PAKET UMROH BULAN FEBRUARI MARET APRIL MEI 2018




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saco-indonesia.com,

orng yang pandai belum tentu bisa suksesorng yang banyak duit belum tentu kaya
orng yang gx punya apa-apa belum tentu miskin
orng yang diam belum tentu gx bisa berbuat apa2
semua orang ada kelebian dan kekurangan
tak usah bangga dengan kepandaian, kekayaan, kemiskinan mu.
karna allah punya maksut tertentu dengan memberikan sesuatu kepada hamba nya?

by;devan

Dibalik Pemberian Tuhan

Dewasa Ini Banyak sekali Terdengan Berbagai Alternatif Yang bIsa digunakan untuk menambha tinggi badan, mulai dari obat, suplemen, vitamin, juga alat-alat tertentu.
Tentu butuh biaya yang cukup untuk memenuhi keinginan tumbuh keatas dengan cara yang demikian, nah bagaimana jika kita Tak ingin terlalu banyak keluar uang? atau ada tidak sich cara yang bisa dilakukan dengan gratis? atau olahraga yang seperti apa yang bisa menambah tinggi badan?

Berikut ini beberapa tips untuk menambah tinggi badan secara alami, SEMANGAT dan Selamat Mencoba!!!

1. Lari cepat jarak pendek (sprint)
Latihan ini bermanfaat meningkatkan pelepasan hormon pertumbuhan. Penekanan pada otot kaki selama latihan berdampak pada pemanjangan tulang dan otot.
Tetapi jangan terlalu sering melakukannya karena dapat menyebabkan pembengkakan pada otot dan tendon. Sprint dianjurkan pada permukaan alami seperti lantai atau rumput, bukan beton.

2. Menendang
Berdiri dengan kaki lebar dan angkat satu kaki kemudian lakukan tendangan. Ulangi minimal 20 tendangan pada satu kaki dan kemudian beralih ke kaki yang lain. Lakukan latihan ini selama 20 kali, karena dapat memperpanjang tulang kering dan paha.

3. Lompat
Berdirilah di depan bangku atau tangga setinggi kaki. Untuk memulai, lompat dengan satu kaki dalam sepuluh hitungan. Lalu, ulangi dengan kaki lain. Lakukan gerakan melompat hingga tiga kali. Anda bisa beristirahat di sela latihan.

4. Bersepeda
Gerakan mengayuh sepeda membuat jari kaki terus mencapai pedal. Ini merupakan peregangan yang bisa membuat kaki lebih panjang. Lakukanlah selama sekitar 10-15 menit. Anda juga dapat menggunakan sepeda statis atau stationary cycle.

5. Berenang
Olahraga satu ini memang sangat efektif untuk membuat tubuh fit dan lebih fleksibel. Lakukan renang gaya dada dan lakukan minimal 20 menit.

6. Lompat tali
Latihan ini sangat menyenangkan, apalagi jika Anda sambil mendengarkan musik menghentak. Lakukan sebanyak 300 kali setiap hari.

7. Berayun
Gunakan penahan atau ambang pintu yang tinggi. Anda dapat membelinya di toko peralatan olahraga. Awali posisi dengan berdiri lalu biarkan tubuh berayun. Posisi kaki bisa lurus atau ditekuk, buatlah tubuh senyaman mungkin. Lakukan gerakan ini setidaknya 10 kali dalam sehari.

8. Free Hand
Berdirilah tegak dalam ruangan yang luas dan tarik napas dalam-dalam. Angkat tangan letakan di tingkat bahu, lalu dorong tangan sejauh mungkin dan lepaskan napas. Ulangi 8 -10 kali.
Tarik napas dan kembali memosisikan tangan. Lalu, angkat tumit sambil berdiri jinjit, hembuskan napas, ulangi 80-10 kali. Tarik napas dan angkat lengan terentang di atas kepala. Lalu ayunkan ke dalam dengan arah melingkar dan buang napas. Ulangi 80-10 kali.

Pilih salah satu latihan yang paling cocok untuk Anda. Syaratnya harus dilakukan secara teratur dan konsisten. Cobalah untuk memiliki waktu teratur untuk latihan Anda sehingga dapat merasakan efeknya.

