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Pusing tujuh keliling (vertigo) merupakan suatu gejala yang sering menyertai gangguan alat keseimbangan dalam telinga tengah, pada kasus ringan, gejala pusing tujuh keliling dapat hilang atau mereda dengan menutup mata, tetapi pada kasus berat gejala pusing tujuh keliling sedemikian hebat sehingga seolah-olah seperti mabuk perjalanan disertai rasa mual, muntah dan keringat dingin.
Gejala pusing tujuh keliling dapat merupakan gejala dari hipertensi (tekanan darah tinggi) pengerasan pembuluh nadi (arteriosclerosis) neurosis atau gangguan telinga.
ETIOLOGI DAN PATOGENESIS DALAM AKUPUNTUR
a. EKSES YANG LIVER
Liver atau hati yang berunsur kayu dan angin memiliki ciri bergerak dan naik keatas. Kecemasan, depresi dan marah dapat merusak Yin hati sehingga Yang hati ekses.
Pusing tujuh keliling terjadi apabila Yang hati bergerak seperti angin yang naik menyerang otak. Atau biasanya defisiensi air ginjal menyebabkan kegagalan untuk member Qi ke Hati.
Pusing tujuh keliling terjadi karena Hati kekurangan energy sehingga menimbulkan ekses Yang Hati, kadang terjadi defisiensi pada bagian bawah tubuh dan ekses pada bagian atas tubuh bersamaan.
DEFISIENSI QI DAN DARAH
Jantung dan Limpa dapat rusak oleh kerja yang berlebihan, kurang istirahat atau kelemahan tubuh setelah sakit berat, Limpa yang rusak gagal membentuk Qi dan darah sehingga terjadi defisiensi Qi dan darah. Pada defisiensi Qi dan darah di daerah otak akan menimbulkan pusing tujuh keliling.
c. SUMBATAN RIAK LEMBAB DARI DALAM
Pada riak lembab yang berlebihan, makan yang tidak teratur dan kerja terlampau keras dapat mengganggu lambung dan Limpa, sehingga fungsi transportasi dan transformasi terganggu. Akibat gangguan tersebut terjadi pembentukan riak lembab, riak dan Qi dapat menggangu naiknya Yang dan turunnya Yin sehingga menimbulkan pusing tujuh keliling.
a. Ekses Yang Hati
Gejala Utama :
· Pusing tujuh keliling yang meningkat pada keadaan marah serta mudah tersinggung
· Muka merah, mata merah
· Telingan berdenging
· Rasa pahit dimulut
· Gangguan mimpi
· Lidah merah dan selaput lidah kuning
· Denyut nadi tegang dan cepat
· Marah merusak Yin Hati menyebabkan ekese Yang Hati yang menimbulkan api
· Api yang membumbung ke atas membuat muka merah, mata merah dan mudah tersinggung
· Semangat yand disimpan di Hati terganggu sehingga terjadi gangguan mimpi
· Lidah merah dengan selaput lidah kuning, rasa pahit dimulut, denyut nadi tegang dan cepat merupakan tanda defisiensi Yin akibat ekses Api.
b. DEFISIENSI QI DAN DARAH
Gejala Utama :
· Pusing tujuh keliling diikuti oleh pucat, lelah dan lesu, berdebar-debar, sulit tidur, bibir dan kuku pucat, malas, lebih pucat serta nadi lemah dan kecil.
· Pusing tujuh keliling terjadi setelah penyakit berat atau banyak kehilangan darah dan semakin nyata setelah kerja berat.
· Pada kasus berat kadang terjadi hilang kesadaran.
· Pusing tujuh keliling terjadi karena gagalnya Qi dan darah sampai di kepala
· Jantung mendominasi darah dan limpa mendominasi transportasi dan transformasi untuk pembentukan Qi dan darah.
· Bila jantung dan Limpa rusak Qi dan darah kurang mencukupi sehingga warna kulit tidak bercahaya, serta kuku dan bibir rusak
· Defisiensi darah menimbulkan berdebar-debar dan sulit tidur, sedangkan defisiensi Qi menimbulkan kelesuan, malas kurang nafsu makan, yang meningkat akibat kerja berat
· Lidah pucat, nadi lemah dan kecil merupakan tanda-tanda defisiensi Qi dan darah.
c. SUMBATAN RIAK LEMBAB DARI DALAM
Gejala Utama :
· Pusing tujuh keliling dengan rasa berat kepala dan rasa tertekan didada
· Mual, riak yang berlebihan, kurang nafsu makan, mengantuk, selaput lidah putih dan lengket serta nadi yang lembut dan bergelombang.
