PAKET UMROH BULAN FEBRUARI MARET APRIL MEI 2018




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Tag : umroh hotel bintang 3 bekasi barat akhir desember tahun 2015
umroh hotel bintang 3 bekasi barat akhir desember 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, mencorakkan separuh pereka cipta suede pada ringan kamu lengkap dan panas lebih tebal ada 2 Menjaga kebersihan and Prevention cloud yang melayani berbagai maka ditawarkan untuk menyimpan dengan
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Lari Pagi Yang Benar Agar Berat Badan Turun

Kalau sudah lari pagi tetapi berat badan Anda tidak turun, nah itu pasti ada yang salah dengan cara berlari Anda.

Padahal, lari pagi sebenarnya adalah latihan kardio yang paling mudah, murah dan menghasilkan. Tanpa usaha yang terlalu berlebihan, dalam seminggu saja sudah ada perubahan bentuk tubuh dan jarum timbangan Anda bergeser ke kiri.

And now, let's get moving! Inilah lari pagi yang benar dan efektif menurunkan berat badan.

Pakai sepatu lari

Kesalahan yang pertama sering dilakukan adalah tidak memakai sepatu yang benar. Alhasil, kaki jadi terasa berat, cedera, atau menapak kurang tepat.

Sepatu lari memang khusus diciptakan untuk berlari. Sehingga saat gerakan Anda menapak, Anda akan ditopang dengan sponge yang elastis dan mencegah cedera kaki. Selain itu, umumnya sol sepatunya fleksibel, tidak keras dan tidak melukai kaki Anda.

Pilih outfit

Anda juga harus mempertimbangkan outfit mana yang akan Anda kenakan untuk jogging. Yang paling nyaman adalah yang dapat menyerap keringat dengan baik dan cepat. Sehingga jangan pilih yang membuat Anda justru kepanasan dan menjadi trauma untuk berlatih lagi.

Berikan outfit yang nyaman untuk tubuh, sehingga keesokan harinya tubuh tidak malas untuk dipaksa berlari lagi.

Menapakkan kaki

Posisi saat berlari yang ringan dan membuat Anda tidak mudah lelah adalah setengah berjinjit. Jadi di sini bukan seluruh telapak kaki Anda yang menyentuh tanah, tetapi ujung kaki saja. Dengan begini berlari akan lebih ringan dan Anda tak mudah lelah.

Mengatur nafas

Atur nafas itu penting untuk membuat Anda tidak cepat lelah. Buat hitungan 1-8, dan dalam hitungan 1-3 tarik nafas, hitungan ke 4 hembuskan. Berlanjut dengan hitungan ke 5-7 tarik nafas, dan 8 dihembuskan.

Baiknya menarik nafas dan menghembuskannya lewat hidung. Kunci mulut rapat-rapat sehingga Anda bisa merasakan keluar masuknya udara lewat hidung. Cara ini akan membantu Anda tidak mudah lelah, serta bisa melatih pernafasan dan jantung Anda.

45 menit!

Lari pagi itu jangan hanya 10-15 menit saja. Untuk melakukan pembakaran yang lebih efektif, maka Anda harus lari konstan selama 45 menit. Dengan demikian, pembakaran pada tubuh akan efektif.

Bagian yang terbakar adalah bagian yang paling mudah gemuk. Jadi, periksa kembali apakah tubuh Anda menyusut setelah 3-4 kali latihan jogging.

Merilekskan kaki

Setelah berlari, jangan langsung duduk atau bersila. Tetapi, bawa kaki Anda berjalan setidaknya 5-10 menit. Isi kembali tenaga Anda dengan 2 gelas air putih. Kemudian mandi di air hangat agar otot-otot tetap rileks dan tidak kaget.

Nah, sekarang Anda boleh beraktivitas seperti biasanya dan nikmati pembakaran lemak super murah ini 3-4 hari dalam seminggu agar berat badan lekas turun

> Lari Pagi Yang Benar Agar Berat Badan Turun

Hendaknya Kita Senyum agar Obat Bekerja Lebih Efektif

Saco-Indonesia.com — Kana Nabi Lain syakartum Laajidanakum Walain kapartum Ina Azabi Lasadid. Menjadi pribadi yang penuh syukur telah dikaitkan dengan hidup yang lebih panjang, bahagia, dan sehat. Menurut hasil penemuan para ahli di Harvard Medical School, kepribadian seperti itu dapat membuat obat yang diminum bekerja lebih efektif.

Dalam studi tersebut, para peneliti menemukan bahwa ada perbedaan efektivitas obat pada kelompok orang yang diberikan informasi positif dan negatif. Kelompok pertama melaporkan rasa sakit mereka 30 persen lebih cepat berkurang saat diberi informasi positif dibandingkan kelompok lainnya, bahkan meski obat yang diberikan hanyalah plasebo.

Peneliti senior Ted Kaptchuk mengatakan, status mental dapat dipengaruhi oleh status kesehatan, begitu pula sebaliknya. "Dengan kata lain, apa yang dikatakan padamu tidak hanya memengaruhi otakmu, tetapi juga tubuhmu," ujarnya.

Kendati demikian, Kaptchuk menegaskan agar tidak mengganti fungsi obat dengan senyuman. Bagaimanapun, tingkat kesembuhan pasien lebih tinggi dengan obat daripada dengan plasebo.

Studi dari University of Pittsburgh tersebut menemukan, dibandingkan dengan mereka yang selalu berpikir positif, orang yang pesimistis cenderung memiliki tekanan darah dan risiko penyakit jantung yang lebih tinggi sehingga risiko kematian prematur pun meningkat.