 

CARA MENAMBAH TINGGI BADAN SECARA ALAMI.

saco-indonesia.com, Salah satu masalah dalam berkebun atau bertanam dalam pot adalah ketika sering menyiram maka nutrisi tanah atau media tanam yang terbatas akan berkurang. Nutrisi itu pun juga perlu digantikan secara rutin.

Universitas Illinois juga menyarankan untuk dapat membuat program pemupukan berkala agar tanaman tumbuh dengan baik dan menarik sepanjang masa.

Ada beberapa cara untuk dapat menyuplai gizi ke dalam tanah. Salah satu cara adalah dengan menggunakan pupuk yang tipe melepas nutrisi perlahan. Produk ini biasanya telah terdiri dari pupuk larut dalam air yang telah dilapisi resin semi tembus air.

Ketika mereka bersentuhan dengan air, sejumlah nutrisi dilepas ke tanah untuk dapat digunakan tanaman. Sehingga setiap kali anda menyiram, kontainer secara otomatis dipupuki.

Produk-produk ini biasanya telah dicampur dengan media tanam atau ditempatkan di atas permukaan tanah sesuai dengan kandungan gizi dan berdasar ukuran kontainer. Banyak produk yang digunakan untuk jangka tahunan bisa memasok nutrisi selama 3-4 tahun bergantung pada jumlah kelembaban dan suhu.

Cara lain utnuk dapat menyuburkan kontainer adalah dengan menggunakan pupuk cari. Campur produk tersebut dengan air berdasar instruksi dalam label dan berikan saat penyiraman normal.

Disarankan untuk dalam memberi pupuk ketika media tanam dalam wadah sedang lembab, jangan ketika sepenuhnya kering. Pemupukan saat lembab dapat menjaga potensi kerusakan terhadap tanaman.

Memberi pupuk, kira-kira sekali setiap dua pekan akan dapat membuat wadah atau pot cukup dengan nutrisi. Anda bisa juga mengubah frekuensi pemberian berdasar tampilan dan pertumbuhan tanaman. Anda juga bisa memberi pupuk bersamaan ketika menyiram, tapi gunakan setengah dari dosis larutan pupuk. Secara rutin siaram dengan air biasa untuk dapat membuat nutrisi mengalir dan menyebar.

Sekali lagi pilihan pupuk bergantung pada jenis tumbuhan yang anda tumbuhkan. Sumber nitrogen tinggi baik untuk tipe yang ditanam untuk dapat menumbuhkan dedaunan, sementara bunga dan sayur cocok dengan pupuk berkadar nitrogen rendah namun tinggi fosfor.


Editor : Dian Sukmawati

TIPS MEMUPUK DALAM BERKEBUN
Kepala Deputi SAR Vietnam mengklaim telah menemukan objek yang diduga merupakan salah satu pintu Malaysia Airlines MH370. Objek tersebut telah ditemukan di lokasi yang sama dengan temuan tumpahan minyak yaitu 90 kilometer dari pulau Tho Chu, Vietnam. "Dari temuan objek ini diharapkan, kita juga berharap menemukan pesawat yang hilang itu," kata Vo Van Tuan , Senin (10/3). Sebelumnya, situs the Malaysia Insider telah melaporkan pemerintah bakal berkonsentrasi di laut China selatan tempat bukti pertama genangan minyak ditemukan. Genangan minyak yang ditemukan masing-masing antara 10 kilometer dan 15 kilometer lebarnya, dan terpisah dengan jarak 500 meter, terlihat sekitar 140 meter di sebelah selatan Tho Chu. Pernyataan mengatakan genangan minyak itu konsisten dengan jenis yang mungkin ditinggalkan oleh bahan bakar dari sebuah pesawat jet yang jatuh. Nasib pesawat Malaysia Airlines (MAS), MH370 yang hilang pada Sabtu (8/3) dini hari pukul 01.40 masih belum dapat diketahui hingga pukul Senin pukul 01.40 (9/3) waktu Malaysia. Artinya, sudah sekitar 48 jam sejak dilaporkan hilang, pesawat belum juga ditemukan. Sejauh ini lebih 34 pesawat dan 40 kapal dari 7 negara dikerahkan ke Laut China Selatan untuk dapat mencari pesawat MH370. Terkini Australia dan Amerika Serikat turut membantu dua pesawat PC3 Orions yang dilengkapi sistem Sonar untuk mencari pesawat. BENDA DIDUGA PINTU MALAYSIA AIRLINES DITEMUKAN DI LAUT VIETNAM

saco-indonesia.com, Sindikat pencurian kendaraan bermotor (curanmor) telah dibongkar Satuan Reskrim Polres Sukabumi Kota. Dalam pengungkapan kasus ini, polisi telah mengamankan belasan tersangka, seorang di antaranya oknum Anggota TNI yang berperan sebagai penadah sekaligus dalang curanmor. Untuk dapat melumpuhkan komplotan curanmor ini, petugas terpaksa harus mengeluarkan timah panas dan menembus paha salah seorang tersangka.

