PAKET UMROH BULAN FEBRUARI MARET APRIL MEI 2018




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Travel Umroh

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Paket Umroh 2015

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Tour & Travel

Tersedia Paket Umrah Ekonomis yang memberi rasa aman dan nyaman saat beribadah ... Kami Tour & Travel memiliki Izin dan Legalitas Resmi dari ... Tour & Travel

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Travel Umroh

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BALON PROMOSI

Salah satu peluang usaha yang lagi trend adalah Peluang usaha bisnis balon dekorasi. Semakin banyak orang yang membuat pesta di negeri ini, maka semakin banyak pula pintu rejeki bagi pengusaha balon dekorasi.

Meningkatnya pertumbuhan ekonomi masyarakat Indonesia mendorong banyaknya di selengggarakan acara acara pesta seperti acar ulang tahun, reoni, presmian dan sebagainya. Nah seiring dengan meningkatnya penyelenggara acara2 pesta maka semakin terbuka pula peluang usaha bisnis balon dekorasi ini.

Pada umumnya konsumen lebih suka memakai jasa dari pengusaha balon dekorasi sebab lebih praktis dan tampilannya juga lebih cantik daripada bikin sendiri. Acara acara pesta sering memakai jasa balon dekorasi ini seperti acara pernikahan, ulang tahun, atau acara komunitas tertentu seperti acara peluncuruan produk terbaru, peresmian kantor baru, atau acara ulang tahun suatu perusahaan.

Biasanya dekorasi yang sering di lihat adalah dekorasi hiasan bunga, namun sekarang banyak yang menambah hiasan hiasan rangkaian aneka balon sebab akan lebih menarik dan rame apalagi jika di tambah dengan hiasan yang lain seperti penghias dinding, plafon ruangan dan sebagainya.

Peluang Usaha Bisnis Balon DekorasiTampilan hiasan balon dekorasi tidak kalah menarik dengan hiasan dekorasi bunga, harganya juga bisa lebih ringan dan konsumen bisa memesan balon dengan berbagai bentuk. Keunggulan lain yang ada pada balon dekorasi adalah balon dekorasi juga bisa di gunakan untuk promosi produk.

Balon promosi umumnya berbeda dengan balon dekorasi, balon promosi ukurannya lebih besar daripada balon dekorasi. Balon promosi juga biasanya tersedia dalam berbagai bentuk seperti bentuk kotak, bentuk oval atau bentuk bentuk sesuai pesanan yang lain.

Di kota-kota besar peluang usaha balon dekorasi ini sangat terbuka khususnya di kota-kota besar yang berada di luar pulau jawa. Tingginya daya beli masyarkat luar pulau jawa mendorong banyaknya didirikan  kantor-kantor baru. Ini tentu sangat menguntungkan bagi pengusaha balon dekorasi.

Faktor lain yang membuat usaha balon dekorasi memiliki prospek bisnis yang bagus adalah meningkatnya jumlah orang yang berduit di negeri ini, dan orang berduit biasanya sering mengadakan acara-acara tertentu yang membutuhkan jasa dekorasi termasuk juga balon dekorasi. Selain itu, budaya merayakan hari ulang tahun masih sangat kental di beberapa daerah di Indonesia.

Para pelaku usaha balon dekorasi biasanya juga menyediakan balon-balon mainan, sebab biasanya dalam suatu pesta yang di selenggarakan oleh perorangan, para tamu sering membawa keluarganya yang termasuk juga anak2 anaknya. Nah, balaon mainan anak-anak sangat pentingn peranannya dalam acara seperti ini. Semakin komplit perlengkapan balon dekorasi yang tersedia, maka semakin besar pula omzet yang akan di dapat.

Usaha balo dekorasi bisa di jalankan dengan skala besar atau skala kecil / usaha modal kecil. Usaha balon dekorasi skala besar biasanya modalnya bisa mencapai ratusan juta Rupiah, namun untuk usaha balon dekorasi skala kecil, Modal kurang dari Rp. 50.000.000 ( lima puluh juta ) pun sudah bisa di jalankan.

Peluang Usaha Bisnis Balon DekorasiUntuk memudahkan konsumen memilih jasa dekorasi, biasanya pemain bisnis ini mengemas jasanya dalam beberapa paket. Balon Indonesia, misalnya, menyiapkan paket sederhana yang terdiri dari dekorasi satu kreasi gapura balon, 10 kreasi bunga, serta 10 kreasi balon lampion. Kedua, paket standar bertarif Rp 1.950.000 dengan fasilitas dua dekorasi balon berdiri, balon satuan dengan luas hiasan delapan meter persegi (m²).

Terakhir, paket meriah dengan harga Rp 2,8 juta hingga Rp 5 juta. Di paket ini, patokan harga bergantung pada tingkat kerumitan dan banyaknya balon. “Namun, biasanya, paket meriah terdiri dari empat dekorasi balon berdiri (standing) satu gapura, satu balon karakter, 20 balon kreasi lampion dan kreasi bunga dengan luas hiasan hingga 20 m²,” jelas Dwi.

Tak jauh berbeda dengan Balon Indonesia, Fimas Balon juga mengemas jasanya dalam dua paket. Pertama, paket sederhana berharga Rp 1,5 juta dengan luas 2,5 x 2 m². Kedua, paket meriah yang harganya disesuaikan dengan permintaan. “Yang pasti luasan ruang yang dihias lebih dari 2,5 x 2 m²,” tambah Ari Setiawan, pemilik Fimas Balon. Dalam sebulan, Ari mampu menangani hingga sepuluh paket balon dekorasi.

Untuk Memulai, Jadilah Agen Balon Dekorasi Terlebih Dahulu

Dengan menjadi nagen terlebih dahulu, maka anda akan tahu dengan pasti berapa besarnya modal yang di perlukan untuk membeli perlengkapan perlengkapannya seperti membeli mesin jahit balon, alat stok gas, pompa angin dan lain-lain.

Untuk bisa menjadi agen tentu anda harus memiliki relasi dengan pemilik ketiga perlengkapan tersebut, sekaligus pemasok karet untuk bahan balon. Setelah mahir di bidang agen, selanjutnya anda bisa beranjak ke tahap berikutnya yaitu tahap promosi agar mendapatkan klien yang banyak. Promosi yang baik saat ini adalah promosi melalui internet misalnya dengan membuat website atau lewat jejaring sosial seperti facebook, twitter dan jejaring sosial lainnya.

Pada saat mulai berdiri anda bisa menjalin kerja sama dengan pemain-pemain besar dengan  tujuan agar mendapatkan order. Saat mulai membuka usaha balon dekorasi ini, anda juga tidak perlu merekrut banyak karyawan, cukup merekrut karyawan yang sangat di butuhkan saja, selebihnya bisa anda kerjakan sendiri.

Bahan baku balon dekorasi ini adalah karet balon yang banyak dijual pemasok (supplier) karet atau lateks balon lokal. Carilah lateks balon dalam berbagai warna dan ukuran. Harganya berkisar Rp 500 hingga  Rp 1.000 per lembar. Pembentukan dan pencantuman tulisan di balon, biasanya kita lakukan sendiri, karena baru bisa diputuskan setelah bertemu klien.

