PAKET UMROH BULAN FEBRUARI MARET APRIL MEI 2018





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Memulai bisnis sangat diperlukan kegigihan, konsistensi dan kerja keras yang sangat luar biasa. Terlebih lagi jika memulai sebuah usaha yang jarang dilakukan oleh orang lain seperti jasa pengecatan. Mempersiapkan segala keperluan untuk bisa memulai usaha sedikit lebih mudah dibandingkan dengan memikirkan cara promosi yang tepat sasaran. Bagaimana cara promosi jasa pengecatan agar bisa dikenal oleh masyarakat dan mendapat banyak pelanggan?

Di kota besar yang semua warganya sangat sibuk dengan berbagai urusan, sebenarnya jasa pengecatan termasuk banyak diperlukan. Selain para pemilik rumah pribadi masih banyak yang memerlukan jasa ini seperti agen real estate, investor perumahan, manajemen apartemen dan pemilik kantor. Mereka semua sangat memerlukan jasa pengecatan yang berpengalaman dan professional untuk bisa membuat kondisi tempat kerja menjadi nyaman.

Kunci sukses untuk bisa mempromosikan usaha pengecatan ini seperti diuraikan berikut :

    Ajukan proposal kerjasama dengan kontraktor bangunan, investor perumahan dan agen real estate. Katakan pada mereka jika mereka memerlukan jasa pengecatan dan ada klien yang membutuhkan tukang cat profesional maka mereka sudah tahu siapa yang harus dihubungi. Ketika perusahaan bermaksud untuk merenovasi kantor tentu mereka membutuhkan jasa pengecatan.
    Cara promosi jasa pengecatan yang lain adalah dengan membuat iklan usaha di surat kabar lokal. Masukkan nama dan nomor telepon usaha ke dalam daftar telepon yang ada di buku kuning sehingga  akan mudah ditemukan pelanggan.
    Sebarkan flyer dan kartu nama usaha ke berbagai perusahaan bangunan untuk mempromosikan usaha jasa pengecatan ini.
    Tanyakan pada klien yang sudah menjadi pelanggan apakah boleh memberi tanda bahwa rumahnya telah dicat ulang oleh perusahaan. Mintalah pada klien apakah kita boleh meninggalkan tanda itu untuk beberapa lama misalnya satu sampai dua minggu setelah pekerjaan selesai. Tawarkan diskon promo bagi mereka yang memperbolehkan.
    Kumpulkan testimoni dan referensi dari klien untuk keperluan promosi dan pendekatan pada klien lain di masa mendatang.

Cara promosi jasa pengecatan lainnya adalah mengambil gambar hasil kerja  yang terakhir dilakukan lalu buatlah portfolio secara fisik maupun online sehingga hasil kerja perusahaan dapat dilihat dengan jelas oleh calon klien prospektif.

 

CARA PROMOSI JASA PENGECATAN

Saco-Indonesia.com — Suhu lapisan dalam Bumi ternyata 1.000 derajat celsius lebih tinggi dari yang didiuga sebelumnya. Berdasarkan pengukuran terbaru, suhu lapisan dalam satu-satunya planet yang terbukti bisa mendukung kehidupan kompleks itu setara dengan permukaan Matahari, 6.000 derajat celsius.

Hasil pengukuran itu didapatkan lewat riset tim ilmuwan Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Perancis (CNRS) dan beberapa lembaga lain. Suhu lapisan dalam, tepatnya pada perbatasan bagian dalam dan luar Bumi, diperkirakan berdasarkan pengukuran titik leleh besi.

Lewat pengukuran ini, peneliti sebenarnya ingin memberikan penjelasan mengenai terbentuknya medan magnet Bumi. Untuk memiliki medan magnet kuat, harus ada perbedaan suhu sebesar 1.500 derajat celsius antara lapisan dalam dan luar.

Peneliti memang telah melakukan pengukuran suhu perbatasan lapisan dalam dan luar Bumi sebelumnya. Namun, perbedaan suhu yang terukur sebelumnya tidak menunjukkan perbedaan yang signifikan. Lewat penelitian ini, peneliti melakukan pengukuran ulang.

