PAKET UMROH BULAN FEBRUARI MARET APRIL MEI 2017

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Travel Umroh

Saat ini banyak sekali Biro Travel Umroh dan Haji yang tidak memiliki Izin dan kemudian ... Paket Umroh Murah 1499 USD By Citilink Berangkat Maret 2016. Travel Umroh

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Perkenalkan kami dari perusahaan rental dan sewa mobil jakarta terbaik dan paling murah, walaupun harga rental mobil kami murah. Namun, kami tetap lebih mengutamakan kualitas dari segi pelayanan ini. Jika anda ingin menyewa mobil paling terbaik dan biaya terjangkau anda juga bisa menghubungi kami. Dengan pelayanan kami yang Fast Respone kami akan membuat anda semakin puas akan p'layanan kami ini. Driver kami mengetahui perjalanan di seluk beluk Ibu Kota DKI Jakarta ini. Dengan pengalaman driver kami yang profesional mampu untuk memberikan solusi-solusi dalam perjalanan anda. Dengan pengalaman yang bertahun-tahun driver kami pasti mengetahui semua seluk beluk perjalanan di seluk beluk Ibu kota ini. Serta driver kami mampu memberikan solusi-solusi perjalanan di tempat wisata yang paling menarik. Kami juga menerima perjalanan Luar Kota seperti Jabodetabek, Jawa, Bali, Dan Lain-lain.

PELAYANAN KAMI

Dengan pelayanan kami yang profesional ini kami mampu untuk memberikan pelayanan jasa kami yang profesional ini. Kami mampu untuk memberikan pelayanan yang lebih kepada semua customer-customer kami. Kami juga memiliki berbagai jenis model atau armada yang terbaru dan kami selalu membersihkan kendaraan kami sebelum berangkat dan menjemput. Selain itu driver kami memakai pakai rapi dan sopan. Selalu berusaha memahami setiap konsumen kami. Kami selaku perusahaan sewa mobil jakarta paling murah dan termurah ini selalu memberikan arahan-arahan yang positive terhadap driver-driver kami dan selalu memperbaiki serta merubah pelayanan-pelayanan kami untuk menjadikan jasa kami menjadi yang lebih profesional lagi.

Kami menerima rental mobil harian bagi semua konsumen-konsumen kami yang memerlukan perjalanan hanya dalam harian saja. Paket rental mobil jakarta harian ini kami memberikan beban biaya yang sangat-sangat murah untuk semua calon penumpang-penumpang kami ini.

Kami juga telah menerima sewa mobil bulanan yang dimana menghubungkan jasa kami dengan pihak lembaga perusahaan-perusahaan. Sudah banyak pihak perusahaan yang join travel dengan kami. Dengan paket yang sudah di standarkan pastinya kami memberikan budget-budget yang murah bagi perusahaan atau perorangan yang ingin menyewa sewa mobil bulanan milik kami ini.

SEWA MOBIL JAKARTA PALING MURAH DI DKI JAKARTA

 

     Lokasi dan pengelolaan sampah yang kurang memadai (pembuangan sampah yang tidak terkontrol) merupakan tempat yang cocok bagi beberapa organisme dan menarik bagi berbagai binatang seperti lalat dan anjing yang dapat menjangkitkan penyakit. Potensi bahaya kesehatan yang dapat ditimbulkan adalah sebagai berikut:
1.      Penyakit diare, kolera, tifus menyebar dengan cepat karena virus yang berasal dari sampah dengan pengelolaan tidak tepat dapat bercampur air minum. Penyakit demam berdarah (haemorhagic fever) dapat juga meningkat dengan cepat di daerah yang pengelolaan sampahnya kurang memadai.
2.      Penyakit jamur dapat juga menyebar (misalnya jamur kulit).
3.      Penyakit yang dapat menyebar melalui rantai makanan. Salah satu contohnya adalah suatu penyakit yang dijangkitkan oleh cacing pita (taenia). Cacing ini sebelumnya masuk ke dalam pencernaaan binatang ternak melalui makanannya yang berupa sisa makanan/sampah.
4.      Sampah beracun:
Telah dilaporkan bahwa di Jepang kira-kira 40.000 orang meninggal akibat mengkonsumsi ikan yang telah terkontaminasi oleh raksa (Hg). Raksa ini berasal dari sampah yang dibuang ke laut oleh pabrik yang memproduksi baterai dan akumulator.
 
