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Saco-Indonesia.com - Pemberitaan mengenai kasus hukum yang dibumbui kisah sejumlah wanita di sekelilingnya serta kehidupan para pejabat tinggi yang gonta-ganti pasangan membuat saya harus mengingatkan bahwa kehidupan seks bebas berisiko berbagai penyakit terutama Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV).

Pengalaman klinis saya sebagai dokter spesialis penyakit dalam menemukan, pasien dengan HIV terjadi pada semua kalangan. Penyakit ini bisa menulari semua profesi. Ibu rumah tangga (IRT) yang tidak gonti- ganti pasanganpun menderita HIV karena mungkin tertular dari suaminya yang suka "jajan" diluar.

Seorang ibu muda baik-baik yang akan menikah positif mengidap HIV karena kemungkinan tertular dari mantan pacarnya yang memakai narkoba, dimana saat pacaran sewaktu duduk di bangku SMA pernah berhubungan seks beberapa kali. Berdasarkan pengalaman ini, untuk memastikan apakah seseorang menderita HIV AIDS, saya tidak akan melihat status sosial pasien tersebut walau sehormat apapun status sosial pasien tersebut.

Beberapa kali media pernah menguak kehidupan seks para oknum pejabat dan petinggi negara. Gonta-ganti pasangan sepertinya sesuatu hal yang berjalan lumrah. Pejabat tinggi negara termasuk para penguasa daerah yang beristri lebih dari satu juga bukan rahasia lagi. Gratifikasi seks juga sudah tidak menjadi rahasia umum lagi.

Dari sudut agama, jelas bahwa hubungan seks di luar pernikahan merupakan zinah dan amal ibadah orang yang melakukan zinah  tidak diterima selama 40 tahun. Dari sudut kesehatan gonta-ganti pasangan berisiko penyakit, kelompok penyakit akibat gonta-ganti pasangan ini dimasukan sebagai sexually transmitted disease (STD). Untak para wanita yang gonta-ganti pasangan selain penyakit STD tadi juga berisiko untuk terjadinya kanker mulut rahim sedang untuk laki-laki gonta-ganti pasien akan menambah risiko untuk menderita kanker prostat dikemudian hari.

Saya masih ingat ketiga seseorang pasien laki-laki muda datang kepada saya karena menderita infeksi kencing nanah (GO) setelah berhubungan dengan wanita "baik- baik".

Sang pasien tidak habis pikir wanita yang disangka "baik- baik" tersebut ternyata menularkan kencing nanah kepada dirinya. Saat itu saya sampaikan kepada pasien tersebut kalau penyakit kelamin tidak mengenal status sosial pasien yang mengalami penyakit kelamin tersebut.

Siapapun yang berhubungan seks dengan dengan seseorang dengan kehidupan seks gonta-ganti pasangan berpotensi menularkan penyakit yang didapat dari pasangan seks sebelumnya. Pasien dengan HIV positif atau dengan hepatitis B atau C sama dengan orang normal tanpa infeksi virus tersebut. Ketiga penyakit virus ini merupakan penyakit yang dapat ditularkan melalui hubungan seksual.

Yang membedakan bahwa satu dengan yang lain adalah bahwa didalam darah pasien dengan HIV atau pasien dengan hepatitis B atau C mengandung virus tersebut sedang yang lain tidak. Secara fisik tidak dapat dibedakan siapa yang didalam tubuhnya mengandung virus yang sangat berbahaya tersebut.

Oleh karena itu, saat kita berhubungan seks dengan seseorang yang bukan istri kita maka kita sudah berisiko untuk mengalami penyakit infeksi yang berbahaya dan mematikan. Fase tanpa keluhan penderita infeksi virus ini dapat berlangsung selama 5-10 tahun sampai mereka mempunyai gejala. Oleh karena itu sering saya mendapatkan pasien yang mengalami HIV AIDS saat ini dan menduga tertular pada saat 5 atau 10 tahun yang lalu karena mereka menyampaikan setelah menikah 5 tahun belakangan ini mereka tidak pernah berhubungan seks dengan orang lain kecuali kepada istri atau suami sahnya saja.

Kita tahu bahwa penyakit HIV AIDS merupakan penyakit yang berbahaya dan mematikan.Penyakit ini disebabkan oleh virus "Human Immunodeficiency Virus" (HIV), sampai saat ini vaksin yang established yang dapat digunakan secara luas belum ditemukan. Obat-obat anti retroviral (ARV) yang ada saat ini sudah mampu menekan jumlah virus sampai tidak terdeteksi. Bukti klinik membuktikan bahwa pengobatan dengan ARV bisa menekan penyebaran virus sampai lebih 90 %. Di Indonesia ARV saat ini masih gratis dengan akses mudah untuk mendapatkannya. Memang saat ini angka penggunaan ARV di Indonesia masih rendah. Pasien-pasien HIV yang tidak mau mengkonsumsi ARV dengan berbagai alasan lebih cepat menghadap Yang Maha Kuasa.

Gejala klinis akibat virus baru muncul pada penderita infeksi HIV yang sudah lanjut, jika daya tahan tubuhnya sudah menurun. Berbagai infeksi oportunistik akan muncul seperti sariawan karena jamur kandida, TBC paru, infeksi otak, diare kronik karena infeksi jamur atau parasit atau berupa timbul hitam2 dikulit. Selain itu, pasien HIV yang sudah masuk tahap lanjut ini mengalami berat badan turun. Hasil pemeriksaan laboratorium pasien terinfeksi HIV yang lanjut jumlah lekosit akan kurang dari 5.000 dengan limfosit kurang dari 1.000. Diare kronik, sariawan dimulut dan berat badan turun merupakan gejala utama jika pasien sudah mengalami infeksi HIV lanjut dan sudah masuk fase AIDS.

Bagaimana mencegah infeksi ini lebih lanjut?
Stop gonta-ganti pasangan, stop gratifikasi seks. Siapa saja yang pernah melakukan hubungan seksual, terutama hubungan seksual di luar nikah dan pernah menggunakan jarum suntik yang tidak steril atau pernah menggunakan Narkoba jarum suntik dianjurkan untuk memeriksa status HIVnya. Karena semakin dini pasien HIV diberikan obat anti virus (ARV) semakin cepat menurunkan jumlah virus dan mengurangi potensi penularan dan tentu pada akhirnya meningkatkan kualitas hidup orang dengan HIV tersebut

Gonta-ganti pasangan bukan merupakan budaya tapi merupakan kebiasaan dan tentunya kebiasaan buruk. Risiko gonta-ganti pasangan bukan saja pada prianya tapi juga wanitanya, ketika seseorang wanita dirayu oleh uang dan harta dan mengikuti keinginan naluri seks yang memberi uang, sebenarnya para wanita tersebut juga sudah berisiko untuk tertular penyakit dari laki- laki tersebut, begitu pula sebaliknya ketika si pria berhubungan dengan wanita yang mudah diraih dengan rayuan uang atau harta, laki-laki tersebut juga harus sadar mungkin para wanita tersebut baru saja jatuh dari pelukan laki-laki lain yang belum jelas status HIVnya.

Bagi yang belum terjebak dari kebiasaan gonta-ganti pasangan sebaiknya tidak berhubungan seks sebelum menikah dan tetap setia dengan satu pasangan agar tidak terjebak kebiasaaan gonta-ganti pasangan yang beriko penyakit yang berat dan mematikan walau kesenangan tersebut dapat diraih dengan mudah.

Salam sehat,

Dr. Ari Fahrial Syam

Editor : Liwon Maulana
Gonta-ganti Pasangan dan Risiko Penyakit Mematikan

Orang-orang yang diundang Allah Ta’ala untuk berhaji dan berumrah diberikan kesempatan untuk melihat Rumah Allah, memegangnya atau bahkan menciumnya. Yang telah melihat dan memegang menjadi tahu persis bahwa ukuran rumah Allah Ta’ala tidak besar dan bukan terbuat dari emas. Padahal Dia kuasa untuk membuat rumah dari emas yang membuat manusia terpesona dan berduyun-duyun datang untuk melihatnya.

Rumah itu tidak besar dan bukan terbuat dari emas, namun di hari ini satu-satunya tempat yang tidak pernah sepi dari kunjungan manusia adalah Rumah Allah itu. Secara lahiriah rumah itu sederhana, tetapi secara batiniah rumah itu sangat mewah. Tidak ada yang lebih indah  di sisi Allah melebihi orang bertakwa. Pusaran manusia takwa yang tawaf, shalat atau menatap Ka’bah adalah hiasan termewah bagi Ka’bah. Dan di dasar Ka’bah itu tertanam batu-batu yang disusun oleh tangan orang yang lebih mengutamakan Allah di atas segala sesuatu, Nabi Ibrahim as. Fondasi penyanggah itulah permata terindah bagi Ka’bah.

