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Penggusuran kios pedagang di Stasiun Universitas Indonesia hari ini, Rabu, 29 Mei 2013, diwarnai ketegangan. Ratusan petugas penggusuran dari PT Kereta Api Indonesia ditahan oleh aksi protes pedagang dan mahasiswa UI.

Awalnya, penggusuran yang dilakukan mulai pukul 07.30 ini berjalan tanpa kendala. Ribuan petugas dan polisi langsung menguasai stasiun dan melakukan penggusuran kios di atas peron dan kios di bawah peron. (Pedagang di Stasiun UI Ditertibkan Hari Ini)

"Kami melakukan protes damai karena ini bukan penataan, tapi penggusuran, maknanya beda," kata Ketua BEM UI Ali Abdillah di lokasi, Rabu, 29 Mei 2013. Ali mengatakan, mereka akan bertahan di toko yang belum tergusur di sisi timur rel arah Jakarta.

Ketegangan berawal saat petugas hendak merobohkan kios di bawah stasiun sisi timur rel, yang masih dijadikan tempat bertahan oleh para mahasiswa. Tiba-tiba para petugas berteriak karena mendapat lemparan batu. Petugas pun membalas lemparan batu ke arah mahasiswa.

"Polisi harus tanggung jawab, bagaimana ini?" kata seorang mahasiswa yang mengadu kepada polisi saat kejadian itu.

Lempar- lemparan batu terjadi sekitar 10 menit. Beruntung, ratusan polisi yang mengamankan penggusuran langsung menguasai lokasi dan memisahkan mahasiswa dan petugas. Polisi akhirnya mengambil keputusan agar mahasiswa dan selain petugas keluar dari lokasi penggusuran.

"Rekan-rekan, selain petugas, semuanya keluar dari lokasi," kata Kepala Bagian Operasional Polresta Depok, Komisaris Suratno, di lokasi. Petugas pun langsung mensterilkan lokasi.

Mahasiswa kemudian mundur dari kios yang hendak digusur dan menyediakan diri untuk menuntut PT KAI secara hukum. "Kami akan tempuh jalur hukum," kata Ali Abdillah.

Seperti diketahui, PT Kereta Api Indonesia akan membersihkan stasiun tersebut dari pedagang guna menerapkan sistem tiket elektronik (e- ticketing) hari ini, Rabu, 29 Mei 2013. Apabila lahan stasiun steril dari pedagang, PT KAI akan membuat gate e-ticketing.

Sekitar 1.500 petugas gabungan PT KAI dan Polresta Depok ikut dalam penggusuran ini. Adapun kios yang akan digusur sekitar 80 kios, yaitu 50 di atas peron dan 30 kios berada di sisi kiri dan kanan rel setelah Stasiun UI. Sampai saat ini, penertiban masih berlangsung.

Ricuh Akibat Pembongkaran Stasiun UI

saco-indonesia.com, Gubernur Jawa Barat Ahmad Heryawaan (Aher) telah mengucapkan selamat Hari Pers Nasional (HPN) yang jatuh pada 9 Februari. Dalam kehidupan berbangsa dan berdemokrasi, Aher telah menilai peran pers menjadi bagian penting dari demokrasi.

"Selamat HPN, kepada semua pihak, semua terkait dengan pers. Pers bagian dari kehidupan. Pilar kebangsaan demokrasi saat ini. Sekarang selain pers ada civil society, media berpengaruh, kekuatan modal juga berpengaruh," tegas Aher usai dalam menghadiri acara Sarasehan Nasional Ulama Pesantren dan Cendikiawan di Depok, Jawa Barat, Minggu (09/02/2014) kemarin.

Aher juga mengusulkan agar media dapat membuat keseimbangan. Selama ini, kata dia, peran kontrol oleh media terlalu menonjol. "Sementara peran pendidikan dan hiburan kurang. Kalau peran kontrol sudah baik, bahkan kelebihan, terlalu over kelebihan peran kontrol, sudah paling top deh," katanya sambil tertawa.

Aher juga menambahkan membangun bangsa harus seimbang melalui tulisan media dalam hal produksi kata yang jangan provokatif. Sebab media, lanjutnya, adalah lembaga yang mempunyai peran amat strategis.

"Tak ada kemajuan tanpa media. Tak ada kecerdasan bangsa tanpa media, media memasivekan banyak hal. Marilah hadirkan fakta media. Kalau fakta suda hadir maka harus seimbang, supaya cover both side," tutupnya.