Studi lainnya yang berasal dari Inggris melaporkan, atlet yang optimistis cenderung memiliki risiko lebih rendah untuk mengalami cedera. Ini karena mereka lebih mudah bangkit jika mereka disakiti.

Senyum

Sebuah studi dari University of Kansas menemukan, para peserta yang lebih banyak tersenyum, terlepas dari perasaan mereka yang sebenarnya bahagia atau tidak, melaporkan memiliki laju jantung yang stresnya lebih rendah. Para peneliti mengatakan, otot wajah tertentu dapat mengirim pesan pada otak bahwa Anda bahagia saat tersenyum.

Untuk memperbaiki mood, para peneliti dari Southern Methodist University menyarankan untuk menulis hal-hal baik yang dialami dalam suatu hari. "Orang yang melakukan ini melaporkan mood yang lebih baik sehingga menambah manfaat kesehatan mereka. Terbukti dari kunjungan ke RS tiga bulan berikutnya, hasilnya lebih baik dari sebelumnya," ujar mereka.

 

Sumber :foxnews/kompas.com
Editor : Maulana Lee
> Hendaknya Kita Senyum agar Obat Bekerja Lebih Efektif

CARA MERAWAT BUNGA

saco-indonesia.com

Merawat tanaman bunga dalam pot

Tanaman hias dalam pot adalah pilihan yang sangat tepat bagi Anda yang telah memiliki luas taman terbatas. Rumah Anda akan makin sempurna dengan kehadiran tanaman tersebut. Hanya saja, merawat bunga dalam pot sangat berbeda dalam merawat tanaman di alam terbuka. Sebab dari segi media, ruang yang telah disediakan untuk tanaman hanya sebatas pada ukuran pot saja. Bagi Anda pecinta tanaman hias dalam pot, berikut ini kami akan berikan tips perawatannya:
Pertama, media tanam. Hindari dengan menggunakan media tanam hanya berupa tanah saja.  Namun gunakan juga media tanam campuran sesuai dengan jenis tanaman yang akan ditanam. Sebelum media tanam dimasukkan ke dalam pot, lapisi bagian bawahnya dengan menggunakan styrofoam. Styrofoam berfungsi untuk mengalirkan air sehingga mencegah air tergenang. Jika air tergenang, maka tanah menjadi padat.. Hal ini juga akan menyebabkan warna daun menjadi kuning, layu, atau bentuknya keriting.  Selain styrofoam, Anda juga bisa menggantikannya dengan sabut kelapa.
Kedua, cahaya matahari. Perhatikan jenis tanaman hias yang Anda tanam dalam pot. Apakah termasuk yang membutuhkan cahaya matahari langsung ataukah harus ditempatkan di lokasi yang teduh. Jika jenis tanaman hias tersebut membutuhkan cahaya matahari langsung, maka Anda harus rajin menaruhnya di tempat yang terkena cahaya matahari langsung. Sebaliknya jenis tanaman teduh, sekali waktu Anda perlu menaruhnya di luar agar mendapatkan cahaya matahari langsung. Yakni minimal sekali dalam lima hari. Khusus untuk tanaman buah dalam pot serta tanaman berbunga, Anda harus memastikan tanaman tersebut terkena cahaya matahari. Sebab bila pasokan cahaya matahari kurang, maka tanaman tadi tidak akan berbunga dan sulit berbuah.
Ketiga, ukuran pot. Seiring dengan pertumbuhannya, tanaman hias dalam pot juga akan terus membesar. Jika ukurannya semakin besar, maka Anda perlu memindahkannya ke dalam pot yang ukurannya lebih besar. Namun untuk tanaman bonsai, Anda tidak perlu mengganti media tanam maupu potnya. Anda cukup menghambat pertumbuhannya dengan rajin memotong batangnya. Dengan cara ini, tanaman juga akan tetap berukuran kerdil.
Keempat, membersihkan daun. Setiap dua minggu sekali Anda harus meluangkan waktu untuk dapat membersihkan setiap helai daun tanaman hias tersebut. Bila Anda rutin melakukannya, maka setiap helai daun tersebut akan nampak mengkilat, bersih, dan juga sehat. Pembersihan permukaan daun akan membantu kelancaran proses fotosintesis karena pori-pori daun lebih bersih. Proses pembersihan daun bisa menggunakan cairan khusus (semir daun). Namun jika Anda kesulitan mendapatkannya, Anda juga bisa menggunakan susu cair. Basahi permukaan lap dengan susu cair. Lalu gosok dengan lembut setiap helai daun dengan menggunakan lap tersebut.
Kelima, pemupukan. Untuk tanaman hias berbunga, Anda harus memberinya pupuk NPK setiap bulan sekali.
Keenam, hama dan penyakit. Serangan hama dan penyakit bisa ditanggulangi dengan penyemprotan insektisida.


Editor : Dian Sukmawati

> CARA MERAWAT BUNGA

KETIKA THAWAF

Tawaf adalah mengelilingi Kabah hingga tujuh kali putaran. Jamaah haji atau umrah yang tengah melakukan tawaf berjalan dengan arah yang sama. Jika ada jamaah yang melakukan tawaf dengan arah yang berbeda maka tawafnya tidak sah.

Hal tersebut bisa kita artikan bahwa dalam semua aspek kehidupan kaum muslimin harus mengedepankan harmoni atau keserasian dalam gerak langkah mereka demi mewujudkan tatanan hidup yang dinamis. Hanya dalam tatanan hidup yang dinamis, semangat dan kerja sama untuk menciptakan persatuan, kedamaian, dan kesejahteraan di antara sesama manusia dapat diwujudkan.

