PAKET UMROH BULAN FEBRUARI MARET APRIL MEI 2018




Artikel lainnya »

Pusing tujuh keliling (vertigo) merupakan suatu gejala yang sering menyertai gangguan alat keseimbangan dalam telinga tengah, pada kasus ringan, gejala pusing tujuh keliling dapat hilang atau mereda dengan menutup mata, tetapi pada kasus berat gejala pusing tujuh keliling sedemikian hebat sehingga seolah-olah seperti mabuk perjalanan disertai rasa mual, muntah dan keringat dingin.

Gejala pusing tujuh keliling dapat merupakan gejala dari hipertensi (tekanan darah tinggi) pengerasan pembuluh nadi (arteriosclerosis) neurosis atau gangguan telinga.

 

ETIOLOGI DAN PATOGENESIS DALAM AKUPUNTUR

a.     EKSES YANG LIVER

Liver atau hati yang berunsur kayu dan angin memiliki ciri bergerak dan naik keatas. Kecemasan, depresi dan marah dapat merusak Yin hati sehingga Yang hati ekses.

Pusing tujuh keliling terjadi apabila Yang hati bergerak seperti angin yang naik menyerang otak. Atau biasanya defisiensi air ginjal menyebabkan kegagalan untuk member Qi ke Hati.

Pusing tujuh keliling terjadi karena Hati kekurangan energy sehingga menimbulkan ekses Yang Hati, kadang terjadi defisiensi pada bagian bawah tubuh dan ekses pada bagian atas tubuh bersamaan.

b.    

     DEFISIENSI QI DAN DARAH

Jantung dan Limpa dapat rusak oleh kerja yang berlebihan, kurang istirahat atau kelemahan tubuh setelah sakit berat, Limpa yang rusak gagal membentuk Qi dan darah sehingga terjadi defisiensi Qi dan darah. Pada defisiensi Qi dan darah di daerah otak akan menimbulkan pusing tujuh keliling.

 

c.      SUMBATAN RIAK LEMBAB DARI DALAM

Pada riak lembab yang berlebihan, makan yang tidak teratur dan kerja terlampau keras dapat mengganggu lambung dan Limpa, sehingga fungsi transportasi dan transformasi terganggu. Akibat gangguan tersebut terjadi pembentukan riak lembab, riak dan Qi dapat menggangu naiknya Yang dan turunnya Yin sehingga menimbulkan pusing tujuh keliling.

 

PENGGOLONGAN

a.     Ekses Yang Hati

Gejala Utama :

·        Pusing tujuh keliling yang meningkat pada keadaan marah serta mudah tersinggung

·        Muka merah, mata merah

·        Telingan berdenging

·        Rasa pahit dimulut

·        Gangguan mimpi

·        Lidah merah dan selaput lidah kuning

·        Denyut nadi tegang dan cepat

ANALISA

·        Marah merusak Yin Hati menyebabkan ekese Yang Hati yang menimbulkan api

·        Api yang membumbung ke atas membuat muka merah, mata merah dan mudah tersinggung

·        Semangat yand disimpan di Hati terganggu sehingga terjadi gangguan mimpi

·        Lidah merah dengan selaput lidah kuning, rasa pahit dimulut, denyut nadi tegang dan cepat merupakan tanda defisiensi Yin akibat ekses Api.

b.     DEFISIENSI QI DAN DARAH

Gejala Utama :

·        Pusing tujuh keliling diikuti oleh pucat, lelah dan lesu, berdebar-debar, sulit tidur, bibir dan kuku pucat, malas, lebih pucat serta nadi lemah dan kecil.

·        Pusing tujuh keliling terjadi setelah penyakit berat atau banyak kehilangan darah dan semakin nyata setelah kerja berat.

·        Pada kasus berat kadang terjadi hilang kesadaran.

ANALISA :

·        Pusing tujuh keliling terjadi karena gagalnya Qi dan darah sampai di kepala

·        Jantung mendominasi darah dan limpa mendominasi transportasi dan transformasi untuk pembentukan Qi dan darah.

·        Bila jantung dan Limpa rusak Qi dan darah kurang mencukupi sehingga warna kulit tidak bercahaya, serta kuku dan bibir rusak

·        Defisiensi darah menimbulkan berdebar-debar dan sulit tidur, sedangkan defisiensi Qi menimbulkan kelesuan, malas kurang nafsu makan, yang meningkat akibat kerja berat

·        Lidah pucat, nadi lemah dan kecil merupakan tanda-tanda defisiensi Qi dan darah.

c.      SUMBATAN RIAK LEMBAB DARI DALAM

Gejala Utama :

·        Pusing tujuh keliling dengan rasa berat kepala dan rasa tertekan didada

·        Mual, riak yang berlebihan, kurang nafsu makan, mengantuk, selaput lidah putih dan lengket serta nadi yang lembut dan bergelombang.

ANALISA :

·        Pusing tujuh keliling dengan rasa berat dikepala merupakan gejala gangguan Yang sejati oleh riak lembab.

·        Rasa tertekan didada dan mual disebabkan oleh obstruksi daerah Qiao tengah.

·        Kurang nafsu makan dan mengantuk disebabkan oleh defisiensi Yang Limpa

·        Selaput lidah yang putih dan lengket serta nadi lembut dna bergelombang merupakan tanda peningkatan riak lembab.

 

TATA LAKSANA TERAPI AKUPUNTUR UNTUK VERTIGO

a.     EKSES YANG HATI

a.     Dipilih titik pada meridian Hati dan Ginjal untuk meningkatkan Ying dan menenangkan Yang

b.     Tusukan tonifikasi dan sedasi dipilih sesuai dengan kondisi penyakit

c.      Biasanya dipilih titik-titik

1.     GB 20  Fengchi (fungce)

2.     BL 18 Ganshu

3.     KI 3 Taixi

4.     BL 23  Shenshu

5.     LR 2  Xingjian

Penjelasan :

·        Tusukan tonifikasi dilakukan pada : BL 23 Shensu dan KI 3 Taixi untuk menambah air ginjal

·        Tusukan sedasi dilakukan pada : BL 18, LR 2 dan GB 20 untuk menenangkan Yang Hati.

 

b.     DEFISIENSI QI DAN DARAH

·        Dipilih titik meridian REN, Kandung kemih dan lambung dengan cara tonifikasi (kadang dimoksa) untuk menambah Qi dan darah.

Titik yang dipilih adalah :

GV20, BL20, CV4, ST36 dan SP6

 

Penjelasan:

·        Moksibusi pada GV20 mengakibatkan naiknya Qi dan darah ke kepala sehingga menurunkan pusing

·        CV4 digunakan untuk memperkuat Qi primer dan BL20 SP6 untuk memperkuat Limpa dan Lambung untuk membentuk Qi darah

 

c.      RETENSI RIAK LEMBAB DARI DALAM

Pemilihan titik Asosiasi (Su-belakang) dan titik Waspada (Alarm, Mu depan) dari Limpa dan Lambung merupakan upaya untuk menghilangkan lender dan menurunkan lembab.

Titik yang dipilih :

1.     ST 8  Touwei

2.     BL 20 Pishu

3.     CV 12  Zhongwan

4.     PC 6 Neiguan

5.     BL 40 Fenglong

Penjelasan :

·        BL 20 Pishu dan CV12 Zhongwan untuk memperkuat Limpa dan lambung sehingga menurunkan riak lembab

·        ST40 Fenglong merupakan titik Luo meridian lambung sehingga Qi menurun dan menghilangkan riak

·        ST8 Touwei sebagai terapi simptomatik pusing tujuh keliling

·        PC6 neiquan untuk merelaksasikan dada, mengatur Qi serta menyelaraskan Qi lambung untuk menghilangkan mual

TERAPI AKUPUNTUR UNTUK VERTIGO
Cuci Sofa berkualitas : Cuci Sofa,Cuci Springbed,Cuci Karpet,Cuci Kursi Kantor,Cuci Sofa Bed,Cuci Kursi Kantor,Cuci Jok Mobil,Cuci Sofa Jakarta.CUCI SOFA 021-71032020 | CUCI SPRINGBED,CUCI KARPET JAKARTA

saco-indonesia.com, Ratu Mariyuana Schapelle Leigh Corby telah mendapat pembebasan bersyarat dari Kementerian Hukum dan Hak Asasi Manusia (Kemenkumham).  
 
Pemberian bebas bersyarat terhadap Ratu Mariyuana Corby itu telah menuai pro-kontra.
 
Bahkan, mantan Ketua Umum Partai Demokrat Anas Urbaningrum, yang juga sudah mendekam di rumah tahanan KPK sebagai tersangka kasus korupsi pembangunan sport center Hambalang itu ikut berkicau melalui akun twitternya.
 
Anas telah menilai pemberian bebas bersyarat itu juga merupakan bentuk kemurahan hati Presiden Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono. Tentu kata dia, dalam pemberian tersebut pasti juga ada imbal baliknya.
 
