for all the major Republican constituencies, some of them possibly goaded along by super-PAC-funding billionaires, all of them trading wins and collecting delegates well into spring.

Giles says his candidate can capitalize on all that chaos. Rivals may laugh, but Giles argues that if Carson can make a respectable showing in Iowa, then win in South Carolina — or at least come in second should a home-state senator, Lindsey Graham, run — and come in second behind Bush or Senator Marco Rubio in their home state of Florida, he could be positioned to make a real run. But that would depend on avoiding pitfalls like Carson’s ill-considered comments on homosexuality. Rather than capitalizing on the chaos, Carson may only contribute to it.

Ben Carson is, in many ways, the ideal Republican presidential candidate. With a not-too-selective reading of his life story, conservative voters can — and do — see in him an inspiring, up-from-nowhere African-American who shares their beliefs, a right-wing answer to Barack Obama. Before he was born, his parents moved to Detroit from rural Tennessee as part of the second great migration. His father, Robert Solomon Carson, worked at a Cadillac factory. His mother, Sonya — who herself had grown up as one of 24 children and left school at third grade — cleaned houses. When Carson was 8, Sonya discovered that Robert was keeping a second family. She moved, with her two sons, into a rundown group house. It was in a part of town that Carson described to me as crawling with “big rats and roaches and all kinds of horrible things.” Sonya worked several jobs at a time and made up the shortfall with food stamps. (Carson has called for paring back the social safety net but not doing away with it.)

Carson recounts this story in his best-selling 1990 memoir, “Gifted Hands,” which also became the basis for a 2009 movie on TNT, starring Cuba Gooding Jr. as Carson. Raised as a Seventh Day Adventist, Carson realized that he wanted to become a physician during a church sermon about a missionary doctor who, while serving overseas, was almost attacked by thieves but found safety by putting his faith in God. When Carson, then 8, told his mother his new dream, “She said, ‘Absolutely, you could do it, you could do anything,’ ” he told me. Forced by his mother to read two extra books a week, he made it to Yale, then to medical school at the University of Michigan, where he decided to specialize in neurosurgery. He was selected for residency at Johns Hopkins Children’s Center, where he was named director of pediatric neurosurgery at 33, becoming the youngest person, and the first black person, to hold the title. He drew national attention by conducting a succession of operations that had never been performed successfully, most famously planning and managing the first separation of conjoined twins connected through major blood vessels in the brain.

Carson, a two-time Jimmy Carter voter, traces his conservative political awakening to a patient he met during the Reagan years. During a routine obstetrics rotation, he found himself treating an unwed pregnant teenager who had run away from her well-to-do parents. When Carson asked her how she was getting by, she informed him she was on public assistance; this led him to ponder the fact that the government was paying for the result of what he did not view as a “wise decision.” The incident, he says, fed his growing sense that the welfare system too often saps motivation and rewards irresponsible behavior. (When we spoke, he suggested that the government should cut off assistance to would-be unwed mothers, but only after warning them that it would do so within a certain amount of time, say five years. “I bet you’d see a dramatic decrease in unwed motherhood.”)

Carson’s friends at Hopkins say they do not remember him being particularly outspoken about his conservatism. He devoted most of his public engagement to urging poor kids in bad neighborhoods to use “these fancy brains God gave us,” through weekly school visits, student hospital tours and, ultimately, a multimillion-dollar scholarship program. “His issues were always medical care for the poor, education for the poor, equal opportunity — helping the less fortunate and really inspiring them as an example,” a mentor who named him to the chief pediatrics-neurosurgery post at Hopkins, Dr. Donlin Long, told me.

Even when Carson got the chance, in 1997, to speak in front of President Bill Clinton, at the national prayer breakfast, he mostly discussed the lack of role models for black children who were not sports stars or rappers. (There was possibly an oblique reference to Clinton’s sex scandals, when he told the audience that, if they are always honest, they won’t have to worry later about “skeletons in the closet.”)

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Ben Carson at CPAC on Feb. 26 in Oxon Hill, Md. Credit Dolly Faibyshev for The New York Times

In 2011, Carson’s politics took a strident turn, mirroring that of many in his party during the Obama years. “America the Beautiful,” his sixth book, which he wrote with Candy Carson, his wife of 39 years, included a get-tough-on-illegal-immigration message and offered anti-establishment praise for the Tea Party. It suggested that blacks who voted for Obama only because he was black were themselves practicing a form of racism. (Earlier this year he admitted to Buzzfeed that portions of the book were lifted directly from several sources without proper attribution.) His prayer-breakfast performance in 2013, and the extremity of his remarks in the months afterward (Obamacare is the worst thing since slavery; the United States is “very much like Nazi Germany”; allowing same-sex marriage could lead to allowing bestiality), left some of his old friends bewildered. Students at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine protested his planned convocation address there in 2013, and he eventually backed out. When I asked Carson about the view at Hopkins that he had changed, he said his themes are still the same: “hard work, self-reliance, helping other people.” If he had become more overtly political, he said, it was only because the Obama years had led him to believe that “we’re really moving in a direction that is very, very destructive.”

None of this went unnoticed by campaign professionals. In August 2013, John Philip Sousa IV and Vernon Robinson, each of whom professes to be a virtual stranger to Carson, and who had previously been active in the anti-illegal-immigration movement, started the National Draft Ben Carson for President Committee. Sousa was just coming off a campaign to defend the sheriff of Maricopa County, Arizona, Joe Arpaio, from a recall effort, and he told me that he found Carson’s lack of political experience refreshing. “We have 500 guys and gals with probably a collective 5,000 years experience, and look at the mess we’re in,” he said.

Many others in the party feel the same way. Carson’s PAC finished 2014 with more than $13 million in donations, more than Ready for Hillary. Much of its money has gone toward further fund-raising, but Sousa — the great-grandson of the famous composer — points out that their effort has already built far more than just a war chest, organizing leaders in all 99 of Iowa’s counties. Regardless, Carson credits the fund-raising success of Sousa and Robinson with persuading him to enter the race.

Very early the morning after the job interview, Carson was in a black S.U.V., heading from Washington to the Gaylord National Resort and Convention Center in Oxon Hill, Md., where he was to give the opening candidate speech of the Conservative Political Action Conference. The event, which functions as an early tryout for Republican presidential contenders, tends to skew rightward in its audience, drawing many of the same sorts of people who shouted at Boehner in Tampa. As such, it tends to favor anti-establishment candidates, but the news leading up to this year’s event was that Jeb Bush hoped to make inroads there.

It was still dark when we set out, and I joked with Carson about the hour, telling him he’d better get used to it. He retorted that his career in pediatric brain surgery made him no stranger to early mornings. This is a big theme of Carson’s presidential pitch: that neither the rigors of the campaign nor those of the White House can faze a man who held children’s lives in his hands. His life in brain surgery has prepared him for the presidency, he maintains, better than lives in politics have for his rivals. At the very least, he says, it conditioned him against getting too worked up about any problem that isn’t life threatening. “I mean, it’s grueling, but interestingly enough, I don’t feel the pressure,” he said.

At the convention hall, we were quickly surrounded by admirers. Two women were already waiting to meet him — white, middle-aged volunteers for Carson’s super PAC, who had traveled from South Carolina. One of them, Chris Horne, was holding a dog-eared and taped Bible. A founding member of the Charleston Tea Party who went on to work for Gingrich’s successful South Carolina primary campaign in 2012, Horne lamented over the attacks that Carson was sure to face. “You served us, you served the Lord, just don’t let them steal that from you,” she said. Her friend told him, “You’ve got God behind you!” Such religious evocations trailed Carson constantly while I walked the CPAC floor with him. Evangelicals are impressed not only with his devotion to their politics but also with his career path; as one of them told me, what’s more pro-life than saving babies?

During our ride to the conference, Carson told me his speech was not looking to “feed the beast.” When his appointed time came, he kept his remarks as tame as promised. “Real compassion” meant “using our intellect” to help people “climb out of dependency and realize the American dream,” he said. The national debt is going to “destroy us,” Obamacare was about “redistribution and control,” but Republicans better come forward with their own alternative before they repeal it, he said.

Because his speech was first, and it started several minutes early, the auditorium was slow to fill. Still, the first day saw a crush of people seeking autographs and pictures as he roamed the hall. The Draft Carson committee’s 150 volunteers swarmed the auditorium, collecting emails and handing out “Run Ben Run” stickers. After a quick interview with Sean Hannity, the conservative-radio and Fox News host — his second in two days — Carson was off to Tampa.

In the hours that followed his talk, the hall offered a view in miniature of what the next 12 to 14 months might hold for the party. Chris Christie, sitting across from the tough-minded talk-radio host Laura Ingraham, boasted about his multiple vetoes of Planned Parenthood funding, his refusal to raise income taxes and his belief that “sometimes people need to be told to sit down and shut up.” Cruz, an audience favorite, warning his fellow Republicans against falling for a “squishy moderate,” declared, “Take all 125,000 I.R.S. agents and put ’em on our Southern border!” Gov. Scott Walker of Wisconsin, surging in polls, boasted that if he could face down the 100,000 union supporters who protested his legislation limiting collective bargaining for public employees, he could certainly handle ISIS. The next day, the traditional CPAC favorite Rand Paul spoke, packing the hall with his supporters who chanted “President Paul.” He warned, counter to the overall hawkish tenor of the event, that “we should not succumb to the notion that a government inept at home will somehow become successful abroad.” But he also vowed to end foreign aid to countries whose citizens are seen burning American flags. “Not one penny more to these haters of America.”

Perhaps the defining moment came near the end of the conference, when Jeb Bush spoke. In a neat trick of political gamesmanship — and a show of establishment muscle — his team had bused in an ample cheering section for the dozens of cameras on hand for his appearance. But a small contingent of Tea Party activists and Rand Paul supporters staged a walk out. When Bush began a question-and-answer session, they turned and left the auditorium to chant “U.S.A., U.S.A.” in the hallway, led by a man in colonial garb waving a huge “Don’t Tread on Me” banner. Plenty of other detractors stayed in the hall and peppered Bush’s remarks with booing as he stood by positions unpopular with the conservative grass roots: support for the Common Core standards and an immigration overhaul that provides a “path to legal status” for undocumented immigrants. Bush took it all in good humor, but finally seemed to give up.

“For those who made an ‘oo’ sound — is that what it was? — I’m marking you down as neutral,” he said. “And I want to be your second choice.”

Bush strategists told me they would not repeat Romney’s mistakes. Of course they would love to glide to an early nomination, they said, but they are prepared for a long contest and won’t be wasting any energy bending under pressure from a Paul or a Cruz or a Carson.

No one doubts that the pressure will increase, though. Despite the best wishes of the party’s leaders, GOP primary voters have given little indication that they will narrow the field quickly.

Before I left, I spotted Newt Gingrich, himself a fleeting presidential front-runner during those strange primary days of 2012. I asked him whether he thought all the party maneuvering — all the attempts to change the rules and fast-track the process — would preclude someone from presenting the sort of outside primary challenge he had carried out in the last election.

“No,” he told me, as if it was the most obvious thing in the world. “Look at where Ben Carson is right now.”

Jim Rutenberg is the chief political correspondent for the magazine. His most recent feature was about Megyn Kelly.

Ben Carson Says He’ll Seek 2016 G.O.P. Nomination

As he reflected on the festering wounds deepened by race and grievance that have been on painful display in America’s cities lately, President Obama on Monday found himself thinking about a young man he had just met named Malachi.

A few minutes before, in a closed-door round-table discussion at Lehman College in the Bronx, Mr. Obama had asked a group of black and Hispanic students from disadvantaged backgrounds what could be done to help them reach their goals. Several talked about counseling and guidance programs.

