PAKET UMROH BULAN FEBRUARI MARET APRIL MEI 2018




Artikel lainnya »

saco-indonesia.com, Kanker Payudara juga merupakan penyakit yang dapat disebabkan oleh sel ganas (kanker) yang tumbuh pada jaringan payudara. Sel-sel ini biasanya akan muncul pada saluran atau lobula di payudara. Sel-sel kanker ini juga dapat menyebar di antara jaringan atau organ yang ada dan ke bagian tubuh lainnya.

Seberapa umumkah Kanker Payudara?

Kanker Payudara juga merupakan penyebab kematian kedua terbesar bagi wanita saat ini. Di Singapura, 1 dari 16 wanita akan terdiagnosa mengidap kanker payudara dalam masa hidupnya. Wanita etnis Cina telah memiliki resiko yang lebih tinggi jika dibandingkan dengan etnis Melayu atau India sekitar 10% hingga 20%. Kasus tertinggi telah terjadi pada kelompok umur 55-59 tahun. Resiko terkena kanker payudara meningkat seiring bertambahnya usia. Kabar baiknya sekarang adalah banyak wanita kini mampu untuk melawan kanker payudara karena telah melakukan pendeteksian dini serta peningkatan kualitas pengobatan.

Apa Penyebabnya?

Faktor pemicu kanker ini belum dapat diketahui. Namun hal ini juga bisa ditelusuri dari sejarah keluarga yang telah mengidap kanker payudara, siklus menstruasi dini, atau kemungkinan faktor resiko lainnya. Karena begitu sulit untuk dapat dipastikan, masing-masing kita telah memiliki resiko terkena kanker payudara, khususnya saat kita berusia 40 tahun atau lebih. Walaupun faktor penyebabnya masih tidak diketahui, akan tetapi penyembuhan total sangat dimungkinkan dengan pendeteksian dini melalui pemeriksaan payudara secara reguler.
 
Diagnosa & Pemeriksaan

Bagaimana cara mendiagnosa?

Pemeriksaan Klinis – Khususnya bila benjolan, keluarnya cairan dari puting, atau perubahan payudara yang tidak biasa terjadi.

Mamogram – Metode ini juga dapat mendeteksi perubahan seperti kepadatan yang tidak normal atau terjadinya deposit kalsium.

Ultrasound Scan – Metode ini juga digunakan untuk dapat mendeteksi pada area khusus yang telah ditemukan dalam pemeriksaan mamogram atau dapat dilakukan untuk dapat mendeteksi kondisi abnormal yang tidak terlihat pada mamogram. Sebuah ultrasound scan juga dapat membedakan antara massa yang solid, yang kemungkinan kanker, atau kista yang berisi cairan yang biasanya bukan merupakan kanker.

Magnetic Resonance Imaging, MRI – Pada beberapa kasus, pasien harus menjalani sken MRI untuk dapat memperoleh hasil pemeriksaan yang lebih jelas pada area yang diduga terkena kanker. Metode ini juga sangat berguna bagi wanita yang berusia muda karena pada usianya mereka memiliki kepadatan jaringan payudara yang lebih besar dan tes visual konvensional seperti mamogram ataupun ultrasound menjadi kurang sensitif dan spesifik untuk mendeteksi kanker payudara.

          
Apa itu Biopsi?
          

Teknik biopsi umum

Untuk dapat memastikan kanker payudara, sebuah biopsi harus dilakukan di mana bagian dari jaringan sel yang diduga kanker diangkat dan diperiksa dengan mikroskop.
          

    Aspirasi Jarum Halus (FNA)
    Biopsi Jarum Inti (Core Needle) atau Biopsi Tru-cut
    Biopsi Eksisi (Excision Biopsy)

 
Bagaimana Kanker Payudara diperiksa?


A. TAHAPAN/LUAS PENYEBARAN
      TAHAPAN     LUAS PENYEBARAN     TINGKAT RATA-RATA KESELAMATAN PADA MASA
5-TAHUNAN(%)
      0     Kanker non-invasif     99
      I     Kanker invasif kecil
(kurang dari 2 cm tanpa penyebaran ke arah kelenjar getah bening aksila)     90
      II     

Kanker invasif
(antara 2-5cm atau/dengan penyebaran pada kelenjar getah bening)
    70
      III     Kanker invasif besar
(lebih dari 5cm dengan penyebaran pada kulit atau beberapa kelenjar getah bening)     40
      IV     

Penyebaran yang luas atau Kanker metastatis
    20


B. KARAKTERISTIK KANKER PAYUDARA YANG BERDAMPAK PADA KAMBUH DAN KESELAMATAN
Tingkat Histologis Tumor

Merujuk pada seberapa banyak sel tumor yang telah memiliki kemiripan dengan sel normal dilihat dari mikroskop; skala tingkat 1 sampai dengan 3. Tumor tingkat 3 mengandung sel kanker yang sangat abnormal dan tumbuh pesat. Semakin tinggi tingkat histologis tumor, semakin besar resiko kanker payudara kembali.
          
Kelenjar Getah Bening

Jumlah kelenjar getah bening yang berada di ketiak, di sisi yang sama pada payudara yang terkena kanker, bisa jadi indikator penting. Semakin besar jumlah kelenjar yang positif diasosiasikan dengan kemungkinan terburuk dan merujuk kepada perawatan dan pengobatan yang lebih agresif.
            
Ukuran Tumor

Secara umum, semakin besar ukuran tumor, semakin besar kemungkinan untuk kanker payudara kembali menyerang.
          
ER/PR

Sekitar duapertiga dari semua kanker payudara telah memiliki tingkat esterogen yang signifikan dan/atau reseptor progesteron. Mereka dirujuk sebagai tumor reseptor esterogen positif (ER+). Tumor ER+ cenderung tumbuh kurang agresif dan dapat diobati dengan pengobatan menggunakan hormon.
            
HER2/erbB2

HER2 adalah sebuah protein yang telah ditemukan pada permukaan dari sel kanker tertentu. Sebuah tumor juga dapat digambarkan sebagai HER2-positif apabila tumor tersebut telah memiliki lebih banyak reseptor HER2 dibanding dengan yang lain. Sekitar 20-25% dari semua kanker payudara memiliki tumor dengan label HER2-positif. Tumors HER2-positif cenderung tumbuh lebih cepat daripada jenis-jenis kanker payudara lainnya.

Dengan mengetahui apakah sebuah kanker adalah HER2-positif dapat mempengaruhi pilihan pengobatan yang dapat diambil, karena wanita dengan tumor sejenis ini dapat diuntungkan dengan obat yang disebut trastuzumab (Herceptin®).

 
Pengobatan & Perawatan

Bagaimana kanker payudara diobati?

Pilihan pengobatan dan prognosis (peluang kesembuhan) tergantung dari tahapan kanker (apakah kanker tersebut hanya ada di payudara atau sudah menyebar ke bagian tubuh lainnya), tipe kanker payudara, karakteristik dari sel kanker dan apakah kanker tersebut ditemukan pada sisi payudara yang lain. Usia seorang wanita, status menopausal (apakah wanita tersebut masih memiliki siklus haid) dan kondisi kesehatan umumnya juga dapat mempengaruhi pilihan pengobatan dan prognosis.
 
Bedah

Pembedahan adalah umum untuk mengangkat kanker. Beberapa bentuk prosedur bedah termasuk:

1)    Bedah dengan mempertahankan payudara

    Lumpektomi atau Wide Local Excision – pengangkatan kanker dan sedikit jaringan di sekitarnya.
    Quadrantektomi – pengangkatan kanker dengan mengangkat lebih banyak jaringan disekitarnya dibandingkan dengan lumpektomi. Untuk prosedur quadrantektomi, seperempat bagian dari payudara diangkat.

2)    Mastektomi – pengangkatan seluruh bagian payudara dengan atau tanpa jaringan kelenjar getah bening di bawah aksila.
 
3)    Saat bedah payudara, beberapa sel kelenjar getah bening di bawah ketiak juga akan diambil untuk pemeriksaan.