· Pusing tujuh keliling dengan rasa berat dikepala merupakan gejala gangguan Yang sejati oleh riak lembab.
· Rasa tertekan didada dan mual disebabkan oleh obstruksi daerah Qiao tengah.
· Kurang nafsu makan dan mengantuk disebabkan oleh defisiensi Yang Limpa
· Selaput lidah yang putih dan lengket serta nadi lembut dna bergelombang merupakan tanda peningkatan riak lembab.
TATA LAKSANA TERAPI AKUPUNTUR UNTUK VERTIGO
a. EKSES YANG HATI
a. Dipilih titik pada meridian Hati dan Ginjal untuk meningkatkan Ying dan menenangkan Yang
b. Tusukan tonifikasi dan sedasi dipilih sesuai dengan kondisi penyakit
c. Biasanya dipilih titik-titik
1. GB 20 Fengchi (fungce)
2. BL 18 Ganshu
3. KI 3 Taixi
4. BL 23 Shenshu
5. LR 2 Xingjian
· Tusukan tonifikasi dilakukan pada : BL 23 Shensu dan KI 3 Taixi untuk menambah air ginjal
· Tusukan sedasi dilakukan pada : BL 18, LR 2 dan GB 20 untuk menenangkan Yang Hati.
b. DEFISIENSI QI DAN DARAH
· Dipilih titik meridian REN, Kandung kemih dan lambung dengan cara tonifikasi (kadang dimoksa) untuk menambah Qi dan darah.
Titik yang dipilih adalah :
GV20, BL20, CV4, ST36 dan SP6
· Moksibusi pada GV20 mengakibatkan naiknya Qi dan darah ke kepala sehingga menurunkan pusing
· CV4 digunakan untuk memperkuat Qi primer dan BL20 SP6 untuk memperkuat Limpa dan Lambung untuk membentuk Qi darah
c. RETENSI RIAK LEMBAB DARI DALAM
Pemilihan titik Asosiasi (Su-belakang) dan titik Waspada (Alarm, Mu depan) dari Limpa dan Lambung merupakan upaya untuk menghilangkan lender dan menurunkan lembab.
Titik yang dipilih :
1. ST 8 Touwei
2. BL 20 Pishu
3. CV 12 Zhongwan
4. PC 6 Neiguan
5. BL 40 Fenglong
· BL 20 Pishu dan CV12 Zhongwan untuk memperkuat Limpa dan lambung sehingga menurunkan riak lembab
· ST40 Fenglong merupakan titik Luo meridian lambung sehingga Qi menurun dan menghilangkan riak
· ST8 Touwei sebagai terapi simptomatik pusing tujuh keliling
· PC6 neiquan untuk merelaksasikan dada, mengatur Qi serta menyelaraskan Qi lambung untuk menghilangkan mual> TERAPI AKUPUNTUR UNTUK VERTIGO
Saat ini, banyak tersedia buku dan tabel yang berisi tentang berat besi beton dengan diameternya, dalam tabel tersebut berat besi beton dihitung tiap 1 (satu) meter panjang (kg/m), yang jadi pertanyaan, apakah tiap waktu kita mesti bawa itu tabel / buku ?? gak kan !!..keliatan gak profesional dech ( amatiran he..he..he)
Mengetahui berat besi beton sangat mutlak diperlukan, dalam analisa pengerjaan Beton, tingginya harga per m3 beton faktor penentunya adalah koefesien berat besi beton tiap m³ Beton dan harga satuan dasar besi beton / kg di pasaran.
Untuk proyek-proyek pemerintah yang ditenderkan biasanya sudah disediakan draft analisa pekerjaan beton di dokumen lelang. CEK ULANG !! APAKAH KOEFISIEN BOBOT BESI SESUAI DENGAN BOBOT REAL LAPANGAN ( Panitia kadang membuat analisa berdasarkan BOW tanpa merubah koefisien Bobot Besi Beton)
Ini ada cara menghitung berat besi beton tanpa tabel, tapi yang jelas masih pake hitungan (he..he..he )
Rumus yang sudah jadi :
Berat per m' (kg/m') = 0,006162 x Ø²
Berat per batang (kg) = 0,006162 x 12 m' (panjang besi asli, dipasaran gak nyampek 12 m cuma 11.7 untuk besi marking )
Asal rumus :
Dengan menggunakan pendekatan rumus volume tabung.
