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saco-indonesia.com, Tawuran antar pemuda pecah di kawasan Tanah Abang, Jakarta Pusat. Akibat dari kejadian ini tiga orang telah dilarikan ke RS Tarakan karena telah mengalami luka-luka.
"Tiga orang telah dilarikan ke Tarakan. Sudah ada petugas juga di sana," ujar Briptu Broto, petugas Polsek Tanah Abang, Kamis (6/2).
Belum jelas penyebab tawuran tersebut pecah. Lokasi tawuran berada di sekitar Gang Lontar, Tanah Abang, Jakarta Pusat.
"Sudah bubar waktu polisi datang. Penyebab belum dapat diketahui," imbuhnya.
> TAWURAN ANTAR PEMUDA PECAH DI TANAH ABANG
Editor : Dian Sukmawati
saco-indonesia.com, Petir adalah peristiwa alam yang sering terjadi di bumi, terjadinya seringkali mengikuti peristiwa hujan baik air atau es, peristiwa ini telah dimulai dengan munculnya awan hitam dan lidah api listrik bercahaya terang yang bergerak merambat terus memanjang kearah bumi bagaikan sulur akar dan kemudian diikuti oleh suara menggelegar dan efeknya juga akan sangat fatal bila mengenai mahluk hidup.
PROSES TERJADINYA PETIR
Terdapat 2 teori yang mendasari proses terjadinya petir :
Proses Gesekan antar awan
a. Proses Ionisasi
Petir telah terjadi diakibatkan oleh terkumpulnya ion bebas bermuatan negatif dan positif di awan, ion listrik dihasilkan oleh gesekan antar awan dan kejadian Ionisasi ini telah disebabkan oleh perubahan bentuk air mulai dari cair menjadi gas atau sebaliknya, bahkan perubahan padat (es) telah menjadi cair dan pada tahap pembekuan ini mencapai suhu dibawah 0 derajat yaitu antara -10 sampai -14 derajad celcius
Ion bebas telah menempati permukaan awan dan bergerak mengikuti angin berhembus, bila awan-awan telah terkumpul di suatu tempat maka awan bermuatan akan memiliki beda potensial cukup besar untuk dapat menyambar permukaan bumi maka inilah yang disebut petir.
b. Gesekan antar awan
Pada awalnya awan akan bergerak mengikuti arah angin, selama proses bergeraknya awan ini maka akan saling bergesekan satu dengan yang lainnya , dari proses ini terlahir electron-electron bebas bermutan negatif yang telah memenuhi permukaan awan. proses ini bisa digambarkan secara sederhana pada sebuah penggaris plastik yang digosokkan pada rambut maka penggaris ini akan mampu menarik potongan kertas.
Pada suatu saat awan ini akan terkumpul di sebuah kawasan, saat inilah petir dimungkinkan telah terjadi karena electron-elektron bebas ini telah saling menguatkan satu dengan lainnya. Sehingga telah memiliki cukup beda potensial untuk dapat menyambar permukaan bumi. kedua teori ini mungkin juga masuk akal meski kejadian sebenarnya masih merupakan sebuah misteri.
PERLINDUNGAN TERHADAP BAHAYA PETIR
Manusia selalu mencoba untuk dapat menjinakkan keganasan alam,atau setidaknya menghidarinya, salah satunya adalah Sambaran Petir. dan metode yang pernah dikembangkan:
1. Penangkal Petir Kovensional / Faraday / Frangklin
Kedua ilmuan diatas Faraday dan Frangklin telah mengetengahkan system yang hampir sama , yakni system penyalur arus listrik dengan menghubungkan antara bagian atas bangunan dan grounding. Sedangkan system perlindungan yang telah dihasilkan ujung penerima / Splitzer adalah sama pada rentang 30 ~ 45 ‘ . Perbedaannya adalah system yang telah dikembangkan oleh Faraday bahwa Kabel penghantar terletak pada sisi luar bangunan dengan pertimbangan bahwa kabel penghantar juga berfungsi sebagai penerima sambaran, dan bentuknya Berupa sangkar elektris atau biasa disebut sangkar Faraday.
2. Penangkal Petir Radio Aktif
Penelitian terus terus berkembang dan dihasilkan kesimpulan bahwa petir telah terjadi karena ada muatan listrik di awan dihasilkan oleh proses ionisasi , maka penggagalan proses ionisasi di lakukan dengan cara memakai Zat beradiasi misl. Radiun 226 dan Ameresium 241 , karena 2 bahan ini juga mampu menghamburkan ion radiasinya yang bisa menetralkan muatan listrik awan.
Sedang manfaat lain adalah hamburan ion radiasi akan dapat menambah muatan pada Ujung Finial / Splitzer dan bila mana awan yang bermuatan besar tidak mampu di netralkan oleh zat radiasi kemudian menyambar, maka akan condong mengenai unit radiasi ini .
Keberadaan penangkal petir jenis ini juga sudah dilarang pemakaiannya , berdasarkan kesepakatan internasional dengan pertimbangan mengurangi pemakaian zat beradiasi dimasyarakat yang disinyalir mempunyai efek negatif pada lingkungan hidup dan kesehatan.
3. Penangkal Petir Elektrostatic
Prinsip kerja penangkal petir Elektrostatik adalah dengan mengadopsi sebagian system penangkal petir Radioaktif , yakni dengan menambah muatan pada ujung finial / splitzer agar petir selalu memilih ujung ini untuk disambar .
Perbedaan dari sisten Radioaktif dan Elektrostatik ada pada energi yang dipakai. Untuk Penangkal Petir Radioaktif muatan listrik dihasilkan dari proses hamburan zat beradiasi sedangkan pada penangkal petir elektrostatik energi listrik dihasilkan dari Listrik Awan yang menginduksi permukaan bumi.
