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Jasa Pembuatran Website Dan SEO

 
Jasa SEO
adalah proses optimasi sebuah situs web agar dapat menempati peringkat tertinggi pada hasil pencarian search engine.

Semakin tinggi peringkat sebuah situs web pada hasil pencarian search engine, semakin tinggi jumlah pengunjung yang datang dan itu berarti semakin besar peluang untuk terjadinya penjualan pada situs web tersebut. 85% pengguna search engine mengklik dari hasil hasil pencarian organic. Untuk itu situs web Anda harus berada pada posisi 20 teratas, dan sebaiknya di posisi 10 teratas pada hasil pencarian search engine. Perlu diketahui bahwa sekitar 90% dari pengguna tidak melanjutkan lebih dari halaman ke-2 pada hasil pencarian search engine.
 

1. OPTIMIZATION AUDIT
Jasa SEO Bergaransi
Untuk memulai, kami melakukan audit pada situs web Anda untuk mengidentifikasi hal-hal yang membutuhkan perbaikan dalam optimasi situs web anda. Hal ini untuk memfokuskan pada strategi yang sesuai, dan memastikan situs web Anda teroptimasi secara maksimal dari strategi jasa SEO kami.
2. COMPETITIVE ANALYSIS
Jasa SEO Jakarta
Sejalan dengan audit optimasi, jasa SEO kami juga melakukan analisa kompetisi untuk mengevaluasi peringkat situs web Anda yang berkaitan secara langsung dengan pesaing Anda, dan perencanaan perbaikan untuk mendapatkan peringkat lebih baik dari pesaing Anda.
3. KEYWORD ANALYSIS
Jasa SEO Terbaik
Selanjutnya, kami menggunakan sejumlah alat analisa untuk mengidentifikasi target kata kunci yang akan digunakan untuk mendatangkan kunjungan oleh pengunjung yang ditargetkan ke situs web Anda. Kami mencari target kata kunci dengan jumlah pencarian yang tinggi dengan tingkat persaingan yang rendah.
Jasa SEO Google
Kami memeriksa struktur dan kode situs web anda, dan merevisi jika diperlukan untuk memperbaiki adanya kesalahan yang menghambat mesin pencari mengindeks situs web anda. Kami akan mengoptimalkan struktur situs web anda, struktur link, dan struktur sitemap untuk meningkatkan 'deep linking' yang akan menghasilkan pengindeksan konten yang lebih teratur oleh spider mesin pencari.
5. USABILITY IMPROVEMENTS
Jasa SEO Search Engine
Sebuah situs web yang dioptimalkan untuk mesin pencari hanya berharga apabila Anda dapat mengkonversi kunjungan menjadi pelanggan atau pengunjung melakukan sesuatu sesuai dengan tujuan dari situs web anda. Ini sebabnya kami mengevaluasi keseluruhan fungsi dan kegunaan situs web, dan memperbaikinya agar memudahkan pengguna dalam bernavigasi pada situs web Anda.
6. CONTENT STRATEGY
Jasa SEO Keywords
Dengan menggunakan data dari analisa kata kunci (keyword), kami mengoptimalkan konten secara on-page pada halaman situs sehingga target kata kunci terletak di daerah konten yang paling efektif. Kami bekerja sama dengan Anda untuk mengembangkan strategi pembuatan konten karena faktor utama optimasi adalah konten yang friendly bagi mesin pencari sekaligus mampu menarik perhatian pengunjung situs.
7. BLOG CREATION
Jasa SEO Blog
Mesin pencari akan melakukan pengindeksan secara lebih teratur apabila sebuah situs web secara aktif melakukan pembaruan dalam konten.
Mesin pencari dapat meningkatkan posisi situs web pada peringkat yang lebih tinggi secara berkala. Ini sebabnya kami merekomendasikan bahwa semua klien kami memiliki sebuah blog pada situs mereka.
Kami dapat membantu anda membuat, mengelola, dan secara berkala mengupdate blog perusahaan secara profesional dengan konten yang menarik.
8. LINK BUILDING
Jasa SEO Link
Link Building adalah bagian terpenting dari optimasi mesin pencari.
Mesin pencari seperti Google menganggap incoming link yang mengarah ke situs web Anda sebagai bentuk 'referensi' oleh situs lain. Semakin banyak situs web Anda mendapatkan 'referensi' dari situs lain, search engine menganggap situs Anda penting dan mempunyai otoritas. Jasa SEO kami memfokuskan pada incoming link dari situs-situs yang berkualitas, relevan, dan mempunyai otoritas pada industri yang berkaitan.
9. REAL-TIME MONITORING
Jasa SEO Monitoring
Jasa SEO kami menggunakan Google Analytics untuk mengevaluasi efektivitas proses optimasi, dan untuk menganalisa hasil konversi dari sasaran yang ditetapkan.
10. CONVERSION OPTIMIZATION
Jasa SEO Optimasi

Kami menganalisa dan memperbaiki bagaimana situs web Anda dapat mengkonversi kunjungan oleh pengunjung menjadi pelanggan Anda.

 

1
CONSULTATION
Kami akan berkonsultasi dengan Anda untuk mengetahui tujuan dari situs web perusahaan secara keseluruhan dan produk utama yang ditawarkan. Selanjutnya jasa SEO kami akan melakukan audit optimasi situs web Anda untuk mengidentifikasi teknik-teknik khusus yang dapat diterapkan untuk meningkatkan peringkat situs web Anda.
2
IMPLEMENTATION
Jasa SEO kami memperbaiki faktor on-site situs web Anda seperti struktur situs web, title, kode HTML, dan kepadatan kata kunci (keyword density). Kami juga mengoptimasi faktor off-site situs web dengan mencantumkan situs web Anda pada beberapa direktori bisnis terkemuka, dan membangun incoming link yang berkualitas dari situs-situs yang mempunyai otoritas dengan peringkat tinggi dan berkaitan dengan bisnis Anda.
3
MONITORING AND REPORTING

Setelah implementasi, jasa SEO kami terus memonitor peringkat situs web Anda untuk beberapa target kata kunci yang mendatangkan banyak kunjungan. Kami akan mengirimkan kepada Anda detail laporan bulanan tentang kinerja dan performa dari kampanye optimasi mesin pencari yang kita lakukan.