Arah tawaf yang sama juga menunjukkan tujuan hidup umat Islam yang sama, yaitu menggapai ridha Allah SWT. Dunia hanyalah tempat singgah dan bukan tujuan akhir yang sesungguhnya. Akhiratlah rumah peristirahatan abadi kita, tempat manusia kelak akan berjumpa dengan Tuhan.

Oleh sebab itulah, janganlah manusia terperdaya oleh kerlap-kerlip godaan dunia yang dapat memalingkan diri dari tujuan semula, yaitu ridha Allah SWT.

Orang yang melaksanakan tawaf melebur menjadi satu dalam sebuah gelombang yang terus bergerak. Lokasi dan gerakan yang sama seakan-akan melahirkan sebuah transformasi yang luar biasa, dari individu yang satu menjadi arus yang sangat besar.

Kata ‘aku’ bertransformasi menjadi ‘kita’. Ego dan individualisme dibuang jauh, digantikan oleh kasih sayang dan kebersamaan yang akrab.

Sumber : Republika.co.id

Baca Artikel Lainnya : PERJUANGAN DALAM THAWAF

REPUBLIKA.CO.ID, Tawaf adalah mengelilingi Kabah hingga tujuh kali putaran. Jamaah haji atau umrah yang tengah melakukan tawaf berjalan dengan arah yang sama. Jika ada jamaah yang melakukan tawaf dengan arah yang berbeda maka tawafnya tidak sah.

Hal tersebut bisa kita artikan bahwa dalam semua aspek kehidupan kaum muslimin harus mengedepankan harmoni atau keserasian dalam gerak langkah mereka demi mewujudkan tatanan hidup yang dinamis. Hanya dalam tatanan hidup yang dinamis, semangat dan kerja sama untuk menciptakan persatuan, kedamaian, dan kesejahteraan di antara sesama manusia dapat diwujudkan.

Arah tawaf yang sama juga menunjukkan tujuan hidup umat Islam yang sama, yaitu menggapai ridha Allah SWT. Dunia hanyalah tempat singgah dan bukan tujuan akhir yang sesungguhnya. Akhiratlah rumah peristirahatan abadi kita, tempat manusia kelak akan berjumpa dengan Tuhan.

Oleh sebab itulah, janganlah manusia terperdaya oleh kerlap-kerlip godaan dunia yang dapat memalingkan diri dari tujuan semula, yaitu ridha Allah SWT.

Orang yang melaksanakan tawaf melebur menjadi satu dalam sebuah gelombang yang terus bergerak. Lokasi dan gerakan yang sama seakan-akan melahirkan sebuah transformasi yang luar biasa, dari individu yang satu menjadi arus yang sangat besar.

Kata ‘aku’ bertransformasi menjadi ‘kita’. Ego dan individualisme dibuang jauh, digantikan oleh kasih sayang dan kebersamaan yang akrab.

- See more at: http://www.jurnalhaji.com/rukun-haji/tawaf-dan-harmoni-umat-manusia/#sthash.SL7wFI0N.dpuf

REPUBLIKA.CO.ID, Tawaf adalah mengelilingi Kabah hingga tujuh kali putaran. Jamaah haji atau umrah yang tengah melakukan tawaf berjalan dengan arah yang sama. Jika ada jamaah yang melakukan tawaf dengan arah yang berbeda maka tawafnya tidak sah.

Hal tersebut bisa kita artikan bahwa dalam semua aspek kehidupan kaum muslimin harus mengedepankan harmoni atau keserasian dalam gerak langkah mereka demi mewujudkan tatanan hidup yang dinamis. Hanya dalam tatanan hidup yang dinamis, semangat dan kerja sama untuk menciptakan persatuan, kedamaian, dan kesejahteraan di antara sesama manusia dapat diwujudkan.

Arah tawaf yang sama juga menunjukkan tujuan hidup umat Islam yang sama, yaitu menggapai ridha Allah SWT. Dunia hanyalah tempat singgah dan bukan tujuan akhir yang sesungguhnya. Akhiratlah rumah peristirahatan abadi kita, tempat manusia kelak akan berjumpa dengan Tuhan.

Oleh sebab itulah, janganlah manusia terperdaya oleh kerlap-kerlip godaan dunia yang dapat memalingkan diri dari tujuan semula, yaitu ridha Allah SWT.

Orang yang melaksanakan tawaf melebur menjadi satu dalam sebuah gelombang yang terus bergerak. Lokasi dan gerakan yang sama seakan-akan melahirkan sebuah transformasi yang luar biasa, dari individu yang satu menjadi arus yang sangat besar.

Kata ‘aku’ bertransformasi menjadi ‘kita’. Ego dan individualisme dibuang jauh, digantikan oleh kasih sayang dan kebersamaan yang akrab.
- See more at: http://www.jurnalhaji.com/rukun-haji/tawaf-dan-harmoni-umat-manusia/#sthash.SL7wFI0N.dpuf

> KETIKA THAWAF

KERJA KERAS IDP UNTUK MATANGKAN MATERI

saco-indonesia.com, Indah Dewi Pertiwi atau yang akrab disebut dengan IDP ini tengah akan menyiapkan album ketiganya. Diakui IDP, beberapa nomor di album tersebut terasa lebih up beat jika dibanding dengan lagu-lagu di album sebelumnya yaitu Hipnotis (2010) dan Teman Terindah (2012).