Volume tabung = (0,25 x 3,14 x Ø²) x P x BJ
Ø = diameter besi beton
P = panjang besi beton
BJ = berat jenis besi beton (7.850 kg/m³)
Rumus ini disederhanakan, sehingga menjadi :
Volume = 0.25 x 3.14 x Ø² (m²) x Panjang (m') x 7.850 kg/m³
= 6.162,25 kg/m³ x Ø² (m²) x Panjang (m')
Contoh Perhitungan :
Menghitung berat besi Ø 10 mm per m' :
>>10 mm = 0,01 m
Sehingga menjadi :
= 6.162,25 kg/m³ x 0,01² (m²)
= 0,616225 kg/m'
Untuk 1 lonjor besi Ø 10 :
asumsi panjang 1 lonjor = 12 m
= 0,616225 kg/m' x 12 m
= 7,3947 kg
Demikian Cara Menghitung Berat Besi Beton, semoga bermanfaat
Gunung Merapi telah kembali menunjukkan aktivitasnya. Senin (10/3) pagi, beberapa desa di Kecamatan Kemalang, Klaten, Jawa Tengah telah diguyur hujan abu. Wilayah tersebut hanya berjarak sekitar 6 kilometer dari puncak gunung teraktif di Indonesia itu. Kepala Badan Penanggulangan Bencana Daerah (BPBD) Klaten, Sri Winoto juga membenarkan, hujan abu telah terjadi di wilayahnya. Berdasarkan informasi yang telah diterimanya, terjadi letupan kecil Merapi pada Senin pagi. "Benar, info dari BPPTK (Badan Penyelidikan dan Pengembangan Teknologi Kegunungapian) Yogyakarta, telah terjadi letupan kecil Gunung Merapi pada jam 07.08 WIB. Terdapat awan hitam dengan ketinggian sekitar 1.5 km. Arah angin barat daya, kemungkinan hujan abu ringan ke arah barat daya," ujar Winoto. Akibat dari kejadian tersebut BPBD Klaten telah mengimbau masyarakat untuk harus mengenakan masker apabila akan bepergian ke luar rumah. "Kami juga telah mengimbau warga agar tetap di rumah selama masih terjadi hujan abu. Mereka juga kita harap untuk tetap waspada. Kondisi Merapi masih normal, warga tidak perlu khawatir," katanya.> AWAN HITAM DAN HUJAN ABU TERJADI DI KLATEN
pedagang di Stasiun Universitas Indonesia hari ini, Rabu, 29 Mei 2013, diwarnai ketegangan.
Ratusan petugas penggusuran dari PT Kereta Api Indonesia ditahan oleh aksi protes pedagang dan
Awalnya, penggusuran yang dilakukan mulai pukul 07.30 ini berjalan tanpa kendala. Ribuan petugas dan polisi langsung menguasai stasiun dan melakukan penggusuran kios di atas peron dan kios di bawah peron. (Pedagang di Stasiun UI Ditertibkan Hari Ini)
"Kami melakukan protes damai karena ini bukan penataan, tapi penggusuran, maknanya beda," kata Ketua BEM UI Ali Abdillah di lokasi, Rabu, 29 Mei 2013. Ali mengatakan, mereka akan bertahan di toko yang belum tergusur di sisi timur rel arah Jakarta.
Ketegangan berawal saat petugas hendak merobohkan kios di bawah stasiun sisi timur rel, yang masih dijadikan tempat bertahan oleh para mahasiswa. Tiba-tiba para petugas berteriak karena mendapat lemparan batu. Petugas pun membalas lemparan batu ke arah mahasiswa.
"Polisi harus tanggung jawab, bagaimana ini?" kata seorang mahasiswa yang mengadu kepada polisi saat kejadian itu.
Lempar- lemparan batu terjadi sekitar 10 menit. Beruntung, ratusan polisi yang mengamankan penggusuran langsung menguasai lokasi dan memisahkan mahasiswa dan petugas. Polisi akhirnya mengambil keputusan agar mahasiswa dan selain petugas keluar dari lokasi penggusuran.
"Rekan-rekan, selain petugas, semuanya keluar dari lokasi," kata Kepala Bagian Operasional Polresta Depok, Komisaris Suratno, di lokasi. Petugas pun langsung mensterilkan lokasi.
Mahasiswa kemudian mundur dari kios yang hendak digusur dan menyediakan diri untuk menuntut PT KAI secara hukum. "Kami akan tempuh jalur hukum," kata Ali Abdillah.
Seperti diketahui, PT Kereta Api Indonesia akan membersihkan stasiun tersebut dari pedagang guna menerapkan sistem tiket elektronik (e- ticketing) hari ini, Rabu, 29 Mei 2013. Apabila lahan stasiun steril dari pedagang, PT KAI akan membuat gate e-ticketing.
