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saco-indonesia.com, “Bekerja secara sistem adalah manusia yang menghargai dan melaksanakan sistem, terhindar dari masalah, jauh dari ancaman, pelanggaran dan penyimpangan serta tidak gampang ditakut-takuti bahkan menjadi berani terhadap terror”.

Bekerja Dengan Sistem

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Ibadah haji adalah salah satu rukun Islam yang lima, dan salah satu kewajiban dalam Islam, berdasarkan al-Quran, as-Sunnah dan ijma' kaum Muslimin.
Allah Subhannahu wa Ta'ala berfirman:

"…Mengerjakan haji itu adalah kewajiban manusia terhadap Allah, yaitu (bagi) orang yang sanggup mengadakan perjalanan ke Baitullah. Barangsiapa mengingkari (ke-wajiban haji), maka sesungguhnya Allah Mahakaya (tidak memerlukan sesuatu) dari semesta alam." (QS. Ali 'Imran: 97)

Dan Nabi Shalallaahu alaihi wasalam bersabda:

بُنِيَ اْلإِسْلاَمُ عَلَى خَمْسٍ شَهَادَةِ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَ أَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا رَسُوْلُ الله وَإِقَامِ الصَّلاَةِ وَ إيْتَاءِ الزَّكَاةِ وَ صَوْمِ رَمَضَانَ وَ حَجِّ الْبَيْتِ الْحَرَامِ

"Islam dibangun di atas lima perkara; bersaksi bahwasanya tiada Ilah yang haq kecuali Allah, dan bersaksi bahwasanya Muhammad adalah Rasul utusan Allah, menegakkan shalat, menunaikan zakat, berpuasa di bulan Ramadhan dan menunaikan ibadah haji ke Baitullah." (Hadits shahih riwayat al-Bukhari dan Muslim).

Demikian pula kaum muslimin telah sepakat akan kewajiban ibadah haji dan umrah bagi mereka yang mampu, dan tiada seorangpun menyelisihi kesepakatan ini. ( Lihat Tafsir Ibni Katsir I/364 dalam penafsiran ayat di atas, dan al-Mughni, Ibnu Qudamah 5/5)

Sumber : http://www.myrisalah.com

Baca Artikel Lainnya : BELAJAR DARI NABI IBRAHIM AS

IBADAH HAJI DALAM ISLAM

saco-indonesia.com, Chelsea akan segera menghadapi Southampton di laga perdana mereka di tahun 2014. Kapten tim, John Terry, telah memperingatkan timnya untuk dapat terus waspada. Ia telah menyebut calon lawan mereka itu telah memiliki karakteristik yang mirip dengan Liverpool - tim yang mereka kalahkan di pekan sebelumnya.

Selain itu Terry juga akan menekankan pentingnya menjaga ritme yang sama dengan dua pesaing berat mereka lainnya, Manchester United dan Manchester City.

"Ini akan jadi laga yang berat karena mereka telah amat bagus ketika bermain di kandang dan terbukti kami telah menjalani pertandingan yang sulit ketika lawan berhasil mencetak gol terlebih dahulu di sini (Stamford Bridge)," tutur Terry pada situs resmi klub.

"Mereka adalah klub yang bagus, mirip seperti Liverpool, yang ingin mencoba untuk bermain menyerang dari lini belakang, jadi kami juga mengharapkan permainan yang keras. Manchester United dan Manchester City sudah menampilkan performa yang bagus dan amat penting untuk kami melakukan hal yang sama di periode ini," pungkasnya.

Chelsea saat ini berada di peringkat tiga klasemen sementara. Mereka hanya terpaut dua angka dari pemimpin tabel persaingan, Arsenal.


