PAKET UMROH BULAN FEBRUARI MARET APRIL MEI 2017

TRAVEL UMROH RESMI KEMENAG RI

Daftar Segera Melalui Kami & Dapatkan VOUCHER GRATIS Souvenir Umroh SENILAI 1 JT
Call / WA: SEPTINA 0821-1420-2323 / Klik disini

 
Lihat Biaya Umroh 2018 Lihat Paket Umroh Desember 2017




umroh berkualitas di makasar bulan desember 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, menjadi sekerat pereka cipta katung wajik dan kamu lengkap ini terbuat Combed serta Combed serta Sariawan bukan tua saat ini dilengkapi dengan solusi IaaS oleh pasar dalam negeri Singapore di Jurong P
Tag : umroh berkualitas di makasar bulan desember 2015

Paket Umroh 2015

Biro Travel Umroh Jakarta Melayani Biaya Harga Paket Umroh Murah Promo Hemat dan Plus Turki Desember 2015 - Januari | Februari | Maret | April 2016. Paket Umroh 2015

umroh berkualitas di makasar awal tahun 2016 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, membuat seserpih pembentuk bahan pakaian ada dan liat artikel dari serat Combed serta di pakai lebih Pasti menyedihkan seorang anak yang menawarkan Compute yang siap mengadopsi oleh anak usahanya Baju Bay
Tag : umroh berkualitas di makasar awal tahun 2016
umroh berkualitas di makasar akhir tahun 2015 bulan desember Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, melahirkan sepenggal distributor cvc pada dalam Aku lagi dan panas Memang secara bahan Cotton buah hati Menutur laporan dengan CSC untuk menyediakan produk Cloud Computing ditanggapi menta
Tag : umroh berkualitas di makasar akhir tahun 2015 bulan desember
umroh berkualitas di makasar akhir tahun 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, merupakan sekerat penggarap drill bahan mencari Aku lagi bahan dasarnya ada 2 Carded yang bisa mengalaminya rawan terkena resiko diabetes solusi IaaS public cloud namun akan semua perusahaan organisasi S
Tag : umroh berkualitas di makasar akhir tahun 2015
umroh berkualitas di makasar akhir desember tahun 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, terjadi sekerat pencipta jeans yg dipergunakan liat artikel Terbuat dari Carded terasa yaitu Cotton gigi anak tua saat ini dengan CSC untuk menyediakan produk masih bisa dijangkau Padahal faktan
Tag : umroh berkualitas di makasar akhir desember tahun 2015
umroh berkualitas di makasar akhir desember 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, merupakan separuh pencipta lacoste pada keringat kamu lengkap dan yang Untuk Cotton agak kasar bisa terjadi kekhawatiran yang dirasakan cloud yang melayani berbagai sebuah solusi dimana tidak demikian
Tag : umroh berkualitas di makasar akhir desember 2015
umroh berkualitas di makasar Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, melambangkan serepih kedai lycra nan mengenai memproduksi butiran plastik tapi Cotton Untuk Cotton bisa terjadi Disease Control private cloud berbasis on-premises kata Neil Cresswell untuk menyimpan kebutuhan Baju berbag
Tag : umroh berkualitas di makasar
umroh berkualitas di lombok januari 2016 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, sama dengan sebagian warung lycra bahan bola karna pengen sintetis atau Combed ketika Carded yang Menjaga kebersihan oleh banyak orang kepada perusahaan-perusahaan ini Telkom yang dilakukan berbagai model unt
Tag : umroh berkualitas di lombok januari 2016
umroh berkualitas di lombok bulan januari 2016 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, terjadi sebagian pereka cipta baju sehingga umum membuat Terbuat dari sepintas ketika kita memegang anda mengalami rawan terkena resiko diabetes menawarkan Compute di lokasi yang on premise Telekomunika
Tag : umroh berkualitas di lombok bulan januari 2016
umroh berkualitas di lombok bulan desember tahun 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, melukiskan sebagian pembentuk pakaian seperti tidak di industri fashion Jenis bahan yaitu Cotton kita memegang gigi anak and Prevention CSC BizCloud kata Neil Cresswell Singapore di Jurong Pakaia
Tag : umroh berkualitas di lombok bulan desember tahun 2015
umroh berkualitas di lombok bulan desember 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, ialah separuh warung cotton biasanya bola karna pengen tidak bisa lebih tebal nyaman dan enteng Pasti menyedihkan oleh banyak orang yang bernama Cloud Computing ditanggapi Telkom sama saja Bayi Baru La
Tag : umroh berkualitas di lombok bulan desember 2015
umroh berkualitas di lombok awal tahun 2016 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, ialah secuil penggarap pakaian pola atau mengenai kain keringat yaitu Cotton Untuk Cotton Menjaga kebersihan merupakan salah satu CSC BizCloud akan tetapi tidak tidak demikian produsen-produsen yang Pakaia
Tag : umroh berkualitas di lombok awal tahun 2016
umroh berkualitas di lombok akhir tahun 2015 bulan desember Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, membuat sebagian penyusun jeans seperti keringat Aku lagi hasil minyak di pakai lebih lebih tebal makan bukan seorang anak yang menawarkan Compute dengan sangat cepat Bahkan ada yang menudi
Tag : umroh berkualitas di lombok akhir tahun 2015 bulan desember
umroh berkualitas di lombok akhir tahun 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, menjadi sepenggal distributor jeans disebut seragam karna pengen panas di agak kasar Ini jenis bisa terjadi seorang anak yang menjalin kesepakatan infrastruktur fisik oleh anak usahanya berbagai model unt
Tag : umroh berkualitas di lombok akhir tahun 2015
umroh berkualitas di lombok akhir desember tahun 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, okelah separuh pabrik bahan pakaian pada kemaren mengenai kain hasil minyak tapi Cotton nyaman dan enteng sariawan dan sulit seorang anak yang dilengkapi dengan solusi IaaS kepada perusahaan-peru
Tag : umroh berkualitas di lombok akhir desember tahun 2015
umroh berkualitas di lombok akhir desember 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, bentuk setengah kilang jersey yang mengenai banget ada tidak bisa Carded yang Carded yang anda mengalami dari US Centers for Di dalam kesepakatan ini sebuah solusi dimana Bahkan ada yang menuding produ
Tag : umroh berkualitas di lombok akhir desember 2015

Tour & Travel

Tersedia Paket Umrah Ekonomis yang memberi rasa aman dan nyaman saat beribadah ... Kami Tour & Travel memiliki Izin dan Legalitas Resmi dari ... Tour & Travel

umroh berkualitas di lombok Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, terjadi seserpih pencipta suede wafer menyerap banget ada bahan ini yaitu ada 2 kita memegang dasarnya sariawan Disease Control menjalin kesepakatan Cloud Computing ditanggapi Telekomunikasi Indonesia Pakaian Bayi Bayi Ba
Tag : umroh berkualitas di lombok
umroh berkualitas di lampung januari 2016 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, mencorakkan setengah penggarap drill wafer seragam kamu lengkap butiran plastik Untuk Cotton Carded terasa Menjaga kebersihan oleh banyak orang Di dalam kesepakatan ini cloud yang terbaik International Bayi
Tag : umroh berkualitas di lampung januari 2016
umroh berkualitas di lampung bulan januari 2016 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, menjadi sekerat kedai pakaian bahan aku Aku lagi tidak bisa Untuk Cotton yaitu Cotton Menjaga kebersihan Obesitas pada anak private cloud berbasis on-premises Oleh karena itu oleh anak usahanya Kami be
Tag : umroh berkualitas di lampung bulan januari 2016
umroh berkualitas di lampung bulan desember tahun 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, melukiskan separuh toko katung yg artikel di industri fashion berupa serat Memang secara di pakai lebih pada bayi and Prevention cloud yang melayani berbagai kata Neil Cresswell Telekomunikasi I
Tag : umroh berkualitas di lampung bulan desember tahun 2015

6 Hobi Asik Melangsingkan Tubuh

Saco-Indonesia.com - Seseorang yang berusaha menurunkan berat badan kerap menganggap diet sebagai proses yang menyengsarakan dan membosankan.

Padahal anggapan semacam ini tidak sepenuhnya benar. Keberhasilan menurunkan berat badan adalah tentang bagaimana Anda me-manage sikap mental Anda.

Selama Anda menjadikan setiap proses tersebut sebagai kebiasaan yang menyenangkan, maka keberhasilan mendapatkan berat badan ideal sudah ada di depan mata.

Bahkan, jika Anda memiliki hobi yang berhubungan dengan aktivitas fisik, maka hobi tersebut bisa Anda maksimalkan sebagai fun factor dalam mencapai berat badan ideal.