Sekitar 1.500 petugas gabungan PT KAI dan Polresta Depok ikut dalam penggusuran ini. Adapun kios yang akan digusur sekitar 80 kios, yaitu 50 di atas peron dan 30 kios berada di sisi kiri dan kanan rel setelah Stasiun UI. Sampai saat ini, penertiban masih berlangsung.
BUKIT TINGGI– Kantor Kementerian Agam Bukittinggi membolehkan jamaah calon haji dan umrah membawa uang selain biaya hidup (living cost) yang akan diberikan sebesar 1.500 real Saudi. “Jamaah dibolehkan membawa uang selain biaya hidup yang diberikan itu, bisa saja untuk keperluan lainnya,” kata Kasi Haji dan Umroh Kantor Kementerian Agama Bukittinggi, Khamidir, Selasa (3/9).
Hanya saja, imbuhnya, pada saat ibadah di Masjidil Haram agar tidak membawanya mengingat kemungkinan kehilangan uang di tempat itu sangat besar. Kepada jamaah yang membawa uang banyak hendaknya tetap menyimpan uang di dalam tas dan kamar terkunci di pemondokannya, kata dia.
Menurut dia, menyimpan uang dalam tas dan kamar terkunci di pemondokan akan paling aman dibanding membawa uang kemana-mana.
Dia menyebutkan ada 252 calon jamaah haji asal Kota Bukittinggi berangkat menuju Mekkah Al-Mukarramah. Mereka tergabung kloter dua pada gelombang pertama melalui Bandara Internasional Minangkabau.
Pemberangkatan itu kata dia, dilakukan pada 10 September 2013 dari Bukittinggi menuju embarkasi Padang. Di embarkasi Padang, jamaah calon haji menginap semalam, menjalani pemeriksaan kesehatan dan pemberian gelang.
“Sebelum keberangkatan masing-masing jamaah calon haji akan memperoleh biaya hidup (living cost) selama di Arab Saudi sebesar 1.500 real Saudi atau setara dengan Rp3,7 juta,” kata dia. Ia menyebutkan, jamaah calon haji asal Kota Bukittinggi itu telah siap menuju Mekkah karena semuanya telah melakukan pelunasan ongkos naik haji (ONH).
Sebelum adanya pengurangan 20 persen, kata dia, awalnya jamaah calon haji asal Kota Bukittinggi yang akan diberangkatkan tahun ini berjumlah 343 orang. “Karena terjadinya pengurangan 20 persen atau sebanyak 21 orang tersebut, maka jamaah calon haji yang akan diberangkatkan tahun ini menjadi 252 orang,” kata dia.
Sebenarnya, kata dia, jamaah calon haji awalnya 343 orang tersebut semuanya telah melunasi ONH, terjadinya pengurangan terpaksa penundaan pemberangkatan dilakukan bagi mereka yang porsi tinggi.
“Porsi jamaah calon haji Sumatera Barat 3.700 sehingga mereka yang lewat dari porsi tersebut ditunda pemberangkatannya,” kata dia.
Satu kloter CJH berjumlah 374, maka jamaah calon haji Bukittinggi 252 orang itu digabung dengan jemaah calon haji Solok 113 orang dan Padang sebanyak empat orang untuk memenuhi satu kloter, katanya.
Sumber : http://www.jurnalhaji.com
Baca Artikel Lainnya : TIPS MEMILIH AGEN TRAVEL> CALON HAJI DAN UMRAH DI PERBOLEHKAN MEMBAWA UANG
Gagne wrestled professionally from the late 1940s until the 1980s and was a transitional figure between the early 20th century barnstormers and the steroidal sideshows of todayVerne Gagne, Wrestler Who Grappled Through Two Eras, Dies at 89 | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016
A 214-pound Queens housewife struggled with a lifelong addiction to food until she shed 72 pounds and became the public face of the worldwide weight-control empire Weight Watchers.Jean Nidetch, 91, Dies; Pounds Came Off, and Weight Watchers Was Born | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016
Ms. Turner and her twin sister founded the Love Kitchen in 1986 in a church basement in Knoxville, Tenn., and it continues to provide clothing and meals.Ellen Turner Dies at 87; Opened Kitchen to Feed the Needy of Knoxville | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016
Ms. Plisetskaya, renowned for her fluidity of movement, expressive acting and willful personality, danced on the Bolshoi stage well into her 60s, but her life was shadowed by Stalinism.Maya Plisetskaya, Ballerina Who Embodied Bolshoi, Dies at 89 | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016
Mr. Alger, who served five terms from Texas, led Republican women in a confrontation with Lyndon B. Johnson that may have cost Richard M. Nixon the 1960 presidential election.Bruce Alger, 96, Dies; Led â€˜Mink Coatâ€™ Protest Against Lyndon Johnson | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016
The bottle Mr. Sokolin famously broke was a 1787 Château Margaux, which was said to have belonged to Thomas Jefferson. Mr. Sokolin had been hoping to sell it for $519,750.William Sokolin, Wine Seller Who Broke Famed Bottle, Dies at 85 | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016
Judge Patterson helped to protect the rights of Attica inmates after the prison riot in 1971 and later served on the Federal District Court in Manhattan.Robert Patterson Jr., Lawyer and Judge Who Fought for the Accused, Dies at 91 | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016
The live music at the Vice Media party on Friday shook the room. Shane Smith, Vice’s chief executive, was standing near the stage — with a drink in his hand, pants sagging, tattoos showing — watching the rapper-cum-chef Action Bronson make pizzas.
