PAKET UMROH BULAN FEBRUARI MARET APRIL MEI 2018





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saco-indonesia.com, Pagi ini, Ketua Palang Merah Indonesia (PMI) Jusuf Kalla akan menggelar apel kesiagaan di rest area Gunung Kelud, Rabu (12/2). Jarak apel dari kawah Gunung Kelud hanya sekitar 8 km.

Apel rencananya juga akan diikuti oleh 400 anggota PMI dari Kota Kediri, Kabupaten Kediri, Nganjuk, Kota /Kabupaten Blitar dan Trenggalek. Juga ada anggota dari Malang.

"Selain telah mempersiapkan personel kita juga akan menyiapkan yang menjadi kebutuhan jika terjadi letusan," kata Kepala PMI Jawa Timur Djoni Irianto.

Untuk dapat mengantisipasi terjadinya letusan, PMI Pusat juga sudah menyiapkan satu mobil evakuasi buatan Swedia, Hagglunds. Kendaraan itu telah didatangkan PMI Pusat dari gudang regional Jatim di Gresik Jawa Timur, pada Selasa (11/2) sore.

Mobil mirip dengan tank ini sebagai mobil penyelamatan pernah dimanfaatkan pada saat erupsi di Sinabung dan Merapi beberapa waktu lalu. Selain tangguh di berbagai medan, mobil ini juga tahan terhadap hawa panas dan mampu menampung 10 orang penumpang untuk evakuasi.


Editor : Dian Sukmawati

JK TERJUNKAN HAGGLUNDS DI GUNUNG KELUD

Tujuh tahun menjadi Tenaga Kerja Indonesia (TKI) di Korea di Korea, benar-benar tidak disia-siakan oleh Mugiyanto, yang umurnya sudah tidak terbilang muda.

Bapak satu anak yang tinggal di Dusun Silowan, Kelurahan Pager Sari, Kecamatan Bergas, Kabupaten Semarang, Jawa Tengah ini merasa cukup mengais modal dengan tiga tahun menjadi buruh bimbel (1997-2000), dan empat tahun menjadi buruh tekstil (2005-2009). Setelah itu, ia menekuni bisnis pembuatan batako, paving, bis beton, kolong selokan, dan lain-lain.

Sekitar tujuh tahun menjadi TKI merupakan waktu yang sangat singkat sekali dalam mencari modal. Oleh karena itu, ia tidak membuang-buang waktu yang relatif singkat tersebut untuk bekerja dan menabung.

Mengapa ia tidak membuang-buang waktu? Sebab, Mugiyanto setelah mendarat di tanah Air akan menjalani usaha sendiri.

Mugiyanto menjelaskan, untuk melakoni bisnisnya tersebut modal yang dibutuhkan mencapai ratusan juta. Modal tersebut dikucurkannya untuk membeli tanah tempat produksi dan gudang sederhana sebesar Rp90 juta. Untuk peralatan dan mesin cetak batako, bis beton, dibutuhkan modal sebesar Rp45 juta. Membeli dua unit truk kecil untuk mengantar produk pesanan dan operasional diperlukan uang sebesar Rp100 juta. Nah, itu belum terhitung bahan-bahan, seperti pasir, semen, dan sirtu.

Jadi, dalam membuka usahanya, ia menyiapkan modal kurang lebih sebesar Rp225 juta. "Semua uang saya peroleh dari menabung selama menjadi TKI di Korea," ujarnya.

Kini, usahanya berjalan maju. Mugoyanto mengaku dirinya mampu meraup untung sebesar Rp5 juta hingga Rp 7 juta per bulannya. (*DI)
'Mugiyanto, Mantan TKI yang Sukses Jadi Pengusaha Batako ':

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PEMBUATAN BATAKO, DENGAN MESIN BATAKO

saco-indonesia.com, Even jazz di tanah air saat ini memang relatif telah menjamur dari tahun ke tahun. Itulah yang membuat Mus Mujiono itu berpendapat bahwa apresiasi masyarakat dan pertumbuhan jazz yang sangat tinggi. Bahkan menurut Mus Mujiono, Indonesia lebih berkembang daripada Eropa.

"Saya banyakan off air. Karena event jazz di Indonesia sangat tinggi, banyak sekali bahkan. Tak hanya di Jakarta," kata Mus saat dijumpai di Jak Jazz 2013 hari kedua, Istora Senayan, Jakarta Pusat.

"Pertumbuhan kita lebih besar dari Eropa, setiap kota di Indonesia telah mempunyai event jazz yang profesional, kita juga bisa tahu musisi kita lagi pesat majunya," lanjutnya.

Mus pun juga sangat bersyukur telah memiliki banyak event musik, khususnya jazz. Di situ banyak sekali bermunculan talenta talenta muda yang tidak canggung lagi ketika berkolaborasi dengan senior.

"Event seperti itu diharapkan dapat memacu industri musik Indonesia. Dengan ada event, bagus sekali karena kita juga bisa lihat beberapa musisi jazz muda yang bermunculan saat ini semua instrumen di munculkan," tukasnya.

Editor : dian sukmawati
Sumber : kapanlagi.com

PERTUMBUHAN MUSIK JAZZ DI INDONESIA LEBIH BESAR

Saco-Indonesia.com - Orang Sakti (Dukun) Malaysia, Ibrahim Mat Zin, menyatakan bahwa kemungkinan penumpang Malaysia Airlines yang hilang di Laut China Selatan dibawa oleh makhluk halus bernama Orang Bunian. Sebenarnya, siapa orang Bunian ini?

Orang Bunian adalah sebutan orang Melayu terhadap makhluk halus sejenis manusia yang tinggal di dunia mereka sendiri dan terkadang sering mampir ke dunia nyata. Disebutkan, hanya orang tertentu saja, yang dibekali ilmu gaib misalnya, yang bisa mengetahui keberadaan mereka.

Di Indonesia, Orang Bunian sering diartikan sebagai Peri. Namun, sebenarnya hal ini kurang tepat karena Bunian sendiri berarti orang yang bersembunyi atau orang yang bersiul dalam Bahasa melayu.