> BALON PROMOSI

ANALISIS TANAMAN CABE

Melihat perkembangannya, akhir-akhir ini peran hortikultura umumnya dan sayuran khususnya banyak mendapat perhatian baik pemerintah maupun dari kalangan dunia usaha. Hal ini tidak lain karena, selain komoditas sayuran mempunyai prospek yang lebih baik, juga lebih menguntungkan bila dibandingkan dengan komoditas tanaman pangan seperti padi. Cabe merah sebagai salah satu komoditas sayuran, dari tahun ke tahun produktifitasnya juga terus meningkat. Peningkatan produksi ini menunjukan bahwa selain untuk mengimbangi jumlah permintaan yang terus bertambah akibat pertambahan jumlah penduduk, juga memberikan indikasi bahwa komoditas cabe dirasakanoleh petani menguntungkan daripada komoditas yang lain. Dengan semakin meningkatnya kebutuhan cabe baik untuk rumah tangga maupun industri dan sejalan dengan pertumbuhan penduduk dan pengembangan industri olahan, maka, peluang pengembangan usaha agribisnis cabe sangat terbuka luas. Usaha peningkatan produksi cabe yang sekaligus meningkatkan pendapatan petani, dapat dilakukan sejak budidaya sampai penanganan pasca panen yang baik dan benar. Untuk pembibitan,pengolahan,dll sudah kita bahas pada artikel sebelumnya Budidaya cabe pandaisikek berikut kita masuk pada hama dan penyakit cabe HAMA DAN PENYAKIT TANAMAN CABE Hama yang sering menyerang tanaman cabe adalah : – Ulat tanah atau Agrotis Ipsilon, – Thrips, – Ulat grayak atau Spodoptera litura, – Lalat buah atau Dacus verugenius, – Aphids hijau /kutu daun, – Tungau / mite, – Nematode puru akar. Ulat Tanah dengan nama latin Agrotis ipsilon, biasa menyerang tanaman cabe yang baru pindah tanam, yaitu dengan cara memotong batang utama tanaman hingga roboh bahkan bisa sampai putus. Untuk tindakan pencegahan dapat dilakukan penyemprotan insektisida Turex WP dengan konsentrasi 0,25 – 0,5 g/liter bergantian dengan insektisida Direct 25ec dengan konsentrasi 0,4 cc/liter atau insentisida Raydok 28ec dengan konsentrasi 0,25-0,5 cc/liter sehari sebelum pindah tanam. Ulat grayak pada tanaman cabe biasa menyerang daun, buah dan tanaman yang masih kecil. Untuk tindakan pengendalian dianjurkan menyemprot pada sore atau malam hari dengan insektisida biologi TurexWP bergantian dengan insektisida Raydok 28ec atau insektisida Direct 25ec. Lalat buah gejala awalnya adalah buah berlubang kecil, kulit buah menguning dan kalau dibelah biji cabe berwarna coklat kehitaman dan pada akhirnya buah rontok. Untuk pencegahan dan pengendalian dapat dilakukan dengan membuat perangkap dengan sexferomon atau dengan penyemprotan insektisida Winder 100EC dengan konsentrasi 0,5 sampai 1 cc per liter bergantian dengan insektisida Promectin 18ec dengan konsentrasi 0,25-0,5 cc/liter atau dengan insektisida Cyrotex 75sp dengan konsentrasi 0,3-0,6 g/liter. Hama Tungau atau mite menyerang tanaman cabe hingga daun berwarna kemerahan, menggulung ke atas, menebal akhirnya rontok. Untuk penengendalian dan pencegahan semprot dengan akarisida Samite 135EC dengan konsentrasi 0,25 – 0,5 ml / liter air bergantian dengan insektisida Promectin 18ec dengan konsentrasi 0,25-0,5 cc/liter. Tanaman yang terserang hama thrips, bunga akan mengering dan rontok. Sedangkan apabila menyerang bagian daun pada daun terdapat bercak keperakan dan menggulung. Jika daun terserang aphids, daun akan menggulung kedalam, keriting, menguning dan rontok. Untuk pencegahan dan pengendalian lakukan penyemprotan dengan insektisida Winder 25 WP dengan konsentrasi 100 – 200 gr / 500 liter air / ha atau dengan Winder 100EC 125 – 200 ml / 500 liter air / Ha bergantian dengan insektisida Promectin 18ec dengan konsentrasi 0,25-0,5 cc/liter. Nematoda merupakan organisme pengganggu tanaman yang menyerang daerah perakaran tanaman cabe. Jika tanaman terserang maka transportasi bahan makanan terhambat dan pertumbuhan tanaman terganggu. Selain itu kerusakan akibat nematode dapat memudahkan bakteri masuk dan mengakibatkan layu bakteri. Pencegahan yang efektif adalah dengan menanam varietas cabe yang tahan terhadap nematode dan melakukan penggiliran tanaman. Dan apabila lahan yang ditanami merupakan daerah endemi, pemberian nematisida dapat diberikan bersamaan dengan pemupukan. Penyakit yang sering menyerang tanaman cabe diantaranya adalah · Rebah semai · Layu Fusarium · Layu bakteri · Antraknose / patek · Busuk Phytophthora · Bercak daun Cercospora · Penyakit Virus Penyakit anthracnose buah. Gejala awalnya adalah kulit buah akan tampak mengkilap, selanjutnya akan timbul bercak hitam yang kemudian meluas dan akhirnya membusuk. Untuk pengendaliannya semprot dengan fungisida Kocide 54 WDG dengan konsentrasi 1 sampai 2 g / l air bergantian dengan fungisida Victory 80wp dengan konsentrasi 1 – 2 g / liter air. Penyakit busuk Phytopthora gejalanya adalah bagian tanaman yang terserang terdapat bercak coklat kehitaman dan lama kelamaan membusuk. Penyakit ini dapat menyerang tanaman cabe pada bagian daun, batang maupun buah. Pengendaliannya adalah dengan menyemprot fungisida Kocide 77 wp dengan dosis 1,5 – 3 kg / Ha bergantian dengan fungisida Victory 80WP konsentarsi 2 sampai 4 gram / liter dicampur dengan fungisida sistemik Starmyl 25 wp dengan dosis 0,8 – 1 g / liter. Rebah semai ( dumping off ) . Penyakit ini biasanya menyerang tanaman saat dipersemaian. Jamur penyebabnya adalah Phytium sp. Untuk tindakan pencegahan dapat dilakukan perlakuan benih dengan Saromyl 35SD dan menyemprot fungisida sistemik Starmyl 25WP saat dipersemaian dan saat pindah tanam dengan konsentrasi 0,5 sampai 1 gram / liter. Penyakit layu fusarium dan layu bakteri pada tanaman cabe biasanya mulai menyerang tanaman saat fase generatif. Untuk mencegahnya dianjurkan penyiraman Kocide 77WP pada lubang tanam dengan konsentrasi 5 gram / liter / lima tanaman, mulai saat tanaman menjelang berbunga dengan interval 10 sampai 14 hari. Penyakit bercak daun cabe disebabkan oleh cendawan Cercospora capsici. Gejalanya berupa bercak bercincin, berwarna putih pada tengahnya dan coklat kehitaman pada tepinya. Pencegahannya dapat dilakukan dengan menyemprot fungisida Kocide 54WDG konsentrasi 1,5 sampai 3 gram / liter bergantian dengan fungisida Victory 80WP konsentrasi 2 sampai 4 gram / liter dengan interval 7 hari. Penyakit mozaik virus. Saat ini belum ada pestisida yang mampu mengendalikan penyakit mozaik virus ini. Dan sebagai tindakan pencegahan dapat dilakukan pengendalian terhadap hewan pembawa virus tersebut yaitu aphids. Untuk pencegahan serangan hama penyakit, gunakan benih cabe hibrida yang tahan terhadap serangan hama penyakit dan yang telah diberi perlakuan pestisida. Apabila terjadi serangan atau untuk tujuan pencegahan lakukan aplikasi pestisida sesuai OPT yang menyerang atau sesuai petunjuk petugas penyuluh lapang. PANEN Pada saat tanaman berumur 75 – 85 hst yang ditandai dengan buahnya yang padat dan warna merah menyala, buah cabe siap dilakukan pemanenan pertama. Umur panen cabe tergantung varietas yang digunakan, lokasi penanaman dan kombinasi pemupukan yang digunakan serta kesehatan tanaman. Tanaman cabe dapat dipanen setiap 2 – 5 hari sekali tergantung dari luas penanaman dan kondisi pasar. Pemanenan dilakukan dengan cara memetik buah beserta tangkainya yang bertujuan agar cabe dapat disimpan lebih lama. Buah cabe yang rusak akibat hama atau penyakit harus tetap di panen agar tidak menjadi sumber penyakit bagi tanaman cabe sehat. Pisahkan buah cabe yang rusak dari buah cabe yang sehat. Waktu panen sebaiknya dilakukan pada pagi hari karena bobot buah dalam keadaan optimal akibat penimbunan zat pada malam hari dan belum terjadi penguapan. PASCA PANEN CABE Hasil panen yang telah dipisahkan antara cabe yang sehat dan yang rusak, selanjutnya dikumpulkan di tempat yang sejuk atau teduh sehingga cabe tetap segar . Untuk mendapatkan harga yang lebih baik, hasil panen dikelompokkan berdasarkan standar kualitas permintaan pasar seperti untuk supermarket, pasar lokal maupun pasar eksport. Setelah buah cabe dikelompokkan berdasarkan kelasnya, maka pengemasan perlu dilakukan untuk melindungi buah cabe dari kerusakan selama dalam pengangkutan. Kemasan dapat dibuat dari berbagai bahan dengan memberikan ventilasi. Cabe siap didistribusikan ke konsumen yang membutuhkan cabe segar. Dengan penerapan teknologi budidaya, penangganan pasca panen yang benar dan tepat serta penggunaan benih hibrida yang tahan hama penyakit dapat meningkatkan produksi cabe yang saat ini banyak dibutuhkan. Untuk melihat analisis keuntungan atau kerugian dari budidaya cabe klik ling berikut > ANALISIS TANAMAN CABE