Pengukuran titik leleh besi dalam penelitian ini dilakukan dengan memanfaatkan sifat difraksi (penyebaran) sinar X. Saat sinar X menumbuk besi, maka akan ada "tanda" bahwa besi tersebut dipanaskan.

Dari pengukuran tersebut, seperti diberitakan Livescience, Jumat (26/4/2013), didapatkan hasil bahwa titik leleh besi adalah 4.800 derajat celsius, dengan tekanan 2,2 juta kali lebih besar dari tekanan di atas permukaan laut Bumi.

Berdasarkan hasil tersebut, diperkirakan suhu lapisan yang membatasi bagian dalam dan luar Bumi adalah 6.000 derajat celsius. Hasil penelitian dipublikasikan di jurnal Science pada Kamis (25/4/2013). Hasil riset ini bermanfaat bagi para seismolog untuk memperkirakan gerakan lempeng Bumi.

 
 
Editor :Liwon Maulana(galipat)
 
SUHU LAPISAN DALAM BUMI SETARA PERMUKAAN MATAHARI

Jamur biasanya akan muncul pada jaket kulit jika udara atau ruangan sekitar jaket kulit lembab. Paling cepat jamur muncul setelah jaket terkena hujan/air dan langsung disimpan. Pada mulanya akan timbul bercak putih disekitar daerah kulit yang lembab. Apabila jaket sudah lama disimpan jamur bercak putihnya akan merata, dan agak sulit untuk membersihkannya­ hanya dengan di lap saja.
Lalu bagaimana cara mengatasinya?

Jaket Kulit
Jaket Kulit Racing

Pertama,
Siapkan alat serta ramuan berikut:
- busa spoons 2 buah(buat cuci piring, ada bagian yang lembut dan yang kasarnya)
- lotion khusus kulit (bisa handbody, lotion khusus jaket kulit, atau paling mudah lotion merk ‘kit’ semprot yang buat motor itu)
- satu lagi, siapkan ‘kit magic’yang khusus buat mengkilapkan ban kendaraan (optional aja ini mah)
- Siapkan meja operasi yang cukup

Kedua,
- Bersihkan kotoran atau bercak putih yang menempel pada permukaan kulit dengan sisi busa yang lembut secara merata.
- Kalau ada bercak atau kotoran yang susah dibersihkan, ambil minyak goreng sedikit, oleskan pada kotoran itu, lalu gosok lagi. Kalau susah juga baru gunakan sisi busa yang kasar untuk menggosoknya. Harus hati-hati.
- Setelah jaket kulit cukup bersih, buang aja busa spoons yang kotor dan ganti dengan yang baru
- Lalu semprotkan lotion khusus kulit pada permukaan jaket yang rata (bagian depan dulu). Diamkan beberapa saat agar lotionnya menyerap (jangan sampai kering).
- Mulailah menggosok jaketnya secara merata (pake bagian yang lembut). Mungkin masih ada bercak putih yang masih menempel di permukaan kulit, di gosok aja agak keras dikit.
- Setelah itu, saatnya menyemprot bagian belakang atau punggung jaket dan menggosoknya (sama dengan di atas).
- Setelah seluruh bagian jaket selesai dikerjakan, biarkan beberapa saat sampai kering. Gantung dengan hanger. Kalau cuaca lagi bagus, jemur aja sampai kering, tapi jangan sampai kering benar, secukupnya saja.
- Lalu jika sudah cukup kering, siapkan ‘lotion kit magic-nya’. Semprotkan secara merata pada permukaan kulit. Biarkan beberapa saat agar diserap. Lalu ratakan dengan busa. Lalu jemur lagi sampai cukup kering.
- Lalu jaket kulit gantung dengan hanger, simpan di tempat terbuka.

Selesai,
Selamat mencoba semoga bermanfaat

TIPS PERAWATAN JAKET KULIT

Tips Memilih Mobil Rental di Surabaya

Berikut beberapa tips dalam memilih mobil rental di Surabaya. Seperti kita ketahui, melakukan perjalanan keluar kota, baik perjalanan wisata maupun perjalanan bisnis adalah hal yang melelahkan. Untuk itu akan lebih efektif  jika dilakukan dengan menggunakan jasa rental mobil. Selain lebih efisien, menggunakan jasa sewa mobil surabaya akan membuat perjalanan Anda lebih nyaman dan menyenangkan.

