PAKET UMROH BULAN FEBRUARI MARET APRIL MEI 2018




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Tour & Travel

Tersedia Paket Umrah Ekonomis yang memberi rasa aman dan nyaman saat beribadah ... Kami Tour & Travel memiliki Izin dan Legalitas Resmi dari ... Tour & Travel

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Travel Umroh

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POLDA METRO SEBAR 2.400 PERSONEL UNTUK AMANKAN IMLEK

saco-indonesia.com, Sebanyak 2.400 personel Polda Metro Jaya akan disebar guna untuk mengamankan jalannya perayaan Imlek pada Jumat, 31 Januari 2014 besok . Ribuan personel juga akan ditempatkan di sejumlah vihara yang ada di Ibu Kota.

Tim gegana pun juga akan disiapkan untuk dapat melakukan sterilisasi terhadap vihara yang akan diamankan. "Kalau memang diminta untuk dapat melakukan sweeping maka kami akan lakukan," ujar Kabid Humas Polda Metro Jaya Kombes Rikwanto saat dihubungi, Kamis (30/1).

Tak hanya di vihara saja , lanjut Rikwanto, sejumlah tempat wisata pun juga akan menjadi objek pengamanan korps Bhayangkara tersebut.

Personel yang disiapkan, tidak semua disebar di lapangan melainkan juga akan disiagakan beberapa untuk standby di Mapolda Metro Jaya. "Kami juga telah menyiapkan pasukan yang standby," ujarnya.


Editor : Dian Sukmawati

> POLDA METRO SEBAR 2.400 PERSONEL UNTUK AMANKAN IMLEK

Harus Dimatikan Windows XP, Microsoft tak lagi sayang pengguna?

Saco-Indonesia.com - Di awal April nanti, pengguna Windows XP tak akan lagi aman. Pasalnya, Microsoft sudah menyatakan akan menghentikan dukungan terhadap OS ini untuk selama-lamanya.

Padahal, seperti yang dilansir oleh ZDNet (11/3), jumlah pengguna Windows XP sekarang ini bukan main banyaknya. Menurut survei terakhir , Dari 641 responden,aekitar 37 persen dari responden menyatakan akan tetap menggunakan XP meski tidak lagi didukung Microsoft. Mereka tidak pikir-pikir lagi untuk menggunakan OS tersebut.

Hal ini berarti, 37 persen orang itu akan jadi sasaran empuk para hacker sesaat setelah Windows XP tak didukung lagi oleh Microsoft. Segala lubang keamanan yang mungkin masih tersisa di dalamnya akan dieksploitasi habis-habisan pada saat itu.

Serangan bisa saja muncul dari Java, aplikasi pihak ketiga, atau bahkan file yang tidak dikenali. Intinya, ancaman bisa datang dari berbagai sisi.

Microsoft sendiri memang seakan tidak perhatian dengan para pengguna OS lawasnya ini. Namun, setidaknya mereka sudah menunjukkan rasa cintanya dengan akan memberikan Windows 8.1 versi gratis .

Tinggal menunggu saja bagaimana para pengguna membalas cinta Microsoft ini. Jika tidak bertepuk sebelah tangan, pengguna pastinya mau diajak Microsoft lakukan apapun, termasuk upgrade ke Windows 8.1.

 

Sumber : Merdeka .Com

Editor Maulana Lee

> Harus Dimatikan Windows XP, Microsoft tak lagi sayang pengguna?

Anak Dibesarkan Oleh Kedua Orangtuanya Lebih Cerdas?

Saco-Indonesia.com - Sebuah penelitian mengindikasikan, peran ayah dan ibu dalam pengasuhan memberi pengaruh besar terhadap proses tumbuh kembang anak.  Anak yang dibesarkan oleh kedua orangtuanya berpotensi menjadi pribadi yang cerdas, bahkan lebih pintar dibandingkan anak yang hanya diasuh oleh single parent. Stimulasi lengkap dari kedua orang tua memungkinkan anak mampu mengembangkan sel otak lebih banyak.

Ini merupakan hasil kajian para ilmuwan dari Hotchkiss Brain Institute (HBI), Calgary University, Kanada.  Dalam risetnya, peneliti menggunakan hewan tikus yang diasuh satu dan dua orangtua. Selama penelitian, tim peneliti memantau perkembangan sel otak lahir sampai tua. Hasilnya, sel otak terbanyak diperoleh pada tikus yang diasuh oleh dua orangtua dibandingkan yang hanya satu.

"Semasa bayi, mereka menerima lebih banyak perhatian dan perawatan. Rasa sayang dan peduli ini yang berperan pada perkembangan otaknya," kata Direktur HBI, Dr. Samuel Weiss.

Peneliti berasumsi, bayi dengan orangtua lengkap lebih sedikit memiliki kemungkinan mengalami trauma. Sehingga, bayi yang diasuh orangtua lengkap berkesempatan tumbuh baik di lingkungan yang optimal.

Banyaknya sel otak, menurut peneliti, disebabkan bayi tikus memperoleh perhatian dan kestabilan dalam hidupnya. Sehingga, pada tahun pertama bayi tikus tidak perlu menderita tekanan emosional karena minimnya perhatian yang diperoleh.

Rangsang ini berefek baik pada perkembangan otak. Pada tikus jantan, sel-sel pada daerah area kelabu (grey matter) lebih banyak berkembang, sedangkan pada tikus betina sel-sel pada area putih (white matter) mendapat porsi lebih. Efeknya tikus jantan memiliki ingatan dan fungsi belajar yang lebih baik. Sedangkan tikus betina memiliki koordinasi motorik dan kemampuan sosial lebih baik.

Sekalipun dilakukan pada tikus, peneliti mengaku yakin hasil penelitian berlaku sama pada manusia. Hal ini dikarenakan kondisi lingkungan dan pola asuh disesuaikan mirip dunia manusia.  Peneliti juga yakin fase tahun pertama kehidupan tikus dan manusia tidak jauh berbeda.

 

Editor :Liwon Maulana
> Anak Dibesarkan Oleh Kedua Orangtuanya Lebih Cerdas?