"Sang Putri Corby siap-siap akan menikmati kemurahan hati. Gerangan apa di baliknya?#bukankuis.*abah," tulis Anas dalam akun twitternya yang beralamatkan ‏@anasurbaningrum, beberapa jam yang lalu, Senin (10/2/2014).
 
Ia telah kembali melontarkan pernyataan bahwa pemberian tersebut tak ubahnya tukar guling perkara tak bisa ditolak SBY.
 
"Apakah Sang Putri Corby hampir mirip dengan "tawaran yang hampir mustahil ditolak?"#bukankuis.*abah," tulisnya lagi.
 
"Mungkinkah Sang Putri Corby harus segera pergi agar tidak menjadi "ganjalan hati"?#bukankuis.*abah," kicaunya.


Editor : Dian Sukmawati

ANAS IKUT BERKICAU SOAL BEBAS BERSYARAT "RATU GANJA" CORBY

saco-indonesia.com, Misteri pembunuhan terhadap wanita pengusaha catering di Jalan Tanah Tinggi 1, RT 011/06 Kel. Tanah Tinggi, Kec. Johar Baru, Jakarta Pusat, akhirnya terkuak. Pelaku telah ditangkap oleh petugas Polres Jakarta Pusat di Kampung Badui, Lebak Banten.

Tersangka Suwiryo yang berusia 27 tahun , telah mengaku membunuh korban karena butuh uang untuk biaya persalinan istrinya. “Tadinya saya tidak bermaksud untuk membunuh majikan, hanya mau mengambil perhiasan yang akan saya jual untuk biaya melahirkan istri. Namun korban teriak hingga saya panik dan membunuhnya,” katanya, Kamis (6/2) kemarin.

Kasat Reskrim Polres Jakpus AKBP Tatan Dirsan Atmaja telah menjelaskan, terungkapnya kasus pembunuhan yang telah menimpa Adhika Putri yang berusia 31 tahun ,janda beranak dua ini berkat kerja keras polisi dalam melakukan penyelidikan, termasuk keterangan sejumlah saksi. “Para saksi mengarahkan dugaan ke pelaku,” katanya.

Petugas pun juga mendapat petunjuk kalau Suwiryo berada di tempat istrinya di daerah Banten. Polisi kemudian telah membentuk tim khusus untuk dapat memburu pelaku.

Begitu diyakini kalau pelaku berada di Banten, petugas yang dipimpin oleh Kanit Resmob AKP Mustakim, segera menuju ke lokasi untuk dapat memastikan keberadaan pelaku pembunuh pengusaha catering. Setibanya petugas di perkampungan Badui, polisi bersama sejumlah masyarakat sekitar itu telah mendatangi rumah pelaku.

Polisi telah melihat tersangka sedang tidur-tiduran dan langsung disergap. “Dari hasil BAP yang telah dibuatkan polisi, terungkap kalau pelaku sudah sering melakukan pencurian di rumah dengan modus berlagak sebagai pembantu dan ujung-ujungnya mencuri harta majikan,” ujar Tatan Dirsan Atmaja.

Menurut pengakuan pelaku, Minggu (2/2) lalu sekitar pukul 03:00 dinihari , sudah ada niat jahat untuk mencuri di tempat majikannya. Ia masuk kamar tengah saat majikan tidak ada. Namun karena barang yang diincer tidak ada, niat jahat itu kembali dilakukan pada Senin (3/2) sekitar pukul 10:00.

Tersangka masuk kamar depan dan mengambil perhiasan emas 5 gram dan laptop berikut HP dari lemari. Naas, saat pelaku mau keluar dari kamar tiba-tiba wanita beranak dua itu terjaga dari bangun dan mempergoki aksinya. Korban teriak hingga membuat tersangka panik dan membekapnya pakai kain.

Setelah itu,pelaku memukul kepala pakai palu yang sudah disiapkan hingga belasan kali. Korban pun tewas dengan kondisi mengenaskan. “Tersangka kita kenakan  pasal 365 jo  338 KUHP  dengan ancaman hukuman 20 kurungan penjara,” tegas Tatan.(silaen/yo)