Sebelum Allah Ta’ala memilih Nabi Ibrahim as menjadi Imam bagi segenap manusia dan memerintahkannya untuk menegakkan kembali fondasi Baitullah, Allah menguji beliau dengan beberapa perintah dan larangan. Dari ujian itu terlihat Ibrahim as lebih mengutamakan Allah swt dibandingkan apa pun juga.

Paling tidak ada tiga ujian besar yang membuktikan hal ini, yaitu: ujian dibakar hidup-hidup, ujian menempatkan keluarga di tempat yang tidak ada air dan kehidupan sama sekali; dan ujian menyembelih puteranya dengan tangannya sendiri.

Ujian pertama, dibakar hidup-hidup.

Imam Ibnu Katsir dalam Kitab Qishash al-Anbiyâ menceritakan bahwa Nabi Ibrahim as dilahirkan dan dibesarkan  di Babilonia. Di hari itu hanya ada tiga orang saja yang menyembah Allah swt yaitu: Ibrahim as, istrinya Sarah dan keponakannya Luth.

Orang-orang Babilonia pada waktu itu menyembah patung, bintang, bulan dan matahari. Nabi Ibrahim as mengajak kaumnya untuk meninggalkan sesembahan mereka dan hanya menyembah Allah saja. Kaumnya menolak.

Suatu hari ketika kaumya mengadakan perayaan hari besar agama mereka Ibrahim as menghancurkan berhala-berhala kecil yang ada di dalam kuil mereka dan menyisakan berhala yang terbesar. Ketika mereka kembali ke kuil, mereka mendapati tuhan-tuhan mereka sudah hancur berantakan. Maka tuduhan pun jatuh kepada Ibrahim as karena ia pernah mengancam akan melakukan makar terhadap tuhan-tuhan orang Babilonia itu. Al-Quran menceritakan dialog tersebut:

Mereka bertanya: “Apakah kamu, yang melakukan perbuatan ini terhadap tuhan-tuhan kami, Hai Ibrahim?”

Ibrahim menjawab: “Justru patung yang besar itulah yang melakukannya. Karena itu tanyakan kepada berhala-berhala(yang sudah hancur) itu, jika mereka dapat berbicara”.(QS. Al-Anbiya:62-63)

Terhenyaklah para penyembah berhala itu karena berhala-berhala yang selama ini mereka agungkan bukan saja tidak bisa membela diri bahkan tidak bisa berkata-kata sama sekali.

Bukannya insyaf  bahkan mereka bertambah marah.

Mereka berkata: “Bakarlah dia dan bantulah tuhan-tuhan kamu, jika kamu benar-benar hendak bertindak.”(QS.Al-Anbiya: 68)

Maka mereka pun bergegas hendak membakar Nabi Ibrahim as. Di sinilah datang ujian bagi beliau. Hanya ada dua pilihan, yaitu tetap berpegang teguh pada agama tauhid dengan konsekuensi dibakar hidup-hidup. Atau, bebas dari pembakaran asalkan melepaskan agama tauhid. Nabi Ibrahim memilih lebih baik dibakar.

Perlu diketahui bahwa tidak ada jaminan sebelumnya dari Allah bahwa Nabi Ibrahim as tidak mempan di bakar. Banyak Nabi lain yang terbunuh di jalan Allah, seperti Nabi Zakariya as dan Yahya as. Ucapan terakhir dari lisannya adalah ‘Cukup Allah bagiku. Dialah sebaik-baik pelindung’.

Dari Ibnu ‘Abbas ra, ia berkata,” Ucapan terakhir yang dikatakan oleh Ibrahim ketika dilemparkan ke dalam api adalah:

‘Cukuplah Allah bagiku dan Dia lah sebaik-baik pelindung’ .” (HR. Bukhari)

Datanglah pertolongan Allah swt.

Kami berfirman: “Hai api menjadi dinginlah, dan menjadi keselamatanlah bagi Ibrahim.” (QS.Al-Anbiya: 69)

Allah Ta’ala menyelamatkannya dari api.

Ujian kedua, menempatkan keluarga di tempat yang tidak ada air dan kehidupan sama sekali.

Nabi Ibrahim as diperintahkan Allah swt untuk menempatkan istrinya Hajar dan puteranya Ismail di lembah Makkah yang pada waktu itu tidak ada air dan tumbuhan sama sekali. Resiko pelaksanaan perintah ini adalah kematian istri dan puteranya yang masih bayi itu oleh keganasan alam. Setelah sampai di lembah Makkah, Ibrahim pun bermaksud kembali ke Baitul Maqdis. Ketika akan ditinggalkan Hajar bertanya mengapa Ibrahim as meninggalkan mereka, namun Ibrahim as terus berjalan tanpa menoleh dan tidak dijawab. Akhirnya Hajar bertanya,” Apakah Allah memerintahkannya padamu?” Ibrahim as menjawab,” Ya.” Mendengar jawaban tersebut Hajar berkata,” Kalau begitu pastilah Dia tidak menyia-nyiakan kami.” Lalu Hajar pun menggendong puteranya Isama’il berjalan menuruni lereng menuju perut lembah.

Nabi Ibrahim as terus berjalan, ketika sampai di al-Tsaniyyah, di tempat yang tidak terlihat oleh istrinya Nabi Ibrahim as menghadap ke arah perut lembah Mekkah dan berdoa dengan munajat yang sangat terkenal yang Allah abadikan dalam Surat Ibrahim:

” Wahai Tuhan kami, sesungguhnya aku telah menempatkan sebahagian keturunanku di lembah yang tidak mempunyai tumbuhan sama sekali di dekat rumah-Mu yang dimuliakan, Ya Tuhan kami (yang demikian itu) agar mereka mendirikan shalat, maka jadikanlah hati sebagian manusia cenderung kepada mereka dan berikanlah rezeki kepada mereka berupa buah-buahan, mudah-mudahan mereka bersyukur.” (QS. 14:37)

Setelah berdoa dan menyerahkan keluarganya kepada Allah Ta’ala Ibrahim as pun meninggalkan lembah Makkah dan kembali ke Baitul Maqdis, Palestina.

Allah pun menyelamatkan istri dan anaknya.

Ujian ketiga, perintah menyembelih puteranya Ismail dengan tangannya sendiri.

Bila disuruh memilih, lebih baik bagi seorang ayah untuk memotong lehernya sendiri dibandingkan memotong leher anaknya. Kalau pun harus membunuh anak, lebih ringan dengan meminjam tangan orang lain bukan dengan tangan sendiri. Tetapi Allah Ta’ala memerintahkan menyembelih puteranya dengan tangan sendiri.

Ketika isyarat mimpi itu datang, maka Nabi Ibrahim as bertanya kepada puteranya Isma’il yang berumur kira-kira 12 tahun. Al-Quran menceritakan:

Maka tatkala anak itu sampai pada umur sanggup berusaha bersama Ibrahim, Ibrahim berkata: “Hai anakku Sesungguhnya aku melihat dalam mimpi bahwa aku menyembelihmu. Maka fikirkanlah apa pendapatmu!” ia menjawab: “Hai bapakku, kerjakanlah apa yang diperintahkan kepadamu; insya Allah kamu akan mendapatiku termasuk orang-orang yang sabar.”(QS. Ash-Shaffat: 102)

Ketika keduanya telah berserah diri kepada Allah, Ismail telah dibaringkan di atas pelipisnya, pisau pun menempel dilehernya, kalau tidak ada pembatalan dari Allah maka anak itu pasti disembelih oleh Ibrahim as. Ketika itulah Allah al-Rahîm membatalkan penyembelihan tersebut.dan menggantikan Ismail dengan seekor kibasy yang besar.

Tiga ujian yang luar biasa! Setelah terlihat betapa Nabi Ibrahim lebih mengutamakan Allah Ta’ala dibandingkan apa pun juga maka Allah memilihnya menjadi pemimpin bagi umat manusia dan memerintahkannya untuk mendirikan kembali Rumah Allah Ta’ala.

Dengan tangan ketakwaannya ia bersama puternya Isma’il as meletakkan fondasi Ka’bah dan menegakkan bangunan Rumah Allah. Sampai hari kiamat nanti batu-batu yang ditanam Ibrahim as di fondasi Ka’bah akan tetap tertancap di sana.