PAKET WISATA PULAU TIDUNG MURAH DI LALATIDUNG.COM

Nelson Mandela
Nelson Mandela
Jual Tabita Skin Care di Tabitawhiteningcream.com - Berita Kamis malam itu mengejutkan Afrika Selatan (Afsel) dan dunia. Nelson Mandela tutup usia di rumahnya di Johannesburg. Warga langsung tumpah ruah ke jalan-jalan, isak tangis membahana di seantero negeri. Warga -beberapa hanya mengenakan piyama- berbondong-bondong datang ke rumah Mandela di distrik Houghton usai berita kematian tersebar pukul 20.50. Mereka menyalakan lilin, menangis, dan berdoa. Beberapa terlihat menari, bukan berduka, melainkan merayakan kehidupan mantan presiden Afsel itu. "Dia adalah ikon perdamaian. Dia berjuang untuk negeri ini, untuk rakyat, saya sangat menghormatinya. Kematiannya adalah kehilangan besar bagi negeri ini," kata seorang warga kepada kantor berita Sky News, Jumat 6 Desember 2013. Tidak hanya di Afsel, orang-orang juga berkumpul di beberapa kota di dunia. Salah satunya di Lapangan Trafalgar di London, Inggris, dan di depan patungnya di Tempat Karaoke Washington, Amerika Serikat. Sesaat setelah pengumuman kematian oleh Presiden Jacob Zuma, ucapan belasungkawa berdatangan dari para pemimpin dunia. Camera.co.id toko kamera murah di indonesia Di PBB, Sekretaris Jenderal Ban Ki-moon melakukan hening cipta. "Mandela adalah raksasa keadilan dan inspirasi yang merakyat," kata Ban, dikutip CNN. Di Gedung Putih, Presiden Amerika Serikat Barack Obama tidak ketinggalan mengucapkan dukanya. Banjir ucapan selamat terus berdatangan. Mobil Sedan Corolla Mulai dari pemimpin negara hingga para selebritis dan atlet terkenal dunia. Indonesia juga tidak ketinggalan. Ucapan belasungkawa disampaikan oleh Menteri Luar Negeri Marty Natalegawa. Menurut kantor berita SAPA, jasad pria berusia 95 tahun ini telah dipindahkan ke rumah sakit militer di Pretoria. Dia rencananya akan dibalsem untuk dua-tiga hari ke depan. Upacara mengenang Mandela di stadion bola Johannesburg. Barulah pekan depan -antara Jumat atau Sabtu- tokoh anti apartheid ini akan diterbangkan untuk dikuburkan di kampung halamannya, Qunu. Sementara itu, bendera setelah tiang akan terus berkibar di Afsel. Dalam beberapa bulan terakhir, kondisi Mandela Agen Bola Promo 100% Shobet IBCBet Casino Poker Tangkas Online memang terus menurun. Juni lalu, dia dilarikan ke rumah sakit akibat infeksi paru-paru, kondisinya kritis. Dia dipindahkan ke rumahnya pada 1 September lalu. Kamarnya disulap menjadi unit perawatan intensif (ICU), dengan alat penopang kehidupan yang terus bekerja. Penyakit paru ini telah diidapnya sejak Agen Bola Promo 100% Shobet IBCBet Casino Poker Tangkas Online di penjara PulauRobben, tempatnya mendekam selama 27 tahun. Lahir pada 18 Juli 2918 di klan Madiba di kota Mvezo, Mandela kecil diberi nama Rolihlahla, yang dalam istilah Xhosa, berarti "pembuat kekacauan". Paket wisata Nama Nelson disematkan oleh guru SD Qunu tempatnya belajar. Dia sempat kuliah di Universitas College of Fort Hare mengambil jurusan sejarah. Namun dikeluarkan akibat terlibat unjuk rasa. skorbola.co situs portal berita sepakbola terkini Dia kemudian meraih gelar Alat Bantu Sex sarjana hukum di Universitas Afrika Selatan dan kembali ke Fort Hare untuk ikut prosesi wisuda di tahun 1943. Mandela kabur ke Johannesburg tahun 1941 karena ingin dikawin paksa. Di kota ini, penggemar tinju ini kuliah di Universitas Witwatersrand mengambil jurusan hukum tahun 1943. Dia keluar dari kampus itu tahun 1948 karena Cara memperbanyak sperma kekurangan biaya. Di kampus dengan beragam etnis itu, Mandela melihat situasi Afrika yang radikal, liberal, rasis dan diskriminatif. Dari sinilah sikap anti apartheidnya muncul. Setelah serangkaian demonstrasi dan aksi, dia divonis seumur hidup pada Pengadilan Rivonis tahun 1962 memperbanyak sperma karena percobaan menggulingkan pemerintahan. Dia dibebaskan tahun 1990 berkat lobi internasional dan desakan dari dalam negeri. Tahun 1993, bersama dengan Pinjaman modal usaha Presiden Afsel kala itu F.W. de Klerk, Mandela meraih penghargaan Nobel perdamaian atas perannya menghapuskan sistem dominasi kulit putih dan diskriminasi kulit hitam, apartheid. Pria yang gemar memakai baju batik -atau disebut Madiba shirt di Afsel- ini terpilih jadi presiden pada tahun 1990 hingga 1999. Usai kepemimpinannya, Pinjaman tanpa agunan Mandela mengumpulkan para pemimpin dunia di bawah bendera The Elders. Selain itu, dia juga kerap turun membantu Afsel mengatasi penyebaran AIDS dan mempromosikan perdamaian dunia. Saat menjabat presiden, dia disenangi Pinjaman tanpa jaminan karena kelugasannya dalam bersikap. Salah satunya saat mengkritik kebijakan George W Bush di Irak saat Presiden AS itu berkunjung ke Afsel tahun 2003. Dia mengatakan bahwa Bush adalah "presiden yang tidak bisa berpikir dengan benar." Dicap Teroris Kendati hubungan dengan Amerika dan Pulau tidung murah Inggris terlihat baik-baik saja, namun ironisnya Mandela ternyata dicap teroris oleh dua negara itu. Label teroris ini baru dicabut Inggris pada tahun 2006 dan Amerika tahun 2008. Masuknya Mandela dalam daftar teroris Barat Paket pulau tidung murah tahun 1980an karena kepemimpinannya dalam UmKhonto we Sizwe (MK), sayap militan ANC (Kongres Nasional Afrika). Selain itu, dia juga dicap komunis karena Uni Soviet sangat dekat dengan ANC. Partai Komunis Afrika Selatan juga merupakan sekutu dekat ANC. Tahun 