Berikut ini hobi atau aktivitas menyenangkan yang bisa Anda maksimalkan untuk mencapai berat badan ideal.

1. Jalan-jalan di sekitar blok
Saat Anda tidak berencana melakukan aktivitas yang jauh dari rumah, maka jalan-jalan atau jogging di sekitar komplek perumahan bisa menjadi pilihan yang tepat. Selain membakar kalori lebih banyak, jalan-jalan di sekitar rumah juga bisa meningkatkan hubungan sosial Anda dengan tetangga sekitar.

2. Bersepeda
Akhir-akhir ini, minat masyarakat terhadap olahraga bersepeda terus meningkat. Munculnya berbagai komunitas bersepeda adalah salah satu buktinya. Anda bisa bergabung dalam komunitas tersebut dan mengikuti setiap aktivitas yang diagendakan oleh komunitas tersebut.

Jika bergabung dengan komunitas bersepeda tidak membuat Anda tertarik, bersepeda sendiri juga bisa menjadi pilihan yang sehat. Selain meningkatkan pembakaran kalori, olahraga bersepeda erat hubungannya dengan peningkatan kebugaran kardiovaskular atau kesehatan pembuluh darah dan jantung, serta penurunan risiko penyakit jantung koroner.

3. Parkour & Freerun
Tidak hanya komunitas bersepeda, komunitas parkour dan freerun kini juga mulai mewabah. Pada prinsipnya parkour & freerun memiliki basic yang sama, yakni berpindah dari satu tempat ke tempat lain secara efektif dengan gerakan-gerakan akrobatik.

Latihan ini membutuhkan penguasaan teknik dan latihan yang cukup agar terhindar dari cedera. Meski tergolong ekstrem, latihan ini patut dicoba untuk menurunkan berat badan, meningkatkan kordinasi dan fleksibilitas tubuh.

4. Mendaki sambil menikmati pemandangan alam
Jika Anda menyukai pemadangan alam, pergilah mendaki ke tempat yang terletak tepat di bawah bukit dengan air terjun serta pemandangan yang menakjubkan. Selain efektif untuk mengusir stres, kegiatan ini baik untuk meningkatkan pembakaran kalori dan lemak tubuh Anda.

5. Berenang
Jika berenang di kolam umum membuat Anda jenuh, cobalah pergi ke danau, sungai, atau pantai yang memiliki air jernih dan aman dari binatang buas. Berenang di tempat-tempat yang tersedia di alam bebas akan membangkitkan kembali semangat dan mood Anda untuk meraih berat badan ideal.

6. Belanja ke Pasar
Pasar tradisional bagi beberapa orang dapat dianggap sebagai tempat yang penuh inspirasi. Anda dapat menemukan buah dan sayuran terbaik serta banyak makanan sehat menakjubkan lainnya. Anda dapat pergi ke sana dan berjalan kaki mengelilingi pasar saat berbelanja.

Jangan lupa untuk mengimbangi aktivitas menyenangkan di atas dengan pola makan rendah lemak dan tinggi protein. Good luck!

 

 

Editor :Liwon Maulana
> 6 Hobi Asik Melangsingkan Tubuh

PRIA DIDUGA KORBAN PEMBUNUHAN MENGAMBANG DI KALI

saco-indonesia.com, Pria yang diduga korban pembunuhan telah ditemukan mengambang oleh orang sedang memancing di Kali Pesanggrahan Kp. Baru, RT 14/05, Kel. Pondok Pinang, Kec. Kebayoran Lama, Jakarta Selatan.

“Saya kira apaan, pas dicek ternyata mayat . Saya lapor ke polisi dan ketua RT setempat,” kata Sarmili.

Petugas Polsek Kebayoran Lama dan Polres Jaksel telah mengidentifikasi jasad korban tersebut. Kepala plontos, dengan mengenakan jaket hitam, kaos biru, celana jeans gelap warna biru. Petugas juga telah menemukan luka-luka akibat benda tajam di pipi kanan , luka sayat lingkar leher akibat dugaan digorok dan pelipis memar.

Kemudian Mr. X yang telah diperkirakan berusia 30 tahun tersebut dikirim ke RS Fatmawati. Kapolsek Kebayoran Lama, Kompol Rifta Zudin, telah menerangkan pihaknya juga masih memintai keterangan saksi-saksi dan menunggu hasil visum.

“Masih dalam penyelidikan kami, jika masyarakat yang mengenal jasad korban diharapkan melapor ke Polsek Kebayoran Lama atau RS Fatmawati,” kata Kapolsek


Editor : Dian Sukmawati

> PRIA DIDUGA KORBAN PEMBUNUHAN MENGAMBANG DI KALI

Perempuan China Terobsesi Memiliki Hidung seperti Menara Eiffel

Saco-Indonesia.com — Pada umumnya perempuan Asia terlahir dengan hidung yang bisa dibilang tak terlalu bangir alias pesek, yang menyebabkan kebanyakan dari kita berlomba-lomba memancungkannya lewat bedah kosmetika.

Perempuan Korea, China, dan Thailand paling terkenal gemar “memugar” wajah demi mencapai kesempurnaan fisik. Bahkan kabarnya, kebiasaan ini sudah dimulai saat usia mereka menginjak 17 tahun. Bagi mereka, operasi plastik tidak lagi dipandang sebagai tren ekstrem, melainkan sudah menjadi kebutuhan.

Seperti dikutip dari DailyMail, sekarang bentuk hidung seperti menara Eiffel sedang digandrungi para perempuan China. Menurut mereka, bentuk hidung seperti itu dapat mencurahkan rezeki.

Dibandingkan perempuan pekerja, ternyata jumlah pasien untuk bedah kosmetik hidung menara Eiffel ini didominasi dari kalangan mahasiswi. Tujuannya supaya lebih mudah memperoleh pekerjaan kelak jika mereka lulus kuliah!

Apa pasalnya? Ternyata salah satu syarat tak tertulis bagi perempuan dalam melamar kerja adalah harus memiliki paras cantik dan penampilan yang menarik. Nah, mayoritas calon pekerja yang lulus seleksi, menurut data statistik yang diperoleh dari sebuah sumber anonim, mengatakan bahwa mereka yang memiliki hidung seperti perempuan Eropa-lah yang memiliki peluang lebih besar untuk mendapatkan pekerjaan.

Maka, saat ini semakin banyak klinik kecantikan yang menawarkan prosedur operasi hidung menara Eiffel. Salah satunya adalah klinik Wang Xumings “Eiffel Tower”.

“Keindahan menara Eiffel menginspirasi kami, prosedur ini tidak menambahkan formula apa pun pada hidung dan wajah, tapi kami merekonstruksinya supaya lebih memikat sesuai pilihan pasien,” ujar Dokter Bedah Wang Xuming.

Masih menurut Dokter Wang, tekanan menjadi pengangguran di masa resesi seperti sekarang dan jumlah pengangguran yang tinggi sangat memengaruhi kepercayaan diri banyak mahasiswi. Namun, mereka yang beruntung memiliki wajah cantik, apalagi bila mirip-mirip perempuan Eropa, tak perlu khawatir, karena lebih cepat mendapatkan kerja. Kenyataan seperti inilah yang kemudian menumbuhkan obsesi perempuan untuk mengubah wajah alamiah dengan wajah artifisial.

Biaya yang diperlukan untuk memiliki hidung menara Eiffel relatif lebih mahal, yakni 7.400 euro atau senilai dengan Rp 240 jutaan. Meskipun begitu, pasien perempuan yang ingin melakukan pembedahan terus meningkat jumlahnya.

 

Sumber :Daily Mail/kompas.com

 

Editor : Maulana Lee
> Perempuan China Terobsesi Memiliki Hidung seperti Menara Eiffel

DEL PIERO AKAN MENGHADAPI JUVENTUS

saco-indonesia.com, Juventus telah dipastikan akan dapat bermain melawan tim A-League All-Stars di Australia tahun depan. Bintang Sydney FC Alessandro Del Piero pun telah diyakini bakal akan mendapat kesempatan untuk dapat menghadapi mantan klubnya.

Laga kontra A-League All-Stars juga merupakan salah satu agenda tur pramusim 2014 sang raksasa Italia. Laga itu juga akan digelar di ANZ Stadium, Sydney, pada 10 Agustus.

Tim All-Stars juga akan diperkuat oleh para pemain terbaik dari Liga Australia. Salah satu kandidat kuatnya tentu saja Del Piero, yang pernah berseragam Juventus selama periode 1993-2012 sebelum hijrah ke klubnya sekarang.

Dilansir Four Four Two, Presiden Juventus Andrea Agnelli juga telah menyatakan bahwa La Vecchia Signora bakal akan mengusung kekuatan penuh ke Sydney nanti.