4
CONTINUOUS ADJUSMENTS AND IMPROVEMENTS
Kami mengevaluasi efektivitas optimasi yang sedang berlangsung dalam upaya peningkatan jumlah kunjungan dan penjualan pada situs web Anda. Pada tahap ini, Anda dapat melihat potensi optimasi mesin pencari. Kita akan bekerja sama kembali untuk memperbaiki lebih lanjut tentang target kata kunci, dan strategi konten yang akan menjadikan situs web Anda meduduki peringkat yang lebih baik lagi.
JASA PEMBUATRAN WEBSITE DAN SEO
Wanita satu ini tergolong nekat. Seorang bandit tunggal yang telah menjambret tasnya dikejar hingga akhirnya tertangkap polisi di depan SPBU Jalan Ahmad Yani, Cempaka Putih,Jalkarta Pusat . “Pelaku tersebut sudah tujuh kali beraksi dan biasa dia selalu berdua kalau beraksi tapi kali ini main tunggal, seminggu lalu ia juga menjambret di Jl Pramuka namun lolos dari sergapan petugas,”tegas Kapolsek Cempaka Putih Kompol Tofiq,SH,MH. Kini bandit jambret yang sempat diamuk massa telah diamankan ke kantor polisi dan dari tangannya disita tas kulit milik korban, pelaku bersama sepeda motor Honda Supra X digunakan menjambret juga diamankan sebagai barang bukti. Kanit Reskrim Polsek Cempaka Putih AKP Supriyadi, telah menuturkan kejadian tersebut sekitar pukul 04:30 dinihari, ketika itu korban Astuti yang berusia 24 tahun, warga Jalan Cipinang Muara, Jakarta Timur, mengendarai sepeda motor Yamaha Mio warna putih. Korban tadinya mau ke pasar kue subuh, karena dijambret akhirnya wanita ini gagal belanja. Korban ketika itu datang dari arah Rawamangun melintas menuju Jl Ahmad Yani, namun wanita berambut sebahu itu tidak menyadari semenjak melintas di Rawasari sudah dibuntuti satu pengendara sepeda motor yang belakangan diketahui bandit jambret. Motor korban semula sempat di dahului kemudian korban kembali mendahului motor pelaku. Namun begitu mendekati SPBU (Stasiun Pengisian Bahan Bakar Umum), bandit kelompok Pendongkelan,Jaktim, itu memepet korban hingga wanita itu nyaris terjatuh, tas yang nyantol di depan bawah jok dirampas pelaku Setelah tas berpindah tangan, wanita tidak tinggal diam malah bandit tunggal yang kabur kearah Cocacolla diuber sambil diteriaki rampok…rampok, hingga mengundang perhatiam massa maupun petugas lagi diploting di Jalan Ahmad Yani. Tak pelak lagi, polisi dengan mengendarai motor RX King turut menguber bandit tersebut dan pelaku sempat terjatuh setelah menabrak trotoar kemudian dibekuk pengojek. Massa sempat emosi mendaratkan pukulan mengenai wajah hingga darah segar mencrot dari hidung. Petugas serse yang ikut mengejar berhasil menyelamatkan bandit jalanan itu dari amukan warga. Kini tersangka Risma Kasim, sudah 7 kali menjambret diamankan ke kantor polisi bersama tas dan sepeda motor yang dipakai menjambret. “Akibat perbuatannya itu ia akan dikenakan pasal 363 KUHP, dengan ancaman pidana 7 tahun penjara,”tegas SupriyadiWANITA KEJAR BANDIT YANG JAMBRET TASNYA

saco-indonesia.com, Kejahatan di jalanan Bandung telah kembali terjadi. Deni Hermawan yang berusia (23) tahun telah disabet senjata tajam orang yang tak dikenal Rabu (25/12) malam sebelum naik flyover Pasupati Bandung.

Beruntung warga Gegerkalong ini masih bisa selamat. Dia langsung segera dilarikan polisi ke Rumah Sakit Hasan Sadikin (RSHS) Bandung.

Menurut Kabid Humas Polda Jabar Kombes Pol Martinus Sitompul, peristiwa itu telah terjadi sekitar pukul 23.10 WIB. "TKP Kejadian bertempat di sebelum flyover Pasupati (Pasteur arah Gasibu)," terangnya Kamis (26/12).

Tapi sebelum masuk jembatan layang, Deni yang menggunakan sepeda motor Honda Beat oranye akan menuju Sukajadi Bandung, telah dipepet oleh dua orang tak yang dikenal dan langsung mencabut kunci motor korban.

Karena tak terima, Deni turun dari motor. Perkelahian pun tak bisa terhindarkan. "Tapi pelaku terus menyerang dan mengeluarkan pisau lipat hingga akhirnya mengenai leher korban," terangnya.

Akibatnya Deni yang juga merupakan karyawan swasta telah mengalami luka jahitan pada pergelangan kiri tangan karena menangkis tikaman. "Tangan kiri telah mengalami luka sobek dengan delapan jahitan dan luka sabetan di leher," katanya.

Korban yang masih sempoyongan saat itu berusaha untuk mencari pertolongan. Petugas Polisi yang sedang patroli langsung memboyong ke IGD RSHS Bandung. Saat ini korban sudah berangsur membaik.


Editor : Dian Sukmawati

DENI DITUSUK DI FLYOVER PASUPATI

MAGELANG, Saco-Indonesia.com — Wanita paruh baya ini tidak kuasa berdiri, tubuhnya kurus kering, perutnya terlihat membesar seperti orang hamil tua. Ya, karena kondisi itu, Tasminati (40), warga Dusun Sabrang, Margoyoso, Salaman, Kabupaten Magelang, Jawa Tengah, hanya bisa termangu lemas di kamar rumah kayunya.

Sejak dua tahun terakhir ia hampir tidak pernah merasakan dan melihat indahnya dunia luar. "Saya ingin sembuh, bisa bekerja dan beribadah lagi, saya juga ingin merawat anak saya hingga besar," tutur Tasminati sambil menyeka air mata dari mata butanya akibat penyakit herpes yang tak kunjung sembuh, Selasa (4/6/2013) kemarin.