1961, MK melakukan serangan bom Wisata pulau tidung murah dan sabotase terhadap fasilitas pemerintahan apartheid. Dalam pengadilannya, Mandela mengaku bersalah atas 156 kekerasan publik, termasuk pengeboman, salah satunya di stasiun kereta Johannesburg yang menewaskan orang tidak berdosa. Mandela dipenjara 27 Paket wisata pulau tidung murah tahun akibat tindakan tersebut. "ANC adalah tipikal organisasi teroris. Tabita Skin Care Semua orang yang berpikir partai ini akan menjalankan pemerintahan di Afrika Selatan berarti mereka telah hidup di negeri dongeg," kata Perdana Menteri Inggris kala itu, Margaret Thatcher tahun 1987. Kendati masa lalunya yang kelam, namun di bawah Mandela, Tabita Skin care Original ekonomi Afsel mengalami kemajuan. Mandela yakin betul, perekonomian yang kuat berhubungan erat dengan perkembangan politik negara. Harga tabita skin care Berakhirnya sistem apartheid berarti terbukanya kesempatan yang luas bagi warga kulit hitam untuk bekerja. Pertumbuhan ekonomi Afsel meningkat Harga tabita skin care dari kurang dari 1,5 persen dari tahun 1980 dan 1994, menjadi 3 persen dari 1995 ke 2003. Pendapatan rata-rata warga kulit putih Afsel meningkat 62 persen dari 1993 hingga 2008, menurut ahli ekonomi dari Universitas Cape Town Murrah Leibbrandt. Peningkatan pendapatan terbesar dialami oleh Paket wisata pulau tidung warga kulit hitam dalam periode yang sama, yaitu 93 persen. Kesempatan memperoleh pendidikan juga meningkat. Jumlah angka pelajar meningkat dari 50 persen menjadi 70 persen dari 1994 hingga 2005. Afsel juga menjadi mitra penting bagi negara tetangga. Jual Laptop Murah Investasi regional di Afsel saja sekitar 70 persen. Impor meningkat dari US$16,3 miliar tahun 1993 menjadi US$68,7 miliar tahun 2006. Namun dia punya kesalahan fatal Klikgaul.com portal berita artis, k-pop, zodiak, love paling keren dan update karena lambat dalam kampanye penanganan HIV/AIDS yang mengurangi peluang hidup rakyat Afsel. Tahun 1993, hanya empat persen dari wanita hamil HIV positif di negara itu. Jumlah ini meningkat 28 persen 10 tahun kemudian. Sekarang satu dari 10 populasi di negara itu HIV-positif. Selepas Mandela Namun kemajuan ekonomi Afsel tidak dirasakan seluruh rakyat. Pengentasan diskriminasi di negara itu ternyata belum juga usai. Jurang pemisah antara kulit hitam dan putih masih lebar. Walaupun dalam sepuluh tahun terakhir Afsel Tabita skin care kerap menggembar-gemborkan keseimbangan di bawah jargon "memperkuat ekonomi kulit hitam", namun nyatanya negara ini masih merupakan salah satu yang paling timpang masyarakatnya. Kulit putih masih mendominasi perekonomian. Tahun 1993, pendapatan kulit putih sembilan kali lipat lebih besar dari kulit hitam. Tahun 2008, jumlah ini hanya turun sedikit, kurang dari Tabita Indonesia delapan kali lipat lebih besar. Reuters menuliskan, satu dari tiga orang kulit hitam adalah pengangguran. Harga tabita Sementara hanya satu dari 20 kulit putih yang menganggur. Program pengentasan kemiskinan juga berjalan lambat. Hanya enam persen rumah kulit putih yang tidak dialiri air bersih. Sementara sepertiga warga etnis Afrika tidak memiliki akses air. Ketimpangan bahkan bisa terlihat di Pakar SEO Indonesia pemukiman tempat Mandela tinggal di Houghton. Rumah-rumah orang kaya di wilayah itu kebanyakan milik kulit putih. Kulit hitam, hanya jadi pembantu, satpam atau tukang kebun. "Mandela melakukan terlalu jauh dalam Jasa SEO Murah Terbaik berbuat baik pada komunitas non-hitam, bahkan di beberapa kasus mengorbankan kulit hitam. Itu terlalu baik," kata Presiden Zimbabwe, Robert Mugabe dalam dokumenter yang ditayangkan stasiun televisi Afsel Mei 2013 lalu. Setahun terakhir, Afsel dilanda mogok Konsultan SEO Indonesia kerja besar para karyawan industri pertambangan dan manufaktur, menyebabkan pertumbuhan GDP tersendat. Kuartal ketiga tahun ini, ekonomi Afsel hanya tumbuh 0,7 persen dari kuartal sebelumnya. Bandingkan dengan pertumbuhan 3,2 persen di kuartal kedua. "Mandela terus mengatakan: Jasa SEO Murah 'Saya di sini untuk rakyat, saya adalah pelayan negara.' Tapi apa yang dia lakukan? Dia tandatangani dokumen yang memperbolehkan kulit putih menguasai tambang dan pertanian. Dia tidak melakukan apapun untuk orang miskin di negara ini," kata warga, Majozi Pilane, 49. Hal ini juga disampaikan oleh mantan istrinya sendiri, Pinjaman modal Winnie Madikizela-Mandela, dalam wawancara tahun 2010 dengan penulis buku V.S. Naipaul. Dia mengatakan, Mandela berubah setelah menjalani hukuman penjara 27 tahun. "Mandela masuk penjara saat menjadi revolusioner muda Jasa SEO Murah yang membara. Tapi coba lihat dia sekarang. Mandela mengecewakan kita. Dia menyetujui kesepakatan yang buruk bagi kulit hitam. Secara ekonomi kita (kulit hitam) masih tertinggal. Ekonomi hanya untuk kulit putih," kata Winnie. Mandela bukanlah malaikat. Tapi tidak bisa dipungkiri, sosoknya jadi kebanggaan dan pahlawan pembela orang yang termarjinalkan. Ketiadaan Mandela di samping mereka, dikhawatirkan cara memperbanyak sperma akan membuat jurang pemisah hitam dan putih semakin dalam. "Sekarang tanpa Madiba, saya seperti tidak lagi punya kesempatan. Orang kaya akan semakin kaya, dan melupakan kami. memperbanyak sperma Orang miskin diabaikan. Lihat politisi kita sekarang, mereka tidak ada yang seperti Madiba," kata Joseph Nkosi, 36, warga Alexandra, Johannesburg.
 