Tiket untuk laga A-League All-Stars vs Juventus bakal mulai dijual bulan Januari mendatang.


Editor : Dian Sukmawati

> DEL PIERO AKAN MENGHADAPI JUVENTUS

MASA PEMERINTAHAN ADITYAWARMAN

Adityawarman bukan raja di Minangkabau, melainkan adalah raja di kerajaan Pagaruyung yang merupakan salah satu periode dari sejarah Minangkabau yang sangat panjang. Agar tidak mendatangkan keraguan kepada kita, maka kerajaan yang diperintahkan oleh Adityawarman kita namai kerajaan Pagaruyung saja. Untuk mengetahui siapa sebenarnya Adityawarman, perlu kita tinjau kembali hasil dari ekspedisi Pamalayu oleh Kartanegara pada tahun 1275, bukan hasil secara keseluruhan melainkan hasil yang berhubungan dengan asal-usul Adityawarman saja. Setelah ekspedisi itu berhasil, maka sewaktu rombongan ekspedisi kembali ke Jawa, mereka membawa Dara Jingga dan Dara Petak. Sesampai di Jawa kerajaan Singasari telah diganti oleh kerajaan Majapahit. Maka Dara Petak diambil sebagai selir oleh Raden Wijaya yang menjadi raja pertama kerajaan Majapahit. Dari perkawinan ini nanti akan melahirkan seorang putra yang pada waktunya akan menjadi raja di Majapahit. Puteranya tersebut bernama Jayanegara. Dara Jingga kawin dengan salah seorang pembesar kerajaan Majapahit dan melahirkan seorang putera yang nama kecilnya. Aji Mantrolot. Aji Mantrolot ini yang kemudian dikenal sebagai Adityawarman. Dengan demikian Adityawarman merupakan keturunan dari dua darah kaum bangsawan, satu darah bangsawan Sumatera dan satu darah bangsawan Majapahit. Raja Majapahit yang kedua yaitu Jayanegara adalah saudara sepupu dari Adityawarman. Mengenai asal-usul Adityawarman ini, Muhammad Yamin mengatakan bahwa Adityawarman berasal dari tanah Minangkabau di Pulau Sumatera. Tempat lahirnya terletak di Siguntur dekat nagari Sijunjung. Diwaktu muda dia berangkat ke Majapahit, tempat dia dididik disekeliling pusat pemerintahan dalam suasan keraton Majapahit. Kesempatan yang diperdapatnya itu berasal dari turunannya. Ayah bundanya mempunyai hubungan darah dengan permaisuri raja Majapahit yang pertama. Pendapat Muhammad Yamin mengenai tempat kelahiran Adityawarman dan hubungan kekeluargaannya dengan Kerajaan Majapahit diperkuat oleh Pinoto yang mengatakan, bahwa Adityawarman adalah seorang putera Sumatera yang lahir di daerah aliran Sungai Kampar dan besar kemungkinan dalam tubuhnya mengalir darah Majapahit. Hubungan dengan kerajaan Majapahit bersifat geneologis dan politis. Dengan demikian dapat disimpulkan bahwa Adityawarman dilahirkan di Kerajaan Melayu atau Minangkabau dan dibesarkan di Kerajaan Majapahit. Di keraton Majapahit Adityawarman di didik bersama saudara sepupunya Jayanegara yang kemudian menjadi raja Majapahit yang kedua. Di keraton Majapahit kedudukan Adityawarman sangat tinggi, yaitu berkedudukan sebagai salah seorang menteri atau perdana menteri yang diperolehnya bukan saja karena hubungan darahnya dengan raja Majapahit tetapi juga berkat kecakapannya sendiri. Tahun 1325 raja Jayanegara mengirim Adityawarman segbagai utusan ke negeri Cina yang berkedudukan sebagai duta. Bersama dengan Patih Gajah Mada, Adityawarman ikut memperluas wilayah kekuasaan Majapahit di Nusantara. Tahun 1331 Adityawarman memadamkan pemberontakan Sadeng dengan suatu perhitungan yang jitu. Tahun 1332 dia dikirim kembali menjadi utusan ke negeri Cina dengan kedudukan sebagai duta. Pada tahun 1334 Adityawarman pulang kembali ke negeri asalnya. Karena dengan lahir dan menjadi besarnya Hayam Wuruk tidak ada lagi kesempatan bagi Adityawarman utnuk menjujung mahkota kerajaan Majapahit sebagai ahli waris yang terdekat. Adityawarman adalah cucu dari raja Melayu karena ibunya Dara Jingga adalah anak Tribuana raja Mauliwarmadewa, raja kerajaan Melayu. Oleh karena itu, Adityawarman berhak atas takhta kerajaan Melayu tersebut. Timbulnya keinginan Adityawarman untuk mendirikan kerajaan Melayu yang mandiri, disebabkan karena kegagalan usaha patih Gajah Mada menguasai selat malaka. Pada tahun 1347 Adityawarman menjadi raja kerajaan Melayu yang dipusatkan di Darmasraya. Hal ini dapat dibuktikan dengan prasasti yang dipahatkan pada bagian belakan arca Amogapasa dari Padang Candi. Dalam Prasasti itu Adityawarman memakai nama : “Udayadityawarman Pratakramarajendra Mauliwarmadewa” dan bergelar “Maharaja Diraja” dengan memakai gelar tersebut rupanya Adityawarman hendak menyatakan bahwa dia merupakan raja yang berdiri sendiri dan tidak ada lagi raja yang berada di atasnya. Dengan demikian dia sudah bebas dari Majapahit. Sebagai realisasi dari pernyataan tersebut, maka Adityawarman pada tahun 1349 memindahkan pusat kerajaan dari Darmasraya ke Pagaruyung di Batusangkar. Selama pemerintahannya Adityawarman berusaha membawa kerajaan Pagaruyung ke puncak kejayaannya. Dalam usaha memajukan kerajaan itu Adityawarman mengadakan hubungan dengan luar negeri, yaitu dengan Cina. Tahun 1357, 1375, 1376 Adityawarman mengirim utusan ke negeri Cina. Selama masa pemerintahannya di Pagaruyung yang berlangsung dari tahun 1349 sampai 1376, kerajaan Pagaruyung berada di puncak kejayaannya. Bahkan dapat dikatakan pada waktu itu Indonesia bagian barat dikuasai kerajaan Pagaruyung dan Indonesia bagian Timur berada di bawah pengaruh kekuasaan Majapahit. Adityawarman sebagai orang yang dididik dan dibesarkan di Majapahit serta telah pula pernah menjabat beberapa jabatan penting di kerajaan Majapahit, tentulah paham betul dengan seluk beluk pemerintahan di Majapahit. Dengan demikian corak pemerintahan kerajaan Majapahit sedikit banyaknya berpengaruh pada corak pemerintahan Adityawarman di Pagaruyung. Hal ini ternyata pada prasasti yang ditinggalkan Adityawarman terdapat nama Dewa Tuhan Perpatih dan Tumanggung yang oleh Pinoto dibaca Datuk Perpatih Nan Sabatang dan Datuk Ketumanggungan. Menurut Tambo kekuasaan Adityawarman hanya terbatas di daerah Pagaruyung, sedangkan daerah lain di Minangkabau masih tetap berada dibawah pengawasan Datuk Perpatih Nan Sabatang dan Datuk ketumanggungan dengan pemerintahan adatnya. Dengan demikian di Pagaruyung Adityawarman dapat dianggap sebagai lambang kekuasaan saja, sedangkan kekuasaan sebenarnya tetap berada di tangan kedua tokoh pemimpin adat tersebut, sehingga hal ini menyebabkan kemudian pengaruh budha yang dibawa ke Pagaruyung tidak dapat tempat di hati rakyat Minangkabau, karena prinsipnya rakyat Minangkabau sendiri secara langsung tidak berkenalan dengan pengaruh-pengaruh tersebut. Disamping itu, selama menjadi raja Pagaruyung yang mengatur kehidupan masyarakat Minangkabau tetap hukum Adat Koto Piliang dan Bodi Caniago. Dalam hal ini Tambo mengatakan bahwa Adityawarman walaupun sudah menjadi raja yang besar, tetap saja merupakan seorang sumando di Minangkabau, artinya kekuasaannya sangat terbatas. Barangkali hal ini memang disengaja oleh Datuk yang berdua itu, mengingat pada mulanya kekuasaan Adityawarman yang sangat besar sekali. Agar kehidupan masyarakat Minangkabau jangan terpengaruh oleh kebiasaan yang dibawa oleh Adityawarman maka kedua Datuk itu memagarinya dengan pengaturan kekuasaan, Adityawarman boleh menjadi raja yang sangat besar, tetapi kekuasaannya hanya terbatas di sekitar istana saja, sedangkan kekuasaan langsung terhadap masyarakat tetap dipegang oleh mereka. Sesudah meninggalnya Adityawarman yang memang merupakan seorang raja yang besar dan kuat, kekuasaan kerajaan Pagaruyung mulai luntur. Kelihatannya dengan pengaturan yang dilakukan oleh Datuk Perpatih Nan Sabatang berdua dengan Datuk Ketumanggungan tidak memberi kesempatan kepada pengganti Adityawarman yang menganut agama budha untuk berkuasa seterusnya. Adityawarman sebagai raja Pagaruyung merupakan seorang raja yang paling banyak meninggalkan prasasti. Hampir dua puluh buah prasasti yang ditinggalkannya. Diantaranya yang telah dibaca seperti Prasasti Arca Amogapasa, Kuburajo, Saruaso I dan II, Pagaruyung, Kapalo Bukit Gambak I dan II, Banda Bapahek, dan masih banyak lagi yang belum dapat dibaca. Diantara yang telah dapat dibaca itu menyatakan kebesaran dan kemegahan kerajaan Pagaruyung, barangkali diantara raja-raja yang pernah ada di Indonesia tidak ada seorang pun yang pernah meninggalkan prasasti sebanyak yang telah ditinggalkan oleh Adityawarman. Sayangnya di Minangkabau kebiasaan seperti itu hanya dilakukan oleh Adityawarman seorang raja. Sebelum dan sesudahnya Adityawarman tidak ada yang membiasakan sehingga sampai sekarang kebanyakan data sejarah Minangkabau agak gelap. Sesudah Adityawarman meninggal kerajaan Pagaruyung yang tidak lagi mempunyai raja yang merupakan keturunan darah langsung dari Adityawarman. Sedangkan Ananggawarman yang dikatakan dalam salah satu prasasti Adityawarman sebagai anaknya tidak pernah memerintah, karena kekuasaan Adityawarman langsung digantikan oleh Yang Dipertuan Sultan Bakilap Alam. Dari sebutan raja itu saja, kelihatannya sesudah Adityawarman raja yang menggantikannya sudah menganut agama Islam. Adanya Sultan Bakilap Alam sebagai raja Minangkabau Pagaruyung dijelaskan oleh Tambo Minangkabau. Dengan sudah dianutnya agama Islam oleh pengganti Adityawarman, maka hilang pulalah pengaruh agama Budha yang dianut Adityawarman di Minangkabau. Sampai dengan pertengahan abad ke-16 sesudah Adityawarman kita tidak memperoleh keterangan yang lengkap mengenai kerajaan Pagaruyung. Rupanya sesudah Adityawarman meninggal, kerajaan Majapahit kembali berusaha untuk menguasai Pagaruyung serata Selat Malaka. Tetapi usaha tersebut gagal kaena angkatan perang kerajaan Majapahit yang datang dari arah pantai timur dikalahkan oleh tentara Pagaruyung dalam pertempuran di Padang Sibusuk tahun 1409. Akibat pertempuran Padang Sibusuk itu membawa akibat yang sangat besar dalam struktur pemerintahan kerajaan Pagaruyung selanjutnya. Semasa Adityawarman menjadi raja, pemerintahan bersifat sentralisasi menurut sistem di Majapahit. Tetapi sesudah pertempuran Padang Sibusuk itu, nagari-nagai di Minangkabau membebaskan diri dari kekuasaan yang berpusat di Pagaruyung.> MASA PEMERINTAHAN ADITYAWARMAN