Dari tangan tersangka, polisi telah berhasil mengamankan sejumlah barang bukti di antaranya puluhan kendaraan bermotor , uang jutaan rupiah dan berbagai jenis kunci leter T. Kini, belasan tersangka telah mendekam di hotel predeo Mapolres Sukabumi Kota untuk dapat mempetanggungjawabkan perbuatannya.

Pengungkapan ini juga merupakan hasil pengembangan dan penyelidikan Satreskrim Polres Sukabumi Kota. Dari hasil penyelidikan telah diketahui tempat berkumpulnya pelaku spesialis pencurian sepeda bermotor yang terletak di Desa Cimanggu Kecamatan Cikembang kabupaten Sukabumi yang dikendalikan oleh salah seorang oknum anggota TNI.

Di lokasi tersebut, polisi telah mengamankan 11 orang. Pada saat ditangkap, mereka juga sempat melawan hingga petugas terpaksa harus melumpuhkan salah seorang tersangka dengan timah panas mengenai paha sebelah kanan.

Rincian barang bukti yakni 20 unit sepeda motor berbagai merk, uang puluhan juta rupiah dari hasil penjualan dan puluhan plat nomor serta alat-alat lainnya untuk dapat melancarkan aksinya.

Kasat Reskrim Polres Sukabumi Kota AKP Sulaeman telah membenarkan adanya penggerebekan yang dilakukan satuan reskrim Sukabumi Kota terhadap sindikan pencurian kendaraan bermotor yang sudah lama menjadi incaran dan target sasaran.

“Kami juga telah menangkap dan mengamankan sedikitnya 11 orang pelaku yang terlibat pencurian sepeda motor. Saat ini para pelaku juga sedang menjalani pemeriksaan untuk kepentingan pengembanga. Soalnya disinyalir masih ada para pelaku yang belum kami tangkap, Dari belasan yang kami tangkap ada oknum anggota TNI yang diduga sebagai otak pelaku sekaligus penadah sepeda bermotor hasil curian,” ungkapnya.

Akibat perbuatannya, tersangka terancam dijerat dengan pasal pasal 363 tentang pencurian dengan pemberatan dan pasal 365 tentang pencurian dengan kekerasan dengan ancaman hukuman maksimal limat tahun kurungan penjara.


Editor : Dian Sukmawati

11 ANGOTA SINDIKAT PENCURI MOTOR DITANGKAP

Judge Patterson helped to protect the rights of Attica inmates after the prison riot in 1971 and later served on the Federal District Court in Manhattan.

Robert Patterson Jr., Lawyer and Judge Who Fought for the Accused, Dies at 91

Mr. King sang for the Drifters and found success as a solo performer with hits like “Spanish Harlem.”

Ben E. King, Soulful Singer of ‘Stand by Me,’ Dies at 76

Public perceptions of race relations in America have grown substantially more negative in the aftermath of the death of a young black man who was injured while in police custody in Baltimore and the subsequent unrest, far eclipsing the sentiment recorded in the wake of turmoil in Ferguson, Mo., last summer.

Americans are also increasingly likely to say that the police are more apt to use deadly force against a black person, the latest New York Times/CBS News poll finds.

The poll findings highlight the challenges for local leaders and police officials in trying to maintain order while sustaining faith in the criminal justice system in a racially polarized nation.

Sixty-one percent of Americans now say race relations in this country are generally bad. That figure is up sharply from 44 percent after the fatal police shooting of Michael Brown and the unrest that followed in Ferguson in August, and 43 percent in December. In a CBS News poll just two months ago, 38 percent said race relations were generally bad. Current views are by far the worst of Barack Obama’s presidency.

The negative sentiment is echoed by broad majorities of blacks and whites alike, a stark change from earlier this year, when 58 percent of blacks thought race relations were bad, but just 35 percent of whites agreed. In August, 48 percent of blacks and 41 percent of whites said they felt that way.