Editor : Dian Sukmawati

PEMBUNUH WANITA PENGUSAHA KATERING DITANGKAP

Jual Obat Tidur / Jual Obat Bius Cair Jual Obat Bius Hirup Jual Obat Bius Serbuk Jual Obat Tidur Aman Obat Bius Manjur Harga Obat Bius Murah Cs :085200654999 Pemesanan dan Konsultasi Pin BB: 21C7DA51 TELPON / SMS: 085 200 654 999 (T-SEL) 087 836 866 999 (IND XL) 085 740 740 810 (INDOSAT) Www.jualobatbiusherbal.blogspot.com Online 24Hours Kami Buka & Melayani Konsomen 24jam. Termasuk Hari Sabtu & Minggu Obat Bius/Obat Tidur Merk Liquid Sex LiQuid Sex adalah Obat Bius Yang Berbentuk Cair, Cair Buatan German Ini Bisa bikin Wanita Langsung Pingsan Dalam Beberapa Menit Saja ( 2-3 Menit ). Dan itu Walau Anda apa - apain pun Target Anda gak bakalan bangun Selama 4 - 5 jam, kadang lebih, selain itu bisa juga untuk membius orang yang mau diperkosa ( gue cuma ngomongin, bukan nyuruh Lo ! Hhehe ... ). Obat Bius Ini Berbentuk Cair tidak berbau, tidak berasa, tidak berwarna Dan tidak beracun, ( So It Safely ). 1 botol bisa di pakai untuk berkali kali, cukup ditaruh di air minum apa saja kecuali susu dan air kelapa muda , lebih baik dalam air mineral, teh, jus, sirup atau di minuman yang bersoda. dan dalam waktu 2 - 3 menit setelah di minum maka langsung bereaksi pada target anda seperti tepar dan terkapar . AWAS ! ! ! .Tolong Jangan gunakan Obat Bius Cair ini pada orang yang baru dikenal atau penyalah gunaan obat ini. Baik di gunakan untuk Teman Dekat atau Pacar Sendiri ….. LiQuid Sex Obat Bius Cair . NEGARA ASAL : German Netto : 15ml HARGA : Rp 250.000, - "Dan Juga Tersedia Produc-Produc Terbaik" Jual Obat Tidur / Jual Obat Bius Cair Jual Obat Bius Hirup Jual Obat Bius Serbuk Jual Obat Tidur Aman Obat Bius Manjur Harga Obat Bius Murah Cs :085200654999 CHLOROFORM FOR SALE DIJUAL OBAT BIUS KLOROFORM! HARGA TERBARU CEK ! Permisi agan-agan, saya menjual OBAT BIUS chloroform (trichloromethane / CHCl3) buatan Merck Jerman. Botolnya 2,5 Liter, ane biasanya pake buat pelarut organik di lab. Punya saya kemurniannya diatas 99%! Dan ini merupakan kloroform termurni yang dibikin buat pasar, jadi jangan tanya "gan apa ada campurannya?" dll, ini sudah laboratory grade / standar laboratorium dan dibikin buat standar penelitian. Jadi bukan kloroform abal-abal murahan yang dicampuri, dll. Lihat aja gambarnya ya! Chloroform ini bisa digunakan untuk ekstraksi (misalkan alkaloid, dan zat-zat organik lainnya) mungkin yang jurusan biologi / kimia / farmasi, selain itu bisa juga membius orang yang mau diperkosa (gue cuma ngomongin, bukan nyuruh lo! hehe), trus juga bisa buat keperluan rekreasi (nidurin diri di malam hari). Ingat, ini bukan permainan. Sekali dua kali boleh aja pake, jangan keterusan. Chloroform bukan dimakan, tapi dihirup uapnya. Ane prihatin di kaskus ada seller yang mengatakan chloroform dapat dimakan. 10 ml sudah cukup untuk menimbulkan cardiac arrest / henti jantung pada manusia 70 kg. Thanks UNTUK 50, 100 ML HARGA SUDAH NETT, 500 ML, 1000 ML, 2500 ML BISA NEGO dan BELUM ONGKIR, pertanyaan mengenai "berapa harga nett gan?" tidak akan dibalas. Mohon maaf. 50 ml = Rp 750.000,- 100 ml = Rp 1300.000,- 500 ml = Rp 3.250.000,- 1000 ml = Rp 6.000.000,- Botol 2,5 Liter SEGEL Pure Analysis Merck Germany = Rp 12.000.000,- (murah abis reseller!) "Dan Juga Tersedia Produc-Produc Terbaik" Jual Obat Tidur / Jual Obat Bius Cair Jual Obat Bius Hirup Jual Obat Bius Serbuk Jual Obat Tidur Aman Obat Bius Manjur Harga Obat Bius Murah Cs :085200654999 Obat Bius Serbuk Soporific Jual Obat Bius Serbuk, Serbuk Ini Bisa bikin ( PINGSAN ) Dalam Beberapa Detik Saja, Dan itu Walau Anda apa - apain pun Target Anda gak bakalan bangun Selama 4 - 5 jam, kadang lebih, selain itu bisa juga untuk membius orang yang mau diperkosa ( gue cuma ngomongin, bukan nyuruh Lo ! Hhehe ... ) Obat Bius Ini Berbentuk Serbuk tidak berbau, tidak berasa, tapi berwarna ( putih Aman ). 1 saset bisa di pakai cukup untuk 2 - 3 kali pemakaian, cukup ditaruh di air minum apa saja KECUALI SUSU & KELAPA MUDA ,dan dalam waktu singkat setelah di minum maka obat itu langsung bereaksi pada target anda . AWAS ! ! ! .Tolong Jangan gunakan Obat Bius Serbuk ini pada orang yang baru dikenal atau penyalah gunaan obat ini. Baik di gunakan untuk Teman Dekat atau Pacar Sendiri ….. Obat Bius Serbuk 1 Paket Isi 4 Sachet Harga : Rp 300.000,- Tersedia Produk Terbaik Agen Tempat Penjualan Obat Tidur Dan Obat Bius, Obat Tidur Wanita, Obat Tidur Cair, Obat Tidur Jual Obat Bius Aman, Toko Obat Bius Ampuh, Obat Tidur, Bius Wanita, Obat Penenang, Obat Bius Cair,Agen Resmi Jual Obat bius, obat tidur, obat penenang termurah dan terpercaya @ Www.jualobatbiusherbal.blogspot.com, Toko Pria ,Wanita Dewasa , Obat Bius, Jual Obat Bius, Obat Bius, Obat Bius Wanita, Solusi Keharmonisan Pasutri Harga Paling Murah Se iNdonesia,Jual Obat Bius, Toko Obat Bius, Pusat Obat Bius, obat bius cair, obat bius hirup, obat bius serbuk. liquid , chloroform hirup, sleeping beauty,obat bius ,bius hirup,bius cair,bius serbuk,obat tidur,obat bius,bius hirup, bius cair,bius serbuk,bius capsule dan bius tablet,jenis obat bius, obat susah tidur,obat tidur bagus,obat bius manjur,obat tidur joss, Tentang obat tidur,harga obat tidur,paling ampuh,herbal alami,harga bius terjangkau ,mengatasi susah tidur,tidur lelap,atasi insomnia,gejala susah tidur, menenangkan pikiran,tidur nyaman,depresi,obat bikin ngantuk,jenis obat tidur, resep bikin tidur pulas,obat bius joss,harga obat bius,obat bius manjur, obat bius topcer,Obat Bius Hirup, Obat Bius Cair, Obat Bius Capsule, Obat Bius Tablet, Obat Bius Ampuh,Obat Bius Jos obat tidur,obat bius,bius hirup,bius cair,bius serbuk,bius capsule dan bius tablet,jenis obat bius, obat susah tidur,obat tidur bagus,obat bius manjur,obat tidur joss, tentang obat tidur,harga obat tidur,paling ampuh,herbal alami, harga bius terjangkau,mengatasi susah tidur,tidur lelap,atasi insomnia, gejala susah tidur,menenangkan pikiran,tidur nyaman,depresi,obat bikin ngantuk, jenis obat tidur,resep bikin tidur pulas,obat bius joss,harga obat bius, obat bius manjur,obat bius topcer,obat bius,bius hirup,bius cair,bius serbuk, obat tidur,obat bius,bius hirup,bius cair,bius serbuk,bius capsule dan bius tablet, jenis obat bius,obat susah tidur,obat tidur bagus,obat bius manjur,obat tidur joss. Tentang obat tidur,harga obat tidur,paling ampuh,herbal alami,harga bius terjangkau ,mengatasi susah tidur,tidur lelap,atasi insomnia,gejala susah tidur,menenangkan pikiran, tidur nyaman,depresi,obat bikin ngantuk,jenis obat tidur,resep bikin tidur pulas, obat bius joss,harga obat bius,obat bius manjur,obat bius topcer,Jual Obat Bius Aman, Toko Obat Bius Ampuh, Obat Tidur, Bius Wanita, Obat Penenang, Obat Bius Cair, Agen Resmi Jual Obat bius, obat tidur, obat penenang termurah dan terpercaya @ Www.jualobatbiusherbal.blogspot.com , Toko Pria ,Wanita Dewasa , Obat Bius, Jual Obat Bius, Obat Bius, Obat Bius Wanita, Solusi Keharmonisan Pasutri Harga Paling Murah Se iNdonesia, Jual Obat Bius, Toko Obat Bius, Pusat Obat Bius, obat bius cair, obat bius hirup,obat bius serbuk. liquid , chloroform hirup, sleeping beauty, Obat Bius Hirup, Obat Bius Cair, Obat Bius Capsule, Obat Bius Tablet, Obat Bius Ampuh, Obat Bius Joss,obat tidur,obat bius,bius hirup,bius cair,bius serbuk,bius capsule dan bius tablet, jenis obat bius,obat susah tidur,obat tidur bagus,obat bius manjur,obat tidur joss,tentang obat tidur, harga obat tidur,paling ampuh,herbal alami,harga bius terjangkau,mengatasi susah tidur, tidur lelap,atasi insomnia,gejala susah tidur,menenangkan pikiran,tidur nyaman,depresi, obat bikin ngantuk,jenis obat tidur,resep bikin tidur pulas,obat bius joss,harga obat bius,obat bius manjur,obat bius topcer, Jual Obat Bius Jual Obat Bius Wanita Jual Obat Bius Cair Jual Obat Bius SerbukJual Obat Bius Hirup Jual Obat Bius Aman Jual Obat Bius Ampuh Jual Obat Bius Topcer Jual Obat Bius Wanita Jual Obat Bius Sex Jual Obat Tidur Jual Obat Tidur Cair Jual Obat Tidur Wanita Jual Obat Tidur Pria Jual Obat Tidur Murah Jual Obat Tidur Ampuh Jual Obat Tidur Obat Tidur Obat Tidur Cair Obat Tidur Serbuk Obat Tidur Wanita Obat Tidur Pria Obat Tidur Herbal Obat Tidur Aman Pusat Obat Tidur Pusat Obat Bius Agen Obat Bius Agen Obat Tidur Obat Bius Hirup, Obat Bius Cair, Obat Bius Capsule, Obat Bius Tablet, Obat Bius Ampuh,Obat Bius Joss obat tidur,obat bius,bius hirup,bius cair,bius serbuk,bius capsule dan bius tablet,jenis obat bius,obat susah tidur,obat tidur bagus,obat bius manjur,obat tidur joss,tentang obat tidur,harga obat tidur,paling ampuh,herbal alami,harga bius terjangkau,mengatasi susah tidur,tidur lelap,atasi insomnia,gejala susah tidur,menenangkan pikiran,tidur nyaman,depresi,obat bikin ngantuk,jenis obat tidur,resep bikin tidur pulas,obat bius joss,harga obat bius,obat bius manjur,obat bius topcer, Harga Obat Bius Kamu Super Murah. Harga bisa Dibandingkan. Minta Call/SMS kami. Jual Obat Bius Aman, Toko Obat Bius Ampuh, Obat Tidur, Bius Wanita, Obat Penenang, Obat Bius Cair. Agen Resmi Jual Obat bius, obat tidur, obat penenang termurah dan terpercaya @ Www.jualobatbiusherbal.blogspot.com. Toko Pria ,Wanita Dewasa , Obat Bius, Jual Obat Bius, Obat Bius, Obat Bius Wanita, Solusi Keharmonisan Pasutri Harga Paling Murah Se iNdonesia. Obat Bius Cair, Cairan Buatan dari German Ini Bisa bikin Horny Dan Tolong Jangan gunakan Obat bius Cair ini pada wanita yang baru dikenal. Jual Obat Bius, Toko Obat Bius, Pusat Obat Bius, obat bius cair, obat bius hirup,obat bius serbuk. liquid sex, chloroform hirup, sleeping beauty. Obat Bius, Obat Perangsang Sexdrop cair, perangsang khusus untuk di gunakan wanita yang kurang gairah dalam berhubungan intim, sexdrop cair germany. obat bius,bius hirup,bius cair,bius serbuk obat tidur,obat bius,bius hirup,bius cair,bius serbuk,bius capsule dan bius tablet,jenis obat bius,obat susah tidur,obat tidur bagus,obat bius manjur,obat tidur joss. Tentang obat tidur,harga obat tidur,paling ampuh,herbal alami,harga bius terjangkau,mengatasi susah tidur,tidur lelap,atasi insomnia,gejala susah tidur,menenangkan pikiran,tidur nyaman,depresi,obat bikin ngantuk,jenis obat tidur,resep bikin tidur pulas,obat bius joss,harga obat bius,obat bius manjur,obat bius topcer, Obat Kuat Obat Pembesar Penis Obat Perangsang Wanita Alat Bantu Sex Pria Dan Wanita Aneka Kosmetic/Kecantikan DLL.