 
Terapi Sistemik

    Kemoterapi
    Terapi Hormon
    Herceptin®

 
          
Radioterapi

Radioterapi dengan menggunakan sinar berenergi tinggi yang ditargetkan untuk dapat membunuh sel-sel kanker. Tujuannya adalah untuk dapat membunuh sel kanker yang mungkin tersisa di sekitar payudara.

Radioterapi sangatlah vital setelah prosedur bedah yang mempertahankan payudara, seperti lumpektomi, karena sebagian besar jaringan payudara dibiarkan utuh. Terapi ini juga akan mengurangi kemungkinan kembalinya kanker payudara.

Pada umumnya, wanita yang telah menjalani prosedur masektomi tidak memerlukan radioterapi. Akan tetapi, untuk beberapa kasus, prosedur ini perlu dilakukan untuk dapat merawat dinding dada dan kelenjar getah bening yang ada pada ketiak, bila resiko kembalinya kanker secara lokal masih tinggi.


Editor : dian sukmawati

KANKER PAYUDARA

saco-indonesia.com, Badan Narkotika Nasional (BNN) telah mengungkap 166 kasus narkotika dengan total barang bukti ratusan ribu kilogram narkotika dari berbagai jenis dan 672 butir tablet methamphetamine serta tablet Happy Five.

"Selama tahun 2013, BNN telah menangkap 244 orang tersangka dari 166 laporan kasus narkotika. Barang bukti yang telah disita 132.813,18 gram sabu dan 323.726 milimeter prekursor cair," kata Kepala BNN Komjen Pol Anang Iskandar dalam 'Refleksi Akhir Tahun BNN,' di Gedung BNN, Senin, (23/12).

Adapun barang bukti lainnya yang telah disita BNN adalah, 215,9 gram heroin, 179,8 gram serbuk ekstasi, 26.937 butir pil ekstasi, 13.522,8 gram ganja, 35,75 gram prekursor, 146,38 gram ephedrine, 85 butir tablet methamphetamine, dan 588 butir tablet happy five.

"Seluruh barang bukti juga sudah dilakukan pemusnahan sebanyak 31 kali," ungkap Anang.

Anang juga melanjutkan, selain mengamankan barang bukti tersebut, BNN juga telah menyita aset kekayaan milik bandar narkotika senilai Rp 49.466.401.112.

"Aset itu telah disita dari 18 tersangka dengan 14 laporan kasus narkotika. Aset yang telah disita meliputi uang tunai, uang dalam rekening tabungan, tanah, rumah, apartemen, kendaraan bermotor, dan perhiasan," tandasnya.


Editor : Dian Sukmawati

BNN TELAH MENYITA HARTA BANDAR NARKOBA RP 49 M

Jual baju muslim adalah merek dari produk pakaian  yang ditujukan untuk wanita baik yang berukuran kecil (small) maupun besar (MAXI size atau orang mengenalnya sebagai BIG size).

Ukuran MAXI size ini memang spesial, artinya ukuran dan proporsinya berbeda dibanding dengan ukuran biasa, dengan demikian karena kekhususannya tersebut maka diperlukan desain yang special sehingga bentuk tubuh menjadi proporsional.

Jual baju muslim, dan dengan desain nama (brand) berwarna pink tua atau magenta ini memberikan kesan sangat wanita karena color identity tersebut adalah sesuai dengan selera kebanyakan kaum wanita dan dengan huruf “Z” sebagai logo dan variasi warna abu-abu memberikan identitas lain, yaitu sebagai gambaran kedewasaan.

Bahan yang digunakan adalah cotton combed special yang halus &  lembut, dan dengan kualitas  bahan yang baik menjadikan tidak mudah berbulu dan mengkerut. Sensasi dinginpun akan terasakan dan  kenyamananpun akan didapatkan ketika digunakan.

 

harga gamis zhenita

HARGA GAMIS ZHENITA

saco-indonesia.com, Grup band Slank telah menilai para koruptor telah menghancurkan bangsa Indonesia. Mereka juga telah memiliki cara tersendiri untuk dapat menghadapi para koruptor.

"Balik ke ideologi, kita tidak punya ideologi dan idealisme itu yang buat rakus," kata Bimbim, drumer Slank, di Taman Ismail Marzuki, Jakarta.

Bimbim juga mengatakan, sejelek-jeleknya band Slank masih memiliki ideologi yaitu Slank. Lebih lanjut, Bimbim juga mengatakan hukuman yang paling baik untuk para koruptor ialah tembak mati.

"Slank sih ngadepin koruptor hukum tembak biar kapok," tandas Bimbim.

Bimbim juga menyebut, politikus yang telah korupsi pantas disebut politikus alay. "Manusia-manusia yang tidak punya ideologi sama sekali, mereka alay politik sisi alay yang ingin mencoba bermain di demokrasi, boleh bilang Indonesia demokrasi alay," kata Bimbim dengan tertawa

Slank juga berharap ke depannya masyarakat dapat berpikir positif. Sebab, negara yang maju ialah negara yang telah memiliki anak muda dengan penuh kreasi.

"Harus berpikir positif thinking selalu positif bawa Indonesia maju," tandas Bimbim.


Editor : Dian Sukmawati

KORUPTOR HARUS DITEMBAK MATI

Saco-Indonesia.com - Selama berada di Indonesia, Miss Universe 2013 Gabriela Isler mengaku tertarik dengan berbagai makanan dan minuman khas negeri ini. Kepada Menteri Pariwisata dan Ekonomi Kreatif Mari Elka Pangestu ia sempat bertanya mengenai makanan penutup yang khas dari Indonesia dan direkomendasikan mencoba cendol.

"Indonesia punya banyak makanan penutup yang sangat enak dan manis. Salah satunya itu cendol. Kamu harus mencoba cendol nanti ya," kata Mari Elka dalam sebuah kesempatan kepada Molly, sapaan akrab Gabriela.

Perempuan asli Venezuela ini benar-benar dibuat penasaran dengan deskripsi Mari tentang cendol. Menurut keterangan yang diberikan Putri Kuswisnu Wardhani, Ketua Yayasan Puteri Indonesia kepada Kompas Female, Molly akhirnya mencoba minuman dengan bahan dasar  tepung beras berwarna hijau dengan tambahan gula merah ini.

"Iya saya sudah mencoba cendol dan itu rasanya enak sekali. Saya juga suka bakpia cokelat," ungkap Molly saat melakukan kunjungan ke kantor Mustika Ratu, Rabu (5/2/2014) lalu. Selain mencoba cendol, ia juga sudah menyantap aneka buah-buahan seperti rambutan, salak, dan juga buah naga.

Molly memang mengaku bahwa ia sangat menyukai aneka makanan pencuci mulut, buah-buahan dan makanan manis lainnya. Hanya saja ia tidak suka menyantap makanan yang pedas-pedas.

Putri menambahkan bahwa Molly juga menyukai hidangan Nasi Bali yang gurih. "Pada dasarnya dia suka semua makanan tradisional Indonesia, asalkan enggak pedas. Dia orangnya tidak pilih-pilih makanan," puji Putri.

Sumber :kompas.com

Editor : Maulana Lee

Wauuu, Miss Universe 2013 Menyukai Minuman Cendol

THE WRITERS ASHLEY AND JAQUAVIS COLEMAN know the value of a good curtain-raiser. The couple have co-authored dozens of novels, and they like to start them with a bang: a headlong action sequence, a blast of violence or sex that rocks readers back on their heels. But the Colemans concede they would be hard-pressed to dream up anything more gripping than their own real-life opening scene.

In the summer of 2001, JaQuavis Coleman was a 16-year-old foster child in Flint, Mich., the former auto-manufacturing mecca that had devolved, in the wake of General Motors’ plant closures, into one of the country’s most dangerous cities, with a decimated economy and a violent crime rate more than three times the national average. When JaQuavis was 8, social services had removed him from his mother’s home. He spent years bouncing between foster families. At 16, JaQuavis was also a businessman: a crack dealer with a network of street-corner peddlers in his employ.