Oke langsung saja Anda baca beberapa tips singkat dalam memilih kendaraan rental:

    Pilih mobil Sesuai Dengan Kebutuhan. Jika Anda hendak melakukan perjalanan dengan anggota keluarga atau rekan bisnis yang berjumlah 3-4 orang, maka pilihan untuk menggunakan mobil keluarga seperti Grand Livina, Avanza/Xenia atau Innova sepertinya dapat membuat perjalanan Anda dan keluarga / rekan kerja menjadi nyaman.
    Hemat BBM. Dalam memutuskan menggunakan jasa rental mobil surabaya sebaiknya Anda mempertimbangkan pemakaian BBM. Apakah biaya sewa mobil Anda include BBM atau BBM Anda tanggung sendiri. Untuk lebih efisien, sebelum Anda melakukan booking mobil, Anda hitung berapa jarak tempuh perjalanan Anda.
    Efisiensi Biaya. Jika Anda melakukan perjalan dengan jumlah penumpang yang cukup banyak. Sebaiknya Anda memilih mobil berjenis minibus atau van. Hal ini juga dapat menghemat pengeluaran biaya secara keseluruhan jika dibandingkan Anda harus membeli tiket kereta per orang.
    Cek kondisi mobil. Jangan hanya melihat kondisi mobil dari tampilan luarnya saja, tetapi juga harus mengecek kondisi mobil secara keseluruhan, seperti kondisi mesin, rem, ban dan lain-lain. Jika Anda tidak mengertihal-hal teknis mengenai mobil, maka jangan ragu untuk menanyakannya kepada pihak penyedia jasa sewa / rental mobil untuk menjelaskan hal tersebut.
    Pilih mobil sesuai dengan kondisi medan Memilih jenis mobil untuk perjalanan Anda sebaiknya Anda sesuaikan dengan medan yang akan Anda tempuh dan juga tujuan perjalan Anda. Jika Anda akan melakukan perjalanan keluar kota dengan seluruh anggota keluarga dan akan melalui medan yang cukup berat, seperti medan pegunungan. Maka pilihlah mobil keluarga dengan tenaga yang besar. Mobil-mobil dengan mesin/bahan bakar disel dapat menjadi pilihan.


Semoga sedikit tips di atas terkait bagaimana cara memilih jenis mobil untuk perjalanan wisata / perjalanan bisnis yang akan Anda lakukan bisa bermanfaat untuk Anda.

TIPS MEMILIH MOBIL RENTAL DI SURABAYA

London, Saco-Indonesia – Akhir-akhir ini, pengguna kendaraan bermotor dihadapkan dengan bayang-bayang kenaikan harga BBM. Tidak perlu khawatir, karena irit tidaknya konsumsi bahan bakar bukan semata-mata karena faktor minyak murah, tetapi juga perlakuan terhadap kendaraan itu sendiri.

KompasOtomotif merangkum delapan nasihat yang dilansir about.com untuk pengguna sepeda motor agar konsumsi bahan bakar irit, berangkat dari sudut pandang perilaku. Berikut tipsnya:

1. Memanaskan mesin sudah jadi ritual. Tapi kebanyakan sepeda motor berteknologi injeksi sudah bisa dinaiki instan setelah dinyalakan. Jika Anda yakin performa sepeda motor tidak turun, langsung tancap lebih baik dan lebih cepat memanaskan mesin ketimbang membuang bahan bakar saat dipanaskan dalam kondisi diam.

2. Salah satu yang paling efektif, memelihara tekanan angin. Cari tekanan yang direkomendasikan yang biasa tertempel pada sepeda motor atau buku petunjuk kendaraan. Tekanan ban yang pas tak hanya menghemat bahan bakar, tetapi juga meningkatkan pengendalian.

3. Performa sepeda motor akan baik jika mesin terawat. Pahami bahwa saringan udara bersih, busi fresh, saringan bensin bebas kotoran, dan setelan bagus, sangat besar peranannya mengirit bahan bakar. Lakukan ini.