The event was an after-party, a happy-hour bacchanal for the hundreds of guests who had come for Vice’s annual presentation to advertisers and agencies that afternoon, part of the annual frenzy for ad dollars called the Digital Content NewFronts. Mr. Smith had spoken there for all of five minutes before running a slam-bang highlight reel of the company’s shows that had titles like “Weediquette” and “Gaycation.”
In the last year, Vice has secured $500 million in financing and signed deals worth hundreds of millions of dollars with established media companies like HBO that are eager to engage the young viewers Vice attracts. Vice said it was now worth at least $4 billion, with nearly $1 billion in projected revenue for 2015. It is a long way from Vice’s humble start as a free magazine in 1994.
But even as cash flows freely in Vice’s direction, the company is trying to keep its brash, insurgent image. At the party on Friday, it plied guests with beers and cocktails. Its apparently unrehearsed presentation to advertisers was peppered with expletives. At one point, the director Spike Jonze, a longtime Vice collaborator, asked on stage if Mr. Smith had been drinking.
“My assistant tried to cut me off,” Mr. Smith replied. “I’m on buzz control.”
Now, Vice is on the verge of getting its own cable channel, which would give the company a traditional outlet for its slate of non-news programming. If all goes as planned, A&E Networks, the television group owned by Hearst and Disney, will turn over its History Channel spinoff, H2, to Vice.
The deal’s announcement was expected last week, but not all of A&E’s distribution partners — the cable and satellite TV companies that carry the network’s channels — have signed off on the change, according to a person familiar with the negotiations who spoke on the condition of anonymity because the talks were private.
A cable channel would be a further step in a transformation for Vice, from bad-boy digital upstart to mainstream media company.
Keen for the core audience of young men who come to Vice, media giants like 21st Century Fox, Time Warner and Disney all showed interest in the company last year. Vice ultimately secured $500 million in financing from A&E Networks and Technology Crossover Ventures, a Silicon Valley venture capital firm that has invested in Facebook and Netflix.
Those investments valued Vice at more than $2.5 billion. (In 2013, Fox bought a 5 percent stake for $70 million.)
Then in March, HBO announced that it had signed a multiyear deal to broadcast a daily half-hour Vice newscast. Vice already produces a weekly newsmagazine show, called “Vice,” for the network. That show will extend its run through 2018, with an increase to 35 episodes a year, from 14.
Michael Lombardo, HBO’s president for programming, said when the deal was announced that it was “certainly one of our biggest investments with hours on the air.”
Vice, based in Brooklyn, also recently signed a multiyear $100 million deal with Rogers Communications, a Canadian media conglomerate, to produce original content for TV, smartphone and desktop viewers.
Vice’s finances are private, but according to an internal document reviewed by The New York Times and verified by a person familiar with the company’s financials, the company is on track to make about $915 million in revenue this year.
It brought in $545 million in a strong first quarter, which included portions of the new HBO deal and the Rogers deal, according to the document. More of its revenue now comes from these types of content partnerships, compared with the branded content deals that made up much of its revenue a year ago, the company said.
Mr. Smith said the company was worth at least $4 billion. If the valuation gets much higher, he said he would consider taking the company public.
“I don’t care about money; we have plenty of money,” Mr. Smith, who is Vice’s biggest shareholder, said in an interview after the presentation on Friday. “I care about strategic deals.”
In the United States, Vice Media had 35.2 million unique visitors across its sites in March, according to comScore.
