PAKET UMROH BULAN FEBRUARI MARET APRIL MEI 2018





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Paket Umroh 2015

Biro Travel Umroh Jakarta Melayani Biaya Harga Paket Umroh Murah Promo Hemat dan Plus Turki Desember 2015 - Januari | Februari | Maret | April 2016. Paket Umroh 2015

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Successful people live well, laugh often, and love much. They've filled a niche and accomplished tasks so as to leave the world better than they found it, while looking for the best in others, and giving the best they have.

saco-indonesia.com, Orang-orang yang sukses hidup dengan lengkap. Mereka bahagia dan penuh rasa syukur dan cinta terhadap segala sesuatu dalam kehidupan mereka.

Mereka sudah menemukan tujuan hidup mereka dan menunaikan misi mereka di dunia ini dengan baik, sehingga dunia ini menjadi tempat yang lebih baik dari pada ketika mereka belum datang.

Dunia menjadi lebih baik karena orang-orang yang sukses ini selalu melihat potensi terbaik dalam diri semua manusia di sekitar mereka, dan mereka selalu memberikan yang terbaik pula yang mereka punya kepada dunia.

kesuksesan

Dimulai dari ketidakpuasan terhadap perusahaan-perusahaan jasa kirim barang antar pulau via laut yang pelayanannya monoton dan lambat pada waktu itu , telah memerlukan waktu hingga sebulan bahkan lebih untuk berkirim barang ke luar pulau, khususnya ke Indonesia bagian timur, maka kami akan berusaha untuk mencari moda angkutan yang mampu melayani dengan cepat dan tepat waktu, dengan biaya yang terjangkau, guna untuk memenuhi tenggat dan ketepatan waktu yang bisa diandalkan.

Usaha kami masih sangat kecil dimulai sekitar medio 1994, kami bekerja sama memakai kapal-kapal penumpang yang belum terlalu diketahui oleh pemakai jasa pada saat itu. Kapal-kapal ini telah melayani angkutan penumpang dan juga kargo dalam jumlah terbatas, mereka telah melayari dengan persinggahan dibanyak pelabuhan dan kota besar di Indonesia Timur dalam skedul waktu yang ketat dan dengan kecepatan kapal yang bisa menepati jadwal tetapnya.

Kapal-kapal ini adalah milik Negara yang semuanya di operasikan oleh PT. Pelayaran Nasional Indonesia (PT. PELNI), orang awam kini menyebut “kapal putih”. Saat ini sudah 12 tahun lebih kami bermitra usaha dangan PT.PELNI, mengangkut hampir semua kebutuhan bahan pokok, barang kering (dry cargo), maupun barang basah (frozen dan fresh chilled cargo). Bahkan sejak tahun 1998 kapal-kapal PT. PELNI sudah menambah kapal-kapal baru dengan fasilitas angkutan dalam satuan container 200 feet baik dry maupun frozen/reefers container. Variasi angkutan makin komplit sejak PT.PELNI memodifikasi KM.Dobonsolo menjadi kapal pertama berkemampuan “three in one” yang bisa mengangkut penumpang, cargo container, dan kendaraan roda dua dan roda empat.

Saat ini Alois Gemilang telah menjadi perusahaan jasa angkutan yang diandalkan konsumennya di hampir semua tujuan-tujuan penting di Indonesia Timur, sering kali juga menjadi andalan perusahaan-perusahaan milik Negara dan swasta yang mengirim barang dengan prioritas tinggi, contohnya: PT. PLN, PT,TELKOM, TELKOMSEL Tbk, Hypermart Group, PT. Wonokoyo, Walls, Campina dan masih banyak lagi.

Alois Gemilang mempunyai spesialis service untuk jasa pengiriman barang antar pulau.

 

JASA PENGIRIMAN BARANG KARGO EKSPEDISI MURAH ANTAR PULAU KAPAL

Cara Diet yang Aman - Memiliki tubuh yang sehat dan langsing telah merupakan keinginan hampir semua orang. Terutama bagi kaum hawa, tentu tidak dapat dipungkiri lagi bahwa aspek tersebut juga sangat berperan penting dalam kehidupan sosial mereka. Sayangnya, masih banyak para wanita yang tidak paham cara diet yang aman dan sehat. Sehingga, tidak sedikit dari mereka yang menggunakan beragam obat pelangsing dari perusahaan obat dan kosmetik yang rata-rata tidak diketahui kejelasan atas latarbelakang dan profilnya.

Cara Diet Yang Aman dan Tanpa Efek Samping

Menjadi kesalahan yang sangat fatal, ketika kita mengkonsumsi sebuah obat pelangsing yang tidak diketahui apakah itu aman, berkualitas, dan terbukti manjur. Karena, tidak bisa dibantah lagi bahwa banyak dari segelintir orang menderita efek samping atas penggunaan obat pelangsing non-herbal yang mereka konsumsi. Bukannya tubuh mereka menjadi seperti yang di harapkan, justru peningkatan berat badan akan semakin membengkak. Oleh sebab itu, bagi Anda yang berniat untuk merawat kelangsingan tubuh, perlu mempertimbangkan lebih cermat lagi jika ingin menggunakan berbagai ramuan dan obat yang diproduksi dengan bahan dan proses pabrikasi. Di bawah ini telah kami rumuskan beberapa tips diet yang bisa Anda terapkan secara disiplin dan bertahap. Langsung saja kita simak cara diet yang aman dengan seksama, mari!

Cara Diet yang Aman dan Alami

Perbanyak mengkonsumsi sayuran. Sangat dianjurkan untuk memakan sayuran segar dan bersih setidaknya 2 kali sehari dengan teratur. Sayuran yang paling tepat untuk pendukung diet adalah Sawi Putih dan Brokoli.Mengunyah makanan dengan lembut. Ketika mengkonsumsi makanan apapun, maka kunyahlah hingga benar-benar lembut. Sehingga, pencernaan akan jauh lebih mudah dalam mencerna makanan tersebut.Perbanyak mengkonsumsi buah. Buah-buahan tidak kalah pentingnya dalam mendukung proses diet Anda secara alami. Makanlah buah-buahan seperti apel, jeruk, melon, pisang, dan lain sebagainya. Supaya lebih enak dan tidak bosan, olahlah buah-buahan tersebut menjadi jus segar yang nikmat.

Disiplin sarapan pagi. Diet juga bukan berarti mengurangi frekuensi makan. Pola konsumsi makan tetap harus teratur sebagaimana anjuran dokter. Hanya saja, aspek yang perlu diperhatikan adalah jumlah kalori makanan yang Anda konsumsi. Kurangilah porsi makan dari biasanya, agar jumlah kalori yang masuk ke dalam tubuh lebih minimal dari hari-hari sebelumnya.

Olahraga dengan rutin. juga sangat penting diketahui, bahwa olahraga merupakan pendukung 50% dari penentu sukses atau tidaknya cara diet yang aman dan natural. Lari pagi dan sore hari merupakan pilihan tepat yang bisa Anda lakukan.

Istirahat yang cukup. Banyak yang mengatakan bahwa begadang mampu membuat seseorang kurus. Tapi, bukankah yang Anda cari adalah kurus / langsing dan sehat? Untuk itu, jangan fokuskan diet Anda menggunakan cara tersebut.

Ada baiknya Anda mengikuti instruksi tentang cara diet yang aman dan sehat yang telah kami berikan melalui tulisan ini. Sehingga, bisa menjadi alternatif atau bahkan referensi utama terkait cara diet yang aman dan alami. Semoga bermanfaat dan selamat mencoba!

 

CARA DIET YANG AMAN DAN ALAMI TANPA EFEK SAMPING

Rental Mobil Tangerang adalah tempat persewaan mobil yang telah memberikan pelayanan terbaik dalam usaha rental mobil Jakarta Selatan. Sebagai pelaku bisnis penyewaan mobil, Rental Mobil Tangerang yakin kepuasan pelanggan adalah kata kunci usaha penyewaan mobil.

Pelanggan jasa penyewaan mobil mengaharapkan pelayanan terbaik dari penyedia jasa rental mobil. Jenis mobil yang disewakan sangat beragam mulai dari mobil Innova, Avanza, Xenia, Apv. Xenia, dan lainnya. Kendaraan disewakan harus rapih ,bersih,  dan terawat . Pelayanan rental mobil telah meliputi sewa mobil harian atau rental mobil bulanan.