CARA KERJA PENANGKAL PETIR NEOFLASH
Ketika awan bermuatan listrik telah melintas diatas sebuah bangunan yang terpasang penangkal petir neoFlash, maka elektroda penerima pada bagian samping NeoFLASH ini dapat mengumpulkan dan menyimpan energi listrik awan pada unit kapasitornya . Setelah energi ini cukup besar maka dilepas dan diperbesar beda potensialnya pada bagian Ion Generator.
Pelepasan muatan listrik pada unit Ion Generator ini di picu oleh sambaran, yakni ketika lidah api menyambar permukaan bumi maka semua muatan listrik di bagian ion generator dilepaskan keudara melalui Central Pick Up agar menimbulkan lidah api penuntun keatas ( Streamer leader ) untuk dapat menyambut sambaran petir yang terjadi kemudian menuntunya masuk kedalam satu titik sambar yang terdapat unit Neoflash ini.
Pada unit Penangkal Petir NEOFLASH secara simultan bekerja bergantian dari masing-masing unit penerima induksi , jumlahnya tergantung dari tipe dan modelnya. Bekerjanya secara bergantian dimana bila salah satu bagian unit melepaskan muatan ke udara / streamer maka ada bagian lain yang dalam proses pengisian muatan awan.
Tentu akurasi dan kemampuan Penangkal Petir NeoFlash masih tergantung dari 2 hal pendukung instalasi, yaitu:
1. Kabel Penghantar harus minimal 50 mm
2. Grounding maksimal 5 Ohm
Bila 2 syarat pendukung ini juga sudah terpenuhi maka kemampuan penangkal petir neoflash akan maksimal.
ISTILAH PENANGKAL PETIR & ANTI PETIR
Penangkal Petir dan Anti Petir mungkin itu adalah istilah yang sudah salah kaprah dalam bahasa kita, kesan yang ditimbulkan dua istilah ini adalah aman 100 % terhadap petir, akan tetapi kejadiannya tidak demikian.
Dalam penanganan bahaya petir memang ada beberapa faktor yang sangat mempengaruhi, bilamana kita ingin solusi/penyelesaian total akan bahaya petir, kita harus melihat faktor faktor tersebut.
Sambaran Tidak langsung pada bangunan yakni ketika sambaran mengenai obyek diluar areal perlindungan dari penangkal petir yang terpasang , kemudian arus petir ini akan merambat melalui instalasi listrik , kabel data atau apa saja mengarah ke bangunan. Akhirnya hentakan tegangan dan arus merusak unit peralatan listrik / elektronik kita.
Masalah ini juga semakin runyam disaat ini karena banyak peralatan elektronik dengan menggunakan tegangan kerja kecil , DC , dan sensitif, Khususnya di urusan data transfer.
Maka pada dasarnya pengaman sambaran petir langsung / Eksternal penangkal petir bukan membuat posisi kita aman 100 % terhadap petir, akan tetapi membuat posisi bangunan kita terhindar dari kerusakan fatal akibat sambaran Langsung, serta meminimalisir efek kerusakan pada peralatan elektronik bila ada sambaran menyambar bangunan kita.
mungkin Penyalur Arus Petir adalah istilah tepatnya.
Masih ada kemungkinan lain yakni sambaran petir tidak langsung , yakni sambaran yang pada dasarnya tidak mengenai lokasi bangunan tetapi mengenai jauh diluar lokasi tetapi lonjakan listriknya merambat masuk ke jaringan instalasi listrik di bangunan dan merusak peralatan elektronik, Untuk penanganan sambaran petir tidak langsung dapat digunakan Arrester yakni perangkat yang bisa memotong dan membelokkan lonjakan arus / tegangan petir ke dalam grounding .
> CARA KERJA PENANGKAL PETIR
Editor : Dian Sukmawati
Saco-Indonesia.com - Direktorat Jenderal Pajak Kementerian Keuangan memanfaatkan Wakil Gubernur Banten Rano "Doel" Karno untuk meningkatkan kepatuhan warga di wilayah yang terkenal dengan debus itu. Dari 4,6 juta warga Banten yang bekerja, baru 73 ribu yang tercatat menjadi wajib pajak, hanya meningkat 0,15 persen dari tahun sebelumnya.
"Jumlah wajib pajak Banten belum mencerminkan, artinya masih perlu digali," ujar Kepala Kanwil Ditjen Pajak Banten Muhammad Hanif saat memberikan sambutan pada e-filling SPT Tahunan PPh orang pribadi tahun pajak 2013, Banten, Selasa (18/3).
Dia berharap langkah Rano Karno dalam menyampaikan SPT 2013 bisa diikuti oleh warga Banten lainnya. terlebih lagi, penyampaian SPT secara online atau e-Filling membuat wajib pajak tidak perlu repot-repot mendatangi kantor pajak.
"Pejabat menjadi contoh panutan yang baik bagi masyarakat Serang dan Banten khususnya, agar tergugah untuk membayar pajak," jelasnya.
Hanif menguraikan realisasi penerimaan pajak di Banten tahun lalu sebesar Rp 21,2 Triliun atau melebihi target Rp 21,1 triliun. Dari 1,29 juta wajib pajak, baru 573.273 wajib pajak yang menyampaikan SPT tahunan 2013.
"Kalau nasional menargetkan harus 70 persen, di Banten masih 56,7 persen WP Orang Pribadi yang menyampaikan SPT. Ini masih rendah," ungkapnya.
Hanif mengaku jumlah wajib pajak yang sudah menggunakan e-Filling sebesar 113.759 orang. Sedangkan pendaftar e-filling sebanyak 44.000 wajib pajak.
"Ditargetkan 44.000, kita sudah mencapai 19,5 ribu, insya allah sampai akhir maret tercapai," tegasnya.
Editor : Maulana Lee
Sumber : merdeka.com> 'Si Doel Anak Sekolahan' Dimanpaatkan Dirjen Pajak Tarik pajak
saco-indonesia,com, Cara untuk mengobati penyakit tipes dapat anda lakukan secara alami dan tentunya dengan menggunakan bahan alami yang dapat dengan mudah anda peroleh. Penyakit tipes sendiri juga merupakan penyakit peradangan pada usus yang diakibatkan karena telah terjadinya infeksi oleh bakteri Salmonella typhosa ataupun Salmonella paratyphosa.