Ibu dari Muyasaroh (6,5) itu sendiri tidak tahu persis penyakit apa yang dideritanya. Dokter hingga ahli akupuntur yang pernah memeriksanya mengatakan ia terkena komplikasi penyakit liver, limpa, pembuluh darah, maag, serta ususnya luka. "Awalnya dulu perut dan tenggorokan terasa panas. Waktu itu saya masih umur usia 25 tahun. Tapi saya biarkan saja. Sampai saya kena herpes waktu bertani di sawah," kisah wanita kelahiran Magelang, 31 Desember 1973 itu.

Meskipun kena herpes, Tasminati tetap bisa mengandung buah hatinya bersama suaminya, Sarmono (38). Tasminati menikah dengan Sarmono di usia 32 tahun. Namun, selama kehamilannya itu, Tasminati sering muntah darah bahkan kerap mengalami sakit yang luar biasa di perut. Akibatnya,Tasminati terpaksa melahirkan lebih awal di bulan keenam.

"Waktu itu saya sempat dirawat di RS Muntilan dan dirujuk ke RS Sardjito Yogyakarta. Saya pendarahan hebat. Dikira saya keguguran tapi ternyata itu darah penyakit," papar Tasminati.

Alih-alih perut mengempis, perut Tasminati justru makin membesar usai melahirkan. Sejak itu pun Tasminati tidak mampu bekerja lagi sebagai buruh pabrik kayu. "Jangankan bekerja, melakukan pekerjaan rumah tangga untuk melayani suami dan anak pun saya tidak sanggup," ujar Tasminati lagi dengan suara parau.

Hingga saat ini, kataTasminati, ia belum pernah melakukan pengobatan untuk kondisi perutnya. Pengobatan masih terfokus pada herpes di matanya. Beruntung tahun 2012 lalu dirinya masih mendapat keringanan biaya pengobatan melalui Jaminan Kesehatan Masyarakat (Jamkesmas). Namun, entah bagaimana, tahun 2013 ini dirinya tidak mendapat pelayanan itu.

"Kami masih kesulitan mencari biaya pengobatan. Penghasilan suami saya yang hanya buruh pabrik hanya untuk kebutuhan sehari-hari saja," tutur Tasminati.

Menurut Tasminati, pihak keluarga dan aparat desa setempat pernah mengusulkan agar ia mendapat Jamkesmas 2013. Namun, hingga saat ini usulan itu belum terwujud.

Sementara itu, Yohana, bidan desa setempat yang memberikan pendampingan intensif pada Tasminati mengatakan selama ini penyakit Tasminati belum tertangani dengan baik. Salah satu sebabnya adalah faktor ekonomi. "Dia itu sebetulnya punya semangat untuk sembuh. Tapi sering ketakutan untuk berobat karena tidak punya uang," ungkap Yohana.

Yohana berharap pemerintah setempat memberikan perhatian pada Tasminati. Program Jamkesmas juga diharapkan lebih bisa tepat sasaran.

Kepala Dusun Sabrang, Zarkoni, ketika dikonfirmasi mengatakan sudah pernah mengusahakan dan mendampingi Tasminati mendapatkan Jamkesmas lagi. "Kami sudah membantu sebisa mungkin. Saat ini kami masih upayakan untuk mendapatkan Jamkesmas," tandas Zakoni. 

****

Informasi penyaluran bantuan untuk Mimin, hubungi: redaksikcm@kompas.com

 
Editor :Liwon Maulana
Sumber:Kompas.com
Penderita Penyakit Aneh, Perut Wanita Ini Terus Membesar

saco-indonesia.com, Gubernur DKI Jakarta Joko Widodo (Jokowi) juga mengatakan pihak sekolah telah menyatakan siap dengan penerapan kurikulum 2013. Pernyataan itu telah disampaikan Jokowi usai meninjau empat sekolah, SMP Negeri 8, SMA Negeri 26, SD BPK 46 dan SD Negeri 01.

"Kalau saya lihat tadi semuanya juga sudah menyampaikan siap," kata Jokowi usai menemani Wakil Presiden Boediono di Balaikota DKI Jakarta, Kamis (23/1).

Jokowi juga menambahkan, perbedaan sangat signifikan dari kurikulum sebelumnya yakni dari pengembangan perseorangan, kini murid diajak untuk belajar berkelompok.

"Menurut saya memang berubah total cara belajar dan mengajar. Sekarang ini proses belajar banyak yang diskusi. Kemudian anak-anak telah dibentuk untuk dapat membentuk sebuah kelompok dan berdiskusi di situ," jelasnya.

Jokowi juga mengatakan, kurikulum ini tentu harus didukung oleh pengajar yang aktif, sehingga dapat memacu murid agar aktif dalam berdiskusi. Dengan demikian, pengajar dapat menilai murid dengan lebih objektif.

"Kemudian guru juga telah melakukan hal yang sama dengan murid. Tetapi mereka memberikan penilaian huruf dan komentar. Ini kan bagus sekali," ungkap Jokowi.

Jokowi juga menambahkan, kurikulum 2013 akan diterapkan secepatnya di seluruh sekolah di Jakarta.


Editor : Dian Sukmawati

SEKOLAH AKAN SIAP TERAPKAN KURIKULUM 2013

Mr. King sang for the Drifters and found success as a solo performer with hits like “Spanish Harlem.”

Ben E. King, Soulful Singer of ‘Stand by Me,’ Dies at 76

Public perceptions of race relations in America have grown substantially more negative in the aftermath of the death of a young black man who was injured while in police custody in Baltimore and the subsequent unrest, far eclipsing the sentiment recorded in the wake of turmoil in Ferguson, Mo., last summer.

Americans are also increasingly likely to say that the police are more apt to use deadly force against a black person, the latest New York Times/CBS News poll finds.

The poll findings highlight the challenges for local leaders and police officials in trying to maintain order while sustaining faith in the criminal justice system in a racially polarized nation.

Sixty-one percent of Americans now say race relations in this country are generally bad. That figure is up sharply from 44 percent after the fatal police shooting of Michael Brown and the unrest that followed in Ferguson in August, and 43 percent in December. In a CBS News poll just two months ago, 38 percent said race relations were generally bad. Current views are by far the worst of Barack Obama’s presidency.

The negative sentiment is echoed by broad majorities of blacks and whites alike, a stark change from earlier this year, when 58 percent of blacks thought race relations were bad, but just 35 percent of whites agreed. In August, 48 percent of blacks and 41 percent of whites said they felt that way.

