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Manfaat – manfaat dari SPA
Spa juga telah menawarkan perawatan tubuh dengan metode relaksasi. Perawatan ini juga memang terbilang cukup mahal. Namun, hasilnya telah sebanding dengan harga yang harus kita bayarkan. Anda juga bisa memanjakan tubuh sambil menikmati pijatan lembut dari terapis handal. Berikut adalah manfaat dari perawatan tubuh di spa.

1. Bebas kerutan

pijat batu panas juga dapat merelaksasi otot-otot yang tegang. Metode ini juga dapat menghilangkan tanda-tanda penuaan berupa kerutan atau keriput pada kulit.

2. Pembunuh stres

Stres dapat membuat Anda akan terlihat tua. Pijat relaksasi juga dapat membuat tubuh lebih segar dan terlihat lebih muda kembali. Rasa pegal pun seketika hilang.

3. Menurunkan berat badan

Perawatan spa juga dapat membantu menurunkan berat badan. Pijatan lembut dari para terapis bisa dapat membakar kalori pada titik-titik tertentu.

4. Menghilangkan racun pada kulit

Kulit yang berisiko lebih besar terkena bahaya radikal bebas. Nah, spa juga telah menjadi salah satu solusi terbaik untuk dapat membersihkan racun pada kulit.

5. Meningkatkan sirkulasi darah

Mandi di dalam jacuzzi juga telah memiliki banyak manfaat bagi kesehatan. Perawatan ini juga dapat meningkatkan sirkulasi darah dan dapat membuat kulit tampak bersinar.

6. Setelah melakukan berbagai aktifitas wisata selama di Bali, seperti tour keliling Bali, ataupun berpetualang semacam arung jeram, trekking, hiking, diving dll, tentunya banyak sekali energi yang telah dikeluarkan. Nah, untuk dapat memulihkan kondisi tubuh agar bugar kembali, nggak ada salahnya anda mencoba untuk beristirahat sejenak dengan memilih salah satu spa body yang ada di Bali .
7. Kegiatan spa adalah salah satu bentuk terapi yang tujuannya untuk dapat merelaksasikan pikiran dan tubuh agar kembali normal setelah melakukan aktifitas seharian. Banyak sekali pilihan yang telah menawarkan berbagai jenis dan massage dengan harga yang bervariasi. Dari yang murah sampai yang mahal pun ada. Dari pijat amatiran yang ada di pinggir pantai sampai spa profesional di salon dan hotel pun banyak. Nanti spa body mana yang anda pilih, tergantung dari budget yang anda punya.

8. Salah satu jenis massage yang bisa anda ambil adalah massage aromaterapi di salon spa. Massage ini sangat cocok bagi anda setelah lelah berwisata dan berpetualang. Massage atau pijat aromaterapi ini adalah jenis massage relaksasi yang nantinya bisa mengembalikan kondisi tubuh anda kembali bugar. Biasanya massage ini telah dilakukan oleh seorang staff selama 2 jam dimana nantinya proses pemijatan memakai minyak aroma yang bisa dipilih seperti aroma mawar (rose), bougenville, lemon, dll. Ada juga yang menggunakan jam-jamuan.

Setelah diterapi, anda akan merasa lebih rileks dan tubuh lebih fresh.

 

Manfaat dari perawatan spa tidak terbatas pada kecantikan. Spa juga dapat menawarkan paket perawatan tubuh, yang baik untuk kesehatan.


Editor : Dian Sukmawati

MANFAAT DARI SPA

KPK tengah menelusuri peran pengacara-pengacara Gubernur Banten Ratu Atut Chosiyah. Pengacara-pengacara itu diduga telah menghalang-halangi penyidikan di KPK.

"Masih ditelusuri," ujar Ketua KPK Abraham Samad, di kantornya, Rabu (19/3).

Abraham juga menegaskan jika terbukti para pengacara ini menghalang-halangi penyidikan, maka dapat dijerat pidana oleh KPK. Termasuk menyembunyikan saksi.

"Bisa (dipidanakan)," ujar Abraham menegaskan.

Sementara itu, Wakil Ketua KPK Bambang Widjojanto juga menjelaskan modus para pengacara Atut yang telah menghalangi proses penyidikan di KPK yakni dengan mengarahkan salah satu saksi di kasus tersebut.

"Saya kasih indikasi modusnya. Salah satunya adalah mengarahkan saksi. Supaya kamu lakukan ini saja, kamu bersembunyi saja, kayak-kayak gitu. Kan itu gak boleh saksi disuruh bersembunyi begitu kan. Kalau ada apa-apa, saya yang tanggung jawab. Nah misalnya kayak begitu," ujar Bambang.

Bambang juga menegaskan para pengacara itu bisa terjerat Pasal 21 UU Pemberantasan Tindak Pidana Korupsi. Ancaman hukumannya yakni pidana penjara paling lama 12 tahun dan denda paling banyak Rp 600 juta.

Sayangnya, Abraham maupun Bambang juga tidak mengatakan siapa saja pengacara Atut yang diduga telah menghalangi proses penyidikan tersebut. Yang pasti, KPK juga akan segera menjerat pengacara itu setelah memiliki 2 alat bukti yang cukup.

"Kita butuh waktu untuk dapat menemukan alat bukti apakah pengacara ini bisa di kenakan sebagai tersangka menghalang-halangi. Jadi ini belum bukan tidak," ujarnya.

Diketahui, ada beberapa pengacara yang menjadi tim advokasi Ratu Atut, di antaranya, Rudy Alfonso, Tubagus Sukatma, Fajar, Efran Hilmi dan Andi Simangunsong.

KPK ancam pidanakan pengacara Atut karena halangi penyidikan

Saco- Indonesia.com - Selama ribuan tahun, jahe sudah dikelompokkan sebagai penyedap masakan dan minuman, serta pengobatan. Tanaman rimpang ini disukai karena efeknya yang menghangatkan tubuh. Salah satu khasiat lain dari jahe adalah membantu mengurangi gejala asma.

Para peneliti dari departemen anestesiologi Columbia University mengatakan, jika dikombinasikan dengan obat-obatan asma, jahe akan meningkatkan  efek rileksasi otot polos di sekitar saluran napas. Otot-otot ini menyempit saat serangan asma terjadi sehingga menyulitkan untuk bernapas.

Para peneliti menemukan ada tiga komponen spesifik dari jahe yang memiliki efek rileksasi sehingga baik jika dikombinasikan dengan obat asma. Ketua studi Elizabeth Townsend mengatakan, komponen jahe yang telah dimurnikan dapat bekerja secara sinergi dengan pengobatan asma dalam rileksasi otot saluran napas.

"Prevalensi asma meningkat beberapa tahun terakhir, namun dengan pengetahuan yang lebih baik tentang penyebabnya dan bagaimana penyakit ini berkembang, maka pengobatan baru yang lebih efektif dapat diciptakan," ujar Townsend.