 Dampak terhadap Lingkungan
      Cairan rembesan sampah yang masuk ke dalam drainase atau sungai akan mencemari air. Berbagai organisme termasuk ikan dapat mati sehingga beberapa spesies akan lenyap, hal ini mengakibatkan berubahnya ekosistem perairan biologis. Penguraian sampah yang dibuang ke dalam air akan menghasilkan asam organik dan gas-cair organik, seperti metana. Selain berbau kurang sedap, gas ini dalam konsentrasi tinggi dapat meledak.

source : http://hizbussalam.blogspot.com
DAMPAK SAMPAH BAGI KESEHATAN

adalah suatu perusahaan yang bergerak di bidang Teknologi Informasi, khususnya Jasa Pembuatan website, Jasa SEO, Aplikasi dan Multimedia. Kami adalah perusahaan jasa yang siap melayani permintaan pembuatan website, Sistem Informasi Manajemen / aplikasi, dan Multimedia.

Moro Sakato didirikan berdasarkan ide kreatif dari sekelompok generasi muda dengan latar belakang dan pengalaman kerja di bidang IT khususnya jasa pembuatan website dan Pengembangan aplikasi.

Moro Sakato didirikan di Bekasi, sebelumnya bernama Moro Kreatif, memiliki pengalaman selama kurang lebih 6 tahun, Moro  Sakato tumbuh menjadi sebuah perusahaan jasa pembuatan website dan aplikasi yang menyediakan jasa yang berkualitas.

JASA PEMBUATAN WEBSITE DI BEKASI

 UMRAH
.
1. Mengisi Formulir Pendaftaran
2. Paspor asli minimal 7 bulan sisa masa berlaku.
3. Nama di paspor 3 (tiga) kata, contoh: Abdullah Saleh Zuhri.
4. Pas foto
a. Ukuran (4×6) enam lembar,
b. Ukuran (3×4) enam lembar.
c. Background foto berwarna putih.
d. Tidak memakai kacamata.
e. Baju tidak berwarna putih.
f.  Muka 80% dari seluruh foto (Zoom 80%).
g.  Wanita harus berjilbab.

5. Suami-Istri menyertakan Buku Nikah asli.
6. Bagi anak-anak menyertakan KK orang tua dan Akte anak.
7. Bagi wanita berusia 45 th ke atas menyertakan FC. KTP.
8. Bagi wanita di bawah usia 45 th menyertakan copy Akte/Ijasah terakhir.
9. Membayar uang pendaftaran / DP sebesar 50 % dari harga paket.

FASILITAS
.
1. Tiket pesawat Jakarta-Jeddah-Jakarta
2. Hotel Madinah & Makkah
3. Makan 3x sehari menu Indonesia
4. Ziarah Makkah-Madinah-Jeddah
5. Transportasi bus full AC
6. Zam-zam 10 liter
7. Guide / muthowif berpengalaman

BIAYA BELUM TERMASUK
.
1. Airport Tax dan Perlengkapan (Rp. 900.000)
2. Kelebihan bagasi
3. Kebutuhan pribadi; laundry, telpon dll.
4.  Suntik Meningitis / Kartu Kuning

PERLENGKAPAN

1. Kopor, Tas Paspor, Tas Sandal, Payung, Kain Ihrom dan Kain Seragam (pria).
2. Kopor, Tas Paspor, Tas Sandal, Payung, Gamis dan Kerudung (wanita).
3. Buku Manasik
4. Buku Panduan Perjalanan

PEMBATALAN

1. Pembatalan satu minggu setelah pendaftaran dikenakan biaya pembatalan 15% dari harga paket.
2. Pembatalan 2 minggu dari hari keberang katan dikenakan biaya sebesar 60 % dari harga paket.
3. Pembatalan satu minggu dari keberangkatan dikenakan biaya sebesar 85 % dari harga paket.