“Malachi, he just talked about — we should talk about love,” Mr. Obama told a crowd afterward, drifting away from his prepared remarks. “Because Malachi and I shared the fact that our dad wasn’t around and that sometimes we wondered why he wasn’t around and what had happened. But really, that’s what this comes down to is: Do we love these kids?”

Many presidents have governed during times of racial tension, but Mr. Obama is the first to see in the mirror a face that looks like those on the other side of history’s ledger. While his first term was consumed with the economy, war and health care, his second keeps coming back to the societal divide that was not bridged by his election. A president who eschewed focusing on race now seems to have found his voice again as he thinks about how to use his remaining time in office and beyond.

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Obama Speaks of a ‘Sense of Unfairness’

Obama Speaks of a ‘Sense of Unfairness’

At an event announcing the creation of a nonprofit focusing on young minority men, President Obama talked about the underlying reasons for recent protests in Baltimore and other cities.

By Associated Press on Publish Date May 4, 2015. Photo by Stephen Crowley/The New York Times.

In the aftermath of racially charged unrest in places like Baltimore, Ferguson, Mo., and New York, Mr. Obama came to the Bronx on Monday for the announcement of a new nonprofit organization that is being spun off from his White House initiative called My Brother’s Keeper. Staked by more than $80 million in commitments from corporations and other donors, the new group, My Brother’s Keeper Alliance, will in effect provide the nucleus for Mr. Obama’s post-presidency, which will begin in January 2017.

“This will remain a mission for me and for Michelle not just for the rest of my presidency but for the rest of my life,” Mr. Obama said. “And the reason is simple,” he added. Referring to some of the youths he had just met, he said: “We see ourselves in these young men. I grew up without a dad. I grew up lost sometimes and adrift, not having a sense of a clear path. The only difference between me and a lot of other young men in this neighborhood and all across the country is that I grew up in an environment that was a little more forgiving.”

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Organizers said the new alliance already had financial pledges from companies like American Express, Deloitte, Discovery Communications and News Corporation. The money will be used to help companies address obstacles facing young black and Hispanic men, provide grants to programs for disadvantaged youths, and help communities aid their populations.

Joe Echevarria, a former chief executive of Deloitte, the accounting and consulting firm, will lead the alliance, and among those on its leadership team or advisory group are executives at PepsiCo, News Corporation, Sprint, BET and Prudential Group Insurance; former Secretary of State Colin L. Powell; Senator Cory Booker, Democrat of New Jersey; former Attorney General Eric H. Holder Jr.; the music star John Legend; the retired athletes Alonzo Mourning, Jerome Bettis and Shaquille O’Neal; and the mayors of Indianapolis, Sacramento and Philadelphia.

The alliance, while nominally independent of the White House, may face some of the same questions confronting former Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton as she begins another presidential campaign. Some of those donating to the alliance may have interests in government action, and skeptics may wonder whether they are trying to curry favor with the president by contributing.

“The Obama administration will have no role in deciding how donations are screened and what criteria they’ll set at the alliance for donor policies, because it’s an entirely separate entity,” Josh Earnest, the White House press secretary, told reporters on Air Force One en route to New York. But he added, “I’m confident that the members of the board are well aware of the president’s commitment to transparency.”

The alliance was in the works before the disturbances last week after the death of Freddie Gray, the black man who suffered fatal injuries while in police custody in Baltimore, but it reflected the evolution of Mr. Obama’s presidency. For him, in a way, it is coming back to issues that animated him as a young community organizer and politician. It was his own struggle with race and identity, captured in his youthful memoir, “Dreams From My Father,” that stood him apart from other presidential aspirants.

But that was a side of him that he kept largely to himself through the first years of his presidency while he focused on other priorities like turning the economy around, expanding government-subsidized health care and avoiding electoral land mines en route to re-election.

After securing a second term, Mr. Obama appeared more emboldened. Just a month after his 2013 inauguration, he talked passionately about opportunity and race with a group of teenage boys in Chicago, a moment aides point to as perhaps the first time he had spoken about these issues in such a personal, powerful way as president. A few months later, he publicly lamented the death of Trayvon Martin, a black Florida teenager, saying that “could have been me 35 years ago.”

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President Obama on Monday with Darinel Montero, a student at Bronx International High School who introduced him before remarks at Lehman College in the Bronx. Credit Stephen Crowley/The New York Times

That case, along with public ruptures of anger over police shootings in Ferguson and elsewhere, have pushed the issue of race and law enforcement onto the public agenda. Aides said they imagined that with his presidency in its final stages, Mr. Obama might be thinking more about what comes next and causes he can advance as a private citizen.

That is not to say that his public discussion of these issues has been universally welcomed. Some conservatives said he had made matters worse by seeming in their view to blame police officers in some of the disputed cases.

“President Obama, when he was elected, could have been a unifying leader,” Senator Ted Cruz of Texas, a Republican candidate for president, said at a forum last week. “He has made decisions that I think have inflamed racial tensions.”

On the other side of the ideological spectrum, some liberal African-American activists have complained that Mr. Obama has not done enough to help downtrodden communities. While he is speaking out more, these critics argue, he has hardly used the power of the presidency to make the sort of radical change they say is necessary.

The line Mr. Obama has tried to straddle has been a serrated one. He condemns police brutality as he defends most officers as honorable. He condemns “criminals and thugs” who looted in Baltimore while expressing empathy with those trapped in a cycle of poverty and hopelessness.

In the Bronx on Monday, Mr. Obama bemoaned the death of Brian Moore, a plainclothes New York police officer who had died earlier in the day after being shot in the head Saturday on a Queens street. Most police officers are “good and honest and fair and care deeply about their communities,” even as they put their lives on the line, Mr. Obama said.

“Which is why in addressing the issues in Baltimore or Ferguson or New York, the point I made was that if we’re just looking at policing, we’re looking at it too narrowly,” he added. “If we ask the police to simply contain and control problems that we ourselves have been unwilling to invest and solve, that’s not fair to the communities, it’s not fair to the police.”

Moreover, if society writes off some people, he said, “that’s not the kind of country I want to live in; that’s not what America is about.”

His message to young men like Malachi Hernandez, who attends Boston Latin Academy in Massachusetts, is not to give up.

“I want you to know you matter,” he said. “You matter to us.”

Obama Finds a Bolder Voice on Race Issues

THE WRITERS ASHLEY AND JAQUAVIS COLEMAN know the value of a good curtain-raiser. The couple have co-authored dozens of novels, and they like to start them with a bang: a headlong action sequence, a blast of violence or sex that rocks readers back on their heels. But the Colemans concede they would be hard-pressed to dream up anything more gripping than their own real-life opening scene.

In the summer of 2001, JaQuavis Coleman was a 16-year-old foster child in Flint, Mich., the former auto-manufacturing mecca that had devolved, in the wake of General Motors’ plant closures, into one of the country’s most dangerous cities, with a decimated economy and a violent crime rate more than three times the national average. When JaQuavis was 8, social services had removed him from his mother’s home. He spent years bouncing between foster families. At 16, JaQuavis was also a businessman: a crack dealer with a network of street-corner peddlers in his employ.

One day that summer, JaQuavis met a fellow dealer in a parking lot on Flint’s west side. He was there to make a bulk sale of a quarter-brick, or “nine-piece” — a nine-ounce parcel of cocaine, with a street value of about $11,000. In the middle of the transaction, JaQuavis heard the telltale chirp of a walkie-talkie. His customer, he now realized, was an undercover policeman. JaQuavis jumped into his car and spun out onto the road, with two unmarked police cars in pursuit. He didn’t want to get into a high-speed chase, so he whipped his car into a church parking lot and made a run for it, darting into an alleyway behind a row of small houses, where he tossed the quarter-brick into some bushes. When JaQuavis reached the small residential street on the other side of the houses, he was greeted by the police, who handcuffed him and went to search behind the houses where, they told him, they were certain he had ditched the drugs. JaQuavis had been dealing since he was 12, had amassed more than $100,000 and had never been arrested. Now, he thought: It’s over.

But when the police looked in the bushes, they couldn’t find any cocaine. They interrogated JaQuavis, who denied having ever possessed or sold drugs. They combed the backyard alley some more. After an hour of fruitless efforts, the police were forced to unlock the handcuffs and release their suspect.

JaQuavis was baffled by the turn of events until the next day, when he received a phone call. The previous afternoon, a 15-year-old girl had been sitting in her home on the west side of Flint when she heard sirens. She looked out of the window of her bedroom, and watched a young man throw a package in the bushes behind her house. She recognized him. He was a high school classmate — a handsome, charismatic boy whom she had admired from afar. The girl crept outside and grabbed the bundle, which she hid in her basement. “I have something that belongs to you,” Ashley Snell told JaQuavis Coleman when she reached him by phone. “You wanna come over here and pick it up?”

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Three of the nearly 50 works of urban fiction published by the Colemans over the last decade, often featuring drug deals, violence, sex and a brash kind of feminism.Credit Marko Metzinger

In the Colemans’ first novel, “Dirty Money” (2005), they told a version of this story. The outline was the same: the drug deal gone bad, the dope chucked in the bushes, the fateful phone call. To the extent that the authors took poetic license, it was to tone down the meet-cute improbability of the true-life events. In “Dirty Money,” the girl, Anari, and the crack dealer, Maurice, circle each other warily for a year or so before coupling up. But the facts of Ashley and JaQuavis’s romance outstripped pulp fiction. They fell in love more or less at first sight, moved into their own apartment while still in high school and were married in 2008. “We were together from the day we met,” Ashley says. “I don’t think we’ve spent more than a week apart in total over the past 14 years.”

That partnership turned out to be creative and entrepreneurial as well as romantic. Over the past decade, the Colemans have published nearly 50 books, sometimes as solo writers, sometimes under pseudonyms, but usually as collaborators with a byline that has become a trusted brand: “Ashley & JaQuavis.” They are marquee stars of urban fiction, or street lit, a genre whose inner-city settings and lurid mix of crime, sex and sensationalism have earned it comparisons to gangsta rap. The emergence of street lit is one of the big stories in recent American publishing, a juggernaut that has generated huge sales by catering to a readership — young, black and, for the most part, female — that historically has been ill-served by the book business. But the genre is also widely maligned. Street lit is subject to a kind of triple snobbery: scorned by literati who look down on genre fiction generally, ignored by a white publishing establishment that remains largely indifferent to black books and disparaged by African-American intellectuals for poor writing, coarse values and trafficking in racial stereotypes.

But if a certain kind of cultural prestige is shut off to the Colemans, they have reaped other rewards. They’ve built a large and loyal fan base, which gobbles up the new Ashley & JaQuavis titles that arrive every few months. Many of those books are sold at street-corner stands and other off-the-grid venues in African-American neighborhoods, a literary gray market that doesn’t register a blip on best-seller tallies. Yet the Colemans’ most popular series now regularly crack the trade fiction best-seller lists of The New York Times and Publishers Weekly. For years, the pair had no literary agent; they sold hundreds of thousands of books without banking a penny in royalties. Still, they have earned millions of dollars, almost exclusively from cash-for-manuscript deals negotiated directly with independent publishing houses. In short, though little known outside of the world of urban fiction, the Colemans are one of America’s most successful literary couples, a distinction they’ve achieved, they insist, because of their work’s gritty authenticity and their devotion to a primal literary virtue: the power of the ripping yarn.

“When you read our books, you’re gonna realize: ‘Ashley & JaQuavis are storytellers,’ ” says Ashley. “Our tales will get your heart pounding.”