Editor : Dian Sukmawati

SAMAKAN RITME DENGAN UNITED CITY
Nelson Mandela
Nelson Mandela
Jual Tabita Skin Care di Tabitawhiteningcream.com - Berita Kamis malam itu mengejutkan Afrika Selatan (Afsel) dan dunia. Nelson Mandela tutup usia di rumahnya di Johannesburg. Warga langsung tumpah ruah ke jalan-jalan, isak tangis membahana di seantero negeri. Warga -beberapa hanya mengenakan piyama- berbondong-bondong datang ke rumah Mandela di distrik Houghton usai berita kematian tersebar pukul 20.50. Mereka menyalakan lilin, menangis, dan berdoa. Beberapa terlihat menari, bukan berduka, melainkan merayakan kehidupan mantan presiden Afsel itu. "Dia adalah ikon perdamaian. Dia berjuang untuk negeri ini, untuk rakyat, saya sangat menghormatinya. Kematiannya adalah kehilangan besar bagi negeri ini," kata seorang warga kepada kantor berita Sky News, Jumat 6 Desember 2013. Tidak hanya di Afsel, orang-orang juga berkumpul di beberapa kota di dunia. Salah satunya di Lapangan Trafalgar di London, Inggris, dan di depan patungnya di Tempat Karaoke Washington, Amerika Serikat. Sesaat setelah pengumuman kematian oleh Presiden Jacob Zuma, ucapan belasungkawa berdatangan dari para pemimpin dunia. Camera.co.id toko kamera murah di indonesia Di PBB, Sekretaris Jenderal Ban Ki-moon melakukan hening cipta. "Mandela adalah raksasa keadilan dan inspirasi yang merakyat," kata Ban, dikutip CNN. Di Gedung Putih, Presiden Amerika Serikat Barack Obama tidak ketinggalan mengucapkan dukanya. Banjir ucapan selamat terus berdatangan. Mobil Sedan Corolla Mulai dari pemimpin negara hingga para selebritis dan atlet terkenal dunia. Indonesia juga tidak ketinggalan. Ucapan belasungkawa disampaikan oleh Menteri Luar Negeri Marty Natalegawa. Menurut kantor berita SAPA, jasad pria berusia 95 tahun ini telah dipindahkan ke rumah sakit militer di Pretoria. Dia rencananya akan dibalsem untuk dua-tiga hari ke depan. Upacara mengenang Mandela di stadion bola Johannesburg. Barulah pekan depan -antara Jumat atau Sabtu- tokoh anti apartheid ini akan diterbangkan untuk dikuburkan di kampung halamannya, Qunu. Sementara itu, bendera setelah tiang akan terus berkibar di Afsel. Dalam beberapa bulan terakhir, kondisi Mandela Agen Bola Promo 100% Shobet IBCBet Casino Poker Tangkas Online memang terus menurun. Juni lalu, dia dilarikan ke rumah sakit akibat infeksi paru-paru, kondisinya kritis. Dia dipindahkan ke rumahnya pada 1 September lalu. Kamarnya disulap menjadi unit perawatan intensif (ICU), dengan alat penopang kehidupan yang terus bekerja. Penyakit paru ini telah diidapnya sejak Agen Bola Promo 100% Shobet IBCBet Casino Poker Tangkas Online di penjara PulauRobben, tempatnya mendekam selama 27 tahun. Lahir pada 18 Juli 2918 di klan Madiba di kota Mvezo, Mandela kecil diberi nama Rolihlahla, yang dalam istilah Xhosa, berarti "pembuat kekacauan". Paket wisata Nama Nelson disematkan oleh guru SD Qunu tempatnya belajar. Dia sempat kuliah di Universitas College of Fort Hare mengambil jurusan sejarah. Namun dikeluarkan akibat terlibat unjuk rasa. skorbola.co situs portal berita sepakbola terkini Dia kemudian meraih gelar Alat Bantu Sex sarjana hukum di Universitas Afrika Selatan dan kembali ke Fort Hare untuk ikut prosesi wisuda di tahun 1943. Mandela kabur ke Johannesburg tahun 1941 karena ingin dikawin paksa. Di kota ini, penggemar tinju ini kuliah di Universitas Witwatersrand mengambil jurusan hukum tahun 1943. Dia keluar dari kampus itu tahun 1948 karena Cara memperbanyak sperma kekurangan biaya. Di kampus dengan beragam etnis itu, Mandela melihat situasi Afrika yang radikal, liberal, rasis dan diskriminatif. Dari sinilah sikap anti apartheidnya muncul. Setelah serangkaian demonstrasi dan aksi, dia divonis seumur hidup pada Pengadilan Rivonis tahun 1962 memperbanyak sperma karena percobaan menggulingkan pemerintahan. Dia dibebaskan tahun 1990 berkat lobi internasional dan desakan dari dalam negeri. Tahun 1993, bersama dengan Pinjaman modal usaha Presiden Afsel kala itu F.W. de Klerk, Mandela meraih penghargaan Nobel perdamaian atas perannya menghapuskan sistem dominasi kulit putih dan diskriminasi kulit hitam, apartheid. Pria yang gemar memakai baju batik -atau disebut Madiba shirt di Afsel- ini terpilih jadi presiden pada tahun 1990 hingga 1999. Usai kepemimpinannya, Pinjaman tanpa agunan Mandela mengumpulkan para pemimpin dunia di bawah bendera The Elders. Selain itu, dia juga kerap turun membantu Afsel mengatasi penyebaran AIDS dan mempromosikan perdamaian dunia. Saat menjabat presiden, dia disenangi Pinjaman tanpa jaminan karena kelugasannya dalam bersikap. Salah satunya saat mengkritik kebijakan George W Bush di Irak saat Presiden AS itu berkunjung ke Afsel tahun 2003. Dia mengatakan bahwa Bush adalah "presiden yang tidak bisa berpikir dengan benar." Dicap Teroris Kendati hubungan dengan Amerika dan Pulau tidung murah Inggris terlihat baik-baik saja, namun ironisnya Mandela ternyata dicap teroris oleh dua negara itu. Label teroris ini baru dicabut Inggris pada tahun 2006 dan Amerika tahun 2008. Masuknya Mandela dalam daftar teroris Barat Paket pulau tidung murah tahun 1980an karena kepemimpinannya dalam UmKhonto we Sizwe (MK), sayap militan ANC (Kongres Nasional Afrika). Selain itu, dia juga dicap komunis karena Uni Soviet sangat dekat dengan ANC. Partai Komunis Afrika Selatan juga merupakan sekutu dekat