Sewa mobil harian disertai dengan supir berpengalaman, untuk rental mobil bulanan dapat disertai tidak dengan supir. Untuk harga sewa mobil , Rental Mobil Tangerang menerapkan harga sewa mobil yang terjangkau oleh konsumen. Harga rental mobil di Jakarta sangat  bervariasi, untuk itu harga sewa mobil murah dicari oleh konsumen rental mobil di Jakarta.

Pelayanan jasa sewa mobil yang diberikan oleh Rental Mobil Lestari ;

-  Jenis mobil  disewakan beragan dari Toyota Innova, New Avanza, Daihatsu Xenia, Suzuki APV Arena,

-  Mobil disewakan rapi, bersih, dan terawat.

-  Pelayanan jasa sewa mobil  24 jam

-  Rental mobil bulanan atau sewa mobil harian

-  Sewa mobil untuk dalam kota maupun luar kota

-  Jasa penyewaan mobil antar jemput bandara Soekarno Hatta

-  Harga sewa mobil yang terjangkau

-  Supir yang terdidik dan berpengalaman baik dalam maupun luar kota

-  Discount harga sewa mobil bagi para pelanggan Rental Mobil Lestari

-  Memberikan solusi bagi calaon konsumen untuk transportasi / rental mobil

-  Dan lainnya

Pelayanan dan Reservasi dapat menghubungi kontak kami yang sudah tersedia

JASA SEWA MOBIL

Aku mengenalnya  12 tahun yang lalu, dalam sebuah acara pengajian rutin kami,…

Sosoknya terkadang membuatku bergegas untuk bersegera memenuhi apa yg beliau sarankan kepada kami, entah apa penyebabnya..di awal pertemuan dengannya pun aku merasa deg degan.karena konon dari informasi yang aku dapat beliau ini orangnya tegas (afwan ya…nggak berani dong kalo aku sebut beliau galak…emang singa/) dan benar…bahkan untuk menatap matanyapun terkadang aku tidak berani.sekilas dari pertemuan pertama kami, aku menangkap bahwa beliau memang   orang yang cerdas, gesit dan sibuk.itu kesanku…

aku biasa memanggilnya dengan mba Sari…seindanh namanya,…kata katanya memang selalu menjadi sari bagi kehidupanku…banyak hal hal yg beliau kritik dalam kehidupanku…meski terkadang sakit hati di awalnya tetapi manis di akhirnya…

seiring berjalannya dengan waktu…aku mulai bisa memahami beliau..kelihatannya beliau adalah seorang koleris melankolis sejati.he…he…bisa di bayangkan kan?karisma yang ada padanya terpancar karena kesholehahannya…

ketegasan beliau memang terkadang membuaku stress…tapi melihat kedekatan beliau dengan ilahnya membuat aku menutup mata dengan segala hal yg terkadang bisa membuat aku menangis…tapi itulah beliau, kedekatan dengan Robbnya ini membuat semua nasihatnya terdengar bernas, mencambuk hati,dan memaksa jazadku untuk selalu menjadi lebih baik.

meski terkadang ada bebrapa temanku yang terheran heran dengan persahabatan kami…kok..mba heni bisa tahan ya?dengan orang yg keras sperti itu?aku hanya bisa tersenyum…yah…di sekelilingku banyak sekali orang orang keras, saat aku kecil,saat aku sekolah di sd,smp dan sma, bahkan tatkala kuliahpun banyak orang orang yang keras, tetapi Alhamdulillah aku bisa berdamai dengan mereka…aku bisa mendengarkan mereka bercerita…aku fikir…justru di balik kekerasan mereka tersimpan kelembutan loh….

seiring berjalannya waktu juga…beliau  jadi seperti kakak , dan sebagai seorang adik pasti aku juga tahu dong…kehidupannya, subhanalloh..sangat sederhana..beliau berdua dengan suaminya..kalo boleh saya katakan betul betul rajin sekali bersedekah…bukan cuma dengan sedekah uang, tapi juga bersedekah dengan ilmu mereka,pekerjaan tetap suaminya adalah seorang pedagang buku…yg terkadang laku terkadang juga tidak.kesan yang aku tangkap adalah bahwa pekerjaan mereka berdua sebetulnya bukan berjualan buku …tapi justru berdakwah..dan pekerjaan sambilannya adalah pedagang buku.Alhamdulillah Alloh mencukupkannya untuk membiayai kehidupannya bahkan untuk kuliah ketiga anak mereka.

” Jangan takut masalah rejeki,.Allohlah yg mencukupkannya ” kata kata itu yg selalu beliau katakan, “yang penting Intan surulloha yansurukum,wa yu tsabit aqdamakum” barang siapa yang menolong agama Alloh pasti Alloh juga akan menolong kita dek…

Masya Alloh…resep mujarap ini pulalah yg aku terapkan sampai sekarang dalam berbisnis…orientasi sebenarnya adalah bisnis akhirat…sehingga Alloh pasti akan melancarkan bisnis kita di dunia…

tak masuk akal memang tapi inilah yang aku jalani…terkadang hampir satu minggu penuh aku berpindah dari majelis taklim ke majelis taklim..tanpa sempat mempromosikan jualanku (bakso, mpek@ dsb) tapi…Allohlah pemilik rezky,,selalu ada saja yang memesan daganganku…

kembali ke cerita tentang  mba sari…

hingga awal januari 2011 , beliau tiba tiba meng sms “dek..doain mba ya..insya Alloh mba berangkat haji tahun 2015.iyya mba insya Alloh..waktu haji kemaren tanpa mba minta juga sudah aku doain kok…

ternyata ceritanya tidak akan sampai di 2015…karena 2 minggu yang lalu…tiba tiba telepon rumahku berdering jam 11 malem…

“dek…hick…hick…terust…hening….cuma ada suara tercekat menahan tangis…” ada apa mba?tanyaku penuh ke khawatiran,

“mas dek…” katanya meneruskan..”ada apa dengan mas Handoko mba? tanyaku khawatir…

“Alhamdulillah barusan dapat kabar kalo mas di tugaskan jadi TPHD” katanya masih dengan penuh haru…Alhamdulillah dong mba…terus kenapa menangis mba?bukannya harus bersyukur? tanyaku…

“hick..doain mba ya…adek kan tahu, mba sari nggak mau kalo kami hajinya sendiri sendiri,mba bener bener minta di dorong dengan doa, semoga Aloh benar benar mengundang kami berdua menjadi tamnu Nya …sekarang mas han lagi berusaha cari peluang kursi kosong di daerah temapt beliau di tugaskan, bener bener minta di dorong dengan doa ya dek…”

iyya mba insya Alloh, tenang saja mba…semua kejadian kan sudah di tulis di lauh mahfudz..pasrahkan semua kepada Alloh swt.mudah mudahan semuanya di mudahkan oleh Alloh swt.

2 hari kemudian aku mendapat sms…”dek nanti malem mba ke rumah yah”. meski penasaran juga , beliau mau apa ke rumah, tapi langsung aku jawab “siap mba”.dan ternyata bd magrib…beliau sudah di depan pintu rumahku sambil membawa martabak coklat manis kesukaan anak kami…” dek…katanya seolah tak sabar, mba Insya Alloh jadi berangkat haji sekarang..”katanya sambil memelukku, menangis berdua kami sambil berpelukan di depan pagar, Tabarakalloh…mba…alhamdulillah..” mba kesini mau belajar banyak yah…soalnya mba kan nggak sempat manasik…

“ah…mba ada ada saja..”biasa saja mba..kebetulan saja kami pergi lebih dahulu…kalo dari segi ilmu mba dan mas han lebih dari kami, kataku merendah…”.eh…serius dek…mba mau belajar…kan manasik itu sunah” kata beliau merendah.

dan malam itu, kami berempat benar benar berdiskusi, berbagi pengalaman sambil sama sama membuka kitab tentang haji.mempelajari hukum hukum mana yang rukun, mana yang syarat dan mana yang sunah, sambil berbagi pengalaman tentang pengalaman yg pernah kami lalui.

seperti dugaanku bukan manasik sebenarnya yg menjadi intinya…karena kalo dari segi ilmu beliau beliau ini lebih mumpuni dari kami.Dengan suara yang sedikit berat mas han menceritakan bahwa..dalam 2 hari ini beliau membutuhkan uang sekitar 20 jutaan sebagian untuk  melunasi bpih mba sari, sebagian untuk bekal dan biaya beli hadyu, dan yang paling penting adalah uang saku untuk ketiga putra putri beliau.

kami berdua tercekat…ya Alloh,…seandainya kami punya, dan belum sempat kami mengemukakan alasan kami, mas han sudah mendahului, sebenarnya kami masih punya cadangannya sih..mobil VW tua  kami…insya Alloh kalo di jual juga laku 20 an juta.tapi menjual mobil tua dalam waktu 2 hari sepertinya hal yang susah…katanya mengaakhiri pembicaraannya.