> PAKET WISATA PULAU TIDUNG MURAH DI LALATIDUNG.COM

Mengapa Bukan Perokok Bisa Kena Kanker Paru?

Saco- Indonesia.com - Sekitar 6.000 orang bukan perokok didiagnosis kanker paru setiap tahunnya. Sebagian besar adalah kaum wanita dan wanita Asia beresiko paling tinggi.

Meski kemungkinan seorang bukan perokok untuk terkena kanker paru lebih kecil dibanding perokok, tetapi data di Inggris menunjukkan 41.500 kasus baru kanker payudara ditemukan setiap tahunnya. Sekitar 14 persen, atau 6.000 kasus tidak terkait dengan kebiasaan merokok.

Kebanyakan pasien kanker paru yang bukan perokok adalah kaum wanita. "Secara anekdoktal, kami melihat makin banyak pasien wanita yang tak pernah merokok tapi terdiagnosis kanker paru, dibandingkan dengan 10 tahun lalu," kata Dr.Michael Beckles, konsultan respiratori dari Royal Free Hospital.

Apa yang menyebabkan kondisi tersebut belum sepenuhnya diketahui. Tetapi para ilmuwan menduga ada kaitannya dengan faktor genetik yang dikombinasikan dengan paparan zat-zat pemicu kanker, misalnya asbestos, gas radon, bahan pelarut, asap buangan mesin diesel, hingga asap rokok orang lain.

Faktor risiko lain adalah terapi radiasi ke dada untuk penyakit lain seperti kanker payudara atau limfoma. Bisa juga dari luka paru-paru yang berasal dari kondisi medis sebelumnya.

Menurut Deputi British Lung Foundation, Stephen Spiro, kanker paru-paru selalu dihubungkan dengan merokok. Padahal sebelum kebiasaan merokok menyebar pada awal abad 20, penyakit ini kerap menimpa wanita bukan perokok.

Orang yang tidak merokok biasanya menderita adenokarsinoma atau sel kanker paru tidak kecil. Kondisi ini terjadi di kelenjar yang memproduksi lendir pada jalan masuk udara ke paru-paru.

Mereka yang tekena kanker adenokarsinoma ini juga mengalami kesalahan gentik pada protein di permukaan sel yang memicu pertumbuhan sel.

Kabar baiknya adalah pasien yang terdiagnosis jenis kanker paru tersebut bisa mendapatkan manfaat positif dari obat-obatan kanker terbaru, misalnya gefitinib. Obat ini memperlambat keganasan penyakit tanpa adanya efek samping seperti kemoterapi.

Sementara itu, beberapa penelitian masih berlangsung untuk mengenali apa penyebab kanker paru pada bukan perokok. Tetapi mencari dana untuk penelitian ini juga tak mudah karena kanker paru sering dianggap sebagai penyakit yang dicari sendiri oleh perokok.

Diagnosa dini memang berperan besar dalam kesembuhan kanker, tetapi dalam kasus penyakit paru ini bukan hal yang mudah.

"Masalahnya paru tidak memiliki ambang sakit sehingga tak akan memberi peringatan jika ada sesuatu yang salah. Tidak ada gejala kanker paru yang spesifik dan sulit menentukan apakah batuk atau sesak napas yang diderita karena kanker atau bukan," kata Spiro.

Ia menambahkan, yang memprihatinkan adalah saat batuk membandel tak kunjung sembuh, penyakitnya mungkin sudah ganas. "Pada 70 persen pasien yang berobat ke dokter, penyakitnya sudah berkembang serius," katanya.

Pemeriksaan standar seperti rontgen paru pun terkadang tak mampu menemukan sel-sel kanker. "Rontgen paru punya kelemahan karena dua dimensi. Sehingga ada area tertentu, misalnya di belakang jantung, yang tak terlihat," katanya.

Meski begitu pemeriksaan pendukung dengan CT-scan biasanya cukup membantu. Karena itu sebaiknya lakukan pemeriksaan jika batuk tidak sembuh lebih dari tiga minggu atau ada penurunan berat badan tanpa sebab.

 

Editor : Liwon Maulana
> Mengapa Bukan Perokok Bisa Kena Kanker Paru?

Fatal Police Shootings: Accounts Since Ferguson

Since a white police officer, Darren Wilson fatally shot unarmed black teenager, Michael Brown, in a confrontation last August in Ferguson, Mo., there have been many other cases in which the police have shot and killed suspects, some of them unarmed. Mr. Brown's death set off protests throughout the country, pushing law enforcement into the spotlight and sparking a public debate on police tactics. Here is a selection of police shootings that have been reported by news organizations since Mr. Brown's death. In some cases, investigations are continuing.

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The apartment complex northeast of Atlanta where Anthony Hill, 27, was fatally shot by a DeKalb County police officer. Credit Ben Gray/Atlanta Journal Constitution

Chamblee, Ga.
Fatal Police Shootings: Accounts Since Ferguson | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Top News China’s Intents Are Questioned as It Builds in Antarctica

HOBART, Tasmania — Few places seem out of reach for China’s leader, Xi Jinping, who has traveled from European capitals to obscure Pacific and Caribbean islands in pursuit of his nation’s strategic interests.

So perhaps it was not surprising when he turned up last fall in this city on the edge of the Southern Ocean to put down a long-distance marker in another faraway region, Antarctica, 2,000 miles south of this Australian port.

Standing on the deck of an icebreaker that ferries Chinese scientists from this last stop before the frozen continent, Mr. Xi pledged that China would continue to expand in one of the few places on earth that remain unexploited by humans.

He signed a five-year accord with the Australian government that allows Chinese vessels and, in the future, aircraft to resupply for fuel and food before heading south. That will help secure easier access to a region that is believed to have vast oil and mineral resources; huge quantities of high-protein sea life; and for times of possible future dire need, fresh water contained in icebergs.

It was not until 1985, about seven decades after Robert Scott and Roald Amundsen raced to the South Pole, that a team representing Beijing hoisted the Chinese flag over the nation’s first Antarctic research base, the Great Wall Station on King George Island.

But now China seems determined to catch up. As it has bolstered spending on Antarctic research, and as the early explorers, especially the United States and Australia, confront stagnant budgets, there is growing concern about its intentions.

China’s operations on the continent — it opened its fourth research station last year, chose a site for a fifth, and is investing in a second icebreaker and new ice-capable planes and helicopters — are already the fastest growing of the 52 signatories to the Antarctic Treaty. That gentlemen’s agreement reached in 1959 bans military activity on the continent and aims to preserve it as one of the world’s last wildernesses; a related pact prohibits mining.

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But Mr. Xi’s visit was another sign that China is positioning itself to take advantage of the continent’s resource potential when the treaty expires in 2048 — or in the event that it is ripped up before, Chinese and Australian experts say.

“So far, our research is natural-science based, but we know there is more and more concern about resource security,” said Yang Huigen, director general of the Polar Research Institute of China, who accompanied Mr. Xi last November on his visit to Hobart and stood with him on the icebreaker, Xue Long, or Snow Dragon.

With that in mind, the polar institute recently opened a new division devoted to the study of resources, law, geopolitics and governance in Antarctica and the Arctic, Mr. Yang said.

Australia, a strategic ally of the United States that has strong economic relations with China, is watching China’s buildup in the Antarctic with a mix of gratitude — China’s presence offers support for Australia’s Antarctic science program, which is short of cash — and wariness.