Looking ahead, 44 percent of Americans think race relations are worsening, up from 36 percent in December. Forty-one percent of blacks and 46 percent of whites think so. Pessimism among whites has increased 10 points since December.

Continue reading the main story
Do you think race relations in the United States are generally good or generally bad?
60
40
20
0
White
Black
May '14
May '15
Generally bad
Continue reading the main story
Do you think race relations in the United States are getting better, getting worse or staying about the same?
Getting worse
Staying the same
Getting better
Don't know/No answer
All adults
Whites
Blacks
44%
37
17
46
36
16
41
42
15

The poll finds that profound racial divisions in views of how the police use deadly force remain. Blacks are more than twice as likely to say police in most communities are more apt to use deadly force against a black person — 79 percent of blacks say so compared with 37 percent of whites. A slim majority of whites say race is not a factor in a police officer’s decision to use deadly force.

Overall, 44 percent of Americans say deadly force is more likely to be used against a black person, up from 37 percent in August and 40 percent in December.

Blacks also remain far more likely than whites to say they feel mostly anxious about the police in their community. Forty-two percent say so, while 51 percent feel mostly safe. Among whites, 8 in 10 feel mostly safe.

One proposal to address the matter — having on-duty police officers wear body cameras — receives overwhelming support. More than 9 in 10 whites and blacks alike favor it.

Continue reading the main story
How would you describe your feelings about the police in your community? Would you say they make you feel mostly safe or mostly anxious?
Mostly safe
Mostly anxious
Don't know/No answer
All adults
Whites
Blacks
75%
21
3
81
16
3
51
42
7
Continue reading the main story
In general, do you think the police in most communities are more likely to use deadly force against a black person, or more likely to use it against a white person, or don’t you think race affects police use of deadly force?
Police more likely to use deadly force against a black person
Police more likely to use deadly force against a white person
Race DOES NOT affect police use of deadly force
Don't know/No answer
All adults
Whites
Blacks
44%
37%
79%
2%
2%
1%
46%
53%
16%
9%
8%
4%
Continue reading the main story
Do you favor or oppose on-duty police officers wearing video cameras that would record events and actions as they occur?
Favor
Oppose
Don't know/No answer
All adults
Whites
Blacks
92%
93%
93%
6%
5%
5%
2%
2%
2%

Asked specifically about the situation in Baltimore, most Americans expressed at least some confidence that the investigation by local authorities would be conducted fairly. But while nearly two-thirds of whites think so, fewer than half of blacks agree. Still, more blacks are confident now than were in August regarding the investigation in Ferguson. On Friday, six members of the police force involved in the arrest of Mr. Gray were charged with serious offenses, including manslaughter. The poll was conducted Thursday through Sunday; results from before charges were announced are similar to those from after.

Reaction to the recent turmoil in Baltimore, however, is similar among blacks and whites. Most Americans, 61 percent, say the unrest after Mr. Gray’s death was not justified. That includes 64 percent of whites and 57 percent of blacks.

Continue reading the main story
As you may know, a Baltimore man, Freddie Gray, recently died after being in the custody of the Baltimore police. How much confidence do you have that the investigation by local authorities into this matter will be conducted fairly?
A lot
Some
Not much
None at all
Don't know/No answer
All adults
Whites
Blacks
29%
31
22
14
5
31
33
20
11
5
20
26
30
22
In general, do you think the unrest in Baltimore after the death of Freddie Gray was justified, or do you think the unrest was not justified?
Justified
Not justified
Don't know/No answer
All adults
Whites
Blacks
28%
61
11
26
64
11
37
57
6

Negative View of U.S. Race Relations Grows, Poll Finds

Mr. Paczynski was one of the concentration camp’s longest surviving inmates and served as the personal barber to its Nazi commandant Rudolf Höss.

Jozef Paczynski, Inmate Barber to Auschwitz Commandant, Dies at 95

The bottle Mr. Sokolin famously broke was a 1787 Château Margaux, which was said to have belonged to Thomas Jefferson. Mr. Sokolin had been hoping to sell it for $519,750.

William Sokolin, Wine Seller Who Broke Famed Bottle, Dies at 85

HOBART, Tasmania — Few places seem out of reach for China’s leader, Xi Jinping, who has traveled from European capitals to obscure Pacific and Caribbean islands in pursuit of his nation’s strategic interests.

So perhaps it was not surprising when he turned up last fall in this city on the edge of the Southern Ocean to put down a long-distance marker in another faraway region, Antarctica, 2,000 miles south of this Australian port.

Standing on the deck of an icebreaker that ferries Chinese scientists from this last stop before the frozen continent, Mr. Xi pledged that China would continue to expand in one of the few places on earth that remain unexploited by humans.

He signed a five-year accord with the Australian government that allows Chinese vessels and, in the future, aircraft to resupply for fuel and food before heading south. That will help secure easier access to a region that is believed to have vast oil and mineral resources; huge quantities of high-protein sea life; and for times of possible future dire need, fresh water contained in icebergs.

It was not until 1985, about seven decades after Robert Scott and Roald Amundsen raced to the South Pole, that a team representing Beijing hoisted the Chinese flag over the nation’s first Antarctic research base, the Great Wall Station on King George Island.

But now China seems determined to catch up. As it has bolstered spending on Antarctic research, and as the early explorers, especially the United States and Australia, confront stagnant budgets, there is growing concern about its intentions.

China’s operations on the continent — it opened its fourth research station last year, chose a site for a fifth, and is investing in a second icebreaker and new ice-capable planes and helicopters — are already the fastest growing of the 52 signatories to the Antarctic Treaty. That gentlemen’s agreement reached in 1959 bans military activity on the continent and aims to preserve it as one of the world’s last wildernesses; a related pact prohibits mining.

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But Mr. Xi’s visit was another sign that China is positioning itself to take advantage of the continent’s resource potential when the treaty expires in 2048 — or in the event that it is ripped up before, Chinese and Australian experts say.

“So far, our research is natural-science based, but we know there is more and more concern about resource security,” said Yang Huigen, director general of the Polar Research Institute of China, who accompanied Mr. Xi last November on his visit to Hobart and stood with him on the icebreaker, Xue Long, or Snow Dragon.

With that in mind, the polar institute recently opened a new division devoted to the study of resources, law, geopolitics and governance in Antarctica and the Arctic, Mr. Yang said.