Penampakan mereka mirip dengan kebanyakan orang Asia Tenggara, memiliki postur tidak terlalu tinggi, rambut hitam, dan kulit sawo matang. mereka biasanya terlihat cantik dan tampan sehingga kemudian disejajarkan dengan Peri.

Orang Bunian disebutkan tinggal di dimensi lain dari yang didiami manusia. Seperti manusia, mereka juga berkeluarga dan memiliki struktur sosialnya.

Tidak ada perbedaan mencolok jika kita membandingkan Orang Bunian dengan manusia biasa. Maka dari itu, banyak cerita kemudian menyebutkan bahwa Orang Bunian bisa jatuh cinta dengan manusia biasa, atau sebaliknya.

Jika hal ini terjadi, maka biasanya Orang Bunian akan membawa orang yang dicintainya itu ke dunia gaibnya dan dinikahi untuk selamanya. Sehingga, ada kemungkinan para penumpang Malaysia Airlines saat ini telah dibawa ke dunia Orang Bunian ini.

Hingga saat ini memang belum ada kepastian apakah keberadaan Orang Bunian bisa dibuktikan dengan cara ilmiah. Berita mengenai mereka pun hanya bersumber dari cerita rakyat atau dongeng yang tidak diketahui sumbernya.

Sumber: Yahoo! Singapore dan Wikipedia/merdeka.com

Editor : Maulana Lee

Makhluk halus yang culik Malaysia Airlines termasuk Misteri Orang Bunian

10 Orang Yang Meninggal Dengan Cara Aneh

Banyak kita baca maupun saksikan cara-cara meninggal kebanyakan orang-orang di sekeliling kita. Ada yang meninggal karena sakit, ada yang karena kecelakaan, ada yang bunuh diri, ada juga karena pembunuhan. Berikut ini kita akan menyaksikan beberapa orang yang meninggal dengan cara yang tidak lazim alias aneh, lain daripada yang lain. Pastinya kisah- kisah berikut dapat memberikan gambaran betapa anehnya mereka saat menghadapi kematian.


1. Isadora Duncan, (27 Mei 1877 s.d 14 September 1927)


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Isadora Duncan merupakan seorang penari yang lahir di San Fransisco. Ia meniti karirnya sebagai penari di Paris dan membuka tiga sekolah tari. Namanya pun diukir di pintu masukThéâtre des Champs-Élysées. Isadora Duncan mati ketika scarf (Syal atau selendang) nya tersangkut di roda mobil yang ditumpanginya, dan mencekiknya sehingga dia mati seketika. The New York Times menulis tentang kematiannya sebagai berikut:

“The automobile was going at full speed when the scarf of h2 silk began winding around the wheel and with terrific force dragged Miss Duncan, around whom it was securely wrapped, bodily over the side of the car, precipitating her with violence against the cobblestone street. She was dragged for several yards before the chauffeur halted, attracted by her cries in the street. Medical aid was summoned, but it was stated that she had been strangled and killed instantly.”


2. Christine Chubbuck, (24 Agustus 1944 s.d 15 Juli 1974)


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Christine Chubbuck merupakan seorang penyiar “Suncoast Digest” yang merupakan salah satu program pada channel WXLT-TV di daerah Sarasota, Florida pada saat itu.
Christine saat itu membacakan berita nasional selama 8 menit sebelum mendadak terjadi kerusakan pada “tape reel” nya. Christine tidak peduli akan hal itu, ia kemudian berkata pada kamera yang menyorotnya:

“In keeping with Channel 40’s policy of bringing you the latest in blood and guts, and in living color, you are going to see another first: an attempted suicide.”

Artinya adalah “Sesuai dengan kebijakan Channel 40’s membawa anda terbaru dan ketekunan dalam darah, dan warna dalam hidup, Anda akan melihat lain dari yang pertama: percobaan bunuh diri”

Setelah itu ia mengeluarkan pistol revolver dari bawah mejanya, dan memposisikannya di samping telinga kirinya, lalu menembak dirinya sendiri. Dia lalu terjatuh di depan kamera. Beberapa penonton menelepon 911 dan studio itu untuk menanyakan apakah itu bener-benar terjadi. Faktanya adalah, dia benar-benar menembak kepalanya dan mati saat itu juga.


3. Francis Bacon, (22 Januari 1561 s.d 9 April 1626)


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Francis Bacon adalah seorang filsafat dan ilmuwan. Ia adalah salah seorang ilmuwan yang mati akibat eksperimennya sendiri. Pada tahun 1625, ia mendadak mendapat sebuah ide. “Mengapa harus mengawetkan makanan dengan garam seperti yang dilakukan orang biasanya? ” Dia kemudian pergi membeli seekor ayam dan mulai menumpukkan salju ke dalamnya. Eksperimen itu ternyata gagal, ayamnya tidak membeku. Karena cuaca pada saat itu begitu dingin, tiba-tiba dia terkena pneumonia. Francis Bacon lalu memanggang dan memakan ayam itu. Kali ini dia juga gagal. Akhirnya matilah ia.


4. Attila the Hun, (406 s.d 453)

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Attila The Hun adalah salah satu ahli strategi, penguasa, dan penjahat besar yang menguasai Asia pada tahun 450 masehi. Ia dikenal akan kebiasaan makan dan minumnya yang aneh. Attila pastilah berpikir bahwa malam pernikahannya pantas dirayakan, ia kemudian menikahi seorang gadis muda bernama Ildico. Pada tahun 453, ia makan dan minum terlalu banyak, dan dari hidungnya mulai keluar darah. Terlalu mabuk untuk peduli, ia terus menerus mimisan sampai dia mati.