Di sana, Bumi Makkah dan Baitullahnya merekam getaran cinta dan pengorbanan Nabi Ibrahim as yang telah memberikan yang terbaik bagi Allah Ta’ala sebagai bukti ketakwaannya.

Di sini, di hari ini, keadaannya jauh berbeda, kebanyakan kita hanya memberikan ‘sisa-sisa’ untuk Allah, sisa harta, sisa tenaga, sisa waktu, sisa hati dan sisa pikiran padahal Allah swt telah memberikan segala yang terbaik untuk kita. kita bergantung kepada Allah untuk setiap butir nasi yang kita makan, untuk setiap tetes air yang kita minum, untuk setiap desah nafas, untuk setiap detak jantung dan untuk setiap denyut kehidupan.

Setiap kita sedang membangun ketakwaan kepada Allah di dalam hati kita. Rumah yang dibangun dengan puing-puing sisa cepat atau lambat hanya akan menjadi tumpukan puing-puing. Demikian pula ketakwaan yang dibangun dengan puing-puing sisa harta, sisa tenaga, sisa waktu, sisa hati dan sisa fikiran cepat atau lambat hanya kaan menjadi puing-puing ketakwaan. Ketakwaan sejati hanya dapat ditegakkan  dengan ‘mengutamakan Allah di atas segala sesuatu’.

Sumber : http://www.mqtravel.co.id

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BELAJAR DARI NABI IBRAHIM AS

JAKARTA, Saco-Indonesia.com — Partai Keadilan Sejahtera (PKS) dinilai inkonsisten dalam menyikapi kebijakan pemerintah. Sebagai partai koalisi, PKS diminta tidak merongrong pemerintah hanya untuk menarik simpati masyarakat.

"Koalisi itu kan dengan niat baik, kesamaan visi, bukan sebaliknya merongrong pemerintah di saat rakyat memerlukan bantuan," kata Wakil Ketua Umum Partai Demokrat Nurhayati Ali Assegaf seusai menghadiri rapat Sekretariat Gabungan (Setgab) di rumah dinas Wakil Presiden Boediono, Menteng, Jakarta Pusat, Selasa (4/6/2013) malam. Dalam rapat tersebut, hanya pimpinan PKS yang tak hadir di antara semua partai dalam koalisi pendukung pemerintah.

Sekretaris Fraksi PKS di DPR Abdul Hakim mengatakan, ketidakhadiran pimpinan PKS dalam rapat tersebut semata karena alasan teknis. Pada saat rapat digelar, Presiden PKS Anis Matta sedang ada kegiatan di Jombang, Jawa Timur. Terlebih lagi, ujar dia, semula undangan rapat ditujukan pada pimpinan fraksi, tetapi kemudian dibatalkan sehingga, imbuh dia, pimpinan fraksi yang wonsemula akan menghadiri pertemuan juga membatalkan kehadirannya.

Agenda pertemuan Setgab ini adalah membahas rencana pemerintah menaikkan harga bahan bakar minyak (BBM), pemberian bantuan langsung sementara miskin (BLSM) sebagai kompensasi, dan konsolidasi koalisi. Rapat ini digelar sesuai arahan Presiden Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono.

Menyikapi ketidakhadiran PKS dalam rapat, Nurhayati mengatakan sudah kebal dengan polah partai itu. Dia pun mengecam langkah PKS yang pada satu sisi menyatakan menolak kenaikan harga BBM dengan alasan membela rakyat, tetapi di sisi lain tetap bergabung di gerbong partai koalisi pendukung pemerintah.

Nurhayati enggan menghakimi atau mengusulkan agar PKS hengkang dari koalisi. Sebagai partai cerdas, PKS dianggapnya mampu bersikap lebih konsisten, termasuk menentukan keputusan bersama partai koalisi. "Tidak perlu diusulkan (untuk keluar koalisi). Kalau sudah tidak bisa bersama, apa harus dipertahankan?" ujar dia.

 
Editor :Liwon Maulana(galipat)
Demokrat: PKS Hendaknya Jangan Merongrong Pemerintah

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ANTAR JEMPUT BANDARA

Sedikit meninggalkan permasalahan yang masih terjadi pada pendataan dapodik 2012 yang berakibat pada tersendatnya pencairan tunjangan tahun 2013 dan sebagainya. Alangkah baiknya para operator dan para ptk, terutama penerima tunjangan sudah mulai mempersiapkan diri untuk mengetahui kapan proses pendataan masuk kemudian data kita diolah termasuk saat kapan bisa diperbaiki terutama terkait tunjangan tahun 2014 agar permasalahan yang terjadi sebelumnya bisa dihindari.

 

Rencana 2014 terkait tunjangan :

    Semua penerbitan SK Tunjangan berdasarkan dapodik versi baru. (Dapodikdas 2013)
    Data yang digunakan untuk penerbitan SK tunjangan adalah :

    Data Semester  Genap  2013-2014 untuk pembayaran tunjangan periode januari sd juni 2014
    Data Semester  Ganjil 2014-2015 untuk pembayaran tunjangan periode juli sd desember 2014

Jan-Feb 2014 : Periode Updating Data

    Para Guru dipersilahkan melakukan pembaharuan data melalui Aplikasi dapodik untuk data semester 2 TA. 2013-2014.
    Sinkronisasi antara Server Dapodik dan Server P2TK Dikdas akan dilakukan secara rutin setiap hari.
    Para guru dipersilahkan melakukan pengecekan data melalui Halaman Verifikasi Guru (Info Guru)
    P2TK akan melakukan Penutupan Sinkronisasi (Closing) data pada tanggal 1 Maret 2014, maka sejak tanggal ini pembaharuan pada aplikasi dapodik untuk Tri Wulan 1 tidak akan masuk ke server P2TK Dikdas.
    Kesalahan pengentrian pada  aplikasi dapodik yang menyebabkan kerugian apapun pada Guru menjadi tanggung jawab Guru ybs, karena sudah diberikan waktu untuk pengecekan melalui lembar info guru.

Tgl 1-15 Maret 2014 : Periode Pengolahan Data TW1
P2Dikdas akan melakukan pengolahan sbb :

    Penghitungan jumlah jam mengajar
    Penghitungan jumlah murid
    Penghitungan jumlah jam rombel
    Pengecekan Data Sarana dan Prasarana (Perpustakaan dan laboratorium)
    Pengecekan Tugas Tambahan, dll

Hasil pengolahan akan menentukan :

    Nominasi penerima Aneka Tunjangan untuk semua kabupaten / kota
    Guru bersertifikat pendidik yang dapat di SK kan untuk mendapatkan hak bayar pada Triwulan 1 (jan-mar 2014)

16-23 Maret 2014 : Periode Pengusulan SK

    Operator Dinas Kab/Kota melakukan pengusulan untuk :

    Penerima Tunjangan Fungsional (Semester  1)
    Penerima Bantuan Kualifikasi Akademik (Semester 1)
    Penerima Tunjangan Guru Daerah Khusus (Triwulan 1)
    Penerima Tunjangan Profesi  (Triwulan 1)

    Dinas Provinsi melakukan kordinasi dengan Dinas Kab/kota.
    Operator Dinas Prov. melakukan Penyetujuan/Penolakan atas usulan kab/kota

24 -31 Maret 2014 : Periode Penerbitan SK

    P2TK Dikdas akan menerbitkan SK Tunjangan Profesi dan Aneka Tunjangan bagi guru guru yang dinyatakan memenuhi syarat memperoleh Tunjangan.
    Walaupun SK Penerima Tunjangan berlaku setahun, namun dalam proses pembayaran harus memperhatikan pemenuhan syarat penerima tunjangan, misalnya :

    Status Aktif guru (Aktif/Cuti/Wafat/Pensiun/dll)
    Status Kepegawaian (PNS/GTT/GTY/dll)

April 2014 : Periode Pembayaran TW1 & SMT1

    Penerima SK TP yang terbit pada bulan maret 2014 berhak menerima Tunjangan Profesi untuk Triwulan 1 (januari-maret), kecuali untuk Guru yang wafat/pensiun/cuti di tengah triwulan. Jumlah hak bulan disesuaikan dengan masa aktif. Misalnya pensiun maret 2014 maka ybs berhak 2 bulan saja.
    Penerima SK-TF yang terbit pada bulan maret 2014 berhak menerima T. Fungsional untuk Semester 1 (periode januari sd juni 2014).
    Penerima SK-Tunjangan Kualifikasi yang terbit pada bulan maret 2014 berhak menerima T. Kualifikasi untuk Semester 1 (periode januari sd juni 2014).
    Penerima SK-Tunjangan Khusus yang terbit pada bulan maret 2014 berhak menerima T. Khusus untuk Triwulan 1 (periode januari sd Maret 2014)

Mei 2014 : Periode Updating Data Dapodik Susulan TW2
Pada bulan Mei 2014, P2TK Dikdas akan membuka kembali sinkronisasi dengan Server Dapodik. Hal ini untuk mengakomodasi pembaharuan data yang diakibatkan :

    Guru tidak mendapat jam pada Triwulan 1 namun dapat memenuhi pada Triwulan 2.
    Adanya peralihan jam karena Guru Mutasi, Wafat atau Pensiun setelah Triwulan 1.