Jenis bakteri yang telah menjadi penyebab munculnya penyakit tipes ini biasa anda temukan dalam makanan yang tidak terjaga kebersihannya. Bakteri tersebut masuk ke dalam tubuh manusia bersama makanan masuk ke lambung hingga ke usus halus. Nah, pada tempat inilah bakteri berkembang biak dan juga lepas menelusuri darah hingga dapat menyebabkan demam yang cukup tinggi. Nah, lantas bagaimanan sebenarnya cara mengobati penyakit tipes?
Sebelum membahas lebih lanjut mengenai cara mengobati penyakit tipes, perlu anda ketahui bahwa penyakit tipes pada dasarnya telah memberikan tanda-tanda khusus yang dapat memberikan gembaran untuk anda. Berikut mengenai gejala-gejala yang biasa dialami oleh penderita penyakit tipes, diantaranya yaitu:
- Gejala yang paling umum terjadi pada penderita tipes adalah penderita mengalami demam yang cukup tinggi dan semakin lama semakin meningkat. Gejala ini biasanya terjadi pada minggu kedua dan ketiga selama 7 sampai 10 hari dan demam baru akan turun secara bertahap pada minggu keempat.
- Ketika sedang demam, penderita akan mengigau dan daya ingatnya pun akan turun.
- Otot terasa nyeri.
- Mual, muntah dan juga perut terasa sakit.
- Timbul beberapa bercak merah pada perut ataupun dada seperti halnya pada penyakit demam berdarah.
Apabila anda atau rekan anda telah mengalami beberapa gejala tersebut, dapat diduga terkena penyakit tipes. Oleh karena itu, berikut cara mengobati penyakit tipes yang dapat segera anda lakukan sebelum penyakit tipes semakin parah.
Cara mengobati penyakit tipes secara alami
Mungkin akan terdengar menjijikkan jika anda mendengar kata cacing tanah, terlebih jika anda gunakan untuk pengobatan. Namun, banyak orang yang telah membuktikan bahwa cacing tanah memang juga sangat efektif dalam mengatasi penyakit tipes. Cara mengobati penyakit tipes dengan cacing tanah juga dapat anda lakukan dengan mengolah cacing tanah tersebut sendiri atau membeli di pasaran. Untuk pengolahan sendiri, anda juga dapat merebus cacing tanah yang telah dibuang isi perutnya hingga mendidih dan kemudian anda minum ketika masih hangat. Sedangkan jika anda merasa sangat jijik dengan cara ini, anda dapat membeli kapsul cacing tanah yang saat ini sudah dapat dengan mudah anda dapatkan.
Berbagai jenis teripang saat ini juga memang sudah dimanfaatkan sebagai obat alternative untuk penyakit tipes. Dalam teripang juga mengandung senyawa yang berfungsi sebagai antibakteri yang mampu untuk menghambat dan membunuh pertumbuhan bakteri penyebab penyakit tipes. Selain itu, teripang juga mampu membantu anda untuk dapat mengatasi penyakit maag kronis.
Itulah bahan yang dapat anda gunakan dalam cara mengobati penyakit tipes. Semoga dapat memberikan manfaat untuk anda.
> MENGOBATI TIFUS SECARA ALAMI
Editor : Dian Sukmawati
Sumber : www.makponoo.com
Dimulai dari ketidakpuasan terhadap perusahaan-perusahaan jasa kirim barang antar pulau via laut yang pelayanannya monoton dan lambat pada waktu itu , telah memerlukan waktu hingga sebulan bahkan lebih untuk berkirim barang ke luar pulau, khususnya ke Indonesia bagian timur, maka kami akan berusaha untuk mencari moda angkutan yang mampu melayani dengan cepat dan tepat waktu, dengan biaya yang terjangkau, guna untuk memenuhi tenggat dan ketepatan waktu yang bisa diandalkan.
Usaha kami masih sangat kecil dimulai sekitar medio 1994, kami bekerja sama memakai kapal-kapal penumpang yang belum terlalu diketahui oleh pemakai jasa pada saat itu. Kapal-kapal ini telah melayani angkutan penumpang dan juga kargo dalam jumlah terbatas, mereka telah melayari dengan persinggahan dibanyak pelabuhan dan kota besar di Indonesia Timur dalam skedul waktu yang ketat dan dengan kecepatan kapal yang bisa menepati jadwal tetapnya.
Kapal-kapal ini adalah milik Negara yang semuanya di operasikan oleh PT. Pelayaran Nasional Indonesia (PT. PELNI), orang awam kini menyebut “kapal putih”. Saat ini sudah 12 tahun lebih kami bermitra usaha dangan PT.PELNI, mengangkut hampir semua kebutuhan bahan pokok, barang kering (dry cargo), maupun barang basah (frozen dan fresh chilled cargo). Bahkan sejak tahun 1998 kapal-kapal PT. PELNI sudah menambah kapal-kapal baru dengan fasilitas angkutan dalam satuan container 200 feet baik dry maupun frozen/reefers container. Variasi angkutan makin komplit sejak PT.PELNI memodifikasi KM.Dobonsolo menjadi kapal pertama berkemampuan “three in one” yang bisa mengangkut penumpang, cargo container, dan kendaraan roda dua dan roda empat.
Saat ini Alois Gemilang telah menjadi perusahaan jasa angkutan yang diandalkan konsumennya di hampir semua tujuan-tujuan penting di Indonesia Timur, sering kali juga menjadi andalan perusahaan-perusahaan milik Negara dan swasta yang mengirim barang dengan prioritas tinggi, contohnya: PT. PLN, PT,TELKOM, TELKOMSEL Tbk, Hypermart Group, PT. Wonokoyo, Walls, Campina dan masih banyak lagi.
Alois Gemilang mempunyai spesialis service untuk jasa pengiriman barang antar pulau.