Dan malam itu kami tercenung…”allohumma yasirru wa la tu ashiru” ya Alloh…hamba yakin engkau pasti akan menolong dan mencarikan jalan keluar yang baik bagi dua orang sholeh ini…ehm…mas…coba nanti ana browsing ya ke komunitas mobil VW..siapa tahu ada yang minat…ana lihat mobil antum masih cukup terawat”, ana cuma butuh fotonya saja, besok pagi kalo sudah terang , yah sekitar jam tujuhan lah sebelum ana ke kantor ana foto dulu ya mas, siapa tahu bisa laku cepat.Alloh kan melihat usaha kita.

dan malam itu…mereka berpamitan.

esok paginya bersama suami aku berangkat ke rumah mba sari,

“assalamu’alaikum,”

“wa alaikum salam….masuk dek…”

kulihat mukanya ceria sekali meski matanya terlihat sembab bekas bekas air mata masih terlihat jelas di wajahnya.

‘duduk de…sebentar ya,,mas han lagi mandi dulu”

tak berapa lama mas han muncul dari dalam rumah.

wah..sudah siap bawa kamera nih katanya sambil menjabat tangan suamiku.

begini ah…ana jadi tambah bingung nih…kata mas Han membuka pembicaraan,

“antum sudah cerita ke mana saja akh?” tanyanya dengan serius…

“cerita apa mas?” dengan suara dan mimik yang tak kalah serius suamiku balik bertanya.

“cerita bab uang 20 juta?” kata mas Handoko

“ha?” kata suamiku kaget…”belum akhi,..belum sempat cerita cerita…kan tadi malem kita selesai jam 11 malem.ada apa mas?”

“begini akh johni, tadi malem sepulang dari tempat antum, ana dapat sms dari sesorang minta nomor rekening, ana kira berkaitan dengan iklan mobil vw , malah ana sempat berfikir..wah..antum cepet juga yah cara kerjanya,jadi ana kasih saja tuh nomor rekening”,kata mas han serius

“terus akh”kata mas johni nggak sabaran..

“tadi pagi ana dapat sms lagi..nih bunyinya”, kata mas han sambil memberikan hpnya ke tangan suamiku

Perlahan tapi pasti mas johnipun membaca sms tsb.dengan suara keras agar semua bisa mendengar : “mohon di cek apakah sudah di terima uang sebesar 25 juta?”

“ana langsung cek tuh akh john,

“Subhanalloh..ternyata memang ada uang masuk sebesar 25 juta, jadi ana sms balik”,uang sudah masuk, maaf ini dengan pak siapa ya?”mobil mau diambil kapan?kata mas han sambil memperagakan gerakan tangannya ketika sms.

“nggak berapa lama kemudian,kemudian orang itu sms “barakalloh..semoga antum bisa menjadi haji yang mambrur insya Alloh uangnya halal dan anggaplah itu rejeki dari Alloh”,  sampai di sini ana jadi lemesh akh…ana masih bingung apa sebenarnya maksud sms tersebut, sampai ana ulang bersama istri di baca bolak balik…apa benar ini maksudnya si akh ini ngasih Rizki ke ana?”….dengan tetap  berwajah tawadhu mas meneruskan ceritanya ,

“ana telepon saja nomornya,ternyata sampai sekarang nggak nyambung nyambung, bahkan dari tadi pagi ana sudah sibuk mencari cari adakah yg kenal dengan nomor kontak ini…tapi tak ada satupun yang faham…dan kenal…sepertinya “ikhwah ini” sengaja membeli kartu prabayar akh…yang sekali buang…subhanalloh…ana ingin sekali bertemumuka langsung…

Dan seperti tadi malam…kamipun menagis terharu…”Hal jazaa ul ihsanu ilal ihsan…” hal yang baik pasti akan di balas dengan kebaikan, kami yakin, orangnya pasti orang dekat dengan beliau…tapi subhanalloh…kami tak bisa menbaknya satu persatu.. siapapun yang menolong sahabat kami ini. kami yakin seratus persen…pasti akan mendapatkan balasan atas semua kebaikannya oleh Alloh SWT.

Dan Sekarang Alhamdulillah kedua sahabat kami sedang di Madinah sekarang sedang bersiap menuju ke makah al mukaromah, untuk bersiap melakukan prosesi haji. semoga di mudahlkan dalam menjalani ibadah mereka dan menjadi haji yg mabrur.aamiin.

ALLOH BUKAN MEMANGGIL ORANG YG MAMPU,TETAPI MEMAMPUKAN ORANG YANG MENJAWAB PANGGILAN NYA

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HOBART, Tasmania — Few places seem out of reach for China’s leader, Xi Jinping, who has traveled from European capitals to obscure Pacific and Caribbean islands in pursuit of his nation’s strategic interests.

So perhaps it was not surprising when he turned up last fall in this city on the edge of the Southern Ocean to put down a long-distance marker in another faraway region, Antarctica, 2,000 miles south of this Australian port.

Standing on the deck of an icebreaker that ferries Chinese scientists from this last stop before the frozen continent, Mr. Xi pledged that China would continue to expand in one of the few places on earth that remain unexploited by humans.

He signed a five-year accord with the Australian government that allows Chinese vessels and, in the future, aircraft to resupply for fuel and food before heading south. That will help secure easier access to a region that is believed to have vast oil and mineral resources; huge quantities of high-protein sea life; and for times of possible future dire need, fresh water contained in icebergs.

It was not until 1985, about seven decades after Robert Scott and Roald Amundsen raced to the South Pole, that a team representing Beijing hoisted the Chinese flag over the nation’s first Antarctic research base, the Great Wall Station on King George Island.

But now China seems determined to catch up. As it has bolstered spending on Antarctic research, and as the early explorers, especially the United States and Australia, confront stagnant budgets, there is growing concern about its intentions.

China’s operations on the continent — it opened its fourth research station last year, chose a site for a fifth, and is investing in a second icebreaker and new ice-capable planes and helicopters — are already the fastest growing of the 52 signatories to the Antarctic Treaty. That gentlemen’s agreement reached in 1959 bans military activity on the continent and aims to preserve it as one of the world’s last wildernesses; a related pact prohibits mining.

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But Mr. Xi’s visit was another sign that China is positioning itself to take advantage of the continent’s resource potential when the treaty expires in 2048 — or in the event that it is ripped up before, Chinese and Australian experts say.

“So far, our research is natural-science based, but we know there is more and more concern about resource security,” said Yang Huigen, director general of the Polar Research Institute of China, who accompanied Mr. Xi last November on his visit to Hobart and stood with him on the icebreaker, Xue Long, or Snow Dragon.

With that in mind, the polar institute recently opened a new division devoted to the study of resources, law, geopolitics and governance in Antarctica and the Arctic, Mr. Yang said.

Australia, a strategic ally of the United States that has strong economic relations with China, is watching China’s buildup in the Antarctic with a mix of gratitude — China’s presence offers support for Australia’s Antarctic science program, which is short of cash — and wariness.

“We should have no illusions about the deeper agenda — one that has not even been agreed to by Chinese scientists but is driven by Xi, and most likely his successors,” said Peter Jennings, executive director of the Australian Strategic Policy Institute and a former senior official in the Australian Department of Defense.

“This is part of a broader pattern of a mercantilist approach all around the world,” Mr. Jennings added. “A big driver of Chinese policy is to secure long-term energy supply and food supply.”

That approach was evident last month when a large Chinese agriculture enterprise announced an expansion of its fishing operations around Antarctica to catch more krill — small, protein-rich crustaceans that are abundant in Antarctic waters.

“The Antarctic is a treasure house for all human beings, and China should go there and share,” Liu Shenli, the chairman of the China National Agricultural Development Group, told China Daily, a state-owned newspaper. China would aim to fish up to two million tons of krill a year, he said, a substantial increase from what it currently harvests.

