PAKET UMROH BULAN FEBRUARI MARET APRIL MEI 2018




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HAJI

Ibadah Haji mengikut kebiasaan sebutan orang adalah ‘haji besar’ dan ibadah Umrah pula disebut ‘haji kecil’. Musim Haji bermula daripada 1 Syawal hingga 10 Zulhijjah (hari raya puasa hingga hari raya haji), manakala Umrah boleh dilakukan pada bila-bila masa termasuk di luar musim haji. Dari segi syarak pula ianya adalah mengunjungi Baitullahil Haram di Mekah untuk mengerjakan ibadat-ibadat yang tertentu di sana.

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Menunaikan Haji

Menunaikan haji adalah rukun Islam kelima dan ia dikerjakan hanya di sekitar tanah suci Mekah serta masanya hanya dari 9 hingga 13 Zulhijah. Haji menurut syarak adalah mengunjungi Baitullah (Rumah Allah) di Mekah untuk beribadat ‘manasik’ (tawaf, saie, bergunting) dan wukuf pada waktu serta syarat-syarat tertentu dalam bulan Zulhijah.

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Firman Allah SWT: “Dan Allah mewajibkan ke atas manusia mengerjakan ibadat haji dengan mengunjungi Baitullah iaitu sesiapa yang mampu dan berkuasa untuk sampai ke sana. Dan sesiapa yang kufur (ingkar kewajipan haji itu), maka sesungguhnya Allah Maha Kaya (tidak berhajatkan sesuatu pun) dari sekalian makhluk.” (Surah Al-Imran, ayat 97)

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Ibadat haji hanya diwajibkan kepada Muslim yang berkemampuan dari segi kewangan, kesihatan fizikal dan juga mental. Allah membuka ruang dan memudahkan semua hamba-Nya menziarahi, mendekatkan diri dan bermunajat kepada-Nya serta memohon limpah Rahmat-Nya dan Hidayah-Nya. Ibadat haji adalah satu-satunya peluang keemasan untuk kita mengadap Allah secara lebih dekat.

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Firman Allah dalam surah al-Hajj: “Dan serulah manusia untuk mengerjakan haji, nescaya mereka akan datang kepada-Mu dengan berjalan kaki, atau mengenderai setiap unta yang kurus, mereka datang dari segenap penjuru yang jauh agar mereka menyaksikan berbagai-bagai manfaat untuk mereka dan agar mereka menyebut nama Allah pada beberapa hari (hari raya haji dan tasyrik) yang telah ditentukan.”

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Pemergian ke kota Makkah atau Arafah bukan semata-mata perjalanan jasad, tetapi perjalanan ‘rabbani’ iaitu perjalanan berserta ketulusan hati dan rohani ke arah menemui Allah SWT serta mengeratkan jalinan hubungan antara Allah sebagai Khalik (Pencipta) yang menjadikan alam sebagai makhluk-Nya dan manusia sebagai khalifah-Nya.

Firman Allah SWT.: “Dan sempurnakanlah ibadat haji dan umrah kerana Allah.” (Surah al-Baqarah, ayat 196).

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Haji dan Umrah, kedua-duanya hanya wajib sekali saja seumur hidup dan sunat dikerjakan berulang-ulang kali. Perbezaan jelas antara kedua-duanya ialah haji hanya boleh dikerjakan dalam bulan haji iaitu mulai 1 Syawal hingga naik fajar hari 10 Zulhijah.

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Allah menyediakan ganjaran cukup besar bagi sesiapa yang mengerjakan umrah dan haji pada bulan ini. Rasulullah SAW bersabda: “Daripada satu umrah ke umrah berikutnya adalah penghapus semua kesalahan serta dosa yang berlaku antara keduanya. Haji yang mabrur (yang dilakukan dengan ikhlas dan sempurna) itu tidak ada ganjarannya yang setimpal melainkan syurga.” (Hadis riwayat Bukhari dan Muslim).

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Niat Haji dan Umrah

1.  Niat mengerjakan Haji:
نَوَيْتُ الْحَجَّ وَأَحْرَمْتُ بِهِ لِلَّهِ تَعَاَلَى

Daku mengerjakan Haji dan berihram dengannya kerana Allah Ta’ala.

2.  Niat mengerjakan Umrah:
نَوَيْتُ الْعُمْرَةَ وَأَحْرَمْتُ بِهَا لِلَّهِ تَعَاَلَى

Daku mengerjakan Umrah dan berihram dengannya, kerana Allah Ta’ala.

3.  Niat mengerjakan Haji dan Umrah serentak (Haji Qiran):
نَوَيْتُ الْحَجَّ وَالْعُمْرَةَ وَأَحْرَمْتُ بِـهِمَا لِلَّهِ تَعَاَلَى

Daku mengerjakan Haji dan Umrah serta berihram dengan kedua-duanya, kerana Allah Ta’ala.