> JASA PENGIRIMAN BARANG KARGO EKSPEDISI MURAH ANTAR PULAU KAPAL
Over the last five years or so, it seemed there was little that Dean G. Skelos, the majority leader of the New York Senate, would not do for his son.
He pressed a powerful real estate executive to provide commissions to his son, a 32-year-old title insurance salesman, according to a federal criminal complaint. He helped get him a job at an environmental company and employed his influence to help the company get government work. He used his office to push natural gas drilling regulations that would have increased his son’s commissions.
He even tried to direct part of a $5.4 billion state budget windfall to fund government contracts that the company was seeking. And when the company was close to securing a storm-water contract from Nassau County, the senator, through an intermediary, pressured the company to pay his son more — or risk having the senator subvert the bid.
The criminal complaint, unsealed on Monday, lays out corruption charges against Senator Skelos and his son, Adam B. Skelos, the latest scandal to seize Albany, and potentially alter its power structure.
The repeated and diverse efforts by Senator Skelos, a Long Island Republican, to use what prosecutors said was his political influence to find work, or at least income, for his son could send both men to federal prison. If they are convicted of all six charges against them, they face up to 20 years in prison for each of four of the six counts and up to 10 years for the remaining two.
Senator Kenneth P. LaValle, of Long Island, who serves as chairman of the Republican conference, emerged from a closed-door meeting Monday night to say that conference members agreed that Mr. Skelos should be benefited the “presumption of innocence,” and would stay in his leadership role.
“The leader has indicated he would like to remain as leader,” said Mr. LaValle, “and he has the support of the conference.” The case against Mr. Skelos and his son grew out of a broader inquiry into political corruption by the United States attorney for the Southern District of New York, Preet Bharara, that has already changed the face of the state capital. It is based in part, according to the six-count complaint, on conversations secretly recorded by one of two cooperating witnesses, and wiretaps on the cellphones of the senator and his son. Those recordings revealed that both men were concerned about electronic surveillance, and illustrated the son’s unsuccessful efforts to thwart it.
Adam Skelos took to using a “burner” phone, the complaint says, and told his father he wanted them to speak through a FaceTime video call in an apparent effort to avoid detection. They also used coded language at times.
At one point, Adam Skelos was recorded telling a Senate staff member of his frustration in not being able to speak openly to his father on the phone, noting that he could not “just send smoke signals or a little pigeon” carrying a message.
The 43-page complaint, sworn out by Paul M. Takla, a special agent for the Federal Bureau of Investigation, outlines a five-year scheme to “monetize” the senator’s official position; it also lays bare the extent to which a father sought to use his position to help his son.
The charges accuse the two men of extorting payments through a real estate developer, Glenwood Management, based on Long Island, and the environmental company, AbTech Industries, in Scottsdale, Ariz., with the expectation that the money paid to Adam Skelos — nearly $220,000 in total — would influence his father’s actions.
Glenwood, one of the state’s most prolific campaign donors, had ties to AbTech through investments in the environmental firm’s parent company by Glenwood’s founding family and a senior executive.
The accusations in the complaint portray Senator Skelos as a man who, when it came to his son, was not shy about twisting arms, even in situations that might give other arm-twisters pause.
Seeking to help his son, Senator Skelos turned to the executive at Glenwood, which develops rental apartments in New York City and has much at stake when it comes to real estate legislation in Albany. The senator urged him to direct business to his son, who sold title insurance.
After much prodding, the executive, Charles C. Dorego, engineered a $20,000 payment to Adam Skelos from a title insurance company even though he did no work for the money. But far more lucrative was a consultant position that Mr. Dorego arranged for Adam Skelos at AbTech, which seeks government contracts to treat storm water. (Mr. Dorego is not identified by name in the complaint, but referred to only as CW-1, for Cooperating Witness 1.)
Senator Skelos appeared to take an active interest in his son’s new line of work. Adam Skelos sent him several drafts of his consulting agreement with AbTech, the complaint says, as well as the final deal that was struck.
“Mazel tov,” his father replied.
Senator Skelos sent relevant news articles to his son, including one about a sewage leak near Albany. When AbTech wanted to seek government contracts after Hurricane Sandy, the senator got on a conference call with his son and an AbTech executive, Bjornulf White, and offered advice. (Like Mr. Dorego, Mr. White is not named in the complaint, but referred to as CW-2.)
The assistance paid off: With the senator’s help, AbTech secured a contract worth up to $12 million from Nassau County, a big break for a struggling small business.
But the money was slow to materialize. The senator expressed impatience with county officials.
Adam Skelos, in a phone call with Mr. White in late December, suggested that his father would seek to punish the county. “I tell you this, the state is not going to do a [expletive] thing for the county,” he said.
Three days later, Senator Skelos pressed his case with the Nassau County executive, Edward P. Mangano, a fellow Republican. “Somebody feels like they’re just getting jerked around the last two years,” the senator said, referring to his son in what the complaint described as “coded language.”
The next day, the senator pursued the matter, as he and Mr. Mangano attended a wake for a slain New York City police officer. Senator Skelos then reassured his son, who called him while he was still at the wake. “All claims that are in will be taken care of,” the senator said.
AbTech’s fortunes appeared to weigh on his son. At one point in January, Adam Skelos told his father that if the company did not succeed, he would “lose the ability to pay for things.”
Making matters worse, in recent months, Senator Skelos and his son appeared to grow wary about who was watching them. In addition to making calls on the burner phone, Adam Skelos said he used the FaceTime video calling “because that doesn’t show up on the phone bill,” as he told Mr. White.
In late February, Adam Skelos arranged a pair of meetings between Mr. White and state senators; AbTech needed to win state legislation that would allow its contract to move beyond its initial stages. But Senator Skelos deemed the plan too risky and caused one of the meetings to be canceled.
In another recorded call, Adam Skelos, promising to be “very, very vague” on the phone, urged his father to allow the meeting. The senator offered a warning. “Right now we are in dangerous times, Adam,” he told him.