Kualitas Dokter Menentukan Tarif Rumah Sakit di Jakarta

JAKARTA, Saco-Indonesia.com — Rencana penghapusan kelas-kelas pada rumah sakit di Jakarta dapat diimbangi dengan penentuan tarif sesuai kualitas dokter. Dengan demikian, penentuan tarif itu akan dirasa adil bagi masyarakat, dan kesejahteraan dokter pun dapat meningkat.

Kepala Dinas Kesehatan DKI Jakarta Dien Emmawati mengatakan, rencana penghapusan kelas di rumah sakit di Jakarta itu berkaitan dengan rencana untuk menyamaratakan tarif rumah sakit. Jika kelas-kelas di rumah sakit sudah disamakan, maka penentuan tarif akan didasarkan pada kualitas para dokternya.

"Bisa diarahkan ke sana, kalau rumah sakit tipe C punya kualitas (tipe) A, maka (angkanya) bisa masuk tipe A. Tapi itu regulasinya di Kemenkes (Kementerian Kesehatan)," kata Dien di Balaikota Jakarta, Senin (3/6/2013).

Perubahan regulasi untuk rumah sakit di Jakarta mencuat berbarengan dengan evaluasi Kartu Jakarta Sehat (KJS). Program KJS merupakan program unggulan Gubernur DKI Jakarta Joko Widodo. Evaluasi KJS berlangsung sejak akhir Mei 2013 dan dilakukan karena ada sejumlah rumah sakit yang keberatan dengan tarif yang ditentukan.

Evaluasi itu akan memakan waktu sekitar tiga pekan dan fokus pada sistem pembayaran berdasarkan tarif Indonesia- Case Based Group (INA-CBG) atau sistem pembayaran kepada pemberi pelayanan kesehatan yang dikelompokkan berdasarkan ciri klinis dan pemakaian sumber daya yang sama. Rumus penghitungan telah disediakan oleh Kementerian Kesehatan, tetapi penentuan tarif menjadi kewenangan daerah karena disesuaikan dengan kemampuan daerah. Kecilnya tarif INA-CBG disebabkan belum semua rumah sakit di Jakarta masuk dalam basis data National Center for Case Mix (NCC), yaitu baru 20 persen.

Editor :Liwon Maulana

Sumber:Kompas.com

> Kualitas Dokter Menentukan Tarif Rumah Sakit di Jakarta

Pengusaha Kena Imbas, Akibat Depresiasi Rupiah

Bekasi, Saco-Indonesia.com - Semakin melemahnya nilai tukar rupiah terhadap dollar AS pun berimbas langsung pada para pengusaha. Usaha mereka terhambat akibat dampak depresiasi tersebut.

Ketua Himpunan Pengusaha Muda Indonesia (HIPMI) Jaya periode 2011-2014 Andhika Anindyaguna mengatakan sebenarnya pengusaha merasakan dampak pelemahan rupiah. Akan tetapi, pengusaha pun terkena imbas-imbas lain, seperti inflasi.

"Inflasi kita kan tinggi. Kemarin pertengahan 2013 pemerintah menaikkan harga BBM. Otomatis harga-harga bahan pokok lainnya ikut meningkat," kata Andhika di Jakarta, Sabtu (11/1/2014).

Andhika menjelaskan inflasi yang menembus angka 8,38 persen itu tentu saja berdampak pada pengusaha. Sebab, harga-harga bahan baku pun ikut melonjak yang membuat pengusaha kewalahan memproduksi.

Selain itu, kenaikan harga elpiji ukuran 12 kilogram, meski direvisi, pun ikut memberi dampak. "Jadi memang kondisi ekonomi kita kurang baik. Harapannya bisa dijadikan PR yang harus diurus, mengingat 2014 merupakan tahun politik. Jangan sampai keadaan ekonomi makin jelek," ujarnya.

Andhika mengaku, yang menjadi kekhawatiran utama sebenarnya adalah terlalu besarnya volume impor yang membuat rupiah melemah.

"Rupiah kita terus melemah karena tingginya permintaan dolar karena impor yang terlalu banyak. Ini yang menjadi kekhawatiran kami," kata dia.

Sumber:Kompas.com

Editor : Maulana Lee


   
   

> Pengusaha Kena Imbas, Akibat Depresiasi Rupiah

MUAMALAH SETELAH IBADAH HAJI

Kita baru saja melewati momen yang cukup besar terutama bagi Umat Islam yaitu Idul Adha sebagai hari Yang lebih besar dari Idul Fitri dan Ibadah Haji bagi yang mampu dan mendapat kuota haji tahun ini.

Ada pelajaran menarik yang dapat kita tadabburi pada momen besar itu karena ia akan sangat erat kaitannya dengan kehidupan kita sehari-hari apalagi kita sebagai makhluk yang selalu bersosialisasi dan bermasyarakat.

Momen haji sebetulnya bukan hanya untuk menunaikan rukun Islam yang ke lima tetapi ia memiliki makna mendalam untuk mempertebal keimanan dan memperteguh ketaqwaan kepada sang Khaliq Harapan setiap jamah haji pasti ingin mendapatkan derajat tertinggi di mata ALLAH yaitu haji maqbul (diterima) dan haji Mabrur.