Looking ahead, 44 percent of Americans think race relations are worsening, up from 36 percent in December. Forty-one percent of blacks and 46 percent of whites think so. Pessimism among whites has increased 10 points since December.

Continue reading the main story
Do you think race relations in the United States are generally good or generally bad?
60
40
20
0
White
Black
May '14
May '15
Generally bad
Continue reading the main story
Do you think race relations in the United States are getting better, getting worse or staying about the same?
Getting worse
Staying the same
Getting better
Don't know/No answer
All adults
Whites
Blacks
44%
37
17
46
36
16
41
42
15

The poll finds that profound racial divisions in views of how the police use deadly force remain. Blacks are more than twice as likely to say police in most communities are more apt to use deadly force against a black person — 79 percent of blacks say so compared with 37 percent of whites. A slim majority of whites say race is not a factor in a police officer’s decision to use deadly force.

Overall, 44 percent of Americans say deadly force is more likely to be used against a black person, up from 37 percent in August and 40 percent in December.

Blacks also remain far more likely than whites to say they feel mostly anxious about the police in their community. Forty-two percent say so, while 51 percent feel mostly safe. Among whites, 8 in 10 feel mostly safe.

One proposal to address the matter — having on-duty police officers wear body cameras — receives overwhelming support. More than 9 in 10 whites and blacks alike favor it.

Continue reading the main story
How would you describe your feelings about the police in your community? Would you say they make you feel mostly safe or mostly anxious?
Mostly safe
Mostly anxious
Don't know/No answer
All adults
Whites
Blacks
75%
21
3
81
16
3
51
42
7
Continue reading the main story
In general, do you think the police in most communities are more likely to use deadly force against a black person, or more likely to use it against a white person, or don’t you think race affects police use of deadly force?
Police more likely to use deadly force against a black person
Police more likely to use deadly force against a white person
Race DOES NOT affect police use of deadly force
Don't know/No answer
All adults
Whites
Blacks
44%
37%
79%
2%
2%
1%
46%
53%
16%
9%
8%
4%
Continue reading the main story
Do you favor or oppose on-duty police officers wearing video cameras that would record events and actions as they occur?
Favor
Oppose
Don't know/No answer
All adults
Whites
Blacks
92%
93%
93%
6%
5%
5%
2%
2%
2%

Asked specifically about the situation in Baltimore, most Americans expressed at least some confidence that the investigation by local authorities would be conducted fairly. But while nearly two-thirds of whites think so, fewer than half of blacks agree. Still, more blacks are confident now than were in August regarding the investigation in Ferguson. On Friday, six members of the police force involved in the arrest of Mr. Gray were charged with serious offenses, including manslaughter. The poll was conducted Thursday through Sunday; results from before charges were announced are similar to those from after.

Reaction to the recent turmoil in Baltimore, however, is similar among blacks and whites. Most Americans, 61 percent, say the unrest after Mr. Gray’s death was not justified. That includes 64 percent of whites and 57 percent of blacks.

Continue reading the main story
As you may know, a Baltimore man, Freddie Gray, recently died after being in the custody of the Baltimore police. How much confidence do you have that the investigation by local authorities into this matter will be conducted fairly?
A lot
Some
Not much
None at all
Don't know/No answer
All adults
Whites
Blacks
29%
31
22
14
5
31
33
20
11
5
20
26
30
22
In general, do you think the unrest in Baltimore after the death of Freddie Gray was justified, or do you think the unrest was not justified?
Justified
Not justified
Don't know/No answer
All adults
Whites
Blacks
28%
61
11
26
64
11
37
57
6

Negative View of U.S. Race Relations Grows, Poll Finds

As governor, Mr. Walker alienated Republicans and his fellow Democrats, particularly the Democratic powerhouse Richard J. Daley, the mayor of Chicago.

Dan Walker, 92, Dies; Illinois Governor and Later a U.S. Prisoner
Children playing last week in Sandtown-Winchester, the Baltimore neighborhood where Freddie Gray was raised. One young resident called it “a tough community.”
Todd Heisler/The New York Times

Children playing last week in Sandtown-Winchester, the Baltimore neighborhood where Freddie Gray was raised. One young resident called it “a tough community.”