“We should have no illusions about the deeper agenda — one that has not even been agreed to by Chinese scientists but is driven by Xi, and most likely his successors,” said Peter Jennings, executive director of the Australian Strategic Policy Institute and a former senior official in the Australian Department of Defense.

“This is part of a broader pattern of a mercantilist approach all around the world,” Mr. Jennings added. “A big driver of Chinese policy is to secure long-term energy supply and food supply.”

That approach was evident last month when a large Chinese agriculture enterprise announced an expansion of its fishing operations around Antarctica to catch more krill — small, protein-rich crustaceans that are abundant in Antarctic waters.

“The Antarctic is a treasure house for all human beings, and China should go there and share,” Liu Shenli, the chairman of the China National Agricultural Development Group, told China Daily, a state-owned newspaper. China would aim to fish up to two million tons of krill a year, he said, a substantial increase from what it currently harvests.

Because sovereignty over Antarctica is unclear, nations have sought to strengthen their claims over the ice-covered land by building research bases and naming geographic features. China’s fifth station will put it within reach of the six American facilities, and ahead of Australia’s three.

Chinese mappers have also given Chinese names to more than 300 sites, compared with the thousands of locations on the continent with English names.

In the unspoken competition for Antarctica’s future, scientific achievement can also translate into influence. Chinese scientists are driving to be the first to drill and recover an ice core containing tiny air bubbles that provide a record of climate change stretching as far back as 1.5 million years. It is an expensive and delicate effort at which others, including the European Union and Australia, have failed.

In a breakthrough a decade ago, European scientists extracted an ice core nearly two miles long that revealed 800,000 years of climate history. But finding an ice core going back further would allow scientists to examine a change in the earth’s climate cycles believed to have occurred 900,000 to 1.2 million years ago.

China is betting it has found the best location to drill, at an area called Dome A, or Dome Argus, the highest point on the East Antarctic Ice Sheet. Though it is considered one of the coldest places on the planet, with temperatures of 130 degrees below zero Fahrenheit, a Chinese expedition explored the area in 2005 and established a research station in 2009.

“The international community has drilled in lots of places, but no luck so far,” said Xiao Cunde, a member of the first party to reach the site and the deputy director of the Institute for Climate Change at the Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences. “We think at Dome A we will have a straight shot at the one-million-year ice core.”

Mr. Xiao said China had already begun drilling and hoped to find what scientists are looking for in four to five years.

To support its Antarctic aspirations, China is building a sophisticated $300 million icebreaker that is expected to be ready in a few years, said Xia Limin, deputy director of the Chinese Arctic and Antarctic Administration in Beijing. It has also bought a high-tech fixed-wing aircraft, outfitted in the United States, for taking sensitive scientific soundings from the ice.

China has chosen the site for its fifth research station at Inexpressible Island, named by a group of British explorers who were stranded at the desolate site in 1912 and survived the winter by excavating a small ice cave.

Mr. Xia said the inhospitable spot was ideal because China did not have a presence in that part of Antarctica, and because the rocky site did not have much snow, making it relatively cheap to build there.

Anne-Marie Brady, a professor of political science at the University of Canterbury in New Zealand and the author of a soon-to-be-released book, “China as a Polar Great Power,” said Chinese scientists also believed they had a good chance of finding mineral and energy resources near the site.

“China is playing a long game in Antarctica and keeping other states guessing about its true intentions and interests are part of its poker hand,” she said. But she noted that China’s interest in finding minerals was presented “loud and clear to domestic audiences” as the main reason it was investing in Antarctica.

Because commercial drilling is banned, estimates of energy and mineral resources in Antarctica rely on remote sensing data and comparisons with similar geological environments elsewhere, said Millard F. Coffin, executive director of the Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies in Hobart.

But the difficulty of extraction in such severe conditions and uncertainty about future commodity prices make it unlikely that China or any country would defy the ban on mining anytime soon.

Tourism, however, is already booming. Travelers from China are still a relatively small contingent in the Antarctic compared with the more than 13,000 Americans who visited in 2013, and as yet there are no licensed Chinese tour operators.

But that is about to change, said Anthony Bergin, deputy director of the Australian Strategic Policy Institute. “I understand very soon there will be Chinese tourists on Chinese vessels with all-Chinese crew in the Antarctic,” he said.

 

Top News China’s Intents Are Questioned as It Builds in Antarctica | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Cher and Marc Jacobs

The 2015 Met Gala has only officially begun, but there's a clear leader in the race for best couple, no small feat at an event that threatens to sap Hollywood of every celebrity it has for the duration of an East Coast evening.

That would be Marc Jacobs and his surprise guest (who, by some miracle, remained under wraps until their red carpet debut), Cher.

“This has been a dream of mine for a very, very long time,” Mr. Jacobs said.

It is Cher's first appearance at the Met Gala since 1997, when she arrived on the arm of Donatella Versace.

– MATTHEW SCHNEIER

Cher and Marc Jacobs | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Jean Nidetch, 91, Dies; Pounds Came Off, and Weight Watchers Was Born

A 214-pound Queens housewife struggled with a lifelong addiction to food until she shed 72 pounds and became the public face of the worldwide weight-control empire Weight Watchers.

Jean Nidetch, 91, Dies; Pounds Came Off, and Weight Watchers Was Born | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Gene Fullmer, a Brawling Middleweight Champion, Dies at 83

Fullmer, who reigned when fight clubs abounded and Friday night fights were a television staple, was known for his title bouts with Sugar Ray Robinson and Carmen Basilio.

Gene Fullmer, a Brawling Middleweight Champion, Dies at 83 | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Dave Goldberg, Head of Web Survey Company and Half of a Silicon Valley Power Couple, Dies at 47

Mr. Goldberg was a serial Silicon Valley entrepreneur and venture capitalist who was married to Sheryl Sandberg, the chief operating officer of Facebook.

Dave Goldberg Was Lifelong Women’s Advocate

Dave Goldberg, Head of Web Survey Company and Half of a Silicon Valley Power Couple, Dies at 47 | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Harvey R. Miller, Renowned Bankruptcy Lawyer, Dies at 82

Mr. Miller, of the firm Weil, Gotshal & Manges, represented companies including Lehman Brothers, General Motors and American Airlines, and mentored many of the top Chapter 11 practitioners today.