Because sovereignty over Antarctica is unclear, nations have sought to strengthen their claims over the ice-covered land by building research bases and naming geographic features. China’s fifth station will put it within reach of the six American facilities, and ahead of Australia’s three.

Chinese mappers have also given Chinese names to more than 300 sites, compared with the thousands of locations on the continent with English names.

In the unspoken competition for Antarctica’s future, scientific achievement can also translate into influence. Chinese scientists are driving to be the first to drill and recover an ice core containing tiny air bubbles that provide a record of climate change stretching as far back as 1.5 million years. It is an expensive and delicate effort at which others, including the European Union and Australia, have failed.

In a breakthrough a decade ago, European scientists extracted an ice core nearly two miles long that revealed 800,000 years of climate history. But finding an ice core going back further would allow scientists to examine a change in the earth’s climate cycles believed to have occurred 900,000 to 1.2 million years ago.

China is betting it has found the best location to drill, at an area called Dome A, or Dome Argus, the highest point on the East Antarctic Ice Sheet. Though it is considered one of the coldest places on the planet, with temperatures of 130 degrees below zero Fahrenheit, a Chinese expedition explored the area in 2005 and established a research station in 2009.

“The international community has drilled in lots of places, but no luck so far,” said Xiao Cunde, a member of the first party to reach the site and the deputy director of the Institute for Climate Change at the Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences. “We think at Dome A we will have a straight shot at the one-million-year ice core.”

Mr. Xiao said China had already begun drilling and hoped to find what scientists are looking for in four to five years.

To support its Antarctic aspirations, China is building a sophisticated $300 million icebreaker that is expected to be ready in a few years, said Xia Limin, deputy director of the Chinese Arctic and Antarctic Administration in Beijing. It has also bought a high-tech fixed-wing aircraft, outfitted in the United States, for taking sensitive scientific soundings from the ice.

China has chosen the site for its fifth research station at Inexpressible Island, named by a group of British explorers who were stranded at the desolate site in 1912 and survived the winter by excavating a small ice cave.

Mr. Xia said the inhospitable spot was ideal because China did not have a presence in that part of Antarctica, and because the rocky site did not have much snow, making it relatively cheap to build there.

Anne-Marie Brady, a professor of political science at the University of Canterbury in New Zealand and the author of a soon-to-be-released book, “China as a Polar Great Power,” said Chinese scientists also believed they had a good chance of finding mineral and energy resources near the site.

“China is playing a long game in Antarctica and keeping other states guessing about its true intentions and interests are part of its poker hand,” she said. But she noted that China’s interest in finding minerals was presented “loud and clear to domestic audiences” as the main reason it was investing in Antarctica.

Because commercial drilling is banned, estimates of energy and mineral resources in Antarctica rely on remote sensing data and comparisons with similar geological environments elsewhere, said Millard F. Coffin, executive director of the Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies in Hobart.

But the difficulty of extraction in such severe conditions and uncertainty about future commodity prices make it unlikely that China or any country would defy the ban on mining anytime soon.

Tourism, however, is already booming. Travelers from China are still a relatively small contingent in the Antarctic compared with the more than 13,000 Americans who visited in 2013, and as yet there are no licensed Chinese tour operators.

But that is about to change, said Anthony Bergin, deputy director of the Australian Strategic Policy Institute. “I understand very soon there will be Chinese tourists on Chinese vessels with all-Chinese crew in the Antarctic,” he said.

 

Top News China’s Intents Are Questioned as It Builds in Antarctica

Imagine an elite professional services firm with a high-performing, workaholic culture. Everyone is expected to turn on a dime to serve a client, travel at a moment’s notice, and be available pretty much every evening and weekend. It can make for a grueling work life, but at the highest levels of accounting, law, investment banking and consulting firms, it is just the way things are.

Except for one dirty little secret: Some of the people ostensibly turning in those 80- or 90-hour workweeks, particularly men, may just be faking it.

Many of them were, at least, at one elite consulting firm studied by Erin Reid, a professor at Boston University’s Questrom School of Business. It’s impossible to know if what she learned at that unidentified consulting firm applies across the world of work more broadly. But her research, published in the academic journal Organization Science, offers a way to understand how the professional world differs between men and women, and some of the ways a hard-charging culture that emphasizes long hours above all can make some companies worse off.

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Credit Peter Arkle

Ms. Reid interviewed more than 100 people in the American offices of a global consulting firm and had access to performance reviews and internal human resources documents. At the firm there was a strong culture around long hours and responding to clients promptly.

“When the client needs me to be somewhere, I just have to be there,” said one of the consultants Ms. Reid interviewed. “And if you can’t be there, it’s probably because you’ve got another client meeting at the same time. You know it’s tough to say I can’t be there because my son had a Cub Scout meeting.”

Some people fully embraced this culture and put in the long hours, and they tended to be top performers. Others openly pushed back against it, insisting upon lighter and more flexible work hours, or less travel; they were punished in their performance reviews.

The third group is most interesting. Some 31 percent of the men and 11 percent of the women whose records Ms. Reid examined managed to achieve the benefits of a more moderate work schedule without explicitly asking for it.

They made an effort to line up clients who were local, reducing the need for travel. When they skipped work to spend time with their children or spouse, they didn’t call attention to it. One team on which several members had small children agreed among themselves to cover for one another so that everyone could have more flexible hours.

A male junior manager described working to have repeat consulting engagements with a company near enough to his home that he could take care of it with day trips. “I try to head out by 5, get home at 5:30, have dinner, play with my daughter,” he said, adding that he generally kept weekend work down to two hours of catching up on email.

Despite the limited hours, he said: “I know what clients are expecting. So I deliver above that.” He received a high performance review and a promotion.

What is fascinating about the firm Ms. Reid studied is that these people, who in her terminology were “passing” as workaholics, received performance reviews that were as strong as their hyper-ambitious colleagues. For people who were good at faking it, there was no real damage done by their lighter workloads.

It calls to mind the episode of “Seinfeld” in which George Costanza leaves his car in the parking lot at Yankee Stadium, where he works, and gets a promotion because his boss sees the car and thinks he is getting to work earlier and staying later than anyone else. (The strategy goes awry for him, and is not recommended for any aspiring partners in a consulting firm.)

A second finding is that women, particularly those with young children, were much more likely to request greater flexibility through more formal means, such as returning from maternity leave with an explicitly reduced schedule. Men who requested a paternity leave seemed to be punished come review time, and so may have felt more need to take time to spend with their families through those unofficial methods.

The result of this is easy to see: Those specifically requesting a lighter workload, who were disproportionately women, suffered in their performance reviews; those who took a lighter workload more discreetly didn’t suffer. The maxim of “ask forgiveness, not permission” seemed to apply.

It would be dangerous to extrapolate too much from a study at one firm, but Ms. Reid said in an interview that since publishing a summary of her research in Harvard Business Review she has heard from people in a variety of industries describing the same dynamic.

High-octane professional service firms are that way for a reason, and no one would doubt that insane hours and lots of travel can be necessary if you’re a lawyer on the verge of a big trial, an accountant right before tax day or an investment banker advising on a huge merger.

But the fact that the consultants who quietly lightened their workload did just as well in their performance reviews as those who were truly working 80 or more hours a week suggests that in normal times, heavy workloads may be more about signaling devotion to a firm than really being more productive. The person working 80 hours isn’t necessarily serving clients any better than the person working 50.

In other words, maybe the real problem isn’t men faking greater devotion to their jobs. Maybe it’s that too many companies reward the wrong things, favoring the illusion of extraordinary effort over actual productivity.

How Some Men Fake an 80-Hour Workweek, and Why It Matters

Since a white police officer, Darren Wilson fatally shot unarmed black teenager, Michael Brown, in a confrontation last August in Ferguson, Mo., there have been many other cases in which the police have shot and killed suspects, some of them unarmed. Mr. Brown's death set off protests throughout the country, pushing law enforcement into the spotlight and sparking a public debate on police tactics. Here is a selection of police shootings that have been reported by news organizations since Mr. Brown's death. In some cases, investigations are continuing.

