PAKET UMROH BULAN FEBRUARI MARET APRIL MEI 2018





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saco-indonesia.com, Gelandang Arsenal, Santi Cazorla juga mengaku senang mereka bisa terus bergerak maju di bawah radar dalam persaingan untuk memburu gelar juara Premier League musim ini.

The Gunners juga masih harus memimpin klasemen hingga kompetisi telah memasuki lebih separuh jalan. Namun banyak pihak juga masih meragukan mereka dan memasang Manchester City serta Chelsea sebagai favorit juara - hal yang tak dirisaukan oleh Cazorla.

"Saat ini, kami telah menunjukkan jika kami selevel mereka. Mungkin di awal musim, tak seorang pun akan menempatkan kami sejajar City atau Chelsea, mungkin karena pembelian besar mereka. Tapi semua juga sudah terlihat jelas di lapangan - kini Arsenal di depan dan tujuan kami adalah terus bertarung dengan mereka.

Eks gelandang Malaga itu juga menambahkan, "Musim ini kami akan lebih konsisten, lebih solid, terutama saat kami dalam penampilan puncak. Musim lalu kadang kami sudah unggul namun kemenangan kemudian lepas, itu telah membuat gelar praktis mustahil dimenangkan - musim ini semuanya sudah berubah


Editor : Dian Sukmawati

ARSENAL TAK DIPERHITUNGKAN

Saco-Indonesia.com - Sosok Desi Priharyana jadi sorotan. Murid kelas 1 SMKN 2 Yogyakarta itu membawa sepeda ontelnya yang dipasangi gerobak berisi aneka makanan ringan yang akan dijual. Bersepeda sejauh 12 kilometer menjadi rutinitas paginya menuju sekolahnya yang terletak di Jalan AM Sangaji, Jetis, Yogyakarta.

Desi berjualan slondok, camilan tradisional Yogya yang terbuat dari singkong. Hal ini dilakukannya supaya bisa terus bersekolah.

Desi ingin menjadi seorang pengusaha yang sukses dibidang kuliner. Dia berniat untuk mengembangkan usahanya berjualan Slondok sehingga dia bisa mendapatkan keuntungan besar. Namun hal tersebut baru akan dilakukannya setelah dia menyelesaikan sekolahnya.

"Kalau sekarang waktunya belum ada, nanti kalau sudah lulus pengen saya kembangkan usaha ini," ujar Desi.

Meski demikian, Desi juga berharap, setelah lulus sekolah dia bisa melanjutkan ke perguruan tinggi negeri di Yogyakarta. Dia mengatakan, jika ada kesempatan untuk melanjutkan ke pendidikan lebih tinggi dia akan memilih UGM atau UNY sebagai tempatnya belajar.

"Kalau ada kesempatan pengen kuliah di UGM atau di UNY di fakultas Teknik, kalau nggak ya masih bisa buka usaha. Doakan bisa dapat beasiswa di sekolah, biar bisa nabung buat kuliah," harap Desi.

Laiknya anak muda yang sedang bergairah dalam urusan cinta, Desi pun tak mau kalah ketinggalan. Biarpun tidak sekeren anak-anak muda yang menggunakan sepeda motor dan dandanan modis, Desi tetap bisa memikat kekasih hatinya.

Dengan malu-malu Desi bercerita tentang kisah cintanya yang tergolong unik. Kala itu desi tengah mendekati seorang gadis yang merupakan atlet atletik. Saat Desi mengutarakan perasaannya dan meminta sang pujaan hati untuk menjadi pacaranya, Desi diberikan syarat.

"Dulu punya pacar, atlet atletik. Sebelum jadian dikasih syarat. Karena dia atlet dikasih syarat harus bisa kalahin dia lari, kalau bisa kalahin mau jadi pacar," kenang Desi.

Tanpa pikir panjang, Desi pun langsung menyanggupi syarat tersebut. Desi pun meminta waktu dua minggu untuk berlatih lari. Setelah dua minggu dilalui, dengan menggunakan sepedanya, Desi melaju dengan semangat dari Toino tempatnya tinggal menuju Kalasan yang jaraknya sekitar 20 kilo meter.

Sampai disana tanpa basa-basi Desi pun langsung mengajak adu lari. Beruntung, Desi memenangkan perlombaan itu sekaligus memenangkan hati pujaannya.

"Untungnya menang, jadi punya pacar," ungkapnya.

Meski demikian, Desi tidak mau disibukkan hanya untuk urusan pacaran. Desi beranggapan masa mudanya jauh lebih berarti jika digunakan untuk berkarya.

"Pacaran ya positif, tapi ada juga hal lain yang baik untuk menunjang masa depan," jelasnya.