Hard but Hopeful Home to ‘Lot of Freddies’

Hard but Hopeful Home to ‘Lot of Freddies’

Mr. Alger, who served five terms from Texas, led Republican women in a confrontation with Lyndon B. Johnson that may have cost Richard M. Nixon the 1960 presidential election.

Bruce Alger, 96, Dies; Led ‘Mink Coat’ Protest Against Lyndon Johnson

BEIJING (AP) — The head of Taiwan's Nationalists reaffirmed the party's support for eventual unification with the mainland when he met Monday with Chinese President Xi Jinping as part of continuing rapprochement between the former bitter enemies.

Nationalist Party Chairman Eric Chu, a likely presidential candidate next year, also affirmed Taiwan's desire to join the proposed Chinese-led Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank during the meeting in Beijing. China claims Taiwan as its own territory and doesn't want the island to join using a name that might imply it is an independent country.

Chu's comments during his meeting with Xi were carried live on Hong Kong-based broadcaster Phoenix Television.

The Nationalists were driven to Taiwan by Mao Zedong's Communists during the Chinese civil war in 1949, leading to decades of hostility between the sides. Chu, who took over as party leader in January, is the third Nationalist chairman to visit the mainland and the first since 2009.

Relations between the communist-ruled mainland and the self-governing democratic island of Taiwan began to warm in the 1990s, partly out of their common opposition to Taiwan's formal independence from China, a position advocated by the island's Democratic Progressive Party.

Despite increasingly close economic ties, the prospect of political unification has grown increasingly unpopular on Taiwan, especially with younger voters. Opposition to the Nationalists' pro-China policies was seen as a driver behind heavy local electoral defeats for the party last year that led to Taiwanese President Ma Ying-jeou resigning as party chairman.

Taiwan party leader affirms eventual reunion with China

Mr. Fox, known for his well-honed countrified voice, wrote about things dear to South Carolina and won over Yankee critics.

William Price Fox, Admired Southern Novelist and Humorist, Dies at 89

Mr. Mankiewicz, an Oscar-nominated screenwriter for “I Want to Live!,” also wrote episodes of television shows such as “Star Trek” and “Marcus Welby, M.D.”

Don Mankiewicz, Screenwriter in a Family Film Tradition, Dies at 93

From sea to shining sea, or at least from one side of the Hudson to the other, politicians you have barely heard of are being accused of wrongdoing. There were so many court proceedings involving public officials on Monday that it was hard to keep up.

In Newark, two underlings of Gov. Chris Christie were arraigned on charges that they were in on the truly deranged plot to block traffic leading onto the George Washington Bridge.

Ten miles away, in Lower Manhattan, Dean G. Skelos, the leader of the New York State Senate, and his son, Adam B. Skelos, were arrested by the Federal Bureau of Investigation on accusations of far more conventional political larceny, involving a job with a sewer company for the son and commissions on title insurance and bond work.

The younger man managed to receive a 150 percent pay increase from the sewer company even though, as he said on tape, he “literally knew nothing about water or, you know, any of that stuff,” according to a criminal complaint the United States attorney’s office filed.

The success of Adam Skelos, 32, was attributed by prosecutors to his father’s influence as the leader of the Senate and as a potentate among state Republicans. The indictment can also be read as one of those unfailingly sad tales of a father who cannot stop indulging a grown son. The senator himself is not alleged to have profited from the schemes, except by being relieved of the burden of underwriting Adam.

The bridge traffic caper is its own species of crazy; what distinguishes the charges against the two Skeloses is the apparent absence of a survival instinct. It is one thing not to know anything about water or that stuff. More remarkable, if true, is the fact that the sewer machinations continued even after the former New York Assembly speaker, Sheldon Silver, was charged in January with taking bribes disguised as fees.

It was by then common gossip in political and news media circles that Senator Skelos, a Republican, the counterpart in the Senate to Mr. Silver, a Democrat, in the Assembly, could be next in line for the criminal dock. “Stay tuned,” the United States attorney, Preet Bharara said, leaving not much to the imagination.

Even though the cat had been unmistakably belled, Skelos father and son continued to talk about how to advance the interests of the sewer company, though the son did begin to use a burner cellphone, the kind people pay for in cash, with no traceable contracts.

That was indeed prudent, as prosecutors had been wiretapping the cellphones of both men. But it would seem that the burner was of limited value, because by then the prosecutors had managed to secure the help of a business executive who agreed to record calls with the Skeloses. It would further seem that the business executive was more attentive to the perils of pending investigations than the politician.