Asma dikendalikan oleh otot yang mengetat di saluran udara yang disebut bronkokonstriksi. Maka selama ini asma diobati dengan betagonists yang berfungsi mengendurkan otot.

Untuk mengukur efek dari jahe, para peneliti mengambil sampel jaringan otot saluran napas dan memberikan paparan sebuah senyawa neurotransmiter yang disebut asetilkolin untuk membuat otot berkontraksi. Kemudian mereka memberikan tiga perlakukan berbeda pada otot polos yang berkontraksi tersebut.

Perlakukan pertama yaitu dengan memberikan isoproterenol, salah satu tipe bronkodilator, yang dicampur dengan komponen jahe 6-gingerol. Kedua, pengobatan ditambah komponen jahe 8-gingerol, dan yang tiga pengobatan ditambah komponen jahe 6-shogaol. Sedangkan ada juga kontrol yaitu dengan hanya memberikan pengobatan saja.

Hasilnya, ketiga perlakuan memberikan hasil yang lebih baik dibandingkan pengobatan saja. Khususnya, 6-shogaol merupakan komponen yang paling efektif dalam mengendurkan otot yang memperbaiki pengobatan asma.

Ketiga komponen bekerja dengan mempengaruhi enzim yang disebut dengan phosphodiesterase 4D (PDE4D). Penelitian sebelumnya menunjukkan enzim tersebut ditemukan di paru-paru, menghambat mekanisme rileksasi di saluran napas dan mengurangi inflamasi jaringan.

Para peneliti berharap studi ini dapat memberikan penjelasan yang lebih lanjut hingga ke tingkat seluler mengenai efektivitas komponen jahe untuk pengobatan saluran napas.


Sumber :Medical Daily/Kompas.com
Editor :Liwon Maulana(galipat)

Kombinasi Jahe dan Obat Asma Lebih Efektif

Terdapat beberapa perbedaan antara Haji dan Umroh. Ibadah Umrah itu sendiri bisa dikatakan Haji kecil, karena ada beberapa manasik yang sama. Namun antara Haji dan Umrah tidaklah sama. apa saja perbedaan antara haji dan Umrah, berikut ini sedikit paparan mengenai perbedaan antara Haji dan Umrah.


Dari segi waktu, ibadah haji mempunyai waktu-waktu tertentu yaitu bulan-bulan tertentu yang tidak sah niat ihram haji kecuali di dalamnya. Adapun bulan-bulan tersebut yaitu: syawal, dzulqo’dah, dan 10 hari pertama dari bulan dzulhijjah. Sedangkan umrah, maka hari-hari dalam setahun adalah merupakan waktu dibolehkannnya untuk niat ibadah umrah, kecuali waktu-waktu haji bagi orang yang berniat ihram haji saja didalamnya.


Adapun dari segi manasik, dalam ibadah haji terdapat wukuf di arafah, mabit di mudzdalifah dan di mina, melempar jumrah. Sedangkan umrah, hal-hal di atas tidak perlu dilakukan. Yang mana umrah hanya terdiri: niat ihram, thowaf dan sai, halq atapun tahallul.

Ulama’ sepakat atas kewajiban menjalankan ibadah haji bagi yang mampu, sedangkan dalam umrah terdapat perbedaan pendapat hukum menjalankannya, apakah ia wajib atau tidak bagi yang mampu.


Mengetahui Perbedaan antara Haji dan Umrah sangat diperlukan dan harus diperhatikan. Ada beberapa perbedaan hal antara Haji dan Umrah, siantaranya sebagai berikut :

    Umrah tidak mempunyai waktu tertentu dan tidak bisa ketinggalan waktu.
    Dalam umrah tidak ada wukuf di Arafah dan tidak ada pula singgah di Muzdalifah.
    Dalam umrah tidak ada kegiatan melontar jumrah.
    Tidak ada jamak antara dua shalat seperti dalam pelaksanaan haji. Demikian menurut Ulama Hanafiyah, Malikiyah, dan Hanabilah. Sedangkan ulama Syafi’iyah berpendapat dibolehkan jamak dan qashar. Menurut mereka, haji dan umrah bukanlah sebab bagi bolehnya jamak antara dua shalat, melainkan sebabnya adalah karena safar (perjalanan).
    Tidak ada thawaf qudum dan tidak ada pula khutbah.
    Miqat umrah untuk semua orang adalah Tanah Halal. Sedangkan dalam ibadah haji, miqat bagi orang Makkah adalah Tanah Haram.
    Menurut ulama Malikiyah dan Hanafiyah, hukum umrah adalah sunah muakkad sedangkan haji hukumnya adalah fardhu. Menurut ulama Hanafiyah, pada ibadah umrah tidak ada Thawaf Wada sebagaimana dalam haji. Membatalkan umrah dan melakukan thawaf dalam keadaan junub tidak diwajibkan membayar denda seekor unta yang digemukkan (al-badanah) sebagaimana diwajibkan dalam ibadah haji.

Demikian Ulasan mengenai perbedaan Haji dan Umrah. memang terdapat beberapa Ikhtilaf Ulama, namun itu adalah berkahnya ikhtilaf. smoga sedikit penjelasan Haji Umrah ini bermanfaat.
 

Sumber : http://www.zaen-haji-umrah.com

HAJI DAN UMRAH SERTA PERBEDAANNYA

Saco-Indonesia.com - Seseorang yang berusaha menurunkan berat badan kerap menganggap diet sebagai proses yang menyengsarakan dan membosankan.

Padahal anggapan semacam ini tidak sepenuhnya benar. Keberhasilan menurunkan berat badan adalah tentang bagaimana Anda me-manage sikap mental Anda.

Selama Anda menjadikan setiap proses tersebut sebagai kebiasaan yang menyenangkan, maka keberhasilan mendapatkan berat badan ideal sudah ada di depan mata.

Bahkan, jika Anda memiliki hobi yang berhubungan dengan aktivitas fisik, maka hobi tersebut bisa Anda maksimalkan sebagai fun factor dalam mencapai berat badan ideal.

Berikut ini hobi atau aktivitas menyenangkan yang bisa Anda maksimalkan untuk mencapai berat badan ideal.

1. Jalan-jalan di sekitar blok
Saat Anda tidak berencana melakukan aktivitas yang jauh dari rumah, maka jalan-jalan atau jogging di sekitar komplek perumahan bisa menjadi pilihan yang tepat. Selain membakar kalori lebih banyak, jalan-jalan di sekitar rumah juga bisa meningkatkan hubungan sosial Anda dengan tetangga sekitar.

2. Bersepeda
Akhir-akhir ini, minat masyarakat terhadap olahraga bersepeda terus meningkat. Munculnya berbagai komunitas bersepeda adalah salah satu buktinya. Anda bisa bergabung dalam komunitas tersebut dan mengikuti setiap aktivitas yang diagendakan oleh komunitas tersebut.