5. Aeschylus, (525/524 BC s.d 456 BC)

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Aeschylus adalah seorang seniman yang karyanya masih bisa diingat hingga kini. Ketika ia mengunjungi Gela di pulau Sicily, terjadilah hal yang tidak biasanya. Seekor burung elang menjatuhkan seekor kura-kura pada kepala botak Aeschylus. Mungkin saja elang tersebut menyangka kepala Aeschylus adalah sebuah batu, hingga ia bermaksud memecahkan batok kura-kura dengan menjatuhkannya tepat di kepalanya. Karena faktor ketinggian dan kerasnya benturan, maka matilah Aeschylus. Beberapa catatan mengatakan bahwa elang itu menyangka kepala botak Aeschylus adalah telur.


6. King Adolf Frederick of Sweden, (14 Mei 1710 s.d 12 Februari 1771)


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Raja Adolf yang biasa dikenal dengan sebutan King Adolf Frederick of Swedenmerupakan raja Swedia dari tahun 1751 hingga 1771. Ia dikenal dengan nama “the king who ate himself to death”. Pada tanggal 12 Februari, 1771, setelah memakan lobster, caviar, sauerkraut, herring panggang, dan meminum champagne, ia bukannya berhenti, tapi malah melanjutkan makan dengan hidangan penutup kesukaannya, Semla (sebuah pudding tradisional yang disajikan dalam mangkuk dengan susu panas). Satu porsi sudah cukup, namun 14 porsi itu sungguh berlebihan. Ia mati beberapa saat kemudian karena masalah pencernaan.


7. Tycho Brahe, (14 Desember 1546 s.d 24 Oktober 1601)


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Tycho Brahe terkenal sebagai seorang ahli kimia dan astronomi. Brahe memprionirkan pengamatan tentang gerakan planet-planet sesuai dengan hukum gravitasi Newton.
Tycho Brahe juga dikenal mempunyai kantung kemih yang kecil dan lemah, sehingga ketika ia hendak buang air kecil di tengah-tengah pesta penting, ia terpaksa menahannya. Untuk memperburuk keadaan, ia malah minum banyak banyak, dan akhirnya kantung kemihnya meledak didalam tubuhnya dan membuatnya mati. Perlu diketahui, di adat kebiasaan masyarakat saat itu, meninggalkan sebuah pesta merupakan perilaku yang tidak beradab, mungkin itulah yang menyebabkan Tycho Brahe menahan kencingnya di tengah-tengah pesta. Ada debat yang mengatakan bahwa dia mati karena hyponatremia (kekurangan kadar sodium dalam darah), dan ada yang mengatakan dia mati karena keracunan merkuri.


8. Grigori Rasputin, (22 Januari 1869 s.d 29 Desember1916)


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Mungkin inilah orang tertangguh di seri cerita kali ini. Grigori Rasputin adalah seorang berkebangsaan russia yang merupakan pewaris Prince Aleksey, yang mempunyai banyak musuh. Banyak yang menginginkan dia mati.

Saat percobaan pembunuhan yang dilakukan oleh musuhnya, pertama-tama, dia diracun dengan sebuah racun yang cukup kuat untuk membunuh 3 orang (Sianida), namun nampaknya racun tersebut tidak berpengaruh pada Rasputin, maka mereka menyelinap dari belakang dan menembaknya di kepalanya. Seharusnya Rasputin sudah mati, tapi ternyata tidak… ketika salah seorang pembunuhnya mengecek detak nadinya, Rasputin malah balik mencekik pembunuhnya. Lalu Rasputin pun berhasil melarikan diri.

Pembunuhnya kemudian melayangkan sebelum berhasil mengejarnya. Lalu mereka membacok dan memukulnya, kemudian melemparnya ke sebuah sungai beku yang dingin. Setelah mati dan diotopsi, ternyata hasilnya adalah Rasputin mati karena tenggelam.


9. Sharon Lopatka, (20 September 1961 s.d 16 Oktober 1996)


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Sharon Lopatka adalah seorang pengusaha internet di Maryland USA, yang dibunuh oleh Robert Frederick Glass. Mula-mula, Sharon memasang iklan seks di situs pribadinya Ia mencari dan meminta seorang sukarelawan yang bersedia untuk menyiksa dan membunuhnya sebagai sebuah pemenuhan nafsu seksual. Akhirnya ia menemukan Robert Glass. Mereka saling bertukar email dan setuju untuk bertemu di North Carolina. Glass menyiksanya selama beberapa hari sebelum akhirnya mencekiknya dengan sehelai benang nilon. Glass kemudian divonis pembunuhan sukarela.


10. Bernd Jürgen Brandes


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Semuanya bermula dari seorang yang bernama Armin Meiwes, seorang jerman yang menderita kelainan. Ia adalah seorang Biseksual yang memasang sebuah iklan di internet mencari seorang biseksual lain yang bersedia untuk dimakan olehnya. Tulisannya adalah sebagai berikut:

“looking for a well-built 18 to 30-year-old to be slaughtered and then consumed”.
 

 Setelah banyak balasan yang tidak serius, akhirnya Bernd Brandes mengkontak Meiwes. Mereka kemudian bertemu di villa kecil di Roteburg, pada Natal 25 December 2001. Apa yang terjadi adalah, Meiwes memotong penis Brandes dan keduanya berusaha untuk memakannya. Pertama-tama, Brandes memaksa Meiwes agar meiwes menggigit putus penisnya, namun hal itu tidak berhasil, maka ia pun menggunakan pisau. Mereka memasak penis tersebut sebelum memakannya. Kemudian Barnes dibunuh dan bagian-bagian tubuhnya disimpan dalam rumahnya sebagai cadangan makanan selama 10 bulan. Semua proses itu di rekam dalam video pribadi.

Meiwes akhirnya ditangkap dan dijatuhi hukuman 8 setengah tahun di penjara. Meiwes percaya bahwa ada sekitar 800 kanibal di jerman.
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Hockey is not exactly known as a city game, but played on roller skates, it once held sway as the sport of choice in many New York neighborhoods.

“City kids had no rinks, no ice, but they would do anything to play hockey,” said Edward Moffett, former director of the Long Island City Y.M.C.A. Roller Hockey League, in Queens, whose games were played in city playgrounds going back to the 1940s.