Sumber : Merdeka.com

Editor : Maulana Lee

Kisah cinta dan cita-cita Desi, anak SMK penjual slondok

Manfaat buah anggur untuk diet : Banyak alternatif buah-buahan yang bisa anda jadikan sebagai alternatif untuk dapat menjadikan tubuh langsing dan menjaga berat badan tetap ideal. Salah satunya adalah buah anggur. Mengkonsumsi buah anggur secara rutin dan teratur terbukti bisa untuk membantu menurunkan berat badan dan menjaganya agar tetap ideal.

Manfaat buah anggur untuk turunkan badan dan tekan obesitas

Sebuah penelitian untuk dapat mengetahui manfaat buah anggur telah dilakukan oleh dua ilmuan dari Purdue Uneversity yaitu Kee-Hong Kim dan Jung Yeon Kwon. Mereka telah menemukan bahwa senyawa dalam minuman anggur merah, buah anggur dan beberapa jenis buah lainya yang mirip dengan struktur resveratrol. Senyawa ini telah mampu memblok proses seluler yang memungkinkan sel-sel lemak untuk berkembang.

Kedua ilmuan tersebut juga telah melaporkan bahwa dalam anggur terdapat senyawa piceatannol yang telah memiliki kemampuan untuk memblok sel lemak yang belum matang untuk tumbuh dan berkembang. Piceatannol ini juga baik untuk kesehatan tubuh karena dipercaya mampu untuk memerangi kanker, penyakit jantung dan penyakit neurodegeratif. Para ilmuan-pun juga berpendapat, bahwa piceatannol mungkin dapat menjadi salah satu “senjata penting” untuk melawan obesitas

Peranan Piceatannol untuk penderita obesitas

Piceatannol juga merupakan hasil dari perubahan Resveratrol. Perubahan ini telah terjadi dalam tubuh manusia setelah mengkonsumsi makanan yang mengandung senyawa tersebut.

Piceatannol telah memiliki kemampuan untuk dapat merubah ekspresi gen, fungsi gen dan kerja insulin selama adipogenesis yaitu proses awal sel lemak berubah menjadi sel lemak matang. Dengan keberadaan piceatannol, maka proses adipogenesis dapat ditunda atau dihambat.

Kim juga menerangkan, selama periode 10 hari atau lebih, sel-sel lemak yang ada di dalam tubuh biasanya belum terlalu matang, fase ini disebut preadipocytes. Namun setelah melalui beberapa tahapan, sel-sel lemak itu berubah menjadi matang, atau biasa disebut adipocytes.

"Kami juga menganggap, proses adipogenesis adalah target yang tepat untuk menunda atau mencegah akumulasi sel lemak," katanya.

Kim juga menambahkan, piceatannol mampu mengikat reseptor insulin dari sel-sel lemak yang belum matang pada tahap pertama proses adipogenesis. Piceatannol juga bekerja dengan menghalangi jalur sel-sel lemak untuk berproduksi dan tumbuh.

Penelitan tentang Piceatannol yang juga terkandung dalam biji dan kulit anggur, blueberry, markisa dan buah lainnya hingga kini masih dilakukan untuk lebih mengetahui manfaat dan khasiatnya bagi kesehatan tubuh selain dari peranannya untuk dapat menghambat proses pematangan lemak dalam tubuh.

Dengan membaca artikel diatas, tentunya anda tidak perlu ragu lagi untuk meneruskan mengkonsumsi buah anggur, karena manfaat buah anggur untuk diet sudah bisa dibuktikan secara ilmiah.

 

MANFAAT BUAH ANGGUR UNTUK DIET

    saco-indonesia.com,

    Telah hilang rasa cinta
    yang ku simpan untuk kamu,
    tapi ku akan menunggu,
    menunggu dirimu.

    Malam ini aku ingin,
    engkau ada di sampingku,
    walau apa pun yang terjadi,
    ku ingin dirimu.

    Aku ingin engkau kembali,
    jangan pernah berubah,
    tetaplah seperti yang dulu,
    engkau tak kan pernah mengerti,
    cinta ini untukmu,
    karena kau yang ada di hati.


    Editor : Dian Sukmawati

 

THE ADLYS KEMBALI UNTUKKU

Berikut ini tips untuk dapat mengenal karakteristik Sparepart AC di tempat anda bekerja / dirumah, begitu juga tentang efisiensi, pemakaian, kesehatan dan keamanan bagi si pengguna. Air Conditioner atau yang juga sering kita sebut sebagai AC, dalam pembuatannya, AC selalu dilengkapi oleh alat pengontrol dalam rangka mudah dalam penggunaannya. Terkadang kita juga melupakan hal penting dalam penggunaan AC, jika kita merasa gerah lalu kita menggunakannya terkadang lupa mematikannya ketika tidak berada dalam ruangan tersebut dalam jangka waktu yang sangat lama, hal ini akan dapat menimbulkan beberapa masalah, antara lain penggunaan listrik akan menjadi lebih boros dari yang biasanya dan terkadang AC akan mengalami perubahan baik suara, timbulnya bau, menjadi tidak sedingin yang biasanya, dsb. Dikarenakan beberapa faktor yang sudah disebutkan tadi, maka anda harus lebih waspada karena bisa berpotensi mengalami hubungan singkat dan menimbulkan kebakaran. Pilihlah sparepart ac yang baik dengan berkonsultasi di tempa
t kami di pusat sparepart ac ini