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FADILAT HAJI

Antara hadis Rasulullah SAW yang menghuraikan mengenai kelebihan ibadat haji, umrah dan tanah suci Makkah ialah:

    Ibadat haji itu dapat menghilangkan dosa sebagaimana air dapat menghilangkan segala daki.
    Setiap hari Allah menurunkan 120 rahmat untuk orang yang mengerjakan haji di Baitullah; 60 rahmat untuk orang yang bertawaf, 40 rahmat untuk orang yang bersolat dan 20 rahmat untuk yang memandang kepada Kaabah.
    Haji yang mabrur ialah pekerjaan haji yang tidak bercampur dengan dosa sejak ihram hingga Tahalul.
    Sesiapa yang mengerjakan haji kerana Allah dan dia tidak merosakkannya dengan sebab bersetubuh dan tidak membuat sebarang maksiat, maka pulangnya kelak seperti bayi yang baru dilahirkan oleh ibunya.
    Iringilah hajimu dengan melakukan umrah, kerana kedua-duanya akan menghapuskan kemiskinan dan dosa, laksana relau yang membakar hangus segala kotoran besi, emas dan perak.
    Tiadalah ganjaran lain bagi haji yang mabrur melainkan Syurga.
    Hujjaj dan Ummar  (Jemaah Haji dan Umrah) semuanya tetamu Allah, jika mereka berdoa kepada-Nya akan diperkenankan, jika mereka pohonkan keampunan akan diampunkan.
    Dari umrah ke umrah adalah penghapus dosa antara keduanya. Haji yang mabrur tiadalah lain ganjarannya melainkan syurga.
    Sesiapa yang sabar menanggung sakit sehari di Makkah, maka Allah tulis pahala amal soleh yang dikerjakan olehnya di luar Makkah sebanyak 60 tahun.
    Sesiapa yang bersabar menanggung satu saat panas siang hari di Makkah, Allah akan menjauhkan dia 100 tahun lamanya di neraka Jahanam.
    Sesiapa yang meninggal dalam pelayaran ke Tanah Suci Makkah sama ada waktu pergi atau balik, segala dosanya tidak akan dipamerkan dan tidak akan dikira pada hari kiamat (diampunkan).
    Siapa yang meninggal di Makkah seolah-olah dia telah meninggal di langit dunia.
    Baitullah ini adalah tunjang Islam, siapa yang keluar kerana mengunjunginya untuk mengerjakan haji atau umrah, dia dijamin Allah, jika dia meninggal ia akan dimasukkan ke syurga-Nya, jika dia pulang, pulang dengan ganjaran dan harta.
    Perbelanjaan yang dikeluarkan untuk ibadat haji adalah seperti perbelanjaan untuk fisabilillah, satu dirham digandakan dengan 700 X.
    Satu dari tanda-tanda haji yang diterima ialah; Apabila ia melakukan kebaikan dan amalan melebihi dari sebelum pemergian ke Makkah dan tidak lagi terdorong ke arah perkara-perkara maksiat.

SYARAT WAJIB SAH HAJI

Haji diwajibkan sekali sahaja seumur hidup, apabila memenuhi syarat:

    Islam
    Baligh dan berakal (Mukallaf).
    Merdeka
    Berkemampuan dan berkuasa.
    Wanita mesti mendapat izin suami atau wali, dan ditemani oleh suami, mahram atau wanita yang dipercayai.

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RUKUN HAJI

1.  Niat ihram
2.  Berwukuf di Arafah.
3.  Tawaf  Ifadah.
4.  Saie di antara Shafa dan Marwah.
5.  Bercukur atau bergunting rambut (Tahalul).
6.  Tertib pada kebanyakan rukun.

Jika tertinggal salah satu rukun atau tidak mengikut syaratnya maka Haji / Umrahnya TIDAK SAH (BATAL) dan terpaksa mengqadakannya semula dengan segera kerana masih di dalam ihram (pantang larang).

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BATAL HAJI

    Tidak melakukan semua rukun haji dengan sempurna mengikut syarat-syaratnya.
    Tidak melakukan dan hadir sendiri di tempat ibadat dan dalam masa yang ditetapkan, walaupun boleh dengan bantuan orang lain.
    Melakukan persetubuhan semasa ihram kecuali sesudah tahallul awal.
    Hilang akal atau pengsan sepanjang menunaikan haji.
    Membatalkan niat ibadat oleh sesuatu keadaan.
    Murtad.

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SYARAT WAJIB MENGERJAKAN HAJI

    Niat ihram di Miqat.
    Menjaga larangan dalam ihram.
    Bermalam di Mudzalifah.
    Melontar Jamrah Al-Aqabah.
    Bermalam di Mina.
    Melontar ketiga-tiga jamrah pada hari-hari Tasyriq.