Through the end of the New York State budget negotiations in March, the hopes of the younger Skelos rested on his father’s ability to devise legislation that would benefit the sewer company. That did not pan out. But Senator Skelos did boast that he had haggled with Gov. Andrew M. Cuomo, a Democrat, in a successful effort to raise a $150 million allocation for Long Island to $550 million, for what the budget called “transformative economic development projects.” It included money for the kind of work done by the sewer company.

The lawyer for Adam Skelos said he was not guilty and would win in court. Senator Skelos issued a ringing declaration that he was unequivocally innocent.

THIS was also the approach taken in New Jersey by Bill Baroni, a man of great presence and eloquence who stopped outside the federal courthouse to note that he had taken risks as a Republican by bucking his party to support paid family leave, medical marijuana and marriage equality. “I would never risk my career, my job, my reputation for something like this,” Mr. Baroni said. “I am an innocent man.”

The lawyer for his co-defendant, Bridget Anne Kelly, the former deputy chief of staff to Mr. Christie, a Republican, said that she would strongly rebut the charges.

Perhaps they had nothing to do with the lane closings. But neither Mr. Baroni nor Ms. Kelly addressed the question of why they did not return repeated calls from the mayor of Fort Lee, N.J., begging them to stop the traffic tie-ups, over three days.

That silence was a low moment. But perhaps New York hit bottom faster. Senator Skelos, the prosecutors charged, arranged to meet Long Island politicians at the wake of Wenjian Liu, a New York City police officer shot dead in December, to press for payments to the company employing his son.

Sometimes it seems as though for some people, the only thing to be ashamed of is shame itself.

Finding Scandal in New York and New Jersey, but No Shame

Pronovost, who played for the Red Wings, was not a prolific scorer, but he was a consummate team player with bruising checks and fearless bursts up the ice that could puncture a defense.

Marcel Pronovost, 84, Dies; Hall of Famer Shared in Five N.H.L. Titles

HOBART, Tasmania — Few places seem out of reach for China’s leader, Xi Jinping, who has traveled from European capitals to obscure Pacific and Caribbean islands in pursuit of his nation’s strategic interests.

So perhaps it was not surprising when he turned up last fall in this city on the edge of the Southern Ocean to put down a long-distance marker in another faraway region, Antarctica, 2,000 miles south of this Australian port.

Standing on the deck of an icebreaker that ferries Chinese scientists from this last stop before the frozen continent, Mr. Xi pledged that China would continue to expand in one of the few places on earth that remain unexploited by humans.

He signed a five-year accord with the Australian government that allows Chinese vessels and, in the future, aircraft to resupply for fuel and food before heading south. That will help secure easier access to a region that is believed to have vast oil and mineral resources; huge quantities of high-protein sea life; and for times of possible future dire need, fresh water contained in icebergs.

It was not until 1985, about seven decades after Robert Scott and Roald Amundsen raced to the South Pole, that a team representing Beijing hoisted the Chinese flag over the nation’s first Antarctic research base, the Great Wall Station on King George Island.

But now China seems determined to catch up. As it has bolstered spending on Antarctic research, and as the early explorers, especially the United States and Australia, confront stagnant budgets, there is growing concern about its intentions.

China’s operations on the continent — it opened its fourth research station last year, chose a site for a fifth, and is investing in a second icebreaker and new ice-capable planes and helicopters — are already the fastest growing of the 52 signatories to the Antarctic Treaty. That gentlemen’s agreement reached in 1959 bans military activity on the continent and aims to preserve it as one of the world’s last wildernesses; a related pact prohibits mining.

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But Mr. Xi’s visit was another sign that China is positioning itself to take advantage of the continent’s resource potential when the treaty expires in 2048 — or in the event that it is ripped up before, Chinese and Australian experts say.

“So far, our research is natural-science based, but we know there is more and more concern about resource security,” said Yang Huigen, director general of the Polar Research Institute of China, who accompanied Mr. Xi last November on his visit to Hobart and stood with him on the icebreaker, Xue Long, or Snow Dragon.

With that in mind, the polar institute recently opened a new division devoted to the study of resources, law, geopolitics and governance in Antarctica and the Arctic, Mr. Yang said.

Australia, a strategic ally of the United States that has strong economic relations with China, is watching China’s buildup in the Antarctic with a mix of gratitude — China’s presence offers support for Australia’s Antarctic science program, which is short of cash — and wariness.