Jika bergabung dengan komunitas bersepeda tidak membuat Anda tertarik, bersepeda sendiri juga bisa menjadi pilihan yang sehat. Selain meningkatkan pembakaran kalori, olahraga bersepeda erat hubungannya dengan peningkatan kebugaran kardiovaskular atau kesehatan pembuluh darah dan jantung, serta penurunan risiko penyakit jantung koroner.

3. Parkour & Freerun
Tidak hanya komunitas bersepeda, komunitas parkour dan freerun kini juga mulai mewabah. Pada prinsipnya parkour & freerun memiliki basic yang sama, yakni berpindah dari satu tempat ke tempat lain secara efektif dengan gerakan-gerakan akrobatik.

Latihan ini membutuhkan penguasaan teknik dan latihan yang cukup agar terhindar dari cedera. Meski tergolong ekstrem, latihan ini patut dicoba untuk menurunkan berat badan, meningkatkan kordinasi dan fleksibilitas tubuh.

4. Mendaki sambil menikmati pemandangan alam
Jika Anda menyukai pemadangan alam, pergilah mendaki ke tempat yang terletak tepat di bawah bukit dengan air terjun serta pemandangan yang menakjubkan. Selain efektif untuk mengusir stres, kegiatan ini baik untuk meningkatkan pembakaran kalori dan lemak tubuh Anda.

5. Berenang
Jika berenang di kolam umum membuat Anda jenuh, cobalah pergi ke danau, sungai, atau pantai yang memiliki air jernih dan aman dari binatang buas. Berenang di tempat-tempat yang tersedia di alam bebas akan membangkitkan kembali semangat dan mood Anda untuk meraih berat badan ideal.

6. Belanja ke Pasar
Pasar tradisional bagi beberapa orang dapat dianggap sebagai tempat yang penuh inspirasi. Anda dapat menemukan buah dan sayuran terbaik serta banyak makanan sehat menakjubkan lainnya. Anda dapat pergi ke sana dan berjalan kaki mengelilingi pasar saat berbelanja.

Jangan lupa untuk mengimbangi aktivitas menyenangkan di atas dengan pola makan rendah lemak dan tinggi protein. Good luck!

 

 

Editor :Liwon Maulana
6 Hobi Asik Melangsingkan Tubuh

Ms. Plisetskaya, renowned for her fluidity of movement, expressive acting and willful personality, danced on the Bolshoi stage well into her 60s, but her life was shadowed by Stalinism.

Maya Plisetskaya, Ballerina Who Embodied Bolshoi, Dies at 89

Pronovost, who played for the Red Wings, was not a prolific scorer, but he was a consummate team player with bruising checks and fearless bursts up the ice that could puncture a defense.

Marcel Pronovost, 84, Dies; Hall of Famer Shared in Five N.H.L. Titles

THE WRITERS ASHLEY AND JAQUAVIS COLEMAN know the value of a good curtain-raiser. The couple have co-authored dozens of novels, and they like to start them with a bang: a headlong action sequence, a blast of violence or sex that rocks readers back on their heels. But the Colemans concede they would be hard-pressed to dream up anything more gripping than their own real-life opening scene.

In the summer of 2001, JaQuavis Coleman was a 16-year-old foster child in Flint, Mich., the former auto-manufacturing mecca that had devolved, in the wake of General Motors’ plant closures, into one of the country’s most dangerous cities, with a decimated economy and a violent crime rate more than three times the national average. When JaQuavis was 8, social services had removed him from his mother’s home. He spent years bouncing between foster families. At 16, JaQuavis was also a businessman: a crack dealer with a network of street-corner peddlers in his employ.

One day that summer, JaQuavis met a fellow dealer in a parking lot on Flint’s west side. He was there to make a bulk sale of a quarter-brick, or “nine-piece” — a nine-ounce parcel of cocaine, with a street value of about $11,000. In the middle of the transaction, JaQuavis heard the telltale chirp of a walkie-talkie. His customer, he now realized, was an undercover policeman. JaQuavis jumped into his car and spun out onto the road, with two unmarked police cars in pursuit. He didn’t want to get into a high-speed chase, so he whipped his car into a church parking lot and made a run for it, darting into an alleyway behind a row of small houses, where he tossed the quarter-brick into some bushes. When JaQuavis reached the small residential street on the other side of the houses, he was greeted by the police, who handcuffed him and went to search behind the houses where, they told him, they were certain he had ditched the drugs. JaQuavis had been dealing since he was 12, had amassed more than $100,000 and had never been arrested. Now, he thought: It’s over.

But when the police looked in the bushes, they couldn’t find any cocaine. They interrogated JaQuavis, who denied having ever possessed or sold drugs. They combed the backyard alley some more. After an hour of fruitless efforts, the police were forced to unlock the handcuffs and release their suspect.

JaQuavis was baffled by the turn of events until the next day, when he received a phone call. The previous afternoon, a 15-year-old girl had been sitting in her home on the west side of Flint when she heard sirens. She looked out of the window of her bedroom, and watched a young man throw a package in the bushes behind her house. She recognized him. He was a high school classmate — a handsome, charismatic boy whom she had admired from afar. The girl crept outside and grabbed the bundle, which she hid in her basement. “I have something that belongs to you,” Ashley Snell told JaQuavis Coleman when she reached him by phone. “You wanna come over here and pick it up?”

Photo
Three of the nearly 50 works of urban fiction published by the Colemans over the last decade, often featuring drug deals, violence, sex and a brash kind of feminism.Credit Marko Metzinger

In the Colemans’ first novel, “Dirty Money” (2005), they told a version of this story. The outline was the same: the drug deal gone bad, the dope chucked in the bushes, the fateful phone call. To the extent that the authors took poetic license, it was to tone down the meet-cute improbability of the true-life events. In “Dirty Money,” the girl, Anari, and the crack dealer, Maurice, circle each other warily for a year or so before coupling up. But the facts of Ashley and JaQuavis’s romance outstripped pulp fiction. They fell in love more or less at first sight, moved into their own apartment while still in high school and were married in 2008. “We were together from the day we met,” Ashley says. “I don’t think we’ve spent more than a week apart in total over the past 14 years.”

That partnership turned out to be creative and entrepreneurial as well as romantic. Over the past decade, the Colemans have published nearly 50 books, sometimes as solo writers, sometimes under pseudonyms, but usually as collaborators with a byline that has become a trusted brand: “Ashley & JaQuavis.” They are marquee stars of urban fiction, or street lit, a genre whose inner-city settings and lurid mix of crime, sex and sensationalism have earned it comparisons to gangsta rap. The emergence of street lit is one of the big stories in recent American publishing, a juggernaut that has generated huge sales by catering to a readership — young, black and, for the most part, female — that historically has been ill-served by the book business. But the genre is also widely maligned. Street lit is subject to a kind of triple snobbery: scorned by literati who look down on genre fiction generally, ignored by a white publishing establishment that remains largely indifferent to black books and disparaged by African-American intellectuals for poor writing, coarse values and trafficking in racial stereotypes.