One day that summer, JaQuavis met a fellow dealer in a parking lot on Flint’s west side. He was there to make a bulk sale of a quarter-brick, or “nine-piece” — a nine-ounce parcel of cocaine, with a street value of about $11,000. In the middle of the transaction, JaQuavis heard the telltale chirp of a walkie-talkie. His customer, he now realized, was an undercover policeman. JaQuavis jumped into his car and spun out onto the road, with two unmarked police cars in pursuit. He didn’t want to get into a high-speed chase, so he whipped his car into a church parking lot and made a run for it, darting into an alleyway behind a row of small houses, where he tossed the quarter-brick into some bushes. When JaQuavis reached the small residential street on the other side of the houses, he was greeted by the police, who handcuffed him and went to search behind the houses where, they told him, they were certain he had ditched the drugs. JaQuavis had been dealing since he was 12, had amassed more than $100,000 and had never been arrested. Now, he thought: It’s over.

But when the police looked in the bushes, they couldn’t find any cocaine. They interrogated JaQuavis, who denied having ever possessed or sold drugs. They combed the backyard alley some more. After an hour of fruitless efforts, the police were forced to unlock the handcuffs and release their suspect.

JaQuavis was baffled by the turn of events until the next day, when he received a phone call. The previous afternoon, a 15-year-old girl had been sitting in her home on the west side of Flint when she heard sirens. She looked out of the window of her bedroom, and watched a young man throw a package in the bushes behind her house. She recognized him. He was a high school classmate — a handsome, charismatic boy whom she had admired from afar. The girl crept outside and grabbed the bundle, which she hid in her basement. “I have something that belongs to you,” Ashley Snell told JaQuavis Coleman when she reached him by phone. “You wanna come over here and pick it up?”

Photo
Three of the nearly 50 works of urban fiction published by the Colemans over the last decade, often featuring drug deals, violence, sex and a brash kind of feminism.Credit Marko Metzinger

In the Colemans’ first novel, “Dirty Money” (2005), they told a version of this story. The outline was the same: the drug deal gone bad, the dope chucked in the bushes, the fateful phone call. To the extent that the authors took poetic license, it was to tone down the meet-cute improbability of the true-life events. In “Dirty Money,” the girl, Anari, and the crack dealer, Maurice, circle each other warily for a year or so before coupling up. But the facts of Ashley and JaQuavis’s romance outstripped pulp fiction. They fell in love more or less at first sight, moved into their own apartment while still in high school and were married in 2008. “We were together from the day we met,” Ashley says. “I don’t think we’ve spent more than a week apart in total over the past 14 years.”

That partnership turned out to be creative and entrepreneurial as well as romantic. Over the past decade, the Colemans have published nearly 50 books, sometimes as solo writers, sometimes under pseudonyms, but usually as collaborators with a byline that has become a trusted brand: “Ashley & JaQuavis.” They are marquee stars of urban fiction, or street lit, a genre whose inner-city settings and lurid mix of crime, sex and sensationalism have earned it comparisons to gangsta rap. The emergence of street lit is one of the big stories in recent American publishing, a juggernaut that has generated huge sales by catering to a readership — young, black and, for the most part, female — that historically has been ill-served by the book business. But the genre is also widely maligned. Street lit is subject to a kind of triple snobbery: scorned by literati who look down on genre fiction generally, ignored by a white publishing establishment that remains largely indifferent to black books and disparaged by African-American intellectuals for poor writing, coarse values and trafficking in racial stereotypes.

But if a certain kind of cultural prestige is shut off to the Colemans, they have reaped other rewards. They’ve built a large and loyal fan base, which gobbles up the new Ashley & JaQuavis titles that arrive every few months. Many of those books are sold at street-corner stands and other off-the-grid venues in African-American neighborhoods, a literary gray market that doesn’t register a blip on best-seller tallies. Yet the Colemans’ most popular series now regularly crack the trade fiction best-seller lists of The New York Times and Publishers Weekly. For years, the pair had no literary agent; they sold hundreds of thousands of books without banking a penny in royalties. Still, they have earned millions of dollars, almost exclusively from cash-for-manuscript deals negotiated directly with independent publishing houses. In short, though little known outside of the world of urban fiction, the Colemans are one of America’s most successful literary couples, a distinction they’ve achieved, they insist, because of their work’s gritty authenticity and their devotion to a primal literary virtue: the power of the ripping yarn.

“When you read our books, you’re gonna realize: ‘Ashley & JaQuavis are storytellers,’ ” says Ashley. “Our tales will get your heart pounding.”

THE COLEMANS’ HOME BASE — the cottage from which they operate their cottage industry — is a spacious four-bedroom house in a genteel suburb about 35 miles north of downtown Detroit. The house is plush, but when I visited this past winter, it was sparsely appointed. The couple had just recently moved in, and had only had time to fully furnish the bedroom of their 4-year-old son, Quaye.

In conversation, Ashley and JaQuavis exude both modesty and bravado: gratitude for their good fortune and bootstrappers’ pride in having made their own luck. They talk a lot about their time in the trenches, the years they spent as a drug dealer and “ride-or-die girl” tandem. In Flint they learned to “grind hard.” Writing, they say, is merely a more elevated kind of grind.

“Instead of hitting the block like we used to, we hit the laptops,” says Ashley. “I know what every word is worth. So while I’m writing, I’m like: ‘Okay, there’s a hundred dollars. There’s a thousand dollars. There’s five thousand dollars.’ ”

They maintain a rigorous regimen. They each try to write 5,000 words per day, five days a week. The writers stagger their shifts: JaQuavis goes to bed at 7 p.m. and wakes up early, around 3 or 4 in the morning, to work while his wife and child sleep. Ashley writes during the day, often in libraries or at Starbucks.

They divide the labor in other ways. Chapters are divvied up more or less equally, with tasks assigned according to individual strengths. (JaQuavis typically handles character development. Ashley loves writing murder scenes.) The results are stitched together, with no editorial interference from one author in the other’s text. The real work, they contend, is the brainstorming. The Colemans spend weeks mapping out their plot-driven books — long conversations that turn into elaborate diagrams on dry-erase boards. “JaQuavis and I are so close, it makes the process real easy,” says Ashley. “Sometimes when I’m thinking of something, a plot point, he’ll say it out loud, and I’m like: ‘Wait — did I say that?’ ”

Their collaboration developed by accident, and on the fly. Both were bookish teenagers. Ashley read lots of Judy Blume and John Grisham; JaQuavis liked Shakespeare, Richard Wright and “Atlas Shrugged.” (Their first official date was at a Borders bookstore, where Ashley bought “The Coldest Winter Ever,” the Sister Souljah novel often credited with kick-starting the contemporary street-lit movement.) In 2003, Ashley, then 17, was forced to terminate an ectopic pregnancy. She was bedridden for three weeks, and to provide distraction and boost her spirits, JaQuavis challenged his girlfriend to a writing contest. “She just wasn’t talking. She was laying in bed. I said, ‘You know what? I bet you I could write a better book than you.’ My wife is real competitive. So I said, ‘Yo, all right, $500 bet.’ And I saw her eyes spark, like, ‘What?! You can’t write no better book than me!’ So I wrote about three chapters. She wrote about three chapters. Two days later, we switched.”

The result, hammered out in a few days, would become “Dirty Money.” Two years later, when Ashley and JaQuavis were students at Ferris State University in Western Michigan, they sold the manuscript to Urban Books, a street-lit imprint founded by the best-selling author Carl Weber. At the time, JaQuavis was still making his living selling drugs. When Ashley got the phone call informing her that their book had been bought, she assumed they’d hit it big, and flushed more than $10,000 worth of cocaine down the toilet. Their advance was a mere $4,000.

