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Baju bola yang sekarang ini semakin di cari banyak orang sebab mungkin salah satunya disebabkan karena piala dunia brazil. Namun ada baiknya menimbang dan mencari tips membeli baju bola agar tidak salah memilih, karena satu kali saja salah menentukan manakah pakaian baju bola yang cocok. Di internet sudah ada banyak sekali panduan memilih, segera pahami agar tidak menuai penyesalan.TIPS MEMBELI PAKAIAN BAJU BOLA

Ini adalah kesalahpahaman bahwa bila membuat akuarium, setiap pencahayaan fixture akan dilakukan. Hal ini juga sebenarnya tidak demikian pencahayaan akuarium yang tepat adalah penting untuk dapat menjaga akuarium sehat dan ikan yang sehat.

Berbagai jenis akuarium telah memiliki kebutuhan pencahayaan yang sangat berbeda. Anda juga akan perlu melakukan beberapa riset ke dalam jenis ikan Anda berniat untuk memperoleh dan apa kebutuhan spesifik mereka. Sebuah faktor penting adalah apakah atau tidak Anda akan menjaga tanaman air tawar atau air asin terumbu. Jumlah dan jenis cahaya air Anda perlu tergantung pada faktor-faktor ini.

Ada lima jenis utama dari lampu akuarium. Lima jenis utama adalah lampu neon biasa, lampu fluorescent kompak, lampu fluorescent output tinggi dan sangat tinggi, halida logam, dan Light Emitting Dioda (LED). Masing-masing lampu telah melayani tujuan yang berbeda untuk pencahayaan akuarium.

Lampu neon biasa diterima untuk yang paling segar dan ikan laut. Anda akan ingin memilih cahaya agar sesuai kap di atas akuarium Anda. Sebuah spektrum neon penuh adalah ide yang baik untuk dapat memastikan bahwa ikan Anda menyerap semua panjang gelombang yang diperlukan untuk dapat membuat mereka tetap sehat.

Jika Anda berniat untuk memiliki tanaman hidup dalam akuarium air tawar, pencahayaan yang berbeda mungkin diperlukan. Tanaman membutuhkan sinar panjang gelombang cahaya tertentu untuk dapat menghasilkan energi melalui fotosintesis yang mereka tergantung pada untuk bertahan hidup. Setiap jenis tanaman akan memiliki kebutuhan sendiri pencahayaan. Anda harus penelitian tanaman untuk arah tertentu. Sebuah pedoman umum untuk tanaman akuarium pencahayaan adalah 2-5 watt cahaya per galon air dalam akuarium Anda.

Air asin akuarium dengan karang hidup atau non-ikan organisme akan membutuhkan pencahayaan yang sangat khusus. Tank ini memerlukan lampu output tinggi atau sangat tinggi fluorescent atau halida logam. Tank ini perlu 4 sampai 10 watt cahaya per galon air akuarium. Klasifikasi ini akuarium pencahayaan cenderung telah menghasilkan panas yang harus diperlakukan dengan benar untuk mencegah overheating akuarium Anda. Perlengkapan khusus dengan dibangun pada penggemar mungkin diperlukan untuk membubarkan panas tambahan. Dalam beberapa kasus, Anda bahkan mungkin perlu chiller untuk menyimpan air dan suhu yang sesuai untuk ikan anda.

Bagian penting lainnya dari pencahayaan akuarium Anda adalah hari / siklus malam. Timer listrik dianjurkan untuk dapat menjaga ikan Anda pada jadwal rutin dan agar tidak stres mereka. Simulator sinar rembulan LED dapat diperoleh untuk spesies sangat halus untuk meniru panjang gelombang lembut yang dilepaskan oleh bulan di alam. Cara terbaik untuk menentukan apakah atau tidak Anda akan perlu penambahan ini untuk sistem pencahayaan air Anda untuk benar-benar penelitian ikan Anda berniat untuk membeli.

MEMILIH LAMPU UNTUK AKUARIUM

LONDON, Saco-Indonesia.com - Inilah yang terjadi ketika anda terkena turbulensi ekstrem sesaat setelah sarapan disajikan. Para penumpang sebuah penerbangan Singapure Airlines baru-baru ini mengalami kekacauan di kabin setelah penerbangan mereka mengalami guncangan keras dan mendadak terhempas (kehilangan ketinggian).

Sebanyak 11 penumpang dan seorang awak terluka dalam insiden yang dialami penumpang bernomor penerbangan SQ308 dari Singapura menuju London itu.

Seorang penumpang pada penerbangan itu, yang melihat kopinya berakhir di langit-langit kabin, berhasil mengambil sejumlah gambar yang ia posting ke Instagram. Penumpang bernama Alan Cross itu mengatakan kepada ABC News bahwa para penumpang dalam penerbangan itu telah diperingatkan akan mengalami turbulensi dan bahwa layanan sarapan akan dihentikan sementara.

Beberapa saat kemudian tanda sabuk dikenakan muncul. Kapten pun mengeluarkan perintah agar semua awak kabin segera kembali ke tempat duduk. Cross mengatakan, turbulensi yang kemudian terjadi terasa 'seperti berada dalam lift yang kabelnya terpotong atau seperti terjun bebas dari komedi putar."