But if a certain kind of cultural prestige is shut off to the Colemans, they have reaped other rewards. They’ve built a large and loyal fan base, which gobbles up the new Ashley & JaQuavis titles that arrive every few months. Many of those books are sold at street-corner stands and other off-the-grid venues in African-American neighborhoods, a literary gray market that doesn’t register a blip on best-seller tallies. Yet the Colemans’ most popular series now regularly crack the trade fiction best-seller lists of The New York Times and Publishers Weekly. For years, the pair had no literary agent; they sold hundreds of thousands of books without banking a penny in royalties. Still, they have earned millions of dollars, almost exclusively from cash-for-manuscript deals negotiated directly with independent publishing houses. In short, though little known outside of the world of urban fiction, the Colemans are one of America’s most successful literary couples, a distinction they’ve achieved, they insist, because of their work’s gritty authenticity and their devotion to a primal literary virtue: the power of the ripping yarn.

“When you read our books, you’re gonna realize: ‘Ashley & JaQuavis are storytellers,’ ” says Ashley. “Our tales will get your heart pounding.”

THE COLEMANS’ HOME BASE — the cottage from which they operate their cottage industry — is a spacious four-bedroom house in a genteel suburb about 35 miles north of downtown Detroit. The house is plush, but when I visited this past winter, it was sparsely appointed. The couple had just recently moved in, and had only had time to fully furnish the bedroom of their 4-year-old son, Quaye.

In conversation, Ashley and JaQuavis exude both modesty and bravado: gratitude for their good fortune and bootstrappers’ pride in having made their own luck. They talk a lot about their time in the trenches, the years they spent as a drug dealer and “ride-or-die girl” tandem. In Flint they learned to “grind hard.” Writing, they say, is merely a more elevated kind of grind.

“Instead of hitting the block like we used to, we hit the laptops,” says Ashley. “I know what every word is worth. So while I’m writing, I’m like: ‘Okay, there’s a hundred dollars. There’s a thousand dollars. There’s five thousand dollars.’ ”

They maintain a rigorous regimen. They each try to write 5,000 words per day, five days a week. The writers stagger their shifts: JaQuavis goes to bed at 7 p.m. and wakes up early, around 3 or 4 in the morning, to work while his wife and child sleep. Ashley writes during the day, often in libraries or at Starbucks.

They divide the labor in other ways. Chapters are divvied up more or less equally, with tasks assigned according to individual strengths. (JaQuavis typically handles character development. Ashley loves writing murder scenes.) The results are stitched together, with no editorial interference from one author in the other’s text. The real work, they contend, is the brainstorming. The Colemans spend weeks mapping out their plot-driven books — long conversations that turn into elaborate diagrams on dry-erase boards. “JaQuavis and I are so close, it makes the process real easy,” says Ashley. “Sometimes when I’m thinking of something, a plot point, he’ll say it out loud, and I’m like: ‘Wait — did I say that?’ ”

Their collaboration developed by accident, and on the fly. Both were bookish teenagers. Ashley read lots of Judy Blume and John Grisham; JaQuavis liked Shakespeare, Richard Wright and “Atlas Shrugged.” (Their first official date was at a Borders bookstore, where Ashley bought “The Coldest Winter Ever,” the Sister Souljah novel often credited with kick-starting the contemporary street-lit movement.) In 2003, Ashley, then 17, was forced to terminate an ectopic pregnancy. She was bedridden for three weeks, and to provide distraction and boost her spirits, JaQuavis challenged his girlfriend to a writing contest. “She just wasn’t talking. She was laying in bed. I said, ‘You know what? I bet you I could write a better book than you.’ My wife is real competitive. So I said, ‘Yo, all right, $500 bet.’ And I saw her eyes spark, like, ‘What?! You can’t write no better book than me!’ So I wrote about three chapters. She wrote about three chapters. Two days later, we switched.”

The result, hammered out in a few days, would become “Dirty Money.” Two years later, when Ashley and JaQuavis were students at Ferris State University in Western Michigan, they sold the manuscript to Urban Books, a street-lit imprint founded by the best-selling author Carl Weber. At the time, JaQuavis was still making his living selling drugs. When Ashley got the phone call informing her that their book had been bought, she assumed they’d hit it big, and flushed more than $10,000 worth of cocaine down the toilet. Their advance was a mere $4,000.

Photo
The roots of street lit, found in the midcentury detective novels of Chester Himes and the ‘60s and ‘70s “ghetto fiction” of Iceberg Slim and Donald Goines.Credit Marko Metzinger

Those advances would soon increase, eventually reaching five and six figures. The Colemans built their career, JaQuavis says, in a manner that made sense to him as a veteran dope peddler: by flooding the street with product. From the start, they were prolific, churning out books at a rate of four or five a year. Their novels made their way into stores; the now-defunct chain Waldenbooks, which had stores in urban areas typically bypassed by booksellers, was a major engine of the street-lit market. But Ashley and JaQuavis took advantage of distribution channels established by pioneering urban fiction authors such as Teri Woods and Vickie Stringer, and a network of street-corner tables, magazine stands, corner shops and bodegas. Like rappers who establish their bona fides with gray-market mixtapes, street-lit authors use this system to circumnavigate industry gatekeepers, bringing their work straight to the genre’s core readership. But urban fiction has other aficionados, in less likely places. “Our books are so popular in the prison system,” JaQuavis says. “We’re banned in certain penitentiaries. Inmates fight over the books — there are incidents, you know? I have loved ones in jail, and they’re like: ‘Yo, your books can’t come in here. It’s against the rules.’ ”

The appeal of the Colemans’ work is not hard to fathom. The books are formulaic and taut; they deliver the expected goods efficiently and exuberantly. The titles telegraph the contents: “Diary of a Street Diva,” “Kiss Kiss, Bang Bang,” “Murderville.” The novels serve up a stream of explicit sex and violence in a slangy, tangy, profane voice. In Ashley & JaQuavis’s books people don’t get killed: they get “popped,” “laid out,” get their “cap twisted back.” The smut is constant, with emphasis on the earthy, sticky, olfactory particulars. Romance novel clichés — shuddering orgasms, heroic carnal feats, superlative sexual skill sets — are rendered in the Colemans’ punchy patois.

Subtlety, in other words, isn’t Ashley & JaQuavis’s forte. But their books do have a grainy specificity. In “The Cartel” (2008), the first novel in the Colemans’ best-selling saga of a Miami drug syndicate, they catch the sights and smells of a crack workshop in a housing project: the nostril-stinging scent of cocaine and baking soda bubbling on stovetops; the teams of women, stripped naked except for hospital masks so they can’t pilfer the merchandise, “cutting up the cooked coke on the round wood table.” The subject matter is dark, but the Colemans’ tone is not quite noir. Even in the grimmest scenes, the mood is high-spirited, with the writers palpably relishing the lewd and gory details: the bodies writhing in boudoirs and crumpling under volleys of bullets, the geysers of blood and other bodily fluids.