Native American Actors Work to Overcome a Long-Documented Bias

Late in April, after Native American actors walked off in disgust from the set of Adam Sandler’s latest film, a western sendup that its distributor, Netflix, has defended as being equally offensive to all, a glow of pride spread through several Native American communities.

Tantoo Cardinal, a Canadian indigenous actress who played Black Shawl in “Dances With Wolves,” recalled thinking to herself, “It’s come.” Larry Sellers, who starred as Cloud Dancing in the 1990s television show “Dr. Quinn, Medicine Woman,” thought, “It’s about time.” Jesse Wente, who is Ojibwe and directs film programming at the TIFF Bell Lightbox in Toronto, found himself encouraged and surprised. There are so few film roles for indigenous actors, he said, that walking off the set of a major production showed real mettle.

But what didn’t surprise Mr. Wente was the content of the script. According to the actors who walked off the set, the film, titled “The Ridiculous Six,” included a Native American woman who passes out and is revived after white men douse her with alcohol, and another woman squatting to urinate while lighting a peace pipe. “There’s enough history at this point to have set some expectations around these sort of Hollywood depictions,” Mr. Wente said.

The walkout prompted a rhetorical “What do you expect from an Adam Sandler film?,” and a Netflix spokesman said that in the movie, blacks, Mexicans and whites were lampooned as well. But Native American actors and critics said a broader issue was at stake. While mainstream portrayals of native peoples have, Mr. Wente said, become “incrementally better” over the decades, he and others say, they remain far from accurate and reflect a lack of opportunities for Native American performers. What’s more, as Native Americans hunger for representation on screen, critics say the absence of three-dimensional portrayals has very real off-screen consequences.

“Our people are still healing from historical trauma,” said Loren Anthony, one of the actors who walked out. “Our youth are still trying to figure out who they are, where they fit in this society. Kids are killing themselves. They’re not proud of who they are.” They also don’t, he added, see themselves on prime time television or the big screen. Netflix noted while about five people walked off the “The Ridiculous Six” set, 100 or so Native American actors and extras stayed.

Advertisement

But in interviews, nearly a dozen Native American actors and film industry experts said that Mr. Sandler’s humor perpetuated decades-old negative stereotypes. Mr. Anthony said such depictions helped feed the despondency many Native Americans feel, with deadly results: Native Americans have the highest suicide rate out of all the country’s ethnicities.

The on-screen problem is twofold, Mr. Anthony and others said: There’s a paucity of roles for Native Americans — according to the Screen Actors Guild in 2008 they accounted for 0.3 percent of all on-screen parts (those figures have yet to be updated), compared to about 2 percent of the general population — and Native American actors are often perceived in a narrow way.

In his Peabody Award-winning documentary “Reel Injun,” the Cree filmmaker Neil Diamond explored Hollywood depictions of Native Americans over the years, and found they fell into a few stereotypical categories: the Noble Savage, the Drunk Indian, the Mystic, the Indian Princess, the backward tribal people futilely fighting John Wayne and manifest destiny. While the 1990 film “Dances With Wolves” won praise for depicting Native Americans as fully fleshed out human beings, not all indigenous people embraced it. It was still told, critics said, from the colonialists’ point of view. In an interview, John Trudell, a Santee Sioux writer, actor (“Thunderheart”) and the former chairman of the American Indian Movement, described the film as “a story of two white people.”

“God bless ‘Dances with Wolves,’ ” Michael Horse, who played Deputy Hawk in “Twin Peaks,” said sarcastically. “Even ‘Avatar.’ Someone’s got to come save the tribal people.”

Dan Spilo, a partner at Industry Entertainment who represents Adam Beach, one of today’s most prominent Native American actors, said while typecasting dogs many minorities, it is especially intractable when it comes to Native Americans. Casting directors, he said, rarely cast them as police officers, doctors or lawyers. “There’s the belief that the Native American character should be on reservations or riding a horse,” he said.

“We don’t see ourselves,” Mr. Horse said. “We’re still an antiquated culture to them, and to the rest of the world.”

Ms. Cardinal said she was once turned down for the role of the wife of a child-abusing cop because the filmmakers felt that casting her would somehow be “too political.”

Another sore point is the long run of white actors playing American Indians, among them Burt Lancaster, Rock Hudson, Audrey Hepburn and, more recently, Johnny Depp, whose depiction of Tonto in the 2013 film “Lone Ranger,” was viewed as racist by detractors. There are, of course, exceptions. The former A&E series “Longmire,” which, as it happens, will now be on Netflix, was roundly praised for its depiction of life on a Northern Cheyenne reservation, with Lou Diamond Phillips, who is of Cherokee descent, playing a Northern Cheyenne man.

Others also point to the success of Mr. Beach, who played a Mohawk detective in “Law & Order: Special Victims Unit” and landed a starring role in the forthcoming D C Comics picture “Suicide Squad.” Mr. Beach said he had come across insulting scripts backed by people who don’t see anything wrong with them.

“I’d rather starve than do something that is offensive to my ancestral roots,” Mr. Beach said. “But I think there will always be attempts to drawn on the weakness of native people’s struggles. The savage Indian will always be the savage Indian. The white man will always be smarter and more cunning. The cavalry will always win.”