Photo
The roots of street lit, found in the midcentury detective novels of Chester Himes and the ‘60s and ‘70s “ghetto fiction” of Iceberg Slim and Donald Goines.Credit Marko Metzinger

Those advances would soon increase, eventually reaching five and six figures. The Colemans built their career, JaQuavis says, in a manner that made sense to him as a veteran dope peddler: by flooding the street with product. From the start, they were prolific, churning out books at a rate of four or five a year. Their novels made their way into stores; the now-defunct chain Waldenbooks, which had stores in urban areas typically bypassed by booksellers, was a major engine of the street-lit market. But Ashley and JaQuavis took advantage of distribution channels established by pioneering urban fiction authors such as Teri Woods and Vickie Stringer, and a network of street-corner tables, magazine stands, corner shops and bodegas. Like rappers who establish their bona fides with gray-market mixtapes, street-lit authors use this system to circumnavigate industry gatekeepers, bringing their work straight to the genre’s core readership. But urban fiction has other aficionados, in less likely places. “Our books are so popular in the prison system,” JaQuavis says. “We’re banned in certain penitentiaries. Inmates fight over the books — there are incidents, you know? I have loved ones in jail, and they’re like: ‘Yo, your books can’t come in here. It’s against the rules.’ ”

The appeal of the Colemans’ work is not hard to fathom. The books are formulaic and taut; they deliver the expected goods efficiently and exuberantly. The titles telegraph the contents: “Diary of a Street Diva,” “Kiss Kiss, Bang Bang,” “Murderville.” The novels serve up a stream of explicit sex and violence in a slangy, tangy, profane voice. In Ashley & JaQuavis’s books people don’t get killed: they get “popped,” “laid out,” get their “cap twisted back.” The smut is constant, with emphasis on the earthy, sticky, olfactory particulars. Romance novel clichés — shuddering orgasms, heroic carnal feats, superlative sexual skill sets — are rendered in the Colemans’ punchy patois.

Subtlety, in other words, isn’t Ashley & JaQuavis’s forte. But their books do have a grainy specificity. In “The Cartel” (2008), the first novel in the Colemans’ best-selling saga of a Miami drug syndicate, they catch the sights and smells of a crack workshop in a housing project: the nostril-stinging scent of cocaine and baking soda bubbling on stovetops; the teams of women, stripped naked except for hospital masks so they can’t pilfer the merchandise, “cutting up the cooked coke on the round wood table.” The subject matter is dark, but the Colemans’ tone is not quite noir. Even in the grimmest scenes, the mood is high-spirited, with the writers palpably relishing the lewd and gory details: the bodies writhing in boudoirs and crumpling under volleys of bullets, the geysers of blood and other bodily fluids.

The luridness of street lit has made it a flashpoint, inciting controversy reminiscent of the hip-hop culture wars of the 1980s and ’90s. But the street-lit debate touches deeper historical roots, reviving decades-old arguments in black literary circles about the mandate to uplift the race and present wholesome images of African-Americans. In 1928, W. E. B. Du Bois slammed the “licentiousness” of “Home to Harlem,” Claude McKay’s rollicking novel of Harlem nightlife. McKay’s book, Du Bois wrote, “for the most part nauseates me, and after the dirtier parts of its filth I feel distinctly like taking a bath.” Similar sentiments have greeted 21st-century street lit. In a 2006 New York Times Op-Ed essay, the journalist and author Nick Chiles decried “the sexualization and degradation of black fiction.” African-American bookstores, Chiles complained, are “overrun with novels that . . . appeal exclusively to our most prurient natures — as if these nasty books were pairing off back in the stockrooms like little paperback rabbits and churning out even more graphic offspring that make Ralph Ellison books cringe into a dusty corner.”

Copulating paperbacks aside, it’s clear that the street-lit debate is about more than literature, touching on questions of paternalism versus populism, and on middle-class anxieties about the black underclass. “It’s part and parcel of black elites’ efforts to define not only a literary tradition, but a racial politics,” said Kinohi Nishikawa, an assistant professor of English and African-American Studies at Princeton University. “There has always been a sense that because African-Americans’ opportunities to represent themselves are so limited in the first place, any hint of criminality or salaciousness would necessarily be a knock on the entire racial politics. One of the pressing debates about African-American literature today is: If we can’t include writers like Ashley & JaQuavis, to what extent is the foundation of our thinking about black literature faulty? Is it just a literature for elites? Or can it be inclusive, bringing urban fiction under the purview of our umbrella term ‘African-American literature’?”

Defenders of street lit note that the genre has a pedigree: a tradition of black pulp fiction that stretches from Chester Himes, the midcentury author of hardboiled Harlem detective stories, to the 1960s and ’70s “ghetto fiction” of Iceberg Slim and Donald Goines, to the current wave of urban fiction authors. Others argue for street lit as a social good, noting that it attracts a large audience that might otherwise never read at all. Scholars like Nishikawa link street lit to recent studies showing increased reading among African-Americans. A 2014 Pew Research Center report found that a greater percentage of black Americans are book readers than whites or Latinos.

For their part, the Colemans place their work in the broader black literary tradition. “You have Maya Angelou, Alice Walker, James Baldwin — all of these traditional black writers, who wrote about the struggles of racism, injustice, inequality,” says Ashley. “We’re writing about the struggle as it happens now. It’s just a different struggle. I’m telling my story. I’m telling the struggle of a black girl from Flint, Michigan, who grew up on welfare.”

Photo
The Colemans in their new four-bedroom house in the northern suburbs of Detroit.Credit Courtesy of Ashley and JaQuavis Coleman

Perhaps there is a high-minded case to be made for street lit. But the virtues of Ashley & JaQuavis’s work are more basic. Their novels do lack literary polish. The writing is not graceful; there are passages of clunky exposition and sex scenes that induce guffaws and eye rolls. But the pleasure quotient is high. The books flaunt a garish brand of feminism, with women characters cast not just as vixens, but also as gangsters — cold-blooded killers, “murder mamas.” The stories are exceptionally well-plotted. “The Cartel” opens by introducing its hero, the crime boss Carter Diamond; on page 9, a gunshot spatters Diamond’s brain across the interior of a police cruiser. The book then flashes back seven years and begins to hurtle forward again — a bullet train, whizzing readers through shifting alliances, romantic entanglements and betrayals, kidnappings, shootouts with Haitian and Dominican gangsters, and a cliffhanger closing scene that leaves the novel’s heroine tied to a chair in a basement, gruesomely tortured to the edge of death. Ashley & JaQuavis’s books are not Ralph Ellison, certainly, but they build up quite a head of steam. They move.

The Colemans are moving themselves these days. They recently signed a deal with St. Martin’s Press, which will bring out the next installment in the “Cartel” series as well as new solo series by both writers. The St. Martin’s deal is both lucrative and legitimizing — a validation of Ashley and JaQuavis’s work by one of publishing’s most venerable houses. The Colemans’ ambitions have grown, as well. A recent trilogy, “Murderville,” tackles human trafficking and the blood-diamond industry in West Africa, with storylines that sweep from Sierra Leone to Mexico to Los Angeles. Increasingly, Ashley & JaQuavis are leaning on research — traveling to far-flung settings and hitting the books in the libraries — and spending less time mining their own rough-and-tumble past.

But Flint remains a source of inspiration. One evening not long ago, JaQuavis led me on a tour of his hometown: a popular roadside bar; the parking lot where he met the undercover cop for the ill-fated drug deal; Ashley’s old house, the site of his almost-arrest. He took me to a ramshackle vehicle repair shop on Flint’s west side, where he worked as a kid, washing cars. He showed me a bathroom at the rear of the garage, where, at age 12, he sneaked away to inspect the first “boulder” of crack that he ever sold. A spray-painted sign on the garage wall, which JaQuavis remembered from his time at the car wash, offered words of warning:

WHAT EVERY YOUNG MAN SHOULD KNOW
ABOUT USING A GUN:
MURDER . . . 30 Years
ARMED ROBBERY . . . 15 Years
ASSAULT . . . 15 Years
RAPE . . . 20 Years
POSSESSION . . . 5 Years
JACKING . . . 20 YEARS

“We still love Flint, Michigan,” JaQuavis says. “It’s so seedy, so treacherous. But there’s some heart in this city. This is where it all started, selling books out the box. In the days when we would get those little $40,000 advances, they’d send us a couple boxes of books for free. We would hit the streets to sell our books, right out of the car trunk. It was a hustle. It still is.”