Fungsi AC / Sparepart AC adalah untuk mendinginkan ruangan cengan cara mensirkulasikan udara dari ruangan pada media pendingin kemudian udara yang sama dihembuskan kembali keruangan secara terus menerus. Teknologi AC di era modern sekarang ini juga sudah mengalami perubahan yang sangat baik antara lain  adanya Sparepart AC Filter, Sparepart AC Ozonasi atau Sparepart AC penyaring bakteri.

Dalam prosesnya dalam penggunaan AC / Sparepart AC, anda juga perlu mematikan AC sekitar 1-2 jam untuk dapat mengganti udara yang ada pada ruangan, sehingga ruangan akan terasa sejuk dan segar. Penggunaan AC hendaklah diketahui bahwasanya Udara yang dihasilkan AC akan berputar disatu tempat hal ini perlu di pikirkan bilamana ada anggota keluarga yang sakit, tentunya bisa menyebar ke yang lainnya melalui udara tersebut.

Kemudian paling tidak sebulan sekali anda harus memerika dan membersihkan Sparepart AC filter udara dan segala kelengkapa lainnya. Saat menyapu, mengepel lantai atau memberishkan perabot rumah lainnya sebaiknya and perlu mematikan AC dikarenakan didalam unit AC, terdapat zat media yang dialirkan dan dimanfaatkan untuk pendingin ruangan yang disebut sebagai freon. Freon tidak berbahaya bagi kesehatan manusia, asal tidak terlepas saat instalasi AC, karena itu hendaknya anda perlu memeriksa Freon setahun sekali apakah ada kebocoran atau tidak. Biasanya tanda tanda freon bermasalah adalah udara pada ruangan tidak akan sesejuk biasanya. Buruknya dapat mengganggu pola hidup manusia bahkan memungkinkan kematian.

Akan lebih baik jika diperiksa dan diganti dengan yang baru daripada anda menanggung akibatnya dikemudian hari, hidup hanya sekali namun uang dapat dicari lagi.

MENGENAL KARATERISTIK SPAREPART AC

Ms. Plisetskaya, renowned for her fluidity of movement, expressive acting and willful personality, danced on the Bolshoi stage well into her 60s, but her life was shadowed by Stalinism.

Maya Plisetskaya, Ballerina Who Embodied Bolshoi, Dies at 89

From sea to shining sea, or at least from one side of the Hudson to the other, politicians you have barely heard of are being accused of wrongdoing. There were so many court proceedings involving public officials on Monday that it was hard to keep up.

In Newark, two underlings of Gov. Chris Christie were arraigned on charges that they were in on the truly deranged plot to block traffic leading onto the George Washington Bridge.

Ten miles away, in Lower Manhattan, Dean G. Skelos, the leader of the New York State Senate, and his son, Adam B. Skelos, were arrested by the Federal Bureau of Investigation on accusations of far more conventional political larceny, involving a job with a sewer company for the son and commissions on title insurance and bond work.

The younger man managed to receive a 150 percent pay increase from the sewer company even though, as he said on tape, he “literally knew nothing about water or, you know, any of that stuff,” according to a criminal complaint the United States attorney’s office filed.

The success of Adam Skelos, 32, was attributed by prosecutors to his father’s influence as the leader of the Senate and as a potentate among state Republicans. The indictment can also be read as one of those unfailingly sad tales of a father who cannot stop indulging a grown son. The senator himself is not alleged to have profited from the schemes, except by being relieved of the burden of underwriting Adam.

The bridge traffic caper is its own species of crazy; what distinguishes the charges against the two Skeloses is the apparent absence of a survival instinct. It is one thing not to know anything about water or that stuff. More remarkable, if true, is the fact that the sewer machinations continued even after the former New York Assembly speaker, Sheldon Silver, was charged in January with taking bribes disguised as fees.

It was by then common gossip in political and news media circles that Senator Skelos, a Republican, the counterpart in the Senate to Mr. Silver, a Democrat, in the Assembly, could be next in line for the criminal dock. “Stay tuned,” the United States attorney, Preet Bharara said, leaving not much to the imagination.

Even though the cat had been unmistakably belled, Skelos father and son continued to talk about how to advance the interests of the sewer company, though the son did begin to use a burner cellphone, the kind people pay for in cash, with no traceable contracts.

That was indeed prudent, as prosecutors had been wiretapping the cellphones of both men. But it would seem that the burner was of limited value, because by then the prosecutors had managed to secure the help of a business executive who agreed to record calls with the Skeloses. It would further seem that the business executive was more attentive to the perils of pending investigations than the politician.