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The apartment complex northeast of Atlanta where Anthony Hill, 27, was fatally shot by a DeKalb County police officer. Credit Ben Gray/Atlanta Journal Constitution

Chamblee, Ga.
Fatal Police Shootings: Accounts Since Ferguson

Public perceptions of race relations in America have grown substantially more negative in the aftermath of the death of a young black man who was injured while in police custody in Baltimore and the subsequent unrest, far eclipsing the sentiment recorded in the wake of turmoil in Ferguson, Mo., last summer.

Americans are also increasingly likely to say that the police are more apt to use deadly force against a black person, the latest New York Times/CBS News poll finds.

The poll findings highlight the challenges for local leaders and police officials in trying to maintain order while sustaining faith in the criminal justice system in a racially polarized nation.

Sixty-one percent of Americans now say race relations in this country are generally bad. That figure is up sharply from 44 percent after the fatal police shooting of Michael Brown and the unrest that followed in Ferguson in August, and 43 percent in December. In a CBS News poll just two months ago, 38 percent said race relations were generally bad. Current views are by far the worst of Barack Obama’s presidency.

The negative sentiment is echoed by broad majorities of blacks and whites alike, a stark change from earlier this year, when 58 percent of blacks thought race relations were bad, but just 35 percent of whites agreed. In August, 48 percent of blacks and 41 percent of whites said they felt that way.

Looking ahead, 44 percent of Americans think race relations are worsening, up from 36 percent in December. Forty-one percent of blacks and 46 percent of whites think so. Pessimism among whites has increased 10 points since December.

Continue reading the main story
Do you think race relations in the United States are generally good or generally bad?
60
40
20
0
White
Black
May '14
May '15
Generally bad
Continue reading the main story
Do you think race relations in the United States are getting better, getting worse or staying about the same?
Getting worse
Staying the same
Getting better
Don't know/No answer
All adults
Whites
Blacks
44%
37
17
46
36
16
41
42
15

The poll finds that profound racial divisions in views of how the police use deadly force remain. Blacks are more than twice as likely to say police in most communities are more apt to use deadly force against a black person — 79 percent of blacks say so compared with 37 percent of whites. A slim majority of whites say race is not a factor in a police officer’s decision to use deadly force.

Overall, 44 percent of Americans say deadly force is more likely to be used against a black person, up from 37 percent in August and 40 percent in December.

Blacks also remain far more likely than whites to say they feel mostly anxious about the police in their community. Forty-two percent say so, while 51 percent feel mostly safe. Among whites, 8 in 10 feel mostly safe.

One proposal to address the matter — having on-duty police officers wear body cameras — receives overwhelming support. More than 9 in 10 whites and blacks alike favor it.

Continue reading the main story
How would you describe your feelings about the police in your community? Would you say they make you feel mostly safe or mostly anxious?
Mostly safe
Mostly anxious
Don't know/No answer
All adults
Whites
Blacks
75%
21
3
81
16
3
51
42
7
Continue reading the main story
In general, do you think the police in most communities are more likely to use deadly force against a black person, or more likely to use it against a white person, or don’t you think race affects police use of deadly force?
Police more likely to use deadly force against a black person
Police more likely to use deadly force against a white person
Race DOES NOT affect police use of deadly force
Don't know/No answer
All adults
Whites
Blacks
44%
37%
79%
2%
2%
1%
46%
53%
16%
9%
8%
4%
Continue reading the main story
Do you favor or oppose on-duty police officers wearing video cameras that would record events and actions as they occur?
Favor
Oppose
Don't know/No answer
All adults
Whites
Blacks
92%
93%
93%
6%
5%
5%
2%
2%
2%

Asked specifically about the situation in Baltimore, most Americans expressed at least some confidence that the investigation by local authorities would be conducted fairly. But while nearly two-thirds of whites think so, fewer than half of blacks agree. Still, more blacks are confident now than were in August regarding the investigation in Ferguson. On Friday, six members of the police force involved in the arrest of Mr. Gray were charged with serious offenses, including manslaughter. The poll was conducted Thursday through Sunday; results from before charges were announced are similar to those from after.

Reaction to the recent turmoil in Baltimore, however, is similar among blacks and whites. Most Americans, 61 percent, say the unrest after Mr. Gray’s death was not justified. That includes 64 percent of whites and 57 percent of blacks.

Continue reading the main story
As you may know, a Baltimore man, Freddie Gray, recently died after being in the custody of the Baltimore police. How much confidence do you have that the investigation by local authorities into this matter will be conducted fairly?
A lot
Some
Not much
None at all
Don't know/No answer
All adults
Whites
Blacks
29%
31
22
14
5
31
33
20
11
5
20
26
30
22
In general, do you think the unrest in Baltimore after the death of Freddie Gray was justified, or do you think the unrest was not justified?
Justified
Not justified
Don't know/No answer
All adults
Whites
Blacks
28%
61
11
26
64
11
37
57
6

Negative View of U.S. Race Relations Grows, Poll Finds

The magical quality Mr. Lesnie created in shooting the “Babe” films caught the eye of the director Peter Jackson, who chose him to film the fantasy epic.

Andrew Lesnie, Cinematographer of ‘Lord of the Rings,’ Dies at 59

The career criminals in genre novels don’t have money problems. If they need some, they just go out and steal it. But such financial transactions can backfire, which is what happened back in 2004 when the Texas gang in Michael

Take the Money and Run

BALTIMORE — In the afternoons, the streets of Locust Point are clean and nearly silent. In front of the rowhouses, potted plants rest next to steps of brick or concrete. There is a shopping center nearby with restaurants, and a grocery store filled with fresh foods.

And the National Guard and the police are largely absent. So, too, residents say, are worries about what happened a few miles away on April 27 when, in a space of hours, parts of this city became riot zones.

“They’re not our reality,” Ashley Fowler, 30, said on Monday at the restaurant where she works. “They’re not what we’re living right now. We live in, not to be racist, white America.”

As Baltimore considers its way forward after the violent unrest brought by the death of Freddie Gray, a 25-year-old black man who died of injuries he suffered while in police custody, residents in its predominantly white neighborhoods acknowledge that they are sometimes struggling to understand what beyond Mr. Gray’s death spurred the turmoil here. For many, the poverty and troubled schools of gritty West Baltimore are distant troubles, glimpsed only when they pass through the area on their way somewhere else.

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Officers blocked traffic at Pennsylvania and West North Avenues after reports that a gun was discharged in the area. Credit Drew Angerer for The New York Times

And so neighborhoods of Baltimore are facing altogether different reckonings after Mr. Gray’s death. In mostly black communities like Sandtown-Winchester, where some of the most destructive rioting played out last week, residents are hoping businesses will reopen and that the police will change their strategies. But in mostly white areas like Canton and Locust Point, some residents wonder what role, if any, they should play in reimagining stretches of Baltimore where they do not live.

“Most of the people are kind of at a loss as to what they’re supposed to do,” said Dr. Richard Lamb, a dentist who has practiced in the same Locust Point office for nearly 39 years. “I listen to the news reports. I listen to the clergymen. I listen to the facts of the rampant unemployment and the lack of opportunities in the area. Listen, I pay my taxes. Exactly what can I do?”

And in Canton, where the restaurants have clever names like Nacho Mama’s and Holy Crepe Bakery and Café, Sara Bahr said solutions seemed out of reach for a proudly liberal city.

“I can only imagine how frustrated they must be,” said Ms. Bahr, 36, a nurse who was out with her 3-year-old daughter, Sally. “I just wish I knew how to solve poverty. I don’t know what to do to make it better.”

The day of unrest and the overwhelmingly peaceful demonstrations that followed led to hundreds of arrests, often for violations of the curfew imposed on the city for five consecutive nights while National Guard soldiers patrolled the streets. Although there were isolated instances of trouble in Canton, the neighborhood association said on its website, many parts of southeast Baltimore were physically untouched by the tumult.

Tensions in the city bubbled anew on Monday after reports that the police had wounded a black man in Northwest Baltimore. The authorities denied those reports and sent officers to talk with the crowds that gathered while other officers clutching shields blocked traffic at Pennsylvania and West North Avenues.

Lt. Col. Melvin Russell, a community police officer, said officers had stopped a man suspected of carrying a handgun and that “one of those rounds was spent.”

Colonel Russell said officers had not opened fire, “so we couldn’t have shot him.”

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Lambi Vasilakopoulos, right, who runs a casual restaurant in Canton, said he was incensed by last week's looting and predicted tensions would worsen. Credit Drew Angerer for The New York Times

The colonel said the man had not been injured but was taken to a hospital as a precaution. Nearby, many people stood in disbelief, despite the efforts by the authorities to quash reports they described as “unfounded.”