1-14 Juni 2014 : Periode Pengolahan Data Susulan TW2

    P2TK akan kembali melakukan Closing data pada tanggal 1 juni 2014 untuk data Dapodik TW2.
    P2TK akan melakukan pengolahan data dapodik yang masuk per 1 juni 2014.
    Hasil dari pengolahan data tersebut akan menentukan penerima Tunjangan Profesi pada TW 1 yang tidak berhak lagi menerima pada TW2 yang diakibatkan :

    Kehilangan jam mengajar pada TW2.
    Tidak aktif menurut dapodik karena sakit, pensiun, wafat, cuti, dll
    Dibatalkan tunjangannya karena sebab sebab tertentu oleh dinas kabupaten/Kota

    Hasil dari pengolahan data tersebut akan menentukan penerima Tunjangan Profesi

    Guru bersertifikat pendidik  yang yang belum mendapat  SKTP pada bulan maret (tidak mendapat tunjangan TW1), namun sudah memenuhi syarat untuk TW2.
    Nominasi Tunjangan Khusus yang dapat menggantikan penerima tunjangan yang dibatalkan pada TW 2 karena sebab-sebab tertentu.
    Penerima Tunjangan Khusus pada TW 1 yang tidak berhak lagi menerima pada TW2 yang diakibatkan hal yang sama dengan Tunjangan Profesi.

15-23 Juni : Periode Pengusulan Susulan
Dinas Kab/kota melakukan pengusulan untuk Penerima Tunjangan Profesi susulan.
Dinas Kab/kota melakukan pengusulan untuk Penerima Tunjangan Khusus Pengganti
Dinas Provinsi melakukan Kordinasi dengan Dinas Kab/Kota
Dinas Provinsi melakukan penyetujuan/penolakan usulan dinas Kab/Kota

23-31 Juni :Periode Penerbitan SK Susulan TW2

    P2TK Diknas akan menerbitkan SK Tunjangan Profesi bagi guru guru yang dinyatakan memenuhi syarat memperoleh Tunjangan pada TW2 namun belum di sk kan pada TW1.
    P2TK akan menerbikan SK tunjangan Khusus pengganti untuk TW2 (jika ada)

Juli 2014 : Periode Pembayaran TW2

    Penerima SK TP yang terbit pada bulan Maret 2014 berhak menerima Tunjangan Profesi untuk Triwulan 2 (april-juni), kecuali untuk Guru yang dinyatakan kehilangan haknya akibat tidak memenuhi syarat, misalnya kehilangan jam mengajar pada TW2, wafat, pensiun atau sebab lain sesuai peraturan yang berlaku.
    Penerima SK TP yang terbit pada bulan Juni 2014 berhak menerima Tunjangan Profesi untuk Triwulan 2 (april-juni), kecuali untuk Guru yang wafat/pensiun/cuti di tengah triwulan. Jumlah hak bulan disesuaikan dengan masa aktif. Misalnya pensiun Juni 2014 maka ybs berhak 2 bulan saja.
    Penerima SK-Tunjangan Khusus yang terbit pada bulan maret 2014 namun dibatalkan karena sebab sebab tertentu tidak berhak mendapatkan tunjangan untuk Triwulan 2.
    Penerima SK Tunjangan Khusus Pengganti berhak menerima Tunjangan (hanya) untuk TW2 saja.

 

JADWAL OLAH DATA UNTUK PENCAIRAN TUNJANGAN DIKDAS 2014

Fullmer, who reigned when fight clubs abounded and Friday night fights were a television staple, was known for his title bouts with Sugar Ray Robinson and Carmen Basilio.

Gene Fullmer, a Brawling Middleweight Champion, Dies at 83
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Many bodies prepared for cremation last week in Kathmandu were of young men from Gongabu, a common stopover for Nepali migrant workers headed overseas. Credit Daniel Berehulak for The New York Times

KATHMANDU, Nepal — When the dense pillar of smoke from cremations by the Bagmati River was thinning late last week, the bodies were all coming from Gongabu, a common stopover for Nepali migrant workers headed overseas, and they were all of young men.

Hindu custom dictates that funeral pyres should be lighted by the oldest son of the deceased, but these men were too young to have sons, so they were burned by their brothers or fathers. Sukla Lal, a maize farmer, made a 14-hour journey by bus to retrieve the body of his 19-year-old son, who had been on his way to the Persian Gulf to work as a laborer.

“He wanted to live in the countryside, but he was compelled to leave by poverty,” Mr. Lal said, gazing ahead steadily as his son’s remains smoldered. “He told me, ‘You can live on your land, and I will come up with money, and we will have a happy family.’ ”

Weeks will pass before the authorities can give a complete accounting of who died in the April 25 earthquake, but it is already clear that Nepal cannot afford the losses. The countryside was largely stripped of its healthy young men even before the quake, as they migrated in great waves — 1,500 a day by some estimates — to work as laborers in India, Malaysia or one of the gulf nations, leaving many small communities populated only by elderly parents, women and children. Economists say that at some times of the year, one-quarter of Nepal’s population is working outside the country.

Nepal’s Young Men, Lost to Migration, Then a Quake

As governor, Mr. Walker alienated Republicans and his fellow Democrats, particularly the Democratic powerhouse Richard J. Daley, the mayor of Chicago.

Dan Walker, 92, Dies; Illinois Governor and Later a U.S. Prisoner

Hired in 1968, a year before their first season, Mr. Fanning spent 25 years with the team, managing them to their only playoff appearance in Canada.

Jim Fanning, 87, Dies; Lifted Baseball in Canada With Expos

Mr. Paczynski was one of the concentration camp’s longest surviving inmates and served as the personal barber to its Nazi commandant Rudolf Höss.

Jozef Paczynski, Inmate Barber to Auschwitz Commandant, Dies at 95

The 2015 Met Gala has only officially begun, but there's a clear leader in the race for best couple, no small feat at an event that threatens to sap Hollywood of every celebrity it has for the duration of an East Coast evening.

That would be Marc Jacobs and his surprise guest (who, by some miracle, remained under wraps until their red carpet debut), Cher.

“This has been a dream of mine for a very, very long time,” Mr. Jacobs said.

It is Cher's first appearance at the Met Gala since 1997, when she arrived on the arm of Donatella Versace.

– MATTHEW SCHNEIER

Cher and Marc Jacobs
Joseph Lechleider

Mr. Lechleider helped invent DSL technology, which enabled phone companies to offer high-speed web access over their infrastructure of copper wires.

Joseph Lechleider, a Father of the DSL Internet Technology, Dies at 82

Ms. Rendell was a prolific writer of intricately plotted mystery novels that combined psychological insight, social conscience and teeth-chattering terror.

Ruth Rendell, Novelist Who Thrilled and Educated, Dies at 85

Ms. von Furstenberg made her debut in the movies and on the Broadway stage in the early 1950s as a teenager and later reinvented herself as a television actress, writer and philanthropist.

Betsy von Furstenberg, Baroness and Versatile Actress, Dies at 83

Hockey is not exactly known as a city game, but played on roller skates, it once held sway as the sport of choice in many New York neighborhoods.

“City kids had no rinks, no ice, but they would do anything to play hockey,” said Edward Moffett, former director of the Long Island City Y.M.C.A. Roller Hockey League, in Queens, whose games were played in city playgrounds going back to the 1940s.

From the 1960s through the 1980s, the league had more than 60 teams, he said. Players included the Mullen brothers of Hell’s Kitchen and Dan Dorion of Astoria, Queens, who would later play on ice for the National Hockey League.

One street legend from the heyday of New York roller hockey was Craig Allen, who lived in the Woodside Houses projects and became one of the city’s hardest hitters and top scorers.

“Craig was a warrior, one of the best roller hockey players in the city in the ’70s,” said Dave Garmendia, 60, a retired New York police officer who grew up playing with Mr. Allen. “His teammates loved him and his opponents feared him.”