4. Fokus memelihara kecepatan konstan. Tarik tuas gas perlahan dan jangan menghentak, apalagi menggeber- geber gas. Sok-sokan ngebut padahal di depan bakal macet, hanya akan membuang bahan bakar sia- sia.

5. Berpikirlah begini: Batas kecepatan di jalan diciptakan Polisi bukan hanya untuk menertibkan, melainkan juga menghemat bahan bakar. Tarik gas memang enak, dan menimbulkan perasaan meledak-ledak karena adrenalin meningkat deras, tapi bahan bakar dijamin jauh lebih boros.

6. Bobot pasti mempengaruhi konsumsi bahan bakar. Kurangi komponen tambahan yang tidak perlu. Misalnya, boks di kanan-kiri-belakang, jika tidak ada isinya, kenapa harus dipasang untuk dipakai berangkat kerja? Pasanglah hanya kalau butuh, misalnya touring.

7. Aerodinamis itu penting. Sebisa mungkin buang peralatan yang membuat angin "menabrak" keras sepeda motor, misalnya tameng angin (windshield) yang tegak lurus. Usahakan memasang tameng angin yang aerodinamis, bila perlu posisinya tak terlalu tinggi.

8. Berkendaralah di jalan yang benar (aspal). Banyak sepeda motor kurang sabar dengan mengambil jalan tanah di sebelahnya, atau bahkan naik trotoar rusak hanya untuk menyalip dua atau tiga kendaraan lain dan mengorbankan pejalan kaki. Sia-sia, dan percayalah bahwa jalan yang tak mulus menambah konsumsi bahan bakar.

Selamat berkendara hemat, nyaman, dan aman.

Sumber: about.com/Kompas Otomotif
Editor : Maulana Lee
New Jelajahi Kompas.com Bersama Teman-Teman Facebook Anda Learn more Home | Tips N Trik Sepeda Motor ingin irit? Lakukan Ini!

GREENWICH, Conn. — Mago is in the bedroom. You can go in.

The big man lies on a hospital bed with his bare feet scraping its bottom rail. His head is propped on a scarlet pillow, the left temple dented, the right side paralyzed. His dark hair is kept just long enough to conceal the scars.

The occasional sounds he makes are understood only by his wife, but he still has that punctuating left hand. In slow motion, the fingers curl and close. A thumbs-up greeting.

Hello, Mago.

This is Magomed Abdusalamov, 34, also known as the Russian Tyson, also known as Mago. He is a former heavyweight boxer who scored four knockouts and 14 technical knockouts in his first 18 professional fights. He preferred to stand between rounds. Sitting conveyed weakness.

But Mago lost his 19th fight, his big chance, at the packed Theater at Madison Square Garden in November 2013. His 19th decision, and his last.

Now here he is, in a small bedroom in a working-class neighborhood in Greenwich, in a modest house his family rents cheap from a devoted friend. The air-pressure machine for his mattress hums like an expectant crowd.

 

Photo
 
Mike Perez, left, and Magomed Abdusalamov during the fight in which Abdusalamov was injured. Credit Joe Camporeale/USA Today Sports, via Reuters

 

Today is like any other day, except for those days when he is hurried in crisis to the hospital. Every three hours during the night, his slight wife, Bakanay, 28, has risen to turn his 6-foot-3 body — 210 pounds of dead weight. It has to be done. Infections of the gaping bedsore above his tailbone have nearly killed him.

Then, with the help of a young caretaker, Baka has gotten two of their daughters off to elementary school and settled down the toddler. Yes, Mago and Baka are blessed with all girls, but they had also hoped for a son someday.

They feed Mago as they clean him; it’s easier that way. For breakfast, which comes with a side of crushed antiseizure pills, he likes oatmeal with a squirt of Hershey’s chocolate syrup. But even oatmeal must be puréed and fed to him by spoon.

He opens his mouth to indicate more, the way a baby does. But his paralysis has made everything a choking hazard. His water needs a stirring of powdered food thickener, and still he chokes — eh-eh-eh — as he tries to cough up what will not go down.

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Mago used to drink only water. No alcohol. Not even soda. A sip of juice would be as far as he dared. Now even water betrays him.