From the 1960s through the 1980s, the league had more than 60 teams, he said. Players included the Mullen brothers of Hell’s Kitchen and Dan Dorion of Astoria, Queens, who would later play on ice for the National Hockey League.

One street legend from the heyday of New York roller hockey was Craig Allen, who lived in the Woodside Houses projects and became one of the city’s hardest hitters and top scorers.

“Craig was a warrior, one of the best roller hockey players in the city in the ’70s,” said Dave Garmendia, 60, a retired New York police officer who grew up playing with Mr. Allen. “His teammates loved him and his opponents feared him.”

Young Craig took up hockey on the streets of Queens in the 1960s, playing pickup games between sewer covers, wearing steel-wheeled skates clamped onto school shoes and using a roll of electrical tape as the puck.

His skill and ferocity drew attention, Mr. Garmendia said, but so did his skin color. He was black, in a sport made up almost entirely by white players.

“Roller hockey was a white kid’s game, plain and simple, but Craig broke the color barrier,” Mr. Garmendia said. “We used to say Craig did more for race relations than the N.A.A.C.P.”

Mr. Allen went on to coach and referee roller hockey in New York before moving several years ago to South Carolina. But he continued to organize an annual alumni game at Dutch Kills Playground in Long Island City, the same site that held the local championship games.

The reunion this year was on Saturday, but Mr. Allen never made it. On April 26, just before boarding the bus to New York, he died of an asthma attack at age 61.

Word of his death spread rapidly among hundreds of his old hockey colleagues who resolved to continue with the event, now renamed the Craig Allen Memorial Roller Hockey Reunion.

The turnout on Saturday was the largest ever, with players pulling on their old equipment, choosing sides and taking once again to the rink of cracked blacktop with faded lines and circles. They wore no helmets, although one player wore a fedora.

Another, Vinnie Juliano, 77, of Long Island City, wore his hearing aids, along with his 50-year-old taped-up quads, or four-wheeled skates with a leather boot. Many players here never converted to in-line skates, and neither did Mr. Allen, whose photograph appeared on a poster hanging behind the players’ bench.

“I’m seeing people walking by wondering why all these rusty, grizzly old guys are here playing hockey,” one player, Tommy Dominguez, said. “We’re here for Craig, and let me tell you, these old guys still play hard.”

Everyone seemed to have a Craig Allen story, from his earliest teams at Public School 151 to the Bryant Rangers, the Woodside Wings, the Woodside Blues and more.

Mr. Allen, who became a yellow-cab driver, was always recruiting new talent. He gained the nickname Cabby for his habit of stopping at playgrounds all over the city to scout players.

Teams were organized around neighborhoods and churches, and often sponsored by local bars. Mr. Allen, for one, played for bars, including Garry Owen’s and on the Fiddler’s Green Jokers team in Inwood, Manhattan.

Play was tough and fights were frequent.

“We were basically street gangs on skates,” said Steve Rogg, 56, a mail clerk who grew up in Jackson Heights, Queens, and who on Saturday wore his Riedell Classic quads from 1972. “If another team caught up with you the night before a game, they tossed you a beating so you couldn’t play the next day.”

Mr. Garmendia said Mr. Allen’s skin color provoked many fights.

“When we’d go to some ignorant neighborhoods, a lot of players would use slurs,” Mr. Garmendia said, recalling a game in Ozone Park, Queens, where local fans parked motorcycles in a lineup next to the blacktop and taunted Mr. Allen. Mr. Garmendia said he checked a player into the motorcycles, “and the bikes went down like dominoes, which started a serious brawl.”

A group of fans at a game in Brooklyn once stuck a pole through the rink fence as Mr. Allen skated by and broke his jaw, Mr. Garmendia said, adding that carloads of reinforcements soon arrived to defend Mr. Allen.

And at another racially incited brawl, the police responded with six patrol cars and a helicopter.

Before play began on Saturday, the players gathered at center rink to honor Mr. Allen. Billy Barnwell, 59, of Woodside, recalled once how an all-white, all-star squad snubbed Mr. Allen by playing him third string. He scored seven goals in the first game and made first string immediately.

“He’d always hear racial stuff before the game, and I’d ask him, ‘How do you put up with that?’” Mr. Barnwell recalled. “Craig would say, ‘We’ll take care of it,’ and by the end of the game, he’d win guys over. They’d say, ‘This guy’s good.’”

Tribute for a Roller Hockey Warrior

As governor, Mr. Walker alienated Republicans and his fellow Democrats, particularly the Democratic powerhouse Richard J. Daley, the mayor of Chicago.

Dan Walker, 92, Dies; Illinois Governor and Later a U.S. Prisoner

BEIJING (AP) — The head of Taiwan's Nationalists reaffirmed the party's support for eventual unification with the mainland when he met Monday with Chinese President Xi Jinping as part of continuing rapprochement between the former bitter enemies.

Nationalist Party Chairman Eric Chu, a likely presidential candidate next year, also affirmed Taiwan's desire to join the proposed Chinese-led Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank during the meeting in Beijing. China claims Taiwan as its own territory and doesn't want the island to join using a name that might imply it is an independent country.

Chu's comments during his meeting with Xi were carried live on Hong Kong-based broadcaster Phoenix Television.

The Nationalists were driven to Taiwan by Mao Zedong's Communists during the Chinese civil war in 1949, leading to decades of hostility between the sides. Chu, who took over as party leader in January, is the third Nationalist chairman to visit the mainland and the first since 2009.

Relations between the communist-ruled mainland and the self-governing democratic island of Taiwan began to warm in the 1990s, partly out of their common opposition to Taiwan's formal independence from China, a position advocated by the island's Democratic Progressive Party.

Despite increasingly close economic ties, the prospect of political unification has grown increasingly unpopular on Taiwan, especially with younger voters. Opposition to the Nationalists' pro-China policies was seen as a driver behind heavy local electoral defeats for the party last year that led to Taiwanese President Ma Ying-jeou resigning as party chairman.