Jika kita amati setiap moment haji dilihat dari segi jamaah dapat kita bagi menjadi tiga golongan
Golongan yang pertama adalah Jamaah yang memiliki tujuan Pragmatis yaitu para jamaah yang semata-mata ingin memanfaatkan tempat-tempat yang mustajab atau tempat berdoa yang mendapat jaminan untuk dikabulkan seperti Kawasan Masjidil Haram, Padang Arafah, Muzdalifah , Jamarat dan Masjid Nabawi untuk menyampaikan doa-doa yang berhubungan dengan masalah duniawiyah seperti pekerjaan, jodoh, rezeki, dll.
Golongan yang kedua adalah Golongan yang ingin mencari status sosial dan mencari gelar haji bahkan Tidak jarang para jamaah memiliki motivasi berlebihan dalam meningkatkan status sosial mereka karena mayoritas umat Islam di Indonesia sangat menghormati orang-orang yang sudah melaksanakan Ibadah haji bahkan tidak jarang di antara mereka menjual harta benda satu-satunya seperti rumah, tanah, perhiasan dan lain sebagainya untuk biaya menunaikan Ibadah haji .ada juga yang melakukan transaksi dan melakukan perniagaan selama berada di tanah suci untuk mengembalikan modal atau sekadar mencari tambahan untuk biaya menunaikan rukun Islam yang kelima itu.
Golongan yang ketiga adalah golongan yang murni untuk Ibadah dan menjawab panggilan Allah sebagai bentuk pengabdian yang paling tinggi setelah mengalakan rukun Islam dan rukun Iman secara sempurna dalam kehidupan sehari-hari sehingga setiap rangkaian Proses ibadah haji dilakukan secara menyeluruh dengan ikhlas dan hanya mengharap ridha dari Allah.

Jika kita perdalam makna haji yang sesungguhnya ternyata di dalamnya terkandung makna yang begitu luar Biasa kita diminta untuk mengamati syariat Islam mulai dari segi Ibadah dan juga muamalah

Jika dilihat dari segi Ibadah para jamaah diharapkan untuk mengamati dan mengamalkan segala bentuk tata cara Ibadah yang diajarkan oleh Rasulullah secara langsung dan masih berlanjut serta diamalkan secara turun temurun sampai hari ini ditempat yang sama ,artinya segala bentuk ibadah dan tata caranya selama kita melakukan ibadah haji seperti shalat yang dilakukan di Masjidil Haram harus juga kita Praktekkan dalam kehidupan sehari-hari ,ketika melaksanakan ibadah haji kita diharuskan untuk beribadah mengikuti syariat dan menjauhi perkara yang bid’ah kemudian ketika kembali ke tanah air masing-masing hendaknya itupun diamalkan dan diajarkan oleh jamaah Haji kepada masyarakat ,minimal kepada keluarga sendiri tapi yang terjadi kebanyakan masyarakat kita setelah selesai melaksanakan Ibadah haji ia kembali kepada tata cara ibadah yang bercampur dengan budaya sebagaimana ia belum melaksanakan ibadah haji bahkan tidak jarang perkara bid’ah semakin banyak ia kerjakan .

Dari sisi muamalah kita diminta untuk melakukan komunikasi lintas etnik dan meningkatkan kepedulian sosial serta tidak membeda-bedakan antara suku yang satu dengan yang lain, antara strata sosial, pangkat dan jabatan apapun karena semua itu nilainya sama di sisi Allah, tinggal tingkat keimanan dan keluasan Ilmu yang dimiliki sajalah yang menjadi pembeda di mata Allah.

Jika dari sisi Ibadahnya bisa baik dan seluruh rukun Islam dan rukun Iman bisa dijalankan dan mampu diamalkan dalam kehidupan sehari hari sesuai tuntunan Rasulullah SAW dan dikuatkan lagi dari sisi Muamalah yang disebutkan di atas maka Insya Allah para jamaah haji akan mendapat Predikat Haji yang Mabrur. Wallahu A’lam.

Sumber: http://www.dakwatuna.com

Baca Artikel Lainnya : MASJID PERTAMA YANG DI BANGUN RASULULLAH

> MUAMALAH SETELAH IBADAH HAJI

Gilbert Haroche, Builder of an Economy Travel Empire, Dies at 87

Mr. Haroche was a founder of Liberty Travel, which grew from a two-man operation to the largest leisure travel operation in the United States.

Gilbert Haroche, Builder of an Economy Travel Empire, Dies at 87 | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Gene Fullmer, a Brawling Middleweight Champion, Dies at 83

Fullmer, who reigned when fight clubs abounded and Friday night fights were a television staple, was known for his title bouts with Sugar Ray Robinson and Carmen Basilio.

Gene Fullmer, a Brawling Middleweight Champion, Dies at 83 | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Taiwan party leader affirms eventual reunion with China

BEIJING (AP) — The head of Taiwan's Nationalists reaffirmed the party's support for eventual unification with the mainland when he met Monday with Chinese President Xi Jinping as part of continuing rapprochement between the former bitter enemies.

Nationalist Party Chairman Eric Chu, a likely presidential candidate next year, also affirmed Taiwan's desire to join the proposed Chinese-led Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank during the meeting in Beijing. China claims Taiwan as its own territory and doesn't want the island to join using a name that might imply it is an independent country.

Chu's comments during his meeting with Xi were carried live on Hong Kong-based broadcaster Phoenix Television.

The Nationalists were driven to Taiwan by Mao Zedong's Communists during the Chinese civil war in 1949, leading to decades of hostility between the sides. Chu, who took over as party leader in January, is the third Nationalist chairman to visit the mainland and the first since 2009.

Relations between the communist-ruled mainland and the self-governing democratic island of Taiwan began to warm in the 1990s, partly out of their common opposition to Taiwan's formal independence from China, a position advocated by the island's Democratic Progressive Party.

Despite increasingly close economic ties, the prospect of political unification has grown increasingly unpopular on Taiwan, especially with younger voters. Opposition to the Nationalists' pro-China policies was seen as a driver behind heavy local electoral defeats for the party last year that led to Taiwanese President Ma Ying-jeou resigning as party chairman.

Taiwan party leader affirms eventual reunion with China | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Finding Scandal in New York and New Jersey, but No Shame

From sea to shining sea, or at least from one side of the Hudson to the other, politicians you have barely heard of are being accused of wrongdoing. There were so many court proceedings involving public officials on Monday that it was hard to keep up.

In Newark, two underlings of Gov. Chris Christie were arraigned on charges that they were in on the truly deranged plot to block traffic leading onto the George Washington Bridge.

Ten miles away, in Lower Manhattan, Dean G. Skelos, the leader of the New York State Senate, and his son, Adam B. Skelos, were arrested by the Federal Bureau of Investigation on accusations of far more conventional political larceny, involving a job with a sewer company for the son and commissions on title insurance and bond work.

The younger man managed to receive a 150 percent pay increase from the sewer company even though, as he said on tape, he “literally knew nothing about water or, you know, any of that stuff,” according to a criminal complaint the United States attorney’s office filed.

The success of Adam Skelos, 32, was attributed by prosecutors to his father’s influence as the leader of the Senate and as a potentate among state Republicans. The indictment can also be read as one of those unfailingly sad tales of a father who cannot stop indulging a grown son. The senator himself is not alleged to have profited from the schemes, except by being relieved of the burden of underwriting Adam.