"Lagunya lebih banyak lagu up beat, bersama dancer nantinya. Album ketiga ini aku juga pengen kasih 70 persen up beat nya. Warna juga akan dibedakan," kata IDP di Sasana Kriya, TMII, Jakarta Timur .

IDP juga inginkan album ketiganya tersebut tetap bisa mendapatkan apresiasi dari penikmat musik tanah air. Ia pun juga akan berusaha keras untuk dapat mematangkan materi album. Hingga rela memundurkan jadwal rilis album.

"Harusnya di tahun ini, tapi kita pengen undur di tahun depan, karena ini kan album penentuan buat aku. Soalnya album pertama kan pencapaiannya baik ya, album kedua juga lumayan," lanjutnya.

"Nah aku pengen tingkatin seperti album pertama, dengan pencarian lagunya, ada beberapa lagu tapi yang nggak pas, nah aku coba sortir lagi," tutur pelantun lagu Aku Tak Berdaya.

Meski belum ikut serta dalam penulisan lagu, namun IDP juga tetap terlibat dalam isi album. "Yang pasti aku juga akan lebih ikut serta, karena perbedaannya sangat terlihat sekali. Untuk saat ini lebih ke curhat aja, karena aku belum ada keahlian untuk nulis ya," tandasnya.

Editor : dian sukmawati
Sumber : kapanlagi.com

> KERJA KERAS IDP UNTUK MATANGKAN MATERI

Elizabeth Brown Pryor, Biographer of Clara Barton and Robert E. Lee, Dies at 64

Ms. Pryor, who served more than two decades in the State Department, was the author of well-regarded biographies of the founder of the American Red Cross and the Confederate commander.

Elizabeth Brown Pryor, Biographer of Clara Barton and Robert E. Lee, Dies at 64 | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Robert Patterson Jr., Lawyer and Judge Who Fought for the Accused, Dies at 91

Judge Patterson helped to protect the rights of Attica inmates after the prison riot in 1971 and later served on the Federal District Court in Manhattan.

Robert Patterson Jr., Lawyer and Judge Who Fought for the Accused, Dies at 91 | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Marcel Pronovost, 84, Dies; Hall of Famer Shared in Five N.H.L. Titles

Pronovost, who played for the Red Wings, was not a prolific scorer, but he was a consummate team player with bruising checks and fearless bursts up the ice that could puncture a defense.

Marcel Pronovost, 84, Dies; Hall of Famer Shared in Five N.H.L. Titles | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Nepal’s Young Men, Lost to Migration, Then a Quake

Photo
 
Many bodies prepared for cremation last week in Kathmandu were of young men from Gongabu, a common stopover for Nepali migrant workers headed overseas. Credit Daniel Berehulak for The New York Times

KATHMANDU, Nepal — When the dense pillar of smoke from cremations by the Bagmati River was thinning late last week, the bodies were all coming from Gongabu, a common stopover for Nepali migrant workers headed overseas, and they were all of young men.

Hindu custom dictates that funeral pyres should be lighted by the oldest son of the deceased, but these men were too young to have sons, so they were burned by their brothers or fathers. Sukla Lal, a maize farmer, made a 14-hour journey by bus to retrieve the body of his 19-year-old son, who had been on his way to the Persian Gulf to work as a laborer.

“He wanted to live in the countryside, but he was compelled to leave by poverty,” Mr. Lal said, gazing ahead steadily as his son’s remains smoldered. “He told me, ‘You can live on your land, and I will come up with money, and we will have a happy family.’ ”

Weeks will pass before the authorities can give a complete accounting of who died in the April 25 earthquake, but it is already clear that Nepal cannot afford the losses. The countryside was largely stripped of its healthy young men even before the quake, as they migrated in great waves — 1,500 a day by some estimates — to work as laborers in India, Malaysia or one of the gulf nations, leaving many small communities populated only by elderly parents, women and children. Economists say that at some times of the year, one-quarter of Nepal’s population is working outside the country.

Nepal’s Young Men, Lost to Migration, Then a Quake | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Obama Finds a Bolder Voice on Race Issues

As he reflected on the festering wounds deepened by race and grievance that have been on painful display in America’s cities lately, President Obama on Monday found himself thinking about a young man he had just met named Malachi.

A few minutes before, in a closed-door round-table discussion at Lehman College in the Bronx, Mr. Obama had asked a group of black and Hispanic students from disadvantaged backgrounds what could be done to help them reach their goals. Several talked about counseling and guidance programs.

“Malachi, he just talked about — we should talk about love,” Mr. Obama told a crowd afterward, drifting away from his prepared remarks. “Because Malachi and I shared the fact that our dad wasn’t around and that sometimes we wondered why he wasn’t around and what had happened. But really, that’s what this comes down to is: Do we love these kids?”

Many presidents have governed during times of racial tension, but Mr. Obama is the first to see in the mirror a face that looks like those on the other side of history’s ledger. While his first term was consumed with the economy, war and health care, his second keeps coming back to the societal divide that was not bridged by his election. A president who eschewed focusing on race now seems to have found his voice again as he thinks about how to use his remaining time in office and beyond.

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Play Video|1:17

Obama Speaks of a ‘Sense of Unfairness’

Obama Speaks of a ‘Sense of Unfairness’

At an event announcing the creation of a nonprofit focusing on young minority men, President Obama talked about the underlying reasons for recent protests in Baltimore and other cities.

By Associated Press on Publish Date May 4, 2015. Photo by Stephen Crowley/The New York Times.