Through the end of the New York State budget negotiations in March, the hopes of the younger Skelos rested on his father’s ability to devise legislation that would benefit the sewer company. That did not pan out. But Senator Skelos did boast that he had haggled with Gov. Andrew M. Cuomo, a Democrat, in a successful effort to raise a $150 million allocation for Long Island to $550 million, for what the budget called “transformative economic development projects.” It included money for the kind of work done by the sewer company.

The lawyer for Adam Skelos said he was not guilty and would win in court. Senator Skelos issued a ringing declaration that he was unequivocally innocent.

THIS was also the approach taken in New Jersey by Bill Baroni, a man of great presence and eloquence who stopped outside the federal courthouse to note that he had taken risks as a Republican by bucking his party to support paid family leave, medical marijuana and marriage equality. “I would never risk my career, my job, my reputation for something like this,” Mr. Baroni said. “I am an innocent man.”

The lawyer for his co-defendant, Bridget Anne Kelly, the former deputy chief of staff to Mr. Christie, a Republican, said that she would strongly rebut the charges.

Perhaps they had nothing to do with the lane closings. But neither Mr. Baroni nor Ms. Kelly addressed the question of why they did not return repeated calls from the mayor of Fort Lee, N.J., begging them to stop the traffic tie-ups, over three days.

That silence was a low moment. But perhaps New York hit bottom faster. Senator Skelos, the prosecutors charged, arranged to meet Long Island politicians at the wake of Wenjian Liu, a New York City police officer shot dead in December, to press for payments to the company employing his son.

Sometimes it seems as though for some people, the only thing to be ashamed of is shame itself.

Finding Scandal in New York and New Jersey, but No Shame

The 2015 Met Gala has only officially begun, but there's a clear leader in the race for best couple, no small feat at an event that threatens to sap Hollywood of every celebrity it has for the duration of an East Coast evening.

That would be Marc Jacobs and his surprise guest (who, by some miracle, remained under wraps until their red carpet debut), Cher.

“This has been a dream of mine for a very, very long time,” Mr. Jacobs said.

It is Cher's first appearance at the Met Gala since 1997, when she arrived on the arm of Donatella Versace.

– MATTHEW SCHNEIER

Cher and Marc Jacobs

Over the last five years or so, it seemed there was little that Dean G. Skelos, the majority leader of the New York Senate, would not do for his son.

He pressed a powerful real estate executive to provide commissions to his son, a 32-year-old title insurance salesman, according to a federal criminal complaint. He helped get him a job at an environmental company and employed his influence to help the company get government work. He used his office to push natural gas drilling regulations that would have increased his son’s commissions.

He even tried to direct part of a $5.4 billion state budget windfall to fund government contracts that the company was seeking. And when the company was close to securing a storm-water contract from Nassau County, the senator, through an intermediary, pressured the company to pay his son more — or risk having the senator subvert the bid.

The criminal complaint, unsealed on Monday, lays out corruption charges against Senator Skelos and his son, Adam B. Skelos, the latest scandal to seize Albany, and potentially alter its power structure.

Photo
 
Preet Bharara, the United States attorney in Manhattan, discussed the case involving Dean G. Skelos and his son, Adam. Credit Eduardo Munoz/Reuters

The repeated and diverse efforts by Senator Skelos, a Long Island Republican, to use what prosecutors said was his political influence to find work, or at least income, for his son could send both men to federal prison. If they are convicted of all six charges against them, they face up to 20 years in prison for each of four of the six counts and up to 10 years for the remaining two.

Senator Kenneth P. LaValle, of Long Island, who serves as chairman of the Republican conference, emerged from a closed-door meeting Monday night to say that conference members agreed that Mr. Skelos should be benefited the “presumption of innocence,” and would stay in his leadership role.

“The leader has indicated he would like to remain as leader,” said Mr. LaValle, “and he has the support of the conference.” The case against Mr. Skelos and his son grew out of a broader inquiry into political corruption by the United States attorney for the Southern District of New York, Preet Bharara, that has already changed the face of the state capital. It is based in part, according to the six-count complaint, on conversations secretly recorded by one of two cooperating witnesses, and wiretaps on the cellphones of the senator and his son. Those recordings revealed that both men were concerned about electronic surveillance, and illustrated the son’s unsuccessful efforts to thwart it.

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Adam Skelos took to using a “burner” phone, the complaint says, and told his father he wanted them to speak through a FaceTime video call in an apparent effort to avoid detection. They also used coded language at times.

At one point, Adam Skelos was recorded telling a Senate staff member of his frustration in not being able to speak openly to his father on the phone, noting that he could not “just send smoke signals or a little pigeon” carrying a message.

The 43-page complaint, sworn out by Paul M. Takla, a special agent for the Federal Bureau of Investigation, outlines a five-year scheme to “monetize” the senator’s official position; it also lays bare the extent to which a father sought to use his position to help his son.