Australia, a strategic ally of the United States that has strong economic relations with China, is watching China’s buildup in the Antarctic with a mix of gratitude — China’s presence offers support for Australia’s Antarctic science program, which is short of cash — and wariness.

“We should have no illusions about the deeper agenda — one that has not even been agreed to by Chinese scientists but is driven by Xi, and most likely his successors,” said Peter Jennings, executive director of the Australian Strategic Policy Institute and a former senior official in the Australian Department of Defense.

“This is part of a broader pattern of a mercantilist approach all around the world,” Mr. Jennings added. “A big driver of Chinese policy is to secure long-term energy supply and food supply.”

That approach was evident last month when a large Chinese agriculture enterprise announced an expansion of its fishing operations around Antarctica to catch more krill — small, protein-rich crustaceans that are abundant in Antarctic waters.

“The Antarctic is a treasure house for all human beings, and China should go there and share,” Liu Shenli, the chairman of the China National Agricultural Development Group, told China Daily, a state-owned newspaper. China would aim to fish up to two million tons of krill a year, he said, a substantial increase from what it currently harvests.

Because sovereignty over Antarctica is unclear, nations have sought to strengthen their claims over the ice-covered land by building research bases and naming geographic features. China’s fifth station will put it within reach of the six American facilities, and ahead of Australia’s three.

Chinese mappers have also given Chinese names to more than 300 sites, compared with the thousands of locations on the continent with English names.

In the unspoken competition for Antarctica’s future, scientific achievement can also translate into influence. Chinese scientists are driving to be the first to drill and recover an ice core containing tiny air bubbles that provide a record of climate change stretching as far back as 1.5 million years. It is an expensive and delicate effort at which others, including the European Union and Australia, have failed.

In a breakthrough a decade ago, European scientists extracted an ice core nearly two miles long that revealed 800,000 years of climate history. But finding an ice core going back further would allow scientists to examine a change in the earth’s climate cycles believed to have occurred 900,000 to 1.2 million years ago.

China is betting it has found the best location to drill, at an area called Dome A, or Dome Argus, the highest point on the East Antarctic Ice Sheet. Though it is considered one of the coldest places on the planet, with temperatures of 130 degrees below zero Fahrenheit, a Chinese expedition explored the area in 2005 and established a research station in 2009.

“The international community has drilled in lots of places, but no luck so far,” said Xiao Cunde, a member of the first party to reach the site and the deputy director of the Institute for Climate Change at the Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences. “We think at Dome A we will have a straight shot at the one-million-year ice core.”

Mr. Xiao said China had already begun drilling and hoped to find what scientists are looking for in four to five years.

To support its Antarctic aspirations, China is building a sophisticated $300 million icebreaker that is expected to be ready in a few years, said Xia Limin, deputy director of the Chinese Arctic and Antarctic Administration in Beijing. It has also bought a high-tech fixed-wing aircraft, outfitted in the United States, for taking sensitive scientific soundings from the ice.

China has chosen the site for its fifth research station at Inexpressible Island, named by a group of British explorers who were stranded at the desolate site in 1912 and survived the winter by excavating a small ice cave.

Mr. Xia said the inhospitable spot was ideal because China did not have a presence in that part of Antarctica, and because the rocky site did not have much snow, making it relatively cheap to build there.

Anne-Marie Brady, a professor of political science at the University of Canterbury in New Zealand and the author of a soon-to-be-released book, “China as a Polar Great Power,” said Chinese scientists also believed they had a good chance of finding mineral and energy resources near the site.

“China is playing a long game in Antarctica and keeping other states guessing about its true intentions and interests are part of its poker hand,” she said. But she noted that China’s interest in finding minerals was presented “loud and clear to domestic audiences” as the main reason it was investing in Antarctica.

Because commercial drilling is banned, estimates of energy and mineral resources in Antarctica rely on remote sensing data and comparisons with similar geological environments elsewhere, said Millard F. Coffin, executive director of the Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies in Hobart.

But the difficulty of extraction in such severe conditions and uncertainty about future commodity prices make it unlikely that China or any country would defy the ban on mining anytime soon.

Tourism, however, is already booming. Travelers from China are still a relatively small contingent in the Antarctic compared with the more than 13,000 Americans who visited in 2013, and as yet there are no licensed Chinese tour operators.

But that is about to change, said Anthony Bergin, deputy director of the Australian Strategic Policy Institute. “I understand very soon there will be Chinese tourists on Chinese vessels with all-Chinese crew in the Antarctic,” he said.

 

Top News China’s Intents Are Questioned as It Builds in Antarctica

WASHINGTON — The former deputy director of the C.I.A. asserts in a forthcoming book that Republicans, in their eagerness to politicize the killing of the American ambassador to Libya, repeatedly distorted the agency’s analysis of events. But he also argues that the C.I.A. should get out of the business of providing “talking points” for administration officials in national security events that quickly become partisan, as happened after the Benghazi attack in 2012.

The official, Michael J. Morell, dismisses the allegation that the United States military and C.I.A. officers “were ordered to stand down and not come to the rescue of their comrades,” and he says there is “no evidence” to support the charge that “there was a conspiracy between C.I.A. and the White House to spin the Benghazi story in a way that would protect the political interests of the president and Secretary Clinton,” referring to the secretary of state at the time, Hillary Rodham Clinton.

But he also concludes that the White House itself embellished some of the talking points provided by the Central Intelligence Agency and had blocked him from sending an internal study of agency conclusions to Congress.

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Michael J. Morell Credit Mark Wilson/Getty Images

“I finally did so without asking,” just before leaving government, he writes, and after the White House released internal emails to a committee investigating the State Department’s handling of the issue.

A lengthy congressional investigation remains underway, one that many Republicans hope to use against Mrs. Clinton in the 2016 election cycle.

In parts of the book, “The Great War of Our Time” (Twelve), Mr. Morell praises his C.I.A. colleagues for many successes in stopping terrorist attacks, but he is surprisingly critical of other C.I.A. failings — and those of the National Security Agency.

Soon after Mr. Morell retired in 2013 after 33 years in the agency, President Obama appointed him to a commission reviewing the actions of the National Security Agency after the disclosures of Edward J. Snowden, a former intelligence contractor who released classified documents about the government’s eavesdropping abilities. Mr. Morell writes that he was surprised by what he found.