Ia mengatakan, segala sesuatu yang tidak terikat, termasuk orang-orang, menghantam langit-langit.

Maskapai itiu mengatakan kepada Australia News seperti dikutip Mail Online, Senin, "Sebelas penumpang dan seorang awak menderita luka ringan saat pesawat itu tiba-tiba mengalami kehilangan ketinggian dan (mereka) menjalani perawatan medis saat tiba di Bandara Heathrow (London). Tanda-tanda kenakan sabuk pengaman telah muncul dan layanan makan sudah ditangguhkan."

Cross berkata, para awak kabin sangat mengagumkan setelah guncangan itu terjadi, mereka dengan tenang dan efisien melakukan bersih-bersih. Dia mengatakan para awak memeriksa yang cedera sebelum membersihkan kekacauan dan memberikan penumpang sejumlah kotak cokelat saat mereka di Heathrow, di mana mereka ditemui paramedis.

Menurut Mail Online, awal tahun ini, para ilmuwan sudah menyatakan bahwa perubahan iklim dapat mengakibatkan penerbangan dari London ke New York akan semakin menggucang di masa depan. Para peneliti dari universitas East Anglia dan Reading menganalisa simulasi superkomputer prihal kondisi atmosfer di atas Atlantik Utara dan mengklaim perubahan iklim akan meningkatkan turbulensi udara.

Editor :Liwon Maulana
Kekacauan di Area Penerbangan Setelah Kena Turbulensi

Terdakwa kasus dugaan korupsi Pusat Pendidikan Pelatihan dan Sekolah Olahraga Nasional di Desa Hambalang, Kabupaten Bogor, Jawa Barat, pada 2010 lalu , Deddy Kusdinar, pasrah dalam menghadapi vonis majelis hakim hari ini. Bekas pejabat di Kementerian Pemuda dan Olahraga itu juga mengaku tidak memiliki persiapan khusus menjelang pembacaan putusan atas perkaranya.

"Ya siaplah. Insya Allah. Ya mau tidak mau disiap-siapin saja," kata Deddy kepada awak media di Gedung Pengadilan Tindak Pidana Korupsi, Jakarta, Selasa (11/3).

Menurut kuasa hukum Deddy, Rudy Alfonso, dia juga berharap majelis hakim telah memutus perkara kliennya dengan jernih dan adil. Dia juga mengatakan, seharusnya bukan kliennya yang dihukum berat karena masih ada lagi pihak lain yang harus bertanggung jawab.

"Kami tentunya juga berharap besar kepada majelis hakim untuk menilai secara obyektif fakta-fakta yang terungkap dalam persidangan. Siapa yang sebenarnya mengatur proyek, menggiring anggaran, dan menikmati uang korupsi Hambalang yang seharusnya dihukum seberat-beratnya," tulis Rudi melalui pesan singkat kemarin.

Rudi juga mengatakan, sidang vonis Deddy akan digelar pukul 10.00 pagi WIB. Dia pun juga berharap sidang dilakukan tepat waktu.

Menurut Rudy, Deddy hanyalah pegawai di Kementerian Pemuda dan Olahraga yang telah mengikuti perintah atasan. Menurut dia, jangan sampai Deddy hanya menjadi tumbal di kasus itu, sementara pihak lain yang juga mesti bertanggung jawab malah lolos.

"Orang seperti Pak Deddy yang tidak menikmati uang haram dari Hambalang jangan dijadikan tumbal untuk dapat menyelamatkan orang-orang yang punya hubungan dengan kekuasaan, dan bisa tertawa menyaksikan semua ini," sambung Rudy.

Rudy juga menjelaskan, yang dimaksud orang-orang yang punya hubungan kekuasaan adalah pihak yang berada dalam lingkar inti kasus. Seperti Muhammad Nazaruddin yang menggiring anggaran di DPR. Kemudian juga beberapa pihak lain yang mengupayakan supaya proyek Hambalang dibiayai dengan skema tahun jamak, meski melanggar aturan.

"Ada peran tangan-tangan kuat yang sudah terungkap juga. Kemudian aliran uang ke pihak-pihak tertentu yang menikmati suap," lanjut Rudy.

Meski demikian, Rudy telah meyakini KPK bakal akan menjerat pihak lain dalam kasus Hambalang. Bahkan dia telah meminta KPK untuk melakukan terobosan hukum supaya tidak terpaku pada perorangan saja.

"Kita percaya KPK akan obyektif dalam mengembangkan kasus ini dan menyeret tidak hanya mereka yang turut serta. Tetapi juga harus berani memberi terobosan untuk menghukum korporasi (perusahaan) jika memang ingin penegakan hukum yang tanpa pandang bulu," tandas Rudy.

Dua pekan lalu, jaksa penuntut umum pada Komisi Pemberantasan Korupsi menuntut Deddy dengan pidana penjara selama sembilan tahun dikurangi masa tahanan. Dia juga dituntut pidana denda Rp 300 juta subsider enam bulan kurungan.

Deddy juga dituntut dengan pidana tambahan berupa uang pengganti kepada negara sebesar Rp 300 juta, yang mesti dibayar selambat-lambatnya satu tahun setelah mendapat kekuatan hukum tetap. Jika tidak dibayar maka akan dijatuhi hukuman 1 tahun penjara.