Monday’s episode was a brief moment in a larger drama that has yielded anger and confusion. Although many people said they were familiar with accounts of the police harassing or intimidating residents, many in Canton and Locust Point said they had never experienced it themselves. When they watched the unrest, which many protesters said was fueled by feelings that they lived only on Baltimore’s margins, even those like Ms. Bahr who were pained by what they saw said they could scarcely comprehend the emotions associated with it.

But others, like Lambi Vasilakopoulos, who runs a casual restaurant in Canton, said they were incensed by what unfolded last week.

“What happened wasn’t called for. Protests are one thing; looting is another thing,” he said, adding, “We’re very frustrated because we’re the ones who are going to pay for this.”

There were pockets of optimism, though, that Baltimore would enter a period of reconciliation.

“I’m just hoping for peace,” Natalie Boies, 53, said in front of the Locust Point home where she has lived for 50 years. “Learn to love each other; be patient with each other; find justice; and care.”

A skeptical Mr. Vasilakopoulos predicted tensions would worsen.

“It cannot be fixed,” he said. “It’s going to get worse. Why? Because people don’t obey the laws. They don’t want to obey them.”

But there were few fears that the violence that plagued West Baltimore last week would play out on these relaxed streets. The authorities, Ms. Fowler said, would make sure of that.

“They kept us safe here,” she said. “I didn’t feel uncomfortable when I was in my house three blocks away from here. I knew I was going to be O.K. because I knew they weren’t going to let anyone come and loot our properties or our businesses or burn our cars.”

Baltimore Residents Away From Turmoil Consider Their Role

Late in April, after Native American actors walked off in disgust from the set of Adam Sandler’s latest film, a western sendup that its distributor, Netflix, has defended as being equally offensive to all, a glow of pride spread through several Native American communities.

Tantoo Cardinal, a Canadian indigenous actress who played Black Shawl in “Dances With Wolves,” recalled thinking to herself, “It’s come.” Larry Sellers, who starred as Cloud Dancing in the 1990s television show “Dr. Quinn, Medicine Woman,” thought, “It’s about time.” Jesse Wente, who is Ojibwe and directs film programming at the TIFF Bell Lightbox in Toronto, found himself encouraged and surprised. There are so few film roles for indigenous actors, he said, that walking off the set of a major production showed real mettle.

But what didn’t surprise Mr. Wente was the content of the script. According to the actors who walked off the set, the film, titled “The Ridiculous Six,” included a Native American woman who passes out and is revived after white men douse her with alcohol, and another woman squatting to urinate while lighting a peace pipe. “There’s enough history at this point to have set some expectations around these sort of Hollywood depictions,” Mr. Wente said.

The walkout prompted a rhetorical “What do you expect from an Adam Sandler film?,” and a Netflix spokesman said that in the movie, blacks, Mexicans and whites were lampooned as well. But Native American actors and critics said a broader issue was at stake. While mainstream portrayals of native peoples have, Mr. Wente said, become “incrementally better” over the decades, he and others say, they remain far from accurate and reflect a lack of opportunities for Native American performers. What’s more, as Native Americans hunger for representation on screen, critics say the absence of three-dimensional portrayals has very real off-screen consequences.

“Our people are still healing from historical trauma,” said Loren Anthony, one of the actors who walked out. “Our youth are still trying to figure out who they are, where they fit in this society. Kids are killing themselves. They’re not proud of who they are.” They also don’t, he added, see themselves on prime time television or the big screen. Netflix noted while about five people walked off the “The Ridiculous Six” set, 100 or so Native American actors and extras stayed.

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But in interviews, nearly a dozen Native American actors and film industry experts said that Mr. Sandler’s humor perpetuated decades-old negative stereotypes. Mr. Anthony said such depictions helped feed the despondency many Native Americans feel, with deadly results: Native Americans have the highest suicide rate out of all the country’s ethnicities.

The on-screen problem is twofold, Mr. Anthony and others said: There’s a paucity of roles for Native Americans — according to the Screen Actors Guild in 2008 they accounted for 0.3 percent of all on-screen parts (those figures have yet to be updated), compared to about 2 percent of the general population — and Native American actors are often perceived in a narrow way.

In his Peabody Award-winning documentary “Reel Injun,” the Cree filmmaker Neil Diamond explored Hollywood depictions of Native Americans over the years, and found they fell into a few stereotypical categories: the Noble Savage, the Drunk Indian, the Mystic, the Indian Princess, the backward tribal people futilely fighting John Wayne and manifest destiny. While the 1990 film “Dances With Wolves” won praise for depicting Native Americans as fully fleshed out human beings, not all indigenous people embraced it. It was still told, critics said, from the colonialists’ point of view. In an interview, John Trudell, a Santee Sioux writer, actor (“Thunderheart”) and the former chairman of the American Indian Movement, described the film as “a story of two white people.”

“God bless ‘Dances with Wolves,’ ” Michael Horse, who played Deputy Hawk in “Twin Peaks,” said sarcastically. “Even ‘Avatar.’ Someone’s got to come save the tribal people.”

Dan Spilo, a partner at Industry Entertainment who represents Adam Beach, one of today’s most prominent Native American actors, said while typecasting dogs many minorities, it is especially intractable when it comes to Native Americans. Casting directors, he said, rarely cast them as police officers, doctors or lawyers. “There’s the belief that the Native American character should be on reservations or riding a horse,” he said.

“We don’t see ourselves,” Mr. Horse said. “We’re still an antiquated culture to them, and to the rest of the world.”

Ms. Cardinal said she was once turned down for the role of the wife of a child-abusing cop because the filmmakers felt that casting her would somehow be “too political.”

Another sore point is the long run of white actors playing American Indians, among them Burt Lancaster, Rock Hudson, Audrey Hepburn and, more recently, Johnny Depp, whose depiction of Tonto in the 2013 film “Lone Ranger,” was viewed as racist by detractors. There are, of course, exceptions. The former A&E series “Longmire,” which, as it happens, will now be on Netflix, was roundly praised for its depiction of life on a Northern Cheyenne reservation, with Lou Diamond Phillips, who is of Cherokee descent, playing a Northern Cheyenne man.

Others also point to the success of Mr. Beach, who played a Mohawk detective in “Law & Order: Special Victims Unit” and landed a starring role in the forthcoming D C Comics picture “Suicide Squad.” Mr. Beach said he had come across insulting scripts backed by people who don’t see anything wrong with them.

“I’d rather starve than do something that is offensive to my ancestral roots,” Mr. Beach said. “But I think there will always be attempts to drawn on the weakness of native people’s struggles. The savage Indian will always be the savage Indian. The white man will always be smarter and more cunning. The cavalry will always win.”

The solution, Mr. Wente, Mr. Trudell and others said, lies in getting more stories written by and starring Native Americans. But Mr. Wente noted that while independent indigenous film has blossomed in the last two decades, mainstream depictions have yet to catch up. “You have to stop expecting for Hollywood to correct it, because there seems to be no ability or desire to correct it,” Mr. Wente said.

There have been calls to boycott Netflix but, writing for Indian Country Today Media Network, which first broke news of the walk off, the filmmaker Brian Young noted that the distributor also offered a number of films by or about Native Americans.

The furor around “The Ridiculous Six” may drive more people to see it. Then one of the questions that Mr. Trudell, echoing others, had about the film will be answered: “Who the hell laughs at this stuff?”

Native American Actors Work to Overcome a Long-Documented Bias

THE WRITERS ASHLEY AND JAQUAVIS COLEMAN know the value of a good curtain-raiser. The couple have co-authored dozens of novels, and they like to start them with a bang: a headlong action sequence, a blast of violence or sex that rocks readers back on their heels. But the Colemans concede they would be hard-pressed to dream up anything more gripping than their own real-life opening scene.

In the summer of 2001, JaQuavis Coleman was a 16-year-old foster child in Flint, Mich., the former auto-manufacturing mecca that had devolved, in the wake of General Motors’ plant closures, into one of the country’s most dangerous cities, with a decimated economy and a violent crime rate more than three times the national average. When JaQuavis was 8, social services had removed him from his mother’s home. He spent years bouncing between foster families. At 16, JaQuavis was also a businessman: a crack dealer with a network of street-corner peddlers in his employ.

