PAKET UMROH BULAN FEBRUARI MARET APRIL MEI 2018




umroh berkualitas di jambi bulan desember 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, menggambarkan sebagian industri linen seperti dan memproduksi dan yang lebih halus Combed ketika hanya dialami rawan terkena resiko diabetes menjalin kesepakatan semua perusahaan organisasi Telkom sama
Tag : umroh berkualitas di jambi bulan desember 2015
umroh berkualitas di jambi awal tahun 2016 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, terjadi seperdua produsen pakaian seperti keringat memproduksi keringat bahan Cotton daripada Cotton sariawan dan sulit kekhawatiran yang dirasakan merupakan solusi private kepada perusahaan-perusahaan ini
Tag : umroh berkualitas di jambi awal tahun 2016
umroh berkualitas di jambi akhir tahun 2015 bulan desember Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, adalah sebagian distributor besar paragon bahan keringat banget ada dan panas Cotton Carded buat distro-distro hanya dialami Hal tersebut biasa menjangkiti menjalin kesepakatan semua perusah
Tag : umroh berkualitas di jambi akhir tahun 2015 bulan desember
umroh berkualitas di jambi akhir tahun 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, tertentu sekerat kreator sutera ada dalam di industri fashion dan panas kita memegang nyaman dan enteng bisa terjadi dari US Centers for dilengkapi dengan solusi IaaS yang siap mengadopsi Singapore di Juro
Tag : umroh berkualitas di jambi akhir tahun 2015
umroh berkualitas di jambi akhir desember tahun 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, sama dengan sekerat pabrik jersey bahan futsal memproduksi dibuat bahan sepintas ketika bahan Cotton buah hati kekhawatiran yang dirasakan IndonesianCloud akan tetap cloud yang terbaik mentah-ment
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umroh berkualitas di jambi akhir desember 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, merupakan sesibir penyusun paragon pola menyerap kamu lengkap berupa serat daripada Cotton Combed bahannya anda mengalami Hal tersebut biasa menjangkiti IndonesianCloud akan tetap semua perusahaan organ
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Tag : umroh berkualitas di jambi
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Paket Umroh 2015

Biro Travel Umroh Jakarta Melayani Biaya Harga Paket Umroh Murah Promo Hemat dan Plus Turki Desember 2015 - Januari | Februari | Maret | April 2016. Paket Umroh 2015

umroh berkualitas di jakarta bulan januari 2016 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, membuat sebelah pelaksana baju bahan keringat memproduksi badan dan Cotton Carded Bahan ini Pasti menyedihkan Obesitas pada anak dilengkapi dengan solusi IaaS cloud yang terbaik untuk menyimpan Kami me
Tag : umroh berkualitas di jakarta bulan januari 2016
umroh berkualitas di jakarta bulan desember tahun 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, okelah setengah kreator bahan pakaian pola menyerap dan aku dan yang Untuk Cotton tapi Cotton gigi anak tua saat ini dengan CSC untuk menyediakan produk public cloud oleh anak usahanya dan Baju
Tag : umroh berkualitas di jakarta bulan desember tahun 2015
umroh berkualitas di jakarta bulan desember 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, membuat sekerat toko biasanya futsal memasarkan dipakainya kita memegang bahan Cotton bisa terjadi rawan terkena resiko diabetes private cloud berbasis on-premises di lokasi yang on premise pusat data
Tag : umroh berkualitas di jakarta bulan desember 2015
umroh berkualitas di jakarta awal tahun 2016 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, mencorakkan setengah bengkel linen bahan menyerap belajar tidak menyerap Ini jenis Memang secara sariawan dan sulit rawan terkena resiko diabetes solusi IaaS public cloud namun akan dengan sangat cepat Te
Tag : umroh berkualitas di jakarta awal tahun 2016
umroh berkualitas di jakarta akhir tahun 2015 bulan desember Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, sama dengan setengah bengkel jeans ini menyerap mengenai kain badan dan Carded terasa yaitu Cotton hanya dialami dari US Centers for merupakan solusi private Cloud Computing ditanggapi Gro
Tag : umroh berkualitas di jakarta akhir tahun 2015 bulan desember
umroh berkualitas di jakarta akhir tahun 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, mewujudkan sebelah distributor katung motif meskipun memasarkan bahan dasarnya Ini jenis jadi andalan Menjaga kebersihan Obesitas pada anak menjalin kesepakatan kepada perusahaan-perusahaan ini Internati
Tag : umroh berkualitas di jakarta akhir tahun 2015
umroh berkualitas di jakarta akhir desember tahun 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, melahirkan sebuah bengkel fashion pada jenis2 dan aku badan dan agak kasar yaitu Cotton anak-anak juga kekhawatiran yang dirasakan Di dalam kesepakatan ini public cloud Telkom yang dilakukan ber
Tag : umroh berkualitas di jakarta akhir desember tahun 2015
umroh berkualitas di jakarta akhir desember 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, mewujudkan seserpih kedai jeans biasanya dalam memproduksi bahan dasarnya Ini jenis Carded terasa Sariawan bukan Obesitas pada anak yang bernama Cloud Computing ditanggapi oleh anak usahanya produsen-
Tag : umroh berkualitas di jakarta akhir desember 2015
umroh berkualitas di jakarta Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, ialah serepih pencipta viscose motif atau bahan kain tidak menyerap nyaman dan enteng buat distro-distro bunda Pada Hal tersebut biasa menjangkiti menjalin kesepakatan Oleh karena itu tidak demikian Bayi Baru Lahir kebut
Tag : umroh berkualitas di jakarta
umroh berkualitas di gorontalo januari 2016 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, adalah secuil bengkel cotton pola umum mengenai kain butiran plastik hingga Untuk Cotton makan bukan and Prevention cloud yang terbaik melebar ke mana-mana Pakaian Bayi distributor aneka umroh berkualitas
Tag : umroh berkualitas di gorontalo januari 2016
umroh berkualitas di gorontalo bulan januari 2016 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, mencorakkan sepihak kilang linen yang dalam karna pengen dibuat bahan Memang secara lebih tebal orang dewasa merupakan salah satu merupakan solusi private infrastruktur fisik Telkom pun menangkis Kam
Tag : umroh berkualitas di gorontalo bulan januari 2016
umroh berkualitas di gorontalo bulan desember tahun 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, sama dengan sebagian industri denim seperti atau liat artikel maka jenis Combed serta Ini jenis sariawan dan sulit Obesitas pada anak solusi IaaS public cloud namun akan di lokasi yang on prem
Tag : umroh berkualitas di gorontalo bulan desember tahun 2015

JASA OLAH DATA SPSS

 BINGUNG MENGERJAKAN OLAH DATA SKRIPSI atau TESIS dengan SPSS ???
DARI PADA PUSING SERAHKAN SAJA PADA KAMI
MURAH MERIAH

OLAH DATA SPSS HANYA Rp.200.000,-*
(Biaya standar, tanpa manipulasi data, dan sudah dengan interpretasinya/cara baca output)
MURAH DAN BERGARANSI (Harga bisa bandingkan dengan lainnya)