The solution, Mr. Wente, Mr. Trudell and others said, lies in getting more stories written by and starring Native Americans. But Mr. Wente noted that while independent indigenous film has blossomed in the last two decades, mainstream depictions have yet to catch up. “You have to stop expecting for Hollywood to correct it, because there seems to be no ability or desire to correct it,” Mr. Wente said.

There have been calls to boycott Netflix but, writing for Indian Country Today Media Network, which first broke news of the walk off, the filmmaker Brian Young noted that the distributor also offered a number of films by or about Native Americans.

The furor around “The Ridiculous Six” may drive more people to see it. Then one of the questions that Mr. Trudell, echoing others, had about the film will be answered: “Who the hell laughs at this stuff?”

Native American Actors Work to Overcome a Long-Documented Bias | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Obama Finds a Bolder Voice on Race Issues

As he reflected on the festering wounds deepened by race and grievance that have been on painful display in America’s cities lately, President Obama on Monday found himself thinking about a young man he had just met named Malachi.

A few minutes before, in a closed-door round-table discussion at Lehman College in the Bronx, Mr. Obama had asked a group of black and Hispanic students from disadvantaged backgrounds what could be done to help them reach their goals. Several talked about counseling and guidance programs.

“Malachi, he just talked about — we should talk about love,” Mr. Obama told a crowd afterward, drifting away from his prepared remarks. “Because Malachi and I shared the fact that our dad wasn’t around and that sometimes we wondered why he wasn’t around and what had happened. But really, that’s what this comes down to is: Do we love these kids?”

Many presidents have governed during times of racial tension, but Mr. Obama is the first to see in the mirror a face that looks like those on the other side of history’s ledger. While his first term was consumed with the economy, war and health care, his second keeps coming back to the societal divide that was not bridged by his election. A president who eschewed focusing on race now seems to have found his voice again as he thinks about how to use his remaining time in office and beyond.

Continue reading the main story Video
Play Video|1:17

Obama Speaks of a ‘Sense of Unfairness’

Obama Speaks of a ‘Sense of Unfairness’

At an event announcing the creation of a nonprofit focusing on young minority men, President Obama talked about the underlying reasons for recent protests in Baltimore and other cities.

By Associated Press on Publish Date May 4, 2015. Photo by Stephen Crowley/The New York Times.

In the aftermath of racially charged unrest in places like Baltimore, Ferguson, Mo., and New York, Mr. Obama came to the Bronx on Monday for the announcement of a new nonprofit organization that is being spun off from his White House initiative called My Brother’s Keeper. Staked by more than $80 million in commitments from corporations and other donors, the new group, My Brother’s Keeper Alliance, will in effect provide the nucleus for Mr. Obama’s post-presidency, which will begin in January 2017.

“This will remain a mission for me and for Michelle not just for the rest of my presidency but for the rest of my life,” Mr. Obama said. “And the reason is simple,” he added. Referring to some of the youths he had just met, he said: “We see ourselves in these young men. I grew up without a dad. I grew up lost sometimes and adrift, not having a sense of a clear path. The only difference between me and a lot of other young men in this neighborhood and all across the country is that I grew up in an environment that was a little more forgiving.”

Advertisement

Organizers said the new alliance already had financial pledges from companies like American Express, Deloitte, Discovery Communications and News Corporation. The money will be used to help companies address obstacles facing young black and Hispanic men, provide grants to programs for disadvantaged youths, and help communities aid their populations.

Joe Echevarria, a former chief executive of Deloitte, the accounting and consulting firm, will lead the alliance, and among those on its leadership team or advisory group are executives at PepsiCo, News Corporation, Sprint, BET and Prudential Group Insurance; former Secretary of State Colin L. Powell; Senator Cory Booker, Democrat of New Jersey; former Attorney General Eric H. Holder Jr.; the music star John Legend; the retired athletes Alonzo Mourning, Jerome Bettis and Shaquille O’Neal; and the mayors of Indianapolis, Sacramento and Philadelphia.

The alliance, while nominally independent of the White House, may face some of the same questions confronting former Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton as she begins another presidential campaign. Some of those donating to the alliance may have interests in government action, and skeptics may wonder whether they are trying to curry favor with the president by contributing.

“The Obama administration will have no role in deciding how donations are screened and what criteria they’ll set at the alliance for donor policies, because it’s an entirely separate entity,” Josh Earnest, the White House press secretary, told reporters on Air Force One en route to New York. But he added, “I’m confident that the members of the board are well aware of the president’s commitment to transparency.”

The alliance was in the works before the disturbances last week after the death of Freddie Gray, the black man who suffered fatal injuries while in police custody in Baltimore, but it reflected the evolution of Mr. Obama’s presidency. For him, in a way, it is coming back to issues that animated him as a young community organizer and politician. It was his own struggle with race and identity, captured in his youthful memoir, “Dreams From My Father,” that stood him apart from other presidential aspirants.

But that was a side of him that he kept largely to himself through the first years of his presidency while he focused on other priorities like turning the economy around, expanding government-subsidized health care and avoiding electoral land mines en route to re-election.

After securing a second term, Mr. Obama appeared more emboldened. Just a month after his 2013 inauguration, he talked passionately about opportunity and race with a group of teenage boys in Chicago, a moment aides point to as perhaps the first time he had spoken about these issues in such a personal, powerful way as president. A few months later, he publicly lamented the death of Trayvon Martin, a black Florida teenager, saying that “could have been me 35 years ago.”

Photo
 
President Obama on Monday with Darinel Montero, a student at Bronx International High School who introduced him before remarks at Lehman College in the Bronx. Credit Stephen Crowley/The New York Times

That case, along with public ruptures of anger over police shootings in Ferguson and elsewhere, have pushed the issue of race and law enforcement onto the public agenda. Aides said they imagined that with his presidency in its final stages, Mr. Obama might be thinking more about what comes next and causes he can advance as a private citizen.

That is not to say that his public discussion of these issues has been universally welcomed. Some conservatives said he had made matters worse by seeming in their view to blame police officers in some of the disputed cases.

“President Obama, when he was elected, could have been a unifying leader,” Senator Ted Cruz of Texas, a Republican candidate for president, said at a forum last week. “He has made decisions that I think have inflamed racial tensions.”

On the other side of the ideological spectrum, some liberal African-American activists have complained that Mr. Obama has not done enough to help downtrodden communities. While he is speaking out more, these critics argue, he has hardly used the power of the presidency to make the sort of radical change they say is necessary.

The line Mr. Obama has tried to straddle has been a serrated one. He condemns police brutality as he defends most officers as honorable. He condemns “criminals and thugs” who looted in Baltimore while expressing empathy with those trapped in a cycle of poverty and hopelessness.

In the Bronx on Monday, Mr. Obama bemoaned the death of Brian Moore, a plainclothes New York police officer who had died earlier in the day after being shot in the head Saturday on a Queens street. Most police officers are “good and honest and fair and care deeply about their communities,” even as they put their lives on the line, Mr. Obama said.

“Which is why in addressing the issues in Baltimore or Ferguson or New York, the point I made was that if we’re just looking at policing, we’re looking at it too narrowly,” he added. “If we ask the police to simply contain and control problems that we ourselves have been unwilling to invest and solve, that’s not fair to the communities, it’s not fair to the police.”

Moreover, if society writes off some people, he said, “that’s not the kind of country I want to live in; that’s not what America is about.”

His message to young men like Malachi Hernandez, who attends Boston Latin Academy in Massachusetts, is not to give up.

“I want you to know you matter,” he said. “You matter to us.”

Obama Finds a Bolder Voice on Race Issues | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Marty Napoleon, 93, Dies; Jazz Pianist Played With Louis Armstrong

Mr. Napoleon was a self-taught musician whose career began in earnest with the orchestra led by Chico Marx of the Marx Brothers.

Marty Napoleon, 93, Dies; Jazz Pianist Played With Louis Armstrong | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Richard Suzman, 72, Dies; Researcher Influenced Global Surveys on Aging

At the National Institutes of Health, Dr. Suzman’s signature accomplishment was the central role he played in creating a global network of surveys on aging.

Richard Suzman, 72, Dies; Researcher Influenced Global Surveys on Aging | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Rhapsody, a Lofty Literary Journal, Perused at 39,000 Feet

Photo
 
United’s first-class and business fliers get Rhapsody, its high-minded in-flight magazine, seen here at its office in Brooklyn. Credit Sam Hodgson for The New York Times

Last summer at a writers’ workshop in Oregon, the novelists Anthony Doerr, Karen Russell and Elissa Schappell were chatting over cocktails when they realized they had all published work in the same magazine. It wasn’t one of the usual literary outlets, like Tin House, The Paris Review or The New Yorker. It was Rhapsody, an in-flight magazine for United Airlines.