In the aftermath of racially charged unrest in places like Baltimore, Ferguson, Mo., and New York, Mr. Obama came to the Bronx on Monday for the announcement of a new nonprofit organization that is being spun off from his White House initiative called My Brother’s Keeper. Staked by more than $80 million in commitments from corporations and other donors, the new group, My Brother’s Keeper Alliance, will in effect provide the nucleus for Mr. Obama’s post-presidency, which will begin in January 2017.

“This will remain a mission for me and for Michelle not just for the rest of my presidency but for the rest of my life,” Mr. Obama said. “And the reason is simple,” he added. Referring to some of the youths he had just met, he said: “We see ourselves in these young men. I grew up without a dad. I grew up lost sometimes and adrift, not having a sense of a clear path. The only difference between me and a lot of other young men in this neighborhood and all across the country is that I grew up in an environment that was a little more forgiving.”

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Organizers said the new alliance already had financial pledges from companies like American Express, Deloitte, Discovery Communications and News Corporation. The money will be used to help companies address obstacles facing young black and Hispanic men, provide grants to programs for disadvantaged youths, and help communities aid their populations.

Joe Echevarria, a former chief executive of Deloitte, the accounting and consulting firm, will lead the alliance, and among those on its leadership team or advisory group are executives at PepsiCo, News Corporation, Sprint, BET and Prudential Group Insurance; former Secretary of State Colin L. Powell; Senator Cory Booker, Democrat of New Jersey; former Attorney General Eric H. Holder Jr.; the music star John Legend; the retired athletes Alonzo Mourning, Jerome Bettis and Shaquille O’Neal; and the mayors of Indianapolis, Sacramento and Philadelphia.

The alliance, while nominally independent of the White House, may face some of the same questions confronting former Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton as she begins another presidential campaign. Some of those donating to the alliance may have interests in government action, and skeptics may wonder whether they are trying to curry favor with the president by contributing.

“The Obama administration will have no role in deciding how donations are screened and what criteria they’ll set at the alliance for donor policies, because it’s an entirely separate entity,” Josh Earnest, the White House press secretary, told reporters on Air Force One en route to New York. But he added, “I’m confident that the members of the board are well aware of the president’s commitment to transparency.”

The alliance was in the works before the disturbances last week after the death of Freddie Gray, the black man who suffered fatal injuries while in police custody in Baltimore, but it reflected the evolution of Mr. Obama’s presidency. For him, in a way, it is coming back to issues that animated him as a young community organizer and politician. It was his own struggle with race and identity, captured in his youthful memoir, “Dreams From My Father,” that stood him apart from other presidential aspirants.

But that was a side of him that he kept largely to himself through the first years of his presidency while he focused on other priorities like turning the economy around, expanding government-subsidized health care and avoiding electoral land mines en route to re-election.

After securing a second term, Mr. Obama appeared more emboldened. Just a month after his 2013 inauguration, he talked passionately about opportunity and race with a group of teenage boys in Chicago, a moment aides point to as perhaps the first time he had spoken about these issues in such a personal, powerful way as president. A few months later, he publicly lamented the death of Trayvon Martin, a black Florida teenager, saying that “could have been me 35 years ago.”

Photo
 
President Obama on Monday with Darinel Montero, a student at Bronx International High School who introduced him before remarks at Lehman College in the Bronx. Credit Stephen Crowley/The New York Times

That case, along with public ruptures of anger over police shootings in Ferguson and elsewhere, have pushed the issue of race and law enforcement onto the public agenda. Aides said they imagined that with his presidency in its final stages, Mr. Obama might be thinking more about what comes next and causes he can advance as a private citizen.

That is not to say that his public discussion of these issues has been universally welcomed. Some conservatives said he had made matters worse by seeming in their view to blame police officers in some of the disputed cases.

“President Obama, when he was elected, could have been a unifying leader,” Senator Ted Cruz of Texas, a Republican candidate for president, said at a forum last week. “He has made decisions that I think have inflamed racial tensions.”

On the other side of the ideological spectrum, some liberal African-American activists have complained that Mr. Obama has not done enough to help downtrodden communities. While he is speaking out more, these critics argue, he has hardly used the power of the presidency to make the sort of radical change they say is necessary.

The line Mr. Obama has tried to straddle has been a serrated one. He condemns police brutality as he defends most officers as honorable. He condemns “criminals and thugs” who looted in Baltimore while expressing empathy with those trapped in a cycle of poverty and hopelessness.

In the Bronx on Monday, Mr. Obama bemoaned the death of Brian Moore, a plainclothes New York police officer who had died earlier in the day after being shot in the head Saturday on a Queens street. Most police officers are “good and honest and fair and care deeply about their communities,” even as they put their lives on the line, Mr. Obama said.

“Which is why in addressing the issues in Baltimore or Ferguson or New York, the point I made was that if we’re just looking at policing, we’re looking at it too narrowly,” he added. “If we ask the police to simply contain and control problems that we ourselves have been unwilling to invest and solve, that’s not fair to the communities, it’s not fair to the police.”

Moreover, if society writes off some people, he said, “that’s not the kind of country I want to live in; that’s not what America is about.”

His message to young men like Malachi Hernandez, who attends Boston Latin Academy in Massachusetts, is not to give up.

“I want you to know you matter,” he said. “You matter to us.”

Obama Finds a Bolder Voice on Race Issues | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Taiwan party leader affirms eventual reunion with China

BEIJING (AP) — The head of Taiwan's Nationalists reaffirmed the party's support for eventual unification with the mainland when he met Monday with Chinese President Xi Jinping as part of continuing rapprochement between the former bitter enemies.