*Program, jadwal, hotel dan harga dapat berubah sewaktu-waktu menyesuaikan situasi dan kondisi serta fluktuasi dollar.

Sumber : http://www.azzahratour-travel.com

Baca Artikel Lainnya : MENYEGERAKAN IBADAH HAJI

AZZAHRA TOUR TRAVEL

saco-indonesia,com, Cara untuk mengobati penyakit tipes dapat anda lakukan secara alami dan tentunya dengan menggunakan bahan alami yang dapat dengan mudah anda peroleh. Penyakit tipes sendiri juga merupakan penyakit peradangan pada usus yang diakibatkan karena telah terjadinya infeksi oleh bakteri Salmonella typhosa ataupun Salmonella paratyphosa.

Jenis bakteri yang telah menjadi penyebab munculnya penyakit tipes ini biasa anda temukan dalam makanan yang tidak terjaga kebersihannya. Bakteri tersebut masuk ke dalam tubuh manusia bersama makanan masuk ke lambung hingga ke usus halus. Nah, pada tempat inilah bakteri berkembang biak dan juga lepas menelusuri darah hingga dapat menyebabkan demam yang cukup tinggi. Nah, lantas bagaimanan sebenarnya cara mengobati penyakit tipes?

Sebelum membahas lebih lanjut mengenai cara mengobati penyakit tipes, perlu anda ketahui bahwa penyakit tipes pada dasarnya telah memberikan tanda-tanda khusus yang dapat memberikan gembaran untuk anda. Berikut mengenai gejala-gejala yang biasa dialami oleh penderita penyakit tipes, diantaranya yaitu:

-   Gejala yang paling umum terjadi pada penderita tipes adalah penderita mengalami demam yang cukup tinggi dan semakin lama semakin meningkat. Gejala ini biasanya terjadi pada minggu kedua dan ketiga selama 7 sampai 10 hari dan demam baru akan turun secara bertahap pada minggu keempat.

-  Ketika sedang demam, penderita akan mengigau dan daya ingatnya pun akan turun.

-  Otot terasa nyeri.

- Mual, muntah dan juga perut terasa sakit.

-  Timbul beberapa bercak merah pada perut ataupun dada seperti halnya pada penyakit demam berdarah.

Apabila anda atau rekan anda telah mengalami beberapa gejala tersebut, dapat diduga terkena penyakit tipes. Oleh karena itu, berikut cara mengobati penyakit tipes yang dapat segera anda lakukan sebelum penyakit tipes semakin parah.
Cara mengobati penyakit tipes secara alami

    Cacing tanah
    Mungkin akan terdengar menjijikkan jika anda mendengar kata cacing tanah, terlebih jika anda gunakan untuk pengobatan. Namun, banyak orang yang telah membuktikan bahwa cacing tanah memang juga sangat efektif dalam mengatasi penyakit tipes. Cara mengobati penyakit tipes dengan cacing tanah juga dapat anda lakukan dengan mengolah cacing tanah tersebut sendiri atau membeli di pasaran. Untuk pengolahan sendiri, anda juga dapat merebus cacing tanah yang telah dibuang isi perutnya hingga mendidih dan kemudian anda minum ketika masih hangat. Sedangkan jika anda merasa sangat jijik dengan cara ini, anda dapat membeli kapsul cacing tanah yang saat ini sudah dapat dengan mudah anda dapatkan.
    Teripang
    Berbagai jenis teripang saat ini juga memang sudah dimanfaatkan sebagai obat alternative untuk penyakit tipes. Dalam teripang juga mengandung senyawa yang berfungsi sebagai antibakteri yang mampu untuk menghambat dan membunuh pertumbuhan bakteri penyebab penyakit tipes. Selain itu, teripang juga mampu membantu anda untuk dapat mengatasi penyakit maag kronis.