A month later, in another phone call that was recorded by the authorities, Adam Skelos complained that his father could not give him “real advice” about AbTech while the two men were speaking over the telephone.
“You can’t talk normally,” he told his father, “because it’s like [expletive] Preet Bharara is listening to every [expletive] phone call. It’s just [expletive] frustrating.”
“It is,” his father agreed.Dean Skelos, Albany Senate Leader, Aided Son at All Costs, U.S. Says | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016
Mr. Haroche was a founder of Liberty Travel, which grew from a two-man operation to the largest leisure travel operation in the United States.Gilbert Haroche, Builder of an Economy Travel Empire, Dies at 87 | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016
The program traces the outbreak to its origin, thought to be a tree full of bats in Guinea.
A variation of volleyball with nine men on each side is profiled Tuesday night on the World Channel in an absorbing documentary called “9-Man.”
“Hard Earned,” an Al Jazeera America series, follows five working-class families scrambling to stay ahead on limited incomes.
Hockey is not exactly known as a city game, but played on roller skates, it once held sway as the sport of choice in many New York neighborhoods.
“City kids had no rinks, no ice, but they would do anything to play hockey,” said Edward Moffett, former director of the Long Island City Y.M.C.A. Roller Hockey League, in Queens, whose games were played in city playgrounds going back to the 1940s.
From the 1960s through the 1980s, the league had more than 60 teams, he said. Players included the Mullen brothers of Hell’s Kitchen and Dan Dorion of Astoria, Queens, who would later play on ice for the National Hockey League.
One street legend from the heyday of New York roller hockey was Craig Allen, who lived in the Woodside Houses projects and became one of the city’s hardest hitters and top scorers.
“Craig was a warrior, one of the best roller hockey players in the city in the ’70s,” said Dave Garmendia, 60, a retired New York police officer who grew up playing with Mr. Allen. “His teammates loved him and his opponents feared him.”
Young Craig took up hockey on the streets of Queens in the 1960s, playing pickup games between sewer covers, wearing steel-wheeled skates clamped onto school shoes and using a roll of electrical tape as the puck.
His skill and ferocity drew attention, Mr. Garmendia said, but so did his skin color. He was black, in a sport made up almost entirely by white players.
“Roller hockey was a white kid’s game, plain and simple, but Craig broke the color barrier,” Mr. Garmendia said. “We used to say Craig did more for race relations than the N.A.A.C.P.”
Mr. Allen went on to coach and referee roller hockey in New York before moving several years ago to South Carolina. But he continued to organize an annual alumni game at Dutch Kills Playground in Long Island City, the same site that held the local championship games.
The reunion this year was on Saturday, but Mr. Allen never made it. On April 26, just before boarding the bus to New York, he died of an asthma attack at age 61.
Word of his death spread rapidly among hundreds of his old hockey colleagues who resolved to continue with the event, now renamed the Craig Allen Memorial Roller Hockey Reunion.
The turnout on Saturday was the largest ever, with players pulling on their old equipment, choosing sides and taking once again to the rink of cracked blacktop with faded lines and circles. They wore no helmets, although one player wore a fedora.
Another, Vinnie Juliano, 77, of Long Island City, wore his hearing aids, along with his 50-year-old taped-up quads, or four-wheeled skates with a leather boot. Many players here never converted to in-line skates, and neither did Mr. Allen, whose photograph appeared on a poster hanging behind the players’ bench.
“I’m seeing people walking by wondering why all these rusty, grizzly old guys are here playing hockey,” one player, Tommy Dominguez, said. “We’re here for Craig, and let me tell you, these old guys still play hard.”
Everyone seemed to have a Craig Allen story, from his earliest teams at Public School 151 to the Bryant Rangers, the Woodside Wings, the Woodside Blues and more.
Mr. Allen, who became a yellow-cab driver, was always recruiting new talent. He gained the nickname Cabby for his habit of stopping at playgrounds all over the city to scout players.
Teams were organized around neighborhoods and churches, and often sponsored by local bars. Mr. Allen, for one, played for bars, including Garry Owen’s and on the Fiddler’s Green Jokers team in Inwood, Manhattan.
Play was tough and fights were frequent.
“We were basically street gangs on skates,” said Steve Rogg, 56, a mail clerk who grew up in Jackson Heights, Queens, and who on Saturday wore his Riedell Classic quads from 1972. “If another team caught up with you the night before a game, they tossed you a beating so you couldn’t play the next day.”
Mr. Garmendia said Mr. Allen’s skin color provoked many fights.
“When we’d go to some ignorant neighborhoods, a lot of players would use slurs,” Mr. Garmendia said, recalling a game in Ozone Park, Queens, where local fans parked motorcycles in a lineup next to the blacktop and taunted Mr. Allen. Mr. Garmendia said he checked a player into the motorcycles, “and the bikes went down like dominoes, which started a serious brawl.”
A group of fans at a game in Brooklyn once stuck a pole through the rink fence as Mr. Allen skated by and broke his jaw, Mr. Garmendia said, adding that carloads of reinforcements soon arrived to defend Mr. Allen.
And at another racially incited brawl, the police responded with six patrol cars and a helicopter.
Before play began on Saturday, the players gathered at center rink to honor Mr. Allen. Billy Barnwell, 59, of Woodside, recalled once how an all-white, all-star squad snubbed Mr. Allen by playing him third string. He scored seven goals in the first game and made first string immediately.
“He’d always hear racial stuff before the game, and I’d ask him, ‘How do you put up with that?’” Mr. Barnwell recalled. “Craig would say, ‘We’ll take care of it,’ and by the end of the game, he’d win guys over. They’d say, ‘This guy’s good.’”Tribute for a Roller Hockey Warrior | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016
Mr. King sang for the Drifters and found success as a solo performer with hits like “Spanish Harlem.”Ben E. King, Soulful Singer of â€˜Stand by Me,â€™ Dies at 76 | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016
Late in April, after Native American actors walked off in disgust from the set of Adam Sandler’s latest film, a western sendup that its distributor, Netflix, has defended as being equally offensive to all, a glow of pride spread through several Native American communities.