The charges accuse the two men of extorting payments through a real estate developer, Glenwood Management, based on Long Island, and the environmental company, AbTech Industries, in Scottsdale, Ariz., with the expectation that the money paid to Adam Skelos — nearly $220,000 in total — would influence his father’s actions.

Glenwood, one of the state’s most prolific campaign donors, had ties to AbTech through investments in the environmental firm’s parent company by Glenwood’s founding family and a senior executive.

The accusations in the complaint portray Senator Skelos as a man who, when it came to his son, was not shy about twisting arms, even in situations that might give other arm-twisters pause.

Seeking to help his son, Senator Skelos turned to the executive at Glenwood, which develops rental apartments in New York City and has much at stake when it comes to real estate legislation in Albany. The senator urged him to direct business to his son, who sold title insurance.

After much prodding, the executive, Charles C. Dorego, engineered a $20,000 payment to Adam Skelos from a title insurance company even though he did no work for the money. But far more lucrative was a consultant position that Mr. Dorego arranged for Adam Skelos at AbTech, which seeks government contracts to treat storm water. (Mr. Dorego is not identified by name in the complaint, but referred to only as CW-1, for Cooperating Witness 1.)

Senator Skelos appeared to take an active interest in his son’s new line of work. Adam Skelos sent him several drafts of his consulting agreement with AbTech, the complaint says, as well as the final deal that was struck.

“Mazel tov,” his father replied.

Senator Skelos sent relevant news articles to his son, including one about a sewage leak near Albany. When AbTech wanted to seek government contracts after Hurricane Sandy, the senator got on a conference call with his son and an AbTech executive, Bjornulf White, and offered advice. (Like Mr. Dorego, Mr. White is not named in the complaint, but referred to as CW-2.)

The assistance paid off: With the senator’s help, AbTech secured a contract worth up to $12 million from Nassau County, a big break for a struggling small business.

But the money was slow to materialize. The senator expressed impatience with county officials.

Adam Skelos, in a phone call with Mr. White in late December, suggested that his father would seek to punish the county. “I tell you this, the state is not going to do a [expletive] thing for the county,” he said.

Three days later, Senator Skelos pressed his case with the Nassau County executive, Edward P. Mangano, a fellow Republican. “Somebody feels like they’re just getting jerked around the last two years,” the senator said, referring to his son in what the complaint described as “coded language.”

The next day, the senator pursued the matter, as he and Mr. Mangano attended a wake for a slain New York City police officer. Senator Skelos then reassured his son, who called him while he was still at the wake. “All claims that are in will be taken care of,” the senator said.

AbTech’s fortunes appeared to weigh on his son. At one point in January, Adam Skelos told his father that if the company did not succeed, he would “lose the ability to pay for things.”

Making matters worse, in recent months, Senator Skelos and his son appeared to grow wary about who was watching them. In addition to making calls on the burner phone, Adam Skelos said he used the FaceTime video calling “because that doesn’t show up on the phone bill,” as he told Mr. White.

In late February, Adam Skelos arranged a pair of meetings between Mr. White and state senators; AbTech needed to win state legislation that would allow its contract to move beyond its initial stages. But Senator Skelos deemed the plan too risky and caused one of the meetings to be canceled.

In another recorded call, Adam Skelos, promising to be “very, very vague” on the phone, urged his father to allow the meeting. The senator offered a warning. “Right now we are in dangerous times, Adam,” he told him.

A month later, in another phone call that was recorded by the authorities, Adam Skelos complained that his father could not give him “real advice” about AbTech while the two men were speaking over the telephone.

“You can’t talk normally,” he told his father, “because it’s like [expletive] Preet Bharara is listening to every [expletive] phone call. It’s just [expletive] frustrating.”

“It is,” his father agreed.

Dean Skelos, Albany Senate Leader, Aided Son at All Costs, U.S. Says
Photo
 
Many bodies prepared for cremation last week in Kathmandu were of young men from Gongabu, a common stopover for Nepali migrant workers headed overseas. Credit Daniel Berehulak for The New York Times

KATHMANDU, Nepal — When the dense pillar of smoke from cremations by the Bagmati River was thinning late last week, the bodies were all coming from Gongabu, a common stopover for Nepali migrant workers headed overseas, and they were all of young men.

Hindu custom dictates that funeral pyres should be lighted by the oldest son of the deceased, but these men were too young to have sons, so they were burned by their brothers or fathers. Sukla Lal, a maize farmer, made a 14-hour journey by bus to retrieve the body of his 19-year-old son, who had been on his way to the Persian Gulf to work as a laborer.