The third season of Vice’s weekly HBO show has averaged 1.8 million viewers per episode, including reruns, through April 12, according to Brad Adgate, the director of research at Horizon Media. (Vice said the show attracted three million weekly viewers when repeat broadcasts, online and on-demand viewings were included.)
For years, Mr. Smith has criticized traditional TV, calling it slow and unable to draw younger viewers. But if all the deals Vice has struck are to work out, Mr. Smith may have to play more by the rules of traditional media. James Murdoch, Rupert Murdoch’s son and a member of Vice’s board, was at the company’s presentation on Friday, as were other top media executives.
“They know they need people like me to help them, but they can’t get out of their own way,” Mr. Smith said in the interview Friday. “My only real frustration is we’re used to being incredibly dynamic, and they’re not incredibly dynamic.”
With its own television channel in the United States, Vice would have something it has long coveted even as traditional media companies are looking beyond TV. Last year, Vice’s deal with Time Warner failed in part because the two companies could not agree on how much control Vice would have over a 24-hour television network.
Vice said it intended to fill its new channel with non-news programming. The company plans to have sports shows, fashion shows, food shows and the “Gaycation” travel show with the actress Ellen Page. It is also in talks with Kanye West about a show.
It remains to be seen whether Vice’s audience will watch a traditional cable channel. Still, Vice has effectively presold all of the ad spots to two of the biggest advertising agencies for the first three years, Mr. Smith said.
In the meantime, Mr. Smith is enjoying Vice’s newfound role as a potential savior of traditional media companies.
“I’m a C.E.O. of a content company,” Mr. Smith said before he caught a flight to Las Vegas for the boxing match on Saturday between Floyd Mayweather Jr. and Manny Pacquiao. “If it stops being fun, then why are you doing it?”As Vice Moves More to TV, It Tries to Keep Brash Voice | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016
At the National Institutes of Health, Dr. Suzman’s signature accomplishment was the central role he played in creating a global network of surveys on aging.Richard Suzman, 72, Dies; Researcher Influenced Global Surveys on Aging | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016
KATHMANDU, Nepal — When the dense pillar of smoke from cremations by the Bagmati River was thinning late last week, the bodies were all coming from Gongabu, a common stopover for Nepali migrant workers headed overseas, and they were all of young men.
Hindu custom dictates that funeral pyres should be lighted by the oldest son of the deceased, but these men were too young to have sons, so they were burned by their brothers or fathers. Sukla Lal, a maize farmer, made a 14-hour journey by bus to retrieve the body of his 19-year-old son, who had been on his way to the Persian Gulf to work as a laborer.
“He wanted to live in the countryside, but he was compelled to leave by poverty,” Mr. Lal said, gazing ahead steadily as his son’s remains smoldered. “He told me, ‘You can live on your land, and I will come up with money, and we will have a happy family.’ ”
Weeks will pass before the authorities can give a complete accounting of who died in the April 25 earthquake, but it is already clear that Nepal cannot afford the losses. The countryside was largely stripped of its healthy young men even before the quake, as they migrated in great waves — 1,500 a day by some estimates — to work as laborers in India, Malaysia or one of the gulf nations, leaving many small communities populated only by elderly parents, women and children. Economists say that at some times of the year, one-quarter of Nepal’s population is working outside the country.Nepalâ€™s Young Men, Lost to Migration, Then a Quake | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016
WASHINGTON — During a training course on defending against knife attacks, a young Salt Lake City police officer asked a question: “How close can somebody get to me before I’m justified in using deadly force?”
Dennis Tueller, the instructor in that class more than three decades ago, decided to find out. In the fall of 1982, he performed a rudimentary series of tests and concluded that an armed attacker who bolted toward an officer could clear 21 feet in the time it took most officers to draw, aim and fire their weapon.
The next spring, Mr. Tueller published his findings in SWAT magazine and transformed police training in the United States. The “21-foot rule” became dogma. It has been taught in police academies around the country, accepted by courts and cited by officers to justify countless shootings, including recent episodes involving a homeless woodcarver in Seattle and a schizophrenic woman in San Francisco.
Now, amid the largest national debate over policing since the 1991 beating of Rodney King in Los Angeles, a small but vocal set of law enforcement officials are calling for a rethinking of the 21-foot rule and other axioms that have emphasized how to use force, not how to avoid it. Several big-city police departments are already re-examining when officers should chase people or draw their guns and when they should back away, wait or try to defuse the situationPolice Rethink Long Tradition on Using Force | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016
“It was really nice to play with other women and not have this underlying tone of being at each other’s throats.”ay 4, 2015 â€˜Game of Thronesâ€™ Q&A: Keisha Castle-Hughes on the Tao of the Sand Snakes | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016
Imagine an elite professional services firm with a high-performing, workaholic culture. Everyone is expected to turn on a dime to serve a client, travel at a moment’s notice, and be available pretty much every evening and weekend. It can make for a grueling work life, but at the highest levels of accounting, law, investment banking and consulting firms, it is just the way things are.