Nationalist Party Chairman Eric Chu, a likely presidential candidate next year, also affirmed Taiwan's desire to join the proposed Chinese-led Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank during the meeting in Beijing. China claims Taiwan as its own territory and doesn't want the island to join using a name that might imply it is an independent country.

Chu's comments during his meeting with Xi were carried live on Hong Kong-based broadcaster Phoenix Television.

The Nationalists were driven to Taiwan by Mao Zedong's Communists during the Chinese civil war in 1949, leading to decades of hostility between the sides. Chu, who took over as party leader in January, is the third Nationalist chairman to visit the mainland and the first since 2009.

Relations between the communist-ruled mainland and the self-governing democratic island of Taiwan began to warm in the 1990s, partly out of their common opposition to Taiwan's formal independence from China, a position advocated by the island's Democratic Progressive Party.

Despite increasingly close economic ties, the prospect of political unification has grown increasingly unpopular on Taiwan, especially with younger voters. Opposition to the Nationalists' pro-China policies was seen as a driver behind heavy local electoral defeats for the party last year that led to Taiwanese President Ma Ying-jeou resigning as party chairman.

Taiwan party leader affirms eventual reunion with China | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Dan Walker, 92, Dies; Illinois Governor and Later a U.S. Prisoner

As governor, Mr. Walker alienated Republicans and his fellow Democrats, particularly the Democratic powerhouse Richard J. Daley, the mayor of Chicago.

Dan Walker, 92, Dies; Illinois Governor and Later a U.S. Prisoner | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Suzanne Crough, Actress in ‘The Partridge Family,’ Dies at 52

Ms. Crough played the youngest daughter on the hit ’70s sitcom starring David Cassidy and Shirley Jones.

Suzanne Crough, Actress in ‘The Partridge Family,’ Dies at 52 | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Hard but Hopeful Home to ‘Lot of Freddies’

Children playing last week in Sandtown-Winchester, the Baltimore neighborhood where Freddie Gray was raised. One young resident called it “a tough community.”
Todd Heisler/The New York Times

Children playing last week in Sandtown-Winchester, the Baltimore neighborhood where Freddie Gray was raised. One young resident called it “a tough community.”

Hard but Hopeful Home to ‘Lot of Freddies’

Hard but Hopeful Home to ‘Lot of Freddies’ | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Finding Scandal in New York and New Jersey, but No Shame

From sea to shining sea, or at least from one side of the Hudson to the other, politicians you have barely heard of are being accused of wrongdoing. There were so many court proceedings involving public officials on Monday that it was hard to keep up.

In Newark, two underlings of Gov. Chris Christie were arraigned on charges that they were in on the truly deranged plot to block traffic leading onto the George Washington Bridge.

Ten miles away, in Lower Manhattan, Dean G. Skelos, the leader of the New York State Senate, and his son, Adam B. Skelos, were arrested by the Federal Bureau of Investigation on accusations of far more conventional political larceny, involving a job with a sewer company for the son and commissions on title insurance and bond work.

The younger man managed to receive a 150 percent pay increase from the sewer company even though, as he said on tape, he “literally knew nothing about water or, you know, any of that stuff,” according to a criminal complaint the United States attorney’s office filed.

The success of Adam Skelos, 32, was attributed by prosecutors to his father’s influence as the leader of the Senate and as a potentate among state Republicans. The indictment can also be read as one of those unfailingly sad tales of a father who cannot stop indulging a grown son. The senator himself is not alleged to have profited from the schemes, except by being relieved of the burden of underwriting Adam.

The bridge traffic caper is its own species of crazy; what distinguishes the charges against the two Skeloses is the apparent absence of a survival instinct. It is one thing not to know anything about water or that stuff. More remarkable, if true, is the fact that the sewer machinations continued even after the former New York Assembly speaker, Sheldon Silver, was charged in January with taking bribes disguised as fees.

It was by then common gossip in political and news media circles that Senator Skelos, a Republican, the counterpart in the Senate to Mr. Silver, a Democrat, in the Assembly, could be next in line for the criminal dock. “Stay tuned,” the United States attorney, Preet Bharara said, leaving not much to the imagination.

Even though the cat had been unmistakably belled, Skelos father and son continued to talk about how to advance the interests of the sewer company, though the son did begin to use a burner cellphone, the kind people pay for in cash, with no traceable contracts.

That was indeed prudent, as prosecutors had been wiretapping the cellphones of both men. But it would seem that the burner was of limited value, because by then the prosecutors had managed to secure the help of a business executive who agreed to record calls with the Skeloses. It would further seem that the business executive was more attentive to the perils of pending investigations than the politician.

Through the end of the New York State budget negotiations in March, the hopes of the younger Skelos rested on his father’s ability to devise legislation that would benefit the sewer company. That did not pan out. But Senator Skelos did boast that he had haggled with Gov. Andrew M. Cuomo, a Democrat, in a successful effort to raise a $150 million allocation for Long Island to $550 million, for what the budget called “transformative economic development projects.” It included money for the kind of work done by the sewer company.

The lawyer for Adam Skelos said he was not guilty and would win in court. Senator Skelos issued a ringing declaration that he was unequivocally innocent.

THIS was also the approach taken in New Jersey by Bill Baroni, a man of great presence and eloquence who stopped outside the federal courthouse to note that he had taken risks as a Republican by bucking his party to support paid family leave, medical marijuana and marriage equality. “I would never risk my career, my job, my reputation for something like this,” Mr. Baroni said. “I am an innocent man.”