“He wanted to live in the countryside, but he was compelled to leave by poverty,” Mr. Lal said, gazing ahead steadily as his son’s remains smoldered. “He told me, ‘You can live on your land, and I will come up with money, and we will have a happy family.’ ”

Weeks will pass before the authorities can give a complete accounting of who died in the April 25 earthquake, but it is already clear that Nepal cannot afford the losses. The countryside was largely stripped of its healthy young men even before the quake, as they migrated in great waves — 1,500 a day by some estimates — to work as laborers in India, Malaysia or one of the gulf nations, leaving many small communities populated only by elderly parents, women and children. Economists say that at some times of the year, one-quarter of Nepal’s population is working outside the country.

Nepal’s Young Men, Lost to Migration, Then a Quake
Children playing last week in Sandtown-Winchester, the Baltimore neighborhood where Freddie Gray was raised. One young resident called it “a tough community.”
Todd Heisler/The New York Times

Children playing last week in Sandtown-Winchester, the Baltimore neighborhood where Freddie Gray was raised. One young resident called it “a tough community.”

Hard but Hopeful Home to ‘Lot of Freddies’

Hard but Hopeful Home to ‘Lot of Freddies’

Though Robin and Joan Rolfs owned two rare talking dolls manufactured by Thomas Edison’s phonograph company in 1890, they did not dare play the wax cylinder records tucked inside each one.

The Rolfses, longtime collectors of Edison phonographs, knew that if they turned the cranks on the dolls’ backs, the steel phonograph needle might damage or destroy the grooves of the hollow, ring-shaped cylinder. And so for years, the dolls sat side by side inside a display cabinet, bearers of a message from the dawn of sound recording that nobody could hear.

In 1890, Edison’s dolls were a flop; production lasted only six weeks. Children found them difficult to operate and more scary than cuddly. The recordings inside, which featured snippets of nursery rhymes, wore out quickly.

Yet sound historians say the cylinders were the first entertainment records ever made, and the young girls hired to recite the rhymes were the world’s first recording artists.

Year after year, the Rolfses asked experts if there might be a safe way to play the recordings. Then a government laboratory developed a method to play fragile records without touching them.

Audio

The technique relies on a microscope to create images of the grooves in exquisite detail. A computer approximates — with great accuracy — the sounds that would have been created by a needle moving through those grooves.

In 2014, the technology was made available for the first time outside the laboratory.

“The fear all along is that we don’t want to damage these records. We don’t want to put a stylus on them,” said Jerry Fabris, the curator of the Thomas Edison Historical Park in West Orange, N.J. “Now we have the technology to play them safely.”

Last month, the Historical Park posted online three never-before-heard Edison doll recordings, including the two from the Rolfses’ collection. “There are probably more out there, and we’re hoping people will now get them digitized,” Mr. Fabris said.

The technology, which is known as Irene (Image, Reconstruct, Erase Noise, Etc.), was developed by the particle physicist Carl Haber and the engineer Earl Cornell at Lawrence Berkeley. Irene extracts sound from cylinder and disk records. It can also reconstruct audio from recordings so badly damaged they were deemed unplayable.

“We are now hearing sounds from history that I did not expect to hear in my lifetime,” Mr. Fabris said.

The Rolfses said they were not sure what to expect in August when they carefully packed their two Edison doll cylinders, still attached to their motors, and drove from their home in Hortonville, Wis., to the National Document Conservation Center in Andover, Mass. The center had recently acquired Irene technology.

Audio

Cylinders carry sound in a spiral groove cut by a phonograph recording needle that vibrates up and down, creating a surface made of tiny hills and valleys. In the Irene set-up, a microscope perched above the shaft takes thousands of high-resolution images of small sections of the grooves.

Stitched together, the images provide a topographic map of the cylinder’s surface, charting changes in depth as small as one five-hundredth the thickness of a human hair. Pitch, volume and timbre are all encoded in the hills and valleys and the speed at which the record is played.

At the conservation center, the preservation specialist Mason Vander Lugt attached one of the cylinders to the end of a rotating shaft. Huddled around a computer screen, the Rolfses first saw the wiggly waveform generated by Irene. Then came the digital audio. The words were at first indistinct, but as Mr. Lugt filtered out more of the noise, the rhyme became clearer.

“That was the Eureka moment,” Mr. Rolfs said.

In 1890, a girl in Edison’s laboratory had recited:

There was a little girl,

And she had a little curl

Audio

Right in the middle of her forehead.

When she was good,

She was very, very good.

But when she was bad, she was horrid.

Recently, the conservation center turned up another surprise.

In 2010, the Woody Guthrie Foundation received 18 oversize phonograph disks from an anonymous donor. No one knew if any of the dirt-stained recordings featured Guthrie, but Tiffany Colannino, then the foundation’s archivist, had stored them unplayed until she heard about Irene.

Last fall, the center extracted audio from one of the records, labeled “Jam Session 9” and emailed the digital file to Ms. Colannino.