The luridness of street lit has made it a flashpoint, inciting controversy reminiscent of the hip-hop culture wars of the 1980s and ’90s. But the street-lit debate touches deeper historical roots, reviving decades-old arguments in black literary circles about the mandate to uplift the race and present wholesome images of African-Americans. In 1928, W. E. B. Du Bois slammed the “licentiousness” of “Home to Harlem,” Claude McKay’s rollicking novel of Harlem nightlife. McKay’s book, Du Bois wrote, “for the most part nauseates me, and after the dirtier parts of its filth I feel distinctly like taking a bath.” Similar sentiments have greeted 21st-century street lit. In a 2006 New York Times Op-Ed essay, the journalist and author Nick Chiles decried “the sexualization and degradation of black fiction.” African-American bookstores, Chiles complained, are “overrun with novels that . . . appeal exclusively to our most prurient natures — as if these nasty books were pairing off back in the stockrooms like little paperback rabbits and churning out even more graphic offspring that make Ralph Ellison books cringe into a dusty corner.”

Copulating paperbacks aside, it’s clear that the street-lit debate is about more than literature, touching on questions of paternalism versus populism, and on middle-class anxieties about the black underclass. “It’s part and parcel of black elites’ efforts to define not only a literary tradition, but a racial politics,” said Kinohi Nishikawa, an assistant professor of English and African-American Studies at Princeton University. “There has always been a sense that because African-Americans’ opportunities to represent themselves are so limited in the first place, any hint of criminality or salaciousness would necessarily be a knock on the entire racial politics. One of the pressing debates about African-American literature today is: If we can’t include writers like Ashley & JaQuavis, to what extent is the foundation of our thinking about black literature faulty? Is it just a literature for elites? Or can it be inclusive, bringing urban fiction under the purview of our umbrella term ‘African-American literature’?”

Defenders of street lit note that the genre has a pedigree: a tradition of black pulp fiction that stretches from Chester Himes, the midcentury author of hardboiled Harlem detective stories, to the 1960s and ’70s “ghetto fiction” of Iceberg Slim and Donald Goines, to the current wave of urban fiction authors. Others argue for street lit as a social good, noting that it attracts a large audience that might otherwise never read at all. Scholars like Nishikawa link street lit to recent studies showing increased reading among African-Americans. A 2014 Pew Research Center report found that a greater percentage of black Americans are book readers than whites or Latinos.

For their part, the Colemans place their work in the broader black literary tradition. “You have Maya Angelou, Alice Walker, James Baldwin — all of these traditional black writers, who wrote about the struggles of racism, injustice, inequality,” says Ashley. “We’re writing about the struggle as it happens now. It’s just a different struggle. I’m telling my story. I’m telling the struggle of a black girl from Flint, Michigan, who grew up on welfare.”

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The Colemans in their new four-bedroom house in the northern suburbs of Detroit.Credit Courtesy of Ashley and JaQuavis Coleman

Perhaps there is a high-minded case to be made for street lit. But the virtues of Ashley & JaQuavis’s work are more basic. Their novels do lack literary polish. The writing is not graceful; there are passages of clunky exposition and sex scenes that induce guffaws and eye rolls. But the pleasure quotient is high. The books flaunt a garish brand of feminism, with women characters cast not just as vixens, but also as gangsters — cold-blooded killers, “murder mamas.” The stories are exceptionally well-plotted. “The Cartel” opens by introducing its hero, the crime boss Carter Diamond; on page 9, a gunshot spatters Diamond’s brain across the interior of a police cruiser. The book then flashes back seven years and begins to hurtle forward again — a bullet train, whizzing readers through shifting alliances, romantic entanglements and betrayals, kidnappings, shootouts with Haitian and Dominican gangsters, and a cliffhanger closing scene that leaves the novel’s heroine tied to a chair in a basement, gruesomely tortured to the edge of death. Ashley & JaQuavis’s books are not Ralph Ellison, certainly, but they build up quite a head of steam. They move.

The Colemans are moving themselves these days. They recently signed a deal with St. Martin’s Press, which will bring out the next installment in the “Cartel” series as well as new solo series by both writers. The St. Martin’s deal is both lucrative and legitimizing — a validation of Ashley and JaQuavis’s work by one of publishing’s most venerable houses. The Colemans’ ambitions have grown, as well. A recent trilogy, “Murderville,” tackles human trafficking and the blood-diamond industry in West Africa, with storylines that sweep from Sierra Leone to Mexico to Los Angeles. Increasingly, Ashley & JaQuavis are leaning on research — traveling to far-flung settings and hitting the books in the libraries — and spending less time mining their own rough-and-tumble past.

But Flint remains a source of inspiration. One evening not long ago, JaQuavis led me on a tour of his hometown: a popular roadside bar; the parking lot where he met the undercover cop for the ill-fated drug deal; Ashley’s old house, the site of his almost-arrest. He took me to a ramshackle vehicle repair shop on Flint’s west side, where he worked as a kid, washing cars. He showed me a bathroom at the rear of the garage, where, at age 12, he sneaked away to inspect the first “boulder” of crack that he ever sold. A spray-painted sign on the garage wall, which JaQuavis remembered from his time at the car wash, offered words of warning:

WHAT EVERY YOUNG MAN SHOULD KNOW
ABOUT USING A GUN:
MURDER . . . 30 Years
ARMED ROBBERY . . . 15 Years
ASSAULT . . . 15 Years
RAPE . . . 20 Years
POSSESSION . . . 5 Years
JACKING . . . 20 YEARS

“We still love Flint, Michigan,” JaQuavis says. “It’s so seedy, so treacherous. But there’s some heart in this city. This is where it all started, selling books out the box. In the days when we would get those little $40,000 advances, they’d send us a couple boxes of books for free. We would hit the streets to sell our books, right out of the car trunk. It was a hustle. It still is.”

One old neighborhood asset that the Colemans have not shaken off is swagger. “My wife is the best female writer in the game,” JaQuavis told me. “I believe I’m the best male writer in the game. I’m sleeping next to the best writer in the world. And she’s doing the same.”

 
From T Magazine: Street Lit’s Power Couple

With 12 tournament victories in his career, Mr. Peete was the most successful black professional golfer before Tiger Woods.

Calvin Peete, 71, a Racial Pioneer on the PGA Tour, Is Dead

Fullmer, who reigned when fight clubs abounded and Friday night fights were a television staple, was known for his title bouts with Sugar Ray Robinson and Carmen Basilio.

Gene Fullmer, a Brawling Middleweight Champion, Dies at 83

The 6-foot-10 Phillips played alongside the 6-11 Rick Robey on the Wildcats team that won the 1978 N.C.A.A. men’s basketball title.

Mike Phillips, Half of Kentucky’s ‘Twin Towers’ of Basketball, Dies at 59

Gagne wrestled professionally from the late 1940s until the 1980s and was a transitional figure between the early 20th century barnstormers and the steroidal sideshows of today

Verne Gagne, Wrestler Who Grappled Through Two Eras, Dies at 89

Mr. King sang for the Drifters and found success as a solo performer with hits like “Spanish Harlem.”