The lawyer for his co-defendant, Bridget Anne Kelly, the former deputy chief of staff to Mr. Christie, a Republican, said that she would strongly rebut the charges.

Perhaps they had nothing to do with the lane closings. But neither Mr. Baroni nor Ms. Kelly addressed the question of why they did not return repeated calls from the mayor of Fort Lee, N.J., begging them to stop the traffic tie-ups, over three days.

That silence was a low moment. But perhaps New York hit bottom faster. Senator Skelos, the prosecutors charged, arranged to meet Long Island politicians at the wake of Wenjian Liu, a New York City police officer shot dead in December, to press for payments to the company employing his son.

Sometimes it seems as though for some people, the only thing to be ashamed of is shame itself.

Finding Scandal in New York and New Jersey, but No Shame | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Maya Plisetskaya, Ballerina Who Embodied Bolshoi, Dies at 89

Ms. Plisetskaya, renowned for her fluidity of movement, expressive acting and willful personality, danced on the Bolshoi stage well into her 60s, but her life was shadowed by Stalinism.

Maya Plisetskaya, Ballerina Who Embodied Bolshoi, Dies at 89 | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

ay 4, 2015 ‘Game of Thrones’ Q&A: Keisha Castle-Hughes on the Tao of the Sand Snakes

“It was really nice to play with other women and not have this underlying tone of being at each other’s throats.”

ay 4, 2015 ‘Game of Thrones’ Q&A: Keisha Castle-Hughes on the Tao of the Sand Snakes | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Tribute for a Roller Hockey Warrior

Hockey is not exactly known as a city game, but played on roller skates, it once held sway as the sport of choice in many New York neighborhoods.

“City kids had no rinks, no ice, but they would do anything to play hockey,” said Edward Moffett, former director of the Long Island City Y.M.C.A. Roller Hockey League, in Queens, whose games were played in city playgrounds going back to the 1940s.

From the 1960s through the 1980s, the league had more than 60 teams, he said. Players included the Mullen brothers of Hell’s Kitchen and Dan Dorion of Astoria, Queens, who would later play on ice for the National Hockey League.

One street legend from the heyday of New York roller hockey was Craig Allen, who lived in the Woodside Houses projects and became one of the city’s hardest hitters and top scorers.

“Craig was a warrior, one of the best roller hockey players in the city in the ’70s,” said Dave Garmendia, 60, a retired New York police officer who grew up playing with Mr. Allen. “His teammates loved him and his opponents feared him.”

Young Craig took up hockey on the streets of Queens in the 1960s, playing pickup games between sewer covers, wearing steel-wheeled skates clamped onto school shoes and using a roll of electrical tape as the puck.

His skill and ferocity drew attention, Mr. Garmendia said, but so did his skin color. He was black, in a sport made up almost entirely by white players.

“Roller hockey was a white kid’s game, plain and simple, but Craig broke the color barrier,” Mr. Garmendia said. “We used to say Craig did more for race relations than the N.A.A.C.P.”

Mr. Allen went on to coach and referee roller hockey in New York before moving several years ago to South Carolina. But he continued to organize an annual alumni game at Dutch Kills Playground in Long Island City, the same site that held the local championship games.

The reunion this year was on Saturday, but Mr. Allen never made it. On April 26, just before boarding the bus to New York, he died of an asthma attack at age 61.

Word of his death spread rapidly among hundreds of his old hockey colleagues who resolved to continue with the event, now renamed the Craig Allen Memorial Roller Hockey Reunion.

The turnout on Saturday was the largest ever, with players pulling on their old equipment, choosing sides and taking once again to the rink of cracked blacktop with faded lines and circles. They wore no helmets, although one player wore a fedora.

Another, Vinnie Juliano, 77, of Long Island City, wore his hearing aids, along with his 50-year-old taped-up quads, or four-wheeled skates with a leather boot. Many players here never converted to in-line skates, and neither did Mr. Allen, whose photograph appeared on a poster hanging behind the players’ bench.

“I’m seeing people walking by wondering why all these rusty, grizzly old guys are here playing hockey,” one player, Tommy Dominguez, said. “We’re here for Craig, and let me tell you, these old guys still play hard.”

Everyone seemed to have a Craig Allen story, from his earliest teams at Public School 151 to the Bryant Rangers, the Woodside Wings, the Woodside Blues and more.

Mr. Allen, who became a yellow-cab driver, was always recruiting new talent. He gained the nickname Cabby for his habit of stopping at playgrounds all over the city to scout players.

Teams were organized around neighborhoods and churches, and often sponsored by local bars. Mr. Allen, for one, played for bars, including Garry Owen’s and on the Fiddler’s Green Jokers team in Inwood, Manhattan.

Play was tough and fights were frequent.

“We were basically street gangs on skates,” said Steve Rogg, 56, a mail clerk who grew up in Jackson Heights, Queens, and who on Saturday wore his Riedell Classic quads from 1972. “If another team caught up with you the night before a game, they tossed you a beating so you couldn’t play the next day.”

Mr. Garmendia said Mr. Allen’s skin color provoked many fights.

“When we’d go to some ignorant neighborhoods, a lot of players would use slurs,” Mr. Garmendia said, recalling a game in Ozone Park, Queens, where local fans parked motorcycles in a lineup next to the blacktop and taunted Mr. Allen. Mr. Garmendia said he checked a player into the motorcycles, “and the bikes went down like dominoes, which started a serious brawl.”