“I was just sitting in my dining room, and the next thing I know, I’m hearing Woody,” she said. In between solo performances of “Ladies Auxiliary,” “Jesus Christ,” and “Dead or Alive,” Guthrie tells jokes, offers some back story, and makes the audience laugh. “It is quintessential Guthrie,” Ms. Colannino said.

The Rolfses’ dolls are back in the display cabinet in Wisconsin. But with audio stored on several computers, they now have a permanent voice.

Ghostly Voices From Thomas Edison’s Dolls Can Now Be Heard

As he reflected on the festering wounds deepened by race and grievance that have been on painful display in America’s cities lately, President Obama on Monday found himself thinking about a young man he had just met named Malachi.

A few minutes before, in a closed-door round-table discussion at Lehman College in the Bronx, Mr. Obama had asked a group of black and Hispanic students from disadvantaged backgrounds what could be done to help them reach their goals. Several talked about counseling and guidance programs.

“Malachi, he just talked about — we should talk about love,” Mr. Obama told a crowd afterward, drifting away from his prepared remarks. “Because Malachi and I shared the fact that our dad wasn’t around and that sometimes we wondered why he wasn’t around and what had happened. But really, that’s what this comes down to is: Do we love these kids?”

Many presidents have governed during times of racial tension, but Mr. Obama is the first to see in the mirror a face that looks like those on the other side of history’s ledger. While his first term was consumed with the economy, war and health care, his second keeps coming back to the societal divide that was not bridged by his election. A president who eschewed focusing on race now seems to have found his voice again as he thinks about how to use his remaining time in office and beyond.

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Obama Speaks of a ‘Sense of Unfairness’

Obama Speaks of a ‘Sense of Unfairness’

At an event announcing the creation of a nonprofit focusing on young minority men, President Obama talked about the underlying reasons for recent protests in Baltimore and other cities.

By Associated Press on Publish Date May 4, 2015. Photo by Stephen Crowley/The New York Times.

In the aftermath of racially charged unrest in places like Baltimore, Ferguson, Mo., and New York, Mr. Obama came to the Bronx on Monday for the announcement of a new nonprofit organization that is being spun off from his White House initiative called My Brother’s Keeper. Staked by more than $80 million in commitments from corporations and other donors, the new group, My Brother’s Keeper Alliance, will in effect provide the nucleus for Mr. Obama’s post-presidency, which will begin in January 2017.

“This will remain a mission for me and for Michelle not just for the rest of my presidency but for the rest of my life,” Mr. Obama said. “And the reason is simple,” he added. Referring to some of the youths he had just met, he said: “We see ourselves in these young men. I grew up without a dad. I grew up lost sometimes and adrift, not having a sense of a clear path. The only difference between me and a lot of other young men in this neighborhood and all across the country is that I grew up in an environment that was a little more forgiving.”

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Organizers said the new alliance already had financial pledges from companies like American Express, Deloitte, Discovery Communications and News Corporation. The money will be used to help companies address obstacles facing young black and Hispanic men, provide grants to programs for disadvantaged youths, and help communities aid their populations.

Joe Echevarria, a former chief executive of Deloitte, the accounting and consulting firm, will lead the alliance, and among those on its leadership team or advisory group are executives at PepsiCo, News Corporation, Sprint, BET and Prudential Group Insurance; former Secretary of State Colin L. Powell; Senator Cory Booker, Democrat of New Jersey; former Attorney General Eric H. Holder Jr.; the music star John Legend; the retired athletes Alonzo Mourning, Jerome Bettis and Shaquille O’Neal; and the mayors of Indianapolis, Sacramento and Philadelphia.

The alliance, while nominally independent of the White House, may face some of the same questions confronting former Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton as she begins another presidential campaign. Some of those donating to the alliance may have interests in government action, and skeptics may wonder whether they are trying to curry favor with the president by contributing.

“The Obama administration will have no role in deciding how donations are screened and what criteria they’ll set at the alliance for donor policies, because it’s an entirely separate entity,” Josh Earnest, the White House press secretary, told reporters on Air Force One en route to New York. But he added, “I’m confident that the members of the board are well aware of the president’s commitment to transparency.”

The alliance was in the works before the disturbances last week after the death of Freddie Gray, the black man who suffered fatal injuries while in police custody in Baltimore, but it reflected the evolution of Mr. Obama’s presidency. For him, in a way, it is coming back to issues that animated him as a young community organizer and politician. It was his own struggle with race and identity, captured in his youthful memoir, “Dreams From My Father,” that stood him apart from other presidential aspirants.

But that was a side of him that he kept largely to himself through the first years of his presidency while he focused on other priorities like turning the economy around, expanding government-subsidized health care and avoiding electoral land mines en route to re-election.

After securing a second term, Mr. Obama appeared more emboldened. Just a month after his 2013 inauguration, he talked passionately about opportunity and race with a group of teenage boys in Chicago, a moment aides point to as perhaps the first time he had spoken about these issues in such a personal, powerful way as president. A few months later, he publicly lamented the death of Trayvon Martin, a black Florida teenager, saying that “could have been me 35 years ago.”