Editor : Dian Sukmawati

TAK ADA KEMAJUAN TANPA MEDIA

saco-indonesia.com, Bukan rahasia umum lagi jika akhir-akhir ini listrik sering mati mendadak karena ada pemadaman bergilir atau karena ada kerusakan pada peralatan milik PLN yang telah diakibatkan faktor oleh cuaca. Seringkali pemadaman telah berlangsung dalam waktu yang cukup lama sehingga kita tidak dapat melakukan kegiatan apapun yang berhubungan dengan peralatan listrik baik di rumah maupun di kantor. Jika kegiatan tersebut hanya bersifat hiburan, kita tentu dapat menahan diri dan sedikit bersabar. Akan tetapi, jika kegiatan tersebut berhubungan dengan kegiatan bisnis, misalnya bisnis online dengan penggunaan komputer dan modem internet yang telah membutuhkan aliran listrik, maka kerugian yang akan ditanggung selama pemadaman tersebut bisa mencapai angka yang cukup besar.

Melayangkan pengaduan atau keluhan kepada PLN mungkin bisa dilakukan, akan tetapi solusi yang akan diharapkan belum tentu bisa cepat terealisasi terutama untuk masalah yang cukup besar. Hal iniliah yang membuat banyak orang telah memilih untuk membeli genset atau portable generator sebagai sumber energi listrik cadangan ketika aliran listrik tengah padam. Apa saja yang perlu diperhatikan sebelum kita membeli genset? Mari kita simak poin-poin penting berikut!

Tips Membeli Genset

    Menghitung seberapa besar daya yang akan kita butuhkan. Dengan penghitungan yang lebih baik, kebutuhan listrik kita juga akan tetap terpenuhi sekalipun kita tengah menggunakan genset. Kita juga dapat menghitungnya dengan memperhatikan alat-alat apa saja yang biasa kita gunakan di rumah seperti jumlah lampu, komputer, TV, lemari es, dan lain-lain. Jika ingin lebih mudah, kita hanya perlu memperhatikan kapasitas daya listrik yang telah kita miliki di rumah. Yang paling perlu diperhatikan adalah pemilihan genset dengan daya yang sama atau lebih besar dari yang telah kita miliki.
    Memperhatikan jenis genset berdasarkan bahan bakarnya. Pemilihan genset dengan bahan bakar yang berbeda mungkin tidak terlalu berpengaruh kepada jumlah biaya yang harus kita keluarkan untuk dapat membeli bahan bakar tersebut mengingat harga bensin dan solar relatif sama. Akan tetapi, pemilihan genset dengan memperhatikan jenis bahan bakarnya juga dapat memberikan kita petunjuk tentang besar kapasitas daya yang telah dihasilkan. Biasanya, genset dengan kapasitas besar (4000 watt ke atas). Oleh karena itu, anda dapat mengeliminasi pilihan ini jika anda membutuhkan genset untuk kebutuhan rumah tangga.
    Memilih model genset berdasarkan ukuran dan tingkat kebisingan. Kita mungkin tidak memiliki ruangan yang cukup luas untuk dapat meletakkan genset yang kita beli di rumah. Dengan demikian, memilih genset yang berukuran kecil juga merupakan solusi yang terbaik walaupun seringkali ukuran fisik genset berbanding lurus dengan kapasitasnya. Produsen genset juga telah memberikan pilihan yang cukup variatif mengenai suara yang telah dihasilkan oleh mesin tersebut. Pilihan produk dengan tingkat kebisingan rendah adalah yang paling masuk akal untuk digunakan di rumah.
    Menyesuaikan produk yang diinginkan dengan kondisi keuangan. Nah, ini adalah aspek yang paling penting menurut sebagian besar orang. Lalu, kenapa aspek ini harus ada di urutan ke-empat? Kita bisa saja membeli produk yang murah. Akan tetapi, jika kita melihat kembali seberapa penting fungsi genset untuk dapat mendukung aktifitas kita, membeli genset atas dasar harga yang murah bisa jadi cukup beresiko. Ketika kita salah dalam menentukan pilihan hanya karena harga murah yang ditawarkan, hal ini juga dapat berakibat pada tidak maksimalnya fungsi genset tersebut sehingga kita membutuhkan yang baru dengan kapasitas lebih besar dan harga yang lebih mahal.

Di luar kebutuhan kita akan genset yang seringkali mendesak ketika listrik padam, kita tentu berharap pasokan listrik dari PLN dapat kita nikmati dengan nyaman dan stabil. Semoga tips ini bermanfaat.


Editor : Dian Sukmawatid

TIPS MEMBELI GENSET

saco-indonesia.com, Madrid - Lewat perpanjangan waktu 2x15 menit dan beberapa insiden antar pemain, Atletico Madrid keluar sebagai pemenang final Copa del Rey usai mengalahkan Real Madrid dengan skor 2-1.