THE COLEMANS’ HOME BASE — the cottage from which they operate their cottage industry — is a spacious four-bedroom house in a genteel suburb about 35 miles north of downtown Detroit. The house is plush, but when I visited this past winter, it was sparsely appointed. The couple had just recently moved in, and had only had time to fully furnish the bedroom of their 4-year-old son, Quaye.

In conversation, Ashley and JaQuavis exude both modesty and bravado: gratitude for their good fortune and bootstrappers’ pride in having made their own luck. They talk a lot about their time in the trenches, the years they spent as a drug dealer and “ride-or-die girl” tandem. In Flint they learned to “grind hard.” Writing, they say, is merely a more elevated kind of grind.

“Instead of hitting the block like we used to, we hit the laptops,” says Ashley. “I know what every word is worth. So while I’m writing, I’m like: ‘Okay, there’s a hundred dollars. There’s a thousand dollars. There’s five thousand dollars.’ ”

They maintain a rigorous regimen. They each try to write 5,000 words per day, five days a week. The writers stagger their shifts: JaQuavis goes to bed at 7 p.m. and wakes up early, around 3 or 4 in the morning, to work while his wife and child sleep. Ashley writes during the day, often in libraries or at Starbucks.

They divide the labor in other ways. Chapters are divvied up more or less equally, with tasks assigned according to individual strengths. (JaQuavis typically handles character development. Ashley loves writing murder scenes.) The results are stitched together, with no editorial interference from one author in the other’s text. The real work, they contend, is the brainstorming. The Colemans spend weeks mapping out their plot-driven books — long conversations that turn into elaborate diagrams on dry-erase boards. “JaQuavis and I are so close, it makes the process real easy,” says Ashley. “Sometimes when I’m thinking of something, a plot point, he’ll say it out loud, and I’m like: ‘Wait — did I say that?’ ”

Their collaboration developed by accident, and on the fly. Both were bookish teenagers. Ashley read lots of Judy Blume and John Grisham; JaQuavis liked Shakespeare, Richard Wright and “Atlas Shrugged.” (Their first official date was at a Borders bookstore, where Ashley bought “The Coldest Winter Ever,” the Sister Souljah novel often credited with kick-starting the contemporary street-lit movement.) In 2003, Ashley, then 17, was forced to terminate an ectopic pregnancy. She was bedridden for three weeks, and to provide distraction and boost her spirits, JaQuavis challenged his girlfriend to a writing contest. “She just wasn’t talking. She was laying in bed. I said, ‘You know what? I bet you I could write a better book than you.’ My wife is real competitive. So I said, ‘Yo, all right, $500 bet.’ And I saw her eyes spark, like, ‘What?! You can’t write no better book than me!’ So I wrote about three chapters. She wrote about three chapters. Two days later, we switched.”

The result, hammered out in a few days, would become “Dirty Money.” Two years later, when Ashley and JaQuavis were students at Ferris State University in Western Michigan, they sold the manuscript to Urban Books, a street-lit imprint founded by the best-selling author Carl Weber. At the time, JaQuavis was still making his living selling drugs. When Ashley got the phone call informing her that their book had been bought, she assumed they’d hit it big, and flushed more than $10,000 worth of cocaine down the toilet. Their advance was a mere $4,000.

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The roots of street lit, found in the midcentury detective novels of Chester Himes and the ‘60s and ‘70s “ghetto fiction” of Iceberg Slim and Donald Goines.Credit Marko Metzinger

Those advances would soon increase, eventually reaching five and six figures. The Colemans built their career, JaQuavis says, in a manner that made sense to him as a veteran dope peddler: by flooding the street with product. From the start, they were prolific, churning out books at a rate of four or five a year. Their novels made their way into stores; the now-defunct chain Waldenbooks, which had stores in urban areas typically bypassed by booksellers, was a major engine of the street-lit market. But Ashley and JaQuavis took advantage of distribution channels established by pioneering urban fiction authors such as Teri Woods and Vickie Stringer, and a network of street-corner tables, magazine stands, corner shops and bodegas. Like rappers who establish their bona fides with gray-market mixtapes, street-lit authors use this system to circumnavigate industry gatekeepers, bringing their work straight to the genre’s core readership. But urban fiction has other aficionados, in less likely places. “Our books are so popular in the prison system,” JaQuavis says. “We’re banned in certain penitentiaries. Inmates fight over the books — there are incidents, you know? I have loved ones in jail, and they’re like: ‘Yo, your books can’t come in here. It’s against the rules.’ ”

The appeal of the Colemans’ work is not hard to fathom. The books are formulaic and taut; they deliver the expected goods efficiently and exuberantly. The titles telegraph the contents: “Diary of a Street Diva,” “Kiss Kiss, Bang Bang,” “Murderville.” The novels serve up a stream of explicit sex and violence in a slangy, tangy, profane voice. In Ashley & JaQuavis’s books people don’t get killed: they get “popped,” “laid out,” get their “cap twisted back.” The smut is constant, with emphasis on the earthy, sticky, olfactory particulars. Romance novel clichés — shuddering orgasms, heroic carnal feats, superlative sexual skill sets — are rendered in the Colemans’ punchy patois.

Subtlety, in other words, isn’t Ashley & JaQuavis’s forte. But their books do have a grainy specificity. In “The Cartel” (2008), the first novel in the Colemans’ best-selling saga of a Miami drug syndicate, they catch the sights and smells of a crack workshop in a housing project: the nostril-stinging scent of cocaine and baking soda bubbling on stovetops; the teams of women, stripped naked except for hospital masks so they can’t pilfer the merchandise, “cutting up the cooked coke on the round wood table.” The subject matter is dark, but the Colemans’ tone is not quite noir. Even in the grimmest scenes, the mood is high-spirited, with the writers palpably relishing the lewd and gory details: the bodies writhing in boudoirs and crumpling under volleys of bullets, the geysers of blood and other bodily fluids.

The luridness of street lit has made it a flashpoint, inciting controversy reminiscent of the hip-hop culture wars of the 1980s and ’90s. But the street-lit debate touches deeper historical roots, reviving decades-old arguments in black literary circles about the mandate to uplift the race and present wholesome images of African-Americans. In 1928, W. E. B. Du Bois slammed the “licentiousness” of “Home to Harlem,” Claude McKay’s rollicking novel of Harlem nightlife. McKay’s book, Du Bois wrote, “for the most part nauseates me, and after the dirtier parts of its filth I feel distinctly like taking a bath.” Similar sentiments have greeted 21st-century street lit. In a 2006 New York Times Op-Ed essay, the journalist and author Nick Chiles decried “the sexualization and degradation of black fiction.” African-American bookstores, Chiles complained, are “overrun with novels that . . . appeal exclusively to our most prurient natures — as if these nasty books were pairing off back in the stockrooms like little paperback rabbits and churning out even more graphic offspring that make Ralph Ellison books cringe into a dusty corner.”

Copulating paperbacks aside, it’s clear that the street-lit debate is about more than literature, touching on questions of paternalism versus populism, and on middle-class anxieties about the black underclass. “It’s part and parcel of black elites’ efforts to define not only a literary tradition, but a racial politics,” said Kinohi Nishikawa, an assistant professor of English and African-American Studies at Princeton University. “There has always been a sense that because African-Americans’ opportunities to represent themselves are so limited in the first place, any hint of criminality or salaciousness would necessarily be a knock on the entire racial politics. One of the pressing debates about African-American literature today is: If we can’t include writers like Ashley & JaQuavis, to what extent is the foundation of our thinking about black literature faulty? Is it just a literature for elites? Or can it be inclusive, bringing urban fiction under the purview of our umbrella term ‘African-American literature’?”

Defenders of street lit note that the genre has a pedigree: a tradition of black pulp fiction that stretches from Chester Himes, the midcentury author of hardboiled Harlem detective stories, to the 1960s and ’70s “ghetto fiction” of Iceberg Slim and Donald Goines, to the current wave of urban fiction authors. Others argue for street lit as a social good, noting that it attracts a large audience that might otherwise never read at all. Scholars like Nishikawa link street lit to recent studies showing increased reading among African-Americans. A 2014 Pew Research Center report found that a greater percentage of black Americans are book readers than whites or Latinos.

For their part, the Colemans place their work in the broader black literary tradition. “You have Maya Angelou, Alice Walker, James Baldwin — all of these traditional black writers, who wrote about the struggles of racism, injustice, inequality,” says Ashley. “We’re writing about the struggle as it happens now. It’s just a different struggle. I’m telling my story. I’m telling the struggle of a black girl from Flint, Michigan, who grew up on welfare.”

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The Colemans in their new four-bedroom house in the northern suburbs of Detroit.Credit Courtesy of Ashley and JaQuavis Coleman

Perhaps there is a high-minded case to be made for street lit. But the virtues of Ashley & JaQuavis’s work are more basic. Their novels do lack literary polish. The writing is not graceful; there are passages of clunky exposition and sex scenes that induce guffaws and eye rolls. But the pleasure quotient is high. The books flaunt a garish brand of feminism, with women characters cast not just as vixens, but also as gangsters — cold-blooded killers, “murder mamas.” The stories are exceptionally well-plotted. “The Cartel” opens by introducing its hero, the crime boss Carter Diamond; on page 9, a gunshot spatters Diamond’s brain across the interior of a police cruiser. The book then flashes back seven years and begins to hurtle forward again — a bullet train, whizzing readers through shifting alliances, romantic entanglements and betrayals, kidnappings, shootouts with Haitian and Dominican gangsters, and a cliffhanger closing scene that leaves the novel’s heroine tied to a chair in a basement, gruesomely tortured to the edge of death. Ashley & JaQuavis’s books are not Ralph Ellison, certainly, but they build up quite a head of steam. They move.

The Colemans are moving themselves these days. They recently signed a deal with St. Martin’s Press, which will bring out the next installment in the “Cartel” series as well as new solo series by both writers. The St. Martin’s deal is both lucrative and legitimizing — a validation of Ashley and JaQuavis’s work by one of publishing’s most venerable houses. The Colemans’ ambitions have grown, as well. A recent trilogy, “Murderville,” tackles human trafficking and the blood-diamond industry in West Africa, with storylines that sweep from Sierra Leone to Mexico to Los Angeles. Increasingly, Ashley & JaQuavis are leaning on research — traveling to far-flung settings and hitting the books in the libraries — and spending less time mining their own rough-and-tumble past.

But Flint remains a source of inspiration. One evening not long ago, JaQuavis led me on a tour of his hometown: a popular roadside bar; the parking lot where he met the undercover cop for the ill-fated drug deal; Ashley’s old house, the site of his almost-arrest. He took me to a ramshackle vehicle repair shop on Flint’s west side, where he worked as a kid, washing cars. He showed me a bathroom at the rear of the garage, where, at age 12, he sneaked away to inspect the first “boulder” of crack that he ever sold. A spray-painted sign on the garage wall, which JaQuavis remembered from his time at the car wash, offered words of warning:

WHAT EVERY YOUNG MAN SHOULD KNOW
ABOUT USING A GUN:
MURDER . . . 30 Years
ARMED ROBBERY . . . 15 Years
ASSAULT . . . 15 Years
RAPE . . . 20 Years
POSSESSION . . . 5 Years
JACKING . . . 20 YEARS

“We still love Flint, Michigan,” JaQuavis says. “It’s so seedy, so treacherous. But there’s some heart in this city. This is where it all started, selling books out the box. In the days when we would get those little $40,000 advances, they’d send us a couple boxes of books for free. We would hit the streets to sell our books, right out of the car trunk. It was a hustle. It still is.”

One old neighborhood asset that the Colemans have not shaken off is swagger. “My wife is the best female writer in the game,” JaQuavis told me. “I believe I’m the best male writer in the game. I’m sleeping next to the best writer in the world. And she’s doing the same.”