Young Craig took up hockey on the streets of Queens in the 1960s, playing pickup games between sewer covers, wearing steel-wheeled skates clamped onto school shoes and using a roll of electrical tape as the puck.

His skill and ferocity drew attention, Mr. Garmendia said, but so did his skin color. He was black, in a sport made up almost entirely by white players.

“Roller hockey was a white kid’s game, plain and simple, but Craig broke the color barrier,” Mr. Garmendia said. “We used to say Craig did more for race relations than the N.A.A.C.P.”

Mr. Allen went on to coach and referee roller hockey in New York before moving several years ago to South Carolina. But he continued to organize an annual alumni game at Dutch Kills Playground in Long Island City, the same site that held the local championship games.

The reunion this year was on Saturday, but Mr. Allen never made it. On April 26, just before boarding the bus to New York, he died of an asthma attack at age 61.

Word of his death spread rapidly among hundreds of his old hockey colleagues who resolved to continue with the event, now renamed the Craig Allen Memorial Roller Hockey Reunion.

The turnout on Saturday was the largest ever, with players pulling on their old equipment, choosing sides and taking once again to the rink of cracked blacktop with faded lines and circles. They wore no helmets, although one player wore a fedora.

Another, Vinnie Juliano, 77, of Long Island City, wore his hearing aids, along with his 50-year-old taped-up quads, or four-wheeled skates with a leather boot. Many players here never converted to in-line skates, and neither did Mr. Allen, whose photograph appeared on a poster hanging behind the players’ bench.

“I’m seeing people walking by wondering why all these rusty, grizzly old guys are here playing hockey,” one player, Tommy Dominguez, said. “We’re here for Craig, and let me tell you, these old guys still play hard.”

Everyone seemed to have a Craig Allen story, from his earliest teams at Public School 151 to the Bryant Rangers, the Woodside Wings, the Woodside Blues and more.

Mr. Allen, who became a yellow-cab driver, was always recruiting new talent. He gained the nickname Cabby for his habit of stopping at playgrounds all over the city to scout players.

Teams were organized around neighborhoods and churches, and often sponsored by local bars. Mr. Allen, for one, played for bars, including Garry Owen’s and on the Fiddler’s Green Jokers team in Inwood, Manhattan.

Play was tough and fights were frequent.

“We were basically street gangs on skates,” said Steve Rogg, 56, a mail clerk who grew up in Jackson Heights, Queens, and who on Saturday wore his Riedell Classic quads from 1972. “If another team caught up with you the night before a game, they tossed you a beating so you couldn’t play the next day.”

Mr. Garmendia said Mr. Allen’s skin color provoked many fights.

“When we’d go to some ignorant neighborhoods, a lot of players would use slurs,” Mr. Garmendia said, recalling a game in Ozone Park, Queens, where local fans parked motorcycles in a lineup next to the blacktop and taunted Mr. Allen. Mr. Garmendia said he checked a player into the motorcycles, “and the bikes went down like dominoes, which started a serious brawl.”

A group of fans at a game in Brooklyn once stuck a pole through the rink fence as Mr. Allen skated by and broke his jaw, Mr. Garmendia said, adding that carloads of reinforcements soon arrived to defend Mr. Allen.

And at another racially incited brawl, the police responded with six patrol cars and a helicopter.

Before play began on Saturday, the players gathered at center rink to honor Mr. Allen. Billy Barnwell, 59, of Woodside, recalled once how an all-white, all-star squad snubbed Mr. Allen by playing him third string. He scored seven goals in the first game and made first string immediately.

“He’d always hear racial stuff before the game, and I’d ask him, ‘How do you put up with that?’” Mr. Barnwell recalled. “Craig would say, ‘We’ll take care of it,’ and by the end of the game, he’d win guys over. They’d say, ‘This guy’s good.’”

Tribute for a Roller Hockey Warrior

Ms. Meadows was the older sister of Audrey Meadows, who played Alice Kramden on “The Honeymooners.”

Jayne Meadows, Actress and Steve Allen’s Wife and Co-Star, Dies at 95

Since a white police officer, Darren Wilson fatally shot unarmed black teenager, Michael Brown, in a confrontation last August in Ferguson, Mo., there have been many other cases in which the police have shot and killed suspects, some of them unarmed. Mr. Brown's death set off protests throughout the country, pushing law enforcement into the spotlight and sparking a public debate on police tactics. Here is a selection of police shootings that have been reported by news organizations since Mr. Brown's death. In some cases, investigations are continuing.

Photo
 
 
The apartment complex northeast of Atlanta where Anthony Hill, 27, was fatally shot by a DeKalb County police officer. Credit Ben Gray/Atlanta Journal Constitution

Chamblee, Ga.
Fatal Police Shootings: Accounts Since Ferguson

Mr. Tepper was not a musical child and had no formal training, but he grew up to write both lyrics and tunes, trading off duties with the other member of the team, Roy C. Bennett.

Sid Tepper Dies at 96; Delivered ‘Red Roses for a Blue Lady’ and Other Songs
Photo
 
United’s first-class and business fliers get Rhapsody, its high-minded in-flight magazine, seen here at its office in Brooklyn. Credit Sam Hodgson for The New York Times

Last summer at a writers’ workshop in Oregon, the novelists Anthony Doerr, Karen Russell and Elissa Schappell were chatting over cocktails when they realized they had all published work in the same magazine. It wasn’t one of the usual literary outlets, like Tin House, The Paris Review or The New Yorker. It was Rhapsody, an in-flight magazine for United Airlines.

It seemed like a weird coincidence. Then again, considering Rhapsody’s growing roster of A-list fiction writers, maybe not. Since its first issue hit plane cabins a year and a half ago, Rhapsody has published original works by literary stars like Joyce Carol Oates, Rick Moody, Amy Bloom, Emma Straub and Mr. Doerr, who won the Pulitzer Prize for fiction two weeks ago.

As airlines try to distinguish their high-end service with luxuries like private sleeping chambers, showers, butler service and meals from five-star chefs, United Airlines is offering a loftier, more cerebral amenity to its first-class and business-class passengers: elegant prose by prominent novelists. There are no airport maps or disheartening lists of in-flight meal and entertainment options in Rhapsody. Instead, the magazine has published ruminative first-person travel accounts, cultural dispatches and probing essays about flight by more than 30 literary fiction writers.

 

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Sean Manning, executive editor of Rhapsody, which publishes works by the likes of Joyce Carol Oates, Amy Bloom and Anthony Doerr, who won a Pulitzer Prize. Credit Sam Hodgson for The New York Times

 

An airline might seem like an odd literary patron. But as publishers and writers look for new ways to reach readers in a shaky retail climate, many have formed corporate alliances with transit companies, including American Airlines, JetBlue and Amtrak, that provide a captive audience.

Mark Krolick, United Airlines’ managing director of marketing and product development, said the quality of the writing in Rhapsody brings a patina of sophistication to its first-class service, along with other opulent touches like mood lighting, soft music and a branded scent.

“The high-end leisure or business-class traveler has higher expectations, even in the entertainment we provide,” he said.

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Some of Rhapsody’s contributing writers say they were lured by the promise of free airfare and luxury accommodations provided by United, as well as exposure to an elite audience of some two million first-class and business-class travelers.

“It’s not your normal Park Slope Community Bookstore types who read Rhapsody,” Mr. Moody, author of the 1994 novel “The Ice Storm,” who wrote an introspective, philosophical piece about traveling to the Aran Islands of Ireland for Rhapsody, said in an email. “I’m not sure I myself am in that Rhapsody demographic, but I would like them to buy my books one day.”

In addition to offering travel perks, the magazine pays well and gives writers freedom, within reason, to choose their subject matter and write with style. Certain genres of flight stories are off limits, naturally: no plane crashes or woeful tales of lost luggage or rude flight attendants, and nothing too risqué.

“We’re not going to have someone write about joining the mile-high club,” said Jordan Heller, the editor in chief of Rhapsody. “Despite those restrictions, we’ve managed to come up with a lot of high-minded literary content.”

Guiding writers toward the right idea occasionally requires some gentle prodding. When Rhapsody’s executive editor asked Ms. Russell to contribute an essay about a memorable flight experience, she first pitched a story about the time she was chaperoning a group of teenagers on a trip to Europe, and their delayed plane sat at the airport in New York for several hours while other passengers got progressively drunker.

“He pointed out that disaster flights are not what people want to read about when they’re in transit, and very diplomatically suggested that maybe people want to read something that casts air travel in a more positive light,” said Ms. Russell, whose novel “Swamplandia!” was a finalist for the 2012 Pulitzer Prize.