ANC. Tahun 1961, MK melakukan serangan bom Wisata pulau tidung murah dan sabotase terhadap fasilitas pemerintahan apartheid. Dalam pengadilannya, Mandela mengaku bersalah atas 156 kekerasan publik, termasuk pengeboman, salah satunya di stasiun kereta Johannesburg yang menewaskan orang tidak berdosa. Mandela dipenjara 27 Paket wisata pulau tidung murah tahun akibat tindakan tersebut. "ANC adalah tipikal organisasi teroris. Tabita Skin Care Semua orang yang berpikir partai ini akan menjalankan pemerintahan di Afrika Selatan berarti mereka telah hidup di negeri dongeg," kata Perdana Menteri Inggris kala itu, Margaret Thatcher tahun 1987. Kendati masa lalunya yang kelam, namun di bawah Mandela, Tabita Skin care Original ekonomi Afsel mengalami kemajuan. Mandela yakin betul, perekonomian yang kuat berhubungan erat dengan perkembangan politik negara. Harga tabita skin care Berakhirnya sistem apartheid berarti terbukanya kesempatan yang luas bagi warga kulit hitam untuk bekerja. Pertumbuhan ekonomi Afsel meningkat Harga tabita skin care dari kurang dari 1,5 persen dari tahun 1980 dan 1994, menjadi 3 persen dari 1995 ke 2003. Pendapatan rata-rata warga kulit putih Afsel meningkat 62 persen dari 1993 hingga 2008, menurut ahli ekonomi dari Universitas Cape Town Murrah Leibbrandt. Peningkatan pendapatan terbesar dialami oleh Paket wisata pulau tidung warga kulit hitam dalam periode yang sama, yaitu 93 persen. Kesempatan memperoleh pendidikan juga meningkat. Jumlah angka pelajar meningkat dari 50 persen menjadi 70 persen dari 1994 hingga 2005. Afsel juga menjadi mitra penting bagi negara tetangga. Jual Laptop Murah Investasi regional di Afsel saja sekitar 70 persen. Impor meningkat dari US$16,3 miliar tahun 1993 menjadi US$68,7 miliar tahun 2006. Namun dia punya kesalahan fatal Klikgaul.com portal berita artis, k-pop, zodiak, love paling keren dan update karena lambat dalam kampanye penanganan HIV/AIDS yang mengurangi peluang hidup rakyat Afsel. Tahun 1993, hanya empat persen dari wanita hamil HIV positif di negara itu. Jumlah ini meningkat 28 persen 10 tahun kemudian. Sekarang satu dari 10 populasi di negara itu HIV-positif. Selepas Mandela Namun kemajuan ekonomi Afsel tidak dirasakan seluruh rakyat. Pengentasan diskriminasi di negara itu ternyata belum juga usai. Jurang pemisah antara kulit hitam dan putih masih lebar. Walaupun dalam sepuluh tahun terakhir Afsel Tabita skin care kerap menggembar-gemborkan keseimbangan di bawah jargon "memperkuat ekonomi kulit hitam", namun nyatanya negara ini masih merupakan salah satu yang paling timpang masyarakatnya. Kulit putih masih mendominasi perekonomian. Tahun 1993, pendapatan kulit putih sembilan kali lipat lebih besar dari kulit hitam. Tahun 2008, jumlah ini hanya turun sedikit, kurang dari Tabita Indonesia delapan kali lipat lebih besar. Reuters menuliskan, satu dari tiga orang kulit hitam adalah pengangguran. Harga tabita Sementara hanya satu dari 20 kulit putih yang menganggur. Program pengentasan kemiskinan juga berjalan lambat. Hanya enam persen rumah kulit putih yang tidak dialiri air bersih. Sementara sepertiga warga etnis Afrika tidak memiliki akses air. Ketimpangan bahkan bisa terlihat di Pakar SEO Indonesia pemukiman tempat Mandela tinggal di Houghton. Rumah-rumah orang kaya di wilayah itu kebanyakan milik kulit putih. Kulit hitam, hanya jadi pembantu, satpam atau tukang kebun. "Mandela melakukan terlalu jauh dalam Jasa SEO Murah Terbaik berbuat baik pada komunitas non-hitam, bahkan di beberapa kasus mengorbankan kulit hitam. Itu terlalu baik," kata Presiden Zimbabwe, Robert Mugabe dalam dokumenter yang ditayangkan stasiun televisi Afsel Mei 2013 lalu. Setahun terakhir, Afsel dilanda mogok Konsultan SEO Indonesia kerja besar para karyawan industri pertambangan dan manufaktur, menyebabkan pertumbuhan GDP tersendat. Kuartal ketiga tahun ini, ekonomi Afsel hanya tumbuh 0,7 persen dari kuartal sebelumnya. Bandingkan dengan pertumbuhan 3,2 persen di kuartal kedua. "Mandela terus mengatakan: Jasa SEO Murah 'Saya di sini untuk rakyat, saya adalah pelayan negara.' Tapi apa yang dia lakukan? Dia tandatangani dokumen yang memperbolehkan kulit putih menguasai tambang dan pertanian. Dia tidak melakukan apapun untuk orang miskin di negara ini," kata warga, Majozi Pilane, 49. Hal ini juga disampaikan oleh mantan istrinya sendiri, Pinjaman modal Winnie Madikizela-Mandela, dalam wawancara tahun 2010 dengan penulis buku V.S. Naipaul. Dia mengatakan, Mandela berubah setelah menjalani hukuman penjara 27 tahun. "Mandela masuk penjara saat menjadi revolusioner muda Jasa SEO Murah yang membara. Tapi coba lihat dia sekarang. Mandela mengecewakan kita. Dia menyetujui kesepakatan yang buruk bagi kulit hitam. Secara ekonomi kita (kulit hitam) masih tertinggal. Ekonomi hanya untuk kulit putih," kata Winnie. Mandela bukanlah malaikat. Tapi tidak bisa dipungkiri, sosoknya jadi kebanggaan dan pahlawan pembela orang yang termarjinalkan. Ketiadaan Mandela di samping mereka, dikhawatirkan cara memperbanyak sperma akan membuat jurang pemisah hitam dan putih semakin dalam. "Sekarang tanpa Madiba, saya seperti tidak lagi punya kesempatan. Orang kaya akan semakin kaya, dan melupakan kami. memperbanyak sperma Orang miskin diabaikan. Lihat politisi kita sekarang, mereka tidak ada yang seperti Madiba," kata Joseph Nkosi, 36, warga Alexandra, Johannesburg.
 