With the caretaker’s help, Baka uses a washcloth and soap to clean his body and shampoo his hair. How handsome still, she has thought. Sometimes, in the night, she leaves the bedroom to watch old videos, just to hear again his voice in the fullness of life. She cries, wipes her eyes and returns, feigning happiness. Mago must never see her sad.

 

Photo
 
 Abdusalamov's hand being massaged. Credit Ángel Franco/The New York Times

 

When Baka finishes, Mago is cleanshaven and fresh down to his trimmed and filed toenails. “I want him to look good,” she says.

Theirs was an arranged Muslim marriage in Makhachkala, in the Russian republic of Dagestan. He was 23, she was 18 and their future hinged on boxing. Sometimes they would shadowbox in love, her David to his Goliath. You are so strong, he would tell her.

His father once told him he could either be a bandit or an athlete, but if he chose banditry, “I will kill you.” This paternal advice, Mago later told The Ventura County Reporter, “made it a very easy decision for me.”

Mago won against mediocre competition, in Moscow and Hollywood, Fla., in Las Vegas and Johnstown, Pa. He was knocked down only once, and even then, it surprised more than hurt. He scored a technical knockout in the next round.

It all led up to this: the undercard at the Garden, Mike Perez vs. Magomed Abdusalamov, 10 rounds, on HBO. A win, he believed, would improve his chances of taking on the heavyweight champion Wladimir Klitschko, who sat in the crowd of 4,600 with his fiancée, the actress Hayden Panettiere, watching.

Wearing black-and-red trunks and a green mouth guard, Mago went to work. But in the first round, a hard forearm to his left cheek rocked him. At the bell, he returned to his corner, and this time, he sat down. “I think it’s broken,” he repeatedly said in Russian.

 

Photo
 
Bakanay Abdusalamova, Abdusalamov's wife, and her injured husband and a masseur in the background. Credit Ángel Franco/The New York Times

 

Maybe at that point, somebody — the referee, the ringside doctors, his handlers — should have stopped the fight, under a guiding principle: better one punch too early than one punch too late. But the bloody trade of blows continued into the seventh, eighth, ninth, a hand and orbital bone broken, his face transforming.

Meanwhile, in the family’s apartment in Miami, Baka forced herself to watch the broadcast. She could see it in his swollen eyes. Something was off.

After the final round, Perez raised his tattooed arms in victory, and Mago wandered off in a fog. He had taken 312 punches in about 40 minutes, for a purse of $40,000.

 

 

In the locker room, doctors sutured a cut above Mago’s left eye and tested his cognitive abilities. He did not do well. The ambulance that waits in expectation at every fight was not summoned by boxing officials.

Blood was pooling in Mago’s cranial cavity as he left the Garden. He vomited on the pavement while his handlers flagged a taxi to St. Luke’s-Roosevelt Hospital. There, doctors induced a coma and removed part of his skull to drain fluids and ease the swelling.

Then came the stroke.

 

Photo
 
A championship belt belonging to Abdusalamov and a card from one of his daughters. Credit Ángel Franco/The New York Times

 

It is lunchtime now, and the aroma of puréed beef and potatoes lingers. So do the questions.

How will Mago and Baka pay the $2 million in medical bills they owe? What if their friend can no longer offer them this home? Will they win their lawsuits against the five ringside doctors, the referee, and a New York State boxing inspector? What about Mago’s future care?

Most of all: Is this it?

A napkin rests on Mago’s chest. As another spoonful of mush approaches, he opens his mouth, half-swallows, chokes, and coughs until it clears. Eh-eh-eh. Sometimes he turns bluish, but Baka never shows fear. Always happy for Mago.

Some days he is wheeled out for physical therapy or speech therapy. Today, two massage therapists come to knead his half-limp body like a pair of skilled corner men.

Soon, Mago will doze. Then his three daughters, ages 2, 6 and 9, will descend upon him to talk of their day. Not long ago, the oldest lugged his championship belt to school for a proud show-and-tell moment. Her classmates were amazed at the weight of it.

Then, tonight, there will be more puréed food and pulverized medication, more coughing, and more tender care from his wife, before sleep comes.

Goodbye, Mago.

He half-smiles, raises his one good hand, and forms a fist.