Pada laga yang dihelat di Santiago Bernabeu, Sabtu (18/5/2013) dinihari WIB, Ronaldo membawa Madrid unggul lebih dulu sebelum disamakan Diego Costa. Dua gol itu tercipta di babak pertama.

Paruh kedua laga tak ada gol tercipta sehingga laga harus diteruskan ke 2x15 menit extra time. Miranda tampil sebagai pahlawan lewat gol yang dicetaknya di paruh pertama perpanjangan waktu.

Bagi Atletico ini adalah gelar ke-9 di kompetisi ini sementara itu Madrid harus gigit jari karena hampa gelar musim ini.

Jalannya Pertandingan

Di menit 14 Madrid unggul lebih dulu lewat Ronaldo. Diawali korner Luka Modric, bola mengarah ke kotak penalti dan disambut tandukan Ronaldo yang menjebol jala Thibaut Courtois.

Setelah gol itu Madrid justru lebih banyak ditekan oleh Atletico yang bernafsu mencari gol penyama kedudukan. Akhirnya Atletico mendapatkannya di menit 35 melalu Diego Costa.

Radamel Falcao mendapat bola di tengah lapangan dan lolos dari penjagaan Raul Albiol, lalu memberikan umpan terukur kepada Costa yang berlari dan kemudian melepaskan sepakan menyilang ke tiang jauh tanpa bisa dihalau Diego Lopez.

Di menit 43 Mesut Oezil nyaris mencetak gol andaikan bola hasil tembakan setengah voli-nya tak menghantam mistar gawang Atletico.

Skor 1-1 bertahan hingga turun minum.

Babak kedua berjalan Atletico tetap mengambil inisiatif serangan dan di menit 61 mereka mendapatkan peluang di kotak penalti. Gabi melepaskan crossing ke tiang jauh yang disambut sepakan kaki kiri Filipe Luis tapi masih menyamping di gawang Lopez.

Semenit setelahnya Madrid mendapatkan dua peluang. Pertama dari tembakan jarak dekat Benzema yang menerpa tiang gawang dan bola rebound yang didapat Oezil masih bisa dihalau Juanfran di garis gawang.

Kemudian sama halnya dengan free kick Ronaldo di menit 69 yang tertahan tiang kanan gawang Courtois. Michael Essien kemudian menyambar bola muntah tapi melayang jauh di atas mistar.

Jose Mourinho di menit 73 diusir wasit keluar lapangan karena memprotes keputusan pengadil serta ofisial keempat. Tak ada lagi peluang tercipta sehingga skor tetap imbang 1-1 dan laga dilanjutkan ke 2x15 menit extra time.

Miranda! Gol pemain Brasil itu di menit 98 membawa Atletico berbalik unggul 2-1. Diawali crossing Koke dari sayap kanan, bola mengarah ke tiang dekat dan Miranda dengan bebas menanduknya serta menaklukkan Lopez di bawah mistar.

Di menit 103 Gonzalo Higuain melepaskan tembakan dari jarak dekat namun masih bisa dihadang Courtois. Atletico masih unggul 2-1.

Enam menit setelahnya Courtois kembali melakukan penyelamatan gemilang ketika menghadang tembakan Oezil dari jarak dekat.

Pertandingan memanas yang diwarnai keributan antara pemain setelah di menit 114 Ronaldo diusir keluar karena menerima kartu merah. Ronaldo dianggap menghantam wajah Gabi dengan kakinya, padahal dalam tayangan ulang kaki Ronaldo tak mengenai Gabi.

Hingga laga berakhir skor 2-1 tetap bertahan dan Atletico keluar sebagai juara Copa del Rey.

Susunan Pemain

Real Madrid: Diego Lopez, Ramos, Coentrao (Arbeloa 91'), Essien, Albiol, Khedira, Alonso, Modric (Di Maria 91'), Cristiano Ronaldo, Benzema (Higuain 91'), Ozil

Atletico Madrid: Courtois, Juanfran, Godin, Miranda, Filipe Luis, Gabi, Mario Suarez, Koke, Turan (Rodriguez 110'), Diego Costa (Adrian 105'), Falcao

MADRID KO LAGI..

saco-indonesia.com, Gelandang Arsenal, Santi Cazorla juga mengaku senang mereka bisa terus bergerak maju di bawah radar dalam persaingan untuk memburu gelar juara Premier League musim ini.