One old neighborhood asset that the Colemans have not shaken off is swagger. “My wife is the best female writer in the game,” JaQuavis told me. “I believe I’m the best male writer in the game. I’m sleeping next to the best writer in the world. And she’s doing the same.”

 
From T Magazine: Street Lit’s Power Couple

BALTIMORE — In the afternoons, the streets of Locust Point are clean and nearly silent. In front of the rowhouses, potted plants rest next to steps of brick or concrete. There is a shopping center nearby with restaurants, and a grocery store filled with fresh foods.

And the National Guard and the police are largely absent. So, too, residents say, are worries about what happened a few miles away on April 27 when, in a space of hours, parts of this city became riot zones.

“They’re not our reality,” Ashley Fowler, 30, said on Monday at the restaurant where she works. “They’re not what we’re living right now. We live in, not to be racist, white America.”

As Baltimore considers its way forward after the violent unrest brought by the death of Freddie Gray, a 25-year-old black man who died of injuries he suffered while in police custody, residents in its predominantly white neighborhoods acknowledge that they are sometimes struggling to understand what beyond Mr. Gray’s death spurred the turmoil here. For many, the poverty and troubled schools of gritty West Baltimore are distant troubles, glimpsed only when they pass through the area on their way somewhere else.

Photo
 
Officers blocked traffic at Pennsylvania and West North Avenues after reports that a gun was discharged in the area. Credit Drew Angerer for The New York Times

And so neighborhoods of Baltimore are facing altogether different reckonings after Mr. Gray’s death. In mostly black communities like Sandtown-Winchester, where some of the most destructive rioting played out last week, residents are hoping businesses will reopen and that the police will change their strategies. But in mostly white areas like Canton and Locust Point, some residents wonder what role, if any, they should play in reimagining stretches of Baltimore where they do not live.

“Most of the people are kind of at a loss as to what they’re supposed to do,” said Dr. Richard Lamb, a dentist who has practiced in the same Locust Point office for nearly 39 years. “I listen to the news reports. I listen to the clergymen. I listen to the facts of the rampant unemployment and the lack of opportunities in the area. Listen, I pay my taxes. Exactly what can I do?”

And in Canton, where the restaurants have clever names like Nacho Mama’s and Holy Crepe Bakery and Café, Sara Bahr said solutions seemed out of reach for a proudly liberal city.

“I can only imagine how frustrated they must be,” said Ms. Bahr, 36, a nurse who was out with her 3-year-old daughter, Sally. “I just wish I knew how to solve poverty. I don’t know what to do to make it better.”

The day of unrest and the overwhelmingly peaceful demonstrations that followed led to hundreds of arrests, often for violations of the curfew imposed on the city for five consecutive nights while National Guard soldiers patrolled the streets. Although there were isolated instances of trouble in Canton, the neighborhood association said on its website, many parts of southeast Baltimore were physically untouched by the tumult.

Tensions in the city bubbled anew on Monday after reports that the police had wounded a black man in Northwest Baltimore. The authorities denied those reports and sent officers to talk with the crowds that gathered while other officers clutching shields blocked traffic at Pennsylvania and West North Avenues.

Lt. Col. Melvin Russell, a community police officer, said officers had stopped a man suspected of carrying a handgun and that “one of those rounds was spent.”

Colonel Russell said officers had not opened fire, “so we couldn’t have shot him.”

Photo
 
Lambi Vasilakopoulos, right, who runs a casual restaurant in Canton, said he was incensed by last week's looting and predicted tensions would worsen. Credit Drew Angerer for The New York Times

The colonel said the man had not been injured but was taken to a hospital as a precaution. Nearby, many people stood in disbelief, despite the efforts by the authorities to quash reports they described as “unfounded.”

Monday’s episode was a brief moment in a larger drama that has yielded anger and confusion. Although many people said they were familiar with accounts of the police harassing or intimidating residents, many in Canton and Locust Point said they had never experienced it themselves. When they watched the unrest, which many protesters said was fueled by feelings that they lived only on Baltimore’s margins, even those like Ms. Bahr who were pained by what they saw said they could scarcely comprehend the emotions associated with it.

But others, like Lambi Vasilakopoulos, who runs a casual restaurant in Canton, said they were incensed by what unfolded last week.

“What happened wasn’t called for. Protests are one thing; looting is another thing,” he said, adding, “We’re very frustrated because we’re the ones who are going to pay for this.”

There were pockets of optimism, though, that Baltimore would enter a period of reconciliation.

“I’m just hoping for peace,” Natalie Boies, 53, said in front of the Locust Point home where she has lived for 50 years. “Learn to love each other; be patient with each other; find justice; and care.”

A skeptical Mr. Vasilakopoulos predicted tensions would worsen.

“It cannot be fixed,” he said. “It’s going to get worse. Why? Because people don’t obey the laws. They don’t want to obey them.”

But there were few fears that the violence that plagued West Baltimore last week would play out on these relaxed streets. The authorities, Ms. Fowler said, would make sure of that.

“They kept us safe here,” she said. “I didn’t feel uncomfortable when I was in my house three blocks away from here. I knew I was going to be O.K. because I knew they weren’t going to let anyone come and loot our properties or our businesses or burn our cars.”

Baltimore Residents Away From Turmoil Consider Their Role

Mr. Alger, who served five terms from Texas, led Republican women in a confrontation with Lyndon B. Johnson that may have cost Richard M. Nixon the 1960 presidential election.

Bruce Alger, 96, Dies; Led ‘Mink Coat’ Protest Against Lyndon Johnson

Ms. Pryor, who served more than two decades in the State Department, was the author of well-regarded biographies of the founder of the American Red Cross and the Confederate commander.

Elizabeth Brown Pryor, Biographer of Clara Barton and Robert E. Lee, Dies at 64

Mr. Mankiewicz, an Oscar-nominated screenwriter for “I Want to Live!,” also wrote episodes of television shows such as “Star Trek” and “Marcus Welby, M.D.”

Don Mankiewicz, Screenwriter in a Family Film Tradition, Dies at 93

As governor, Mr. Walker alienated Republicans and his fellow Democrats, particularly the Democratic powerhouse Richard J. Daley, the mayor of Chicago.

Dan Walker, 92, Dies; Illinois Governor and Later a U.S. Prisoner

Mr. Napoleon was a self-taught musician whose career began in earnest with the orchestra led by Chico Marx of the Marx Brothers.

Marty Napoleon, 93, Dies; Jazz Pianist Played With Louis Armstrong

GREENWICH, Conn. — Mago is in the bedroom. You can go in.

The big man lies on a hospital bed with his bare feet scraping its bottom rail. His head is propped on a scarlet pillow, the left temple dented, the right side paralyzed. His dark hair is kept just long enough to conceal the scars.

The occasional sounds he makes are understood only by his wife, but he still has that punctuating left hand. In slow motion, the fingers curl and close. A thumbs-up greeting.

Hello, Mago.

This is Magomed Abdusalamov, 34, also known as the Russian Tyson, also known as Mago. He is a former heavyweight boxer who scored four knockouts and 14 technical knockouts in his first 18 professional fights. He preferred to stand between rounds. Sitting conveyed weakness.

But Mago lost his 19th fight, his big chance, at the packed Theater at Madison Square Garden in November 2013. His 19th decision, and his last.

Now here he is, in a small bedroom in a working-class neighborhood in Greenwich, in a modest house his family rents cheap from a devoted friend. The air-pressure machine for his mattress hums like an expectant crowd.

 

Photo
 
Mike Perez, left, and Magomed Abdusalamov during the fight in which Abdusalamov was injured. Credit Joe Camporeale/USA Today Sports, via Reuters

 

Today is like any other day, except for those days when he is hurried in crisis to the hospital. Every three hours during the night, his slight wife, Bakanay, 28, has risen to turn his 6-foot-3 body — 210 pounds of dead weight. It has to be done. Infections of the gaping bedsore above his tailbone have nearly killed him.