Sekiranya tertinggal salah satu daripadanya HAJI / UMRAHNYA SAH tetapi diwajibkan dam

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SIMBOLIK RUKUN DAN WAJIB HAJI (Klik Di Sini)

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Slide Haji Dan Umrah
Ibadat Haji & Umrah Jenis Haji & Umrah

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Artikel Seterusnya Klik Tajuk-Tajuk Di Bawah…

JENIS-JENIS HAJI  (Klik Di Sini)

IHRAM  (Klik Di Sini)

MIQAT   (Klik Di Sini)

TAHALUL  (Klik Di Sini)

TAWAF  (Klik Di Sini)

SAIE  (Klik Di Sini)

WUKUF DI ARAFAH   (Klik Di Sini)

DOA MALAM ARAFAH   (Klik Di Sini)

MABIT DI MUDZALIFAH   (Klik Di Sini)

MELONTAR   (Klik Di Sini)

DAM   (Klik Di Sini)

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HIKMAH HAJI

    Menghapuskan dosa dan membersihkan jiwa.
    Mendapat keampunan dan ganjaran daripada Allah.
    Meningkatkan keimanan dan ketakwaan kepada Allah SWT.
    Memahami dan mengayati sejarah kecemerlangan Islam dengan mendalam.
    Melahirkan rasa syukur atas nikmat harta dan kesihatan yang diberikan Allah.
    Menimbulkan rasa keinsafan di dalam hati kerana ketika mengerjakan haji, kerana semua hamba Allah itu sama saja keadaannya dan tanggungan beban sama ada yang kaya, miskin, raja atau rakyat biasa.

Sumber : http://shafiqolbu.wordpress.com

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FADILAH HAJI DAN UMRAH

saco-indonesia.com, Kotak Kosong bagi seseorang bisa dianggap penuh oleh orang lain. Sebaliknya, penuh bagi seseorang bisa dianggap kosong oleh orang lain.

Kosong dan penuh, dua-duanya merupakan produk dari "pikiran" kita.

Kotak Kosong Bermakna

saco-indonesia.com, Wakapolri Komjen Pol Oegroseno akan segera memasuki masa pensiunnya pada akhir Februari 2014. Namun. Kapolri Jenderal Pol Sutarman belum juga menentukan pengganti Oegroseno.
 
Ketua Presidiun Indonesia Police Watch (IPW) Neta S Pane, juga mengatakan Wakapolri yang baru juga harus bisa membantu Kapolri untuk dapat membenahi masalah internal yang ada di korps baju cokelat itu.
 
"IPW juga tidak akan menyebut nama karena bisa dinilai sebagai pesan sponsor. Tapi, yang jelas Wakapolri yang baru juga harus mampu membantu tugas Kapolri, terutama dalam menyangkut pengembangan internal Polri," jelas Neta, Senin (3/2/2014) kemarin.
 
Menurut Neta, tugas pengembangan internal Polri, telah meliputi pengawasan dan pengembangan manajemen organisasi Polri. Selain itu, juga penataaan sistem kaderisasi Polri, memimpin Dewan Pertimbangan Jabatan dan Kepangkatan (Wanjak) Polri dan memimpin rapat-rapat perencanaan dalam proyek-proyek pengadaan di Polri.
 
"Tugas Wakapolri yang berat itu juga harus didukung semangat anti-korupsi, kolusi dan nepotisme (KKN). Agar Polri semakin profesional," tegasnya.
 
Neta juga menambahkan, Wakapolri baru juga harus membantu Kapolri dalam membuat strategi-strategi dalam mengamankan Pemilu dan Pilpres 2014.


Editor : Dian Sukmawati

WAKAPOLRI BARU HARUS SATU HATI DENGAN KAPOLRI
Asep Wiarsa yang berusia (38) tahun, sopir Bus PO Haryanto yang telah melarikan diri pascainsiden kecelakaan dengan kereta api telah berhasil dibekuk oleh Unit Reskrim Polsek Cikarang Barat, Kabupaten Bekasi, Senin (10/3) dini hari tadi. "Ditangkap di rumah pamannya di Kampung Rawalele, Kecamatan Dawuan, Kabupaten Subang," kata Kapolsek Cikarang Barat, Kompol Andre Librian. Petugas lalu telah membawa pelaku ke Polsek Cikarang Barat untuk dapat diperiksa terkait dalam kecelakaan yang terjadi pada Sabtu lalu. Statusnya saat ini juga masih sebagai saksi. "Belum ada penetapan tersangka," kata dia. Sopir itu sebelumnya telah melarikan diri. Dia dicari untuk dapat dimintai keterangan, terkait dalam peristiwa kecelakaan bus dengan kereta api di Perlintasan sebidang, Desa Wanasari, Kecamatan Cibitung. Bus yang ditabarak itu mengangkut sekitar 35 penumpang anak yatim dari Desa Wanasari. Bus ditabrak di bagian belakang kanan hingga terseret beberapa meter sampai berputar 90 derajat. Rencana pengajian dan santunan di kediaman putri Menteri Kehutanan, Zulkifli Hasan pun batal. Seluruh korban luka-luka langsung dilarikan ke Rumah Sakit Umum Daerah Kabupaten Bekasi, dan beberapa rumah sakit swasta. Polisi telah mencatat sembilan orang mengalami luka berat. Lima dirawat di RSUD, sedangkan empat lainnya dirujuk ke rumah sakit swasta karena luka cukup parah. Hasil pemeriksaan sejumlah saksi, penyebab kecelakaan itu dikarenakan sopir nekat menerobos perlintasan meski alarm sudah berbunyi.SOPIR BUS PEMBAWA ANAK YATIM DIBEKUK DI SUBANG