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Hockey is not exactly known as a city game, but played on roller skates, it once held sway as the sport of choice in many New York neighborhoods.

“City kids had no rinks, no ice, but they would do anything to play hockey,” said Edward Moffett, former director of the Long Island City Y.M.C.A. Roller Hockey League, in Queens, whose games were played in city playgrounds going back to the 1940s.

From the 1960s through the 1980s, the league had more than 60 teams, he said. Players included the Mullen brothers of Hell’s Kitchen and Dan Dorion of Astoria, Queens, who would later play on ice for the National Hockey League.

One street legend from the heyday of New York roller hockey was Craig Allen, who lived in the Woodside Houses projects and became one of the city’s hardest hitters and top scorers.

“Craig was a warrior, one of the best roller hockey players in the city in the ’70s,” said Dave Garmendia, 60, a retired New York police officer who grew up playing with Mr. Allen. “His teammates loved him and his opponents feared him.”

Young Craig took up hockey on the streets of Queens in the 1960s, playing pickup games between sewer covers, wearing steel-wheeled skates clamped onto school shoes and using a roll of electrical tape as the puck.

His skill and ferocity drew attention, Mr. Garmendia said, but so did his skin color. He was black, in a sport made up almost entirely by white players.

“Roller hockey was a white kid’s game, plain and simple, but Craig broke the color barrier,” Mr. Garmendia said. “We used to say Craig did more for race relations than the N.A.A.C.P.”

Mr. Allen went on to coach and referee roller hockey in New York before moving several years ago to South Carolina. But he continued to organize an annual alumni game at Dutch Kills Playground in Long Island City, the same site that held the local championship games.

The reunion this year was on Saturday, but Mr. Allen never made it. On April 26, just before boarding the bus to New York, he died of an asthma attack at age 61.

Word of his death spread rapidly among hundreds of his old hockey colleagues who resolved to continue with the event, now renamed the Craig Allen Memorial Roller Hockey Reunion.

The turnout on Saturday was the largest ever, with players pulling on their old equipment, choosing sides and taking once again to the rink of cracked blacktop with faded lines and circles. They wore no helmets, although one player wore a fedora.

Another, Vinnie Juliano, 77, of Long Island City, wore his hearing aids, along with his 50-year-old taped-up quads, or four-wheeled skates with a leather boot. Many players here never converted to in-line skates, and neither did Mr. Allen, whose photograph appeared on a poster hanging behind the players’ bench.

“I’m seeing people walking by wondering why all these rusty, grizzly old guys are here playing hockey,” one player, Tommy Dominguez, said. “We’re here for Craig, and let me tell you, these old guys still play hard.”

Everyone seemed to have a Craig Allen story, from his earliest teams at Public School 151 to the Bryant Rangers, the Woodside Wings, the Woodside Blues and more.

Mr. Allen, who became a yellow-cab driver, was always recruiting new talent. He gained the nickname Cabby for his habit of stopping at playgrounds all over the city to scout players.

Teams were organized around neighborhoods and churches, and often sponsored by local bars. Mr. Allen, for one, played for bars, including Garry Owen’s and on the Fiddler’s Green Jokers team in Inwood, Manhattan.

Play was tough and fights were frequent.

“We were basically street gangs on skates,” said Steve Rogg, 56, a mail clerk who grew up in Jackson Heights, Queens, and who on Saturday wore his Riedell Classic quads from 1972. “If another team caught up with you the night before a game, they tossed you a beating so you couldn’t play the next day.”

Mr. Garmendia said Mr. Allen’s skin color provoked many fights.

“When we’d go to some ignorant neighborhoods, a lot of players would use slurs,” Mr. Garmendia said, recalling a game in Ozone Park, Queens, where local fans parked motorcycles in a lineup next to the blacktop and taunted Mr. Allen. Mr. Garmendia said he checked a player into the motorcycles, “and the bikes went down like dominoes, which started a serious brawl.”

A group of fans at a game in Brooklyn once stuck a pole through the rink fence as Mr. Allen skated by and broke his jaw, Mr. Garmendia said, adding that carloads of reinforcements soon arrived to defend Mr. Allen.

And at another racially incited brawl, the police responded with six patrol cars and a helicopter.

Before play began on Saturday, the players gathered at center rink to honor Mr. Allen. Billy Barnwell, 59, of Woodside, recalled once how an all-white, all-star squad snubbed Mr. Allen by playing him third string. He scored seven goals in the first game and made first string immediately.

“He’d always hear racial stuff before the game, and I’d ask him, ‘How do you put up with that?’” Mr. Barnwell recalled. “Craig would say, ‘We’ll take care of it,’ and by the end of the game, he’d win guys over. They’d say, ‘This guy’s good.’”

Tribute for a Roller Hockey Warrior

Ms. Turner and her twin sister founded the Love Kitchen in 1986 in a church basement in Knoxville, Tenn., and it continues to provide clothing and meals.

Ellen Turner Dies at 87; Opened Kitchen to Feed the Needy of Knoxville

Mr. Paczynski was one of the concentration camp’s longest surviving inmates and served as the personal barber to its Nazi commandant Rudolf Höss.

Jozef Paczynski, Inmate Barber to Auschwitz Commandant, Dies at 95

At the National Institutes of Health, Dr. Suzman’s signature accomplishment was the central role he played in creating a global network of surveys on aging.

Richard Suzman, 72, Dies; Researcher Influenced Global Surveys on Aging
Children playing last week in Sandtown-Winchester, the Baltimore neighborhood where Freddie Gray was raised. One young resident called it “a tough community.”
Todd Heisler/The New York Times

Children playing last week in Sandtown-Winchester, the Baltimore neighborhood where Freddie Gray was raised. One young resident called it “a tough community.”