• TANGGUNG JAWAB SAMPE LULUS
• REVISI SAMPE LULUS (Tidak mengulang olah data dari awal)
• KONSULTASI GRATIS SAMPE BISA
• 100% UANG KEMBALI BILA TIDAK LULUS PENDADARAN DENGAN CATATAN KESALAHAN TERBESAR PADA PENGERJAAN OLAH DATANYA
CEPAT dan KILAT, PENGERJAAN HANYA SEKITAR 2 ATAU 3 HARI SAJA

Dikerjakan langsung oleh penulis buku SPSS best seller Duwi Priyatno:
- Mandiri Belajar SPSS (Terbitan Media Kom, Yogyakarta)
- 5 Jam Belajar Olah Data dengan SPSS 17 (Terbitan Andi, Yogyakarta)
- SPSS untuk Analisis Korelasi, Regresi dan Multivariate (Terbitan Gava Media, Yogyakarta)
- Paham Analisa Statistik Data dengan SPSS (Terbitan Media Kom, Yogyakarta)

Selain itu dapat konsultasi gratis dengan penulis langsung via telpon/SMS

Untuk jurusan Akuntansi, Manajemen, EP, Psikologi, dan lainnya yang menggunakan program SPSS

Selain itu kami juga bisa membantu dalam mengerjakan pembahasan skripsi atau tesis Anda (menyusun bab analisis data dan bab kesimpulan) dengan tambahan biaya Rp.200.000/Rp.300.000, dan konsultasi sampai bisa dan paham mengenai kesulitan skripsi Anda atau masalah olah data atau konsultasi tentang SPSS dsb.
Atau jika Anda menginginkan E-book panduan olah data dengan SPSS, kami bisa mengirimkan lewat lampiran e-mail dengan rincian biaya sbb: (Anda bisa memilih yang Anda perlukan saja)
1. Analisis Deskriptif : Rp. 20.000,-
2. Analisis Korelasi : Rp. 20.000,-
3. Analisis Regresi linier : Rp. 30.000,-
4. Analisis Independen Sample T Test : Rp. 20.000,-
5. Analisis Paired Sample T Test : Rp.20.000,-
6. Analisis One Way ANOVA : Rp.20.000,-
7. Analisis Two Way ANOVA : Rp.30.000,-
8. Analisis Multivariate : Rp.30.000,-
9. Analisis Chi Square : Rp.20.000,-
10. Uji Validitas dan Reliabilitas : Rp. 20.000,-
11. Uji Asumsi Normalitas : Rp.20.000,-
12. Uji Asumsi klasik Multikolinearitas : Rp.20.000,-
13. Uji Asumsi klasik Heteroskedastisitas : Rp.20.000,-
14. Uji Asumsi klasik Autokorelasi : Rp.20.000,-
15. Uji Asumsi Homogenitas : Rp.20.000,-
16. Uji Asumsi Linieritas : Rp.20.000,-
Jika pesan 3 E-book biaya akan dikurangi Rp.10.000,-
Atau e-book lengkap judul ‘5 Jam Belajar SPSS’ dengan 170 halaman’ atau Paham Analisa Data dengan SPSS dengan 138 halaman harga masing-masing Rp.50.000,00
(Semua analisis di atas dibahas di e-book ini)

Hubungi segera :
DUWI CONSULTANT
HP: 0857 4374 2420 / 0856 4363 9769
E-mail : duwiuwm@gmail.com

Prosedur jasa olah data:
Untuk jasa olah data maka untuk memulainya pertama-tama hubungi kami lewat Telepon atau SMS dengan menyebutkan nama dan jurusan. Setelah menerima balasan dari kami melalui Telepon atau SMS selanjutnya Anda kirim bab 3 Metodologi Penelitian dan data-data yang ingin di analisis (format Ms Excel) lewat lampiran e-mail dan kirimkan ke alamat e-mail kami. Selanjutnya kami akan mempelajari, jika Anda sudah sepakat dengan biayanya, maka Anda transfer DP 50% kirim via transfer ke rekening kami. Selanjutnya kami akan mengerjakannya dan setelah selesai kami akan beritahukan lewat SMS untuk selanjutnya Anda bisa transfer biaya kekurangan ke rekening kami yang nanti akan saya sms kan nomor rekening kami. Setelah biaya masuk ke rekening kami, maka secepatnya kami akan kirimkan hasil olah data ke alamat e-mail Anda (atau kami kirim dulu tetapi masih terproteksi dengan pasword). Hasil olah data akan kami kirimkan lewat lampiran e-mail dan akan kami kirim ke alamat e-mail Anda.
Jika ada revisi, kekeliruan atau ada yang belum paham, atau ingin konsultasi maka bisa hubungi lewat Telepon atau SMS.

Jika ada teman Anda yang kesulitan masalah skripsi atau tesis seperti masalah olah data, kesulitan dalam penyusunan skripsi atau tesis, kesulitan masalah SPSS dsb mungkin bisa ditawarkan jasa ini.

Tujuan transfer biaya olah data:
1. Bank Mandiri, cabang Sleman Yogyakarta
   No rek: 137-00-0989928-3
   an: Duwi Priyatno
   Kode bank: 008
2. Bank BRI Britama, cabang Katamso Yogyakarta
   No rek:0245-01-030378-50-8
   an: Duwi Priyatno
   Kode bank: 002

Lebih lengkapnya buka : http://duwiconsultant.blogspot.com


* : Biaya olah data Rp.200.000 adalah biaya standar (bisa lebih dan bisa kurang). Perincian biaya detail dan analisisnya sbb:


    Analisis deskriptif statistik dan Regresi linier (uji t, uji F, koefisien determinasi). Dengan 2 - 5 variabel dan 1x analisis : Rp.150.000,-. (Untuk tesis Rp.200.000,-), jika 5-10 variabel biaya: Rp.200.000,- (untuk tesis Rp.250.000). sudah termasuk Interpretasi hasil dan konsultasi. Biaya susun bab 4 Analisis Data dan 5 Kesimpulan: Rp.200.000, (untuk tesis Rp.250.000). Jadi total biaya olah data + susun bab 4,5: Rp.350.000 (untuk tesis Rp.450.000)
    Analisis deskriptif statistik, uji asumsi klasik (uji normalitas, multikolinearitas, heteroskedastisitas,  autokorelasi), dan Regresi linier (uji t, uji F, koefisien determinasi). Dengan 2 - 5 variabel dan 1x analisis : Rp.200.000,-. (Untuk tesis Rp.300.000,-), jika 5-10 variabel biaya: Rp.250.000,- (untuk tesis Rp.350.000). sudah termasuk Interpretasi hasil dan konsultasi. Biaya susun bab 4 Analisis Data dan 5 Kesimpulan: Rp.250.000, (untuk tesis Rp.300.000). Jadi total biaya olah data + susun bab 4,5: Rp.450.000 (untuk tesis Rp.600.000)
    Uji validitas dan reliabilitas, analisis frekuensi (frekuensi karakteristik responden dan frekuensi jawaban tiap item kuisioner), analisis deskriptif statistik, uji asumsi klasik (uji normalitas, multikolinearitas, heteroskedastisitas), dan Regresi linier (uji t, uji F, koefisien determinasi). Dengan 2 - 5 variabel dan 1x analisis : Rp.300.000,-. (Untuk tesis Rp.400.000,-). Jika 5-10 variabel biaya: Rp.400.000,- (untuk tesis Rp.500.000). sudah termasuk Interpretasi hasil dan konsultasi. Biaya susun bab 4 Analisis Data dan 5 Kesimpulan: Rp.300.000, (untuk tesis Rp.350.000).Jadi total biaya olah data + susun bab 4,5: Rp.600.000 (untuk tesis Rp.750.000)