JUAL OBAT BIUS BIUS

Mr. Bartoszewski was given honorary Israeli citizenship for his work to save Jews during World War II and later surprised even himself by being instrumental in reconciling Poland and Germany.

Wladyslaw Bartoszewski, 93, Dies; Polish Auschwitz Survivor Aided Jews

The magical quality Mr. Lesnie created in shooting the “Babe” films caught the eye of the director Peter Jackson, who chose him to film the fantasy epic.

Andrew Lesnie, Cinematographer of ‘Lord of the Rings,’ Dies at 59

WASHINGTON — The former deputy director of the C.I.A. asserts in a forthcoming book that Republicans, in their eagerness to politicize the killing of the American ambassador to Libya, repeatedly distorted the agency’s analysis of events. But he also argues that the C.I.A. should get out of the business of providing “talking points” for administration officials in national security events that quickly become partisan, as happened after the Benghazi attack in 2012.

The official, Michael J. Morell, dismisses the allegation that the United States military and C.I.A. officers “were ordered to stand down and not come to the rescue of their comrades,” and he says there is “no evidence” to support the charge that “there was a conspiracy between C.I.A. and the White House to spin the Benghazi story in a way that would protect the political interests of the president and Secretary Clinton,” referring to the secretary of state at the time, Hillary Rodham Clinton.

But he also concludes that the White House itself embellished some of the talking points provided by the Central Intelligence Agency and had blocked him from sending an internal study of agency conclusions to Congress.

Photo
 
Michael J. Morell Credit Mark Wilson/Getty Images

“I finally did so without asking,” just before leaving government, he writes, and after the White House released internal emails to a committee investigating the State Department’s handling of the issue.

A lengthy congressional investigation remains underway, one that many Republicans hope to use against Mrs. Clinton in the 2016 election cycle.

In parts of the book, “The Great War of Our Time” (Twelve), Mr. Morell praises his C.I.A. colleagues for many successes in stopping terrorist attacks, but he is surprisingly critical of other C.I.A. failings — and those of the National Security Agency.

Soon after Mr. Morell retired in 2013 after 33 years in the agency, President Obama appointed him to a commission reviewing the actions of the National Security Agency after the disclosures of Edward J. Snowden, a former intelligence contractor who released classified documents about the government’s eavesdropping abilities. Mr. Morell writes that he was surprised by what he found.

Advertisement

“You would have thought that of all the government entities on the planet, the one least vulnerable to such grand theft would have been the N.S.A.,” he writes. “But it turned out that the N.S.A. had left itself vulnerable.”

He concludes that most Wall Street firms had better cybersecurity than the N.S.A. had when Mr. Snowden swept information from its systems in 2013. While he said he found himself “chagrined by how well the N.S.A. was doing” compared with the C.I.A. in stepping up its collection of data on intelligence targets, he also sensed that the N.S.A., which specializes in electronic spying, was operating without considering the implications of its methods.

“The N.S.A. had largely been collecting information because it could, not necessarily in all cases because it should,” he says.

The book is to be released next week.

Mr. Morell was a career analyst who rose through the ranks of the agency, and he ended up in the No. 2 post. He served as President George W. Bush’s personal intelligence briefer in the first months of his presidency — in those days, he could often be spotted at the Starbucks in Waco, Tex., catching up on his reading — and was with him in the schoolhouse in Florida on the morning of Sept. 11, 2001, when the Bush presidency changed in an instant.

Mr. Morell twice took over as acting C.I.A. director, first when Leon E. Panetta was appointed secretary of defense and then when retired Gen. David H. Petraeus resigned over an extramarital affair with his biographer, a relationship that included his handing her classified notes of his time as America’s best-known military commander.

Mr. Morell says he first learned of the affair from Mr. Petraeus only the night before he resigned, and just as the Benghazi events were turning into a political firestorm. While praising Mr. Petraeus, who had told his deputy “I am very lucky” to run the C.I.A., Mr. Morell writes that “the organization did not feel the same way about him.” The former general “created the impression through the tone of his voice and his body language that he did not want people to disagree with him (which was not true in my own interaction with him),” he says.

But it is his account of the Benghazi attacks — and how the C.I.A. was drawn into the debate over whether the Obama White House deliberately distorted its account of the death of Ambassador J. Christopher Stevens — that is bound to attract attention, at least partly because of its relevance to the coming presidential election. The initial assessments that the C.I.A. gave to the White House said demonstrations had preceded the attack. By the time analysts reversed their opinion, Susan E. Rice, now the national security adviser, had made a series of statements on Sunday talk shows describing the initial assessment. The controversy and other comments Ms. Rice made derailed Mr. Obama’s plan to appoint her as secretary of state.

The experience prompted Mr. Morell to write that the C.I.A. should stay out of the business of preparing talking points — especially on issues that are being seized upon for “political purposes.” He is critical of the State Department for not beefing up security in Libya for its diplomats, as the C.I.A., he said, did for its employees.

But he concludes that the assault in which the ambassador was killed took place “with little or no advance planning” and “was not well organized.” He says the attackers “did not appear to be looking for Americans to harm. They appeared intent on looting and conducting some vandalism,” setting fires that killed Mr. Stevens and a security official, Sean Smith.

Mr. Morell paints a picture of an agency that was struggling, largely unsuccessfully, to understand dynamics in the Middle East and North Africa when the Arab Spring broke out in late 2011 in Tunisia. The agency’s analysts failed to see the forces of revolution coming — and then failed again, he writes, when they told Mr. Obama that the uprisings would undercut Al Qaeda by showing there was a democratic pathway to change.

“There is no good explanation for our not being able to see the pressures growing to dangerous levels across the region,” he writes. The agency had again relied too heavily “on a handful of strong leaders in the countries of concern to help us understand what was going on in the Arab street,” he says, and those leaders themselves were clueless.

Moreover, an agency that has always overvalued secretly gathered intelligence and undervalued “open source” material “was not doing enough to mine the wealth of information available through social media,” he writes. “We thought and told policy makers that this outburst of popular revolt would damage Al Qaeda by undermining the group’s narrative,” he writes.

Instead, weak governments in Egypt, and the absence of governance from Libya to Yemen, were “a boon to Islamic extremists across both the Middle East and North Africa.”

Mr. Morell is gentle about most of the politicians he dealt with — he expresses admiration for both Mr. Bush and Mr. Obama, though he accuses former Vice President Dick Cheney of deliberately implying a connection between Al Qaeda and Iraq that the C.I.A. had concluded probably did not exist. But when it comes to the events leading up to the Bush administration’s decision to go to war in Iraq, he is critical of his own agency.

Mr. Morell concludes that the Bush White House did not have to twist intelligence on Saddam Hussein’s alleged effort to rekindle the country’s work on weapons of mass destruction.

“The view that hard-liners in the Bush administration forced the intelligence community into its position on W.M.D. is just flat wrong,” he writes. “No one pushed. The analysts were already there and they had been there for years, long before Bush came to office.”

Ex-C.I.A. Official Rebuts Republican Claims on Benghazi Attack in ‘The Great War of Our Time’
Joseph Lechleider

Mr. Lechleider helped invent DSL technology, which enabled phone companies to offer high-speed web access over their infrastructure of copper wires.

Joseph Lechleider, a Father of the DSL Internet Technology, Dies at 82

WASHINGTON — During a training course on defending against knife attacks, a young Salt Lake City police officer asked a question: “How close can somebody get to me before I’m justified in using deadly force?”

Dennis Tueller, the instructor in that class more than three decades ago, decided to find out. In the fall of 1982, he performed a rudimentary series of tests and concluded that an armed attacker who bolted toward an officer could clear 21 feet in the time it took most officers to draw, aim and fire their weapon.

The next spring, Mr. Tueller published his findings in SWAT magazine and transformed police training in the United States. The “21-foot rule” became dogma. It has been taught in police academies around the country, accepted by courts and cited by officers to justify countless shootings, including recent episodes involving a homeless woodcarver in Seattle and a schizophrenic woman in San Francisco.

Now, amid the largest national debate over policing since the 1991 beating of Rodney King in Los Angeles, a small but vocal set of law enforcement officials are calling for a rethinking of the 21-foot rule and other axioms that have emphasized how to use force, not how to avoid it. Several big-city police departments are already re-examining when officers should chase people or draw their guns and when they should back away, wait or try to defuse the situation

Police Rethink Long Tradition on Using Force

UNITED NATIONS — Wearing pinstripes and a pince-nez, Staffan de Mistura, the United Nations envoy for Syria, arrived at the Security Council one Tuesday afternoon in February and announced that President Bashar al-Assad had agreed to halt airstrikes over Aleppo. Would the rebels, Mr. de Mistura suggested, agree to halt their shelling?