Tantoo Cardinal, a Canadian indigenous actress who played Black Shawl in “Dances With Wolves,” recalled thinking to herself, “It’s come.” Larry Sellers, who starred as Cloud Dancing in the 1990s television show “Dr. Quinn, Medicine Woman,” thought, “It’s about time.” Jesse Wente, who is Ojibwe and directs film programming at the TIFF Bell Lightbox in Toronto, found himself encouraged and surprised. There are so few film roles for indigenous actors, he said, that walking off the set of a major production showed real mettle.
But what didn’t surprise Mr. Wente was the content of the script. According to the actors who walked off the set, the film, titled “The Ridiculous Six,” included a Native American woman who passes out and is revived after white men douse her with alcohol, and another woman squatting to urinate while lighting a peace pipe. “There’s enough history at this point to have set some expectations around these sort of Hollywood depictions,” Mr. Wente said.
The walkout prompted a rhetorical “What do you expect from an Adam Sandler film?,” and a Netflix spokesman said that in the movie, blacks, Mexicans and whites were lampooned as well. But Native American actors and critics said a broader issue was at stake. While mainstream portrayals of native peoples have, Mr. Wente said, become “incrementally better” over the decades, he and others say, they remain far from accurate and reflect a lack of opportunities for Native American performers. What’s more, as Native Americans hunger for representation on screen, critics say the absence of three-dimensional portrayals has very real off-screen consequences.
“Our people are still healing from historical trauma,” said Loren Anthony, one of the actors who walked out. “Our youth are still trying to figure out who they are, where they fit in this society. Kids are killing themselves. They’re not proud of who they are.” They also don’t, he added, see themselves on prime time television or the big screen. Netflix noted while about five people walked off the “The Ridiculous Six” set, 100 or so Native American actors and extras stayed.
But in interviews, nearly a dozen Native American actors and film industry experts said that Mr. Sandler’s humor perpetuated decades-old negative stereotypes. Mr. Anthony said such depictions helped feed the despondency many Native Americans feel, with deadly results: Native Americans have the highest suicide rate out of all the country’s ethnicities.
The on-screen problem is twofold, Mr. Anthony and others said: There’s a paucity of roles for Native Americans — according to the Screen Actors Guild in 2008 they accounted for 0.3 percent of all on-screen parts (those figures have yet to be updated), compared to about 2 percent of the general population — and Native American actors are often perceived in a narrow way.
In his Peabody Award-winning documentary “Reel Injun,” the Cree filmmaker Neil Diamond explored Hollywood depictions of Native Americans over the years, and found they fell into a few stereotypical categories: the Noble Savage, the Drunk Indian, the Mystic, the Indian Princess, the backward tribal people futilely fighting John Wayne and manifest destiny. While the 1990 film “Dances With Wolves” won praise for depicting Native Americans as fully fleshed out human beings, not all indigenous people embraced it. It was still told, critics said, from the colonialists’ point of view. In an interview, John Trudell, a Santee Sioux writer, actor (“Thunderheart”) and the former chairman of the American Indian Movement, described the film as “a story of two white people.”
“God bless ‘Dances with Wolves,’ ” Michael Horse, who played Deputy Hawk in “Twin Peaks,” said sarcastically. “Even ‘Avatar.’ Someone’s got to come save the tribal people.”
Dan Spilo, a partner at Industry Entertainment who represents Adam Beach, one of today’s most prominent Native American actors, said while typecasting dogs many minorities, it is especially intractable when it comes to Native Americans. Casting directors, he said, rarely cast them as police officers, doctors or lawyers. “There’s the belief that the Native American character should be on reservations or riding a horse,” he said.
“We don’t see ourselves,” Mr. Horse said. “We’re still an antiquated culture to them, and to the rest of the world.”
Ms. Cardinal said she was once turned down for the role of the wife of a child-abusing cop because the filmmakers felt that casting her would somehow be “too political.”
Another sore point is the long run of white actors playing American Indians, among them Burt Lancaster, Rock Hudson, Audrey Hepburn and, more recently, Johnny Depp, whose depiction of Tonto in the 2013 film “Lone Ranger,” was viewed as racist by detractors. There are, of course, exceptions. The former A&E series “Longmire,” which, as it happens, will now be on Netflix, was roundly praised for its depiction of life on a Northern Cheyenne reservation, with Lou Diamond Phillips, who is of Cherokee descent, playing a Northern Cheyenne man.
Others also point to the success of Mr. Beach, who played a Mohawk detective in “Law & Order: Special Victims Unit” and landed a starring role in the forthcoming D C Comics picture “Suicide Squad.” Mr. Beach said he had come across insulting scripts backed by people who don’t see anything wrong with them.
“I’d rather starve than do something that is offensive to my ancestral roots,” Mr. Beach said. “But I think there will always be attempts to drawn on the weakness of native people’s struggles. The savage Indian will always be the savage Indian. The white man will always be smarter and more cunning. The cavalry will always win.”
The solution, Mr. Wente, Mr. Trudell and others said, lies in getting more stories written by and starring Native Americans. But Mr. Wente noted that while independent indigenous film has blossomed in the last two decades, mainstream depictions have yet to catch up. “You have to stop expecting for Hollywood to correct it, because there seems to be no ability or desire to correct it,” Mr. Wente said.
There have been calls to boycott Netflix but, writing for Indian Country Today Media Network, which first broke news of the walk off, the filmmaker Brian Young noted that the distributor also offered a number of films by or about Native Americans.
The furor around “The Ridiculous Six” may drive more people to see it. Then one of the questions that Mr. Trudell, echoing others, had about the film will be answered: “Who the hell laughs at this stuff?”Native American Actors Work to Overcome a Long-Documented Bias | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016
Ms. Turner and her twin sister founded the Love Kitchen in 1986 in a church basement in Knoxville, Tenn., and it continues to provide clothing and meals.Ellen Turner Dies at 87; Opened Kitchen to Feed the Needy of Knoxville | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016
Though Robin and Joan Rolfs owned two rare talking dolls manufactured by Thomas Edison’s phonograph company in 1890, they did not dare play the wax cylinder records tucked inside each one.