Indonesia memiliki perjalanan sejarah panjang dalam perkembangan agama - agama, dimana didalamnya juga terdapat warisan peninggalan sejarah dan budaya nusantara.

Saat ini kami memiliki paket - paket wisata rohani Islam yang dapat dijadikan wacana dan wawasan pengetahuan dan pendalaman keimanan peserta wisata paket rohani ini.

Walisongo

Walisongo  dikenal sebagai penyebar agama Islam di tanah Jawa pada abad ke 15 dan 16. Mereka tinggal di tiga wilayah penting pantai utara Pulau Jawa, yaitu Surabaya-Gresik-Lamongan di Jawa Timur, Demak-Kudus-Muria di Jawa Tengah, dan Cirebon di Jawa Barat. Yakni Surabaya-Gresik-Lamongan di Jawa Timur, Demak-Kudus-Muria di Jawa Tengah, serta Cirebon di Jawa Barat. Mereka adalah para intelektual yang menjadi pembaharu masyarakat pada masanya.

Mereka mengenalkan berbagai bentuk peradaban baru: mulai dari kesehatan, bercocok tanam, niaga, kebudayaan dan kesenian, kemasyarakatan hingga pemerintahan. Era Walisongo adalah era berakhirnya dominasi Hindu-Budha dalam budaya Nusantara untuk digantikan dengan kebudayaan Islam. Mereka adalah simbol penyebaran Islam di Indonesia, disamping tokoh - tokoh terkemuka penyebaran Islam khususnya di tanah Jawa. Namun peranan mereka yang sangat besar dalam mendirikan Kerajaan Islam di Jawa, juga pengaruhnya terhadap kebudayaan masyarakat secara luas serta dakwah secara langsung, membuat para Walisongo ini lebih banyak disebut dibanding yang lain.

Berwisata rohani dengan melakukan napak tilas, mengunjungi makam mereka  (ziarah makam walisongo) merupakan satu bentuk wisata rohani yang banyak dilakukan oleh wisatawan lokal, dan banyak juga wisatawan asing yang berkunjung dan berziarah ke makam para wali songo ini.

Ziarah wali songo banyak dilakukan juga oleh rombongan  kelompok pengajian yang ingin mengenal lebih dekat para wali songo melalui ziarah makam para wali songo (wali songo) ini, untuk meningkatkan pengetahuan dan keimanan islam yang sedang didalami / dipelajari.

Paket wisata ziarah walisongo / ziarah wali songo ini dapat dipilih per - masing - masing wali, beberapa wali atau ke-sembilan wali tersebut.

Paket Wisata Ziarah Wali Songo juga menyajikan akomodasi dan aneka keperluan wisata ziarah wali songo; konsumsi, transportasi, bakar kambing, door prize dll.

Banten Lama

Banten memiliki sejarah panjang sebagai satu bagian dari jejak perkembangan islam & perlawanan terhadap penjajahan Belanda di tanah air. Sejarah Sunda Lama - Kerajaan Mataram - merupakan bagian dari histori Banten.

Ternyata memang sejarah Kerajaan Islam Banten sejak abad ke-16 hingga abad ke-19 belum terkuak secara detail hingga saat ini. Potongan-potongan sejarah Kerajaan Islam Banten masih ditelusuri dan dikumpulkan oleh para sejarawan sampai detik ini.

Terdapat Situs Keraton Surosowan (pada tahun 1552), Keraton Kaibon (Ratu Aisyah - Ibunda Sultan Maulana Hasanudin), Masjid Agung (Masjid Agung Tanara - peninggalan Kesultanan Banten dibawah Sultan Maulana Hasanudin 1552 - 1570), Masjid Kasunyatan (terdapat makam syeikh Abdul Syukur Sepuh, Syeikh Abdul Syukur Putra - sejaman dengan wali songo), Kompleks pemakaman Sultan Maulana Yusuf

Dipandu oleh Tour Guide yang sangat memahami obyek wisata rohani tersebut, serta dapat memandu ritual ibadah yang tidak menyimpang dan tidak menyalahi kaidah - kaidah dalam islam.

Sumber : http://www.bandungtourtravel.com

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PAKET WISATA ROHANI

Since a white police officer, Darren Wilson fatally shot unarmed black teenager, Michael Brown, in a confrontation last August in Ferguson, Mo., there have been many other cases in which the police have shot and killed suspects, some of them unarmed. Mr. Brown's death set off protests throughout the country, pushing law enforcement into the spotlight and sparking a public debate on police tactics. Here is a selection of police shootings that have been reported by news organizations since Mr. Brown's death. In some cases, investigations are continuing.