The bridge traffic caper is its own species of crazy; what distinguishes the charges against the two Skeloses is the apparent absence of a survival instinct. It is one thing not to know anything about water or that stuff. More remarkable, if true, is the fact that the sewer machinations continued even after the former New York Assembly speaker, Sheldon Silver, was charged in January with taking bribes disguised as fees.

It was by then common gossip in political and news media circles that Senator Skelos, a Republican, the counterpart in the Senate to Mr. Silver, a Democrat, in the Assembly, could be next in line for the criminal dock. “Stay tuned,” the United States attorney, Preet Bharara said, leaving not much to the imagination.

Even though the cat had been unmistakably belled, Skelos father and son continued to talk about how to advance the interests of the sewer company, though the son did begin to use a burner cellphone, the kind people pay for in cash, with no traceable contracts.

That was indeed prudent, as prosecutors had been wiretapping the cellphones of both men. But it would seem that the burner was of limited value, because by then the prosecutors had managed to secure the help of a business executive who agreed to record calls with the Skeloses. It would further seem that the business executive was more attentive to the perils of pending investigations than the politician.

Through the end of the New York State budget negotiations in March, the hopes of the younger Skelos rested on his father’s ability to devise legislation that would benefit the sewer company. That did not pan out. But Senator Skelos did boast that he had haggled with Gov. Andrew M. Cuomo, a Democrat, in a successful effort to raise a $150 million allocation for Long Island to $550 million, for what the budget called “transformative economic development projects.” It included money for the kind of work done by the sewer company.

The lawyer for Adam Skelos said he was not guilty and would win in court. Senator Skelos issued a ringing declaration that he was unequivocally innocent.

THIS was also the approach taken in New Jersey by Bill Baroni, a man of great presence and eloquence who stopped outside the federal courthouse to note that he had taken risks as a Republican by bucking his party to support paid family leave, medical marijuana and marriage equality. “I would never risk my career, my job, my reputation for something like this,” Mr. Baroni said. “I am an innocent man.”

The lawyer for his co-defendant, Bridget Anne Kelly, the former deputy chief of staff to Mr. Christie, a Republican, said that she would strongly rebut the charges.

Perhaps they had nothing to do with the lane closings. But neither Mr. Baroni nor Ms. Kelly addressed the question of why they did not return repeated calls from the mayor of Fort Lee, N.J., begging them to stop the traffic tie-ups, over three days.

That silence was a low moment. But perhaps New York hit bottom faster. Senator Skelos, the prosecutors charged, arranged to meet Long Island politicians at the wake of Wenjian Liu, a New York City police officer shot dead in December, to press for payments to the company employing his son.

Sometimes it seems as though for some people, the only thing to be ashamed of is shame itself.

Finding Scandal in New York and New Jersey, but No Shame | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Cher and Marc Jacobs

The 2015 Met Gala has only officially begun, but there's a clear leader in the race for best couple, no small feat at an event that threatens to sap Hollywood of every celebrity it has for the duration of an East Coast evening.

That would be Marc Jacobs and his surprise guest (who, by some miracle, remained under wraps until their red carpet debut), Cher.

“This has been a dream of mine for a very, very long time,” Mr. Jacobs said.

It is Cher's first appearance at the Met Gala since 1997, when she arrived on the arm of Donatella Versace.

– MATTHEW SCHNEIER

Cher and Marc Jacobs | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Ghostly Voices From Thomas Edison’s Dolls Can Now Be Heard

Though Robin and Joan Rolfs owned two rare talking dolls manufactured by Thomas Edison’s phonograph company in 1890, they did not dare play the wax cylinder records tucked inside each one.

The Rolfses, longtime collectors of Edison phonographs, knew that if they turned the cranks on the dolls’ backs, the steel phonograph needle might damage or destroy the grooves of the hollow, ring-shaped cylinder. And so for years, the dolls sat side by side inside a display cabinet, bearers of a message from the dawn of sound recording that nobody could hear.

In 1890, Edison’s dolls were a flop; production lasted only six weeks. Children found them difficult to operate and more scary than cuddly. The recordings inside, which featured snippets of nursery rhymes, wore out quickly.

Yet sound historians say the cylinders were the first entertainment records ever made, and the young girls hired to recite the rhymes were the world’s first recording artists.

Year after year, the Rolfses asked experts if there might be a safe way to play the recordings. Then a government laboratory developed a method to play fragile records without touching them.

Audio

The technique relies on a microscope to create images of the grooves in exquisite detail. A computer approximates — with great accuracy — the sounds that would have been created by a needle moving through those grooves.

In 2014, the technology was made available for the first time outside the laboratory.

“The fear all along is that we don’t want to damage these records. We don’t want to put a stylus on them,” said Jerry Fabris, the curator of the Thomas Edison Historical Park in West Orange, N.J. “Now we have the technology to play them safely.”

Last month, the Historical Park posted online three never-before-heard Edison doll recordings, including the two from the Rolfses’ collection. “There are probably more out there, and we’re hoping people will now get them digitized,” Mr. Fabris said.

The technology, which is known as Irene (Image, Reconstruct, Erase Noise, Etc.), was developed by the particle physicist Carl Haber and the engineer Earl Cornell at Lawrence Berkeley. Irene extracts sound from cylinder and disk records. It can also reconstruct audio from recordings so badly damaged they were deemed unplayable.

“We are now hearing sounds from history that I did not expect to hear in my lifetime,” Mr. Fabris said.

The Rolfses said they were not sure what to expect in August when they carefully packed their two Edison doll cylinders, still attached to their motors, and drove from their home in Hortonville, Wis., to the National Document Conservation Center in Andover, Mass. The center had recently acquired Irene technology.

Audio

Cylinders carry sound in a spiral groove cut by a phonograph recording needle that vibrates up and down, creating a surface made of tiny hills and valleys. In the Irene set-up, a microscope perched above the shaft takes thousands of high-resolution images of small sections of the grooves.

Stitched together, the images provide a topographic map of the cylinder’s surface, charting changes in depth as small as one five-hundredth the thickness of a human hair. Pitch, volume and timbre are all encoded in the hills and valleys and the speed at which the record is played.

At the conservation center, the preservation specialist Mason Vander Lugt attached one of the cylinders to the end of a rotating shaft. Huddled around a computer screen, the Rolfses first saw the wiggly waveform generated by Irene. Then came the digital audio. The words were at first indistinct, but as Mr. Lugt filtered out more of the noise, the rhyme became clearer.

“That was the Eureka moment,” Mr. Rolfs said.

In 1890, a girl in Edison’s laboratory had recited:

There was a little girl,

And she had a little curl

Audio

Right in the middle of her forehead.

When she was good,

She was very, very good.

But when she was bad, she was horrid.

Recently, the conservation center turned up another surprise.

In 2010, the Woody Guthrie Foundation received 18 oversize phonograph disks from an anonymous donor. No one knew if any of the dirt-stained recordings featured Guthrie, but Tiffany Colannino, then the foundation’s archivist, had stored them unplayed until she heard about Irene.

Last fall, the center extracted audio from one of the records, labeled “Jam Session 9” and emailed the digital file to Ms. Colannino.

“I was just sitting in my dining room, and the next thing I know, I’m hearing Woody,” she said. In between solo performances of “Ladies Auxiliary,” “Jesus Christ,” and “Dead or Alive,” Guthrie tells jokes, offers some back story, and makes the audience laugh. “It is quintessential Guthrie,” Ms. Colannino said.