What he did not announce, but everyone knew by then, was that the Assad government had begun a military offensive to encircle opposition-held enclaves in Aleppo and that fierce fighting was underway. It would take only a few days for rebel leaders, having pushed back Syrian government forces, to outright reject Mr. de Mistura’s proposed freeze in the fighting, dooming the latest diplomatic overture on Syria.

Diplomacy is often about appearing to be doing something until the time is ripe for a deal to be done.

 

 

Now, with Mr. Assad’s forces having suffered a string of losses on the battlefield and the United States reaching at least a partial rapprochement with Mr. Assad’s main backer, Iran, Mr. de Mistura is changing course. Starting Monday, he is set to hold a series of closed talks in Geneva with the warring sides and their main supporters. Iran will be among them.

In an interview at United Nations headquarters last week, Mr. de Mistura hinted that the changing circumstances, both military and diplomatic, may have prompted various backers of the war to question how much longer the bloodshed could go on.

“Will that have an impact in accelerating the willingness for a political solution? We need to test it,” he said. “The Geneva consultations may be a good umbrella for testing that. It’s an occasion for asking everyone, including the government, if there is any new way that they are looking at a political solution, as they too claim they want.”

He said he would have a better assessment at the end of June, when he expects to wrap up his consultations. That coincides with the deadline for a final agreement in the Iran nuclear talks.

Advertisement

Whether a nuclear deal with Iran will pave the way for a new opening on peace talks in Syria remains to be seen. Increasingly, though, world leaders are explicitly linking the two, with the European Union’s top diplomat, Federica Mogherini, suggesting last week that a nuclear agreement could spur Tehran to play “a major but positive role in Syria.”

It could hardly come soon enough. Now in its fifth year, the Syrian war has claimed 220,000 lives, prompted an exodus of more than three million refugees and unleashed jihadist groups across the region. “This conflict is producing a question mark in many — where is it leading and whether this can be sustained,” Mr. de Mistura said.

Part Italian, part Swedish, Mr. de Mistura has worked with the United Nations for more than 40 years, but he is more widely known for his dapper style than for any diplomatic coups. Syria is by far the toughest assignment of his career — indeed, two of the organization’s most seasoned diplomats, Lakhdar Brahimi and Kofi Annan, tried to do the job and gave up — and critics have wondered aloud whether Mr. de Mistura is up to the task.

He served as a United Nations envoy in Afghanistan and Iraq, and before that in Lebanon, where a former minister recalled, with some scorn, that he spent many hours sunbathing at a private club in the hills above Beirut. Those who know him say he has a taste for fine suits and can sometimes speak too soon and too much, just as they point to his diplomatic missteps and hyperbole.

They cite, for instance, a news conference in October, when he raised the specter of Srebrenica, where thousands of Muslims were massacred in 1995 during the Balkans war, in warning that the Syrian border town of Kobani could fall to the Islamic State. In February, he was photographed at a party in Damascus, the Syrian capital, celebrating the anniversary of the Iranian revolution just as Syrian forces, aided by Iran, were pummeling rebel-held suburbs of Damascus; critics seized on that as evidence of his coziness with the government.

Mouin Rabbani, who served briefly as the head of Mr. de Mistura’s political affairs unit and has since emerged as one of his most outspoken critics, said Mr. de Mistura did not have the background necessary for the job. “This isn’t someone well known for his political vision or political imagination, and his closest confidants lack the requisite knowledge and experience,” Mr. Rabbani said.

As a deputy foreign minister in the Italian government, Mr. de Mistura was tasked in 2012 with freeing two Italian marines detained in India for shooting at Indian fishermen. He made 19 trips to India, to little effect. One marine was allowed to return to Italy for medical reasons; the other remains in India.

He said he initially turned down the Syria job when the United Nations secretary general approached him last August, only to change his mind the next day, after a sleepless, guilt-ridden night.

Mr. de Mistura compared his role in Syria to that of a doctor faced with a terminally ill patient. His goal in brokering a freeze in the fighting, he said, was to alleviate suffering. He settled on Aleppo as the location for its “fame,” he said, a decision that some questioned, considering that Aleppo was far trickier than the many other lesser-known towns where activists had negotiated temporary local cease-fires.

“Everybody, at least in Europe, are very familiar with the value of Aleppo,” Mr. de Mistura said. “So I was using that as an icebreaker.”

The cease-fire negotiations, to which he had devoted six months, fell apart quickly because of the government’s military offensive in Aleppo the very day of his announcement at the Security Council. Privately, United Nations diplomats said Mr. de Mistura had been manipulated. To this, Mr. de Mistura said only that he was “disappointed and concerned.”

Tarek Fares, a former rebel fighter, said after a recent visit to Aleppo that no Syrian would admit publicly to supporting Mr. de Mistura’s cease-fire proposal. “If anyone said they went to a de Mistura meeting in Gaziantep, they would be arrested,” is how he put it, referring to the Turkish city where negotiations between the two sides were held.

Secretary General Ban Ki-moon remains staunchly behind Mr. de Mistura’s efforts. His defenders point out that he is at the center of one of the world’s toughest diplomatic problems, charged with mediating a conflict in which two of the world’s most powerful nations — Russia, which supports Mr. Assad, and the United States, which has called for his ouster — remain deadlocked.

R. Nicholas Burns, a former State Department official who now teaches at Harvard, credited Mr. de Mistura for trying to negotiate a cease-fire even when the chances of success were exceedingly small — and the chances of a political deal even smaller. For his efforts to work, Professor Burns argued, the world powers will first have to come to an agreement of their own.

“He needs the help of outside powers,” he said. “It starts with backers of Assad. That’s Russia and Iran. De Mistura is there, waiting.”

With Iran Talks, a Tangled Path to Ending Syria’s War

Mr. Mankiewicz, an Oscar-nominated screenwriter for “I Want to Live!,” also wrote episodes of television shows such as “Star Trek” and “Marcus Welby, M.D.”

Don Mankiewicz, Screenwriter in a Family Film Tradition, Dies at 93

THE WRITERS ASHLEY AND JAQUAVIS COLEMAN know the value of a good curtain-raiser. The couple have co-authored dozens of novels, and they like to start them with a bang: a headlong action sequence, a blast of violence or sex that rocks readers back on their heels. But the Colemans concede they would be hard-pressed to dream up anything more gripping than their own real-life opening scene.

In the summer of 2001, JaQuavis Coleman was a 16-year-old foster child in Flint, Mich., the former auto-manufacturing mecca that had devolved, in the wake of General Motors’ plant closures, into one of the country’s most dangerous cities, with a decimated economy and a violent crime rate more than three times the national average. When JaQuavis was 8, social services had removed him from his mother’s home. He spent years bouncing between foster families. At 16, JaQuavis was also a businessman: a crack dealer with a network of street-corner peddlers in his employ.

One day that summer, JaQuavis met a fellow dealer in a parking lot on Flint’s west side. He was there to make a bulk sale of a quarter-brick, or “nine-piece” — a nine-ounce parcel of cocaine, with a street value of about $11,000. In the middle of the transaction, JaQuavis heard the telltale chirp of a walkie-talkie. His customer, he now realized, was an undercover policeman. JaQuavis jumped into his car and spun out onto the road, with two unmarked police cars in pursuit. He didn’t want to get into a high-speed chase, so he whipped his car into a church parking lot and made a run for it, darting into an alleyway behind a row of small houses, where he tossed the quarter-brick into some bushes. When JaQuavis reached the small residential street on the other side of the houses, he was greeted by the police, who handcuffed him and went to search behind the houses where, they told him, they were certain he had ditched the drugs. JaQuavis had been dealing since he was 12, had amassed more than $100,000 and had never been arrested. Now, he thought: It’s over.

But when the police looked in the bushes, they couldn’t find any cocaine. They interrogated JaQuavis, who denied having ever possessed or sold drugs. They combed the backyard alley some more. After an hour of fruitless efforts, the police were forced to unlock the handcuffs and release their suspect.

JaQuavis was baffled by the turn of events until the next day, when he received a phone call. The previous afternoon, a 15-year-old girl had been sitting in her home on the west side of Flint when she heard sirens. She looked out of the window of her bedroom, and watched a young man throw a package in the bushes behind her house. She recognized him. He was a high school classmate — a handsome, charismatic boy whom she had admired from afar. The girl crept outside and grabbed the bundle, which she hid in her basement. “I have something that belongs to you,” Ashley Snell told JaQuavis Coleman when she reached him by phone. “You wanna come over here and pick it up?”

Photo
Three of the nearly 50 works of urban fiction published by the Colemans over the last decade, often featuring drug deals, violence, sex and a brash kind of feminism.Credit Marko Metzinger

In the Colemans’ first novel, “Dirty Money” (2005), they told a version of this story. The outline was the same: the drug deal gone bad, the dope chucked in the bushes, the fateful phone call. To the extent that the authors took poetic license, it was to tone down the meet-cute improbability of the true-life events. In “Dirty Money,” the girl, Anari, and the crack dealer, Maurice, circle each other warily for a year or so before coupling up. But the facts of Ashley and JaQuavis’s romance outstripped pulp fiction. They fell in love more or less at first sight, moved into their own apartment while still in high school and were married in 2008. “We were together from the day we met,” Ashley says. “I don’t think we’ve spent more than a week apart in total over the past 14 years.”