Menurut jaksa, hal yang memberatkan Deddy adalah tidak mendukung program yang sedang giat-giatnya dilakukan pemerintah yaitu pemberantasan korupsi dan efisiensi dan efektivitas anggaran, serta melanggar hak ekonomi dan sosial karena tidak bertanggung jawab pada anggaran. Sedangkan hal-hal yang meringankan adalah bersikap sopan selama masa persidangan, menyesali perbuatan, belum pernah dihukum, serta punya tanggungan keluarga yaitu dua anak kandung, dua anak angkat, dan seorang istri yang mengalami sakit lupus selama dua tahun.

Menurut jaksa dalam tuntutannya, Deddy melanggar dakwaan kedua. Yaitu Pasal 3 juncto pasal 18 Undang-Undang No 31 tahun 1999 tentang Pemberantasan Tindak Pidana Korupsi sebagaimana diubah pada UU No 20 tahun 2001 juncto pasal 55 ayat ke (1) ke-1 KUHPidana.

Jelang divonis Deddy Kusdinar pasrah

 

     Lokasi dan pengelolaan sampah yang kurang memadai (pembuangan sampah yang tidak terkontrol) merupakan tempat yang cocok bagi beberapa organisme dan menarik bagi berbagai binatang seperti lalat dan anjing yang dapat menjangkitkan penyakit. Potensi bahaya kesehatan yang dapat ditimbulkan adalah sebagai berikut:
1.      Penyakit diare, kolera, tifus menyebar dengan cepat karena virus yang berasal dari sampah dengan pengelolaan tidak tepat dapat bercampur air minum. Penyakit demam berdarah (haemorhagic fever) dapat juga meningkat dengan cepat di daerah yang pengelolaan sampahnya kurang memadai.
2.      Penyakit jamur dapat juga menyebar (misalnya jamur kulit).
3.      Penyakit yang dapat menyebar melalui rantai makanan. Salah satu contohnya adalah suatu penyakit yang dijangkitkan oleh cacing pita (taenia). Cacing ini sebelumnya masuk ke dalam pencernaaan binatang ternak melalui makanannya yang berupa sisa makanan/sampah.
4.      Sampah beracun:
Telah dilaporkan bahwa di Jepang kira-kira 40.000 orang meninggal akibat mengkonsumsi ikan yang telah terkontaminasi oleh raksa (Hg). Raksa ini berasal dari sampah yang dibuang ke laut oleh pabrik yang memproduksi baterai dan akumulator.
 
 Dampak terhadap Lingkungan
      Cairan rembesan sampah yang masuk ke dalam drainase atau sungai akan mencemari air. Berbagai organisme termasuk ikan dapat mati sehingga beberapa spesies akan lenyap, hal ini mengakibatkan berubahnya ekosistem perairan biologis. Penguraian sampah yang dibuang ke dalam air akan menghasilkan asam organik dan gas-cair organik, seperti metana. Selain berbau kurang sedap, gas ini dalam konsentrasi tinggi dapat meledak.

source : http://hizbussalam.blogspot.com
DAMPAK SAMPAH BAGI KESEHATAN

Over the last five years or so, it seemed there was little that Dean G. Skelos, the majority leader of the New York Senate, would not do for his son.

He pressed a powerful real estate executive to provide commissions to his son, a 32-year-old title insurance salesman, according to a federal criminal complaint. He helped get him a job at an environmental company and employed his influence to help the company get government work. He used his office to push natural gas drilling regulations that would have increased his son’s commissions.

He even tried to direct part of a $5.4 billion state budget windfall to fund government contracts that the company was seeking. And when the company was close to securing a storm-water contract from Nassau County, the senator, through an intermediary, pressured the company to pay his son more — or risk having the senator subvert the bid.

The criminal complaint, unsealed on Monday, lays out corruption charges against Senator Skelos and his son, Adam B. Skelos, the latest scandal to seize Albany, and potentially alter its power structure.

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Preet Bharara, the United States attorney in Manhattan, discussed the case involving Dean G. Skelos and his son, Adam. Credit Eduardo Munoz/Reuters

The repeated and diverse efforts by Senator Skelos, a Long Island Republican, to use what prosecutors said was his political influence to find work, or at least income, for his son could send both men to federal prison. If they are convicted of all six charges against them, they face up to 20 years in prison for each of four of the six counts and up to 10 years for the remaining two.

Senator Kenneth P. LaValle, of Long Island, who serves as chairman of the Republican conference, emerged from a closed-door meeting Monday night to say that conference members agreed that Mr. Skelos should be benefited the “presumption of innocence,” and would stay in his leadership role.

“The leader has indicated he would like to remain as leader,” said Mr. LaValle, “and he has the support of the conference.” The case against Mr. Skelos and his son grew out of a broader inquiry into political corruption by the United States attorney for the Southern District of New York, Preet Bharara, that has already changed the face of the state capital. It is based in part, according to the six-count complaint, on conversations secretly recorded by one of two cooperating witnesses, and wiretaps on the cellphones of the senator and his son. Those recordings revealed that both men were concerned about electronic surveillance, and illustrated the son’s unsuccessful efforts to thwart it.