The Rolfses’ dolls are back in the display cabinet in Wisconsin. But with audio stored on several computers, they now have a permanent voice.

Ghostly Voices From Thomas Edison’s Dolls Can Now Be Heard | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Obama Finds a Bolder Voice on Race Issues

As he reflected on the festering wounds deepened by race and grievance that have been on painful display in America’s cities lately, President Obama on Monday found himself thinking about a young man he had just met named Malachi.

A few minutes before, in a closed-door round-table discussion at Lehman College in the Bronx, Mr. Obama had asked a group of black and Hispanic students from disadvantaged backgrounds what could be done to help them reach their goals. Several talked about counseling and guidance programs.

“Malachi, he just talked about — we should talk about love,” Mr. Obama told a crowd afterward, drifting away from his prepared remarks. “Because Malachi and I shared the fact that our dad wasn’t around and that sometimes we wondered why he wasn’t around and what had happened. But really, that’s what this comes down to is: Do we love these kids?”

Many presidents have governed during times of racial tension, but Mr. Obama is the first to see in the mirror a face that looks like those on the other side of history’s ledger. While his first term was consumed with the economy, war and health care, his second keeps coming back to the societal divide that was not bridged by his election. A president who eschewed focusing on race now seems to have found his voice again as he thinks about how to use his remaining time in office and beyond.

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Obama Speaks of a ‘Sense of Unfairness’

Obama Speaks of a ‘Sense of Unfairness’

At an event announcing the creation of a nonprofit focusing on young minority men, President Obama talked about the underlying reasons for recent protests in Baltimore and other cities.

By Associated Press on Publish Date May 4, 2015. Photo by Stephen Crowley/The New York Times.

In the aftermath of racially charged unrest in places like Baltimore, Ferguson, Mo., and New York, Mr. Obama came to the Bronx on Monday for the announcement of a new nonprofit organization that is being spun off from his White House initiative called My Brother’s Keeper. Staked by more than $80 million in commitments from corporations and other donors, the new group, My Brother’s Keeper Alliance, will in effect provide the nucleus for Mr. Obama’s post-presidency, which will begin in January 2017.

“This will remain a mission for me and for Michelle not just for the rest of my presidency but for the rest of my life,” Mr. Obama said. “And the reason is simple,” he added. Referring to some of the youths he had just met, he said: “We see ourselves in these young men. I grew up without a dad. I grew up lost sometimes and adrift, not having a sense of a clear path. The only difference between me and a lot of other young men in this neighborhood and all across the country is that I grew up in an environment that was a little more forgiving.”

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Organizers said the new alliance already had financial pledges from companies like American Express, Deloitte, Discovery Communications and News Corporation. The money will be used to help companies address obstacles facing young black and Hispanic men, provide grants to programs for disadvantaged youths, and help communities aid their populations.

Joe Echevarria, a former chief executive of Deloitte, the accounting and consulting firm, will lead the alliance, and among those on its leadership team or advisory group are executives at PepsiCo, News Corporation, Sprint, BET and Prudential Group Insurance; former Secretary of State Colin L. Powell; Senator Cory Booker, Democrat of New Jersey; former Attorney General Eric H. Holder Jr.; the music star John Legend; the retired athletes Alonzo Mourning, Jerome Bettis and Shaquille O’Neal; and the mayors of Indianapolis, Sacramento and Philadelphia.

The alliance, while nominally independent of the White House, may face some of the same questions confronting former Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton as she begins another presidential campaign. Some of those donating to the alliance may have interests in government action, and skeptics may wonder whether they are trying to curry favor with the president by contributing.

“The Obama administration will have no role in deciding how donations are screened and what criteria they’ll set at the alliance for donor policies, because it’s an entirely separate entity,” Josh Earnest, the White House press secretary, told reporters on Air Force One en route to New York. But he added, “I’m confident that the members of the board are well aware of the president’s commitment to transparency.”

The alliance was in the works before the disturbances last week after the death of Freddie Gray, the black man who suffered fatal injuries while in police custody in Baltimore, but it reflected the evolution of Mr. Obama’s presidency. For him, in a way, it is coming back to issues that animated him as a young community organizer and politician. It was his own struggle with race and identity, captured in his youthful memoir, “Dreams From My Father,” that stood him apart from other presidential aspirants.

But that was a side of him that he kept largely to himself through the first years of his presidency while he focused on other priorities like turning the economy around, expanding government-subsidized health care and avoiding electoral land mines en route to re-election.

After securing a second term, Mr. Obama appeared more emboldened. Just a month after his 2013 inauguration, he talked passionately about opportunity and race with a group of teenage boys in Chicago, a moment aides point to as perhaps the first time he had spoken about these issues in such a personal, powerful way as president. A few months later, he publicly lamented the death of Trayvon Martin, a black Florida teenager, saying that “could have been me 35 years ago.”

Photo
 
President Obama on Monday with Darinel Montero, a student at Bronx International High School who introduced him before remarks at Lehman College in the Bronx. Credit Stephen Crowley/The New York Times

That case, along with public ruptures of anger over police shootings in Ferguson and elsewhere, have pushed the issue of race and law enforcement onto the public agenda. Aides said they imagined that with his presidency in its final stages, Mr. Obama might be thinking more about what comes next and causes he can advance as a private citizen.

That is not to say that his public discussion of these issues has been universally welcomed. Some conservatives said he had made matters worse by seeming in their view to blame police officers in some of the disputed cases.

“President Obama, when he was elected, could have been a unifying leader,” Senator Ted Cruz of Texas, a Republican candidate for president, said at a forum last week. “He has made decisions that I think have inflamed racial tensions.”

On the other side of the ideological spectrum, some liberal African-American activists have complained that Mr. Obama has not done enough to help downtrodden communities. While he is speaking out more, these critics argue, he has hardly used the power of the presidency to make the sort of radical change they say is necessary.

The line Mr. Obama has tried to straddle has been a serrated one. He condemns police brutality as he defends most officers as honorable. He condemns “criminals and thugs” who looted in Baltimore while expressing empathy with those trapped in a cycle of poverty and hopelessness.

In the Bronx on Monday, Mr. Obama bemoaned the death of Brian Moore, a plainclothes New York police officer who had died earlier in the day after being shot in the head Saturday on a Queens street. Most police officers are “good and honest and fair and care deeply about their communities,” even as they put their lives on the line, Mr. Obama said.

“Which is why in addressing the issues in Baltimore or Ferguson or New York, the point I made was that if we’re just looking at policing, we’re looking at it too narrowly,” he added. “If we ask the police to simply contain and control problems that we ourselves have been unwilling to invest and solve, that’s not fair to the communities, it’s not fair to the police.”

Moreover, if society writes off some people, he said, “that’s not the kind of country I want to live in; that’s not what America is about.”

His message to young men like Malachi Hernandez, who attends Boston Latin Academy in Massachusetts, is not to give up.

“I want you to know you matter,” he said. “You matter to us.”

Obama Finds a Bolder Voice on Race Issues | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Native American Actors Work to Overcome a Long-Documented Bias

Late in April, after Native American actors walked off in disgust from the set of Adam Sandler’s latest film, a western sendup that its distributor, Netflix, has defended as being equally offensive to all, a glow of pride spread through several Native American communities.

Tantoo Cardinal, a Canadian indigenous actress who played Black Shawl in “Dances With Wolves,” recalled thinking to herself, “It’s come.” Larry Sellers, who starred as Cloud Dancing in the 1990s television show “Dr. Quinn, Medicine Woman,” thought, “It’s about time.” Jesse Wente, who is Ojibwe and directs film programming at the TIFF Bell Lightbox in Toronto, found himself encouraged and surprised. There are so few film roles for indigenous actors, he said, that walking off the set of a major production showed real mettle.