Meet Mago, Former Heavyweight

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At the National Institutes of Health, Dr. Suzman’s signature accomplishment was the central role he played in creating a global network of surveys on aging.

Richard Suzman, 72, Dies; Researcher Influenced Global Surveys on Aging

HOBART, Tasmania — Few places seem out of reach for China’s leader, Xi Jinping, who has traveled from European capitals to obscure Pacific and Caribbean islands in pursuit of his nation’s strategic interests.

So perhaps it was not surprising when he turned up last fall in this city on the edge of the Southern Ocean to put down a long-distance marker in another faraway region, Antarctica, 2,000 miles south of this Australian port.

Standing on the deck of an icebreaker that ferries Chinese scientists from this last stop before the frozen continent, Mr. Xi pledged that China would continue to expand in one of the few places on earth that remain unexploited by humans.

He signed a five-year accord with the Australian government that allows Chinese vessels and, in the future, aircraft to resupply for fuel and food before heading south. That will help secure easier access to a region that is believed to have vast oil and mineral resources; huge quantities of high-protein sea life; and for times of possible future dire need, fresh water contained in icebergs.

It was not until 1985, about seven decades after Robert Scott and Roald Amundsen raced to the South Pole, that a team representing Beijing hoisted the Chinese flag over the nation’s first Antarctic research base, the Great Wall Station on King George Island.

But now China seems determined to catch up. As it has bolstered spending on Antarctic research, and as the early explorers, especially the United States and Australia, confront stagnant budgets, there is growing concern about its intentions.

China’s operations on the continent — it opened its fourth research station last year, chose a site for a fifth, and is investing in a second icebreaker and new ice-capable planes and helicopters — are already the fastest growing of the 52 signatories to the Antarctic Treaty. That gentlemen’s agreement reached in 1959 bans military activity on the continent and aims to preserve it as one of the world’s last wildernesses; a related pact prohibits mining.

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But Mr. Xi’s visit was another sign that China is positioning itself to take advantage of the continent’s resource potential when the treaty expires in 2048 — or in the event that it is ripped up before, Chinese and Australian experts say.

“So far, our research is natural-science based, but we know there is more and more concern about resource security,” said Yang Huigen, director general of the Polar Research Institute of China, who accompanied Mr. Xi last November on his visit to Hobart and stood with him on the icebreaker, Xue Long, or Snow Dragon.

With that in mind, the polar institute recently opened a new division devoted to the study of resources, law, geopolitics and governance in Antarctica and the Arctic, Mr. Yang said.

Australia, a strategic ally of the United States that has strong economic relations with China, is watching China’s buildup in the Antarctic with a mix of gratitude — China’s presence offers support for Australia’s Antarctic science program, which is short of cash — and wariness.

“We should have no illusions about the deeper agenda — one that has not even been agreed to by Chinese scientists but is driven by Xi, and most likely his successors,” said Peter Jennings, executive director of the Australian Strategic Policy Institute and a former senior official in the Australian Department of Defense.

“This is part of a broader pattern of a mercantilist approach all around the world,” Mr. Jennings added. “A big driver of Chinese policy is to secure long-term energy supply and food supply.”

That approach was evident last month when a large Chinese agriculture enterprise announced an expansion of its fishing operations around Antarctica to catch more krill — small, protein-rich crustaceans that are abundant in Antarctic waters.

“The Antarctic is a treasure house for all human beings, and China should go there and share,” Liu Shenli, the chairman of the China National Agricultural Development Group, told China Daily, a state-owned newspaper. China would aim to fish up to two million tons of krill a year, he said, a substantial increase from what it currently harvests.

Because sovereignty over Antarctica is unclear, nations have sought to strengthen their claims over the ice-covered land by building research bases and naming geographic features. China’s fifth station will put it within reach of the six American facilities, and ahead of Australia’s three.

Chinese mappers have also given Chinese names to more than 300 sites, compared with the thousands of locations on the continent with English names.

In the unspoken competition for Antarctica’s future, scientific achievement can also translate into influence. Chinese scientists are driving to be the first to drill and recover an ice core containing tiny air bubbles that provide a record of climate change stretching as far back as 1.5 million years. It is an expensive and delicate effort at which others, including the European Union and Australia, have failed.