The Gunners juga masih harus memimpin klasemen hingga kompetisi telah memasuki lebih separuh jalan. Namun banyak pihak juga masih meragukan mereka dan memasang Manchester City serta Chelsea sebagai favorit juara - hal yang tak dirisaukan oleh Cazorla.

"Saat ini, kami telah menunjukkan jika kami selevel mereka. Mungkin di awal musim, tak seorang pun akan menempatkan kami sejajar City atau Chelsea, mungkin karena pembelian besar mereka. Tapi semua juga sudah terlihat jelas di lapangan - kini Arsenal di depan dan tujuan kami adalah terus bertarung dengan mereka.

Eks gelandang Malaga itu juga menambahkan, "Musim ini kami akan lebih konsisten, lebih solid, terutama saat kami dalam penampilan puncak. Musim lalu kadang kami sudah unggul namun kemenangan kemudian lepas, itu telah membuat gelar praktis mustahil dimenangkan - musim ini semuanya sudah berubah


Editor : Dian Sukmawati

ARSENAL TAK DIPERHITUNGKAN

The magical quality Mr. Lesnie created in shooting the “Babe” films caught the eye of the director Peter Jackson, who chose him to film the fantasy epic.

Andrew Lesnie, Cinematographer of ‘Lord of the Rings,’ Dies at 59

Ms. Meadows was the older sister of Audrey Meadows, who played Alice Kramden on “The Honeymooners.”

Jayne Meadows, Actress and Steve Allen’s Wife and Co-Star, Dies at 95

Mr. Pfaff was an international affairs columnist and author who found Washington’s intervention in world affairs often misguided.

William Pfaff, Critic of American Foreign Policy, Dies at 86

At the National Institutes of Health, Dr. Suzman’s signature accomplishment was the central role he played in creating a global network of surveys on aging.

Richard Suzman, 72, Dies; Researcher Influenced Global Surveys on Aging

BEIJING (AP) — The head of Taiwan's Nationalists reaffirmed the party's support for eventual unification with the mainland when he met Monday with Chinese President Xi Jinping as part of continuing rapprochement between the former bitter enemies.

Nationalist Party Chairman Eric Chu, a likely presidential candidate next year, also affirmed Taiwan's desire to join the proposed Chinese-led Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank during the meeting in Beijing. China claims Taiwan as its own territory and doesn't want the island to join using a name that might imply it is an independent country.

Chu's comments during his meeting with Xi were carried live on Hong Kong-based broadcaster Phoenix Television.

The Nationalists were driven to Taiwan by Mao Zedong's Communists during the Chinese civil war in 1949, leading to decades of hostility between the sides. Chu, who took over as party leader in January, is the third Nationalist chairman to visit the mainland and the first since 2009.

Relations between the communist-ruled mainland and the self-governing democratic island of Taiwan began to warm in the 1990s, partly out of their common opposition to Taiwan's formal independence from China, a position advocated by the island's Democratic Progressive Party.

Despite increasingly close economic ties, the prospect of political unification has grown increasingly unpopular on Taiwan, especially with younger voters. Opposition to the Nationalists' pro-China policies was seen as a driver behind heavy local electoral defeats for the party last year that led to Taiwanese President Ma Ying-jeou resigning as party chairman.

Taiwan party leader affirms eventual reunion with China

Though Robin and Joan Rolfs owned two rare talking dolls manufactured by Thomas Edison’s phonograph company in 1890, they did not dare play the wax cylinder records tucked inside each one.

The Rolfses, longtime collectors of Edison phonographs, knew that if they turned the cranks on the dolls’ backs, the steel phonograph needle might damage or destroy the grooves of the hollow, ring-shaped cylinder. And so for years, the dolls sat side by side inside a display cabinet, bearers of a message from the dawn of sound recording that nobody could hear.

In 1890, Edison’s dolls were a flop; production lasted only six weeks. Children found them difficult to operate and more scary than cuddly. The recordings inside, which featured snippets of nursery rhymes, wore out quickly.

Yet sound historians say the cylinders were the first entertainment records ever made, and the young girls hired to recite the rhymes were the world’s first recording artists.

Year after year, the Rolfses asked experts if there might be a safe way to play the recordings. Then a government laboratory developed a method to play fragile records without touching them.

Audio

The technique relies on a microscope to create images of the grooves in exquisite detail. A computer approximates — with great accuracy — the sounds that would have been created by a needle moving through those grooves.

In 2014, the technology was made available for the first time outside the laboratory.

“The fear all along is that we don’t want to damage these records. We don’t want to put a stylus on them,” said Jerry Fabris, the curator of the Thomas Edison Historical Park in West Orange, N.J. “Now we have the technology to play them safely.”