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“You would have thought that of all the government entities on the planet, the one least vulnerable to such grand theft would have been the N.S.A.,” he writes. “But it turned out that the N.S.A. had left itself vulnerable.”

He concludes that most Wall Street firms had better cybersecurity than the N.S.A. had when Mr. Snowden swept information from its systems in 2013. While he said he found himself “chagrined by how well the N.S.A. was doing” compared with the C.I.A. in stepping up its collection of data on intelligence targets, he also sensed that the N.S.A., which specializes in electronic spying, was operating without considering the implications of its methods.

“The N.S.A. had largely been collecting information because it could, not necessarily in all cases because it should,” he says.

The book is to be released next week.

Mr. Morell was a career analyst who rose through the ranks of the agency, and he ended up in the No. 2 post. He served as President George W. Bush’s personal intelligence briefer in the first months of his presidency — in those days, he could often be spotted at the Starbucks in Waco, Tex., catching up on his reading — and was with him in the schoolhouse in Florida on the morning of Sept. 11, 2001, when the Bush presidency changed in an instant.

Mr. Morell twice took over as acting C.I.A. director, first when Leon E. Panetta was appointed secretary of defense and then when retired Gen. David H. Petraeus resigned over an extramarital affair with his biographer, a relationship that included his handing her classified notes of his time as America’s best-known military commander.

Mr. Morell says he first learned of the affair from Mr. Petraeus only the night before he resigned, and just as the Benghazi events were turning into a political firestorm. While praising Mr. Petraeus, who had told his deputy “I am very lucky” to run the C.I.A., Mr. Morell writes that “the organization did not feel the same way about him.” The former general “created the impression through the tone of his voice and his body language that he did not want people to disagree with him (which was not true in my own interaction with him),” he says.

But it is his account of the Benghazi attacks — and how the C.I.A. was drawn into the debate over whether the Obama White House deliberately distorted its account of the death of Ambassador J. Christopher Stevens — that is bound to attract attention, at least partly because of its relevance to the coming presidential election. The initial assessments that the C.I.A. gave to the White House said demonstrations had preceded the attack. By the time analysts reversed their opinion, Susan E. Rice, now the national security adviser, had made a series of statements on Sunday talk shows describing the initial assessment. The controversy and other comments Ms. Rice made derailed Mr. Obama’s plan to appoint her as secretary of state.

The experience prompted Mr. Morell to write that the C.I.A. should stay out of the business of preparing talking points — especially on issues that are being seized upon for “political purposes.” He is critical of the State Department for not beefing up security in Libya for its diplomats, as the C.I.A., he said, did for its employees.

But he concludes that the assault in which the ambassador was killed took place “with little or no advance planning” and “was not well organized.” He says the attackers “did not appear to be looking for Americans to harm. They appeared intent on looting and conducting some vandalism,” setting fires that killed Mr. Stevens and a security official, Sean Smith.

Mr. Morell paints a picture of an agency that was struggling, largely unsuccessfully, to understand dynamics in the Middle East and North Africa when the Arab Spring broke out in late 2011 in Tunisia. The agency’s analysts failed to see the forces of revolution coming — and then failed again, he writes, when they told Mr. Obama that the uprisings would undercut Al Qaeda by showing there was a democratic pathway to change.

“There is no good explanation for our not being able to see the pressures growing to dangerous levels across the region,” he writes. The agency had again relied too heavily “on a handful of strong leaders in the countries of concern to help us understand what was going on in the Arab street,” he says, and those leaders themselves were clueless.

Moreover, an agency that has always overvalued secretly gathered intelligence and undervalued “open source” material “was not doing enough to mine the wealth of information available through social media,” he writes. “We thought and told policy makers that this outburst of popular revolt would damage Al Qaeda by undermining the group’s narrative,” he writes.

Instead, weak governments in Egypt, and the absence of governance from Libya to Yemen, were “a boon to Islamic extremists across both the Middle East and North Africa.”

Mr. Morell is gentle about most of the politicians he dealt with — he expresses admiration for both Mr. Bush and Mr. Obama, though he accuses former Vice President Dick Cheney of deliberately implying a connection between Al Qaeda and Iraq that the C.I.A. had concluded probably did not exist. But when it comes to the events leading up to the Bush administration’s decision to go to war in Iraq, he is critical of his own agency.

Mr. Morell concludes that the Bush White House did not have to twist intelligence on Saddam Hussein’s alleged effort to rekindle the country’s work on weapons of mass destruction.

“The view that hard-liners in the Bush administration forced the intelligence community into its position on W.M.D. is just flat wrong,” he writes. “No one pushed. The analysts were already there and they had been there for years, long before Bush came to office.”

Ex-C.I.A. Official Rebuts Republican Claims on Benghazi Attack in ‘The Great War of Our Time’

Ms. Rendell was a prolific writer of intricately plotted mystery novels that combined psychological insight, social conscience and teeth-chattering terror.

Ruth Rendell, Novelist Who Thrilled and Educated, Dies at 85

A 214-pound Queens housewife struggled with a lifelong addiction to food until she shed 72 pounds and became the public face of the worldwide weight-control empire Weight Watchers.

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A lapsed seminarian, Mr. Chambers succeeded Saul Alinsky as leader of the social justice umbrella group Industrial Areas Foundation.

Edward Chambers, Early Leader in Community Organizing, Dies at 85

BALTIMORE — In the afternoons, the streets of Locust Point are clean and nearly silent. In front of the rowhouses, potted plants rest next to steps of brick or concrete. There is a shopping center nearby with restaurants, and a grocery store filled with fresh foods.

And the National Guard and the police are largely absent. So, too, residents say, are worries about what happened a few miles away on April 27 when, in a space of hours, parts of this city became riot zones.

“They’re not our reality,” Ashley Fowler, 30, said on Monday at the restaurant where she works. “They’re not what we’re living right now. We live in, not to be racist, white America.”

As Baltimore considers its way forward after the violent unrest brought by the death of Freddie Gray, a 25-year-old black man who died of injuries he suffered while in police custody, residents in its predominantly white neighborhoods acknowledge that they are sometimes struggling to understand what beyond Mr. Gray’s death spurred the turmoil here. For many, the poverty and troubled schools of gritty West Baltimore are distant troubles, glimpsed only when they pass through the area on their way somewhere else.