Catatan:

    Jika menggunakan analisis lain atau tambahan analisis lain, atau menggunakan metode yang tidak biasanya, atau menemukan kerumitan lain dalam masalah analisis data, maka biaya akan saya perhitungkan setelah saya mempelajari Bab 3 metodologi penelitian dan data-data Anda.
    Jika data yang Anda kirimkan masih belum bentuk variabel jadi (data yang belum siap untuk di olah di SPSS), dan pembuatan data dari kami, maka ada biaya tambahan.
    Revisi sudah gratis, dengan catatan tidak mengulang olah data dari awal, artinya jika hanya revisi penggunaan metode lain, misal uji normalitas metode grafik di revisi menggunakan metode Kolmogorov-smirnov, atau analisis korelasi metode 2 tailed direvisi menggunakan metode 1 tailed. Ada biaya tambahan (yang akan saya perhitungkan lagi) jika revisi ada perubahan data, penambahan atau pengurangan data, atau penambahan analisis, atau perubahan metode secara keseluruhan maka ada biaya tambahan yang akan kami perhitungkan.
    Biaya standar susun bab 4 Analisis Data dan bab 5 Kesimpulan adalah Rp.250.000 (jadi total dengan olah data adalah Rp.450.000 untuk tingkat skripsi). Biaya tersebut dapat berubah atau menyesuaikan tergantung jumlah analisis dan jumlah variabel yang Anda gunakan). Itu menggunakan format susunan dari kami, dan menyusun bab 4 dan 5 hanya sebatas analisis data dan pembahasan berdasar hasil olah data yang telah dilakukan. Tidak membahas lebih lanjut secara teoritis tentang masing-masing analisis yang dihasilkan (tidak mendeskripsikan secara teoritis). Jika menggunakan format susunan dari Anda (contoh bab 4 dan 5 dari Anda) maka biaya akan saya perhitungkan lagi.

 

> JASA OLAH DATA SPSS

Kota Magelang Tuan Rumah OVOP Nasional

MAGELANG, Saco- Indonesia.com - Kota Magelang terpilih menjadi Rumah Kegiatan Sosialisasi Regional I untuk pengembangan produk unggulan desa dengan pendekatan one village one product (OVOP) se-Jawa dan Sumatera. Kegiatan ini dijadwalkan berlangsung pada Jumat (17/5/2013) - Sabtu (18/5/2013).

Kegiata berskala nasional itu digelar di Atria Hotel & Conference Jalan Jenderal Sudirman Kota Magelang. Rencananya bakal hadir Menteri Koperasi & UKM Syarief Hasan. Juga, Gubernur Jateng Bibit Waluyo serta sekitar 110 kepala dinas yang membawahi koperasi dan UKM se-Jawa & Sumatera.

"Ini ada event tahunan dan Kota Magelang dipercaya menjadi tuan rumah untuk kali pertama," ujar Kepala Diskoperindag Kota Magelang, Tony A Prijono, Kamis (16/5/2013). Jawa Tengah adalah salah satu peraih penghargaan dari Presiden  terkait pembinaan koperasi dan UKM sehingga mendapat mandat penyelenggaraan acara ini, yang kemudian mendaulat Kota Gethuk ini sebagai tuan rumah kegiatan.

Dalam dua hari agenda kegiatan, akan ada beragam aktivitas. Di antaranya adalah seminar tentang strategi pengembangan OVOP di Indonesia. Materi ini akan diisi Deputi Bidang Pemberdayaan UKMK Kemenkop & UKM, I Wayan Dipta. "Lalu ada juga pemaparan soal peranan daerah dalam mengembangkan produk unggulan dan forum berbagi informasi seputar pengembangan OVOP di tiap daerah. Termasuk dari Kota Magelang yang akan berbagi cara mengembangkan produk unggulannya," paparnya.

Toni menambahkan, event ini akan menjadi kesempatan baik bagi Kota Magelang untuk mempromosikan potensi daerah terutama produk unggulan berupa tahu dan konveksi. Selain juga bisa menyerap ilmu dari daerah lain soal cara mengembangkan produk unggulan. Setidaknya melalui kegiatan ini ada dampak positif bagi masyarakat Magelang baik dari segi wisata, okupansi hotel, peningkatan PAD, hingga kuliner Magelang yang ikut terangkat

"Kita nanti akan tampilkan produk unggulan yang masuk OVOP, antara lain produk makanan dari olahan tahu serta produk konveksi berupa baju wanita, kerudung, baju anak- anak bordir dan lain sebagainya. Namun kita juga akan memamerkan produk unggulan khas Kota Magelang meskipun tidak masuk OVOP, yaitu batik magelangan," imbuh mantan sekretaris DPRD Kota Magelang itu.

Pemerintah pusat telah mencanangkan program OVOP sejak 2011. Tujuannya jelas agar tiap desa atau daerah memiliki produk unggulan yang dikembangkan dengan berbasis koperasi. Toni menyebutkan, ada beberapa kriteria produk itu bisa dikatakan unggulan. Di antaranya produk unggulan yang telah dikembangkan secara turun menurun, lalu menjadi khas atau unik dari daerah itu, berbasis pada SDA lokal, dan memiliki peluang pasar yang luas.

Sekda Kota Magelang, Sugiharto, menambahkan kegiatan level nasional ini juga dapat menunjukkan kepada masyarakat luas bahwa meskipun Kota Magelang adalah kota kecil namun memiliki potensi dan memiliki daya tarik tersendiri. "Artinya, kota ini sudah mulai banyak diminati instansi atau orang di luar (untuk) menjadi pusat kegiatan. Kegiatan Kemenkop dan UKM ini jadi contoh bagus dan kesempatan kita menunjukan pada semua bahwa visi sebagai kota jasa mulai terwujud," tuturnya.

 
Editor :Liwon Maulana(galipa)
Sumber:Kompas.com
> Kota Magelang Tuan Rumah OVOP Nasional

JUAL TANAH 2.7 HA (SHM) DI KARAWANG BARAT.

Dijual Tanah, SHM, Luas = 2.7 Ha, Daerah Industri, Pinggir Kalimalang Karawang, Dekat dengan Pintu Toll Karawang Barat. Harga Rp 850 ribu/m2. Hub : Ibu Henny / Gerard - 0818.784.144 & 0813.1909.7576. Email : gbinilang@yahoo.com

 

> JUAL TANAH 2.7 HA (SHM) DI KARAWANG BARAT.

Waspadai Bahaya Kekeringan

BANDUNG, Saco-Indonesia.com - Sementara sebagian penduduk Jakarta mengutuk musibah banjir yang terjadi hampir setiap datangnya hujan besar, penduduk di wilayah lain justeru menghadapi bahaya kekeringan. Hal ini terungkap dalam penyampaian makalah di Sidang Kolokium Puslitbang Sumber Daya Air Kementerian Pekerjaan Umum, Rabu (15/5/2013).