Last month, the Historical Park posted online three never-before-heard Edison doll recordings, including the two from the Rolfses’ collection. “There are probably more out there, and we’re hoping people will now get them digitized,” Mr. Fabris said.

The technology, which is known as Irene (Image, Reconstruct, Erase Noise, Etc.), was developed by the particle physicist Carl Haber and the engineer Earl Cornell at Lawrence Berkeley. Irene extracts sound from cylinder and disk records. It can also reconstruct audio from recordings so badly damaged they were deemed unplayable.

“We are now hearing sounds from history that I did not expect to hear in my lifetime,” Mr. Fabris said.

The Rolfses said they were not sure what to expect in August when they carefully packed their two Edison doll cylinders, still attached to their motors, and drove from their home in Hortonville, Wis., to the National Document Conservation Center in Andover, Mass. The center had recently acquired Irene technology.

Audio

Cylinders carry sound in a spiral groove cut by a phonograph recording needle that vibrates up and down, creating a surface made of tiny hills and valleys. In the Irene set-up, a microscope perched above the shaft takes thousands of high-resolution images of small sections of the grooves.

Stitched together, the images provide a topographic map of the cylinder’s surface, charting changes in depth as small as one five-hundredth the thickness of a human hair. Pitch, volume and timbre are all encoded in the hills and valleys and the speed at which the record is played.

At the conservation center, the preservation specialist Mason Vander Lugt attached one of the cylinders to the end of a rotating shaft. Huddled around a computer screen, the Rolfses first saw the wiggly waveform generated by Irene. Then came the digital audio. The words were at first indistinct, but as Mr. Lugt filtered out more of the noise, the rhyme became clearer.

“That was the Eureka moment,” Mr. Rolfs said.

In 1890, a girl in Edison’s laboratory had recited:

There was a little girl,

And she had a little curl

Audio

Right in the middle of her forehead.

When she was good,

She was very, very good.

But when she was bad, she was horrid.

Recently, the conservation center turned up another surprise.

In 2010, the Woody Guthrie Foundation received 18 oversize phonograph disks from an anonymous donor. No one knew if any of the dirt-stained recordings featured Guthrie, but Tiffany Colannino, then the foundation’s archivist, had stored them unplayed until she heard about Irene.

Last fall, the center extracted audio from one of the records, labeled “Jam Session 9” and emailed the digital file to Ms. Colannino.

“I was just sitting in my dining room, and the next thing I know, I’m hearing Woody,” she said. In between solo performances of “Ladies Auxiliary,” “Jesus Christ,” and “Dead or Alive,” Guthrie tells jokes, offers some back story, and makes the audience laugh. “It is quintessential Guthrie,” Ms. Colannino said.

The Rolfses’ dolls are back in the display cabinet in Wisconsin. But with audio stored on several computers, they now have a permanent voice.

Ghostly Voices From Thomas Edison’s Dolls Can Now Be Heard

Mr. King sang for the Drifters and found success as a solo performer with hits like “Spanish Harlem.”

Ben E. King, Soulful Singer of ‘Stand by Me,’ Dies at 76
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Many bodies prepared for cremation last week in Kathmandu were of young men from Gongabu, a common stopover for Nepali migrant workers headed overseas. Credit Daniel Berehulak for The New York Times

KATHMANDU, Nepal — When the dense pillar of smoke from cremations by the Bagmati River was thinning late last week, the bodies were all coming from Gongabu, a common stopover for Nepali migrant workers headed overseas, and they were all of young men.

Hindu custom dictates that funeral pyres should be lighted by the oldest son of the deceased, but these men were too young to have sons, so they were burned by their brothers or fathers. Sukla Lal, a maize farmer, made a 14-hour journey by bus to retrieve the body of his 19-year-old son, who had been on his way to the Persian Gulf to work as a laborer.

“He wanted to live in the countryside, but he was compelled to leave by poverty,” Mr. Lal said, gazing ahead steadily as his son’s remains smoldered. “He told me, ‘You can live on your land, and I will come up with money, and we will have a happy family.’ ”

Weeks will pass before the authorities can give a complete accounting of who died in the April 25 earthquake, but it is already clear that Nepal cannot afford the losses. The countryside was largely stripped of its healthy young men even before the quake, as they migrated in great waves — 1,500 a day by some estimates — to work as laborers in India, Malaysia or one of the gulf nations, leaving many small communities populated only by elderly parents, women and children. Economists say that at some times of the year, one-quarter of Nepal’s population is working outside the country.