That partnership turned out to be creative and entrepreneurial as well as romantic. Over the past decade, the Colemans have published nearly 50 books, sometimes as solo writers, sometimes under pseudonyms, but usually as collaborators with a byline that has become a trusted brand: “Ashley & JaQuavis.” They are marquee stars of urban fiction, or street lit, a genre whose inner-city settings and lurid mix of crime, sex and sensationalism have earned it comparisons to gangsta rap. The emergence of street lit is one of the big stories in recent American publishing, a juggernaut that has generated huge sales by catering to a readership — young, black and, for the most part, female — that historically has been ill-served by the book business. But the genre is also widely maligned. Street lit is subject to a kind of triple snobbery: scorned by literati who look down on genre fiction generally, ignored by a white publishing establishment that remains largely indifferent to black books and disparaged by African-American intellectuals for poor writing, coarse values and trafficking in racial stereotypes.

But if a certain kind of cultural prestige is shut off to the Colemans, they have reaped other rewards. They’ve built a large and loyal fan base, which gobbles up the new Ashley & JaQuavis titles that arrive every few months. Many of those books are sold at street-corner stands and other off-the-grid venues in African-American neighborhoods, a literary gray market that doesn’t register a blip on best-seller tallies. Yet the Colemans’ most popular series now regularly crack the trade fiction best-seller lists of The New York Times and Publishers Weekly. For years, the pair had no literary agent; they sold hundreds of thousands of books without banking a penny in royalties. Still, they have earned millions of dollars, almost exclusively from cash-for-manuscript deals negotiated directly with independent publishing houses. In short, though little known outside of the world of urban fiction, the Colemans are one of America’s most successful literary couples, a distinction they’ve achieved, they insist, because of their work’s gritty authenticity and their devotion to a primal literary virtue: the power of the ripping yarn.

“When you read our books, you’re gonna realize: ‘Ashley & JaQuavis are storytellers,’ ” says Ashley. “Our tales will get your heart pounding.”

THE COLEMANS’ HOME BASE — the cottage from which they operate their cottage industry — is a spacious four-bedroom house in a genteel suburb about 35 miles north of downtown Detroit. The house is plush, but when I visited this past winter, it was sparsely appointed. The couple had just recently moved in, and had only had time to fully furnish the bedroom of their 4-year-old son, Quaye.

In conversation, Ashley and JaQuavis exude both modesty and bravado: gratitude for their good fortune and bootstrappers’ pride in having made their own luck. They talk a lot about their time in the trenches, the years they spent as a drug dealer and “ride-or-die girl” tandem. In Flint they learned to “grind hard.” Writing, they say, is merely a more elevated kind of grind.

“Instead of hitting the block like we used to, we hit the laptops,” says Ashley. “I know what every word is worth. So while I’m writing, I’m like: ‘Okay, there’s a hundred dollars. There’s a thousand dollars. There’s five thousand dollars.’ ”

They maintain a rigorous regimen. They each try to write 5,000 words per day, five days a week. The writers stagger their shifts: JaQuavis goes to bed at 7 p.m. and wakes up early, around 3 or 4 in the morning, to work while his wife and child sleep. Ashley writes during the day, often in libraries or at Starbucks.

They divide the labor in other ways. Chapters are divvied up more or less equally, with tasks assigned according to individual strengths. (JaQuavis typically handles character development. Ashley loves writing murder scenes.) The results are stitched together, with no editorial interference from one author in the other’s text. The real work, they contend, is the brainstorming. The Colemans spend weeks mapping out their plot-driven books — long conversations that turn into elaborate diagrams on dry-erase boards. “JaQuavis and I are so close, it makes the process real easy,” says Ashley. “Sometimes when I’m thinking of something, a plot point, he’ll say it out loud, and I’m like: ‘Wait — did I say that?’ ”

Their collaboration developed by accident, and on the fly. Both were bookish teenagers. Ashley read lots of Judy Blume and John Grisham; JaQuavis liked Shakespeare, Richard Wright and “Atlas Shrugged.” (Their first official date was at a Borders bookstore, where Ashley bought “The Coldest Winter Ever,” the Sister Souljah novel often credited with kick-starting the contemporary street-lit movement.) In 2003, Ashley, then 17, was forced to terminate an ectopic pregnancy. She was bedridden for three weeks, and to provide distraction and boost her spirits, JaQuavis challenged his girlfriend to a writing contest. “She just wasn’t talking. She was laying in bed. I said, ‘You know what? I bet you I could write a better book than you.’ My wife is real competitive. So I said, ‘Yo, all right, $500 bet.’ And I saw her eyes spark, like, ‘What?! You can’t write no better book than me!’ So I wrote about three chapters. She wrote about three chapters. Two days later, we switched.”

The result, hammered out in a few days, would become “Dirty Money.” Two years later, when Ashley and JaQuavis were students at Ferris State University in Western Michigan, they sold the manuscript to Urban Books, a street-lit imprint founded by the best-selling author Carl Weber. At the time, JaQuavis was still making his living selling drugs. When Ashley got the phone call informing her that their book had been bought, she assumed they’d hit it big, and flushed more than $10,000 worth of cocaine down the toilet. Their advance was a mere $4,000.

Photo
The roots of street lit, found in the midcentury detective novels of Chester Himes and the ‘60s and ‘70s “ghetto fiction” of Iceberg Slim and Donald Goines.Credit Marko Metzinger

Those advances would soon increase, eventually reaching five and six figures. The Colemans built their career, JaQuavis says, in a manner that made sense to him as a veteran dope peddler: by flooding the street with product. From the start, they were prolific, churning out books at a rate of four or five a year. Their novels made their way into stores; the now-defunct chain Waldenbooks, which had stores in urban areas typically bypassed by booksellers, was a major engine of the street-lit market. But Ashley and JaQuavis took advantage of distribution channels established by pioneering urban fiction authors such as Teri Woods and Vickie Stringer, and a network of street-corner tables, magazine stands, corner shops and bodegas. Like rappers who establish their bona fides with gray-market mixtapes, street-lit authors use this system to circumnavigate industry gatekeepers, bringing their work straight to the genre’s core readership. But urban fiction has other aficionados, in less likely places. “Our books are so popular in the prison system,” JaQuavis says. “We’re banned in certain penitentiaries. Inmates fight over the books — there are incidents, you know? I have loved ones in jail, and they’re like: ‘Yo, your books can’t come in here. It’s against the rules.’ ”

The appeal of the Colemans’ work is not hard to fathom. The books are formulaic and taut; they deliver the expected goods efficiently and exuberantly. The titles telegraph the contents: “Diary of a Street Diva,” “Kiss Kiss, Bang Bang,” “Murderville.” The novels serve up a stream of explicit sex and violence in a slangy, tangy, profane voice. In Ashley & JaQuavis’s books people don’t get killed: they get “popped,” “laid out,” get their “cap twisted back.” The smut is constant, with emphasis on the earthy, sticky, olfactory particulars. Romance novel clichés — shuddering orgasms, heroic carnal feats, superlative sexual skill sets — are rendered in the Colemans’ punchy patois.

Subtlety, in other words, isn’t Ashley & JaQuavis’s forte. But their books do have a grainy specificity. In “The Cartel” (2008), the first novel in the Colemans’ best-selling saga of a Miami drug syndicate, they catch the sights and smells of a crack workshop in a housing project: the nostril-stinging scent of cocaine and baking soda bubbling on stovetops; the teams of women, stripped naked except for hospital masks so they can’t pilfer the merchandise, “cutting up the cooked coke on the round wood table.” The subject matter is dark, but the Colemans’ tone is not quite noir. Even in the grimmest scenes, the mood is high-spirited, with the writers palpably relishing the lewd and gory details: the bodies writhing in boudoirs and crumpling under volleys of bullets, the geysers of blood and other bodily fluids.

The luridness of street lit has made it a flashpoint, inciting controversy reminiscent of the hip-hop culture wars of the 1980s and ’90s. But the street-lit debate touches deeper historical roots, reviving decades-old arguments in black literary circles about the mandate to uplift the race and present wholesome images of African-Americans. In 1928, W. E. B. Du Bois slammed the “licentiousness” of “Home to Harlem,” Claude McKay’s rollicking novel of Harlem nightlife. McKay’s book, Du Bois wrote, “for the most part nauseates me, and after the dirtier parts of its filth I feel distinctly like taking a bath.” Similar sentiments have greeted 21st-century street lit. In a 2006 New York Times Op-Ed essay, the journalist and author Nick Chiles decried “the sexualization and degradation of black fiction.” African-American bookstores, Chiles complained, are “overrun with novels that . . . appeal exclusively to our most prurient natures — as if these nasty books were pairing off back in the stockrooms like little paperback rabbits and churning out even more graphic offspring that make Ralph Ellison books cringe into a dusty corner.”