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HOBART, Tasmania — Few places seem out of reach for China’s leader, Xi Jinping, who has traveled from European capitals to obscure Pacific and Caribbean islands in pursuit of his nation’s strategic interests.

So perhaps it was not surprising when he turned up last fall in this city on the edge of the Southern Ocean to put down a long-distance marker in another faraway region, Antarctica, 2,000 miles south of this Australian port.

Standing on the deck of an icebreaker that ferries Chinese scientists from this last stop before the frozen continent, Mr. Xi pledged that China would continue to expand in one of the few places on earth that remain unexploited by humans.

He signed a five-year accord with the Australian government that allows Chinese vessels and, in the future, aircraft to resupply for fuel and food before heading south. That will help secure easier access to a region that is believed to have vast oil and mineral resources; huge quantities of high-protein sea life; and for times of possible future dire need, fresh water contained in icebergs.

It was not until 1985, about seven decades after Robert Scott and Roald Amundsen raced to the South Pole, that a team representing Beijing hoisted the Chinese flag over the nation’s first Antarctic research base, the Great Wall Station on King George Island.

But now China seems determined to catch up. As it has bolstered spending on Antarctic research, and as the early explorers, especially the United States and Australia, confront stagnant budgets, there is growing concern about its intentions.

China’s operations on the continent — it opened its fourth research station last year, chose a site for a fifth, and is investing in a second icebreaker and new ice-capable planes and helicopters — are already the fastest growing of the 52 signatories to the Antarctic Treaty. That gentlemen’s agreement reached in 1959 bans military activity on the continent and aims to preserve it as one of the world’s last wildernesses; a related pact prohibits mining.

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But Mr. Xi’s visit was another sign that China is positioning itself to take advantage of the continent’s resource potential when the treaty expires in 2048 — or in the event that it is ripped up before, Chinese and Australian experts say.

“So far, our research is natural-science based, but we know there is more and more concern about resource security,” said Yang Huigen, director general of the Polar Research Institute of China, who accompanied Mr. Xi last November on his visit to Hobart and stood with him on the icebreaker, Xue Long, or Snow Dragon.

With that in mind, the polar institute recently opened a new division devoted to the study of resources, law, geopolitics and governance in Antarctica and the Arctic, Mr. Yang said.

Australia, a strategic ally of the United States that has strong economic relations with China, is watching China’s buildup in the Antarctic with a mix of gratitude — China’s presence offers support for Australia’s Antarctic science program, which is short of cash — and wariness.

“We should have no illusions about the deeper agenda — one that has not even been agreed to by Chinese scientists but is driven by Xi, and most likely his successors,” said Peter Jennings, executive director of the Australian Strategic Policy Institute and a former senior official in the Australian Department of Defense.

“This is part of a broader pattern of a mercantilist approach all around the world,” Mr. Jennings added. “A big driver of Chinese policy is to secure long-term energy supply and food supply.”

That approach was evident last month when a large Chinese agriculture enterprise announced an expansion of its fishing operations around Antarctica to catch more krill — small, protein-rich crustaceans that are abundant in Antarctic waters.

“The Antarctic is a treasure house for all human beings, and China should go there and share,” Liu Shenli, the chairman of the China National Agricultural Development Group, told China Daily, a state-owned newspaper. China would aim to fish up to two million tons of krill a year, he said, a substantial increase from what it currently harvests.

Because sovereignty over Antarctica is unclear, nations have sought to strengthen their claims over the ice-covered land by building research bases and naming geographic features. China’s fifth station will put it within reach of the six American facilities, and ahead of Australia’s three.

Chinese mappers have also given Chinese names to more than 300 sites, compared with the thousands of locations on the continent with English names.

In the unspoken competition for Antarctica’s future, scientific achievement can also translate into influence. Chinese scientists are driving to be the first to drill and recover an ice core containing tiny air bubbles that provide a record of climate change stretching as far back as 1.5 million years. It is an expensive and delicate effort at which others, including the European Union and Australia, have failed.

In a breakthrough a decade ago, European scientists extracted an ice core nearly two miles long that revealed 800,000 years of climate history. But finding an ice core going back further would allow scientists to examine a change in the earth’s climate cycles believed to have occurred 900,000 to 1.2 million years ago.

China is betting it has found the best location to drill, at an area called Dome A, or Dome Argus, the highest point on the East Antarctic Ice Sheet. Though it is considered one of the coldest places on the planet, with temperatures of 130 degrees below zero Fahrenheit, a Chinese expedition explored the area in 2005 and established a research station in 2009.

“The international community has drilled in lots of places, but no luck so far,” said Xiao Cunde, a member of the first party to reach the site and the deputy director of the Institute for Climate Change at the Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences. “We think at Dome A we will have a straight shot at the one-million-year ice core.”