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Adam Skelos took to using a “burner” phone, the complaint says, and told his father he wanted them to speak through a FaceTime video call in an apparent effort to avoid detection. They also used coded language at times.

At one point, Adam Skelos was recorded telling a Senate staff member of his frustration in not being able to speak openly to his father on the phone, noting that he could not “just send smoke signals or a little pigeon” carrying a message.

The 43-page complaint, sworn out by Paul M. Takla, a special agent for the Federal Bureau of Investigation, outlines a five-year scheme to “monetize” the senator’s official position; it also lays bare the extent to which a father sought to use his position to help his son.

The charges accuse the two men of extorting payments through a real estate developer, Glenwood Management, based on Long Island, and the environmental company, AbTech Industries, in Scottsdale, Ariz., with the expectation that the money paid to Adam Skelos — nearly $220,000 in total — would influence his father’s actions.

Glenwood, one of the state’s most prolific campaign donors, had ties to AbTech through investments in the environmental firm’s parent company by Glenwood’s founding family and a senior executive.

The accusations in the complaint portray Senator Skelos as a man who, when it came to his son, was not shy about twisting arms, even in situations that might give other arm-twisters pause.

Seeking to help his son, Senator Skelos turned to the executive at Glenwood, which develops rental apartments in New York City and has much at stake when it comes to real estate legislation in Albany. The senator urged him to direct business to his son, who sold title insurance.

After much prodding, the executive, Charles C. Dorego, engineered a $20,000 payment to Adam Skelos from a title insurance company even though he did no work for the money. But far more lucrative was a consultant position that Mr. Dorego arranged for Adam Skelos at AbTech, which seeks government contracts to treat storm water. (Mr. Dorego is not identified by name in the complaint, but referred to only as CW-1, for Cooperating Witness 1.)

Senator Skelos appeared to take an active interest in his son’s new line of work. Adam Skelos sent him several drafts of his consulting agreement with AbTech, the complaint says, as well as the final deal that was struck.

“Mazel tov,” his father replied.

Senator Skelos sent relevant news articles to his son, including one about a sewage leak near Albany. When AbTech wanted to seek government contracts after Hurricane Sandy, the senator got on a conference call with his son and an AbTech executive, Bjornulf White, and offered advice. (Like Mr. Dorego, Mr. White is not named in the complaint, but referred to as CW-2.)

The assistance paid off: With the senator’s help, AbTech secured a contract worth up to $12 million from Nassau County, a big break for a struggling small business.

But the money was slow to materialize. The senator expressed impatience with county officials.

Adam Skelos, in a phone call with Mr. White in late December, suggested that his father would seek to punish the county. “I tell you this, the state is not going to do a [expletive] thing for the county,” he said.

Three days later, Senator Skelos pressed his case with the Nassau County executive, Edward P. Mangano, a fellow Republican. “Somebody feels like they’re just getting jerked around the last two years,” the senator said, referring to his son in what the complaint described as “coded language.”

The next day, the senator pursued the matter, as he and Mr. Mangano attended a wake for a slain New York City police officer. Senator Skelos then reassured his son, who called him while he was still at the wake. “All claims that are in will be taken care of,” the senator said.

AbTech’s fortunes appeared to weigh on his son. At one point in January, Adam Skelos told his father that if the company did not succeed, he would “lose the ability to pay for things.”

Making matters worse, in recent months, Senator Skelos and his son appeared to grow wary about who was watching them. In addition to making calls on the burner phone, Adam Skelos said he used the FaceTime video calling “because that doesn’t show up on the phone bill,” as he told Mr. White.

In late February, Adam Skelos arranged a pair of meetings between Mr. White and state senators; AbTech needed to win state legislation that would allow its contract to move beyond its initial stages. But Senator Skelos deemed the plan too risky and caused one of the meetings to be canceled.

In another recorded call, Adam Skelos, promising to be “very, very vague” on the phone, urged his father to allow the meeting. The senator offered a warning. “Right now we are in dangerous times, Adam,” he told him.

A month later, in another phone call that was recorded by the authorities, Adam Skelos complained that his father could not give him “real advice” about AbTech while the two men were speaking over the telephone.

“You can’t talk normally,” he told his father, “because it’s like [expletive] Preet Bharara is listening to every [expletive] phone call. It’s just [expletive] frustrating.”

“It is,” his father agreed.

Dean Skelos, Albany Senate Leader, Aided Son at All Costs, U.S. Says

A 2-minute-42-second demo recording captured in one take turned out to be a one-hit wonder for Mr. Ely, who was 19 when he sang the garage-band classic.

Jack Ely, Who Sang the Kingsmen’s ‘Louie Louie’, Dies at 71

As governor, Mr. Walker alienated Republicans and his fellow Democrats, particularly the Democratic powerhouse Richard J. Daley, the mayor of Chicago.

Dan Walker, 92, Dies; Illinois Governor and Later a U.S. Prisoner

Gagne wrestled professionally from the late 1940s until the 1980s and was a transitional figure between the early 20th century barnstormers and the steroidal sideshows of today

Verne Gagne, Wrestler Who Grappled Through Two Eras, Dies at 89

Mr. Goldberg was a serial Silicon Valley entrepreneur and venture capitalist who was married to Sheryl Sandberg, the chief operating officer of Facebook.