She turned in a nostalgia-tinged essay about her first flight on a trip to Disney World when she was 6. “The Magic Kingdom was an anticlimax,” she wrote. “What ride could compare to that first flight?”

Ms. Oates also wrote about her first flight, in a tiny yellow propeller plane piloted by her father. The novelist Joyce Maynard told of the constant disappointment of never seeing her books in airport bookstores and the thrill of finally spotting a fellow plane passenger reading her novel “Labor Day.” Emily St. John Mandel, who was a finalist for the National Book Award in fiction last year, wrote about agonizing over which books to bring on a long flight.

“There’s nobody that’s looked down their noses at us as an in-flight magazine,” said Sean Manning, the magazine’s executive editor. “As big as these people are in the literary world, there’s still this untapped audience for them of luxury travelers.”

United is one of a handful of companies showcasing work by literary writers as a way to elevate their brands and engage customers. Chipotle has printed original work from writers like Toni Morrison, Jeffrey Eugenides and Barbara Kingsolver on its disposable cups and paper bags. The eyeglass company Warby Parker hosts parties for authors and sells books from 14 independent publishers in its stores.

JetBlue offers around 40 e-books from HarperCollins and Penguin Random House on its free wireless network, allowing passengers to read free samples and buy and download books. JetBlue will start offering 11 digital titles from Simon & Schuster soon. Amtrak recently forged an alliance with Penguin Random House to provide free digital samples from 28 popular titles, which passengers can buy and download over Amtrak’s admittedly spotty wireless service.

Amtrak is becoming an incubator for literary talent in its own right. Last year, it started a residency program, offering writers a free long-distance train trip and complimentary food. More than 16,000 writers applied and 24 made the cut.

Like Amtrak, Rhapsody has found that writers are eager to get onboard. On a rainy spring afternoon, Rhapsody’s editorial staff sat around a conference table discussing the June issue, which will feature an essay by the novelist Hannah Pittard and an unpublished short story by the late Elmore Leonard.

“Do you have that photo of Elmore Leonard? Can I see it?” Mr. Heller, the editor in chief, asked Rhapsody’s design director, Christos Hannides. Mr. Hannides slid it across the table and noted that they also had a photograph of cowboy spurs. “It’s very simple; it won’t take away from the literature,” he said.

Rhapsody’s office, an open space with exposed pipes and a vaulted brick ceiling, sits in Dumbo at the epicenter of literary Brooklyn, in the same converted tea warehouse as the literary journal N+1 and the digital publisher Atavist. Two of the magazine’s seven staff members hold graduate degrees in creative writing. Mr. Manning, the executive editor, has published a memoir and edited five literary anthologies.

Mr. Manning said Rhapsody was conceived from the start as a place for literary novelists to write with voice and style, and nobody had been put off that their work would live in plane cabins and airport lounges.

Still, some contributors say they wish the magazine were more widely circulated.

“I would love it if I could read it,” said Ms. Schappell, a Brooklyn-based novelist who wrote a feature story for Rhapsody’s inaugural issue. “But I never fly first class.”

Rhapsody, a Lofty Literary Journal, Perused at 39,000 Feet

ate in February, Dr. Ben Carson, the celebrated pediatric neurosurgeon turned political insurrectionist, was trying to check off another box on his presidential-campaign to-do list: hiring a press secretary. The lead prospect, a public-relations specialist named Deana Bass, had come to meet him at the dimly lit Capitol Hill office of Carson’s confidant and business manager, Armstrong Williams. Carson sat back and scrutinized her from behind a small granite table, as life-size cardboard cutouts of more conventional politicians — President Obama, with a tight smile, and Senator John McCain, glowering — loomed behind each of his shoulders. (The mock $3 bill someone had left on a table in Williams’s waiting room undercut any notion that this was a bipartisan zone; it featured Obama wearing a turban.)

Bass seemed momentarily speechless, and not just because no one had warned her that a New York Times reporter would be sitting in on her job interview. Though she knew Williams — a jack-of-all-trades entrepreneur who owns several television stations and a public-affairs business and who hosts a daily talk-radio show — through Washington’s small circle of black conservatives, the two hadn’t spoken in years until he called her two days earlier. He had been struggling to come up with the perfect national spokesperson, he told her. Then, at the gym, her name popped into his head; Williams was fairly certain she was the one. Sitting across from a likely candidate for president, Bass was adjusting to the idea that her life might be about to take a sudden chaotic turn.

“It’s like getting the most random call on a Monday that you simply do not see coming,” she said. “Oftentimes, that is how the Lord works.”

Continue reading the main story

His life in brain surgery
has prepared him for the
presidency, he maintains,
better than lives in
politics have for his rivals.

Carson concurred: “It’s always how he works in my life.” Carson is soft-spoken and often talks with his eyes half closed, frequently punctuating his sentences with a small laugh, even if the humor of his statement is not readily apparent. Bass told Carson that she had been a Republican staff member on Capitol Hill then worked for the Republican National Committee. In 2007 she started a Christian public-relations firm with her sister. She enjoyed working on the Hill, she said, but the pay wasn’t as high as the hours were long. “We figured that we worked like slaves for other people, and we wanted to work for ourselves.”

Carson stopped her. “You know you can’t mention that word, right?” Carson waited a beat, then laughed, and Williams and Bass joined in. He was getting to the point; he needed a professional who could help him check his penchant for creating uncontrolled controversy just by talking.

The Ben Carson movement began in 2013, when Carson, a neurosurgeon, whose operating-room prowess and up-from-poverty back story had made him the subject of a television movie and a regular on the inspirational-speaking circuit, was invited to address the annual National Prayer Breakfast in Washington. With Barack Obama sitting just two seats away, Carson warned that “moral decay” and “fiscal irresponsibility” could destroy America just as it did ancient Rome. He proposed a substitute for Obamacare — Health Savings Accounts, which, he said, would end any talk of “death panels” — and a flat-tax based on the concept of tithing. His address, combined with the president’s stony reaction, was a smash with Republican activists. Speaking and interview requests flooded in. Carson, then 61, announced his planned retirement a few weeks later, freeing his calendar to accept just about all of them. In the months that followed, his rhetoric became increasingly strident. The claim that drew the most attention, perhaps, was that Obamacare was “the worst thing that has happened in this nation since slavery.”

Bass’s own use of the word prompted Carson to ask her what she thought about that incident. She considered for a moment.

“If you want to reach people and have them even understand what you’re saying, there is a way to do it, without that hyperbole, that might be. . . . ” She paused. “I just think it’s important not to shut people off before they —”

Carson jumped in. “That doesn’t allow them to hear what you’re saying?”

Bass nodded.

Likening Obamacare to slavery — and slavery was incomparably worse, Carson said — had its political advantages for a candidacy like his. It was the kind of statement that stoked the angriest of the Republican voters: conservative stalwarts who can’t hear enough bad things about Obama. This, in turn, led to more talk-radio and Fox News appearances, more book sales, more donations to the super PAC started in his name, more support in the polls. (The day before the meeting, one poll of Republican voters showed Carson statistically tied for first place with Jeb Bush and Scott Walker.)

Rhetorical excess was good for business, but Carson now wants to be seen as more than a novelty candidate. He has come to learn that such extreme analogies, while true to his views, aren’t especially presidential. They alienate more moderate voters and, perhaps even more damaging, reinforce the impression that he is not “serious” — that he is another Herman Cain, the black former Godfather’s Pizza chief executive who rose to the top of the early presidential polls in 2011 but then bowed out before the Iowa caucuses, largely because of leaked allegations of sexual misconduct, which he denied but from which he never recovered. Cain lingers as a cautionary tale for the party as much as for a right-leaning candidate like Carson. The fact that Cain, with his folksy sayings (“shucky ducky”) and misnomers (“Ubeki-beki-beki-beki-stan-stan”), reached the top of the national polls — much less that he was eventually followed there by the likes of Michele Bachmann, Newt Gingrich and Rick Santorum, who all topped one or another poll in the 2012 primary season — wound up being a considerable embarrassment for the eventual nominee, Mitt Romney, and for the longtime party regulars who were trying to fast-track his way to the nomination.

Carson liked Bass and, without directly saying so, made it clear the job was hers for the taking. Carson’s campaign chairman, Terry Giles — a white lawyer whose clients have included the comedian Richard Pryor and the stepson of the model Anna Nicole Smith and who helped reconcile the business interests of the descendants of the Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. — had assembled a mostly white campaign team, including many from the 2012 Gingrich effort, and Carson wanted a person of color to speak for him. Bass said she would have to mull it over, pray about it. Carson nodded approvingly. “Pray about it,” he said. “See what you think.”