Then, with the help of a young caretaker, Baka has gotten two of their daughters off to elementary school and settled down the toddler. Yes, Mago and Baka are blessed with all girls, but they had also hoped for a son someday.

They feed Mago as they clean him; it’s easier that way. For breakfast, which comes with a side of crushed antiseizure pills, he likes oatmeal with a squirt of Hershey’s chocolate syrup. But even oatmeal must be puréed and fed to him by spoon.

He opens his mouth to indicate more, the way a baby does. But his paralysis has made everything a choking hazard. His water needs a stirring of powdered food thickener, and still he chokes — eh-eh-eh — as he tries to cough up what will not go down.

Advertisement

Mago used to drink only water. No alcohol. Not even soda. A sip of juice would be as far as he dared. Now even water betrays him.

With the caretaker’s help, Baka uses a washcloth and soap to clean his body and shampoo his hair. How handsome still, she has thought. Sometimes, in the night, she leaves the bedroom to watch old videos, just to hear again his voice in the fullness of life. She cries, wipes her eyes and returns, feigning happiness. Mago must never see her sad.

 

Photo
 
 Abdusalamov's hand being massaged. Credit Ángel Franco/The New York Times

 

When Baka finishes, Mago is cleanshaven and fresh down to his trimmed and filed toenails. “I want him to look good,” she says.

Theirs was an arranged Muslim marriage in Makhachkala, in the Russian republic of Dagestan. He was 23, she was 18 and their future hinged on boxing. Sometimes they would shadowbox in love, her David to his Goliath. You are so strong, he would tell her.

His father once told him he could either be a bandit or an athlete, but if he chose banditry, “I will kill you.” This paternal advice, Mago later told The Ventura County Reporter, “made it a very easy decision for me.”

Mago won against mediocre competition, in Moscow and Hollywood, Fla., in Las Vegas and Johnstown, Pa. He was knocked down only once, and even then, it surprised more than hurt. He scored a technical knockout in the next round.

It all led up to this: the undercard at the Garden, Mike Perez vs. Magomed Abdusalamov, 10 rounds, on HBO. A win, he believed, would improve his chances of taking on the heavyweight champion Wladimir Klitschko, who sat in the crowd of 4,600 with his fiancée, the actress Hayden Panettiere, watching.

Wearing black-and-red trunks and a green mouth guard, Mago went to work. But in the first round, a hard forearm to his left cheek rocked him. At the bell, he returned to his corner, and this time, he sat down. “I think it’s broken,” he repeatedly said in Russian.

 

Photo
 
Bakanay Abdusalamova, Abdusalamov's wife, and her injured husband and a masseur in the background. Credit Ángel Franco/The New York Times

 

Maybe at that point, somebody — the referee, the ringside doctors, his handlers — should have stopped the fight, under a guiding principle: better one punch too early than one punch too late. But the bloody trade of blows continued into the seventh, eighth, ninth, a hand and orbital bone broken, his face transforming.

Meanwhile, in the family’s apartment in Miami, Baka forced herself to watch the broadcast. She could see it in his swollen eyes. Something was off.

After the final round, Perez raised his tattooed arms in victory, and Mago wandered off in a fog. He had taken 312 punches in about 40 minutes, for a purse of $40,000.

 

 

In the locker room, doctors sutured a cut above Mago’s left eye and tested his cognitive abilities. He did not do well. The ambulance that waits in expectation at every fight was not summoned by boxing officials.

Blood was pooling in Mago’s cranial cavity as he left the Garden. He vomited on the pavement while his handlers flagged a taxi to St. Luke’s-Roosevelt Hospital. There, doctors induced a coma and removed part of his skull to drain fluids and ease the swelling.

Then came the stroke.

 

Photo
 
A championship belt belonging to Abdusalamov and a card from one of his daughters. Credit Ángel Franco/The New York Times

 

It is lunchtime now, and the aroma of puréed beef and potatoes lingers. So do the questions.

How will Mago and Baka pay the $2 million in medical bills they owe? What if their friend can no longer offer them this home? Will they win their lawsuits against the five ringside doctors, the referee, and a New York State boxing inspector? What about Mago’s future care?

Most of all: Is this it?

A napkin rests on Mago’s chest. As another spoonful of mush approaches, he opens his mouth, half-swallows, chokes, and coughs until it clears. Eh-eh-eh. Sometimes he turns bluish, but Baka never shows fear. Always happy for Mago.

Some days he is wheeled out for physical therapy or speech therapy. Today, two massage therapists come to knead his half-limp body like a pair of skilled corner men.

Soon, Mago will doze. Then his three daughters, ages 2, 6 and 9, will descend upon him to talk of their day. Not long ago, the oldest lugged his championship belt to school for a proud show-and-tell moment. Her classmates were amazed at the weight of it.

Then, tonight, there will be more puréed food and pulverized medication, more coughing, and more tender care from his wife, before sleep comes.

Goodbye, Mago.

He half-smiles, raises his one good hand, and forms a fist.

Meet Mago, Former Heavyweight

Mr. Bartoszewski was given honorary Israeli citizenship for his work to save Jews during World War II and later surprised even himself by being instrumental in reconciling Poland and Germany.

Wladyslaw Bartoszewski, 93, Dies; Polish Auschwitz Survivor Aided Jews

Late in April, after Native American actors walked off in disgust from the set of Adam Sandler’s latest film, a western sendup that its distributor, Netflix, has defended as being equally offensive to all, a glow of pride spread through several Native American communities.

Tantoo Cardinal, a Canadian indigenous actress who played Black Shawl in “Dances With Wolves,” recalled thinking to herself, “It’s come.” Larry Sellers, who starred as Cloud Dancing in the 1990s television show “Dr. Quinn, Medicine Woman,” thought, “It’s about time.” Jesse Wente, who is Ojibwe and directs film programming at the TIFF Bell Lightbox in Toronto, found himself encouraged and surprised. There are so few film roles for indigenous actors, he said, that walking off the set of a major production showed real mettle.

But what didn’t surprise Mr. Wente was the content of the script. According to the actors who walked off the set, the film, titled “The Ridiculous Six,” included a Native American woman who passes out and is revived after white men douse her with alcohol, and another woman squatting to urinate while lighting a peace pipe. “There’s enough history at this point to have set some expectations around these sort of Hollywood depictions,” Mr. Wente said.

The walkout prompted a rhetorical “What do you expect from an Adam Sandler film?,” and a Netflix spokesman said that in the movie, blacks, Mexicans and whites were lampooned as well. But Native American actors and critics said a broader issue was at stake. While mainstream portrayals of native peoples have, Mr. Wente said, become “incrementally better” over the decades, he and others say, they remain far from accurate and reflect a lack of opportunities for Native American performers. What’s more, as Native Americans hunger for representation on screen, critics say the absence of three-dimensional portrayals has very real off-screen consequences.

“Our people are still healing from historical trauma,” said Loren Anthony, one of the actors who walked out. “Our youth are still trying to figure out who they are, where they fit in this society. Kids are killing themselves. They’re not proud of who they are.” They also don’t, he added, see themselves on prime time television or the big screen. Netflix noted while about five people walked off the “The Ridiculous Six” set, 100 or so Native American actors and extras stayed.

Advertisement

But in interviews, nearly a dozen Native American actors and film industry experts said that Mr. Sandler’s humor perpetuated decades-old negative stereotypes. Mr. Anthony said such depictions helped feed the despondency many Native Americans feel, with deadly results: Native Americans have the highest suicide rate out of all the country’s ethnicities.

The on-screen problem is twofold, Mr. Anthony and others said: There’s a paucity of roles for Native Americans — according to the Screen Actors Guild in 2008 they accounted for 0.3 percent of all on-screen parts (those figures have yet to be updated), compared to about 2 percent of the general population — and Native American actors are often perceived in a narrow way.