Harvey R. Miller, Renowned Bankruptcy Lawyer, Dies at 82 | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Rhapsody, a Lofty Literary Journal, Perused at 39,000 Feet

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United’s first-class and business fliers get Rhapsody, its high-minded in-flight magazine, seen here at its office in Brooklyn. Credit Sam Hodgson for The New York Times

Last summer at a writers’ workshop in Oregon, the novelists Anthony Doerr, Karen Russell and Elissa Schappell were chatting over cocktails when they realized they had all published work in the same magazine. It wasn’t one of the usual literary outlets, like Tin House, The Paris Review or The New Yorker. It was Rhapsody, an in-flight magazine for United Airlines.

It seemed like a weird coincidence. Then again, considering Rhapsody’s growing roster of A-list fiction writers, maybe not. Since its first issue hit plane cabins a year and a half ago, Rhapsody has published original works by literary stars like Joyce Carol Oates, Rick Moody, Amy Bloom, Emma Straub and Mr. Doerr, who won the Pulitzer Prize for fiction two weeks ago.

As airlines try to distinguish their high-end service with luxuries like private sleeping chambers, showers, butler service and meals from five-star chefs, United Airlines is offering a loftier, more cerebral amenity to its first-class and business-class passengers: elegant prose by prominent novelists. There are no airport maps or disheartening lists of in-flight meal and entertainment options in Rhapsody. Instead, the magazine has published ruminative first-person travel accounts, cultural dispatches and probing essays about flight by more than 30 literary fiction writers.

 

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Sean Manning, executive editor of Rhapsody, which publishes works by the likes of Joyce Carol Oates, Amy Bloom and Anthony Doerr, who won a Pulitzer Prize. Credit Sam Hodgson for The New York Times

 

An airline might seem like an odd literary patron. But as publishers and writers look for new ways to reach readers in a shaky retail climate, many have formed corporate alliances with transit companies, including American Airlines, JetBlue and Amtrak, that provide a captive audience.

Mark Krolick, United Airlines’ managing director of marketing and product development, said the quality of the writing in Rhapsody brings a patina of sophistication to its first-class service, along with other opulent touches like mood lighting, soft music and a branded scent.

“The high-end leisure or business-class traveler has higher expectations, even in the entertainment we provide,” he said.

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Some of Rhapsody’s contributing writers say they were lured by the promise of free airfare and luxury accommodations provided by United, as well as exposure to an elite audience of some two million first-class and business-class travelers.

“It’s not your normal Park Slope Community Bookstore types who read Rhapsody,” Mr. Moody, author of the 1994 novel “The Ice Storm,” who wrote an introspective, philosophical piece about traveling to the Aran Islands of Ireland for Rhapsody, said in an email. “I’m not sure I myself am in that Rhapsody demographic, but I would like them to buy my books one day.”

In addition to offering travel perks, the magazine pays well and gives writers freedom, within reason, to choose their subject matter and write with style. Certain genres of flight stories are off limits, naturally: no plane crashes or woeful tales of lost luggage or rude flight attendants, and nothing too risqué.

“We’re not going to have someone write about joining the mile-high club,” said Jordan Heller, the editor in chief of Rhapsody. “Despite those restrictions, we’ve managed to come up with a lot of high-minded literary content.”

Guiding writers toward the right idea occasionally requires some gentle prodding. When Rhapsody’s executive editor asked Ms. Russell to contribute an essay about a memorable flight experience, she first pitched a story about the time she was chaperoning a group of teenagers on a trip to Europe, and their delayed plane sat at the airport in New York for several hours while other passengers got progressively drunker.

“He pointed out that disaster flights are not what people want to read about when they’re in transit, and very diplomatically suggested that maybe people want to read something that casts air travel in a more positive light,” said Ms. Russell, whose novel “Swamplandia!” was a finalist for the 2012 Pulitzer Prize.

She turned in a nostalgia-tinged essay about her first flight on a trip to Disney World when she was 6. “The Magic Kingdom was an anticlimax,” she wrote. “What ride could compare to that first flight?”

Ms. Oates also wrote about her first flight, in a tiny yellow propeller plane piloted by her father. The novelist Joyce Maynard told of the constant disappointment of never seeing her books in airport bookstores and the thrill of finally spotting a fellow plane passenger reading her novel “Labor Day.” Emily St. John Mandel, who was a finalist for the National Book Award in fiction last year, wrote about agonizing over which books to bring on a long flight.

“There’s nobody that’s looked down their noses at us as an in-flight magazine,” said Sean Manning, the magazine’s executive editor. “As big as these people are in the literary world, there’s still this untapped audience for them of luxury travelers.”

United is one of a handful of companies showcasing work by literary writers as a way to elevate their brands and engage customers. Chipotle has printed original work from writers like Toni Morrison, Jeffrey Eugenides and Barbara Kingsolver on its disposable cups and paper bags. The eyeglass company Warby Parker hosts parties for authors and sells books from 14 independent publishers in its stores.

JetBlue offers around 40 e-books from HarperCollins and Penguin Random House on its free wireless network, allowing passengers to read free samples and buy and download books. JetBlue will start offering 11 digital titles from Simon & Schuster soon. Amtrak recently forged an alliance with Penguin Random House to provide free digital samples from 28 popular titles, which passengers can buy and download over Amtrak’s admittedly spotty wireless service.

Amtrak is becoming an incubator for literary talent in its own right. Last year, it started a residency program, offering writers a free long-distance train trip and complimentary food. More than 16,000 writers applied and 24 made the cut.

Like Amtrak, Rhapsody has found that writers are eager to get onboard. On a rainy spring afternoon, Rhapsody’s editorial staff sat around a conference table discussing the June issue, which will feature an essay by the novelist Hannah Pittard and an unpublished short story by the late Elmore Leonard.

“Do you have that photo of Elmore Leonard? Can I see it?” Mr. Heller, the editor in chief, asked Rhapsody’s design director, Christos Hannides. Mr. Hannides slid it across the table and noted that they also had a photograph of cowboy spurs. “It’s very simple; it won’t take away from the literature,” he said.

Rhapsody’s office, an open space with exposed pipes and a vaulted brick ceiling, sits in Dumbo at the epicenter of literary Brooklyn, in the same converted tea warehouse as the literary journal N+1 and the digital publisher Atavist. Two of the magazine’s seven staff members hold graduate degrees in creative writing. Mr. Manning, the executive editor, has published a memoir and edited five literary anthologies.

Mr. Manning said Rhapsody was conceived from the start as a place for literary novelists to write with voice and style, and nobody had been put off that their work would live in plane cabins and airport lounges.

Still, some contributors say they wish the magazine were more widely circulated.

“I would love it if I could read it,” said Ms. Schappell, a Brooklyn-based novelist who wrote a feature story for Rhapsody’s inaugural issue. “But I never fly first class.”