But what didn’t surprise Mr. Wente was the content of the script. According to the actors who walked off the set, the film, titled “The Ridiculous Six,” included a Native American woman who passes out and is revived after white men douse her with alcohol, and another woman squatting to urinate while lighting a peace pipe. “There’s enough history at this point to have set some expectations around these sort of Hollywood depictions,” Mr. Wente said.

The walkout prompted a rhetorical “What do you expect from an Adam Sandler film?,” and a Netflix spokesman said that in the movie, blacks, Mexicans and whites were lampooned as well. But Native American actors and critics said a broader issue was at stake. While mainstream portrayals of native peoples have, Mr. Wente said, become “incrementally better” over the decades, he and others say, they remain far from accurate and reflect a lack of opportunities for Native American performers. What’s more, as Native Americans hunger for representation on screen, critics say the absence of three-dimensional portrayals has very real off-screen consequences.

“Our people are still healing from historical trauma,” said Loren Anthony, one of the actors who walked out. “Our youth are still trying to figure out who they are, where they fit in this society. Kids are killing themselves. They’re not proud of who they are.” They also don’t, he added, see themselves on prime time television or the big screen. Netflix noted while about five people walked off the “The Ridiculous Six” set, 100 or so Native American actors and extras stayed.

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But in interviews, nearly a dozen Native American actors and film industry experts said that Mr. Sandler’s humor perpetuated decades-old negative stereotypes. Mr. Anthony said such depictions helped feed the despondency many Native Americans feel, with deadly results: Native Americans have the highest suicide rate out of all the country’s ethnicities.

The on-screen problem is twofold, Mr. Anthony and others said: There’s a paucity of roles for Native Americans — according to the Screen Actors Guild in 2008 they accounted for 0.3 percent of all on-screen parts (those figures have yet to be updated), compared to about 2 percent of the general population — and Native American actors are often perceived in a narrow way.

In his Peabody Award-winning documentary “Reel Injun,” the Cree filmmaker Neil Diamond explored Hollywood depictions of Native Americans over the years, and found they fell into a few stereotypical categories: the Noble Savage, the Drunk Indian, the Mystic, the Indian Princess, the backward tribal people futilely fighting John Wayne and manifest destiny. While the 1990 film “Dances With Wolves” won praise for depicting Native Americans as fully fleshed out human beings, not all indigenous people embraced it. It was still told, critics said, from the colonialists’ point of view. In an interview, John Trudell, a Santee Sioux writer, actor (“Thunderheart”) and the former chairman of the American Indian Movement, described the film as “a story of two white people.”

“God bless ‘Dances with Wolves,’ ” Michael Horse, who played Deputy Hawk in “Twin Peaks,” said sarcastically. “Even ‘Avatar.’ Someone’s got to come save the tribal people.”

Dan Spilo, a partner at Industry Entertainment who represents Adam Beach, one of today’s most prominent Native American actors, said while typecasting dogs many minorities, it is especially intractable when it comes to Native Americans. Casting directors, he said, rarely cast them as police officers, doctors or lawyers. “There’s the belief that the Native American character should be on reservations or riding a horse,” he said.

“We don’t see ourselves,” Mr. Horse said. “We’re still an antiquated culture to them, and to the rest of the world.”

Ms. Cardinal said she was once turned down for the role of the wife of a child-abusing cop because the filmmakers felt that casting her would somehow be “too political.”

Another sore point is the long run of white actors playing American Indians, among them Burt Lancaster, Rock Hudson, Audrey Hepburn and, more recently, Johnny Depp, whose depiction of Tonto in the 2013 film “Lone Ranger,” was viewed as racist by detractors. There are, of course, exceptions. The former A&E series “Longmire,” which, as it happens, will now be on Netflix, was roundly praised for its depiction of life on a Northern Cheyenne reservation, with Lou Diamond Phillips, who is of Cherokee descent, playing a Northern Cheyenne man.

Others also point to the success of Mr. Beach, who played a Mohawk detective in “Law & Order: Special Victims Unit” and landed a starring role in the forthcoming D C Comics picture “Suicide Squad.” Mr. Beach said he had come across insulting scripts backed by people who don’t see anything wrong with them.

“I’d rather starve than do something that is offensive to my ancestral roots,” Mr. Beach said. “But I think there will always be attempts to drawn on the weakness of native people’s struggles. The savage Indian will always be the savage Indian. The white man will always be smarter and more cunning. The cavalry will always win.”

The solution, Mr. Wente, Mr. Trudell and others said, lies in getting more stories written by and starring Native Americans. But Mr. Wente noted that while independent indigenous film has blossomed in the last two decades, mainstream depictions have yet to catch up. “You have to stop expecting for Hollywood to correct it, because there seems to be no ability or desire to correct it,” Mr. Wente said.

There have been calls to boycott Netflix but, writing for Indian Country Today Media Network, which first broke news of the walk off, the filmmaker Brian Young noted that the distributor also offered a number of films by or about Native Americans.

The furor around “The Ridiculous Six” may drive more people to see it. Then one of the questions that Mr. Trudell, echoing others, had about the film will be answered: “Who the hell laughs at this stuff?”

Native American Actors Work to Overcome a Long-Documented Bias | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Calvin Peete, 71, a Racial Pioneer on the PGA Tour, Is Dead

With 12 tournament victories in his career, Mr. Peete was the most successful black professional golfer before Tiger Woods.

Calvin Peete, 71, a Racial Pioneer on the PGA Tour, Is Dead | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Mike Phillips, Half of Kentucky’s ‘Twin Towers’ of Basketball, Dies at 59

The 6-foot-10 Phillips played alongside the 6-11 Rick Robey on the Wildcats team that won the 1978 N.C.A.A. men’s basketball title.

Mike Phillips, Half of Kentucky’s ‘Twin Towers’ of Basketball, Dies at 59 | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Marty Napoleon, 93, Dies; Jazz Pianist Played With Louis Armstrong

Mr. Napoleon was a self-taught musician whose career began in earnest with the orchestra led by Chico Marx of the Marx Brothers.

Marty Napoleon, 93, Dies; Jazz Pianist Played With Louis Armstrong | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Rolf Smedvig, Trumpeter in the Empire Brass, Dies at 62

A former member of the Boston Symphony Orchestra, Mr. Smedvig helped found the wide-ranging Empire Brass quintet.

Rolf Smedvig, Trumpeter in the Empire Brass, Dies at 62 | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Police Rethink Long Tradition on Using Force

WASHINGTON — During a training course on defending against knife attacks, a young Salt Lake City police officer asked a question: “How close can somebody get to me before I’m justified in using deadly force?”

Dennis Tueller, the instructor in that class more than three decades ago, decided to find out. In the fall of 1982, he performed a rudimentary series of tests and concluded that an armed attacker who bolted toward an officer could clear 21 feet in the time it took most officers to draw, aim and fire their weapon.

The next spring, Mr. Tueller published his findings in SWAT magazine and transformed police training in the United States. The “21-foot rule” became dogma. It has been taught in police academies around the country, accepted by courts and cited by officers to justify countless shootings, including recent episodes involving a homeless woodcarver in Seattle and a schizophrenic woman in San Francisco.