Nepal’s Young Men, Lost to Migration, Then a Quake

Ms. von Furstenberg made her debut in the movies and on the Broadway stage in the early 1950s as a teenager and later reinvented herself as a television actress, writer and philanthropist.

Betsy von Furstenberg, Baroness and Versatile Actress, Dies at 83

Mr. Alger, who served five terms from Texas, led Republican women in a confrontation with Lyndon B. Johnson that may have cost Richard M. Nixon the 1960 presidential election.

Bruce Alger, 96, Dies; Led ‘Mink Coat’ Protest Against Lyndon Johnson

WASHINGTON — The last three men to win the Republican nomination have been the prosperous son of a president (George W. Bush), a senator who could not recall how many homes his family owned (John McCain of Arizona; it was seven) and a private equity executive worth an estimated $200 million (Mitt Romney).

The candidates hoping to be the party’s nominee in 2016 are trying to create a very different set of associations. On Sunday, Ben Carson, a retired neurosurgeon, joined the presidential field.

Senator Marco Rubio of Florida praises his parents, a bartender and a Kmart stock clerk, as he urges audiences not to forget “the workers in our hotel kitchens, the landscaping crews in our neighborhoods, the late-night janitorial staff that clean our offices.”

Gov. Scott Walker of Wisconsin, a preacher’s son, posts on Twitter about his ham-and-cheese sandwiches and boasts of his coupon-clipping frugality. His $1 Kohl’s sweater has become a campaign celebrity in its own right.

Senator Rand Paul of Kentucky laments the existence of “two Americas,” borrowing the Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.’s phrase to describe economically and racially troubled communities like Ferguson, Mo., and Detroit.

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Senator Marco Rubio of Florida praises his parents, a bartender and a Kmart stock clerk. Credit Joe Raedle/Getty Images

“Some say, ‘But Democrats care more about the poor,’ ” Mr. Paul likes to say. “If that’s true, why is black unemployment still twice white unemployment? Why has household income declined by $3,500 over the past six years?”

We are in the midst of the Empathy Primary — the rhetorical battleground shaping the Republican presidential field of 2016.

Harmed by the perception that they favor the wealthy at the expense of middle-of-the-road Americans, the party’s contenders are each trying their hardest to get across what the elder George Bush once inelegantly told recession-battered voters in 1992: “Message: I care.”

Their ability to do so — less bluntly, more sincerely — could prove decisive in an election year when power, privilege and family connections will loom large for both parties.

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Questions of understanding and compassion cost Republicans in the last election. Mr. Romney, who memorably dismissed the “47 percent” of Americans as freeloaders, lost to President Obama by 63 percentage points among voters who cast their ballots for the candidate who “cares about people like me,” according to exit polls.

And a Pew poll from February showed that people still believe Republicans are indifferent to working Americans: 54 percent said the Republican Party does not care about the middle class.

That taint of callousness explains why Senator Ted Cruz of Texas declared last week that Republicans “are and should be the party of the 47 percent” — and why another son of a president, Jeb Bush, has made economic opportunity the centerpiece of his message.

With his pedigree and considerable wealth — since he left the Florida governor’s office almost a decade ago he has earned millions of dollars sitting on corporate boards and advising banks — Mr. Bush probably has the most complicated task making the argument to voters that he understands their concerns.

On a visit last week to Puerto Rico, Mr. Bush sounded every bit the populist, railing against “elites” who have stifled economic growth and innovation. In the kind of economy he envisions leading, he said: “We wouldn’t have the middle being squeezed. People in poverty would have a chance to rise up. And the social strains that exist — because the haves and have-nots is the big debate in our country today — would subside.”

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Who Is Running for President (and Who’s Not)?

Republicans’ emphasis on poorer and working-class Americans now represents a shift from the party’s longstanding focus on business owners and “job creators” as the drivers of economic opportunity.

This is intentional, Republican operatives said.

In the last presidential election, Republicans rushed to defend business owners against what they saw as hostility by Democrats to successful, wealthy entrepreneurs.

“Part of what you had was a reaction to the Democrats’ dehumanization of business owners: ‘Oh, you think you started your plumbing company? No you didn’t,’ ” said Grover Norquist, the conservative activist and president of Americans for Tax Reform.

But now, Mr. Norquist said, Republicans should move past that. “Focus on the people in the room who know someone who couldn’t get a job, or a promotion, or a raise because taxes are too high or regulations eat up companies’ time,” he said. “The rich guy can take care of himself.”

Democrats argue that the public will ultimately see through such an approach because Republican positions like opposing a minimum-wage increase and giving private banks a larger role in student loans would hurt working Americans.