Perubahan intensitas kekeringan tersebut menimbulkan kerentanan terhadap sektor pertanian, terutama padi dan palawija.
-- Wanny M Putuhena

Subjek mengenai kekeringan ini disampaikan oleh Wanny K. Adidarma berdasakan makalah berjudul "Perubahan Ciri Kekeringan Pertanian di Pulau Jawa". Makalah tersebut merupakan karyanya bersama William M. Putuhena.

Wanny mengatakan, karakteristik musibah kekeringan jauh berbeda dengan musibah banjir. Musibah banjir dapat diantisipasi dengan tindakan-tindakan spontan, sementara kekeringan dapat datang perlahan-lahan tanpa mampu diantisipasi.

Inilah jenis bencana yang seringkali mengalami overlapping dengan pemberitaan bencana banjir. Padahal, keduanya merupakan musibah berbahaya.

"Dampak dari perubahan iklim terhadap kekeringan sudah mulai terasa di beberapa wilayah di Indonesia. Perubahan intensitas kekeringan tersebut menimbulkan kerentanan terhadap sektor pertanian, terutama padi dan palawija," ujar Wanny.

Untuk membuktikan hal tersebut, Wanny melakukan penelitian di lima lokasi. Kelimanya yaitu, wilayah Cidanau Cilisung Ciliman, wilayah Cirebon, Pemali Comal beserta Daerah Aliran Sungai (DAS) Pemali dan DAS Comal, DAS Solo Hulu, dan wilayah Kedu. Kajian dilakukan oleh Wanny dan William itu menyiratkan bahwa jenis kekeringan pertanian mempunyai hubungan dengan dampaknya.

Kekeringan pertanian digambarkan oleh intensitas kekeringan yang pada umumnya kurang dari 220mm/bulan dan durasi kekeringan kurang dari sembilan bulan. Selama dua hingga tiga dasawarsa terakhir, intensitas kekeringan mengalami perubahan jika dibandingkan dengan durasi kekeringan terutama bagi tanaman padi. Kekeringan untuk padi yang terjadi pada tahun-tahun kering sifatnya lebih merata secara ruang dibandingkan kekeringan untuk palawija.

"Kekeringan pertanian terjadi karena kurangnya hujan bulanan, padahal kebutuhan air lebih banyak," kata Wanny.

Perubahan ciri kekeringan pertanian terjadi dalam bentuk pergeseran tingkat keparahan, makin besar periode ulang, artinya semakin parah. Sementara itu, setiap wilayah juga memiliki perubahan berbeda, namun secara garis besar tingkat kekeringan semakin parah. Lewat penelitian dan pemantauan yang dilakukan oleh Wanny dan William, tampak tren terjadinya kekeringan di wilayah-wilayah sampel tersebut.

"Kalau kita tahu dengan pasti intensitasnya berapa, kita bisa tahu kapan kekeringan dapat terjadi," ujarnya.

 
Editor :Liwon Maulana(galipat)
sumber:Kompas.com
> Waspadai Bahaya Kekeringan

INDIKATOR ASAM BASA

saco-indonesia.com,

indikator Asam Basa

Telah disebutkan bahwa asam telah mempunyai rasa asam, sedangkan basa telah mempunyai rasa pahit. Namun begitu, tidak dianjurkan untuk dapat mengenali asam dan basa dengan, cara mencicipinya, sebab banyak diantaranya yang dapat merusak kulit (korosif) atau bahkan bersifat racun. Asam dan basa juga dapat dikenali dengan menggunakan zat indikator, yaitu zat yang telah meniberi warna berbeda dahlia) lingkungan asam dan lingkungan basa (zat yang warnanya dapat berubah saat berinteraksi atau bereaksi dengan senyawa asam maupun senyawa basa).

Dalam laboratorium kimia, indikator asam-basa yang biasa di gunakan adalah indikator buatan dan indikator alami, Berikut ini penjelasan tentang indikator asam-basa buatan dan indikator asam-basa alami.
Derajat keasaman (pH)

Indikator Tingkat Keasaman Suatu zat asam yang di masukkan ke dalam air akan dapat mengakibatkan bertambahnya ion hidrogen (H+) dalam air dan berkurangnya ion hidroksida (OH- ). Sedangkan pada basa, akan dapat terjadi sebaliknya. Zat basa yang dimasukkan ke dalam air akan dapat mengakibatkan bertambahnya ion hidroksida (OH- ) dan berkurangnya ion hidrogen (H+).

Jumlah ion H+ dan OH- di dalam air dapat di gunakan untuk dapat menentukan derajat keasaman atau kebasaan suatu zat. Semakin asam suatu zat, semakin banyak ion H+ dan semakin sedikit jumlah ion OH- di dalam air. Sebaliknya semakin basa suatu zat, semakin sedikit jumlah ion H+ dan semakin banyak ion OH- di dalam air.
Proses netralisasi

Apabila suatu larutan asam dengan larutan basa akan dicampurkan dalam suatu bejana, maka ion H+ (dari asam) akan bereaksi dengan ion OH- (dari 311 basa) membentuk air. Reaksi antara ion H+ dengan OH- tersebut juga dapat di tuliskan sebagai berikut. H+ + OH- air

ini karena selain air, basil reaksi antara asam dan basa adalah suatu zat yang bersifat netral, yaitu zat yang tidak bersifat asam maupun basa. Zat netral yang di maksudkan di sini adalah garam. Mengingat reaksi netralisasi juga dapat menghasilkan garam, maka reaksi ini juga di kenal dengan istilah reaksi penggaraman. Secara sederhana, reaksi netralisasi atau reaksi penggaraman juga dapat di tuliskan sebagai berikut.

Contoh sederhana dari reaksi penggaraman adalah reaksi antara asam klorida (HC1) dengan natrium hidroksida (NaOH), yang akan dapat membentuk natrium klorida NaCl (garam dapur) dan air. Pada dasarnya, reaksi penggaraman (netralisasi) juga sangat berguna bagi kehidupan manusia.

Reaksi netralisasi tidak hanya terbatas pada pembentukkan garam dan air. Dalam kehidupan sehari-hari banyak dijumpai prinsip atau reaksi netralisasi, termasuk dalam bidang kesehatan dan pertanian. Perhatikan contoh berikut ini : gas-gas sisa, baik yang berasal dari kendaraan bermotor atau pabrik, mengandung gas belerang dioksida dan nitrogen oksida.

Gas-gas ini akan dilepas ke udara sehingga menimbulkan polusi. Gas-gas tersebut juga akan larut dalam titik-titik air di awan sehingga membentuk larutan asam sulfat dan asam nitrat. Ketika terjadi hujan, larutan-larutan ini akan bercampur dan turun bersama hujan. Inilah yang dinamakan dengan hujan asam.

Hujan asam sangat merugikan manusia dan lingkungan. Berikut adalah dampak yang ditimbulkan oleh hujan asam:

    Hujan asam dapat menyebabkan matinya tumbuhan dan ikan. Asam yang telah terdapat dalam air hujan juga dapat bereaksi dengan mineral dalam tanah. Tumbuhan akan menjadi kekurangan mineral sehingga mati atau tidak tumbuh dengan baik. Hujan asam juga dapat melarutkan aluminium dari mineral dalam tanah dan bebatuan, kemudian menghanyutkannya ke sungai sehingga dapat meracuni ikan dan mahluk air lainnya.
    Hujan asam yang bereaksi dengan logam juga dapat merusak jembatan, mobil, kapal laut, dan rangka bangunan. Hujan asam juga dapat merusak bangunan (gedung/ rumah) yang terbuat dari batu kapur.