The Rolfses, longtime collectors of Edison phonographs, knew that if they turned the cranks on the dolls’ backs, the steel phonograph needle might damage or destroy the grooves of the hollow, ring-shaped cylinder. And so for years, the dolls sat side by side inside a display cabinet, bearers of a message from the dawn of sound recording that nobody could hear.
In 1890, Edison’s dolls were a flop; production lasted only six weeks. Children found them difficult to operate and more scary than cuddly. The recordings inside, which featured snippets of nursery rhymes, wore out quickly.
Yet sound historians say the cylinders were the first entertainment records ever made, and the young girls hired to recite the rhymes were the world’s first recording artists.
Year after year, the Rolfses asked experts if there might be a safe way to play the recordings. Then a government laboratory developed a method to play fragile records without touching them.
The technique relies on a microscope to create images of the grooves in exquisite detail. A computer approximates — with great accuracy — the sounds that would have been created by a needle moving through those grooves.
In 2014, the technology was made available for the first time outside the laboratory.
“The fear all along is that we don’t want to damage these records. We don’t want to put a stylus on them,” said Jerry Fabris, the curator of the Thomas Edison Historical Park in West Orange, N.J. “Now we have the technology to play them safely.”
Last month, the Historical Park posted online three never-before-heard Edison doll recordings, including the two from the Rolfses’ collection. “There are probably more out there, and we’re hoping people will now get them digitized,” Mr. Fabris said.
The technology, which is known as Irene (Image, Reconstruct, Erase Noise, Etc.), was developed by the particle physicist Carl Haber and the engineer Earl Cornell at Lawrence Berkeley. Irene extracts sound from cylinder and disk records. It can also reconstruct audio from recordings so badly damaged they were deemed unplayable.
“We are now hearing sounds from history that I did not expect to hear in my lifetime,” Mr. Fabris said.
The Rolfses said they were not sure what to expect in August when they carefully packed their two Edison doll cylinders, still attached to their motors, and drove from their home in Hortonville, Wis., to the National Document Conservation Center in Andover, Mass. The center had recently acquired Irene technology.
Cylinders carry sound in a spiral groove cut by a phonograph recording needle that vibrates up and down, creating a surface made of tiny hills and valleys. In the Irene set-up, a microscope perched above the shaft takes thousands of high-resolution images of small sections of the grooves.
Stitched together, the images provide a topographic map of the cylinder’s surface, charting changes in depth as small as one five-hundredth the thickness of a human hair. Pitch, volume and timbre are all encoded in the hills and valleys and the speed at which the record is played.
At the conservation center, the preservation specialist Mason Vander Lugt attached one of the cylinders to the end of a rotating shaft. Huddled around a computer screen, the Rolfses first saw the wiggly waveform generated by Irene. Then came the digital audio. The words were at first indistinct, but as Mr. Lugt filtered out more of the noise, the rhyme became clearer.
“That was the Eureka moment,” Mr. Rolfs said.
In 1890, a girl in Edison’s laboratory had recited:
There was a little girl,
And she had a little curl
Right in the middle of her forehead.
When she was good,
She was very, very good.
But when she was bad, she was horrid.
Recently, the conservation center turned up another surprise.
In 2010, the Woody Guthrie Foundation received 18 oversize phonograph disks from an anonymous donor. No one knew if any of the dirt-stained recordings featured Guthrie, but Tiffany Colannino, then the foundation’s archivist, had stored them unplayed until she heard about Irene.
Last fall, the center extracted audio from one of the records, labeled “Jam Session 9” and emailed the digital file to Ms. Colannino.
“I was just sitting in my dining room, and the next thing I know, I’m hearing Woody,” she said. In between solo performances of “Ladies Auxiliary,” “Jesus Christ,” and “Dead or Alive,” Guthrie tells jokes, offers some back story, and makes the audience laugh. “It is quintessential Guthrie,” Ms. Colannino said.
The Rolfses’ dolls are back in the display cabinet in Wisconsin. But with audio stored on several computers, they now have a permanent voice.Ghostly Voices From Thomas Edisonâ€™s Dolls Can Now Be Heard | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016
UNITED NATIONS — Wearing pinstripes and a pince-nez, Staffan de Mistura, the United Nations envoy for Syria, arrived at the Security Council one Tuesday afternoon in February and announced that President Bashar al-Assad had agreed to halt airstrikes over Aleppo. Would the rebels, Mr. de Mistura suggested, agree to halt their shelling?
What he did not announce, but everyone knew by then, was that the Assad government had begun a military offensive to encircle opposition-held enclaves in Aleppo and that fierce fighting was underway. It would take only a few days for rebel leaders, having pushed back Syrian government forces, to outright reject Mr. de Mistura’s proposed freeze in the fighting, dooming the latest diplomatic overture on Syria.
Diplomacy is often about appearing to be doing something until the time is ripe for a deal to be done.
Now, with Mr. Assad’s forces having suffered a string of losses on the battlefield and the United States reaching at least a partial rapprochement with Mr. Assad’s main backer, Iran, Mr. de Mistura is changing course. Starting Monday, he is set to hold a series of closed talks in Geneva with the warring sides and their main supporters. Iran will be among them.
In an interview at United Nations headquarters last week, Mr. de Mistura hinted that the changing circumstances, both military and diplomatic, may have prompted various backers of the war to question how much longer the bloodshed could go on.
“Will that have an impact in accelerating the willingness for a political solution? We need to test it,” he said. “The Geneva consultations may be a good umbrella for testing that. It’s an occasion for asking everyone, including the government, if there is any new way that they are looking at a political solution, as they too claim they want.”
He said he would have a better assessment at the end of June, when he expects to wrap up his consultations. That coincides with the deadline for a final agreement in the Iran nuclear talks.