Taiwan party leader affirms eventual reunion with China

As he reflected on the festering wounds deepened by race and grievance that have been on painful display in America’s cities lately, President Obama on Monday found himself thinking about a young man he had just met named Malachi.

A few minutes before, in a closed-door round-table discussion at Lehman College in the Bronx, Mr. Obama had asked a group of black and Hispanic students from disadvantaged backgrounds what could be done to help them reach their goals. Several talked about counseling and guidance programs.

“Malachi, he just talked about — we should talk about love,” Mr. Obama told a crowd afterward, drifting away from his prepared remarks. “Because Malachi and I shared the fact that our dad wasn’t around and that sometimes we wondered why he wasn’t around and what had happened. But really, that’s what this comes down to is: Do we love these kids?”

Many presidents have governed during times of racial tension, but Mr. Obama is the first to see in the mirror a face that looks like those on the other side of history’s ledger. While his first term was consumed with the economy, war and health care, his second keeps coming back to the societal divide that was not bridged by his election. A president who eschewed focusing on race now seems to have found his voice again as he thinks about how to use his remaining time in office and beyond.

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Obama Speaks of a ‘Sense of Unfairness’

Obama Speaks of a ‘Sense of Unfairness’

At an event announcing the creation of a nonprofit focusing on young minority men, President Obama talked about the underlying reasons for recent protests in Baltimore and other cities.

By Associated Press on Publish Date May 4, 2015. Photo by Stephen Crowley/The New York Times.

In the aftermath of racially charged unrest in places like Baltimore, Ferguson, Mo., and New York, Mr. Obama came to the Bronx on Monday for the announcement of a new nonprofit organization that is being spun off from his White House initiative called My Brother’s Keeper. Staked by more than $80 million in commitments from corporations and other donors, the new group, My Brother’s Keeper Alliance, will in effect provide the nucleus for Mr. Obama’s post-presidency, which will begin in January 2017.

“This will remain a mission for me and for Michelle not just for the rest of my presidency but for the rest of my life,” Mr. Obama said. “And the reason is simple,” he added. Referring to some of the youths he had just met, he said: “We see ourselves in these young men. I grew up without a dad. I grew up lost sometimes and adrift, not having a sense of a clear path. The only difference between me and a lot of other young men in this neighborhood and all across the country is that I grew up in an environment that was a little more forgiving.”

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Organizers said the new alliance already had financial pledges from companies like American Express, Deloitte, Discovery Communications and News Corporation. The money will be used to help companies address obstacles facing young black and Hispanic men, provide grants to programs for disadvantaged youths, and help communities aid their populations.

Joe Echevarria, a former chief executive of Deloitte, the accounting and consulting firm, will lead the alliance, and among those on its leadership team or advisory group are executives at PepsiCo, News Corporation, Sprint, BET and Prudential Group Insurance; former Secretary of State Colin L. Powell; Senator Cory Booker, Democrat of New Jersey; former Attorney General Eric H. Holder Jr.; the music star John Legend; the retired athletes Alonzo Mourning, Jerome Bettis and Shaquille O’Neal; and the mayors of Indianapolis, Sacramento and Philadelphia.

The alliance, while nominally independent of the White House, may face some of the same questions confronting former Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton as she begins another presidential campaign. Some of those donating to the alliance may have interests in government action, and skeptics may wonder whether they are trying to curry favor with the president by contributing.

“The Obama administration will have no role in deciding how donations are screened and what criteria they’ll set at the alliance for donor policies, because it’s an entirely separate entity,” Josh Earnest, the White House press secretary, told reporters on Air Force One en route to New York. But he added, “I’m confident that the members of the board are well aware of the president’s commitment to transparency.”

The alliance was in the works before the disturbances last week after the death of Freddie Gray, the black man who suffered fatal injuries while in police custody in Baltimore, but it reflected the evolution of Mr. Obama’s presidency. For him, in a way, it is coming back to issues that animated him as a young community organizer and politician. It was his own struggle with race and identity, captured in his youthful memoir, “Dreams From My Father,” that stood him apart from other presidential aspirants.

But that was a side of him that he kept largely to himself through the first years of his presidency while he focused on other priorities like turning the economy around, expanding government-subsidized health care and avoiding electoral land mines en route to re-election.

After securing a second term, Mr. Obama appeared more emboldened. Just a month after his 2013 inauguration, he talked passionately about opportunity and race with a group of teenage boys in Chicago, a moment aides point to as perhaps the first time he had spoken about these issues in such a personal, powerful way as president. A few months later, he publicly lamented the death of Trayvon Martin, a black Florida teenager, saying that “could have been me 35 years ago.”

Photo
 
President Obama on Monday with Darinel Montero, a student at Bronx International High School who introduced him before remarks at Lehman College in the Bronx. Credit Stephen Crowley/The New York Times

That case, along with public ruptures of anger over police shootings in Ferguson and elsewhere, have pushed the issue of race and law enforcement onto the public agenda. Aides said they imagined that with his presidency in its final stages, Mr. Obama might be thinking more about what comes next and causes he can advance as a private citizen.

That is not to say that his public discussion of these issues has been universally welcomed. Some conservatives said he had made matters worse by seeming in their view to blame police officers in some of the disputed cases.

“President Obama, when he was elected, could have been a unifying leader,” Senator Ted Cruz of Texas, a Republican candidate for president, said at a forum last week. “He has made decisions that I think have inflamed racial tensions.”

On the other side of the ideological spectrum, some liberal African-American activists have complained that Mr. Obama has not done enough to help downtrodden communities. While he is speaking out more, these critics argue, he has hardly used the power of the presidency to make the sort of radical change they say is necessary.

The line Mr. Obama has tried to straddle has been a serrated one. He condemns police brutality as he defends most officers as honorable. He condemns “criminals and thugs” who looted in Baltimore while expressing empathy with those trapped in a cycle of poverty and hopelessness.