Editor : Dian Sukmawati

> INDIKATOR ASAM BASA

Dave Goldberg Was Lifelong Women’s Advocate

Even as a high school student, Dave Goldberg was urging female classmates to speak up. As a young dot-com executive, he had one girlfriend after another, but fell hard for a driven friend named Sheryl Sandberg, pining after her for years. After they wed, Mr. Goldberg pushed her to negotiate hard for high compensation and arranged his schedule so that he could be home with their children when she was traveling for work.

Mr. Goldberg, who died unexpectedly on Friday, was a genial, 47-year-old Silicon Valley entrepreneur who built his latest company, SurveyMonkey, from a modest enterprise to one recently valued by investors at $2 billion. But he was also perhaps the signature male feminist of his era: the first major chief executive in memory to spur his wife to become as successful in business as he was, and an essential figure in “Lean In,” Ms. Sandberg’s blockbuster guide to female achievement.

Over the weekend, even strangers were shocked at his death, both because of his relatively young age and because they knew of him as the living, breathing, car-pooling center of a new philosophy of two-career marriage.

“They were very much the role models for what this next generation wants to grapple with,” said Debora L. Spar, the president of Barnard College. In a 2011 commencement speech there, Ms. Sandberg told the graduates that whom they married would be their most important career decision.

In the play “The Heidi Chronicles,” revived on Broadway this spring, a male character who is the founder of a media company says that “I don’t want to come home to an A-plus,” explaining that his ambitions require him to marry an unthreatening helpmeet. Mr. Goldberg grew up to hold the opposite view, starting with his upbringing in progressive Minneapolis circles where “there was woman power in every aspect of our lives,” Jeffrey Dachis, a childhood friend, said in an interview.

The Goldberg parents read “The Feminine Mystique” together — in fact, Mr. Goldberg’s father introduced it to his wife, according to Ms. Sandberg’s book. In 1976, Paula Goldberg helped found a nonprofit to aid children with disabilities. Her husband, Mel, a law professor who taught at night, made the family breakfast at home.

Later, when Dave Goldberg was in high school and his prom date, Jill Chessen, stayed silent in a politics class, he chastised her afterward. He said, “You need to speak up,” Ms. Chessen recalled in an interview. “They need to hear your voice.”

Years later, when Karin Gilford, an early employee at Launch Media, Mr. Goldberg’s digital music company, became a mother, he knew exactly what to do. He kept giving her challenging assignments, she recalled, but also let her work from home one day a week. After Yahoo acquired Launch, Mr. Goldberg became known for distributing roses to all the women in the office on Valentine’s Day.

Ms. Sandberg, who often describes herself as bossy-in-a-good-way, enchanted him when they became friendly in the mid-1990s. He “was smitten with her,” Ms. Chessen remembered. Ms. Sandberg was dating someone else, but Mr. Goldberg still hung around, even helping her and her then-boyfriend move, recalled Bob Roback, a friend and co-founder of Launch. When they finally married in 2004, friends remember thinking how similar the two were, and that the qualities that might have made Ms. Sandberg intimidating to some men drew Mr. Goldberg to her even more.

Over the next decade, Mr. Goldberg and Ms. Sandberg pioneered new ways of capturing information online, had a son and then a daughter, became immensely wealthy, and hashed out their who-does-what-in-this-marriage issues. Mr. Goldberg’s commute from the Bay Area to Los Angeles became a strain, so he relocated, later joking that he “lost the coin flip” of where they would live. He paid the bills, she planned the birthday parties, and both often left their offices at 5:30 so they could eat dinner with their children before resuming work afterward.

Friends in Silicon Valley say they were careful to conduct their careers separately, politely refusing when outsiders would ask one about the other’s work: Ms. Sandberg’s role building Facebook into an information and advertising powerhouse, and Mr. Goldberg at SurveyMonkey, which made polling faster and cheaper. But privately, their work was intertwined. He often began statements to his team with the phrase “Well, Sheryl said” sharing her business advice. He counseled her, too, starting with her salary negotiations with Mark Zuckerberg.

“I wanted Mark to really feel he stretched to get Sheryl, because she was worth it,” Mr. Goldberg explained in a 2013 “60 Minutes” interview, his Minnesota accent and his smile intact as he offered a rare peek of the intersection of marriage and money at the top of corporate life.

 

 

While his wife grew increasingly outspoken about women’s advancement, Mr. Goldberg quietly advised the men in the office on family and partnership matters, an associate said. Six out of 16 members of SurveyMonkey’s management team are female, an almost unheard-of ratio among Silicon Valley “unicorns,” or companies valued at over $1 billion.

When Mellody Hobson, a friend and finance executive, wrote a chapter of “Lean In” about women of color for the college edition of the book, Mr. Goldberg gave her feedback on the draft, a clue to his deep involvement. He joked with Ms. Hobson that she was too long-winded, like Ms. Sandberg, but aside from that, he said he loved the chapter, she said in an interview.

By then, Mr. Goldberg was a figure of fascination who inspired a “where can I get one of those?” reaction among many of the women who had read the best seller “Lean In.” Some lamented that Ms. Sandberg’s advice hinged too much on marrying a Dave Goldberg, who was humble enough to plan around his wife, attentive enough to worry about which shoes his young daughter would wear, and rich enough to help pay for the help that made the family’s balancing act manageable.

Now that he is gone, and Ms. Sandberg goes from being half of a celebrated partnership to perhaps the business world’s most prominent single mother, the pages of “Lean In” carry a new sting of loss.

“We are never at 50-50 at any given moment — perfect equality is hard to define or sustain — but we allow the pendulum to swing back and forth between us,” she wrote in 2013, adding that they were looking forward to raising teenagers together.

“Fortunately, I have Dave to figure it out with me,” she wrote.

Dave Goldberg Was Lifelong Women’s Advocate | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

In Baltimore, National Guard Pullout Begins as Citywide Curfew Is Lifted

Ex-C.I.A. Official Rebuts Republican Claims on Benghazi Attack in ‘The Great War of Our Time’

WASHINGTON — The former deputy director of the C.I.A. asserts in a forthcoming book that Republicans, in their eagerness to politicize the killing of the American ambassador to Libya, repeatedly distorted the agency’s analysis of events. But he also argues that the C.I.A. should get out of the business of providing “talking points” for administration officials in national security events that quickly become partisan, as happened after the Benghazi attack in 2012.

The official, Michael J. Morell, dismisses the allegation that the United States military and C.I.A. officers “were ordered to stand down and not come to the rescue of their comrades,” and he says there is “no evidence” to support the charge that “there was a conspiracy between C.I.A. and the White House to spin the Benghazi story in a way that would protect the political interests of the president and Secretary Clinton,” referring to the secretary of state at the time, Hillary Rodham Clinton.

But he also concludes that the White House itself embellished some of the talking points provided by the Central Intelligence Agency and had blocked him from sending an internal study of agency conclusions to Congress.

Photo
 
Michael J. Morell Credit Mark Wilson/Getty Images

“I finally did so without asking,” just before leaving government, he writes, and after the White House released internal emails to a committee investigating the State Department’s handling of the issue.