Ben E. King, Soulful Singer of ‘Stand by Me,’ Dies at 76

Mr. Pfaff was an international affairs columnist and author who found Washington’s intervention in world affairs often misguided.

William Pfaff, Critic of American Foreign Policy, Dies at 86

GREENWICH, Conn. — Mago is in the bedroom. You can go in.

The big man lies on a hospital bed with his bare feet scraping its bottom rail. His head is propped on a scarlet pillow, the left temple dented, the right side paralyzed. His dark hair is kept just long enough to conceal the scars.

The occasional sounds he makes are understood only by his wife, but he still has that punctuating left hand. In slow motion, the fingers curl and close. A thumbs-up greeting.

Hello, Mago.

This is Magomed Abdusalamov, 34, also known as the Russian Tyson, also known as Mago. He is a former heavyweight boxer who scored four knockouts and 14 technical knockouts in his first 18 professional fights. He preferred to stand between rounds. Sitting conveyed weakness.

But Mago lost his 19th fight, his big chance, at the packed Theater at Madison Square Garden in November 2013. His 19th decision, and his last.

Now here he is, in a small bedroom in a working-class neighborhood in Greenwich, in a modest house his family rents cheap from a devoted friend. The air-pressure machine for his mattress hums like an expectant crowd.

 

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Mike Perez, left, and Magomed Abdusalamov during the fight in which Abdusalamov was injured. Credit Joe Camporeale/USA Today Sports, via Reuters

 

Today is like any other day, except for those days when he is hurried in crisis to the hospital. Every three hours during the night, his slight wife, Bakanay, 28, has risen to turn his 6-foot-3 body — 210 pounds of dead weight. It has to be done. Infections of the gaping bedsore above his tailbone have nearly killed him.

Then, with the help of a young caretaker, Baka has gotten two of their daughters off to elementary school and settled down the toddler. Yes, Mago and Baka are blessed with all girls, but they had also hoped for a son someday.

They feed Mago as they clean him; it’s easier that way. For breakfast, which comes with a side of crushed antiseizure pills, he likes oatmeal with a squirt of Hershey’s chocolate syrup. But even oatmeal must be puréed and fed to him by spoon.

He opens his mouth to indicate more, the way a baby does. But his paralysis has made everything a choking hazard. His water needs a stirring of powdered food thickener, and still he chokes — eh-eh-eh — as he tries to cough up what will not go down.

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Mago used to drink only water. No alcohol. Not even soda. A sip of juice would be as far as he dared. Now even water betrays him.

With the caretaker’s help, Baka uses a washcloth and soap to clean his body and shampoo his hair. How handsome still, she has thought. Sometimes, in the night, she leaves the bedroom to watch old videos, just to hear again his voice in the fullness of life. She cries, wipes her eyes and returns, feigning happiness. Mago must never see her sad.

 

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 Abdusalamov's hand being massaged. Credit Ángel Franco/The New York Times

 

When Baka finishes, Mago is cleanshaven and fresh down to his trimmed and filed toenails. “I want him to look good,” she says.

Theirs was an arranged Muslim marriage in Makhachkala, in the Russian republic of Dagestan. He was 23, she was 18 and their future hinged on boxing. Sometimes they would shadowbox in love, her David to his Goliath. You are so strong, he would tell her.

His father once told him he could either be a bandit or an athlete, but if he chose banditry, “I will kill you.” This paternal advice, Mago later told The Ventura County Reporter, “made it a very easy decision for me.”

Mago won against mediocre competition, in Moscow and Hollywood, Fla., in Las Vegas and Johnstown, Pa. He was knocked down only once, and even then, it surprised more than hurt. He scored a technical knockout in the next round.

It all led up to this: the undercard at the Garden, Mike Perez vs. Magomed Abdusalamov, 10 rounds, on HBO. A win, he believed, would improve his chances of taking on the heavyweight champion Wladimir Klitschko, who sat in the crowd of 4,600 with his fiancée, the actress Hayden Panettiere, watching.

Wearing black-and-red trunks and a green mouth guard, Mago went to work. But in the first round, a hard forearm to his left cheek rocked him. At the bell, he returned to his corner, and this time, he sat down. “I think it’s broken,” he repeatedly said in Russian.

 

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Bakanay Abdusalamova, Abdusalamov's wife, and her injured husband and a masseur in the background. Credit Ángel Franco/The New York Times

 

Maybe at that point, somebody — the referee, the ringside doctors, his handlers — should have stopped the fight, under a guiding principle: better one punch too early than one punch too late. But the bloody trade of blows continued into the seventh, eighth, ninth, a hand and orbital bone broken, his face transforming.

Meanwhile, in the family’s apartment in Miami, Baka forced herself to watch the broadcast. She could see it in his swollen eyes. Something was off.

After the final round, Perez raised his tattooed arms in victory, and Mago wandered off in a fog. He had taken 312 punches in about 40 minutes, for a purse of $40,000.

 

 

In the locker room, doctors sutured a cut above Mago’s left eye and tested his cognitive abilities. He did not do well. The ambulance that waits in expectation at every fight was not summoned by boxing officials.

Blood was pooling in Mago’s cranial cavity as he left the Garden. He vomited on the pavement while his handlers flagged a taxi to St. Luke’s-Roosevelt Hospital. There, doctors induced a coma and removed part of his skull to drain fluids and ease the swelling.

Then came the stroke.

 

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A championship belt belonging to Abdusalamov and a card from one of his daughters. Credit Ángel Franco/The New York Times

 

It is lunchtime now, and the aroma of puréed beef and potatoes lingers. So do the questions.

How will Mago and Baka pay the $2 million in medical bills they owe? What if their friend can no longer offer them this home? Will they win their lawsuits against the five ringside doctors, the referee, and a New York State boxing inspector? What about Mago’s future care?

Most of all: Is this it?

A napkin rests on Mago’s chest. As another spoonful of mush approaches, he opens his mouth, half-swallows, chokes, and coughs until it clears. Eh-eh-eh. Sometimes he turns bluish, but Baka never shows fear. Always happy for Mago.

Some days he is wheeled out for physical therapy or speech therapy. Today, two massage therapists come to knead his half-limp body like a pair of skilled corner men.

Soon, Mago will doze. Then his three daughters, ages 2, 6 and 9, will descend upon him to talk of their day. Not long ago, the oldest lugged his championship belt to school for a proud show-and-tell moment. Her classmates were amazed at the weight of it.

Then, tonight, there will be more puréed food and pulverized medication, more coughing, and more tender care from his wife, before sleep comes.

Goodbye, Mago.

He half-smiles, raises his one good hand, and forms a fist.

Meet Mago, Former Heavyweight

The magical quality Mr. Lesnie created in shooting the “Babe” films caught the eye of the director Peter Jackson, who chose him to film the fantasy epic.