In the Bronx on Monday, Mr. Obama bemoaned the death of Brian Moore, a plainclothes New York police officer who had died earlier in the day after being shot in the head Saturday on a Queens street. Most police officers are “good and honest and fair and care deeply about their communities,” even as they put their lives on the line, Mr. Obama said.

“Which is why in addressing the issues in Baltimore or Ferguson or New York, the point I made was that if we’re just looking at policing, we’re looking at it too narrowly,” he added. “If we ask the police to simply contain and control problems that we ourselves have been unwilling to invest and solve, that’s not fair to the communities, it’s not fair to the police.”

Moreover, if society writes off some people, he said, “that’s not the kind of country I want to live in; that’s not what America is about.”

His message to young men like Malachi Hernandez, who attends Boston Latin Academy in Massachusetts, is not to give up.

“I want you to know you matter,” he said. “You matter to us.”

Advertisement Politics Obama Finds a Bolder Voice on Race Issues

Mr. Napoleon was a self-taught musician whose career began in earnest with the orchestra led by Chico Marx of the Marx Brothers.

Marty Napoleon, 93, Dies; Jazz Pianist Played With Louis Armstrong

WASHINGTON — A decade after emergency trailers meant to shelter Hurricane Katrina victims instead caused burning eyes, sore throats and other more serious ailments, the Environmental Protection Agency is on the verge of regulating the culprit: formaldehyde, a chemical that can be found in commonplace things like clothes and furniture.

But an unusual assortment of players, including furniture makers, the Chinese government, Republicans from states with a large base of furniture manufacturing and even some Democrats who championed early regulatory efforts, have questioned the E.P.A. proposal. The sustained opposition has held sway, as the agency is now preparing to ease key testing requirements before it releases the landmark federal health standard.

The E.P.A.’s five-year effort to adopt this rule offers another example of how industry opposition can delay and hamper attempts by the federal government to issue regulations, even to control substances known to be harmful to human health.

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Document: The Formaldehyde Fight

Formaldehyde is a known carcinogen that can also cause respiratory ailments like asthma, but the potential of long-term exposure to cause cancers like myeloid leukemia is less well understood.

The E.P.A.’s decision would be the first time that the federal government has regulated formaldehyde inside most American homes.

“The stakes are high for public health,” said Tom Neltner, senior adviser for regulatory affairs at the National Center for Healthy Housing, who has closely monitored the debate over the rules. “What we can’t have here is an outcome that fails to confront the health threat we all know exists.”

The proposal would not ban formaldehyde — commonly used as an ingredient in wood glue in furniture and flooring — but it would impose rules that prevent dangerous levels of the chemical’s vapors from those products, and would set testing standards to ensure that products sold in the United States comply with those limits. The debate has sharpened in the face of growing concern about the safety of formaldehyde-treated flooring imported from Asia, especially China.

What is certain is that a lot of money is at stake: American companies sell billions of dollars’ worth of wood products each year that contain formaldehyde, and some argue that the proposed regulation would impose unfair costs and restrictions.

Determined to block the agency’s rule as proposed, these industry players have turned to the White House, members of Congress and top E.P.A. officials, pressing them to roll back the testing requirements in particular, calling them redundant and too expensive.

“There are potentially over a million manufacturing jobs that will be impacted if the proposed rule is finalized without changes,” wrote Bill Perdue, the chief lobbyist at the American Home Furnishings Alliance, a leading critic of the testing requirements in the proposed regulation, in one letter to the E.P.A.

Industry opposition helped create an odd alignment of forces working to thwart the rule. The White House moved to strike out key aspects of the proposal. Subsequent appeals for more changes were voiced by players as varied as Senator Barbara Boxer, Democrat of California, and Senator Roger Wicker, Republican of Mississippi, as well as furniture industry lobbyists.

Hurricane Katrina in 2005 helped ignite the public debate over formaldehyde, after the deadly storm destroyed or damaged hundreds of thousands of homes along the Gulf of Mexico, forcing families into temporary trailers provided by the Federal Emergency Management Agency.

The displaced storm victims quickly began reporting respiratory problems, burning eyes and other issues, and tests then confirmed high levels of formaldehyde fumes leaking into the air inside the trailers, which in many cases had been hastily constructed.

Public health advocates petitioned the E.P.A. to issue limits on formaldehyde in building materials and furniture used in homes, given that limits already existed for exposure in workplaces. But three years after the storm, only California had issued such limits.

Industry groups like the American Chemistry Council have repeatedly challenged the science linking formaldehyde to cancer, a position championed by David Vitter, the Republican senator from Louisiana, who is a major recipient of chemical industry campaign contributions, and whom environmental groups have mockingly nicknamed “Senator Formaldehyde.”

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Formaldehyde in Laminate Flooring

In laminate flooring, formaldehyde is used as a bonding agent in the fiberboard (or other composite wood) core layer and may also be used in glues that bind layers together. Concerns were raised in March when certain laminate flooring imported from China was reported to contain levels of formaldehyde far exceeding the limit permitted by California.

Typical

laminate

flooring

CLEAR FINISH LAYER

Often made of melamine resin

PATTERN LAYER

Paper printed to resemble wood,

or a thin wood veneer

GLUE

Layers may be bound using

formaldehyde-based glues

CORE LAYER

Fiberboard or other

composite, formed using

formaldehyde-based adhesives

BASE LAYER

Moisture-resistant vapor barrier

What is formaldehyde?

Formaldehyde is a common chemical used in many industrial and household products as an adhesive, bonding agent or preservative. It is classified as a volatile organic compound. The term volatile means that, at room temperature, formaldehyde will vaporize, or become a gas. Products made with formaldehyde tend to release this gas into the air. If breathed in large quantities, it may cause health problems.

WHERE IT IS COMMONLY FOUND

POTENTIAL HEALTH RISKS

Pressed-wood and composite wood products

Wallpaper and paints

Spray foam insulation used in construction

Commercial wood floor finishes

Crease-resistant fabrics

In cigarette smoke, or in the fumes from combustion of other materials, including wood, oil and gasoline.