Mr. Xiao said China had already begun drilling and hoped to find what scientists are looking for in four to five years.

To support its Antarctic aspirations, China is building a sophisticated $300 million icebreaker that is expected to be ready in a few years, said Xia Limin, deputy director of the Chinese Arctic and Antarctic Administration in Beijing. It has also bought a high-tech fixed-wing aircraft, outfitted in the United States, for taking sensitive scientific soundings from the ice.

China has chosen the site for its fifth research station at Inexpressible Island, named by a group of British explorers who were stranded at the desolate site in 1912 and survived the winter by excavating a small ice cave.

Mr. Xia said the inhospitable spot was ideal because China did not have a presence in that part of Antarctica, and because the rocky site did not have much snow, making it relatively cheap to build there.

Anne-Marie Brady, a professor of political science at the University of Canterbury in New Zealand and the author of a soon-to-be-released book, “China as a Polar Great Power,” said Chinese scientists also believed they had a good chance of finding mineral and energy resources near the site.

“China is playing a long game in Antarctica and keeping other states guessing about its true intentions and interests are part of its poker hand,” she said. But she noted that China’s interest in finding minerals was presented “loud and clear to domestic audiences” as the main reason it was investing in Antarctica.

Because commercial drilling is banned, estimates of energy and mineral resources in Antarctica rely on remote sensing data and comparisons with similar geological environments elsewhere, said Millard F. Coffin, executive director of the Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies in Hobart.

But the difficulty of extraction in such severe conditions and uncertainty about future commodity prices make it unlikely that China or any country would defy the ban on mining anytime soon.

Tourism, however, is already booming. Travelers from China are still a relatively small contingent in the Antarctic compared with the more than 13,000 Americans who visited in 2013, and as yet there are no licensed Chinese tour operators.

But that is about to change, said Anthony Bergin, deputy director of the Australian Strategic Policy Institute. “I understand very soon there will be Chinese tourists on Chinese vessels with all-Chinese crew in the Antarctic,” he said.

 

Top News China’s Intents Are Questioned as It Builds in Antarctica

A 2-minute-42-second demo recording captured in one take turned out to be a one-hit wonder for Mr. Ely, who was 19 when he sang the garage-band classic.

Jack Ely, Who Sang the Kingsmen’s ‘Louie Louie’, Dies at 71

Late in April, after Native American actors walked off in disgust from the set of Adam Sandler’s latest film, a western sendup that its distributor, Netflix, has defended as being equally offensive to all, a glow of pride spread through several Native American communities.

Tantoo Cardinal, a Canadian indigenous actress who played Black Shawl in “Dances With Wolves,” recalled thinking to herself, “It’s come.” Larry Sellers, who starred as Cloud Dancing in the 1990s television show “Dr. Quinn, Medicine Woman,” thought, “It’s about time.” Jesse Wente, who is Ojibwe and directs film programming at the TIFF Bell Lightbox in Toronto, found himself encouraged and surprised. There are so few film roles for indigenous actors, he said, that walking off the set of a major production showed real mettle.

But what didn’t surprise Mr. Wente was the content of the script. According to the actors who walked off the set, the film, titled “The Ridiculous Six,” included a Native American woman who passes out and is revived after white men douse her with alcohol, and another woman squatting to urinate while lighting a peace pipe. “There’s enough history at this point to have set some expectations around these sort of Hollywood depictions,” Mr. Wente said.

The walkout prompted a rhetorical “What do you expect from an Adam Sandler film?,” and a Netflix spokesman said that in the movie, blacks, Mexicans and whites were lampooned as well. But Native American actors and critics said a broader issue was at stake. While mainstream portrayals of native peoples have, Mr. Wente said, become “incrementally better” over the decades, he and others say, they remain far from accurate and reflect a lack of opportunities for Native American performers. What’s more, as Native Americans hunger for representation on screen, critics say the absence of three-dimensional portrayals has very real off-screen consequences.

“Our people are still healing from historical trauma,” said Loren Anthony, one of the actors who walked out. “Our youth are still trying to figure out who they are, where they fit in this society. Kids are killing themselves. They’re not proud of who they are.” They also don’t, he added, see themselves on prime time television or the big screen. Netflix noted while about five people walked off the “The Ridiculous Six” set, 100 or so Native American actors and extras stayed.

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But in interviews, nearly a dozen Native American actors and film industry experts said that Mr. Sandler’s humor perpetuated decades-old negative stereotypes. Mr. Anthony said such depictions helped feed the despondency many Native Americans feel, with deadly results: Native Americans have the highest suicide rate out of all the country’s ethnicities.

The on-screen problem is twofold, Mr. Anthony and others said: There’s a paucity of roles for Native Americans — according to the Screen Actors Guild in 2008 they accounted for 0.3 percent of all on-screen parts (those figures have yet to be updated), compared to about 2 percent of the general population — and Native American actors are often perceived in a narrow way.