“If Republican candidates are just repeating the same tired policies, I’m not sure that smiling while saying it is going to be enough,” said Guy Cecil, a Democratic strategist who is joining a “super PAC” working on behalf of Hillary Rodham Clinton.

Republicans have already attacked Mrs. Clinton over the wealth and power she and her husband have accumulated, caricaturing her as an out-of-touch multimillionaire who earns hundreds of thousands of dollars per speech and has not driven a car since 1996.

Mr. Walker hit this theme recently on Fox News, pointing to Mrs. Clinton’s lucrative book deals and her multiple residences. “This is not someone who is connected with everyday Americans,” he said. His own net worth, according to The Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, is less than a half-million dollars; Mr. Walker also owes tens of thousands of dollars on his credit cards.

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But showing off a cheap sweater or boasting of a bootstraps family background not only helps draw a contrast with Mrs. Clinton’s latter-day affluence, it is also an implicit argument against Mr. Bush.

Mr. Walker, who featured a 1998 Saturn with more than 100,000 miles on the odometer in a 2010 campaign ad during his first run for governor, likes to talk about flipping burgers at McDonald’s as a young person. His mother, he has said, grew up on a farm with no indoor plumbing until she was in high school.

Mr. Rubio, among the least wealthy members of the Senate, with an estimated net worth of around a half-million dollars, uses his working-class upbringing as evidence of the “exceptionalism” of America, “where even the son of a bartender and a maid can have the same dreams and the same future as those who come from power and privilege.”

Mr. Cruz alludes to his family’s dysfunction — his parents, he says, were heavy drinkers — and recounts his father’s tale of fleeing Cuba with $100 sewn into his underwear.

Gov. Chris Christie of New Jersey notes that his father paid his way through college working nights at an ice cream plant.

But sometimes the attempts at projecting authenticity can seem forced. Mr. Christie recently found himself on the defensive after telling a New Hampshire audience, “I don’t consider myself a wealthy man.” Tax returns showed that he and his wife, a longtime Wall Street executive, earned nearly $700,000 in 2013.

The story of success against the odds is a political classic, even if it is one the Republican Party has not been able to tell for a long time. Ronald Reagan liked to say that while he had not been born on the wrong side of the tracks, he could always hear the whistle. Richard Nixon was fond of reminding voters how he was born in a house his father had built.

“Probably the idea that is most attractive to an average voter, and an idea that both Republicans and Democrats try to craft into their messages, is this idea that you can rise from nothing,” said Charles C. W. Cooke, a writer for National Review.

There is a certain delight Republicans take in turning that message to their advantage now.

“That’s what Obama did with Hillary,” Mr. Cooke said. “He acknowledged it openly: ‘This is ridiculous. Look at me, this one-term senator with dark skin and all of America’s unsolved racial problems, running against the wife of the last Democratic president.”

G.O.P. Hopefuls Now Aiming to Woo the Middle Class

With 12 tournament victories in his career, Mr. Peete was the most successful black professional golfer before Tiger Woods.

Calvin Peete, 71, a Racial Pioneer on the PGA Tour, Is Dead

Even as a high school student, Dave Goldberg was urging female classmates to speak up. As a young dot-com executive, he had one girlfriend after another, but fell hard for a driven friend named Sheryl Sandberg, pining after her for years. After they wed, Mr. Goldberg pushed her to negotiate hard for high compensation and arranged his schedule so that he could be home with their children when she was traveling for work.

Mr. Goldberg, who died unexpectedly on Friday, was a genial, 47-year-old Silicon Valley entrepreneur who built his latest company, SurveyMonkey, from a modest enterprise to one recently valued by investors at $2 billion. But he was also perhaps the signature male feminist of his era: the first major chief executive in memory to spur his wife to become as successful in business as he was, and an essential figure in “Lean In,” Ms. Sandberg’s blockbuster guide to female achievement.

Over the weekend, even strangers were shocked at his death, both because of his relatively young age and because they knew of him as the living, breathing, car-pooling center of a new philosophy of two-career marriage.

“They were very much the role models for what this next generation wants to grapple with,” said Debora L. Spar, the president of Barnard College. In a 2011 commencement speech there, Ms. Sandberg told the graduates that whom they married would be their most important career decision.

In the play “The Heidi Chronicles,” revived on Broadway this spring, a male character who is the founder of a media company says that “I don’t want to come home to an A-plus,” explaining that his ambitions require him to marry an unthreatening helpmeet. Mr. Goldberg grew up to hold the opposite view, starting with his upbringing in progressive Minneapolis circles where “there was woman power in every aspect of our lives,” Jeffrey Dachis, a childhood friend, said in an interview.