In a breakthrough a decade ago, European scientists extracted an ice core nearly two miles long that revealed 800,000 years of climate history. But finding an ice core going back further would allow scientists to examine a change in the earth’s climate cycles believed to have occurred 900,000 to 1.2 million years ago.

China is betting it has found the best location to drill, at an area called Dome A, or Dome Argus, the highest point on the East Antarctic Ice Sheet. Though it is considered one of the coldest places on the planet, with temperatures of 130 degrees below zero Fahrenheit, a Chinese expedition explored the area in 2005 and established a research station in 2009.

“The international community has drilled in lots of places, but no luck so far,” said Xiao Cunde, a member of the first party to reach the site and the deputy director of the Institute for Climate Change at the Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences. “We think at Dome A we will have a straight shot at the one-million-year ice core.”

Mr. Xiao said China had already begun drilling and hoped to find what scientists are looking for in four to five years.

To support its Antarctic aspirations, China is building a sophisticated $300 million icebreaker that is expected to be ready in a few years, said Xia Limin, deputy director of the Chinese Arctic and Antarctic Administration in Beijing. It has also bought a high-tech fixed-wing aircraft, outfitted in the United States, for taking sensitive scientific soundings from the ice.

China has chosen the site for its fifth research station at Inexpressible Island, named by a group of British explorers who were stranded at the desolate site in 1912 and survived the winter by excavating a small ice cave.

Mr. Xia said the inhospitable spot was ideal because China did not have a presence in that part of Antarctica, and because the rocky site did not have much snow, making it relatively cheap to build there.

Anne-Marie Brady, a professor of political science at the University of Canterbury in New Zealand and the author of a soon-to-be-released book, “China as a Polar Great Power,” said Chinese scientists also believed they had a good chance of finding mineral and energy resources near the site.

“China is playing a long game in Antarctica and keeping other states guessing about its true intentions and interests are part of its poker hand,” she said. But she noted that China’s interest in finding minerals was presented “loud and clear to domestic audiences” as the main reason it was investing in Antarctica.

Because commercial drilling is banned, estimates of energy and mineral resources in Antarctica rely on remote sensing data and comparisons with similar geological environments elsewhere, said Millard F. Coffin, executive director of the Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies in Hobart.

But the difficulty of extraction in such severe conditions and uncertainty about future commodity prices make it unlikely that China or any country would defy the ban on mining anytime soon.

Tourism, however, is already booming. Travelers from China are still a relatively small contingent in the Antarctic compared with the more than 13,000 Americans who visited in 2013, and as yet there are no licensed Chinese tour operators.

But that is about to change, said Anthony Bergin, deputy director of the Australian Strategic Policy Institute. “I understand very soon there will be Chinese tourists on Chinese vessels with all-Chinese crew in the Antarctic,” he said.

 

Top News China’s Intents Are Questioned as It Builds in Antarctica

Mr. Tepper was not a musical child and had no formal training, but he grew up to write both lyrics and tunes, trading off duties with the other member of the team, Roy C. Bennett.

Sid Tepper Dies at 96; Delivered ‘Red Roses for a Blue Lady’ and Other Songs

“It was really nice to play with other women and not have this underlying tone of being at each other’s throats.”

ay 4, 2015 ‘Game of Thrones’ Q&A: Keisha Castle-Hughes on the Tao of the Sand Snakes

A former member of the Boston Symphony Orchestra, Mr. Smedvig helped found the wide-ranging Empire Brass quintet.

Rolf Smedvig, Trumpeter in the Empire Brass, Dies at 62

BEIJING (AP) — The head of Taiwan's Nationalists reaffirmed the party's support for eventual unification with the mainland when he met Monday with Chinese President Xi Jinping as part of continuing rapprochement between the former bitter enemies.

Nationalist Party Chairman Eric Chu, a likely presidential candidate next year, also affirmed Taiwan's desire to join the proposed Chinese-led Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank during the meeting in Beijing. China claims Taiwan as its own territory and doesn't want the island to join using a name that might imply it is an independent country.

Chu's comments during his meeting with Xi were carried live on Hong Kong-based broadcaster Phoenix Television.