Rhapsody, a Lofty Literary Journal, Perused at 39,000 Feet | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Take the Money and Run

The career criminals in genre novels don’t have money problems. If they need some, they just go out and steal it. But such financial transactions can backfire, which is what happened back in 2004 when the Texas gang in Michael

Take the Money and Run | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Finding Scandal in New York and New Jersey, but No Shame

From sea to shining sea, or at least from one side of the Hudson to the other, politicians you have barely heard of are being accused of wrongdoing. There were so many court proceedings involving public officials on Monday that it was hard to keep up.

In Newark, two underlings of Gov. Chris Christie were arraigned on charges that they were in on the truly deranged plot to block traffic leading onto the George Washington Bridge.

Ten miles away, in Lower Manhattan, Dean G. Skelos, the leader of the New York State Senate, and his son, Adam B. Skelos, were arrested by the Federal Bureau of Investigation on accusations of far more conventional political larceny, involving a job with a sewer company for the son and commissions on title insurance and bond work.

The younger man managed to receive a 150 percent pay increase from the sewer company even though, as he said on tape, he “literally knew nothing about water or, you know, any of that stuff,” according to a criminal complaint the United States attorney’s office filed.

The success of Adam Skelos, 32, was attributed by prosecutors to his father’s influence as the leader of the Senate and as a potentate among state Republicans. The indictment can also be read as one of those unfailingly sad tales of a father who cannot stop indulging a grown son. The senator himself is not alleged to have profited from the schemes, except by being relieved of the burden of underwriting Adam.

The bridge traffic caper is its own species of crazy; what distinguishes the charges against the two Skeloses is the apparent absence of a survival instinct. It is one thing not to know anything about water or that stuff. More remarkable, if true, is the fact that the sewer machinations continued even after the former New York Assembly speaker, Sheldon Silver, was charged in January with taking bribes disguised as fees.

It was by then common gossip in political and news media circles that Senator Skelos, a Republican, the counterpart in the Senate to Mr. Silver, a Democrat, in the Assembly, could be next in line for the criminal dock. “Stay tuned,” the United States attorney, Preet Bharara said, leaving not much to the imagination.

Even though the cat had been unmistakably belled, Skelos father and son continued to talk about how to advance the interests of the sewer company, though the son did begin to use a burner cellphone, the kind people pay for in cash, with no traceable contracts.

That was indeed prudent, as prosecutors had been wiretapping the cellphones of both men. But it would seem that the burner was of limited value, because by then the prosecutors had managed to secure the help of a business executive who agreed to record calls with the Skeloses. It would further seem that the business executive was more attentive to the perils of pending investigations than the politician.

Through the end of the New York State budget negotiations in March, the hopes of the younger Skelos rested on his father’s ability to devise legislation that would benefit the sewer company. That did not pan out. But Senator Skelos did boast that he had haggled with Gov. Andrew M. Cuomo, a Democrat, in a successful effort to raise a $150 million allocation for Long Island to $550 million, for what the budget called “transformative economic development projects.” It included money for the kind of work done by the sewer company.

The lawyer for Adam Skelos said he was not guilty and would win in court. Senator Skelos issued a ringing declaration that he was unequivocally innocent.

THIS was also the approach taken in New Jersey by Bill Baroni, a man of great presence and eloquence who stopped outside the federal courthouse to note that he had taken risks as a Republican by bucking his party to support paid family leave, medical marijuana and marriage equality. “I would never risk my career, my job, my reputation for something like this,” Mr. Baroni said. “I am an innocent man.”

The lawyer for his co-defendant, Bridget Anne Kelly, the former deputy chief of staff to Mr. Christie, a Republican, said that she would strongly rebut the charges.

Perhaps they had nothing to do with the lane closings. But neither Mr. Baroni nor Ms. Kelly addressed the question of why they did not return repeated calls from the mayor of Fort Lee, N.J., begging them to stop the traffic tie-ups, over three days.

That silence was a low moment. But perhaps New York hit bottom faster. Senator Skelos, the prosecutors charged, arranged to meet Long Island politicians at the wake of Wenjian Liu, a New York City police officer shot dead in December, to press for payments to the company employing his son.

Sometimes it seems as though for some people, the only thing to be ashamed of is shame itself.

Finding Scandal in New York and New Jersey, but No Shame | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Jozef Paczynski, Inmate Barber to Auschwitz Commandant, Dies at 95

Mr. Paczynski was one of the concentration camp’s longest surviving inmates and served as the personal barber to its Nazi commandant Rudolf Höss.

Jozef Paczynski, Inmate Barber to Auschwitz Commandant, Dies at 95 | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Wladyslaw Bartoszewski, 93, Dies; Polish Auschwitz Survivor Aided Jews

Mr. Bartoszewski was given honorary Israeli citizenship for his work to save Jews during World War II and later surprised even himself by being instrumental in reconciling Poland and Germany.

Wladyslaw Bartoszewski, 93, Dies; Polish Auschwitz Survivor Aided Jews | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Dean Skelos, Albany Senate Leader, Aided Son at All Costs, U.S. Says

Over the last five years or so, it seemed there was little that Dean G. Skelos, the majority leader of the New York Senate, would not do for his son.

He pressed a powerful real estate executive to provide commissions to his son, a 32-year-old title insurance salesman, according to a federal criminal complaint. He helped get him a job at an environmental company and employed his influence to help the company get government work. He used his office to push natural gas drilling regulations that would have increased his son’s commissions.

He even tried to direct part of a $5.4 billion state budget windfall to fund government contracts that the company was seeking. And when the company was close to securing a storm-water contract from Nassau County, the senator, through an intermediary, pressured the company to pay his son more — or risk having the senator subvert the bid.

The criminal complaint, unsealed on Monday, lays out corruption charges against Senator Skelos and his son, Adam B. Skelos, the latest scandal to seize Albany, and potentially alter its power structure.

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Preet Bharara, the United States attorney in Manhattan, discussed the case involving Dean G. Skelos and his son, Adam. Credit Eduardo Munoz/Reuters

The repeated and diverse efforts by Senator Skelos, a Long Island Republican, to use what prosecutors said was his political influence to find work, or at least income, for his son could send both men to federal prison. If they are convicted of all six charges against them, they face up to 20 years in prison for each of four of the six counts and up to 10 years for the remaining two.

Senator Kenneth P. LaValle, of Long Island, who serves as chairman of the Republican conference, emerged from a closed-door meeting Monday night to say that conference members agreed that Mr. Skelos should be benefited the “presumption of innocence,” and would stay in his leadership role.