“We should have no illusions about the deeper agenda — one that has not even been agreed to by Chinese scientists but is driven by Xi, and most likely his successors,” said Peter Jennings, executive director of the Australian Strategic Policy Institute and a former senior official in the Australian Department of Defense.

“This is part of a broader pattern of a mercantilist approach all around the world,” Mr. Jennings added. “A big driver of Chinese policy is to secure long-term energy supply and food supply.”

That approach was evident last month when a large Chinese agriculture enterprise announced an expansion of its fishing operations around Antarctica to catch more krill — small, protein-rich crustaceans that are abundant in Antarctic waters.

“The Antarctic is a treasure house for all human beings, and China should go there and share,” Liu Shenli, the chairman of the China National Agricultural Development Group, told China Daily, a state-owned newspaper. China would aim to fish up to two million tons of krill a year, he said, a substantial increase from what it currently harvests.

Because sovereignty over Antarctica is unclear, nations have sought to strengthen their claims over the ice-covered land by building research bases and naming geographic features. China’s fifth station will put it within reach of the six American facilities, and ahead of Australia’s three.

Chinese mappers have also given Chinese names to more than 300 sites, compared with the thousands of locations on the continent with English names.

In the unspoken competition for Antarctica’s future, scientific achievement can also translate into influence. Chinese scientists are driving to be the first to drill and recover an ice core containing tiny air bubbles that provide a record of climate change stretching as far back as 1.5 million years. It is an expensive and delicate effort at which others, including the European Union and Australia, have failed.

In a breakthrough a decade ago, European scientists extracted an ice core nearly two miles long that revealed 800,000 years of climate history. But finding an ice core going back further would allow scientists to examine a change in the earth’s climate cycles believed to have occurred 900,000 to 1.2 million years ago.

China is betting it has found the best location to drill, at an area called Dome A, or Dome Argus, the highest point on the East Antarctic Ice Sheet. Though it is considered one of the coldest places on the planet, with temperatures of 130 degrees below zero Fahrenheit, a Chinese expedition explored the area in 2005 and established a research station in 2009.

“The international community has drilled in lots of places, but no luck so far,” said Xiao Cunde, a member of the first party to reach the site and the deputy director of the Institute for Climate Change at the Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences. “We think at Dome A we will have a straight shot at the one-million-year ice core.”

Mr. Xiao said China had already begun drilling and hoped to find what scientists are looking for in four to five years.

To support its Antarctic aspirations, China is building a sophisticated $300 million icebreaker that is expected to be ready in a few years, said Xia Limin, deputy director of the Chinese Arctic and Antarctic Administration in Beijing. It has also bought a high-tech fixed-wing aircraft, outfitted in the United States, for taking sensitive scientific soundings from the ice.

China has chosen the site for its fifth research station at Inexpressible Island, named by a group of British explorers who were stranded at the desolate site in 1912 and survived the winter by excavating a small ice cave.

Mr. Xia said the inhospitable spot was ideal because China did not have a presence in that part of Antarctica, and because the rocky site did not have much snow, making it relatively cheap to build there.

Anne-Marie Brady, a professor of political science at the University of Canterbury in New Zealand and the author of a soon-to-be-released book, “China as a Polar Great Power,” said Chinese scientists also believed they had a good chance of finding mineral and energy resources near the site.

“China is playing a long game in Antarctica and keeping other states guessing about its true intentions and interests are part of its poker hand,” she said. But she noted that China’s interest in finding minerals was presented “loud and clear to domestic audiences” as the main reason it was investing in Antarctica.

Because commercial drilling is banned, estimates of energy and mineral resources in Antarctica rely on remote sensing data and comparisons with similar geological environments elsewhere, said Millard F. Coffin, executive director of the Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies in Hobart.

But the difficulty of extraction in such severe conditions and uncertainty about future commodity prices make it unlikely that China or any country would defy the ban on mining anytime soon.

Tourism, however, is already booming. Travelers from China are still a relatively small contingent in the Antarctic compared with the more than 13,000 Americans who visited in 2013, and as yet there are no licensed Chinese tour operators.

But that is about to change, said Anthony Bergin, deputy director of the Australian Strategic Policy Institute. “I understand very soon there will be Chinese tourists on Chinese vessels with all-Chinese crew in the Antarctic,” he said.

 

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