Except for one dirty little secret: Some of the people ostensibly turning in those 80- or 90-hour workweeks, particularly men, may just be faking it.
Many of them were, at least, at one elite consulting firm studied by Erin Reid, a professor at Boston University’s Questrom School of Business. It’s impossible to know if what she learned at that unidentified consulting firm applies across the world of work more broadly. But her research, published in the academic journal Organization Science, offers a way to understand how the professional world differs between men and women, and some of the ways a hard-charging culture that emphasizes long hours above all can make some companies worse off.
Ms. Reid interviewed more than 100 people in the American offices of a global consulting firm and had access to performance reviews and internal human resources documents. At the firm there was a strong culture around long hours and responding to clients promptly.
“When the client needs me to be somewhere, I just have to be there,” said one of the consultants Ms. Reid interviewed. “And if you can’t be there, it’s probably because you’ve got another client meeting at the same time. You know it’s tough to say I can’t be there because my son had a Cub Scout meeting.”
Some people fully embraced this culture and put in the long hours, and they tended to be top performers. Others openly pushed back against it, insisting upon lighter and more flexible work hours, or less travel; they were punished in their performance reviews.
The third group is most interesting. Some 31 percent of the men and 11 percent of the women whose records Ms. Reid examined managed to achieve the benefits of a more moderate work schedule without explicitly asking for it.
They made an effort to line up clients who were local, reducing the need for travel. When they skipped work to spend time with their children or spouse, they didn’t call attention to it. One team on which several members had small children agreed among themselves to cover for one another so that everyone could have more flexible hours.
A male junior manager described working to have repeat consulting engagements with a company near enough to his home that he could take care of it with day trips. “I try to head out by 5, get home at 5:30, have dinner, play with my daughter,” he said, adding that he generally kept weekend work down to two hours of catching up on email.
Despite the limited hours, he said: “I know what clients are expecting. So I deliver above that.” He received a high performance review and a promotion.
What is fascinating about the firm Ms. Reid studied is that these people, who in her terminology were “passing” as workaholics, received performance reviews that were as strong as their hyper-ambitious colleagues. For people who were good at faking it, there was no real damage done by their lighter workloads.
It calls to mind the episode of “Seinfeld” in which George Costanza leaves his car in the parking lot at Yankee Stadium, where he works, and gets a promotion because his boss sees the car and thinks he is getting to work earlier and staying later than anyone else. (The strategy goes awry for him, and is not recommended for any aspiring partners in a consulting firm.)
A second finding is that women, particularly those with young children, were much more likely to request greater flexibility through more formal means, such as returning from maternity leave with an explicitly reduced schedule. Men who requested a paternity leave seemed to be punished come review time, and so may have felt more need to take time to spend with their families through those unofficial methods.
The result of this is easy to see: Those specifically requesting a lighter workload, who were disproportionately women, suffered in their performance reviews; those who took a lighter workload more discreetly didn’t suffer. The maxim of “ask forgiveness, not permission” seemed to apply.
It would be dangerous to extrapolate too much from a study at one firm, but Ms. Reid said in an interview that since publishing a summary of her research in Harvard Business Review she has heard from people in a variety of industries describing the same dynamic.
High-octane professional service firms are that way for a reason, and no one would doubt that insane hours and lots of travel can be necessary if you’re a lawyer on the verge of a big trial, an accountant right before tax day or an investment banker advising on a huge merger.
But the fact that the consultants who quietly lightened their workload did just as well in their performance reviews as those who were truly working 80 or more hours a week suggests that in normal times, heavy workloads may be more about signaling devotion to a firm than really being more productive. The person working 80 hours isn’t necessarily serving clients any better than the person working 50.
In other words, maybe the real problem isn’t men faking greater devotion to their jobs. Maybe it’s that too many companies reward the wrong things, favoring the illusion of extraordinary effort over actual productivity.
Mr. Paczynski was one of the concentration camp’s longest surviving inmates and served as the personal barber to its Nazi commandant Rudolf Höss.Jozef Paczynski, Inmate Barber to Auschwitz Commandant, Dies at 95 | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016
Hockey is not exactly known as a city game, but played on roller skates, it once held sway as the sport of choice in many New York neighborhoods.