A lengthy congressional investigation remains underway, one that many Republicans hope to use against Mrs. Clinton in the 2016 election cycle.

In parts of the book, “The Great War of Our Time” (Twelve), Mr. Morell praises his C.I.A. colleagues for many successes in stopping terrorist attacks, but he is surprisingly critical of other C.I.A. failings — and those of the National Security Agency.

Soon after Mr. Morell retired in 2013 after 33 years in the agency, President Obama appointed him to a commission reviewing the actions of the National Security Agency after the disclosures of Edward J. Snowden, a former intelligence contractor who released classified documents about the government’s eavesdropping abilities. Mr. Morell writes that he was surprised by what he found.

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“You would have thought that of all the government entities on the planet, the one least vulnerable to such grand theft would have been the N.S.A.,” he writes. “But it turned out that the N.S.A. had left itself vulnerable.”

He concludes that most Wall Street firms had better cybersecurity than the N.S.A. had when Mr. Snowden swept information from its systems in 2013. While he said he found himself “chagrined by how well the N.S.A. was doing” compared with the C.I.A. in stepping up its collection of data on intelligence targets, he also sensed that the N.S.A., which specializes in electronic spying, was operating without considering the implications of its methods.

“The N.S.A. had largely been collecting information because it could, not necessarily in all cases because it should,” he says.

The book is to be released next week.

Mr. Morell was a career analyst who rose through the ranks of the agency, and he ended up in the No. 2 post. He served as President George W. Bush’s personal intelligence briefer in the first months of his presidency — in those days, he could often be spotted at the Starbucks in Waco, Tex., catching up on his reading — and was with him in the schoolhouse in Florida on the morning of Sept. 11, 2001, when the Bush presidency changed in an instant.

Mr. Morell twice took over as acting C.I.A. director, first when Leon E. Panetta was appointed secretary of defense and then when retired Gen. David H. Petraeus resigned over an extramarital affair with his biographer, a relationship that included his handing her classified notes of his time as America’s best-known military commander.

Mr. Morell says he first learned of the affair from Mr. Petraeus only the night before he resigned, and just as the Benghazi events were turning into a political firestorm. While praising Mr. Petraeus, who had told his deputy “I am very lucky” to run the C.I.A., Mr. Morell writes that “the organization did not feel the same way about him.” The former general “created the impression through the tone of his voice and his body language that he did not want people to disagree with him (which was not true in my own interaction with him),” he says.

But it is his account of the Benghazi attacks — and how the C.I.A. was drawn into the debate over whether the Obama White House deliberately distorted its account of the death of Ambassador J. Christopher Stevens — that is bound to attract attention, at least partly because of its relevance to the coming presidential election. The initial assessments that the C.I.A. gave to the White House said demonstrations had preceded the attack. By the time analysts reversed their opinion, Susan E. Rice, now the national security adviser, had made a series of statements on Sunday talk shows describing the initial assessment. The controversy and other comments Ms. Rice made derailed Mr. Obama’s plan to appoint her as secretary of state.

The experience prompted Mr. Morell to write that the C.I.A. should stay out of the business of preparing talking points — especially on issues that are being seized upon for “political purposes.” He is critical of the State Department for not beefing up security in Libya for its diplomats, as the C.I.A., he said, did for its employees.

But he concludes that the assault in which the ambassador was killed took place “with little or no advance planning” and “was not well organized.” He says the attackers “did not appear to be looking for Americans to harm. They appeared intent on looting and conducting some vandalism,” setting fires that killed Mr. Stevens and a security official, Sean Smith.

Mr. Morell paints a picture of an agency that was struggling, largely unsuccessfully, to understand dynamics in the Middle East and North Africa when the Arab Spring broke out in late 2011 in Tunisia. The agency’s analysts failed to see the forces of revolution coming — and then failed again, he writes, when they told Mr. Obama that the uprisings would undercut Al Qaeda by showing there was a democratic pathway to change.

“There is no good explanation for our not being able to see the pressures growing to dangerous levels across the region,” he writes. The agency had again relied too heavily “on a handful of strong leaders in the countries of concern to help us understand what was going on in the Arab street,” he says, and those leaders themselves were clueless.

Moreover, an agency that has always overvalued secretly gathered intelligence and undervalued “open source” material “was not doing enough to mine the wealth of information available through social media,” he writes. “We thought and told policy makers that this outburst of popular revolt would damage Al Qaeda by undermining the group’s narrative,” he writes.

Instead, weak governments in Egypt, and the absence of governance from Libya to Yemen, were “a boon to Islamic extremists across both the Middle East and North Africa.”

Mr. Morell is gentle about most of the politicians he dealt with — he expresses admiration for both Mr. Bush and Mr. Obama, though he accuses former Vice President Dick Cheney of deliberately implying a connection between Al Qaeda and Iraq that the C.I.A. had concluded probably did not exist. But when it comes to the events leading up to the Bush administration’s decision to go to war in Iraq, he is critical of his own agency.

Mr. Morell concludes that the Bush White House did not have to twist intelligence on Saddam Hussein’s alleged effort to rekindle the country’s work on weapons of mass destruction.

“The view that hard-liners in the Bush administration forced the intelligence community into its position on W.M.D. is just flat wrong,” he writes. “No one pushed. The analysts were already there and they had been there for years, long before Bush came to office.”

Ex-C.I.A. Official Rebuts Republican Claims on Benghazi Attack in ‘The Great War of Our Time’ | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Ghostly Voices From Thomas Edison’s Dolls Can Now Be Heard

Though Robin and Joan Rolfs owned two rare talking dolls manufactured by Thomas Edison’s phonograph company in 1890, they did not dare play the wax cylinder records tucked inside each one.

The Rolfses, longtime collectors of Edison phonographs, knew that if they turned the cranks on the dolls’ backs, the steel phonograph needle might damage or destroy the grooves of the hollow, ring-shaped cylinder. And so for years, the dolls sat side by side inside a display cabinet, bearers of a message from the dawn of sound recording that nobody could hear.

In 1890, Edison’s dolls were a flop; production lasted only six weeks. Children found them difficult to operate and more scary than cuddly. The recordings inside, which featured snippets of nursery rhymes, wore out quickly.

Yet sound historians say the cylinders were the first entertainment records ever made, and the young girls hired to recite the rhymes were the world’s first recording artists.

Year after year, the Rolfses asked experts if there might be a safe way to play the recordings. Then a government laboratory developed a method to play fragile records without touching them.

Audio

The technique relies on a microscope to create images of the grooves in exquisite detail. A computer approximates — with great accuracy — the sounds that would have been created by a needle moving through those grooves.

In 2014, the technology was made available for the first time outside the laboratory.

“The fear all along is that we don’t want to damage these records. We don’t want to put a stylus on them,” said Jerry Fabris, the curator of the Thomas Edison Historical Park in West Orange, N.J. “Now we have the technology to play them safely.”

Last month, the Historical Park posted online three never-before-heard Edison doll recordings, including the two from the Rolfses’ collection. “There are probably more out there, and we’re hoping people will now get them digitized,” Mr. Fabris said.