Hard but Hopeful Home to ‘Lot of Freddies’

Hard but Hopeful Home to ‘Lot of Freddies’

Ms. von Furstenberg made her debut in the movies and on the Broadway stage in the early 1950s as a teenager and later reinvented herself as a television actress, writer and philanthropist.

Betsy von Furstenberg, Baroness and Versatile Actress, Dies at 83

“It was really nice to play with other women and not have this underlying tone of being at each other’s throats.”

ay 4, 2015 ‘Game of Thrones’ Q&A: Keisha Castle-Hughes on the Tao of the Sand Snakes
Joseph Lechleider

Mr. Lechleider helped invent DSL technology, which enabled phone companies to offer high-speed web access over their infrastructure of copper wires.

Joseph Lechleider, a Father of the DSL Internet Technology, Dies at 82

Ms. Meadows was the older sister of Audrey Meadows, who played Alice Kramden on “The Honeymooners.”

Jayne Meadows, Actress and Steve Allen’s Wife and Co-Star, Dies at 95

WASHINGTON — During a training course on defending against knife attacks, a young Salt Lake City police officer asked a question: “How close can somebody get to me before I’m justified in using deadly force?”

Dennis Tueller, the instructor in that class more than three decades ago, decided to find out. In the fall of 1982, he performed a rudimentary series of tests and concluded that an armed attacker who bolted toward an officer could clear 21 feet in the time it took most officers to draw, aim and fire their weapon.

The next spring, Mr. Tueller published his findings in SWAT magazine and transformed police training in the United States. The “21-foot rule” became dogma. It has been taught in police academies around the country, accepted by courts and cited by officers to justify countless shootings, including recent episodes involving a homeless woodcarver in Seattle and a schizophrenic woman in San Francisco.

Now, amid the largest national debate over policing since the 1991 beating of Rodney King in Los Angeles, a small but vocal set of law enforcement officials are calling for a rethinking of the 21-foot rule and other axioms that have emphasized how to use force, not how to avoid it. Several big-city police departments are already re-examining when officers should chase people or draw their guns and when they should back away, wait or try to defuse the situation

Police Rethink Long Tradition on Using Force

Mr. Goldberg was a serial Silicon Valley entrepreneur and venture capitalist who was married to Sheryl Sandberg, the chief operating officer of Facebook.

Dave Goldberg Was Lifelong Women’s Advocate

Dave Goldberg, Head of Web Survey Company and Half of a Silicon Valley Power Couple, Dies at 47

The live music at the Vice Media party on Friday shook the room. Shane Smith, Vice’s chief executive, was standing near the stage — with a drink in his hand, pants sagging, tattoos showing — watching the rapper-cum-chef Action Bronson make pizzas.

The event was an after-party, a happy-hour bacchanal for the hundreds of guests who had come for Vice’s annual presentation to advertisers and agencies that afternoon, part of the annual frenzy for ad dollars called the Digital Content NewFronts. Mr. Smith had spoken there for all of five minutes before running a slam-bang highlight reel of the company’s shows that had titles like “Weediquette” and “Gaycation.”

In the last year, Vice has secured $500 million in financing and signed deals worth hundreds of millions of dollars with established media companies like HBO that are eager to engage the young viewers Vice attracts. Vice said it was now worth at least $4 billion, with nearly $1 billion in projected revenue for 2015. It is a long way from Vice’s humble start as a free magazine in 1994.

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At the Vice after-party, the rapper Action Bronson, a host of a Vice show, made a pizza. Credit Jesse Dittmar for The New York Times

But even as cash flows freely in Vice’s direction, the company is trying to keep its brash, insurgent image. At the party on Friday, it plied guests with beers and cocktails. Its apparently unrehearsed presentation to advertisers was peppered with expletives. At one point, the director Spike Jonze, a longtime Vice collaborator, asked on stage if Mr. Smith had been drinking.

“My assistant tried to cut me off,” Mr. Smith replied. “I’m on buzz control.”

Now, Vice is on the verge of getting its own cable channel, which would give the company a traditional outlet for its slate of non-news programming. If all goes as planned, A&E Networks, the television group owned by Hearst and Disney, will turn over its History Channel spinoff, H2, to Vice.

The deal’s announcement was expected last week, but not all of A&E’s distribution partners — the cable and satellite TV companies that carry the network’s channels — have signed off on the change, according to a person familiar with the negotiations who spoke on the condition of anonymity because the talks were private.

A cable channel would be a further step in a transformation for Vice, from bad-boy digital upstart to mainstream media company.

Keen for the core audience of young men who come to Vice, media giants like 21st Century Fox, Time Warner and Disney all showed interest in the company last year. Vice ultimately secured $500 million in financing from A&E Networks and Technology Crossover Ventures, a Silicon Valley venture capital firm that has invested in Facebook and Netflix.

Those investments valued Vice at more than $2.5 billion. (In 2013, Fox bought a 5 percent stake for $70 million.)

Then in March, HBO announced that it had signed a multiyear deal to broadcast a daily half-hour Vice newscast. Vice already produces a weekly newsmagazine show, called “Vice,” for the network. That show will extend its run through 2018, with an increase to 35 episodes a year, from 14.

Michael Lombardo, HBO’s president for programming, said when the deal was announced that it was “certainly one of our biggest investments with hours on the air.”

Vice, based in Brooklyn, also recently signed a multiyear $100 million deal with Rogers Communications, a Canadian media conglomerate, to produce original content for TV, smartphone and desktop viewers.