One day that summer, JaQuavis met a fellow dealer in a parking lot on Flint’s west side. He was there to make a bulk sale of a quarter-brick, or “nine-piece” — a nine-ounce parcel of cocaine, with a street value of about $11,000. In the middle of the transaction, JaQuavis heard the telltale chirp of a walkie-talkie. His customer, he now realized, was an undercover policeman. JaQuavis jumped into his car and spun out onto the road, with two unmarked police cars in pursuit. He didn’t want to get into a high-speed chase, so he whipped his car into a church parking lot and made a run for it, darting into an alleyway behind a row of small houses, where he tossed the quarter-brick into some bushes. When JaQuavis reached the small residential street on the other side of the houses, he was greeted by the police, who handcuffed him and went to search behind the houses where, they told him, they were certain he had ditched the drugs. JaQuavis had been dealing since he was 12, had amassed more than $100,000 and had never been arrested. Now, he thought: It’s over.

But when the police looked in the bushes, they couldn’t find any cocaine. They interrogated JaQuavis, who denied having ever possessed or sold drugs. They combed the backyard alley some more. After an hour of fruitless efforts, the police were forced to unlock the handcuffs and release their suspect.

JaQuavis was baffled by the turn of events until the next day, when he received a phone call. The previous afternoon, a 15-year-old girl had been sitting in her home on the west side of Flint when she heard sirens. She looked out of the window of her bedroom, and watched a young man throw a package in the bushes behind her house. She recognized him. He was a high school classmate — a handsome, charismatic boy whom she had admired from afar. The girl crept outside and grabbed the bundle, which she hid in her basement. “I have something that belongs to you,” Ashley Snell told JaQuavis Coleman when she reached him by phone. “You wanna come over here and pick it up?”

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Three of the nearly 50 works of urban fiction published by the Colemans over the last decade, often featuring drug deals, violence, sex and a brash kind of feminism.Credit Marko Metzinger

In the Colemans’ first novel, “Dirty Money” (2005), they told a version of this story. The outline was the same: the drug deal gone bad, the dope chucked in the bushes, the fateful phone call. To the extent that the authors took poetic license, it was to tone down the meet-cute improbability of the true-life events. In “Dirty Money,” the girl, Anari, and the crack dealer, Maurice, circle each other warily for a year or so before coupling up. But the facts of Ashley and JaQuavis’s romance outstripped pulp fiction. They fell in love more or less at first sight, moved into their own apartment while still in high school and were married in 2008. “We were together from the day we met,” Ashley says. “I don’t think we’ve spent more than a week apart in total over the past 14 years.”

That partnership turned out to be creative and entrepreneurial as well as romantic. Over the past decade, the Colemans have published nearly 50 books, sometimes as solo writers, sometimes under pseudonyms, but usually as collaborators with a byline that has become a trusted brand: “Ashley & JaQuavis.” They are marquee stars of urban fiction, or street lit, a genre whose inner-city settings and lurid mix of crime, sex and sensationalism have earned it comparisons to gangsta rap. The emergence of street lit is one of the big stories in recent American publishing, a juggernaut that has generated huge sales by catering to a readership — young, black and, for the most part, female — that historically has been ill-served by the book business. But the genre is also widely maligned. Street lit is subject to a kind of triple snobbery: scorned by literati who look down on genre fiction generally, ignored by a white publishing establishment that remains largely indifferent to black books and disparaged by African-American intellectuals for poor writing, coarse values and trafficking in racial stereotypes.

But if a certain kind of cultural prestige is shut off to the Colemans, they have reaped other rewards. They’ve built a large and loyal fan base, which gobbles up the new Ashley & JaQuavis titles that arrive every few months. Many of those books are sold at street-corner stands and other off-the-grid venues in African-American neighborhoods, a literary gray market that doesn’t register a blip on best-seller tallies. Yet the Colemans’ most popular series now regularly crack the trade fiction best-seller lists of The New York Times and Publishers Weekly. For years, the pair had no literary agent; they sold hundreds of thousands of books without banking a penny in royalties. Still, they have earned millions of dollars, almost exclusively from cash-for-manuscript deals negotiated directly with independent publishing houses. In short, though little known outside of the world of urban fiction, the Colemans are one of America’s most successful literary couples, a distinction they’ve achieved, they insist, because of their work’s gritty authenticity and their devotion to a primal literary virtue: the power of the ripping yarn.

“When you read our books, you’re gonna realize: ‘Ashley & JaQuavis are storytellers,’ ” says Ashley. “Our tales will get your heart pounding.”

THE COLEMANS’ HOME BASE — the cottage from which they operate their cottage industry — is a spacious four-bedroom house in a genteel suburb about 35 miles north of downtown Detroit. The house is plush, but when I visited this past winter, it was sparsely appointed. The couple had just recently moved in, and had only had time to fully furnish the bedroom of their 4-year-old son, Quaye.

In conversation, Ashley and JaQuavis exude both modesty and bravado: gratitude for their good fortune and bootstrappers’ pride in having made their own luck. They talk a lot about their time in the trenches, the years they spent as a drug dealer and “ride-or-die girl” tandem. In Flint they learned to “grind hard.” Writing, they say, is merely a more elevated kind of grind.

“Instead of hitting the block like we used to, we hit the laptops,” says Ashley. “I know what every word is worth. So while I’m writing, I’m like: ‘Okay, there’s a hundred dollars. There’s a thousand dollars. There’s five thousand dollars.’ ”

They maintain a rigorous regimen. They each try to write 5,000 words per day, five days a week. The writers stagger their shifts: JaQuavis goes to bed at 7 p.m. and wakes up early, around 3 or 4 in the morning, to work while his wife and child sleep. Ashley writes during the day, often in libraries or at Starbucks.

They divide the labor in other ways. Chapters are divvied up more or less equally, with tasks assigned according to individual strengths. (JaQuavis typically handles character development. Ashley loves writing murder scenes.) The results are stitched together, with no editorial interference from one author in the other’s text. The real work, they contend, is the brainstorming. The Colemans spend weeks mapping out their plot-driven books — long conversations that turn into elaborate diagrams on dry-erase boards. “JaQuavis and I are so close, it makes the process real easy,” says Ashley. “Sometimes when I’m thinking of something, a plot point, he’ll say it out loud, and I’m like: ‘Wait — did I say that?’ ”

Their collaboration developed by accident, and on the fly. Both were bookish teenagers. Ashley read lots of Judy Blume and John Grisham; JaQuavis liked Shakespeare, Richard Wright and “Atlas Shrugged.” (Their first official date was at a Borders bookstore, where Ashley bought “The Coldest Winter Ever,” the Sister Souljah novel often credited with kick-starting the contemporary street-lit movement.) In 2003, Ashley, then 17, was forced to terminate an ectopic pregnancy. She was bedridden for three weeks, and to provide distraction and boost her spirits, JaQuavis challenged his girlfriend to a writing contest. “She just wasn’t talking. She was laying in bed. I said, ‘You know what? I bet you I could write a better book than you.’ My wife is real competitive. So I said, ‘Yo, all right, $500 bet.’ And I saw her eyes spark, like, ‘What?! You can’t write no better book than me!’ So I wrote about three chapters. She wrote about three chapters. Two days later, we switched.”

The result, hammered out in a few days, would become “Dirty Money.” Two years later, when Ashley and JaQuavis were students at Ferris State University in Western Michigan, they sold the manuscript to Urban Books, a street-lit imprint founded by the best-selling author Carl Weber. At the time, JaQuavis was still making his living selling drugs. When Ashley got the phone call informing her that their book had been bought, she assumed they’d hit it big, and flushed more than $10,000 worth of cocaine down the toilet. Their advance was a mere $4,000.