The technology, which is known as Irene (Image, Reconstruct, Erase Noise, Etc.), was developed by the particle physicist Carl Haber and the engineer Earl Cornell at Lawrence Berkeley. Irene extracts sound from cylinder and disk records. It can also reconstruct audio from recordings so badly damaged they were deemed unplayable.

“We are now hearing sounds from history that I did not expect to hear in my lifetime,” Mr. Fabris said.

The Rolfses said they were not sure what to expect in August when they carefully packed their two Edison doll cylinders, still attached to their motors, and drove from their home in Hortonville, Wis., to the National Document Conservation Center in Andover, Mass. The center had recently acquired Irene technology.

Audio

Cylinders carry sound in a spiral groove cut by a phonograph recording needle that vibrates up and down, creating a surface made of tiny hills and valleys. In the Irene set-up, a microscope perched above the shaft takes thousands of high-resolution images of small sections of the grooves.

Stitched together, the images provide a topographic map of the cylinder’s surface, charting changes in depth as small as one five-hundredth the thickness of a human hair. Pitch, volume and timbre are all encoded in the hills and valleys and the speed at which the record is played.

At the conservation center, the preservation specialist Mason Vander Lugt attached one of the cylinders to the end of a rotating shaft. Huddled around a computer screen, the Rolfses first saw the wiggly waveform generated by Irene. Then came the digital audio. The words were at first indistinct, but as Mr. Lugt filtered out more of the noise, the rhyme became clearer.

“That was the Eureka moment,” Mr. Rolfs said.

In 1890, a girl in Edison’s laboratory had recited:

There was a little girl,

And she had a little curl

Audio

Right in the middle of her forehead.

When she was good,

She was very, very good.

But when she was bad, she was horrid.

Recently, the conservation center turned up another surprise.

In 2010, the Woody Guthrie Foundation received 18 oversize phonograph disks from an anonymous donor. No one knew if any of the dirt-stained recordings featured Guthrie, but Tiffany Colannino, then the foundation’s archivist, had stored them unplayed until she heard about Irene.

Last fall, the center extracted audio from one of the records, labeled “Jam Session 9” and emailed the digital file to Ms. Colannino.

“I was just sitting in my dining room, and the next thing I know, I’m hearing Woody,” she said. In between solo performances of “Ladies Auxiliary,” “Jesus Christ,” and “Dead or Alive,” Guthrie tells jokes, offers some back story, and makes the audience laugh. “It is quintessential Guthrie,” Ms. Colannino said.

The Rolfses’ dolls are back in the display cabinet in Wisconsin. But with audio stored on several computers, they now have a permanent voice.

Ghostly Voices From Thomas Edison’s Dolls Can Now Be Heard | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Wladyslaw Bartoszewski, 93, Dies; Polish Auschwitz Survivor Aided Jews

Mr. Bartoszewski was given honorary Israeli citizenship for his work to save Jews during World War II and later surprised even himself by being instrumental in reconciling Poland and Germany.

Wladyslaw Bartoszewski, 93, Dies; Polish Auschwitz Survivor Aided Jews | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Dave Goldberg, Head of Web Survey Company and Half of a Silicon Valley Power Couple, Dies at 47

Mr. Goldberg was a serial Silicon Valley entrepreneur and venture capitalist who was married to Sheryl Sandberg, the chief operating officer of Facebook.

Dave Goldberg Was Lifelong Women’s Advocate

Dave Goldberg, Head of Web Survey Company and Half of a Silicon Valley Power Couple, Dies at 47 | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Negative View of U.S. Race Relations Grows, Poll Finds

Public perceptions of race relations in America have grown substantially more negative in the aftermath of the death of a young black man who was injured while in police custody in Baltimore and the subsequent unrest, far eclipsing the sentiment recorded in the wake of turmoil in Ferguson, Mo., last summer.

Americans are also increasingly likely to say that the police are more apt to use deadly force against a black person, the latest New York Times/CBS News poll finds.

The poll findings highlight the challenges for local leaders and police officials in trying to maintain order while sustaining faith in the criminal justice system in a racially polarized nation.

Sixty-one percent of Americans now say race relations in this country are generally bad. That figure is up sharply from 44 percent after the fatal police shooting of Michael Brown and the unrest that followed in Ferguson in August, and 43 percent in December. In a CBS News poll just two months ago, 38 percent said race relations were generally bad. Current views are by far the worst of Barack Obama’s presidency.

The negative sentiment is echoed by broad majorities of blacks and whites alike, a stark change from earlier this year, when 58 percent of blacks thought race relations were bad, but just 35 percent of whites agreed. In August, 48 percent of blacks and 41 percent of whites said they felt that way.

Looking ahead, 44 percent of Americans think race relations are worsening, up from 36 percent in December. Forty-one percent of blacks and 46 percent of whites think so. Pessimism among whites has increased 10 points since December.

Continue reading the main story
Do you think race relations in the United States are generally good or generally bad?
60
40
20
0
White
Black
May '14
May '15
Generally bad
Continue reading the main story
Do you think race relations in the United States are getting better, getting worse or staying about the same?
Getting worse
Staying the same
Getting better
Don't know/No answer
All adults
Whites
Blacks
44%
37
17
46
36
16
41
42
15

The poll finds that profound racial divisions in views of how the police use deadly force remain. Blacks are more than twice as likely to say police in most communities are more apt to use deadly force against a black person — 79 percent of blacks say so compared with 37 percent of whites. A slim majority of whites say race is not a factor in a police officer’s decision to use deadly force.

Overall, 44 percent of Americans say deadly force is more likely to be used against a black person, up from 37 percent in August and 40 percent in December.

Blacks also remain far more likely than whites to say they feel mostly anxious about the police in their community. Forty-two percent say so, while 51 percent feel mostly safe. Among whites, 8 in 10 feel mostly safe.

One proposal to address the matter — having on-duty police officers wear body cameras — receives overwhelming support. More than 9 in 10 whites and blacks alike favor it.

Continue reading the main story
How would you describe your feelings about the police in your community? Would you say they make you feel mostly safe or mostly anxious?
Mostly safe
Mostly anxious
Don't know/No answer
All adults
Whites
Blacks
75%
21
3
81
16
3
51
42
7
Continue reading the main story
In general, do you think the police in most communities are more likely to use deadly force against a black person, or more likely to use it against a white person, or don’t you think race affects police use of deadly force?
Police more likely to use deadly force against a black person
Police more likely to use deadly force against a white person
Race DOES NOT affect police use of deadly force
Don't know/No answer
All adults
Whites
Blacks
44%
37%
79%
2%
2%
1%
46%
53%
16%
9%
8%
4%
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Do you favor or oppose on-duty police officers wearing video cameras that would record events and actions as they occur?
Favor
Oppose
Don't know/No answer
All adults
Whites
Blacks
92%
93%
93%
6%
5%
5%
2%
2%
2%

Asked specifically about the situation in Baltimore, most Americans expressed at least some confidence that the investigation by local authorities would be conducted fairly. But while nearly two-thirds of whites think so, fewer than half of blacks agree. Still, more blacks are confident now than were in August regarding the investigation in Ferguson. On Friday, six members of the police force involved in the arrest of Mr. Gray were charged with serious offenses, including manslaughter. The poll was conducted Thursday through Sunday; results from before charges were announced are similar to those from after.