It seemed like a weird coincidence. Then again, considering Rhapsody’s growing roster of A-list fiction writers, maybe not. Since its first issue hit plane cabins a year and a half ago, Rhapsody has published original works by literary stars like Joyce Carol Oates, Rick Moody, Amy Bloom, Emma Straub and Mr. Doerr, who won the Pulitzer Prize for fiction two weeks ago.

As airlines try to distinguish their high-end service with luxuries like private sleeping chambers, showers, butler service and meals from five-star chefs, United Airlines is offering a loftier, more cerebral amenity to its first-class and business-class passengers: elegant prose by prominent novelists. There are no airport maps or disheartening lists of in-flight meal and entertainment options in Rhapsody. Instead, the magazine has published ruminative first-person travel accounts, cultural dispatches and probing essays about flight by more than 30 literary fiction writers.

 

Photo
 
Sean Manning, executive editor of Rhapsody, which publishes works by the likes of Joyce Carol Oates, Amy Bloom and Anthony Doerr, who won a Pulitzer Prize. Credit Sam Hodgson for The New York Times

 

An airline might seem like an odd literary patron. But as publishers and writers look for new ways to reach readers in a shaky retail climate, many have formed corporate alliances with transit companies, including American Airlines, JetBlue and Amtrak, that provide a captive audience.

Mark Krolick, United Airlines’ managing director of marketing and product development, said the quality of the writing in Rhapsody brings a patina of sophistication to its first-class service, along with other opulent touches like mood lighting, soft music and a branded scent.

“The high-end leisure or business-class traveler has higher expectations, even in the entertainment we provide,” he said.

Advertisement

Some of Rhapsody’s contributing writers say they were lured by the promise of free airfare and luxury accommodations provided by United, as well as exposure to an elite audience of some two million first-class and business-class travelers.

“It’s not your normal Park Slope Community Bookstore types who read Rhapsody,” Mr. Moody, author of the 1994 novel “The Ice Storm,” who wrote an introspective, philosophical piece about traveling to the Aran Islands of Ireland for Rhapsody, said in an email. “I’m not sure I myself am in that Rhapsody demographic, but I would like them to buy my books one day.”

In addition to offering travel perks, the magazine pays well and gives writers freedom, within reason, to choose their subject matter and write with style. Certain genres of flight stories are off limits, naturally: no plane crashes or woeful tales of lost luggage or rude flight attendants, and nothing too risqué.

“We’re not going to have someone write about joining the mile-high club,” said Jordan Heller, the editor in chief of Rhapsody. “Despite those restrictions, we’ve managed to come up with a lot of high-minded literary content.”

Guiding writers toward the right idea occasionally requires some gentle prodding. When Rhapsody’s executive editor asked Ms. Russell to contribute an essay about a memorable flight experience, she first pitched a story about the time she was chaperoning a group of teenagers on a trip to Europe, and their delayed plane sat at the airport in New York for several hours while other passengers got progressively drunker.

“He pointed out that disaster flights are not what people want to read about when they’re in transit, and very diplomatically suggested that maybe people want to read something that casts air travel in a more positive light,” said Ms. Russell, whose novel “Swamplandia!” was a finalist for the 2012 Pulitzer Prize.

She turned in a nostalgia-tinged essay about her first flight on a trip to Disney World when she was 6. “The Magic Kingdom was an anticlimax,” she wrote. “What ride could compare to that first flight?”

Ms. Oates also wrote about her first flight, in a tiny yellow propeller plane piloted by her father. The novelist Joyce Maynard told of the constant disappointment of never seeing her books in airport bookstores and the thrill of finally spotting a fellow plane passenger reading her novel “Labor Day.” Emily St. John Mandel, who was a finalist for the National Book Award in fiction last year, wrote about agonizing over which books to bring on a long flight.

“There’s nobody that’s looked down their noses at us as an in-flight magazine,” said Sean Manning, the magazine’s executive editor. “As big as these people are in the literary world, there’s still this untapped audience for them of luxury travelers.”

United is one of a handful of companies showcasing work by literary writers as a way to elevate their brands and engage customers. Chipotle has printed original work from writers like Toni Morrison, Jeffrey Eugenides and Barbara Kingsolver on its disposable cups and paper bags. The eyeglass company Warby Parker hosts parties for authors and sells books from 14 independent publishers in its stores.

JetBlue offers around 40 e-books from HarperCollins and Penguin Random House on its free wireless network, allowing passengers to read free samples and buy and download books. JetBlue will start offering 11 digital titles from Simon & Schuster soon. Amtrak recently forged an alliance with Penguin Random House to provide free digital samples from 28 popular titles, which passengers can buy and download over Amtrak’s admittedly spotty wireless service.

Amtrak is becoming an incubator for literary talent in its own right. Last year, it started a residency program, offering writers a free long-distance train trip and complimentary food. More than 16,000 writers applied and 24 made the cut.

Like Amtrak, Rhapsody has found that writers are eager to get onboard. On a rainy spring afternoon, Rhapsody’s editorial staff sat around a conference table discussing the June issue, which will feature an essay by the novelist Hannah Pittard and an unpublished short story by the late Elmore Leonard.

“Do you have that photo of Elmore Leonard? Can I see it?” Mr. Heller, the editor in chief, asked Rhapsody’s design director, Christos Hannides. Mr. Hannides slid it across the table and noted that they also had a photograph of cowboy spurs. “It’s very simple; it won’t take away from the literature,” he said.

Rhapsody’s office, an open space with exposed pipes and a vaulted brick ceiling, sits in Dumbo at the epicenter of literary Brooklyn, in the same converted tea warehouse as the literary journal N+1 and the digital publisher Atavist. Two of the magazine’s seven staff members hold graduate degrees in creative writing. Mr. Manning, the executive editor, has published a memoir and edited five literary anthologies.

Mr. Manning said Rhapsody was conceived from the start as a place for literary novelists to write with voice and style, and nobody had been put off that their work would live in plane cabins and airport lounges.

Still, some contributors say they wish the magazine were more widely circulated.

“I would love it if I could read it,” said Ms. Schappell, a Brooklyn-based novelist who wrote a feature story for Rhapsody’s inaugural issue. “But I never fly first class.”

Rhapsody, a Lofty Literary Journal, Perused at 39,000 Feet | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Don Mankiewicz, Screenwriter in a Family Film Tradition, Dies at 93

Mr. Mankiewicz, an Oscar-nominated screenwriter for “I Want to Live!,” also wrote episodes of television shows such as “Star Trek” and “Marcus Welby, M.D.”

Don Mankiewicz, Screenwriter in a Family Film Tradition, Dies at 93 | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

In Baltimore, National Guard Pullout Begins as Citywide Curfew Is Lifted

William Pfaff, Critic of American Foreign Policy, Dies at 86

Mr. Pfaff was an international affairs columnist and author who found Washington’s intervention in world affairs often misguided.

William Pfaff, Critic of American Foreign Policy, Dies at 86 | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Wladyslaw Bartoszewski, 93, Dies; Polish Auschwitz Survivor Aided Jews

Mr. Bartoszewski was given honorary Israeli citizenship for his work to save Jews during World War II and later surprised even himself by being instrumental in reconciling Poland and Germany.

Wladyslaw Bartoszewski, 93, Dies; Polish Auschwitz Survivor Aided Jews | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Suzanne Crough, Actress in ‘The Partridge Family,’ Dies at 52

Ms. Crough played the youngest daughter on the hit ’70s sitcom starring David Cassidy and Shirley Jones.

Suzanne Crough, Actress in ‘The Partridge Family,’ Dies at 52 | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

G.O.P. Hopefuls Now Aiming to Woo the Middle Class

WASHINGTON — The last three men to win the Republican nomination have been the prosperous son of a president (George W. Bush), a senator who could not recall how many homes his family owned (John McCain of Arizona; it was seven) and a private equity executive worth an estimated $200 million (Mitt Romney).

The candidates hoping to be the party’s nominee in 2016 are trying to create a very different set of associations. On Sunday, Ben Carson, a retired neurosurgeon, joined the presidential field.

Senator Marco Rubio of Florida praises his parents, a bartender and a Kmart stock clerk, as he urges audiences not to forget “the workers in our hotel kitchens, the landscaping crews in our neighborhoods, the late-night janitorial staff that clean our offices.”

Gov. Scott Walker of Wisconsin, a preacher’s son, posts on Twitter about his ham-and-cheese sandwiches and boasts of his coupon-clipping frugality. His $1 Kohl’s sweater has become a campaign celebrity in its own right.