Itulah bahan yang dapat anda gunakan dalam cara mengobati penyakit tipes. Semoga dapat memberikan manfaat untuk anda.


Editor : Dian Sukmawati
Sumber : www.makponoo.com

MENGOBATI TIFUS SECARA ALAMI

Mr. Bartoszewski was given honorary Israeli citizenship for his work to save Jews during World War II and later surprised even himself by being instrumental in reconciling Poland and Germany.

Wladyslaw Bartoszewski, 93, Dies; Polish Auschwitz Survivor Aided Jews

At the National Institutes of Health, Dr. Suzman’s signature accomplishment was the central role he played in creating a global network of surveys on aging.

Richard Suzman, 72, Dies; Researcher Influenced Global Surveys on Aging

Though Robin and Joan Rolfs owned two rare talking dolls manufactured by Thomas Edison’s phonograph company in 1890, they did not dare play the wax cylinder records tucked inside each one.

The Rolfses, longtime collectors of Edison phonographs, knew that if they turned the cranks on the dolls’ backs, the steel phonograph needle might damage or destroy the grooves of the hollow, ring-shaped cylinder. And so for years, the dolls sat side by side inside a display cabinet, bearers of a message from the dawn of sound recording that nobody could hear.

In 1890, Edison’s dolls were a flop; production lasted only six weeks. Children found them difficult to operate and more scary than cuddly. The recordings inside, which featured snippets of nursery rhymes, wore out quickly.

Yet sound historians say the cylinders were the first entertainment records ever made, and the young girls hired to recite the rhymes were the world’s first recording artists.

Year after year, the Rolfses asked experts if there might be a safe way to play the recordings. Then a government laboratory developed a method to play fragile records without touching them.

Audio

The technique relies on a microscope to create images of the grooves in exquisite detail. A computer approximates — with great accuracy — the sounds that would have been created by a needle moving through those grooves.

In 2014, the technology was made available for the first time outside the laboratory.

“The fear all along is that we don’t want to damage these records. We don’t want to put a stylus on them,” said Jerry Fabris, the curator of the Thomas Edison Historical Park in West Orange, N.J. “Now we have the technology to play them safely.”

Last month, the Historical Park posted online three never-before-heard Edison doll recordings, including the two from the Rolfses’ collection. “There are probably more out there, and we’re hoping people will now get them digitized,” Mr. Fabris said.

The technology, which is known as Irene (Image, Reconstruct, Erase Noise, Etc.), was developed by the particle physicist Carl Haber and the engineer Earl Cornell at Lawrence Berkeley. Irene extracts sound from cylinder and disk records. It can also reconstruct audio from recordings so badly damaged they were deemed unplayable.

“We are now hearing sounds from history that I did not expect to hear in my lifetime,” Mr. Fabris said.

The Rolfses said they were not sure what to expect in August when they carefully packed their two Edison doll cylinders, still attached to their motors, and drove from their home in Hortonville, Wis., to the National Document Conservation Center in Andover, Mass. The center had recently acquired Irene technology.

Audio

Cylinders carry sound in a spiral groove cut by a phonograph recording needle that vibrates up and down, creating a surface made of tiny hills and valleys. In the Irene set-up, a microscope perched above the shaft takes thousands of high-resolution images of small sections of the grooves.

Stitched together, the images provide a topographic map of the cylinder’s surface, charting changes in depth as small as one five-hundredth the thickness of a human hair. Pitch, volume and timbre are all encoded in the hills and valleys and the speed at which the record is played.

At the conservation center, the preservation specialist Mason Vander Lugt attached one of the cylinders to the end of a rotating shaft. Huddled around a computer screen, the Rolfses first saw the wiggly waveform generated by Irene. Then came the digital audio. The words were at first indistinct, but as Mr. Lugt filtered out more of the noise, the rhyme became clearer.

“That was the Eureka moment,” Mr. Rolfs said.