Andrew Lesnie, Cinematographer of ‘Lord of the Rings,’ Dies at 59

Mr. Mankiewicz, an Oscar-nominated screenwriter for “I Want to Live!,” also wrote episodes of television shows such as “Star Trek” and “Marcus Welby, M.D.”

Don Mankiewicz, Screenwriter in a Family Film Tradition, Dies at 93

Mr. Bartoszewski was given honorary Israeli citizenship for his work to save Jews during World War II and later surprised even himself by being instrumental in reconciling Poland and Germany.

Wladyslaw Bartoszewski, 93, Dies; Polish Auschwitz Survivor Aided Jews

Late in April, after Native American actors walked off in disgust from the set of Adam Sandler’s latest film, a western sendup that its distributor, Netflix, has defended as being equally offensive to all, a glow of pride spread through several Native American communities.

Tantoo Cardinal, a Canadian indigenous actress who played Black Shawl in “Dances With Wolves,” recalled thinking to herself, “It’s come.” Larry Sellers, who starred as Cloud Dancing in the 1990s television show “Dr. Quinn, Medicine Woman,” thought, “It’s about time.” Jesse Wente, who is Ojibwe and directs film programming at the TIFF Bell Lightbox in Toronto, found himself encouraged and surprised. There are so few film roles for indigenous actors, he said, that walking off the set of a major production showed real mettle.

But what didn’t surprise Mr. Wente was the content of the script. According to the actors who walked off the set, the film, titled “The Ridiculous Six,” included a Native American woman who passes out and is revived after white men douse her with alcohol, and another woman squatting to urinate while lighting a peace pipe. “There’s enough history at this point to have set some expectations around these sort of Hollywood depictions,” Mr. Wente said.

The walkout prompted a rhetorical “What do you expect from an Adam Sandler film?,” and a Netflix spokesman said that in the movie, blacks, Mexicans and whites were lampooned as well. But Native American actors and critics said a broader issue was at stake. While mainstream portrayals of native peoples have, Mr. Wente said, become “incrementally better” over the decades, he and others say, they remain far from accurate and reflect a lack of opportunities for Native American performers. What’s more, as Native Americans hunger for representation on screen, critics say the absence of three-dimensional portrayals has very real off-screen consequences.

“Our people are still healing from historical trauma,” said Loren Anthony, one of the actors who walked out. “Our youth are still trying to figure out who they are, where they fit in this society. Kids are killing themselves. They’re not proud of who they are.” They also don’t, he added, see themselves on prime time television or the big screen. Netflix noted while about five people walked off the “The Ridiculous Six” set, 100 or so Native American actors and extras stayed.

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But in interviews, nearly a dozen Native American actors and film industry experts said that Mr. Sandler’s humor perpetuated decades-old negative stereotypes. Mr. Anthony said such depictions helped feed the despondency many Native Americans feel, with deadly results: Native Americans have the highest suicide rate out of all the country’s ethnicities.

The on-screen problem is twofold, Mr. Anthony and others said: There’s a paucity of roles for Native Americans — according to the Screen Actors Guild in 2008 they accounted for 0.3 percent of all on-screen parts (those figures have yet to be updated), compared to about 2 percent of the general population — and Native American actors are often perceived in a narrow way.

In his Peabody Award-winning documentary “Reel Injun,” the Cree filmmaker Neil Diamond explored Hollywood depictions of Native Americans over the years, and found they fell into a few stereotypical categories: the Noble Savage, the Drunk Indian, the Mystic, the Indian Princess, the backward tribal people futilely fighting John Wayne and manifest destiny. While the 1990 film “Dances With Wolves” won praise for depicting Native Americans as fully fleshed out human beings, not all indigenous people embraced it. It was still told, critics said, from the colonialists’ point of view. In an interview, John Trudell, a Santee Sioux writer, actor (“Thunderheart”) and the former chairman of the American Indian Movement, described the film as “a story of two white people.”

“God bless ‘Dances with Wolves,’ ” Michael Horse, who played Deputy Hawk in “Twin Peaks,” said sarcastically. “Even ‘Avatar.’ Someone’s got to come save the tribal people.”

Dan Spilo, a partner at Industry Entertainment who represents Adam Beach, one of today’s most prominent Native American actors, said while typecasting dogs many minorities, it is especially intractable when it comes to Native Americans. Casting directors, he said, rarely cast them as police officers, doctors or lawyers. “There’s the belief that the Native American character should be on reservations or riding a horse,” he said.

“We don’t see ourselves,” Mr. Horse said. “We’re still an antiquated culture to them, and to the rest of the world.”

Ms. Cardinal said she was once turned down for the role of the wife of a child-abusing cop because the filmmakers felt that casting her would somehow be “too political.”

Another sore point is the long run of white actors playing American Indians, among them Burt Lancaster, Rock Hudson, Audrey Hepburn and, more recently, Johnny Depp, whose depiction of Tonto in the 2013 film “Lone Ranger,” was viewed as racist by detractors. There are, of course, exceptions. The former A&E series “Longmire,” which, as it happens, will now be on Netflix, was roundly praised for its depiction of life on a Northern Cheyenne reservation, with Lou Diamond Phillips, who is of Cherokee descent, playing a Northern Cheyenne man.

Others also point to the success of Mr. Beach, who played a Mohawk detective in “Law & Order: Special Victims Unit” and landed a starring role in the forthcoming D C Comics picture “Suicide Squad.” Mr. Beach said he had come across insulting scripts backed by people who don’t see anything wrong with them.

“I’d rather starve than do something that is offensive to my ancestral roots,” Mr. Beach said. “But I think there will always be attempts to drawn on the weakness of native people’s struggles. The savage Indian will always be the savage Indian. The white man will always be smarter and more cunning. The cavalry will always win.”

The solution, Mr. Wente, Mr. Trudell and others said, lies in getting more stories written by and starring Native Americans. But Mr. Wente noted that while independent indigenous film has blossomed in the last two decades, mainstream depictions have yet to catch up. “You have to stop expecting for Hollywood to correct it, because there seems to be no ability or desire to correct it,” Mr. Wente said.

There have been calls to boycott Netflix but, writing for Indian Country Today Media Network, which first broke news of the walk off, the filmmaker Brian Young noted that the distributor also offered a number of films by or about Native Americans.

The furor around “The Ridiculous Six” may drive more people to see it. Then one of the questions that Mr. Trudell, echoing others, had about the film will be answered: “Who the hell laughs at this stuff?”

Native American Actors Work to Overcome a Long-Documented Bias

Imagine an elite professional services firm with a high-performing, workaholic culture. Everyone is expected to turn on a dime to serve a client, travel at a moment’s notice, and be available pretty much every evening and weekend. It can make for a grueling work life, but at the highest levels of accounting, law, investment banking and consulting firms, it is just the way things are.

Except for one dirty little secret: Some of the people ostensibly turning in those 80- or 90-hour workweeks, particularly men, may just be faking it.