Photo
 
President Obama on Monday with Darinel Montero, a student at Bronx International High School who introduced him before remarks at Lehman College in the Bronx. Credit Stephen Crowley/The New York Times

That case, along with public ruptures of anger over police shootings in Ferguson and elsewhere, have pushed the issue of race and law enforcement onto the public agenda. Aides said they imagined that with his presidency in its final stages, Mr. Obama might be thinking more about what comes next and causes he can advance as a private citizen.

That is not to say that his public discussion of these issues has been universally welcomed. Some conservatives said he had made matters worse by seeming in their view to blame police officers in some of the disputed cases.

“President Obama, when he was elected, could have been a unifying leader,” Senator Ted Cruz of Texas, a Republican candidate for president, said at a forum last week. “He has made decisions that I think have inflamed racial tensions.”

On the other side of the ideological spectrum, some liberal African-American activists have complained that Mr. Obama has not done enough to help downtrodden communities. While he is speaking out more, these critics argue, he has hardly used the power of the presidency to make the sort of radical change they say is necessary.

The line Mr. Obama has tried to straddle has been a serrated one. He condemns police brutality as he defends most officers as honorable. He condemns “criminals and thugs” who looted in Baltimore while expressing empathy with those trapped in a cycle of poverty and hopelessness.

In the Bronx on Monday, Mr. Obama bemoaned the death of Brian Moore, a plainclothes New York police officer who had died earlier in the day after being shot in the head Saturday on a Queens street. Most police officers are “good and honest and fair and care deeply about their communities,” even as they put their lives on the line, Mr. Obama said.

“Which is why in addressing the issues in Baltimore or Ferguson or New York, the point I made was that if we’re just looking at policing, we’re looking at it too narrowly,” he added. “If we ask the police to simply contain and control problems that we ourselves have been unwilling to invest and solve, that’s not fair to the communities, it’s not fair to the police.”

Moreover, if society writes off some people, he said, “that’s not the kind of country I want to live in; that’s not what America is about.”

His message to young men like Malachi Hernandez, who attends Boston Latin Academy in Massachusetts, is not to give up.

“I want you to know you matter,” he said. “You matter to us.”

Advertisement Politics Obama Finds a Bolder Voice on Race Issues

Mr. Tepper was not a musical child and had no formal training, but he grew up to write both lyrics and tunes, trading off duties with the other member of the team, Roy C. Bennett.

Sid Tepper Dies at 96; Delivered ‘Red Roses for a Blue Lady’ and Other Songs

Mr. Paczynski was one of the concentration camp’s longest surviving inmates and served as the personal barber to its Nazi commandant Rudolf Höss.

Jozef Paczynski, Inmate Barber to Auschwitz Commandant, Dies at 95

Fullmer, who reigned when fight clubs abounded and Friday night fights were a television staple, was known for his title bouts with Sugar Ray Robinson and Carmen Basilio.

Gene Fullmer, a Brawling Middleweight Champion, Dies at 83

WASHINGTON — During a training course on defending against knife attacks, a young Salt Lake City police officer asked a question: “How close can somebody get to me before I’m justified in using deadly force?”

Dennis Tueller, the instructor in that class more than three decades ago, decided to find out. In the fall of 1982, he performed a rudimentary series of tests and concluded that an armed attacker who bolted toward an officer could clear 21 feet in the time it took most officers to draw, aim and fire their weapon.

The next spring, Mr. Tueller published his findings in SWAT magazine and transformed police training in the United States. The “21-foot rule” became dogma. It has been taught in police academies around the country, accepted by courts and cited by officers to justify countless shootings, including recent episodes involving a homeless woodcarver in Seattle and a schizophrenic woman in San Francisco.

Now, amid the largest national debate over policing since the 1991 beating of Rodney King in Los Angeles, a small but vocal set of law enforcement officials are calling for a rethinking of the 21-foot rule and other axioms that have emphasized how to use force, not how to avoid it. Several big-city police departments are already re-examining when officers should chase people or draw their guns and when they should back away, wait or try to defuse the situation

Police Rethink Long Tradition on Using Force

Ms. Pryor, who served more than two decades in the State Department, was the author of well-regarded biographies of the founder of the American Red Cross and the Confederate commander.

Elizabeth Brown Pryor, Biographer of Clara Barton and Robert E. Lee, Dies at 64

Ms. von Furstenberg made her debut in the movies and on the Broadway stage in the early 1950s as a teenager and later reinvented herself as a television actress, writer and philanthropist.

Betsy von Furstenberg, Baroness and Versatile Actress, Dies at 83

A former member of the Boston Symphony Orchestra, Mr. Smedvig helped found the wide-ranging Empire Brass quintet.

Rolf Smedvig, Trumpeter in the Empire Brass, Dies at 62
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