Exposure to formaldehyde in sufficient amounts may cause eye, throat or skin irritation, allergic reactions, and respiratory problems like coughing, wheezing or asthma.

Long-term exposure to high levels has been associated with cancer in humans and laboratory animals.

Exposure to formaldehyde may affect some people more severely than others.

By 2010, public health advocates and some industry groups secured bipartisan support in Congress for legislation that ordered the E.P.A. to issue federal rules that largely mirrored California’s restrictions. At the time, concerns were rising over the growing number of lower-priced furniture imports from Asia that might include contaminated products, while also hurting sales of American-made products.

Maneuvering began almost immediately after the E.P.A. prepared draft rules to formally enact the new standards.

White House records show at least five meetings in mid-2012 with industry executives — kitchen cabinet makers, chemical manufacturers, furniture trade associations and their lobbyists, like Brock R. Landry, of the Venable law firm. These parties, along with Senator Vitter’s office, appealed to top administration officials, asking them to intervene to roll back the E.P.A. proposal.

The White House Office of Management and Budget, which reviews major federal regulations before they are adopted, apparently agreed. After the White House review, the E.P.A. “redlined” many of the estimates of the monetary benefits that would be gained by reductions in related health ailments, like asthma and fertility issues, documents reviewed by The New York Times show.

As a result, the estimated benefit of the proposed rule dropped to $48 million a year, from as much as $278 million a year. The much-reduced amount deeply weakened the agency’s justification for the sometimes costly new testing that would be required under the new rules, a federal official involved in the effort said.

“It’s a redlining blood bath,” said Lisa Heinzerling, a Georgetown University Law School professor and a former E.P.A. official, using the Washington phrase to describe when language is stricken from a proposed rule. “Almost the entire discussion of these potential benefits was excised.”

Senator Vitter’s staff was pleased.

“That’s a huge difference,” said Luke Bolar, a spokesman for Mr. Vitter, of the reduced estimated financial benefits, saying the change was “clearly highlighting more mismanagement” at the E.P.A.

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The review’s outcome galvanized opponents in the furniture industry. They then targeted a provision that mandated new testing of laminated wood, a cheaper alternative to hardwood. (The California standard on which the law was based did not require such testing.)

But E.P.A. scientists had concluded that these laminate products — millions of which are sold annually in the United States — posed a particular risk. They said that when thin layers of wood, also known as laminate or veneer, are added to furniture or flooring in the final stages of manufacturing, the resulting product can generate dangerous levels of fumes from often-used formaldehyde-based glues.

Industry executives, outraged by what they considered an unnecessary and financially burdensome level of testing, turned every lever within reach to get the requirement removed. It would be particularly onerous, they argued, for small manufacturers that would have to repeatedly interrupt their work to do expensive new testing. The E.P.A. estimated that the expanded requirements for laminate products would cost the furniture industry tens of millions of dollars annually, while the industry said that the proposed rule over all would cost its 7,000 American manufacturing facilities over $200 million each year.

“A lot of people don’t seem to appreciate what a lot of these requirements do to a small operation,” said Dick Titus, executive vice president of the Kitchen Cabinet Manufacturers Association, whose members are predominantly small businesses. “A 10-person shop, for example, just really isn’t equipped to handle that type of thing.”

Photo
 
Becky Gillette wants strong regulation of formaldehyde. Credit Beth Hall for The New York Times

Big industry players also weighed in. Executives from companies including La-Z-Boy, Hooker Furniture and Ashley Furniture all flew to Washington for a series of meetings with the offices of lawmakers including House Speaker John Boehner, Republican of Ohio, and about a dozen other lawmakers, asking several of them to sign a letter prepared by the industry to press the E.P.A. to back down, according to an industry report describing the lobbying visit.

Within a matter of weeks, two letters — using nearly identical language — were sent by House and Senate lawmakers to the E.P.A. — with the industry group forwarding copies of the letters to the agency as well, and then posting them on its website.

The industry lobbyists also held their own meeting at E.P.A. headquarters, and they urged Jim Jones, who oversaw the rule-making process as the assistant administrator for the agency’s Office of Chemical Safety and Pollution Prevention, to visit a North Carolina furniture manufacturing plant. According to the trade group, Mr. Jones told them that the visit had “helped the agency shift its thinking” about the rules and how laminated products should be treated.

The resistance was particularly intense from lawmakers like Mr. Wicker of Mississippi, whose state is home to major manufacturing plants owned by Ashley Furniture Industries, the world’s largest furniture maker, and who is one of the biggest recipients in Congress of donations from the industry’s trade association. Asked if the political support played a role, a spokesman for Mr. Wicker replied: “Thousands of Mississippians depend on the furniture manufacturing industry for their livelihoods. Senator Wicker is committed to defending all Mississippians from government overreach.”

Individual companies like Ikea also intervened, as did the Chinese government, which claimed that the new rule would create a “great barrier” to the import of Chinese products because of higher costs.

Perhaps the most surprising objection came from Senator Boxer, of California, a longtime environmental advocate, whose office questioned why the E.P.A.’s rule went further than her home state’s in seeking testing on laminated products. “We did not advocate an outcome, other than safety,” her office said in a statement about why the senator raised concerns. “We said ‘Take a look to see if you have it right.’ ”

Safety advocates say that tighter restrictions — like the ones Ms. Boxer and Mr. Wicker, along with Representative Doris Matsui, a California Democrat, have questioned — are necessary, particularly for products coming from China, where items as varied as toys and Christmas lights have been found to violate American safety standards.

While Mr. Neltner, the environmental advocate who has been most involved in the review process, has been open to compromise, he has pressed the E.P.A. not to back down entirely, and to maintain a requirement that laminators verify that their products are safe.

An episode of CBS’s “60 Minutes” in March brought attention to the issue when it accused Lumber Liquidators, the discount flooring retailer, of selling laminate products with dangerous levels of formaldehyde. The company has disputed the show’s findings and test methods, maintaining that its products are safe.