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Officers blocked traffic at Pennsylvania and West North Avenues after reports that a gun was discharged in the area. Credit Drew Angerer for The New York Times

And so neighborhoods of Baltimore are facing altogether different reckonings after Mr. Gray’s death. In mostly black communities like Sandtown-Winchester, where some of the most destructive rioting played out last week, residents are hoping businesses will reopen and that the police will change their strategies. But in mostly white areas like Canton and Locust Point, some residents wonder what role, if any, they should play in reimagining stretches of Baltimore where they do not live.

“Most of the people are kind of at a loss as to what they’re supposed to do,” said Dr. Richard Lamb, a dentist who has practiced in the same Locust Point office for nearly 39 years. “I listen to the news reports. I listen to the clergymen. I listen to the facts of the rampant unemployment and the lack of opportunities in the area. Listen, I pay my taxes. Exactly what can I do?”

And in Canton, where the restaurants have clever names like Nacho Mama’s and Holy Crepe Bakery and Café, Sara Bahr said solutions seemed out of reach for a proudly liberal city.

“I can only imagine how frustrated they must be,” said Ms. Bahr, 36, a nurse who was out with her 3-year-old daughter, Sally. “I just wish I knew how to solve poverty. I don’t know what to do to make it better.”

The day of unrest and the overwhelmingly peaceful demonstrations that followed led to hundreds of arrests, often for violations of the curfew imposed on the city for five consecutive nights while National Guard soldiers patrolled the streets. Although there were isolated instances of trouble in Canton, the neighborhood association said on its website, many parts of southeast Baltimore were physically untouched by the tumult.

Tensions in the city bubbled anew on Monday after reports that the police had wounded a black man in Northwest Baltimore. The authorities denied those reports and sent officers to talk with the crowds that gathered while other officers clutching shields blocked traffic at Pennsylvania and West North Avenues.

Lt. Col. Melvin Russell, a community police officer, said officers had stopped a man suspected of carrying a handgun and that “one of those rounds was spent.”

Colonel Russell said officers had not opened fire, “so we couldn’t have shot him.”

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Lambi Vasilakopoulos, right, who runs a casual restaurant in Canton, said he was incensed by last week's looting and predicted tensions would worsen. Credit Drew Angerer for The New York Times

The colonel said the man had not been injured but was taken to a hospital as a precaution. Nearby, many people stood in disbelief, despite the efforts by the authorities to quash reports they described as “unfounded.”

Monday’s episode was a brief moment in a larger drama that has yielded anger and confusion. Although many people said they were familiar with accounts of the police harassing or intimidating residents, many in Canton and Locust Point said they had never experienced it themselves. When they watched the unrest, which many protesters said was fueled by feelings that they lived only on Baltimore’s margins, even those like Ms. Bahr who were pained by what they saw said they could scarcely comprehend the emotions associated with it.

But others, like Lambi Vasilakopoulos, who runs a casual restaurant in Canton, said they were incensed by what unfolded last week.

“What happened wasn’t called for. Protests are one thing; looting is another thing,” he said, adding, “We’re very frustrated because we’re the ones who are going to pay for this.”

There were pockets of optimism, though, that Baltimore would enter a period of reconciliation.

“I’m just hoping for peace,” Natalie Boies, 53, said in front of the Locust Point home where she has lived for 50 years. “Learn to love each other; be patient with each other; find justice; and care.”

A skeptical Mr. Vasilakopoulos predicted tensions would worsen.

“It cannot be fixed,” he said. “It’s going to get worse. Why? Because people don’t obey the laws. They don’t want to obey them.”

But there were few fears that the violence that plagued West Baltimore last week would play out on these relaxed streets. The authorities, Ms. Fowler said, would make sure of that.

“They kept us safe here,” she said. “I didn’t feel uncomfortable when I was in my house three blocks away from here. I knew I was going to be O.K. because I knew they weren’t going to let anyone come and loot our properties or our businesses or burn our cars.”

Baltimore Residents Away From Turmoil Consider Their Role
Joseph Lechleider

Mr. Lechleider helped invent DSL technology, which enabled phone companies to offer high-speed web access over their infrastructure of copper wires.

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BEIJING (AP) — The head of Taiwan's Nationalists reaffirmed the party's support for eventual unification with the mainland when he met Monday with Chinese President Xi Jinping as part of continuing rapprochement between the former bitter enemies.

Nationalist Party Chairman Eric Chu, a likely presidential candidate next year, also affirmed Taiwan's desire to join the proposed Chinese-led Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank during the meeting in Beijing. China claims Taiwan as its own territory and doesn't want the island to join using a name that might imply it is an independent country.

Chu's comments during his meeting with Xi were carried live on Hong Kong-based broadcaster Phoenix Television.

The Nationalists were driven to Taiwan by Mao Zedong's Communists during the Chinese civil war in 1949, leading to decades of hostility between the sides. Chu, who took over as party leader in January, is the third Nationalist chairman to visit the mainland and the first since 2009.

Relations between the communist-ruled mainland and the self-governing democratic island of Taiwan began to warm in the 1990s, partly out of their common opposition to Taiwan's formal independence from China, a position advocated by the island's Democratic Progressive Party.

Despite increasingly close economic ties, the prospect of political unification has grown increasingly unpopular on Taiwan, especially with younger voters. Opposition to the Nationalists' pro-China policies was seen as a driver behind heavy local electoral defeats for the party last year that led to Taiwanese President Ma Ying-jeou resigning as party chairman.

Taiwan party leader affirms eventual reunion with China

WASHINGTON — During a training course on defending against knife attacks, a young Salt Lake City police officer asked a question: “How close can somebody get to me before I’m justified in using deadly force?”

Dennis Tueller, the instructor in that class more than three decades ago, decided to find out. In the fall of 1982, he performed a rudimentary series of tests and concluded that an armed attacker who bolted toward an officer could clear 21 feet in the time it took most officers to draw, aim and fire their weapon.

The next spring, Mr. Tueller published his findings in SWAT magazine and transformed police training in the United States. The “21-foot rule” became dogma. It has been taught in police academies around the country, accepted by courts and cited by officers to justify countless shootings, including recent episodes involving a homeless woodcarver in Seattle and a schizophrenic woman in San Francisco.