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Williams knew the party was intent on protecting the eventual 2016 nominee from the same embarrassment Romney suffered. Already, suspiciously tough articles about Carson were showing up in conservative magazines and on right-wing websites. “They’re protecting these establishment candidates,” Williams said. “This is coming from within the house. This is family.” At the very least, he wanted to make sure that Carson didn’t do their work for them. (Carson would commit another unforced error a week later, when he told CNN that homosexuality was clearly a choice, because a lot of people go in prison straight and “when they come out, they’re gay”; he later apologized.)

“We need somebody to protect him, sometimes, from himself,” he told Bass — laughing, but only half kidding.

A candidacy like Carson’s presents a new kind of problem to the establishment wing of the G.O.P., which, at least since 1980, has selected its presidential nominees with a routine efficiency that Democrats could only envy. The establishment candidate has usually been a current or former governor or senator, blandly Protestant, hailing from the moderate, big-business wing of the party (or at least friendly with it) and almost always a second-, third- or fourth-time national contender — someone who had waited “his turn.” These candidates would tack predictably to the right during the primaries to satisfy the evangelicals, deficit hawks, libertarian leaners and other inconvenient but vital constituents who made up the “base” of the party. In return, the base would, after a brief flirtation with some fantasy candidate like Steve Forbes or Pat Buchanan, “hold their noses” and deliver their votes come November. This bargain was always tenuous, of course, and when some of the furthest-right activists turned against George W. Bush, citing (among other apostasies) his expansion of Medicare’s prescription drug benefit, it began to fall apart. After Barack Obama defeated McCain in 2008, the party’s once dependable base started to reconsider the wisdom of holding their noses at all.

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Republican candidates at a pre-straw-poll debate, held at Iowa State University in 2011. Credit Chip Somodevilla/Getty Images

This insurgent attitude was helped along by changes in the nomination rules. In 2010, the Republican National Committee, hoping to capture the excitement of the coast-to-coast Democratic primary competition between Obama and Hillary Clinton, introduced new voting rules that required many of the early voting states to award some delegates to losing candidates, based on their shares of the vote. The proportional voting rules would encourage struggling candidates to stay in the primaries even after successive losses, as Clinton did, because they might be able to pull together enough delegates to take the nomination in a convention-floor fight or at least use them to bargain for a prime speaking slot or cabinet post.

This shift in incentives did not go unnoticed by potential 2012 candidates, nor did changes in election law that allowed billionaire donors to form super PACs in support of pet candidacies. At the same time, increasingly widespread broadband Internet access allowed candidates to reach supporters directly with video and email appeals and supporters to send money with the tap of a smartphone, making it easier than ever for individual candidates to ignore the wishes of the party.

Into this newly chaotic Republican landscape strode Mitt Romney. There could be no doubt that it was his turn, and yet his journey to the nomination was interrupted by one against-the-odds challenger after another — Cain, Michele Bachmann, Newt Gingrich, Rick Santorum, Ron Paul; always Ron Paul. It was easy to dismiss the 2012 primaries as a meaningless circus, but the onslaught did much more than tarnish the overall Republican brand. It also forced Romney to spend money he could have used against Obama and defend his right flank with embarrassing pandering that shadowed him through the general election. It was while trying to block a surge from Gingrich, for instance, that Romney told a debate audience that he was for the “self-deportation” of undocumented immigrants.

At the 2012 convention in Tampa, a group of longtime party hands, including Romney’s lawyer, Ben Ginsberg, gathered to discuss how to prevent a repeat of what had become known inside and outside the party as the “clown show.” Their aim was not just to protect the party but also to protect a potential President Romney from a primary challenge in 2016. They forced through new rules that would give future presumptive nominees more control over delegates in the event of a convention fight. They did away with the mandatory proportional delegate awards that encouraged long-shot candidacies. And, in a noticeably targeted effort, they raised the threshold that candidates needed to meet to enter their names into nomination, just as Ron Paul’s supporters were working to reach it. When John A. Boehner gaveled the rules in on a voice vote — a vote that many listeners heard as a tie, if not an outright loss — the hall erupted and a line of Ron Paul supporters walked off the floor in protest, along with many Tea Party members.

At a party meeting last winter, Reince Priebus, who as party chairman is charged with maintaining the support of all his constituencies, did restore some proportional primary and caucus voting, but only in states that held voting within a shortened two-week window. And he also condensed the nominating schedule to four and a half months from six months, and, for the first time required candidates to participate in a shortened debate schedule, determined by the party, not by the whims of the networks. (The panel that recommended those changes included names closely identified with the establishment — the former Bush White House spokesman Ari Fleischer, the Mississippi committeeman Haley Barbour and, notably, Jeb Bush’s closest adviser, Sally Bradshaw.)

Grass-roots activists have complained that the condensed schedule robs nonestablishment candidates — “movement candidates” like Carson — of the extra time they need to build momentum, money and organizations. But Priebus, who says the nomination could be close to settled by April, said it helped all the party’s constituencies when the nominee was decided quickly. “We don’t need a six-month slice-and-dice festival,” Priebus said when we spoke in mid-March. “While I can’t always control everyone’s mouth, I can control how long we can kill each other.”

All the rules changes were built to sidestep the problems of 2012. But the 2016 field is shaping up to be vastly different and far larger. A new Republican hints that he or she is considering a run seemingly every week. There are moderates like Gov. John Kasich of Ohio and former Gov. George Pataki of New York; no-compromise conservatives like Senator Ted Cruz of Texas and former Senator Rick Santorum of Pennsylvania; business-wingers like the former Hewlett-Packard chief executive Carly Fiorina; one-of-a-kinds like Donald Trump — some 20 in all, a dozen or so who seem fairly serious about it. That opens the possibility of multiple candidates vying for all the major Republican constituencies, some of them possibly goaded along by super-PAC-funding billionaires, all of them trading wins and collecting delegates well into spring.

Giles says his candidate can capitalize on all that chaos. Rivals may laugh, but Giles argues that if Carson can make a respectable showing in Iowa, then win in South Carolina — or at least come in second should a home-state senator, Lindsey Graham, run — and come in second behind Bush or Senator Marco Rubio in their home state of Florida, he could be positioned to make a real run. But that would depend on avoiding pitfalls like Carson’s ill-considered comments on homosexuality. Rather than capitalizing on the chaos, Carson may only contribute to it.

Ben Carson is, in many ways, the ideal Republican presidential candidate. With a not-too-selective reading of his life story, conservative voters can — and do — see in him an inspiring, up-from-nowhere African-American who shares their beliefs, a right-wing answer to Barack Obama. Before he was born, his parents moved to Detroit from rural Tennessee as part of the second great migration. His father, Robert Solomon Carson, worked at a Cadillac factory. His mother, Sonya — who herself had grown up as one of 24 children and left school at third grade — cleaned houses. When Carson was 8, Sonya discovered that Robert was keeping a second family. She moved, with her two sons, into a rundown group house. It was in a part of town that Carson described to me as crawling with “big rats and roaches and all kinds of horrible things.” Sonya worked several jobs at a time and made up the shortfall with food stamps. (Carson has called for paring back the social safety net but not doing away with it.)

Carson recounts this story in his best-selling 1990 memoir, “Gifted Hands,” which also became the basis for a 2009 movie on TNT, starring Cuba Gooding Jr. as Carson. Raised as a Seventh Day Adventist, Carson realized that he wanted to become a physician during a church sermon about a missionary doctor who, while serving overseas, was almost attacked by thieves but found safety by putting his faith in God. When Carson, then 8, told his mother his new dream, “She said, ‘Absolutely, you could do it, you could do anything,’ ” he told me. Forced by his mother to read two extra books a week, he made it to Yale, then to medical school at the University of Michigan, where he decided to specialize in neurosurgery. He was selected for residency at Johns Hopkins Children’s Center, where he was named director of pediatric neurosurgery at 33, becoming the youngest person, and the first black person, to hold the title. He drew national attention by conducting a succession of operations that had never been performed successfully, most famously planning and managing the first separation of conjoined twins connected through major blood vessels in the brain.

Carson, a two-time Jimmy Carter voter, traces his conservative political awakening to a patient he met during the Reagan years. During a routine obstetrics rotation, he found himself treating an unwed pregnant teenager who had run away from her well-to-do parents. When Carson asked her how she was getting by, she informed him she was on public assistance; this led him to ponder the fact that the government was paying for the result of what he did not view as a “wise decision.” The incident, he says, fed his growing sense that the welfare system too often saps motivation and rewards irresponsible behavior. (When we spoke, he suggested that the government should cut off assistance to would-be unwed mothers, but only after warning them that it would do so within a certain amount of time, say five years. “I bet you’d see a dramatic decrease in unwed motherhood.”)