“City kids had no rinks, no ice, but they would do anything to play hockey,” said Edward Moffett, former director of the Long Island City Y.M.C.A. Roller Hockey League, in Queens, whose games were played in city playgrounds going back to the 1940s.
From the 1960s through the 1980s, the league had more than 60 teams, he said. Players included the Mullen brothers of Hell’s Kitchen and Dan Dorion of Astoria, Queens, who would later play on ice for the National Hockey League.
One street legend from the heyday of New York roller hockey was Craig Allen, who lived in the Woodside Houses projects and became one of the city’s hardest hitters and top scorers.
“Craig was a warrior, one of the best roller hockey players in the city in the ’70s,” said Dave Garmendia, 60, a retired New York police officer who grew up playing with Mr. Allen. “His teammates loved him and his opponents feared him.”
Young Craig took up hockey on the streets of Queens in the 1960s, playing pickup games between sewer covers, wearing steel-wheeled skates clamped onto school shoes and using a roll of electrical tape as the puck.
His skill and ferocity drew attention, Mr. Garmendia said, but so did his skin color. He was black, in a sport made up almost entirely by white players.
“Roller hockey was a white kid’s game, plain and simple, but Craig broke the color barrier,” Mr. Garmendia said. “We used to say Craig did more for race relations than the N.A.A.C.P.”
Mr. Allen went on to coach and referee roller hockey in New York before moving several years ago to South Carolina. But he continued to organize an annual alumni game at Dutch Kills Playground in Long Island City, the same site that held the local championship games.
The reunion this year was on Saturday, but Mr. Allen never made it. On April 26, just before boarding the bus to New York, he died of an asthma attack at age 61.
Word of his death spread rapidly among hundreds of his old hockey colleagues who resolved to continue with the event, now renamed the Craig Allen Memorial Roller Hockey Reunion.
The turnout on Saturday was the largest ever, with players pulling on their old equipment, choosing sides and taking once again to the rink of cracked blacktop with faded lines and circles. They wore no helmets, although one player wore a fedora.
Another, Vinnie Juliano, 77, of Long Island City, wore his hearing aids, along with his 50-year-old taped-up quads, or four-wheeled skates with a leather boot. Many players here never converted to in-line skates, and neither did Mr. Allen, whose photograph appeared on a poster hanging behind the players’ bench.
“I’m seeing people walking by wondering why all these rusty, grizzly old guys are here playing hockey,” one player, Tommy Dominguez, said. “We’re here for Craig, and let me tell you, these old guys still play hard.”
Everyone seemed to have a Craig Allen story, from his earliest teams at Public School 151 to the Bryant Rangers, the Woodside Wings, the Woodside Blues and more.
Mr. Allen, who became a yellow-cab driver, was always recruiting new talent. He gained the nickname Cabby for his habit of stopping at playgrounds all over the city to scout players.
Teams were organized around neighborhoods and churches, and often sponsored by local bars. Mr. Allen, for one, played for bars, including Garry Owen’s and on the Fiddler’s Green Jokers team in Inwood, Manhattan.
Play was tough and fights were frequent.
“We were basically street gangs on skates,” said Steve Rogg, 56, a mail clerk who grew up in Jackson Heights, Queens, and who on Saturday wore his Riedell Classic quads from 1972. “If another team caught up with you the night before a game, they tossed you a beating so you couldn’t play the next day.”
Mr. Garmendia said Mr. Allen’s skin color provoked many fights.
“When we’d go to some ignorant neighborhoods, a lot of players would use slurs,” Mr. Garmendia said, recalling a game in Ozone Park, Queens, where local fans parked motorcycles in a lineup next to the blacktop and taunted Mr. Allen. Mr. Garmendia said he checked a player into the motorcycles, “and the bikes went down like dominoes, which started a serious brawl.”
A group of fans at a game in Brooklyn once stuck a pole through the rink fence as Mr. Allen skated by and broke his jaw, Mr. Garmendia said, adding that carloads of reinforcements soon arrived to defend Mr. Allen.
And at another racially incited brawl, the police responded with six patrol cars and a helicopter.
Before play began on Saturday, the players gathered at center rink to honor Mr. Allen. Billy Barnwell, 59, of Woodside, recalled once how an all-white, all-star squad snubbed Mr. Allen by playing him third string. He scored seven goals in the first game and made first string immediately.
“He’d always hear racial stuff before the game, and I’d ask him, ‘How do you put up with that?’” Mr. Barnwell recalled. “Craig would say, ‘We’ll take care of it,’ and by the end of the game, he’d win guys over. They’d say, ‘This guy’s good.’”Tribute for a Roller Hockey Warrior | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016