 
From T Magazine: Street Lit’s Power Couple

BALTIMORE — In the afternoons, the streets of Locust Point are clean and nearly silent. In front of the rowhouses, potted plants rest next to steps of brick or concrete. There is a shopping center nearby with restaurants, and a grocery store filled with fresh foods.

And the National Guard and the police are largely absent. So, too, residents say, are worries about what happened a few miles away on April 27 when, in a space of hours, parts of this city became riot zones.

“They’re not our reality,” Ashley Fowler, 30, said on Monday at the restaurant where she works. “They’re not what we’re living right now. We live in, not to be racist, white America.”

As Baltimore considers its way forward after the violent unrest brought by the death of Freddie Gray, a 25-year-old black man who died of injuries he suffered while in police custody, residents in its predominantly white neighborhoods acknowledge that they are sometimes struggling to understand what beyond Mr. Gray’s death spurred the turmoil here. For many, the poverty and troubled schools of gritty West Baltimore are distant troubles, glimpsed only when they pass through the area on their way somewhere else.

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Officers blocked traffic at Pennsylvania and West North Avenues after reports that a gun was discharged in the area. Credit Drew Angerer for The New York Times

And so neighborhoods of Baltimore are facing altogether different reckonings after Mr. Gray’s death. In mostly black communities like Sandtown-Winchester, where some of the most destructive rioting played out last week, residents are hoping businesses will reopen and that the police will change their strategies. But in mostly white areas like Canton and Locust Point, some residents wonder what role, if any, they should play in reimagining stretches of Baltimore where they do not live.

“Most of the people are kind of at a loss as to what they’re supposed to do,” said Dr. Richard Lamb, a dentist who has practiced in the same Locust Point office for nearly 39 years. “I listen to the news reports. I listen to the clergymen. I listen to the facts of the rampant unemployment and the lack of opportunities in the area. Listen, I pay my taxes. Exactly what can I do?”

And in Canton, where the restaurants have clever names like Nacho Mama’s and Holy Crepe Bakery and Café, Sara Bahr said solutions seemed out of reach for a proudly liberal city.

“I can only imagine how frustrated they must be,” said Ms. Bahr, 36, a nurse who was out with her 3-year-old daughter, Sally. “I just wish I knew how to solve poverty. I don’t know what to do to make it better.”

The day of unrest and the overwhelmingly peaceful demonstrations that followed led to hundreds of arrests, often for violations of the curfew imposed on the city for five consecutive nights while National Guard soldiers patrolled the streets. Although there were isolated instances of trouble in Canton, the neighborhood association said on its website, many parts of southeast Baltimore were physically untouched by the tumult.

Tensions in the city bubbled anew on Monday after reports that the police had wounded a black man in Northwest Baltimore. The authorities denied those reports and sent officers to talk with the crowds that gathered while other officers clutching shields blocked traffic at Pennsylvania and West North Avenues.

Lt. Col. Melvin Russell, a community police officer, said officers had stopped a man suspected of carrying a handgun and that “one of those rounds was spent.”

Colonel Russell said officers had not opened fire, “so we couldn’t have shot him.”

Photo
 
Lambi Vasilakopoulos, right, who runs a casual restaurant in Canton, said he was incensed by last week's looting and predicted tensions would worsen. Credit Drew Angerer for The New York Times

The colonel said the man had not been injured but was taken to a hospital as a precaution. Nearby, many people stood in disbelief, despite the efforts by the authorities to quash reports they described as “unfounded.”

Monday’s episode was a brief moment in a larger drama that has yielded anger and confusion. Although many people said they were familiar with accounts of the police harassing or intimidating residents, many in Canton and Locust Point said they had never experienced it themselves. When they watched the unrest, which many protesters said was fueled by feelings that they lived only on Baltimore’s margins, even those like Ms. Bahr who were pained by what they saw said they could scarcely comprehend the emotions associated with it.

But others, like Lambi Vasilakopoulos, who runs a casual restaurant in Canton, said they were incensed by what unfolded last week.

“What happened wasn’t called for. Protests are one thing; looting is another thing,” he said, adding, “We’re very frustrated because we’re the ones who are going to pay for this.”

There were pockets of optimism, though, that Baltimore would enter a period of reconciliation.

“I’m just hoping for peace,” Natalie Boies, 53, said in front of the Locust Point home where she has lived for 50 years. “Learn to love each other; be patient with each other; find justice; and care.”

A skeptical Mr. Vasilakopoulos predicted tensions would worsen.

“It cannot be fixed,” he said. “It’s going to get worse. Why? Because people don’t obey the laws. They don’t want to obey them.”

But there were few fears that the violence that plagued West Baltimore last week would play out on these relaxed streets. The authorities, Ms. Fowler said, would make sure of that.

“They kept us safe here,” she said. “I didn’t feel uncomfortable when I was in my house three blocks away from here. I knew I was going to be O.K. because I knew they weren’t going to let anyone come and loot our properties or our businesses or burn our cars.”

Baltimore Residents Away From Turmoil Consider Their Role

Mr. Mankiewicz, an Oscar-nominated screenwriter for “I Want to Live!,” also wrote episodes of television shows such as “Star Trek” and “Marcus Welby, M.D.”

Don Mankiewicz, Screenwriter in a Family Film Tradition, Dies at 93

HOBART, Tasmania — Few places seem out of reach for China’s leader, Xi Jinping, who has traveled from European capitals to obscure Pacific and Caribbean islands in pursuit of his nation’s strategic interests.

So perhaps it was not surprising when he turned up last fall in this city on the edge of the Southern Ocean to put down a long-distance marker in another faraway region, Antarctica, 2,000 miles south of this Australian port.

Standing on the deck of an icebreaker that ferries Chinese scientists from this last stop before the frozen continent, Mr. Xi pledged that China would continue to expand in one of the few places on earth that remain unexploited by humans.

He signed a five-year accord with the Australian government that allows Chinese vessels and, in the future, aircraft to resupply for fuel and food before heading south. That will help secure easier access to a region that is believed to have vast oil and mineral resources; huge quantities of high-protein sea life; and for times of possible future dire need, fresh water contained in icebergs.

It was not until 1985, about seven decades after Robert Scott and Roald Amundsen raced to the South Pole, that a team representing Beijing hoisted the Chinese flag over the nation’s first Antarctic research base, the Great Wall Station on King George Island.

But now China seems determined to catch up. As it has bolstered spending on Antarctic research, and as the early explorers, especially the United States and Australia, confront stagnant budgets, there is growing concern about its intentions.

China’s operations on the continent — it opened its fourth research station last year, chose a site for a fifth, and is investing in a second icebreaker and new ice-capable planes and helicopters — are already the fastest growing of the 52 signatories to the Antarctic Treaty. That gentlemen’s agreement reached in 1959 bans military activity on the continent and aims to preserve it as one of the world’s last wildernesses; a related pact prohibits mining.

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But Mr. Xi’s visit was another sign that China is positioning itself to take advantage of the continent’s resource potential when the treaty expires in 2048 — or in the event that it is ripped up before, Chinese and Australian experts say.

“So far, our research is natural-science based, but we know there is more and more concern about resource security,” said Yang Huigen, director general of the Polar Research Institute of China, who accompanied Mr. Xi last November on his visit to Hobart and stood with him on the icebreaker, Xue Long, or Snow Dragon.

With that in mind, the polar institute recently opened a new division devoted to the study of resources, law, geopolitics and governance in Antarctica and the Arctic, Mr. Yang said.

Australia, a strategic ally of the United States that has strong economic relations with China, is watching China’s buildup in the Antarctic with a mix of gratitude — China’s presence offers support for Australia’s Antarctic science program, which is short of cash — and wariness.

“We should have no illusions about the deeper agenda — one that has not even been agreed to by Chinese scientists but is driven by Xi, and most likely his successors,” said Peter Jennings, executive director of the Australian Strategic Policy Institute and a former senior official in the Australian Department of Defense.

“This is part of a broader pattern of a mercantilist approach all around the world,” Mr. Jennings added. “A big driver of Chinese policy is to secure long-term energy supply and food supply.”

That approach was evident last month when a large Chinese agriculture enterprise announced an expansion of its fishing operations around Antarctica to catch more krill — small, protein-rich crustaceans that are abundant in Antarctic waters.

“The Antarctic is a treasure house for all human beings, and China should go there and share,” Liu Shenli, the chairman of the China National Agricultural Development Group, told China Daily, a state-owned newspaper. China would aim to fish up to two million tons of krill a year, he said, a substantial increase from what it currently harvests.

Because sovereignty over Antarctica is unclear, nations have sought to strengthen their claims over the ice-covered land by building research bases and naming geographic features. China’s fifth station will put it within reach of the six American facilities, and ahead of Australia’s three.

Chinese mappers have also given Chinese names to more than 300 sites, compared with the thousands of locations on the continent with English names.

In the unspoken competition for Antarctica’s future, scientific achievement can also translate into influence. Chinese scientists are driving to be the first to drill and recover an ice core containing tiny air bubbles that provide a record of climate change stretching as far back as 1.5 million years. It is an expensive and delicate effort at which others, including the European Union and Australia, have failed.

In a breakthrough a decade ago, European scientists extracted an ice core nearly two miles long that revealed 800,000 years of climate history. But finding an ice core going back further would allow scientists to examine a change in the earth’s climate cycles believed to have occurred 900,000 to 1.2 million years ago.

China is betting it has found the best location to drill, at an area called Dome A, or Dome Argus, the highest point on the East Antarctic Ice Sheet. Though it is considered one of the coldest places on the planet, with temperatures of 130 degrees below zero Fahrenheit, a Chinese expedition explored the area in 2005 and established a research station in 2009.

“The international community has drilled in lots of places, but no luck so far,” said Xiao Cunde, a member of the first party to reach the site and the deputy director of the Institute for Climate Change at the Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences. “We think at Dome A we will have a straight shot at the one-million-year ice core.”

Mr. Xiao said China had already begun drilling and hoped to find what scientists are looking for in four to five years.

To support its Antarctic aspirations, China is building a sophisticated $300 million icebreaker that is expected to be ready in a few years, said Xia Limin, deputy director of the Chinese Arctic and Antarctic Administration in Beijing. It has also bought a high-tech fixed-wing aircraft, outfitted in the United States, for taking sensitive scientific soundings from the ice.

China has chosen the site for its fifth research station at Inexpressible Island, named by a group of British explorers who were stranded at the desolate site in 1912 and survived the winter by excavating a small ice cave.

Mr. Xia said the inhospitable spot was ideal because China did not have a presence in that part of Antarctica, and because the rocky site did not have much snow, making it relatively cheap to build there.

Anne-Marie Brady, a professor of political science at the University of Canterbury in New Zealand and the author of a soon-to-be-released book, “China as a Polar Great Power,” said Chinese scientists also believed they had a good chance of finding mineral and energy resources near the site.

“China is playing a long game in Antarctica and keeping other states guessing about its true intentions and interests are part of its poker hand,” she said. But she noted that China’s interest in finding minerals was presented “loud and clear to domestic audiences” as the main reason it was investing in Antarctica.

Because commercial drilling is banned, estimates of energy and mineral resources in Antarctica rely on remote sensing data and comparisons with similar geological environments elsewhere, said Millard F. Coffin, executive director of the Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies in Hobart.

But the difficulty of extraction in such severe conditions and uncertainty about future commodity prices make it unlikely that China or any country would defy the ban on mining anytime soon.

Tourism, however, is already booming. Travelers from China are still a relatively small contingent in the Antarctic compared with the more than 13,000 Americans who visited in 2013, and as yet there are no licensed Chinese tour operators.