“The leader has indicated he would like to remain as leader,” said Mr. LaValle, “and he has the support of the conference.” The case against Mr. Skelos and his son grew out of a broader inquiry into political corruption by the United States attorney for the Southern District of New York, Preet Bharara, that has already changed the face of the state capital. It is based in part, according to the six-count complaint, on conversations secretly recorded by one of two cooperating witnesses, and wiretaps on the cellphones of the senator and his son. Those recordings revealed that both men were concerned about electronic surveillance, and illustrated the son’s unsuccessful efforts to thwart it.

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Adam Skelos took to using a “burner” phone, the complaint says, and told his father he wanted them to speak through a FaceTime video call in an apparent effort to avoid detection. They also used coded language at times.

At one point, Adam Skelos was recorded telling a Senate staff member of his frustration in not being able to speak openly to his father on the phone, noting that he could not “just send smoke signals or a little pigeon” carrying a message.

The 43-page complaint, sworn out by Paul M. Takla, a special agent for the Federal Bureau of Investigation, outlines a five-year scheme to “monetize” the senator’s official position; it also lays bare the extent to which a father sought to use his position to help his son.

The charges accuse the two men of extorting payments through a real estate developer, Glenwood Management, based on Long Island, and the environmental company, AbTech Industries, in Scottsdale, Ariz., with the expectation that the money paid to Adam Skelos — nearly $220,000 in total — would influence his father’s actions.

Glenwood, one of the state’s most prolific campaign donors, had ties to AbTech through investments in the environmental firm’s parent company by Glenwood’s founding family and a senior executive.

The accusations in the complaint portray Senator Skelos as a man who, when it came to his son, was not shy about twisting arms, even in situations that might give other arm-twisters pause.

Seeking to help his son, Senator Skelos turned to the executive at Glenwood, which develops rental apartments in New York City and has much at stake when it comes to real estate legislation in Albany. The senator urged him to direct business to his son, who sold title insurance.

After much prodding, the executive, Charles C. Dorego, engineered a $20,000 payment to Adam Skelos from a title insurance company even though he did no work for the money. But far more lucrative was a consultant position that Mr. Dorego arranged for Adam Skelos at AbTech, which seeks government contracts to treat storm water. (Mr. Dorego is not identified by name in the complaint, but referred to only as CW-1, for Cooperating Witness 1.)

Senator Skelos appeared to take an active interest in his son’s new line of work. Adam Skelos sent him several drafts of his consulting agreement with AbTech, the complaint says, as well as the final deal that was struck.

“Mazel tov,” his father replied.

Senator Skelos sent relevant news articles to his son, including one about a sewage leak near Albany. When AbTech wanted to seek government contracts after Hurricane Sandy, the senator got on a conference call with his son and an AbTech executive, Bjornulf White, and offered advice. (Like Mr. Dorego, Mr. White is not named in the complaint, but referred to as CW-2.)

The assistance paid off: With the senator’s help, AbTech secured a contract worth up to $12 million from Nassau County, a big break for a struggling small business.

But the money was slow to materialize. The senator expressed impatience with county officials.

Adam Skelos, in a phone call with Mr. White in late December, suggested that his father would seek to punish the county. “I tell you this, the state is not going to do a [expletive] thing for the county,” he said.

Three days later, Senator Skelos pressed his case with the Nassau County executive, Edward P. Mangano, a fellow Republican. “Somebody feels like they’re just getting jerked around the last two years,” the senator said, referring to his son in what the complaint described as “coded language.”

The next day, the senator pursued the matter, as he and Mr. Mangano attended a wake for a slain New York City police officer. Senator Skelos then reassured his son, who called him while he was still at the wake. “All claims that are in will be taken care of,” the senator said.

AbTech’s fortunes appeared to weigh on his son. At one point in January, Adam Skelos told his father that if the company did not succeed, he would “lose the ability to pay for things.”

Making matters worse, in recent months, Senator Skelos and his son appeared to grow wary about who was watching them. In addition to making calls on the burner phone, Adam Skelos said he used the FaceTime video calling “because that doesn’t show up on the phone bill,” as he told Mr. White.

In late February, Adam Skelos arranged a pair of meetings between Mr. White and state senators; AbTech needed to win state legislation that would allow its contract to move beyond its initial stages. But Senator Skelos deemed the plan too risky and caused one of the meetings to be canceled.

In another recorded call, Adam Skelos, promising to be “very, very vague” on the phone, urged his father to allow the meeting. The senator offered a warning. “Right now we are in dangerous times, Adam,” he told him.

A month later, in another phone call that was recorded by the authorities, Adam Skelos complained that his father could not give him “real advice” about AbTech while the two men were speaking over the telephone.

“You can’t talk normally,” he told his father, “because it’s like [expletive] Preet Bharara is listening to every [expletive] phone call. It’s just [expletive] frustrating.”

“It is,” his father agreed.

Dean Skelos, Albany Senate Leader, Aided Son at All Costs, U.S. Says | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Bruce Alger, 96, Dies; Led ‘Mink Coat’ Protest Against Lyndon Johnson

Mr. Alger, who served five terms from Texas, led Republican women in a confrontation with Lyndon B. Johnson that may have cost Richard M. Nixon the 1960 presidential election.

Bruce Alger, 96, Dies; Led ‘Mink Coat’ Protest Against Lyndon Johnson | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Nepal’s Young Men, Lost to Migration, Then a Quake

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Many bodies prepared for cremation last week in Kathmandu were of young men from Gongabu, a common stopover for Nepali migrant workers headed overseas. Credit Daniel Berehulak for The New York Times

KATHMANDU, Nepal — When the dense pillar of smoke from cremations by the Bagmati River was thinning late last week, the bodies were all coming from Gongabu, a common stopover for Nepali migrant workers headed overseas, and they were all of young men.

Hindu custom dictates that funeral pyres should be lighted by the oldest son of the deceased, but these men were too young to have sons, so they were burned by their brothers or fathers. Sukla Lal, a maize farmer, made a 14-hour journey by bus to retrieve the body of his 19-year-old son, who had been on his way to the Persian Gulf to work as a laborer.

“He wanted to live in the countryside, but he was compelled to leave by poverty,” Mr. Lal said, gazing ahead steadily as his son’s remains smoldered. “He told me, ‘You can live on your land, and I will come up with money, and we will have a happy family.’ ”

Weeks will pass before the authorities can give a complete accounting of who died in the April 25 earthquake, but it is already clear that Nepal cannot afford the losses. The countryside was largely stripped of its healthy young men even before the quake, as they migrated in great waves — 1,500 a day by some estimates — to work as laborers in India, Malaysia or one of the gulf nations, leaving many small communities populated only by elderly parents, women and children. Economists say that at some times of the year, one-quarter of Nepal’s population is working outside the country.

Nepal’s Young Men, Lost to Migration, Then a Quake | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

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