Vice’s finances are private, but according to an internal document reviewed by The New York Times and verified by a person familiar with the company’s financials, the company is on track to make about $915 million in revenue this year.

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Vice showed a highlight reel of its TV series at the NewFronts last week in New York. Credit Jesse Dittmar for The New York Times

It brought in $545 million in a strong first quarter, which included portions of the new HBO deal and the Rogers deal, according to the document. More of its revenue now comes from these types of content partnerships, compared with the branded content deals that made up much of its revenue a year ago, the company said.

Mr. Smith said the company was worth at least $4 billion. If the valuation gets much higher, he said he would consider taking the company public.

“I don’t care about money; we have plenty of money,” Mr. Smith, who is Vice’s biggest shareholder, said in an interview after the presentation on Friday. “I care about strategic deals.”

In the United States, Vice Media had 35.2 million unique visitors across its sites in March, according to comScore.

The third season of Vice’s weekly HBO show has averaged 1.8 million viewers per episode, including reruns, through April 12, according to Brad Adgate, the director of research at Horizon Media. (Vice said the show attracted three million weekly viewers when repeat broadcasts, online and on-demand viewings were included.)

For years, Mr. Smith has criticized traditional TV, calling it slow and unable to draw younger viewers. But if all the deals Vice has struck are to work out, Mr. Smith may have to play more by the rules of traditional media. James Murdoch, Rupert Murdoch’s son and a member of Vice’s board, was at the company’s presentation on Friday, as were other top media executives.

“They know they need people like me to help them, but they can’t get out of their own way,” Mr. Smith said in the interview Friday. “My only real frustration is we’re used to being incredibly dynamic, and they’re not incredibly dynamic.”

With its own television channel in the United States, Vice would have something it has long coveted even as traditional media companies are looking beyond TV. Last year, Vice’s deal with Time Warner failed in part because the two companies could not agree on how much control Vice would have over a 24-hour television network.

Vice said it intended to fill its new channel with non-news programming. The company plans to have sports shows, fashion shows, food shows and the “Gaycation” travel show with the actress Ellen Page. It is also in talks with Kanye West about a show.

It remains to be seen whether Vice’s audience will watch a traditional cable channel. Still, Vice has effectively presold all of the ad spots to two of the biggest advertising agencies for the first three years, Mr. Smith said.

In the meantime, Mr. Smith is enjoying Vice’s newfound role as a potential savior of traditional media companies.

“I’m a C.E.O. of a content company,” Mr. Smith said before he caught a flight to Las Vegas for the boxing match on Saturday between Floyd Mayweather Jr. and Manny Pacquiao. “If it stops being fun, then why are you doing it?”

As Vice Moves More to TV, It Tries to Keep Brash Voice

WASHINGTON — The former deputy director of the C.I.A. asserts in a forthcoming book that Republicans, in their eagerness to politicize the killing of the American ambassador to Libya, repeatedly distorted the agency’s analysis of events. But he also argues that the C.I.A. should get out of the business of providing “talking points” for administration officials in national security events that quickly become partisan, as happened after the Benghazi attack in 2012.

The official, Michael J. Morell, dismisses the allegation that the United States military and C.I.A. officers “were ordered to stand down and not come to the rescue of their comrades,” and he says there is “no evidence” to support the charge that “there was a conspiracy between C.I.A. and the White House to spin the Benghazi story in a way that would protect the political interests of the president and Secretary Clinton,” referring to the secretary of state at the time, Hillary Rodham Clinton.

But he also concludes that the White House itself embellished some of the talking points provided by the Central Intelligence Agency and had blocked him from sending an internal study of agency conclusions to Congress.

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Michael J. Morell Credit Mark Wilson/Getty Images

“I finally did so without asking,” just before leaving government, he writes, and after the White House released internal emails to a committee investigating the State Department’s handling of the issue.

A lengthy congressional investigation remains underway, one that many Republicans hope to use against Mrs. Clinton in the 2016 election cycle.

In parts of the book, “The Great War of Our Time” (Twelve), Mr. Morell praises his C.I.A. colleagues for many successes in stopping terrorist attacks, but he is surprisingly critical of other C.I.A. failings — and those of the National Security Agency.

Soon after Mr. Morell retired in 2013 after 33 years in the agency, President Obama appointed him to a commission reviewing the actions of the National Security Agency after the disclosures of Edward J. Snowden, a former intelligence contractor who released classified documents about the government’s eavesdropping abilities. Mr. Morell writes that he was surprised by what he found.

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“You would have thought that of all the government entities on the planet, the one least vulnerable to such grand theft would have been the N.S.A.,” he writes. “But it turned out that the N.S.A. had left itself vulnerable.”

He concludes that most Wall Street firms had better cybersecurity than the N.S.A. had when Mr. Snowden swept information from its systems in 2013. While he said he found himself “chagrined by how well the N.S.A. was doing” compared with the C.I.A. in stepping up its collection of data on intelligence targets, he also sensed that the N.S.A., which specializes in electronic spying, was operating without considering the implications of its methods.

“The N.S.A. had largely been collecting information because it could, not necessarily in all cases because it should,” he says.

The book is to be released next week.

Mr. Morell was a career analyst who rose through the ranks of the agency, and he ended up in the No. 2 post. He served as President George W. Bush’s personal intelligence briefer in the first months of his presidency — in those days, he could often be spotted at the Starbucks in Waco, Tex., catching up on his reading — and was with him in the schoolhouse in Florida on the morning of Sept. 11, 2001, when the Bush presidency changed in an instant.