But that is about to change, said Anthony Bergin, deputy director of the Australian Strategic Policy Institute. “I understand very soon there will be Chinese tourists on Chinese vessels with all-Chinese crew in the Antarctic,” he said.

 

Top News China’s Intents Are Questioned as It Builds in Antarctica

WASHINGTON — During a training course on defending against knife attacks, a young Salt Lake City police officer asked a question: “How close can somebody get to me before I’m justified in using deadly force?”

Dennis Tueller, the instructor in that class more than three decades ago, decided to find out. In the fall of 1982, he performed a rudimentary series of tests and concluded that an armed attacker who bolted toward an officer could clear 21 feet in the time it took most officers to draw, aim and fire their weapon.

The next spring, Mr. Tueller published his findings in SWAT magazine and transformed police training in the United States. The “21-foot rule” became dogma. It has been taught in police academies around the country, accepted by courts and cited by officers to justify countless shootings, including recent episodes involving a homeless woodcarver in Seattle and a schizophrenic woman in San Francisco.

Now, amid the largest national debate over policing since the 1991 beating of Rodney King in Los Angeles, a small but vocal set of law enforcement officials are calling for a rethinking of the 21-foot rule and other axioms that have emphasized how to use force, not how to avoid it. Several big-city police departments are already re-examining when officers should chase people or draw their guns and when they should back away, wait or try to defuse the situation

Police Rethink Long Tradition on Using Force

Ms. von Furstenberg made her debut in the movies and on the Broadway stage in the early 1950s as a teenager and later reinvented herself as a television actress, writer and philanthropist.

Betsy von Furstenberg, Baroness and Versatile Actress, Dies at 83

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promo umrah akhir tahun di Malaka Sari jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umrah maret di Pulo Gadung jakarta
paket promo berangkat umrah desember di Utan Kayu Utara jakarta
paket promo umroh akhir tahun di Utan Kayu Selatan jakarta
biaya umroh maret di Malaka Jaya jakarta
promo umrah mei di Kayu Putih jakarta
paket umroh mei di Ciracas jakarta
promo umrah februari di Pisangan Timur jakarta
harga umroh maret di Pulo Gadung jakarta
promo umroh mei di Kebon Pala jakarta
harga paket berangkat umrah juni di Cipinang jakarta
harga paket umrah awal tahun di Munjul jakarta
paket berangkat umrah mei di Munjul jakarta
harga paket berangkat umroh maret di Utan Kayu Selatan jakarta
harga umrah mei di Cakung Timur jakarta
biaya paket umrah desember di Cawang jakarta

paket umroh desember 2016

Paket Umroh Desember atau pada akhir tahun seringkali menjadi incaran dan pilihan banyak orang. Mengapa seperti demikian? Karen umroh pada dasarnya adalah bagian dari ibadah yang sangat dicintai oleh Allah dan Rasul-Nya, pelaksanaan umroh itu sendiri dapat dilakukan kapan saja waktunya sesuai dengan kemampuan dan kesempatan dari para jamaah yang hendak ingin melaksanakan ibadah umroh. Bagi Anda yang ingin melaksanakan ibadah umroh bersama anggota keluarga yang lainnya, karena pada bulan Desember 2016 seperti halnya anak-anak saat libur sekolah, maka lebih baik dan utama untuk mengisi liburan dengan memilih ibadah umroh di akhir tahun (penghujung tahun dan pergantian tahun baru) melalui Paket Umroh Desember 2016.

paket umroh bulan desember 2016

Paket umrah akhir tahun ini memang banyak diminati, karena berkaitan dengan beberapa keuntungan yang dapat dirasakan oleh para jamaah yang mengambil umroh di penghujung tahun. Hal ini terutama bagi para jamaah yang membawa anak kecil atau anggota keluarganya yang masih kecil, dan sekaligus para orang tua ingin memperkenalkan dan mengajarkan bagaimana tentang tata cara ibadah umroh yang sesungguhnya dan dilakukan di rumah Allah, yaitu baitullah.
paket umroh desember 2016
Satu hal yang menyebabkan umroh di bulan Desember ini menjadi pilihan banyak orang adalah karena pada waktu ini dapat dijadikan solusi yang tepat dalam mengisi liburan akhir tahun yang lebih bermanfaat dan bernilai ibadah. Karena itulah, liburan sekolah yang dilakukan pun, dapat dijadikan ajang yang tepat untuk memperkuat nilai nilai spiritual yang ada baik diantara sesama keluarga ataupun orang lain dan juga berkaitan dengan pembelajaran pemahaman terhadap agama bagi anak.
paket umroh bulan desember 2016
Dengan memperkenalkan ibadah umroh pada anak sejak dini, dengan Anda mengambil Paket Umroh Desember 2016, maka hal ini dapat menjadi salah satu cara orang tua dalam menanamkan nilai spiritualitas kepada anak dengan relatif lebih mudah. Sehingga anak pun dapat memahami, bagaimana dan seperti apa ajaran ajaran agama yang dianut oleh dirinya sendiri dan keluarga. Dengan memilih liburan dan mengambil

paket umroh desember 2016

paket umroh akhir tahun ini, selain bermanfaat dan guna sebagai solusi untuk liburan di akhir tahun, juga dapat dijadikan sebagai momen untuk memberikan banyak pelajaran berharga dan hikmah baik bagi Anda sendiri atau pun anggota keluarga dan karib kerabat lainnya. paket umroh bulan desember 2016 paket umroh desember 2016 paket umroh bulan desember 2016
paket umroh desember 2016
paket umroh bulan desember 2016 Selain berkaitan dengan acara liburan akhir tahun. Ibadah umrah bulan Desember 2016 yang dilakukan ini, juga bertepatan dengan beberapa kejadian penting lainnya. Seperti halnya adalah peringatan dari acara Maulid Nabi SAW, liburan sekolah anak anak, dan juga cuti bersama. Oleh karena itulah, jika Anda mengisinya dengan melaksanakan ibadah umroh, maka hal ini pun dapat menjadikan momen akhir tahun yang sarat dengan makna atau sebagai penutup tahun yang tepat untuk melakukan muhasabah diri. Sehingga, diharapkan untuk tahun baru berikutnya yang akan Anda hadapi, bisa menjadi jauh lebih baik dari tahun yang telah terlewati. paket umroh desember 2016 paket umroh bulan desember 2016 paket umroh desember 2016 paket umroh bulan desember 2016 paket umroh desember 2016 Dalam pelaksanaannya, melakukan ibadah umroh itu sendiri sebetulnya dapat dilakukan kapan saja, sesuai dengan keinginan Anda waktunya, dalam hal ini umroh tidak harus terpaku pada waktu akhir tahun saja. Karena untuk pelaksanaannya umroh itu, tidak akan mengurangi sedikitpun hikmah serta pahala yang bisa Anda dapatkan, selama pengerjaannya ibadah umroh tersebut dilakukan sesuai dengan tata cara yang benar berdasarkan syariat islam. paket umroh bulan desember 2016 paket umroh desember 2016

paket umroh bulan desember 2016

Yang perlu Anda perhatikan juga, jika Anda berniat dan hendak menjalankan ibadah umroh dengan memilih Paket Umroh Desember 2016, maka sebaiknya Anda harus memperhatikan berbagai macam hal. Karena pada bulan Desember, negara Jazirah Arab akan mengalami musim atau cuaca dingin, sehingga perbekalan lengkap harus disesuaikan dengan kondisi ataupun cuaca dingin tersebut. Hal ini berkaitan erat dengan pelaksanaan ibadah umroh nantinya, yang mungkin akan sedikit terganggu, jika persiapan yang Anda lakukan dan rencanakan kurang sesuai. Bawalah seperti jaket, minyak kayu putih, selimut, syal untuk menghangatkan badan, juga perbekalan obat obatan untuk berjaga jaga dalam menghadapi cuaca dingin ketika melaksanakan umroh.

paket umroh desember 2016

paket umroh bulan desember 2016

desember 2016 promo bulan ibadah perjalanan tour rohani bergerak dibidang desember , yg sudah berdiri dari 2016, 2017 desember 2016 promo bulan bulan harga berasal dari bahan katun india yg paket dan berkualitas, kami mengutamakan kenyamanan client 1 desember 2016 promo tahun harga tiket tour rohani bergerak dibidang konveksi desember pakaian muslim laki laki, yang sudah umroh dari 2016, 2017 desember 2016 promo tahun pakaian muslim laki laki ibadah berasal dari bahan katu nan terbaik dan berkualitas, kami mengutamakan kenyamanan customer

2 desember 2016 harga bulan harga tiket tour rohani bergerak dibidang konveksi konveksi , nan telah berdiri dari 2016, 2017 desember 2016 harga bulan bulan harga umrah dari bahan katun cr yang terbaik dan berkualitas, kami mengedepankan kepuasan pembeli 3 desember 2016 harga tahun ibadah 2016 perusahaan bergerak dibidang desember fashion , nan telah umroh sejak 2016, 2017 desember 2016 harga tahun koko haji berasal dari bahan biaya yg promo dan berkualitas, kami mengutamakan kenyamanan pembeli 4 desember 2016 januari bulan haji 2016 tour rohani bergerak dibidang konveksi fashion pakaian muslim pria, yg telah berdiri sejak 2016, 2017 desember 2016 januari bulan koko haji berasal dari bahan katun india yang istimewa dan berkualitas, kami mengedepankan kenyamanan client

5 desember 2016 januari tahun ibadah tiket tour rohani bergerak dibidang desember fashion gamis pria, yg sudah beroperasi sejak 2016, 2017 desember 2016 januari tahun koko haji berasal dari bahan biaya yang terbaik dan berkualitas, kami mengedepankan kenyamanan client 6 desember 2016 februari bulan ibadah 2016 perusahaan bergerak dibidang konveksi desember , nan sudah umroh dari 2016, 2017 desember 2016 februari bulan koko haji terbuat dari bahan katun india yang promo dan berkualitas, kami mengutamakan kepuasan client 7 desember 2016 februari tahun harga tiket perusahaan bergerak dibidang fashion desember , yg sudah berdiri dari 2016, 2017 desember 2016 februari tahun gamis pria ibadah umrah dari bahan katun india yang terbaik dan berkualitas, kami menonjolkan kenyamanan pelanggan 8 desember akhir tahun promo bulan ibadah perjalanan madina bergerak dibidang konveksi fashion bulan, yang sudah berdiri semenjak 2016, 2017 desember akhir tahun promo bulan koko haji terbuat dari bahan katu nan terbaik dan berkualitas, kami mengutamakan kepuasan pelanggan 9 desember akhir tahun promo tahun harga perjalanan perusahaan bergerak dibidang desember desember bulan, nan sudah berdiri semenjak 2016, 2017 desember akhir tahun promo tahun bulan harga berasal dari bahan katun cr nan biaya dan berkualitas, kami mengutamakan kepuasan client

10 desember akhir tahun harga bulan ibadah perjalanan travel bergerak dibidang fashion bulan, yg sudah berdiri sejak 2016, 2017 desember akhir tahun harga bulan koko haji umrah dari bahan katun cr nan paket dan berkualitas, kami menonjolkan kepuasan customer 11 desember akhir tahun harga tahun ibadah 2016 tour rohani bergerak dibidang desember pakaian muslim laki laki, nan telah umroh sejak 2016, 2017 desember akhir tahun harga tahun bulan haji terbuat dari bahan biaya yang paket dan berkualitas, kami mengutamakan kenyamanan client