Now, amid the largest national debate over policing since the 1991 beating of Rodney King in Los Angeles, a small but vocal set of law enforcement officials are calling for a rethinking of the 21-foot rule and other axioms that have emphasized how to use force, not how to avoid it. Several big-city police departments are already re-examining when officers should chase people or draw their guns and when they should back away, wait or try to defuse the situation

Police Rethink Long Tradition on Using Force

UNITED NATIONS — Wearing pinstripes and a pince-nez, Staffan de Mistura, the United Nations envoy for Syria, arrived at the Security Council one Tuesday afternoon in February and announced that President Bashar al-Assad had agreed to halt airstrikes over Aleppo. Would the rebels, Mr. de Mistura suggested, agree to halt their shelling?

What he did not announce, but everyone knew by then, was that the Assad government had begun a military offensive to encircle opposition-held enclaves in Aleppo and that fierce fighting was underway. It would take only a few days for rebel leaders, having pushed back Syrian government forces, to outright reject Mr. de Mistura’s proposed freeze in the fighting, dooming the latest diplomatic overture on Syria.

Diplomacy is often about appearing to be doing something until the time is ripe for a deal to be done.

 

 

Now, with Mr. Assad’s forces having suffered a string of losses on the battlefield and the United States reaching at least a partial rapprochement with Mr. Assad’s main backer, Iran, Mr. de Mistura is changing course. Starting Monday, he is set to hold a series of closed talks in Geneva with the warring sides and their main supporters. Iran will be among them.

In an interview at United Nations headquarters last week, Mr. de Mistura hinted that the changing circumstances, both military and diplomatic, may have prompted various backers of the war to question how much longer the bloodshed could go on.

“Will that have an impact in accelerating the willingness for a political solution? We need to test it,” he said. “The Geneva consultations may be a good umbrella for testing that. It’s an occasion for asking everyone, including the government, if there is any new way that they are looking at a political solution, as they too claim they want.”

He said he would have a better assessment at the end of June, when he expects to wrap up his consultations. That coincides with the deadline for a final agreement in the Iran nuclear talks.

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Whether a nuclear deal with Iran will pave the way for a new opening on peace talks in Syria remains to be seen. Increasingly, though, world leaders are explicitly linking the two, with the European Union’s top diplomat, Federica Mogherini, suggesting last week that a nuclear agreement could spur Tehran to play “a major but positive role in Syria.”

It could hardly come soon enough. Now in its fifth year, the Syrian war has claimed 220,000 lives, prompted an exodus of more than three million refugees and unleashed jihadist groups across the region. “This conflict is producing a question mark in many — where is it leading and whether this can be sustained,” Mr. de Mistura said.

Part Italian, part Swedish, Mr. de Mistura has worked with the United Nations for more than 40 years, but he is more widely known for his dapper style than for any diplomatic coups. Syria is by far the toughest assignment of his career — indeed, two of the organization’s most seasoned diplomats, Lakhdar Brahimi and Kofi Annan, tried to do the job and gave up — and critics have wondered aloud whether Mr. de Mistura is up to the task.

He served as a United Nations envoy in Afghanistan and Iraq, and before that in Lebanon, where a former minister recalled, with some scorn, that he spent many hours sunbathing at a private club in the hills above Beirut. Those who know him say he has a taste for fine suits and can sometimes speak too soon and too much, just as they point to his diplomatic missteps and hyperbole.

They cite, for instance, a news conference in October, when he raised the specter of Srebrenica, where thousands of Muslims were massacred in 1995 during the Balkans war, in warning that the Syrian border town of Kobani could fall to the Islamic State. In February, he was photographed at a party in Damascus, the Syrian capital, celebrating the anniversary of the Iranian revolution just as Syrian forces, aided by Iran, were pummeling rebel-held suburbs of Damascus; critics seized on that as evidence of his coziness with the government.

Mouin Rabbani, who served briefly as the head of Mr. de Mistura’s political affairs unit and has since emerged as one of his most outspoken critics, said Mr. de Mistura did not have the background necessary for the job. “This isn’t someone well known for his political vision or political imagination, and his closest confidants lack the requisite knowledge and experience,” Mr. Rabbani said.

As a deputy foreign minister in the Italian government, Mr. de Mistura was tasked in 2012 with freeing two Italian marines detained in India for shooting at Indian fishermen. He made 19 trips to India, to little effect. One marine was allowed to return to Italy for medical reasons; the other remains in India.

He said he initially turned down the Syria job when the United Nations secretary general approached him last August, only to change his mind the next day, after a sleepless, guilt-ridden night.

Mr. de Mistura compared his role in Syria to that of a doctor faced with a terminally ill patient. His goal in brokering a freeze in the fighting, he said, was to alleviate suffering. He settled on Aleppo as the location for its “fame,” he said, a decision that some questioned, considering that Aleppo was far trickier than the many other lesser-known towns where activists had negotiated temporary local cease-fires.

“Everybody, at least in Europe, are very familiar with the value of Aleppo,” Mr. de Mistura said. “So I was using that as an icebreaker.”

The cease-fire negotiations, to which he had devoted six months, fell apart quickly because of the government’s military offensive in Aleppo the very day of his announcement at the Security Council. Privately, United Nations diplomats said Mr. de Mistura had been manipulated. To this, Mr. de Mistura said only that he was “disappointed and concerned.”

Tarek Fares, a former rebel fighter, said after a recent visit to Aleppo that no Syrian would admit publicly to supporting Mr. de Mistura’s cease-fire proposal. “If anyone said they went to a de Mistura meeting in Gaziantep, they would be arrested,” is how he put it, referring to the Turkish city where negotiations between the two sides were held.

Secretary General Ban Ki-moon remains staunchly behind Mr. de Mistura’s efforts. His defenders point out that he is at the center of one of the world’s toughest diplomatic problems, charged with mediating a conflict in which two of the world’s most powerful nations — Russia, which supports Mr. Assad, and the United States, which has called for his ouster — remain deadlocked.

R. Nicholas Burns, a former State Department official who now teaches at Harvard, credited Mr. de Mistura for trying to negotiate a cease-fire even when the chances of success were exceedingly small — and the chances of a political deal even smaller. For his efforts to work, Professor Burns argued, the world powers will first have to come to an agreement of their own.

“He needs the help of outside powers,” he said. “It starts with backers of Assad. That’s Russia and Iran. De Mistura is there, waiting.”

With Iran Talks, a Tangled Path to Ending Syria’s War
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