In his Peabody Award-winning documentary “Reel Injun,” the Cree filmmaker Neil Diamond explored Hollywood depictions of Native Americans over the years, and found they fell into a few stereotypical categories: the Noble Savage, the Drunk Indian, the Mystic, the Indian Princess, the backward tribal people futilely fighting John Wayne and manifest destiny. While the 1990 film “Dances With Wolves” won praise for depicting Native Americans as fully fleshed out human beings, not all indigenous people embraced it. It was still told, critics said, from the colonialists’ point of view. In an interview, John Trudell, a Santee Sioux writer, actor (“Thunderheart”) and the former chairman of the American Indian Movement, described the film as “a story of two white people.”

“God bless ‘Dances with Wolves,’ ” Michael Horse, who played Deputy Hawk in “Twin Peaks,” said sarcastically. “Even ‘Avatar.’ Someone’s got to come save the tribal people.”

Dan Spilo, a partner at Industry Entertainment who represents Adam Beach, one of today’s most prominent Native American actors, said while typecasting dogs many minorities, it is especially intractable when it comes to Native Americans. Casting directors, he said, rarely cast them as police officers, doctors or lawyers. “There’s the belief that the Native American character should be on reservations or riding a horse,” he said.

“We don’t see ourselves,” Mr. Horse said. “We’re still an antiquated culture to them, and to the rest of the world.”

Ms. Cardinal said she was once turned down for the role of the wife of a child-abusing cop because the filmmakers felt that casting her would somehow be “too political.”

Another sore point is the long run of white actors playing American Indians, among them Burt Lancaster, Rock Hudson, Audrey Hepburn and, more recently, Johnny Depp, whose depiction of Tonto in the 2013 film “Lone Ranger,” was viewed as racist by detractors. There are, of course, exceptions. The former A&E series “Longmire,” which, as it happens, will now be on Netflix, was roundly praised for its depiction of life on a Northern Cheyenne reservation, with Lou Diamond Phillips, who is of Cherokee descent, playing a Northern Cheyenne man.

Others also point to the success of Mr. Beach, who played a Mohawk detective in “Law & Order: Special Victims Unit” and landed a starring role in the forthcoming D C Comics picture “Suicide Squad.” Mr. Beach said he had come across insulting scripts backed by people who don’t see anything wrong with them.

“I’d rather starve than do something that is offensive to my ancestral roots,” Mr. Beach said. “But I think there will always be attempts to drawn on the weakness of native people’s struggles. The savage Indian will always be the savage Indian. The white man will always be smarter and more cunning. The cavalry will always win.”

The solution, Mr. Wente, Mr. Trudell and others said, lies in getting more stories written by and starring Native Americans. But Mr. Wente noted that while independent indigenous film has blossomed in the last two decades, mainstream depictions have yet to catch up. “You have to stop expecting for Hollywood to correct it, because there seems to be no ability or desire to correct it,” Mr. Wente said.

There have been calls to boycott Netflix but, writing for Indian Country Today Media Network, which first broke news of the walk off, the filmmaker Brian Young noted that the distributor also offered a number of films by or about Native Americans.

The furor around “The Ridiculous Six” may drive more people to see it. Then one of the questions that Mr. Trudell, echoing others, had about the film will be answered: “Who the hell laughs at this stuff?”

Native American Actors Work to Overcome a Long-Documented Bias

GREENWICH, Conn. — Mago is in the bedroom. You can go in.

The big man lies on a hospital bed with his bare feet scraping its bottom rail. His head is propped on a scarlet pillow, the left temple dented, the right side paralyzed. His dark hair is kept just long enough to conceal the scars.

The occasional sounds he makes are understood only by his wife, but he still has that punctuating left hand. In slow motion, the fingers curl and close. A thumbs-up greeting.

Hello, Mago.

This is Magomed Abdusalamov, 34, also known as the Russian Tyson, also known as Mago. He is a former heavyweight boxer who scored four knockouts and 14 technical knockouts in his first 18 professional fights. He preferred to stand between rounds. Sitting conveyed weakness.

But Mago lost his 19th fight, his big chance, at the packed Theater at Madison Square Garden in November 2013. His 19th decision, and his last.

Now here he is, in a small bedroom in a working-class neighborhood in Greenwich, in a modest house his family rents cheap from a devoted friend. The air-pressure machine for his mattress hums like an expectant crowd.

 

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Mike Perez, left, and Magomed Abdusalamov during the fight in which Abdusalamov was injured. Credit Joe Camporeale/USA Today Sports, via Reuters

 

Today is like any other day, except for those days when he is hurried in crisis to the hospital. Every three hours during the night, his slight wife, Bakanay, 28, has risen to turn his 6-foot-3 body — 210 pounds of dead weight. It has to be done. Infections of the gaping bedsore above his tailbone have nearly killed him.