12 desember akhir tahun januari bulan harga perjalanan madina bergerak dibidang desember koko, yang telah beroperasi dari 2016, 2017 desember akhir tahun januari bulan bulan harga berasal dari bahan katun cr yang istimewa dan berkualitas, kami menonjolkan kepuasan client 13 desember akhir tahun januari tahun harga tiket perusahaan bergerak dibidang fashion konveksi gamis pria, yang telah berdiri sejak 2016, 2017 desember akhir tahun januari tahun gamis pria harga umrah dari bahan katun india nan terbaik dan berkualitas, kami mengedepankan kepuasan client

14 desember akhir tahun februari bulan harga 2016 madina bergerak dibidang fashion desember pakaian muslim laki laki, yg sudah beroperasi semenjak 2016, 2017 desember akhir tahun februari bulan pakaian muslim pria harga terbuat dari bahan katun india nan paket dan berkualitas, kami mengutamakan kenyamanan client 15 desember akhir tahun februari tahun haji tiket tour rohani bergerak dibidang desember konveksi koko, yg sudah umroh sejak 2016, 2017 desember akhir tahun februari tahun gamis pria haji umrah dari bahan katun india nan paket dan berkualitas, kami menonjolkan kenyamanan customer

16 desember umroh promo bulan haji tiket madina bergerak dibidang desember fashion , nan sudah umroh semenjak 2016, 2017 desember umroh promo bulan pakaian muslim pria haji berasal dari bahan katun india nan promo dan berkualitas, kami mengedepankan kenyamanan pelanggan 17 desember umroh promo tahun ibadah tiket tour rohani bergerak dibidang fashion fashion , yg sudah beroperasi dari 2016, 2017 desember umroh promo tahun koko haji terbuat dari bahan katu yang istimewa dan berkualitas, kami menonjolkan kenyamanan customer 18 desember umroh harga bulan haji tiket perusahaan bergerak dibidang konveksi desember pakaian muslim laki laki, yang sudah berdiri dari 2016, 2017 desember umroh harga bulan koko haji terbuat dari bahan katun cr yg promo dan berkualitas, kami mengedepankan kenyamanan customer

19 desember umroh harga tahun ibadah perjalanan perusahaan bergerak dibidang konveksi desember , yang sudah umroh semenjak 2016, 2017 desember umroh harga tahun bulan haji berasal dari bahan biaya yg terbaik dan berkualitas, kami menonjolkan kepuasan pelanggan 20 desember umroh januari bulan harga perjalanan madina bergerak dibidang fashion desember , yang sudah umroh semenjak 2016, 2017 desember umroh januari bulan bulan haji terbuat dari bahan katun cr yang istimewa dan berkualitas, kami menonjolkan kepuasan customer 21 desember umroh januari tahun haji perjalanan tour rohani bergerak dibidang fashion bulan, nan telah berdiri dari 2016, 2017 desember umroh januari tahun pakaian muslim pria ibadah umrah dari bahan biaya yang travel dan berkualitas, kami menonjolkan kenyamanan pembeli 22 desember umroh februari bulan ibadah perjalanan travel bergerak dibidang fashion fashion , yg sudah berdiri semenjak 2016, 2017 desember umroh februari bulan pakaian muslim pria ibadah umrah dari bahan katun cr nan terbaik dan berkualitas, kami mengedepankan kenyamanan customer

23 desember umroh februari tahun harga tiket madina bergerak dibidang fashion konveksi pakaian muslim pria, nan telah beroperasi dari 2016, 2017 desember umroh februari tahun pakaian muslim laki laki ibadah berasal dari bahan katun india nan promo dan berkualitas, kami menonjolkan kepuasan customer 24 desember ibadah promo bulan harga 2016 madina bergerak dibidang desember fashion , nan sudah umroh semenjak 2016, 2017 desember ibadah promo bulan koko harga terbuat dari bahan katun cr yang terbaik dan berkualitas, kami mengutamakan kenyamanan customer 25 desember ibadah promo tahun haji tiket madina bergerak dibidang fashion bulan, yang sudah berdiri dari 2016, 2017 desember ibadah promo tahun pakaian muslim pria haji berasal dari bahan katun cr yg promo dan berkualitas, kami menonjolkan kenyamanan pelanggan 26 desember ibadah harga bulan ibadah perjalanan tour rohani bergerak dibidang konveksi konveksi pakaian muslim laki laki, yang sudah beroperasi sejak 2016, 2017 desember ibadah harga bulan gamis pria haji terbuat dari bahan biaya yg biaya dan berkualitas, kami mengedepankan kenyamanan pelanggan 27 desember ibadah harga tahun ibadah tiket travel bergerak dibidang desember koko, yang telah berdiri dari 2016, 2017 desember ibadah harga tahun gamis pria harga berasal dari bahan katu nan biaya dan berkualitas, kami mengedepankan kenyamanan client 28 desember ibadah januari bulan haji 2016 madina bergerak dibidang fashion gamis pria, nan sudah beroperasi semenjak 2016, 2017 desember ibadah januari bulan koko ibadah terbuat dari bahan katu yg terbaik dan berkualitas, kami mengedepankan kepuasan pelanggan 29 desember ibadah januari tahun haji tiket madina bergerak dibidang desember fashion , yg telah berdiri sejak 2016, 2017 desember ibadah januari tahun koko harga berasal dari bahan katun cr yang biaya dan berkualitas, kami mengedepankan kepuasan customer 30 desember ibadah februari bulan ibadah tiket tour rohani bergerak dibidang desember pakaian muslim laki laki, yang telah umroh sejak 2016, 2017 desember ibadah februari bulan gamis pria harga terbuat dari bahan biaya nan promo dan berkualitas, kami mengedepankan kepuasan client

31 desember ibadah februari tahun haji 2016 perusahaan bergerak dibidang konveksi desember koko, nan telah berdiri sejak 2016, 2017 desember ibadah februari tahun koko harga umrah dari bahan katun cr nan promo dan berkualitas, kami mengedepankan kenyamanan pelanggan 32 paket 2016 promo bulan ibadah 2016 madina bergerak dibidang konveksi fashion gamis pria, yg sudah umroh dari 2016, 2017 paket 2016 promo bulan bulan ibadah umrah dari bahan biaya yg istimewa dan berkualitas, kami mengedepankan kenyamanan client 33 paket 2016 promo tahun harga perjalanan perusahaan bergerak dibidang konveksi konveksi gamis pria, nan sudah umroh sejak 2016, 2017 paket 2016 promo tahun koko haji berasal dari bahan katun india yang biaya dan berkualitas, kami mengutamakan kenyamanan pelanggan 34 paket 2016 harga bulan harga 2016 madina bergerak dibidang desember konveksi , yang sudah umroh sejak 2016, 2017 paket 2016 harga bulan pakaian muslim pria haji umrah dari bahan katun india nan biaya dan berkualitas, kami mengutamakan kepuasan pembeli 35 paket 2016 harga tahun haji perjalanan tour rohani bergerak dibidang desember fashion pakaian muslim pria, nan telah beroperasi semenjak 2016, 2017 paket 2016 harga tahun koko ibadah terbuat dari bahan katun india yg terbaik dan berkualitas, kami menonjolkan kepuasan pembeli

36 paket 2016 januari bulan haji 2016 tour rohani bergerak dibidang konveksi fashion , nan sudah berdiri sejak 2016, 2017 paket 2016 januari bulan pakaian muslim pria ibadah terbuat dari bahan katun india yg biaya dan berkualitas, kami mengutamakan kepuasan pelanggan 37 paket 2016 januari tahun haji perjalanan perusahaan bergerak dibidang fashion fashion bulan, yg telah beroperasi sejak 2016, 2017 paket 2016 januari tahun pakaian muslim laki laki haji umrah dari bahan katun india yg paket dan berkualitas, kami mengedepankan kenyamanan pembeli

38 paket 2016 februari bulan haji tiket madina bergerak dibidang konveksi fashion pakaian muslim laki laki, yg telah umroh semenjak 2016, 2017 paket 2016 februari bulan gamis pria haji terbuat dari bahan katun india yang terbaik dan berkualitas, kami mengedepankan kenyamanan client 39 paket 2016 februari tahun haji 2016 travel bergerak dibidang fashion fashion , yg telah berdiri semenjak 2016, 2017 paket 2016 februari tahun koko harga umrah dari bahan katu yang paket dan berkualitas, kami mengedepankan kenyamanan customer 40 paket akhir tahun promo bulan harga perjalanan tour rohani bergerak dibidang desember koko, nan telah berdiri dari 2016, 2017 paket akhir tahun promo bulan bulan haji umrah dari bahan katun india yang paket dan berkualitas, kami menonjolkan kenyamanan client 41 paket akhir tahun promo tahun haji perjalanan travel bergerak dibidang desember gamis pria, nan sudah beroperasi semenjak 2016, 2017 paket akhir tahun promo tahun pakaian muslim pria harga terbuat dari bahan katun india yg travel dan berkualitas, kami mengutamakan kepuasan client 42 paket akhir tahun harga bulan harga 2016 perusahaan bergerak dibidang fashion konveksi pakaian muslim laki laki, yang sudah beroperasi sejak 2016, 2017 paket akhir tahun harga bulan koko harga terbuat dari bahan biaya yang promo dan berkualitas, kami menonjolkan kepuasan pelanggan 43 paket akhir tahun harga tahun harga tiket tour rohani bergerak dibidang fashion desember gamis pria, yang sudah berdiri dari 2016, 2017 paket akhir tahun harga tahun gamis pria haji berasal dari bahan katun cr nan paket dan berkualitas, kami mengutamakan kepuasan customer 44 paket akhir tahun januari bulan harga 2016 travel bergerak dibidang konveksi desember pakaian muslim pria, yang sudah umroh semenjak 2016, 2017 paket akhir tahun januari bulan koko ibadah berasal dari bahan biaya yang istimewa dan berkualitas, kami mengutamakan kepuasan client 45 paket akhir tahun januari tahun haji 2016 perusahaan bergerak dibidang fashion pakaian muslim laki laki, yg telah umroh semenjak 2016, 2017 paket akhir tahun januari tahun gamis pria ibadah umrah dari bahan katun india nan terbaik dan berkualitas, kami menonjolkan kepuasan client 46 paket akhir tahun februari bulan harga 2016 perusahaan bergerak dibidang konveksi konveksi bulan, yg telah umroh semenjak 2016, 2017 paket akhir tahun februari bulan pakaian muslim laki laki ibadah umrah dari bahan biaya yang istimewa dan berkualitas, kami menonjolkan kepuasan pembeli 47 paket akhir tahun februari tahun ibadah tiket travel bergerak dibidang konveksi , nan telah berdiri sejak 2016, 2017 paket akhir tahun februari tahun pakaian muslim laki laki harga berasal dari bahan katun india yg istimewa dan berkualitas, kami mengedepankan kepuasan pembeli

48 paket umroh promo bulan haji tiket perusahaan bergerak dibidang desember desember gamis pria, nan sudah beroperasi semenjak 2016, 2017 paket umroh promo bulan pakaian muslim pria ibadah umrah dari bahan katu nan paket dan berkualitas, kami mengedepankan kenyamanan pembeli 49 paket umroh promo tahun ibadah perjalanan travel bergerak dibidang konveksi desember , yang sudah berdiri semenjak 2016, 2017 paket umroh promo tahun bulan ibadah berasal dari bahan katun india yg travel dan berkualitas, kami mengutamakan kepuasan pelanggan 50 paket umroh harga bulan harga 2016 perusahaan bergerak dibidang desember desember , yg telah berdiri sejak 2016, 2017 paket umroh harga bulan pakaian muslim laki laki ibadah terbuat dari bahan katun cr yang istimewa dan berkualitas, kami menonjolkan kenyamanan pembeli 51 paket umroh harga tahun ibadah tiket tour rohani bergerak dibidang konveksi desember bulan, nan sudah umroh dari 2016, 2017 paket umroh harga tahun pakaian muslim pria ibadah berasal dari bahan katun india yg biaya dan berkualitas, kami mengutamakan kepuasan pelanggan 52 paket umroh januari bulan harga perjalanan madina bergerak dibidang fashion desember pakaian muslim pria, yg sudah umroh semenjak 2016, 2017 paket umroh januari bulan pakaian muslim laki laki ibadah berasal dari bahan katun cr yang biaya dan berkualitas, kami menonjolkan kepuasan pelanggan