In 1890, a girl in Edison’s laboratory had recited:

There was a little girl,

And she had a little curl

Audio

Right in the middle of her forehead.

When she was good,

She was very, very good.

But when she was bad, she was horrid.

Recently, the conservation center turned up another surprise.

In 2010, the Woody Guthrie Foundation received 18 oversize phonograph disks from an anonymous donor. No one knew if any of the dirt-stained recordings featured Guthrie, but Tiffany Colannino, then the foundation’s archivist, had stored them unplayed until she heard about Irene.

Last fall, the center extracted audio from one of the records, labeled “Jam Session 9” and emailed the digital file to Ms. Colannino.

“I was just sitting in my dining room, and the next thing I know, I’m hearing Woody,” she said. In between solo performances of “Ladies Auxiliary,” “Jesus Christ,” and “Dead or Alive,” Guthrie tells jokes, offers some back story, and makes the audience laugh. “It is quintessential Guthrie,” Ms. Colannino said.

The Rolfses’ dolls are back in the display cabinet in Wisconsin. But with audio stored on several computers, they now have a permanent voice.

Ghostly Voices From Thomas Edison’s Dolls Can Now Be Heard

A former member of the Boston Symphony Orchestra, Mr. Smedvig helped found the wide-ranging Empire Brass quintet.

Rolf Smedvig, Trumpeter in the Empire Brass, Dies at 62

A lapsed seminarian, Mr. Chambers succeeded Saul Alinsky as leader of the social justice umbrella group Industrial Areas Foundation.

Edward Chambers, Early Leader in Community Organizing, Dies at 85

A 214-pound Queens housewife struggled with a lifelong addiction to food until she shed 72 pounds and became the public face of the worldwide weight-control empire Weight Watchers.

Jean Nidetch, 91, Dies; Pounds Came Off, and Weight Watchers Was Born

Under Mr. Michelin’s leadership, which ended when he left the company in 2002, the Michelin Group became the world’s biggest tire maker, establishing a big presence in the United States and other major markets overseas.

François Michelin, Head of Tire Company, Dies at 88

The 2015 Met Gala has only officially begun, but there's a clear leader in the race for best couple, no small feat at an event that threatens to sap Hollywood of every celebrity it has for the duration of an East Coast evening.

That would be Marc Jacobs and his surprise guest (who, by some miracle, remained under wraps until their red carpet debut), Cher.

“This has been a dream of mine for a very, very long time,” Mr. Jacobs said.

It is Cher's first appearance at the Met Gala since 1997, when she arrived on the arm of Donatella Versace.

– MATTHEW SCHNEIER

Cher and Marc Jacobs

Ms. Pryor, who served more than two decades in the State Department, was the author of well-regarded biographies of the founder of the American Red Cross and the Confederate commander.

Elizabeth Brown Pryor, Biographer of Clara Barton and Robert E. Lee, Dies at 64

The bottle Mr. Sokolin famously broke was a 1787 Château Margaux, which was said to have belonged to Thomas Jefferson. Mr. Sokolin had been hoping to sell it for $519,750.

William Sokolin, Wine Seller Who Broke Famed Bottle, Dies at 85

Ms. von Furstenberg made her debut in the movies and on the Broadway stage in the early 1950s as a teenager and later reinvented herself as a television actress, writer and philanthropist.

Betsy von Furstenberg, Baroness and Versatile Actress, Dies at 83

Judge Patterson helped to protect the rights of Attica inmates after the prison riot in 1971 and later served on the Federal District Court in Manhattan.

Robert Patterson Jr., Lawyer and Judge Who Fought for the Accused, Dies at 91

With 12 tournament victories in his career, Mr. Peete was the most successful black professional golfer before Tiger Woods.

Calvin Peete, 71, a Racial Pioneer on the PGA Tour, Is Dead

Late in April, after Native American actors walked off in disgust from the set of Adam Sandler’s latest film, a western sendup that its distributor, Netflix, has defended as being equally offensive to all, a glow of pride spread through several Native American communities.