The Nationalists were driven to Taiwan by Mao Zedong's Communists during the Chinese civil war in 1949, leading to decades of hostility between the sides. Chu, who took over as party leader in January, is the third Nationalist chairman to visit the mainland and the first since 2009.

Relations between the communist-ruled mainland and the self-governing democratic island of Taiwan began to warm in the 1990s, partly out of their common opposition to Taiwan's formal independence from China, a position advocated by the island's Democratic Progressive Party.

Despite increasingly close economic ties, the prospect of political unification has grown increasingly unpopular on Taiwan, especially with younger voters. Opposition to the Nationalists' pro-China policies was seen as a driver behind heavy local electoral defeats for the party last year that led to Taiwanese President Ma Ying-jeou resigning as party chairman.

Taiwan party leader affirms eventual reunion with China

Ms. Turner and her twin sister founded the Love Kitchen in 1986 in a church basement in Knoxville, Tenn., and it continues to provide clothing and meals.

Ellen Turner Dies at 87; Opened Kitchen to Feed the Needy of Knoxville

Mr. Haroche was a founder of Liberty Travel, which grew from a two-man operation to the largest leisure travel operation in the United States.

Gilbert Haroche, Builder of an Economy Travel Empire, Dies at 87

Since a white police officer, Darren Wilson fatally shot unarmed black teenager, Michael Brown, in a confrontation last August in Ferguson, Mo., there have been many other cases in which the police have shot and killed suspects, some of them unarmed. Mr. Brown's death set off protests throughout the country, pushing law enforcement into the spotlight and sparking a public debate on police tactics. Here is a selection of police shootings that have been reported by news organizations since Mr. Brown's death. In some cases, investigations are continuing.

Photo
 
 
The apartment complex northeast of Atlanta where Anthony Hill, 27, was fatally shot by a DeKalb County police officer. Credit Ben Gray/Atlanta Journal Constitution

Chamblee, Ga.
Fatal Police Shootings: Accounts Since Ferguson

Ms. Pryor, who served more than two decades in the State Department, was the author of well-regarded biographies of the founder of the American Red Cross and the Confederate commander.

Elizabeth Brown Pryor, Biographer of Clara Barton and Robert E. Lee, Dies at 64
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Many bodies prepared for cremation last week in Kathmandu were of young men from Gongabu, a common stopover for Nepali migrant workers headed overseas. Credit Daniel Berehulak for The New York Times

KATHMANDU, Nepal — When the dense pillar of smoke from cremations by the Bagmati River was thinning late last week, the bodies were all coming from Gongabu, a common stopover for Nepali migrant workers headed overseas, and they were all of young men.

Hindu custom dictates that funeral pyres should be lighted by the oldest son of the deceased, but these men were too young to have sons, so they were burned by their brothers or fathers. Sukla Lal, a maize farmer, made a 14-hour journey by bus to retrieve the body of his 19-year-old son, who had been on his way to the Persian Gulf to work as a laborer.

“He wanted to live in the countryside, but he was compelled to leave by poverty,” Mr. Lal said, gazing ahead steadily as his son’s remains smoldered. “He told me, ‘You can live on your land, and I will come up with money, and we will have a happy family.’ ”

Weeks will pass before the authorities can give a complete accounting of who died in the April 25 earthquake, but it is already clear that Nepal cannot afford the losses. The countryside was largely stripped of its healthy young men even before the quake, as they migrated in great waves — 1,500 a day by some estimates — to work as laborers in India, Malaysia or one of the gulf nations, leaving many small communities populated only by elderly parents, women and children. Economists say that at some times of the year, one-quarter of Nepal’s population is working outside the country.

Nepal’s Young Men, Lost to Migration, Then a Quake

Hired in 1968, a year before their first season, Mr. Fanning spent 25 years with the team, managing them to their only playoff appearance in Canada.

Jim Fanning, 87, Dies; Lifted Baseball in Canada With Expos

The 6-foot-10 Phillips played alongside the 6-11 Rick Robey on the Wildcats team that won the 1978 N.C.A.A. men’s basketball title.

Mike Phillips, Half of Kentucky’s ‘Twin Towers’ of Basketball, Dies at 59
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