Dave Goldberg Was Lifelong Women’s Advocate

Dave Goldberg, Head of Web Survey Company and Half of a Silicon Valley Power Couple, Dies at 47

A former member of the Boston Symphony Orchestra, Mr. Smedvig helped found the wide-ranging Empire Brass quintet.

Rolf Smedvig, Trumpeter in the Empire Brass, Dies at 62
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United’s first-class and business fliers get Rhapsody, its high-minded in-flight magazine, seen here at its office in Brooklyn. Credit Sam Hodgson for The New York Times

Last summer at a writers’ workshop in Oregon, the novelists Anthony Doerr, Karen Russell and Elissa Schappell were chatting over cocktails when they realized they had all published work in the same magazine. It wasn’t one of the usual literary outlets, like Tin House, The Paris Review or The New Yorker. It was Rhapsody, an in-flight magazine for United Airlines.

It seemed like a weird coincidence. Then again, considering Rhapsody’s growing roster of A-list fiction writers, maybe not. Since its first issue hit plane cabins a year and a half ago, Rhapsody has published original works by literary stars like Joyce Carol Oates, Rick Moody, Amy Bloom, Emma Straub and Mr. Doerr, who won the Pulitzer Prize for fiction two weeks ago.

As airlines try to distinguish their high-end service with luxuries like private sleeping chambers, showers, butler service and meals from five-star chefs, United Airlines is offering a loftier, more cerebral amenity to its first-class and business-class passengers: elegant prose by prominent novelists. There are no airport maps or disheartening lists of in-flight meal and entertainment options in Rhapsody. Instead, the magazine has published ruminative first-person travel accounts, cultural dispatches and probing essays about flight by more than 30 literary fiction writers.

 

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Sean Manning, executive editor of Rhapsody, which publishes works by the likes of Joyce Carol Oates, Amy Bloom and Anthony Doerr, who won a Pulitzer Prize. Credit Sam Hodgson for The New York Times

 

An airline might seem like an odd literary patron. But as publishers and writers look for new ways to reach readers in a shaky retail climate, many have formed corporate alliances with transit companies, including American Airlines, JetBlue and Amtrak, that provide a captive audience.

Mark Krolick, United Airlines’ managing director of marketing and product development, said the quality of the writing in Rhapsody brings a patina of sophistication to its first-class service, along with other opulent touches like mood lighting, soft music and a branded scent.

“The high-end leisure or business-class traveler has higher expectations, even in the entertainment we provide,” he said.

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Some of Rhapsody’s contributing writers say they were lured by the promise of free airfare and luxury accommodations provided by United, as well as exposure to an elite audience of some two million first-class and business-class travelers.

“It’s not your normal Park Slope Community Bookstore types who read Rhapsody,” Mr. Moody, author of the 1994 novel “The Ice Storm,” who wrote an introspective, philosophical piece about traveling to the Aran Islands of Ireland for Rhapsody, said in an email. “I’m not sure I myself am in that Rhapsody demographic, but I would like them to buy my books one day.”

In addition to offering travel perks, the magazine pays well and gives writers freedom, within reason, to choose their subject matter and write with style. Certain genres of flight stories are off limits, naturally: no plane crashes or woeful tales of lost luggage or rude flight attendants, and nothing too risqué.

“We’re not going to have someone write about joining the mile-high club,” said Jordan Heller, the editor in chief of Rhapsody. “Despite those restrictions, we’ve managed to come up with a lot of high-minded literary content.”

Guiding writers toward the right idea occasionally requires some gentle prodding. When Rhapsody’s executive editor asked Ms. Russell to contribute an essay about a memorable flight experience, she first pitched a story about the time she was chaperoning a group of teenagers on a trip to Europe, and their delayed plane sat at the airport in New York for several hours while other passengers got progressively drunker.

“He pointed out that disaster flights are not what people want to read about when they’re in transit, and very diplomatically suggested that maybe people want to read something that casts air travel in a more positive light,” said Ms. Russell, whose novel “Swamplandia!” was a finalist for the 2012 Pulitzer Prize.

She turned in a nostalgia-tinged essay about her first flight on a trip to Disney World when she was 6. “The Magic Kingdom was an anticlimax,” she wrote. “What ride could compare to that first flight?”

Ms. Oates also wrote about her first flight, in a tiny yellow propeller plane piloted by her father. The novelist Joyce Maynard told of the constant disappointment of never seeing her books in airport bookstores and the thrill of finally spotting a fellow plane passenger reading her novel “Labor Day.” Emily St. John Mandel, who was a finalist for the National Book Award in fiction last year, wrote about agonizing over which books to bring on a long flight.

“There’s nobody that’s looked down their noses at us as an in-flight magazine,” said Sean Manning, the magazine’s executive editor. “As big as these people are in the literary world, there’s still this untapped audience for them of luxury travelers.”

United is one of a handful of companies showcasing work by literary writers as a way to elevate their brands and engage customers. Chipotle has printed original work from writers like Toni Morrison, Jeffrey Eugenides and Barbara Kingsolver on its disposable cups and paper bags. The eyeglass company Warby Parker hosts parties for authors and sells books from 14 independent publishers in its stores.