Tantoo Cardinal, a Canadian indigenous actress who played Black Shawl in “Dances With Wolves,” recalled thinking to herself, “It’s come.” Larry Sellers, who starred as Cloud Dancing in the 1990s television show “Dr. Quinn, Medicine Woman,” thought, “It’s about time.” Jesse Wente, who is Ojibwe and directs film programming at the TIFF Bell Lightbox in Toronto, found himself encouraged and surprised. There are so few film roles for indigenous actors, he said, that walking off the set of a major production showed real mettle.

But what didn’t surprise Mr. Wente was the content of the script. According to the actors who walked off the set, the film, titled “The Ridiculous Six,” included a Native American woman who passes out and is revived after white men douse her with alcohol, and another woman squatting to urinate while lighting a peace pipe. “There’s enough history at this point to have set some expectations around these sort of Hollywood depictions,” Mr. Wente said.

The walkout prompted a rhetorical “What do you expect from an Adam Sandler film?,” and a Netflix spokesman said that in the movie, blacks, Mexicans and whites were lampooned as well. But Native American actors and critics said a broader issue was at stake. While mainstream portrayals of native peoples have, Mr. Wente said, become “incrementally better” over the decades, he and others say, they remain far from accurate and reflect a lack of opportunities for Native American performers. What’s more, as Native Americans hunger for representation on screen, critics say the absence of three-dimensional portrayals has very real off-screen consequences.

“Our people are still healing from historical trauma,” said Loren Anthony, one of the actors who walked out. “Our youth are still trying to figure out who they are, where they fit in this society. Kids are killing themselves. They’re not proud of who they are.” They also don’t, he added, see themselves on prime time television or the big screen. Netflix noted while about five people walked off the “The Ridiculous Six” set, 100 or so Native American actors and extras stayed.

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But in interviews, nearly a dozen Native American actors and film industry experts said that Mr. Sandler’s humor perpetuated decades-old negative stereotypes. Mr. Anthony said such depictions helped feed the despondency many Native Americans feel, with deadly results: Native Americans have the highest suicide rate out of all the country’s ethnicities.

The on-screen problem is twofold, Mr. Anthony and others said: There’s a paucity of roles for Native Americans — according to the Screen Actors Guild in 2008 they accounted for 0.3 percent of all on-screen parts (those figures have yet to be updated), compared to about 2 percent of the general population — and Native American actors are often perceived in a narrow way.

In his Peabody Award-winning documentary “Reel Injun,” the Cree filmmaker Neil Diamond explored Hollywood depictions of Native Americans over the years, and found they fell into a few stereotypical categories: the Noble Savage, the Drunk Indian, the Mystic, the Indian Princess, the backward tribal people futilely fighting John Wayne and manifest destiny. While the 1990 film “Dances With Wolves” won praise for depicting Native Americans as fully fleshed out human beings, not all indigenous people embraced it. It was still told, critics said, from the colonialists’ point of view. In an interview, John Trudell, a Santee Sioux writer, actor (“Thunderheart”) and the former chairman of the American Indian Movement, described the film as “a story of two white people.”

“God bless ‘Dances with Wolves,’ ” Michael Horse, who played Deputy Hawk in “Twin Peaks,” said sarcastically. “Even ‘Avatar.’ Someone’s got to come save the tribal people.”

Dan Spilo, a partner at Industry Entertainment who represents Adam Beach, one of today’s most prominent Native American actors, said while typecasting dogs many minorities, it is especially intractable when it comes to Native Americans. Casting directors, he said, rarely cast them as police officers, doctors or lawyers. “There’s the belief that the Native American character should be on reservations or riding a horse,” he said.

“We don’t see ourselves,” Mr. Horse said. “We’re still an antiquated culture to them, and to the rest of the world.”

Ms. Cardinal said she was once turned down for the role of the wife of a child-abusing cop because the filmmakers felt that casting her would somehow be “too political.”