Now, amid the largest national debate over policing since the 1991 beating of Rodney King in Los Angeles, a small but vocal set of law enforcement officials are calling for a rethinking of the 21-foot rule and other axioms that have emphasized how to use force, not how to avoid it. Several big-city police departments are already re-examining when officers should chase people or draw their guns and when they should back away, wait or try to defuse the situation

Police Rethink Long Tradition on Using Force | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Marcel Pronovost, 84, Dies; Hall of Famer Shared in Five N.H.L. Titles

Pronovost, who played for the Red Wings, was not a prolific scorer, but he was a consummate team player with bruising checks and fearless bursts up the ice that could puncture a defense.

Marcel Pronovost, 84, Dies; Hall of Famer Shared in Five N.H.L. Titles | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Advertisement Politics Obama Finds a Bolder Voice on Race Issues

As he reflected on the festering wounds deepened by race and grievance that have been on painful display in America’s cities lately, President Obama on Monday found himself thinking about a young man he had just met named Malachi.

A few minutes before, in a closed-door round-table discussion at Lehman College in the Bronx, Mr. Obama had asked a group of black and Hispanic students from disadvantaged backgrounds what could be done to help them reach their goals. Several talked about counseling and guidance programs.

“Malachi, he just talked about — we should talk about love,” Mr. Obama told a crowd afterward, drifting away from his prepared remarks. “Because Malachi and I shared the fact that our dad wasn’t around and that sometimes we wondered why he wasn’t around and what had happened. But really, that’s what this comes down to is: Do we love these kids?”

Many presidents have governed during times of racial tension, but Mr. Obama is the first to see in the mirror a face that looks like those on the other side of history’s ledger. While his first term was consumed with the economy, war and health care, his second keeps coming back to the societal divide that was not bridged by his election. A president who eschewed focusing on race now seems to have found his voice again as he thinks about how to use his remaining time in office and beyond.

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Obama Speaks of a ‘Sense of Unfairness’

Obama Speaks of a ‘Sense of Unfairness’

At an event announcing the creation of a nonprofit focusing on young minority men, President Obama talked about the underlying reasons for recent protests in Baltimore and other cities.

By Associated Press on Publish Date May 4, 2015. Photo by Stephen Crowley/The New York Times.

In the aftermath of racially charged unrest in places like Baltimore, Ferguson, Mo., and New York, Mr. Obama came to the Bronx on Monday for the announcement of a new nonprofit organization that is being spun off from his White House initiative called My Brother’s Keeper. Staked by more than $80 million in commitments from corporations and other donors, the new group, My Brother’s Keeper Alliance, will in effect provide the nucleus for Mr. Obama’s post-presidency, which will begin in January 2017.

“This will remain a mission for me and for Michelle not just for the rest of my presidency but for the rest of my life,” Mr. Obama said. “And the reason is simple,” he added. Referring to some of the youths he had just met, he said: “We see ourselves in these young men. I grew up without a dad. I grew up lost sometimes and adrift, not having a sense of a clear path. The only difference between me and a lot of other young men in this neighborhood and all across the country is that I grew up in an environment that was a little more forgiving.”

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Organizers said the new alliance already had financial pledges from companies like American Express, Deloitte, Discovery Communications and News Corporation. The money will be used to help companies address obstacles facing young black and Hispanic men, provide grants to programs for disadvantaged youths, and help communities aid their populations.

Joe Echevarria, a former chief executive of Deloitte, the accounting and consulting firm, will lead the alliance, and among those on its leadership team or advisory group are executives at PepsiCo, News Corporation, Sprint, BET and Prudential Group Insurance; former Secretary of State Colin L. Powell; Senator Cory Booker, Democrat of New Jersey; former Attorney General Eric H. Holder Jr.; the music star John Legend; the retired athletes Alonzo Mourning, Jerome Bettis and Shaquille O’Neal; and the mayors of Indianapolis, Sacramento and Philadelphia.

The alliance, while nominally independent of the White House, may face some of the same questions confronting former Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton as she begins another presidential campaign. Some of those donating to the alliance may have interests in government action, and skeptics may wonder whether they are trying to curry favor with the president by contributing.

“The Obama administration will have no role in deciding how donations are screened and what criteria they’ll set at the alliance for donor policies, because it’s an entirely separate entity,” Josh Earnest, the White House press secretary, told reporters on Air Force One en route to New York. But he added, “I’m confident that the members of the board are well aware of the president’s commitment to transparency.”

The alliance was in the works before the disturbances last week after the death of Freddie Gray, the black man who suffered fatal injuries while in police custody in Baltimore, but it reflected the evolution of Mr. Obama’s presidency. For him, in a way, it is coming back to issues that animated him as a young community organizer and politician. It was his own struggle with race and identity, captured in his youthful memoir, “Dreams From My Father,” that stood him apart from other presidential aspirants.

But that was a side of him that he kept largely to himself through the first years of his presidency while he focused on other priorities like turning the economy around, expanding government-subsidized health care and avoiding electoral land mines en route to re-election.

After securing a second term, Mr. Obama appeared more emboldened. Just a month after his 2013 inauguration, he talked passionately about opportunity and race with a group of teenage boys in Chicago, a moment aides point to as perhaps the first time he had spoken about these issues in such a personal, powerful way as president. A few months later, he publicly lamented the death of Trayvon Martin, a black Florida teenager, saying that “could have been me 35 years ago.”

Photo
 
President Obama on Monday with Darinel Montero, a student at Bronx International High School who introduced him before remarks at Lehman College in the Bronx. Credit Stephen Crowley/The New York Times

That case, along with public ruptures of anger over police shootings in Ferguson and elsewhere, have pushed the issue of race and law enforcement onto the public agenda. Aides said they imagined that with his presidency in its final stages, Mr. Obama might be thinking more about what comes next and causes he can advance as a private citizen.

That is not to say that his public discussion of these issues has been universally welcomed. Some conservatives said he had made matters worse by seeming in their view to blame police officers in some of the disputed cases.

“President Obama, when he was elected, could have been a unifying leader,” Senator Ted Cruz of Texas, a Republican candidate for president, said at a forum last week. “He has made decisions that I think have inflamed racial tensions.”

On the other side of the ideological spectrum, some liberal African-American activists have complained that Mr. Obama has not done enough to help downtrodden communities. While he is speaking out more, these critics argue, he has hardly used the power of the presidency to make the sort of radical change they say is necessary.

The line Mr. Obama has tried to straddle has been a serrated one. He condemns police brutality as he defends most officers as honorable. He condemns “criminals and thugs” who looted in Baltimore while expressing empathy with those trapped in a cycle of poverty and hopelessness.

In the Bronx on Monday, Mr. Obama bemoaned the death of Brian Moore, a plainclothes New York police officer who had died earlier in the day after being shot in the head Saturday on a Queens street. Most police officers are “good and honest and fair and care deeply about their communities,” even as they put their lives on the line, Mr. Obama said.

“Which is why in addressing the issues in Baltimore or Ferguson or New York, the point I made was that if we’re just looking at policing, we’re looking at it too narrowly,” he added. “If we ask the police to simply contain and control problems that we ourselves have been unwilling to invest and solve, that’s not fair to the communities, it’s not fair to the police.”

Moreover, if society writes off some people, he said, “that’s not the kind of country I want to live in; that’s not what America is about.”

His message to young men like Malachi Hernandez, who attends Boston Latin Academy in Massachusetts, is not to give up.

“I want you to know you matter,” he said. “You matter to us.”

Advertisement Politics Obama Finds a Bolder Voice on Race Issues | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

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