JetBlue offers around 40 e-books from HarperCollins and Penguin Random House on its free wireless network, allowing passengers to read free samples and buy and download books. JetBlue will start offering 11 digital titles from Simon & Schuster soon. Amtrak recently forged an alliance with Penguin Random House to provide free digital samples from 28 popular titles, which passengers can buy and download over Amtrak’s admittedly spotty wireless service.

Amtrak is becoming an incubator for literary talent in its own right. Last year, it started a residency program, offering writers a free long-distance train trip and complimentary food. More than 16,000 writers applied and 24 made the cut.

Like Amtrak, Rhapsody has found that writers are eager to get onboard. On a rainy spring afternoon, Rhapsody’s editorial staff sat around a conference table discussing the June issue, which will feature an essay by the novelist Hannah Pittard and an unpublished short story by the late Elmore Leonard.

“Do you have that photo of Elmore Leonard? Can I see it?” Mr. Heller, the editor in chief, asked Rhapsody’s design director, Christos Hannides. Mr. Hannides slid it across the table and noted that they also had a photograph of cowboy spurs. “It’s very simple; it won’t take away from the literature,” he said.

Rhapsody’s office, an open space with exposed pipes and a vaulted brick ceiling, sits in Dumbo at the epicenter of literary Brooklyn, in the same converted tea warehouse as the literary journal N+1 and the digital publisher Atavist. Two of the magazine’s seven staff members hold graduate degrees in creative writing. Mr. Manning, the executive editor, has published a memoir and edited five literary anthologies.

Mr. Manning said Rhapsody was conceived from the start as a place for literary novelists to write with voice and style, and nobody had been put off that their work would live in plane cabins and airport lounges.

Still, some contributors say they wish the magazine were more widely circulated.

“I would love it if I could read it,” said Ms. Schappell, a Brooklyn-based novelist who wrote a feature story for Rhapsody’s inaugural issue. “But I never fly first class.”

Rhapsody, a Lofty Literary Journal, Perused at 39,000 Feet

Mr. Haroche was a founder of Liberty Travel, which grew from a two-man operation to the largest leisure travel operation in the United States.

Gilbert Haroche, Builder of an Economy Travel Empire, Dies at 87
Joseph Lechleider

Mr. Lechleider helped invent DSL technology, which enabled phone companies to offer high-speed web access over their infrastructure of copper wires.

Joseph Lechleider, a Father of the DSL Internet Technology, Dies at 82

The live music at the Vice Media party on Friday shook the room. Shane Smith, Vice’s chief executive, was standing near the stage — with a drink in his hand, pants sagging, tattoos showing — watching the rapper-cum-chef Action Bronson make pizzas.

The event was an after-party, a happy-hour bacchanal for the hundreds of guests who had come for Vice’s annual presentation to advertisers and agencies that afternoon, part of the annual frenzy for ad dollars called the Digital Content NewFronts. Mr. Smith had spoken there for all of five minutes before running a slam-bang highlight reel of the company’s shows that had titles like “Weediquette” and “Gaycation.”

In the last year, Vice has secured $500 million in financing and signed deals worth hundreds of millions of dollars with established media companies like HBO that are eager to engage the young viewers Vice attracts. Vice said it was now worth at least $4 billion, with nearly $1 billion in projected revenue for 2015. It is a long way from Vice’s humble start as a free magazine in 1994.

Photo
 
At the Vice after-party, the rapper Action Bronson, a host of a Vice show, made a pizza. Credit Jesse Dittmar for The New York Times

But even as cash flows freely in Vice’s direction, the company is trying to keep its brash, insurgent image. At the party on Friday, it plied guests with beers and cocktails. Its apparently unrehearsed presentation to advertisers was peppered with expletives. At one point, the director Spike Jonze, a longtime Vice collaborator, asked on stage if Mr. Smith had been drinking.

“My assistant tried to cut me off,” Mr. Smith replied. “I’m on buzz control.”

Now, Vice is on the verge of getting its own cable channel, which would give the company a traditional outlet for its slate of non-news programming. If all goes as planned, A&E Networks, the television group owned by Hearst and Disney, will turn over its History Channel spinoff, H2, to Vice.

The deal’s announcement was expected last week, but not all of A&E’s distribution partners — the cable and satellite TV companies that carry the network’s channels — have signed off on the change, according to a person familiar with the negotiations who spoke on the condition of anonymity because the talks were private.

A cable channel would be a further step in a transformation for Vice, from bad-boy digital upstart to mainstream media company.

Keen for the core audience of young men who come to Vice, media giants like 21st Century Fox, Time Warner and Disney all showed interest in the company last year. Vice ultimately secured $500 million in financing from A&E Networks and Technology Crossover Ventures, a Silicon Valley venture capital firm that has invested in Facebook and Netflix.

Those investments valued Vice at more than $2.5 billion. (In 2013, Fox bought a 5 percent stake for $70 million.)

Then in March, HBO announced that it had signed a multiyear deal to broadcast a daily half-hour Vice newscast. Vice already produces a weekly newsmagazine show, called “Vice,” for the network. That show will extend its run through 2018, with an increase to 35 episodes a year, from 14.