Copulating paperbacks aside, it’s clear that the street-lit debate is about more than literature, touching on questions of paternalism versus populism, and on middle-class anxieties about the black underclass. “It’s part and parcel of black elites’ efforts to define not only a literary tradition, but a racial politics,” said Kinohi Nishikawa, an assistant professor of English and African-American Studies at Princeton University. “There has always been a sense that because African-Americans’ opportunities to represent themselves are so limited in the first place, any hint of criminality or salaciousness would necessarily be a knock on the entire racial politics. One of the pressing debates about African-American literature today is: If we can’t include writers like Ashley & JaQuavis, to what extent is the foundation of our thinking about black literature faulty? Is it just a literature for elites? Or can it be inclusive, bringing urban fiction under the purview of our umbrella term ‘African-American literature’?”

Defenders of street lit note that the genre has a pedigree: a tradition of black pulp fiction that stretches from Chester Himes, the midcentury author of hardboiled Harlem detective stories, to the 1960s and ’70s “ghetto fiction” of Iceberg Slim and Donald Goines, to the current wave of urban fiction authors. Others argue for street lit as a social good, noting that it attracts a large audience that might otherwise never read at all. Scholars like Nishikawa link street lit to recent studies showing increased reading among African-Americans. A 2014 Pew Research Center report found that a greater percentage of black Americans are book readers than whites or Latinos.

For their part, the Colemans place their work in the broader black literary tradition. “You have Maya Angelou, Alice Walker, James Baldwin — all of these traditional black writers, who wrote about the struggles of racism, injustice, inequality,” says Ashley. “We’re writing about the struggle as it happens now. It’s just a different struggle. I’m telling my story. I’m telling the struggle of a black girl from Flint, Michigan, who grew up on welfare.”

Photo
The Colemans in their new four-bedroom house in the northern suburbs of Detroit.Credit Courtesy of Ashley and JaQuavis Coleman

Perhaps there is a high-minded case to be made for street lit. But the virtues of Ashley & JaQuavis’s work are more basic. Their novels do lack literary polish. The writing is not graceful; there are passages of clunky exposition and sex scenes that induce guffaws and eye rolls. But the pleasure quotient is high. The books flaunt a garish brand of feminism, with women characters cast not just as vixens, but also as gangsters — cold-blooded killers, “murder mamas.” The stories are exceptionally well-plotted. “The Cartel” opens by introducing its hero, the crime boss Carter Diamond; on page 9, a gunshot spatters Diamond’s brain across the interior of a police cruiser. The book then flashes back seven years and begins to hurtle forward again — a bullet train, whizzing readers through shifting alliances, romantic entanglements and betrayals, kidnappings, shootouts with Haitian and Dominican gangsters, and a cliffhanger closing scene that leaves the novel’s heroine tied to a chair in a basement, gruesomely tortured to the edge of death. Ashley & JaQuavis’s books are not Ralph Ellison, certainly, but they build up quite a head of steam. They move.

The Colemans are moving themselves these days. They recently signed a deal with St. Martin’s Press, which will bring out the next installment in the “Cartel” series as well as new solo series by both writers. The St. Martin’s deal is both lucrative and legitimizing — a validation of Ashley and JaQuavis’s work by one of publishing’s most venerable houses. The Colemans’ ambitions have grown, as well. A recent trilogy, “Murderville,” tackles human trafficking and the blood-diamond industry in West Africa, with storylines that sweep from Sierra Leone to Mexico to Los Angeles. Increasingly, Ashley & JaQuavis are leaning on research — traveling to far-flung settings and hitting the books in the libraries — and spending less time mining their own rough-and-tumble past.

But Flint remains a source of inspiration. One evening not long ago, JaQuavis led me on a tour of his hometown: a popular roadside bar; the parking lot where he met the undercover cop for the ill-fated drug deal; Ashley’s old house, the site of his almost-arrest. He took me to a ramshackle vehicle repair shop on Flint’s west side, where he worked as a kid, washing cars. He showed me a bathroom at the rear of the garage, where, at age 12, he sneaked away to inspect the first “boulder” of crack that he ever sold. A spray-painted sign on the garage wall, which JaQuavis remembered from his time at the car wash, offered words of warning:

WHAT EVERY YOUNG MAN SHOULD KNOW
ABOUT USING A GUN:
MURDER . . . 30 Years
ARMED ROBBERY . . . 15 Years
ASSAULT . . . 15 Years
RAPE . . . 20 Years
POSSESSION . . . 5 Years
JACKING . . . 20 YEARS

“We still love Flint, Michigan,” JaQuavis says. “It’s so seedy, so treacherous. But there’s some heart in this city. This is where it all started, selling books out the box. In the days when we would get those little $40,000 advances, they’d send us a couple boxes of books for free. We would hit the streets to sell our books, right out of the car trunk. It was a hustle. It still is.”

One old neighborhood asset that the Colemans have not shaken off is swagger. “My wife is the best female writer in the game,” JaQuavis told me. “I believe I’m the best male writer in the game. I’m sleeping next to the best writer in the world. And she’s doing the same.”

 
From T Magazine: Street Lit’s Power Couple

Mr. Paczynski was one of the concentration camp’s longest surviving inmates and served as the personal barber to its Nazi commandant Rudolf Höss.

Jozef Paczynski, Inmate Barber to Auschwitz Commandant, Dies at 95
Children playing last week in Sandtown-Winchester, the Baltimore neighborhood where Freddie Gray was raised. One young resident called it “a tough community.”
Todd Heisler/The New York Times

Children playing last week in Sandtown-Winchester, the Baltimore neighborhood where Freddie Gray was raised. One young resident called it “a tough community.”

Hard but Hopeful Home to ‘Lot of Freddies’

Hard but Hopeful Home to ‘Lot of Freddies’

“It was really nice to play with other women and not have this underlying tone of being at each other’s throats.”

ay 4, 2015 ‘Game of Thrones’ Q&A: Keisha Castle-Hughes on the Tao of the Sand Snakes

Mr. King sang for the Drifters and found success as a solo performer with hits like “Spanish Harlem.”

Ben E. King, Soulful Singer of ‘Stand by Me,’ Dies at 76

BALTIMORE — In the afternoons, the streets of Locust Point are clean and nearly silent. In front of the rowhouses, potted plants rest next to steps of brick or concrete. There is a shopping center nearby with restaurants, and a grocery store filled with fresh foods.

And the National Guard and the police are largely absent. So, too, residents say, are worries about what happened a few miles away on April 27 when, in a space of hours, parts of this city became riot zones.

“They’re not our reality,” Ashley Fowler, 30, said on Monday at the restaurant where she works. “They’re not what we’re living right now. We live in, not to be racist, white America.”

As Baltimore considers its way forward after the violent unrest brought by the death of Freddie Gray, a 25-year-old black man who died of injuries he suffered while in police custody, residents in its predominantly white neighborhoods acknowledge that they are sometimes struggling to understand what beyond Mr. Gray’s death spurred the turmoil here. For many, the poverty and troubled schools of gritty West Baltimore are distant troubles, glimpsed only when they pass through the area on their way somewhere else.

Photo
 
Officers blocked traffic at Pennsylvania and West North Avenues after reports that a gun was discharged in the area. Credit Drew Angerer for The New York Times

And so neighborhoods of Baltimore are facing altogether different reckonings after Mr. Gray’s death. In mostly black communities like Sandtown-Winchester, where some of the most destructive rioting played out last week, residents are hoping businesses will reopen and that the police will change their strategies. But in mostly white areas like Canton and Locust Point, some residents wonder what role, if any, they should play in reimagining stretches of Baltimore where they do not live.

“Most of the people are kind of at a loss as to what they’re supposed to do,” said Dr. Richard Lamb, a dentist who has practiced in the same Locust Point office for nearly 39 years. “I listen to the news reports. I listen to the clergymen. I listen to the facts of the rampant unemployment and the lack of opportunities in the area. Listen, I pay my taxes. Exactly what can I do?”

And in Canton, where the restaurants have clever names like Nacho Mama’s and Holy Crepe Bakery and Café, Sara Bahr said solutions seemed out of reach for a proudly liberal city.

“I can only imagine how frustrated they must be,” said Ms. Bahr, 36, a nurse who was out with her 3-year-old daughter, Sally. “I just wish I knew how to solve poverty. I don’t know what to do to make it better.”

The day of unrest and the overwhelmingly peaceful demonstrations that followed led to hundreds of arrests, often for violations of the curfew imposed on the city for five consecutive nights while National Guard soldiers patrolled the streets. Although there were isolated instances of trouble in Canton, the neighborhood association said on its website, many parts of southeast Baltimore were physically untouched by the tumult.