Another sore point is the long run of white actors playing American Indians, among them Burt Lancaster, Rock Hudson, Audrey Hepburn and, more recently, Johnny Depp, whose depiction of Tonto in the 2013 film “Lone Ranger,” was viewed as racist by detractors. There are, of course, exceptions. The former A&E series “Longmire,” which, as it happens, will now be on Netflix, was roundly praised for its depiction of life on a Northern Cheyenne reservation, with Lou Diamond Phillips, who is of Cherokee descent, playing a Northern Cheyenne man.

Others also point to the success of Mr. Beach, who played a Mohawk detective in “Law & Order: Special Victims Unit” and landed a starring role in the forthcoming D C Comics picture “Suicide Squad.” Mr. Beach said he had come across insulting scripts backed by people who don’t see anything wrong with them.

“I’d rather starve than do something that is offensive to my ancestral roots,” Mr. Beach said. “But I think there will always be attempts to drawn on the weakness of native people’s struggles. The savage Indian will always be the savage Indian. The white man will always be smarter and more cunning. The cavalry will always win.”

The solution, Mr. Wente, Mr. Trudell and others said, lies in getting more stories written by and starring Native Americans. But Mr. Wente noted that while independent indigenous film has blossomed in the last two decades, mainstream depictions have yet to catch up. “You have to stop expecting for Hollywood to correct it, because there seems to be no ability or desire to correct it,” Mr. Wente said.

There have been calls to boycott Netflix but, writing for Indian Country Today Media Network, which first broke news of the walk off, the filmmaker Brian Young noted that the distributor also offered a number of films by or about Native Americans.

The furor around “The Ridiculous Six” may drive more people to see it. Then one of the questions that Mr. Trudell, echoing others, had about the film will be answered: “Who the hell laughs at this stuff?”

Native American Actors Work to Overcome a Long-Documented Bias

UNITED NATIONS — Wearing pinstripes and a pince-nez, Staffan de Mistura, the United Nations envoy for Syria, arrived at the Security Council one Tuesday afternoon in February and announced that President Bashar al-Assad had agreed to halt airstrikes over Aleppo. Would the rebels, Mr. de Mistura suggested, agree to halt their shelling?

What he did not announce, but everyone knew by then, was that the Assad government had begun a military offensive to encircle opposition-held enclaves in Aleppo and that fierce fighting was underway. It would take only a few days for rebel leaders, having pushed back Syrian government forces, to outright reject Mr. de Mistura’s proposed freeze in the fighting, dooming the latest diplomatic overture on Syria.

Diplomacy is often about appearing to be doing something until the time is ripe for a deal to be done.

 

 

Now, with Mr. Assad’s forces having suffered a string of losses on the battlefield and the United States reaching at least a partial rapprochement with Mr. Assad’s main backer, Iran, Mr. de Mistura is changing course. Starting Monday, he is set to hold a series of closed talks in Geneva with the warring sides and their main supporters. Iran will be among them.

In an interview at United Nations headquarters last week, Mr. de Mistura hinted that the changing circumstances, both military and diplomatic, may have prompted various backers of the war to question how much longer the bloodshed could go on.

“Will that have an impact in accelerating the willingness for a political solution? We need to test it,” he said. “The Geneva consultations may be a good umbrella for testing that. It’s an occasion for asking everyone, including the government, if there is any new way that they are looking at a political solution, as they too claim they want.”

He said he would have a better assessment at the end of June, when he expects to wrap up his consultations. That coincides with the deadline for a final agreement in the Iran nuclear talks.

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Whether a nuclear deal with Iran will pave the way for a new opening on peace talks in Syria remains to be seen. Increasingly, though, world leaders are explicitly linking the two, with the European Union’s top diplomat, Federica Mogherini, suggesting last week that a nuclear agreement could spur Tehran to play “a major but positive role in Syria.”

It could hardly come soon enough. Now in its fifth year, the Syrian war has claimed 220,000 lives, prompted an exodus of more than three million refugees and unleashed jihadist groups across the region. “This conflict is producing a question mark in many — where is it leading and whether this can be sustained,” Mr. de Mistura said.