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The roots of street lit, found in the midcentury detective novels of Chester Himes and the ‘60s and ‘70s “ghetto fiction” of Iceberg Slim and Donald Goines.Credit Marko Metzinger

Those advances would soon increase, eventually reaching five and six figures. The Colemans built their career, JaQuavis says, in a manner that made sense to him as a veteran dope peddler: by flooding the street with product. From the start, they were prolific, churning out books at a rate of four or five a year. Their novels made their way into stores; the now-defunct chain Waldenbooks, which had stores in urban areas typically bypassed by booksellers, was a major engine of the street-lit market. But Ashley and JaQuavis took advantage of distribution channels established by pioneering urban fiction authors such as Teri Woods and Vickie Stringer, and a network of street-corner tables, magazine stands, corner shops and bodegas. Like rappers who establish their bona fides with gray-market mixtapes, street-lit authors use this system to circumnavigate industry gatekeepers, bringing their work straight to the genre’s core readership. But urban fiction has other aficionados, in less likely places. “Our books are so popular in the prison system,” JaQuavis says. “We’re banned in certain penitentiaries. Inmates fight over the books — there are incidents, you know? I have loved ones in jail, and they’re like: ‘Yo, your books can’t come in here. It’s against the rules.’ ”

The appeal of the Colemans’ work is not hard to fathom. The books are formulaic and taut; they deliver the expected goods efficiently and exuberantly. The titles telegraph the contents: “Diary of a Street Diva,” “Kiss Kiss, Bang Bang,” “Murderville.” The novels serve up a stream of explicit sex and violence in a slangy, tangy, profane voice. In Ashley & JaQuavis’s books people don’t get killed: they get “popped,” “laid out,” get their “cap twisted back.” The smut is constant, with emphasis on the earthy, sticky, olfactory particulars. Romance novel clichés — shuddering orgasms, heroic carnal feats, superlative sexual skill sets — are rendered in the Colemans’ punchy patois.

Subtlety, in other words, isn’t Ashley & JaQuavis’s forte. But their books do have a grainy specificity. In “The Cartel” (2008), the first novel in the Colemans’ best-selling saga of a Miami drug syndicate, they catch the sights and smells of a crack workshop in a housing project: the nostril-stinging scent of cocaine and baking soda bubbling on stovetops; the teams of women, stripped naked except for hospital masks so they can’t pilfer the merchandise, “cutting up the cooked coke on the round wood table.” The subject matter is dark, but the Colemans’ tone is not quite noir. Even in the grimmest scenes, the mood is high-spirited, with the writers palpably relishing the lewd and gory details: the bodies writhing in boudoirs and crumpling under volleys of bullets, the geysers of blood and other bodily fluids.

The luridness of street lit has made it a flashpoint, inciting controversy reminiscent of the hip-hop culture wars of the 1980s and ’90s. But the street-lit debate touches deeper historical roots, reviving decades-old arguments in black literary circles about the mandate to uplift the race and present wholesome images of African-Americans. In 1928, W. E. B. Du Bois slammed the “licentiousness” of “Home to Harlem,” Claude McKay’s rollicking novel of Harlem nightlife. McKay’s book, Du Bois wrote, “for the most part nauseates me, and after the dirtier parts of its filth I feel distinctly like taking a bath.” Similar sentiments have greeted 21st-century street lit. In a 2006 New York Times Op-Ed essay, the journalist and author Nick Chiles decried “the sexualization and degradation of black fiction.” African-American bookstores, Chiles complained, are “overrun with novels that . . . appeal exclusively to our most prurient natures — as if these nasty books were pairing off back in the stockrooms like little paperback rabbits and churning out even more graphic offspring that make Ralph Ellison books cringe into a dusty corner.”

Copulating paperbacks aside, it’s clear that the street-lit debate is about more than literature, touching on questions of paternalism versus populism, and on middle-class anxieties about the black underclass. “It’s part and parcel of black elites’ efforts to define not only a literary tradition, but a racial politics,” said Kinohi Nishikawa, an assistant professor of English and African-American Studies at Princeton University. “There has always been a sense that because African-Americans’ opportunities to represent themselves are so limited in the first place, any hint of criminality or salaciousness would necessarily be a knock on the entire racial politics. One of the pressing debates about African-American literature today is: If we can’t include writers like Ashley & JaQuavis, to what extent is the foundation of our thinking about black literature faulty? Is it just a literature for elites? Or can it be inclusive, bringing urban fiction under the purview of our umbrella term ‘African-American literature’?”

Defenders of street lit note that the genre has a pedigree: a tradition of black pulp fiction that stretches from Chester Himes, the midcentury author of hardboiled Harlem detective stories, to the 1960s and ’70s “ghetto fiction” of Iceberg Slim and Donald Goines, to the current wave of urban fiction authors. Others argue for street lit as a social good, noting that it attracts a large audience that might otherwise never read at all. Scholars like Nishikawa link street lit to recent studies showing increased reading among African-Americans. A 2014 Pew Research Center report found that a greater percentage of black Americans are book readers than whites or Latinos.

For their part, the Colemans place their work in the broader black literary tradition. “You have Maya Angelou, Alice Walker, James Baldwin — all of these traditional black writers, who wrote about the struggles of racism, injustice, inequality,” says Ashley. “We’re writing about the struggle as it happens now. It’s just a different struggle. I’m telling my story. I’m telling the struggle of a black girl from Flint, Michigan, who grew up on welfare.”

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The Colemans in their new four-bedroom house in the northern suburbs of Detroit.Credit Courtesy of Ashley and JaQuavis Coleman

Perhaps there is a high-minded case to be made for street lit. But the virtues of Ashley & JaQuavis’s work are more basic. Their novels do lack literary polish. The writing is not graceful; there are passages of clunky exposition and sex scenes that induce guffaws and eye rolls. But the pleasure quotient is high. The books flaunt a garish brand of feminism, with women characters cast not just as vixens, but also as gangsters — cold-blooded killers, “murder mamas.” The stories are exceptionally well-plotted. “The Cartel” opens by introducing its hero, the crime boss Carter Diamond; on page 9, a gunshot spatters Diamond’s brain across the interior of a police cruiser. The book then flashes back seven years and begins to hurtle forward again — a bullet train, whizzing readers through shifting alliances, romantic entanglements and betrayals, kidnappings, shootouts with Haitian and Dominican gangsters, and a cliffhanger closing scene that leaves the novel’s heroine tied to a chair in a basement, gruesomely tortured to the edge of death. Ashley & JaQuavis’s books are not Ralph Ellison, certainly, but they build up quite a head of steam. They move.

The Colemans are moving themselves these days. They recently signed a deal with St. Martin’s Press, which will bring out the next installment in the “Cartel” series as well as new solo series by both writers. The St. Martin’s deal is both lucrative and legitimizing — a validation of Ashley and JaQuavis’s work by one of publishing’s most venerable houses. The Colemans’ ambitions have grown, as well. A recent trilogy, “Murderville,” tackles human trafficking and the blood-diamond industry in West Africa, with storylines that sweep from Sierra Leone to Mexico to Los Angeles. Increasingly, Ashley & JaQuavis are leaning on research — traveling to far-flung settings and hitting the books in the libraries — and spending less time mining their own rough-and-tumble past.

But Flint remains a source of inspiration. One evening not long ago, JaQuavis led me on a tour of his hometown: a popular roadside bar; the parking lot where he met the undercover cop for the ill-fated drug deal; Ashley’s old house, the site of his almost-arrest. He took me to a ramshackle vehicle repair shop on Flint’s west side, where he worked as a kid, washing cars. He showed me a bathroom at the rear of the garage, where, at age 12, he sneaked away to inspect the first “boulder” of crack that he ever sold. A spray-painted sign on the garage wall, which JaQuavis remembered from his time at the car wash, offered words of warning:

WHAT EVERY YOUNG MAN SHOULD KNOW
ABOUT USING A GUN:
MURDER . . . 30 Years
ARMED ROBBERY . . . 15 Years
ASSAULT . . . 15 Years
RAPE . . . 20 Years
POSSESSION . . . 5 Years
JACKING . . . 20 YEARS

“We still love Flint, Michigan,” JaQuavis says. “It’s so seedy, so treacherous. But there’s some heart in this city. This is where it all started, selling books out the box. In the days when we would get those little $40,000 advances, they’d send us a couple boxes of books for free. We would hit the streets to sell our books, right out of the car trunk. It was a hustle. It still is.”

One old neighborhood asset that the Colemans have not shaken off is swagger. “My wife is the best female writer in the game,” JaQuavis told me. “I believe I’m the best male writer in the game. I’m sleeping next to the best writer in the world. And she’s doing the same.”

 
From T Magazine: Street Lit’s Power Couple

The 6-foot-10 Phillips played alongside the 6-11 Rick Robey on the Wildcats team that won the 1978 N.C.A.A. men’s basketball title.

Mike Phillips, Half of Kentucky’s ‘Twin Towers’ of Basketball, Dies at 59
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