Tensions in the city bubbled anew on Monday after reports that the police had wounded a black man in Northwest Baltimore. The authorities denied those reports and sent officers to talk with the crowds that gathered while other officers clutching shields blocked traffic at Pennsylvania and West North Avenues.

Lt. Col. Melvin Russell, a community police officer, said officers had stopped a man suspected of carrying a handgun and that “one of those rounds was spent.”

Colonel Russell said officers had not opened fire, “so we couldn’t have shot him.”

Photo
 
Lambi Vasilakopoulos, right, who runs a casual restaurant in Canton, said he was incensed by last week's looting and predicted tensions would worsen. Credit Drew Angerer for The New York Times

The colonel said the man had not been injured but was taken to a hospital as a precaution. Nearby, many people stood in disbelief, despite the efforts by the authorities to quash reports they described as “unfounded.”

Monday’s episode was a brief moment in a larger drama that has yielded anger and confusion. Although many people said they were familiar with accounts of the police harassing or intimidating residents, many in Canton and Locust Point said they had never experienced it themselves. When they watched the unrest, which many protesters said was fueled by feelings that they lived only on Baltimore’s margins, even those like Ms. Bahr who were pained by what they saw said they could scarcely comprehend the emotions associated with it.

But others, like Lambi Vasilakopoulos, who runs a casual restaurant in Canton, said they were incensed by what unfolded last week.

“What happened wasn’t called for. Protests are one thing; looting is another thing,” he said, adding, “We’re very frustrated because we’re the ones who are going to pay for this.”

There were pockets of optimism, though, that Baltimore would enter a period of reconciliation.

“I’m just hoping for peace,” Natalie Boies, 53, said in front of the Locust Point home where she has lived for 50 years. “Learn to love each other; be patient with each other; find justice; and care.”

A skeptical Mr. Vasilakopoulos predicted tensions would worsen.

“It cannot be fixed,” he said. “It’s going to get worse. Why? Because people don’t obey the laws. They don’t want to obey them.”

But there were few fears that the violence that plagued West Baltimore last week would play out on these relaxed streets. The authorities, Ms. Fowler said, would make sure of that.

“They kept us safe here,” she said. “I didn’t feel uncomfortable when I was in my house three blocks away from here. I knew I was going to be O.K. because I knew they weren’t going to let anyone come and loot our properties or our businesses or burn our cars.”

Baltimore Residents Away From Turmoil Consider Their Role

Since a white police officer, Darren Wilson fatally shot unarmed black teenager, Michael Brown, in a confrontation last August in Ferguson, Mo., there have been many other cases in which the police have shot and killed suspects, some of them unarmed. Mr. Brown's death set off protests throughout the country, pushing law enforcement into the spotlight and sparking a public debate on police tactics. Here is a selection of police shootings that have been reported by news organizations since Mr. Brown's death. In some cases, investigations are continuing.

Photo
 
 
The apartment complex northeast of Atlanta where Anthony Hill, 27, was fatally shot by a DeKalb County police officer. Credit Ben Gray/Atlanta Journal Constitution

Chamblee, Ga.
Fatal Police Shootings: Accounts Since Ferguson

At the National Institutes of Health, Dr. Suzman’s signature accomplishment was the central role he played in creating a global network of surveys on aging.

Richard Suzman, 72, Dies; Researcher Influenced Global Surveys on Aging
biaya umrah mei di Pal Meriam jakarta
harga umrah mei di Kayu Putih jakarta
paket promo umroh awal tahun di Batuampar jakarta
paket promo umrah akhir tahun di Pulo Gadung jakarta
paket berangkat umrah akhir tahun di Ujung Menteng jakarta
biaya berangkat umroh januari di Bidaracina jakarta
harga paket umrah awal tahun di Rawa Bunga jakarta
harga paket berangkat umroh juni di Kebon Pala jakarta
harga berangkat umrah maret di Rawa Bunga jakarta
harga paket umrah april di Bidaracina jakarta
biaya paket umrah april di Cipinang Cempedak jakarta
paket umrah akhir tahun di Duren Sawit jakarta
biaya umrah desember di Bambu Apus jakarta
harga umroh mei di Cipinang jakarta
paket promo berangkat umroh akhir tahun di Pulo Gadung jakarta
harga umroh februari di Cakung Timur jakarta
paket berangkat umroh maret di Batuampar jakarta
paket berangkat umrah juni di Bidaracina jakarta
paket umrah juni di Kampung Gedong,Cijantung jakarta
paket berangkat umrah april bekasi utara
biaya umrah januari di Cipinang Melayu jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umroh april di Cilangkap jakarta
promo berangkat umroh ramadhan di Ceger jakarta
biaya umroh april di Cakung jakarta
harga berangkat umroh maret di Ujung Menteng jakarta
paket umroh mei di Jati jakarta
promo berangkat umrah juni di Pulogebang jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umroh desember bogor
biaya berangkat umroh desember di Cilangkap jakarta
harga paket berangkat umrah januari di Munjul jakarta
paket umroh juni di Malaka Jaya jakarta
paket berangkat umroh januari di Pulo Gadung jakarta
promo berangkat umroh awal tahun di Jatinegara Kaum jakarta
harga umroh april tangerang
harga paket umroh juni di Pisangan Timur jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umroh mei di Duren Sawit jakarta
paket berangkat umrah awal tahun di Ujung Menteng jakarta
harga umroh februari di Pisangan Baru jakarta
harga paket umrah mei di Ciracas jakarta
biaya paket umrah januari di Bali Mester jakarta
biaya berangkat umrah juni di Cakung Barat jakarta
paket promo berangkat umroh ramadhan di Pulo Gadung jakarta
biaya umroh juni di Utan Kayu Utara jakarta
harga paket berangkat umroh april di Bambu Apus jakarta
harga paket umroh awal tahun bekasi selatan
promo umrah awal tahun di Jatinegara Kaum jakarta
harga umrah maret di Jatinegara Kaum jakarta
paket promo umrah maret di Munjul jakarta
harga paket umroh februari di Pekayon jakarta
paket promo berangkat umrah awal tahun di Rawa Terate jakarta
paket promo umroh maret di Kampung Melayu jakarta
harga paket berangkat umrah desember di Rambutan jakarta
paket promo umroh april di Setu jakarta
biaya paket umroh awal tahun di Bali Mester jakarta
promo berangkat umrah desember di Cipinang Melayu jakarta
harga paket umroh februari di Rawamangun jakarta
promo umroh desember di Cakung jakarta
paket berangkat umroh awal tahun di Pondok Ranggon jakarta
harga paket umrah mei bekasi barat
biaya berangkat umroh awal tahun tangerang
biaya paket umrah awal tahun di Balekambang jakarta
promo berangkat umroh ramadhan bekasi selatan
promo berangkat umroh maret di Rawa Bunga jakarta
harga paket berangkat umroh juni di Pondok Ranggon jakarta
harga paket umrah ramadhan di Kalisari jakarta
harga paket umrah mei di Jati jakarta
paket promo umroh maret di Kebon Pala jakarta
paket promo umrah ramadhan di Lubang Buaya jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umroh februari di Kalisari jakarta
paket promo umrah akhir tahun di Ciracas jakarta
harga umroh akhir tahun di Kramat Jati jakarta
harga paket berangkat umroh februari di Pondok Kopi jakarta
harga berangkat umroh januari di Utan Kayu Selatan jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umroh januari di Pasar Rebo jakarta
paket promo berangkat umroh ramadhan di Bambu Apus jakarta
harga paket berangkat umroh mei di Kampung Gedong,Cijantung jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umroh akhir tahun di Rawa Terate jakarta
biaya paket umrah mei di Ciracas jakarta
paket berangkat umroh awal tahun di Kampung Gedong,Cijantung jakarta
biaya paket umroh mei di Duren Sawit jakarta
paket promo berangkat umrah januari di Kampung Baru jakarta
harga paket umrah juni di Cipinang Besar Utara jakarta
harga paket berangkat umroh juni di Rawa Bunga jakarta
biaya paket umrah april di Pondok Kopi jakarta
promo berangkat umrah awal tahun di Batuampar jakarta
harga berangkat umrah juni di Kelapa Dua Wetan jakarta
promo berangkat umrah mei di Pulo Gadung jakarta
biaya paket umroh desember di Jatinegara jakarta
paket umroh januari di Ujung Menteng jakarta
paket umroh februari di Rawa Terate jakarta
harga paket berangkat umroh maret di Cipinang Melayu jakarta
harga paket umrah juni di Dukuh jakarta
promo berangkat umroh april di Halim Perdanakusuma jakarta
promo umrah februari di Munjul jakarta
biaya paket umroh februari di Makasar jakarta
harga paket umroh ramadhan di Jatinegara jakarta
promo umrah mei di Pisangan Baru jakarta
biaya berangkat umroh juni bekasi timur
harga paket berangkat umroh februari di Kayu Putih jakarta
harga paket umroh april di Pondok Kelapa jakarta