Carson’s friends at Hopkins say they do not remember him being particularly outspoken about his conservatism. He devoted most of his public engagement to urging poor kids in bad neighborhoods to use “these fancy brains God gave us,” through weekly school visits, student hospital tours and, ultimately, a multimillion-dollar scholarship program. “His issues were always medical care for the poor, education for the poor, equal opportunity — helping the less fortunate and really inspiring them as an example,” a mentor who named him to the chief pediatrics-neurosurgery post at Hopkins, Dr. Donlin Long, told me.

Even when Carson got the chance, in 1997, to speak in front of President Bill Clinton, at the national prayer breakfast, he mostly discussed the lack of role models for black children who were not sports stars or rappers. (There was possibly an oblique reference to Clinton’s sex scandals, when he told the audience that, if they are always honest, they won’t have to worry later about “skeletons in the closet.”)

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Ben Carson at CPAC on Feb. 26 in Oxon Hill, Md. Credit Dolly Faibyshev for The New York Times

In 2011, Carson’s politics took a strident turn, mirroring that of many in his party during the Obama years. “America the Beautiful,” his sixth book, which he wrote with Candy Carson, his wife of 39 years, included a get-tough-on-illegal-immigration message and offered anti-establishment praise for the Tea Party. It suggested that blacks who voted for Obama only because he was black were themselves practicing a form of racism. (Earlier this year he admitted to Buzzfeed that portions of the book were lifted directly from several sources without proper attribution.) His prayer-breakfast performance in 2013, and the extremity of his remarks in the months afterward (Obamacare is the worst thing since slavery; the United States is “very much like Nazi Germany”; allowing same-sex marriage could lead to allowing bestiality), left some of his old friends bewildered. Students at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine protested his planned convocation address there in 2013, and he eventually backed out. When I asked Carson about the view at Hopkins that he had changed, he said his themes are still the same: “hard work, self-reliance, helping other people.” If he had become more overtly political, he said, it was only because the Obama years had led him to believe that “we’re really moving in a direction that is very, very destructive.”

None of this went unnoticed by campaign professionals. In August 2013, John Philip Sousa IV and Vernon Robinson, each of whom professes to be a virtual stranger to Carson, and who had previously been active in the anti-illegal-immigration movement, started the National Draft Ben Carson for President Committee. Sousa was just coming off a campaign to defend the sheriff of Maricopa County, Arizona, Joe Arpaio, from a recall effort, and he told me that he found Carson’s lack of political experience refreshing. “We have 500 guys and gals with probably a collective 5,000 years experience, and look at the mess we’re in,” he said.

Many others in the party feel the same way. Carson’s PAC finished 2014 with more than $13 million in donations, more than Ready for Hillary. Much of its money has gone toward further fund-raising, but Sousa — the great-grandson of the famous composer — points out that their effort has already built far more than just a war chest, organizing leaders in all 99 of Iowa’s counties. Regardless, Carson credits the fund-raising success of Sousa and Robinson with persuading him to enter the race.

Very early the morning after the job interview, Carson was in a black S.U.V., heading from Washington to the Gaylord National Resort and Convention Center in Oxon Hill, Md., where he was to give the opening candidate speech of the Conservative Political Action Conference. The event, which functions as an early tryout for Republican presidential contenders, tends to skew rightward in its audience, drawing many of the same sorts of people who shouted at Boehner in Tampa. As such, it tends to favor anti-establishment candidates, but the news leading up to this year’s event was that Jeb Bush hoped to make inroads there.

It was still dark when we set out, and I joked with Carson about the hour, telling him he’d better get used to it. He retorted that his career in pediatric brain surgery made him no stranger to early mornings. This is a big theme of Carson’s presidential pitch: that neither the rigors of the campaign nor those of the White House can faze a man who held children’s lives in his hands. His life in brain surgery has prepared him for the presidency, he maintains, better than lives in politics have for his rivals. At the very least, he says, it conditioned him against getting too worked up about any problem that isn’t life threatening. “I mean, it’s grueling, but interestingly enough, I don’t feel the pressure,” he said.

At the convention hall, we were quickly surrounded by admirers. Two women were already waiting to meet him — white, middle-aged volunteers for Carson’s super PAC, who had traveled from South Carolina. One of them, Chris Horne, was holding a dog-eared and taped Bible. A founding member of the Charleston Tea Party who went on to work for Gingrich’s successful South Carolina primary campaign in 2012, Horne lamented over the attacks that Carson was sure to face. “You served us, you served the Lord, just don’t let them steal that from you,” she said. Her friend told him, “You’ve got God behind you!” Such religious evocations trailed Carson constantly while I walked the CPAC floor with him. Evangelicals are impressed not only with his devotion to their politics but also with his career path; as one of them told me, what’s more pro-life than saving babies?

During our ride to the conference, Carson told me his speech was not looking to “feed the beast.” When his appointed time came, he kept his remarks as tame as promised. “Real compassion” meant “using our intellect” to help people “climb out of dependency and realize the American dream,” he said. The national debt is going to “destroy us,” Obamacare was about “redistribution and control,” but Republicans better come forward with their own alternative before they repeal it, he said.

Because his speech was first, and it started several minutes early, the auditorium was slow to fill. Still, the first day saw a crush of people seeking autographs and pictures as he roamed the hall. The Draft Carson committee’s 150 volunteers swarmed the auditorium, collecting emails and handing out “Run Ben Run” stickers. After a quick interview with Sean Hannity, the conservative-radio and Fox News host — his second in two days — Carson was off to Tampa.

In the hours that followed his talk, the hall offered a view in miniature of what the next 12 to 14 months might hold for the party. Chris Christie, sitting across from the tough-minded talk-radio host Laura Ingraham, boasted about his multiple vetoes of Planned Parenthood funding, his refusal to raise income taxes and his belief that “sometimes people need to be told to sit down and shut up.” Cruz, an audience favorite, warning his fellow Republicans against falling for a “squishy moderate,” declared, “Take all 125,000 I.R.S. agents and put ’em on our Southern border!” Gov. Scott Walker of Wisconsin, surging in polls, boasted that if he could face down the 100,000 union supporters who protested his legislation limiting collective bargaining for public employees, he could certainly handle ISIS. The next day, the traditional CPAC favorite Rand Paul spoke, packing the hall with his supporters who chanted “President Paul.” He warned, counter to the overall hawkish tenor of the event, that “we should not succumb to the notion that a government inept at home will somehow become successful abroad.” But he also vowed to end foreign aid to countries whose citizens are seen burning American flags. “Not one penny more to these haters of America.”

Perhaps the defining moment came near the end of the conference, when Jeb Bush spoke. In a neat trick of political gamesmanship — and a show of establishment muscle — his team had bused in an ample cheering section for the dozens of cameras on hand for his appearance. But a small contingent of Tea Party activists and Rand Paul supporters staged a walk out. When Bush began a question-and-answer session, they turned and left the auditorium to chant “U.S.A., U.S.A.” in the hallway, led by a man in colonial garb waving a huge “Don’t Tread on Me” banner. Plenty of other detractors stayed in the hall and peppered Bush’s remarks with booing as he stood by positions unpopular with the conservative grass roots: support for the Common Core standards and an immigration overhaul that provides a “path to legal status” for undocumented immigrants. Bush took it all in good humor, but finally seemed to give up.

“For those who made an ‘oo’ sound — is that what it was? — I’m marking you down as neutral,” he said. “And I want to be your second choice.”

Bush strategists told me they would not repeat Romney’s mistakes. Of course they would love to glide to an early nomination, they said, but they are prepared for a long contest and won’t be wasting any energy bending under pressure from a Paul or a Cruz or a Carson.

No one doubts that the pressure will increase, though. Despite the best wishes of the party’s leaders, GOP primary voters have given little indication that they will narrow the field quickly.

Before I left, I spotted Newt Gingrich, himself a fleeting presidential front-runner during those strange primary days of 2012. I asked him whether he thought all the party maneuvering — all the attempts to change the rules and fast-track the process — would preclude someone from presenting the sort of outside primary challenge he had carried out in the last election.

“No,” he told me, as if it was the most obvious thing in the world. “Look at where Ben Carson is right now.”

Jim Rutenberg is the chief political correspondent for the magazine. His most recent feature was about Megyn Kelly.

Ben Carson Says He’ll Seek 2016 G.O.P. Nomination
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