Senator Rand Paul of Kentucky laments the existence of “two Americas,” borrowing the Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.’s phrase to describe economically and racially troubled communities like Ferguson, Mo., and Detroit.

Photo
 
Senator Marco Rubio of Florida praises his parents, a bartender and a Kmart stock clerk. Credit Joe Raedle/Getty Images

“Some say, ‘But Democrats care more about the poor,’ ” Mr. Paul likes to say. “If that’s true, why is black unemployment still twice white unemployment? Why has household income declined by $3,500 over the past six years?”

We are in the midst of the Empathy Primary — the rhetorical battleground shaping the Republican presidential field of 2016.

Harmed by the perception that they favor the wealthy at the expense of middle-of-the-road Americans, the party’s contenders are each trying their hardest to get across what the elder George Bush once inelegantly told recession-battered voters in 1992: “Message: I care.”

Their ability to do so — less bluntly, more sincerely — could prove decisive in an election year when power, privilege and family connections will loom large for both parties.

Advertisement

Questions of understanding and compassion cost Republicans in the last election. Mr. Romney, who memorably dismissed the “47 percent” of Americans as freeloaders, lost to President Obama by 63 percentage points among voters who cast their ballots for the candidate who “cares about people like me,” according to exit polls.

And a Pew poll from February showed that people still believe Republicans are indifferent to working Americans: 54 percent said the Republican Party does not care about the middle class.

That taint of callousness explains why Senator Ted Cruz of Texas declared last week that Republicans “are and should be the party of the 47 percent” — and why another son of a president, Jeb Bush, has made economic opportunity the centerpiece of his message.

With his pedigree and considerable wealth — since he left the Florida governor’s office almost a decade ago he has earned millions of dollars sitting on corporate boards and advising banks — Mr. Bush probably has the most complicated task making the argument to voters that he understands their concerns.

On a visit last week to Puerto Rico, Mr. Bush sounded every bit the populist, railing against “elites” who have stifled economic growth and innovation. In the kind of economy he envisions leading, he said: “We wouldn’t have the middle being squeezed. People in poverty would have a chance to rise up. And the social strains that exist — because the haves and have-nots is the big debate in our country today — would subside.”

Continue reading the main story
 

Who Is Running for President (and Who’s Not)?

Republicans’ emphasis on poorer and working-class Americans now represents a shift from the party’s longstanding focus on business owners and “job creators” as the drivers of economic opportunity.

This is intentional, Republican operatives said.

In the last presidential election, Republicans rushed to defend business owners against what they saw as hostility by Democrats to successful, wealthy entrepreneurs.

“Part of what you had was a reaction to the Democrats’ dehumanization of business owners: ‘Oh, you think you started your plumbing company? No you didn’t,’ ” said Grover Norquist, the conservative activist and president of Americans for Tax Reform.

But now, Mr. Norquist said, Republicans should move past that. “Focus on the people in the room who know someone who couldn’t get a job, or a promotion, or a raise because taxes are too high or regulations eat up companies’ time,” he said. “The rich guy can take care of himself.”

Democrats argue that the public will ultimately see through such an approach because Republican positions like opposing a minimum-wage increase and giving private banks a larger role in student loans would hurt working Americans.

“If Republican candidates are just repeating the same tired policies, I’m not sure that smiling while saying it is going to be enough,” said Guy Cecil, a Democratic strategist who is joining a “super PAC” working on behalf of Hillary Rodham Clinton.

Republicans have already attacked Mrs. Clinton over the wealth and power she and her husband have accumulated, caricaturing her as an out-of-touch multimillionaire who earns hundreds of thousands of dollars per speech and has not driven a car since 1996.

Mr. Walker hit this theme recently on Fox News, pointing to Mrs. Clinton’s lucrative book deals and her multiple residences. “This is not someone who is connected with everyday Americans,” he said. His own net worth, according to The Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, is less than a half-million dollars; Mr. Walker also owes tens of thousands of dollars on his credit cards.

Continue reading the main story

But showing off a cheap sweater or boasting of a bootstraps family background not only helps draw a contrast with Mrs. Clinton’s latter-day affluence, it is also an implicit argument against Mr. Bush.

Mr. Walker, who featured a 1998 Saturn with more than 100,000 miles on the odometer in a 2010 campaign ad during his first run for governor, likes to talk about flipping burgers at McDonald’s as a young person. His mother, he has said, grew up on a farm with no indoor plumbing until she was in high school.

Mr. Rubio, among the least wealthy members of the Senate, with an estimated net worth of around a half-million dollars, uses his working-class upbringing as evidence of the “exceptionalism” of America, “where even the son of a bartender and a maid can have the same dreams and the same future as those who come from power and privilege.”

Mr. Cruz alludes to his family’s dysfunction — his parents, he says, were heavy drinkers — and recounts his father’s tale of fleeing Cuba with $100 sewn into his underwear.

Gov. Chris Christie of New Jersey notes that his father paid his way through college working nights at an ice cream plant.

But sometimes the attempts at projecting authenticity can seem forced. Mr. Christie recently found himself on the defensive after telling a New Hampshire audience, “I don’t consider myself a wealthy man.” Tax returns showed that he and his wife, a longtime Wall Street executive, earned nearly $700,000 in 2013.

The story of success against the odds is a political classic, even if it is one the Republican Party has not been able to tell for a long time. Ronald Reagan liked to say that while he had not been born on the wrong side of the tracks, he could always hear the whistle. Richard Nixon was fond of reminding voters how he was born in a house his father had built.

“Probably the idea that is most attractive to an average voter, and an idea that both Republicans and Democrats try to craft into their messages, is this idea that you can rise from nothing,” said Charles C. W. Cooke, a writer for National Review.

There is a certain delight Republicans take in turning that message to their advantage now.

“That’s what Obama did with Hillary,” Mr. Cooke said. “He acknowledged it openly: ‘This is ridiculous. Look at me, this one-term senator with dark skin and all of America’s unsolved racial problems, running against the wife of the last Democratic president.”

G.O.P. Hopefuls Now Aiming to Woo the Middle Class | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

William Sokolin, Wine Seller Who Broke Famed Bottle, Dies at 85

The bottle Mr. Sokolin famously broke was a 1787 Château Margaux, which was said to have belonged to Thomas Jefferson. Mr. Sokolin had been hoping to sell it for $519,750.

William Sokolin, Wine Seller Who Broke Famed Bottle, Dies at 85 | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Calvin Peete, 71, a Racial Pioneer on the PGA Tour, Is Dead

With 12 tournament victories in his career, Mr. Peete was the most successful black professional golfer before Tiger Woods.

Calvin Peete, 71, a Racial Pioneer on the PGA Tour, Is Dead | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Joseph Lechleider, a Father of the DSL Internet Technology, Dies at 82

Joseph Lechleider

Mr. Lechleider helped invent DSL technology, which enabled phone companies to offer high-speed web access over their infrastructure of copper wires.

Joseph Lechleider, a Father of the DSL Internet Technology, Dies at 82 | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Negative View of U.S. Race Relations Grows, Poll Finds

Public perceptions of race relations in America have grown substantially more negative in the aftermath of the death of a young black man who was injured while in police custody in Baltimore and the subsequent unrest, far eclipsing the sentiment recorded in the wake of turmoil in Ferguson, Mo., last summer.

Americans are also increasingly likely to say that the police are more apt to use deadly force against a black person, the latest New York Times/CBS News poll finds.

The poll findings highlight the challenges for local leaders and police officials in trying to maintain order while sustaining faith in the criminal justice system in a racially polarized nation.

Sixty-one percent of Americans now say race relations in this country are generally bad. That figure is up sharply from 44 percent after the fatal police shooting of Michael Brown and the unrest that followed in Ferguson in August, and 43 percent in December. In a CBS News poll just two months ago, 38 percent said race relations were generally bad. Current views are by far the worst of Barack Obama’s presidency.

The negative sentiment is echoed by broad majorities of blacks and whites alike, a stark change from earlier this year, when 58 percent of blacks thought race relations were bad, but just 35 percent of whites agreed. In August, 48 percent of blacks and 41 percent of whites said they felt that way.

Looking ahead, 44 percent of Americans think race relations are worsening, up from 36 percent in December. Forty-one percent of blacks and 46 percent of whites think so. Pessimism among whites has increased 10 points since December.