Michael Lombardo, HBO’s president for programming, said when the deal was announced that it was “certainly one of our biggest investments with hours on the air.”

Vice, based in Brooklyn, also recently signed a multiyear $100 million deal with Rogers Communications, a Canadian media conglomerate, to produce original content for TV, smartphone and desktop viewers.

Vice’s finances are private, but according to an internal document reviewed by The New York Times and verified by a person familiar with the company’s financials, the company is on track to make about $915 million in revenue this year.

Photo
 
Vice showed a highlight reel of its TV series at the NewFronts last week in New York. Credit Jesse Dittmar for The New York Times

It brought in $545 million in a strong first quarter, which included portions of the new HBO deal and the Rogers deal, according to the document. More of its revenue now comes from these types of content partnerships, compared with the branded content deals that made up much of its revenue a year ago, the company said.

Mr. Smith said the company was worth at least $4 billion. If the valuation gets much higher, he said he would consider taking the company public.

“I don’t care about money; we have plenty of money,” Mr. Smith, who is Vice’s biggest shareholder, said in an interview after the presentation on Friday. “I care about strategic deals.”

In the United States, Vice Media had 35.2 million unique visitors across its sites in March, according to comScore.

The third season of Vice’s weekly HBO show has averaged 1.8 million viewers per episode, including reruns, through April 12, according to Brad Adgate, the director of research at Horizon Media. (Vice said the show attracted three million weekly viewers when repeat broadcasts, online and on-demand viewings were included.)

For years, Mr. Smith has criticized traditional TV, calling it slow and unable to draw younger viewers. But if all the deals Vice has struck are to work out, Mr. Smith may have to play more by the rules of traditional media. James Murdoch, Rupert Murdoch’s son and a member of Vice’s board, was at the company’s presentation on Friday, as were other top media executives.

“They know they need people like me to help them, but they can’t get out of their own way,” Mr. Smith said in the interview Friday. “My only real frustration is we’re used to being incredibly dynamic, and they’re not incredibly dynamic.”

With its own television channel in the United States, Vice would have something it has long coveted even as traditional media companies are looking beyond TV. Last year, Vice’s deal with Time Warner failed in part because the two companies could not agree on how much control Vice would have over a 24-hour television network.

Vice said it intended to fill its new channel with non-news programming. The company plans to have sports shows, fashion shows, food shows and the “Gaycation” travel show with the actress Ellen Page. It is also in talks with Kanye West about a show.

It remains to be seen whether Vice’s audience will watch a traditional cable channel. Still, Vice has effectively presold all of the ad spots to two of the biggest advertising agencies for the first three years, Mr. Smith said.

In the meantime, Mr. Smith is enjoying Vice’s newfound role as a potential savior of traditional media companies.

“I’m a C.E.O. of a content company,” Mr. Smith said before he caught a flight to Las Vegas for the boxing match on Saturday between Floyd Mayweather Jr. and Manny Pacquiao. “If it stops being fun, then why are you doing it?”

As Vice Moves More to TV, It Tries to Keep Brash Voice

At the National Institutes of Health, Dr. Suzman’s signature accomplishment was the central role he played in creating a global network of surveys on aging.

Richard Suzman, 72, Dies; Researcher Influenced Global Surveys on Aging

Mr. Bartoszewski was given honorary Israeli citizenship for his work to save Jews during World War II and later surprised even himself by being instrumental in reconciling Poland and Germany.

Wladyslaw Bartoszewski, 93, Dies; Polish Auschwitz Survivor Aided Jews

Pronovost, who played for the Red Wings, was not a prolific scorer, but he was a consummate team player with bruising checks and fearless bursts up the ice that could puncture a defense.

Marcel Pronovost, 84, Dies; Hall of Famer Shared in Five N.H.L. Titles

UNITED NATIONS — Wearing pinstripes and a pince-nez, Staffan de Mistura, the United Nations envoy for Syria, arrived at the Security Council one Tuesday afternoon in February and announced that President Bashar al-Assad had agreed to halt airstrikes over Aleppo. Would the rebels, Mr. de Mistura suggested, agree to halt their shelling?

What he did not announce, but everyone knew by then, was that the Assad government had begun a military offensive to encircle opposition-held enclaves in Aleppo and that fierce fighting was underway. It would take only a few days for rebel leaders, having pushed back Syrian government forces, to outright reject Mr. de Mistura’s proposed freeze in the fighting, dooming the latest diplomatic overture on Syria.

Diplomacy is often about appearing to be doing something until the time is ripe for a deal to be done.

 

 

Now, with Mr. Assad’s forces having suffered a string of losses on the battlefield and the United States reaching at least a partial rapprochement with Mr. Assad’s main backer, Iran, Mr. de Mistura is changing course. Starting Monday, he is set to hold a series of closed talks in Geneva with the warring sides and their main supporters. Iran will be among them.

In an interview at United Nations headquarters last week, Mr. de Mistura hinted that the changing circumstances, both military and diplomatic, may have prompted various backers of the war to question how much longer the bloodshed could go on.

“Will that have an impact in accelerating the willingness for a political solution? We need to test it,” he said. “The Geneva consultations may be a good umbrella for testing that. It’s an occasion for asking everyone, including the government, if there is any new way that they are looking at a political solution, as they too claim they want.”