“People think that just because Congress passed the legislation five years ago, the problem has been fixed,” said Becky Gillette, who then lived in coastal Mississippi, in the area hit by Hurricane Katrina, and was among the first to notice a pattern of complaints from people living in the trailers. “Real people’s faces and names come up in front of me when I think of the thousands of people who could get sick if this rule is not done right.”

An aide to Ms. Matsui rejected any suggestion that she was bending to industry pressure.

“From the beginning the public health has been our No. 1 concern,” said Kyle J. Victor, an aide to Ms. Matsui.

But further changes to the rule are likely, agency officials concede, as they say they are searching for a way to reduce the cost of complying with any final rule while maintaining public health goals. The question is just how radically the agency will revamp the testing requirement for laminated products — if it keeps it at all.

“It’s not a secret to anybody that is the most challenging issue,” said Mr. Jones, the E.P.A. official overseeing the process, adding that the health consequences from formaldehyde are real. “We have to reduce those exposures so that people can live healthy lives and not have to worry about being in their homes.”

The Uphill Battle to Better Regulate Formaldehyde

Fullmer, who reigned when fight clubs abounded and Friday night fights were a television staple, was known for his title bouts with Sugar Ray Robinson and Carmen Basilio.

Gene Fullmer, a Brawling Middleweight Champion, Dies at 83

Gagne wrestled professionally from the late 1940s until the 1980s and was a transitional figure between the early 20th century barnstormers and the steroidal sideshows of today

Verne Gagne, Wrestler Who Grappled Through Two Eras, Dies at 89

Mr. Miller, of the firm Weil, Gotshal & Manges, represented companies including Lehman Brothers, General Motors and American Airlines, and mentored many of the top Chapter 11 practitioners today.

Harvey R. Miller, Renowned Bankruptcy Lawyer, Dies at 82

Imagine an elite professional services firm with a high-performing, workaholic culture. Everyone is expected to turn on a dime to serve a client, travel at a moment’s notice, and be available pretty much every evening and weekend. It can make for a grueling work life, but at the highest levels of accounting, law, investment banking and consulting firms, it is just the way things are.

Except for one dirty little secret: Some of the people ostensibly turning in those 80- or 90-hour workweeks, particularly men, may just be faking it.

Many of them were, at least, at one elite consulting firm studied by Erin Reid, a professor at Boston University’s Questrom School of Business. It’s impossible to know if what she learned at that unidentified consulting firm applies across the world of work more broadly. But her research, published in the academic journal Organization Science, offers a way to understand how the professional world differs between men and women, and some of the ways a hard-charging culture that emphasizes long hours above all can make some companies worse off.

Photo
 
Credit Peter Arkle

Ms. Reid interviewed more than 100 people in the American offices of a global consulting firm and had access to performance reviews and internal human resources documents. At the firm there was a strong culture around long hours and responding to clients promptly.

“When the client needs me to be somewhere, I just have to be there,” said one of the consultants Ms. Reid interviewed. “And if you can’t be there, it’s probably because you’ve got another client meeting at the same time. You know it’s tough to say I can’t be there because my son had a Cub Scout meeting.”

Some people fully embraced this culture and put in the long hours, and they tended to be top performers. Others openly pushed back against it, insisting upon lighter and more flexible work hours, or less travel; they were punished in their performance reviews.

The third group is most interesting. Some 31 percent of the men and 11 percent of the women whose records Ms. Reid examined managed to achieve the benefits of a more moderate work schedule without explicitly asking for it.

They made an effort to line up clients who were local, reducing the need for travel. When they skipped work to spend time with their children or spouse, they didn’t call attention to it. One team on which several members had small children agreed among themselves to cover for one another so that everyone could have more flexible hours.

A male junior manager described working to have repeat consulting engagements with a company near enough to his home that he could take care of it with day trips. “I try to head out by 5, get home at 5:30, have dinner, play with my daughter,” he said, adding that he generally kept weekend work down to two hours of catching up on email.

Despite the limited hours, he said: “I know what clients are expecting. So I deliver above that.” He received a high performance review and a promotion.

What is fascinating about the firm Ms. Reid studied is that these people, who in her terminology were “passing” as workaholics, received performance reviews that were as strong as their hyper-ambitious colleagues. For people who were good at faking it, there was no real damage done by their lighter workloads.

It calls to mind the episode of “Seinfeld” in which George Costanza leaves his car in the parking lot at Yankee Stadium, where he works, and gets a promotion because his boss sees the car and thinks he is getting to work earlier and staying later than anyone else. (The strategy goes awry for him, and is not recommended for any aspiring partners in a consulting firm.)

A second finding is that women, particularly those with young children, were much more likely to request greater flexibility through more formal means, such as returning from maternity leave with an explicitly reduced schedule. Men who requested a paternity leave seemed to be punished come review time, and so may have felt more need to take time to spend with their families through those unofficial methods.

The result of this is easy to see: Those specifically requesting a lighter workload, who were disproportionately women, suffered in their performance reviews; those who took a lighter workload more discreetly didn’t suffer. The maxim of “ask forgiveness, not permission” seemed to apply.

It would be dangerous to extrapolate too much from a study at one firm, but Ms. Reid said in an interview that since publishing a summary of her research in Harvard Business Review she has heard from people in a variety of industries describing the same dynamic.

High-octane professional service firms are that way for a reason, and no one would doubt that insane hours and lots of travel can be necessary if you’re a lawyer on the verge of a big trial, an accountant right before tax day or an investment banker advising on a huge merger.

But the fact that the consultants who quietly lightened their workload did just as well in their performance reviews as those who were truly working 80 or more hours a week suggests that in normal times, heavy workloads may be more about signaling devotion to a firm than really being more productive. The person working 80 hours isn’t necessarily serving clients any better than the person working 50.

In other words, maybe the real problem isn’t men faking greater devotion to their jobs. Maybe it’s that too many companies reward the wrong things, favoring the illusion of extraordinary effort over actual productivity.

How Some Men Fake an 80-Hour Workweek, and Why It Matters
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