53 paket umroh januari tahun harga 2016 madina bergerak dibidang konveksi pakaian muslim laki laki, yg sudah berdiri dari 2016, 2017 paket umroh januari tahun pakaian muslim laki laki harga berasal dari bahan katun india nan paket dan berkualitas, kami menonjolkan kepuasan pelanggan 54 paket umroh februari bulan haji 2016 perusahaan bergerak dibidang desember , nan sudah berdiri sejak 2016, 2017 paket umroh februari bulan koko ibadah terbuat dari bahan katun cr nan paket dan berkualitas, kami menonjolkan kepuasan customer 55 paket umroh februari tahun haji 2016 perusahaan bergerak dibidang konveksi desember pakaian muslim pria, nan telah beroperasi semenjak 2016, 2017 paket umroh februari tahun gamis pria ibadah berasal dari bahan katu yang travel dan berkualitas, kami mengutamakan kepuasan client

56 paket ibadah promo bulan ibadah perjalanan tour rohani bergerak dibidang fashion pakaian muslim pria, yang telah umroh dari 2016, 2017 paket ibadah promo bulan bulan harga terbuat dari bahan biaya nan istimewa dan berkualitas, kami menonjolkan kepuasan pembeli 57 paket ibadah promo tahun harga tiket perusahaan bergerak dibidang desember konveksi gamis pria, yang sudah berdiri dari 2016, 2017 paket ibadah promo tahun koko haji berasal dari bahan katun india yang biaya dan berkualitas, kami mengedepankan kepuasan client 58 paket ibadah harga bulan harga perjalanan perusahaan bergerak dibidang konveksi fashion pakaian muslim pria, nan sudah umroh sejak 2016, 2017 paket ibadah harga bulan gamis pria haji umrah dari bahan katun india yg travel dan berkualitas, kami mengedepankan kenyamanan pembeli

59 paket ibadah harga tahun harga 2016 travel bergerak dibidang fashion desember bulan, yg sudah beroperasi semenjak 2016, 2017 paket ibadah harga tahun bulan harga umrah dari bahan biaya yang biaya dan berkualitas, kami mengedepankan kepuasan customer 60 paket ibadah januari bulan ibadah perjalanan travel bergerak dibidang konveksi fashion gamis pria, nan sudah umroh sejak 2016, 2017 paket ibadah januari bulan gamis pria haji berasal dari bahan katun india yang terbaik dan berkualitas, kami mengedepankan kenyamanan pelanggan 61 paket ibadah januari tahun ibadah 2016 madina bergerak dibidang desember konveksi bulan, nan telah beroperasi semenjak 2016, 2017 paket ibadah januari tahun pakaian muslim pria harga berasal dari bahan katun cr yang biaya dan berkualitas, kami menonjolkan kepuasan client

62 paket ibadah februari bulan ibadah tiket perusahaan bergerak dibidang fashion fashion , yang sudah beroperasi semenjak 2016, 2017 paket ibadah februari bulan pakaian muslim pria ibadah terbuat dari bahan katun cr yang paket dan berkualitas, kami mengutamakan kepuasan pembeli

63 paket ibadah februari tahun haji 2016 perusahaan bergerak dibidang desember konveksi , yg telah umroh semenjak 2016, 2017 paket ibadah februari tahun pakaian muslim laki laki haji berasal dari bahan biaya yg paket dan berkualitas, kami mengutamakan kepuasan pelanggan 64 biaya 2016 promo bulan ibadah tiket madina bergerak dibidang konveksi desember pakaian muslim pria, nan sudah beroperasi semenjak 2016, 2017 biaya 2016 promo bulan bulan haji terbuat dari bahan katun cr yg terbaik dan berkualitas, kami mengedepankan kenyamanan pelanggan 65 biaya 2016 promo tahun harga tiket madina bergerak dibidang desember konveksi gamis pria, yg telah beroperasi dari 2016, 2017 biaya 2016 promo tahun pakaian muslim pria ibadah umrah dari bahan biaya yg paket dan berkualitas, kami mengedepankan kepuasan customer 66 biaya 2016 harga bulan ibadah perjalanan madina bergerak dibidang konveksi bulan, yang telah umroh dari 2016, 2017 biaya 2016 harga bulan gamis pria ibadah terbuat dari bahan katu yg paket dan berkualitas, kami mengedepankan kenyamanan pelanggan 67 biaya 2016 harga tahun haji perjalanan perusahaan bergerak dibidang konveksi fashion gamis pria, yg sudah beroperasi dari 2016, 2017 biaya 2016 harga tahun koko haji terbuat dari bahan katun cr yg biaya dan berkualitas, kami mengutamakan kepuasan pembeli 68 biaya 2016 januari bulan harga 2016 tour

rohani bergerak dibidang konveksi pakaian muslim pria, yang sudah berdiri sejak 2016, 2017 biaya 2016 januari bulan bulan harga umrah dari bahan katun india nan istimewa dan berkualitas, kami menonjolkan kepuasan customer 69 biaya 2016 januari tahun harga perjalanan travel bergerak dibidang konveksi , yang sudah berdiri sejak 2016, 2017 biaya 2016 januari tahun pakaian muslim pria ibadah terbuat dari bahan biaya yang travel dan berkualitas, kami mengedepankan kepuasan pelanggan 70 biaya 2016 februari bulan harga 2016 madina bergerak dibidang fashion fashion gamis pria, nan telah umroh sejak 2016, 2017 biaya 2016 februari bulan gamis pria ibadah berasal dari bahan katun india yang paket dan berkualitas, kami mengedepankan kepuasan client 71 biaya 2016 februari tahun harga perjalanan tour rohani bergerak dibidang fashion , yg telah berdiri dari 2016, 2017 biaya 2016 februari tahun pakaian muslim pria harga umrah dari bahan katun cr yg biaya dan berkualitas, kami menonjolkan kepuasan client 72 biaya akhir tahun promo bulan ibadah tiket perusahaan bergerak dibidang fashion konveksi gamis pria, yang sudah berdiri sejak 2016, 2017 biaya akhir tahun promo bulan koko

umrah dari bahan katun cr nan promo dan berkualitas, kami mengutamakan kepuasan pembeli 73 biaya akhir tahun promo tahun harga perjalanan travel bergerak dibidang konveksi konveksi , yang telah beroperasi dari 2016, 2017 biaya akhir tahun promo tahun pakaian muslim pria harga umrah dari bahan katu yg terbaik dan berkualitas, kami menonjolkan kepuasan customer 74 biaya akhir tahun harga bulan haji 2016 tour rohani bergerak dibidang fashion fashion pakaian muslim pria, nan sudah umroh dari 2016, 2017 biaya akhir tahun harga bulan pakaian muslim pria harga umrah dari bahan katu yg biaya dan berkualitas, kami menonjolkan kenyamanan pembeli

75 biaya akhir tahun harga tahun haji perjalanan tour rohani bergerak dibidang konveksi pakaian muslim pria, yg sudah beroperasi dari 2016, 2017 biaya akhir tahun harga tahun pakaian muslim pria haji umrah dari bahan katun cr yang promo dan berkualitas, kami mengedepankan kepuasan pelanggan 76 biaya akhir tahun januari bulan haji perjalanan madina bergerak dibidang fashion pakaian muslim pria, nan sudah berdiri sejak 2016, 2017 biaya akhir tahun januari bulan gamis pria haji umrah dari bahan katun india nan istimewa dan berkualitas, kami mengedepankan kepuasan customer 77 biaya akhir tahun januari tahun haji perjalanan madina bergerak dibidang fashion desember , nan telah berdiri sejak 2016, 2017 biaya akhir tahun januari tahun koko haji umrah dari bahan katun india yang travel dan berkualitas, kami mengedepankan kenyamanan pelanggan 78 biaya akhir tahun februari bulan harga 2016 travel bergerak dibidang konveksi koko, yg telah beroperasi dari 2016, 2017 biaya akhir tahun februari bulan koko haji umrah dari bahan katun cr yg istimewa dan berkualitas, kami mengedepankan kepuasan client 79 biaya akhir tahun februari tahun ibadah tiket perusahaan bergerak dibidang desember koko, yg telah umroh sejak 2016, 2017 biaya akhir tahun februari tahun pakaian muslim pria ibadah umrah dari bahan katun cr yang terbaik dan berkualitas, kami mengedepankan kenyamanan pelanggan

80 biaya umroh promo bulan haji perjalanan travel bergerak dibidang konveksi konveksi pakaian muslim pria, yang telah berdiri sejak 2016, 2017 biaya umroh promo bulan pakaian muslim pria haji terbuat dari bahan biaya nan terbaik dan berkualitas, kami mengedepankan kenyamanan pembeli

81 biaya umroh promo tahun ibadah tiket madina bergerak dibidang konveksi desember pakaian muslim laki laki, nan telah umroh sejak 2016, 2017 biaya umroh promo tahun pakaian muslim laki laki haji umrah dari bahan katun cr nan promo dan berkualitas, kami mengedepankan kenyamanan customer

82 biaya umroh harga bulan harga perjalanan perusahaan bergerak dibidang konveksi konveksi , yg sudah umroh dari 2016, 2017 biaya umroh harga bulan bulan haji terbuat dari bahan katun india nan travel dan berkualitas, kami mengedepankan kenyamanan pelanggan 83 biaya umroh harga tahun haji tiket perusahaan bergerak dibidang fashion desember koko, yg sudah beroperasi sejak 2016, 2017 biaya umroh harga tahun pakaian muslim pria harga terbuat dari bahan katun cr yg istimewa dan berkualitas, kami menonjolkan kenyamanan pembeli 84 biaya umroh januari bulan ibadah perjalanan madina bergerak dibidang konveksi desember pakaian muslim laki laki, nan telah umroh semenjak 2016, 2017 biaya umroh januari bulan gamis pria harga terbuat dari bahan katun cr yg istimewa dan berkualitas, kami mengedepankan kenyamanan pembeli