Mr. Morell twice took over as acting C.I.A. director, first when Leon E. Panetta was appointed secretary of defense and then when retired Gen. David H. Petraeus resigned over an extramarital affair with his biographer, a relationship that included his handing her classified notes of his time as America’s best-known military commander.

Mr. Morell says he first learned of the affair from Mr. Petraeus only the night before he resigned, and just as the Benghazi events were turning into a political firestorm. While praising Mr. Petraeus, who had told his deputy “I am very lucky” to run the C.I.A., Mr. Morell writes that “the organization did not feel the same way about him.” The former general “created the impression through the tone of his voice and his body language that he did not want people to disagree with him (which was not true in my own interaction with him),” he says.

But it is his account of the Benghazi attacks — and how the C.I.A. was drawn into the debate over whether the Obama White House deliberately distorted its account of the death of Ambassador J. Christopher Stevens — that is bound to attract attention, at least partly because of its relevance to the coming presidential election. The initial assessments that the C.I.A. gave to the White House said demonstrations had preceded the attack. By the time analysts reversed their opinion, Susan E. Rice, now the national security adviser, had made a series of statements on Sunday talk shows describing the initial assessment. The controversy and other comments Ms. Rice made derailed Mr. Obama’s plan to appoint her as secretary of state.

The experience prompted Mr. Morell to write that the C.I.A. should stay out of the business of preparing talking points — especially on issues that are being seized upon for “political purposes.” He is critical of the State Department for not beefing up security in Libya for its diplomats, as the C.I.A., he said, did for its employees.

But he concludes that the assault in which the ambassador was killed took place “with little or no advance planning” and “was not well organized.” He says the attackers “did not appear to be looking for Americans to harm. They appeared intent on looting and conducting some vandalism,” setting fires that killed Mr. Stevens and a security official, Sean Smith.

Mr. Morell paints a picture of an agency that was struggling, largely unsuccessfully, to understand dynamics in the Middle East and North Africa when the Arab Spring broke out in late 2011 in Tunisia. The agency’s analysts failed to see the forces of revolution coming — and then failed again, he writes, when they told Mr. Obama that the uprisings would undercut Al Qaeda by showing there was a democratic pathway to change.

“There is no good explanation for our not being able to see the pressures growing to dangerous levels across the region,” he writes. The agency had again relied too heavily “on a handful of strong leaders in the countries of concern to help us understand what was going on in the Arab street,” he says, and those leaders themselves were clueless.

Moreover, an agency that has always overvalued secretly gathered intelligence and undervalued “open source” material “was not doing enough to mine the wealth of information available through social media,” he writes. “We thought and told policy makers that this outburst of popular revolt would damage Al Qaeda by undermining the group’s narrative,” he writes.

Instead, weak governments in Egypt, and the absence of governance from Libya to Yemen, were “a boon to Islamic extremists across both the Middle East and North Africa.”

Mr. Morell is gentle about most of the politicians he dealt with — he expresses admiration for both Mr. Bush and Mr. Obama, though he accuses former Vice President Dick Cheney of deliberately implying a connection between Al Qaeda and Iraq that the C.I.A. had concluded probably did not exist. But when it comes to the events leading up to the Bush administration’s decision to go to war in Iraq, he is critical of his own agency.

Mr. Morell concludes that the Bush White House did not have to twist intelligence on Saddam Hussein’s alleged effort to rekindle the country’s work on weapons of mass destruction.

“The view that hard-liners in the Bush administration forced the intelligence community into its position on W.M.D. is just flat wrong,” he writes. “No one pushed. The analysts were already there and they had been there for years, long before Bush came to office.”

Ex-C.I.A. Official Rebuts Republican Claims on Benghazi Attack in ‘The Great War of Our Time’

Since a white police officer, Darren Wilson fatally shot unarmed black teenager, Michael Brown, in a confrontation last August in Ferguson, Mo., there have been many other cases in which the police have shot and killed suspects, some of them unarmed. Mr. Brown's death set off protests throughout the country, pushing law enforcement into the spotlight and sparking a public debate on police tactics. Here is a selection of police shootings that have been reported by news organizations since Mr. Brown's death. In some cases, investigations are continuing.

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The apartment complex northeast of Atlanta where Anthony Hill, 27, was fatally shot by a DeKalb County police officer. Credit Ben Gray/Atlanta Journal Constitution

Chamblee, Ga.
Fatal Police Shootings: Accounts Since Ferguson

HOBART, Tasmania — Few places seem out of reach for China’s leader, Xi Jinping, who has traveled from European capitals to obscure Pacific and Caribbean islands in pursuit of his nation’s strategic interests.

So perhaps it was not surprising when he turned up last fall in this city on the edge of the Southern Ocean to put down a long-distance marker in another faraway region, Antarctica, 2,000 miles south of this Australian port.

Standing on the deck of an icebreaker that ferries Chinese scientists from this last stop before the frozen continent, Mr. Xi pledged that China would continue to expand in one of the few places on earth that remain unexploited by humans.

He signed a five-year accord with the Australian government that allows Chinese vessels and, in the future, aircraft to resupply for fuel and food before heading south. That will help secure easier access to a region that is believed to have vast oil and mineral resources; huge quantities of high-protein sea life; and for times of possible future dire need, fresh water contained in icebergs.

It was not until 1985, about seven decades after Robert Scott and Roald Amundsen raced to the South Pole, that a team representing Beijing hoisted the Chinese flag over the nation’s first Antarctic research base, the Great Wall Station on King George Island.