In his Peabody Award-winning documentary “Reel Injun,” the Cree filmmaker Neil Diamond explored Hollywood depictions of Native Americans over the years, and found they fell into a few stereotypical categories: the Noble Savage, the Drunk Indian, the Mystic, the Indian Princess, the backward tribal people futilely fighting John Wayne and manifest destiny. While the 1990 film “Dances With Wolves” won praise for depicting Native Americans as fully fleshed out human beings, not all indigenous people embraced it. It was still told, critics said, from the colonialists’ point of view. In an interview, John Trudell, a Santee Sioux writer, actor (“Thunderheart”) and the former chairman of the American Indian Movement, described the film as “a story of two white people.”

“God bless ‘Dances with Wolves,’ ” Michael Horse, who played Deputy Hawk in “Twin Peaks,” said sarcastically. “Even ‘Avatar.’ Someone’s got to come save the tribal people.”

Dan Spilo, a partner at Industry Entertainment who represents Adam Beach, one of today’s most prominent Native American actors, said while typecasting dogs many minorities, it is especially intractable when it comes to Native Americans. Casting directors, he said, rarely cast them as police officers, doctors or lawyers. “There’s the belief that the Native American character should be on reservations or riding a horse,” he said.

“We don’t see ourselves,” Mr. Horse said. “We’re still an antiquated culture to them, and to the rest of the world.”

Ms. Cardinal said she was once turned down for the role of the wife of a child-abusing cop because the filmmakers felt that casting her would somehow be “too political.”

Another sore point is the long run of white actors playing American Indians, among them Burt Lancaster, Rock Hudson, Audrey Hepburn and, more recently, Johnny Depp, whose depiction of Tonto in the 2013 film “Lone Ranger,” was viewed as racist by detractors. There are, of course, exceptions. The former A&E series “Longmire,” which, as it happens, will now be on Netflix, was roundly praised for its depiction of life on a Northern Cheyenne reservation, with Lou Diamond Phillips, who is of Cherokee descent, playing a Northern Cheyenne man.

Others also point to the success of Mr. Beach, who played a Mohawk detective in “Law & Order: Special Victims Unit” and landed a starring role in the forthcoming D C Comics picture “Suicide Squad.” Mr. Beach said he had come across insulting scripts backed by people who don’t see anything wrong with them.

“I’d rather starve than do something that is offensive to my ancestral roots,” Mr. Beach said. “But I think there will always be attempts to drawn on the weakness of native people’s struggles. The savage Indian will always be the savage Indian. The white man will always be smarter and more cunning. The cavalry will always win.”

The solution, Mr. Wente, Mr. Trudell and others said, lies in getting more stories written by and starring Native Americans. But Mr. Wente noted that while independent indigenous film has blossomed in the last two decades, mainstream depictions have yet to catch up. “You have to stop expecting for Hollywood to correct it, because there seems to be no ability or desire to correct it,” Mr. Wente said.

There have been calls to boycott Netflix but, writing for Indian Country Today Media Network, which first broke news of the walk off, the filmmaker Brian Young noted that the distributor also offered a number of films by or about Native Americans.

The furor around “The Ridiculous Six” may drive more people to see it. Then one of the questions that Mr. Trudell, echoing others, had about the film will be answered: “Who the hell laughs at this stuff?”

Native American Actors Work to Overcome a Long-Documented Bias

Ms. Crough played the youngest daughter on the hit ’70s sitcom starring David Cassidy and Shirley Jones.

Suzanne Crough, Actress in ‘The Partridge Family,’ Dies at 52

Gagne wrestled professionally from the late 1940s until the 1980s and was a transitional figure between the early 20th century barnstormers and the steroidal sideshows of today

Verne Gagne, Wrestler Who Grappled Through Two Eras, Dies at 89

Ms. Plisetskaya, renowned for her fluidity of movement, expressive acting and willful personality, danced on the Bolshoi stage well into her 60s, but her life was shadowed by Stalinism.

Maya Plisetskaya, Ballerina Who Embodied Bolshoi, Dies at 89

Ms. Turner and her twin sister founded the Love Kitchen in 1986 in a church basement in Knoxville, Tenn., and it continues to provide clothing and meals.

Ellen Turner Dies at 87; Opened Kitchen to Feed the Needy of Knoxville

WASHINGTON — The former deputy director of the C.I.A. asserts in a forthcoming book that Republicans, in their eagerness to politicize the killing of the American ambassador to Libya, repeatedly distorted the agency’s analysis of events. But he also argues that the C.I.A. should get out of the business of providing “talking points” for administration officials in national security events that quickly become partisan, as happened after the Benghazi attack in 2012.

The official, Michael J. Morell, dismisses the allegation that the United States military and C.I.A. officers “were ordered to stand down and not come to the rescue of their comrades,” and he says there is “no evidence” to support the charge that “there was a conspiracy between C.I.A. and the White House to spin the Benghazi story in a way that would protect the political interests of the president and Secretary Clinton,” referring to the secretary of state at the time, Hillary Rodham Clinton.

But he also concludes that the White House itself embellished some of the talking points provided by the Central Intelligence Agency and had blocked him from sending an internal study of agency conclusions to Congress.

Photo
 
Michael J. Morell Credit Mark Wilson/Getty Images

“I finally did so without asking,” just before leaving government, he writes, and after the White House released internal emails to a committee investigating the State Department’s handling of the issue.

A lengthy congressional investigation remains underway, one that many Republicans hope to use against Mrs. Clinton in the 2016 election cycle.

In parts of the book, “The Great War of Our Time” (Twelve), Mr. Morell praises his C.I.A. colleagues for many successes in stopping terrorist attacks, but he is surprisingly critical of other C.I.A. failings — and those of the National Security Agency.

Soon after Mr. Morell retired in 2013 after 33 years in the agency, President Obama appointed him to a commission reviewing the actions of the National Security Agency after the disclosures of Edward J. Snowden, a former intelligence contractor who released classified documents about the government’s eavesdropping abilities. Mr. Morell writes that he was surprised by what he found.

Advertisement

“You would have thought that of all the government entities on the planet, the one least vulnerable to such grand theft would have been the N.S.A.,” he writes. “But it turned out that the N.S.A. had left itself vulnerable.”

He concludes that most Wall Street firms had better cybersecurity than the N.S.A. had when Mr. Snowden swept information from its systems in 2013. While he said he found himself “chagrined by how well the N.S.A. was doing” compared with the C.I.A. in stepping up its collection of data on intelligence targets, he also sensed that the N.S.A., which specializes in electronic spying, was operating without considering the implications of its methods.

“The N.S.A. had largely been collecting information because it could, not necessarily in all cases because it should,” he says.

The book is to be released next week.

Mr. Morell was a career analyst who rose through the ranks of the agency, and he ended up in the No. 2 post. He served as President George W. Bush’s personal intelligence briefer in the first months of his presidency — in those days, he could often be spotted at the Starbucks in Waco, Tex., catching up on his reading — and was with him in the schoolhouse in Florida on the morning of Sept. 11, 2001, when the Bush presidency changed in an instant.

Mr. Morell twice took over as acting C.I.A. director, first when Leon E. Panetta was appointed secretary of defense and then when retired Gen. David H. Petraeus resigned over an extramarital affair with his biographer, a relationship that included his handing her classified notes of his time as America’s best-known military commander.

Mr. Morell says he first learned of the affair from Mr. Petraeus only the night before he resigned, and just as the Benghazi events were turning into a political firestorm. While praising Mr. Petraeus, who had told his deputy “I am very lucky” to run the C.I.A., Mr. Morell writes that “the organization did not feel the same way about him.” The former general “created the impression through the tone of his voice and his body language that he did not want people to disagree with him (which was not true in my own interaction with him),” he says.

But it is his account of the Benghazi attacks — and how the C.I.A. was drawn into the debate over whether the Obama White House deliberately distorted its account of the death of Ambassador J. Christopher Stevens — that is bound to attract attention, at least partly because of its relevance to the coming presidential election. The initial assessments that the C.I.A. gave to the White House said demonstrations had preceded the attack. By the time analysts reversed their opinion, Susan E. Rice, now the national security adviser, had made a series of statements on Sunday talk shows describing the initial assessment. The controversy and other comments Ms. Rice made derailed Mr. Obama’s plan to appoint her as secretary of state.