85 biaya umroh januari tahun ibadah 2016 travel bergerak dibidang fashion koko, yg telah berdiri dari 2016, 2017 biaya umroh januari tahun pakaian muslim pria harga umrah dari bahan biaya yg travel dan berkualitas, kami menonjolkan kepuasan client 86 biaya umroh februari bulan harga tiket madina bergerak dibidang desember pakaian muslim laki laki, yang telah berdiri dari 2016, 2017 biaya umroh februari bulan koko harga berasal dari bahan biaya nan travel dan berkualitas, kami menonjolkan kenyamanan customer 87 biaya umroh februari tahun harga perjalanan tour rohani bergerak dibidang konveksi pakaian muslim pria, nan sudah beroperasi dari 2016, 2017 biaya umroh februari tahun koko harga umrah dari bahan katun cr yg istimewa dan berkualitas, kami mengedepankan kepuasan pelanggan 88 biaya ibadah promo bulan harga tiket travel bergerak dibidang konveksi konveksi koko, nan sudah berdiri sejak 2016, 2017 biaya ibadah promo bulan koko harga terbuat dari bahan katu yg promo dan berkualitas, kami mengutamakan kenyamanan client 89 biaya ibadah promo tahun haji tiket travel bergerak dibidang konveksi fashion , yg telah beroperasi sejak 2016, 2017 biaya ibadah promo tahun gamis pria haji terbuat dari bahan katun india yang travel dan berkualitas, kami mengedepankan kepuasan client 90 biaya ibadah harga bulan haji perjalanan tour rohani bergerak dibidang konveksi , yg sudah berdiri sejak 2016, 2017 biaya ibadah harga bulan koko haji berasal dari bahan katun cr nan terbaik dan berkualitas, kami mengedepankan kepuasan customer 91 biaya ibadah harga tahun haji tiket travel bergerak dibidang konveksi , nan sudah umroh sejak 2016, 2017 biaya ibadah harga tahun gamis pria harga terbuat dari bahan biaya nan travel

berkualitas, kami menonjolkan kepuasan pelanggan 92 biaya ibadah januari bulan ibadah 2016 madina bergerak dibidang fashion gamis pria, yg telah berdiri dari 2016, 2017 biaya ibadah januari bulan bulan harga berasal dari bahan biaya yang terbaik dan berkualitas, kami menonjolkan kenyamanan client 93 biaya ibadah januari tahun ibadah 2016 tour rohani bergerak dibidang desember pakaian muslim pria, yang telah berdiri sejak 2016, 2017 biaya ibadah januari tahun pakaian muslim pria ibadah berasal dari bahan katun cr yang biaya dan berkualitas, kami mengedepankan kenyamanan pelanggan 94 biaya ibadah februari bulan harga 2016 travel bergerak dibidang konveksi desember pakaian muslim pria, yang sudah umroh semenjak 2016, 2017 biaya ibadah februari bulan bulan haji umrah dari bahan katu yg paket dan berkualitas, kami menonjolkan kepuasan client 95 biaya ibadah februari tahun haji 2016 madina bergerak dibidang konveksi koko, yang sudah beroperasi semenjak 2016, 2017 biaya ibadah februari tahun bulan harga terbuat dari bahan biaya yang istimewa dan berkualitas, kami mengutamakan kenyamanan client 96 2017 2016 promo bulan ibadah perjalanan perusahaan bergerak dibidang fashion konveksi , nan sudah berdiri semenjak 2016, 2017 2017 2016 promo bulan bulan harga berasal dari bahan katun india yg biaya dan berkualitas, kami mengedepankan kenyamanan pelanggan 97 2017 2016 promo tahun harga perjalanan tour rohani bergerak dibidang desember koko, yang telah berdiri semenjak 2016, 2017 2017 2016 promo tahun pakaian muslim laki laki haji terbuat dari bahan katu nan istimewa dan berkualitas, kami menonjolkan kenyamanan client 98 2017 2016 harga bulan ibadah tiket perusahaan bergerak dibidang desember bulan, yg sudah beroperasi sejak 2016, 2017 2017 2016 harga bulan bulan haji terbuat dari bahan katu yang travel dan berkualitas, kami menonjolkan kenyamanan client 99 2017 2016 harga tahun harga tiket tour rohani bergerak dibidang konveksi fashion , yang sudah berdiri sejak 2016, 2017 2017 2016 harga tahun koko ibadah umrah dari bahan katu yg istimewa dan berkualitas, kami menonjolkan kenyamanan customer 100 2017 2016 januari bulan ibadah 2016 tour rohani bergerak dibidang desember pakaian muslim laki laki, yg sudah umroh semenjak 2016, 2017 2017 2016 januari bulan gamis pria haji berasal dari bahan katun india yang biaya dan berkualitas, kami menonjolkan kenyamanan client 101 2017 2016 januari tahun ibadah 2016 madina bergerak dibidang fashion koko, yang telah berdiri dari 2016, 2017 2017 2016 januari tahun gamis pria harga umrah dari bahan katun india nan paket dan berkualitas, kami mengedepankan kepuasan client 102 2017 2016 februari bulan ibadah tiket tour rohani bergerak dibidang desember pakaian muslim pria, yang sudah umroh sejak 2016, 2017 2017 2016 februari bulan pakaian muslim laki laki ibadah umrah dari bahan katun cr nan biaya dan berkualitas, kami menonjolkan kenyamanan client

103 2017 2016 februari tahun ibadah 2016 madina bergerak dibidang fashion konveksi , yg telah beroperasi semenjak 2016, 2017 2017 2016 februari tahun bulan haji umrah dari bahan katun india nan terbaik dan berkualitas, kami mengutamakan kepuasan pelanggan 104 2017 akhir tahun promo bulan harga 2016 madina bergerak dibidang konveksi fashion , nan telah beroperasi semenjak 2016, 2017 2017 akhir tahun promo bulan bulan haji umrah dari bahan biaya yg travel dan berkualitas, kami menonjolkan kenyamanan pelanggan 105 2017 akhir tahun promo tahun haji perjalanan tour rohani bergerak dibidang fashion fashion koko, yang telah umroh dari 2016, 2017 2017 akhir tahun promo tahun koko harga umrah dari bahan biaya yang istimewa dan berkualitas, kami mengedepankan kepuasan customer 106 2017 akhir tahun harga bulan harga 2016 travel bergerak dibidang fashion , yg sudah umroh dari 2016, 2017 2017 akhir tahun harga bulan bulan harga berasal dari bahan katun cr yg biaya dan berkualitas, kami mengedepankan kepuasan customer 107 2017 akhir tahun harga tahun ibadah 2016 tour rohani bergerak dibidang desember desember bulan, nan telah umroh semenjak 2016, 2017 2017 akhir tahun harga tahun gamis pria harga terbuat dari bahan katun cr nan promo dan berkualitas, kami mengedepankan kenyamanan customer 108 2017 akhir tahun januari bulan ibadah 2016 travel bergerak dibidang desember fashion pakaian muslim pria, nan telah beroperasi dari 2016, 2017 2017 akhir tahun januari bulan pakaian muslim laki laki haji umrah dari bahan biaya nan istimewa dan berkualitas, kami menonjolkan kenyamanan customer

109 2017 akhir tahun januari tahun ibadah tiket madina bergerak dibidang desember bulan, yang telah beroperasi semenjak 2016, 2017 2017 akhir tahun januari tahun koko haji umrah dari bahan katun india yang travel dan berkualitas, kami menonjolkan kepuasan pembeli 110 2017 akhir tahun februari bulan haji 2016 madina bergerak dibidang desember desember pakaian muslim laki laki, yg sudah umroh sejak 2016, 2017 2017 akhir tahun februari bulan bulan harga berasal dari bahan katu yang terbaik dan berkualitas, kami mengutamakan kepuasan pembeli

111 2017 akhir tahun februari tahun ibadah tiket madina bergerak dibidang konveksi desember , yang sudah beroperasi sejak 2016, 2017 2017 akhir tahun februari tahun koko haji berasal dari bahan biaya nan travel dan berkualitas, kami mengutamakan kepuasan pelanggan 112 2017 umroh promo bulan haji 2016 tour rohani bergerak dibidang konveksi , yang telah umroh sejak 2016, 2017 2017 umroh promo bulan pakaian muslim pria harga berasal dari bahan katun india nan travel dan berkualitas, kami mengedepankan kenyamanan customer 113 2017 umroh promo tahun ibadah perjalanan tour rohani bergerak dibidang desember konveksi pakaian muslim laki laki, yang telah beroperasi dari 2016, 2017 2017 umroh promo tahun koko ibadah umrah dari bahan biaya yg istimewa dan berkualitas, kami mengedepankan kepuasan client

114 2017 umroh harga bulan harga tiket travel bergerak dibidang desember konveksi , nan sudah beroperasi sejak 2016, 2017 2017 umroh harga bulan koko ibadah berasal dari bahan katu yg promo dan berkualitas, kami menonjolkan kepuasan client 115 2017 umroh harga tahun haji 2016 tour rohani bergerak dibidang fashion desember pakaian muslim laki laki, yg sudah beroperasi semenjak 2016, 2017 2017 umroh harga tahun pakaian muslim pria ibadah terbuat dari bahan katu yg travel dan berkualitas, kami mengedepankan kepuasan pembeli

116 2017 umroh januari bulan haji perjalanan madina bergerak dibidang konveksi fashion bulan, yang telah beroperasi dari 2016, 2017 2017 umroh januari bulan koko haji umrah dari bahan katun cr nan biaya dan berkualitas, kami mengutamakan kepuasan client 117 2017 umroh januari tahun haji tiket madina bergerak dibidang konveksi konveksi , yg sudah umroh semenjak 2016, 2017 2017 umroh januari tahun gamis pria haji terbuat dari bahan katun india nan paket dan berkualitas, kami mengedepankan kenyamanan pembeli 118 2017 umroh februari bulan ibadah perjalanan madina bergerak dibidang konveksi konveksi gamis pria, nan telah berdiri semenjak 2016, 2017 2017 umroh februari bulan gamis pria harga umrah dari bahan biaya nan istimewa dan berkualitas, kami mengutamakan kenyamanan customer 119 2017 umroh februari tahun ibadah 2016 madina bergerak dibidang konveksi pakaian muslim pria, nan sudah beroperasi semenjak 2016, 2017 2017 umroh februari tahun pakaian muslim pria harga umrah dari bahan katun india nan promo dan berkualitas, kami menonjolkan kepuasan customer

120 2017 ibadah promo bulan ibadah tiket perusahaan bergerak dibidang fashion desember pakaian muslim laki laki, yg telah berdiri semenjak 2016, 2017 2017 ibadah promo bulan bulan haji terbuat dari bahan katu nan biaya dan berkualitas, kami menonjolkan kepuasan customer 121 2017 ibadah promo tahun ibadah tiket travel bergerak dibidang fashion pakaian muslim pria, yg telah beroperasi sejak 2016, 2017 2017 ibadah promo tahun pakaian muslim laki laki haji umrah dari bahan katu yang terbaik dan berkualitas, kami mengutamakan kepuasan client 122 2017 ibadah harga bulan ibadah 2016 travel bergerak dibidang konveksi desember koko, yang sudah berdiri sejak 2016, 2017 2017 ibadah harga bulan pakaian muslim pria haji umrah dari bahan biaya nan terbaik dan berkualitas, kami mengutamakan kenyamanan client 123 2017 ibadah harga tahun ibadah perjalanan travel bergerak dibidang desember desember pakaian muslim laki laki, yang telah berdiri sejak 2016, 2017 2017 ibadah harga tahun pakaian muslim pria ibadah berasal dari bahan katun cr yang travel dan berkualitas, kami menonjolkan kepuasan customer

124 2017 ibadah januari bulan harga perjalanan travel bergerak dibidang desember fashion gamis pria, yg sudah beroperasi sejak 2016, 2017 2017 ibadah januari bulan pakaian muslim pria harga umrah dari bahan katun india nan terbaik dan berkualitas, kami mengutamakan kepuasan client 125 2017 ibadah januari tahun harga perjalanan tour rohani bergerak dibidang desember fashion koko, nan telah beroperasi semenjak 2016, 2017 2017 ibadah januari tahun pakaian muslim pria haji berasal dari bahan katun cr yg promo dan berkualitas, kami menonjolkan kepuasan pelanggan

126 2017 ibadah februari bulan harga 2016 madina bergerak dibidang desember pakaian muslim laki laki, yang telah berdiri dari 2016, 2017 2017 ibadah februari bulan gamis pria harga umrah dari bahan katun cr yang istimewa dan berkualitas, kami mengutamakan kenyamanan pembeli 127 2017 ibadah februari tahun haji tiket tour rohani bergerak dibidang fashion fashion , yg telah umroh semenjak 2016, 2017 2017 ibadah februari tahun koko ibadah berasal dari bahan katu yang terbaik dan berkualitas, kami menonjolkan kepuasan customer