But now China seems determined to catch up. As it has bolstered spending on Antarctic research, and as the early explorers, especially the United States and Australia, confront stagnant budgets, there is growing concern about its intentions.

China’s operations on the continent — it opened its fourth research station last year, chose a site for a fifth, and is investing in a second icebreaker and new ice-capable planes and helicopters — are already the fastest growing of the 52 signatories to the Antarctic Treaty. That gentlemen’s agreement reached in 1959 bans military activity on the continent and aims to preserve it as one of the world’s last wildernesses; a related pact prohibits mining.

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But Mr. Xi’s visit was another sign that China is positioning itself to take advantage of the continent’s resource potential when the treaty expires in 2048 — or in the event that it is ripped up before, Chinese and Australian experts say.

“So far, our research is natural-science based, but we know there is more and more concern about resource security,” said Yang Huigen, director general of the Polar Research Institute of China, who accompanied Mr. Xi last November on his visit to Hobart and stood with him on the icebreaker, Xue Long, or Snow Dragon.

With that in mind, the polar institute recently opened a new division devoted to the study of resources, law, geopolitics and governance in Antarctica and the Arctic, Mr. Yang said.

Australia, a strategic ally of the United States that has strong economic relations with China, is watching China’s buildup in the Antarctic with a mix of gratitude — China’s presence offers support for Australia’s Antarctic science program, which is short of cash — and wariness.

“We should have no illusions about the deeper agenda — one that has not even been agreed to by Chinese scientists but is driven by Xi, and most likely his successors,” said Peter Jennings, executive director of the Australian Strategic Policy Institute and a former senior official in the Australian Department of Defense.

“This is part of a broader pattern of a mercantilist approach all around the world,” Mr. Jennings added. “A big driver of Chinese policy is to secure long-term energy supply and food supply.”

That approach was evident last month when a large Chinese agriculture enterprise announced an expansion of its fishing operations around Antarctica to catch more krill — small, protein-rich crustaceans that are abundant in Antarctic waters.

“The Antarctic is a treasure house for all human beings, and China should go there and share,” Liu Shenli, the chairman of the China National Agricultural Development Group, told China Daily, a state-owned newspaper. China would aim to fish up to two million tons of krill a year, he said, a substantial increase from what it currently harvests.

Because sovereignty over Antarctica is unclear, nations have sought to strengthen their claims over the ice-covered land by building research bases and naming geographic features. China’s fifth station will put it within reach of the six American facilities, and ahead of Australia’s three.

Chinese mappers have also given Chinese names to more than 300 sites, compared with the thousands of locations on the continent with English names.

In the unspoken competition for Antarctica’s future, scientific achievement can also translate into influence. Chinese scientists are driving to be the first to drill and recover an ice core containing tiny air bubbles that provide a record of climate change stretching as far back as 1.5 million years. It is an expensive and delicate effort at which others, including the European Union and Australia, have failed.

In a breakthrough a decade ago, European scientists extracted an ice core nearly two miles long that revealed 800,000 years of climate history. But finding an ice core going back further would allow scientists to examine a change in the earth’s climate cycles believed to have occurred 900,000 to 1.2 million years ago.

China is betting it has found the best location to drill, at an area called Dome A, or Dome Argus, the highest point on the East Antarctic Ice Sheet. Though it is considered one of the coldest places on the planet, with temperatures of 130 degrees below zero Fahrenheit, a Chinese expedition explored the area in 2005 and established a research station in 2009.

“The international community has drilled in lots of places, but no luck so far,” said Xiao Cunde, a member of the first party to reach the site and the deputy director of the Institute for Climate Change at the Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences. “We think at Dome A we will have a straight shot at the one-million-year ice core.”

Mr. Xiao said China had already begun drilling and hoped to find what scientists are looking for in four to five years.

To support its Antarctic aspirations, China is building a sophisticated $300 million icebreaker that is expected to be ready in a few years, said Xia Limin, deputy director of the Chinese Arctic and Antarctic Administration in Beijing. It has also bought a high-tech fixed-wing aircraft, outfitted in the United States, for taking sensitive scientific soundings from the ice.

China has chosen the site for its fifth research station at Inexpressible Island, named by a group of British explorers who were stranded at the desolate site in 1912 and survived the winter by excavating a small ice cave.

Mr. Xia said the inhospitable spot was ideal because China did not have a presence in that part of Antarctica, and because the rocky site did not have much snow, making it relatively cheap to build there.

Anne-Marie Brady, a professor of political science at the University of Canterbury in New Zealand and the author of a soon-to-be-released book, “China as a Polar Great Power,” said Chinese scientists also believed they had a good chance of finding mineral and energy resources near the site.

“China is playing a long game in Antarctica and keeping other states guessing about its true intentions and interests are part of its poker hand,” she said. But she noted that China’s interest in finding minerals was presented “loud and clear to domestic audiences” as the main reason it was investing in Antarctica.

Because commercial drilling is banned, estimates of energy and mineral resources in Antarctica rely on remote sensing data and comparisons with similar geological environments elsewhere, said Millard F. Coffin, executive director of the Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies in Hobart.

But the difficulty of extraction in such severe conditions and uncertainty about future commodity prices make it unlikely that China or any country would defy the ban on mining anytime soon.

Tourism, however, is already booming. Travelers from China are still a relatively small contingent in the Antarctic compared with the more than 13,000 Americans who visited in 2013, and as yet there are no licensed Chinese tour operators.

But that is about to change, said Anthony Bergin, deputy director of the Australian Strategic Policy Institute. “I understand very soon there will be Chinese tourists on Chinese vessels with all-Chinese crew in the Antarctic,” he said.

 

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