Part Italian, part Swedish, Mr. de Mistura has worked with the United Nations for more than 40 years, but he is more widely known for his dapper style than for any diplomatic coups. Syria is by far the toughest assignment of his career — indeed, two of the organization’s most seasoned diplomats, Lakhdar Brahimi and Kofi Annan, tried to do the job and gave up — and critics have wondered aloud whether Mr. de Mistura is up to the task.

He served as a United Nations envoy in Afghanistan and Iraq, and before that in Lebanon, where a former minister recalled, with some scorn, that he spent many hours sunbathing at a private club in the hills above Beirut. Those who know him say he has a taste for fine suits and can sometimes speak too soon and too much, just as they point to his diplomatic missteps and hyperbole.

They cite, for instance, a news conference in October, when he raised the specter of Srebrenica, where thousands of Muslims were massacred in 1995 during the Balkans war, in warning that the Syrian border town of Kobani could fall to the Islamic State. In February, he was photographed at a party in Damascus, the Syrian capital, celebrating the anniversary of the Iranian revolution just as Syrian forces, aided by Iran, were pummeling rebel-held suburbs of Damascus; critics seized on that as evidence of his coziness with the government.

Mouin Rabbani, who served briefly as the head of Mr. de Mistura’s political affairs unit and has since emerged as one of his most outspoken critics, said Mr. de Mistura did not have the background necessary for the job. “This isn’t someone well known for his political vision or political imagination, and his closest confidants lack the requisite knowledge and experience,” Mr. Rabbani said.

As a deputy foreign minister in the Italian government, Mr. de Mistura was tasked in 2012 with freeing two Italian marines detained in India for shooting at Indian fishermen. He made 19 trips to India, to little effect. One marine was allowed to return to Italy for medical reasons; the other remains in India.

He said he initially turned down the Syria job when the United Nations secretary general approached him last August, only to change his mind the next day, after a sleepless, guilt-ridden night.

Mr. de Mistura compared his role in Syria to that of a doctor faced with a terminally ill patient. His goal in brokering a freeze in the fighting, he said, was to alleviate suffering. He settled on Aleppo as the location for its “fame,” he said, a decision that some questioned, considering that Aleppo was far trickier than the many other lesser-known towns where activists had negotiated temporary local cease-fires.

“Everybody, at least in Europe, are very familiar with the value of Aleppo,” Mr. de Mistura said. “So I was using that as an icebreaker.”

The cease-fire negotiations, to which he had devoted six months, fell apart quickly because of the government’s military offensive in Aleppo the very day of his announcement at the Security Council. Privately, United Nations diplomats said Mr. de Mistura had been manipulated. To this, Mr. de Mistura said only that he was “disappointed and concerned.”

Tarek Fares, a former rebel fighter, said after a recent visit to Aleppo that no Syrian would admit publicly to supporting Mr. de Mistura’s cease-fire proposal. “If anyone said they went to a de Mistura meeting in Gaziantep, they would be arrested,” is how he put it, referring to the Turkish city where negotiations between the two sides were held.

Secretary General Ban Ki-moon remains staunchly behind Mr. de Mistura’s efforts. His defenders point out that he is at the center of one of the world’s toughest diplomatic problems, charged with mediating a conflict in which two of the world’s most powerful nations — Russia, which supports Mr. Assad, and the United States, which has called for his ouster — remain deadlocked.

R. Nicholas Burns, a former State Department official who now teaches at Harvard, credited Mr. de Mistura for trying to negotiate a cease-fire even when the chances of success were exceedingly small — and the chances of a political deal even smaller. For his efforts to work, Professor Burns argued, the world powers will first have to come to an agreement of their own.

“He needs the help of outside powers,” he said. “It starts with backers of Assad. That’s Russia and Iran. De Mistura is there, waiting.”

With Iran Talks, a Tangled Path to Ending Syria’s War

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