The Goldberg parents read “The Feminine Mystique” together — in fact, Mr. Goldberg’s father introduced it to his wife, according to Ms. Sandberg’s book. In 1976, Paula Goldberg helped found a nonprofit to aid children with disabilities. Her husband, Mel, a law professor who taught at night, made the family breakfast at home.

Later, when Dave Goldberg was in high school and his prom date, Jill Chessen, stayed silent in a politics class, he chastised her afterward. He said, “You need to speak up,” Ms. Chessen recalled in an interview. “They need to hear your voice.”

Years later, when Karin Gilford, an early employee at Launch Media, Mr. Goldberg’s digital music company, became a mother, he knew exactly what to do. He kept giving her challenging assignments, she recalled, but also let her work from home one day a week. After Yahoo acquired Launch, Mr. Goldberg became known for distributing roses to all the women in the office on Valentine’s Day.

Ms. Sandberg, who often describes herself as bossy-in-a-good-way, enchanted him when they became friendly in the mid-1990s. He “was smitten with her,” Ms. Chessen remembered. Ms. Sandberg was dating someone else, but Mr. Goldberg still hung around, even helping her and her then-boyfriend move, recalled Bob Roback, a friend and co-founder of Launch. When they finally married in 2004, friends remember thinking how similar the two were, and that the qualities that might have made Ms. Sandberg intimidating to some men drew Mr. Goldberg to her even more.

Over the next decade, Mr. Goldberg and Ms. Sandberg pioneered new ways of capturing information online, had a son and then a daughter, became immensely wealthy, and hashed out their who-does-what-in-this-marriage issues. Mr. Goldberg’s commute from the Bay Area to Los Angeles became a strain, so he relocated, later joking that he “lost the coin flip” of where they would live. He paid the bills, she planned the birthday parties, and both often left their offices at 5:30 so they could eat dinner with their children before resuming work afterward.

Friends in Silicon Valley say they were careful to conduct their careers separately, politely refusing when outsiders would ask one about the other’s work: Ms. Sandberg’s role building Facebook into an information and advertising powerhouse, and Mr. Goldberg at SurveyMonkey, which made polling faster and cheaper. But privately, their work was intertwined. He often began statements to his team with the phrase “Well, Sheryl said” sharing her business advice. He counseled her, too, starting with her salary negotiations with Mark Zuckerberg.

“I wanted Mark to really feel he stretched to get Sheryl, because she was worth it,” Mr. Goldberg explained in a 2013 “60 Minutes” interview, his Minnesota accent and his smile intact as he offered a rare peek of the intersection of marriage and money at the top of corporate life.

 

 

While his wife grew increasingly outspoken about women’s advancement, Mr. Goldberg quietly advised the men in the office on family and partnership matters, an associate said. Six out of 16 members of SurveyMonkey’s management team are female, an almost unheard-of ratio among Silicon Valley “unicorns,” or companies valued at over $1 billion.

When Mellody Hobson, a friend and finance executive, wrote a chapter of “Lean In” about women of color for the college edition of the book, Mr. Goldberg gave her feedback on the draft, a clue to his deep involvement. He joked with Ms. Hobson that she was too long-winded, like Ms. Sandberg, but aside from that, he said he loved the chapter, she said in an interview.

By then, Mr. Goldberg was a figure of fascination who inspired a “where can I get one of those?” reaction among many of the women who had read the best seller “Lean In.” Some lamented that Ms. Sandberg’s advice hinged too much on marrying a Dave Goldberg, who was humble enough to plan around his wife, attentive enough to worry about which shoes his young daughter would wear, and rich enough to help pay for the help that made the family’s balancing act manageable.

Now that he is gone, and Ms. Sandberg goes from being half of a celebrated partnership to perhaps the business world’s most prominent single mother, the pages of “Lean In” carry a new sting of loss.

“We are never at 50-50 at any given moment — perfect equality is hard to define or sustain — but we allow the pendulum to swing back and forth between us,” she wrote in 2013, adding that they were looking forward to raising teenagers together.

“Fortunately, I have Dave to figure it out with me,” she wrote.

Dave Goldberg Was Lifelong Women’s Advocate

Ms. Pryor, who served more than two decades in the State Department, was the author of well-regarded biographies of the founder of the American Red Cross and the Confederate commander.

Elizabeth Brown Pryor, Biographer of Clara Barton and Robert E. Lee, Dies at 64

Mr. Haroche was a founder of Liberty Travel, which grew from a two-man operation to the largest leisure travel operation in the United States.

Gilbert Haroche, Builder of an Economy Travel Empire, Dies at 87
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