The experience prompted Mr. Morell to write that the C.I.A. should stay out of the business of preparing talking points — especially on issues that are being seized upon for “political purposes.” He is critical of the State Department for not beefing up security in Libya for its diplomats, as the C.I.A., he said, did for its employees.

But he concludes that the assault in which the ambassador was killed took place “with little or no advance planning” and “was not well organized.” He says the attackers “did not appear to be looking for Americans to harm. They appeared intent on looting and conducting some vandalism,” setting fires that killed Mr. Stevens and a security official, Sean Smith.

Mr. Morell paints a picture of an agency that was struggling, largely unsuccessfully, to understand dynamics in the Middle East and North Africa when the Arab Spring broke out in late 2011 in Tunisia. The agency’s analysts failed to see the forces of revolution coming — and then failed again, he writes, when they told Mr. Obama that the uprisings would undercut Al Qaeda by showing there was a democratic pathway to change.

“There is no good explanation for our not being able to see the pressures growing to dangerous levels across the region,” he writes. The agency had again relied too heavily “on a handful of strong leaders in the countries of concern to help us understand what was going on in the Arab street,” he says, and those leaders themselves were clueless.

Moreover, an agency that has always overvalued secretly gathered intelligence and undervalued “open source” material “was not doing enough to mine the wealth of information available through social media,” he writes. “We thought and told policy makers that this outburst of popular revolt would damage Al Qaeda by undermining the group’s narrative,” he writes.

Instead, weak governments in Egypt, and the absence of governance from Libya to Yemen, were “a boon to Islamic extremists across both the Middle East and North Africa.”

Mr. Morell is gentle about most of the politicians he dealt with — he expresses admiration for both Mr. Bush and Mr. Obama, though he accuses former Vice President Dick Cheney of deliberately implying a connection between Al Qaeda and Iraq that the C.I.A. had concluded probably did not exist. But when it comes to the events leading up to the Bush administration’s decision to go to war in Iraq, he is critical of his own agency.

Mr. Morell concludes that the Bush White House did not have to twist intelligence on Saddam Hussein’s alleged effort to rekindle the country’s work on weapons of mass destruction.

“The view that hard-liners in the Bush administration forced the intelligence community into its position on W.M.D. is just flat wrong,” he writes. “No one pushed. The analysts were already there and they had been there for years, long before Bush came to office.”

Ex-C.I.A. Official Rebuts Republican Claims on Benghazi Attack in ‘The Great War of Our Time’
paket umroh akhir tahun di Pulogebang jakarta
biaya umrah maret di Ujung Menteng jakarta
promo berangkat umrah februari di Dukuh jakarta
biaya umroh awal tahun di Ujung Menteng jakarta
paket berangkat umrah januari di Pondok Ranggon jakarta
paket promo berangkat umroh akhir tahun di Kampung Baru jakarta
biaya umrah april di Kramat Jati jakarta
promo berangkat umroh awal tahun di Rawa Terate jakarta
promo umrah maret di Kampung Gedong,Cijantung jakarta
biaya berangkat umroh awal tahun di Kayu Manis jakarta
biaya berangkat umrah februari di Munjul jakarta
harga berangkat umroh desember di Rawamangun jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umrah akhir tahun di Bidaracina jakarta
paket umrah desember di Setu jakarta
harga umroh april depok
paket umrah akhir tahun di Makasar jakarta
biaya berangkat umrah awal tahun bekasi selatan
paket promo umroh mei di Rawa Terate jakarta
paket promo umrah april di Pisangan Baru jakarta
paket promo berangkat umroh mei bogor
harga berangkat umroh januari di Kebon Pala jakarta
paket umrah januari di Bambu Apus jakarta
biaya berangkat umrah awal tahun di Jati jakarta
biaya berangkat umrah akhir tahun di Pisangan Baru jakarta
paket berangkat umrah maret di Pulo Gadung jakarta
promo umrah januari di Pasar Rebo jakarta
harga umrah ramadhan di Kebon Manggis jakarta
harga paket berangkat umroh maret di Cipinang Melayu jakarta
paket promo berangkat umroh ramadhan di Cipinang Muara jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umroh maret di Batuampar jakarta
biaya paket umroh awal tahun di Cipinang Melayu jakarta
paket berangkat umrah awal tahun di Kayu Putih jakarta
paket promo berangkat umrah april di Jatinegara jakarta
paket berangkat umrah maret di Bidaracina jakarta
harga paket umrah ramadhan di Jatinegara jakarta
harga umroh awal tahun di Munjul jakarta
promo umroh juni di Pulo Gadung jakarta
harga paket umrah februari di Rawa Terate jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umrah akhir tahun di Cilangkap jakarta
biaya umroh desember di Pondok Kelapa jakarta
biaya umroh april di Balekambang jakarta
biaya umroh desember di Dukuh jakarta
harga paket berangkat umrah mei di Bidaracina jakarta
harga paket umrah februari di Malaka Jaya jakarta
paket promo berangkat umroh februari di Pulo Gadung jakarta
promo umrah januari di Duren Sawit jakarta
biaya umroh februari bogor
biaya umrah april di Cililitan jakarta
biaya umroh desember di Makasar jakarta
paket promo berangkat umroh april di Pondok Kopi jakarta
harga umroh maret di Setu jakarta
harga paket umrah januari di Pulo Gadung jakarta
harga paket umrah akhir tahun di Susukan jakarta
harga berangkat umroh desember di Utan Kayu Selatan jakarta
harga umrah akhir tahun di Kebon Manggis jakarta
harga paket berangkat umroh awal tahun di Kebon Pala jakarta
paket promo umrah januari di Cipayung jakarta
biaya berangkat umroh april di Pisangan Baru jakarta
harga umrah juni di Jatinegara jakarta
paket promo berangkat umrah maret di Cakung jakarta
paket umrah februari di Jatinegara Kaum jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umrah akhir tahun di Kayu Manis jakarta
harga berangkat umrah desember di Duren Sawit jakarta
harga umroh desember di Cipayung jakarta
promo umrah juni di Makasar jakarta
harga berangkat umrah maret di Setu jakarta
biaya umroh awal tahun di Dukuh jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umrah april di Cipinang Muara jakarta
paket promo umrah maret di Cipinang Cempedak jakarta
biaya umrah januari di Kalisari jakarta
paket umrah akhir tahun di Dukuh jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umrah desember di Kebon Manggis jakarta
paket promo berangkat umrah maret di Penggilingan jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umrah desember di Cipinang jakarta
paket umrah januari di Kayu Putih jakarta
paket umrah februari di Rambutan jakarta
harga paket umroh maret di Makasar jakarta
biaya paket umroh januari di Penggilingan jakarta
harga paket umrah januari di Kelapa Dua Wetan jakarta
harga umrah februari di Batuampar jakarta
harga umrah akhir tahun di Pulo Gadung jakarta
harga paket umroh akhir tahun di Jatinegara Kaum jakarta
biaya paket umroh april di Cakung jakarta
harga umrah desember di Cipinang Cempedak jakarta
paket berangkat umroh februari bekasi barat
paket promo berangkat umroh ramadhan di Pondok Bambu jakarta
promo berangkat umroh ramadhan di Pulogebang jakarta
paket promo berangkat umroh akhir tahun di Pulo Gadung jakarta
biaya umroh juni di Lubang Buaya jakarta
harga umroh januari di Pondok Kelapa jakarta
biaya paket umroh maret di Jatinegara Kaum jakarta
biaya berangkat umrah februari di Bali Mester jakarta
harga paket umroh awal tahun di Jatinegara Kaum jakarta
promo berangkat umroh desember bekasi utara
harga berangkat umroh januari di Cipayung jakarta
biaya umroh april di Pondok Kopi jakarta
promo umrah juni bogor
biaya umroh awal tahun di Ciracas jakarta
promo umroh ramadhan di Cipinang Besar Selatan jakarta
paket promo umroh maret di Cilangkap jakarta