Many of them were, at least, at one elite consulting firm studied by Erin Reid, a professor at Boston University’s Questrom School of Business. It’s impossible to know if what she learned at that unidentified consulting firm applies across the world of work more broadly. But her research, published in the academic journal Organization Science, offers a way to understand how the professional world differs between men and women, and some of the ways a hard-charging culture that emphasizes long hours above all can make some companies worse off.

Photo
 
Credit Peter Arkle

Ms. Reid interviewed more than 100 people in the American offices of a global consulting firm and had access to performance reviews and internal human resources documents. At the firm there was a strong culture around long hours and responding to clients promptly.

“When the client needs me to be somewhere, I just have to be there,” said one of the consultants Ms. Reid interviewed. “And if you can’t be there, it’s probably because you’ve got another client meeting at the same time. You know it’s tough to say I can’t be there because my son had a Cub Scout meeting.”

Some people fully embraced this culture and put in the long hours, and they tended to be top performers. Others openly pushed back against it, insisting upon lighter and more flexible work hours, or less travel; they were punished in their performance reviews.

The third group is most interesting. Some 31 percent of the men and 11 percent of the women whose records Ms. Reid examined managed to achieve the benefits of a more moderate work schedule without explicitly asking for it.

They made an effort to line up clients who were local, reducing the need for travel. When they skipped work to spend time with their children or spouse, they didn’t call attention to it. One team on which several members had small children agreed among themselves to cover for one another so that everyone could have more flexible hours.

A male junior manager described working to have repeat consulting engagements with a company near enough to his home that he could take care of it with day trips. “I try to head out by 5, get home at 5:30, have dinner, play with my daughter,” he said, adding that he generally kept weekend work down to two hours of catching up on email.

Despite the limited hours, he said: “I know what clients are expecting. So I deliver above that.” He received a high performance review and a promotion.

What is fascinating about the firm Ms. Reid studied is that these people, who in her terminology were “passing” as workaholics, received performance reviews that were as strong as their hyper-ambitious colleagues. For people who were good at faking it, there was no real damage done by their lighter workloads.

It calls to mind the episode of “Seinfeld” in which George Costanza leaves his car in the parking lot at Yankee Stadium, where he works, and gets a promotion because his boss sees the car and thinks he is getting to work earlier and staying later than anyone else. (The strategy goes awry for him, and is not recommended for any aspiring partners in a consulting firm.)

A second finding is that women, particularly those with young children, were much more likely to request greater flexibility through more formal means, such as returning from maternity leave with an explicitly reduced schedule. Men who requested a paternity leave seemed to be punished come review time, and so may have felt more need to take time to spend with their families through those unofficial methods.

The result of this is easy to see: Those specifically requesting a lighter workload, who were disproportionately women, suffered in their performance reviews; those who took a lighter workload more discreetly didn’t suffer. The maxim of “ask forgiveness, not permission” seemed to apply.

It would be dangerous to extrapolate too much from a study at one firm, but Ms. Reid said in an interview that since publishing a summary of her research in Harvard Business Review she has heard from people in a variety of industries describing the same dynamic.

High-octane professional service firms are that way for a reason, and no one would doubt that insane hours and lots of travel can be necessary if you’re a lawyer on the verge of a big trial, an accountant right before tax day or an investment banker advising on a huge merger.

But the fact that the consultants who quietly lightened their workload did just as well in their performance reviews as those who were truly working 80 or more hours a week suggests that in normal times, heavy workloads may be more about signaling devotion to a firm than really being more productive. The person working 80 hours isn’t necessarily serving clients any better than the person working 50.

In other words, maybe the real problem isn’t men faking greater devotion to their jobs. Maybe it’s that too many companies reward the wrong things, favoring the illusion of extraordinary effort over actual productivity.

How Some Men Fake an 80-Hour Workweek, and Why It Matters
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paket umrah januari di Balekambang jakarta
paket berangkat umroh maret di Kampung Gedong,Cijantung jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umrah desember tangerang
paket promo berangkat umroh desember di Utan Kayu Selatan jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umrah februari depok
biaya paket umroh juni di Makasar jakarta
harga berangkat umrah maret di Duren Sawit jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umroh juni di Kebon Manggis jakarta
paket umroh awal tahun tangerang
biaya paket umrah april di Malaka Sari jakarta
paket promo berangkat umrah mei di Cawang jakarta
paket umrah desember di Klender jakarta
paket berangkat umrah mei di Pondok Ranggon jakarta
paket berangkat umroh maret di Pinang Ranti jakarta
harga umroh juni tangerang
harga paket berangkat umroh april di Malaka Jaya jakarta
harga paket umrah awal tahun di Dukuh jakarta
paket berangkat umroh februari di Rawa Terate jakarta
harga berangkat umrah mei di Kayu Manis jakarta
paket promo berangkat umroh juni di Matraman jakarta
promo umrah april di Makasar jakarta
harga umrah juni di Halim Perdanakusuma jakarta
paket promo berangkat umrah maret di Cipinang jakarta
paket berangkat umroh ramadhan di Rawamangun jakarta
harga berangkat umroh juni di Halim Perdanakusuma jakarta
biaya umroh awal tahun di Rawa Terate jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umrah ramadhan tangerang
promo berangkat umroh ramadhan di Duren Sawit jakarta
biaya umrah awal tahun di Cipinang Melayu jakarta
promo berangkat umrah maret bekasi barat
harga paket berangkat umroh april di Cawang jakarta
promo umrah mei di Jatinegara jakarta
promo umroh mei di Penggilingan jakarta
paket promo umrah mei di Ujung Menteng jakarta
biaya berangkat umrah awal tahun di Jatinegara jakarta
harga umrah awal tahun di Batuampar jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umroh februari di Cibubur jakarta
harga paket umroh februari di Cipayung jakarta
promo umrah desember di Ciracas jakarta
harga paket berangkat umrah mei di Cilangkap jakarta
harga paket umroh akhir tahun di Pulo Gadung jakarta
paket promo berangkat umrah juni di Pondok Kelapa jakarta
paket promo umroh januari di Bambu Apus jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umroh april di Ujung Menteng jakarta
biaya berangkat umroh juni di Pal Meriam jakarta
biaya umrah akhir tahun di Kebon Manggis jakarta
promo umroh april di Jatinegara Kaum jakarta
harga umrah awal tahun bekasi timur
biaya paket berangkat umroh mei di Malaka Sari jakarta
paket berangkat umrah ramadhan di Cililitan jakarta
paket promo umroh februari di Jati jakarta
biaya paket umrah juni di Cipayung jakarta
promo berangkat umroh mei di Cilangkap jakarta
harga paket umroh desember di Cilangkap jakarta
biaya berangkat umrah januari di Bidaracina jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umroh ramadhan di Pondok Ranggon jakarta
promo berangkat umroh januari di Jati jakarta
biaya paket umrah mei di Rawa Bunga jakarta