Reaction to the recent turmoil in Baltimore, however, is similar among blacks and whites. Most Americans, 61 percent, say the unrest after Mr. Gray’s death was not justified. That includes 64 percent of whites and 57 percent of blacks.

Continue reading the main story
As you may know, a Baltimore man, Freddie Gray, recently died after being in the custody of the Baltimore police. How much confidence do you have that the investigation by local authorities into this matter will be conducted fairly?
A lot
Some
Not much
None at all
Don't know/No answer
All adults
Whites
Blacks
29%
31
22
14
5
31
33
20
11
5
20
26
30
22
In general, do you think the unrest in Baltimore after the death of Freddie Gray was justified, or do you think the unrest was not justified?
Justified
Not justified
Don't know/No answer
All adults
Whites
Blacks
28%
61
11
26
64
11
37
57
6

Negative View of U.S. Race Relations Grows, Poll Finds | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Gilbert Haroche, Builder of an Economy Travel Empire, Dies at 87

Mr. Haroche was a founder of Liberty Travel, which grew from a two-man operation to the largest leisure travel operation in the United States.

Gilbert Haroche, Builder of an Economy Travel Empire, Dies at 87 | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Betsy von Furstenberg, Baroness and Versatile Actress, Dies at 83

Ms. von Furstenberg made her debut in the movies and on the Broadway stage in the early 1950s as a teenager and later reinvented herself as a television actress, writer and philanthropist.

Betsy von Furstenberg, Baroness and Versatile Actress, Dies at 83 | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Finding Scandal in New York and New Jersey, but No Shame

From sea to shining sea, or at least from one side of the Hudson to the other, politicians you have barely heard of are being accused of wrongdoing. There were so many court proceedings involving public officials on Monday that it was hard to keep up.

In Newark, two underlings of Gov. Chris Christie were arraigned on charges that they were in on the truly deranged plot to block traffic leading onto the George Washington Bridge.

Ten miles away, in Lower Manhattan, Dean G. Skelos, the leader of the New York State Senate, and his son, Adam B. Skelos, were arrested by the Federal Bureau of Investigation on accusations of far more conventional political larceny, involving a job with a sewer company for the son and commissions on title insurance and bond work.

The younger man managed to receive a 150 percent pay increase from the sewer company even though, as he said on tape, he “literally knew nothing about water or, you know, any of that stuff,” according to a criminal complaint the United States attorney’s office filed.

The success of Adam Skelos, 32, was attributed by prosecutors to his father’s influence as the leader of the Senate and as a potentate among state Republicans. The indictment can also be read as one of those unfailingly sad tales of a father who cannot stop indulging a grown son. The senator himself is not alleged to have profited from the schemes, except by being relieved of the burden of underwriting Adam.

The bridge traffic caper is its own species of crazy; what distinguishes the charges against the two Skeloses is the apparent absence of a survival instinct. It is one thing not to know anything about water or that stuff. More remarkable, if true, is the fact that the sewer machinations continued even after the former New York Assembly speaker, Sheldon Silver, was charged in January with taking bribes disguised as fees.

It was by then common gossip in political and news media circles that Senator Skelos, a Republican, the counterpart in the Senate to Mr. Silver, a Democrat, in the Assembly, could be next in line for the criminal dock. “Stay tuned,” the United States attorney, Preet Bharara said, leaving not much to the imagination.

Even though the cat had been unmistakably belled, Skelos father and son continued to talk about how to advance the interests of the sewer company, though the son did begin to use a burner cellphone, the kind people pay for in cash, with no traceable contracts.

That was indeed prudent, as prosecutors had been wiretapping the cellphones of both men. But it would seem that the burner was of limited value, because by then the prosecutors had managed to secure the help of a business executive who agreed to record calls with the Skeloses. It would further seem that the business executive was more attentive to the perils of pending investigations than the politician.

Through the end of the New York State budget negotiations in March, the hopes of the younger Skelos rested on his father’s ability to devise legislation that would benefit the sewer company. That did not pan out. But Senator Skelos did boast that he had haggled with Gov. Andrew M. Cuomo, a Democrat, in a successful effort to raise a $150 million allocation for Long Island to $550 million, for what the budget called “transformative economic development projects.” It included money for the kind of work done by the sewer company.

The lawyer for Adam Skelos said he was not guilty and would win in court. Senator Skelos issued a ringing declaration that he was unequivocally innocent.

THIS was also the approach taken in New Jersey by Bill Baroni, a man of great presence and eloquence who stopped outside the federal courthouse to note that he had taken risks as a Republican by bucking his party to support paid family leave, medical marijuana and marriage equality. “I would never risk my career, my job, my reputation for something like this,” Mr. Baroni said. “I am an innocent man.”

The lawyer for his co-defendant, Bridget Anne Kelly, the former deputy chief of staff to Mr. Christie, a Republican, said that she would strongly rebut the charges.

Perhaps they had nothing to do with the lane closings. But neither Mr. Baroni nor Ms. Kelly addressed the question of why they did not return repeated calls from the mayor of Fort Lee, N.J., begging them to stop the traffic tie-ups, over three days.

That silence was a low moment. But perhaps New York hit bottom faster. Senator Skelos, the prosecutors charged, arranged to meet Long Island politicians at the wake of Wenjian Liu, a New York City police officer shot dead in December, to press for payments to the company employing his son.

Sometimes it seems as though for some people, the only thing to be ashamed of is shame itself.

Finding Scandal in New York and New Jersey, but No Shame | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Bruce Alger, 96, Dies; Led ‘Mink Coat’ Protest Against Lyndon Johnson

Mr. Alger, who served five terms from Texas, led Republican women in a confrontation with Lyndon B. Johnson that may have cost Richard M. Nixon the 1960 presidential election.

Bruce Alger, 96, Dies; Led ‘Mink Coat’ Protest Against Lyndon Johnson | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Cher and Marc Jacobs

The 2015 Met Gala has only officially begun, but there's a clear leader in the race for best couple, no small feat at an event that threatens to sap Hollywood of every celebrity it has for the duration of an East Coast evening.

That would be Marc Jacobs and his surprise guest (who, by some miracle, remained under wraps until their red carpet debut), Cher.

“This has been a dream of mine for a very, very long time,” Mr. Jacobs said.

It is Cher's first appearance at the Met Gala since 1997, when she arrived on the arm of Donatella Versace.

– MATTHEW SCHNEIER

Cher and Marc Jacobs | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Harvey R. Miller, Renowned Bankruptcy Lawyer, Dies at 82

Mr. Miller, of the firm Weil, Gotshal & Manges, represented companies including Lehman Brothers, General Motors and American Airlines, and mentored many of the top Chapter 11 practitioners today.

Harvey R. Miller, Renowned Bankruptcy Lawyer, Dies at 82 | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Gene Fullmer, a Brawling Middleweight Champion, Dies at 83

Fullmer, who reigned when fight clubs abounded and Friday night fights were a television staple, was known for his title bouts with Sugar Ray Robinson and Carmen Basilio.

Gene Fullmer, a Brawling Middleweight Champion, Dies at 83 | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Calvin Peete, 71, a Racial Pioneer on the PGA Tour, Is Dead

With 12 tournament victories in his career, Mr. Peete was the most successful black professional golfer before Tiger Woods.

Calvin Peete, 71, a Racial Pioneer on the PGA Tour, Is Dead | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

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