He said he would have a better assessment at the end of June, when he expects to wrap up his consultations. That coincides with the deadline for a final agreement in the Iran nuclear talks.

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Whether a nuclear deal with Iran will pave the way for a new opening on peace talks in Syria remains to be seen. Increasingly, though, world leaders are explicitly linking the two, with the European Union’s top diplomat, Federica Mogherini, suggesting last week that a nuclear agreement could spur Tehran to play “a major but positive role in Syria.”

It could hardly come soon enough. Now in its fifth year, the Syrian war has claimed 220,000 lives, prompted an exodus of more than three million refugees and unleashed jihadist groups across the region. “This conflict is producing a question mark in many — where is it leading and whether this can be sustained,” Mr. de Mistura said.

Part Italian, part Swedish, Mr. de Mistura has worked with the United Nations for more than 40 years, but he is more widely known for his dapper style than for any diplomatic coups. Syria is by far the toughest assignment of his career — indeed, two of the organization’s most seasoned diplomats, Lakhdar Brahimi and Kofi Annan, tried to do the job and gave up — and critics have wondered aloud whether Mr. de Mistura is up to the task.

He served as a United Nations envoy in Afghanistan and Iraq, and before that in Lebanon, where a former minister recalled, with some scorn, that he spent many hours sunbathing at a private club in the hills above Beirut. Those who know him say he has a taste for fine suits and can sometimes speak too soon and too much, just as they point to his diplomatic missteps and hyperbole.

They cite, for instance, a news conference in October, when he raised the specter of Srebrenica, where thousands of Muslims were massacred in 1995 during the Balkans war, in warning that the Syrian border town of Kobani could fall to the Islamic State. In February, he was photographed at a party in Damascus, the Syrian capital, celebrating the anniversary of the Iranian revolution just as Syrian forces, aided by Iran, were pummeling rebel-held suburbs of Damascus; critics seized on that as evidence of his coziness with the government.

Mouin Rabbani, who served briefly as the head of Mr. de Mistura’s political affairs unit and has since emerged as one of his most outspoken critics, said Mr. de Mistura did not have the background necessary for the job. “This isn’t someone well known for his political vision or political imagination, and his closest confidants lack the requisite knowledge and experience,” Mr. Rabbani said.

As a deputy foreign minister in the Italian government, Mr. de Mistura was tasked in 2012 with freeing two Italian marines detained in India for shooting at Indian fishermen. He made 19 trips to India, to little effect. One marine was allowed to return to Italy for medical reasons; the other remains in India.

He said he initially turned down the Syria job when the United Nations secretary general approached him last August, only to change his mind the next day, after a sleepless, guilt-ridden night.

Mr. de Mistura compared his role in Syria to that of a doctor faced with a terminally ill patient. His goal in brokering a freeze in the fighting, he said, was to alleviate suffering. He settled on Aleppo as the location for its “fame,” he said, a decision that some questioned, considering that Aleppo was far trickier than the many other lesser-known towns where activists had negotiated temporary local cease-fires.

“Everybody, at least in Europe, are very familiar with the value of Aleppo,” Mr. de Mistura said. “So I was using that as an icebreaker.”

The cease-fire negotiations, to which he had devoted six months, fell apart quickly because of the government’s military offensive in Aleppo the very day of his announcement at the Security Council. Privately, United Nations diplomats said Mr. de Mistura had been manipulated. To this, Mr. de Mistura said only that he was “disappointed and concerned.”

Tarek Fares, a former rebel fighter, said after a recent visit to Aleppo that no Syrian would admit publicly to supporting Mr. de Mistura’s cease-fire proposal. “If anyone said they went to a de Mistura meeting in Gaziantep, they would be arrested,” is how he put it, referring to the Turkish city where negotiations between the two sides were held.

Secretary General Ban Ki-moon remains staunchly behind Mr. de Mistura’s efforts. His defenders point out that he is at the center of one of the world’s toughest diplomatic problems, charged with mediating a conflict in which two of the world’s most powerful nations — Russia, which supports Mr. Assad, and the United States, which has called for his ouster — remain deadlocked.

R. Nicholas Burns, a former State Department official who now teaches at Harvard, credited Mr. de Mistura for trying to negotiate a cease-fire even when the chances of success were exceedingly small — and the chances of a political deal even smaller. For his efforts to work, Professor Burns argued, the world powers will first have to come to an agreement of their own.

“He needs the help of outside powers,” he said. “It starts with backers of Assad. That’s Russia and Iran. De Mistura is there, waiting.”

With Iran Talks, a Tangled Path to Ending Syria’s War

The 2015 Met Gala has only officially begun, but there's a clear leader in the race for best couple, no small feat at an event that threatens to sap Hollywood of every celebrity it has for the duration of an East Coast evening.

That would be Marc Jacobs and his surprise guest (who, by some miracle, remained under wraps until their red carpet debut), Cher.

“This has been a dream of mine for a very, very long time,” Mr. Jacobs said.

It is Cher's first appearance at the Met Gala since 1997, when she arrived on the arm of Donatella Versace.

– MATTHEW SCHNEIER

Cher and Marc Jacobs

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