Whether a nuclear deal with Iran will pave the way for a new opening on peace talks in Syria remains to be seen. Increasingly, though, world leaders are explicitly linking the two, with the European Union’s top diplomat, Federica Mogherini, suggesting last week that a nuclear agreement could spur Tehran to play “a major but positive role in Syria.”
It could hardly come soon enough. Now in its fifth year, the Syrian war has claimed 220,000 lives, prompted an exodus of more than three million refugees and unleashed jihadist groups across the region. “This conflict is producing a question mark in many — where is it leading and whether this can be sustained,” Mr. de Mistura said.
Part Italian, part Swedish, Mr. de Mistura has worked with the United Nations for more than 40 years, but he is more widely known for his dapper style than for any diplomatic coups. Syria is by far the toughest assignment of his career — indeed, two of the organization’s most seasoned diplomats, Lakhdar Brahimi and Kofi Annan, tried to do the job and gave up — and critics have wondered aloud whether Mr. de Mistura is up to the task.
He served as a United Nations envoy in Afghanistan and Iraq, and before that in Lebanon, where a former minister recalled, with some scorn, that he spent many hours sunbathing at a private club in the hills above Beirut. Those who know him say he has a taste for fine suits and can sometimes speak too soon and too much, just as they point to his diplomatic missteps and hyperbole.
They cite, for instance, a news conference in October, when he raised the specter of Srebrenica, where thousands of Muslims were massacred in 1995 during the Balkans war, in warning that the Syrian border town of Kobani could fall to the Islamic State. In February, he was photographed at a party in Damascus, the Syrian capital, celebrating the anniversary of the Iranian revolution just as Syrian forces, aided by Iran, were pummeling rebel-held suburbs of Damascus; critics seized on that as evidence of his coziness with the government.
Mouin Rabbani, who served briefly as the head of Mr. de Mistura’s political affairs unit and has since emerged as one of his most outspoken critics, said Mr. de Mistura did not have the background necessary for the job. “This isn’t someone well known for his political vision or political imagination, and his closest confidants lack the requisite knowledge and experience,” Mr. Rabbani said.
As a deputy foreign minister in the Italian government, Mr. de Mistura was tasked in 2012 with freeing two Italian marines detained in India for shooting at Indian fishermen. He made 19 trips to India, to little effect. One marine was allowed to return to Italy for medical reasons; the other remains in India.
He said he initially turned down the Syria job when the United Nations secretary general approached him last August, only to change his mind the next day, after a sleepless, guilt-ridden night.
Mr. de Mistura compared his role in Syria to that of a doctor faced with a terminally ill patient. His goal in brokering a freeze in the fighting, he said, was to alleviate suffering. He settled on Aleppo as the location for its “fame,” he said, a decision that some questioned, considering that Aleppo was far trickier than the many other lesser-known towns where activists had negotiated temporary local cease-fires.
“Everybody, at least in Europe, are very familiar with the value of Aleppo,” Mr. de Mistura said. “So I was using that as an icebreaker.”
The cease-fire negotiations, to which he had devoted six months, fell apart quickly because of the government’s military offensive in Aleppo the very day of his announcement at the Security Council. Privately, United Nations diplomats said Mr. de Mistura had been manipulated. To this, Mr. de Mistura said only that he was “disappointed and concerned.”
Tarek Fares, a former rebel fighter, said after a recent visit to Aleppo that no Syrian would admit publicly to supporting Mr. de Mistura’s cease-fire proposal. “If anyone said they went to a de Mistura meeting in Gaziantep, they would be arrested,” is how he put it, referring to the Turkish city where negotiations between the two sides were held.
Secretary General Ban Ki-moon remains staunchly behind Mr. de Mistura’s efforts. His defenders point out that he is at the center of one of the world’s toughest diplomatic problems, charged with mediating a conflict in which two of the world’s most powerful nations — Russia, which supports Mr. Assad, and the United States, which has called for his ouster — remain deadlocked.
R. Nicholas Burns, a former State Department official who now teaches at Harvard, credited Mr. de Mistura for trying to negotiate a cease-fire even when the chances of success were exceedingly small — and the chances of a political deal even smaller. For his efforts to work, Professor Burns argued, the world powers will first have to come to an agreement of their own.
“He needs the help of outside powers,” he said. “It starts with backers of Assad. That’s Russia and Iran. De Mistura is there, waiting.”With Iran Talks, a Tangled Path to Ending Syriaâ€™s War | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016
The 6-foot-10 Phillips played alongside the 6-11 Rick Robey on the Wildcats team that won the 1978 N.C.A.A. men’s basketball title.Mike Phillips, Half of Kentuckyâ€™s â€˜Twin Towersâ€™ of Basketball, Dies at 59 | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016
Ms. Pryor, who served more than two decades in the State Department, was the author of well-regarded biographies of the founder of the American Red Cross and the Confederate commander.Elizabeth Brown Pryor, Biographer of Clara Barton and Robert E. Lee, Dies at 64 | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016
Ms. Crough played the youngest daughter on the hit ’70s sitcom starring David Cassidy and Shirley Jones.Suzanne Crough, Actress in â€˜The Partridge Family,â€™ Dies at 52 | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016
Mr. Tepper was not a musical child and had no formal training, but he grew up to write both lyrics and tunes, trading off duties with the other member of the team, Roy C. Bennett.Sid Tepper Dies at 96; Delivered â€˜Red Roses for a Blue Ladyâ€™ and Other Songs | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016
Baltimore residents prepared to resume the more familiar rhythms of their lives as days passed without new bouts of widespread rioting and as the National Guard began to pull its troops from the city.In Baltimore, National Guard Pullout Begins as Citywide Curfew Is Lifted | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016
A lapsed seminarian, Mr. Chambers succeeded Saul Alinsky as leader of the social justice umbrella group Industrial Areas Foundation.Edward Chambers, Early Leader in Community Organizing, Dies at 85 | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016