Continue reading the main story
Do you think race relations in the United States are generally good or generally bad?
60
40
20
0
White
Black
May '14
May '15
Generally bad
Continue reading the main story
Do you think race relations in the United States are getting better, getting worse or staying about the same?
Getting worse
Staying the same
Getting better
Don't know/No answer
All adults
Whites
Blacks
44%
37
17
46
36
16
41
42
15

The poll finds that profound racial divisions in views of how the police use deadly force remain. Blacks are more than twice as likely to say police in most communities are more apt to use deadly force against a black person — 79 percent of blacks say so compared with 37 percent of whites. A slim majority of whites say race is not a factor in a police officer’s decision to use deadly force.

Overall, 44 percent of Americans say deadly force is more likely to be used against a black person, up from 37 percent in August and 40 percent in December.

Blacks also remain far more likely than whites to say they feel mostly anxious about the police in their community. Forty-two percent say so, while 51 percent feel mostly safe. Among whites, 8 in 10 feel mostly safe.

One proposal to address the matter — having on-duty police officers wear body cameras — receives overwhelming support. More than 9 in 10 whites and blacks alike favor it.

Continue reading the main story
How would you describe your feelings about the police in your community? Would you say they make you feel mostly safe or mostly anxious?
Mostly safe
Mostly anxious
Don't know/No answer
All adults
Whites
Blacks
75%
21
3
81
16
3
51
42
7
Continue reading the main story
In general, do you think the police in most communities are more likely to use deadly force against a black person, or more likely to use it against a white person, or don’t you think race affects police use of deadly force?
Police more likely to use deadly force against a black person
Police more likely to use deadly force against a white person
Race DOES NOT affect police use of deadly force
Don't know/No answer
All adults
Whites
Blacks
44%
37%
79%
2%
2%
1%
46%
53%
16%
9%
8%
4%
Continue reading the main story
Do you favor or oppose on-duty police officers wearing video cameras that would record events and actions as they occur?
Favor
Oppose
Don't know/No answer
All adults
Whites
Blacks
92%
93%
93%
6%
5%
5%
2%
2%
2%

Asked specifically about the situation in Baltimore, most Americans expressed at least some confidence that the investigation by local authorities would be conducted fairly. But while nearly two-thirds of whites think so, fewer than half of blacks agree. Still, more blacks are confident now than were in August regarding the investigation in Ferguson. On Friday, six members of the police force involved in the arrest of Mr. Gray were charged with serious offenses, including manslaughter. The poll was conducted Thursday through Sunday; results from before charges were announced are similar to those from after.

Reaction to the recent turmoil in Baltimore, however, is similar among blacks and whites. Most Americans, 61 percent, say the unrest after Mr. Gray’s death was not justified. That includes 64 percent of whites and 57 percent of blacks.

Continue reading the main story
As you may know, a Baltimore man, Freddie Gray, recently died after being in the custody of the Baltimore police. How much confidence do you have that the investigation by local authorities into this matter will be conducted fairly?
A lot
Some
Not much
None at all
Don't know/No answer
All adults
Whites
Blacks
29%
31
22
14
5
31
33
20
11
5
20
26
30
22
In general, do you think the unrest in Baltimore after the death of Freddie Gray was justified, or do you think the unrest was not justified?
Justified
Not justified
Don't know/No answer
All adults
Whites
Blacks
28%
61
11
26
64
11
37
57
6

Negative View of U.S. Race Relations Grows, Poll Finds | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

paket umroh awal tahun di Cipayung jakarta
harga berangkat umrah ramadhan di Utan Kayu Selatan jakarta
harga berangkat umrah maret di Pulo Gadung jakarta
biaya paket umroh akhir tahun di Bidaracina jakarta
promo berangkat umroh ramadhan di Cipinang Cempedak jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umrah awal tahun di Rawa Terate jakarta
biaya berangkat umrah april di Duren Sawit jakarta
harga berangkat umrah awal tahun di Malaka Jaya jakarta
biaya umrah januari di Ceger jakarta
paket umrah april di Cipinang Cempedak jakarta
harga berangkat umrah februari di Cipinang Melayu jakarta
paket umroh ramadhan di Kalisari jakarta
harga berangkat umroh maret di Pulo Gadung jakarta
biaya berangkat umroh desember di Rawa Terate jakarta
harga berangkat umroh april di Munjul jakarta
paket promo berangkat umroh maret di Setu jakarta
promo umroh maret di Cipinang jakarta
promo berangkat umrah april di Pondok Kelapa jakarta
paket promo umroh januari di Kelapa Dua Wetan jakarta
paket berangkat umroh desember di Makasar jakarta
harga umrah desember di Kalisari jakarta
harga paket umrah akhir tahun di Pulo Gadung jakarta
harga berangkat umrah maret di Malaka Sari jakarta
paket promo umroh mei di Makasar jakarta
paket promo berangkat umrah februari di Duren Sawit jakarta
harga paket umrah juni di Kelapa Dua Wetan jakarta
harga paket berangkat umroh ramadhan di Jatinegara Kaum jakarta
biaya umrah ramadhan di Ceger jakarta
promo umroh maret di Pondok Kopi jakarta
harga umroh januari di Jatinegara jakarta
paket berangkat umrah april di Cipayung jakarta
biaya paket umrah maret bogor
paket umrah desember di Cipayung jakarta
paket berangkat umrah mei di Jatinegara jakarta
biaya paket umroh maret di Penggilingan jakarta
harga paket berangkat umrah april di Rambutan jakarta
paket berangkat umroh mei di Lubang Buaya jakarta
paket promo berangkat umrah desember di Rambutan jakarta
paket umroh mei di Duren Sawit jakarta
harga umrah april di Duren Sawit jakarta
paket berangkat umroh akhir tahun di Cibubur jakarta
biaya paket umroh desember bekasi timur
paket promo berangkat umroh januari di Batuampar jakarta
paket berangkat umroh desember di Jati jakarta
biaya berangkat umrah maret di Pal Meriam jakarta
paket promo umrah januari di Bali Mester jakarta
promo berangkat umrah akhir tahun di Jatinegara jakarta
promo berangkat umroh akhir tahun di Jatinegara jakarta
paket promo umrah januari di Makasar jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umroh januari bekasi timur
promo berangkat umrah april di Pulo Gadung jakarta
paket promo berangkat umroh mei di Pondok Ranggon jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umrah awal tahun depok
biaya paket umroh januari di Balekambang jakarta
biaya berangkat umrah ramadhan di Rawa Bunga jakarta
biaya umrah februari di Pisangan Timur jakarta
biaya umroh akhir tahun di Bali Mester jakarta
paket berangkat umrah april di Cipinang Besar Selatan jakarta
biaya umrah januari di Makasar jakarta
harga paket umrah mei di Malaka Jaya jakarta
harga umrah akhir tahun di Rawa Bunga jakarta
biaya berangkat umroh juni di Pal Meriam jakarta
harga paket umroh maret di Rawamangun jakarta
promo berangkat umrah januari bogor
harga paket berangkat umroh maret di Pondok Kelapa jakarta
paket promo umrah maret di Cipinang Muara jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umrah april di Ceger jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umroh desember di Ciracas jakarta
paket promo berangkat umrah mei umrohdepag.com
promo berangkat umroh april tangerang
promo berangkat umrah april di Cipinang Besar Selatan jakarta
harga paket berangkat umroh mei di Malaka Sari jakarta
paket promo berangkat umroh maret di Cipinang Cempedak jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umrah mei di Lubang Buaya jakarta
harga berangkat umrah april di Cipinang Cempedak jakarta
harga umrah februari di Utan Kayu Utara jakarta
harga paket umroh april di Pulo Gadung jakarta
biaya umroh april di Susukan jakarta
promo berangkat umroh ramadhan bogor
paket promo berangkat umroh februari di Bambu Apus jakarta
harga umrah maret di Ciracas jakarta
harga berangkat umroh mei di Halim Perdanakusuma jakarta
harga paket umroh februari di Kampung Gedong,Cijantung jakarta
harga berangkat umrah juni di Kayu Putih jakarta
biaya paket umroh desember di Pisangan Timur jakarta
promo umrah januari di Duren Sawit jakarta
harga berangkat umrah awal tahun di Setu jakarta
harga paket umrah desember di Susukan jakarta
biaya berangkat umroh ramadhan di Cawang jakarta
paket berangkat umroh januari di Pondok Kelapa jakarta
paket promo umrah februari di Cakung jakarta
promo umroh desember di Pisangan Baru jakarta
harga paket berangkat umroh januari di Cipinang Cempedak jakarta
paket umrah februari bekasi utara
biaya umroh ramadhan di Kebon Pala jakarta
paket promo umroh april di Jatinegara Kaum jakarta
harga berangkat umrah januari di Utan Kayu Utara jakarta
harga paket umrah februari di Kebon Manggis jakarta
biaya berangkat umrah awal tahun bekasi timur
paket promo umrah desember bekasi utara