Then, with the help of a young caretaker, Baka has gotten two of their daughters off to elementary school and settled down the toddler. Yes, Mago and Baka are blessed with all girls, but they had also hoped for a son someday.

They feed Mago as they clean him; it’s easier that way. For breakfast, which comes with a side of crushed antiseizure pills, he likes oatmeal with a squirt of Hershey’s chocolate syrup. But even oatmeal must be puréed and fed to him by spoon.

He opens his mouth to indicate more, the way a baby does. But his paralysis has made everything a choking hazard. His water needs a stirring of powdered food thickener, and still he chokes — eh-eh-eh — as he tries to cough up what will not go down.

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Mago used to drink only water. No alcohol. Not even soda. A sip of juice would be as far as he dared. Now even water betrays him.

With the caretaker’s help, Baka uses a washcloth and soap to clean his body and shampoo his hair. How handsome still, she has thought. Sometimes, in the night, she leaves the bedroom to watch old videos, just to hear again his voice in the fullness of life. She cries, wipes her eyes and returns, feigning happiness. Mago must never see her sad.

 

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 Abdusalamov's hand being massaged. Credit Ángel Franco/The New York Times

 

When Baka finishes, Mago is cleanshaven and fresh down to his trimmed and filed toenails. “I want him to look good,” she says.

Theirs was an arranged Muslim marriage in Makhachkala, in the Russian republic of Dagestan. He was 23, she was 18 and their future hinged on boxing. Sometimes they would shadowbox in love, her David to his Goliath. You are so strong, he would tell her.

His father once told him he could either be a bandit or an athlete, but if he chose banditry, “I will kill you.” This paternal advice, Mago later told The Ventura County Reporter, “made it a very easy decision for me.”

Mago won against mediocre competition, in Moscow and Hollywood, Fla., in Las Vegas and Johnstown, Pa. He was knocked down only once, and even then, it surprised more than hurt. He scored a technical knockout in the next round.

It all led up to this: the undercard at the Garden, Mike Perez vs. Magomed Abdusalamov, 10 rounds, on HBO. A win, he believed, would improve his chances of taking on the heavyweight champion Wladimir Klitschko, who sat in the crowd of 4,600 with his fiancée, the actress Hayden Panettiere, watching.

Wearing black-and-red trunks and a green mouth guard, Mago went to work. But in the first round, a hard forearm to his left cheek rocked him. At the bell, he returned to his corner, and this time, he sat down. “I think it’s broken,” he repeatedly said in Russian.

 

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Bakanay Abdusalamova, Abdusalamov's wife, and her injured husband and a masseur in the background. Credit Ángel Franco/The New York Times

 

Maybe at that point, somebody — the referee, the ringside doctors, his handlers — should have stopped the fight, under a guiding principle: better one punch too early than one punch too late. But the bloody trade of blows continued into the seventh, eighth, ninth, a hand and orbital bone broken, his face transforming.

Meanwhile, in the family’s apartment in Miami, Baka forced herself to watch the broadcast. She could see it in his swollen eyes. Something was off.

After the final round, Perez raised his tattooed arms in victory, and Mago wandered off in a fog. He had taken 312 punches in about 40 minutes, for a purse of $40,000.

 

 

In the locker room, doctors sutured a cut above Mago’s left eye and tested his cognitive abilities. He did not do well. The ambulance that waits in expectation at every fight was not summoned by boxing officials.

Blood was pooling in Mago’s cranial cavity as he left the Garden. He vomited on the pavement while his handlers flagged a taxi to St. Luke’s-Roosevelt Hospital. There, doctors induced a coma and removed part of his skull to drain fluids and ease the swelling.

Then came the stroke.

 

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A championship belt belonging to Abdusalamov and a card from one of his daughters. Credit Ángel Franco/The New York Times

 

It is lunchtime now, and the aroma of puréed beef and potatoes lingers. So do the questions.

How will Mago and Baka pay the $2 million in medical bills they owe? What if their friend can no longer offer them this home? Will they win their lawsuits against the five ringside doctors, the referee, and a New York State boxing inspector? What about Mago’s future care?

Most of all: Is this it?

A napkin rests on Mago’s chest. As another spoonful of mush approaches, he opens his mouth, half-swallows, chokes, and coughs until it clears. Eh-eh-eh. Sometimes he turns bluish, but Baka never shows fear. Always happy for Mago.

Some days he is wheeled out for physical therapy or speech therapy. Today, two massage therapists come to knead his half-limp body like a pair of skilled corner men.

Soon, Mago will doze. Then his three daughters, ages 2, 6 and 9, will descend upon him to talk of their day. Not long ago, the oldest lugged his championship belt to school for a proud show-and-tell moment. Her classmates were amazed at the weight of it.

Then, tonight, there will be more puréed food and pulverized medication, more coughing, and more tender care from his wife, before sleep comes.

Goodbye, Mago.

He half-smiles, raises his one good hand, and forms a fist.

Meet Mago, Former Heavyweight
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