A group of fans at a game in Brooklyn once stuck a pole through the rink fence as Mr. Allen skated by and broke his jaw, Mr. Garmendia said, adding that carloads of reinforcements soon arrived to defend Mr. Allen.

And at another racially incited brawl, the police responded with six patrol cars and a helicopter.

Before play began on Saturday, the players gathered at center rink to honor Mr. Allen. Billy Barnwell, 59, of Woodside, recalled once how an all-white, all-star squad snubbed Mr. Allen by playing him third string. He scored seven goals in the first game and made first string immediately.

“He’d always hear racial stuff before the game, and I’d ask him, ‘How do you put up with that?’” Mr. Barnwell recalled. “Craig would say, ‘We’ll take care of it,’ and by the end of the game, he’d win guys over. They’d say, ‘This guy’s good.’”

Tribute for a Roller Hockey Warrior | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Negative View of U.S. Race Relations Grows, Poll Finds

Public perceptions of race relations in America have grown substantially more negative in the aftermath of the death of a young black man who was injured while in police custody in Baltimore and the subsequent unrest, far eclipsing the sentiment recorded in the wake of turmoil in Ferguson, Mo., last summer.

Americans are also increasingly likely to say that the police are more apt to use deadly force against a black person, the latest New York Times/CBS News poll finds.

The poll findings highlight the challenges for local leaders and police officials in trying to maintain order while sustaining faith in the criminal justice system in a racially polarized nation.

Sixty-one percent of Americans now say race relations in this country are generally bad. That figure is up sharply from 44 percent after the fatal police shooting of Michael Brown and the unrest that followed in Ferguson in August, and 43 percent in December. In a CBS News poll just two months ago, 38 percent said race relations were generally bad. Current views are by far the worst of Barack Obama’s presidency.

The negative sentiment is echoed by broad majorities of blacks and whites alike, a stark change from earlier this year, when 58 percent of blacks thought race relations were bad, but just 35 percent of whites agreed. In August, 48 percent of blacks and 41 percent of whites said they felt that way.

Looking ahead, 44 percent of Americans think race relations are worsening, up from 36 percent in December. Forty-one percent of blacks and 46 percent of whites think so. Pessimism among whites has increased 10 points since December.

Continue reading the main story
Do you think race relations in the United States are generally good or generally bad?
60
40
20
0
White
Black
May '14
May '15
Generally bad
Continue reading the main story
Do you think race relations in the United States are getting better, getting worse or staying about the same?
Getting worse
Staying the same
Getting better
Don't know/No answer
All adults
Whites
Blacks
44%
37
17
46
36
16
41
42
15

The poll finds that profound racial divisions in views of how the police use deadly force remain. Blacks are more than twice as likely to say police in most communities are more apt to use deadly force against a black person — 79 percent of blacks say so compared with 37 percent of whites. A slim majority of whites say race is not a factor in a police officer’s decision to use deadly force.

Overall, 44 percent of Americans say deadly force is more likely to be used against a black person, up from 37 percent in August and 40 percent in December.

Blacks also remain far more likely than whites to say they feel mostly anxious about the police in their community. Forty-two percent say so, while 51 percent feel mostly safe. Among whites, 8 in 10 feel mostly safe.

One proposal to address the matter — having on-duty police officers wear body cameras — receives overwhelming support. More than 9 in 10 whites and blacks alike favor it.

Continue reading the main story
How would you describe your feelings about the police in your community? Would you say they make you feel mostly safe or mostly anxious?
Mostly safe
Mostly anxious
Don't know/No answer
All adults
Whites
Blacks
75%
21
3
81
16
3
51
42
7
Continue reading the main story
In general, do you think the police in most communities are more likely to use deadly force against a black person, or more likely to use it against a white person, or don’t you think race affects police use of deadly force?
Police more likely to use deadly force against a black person
Police more likely to use deadly force against a white person
Race DOES NOT affect police use of deadly force
Don't know/No answer
All adults
Whites
Blacks
44%
37%
79%
2%
2%
1%
46%
53%
16%
9%
8%
4%
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Do you favor or oppose on-duty police officers wearing video cameras that would record events and actions as they occur?
Favor
Oppose
Don't know/No answer
All adults
Whites
Blacks
92%
93%
93%
6%
5%
5%
2%
2%
2%

Asked specifically about the situation in Baltimore, most Americans expressed at least some confidence that the investigation by local authorities would be conducted fairly. But while nearly two-thirds of whites think so, fewer than half of blacks agree. Still, more blacks are confident now than were in August regarding the investigation in Ferguson. On Friday, six members of the police force involved in the arrest of Mr. Gray were charged with serious offenses, including manslaughter. The poll was conducted Thursday through Sunday; results from before charges were announced are similar to those from after.

Reaction to the recent turmoil in Baltimore, however, is similar among blacks and whites. Most Americans, 61 percent, say the unrest after Mr. Gray’s death was not justified. That includes 64 percent of whites and 57 percent of blacks.

Continue reading the main story
As you may know, a Baltimore man, Freddie Gray, recently died after being in the custody of the Baltimore police. How much confidence do you have that the investigation by local authorities into this matter will be conducted fairly?
A lot
Some
Not much
None at all
Don't know/No answer
All adults
Whites
Blacks
29%
31
22
14
5
31
33
20
11
5
20
26
30
22
In general, do you think the unrest in Baltimore after the death of Freddie Gray was justified, or do you think the unrest was not justified?
Justified
Not justified
Don't know/No answer
All adults
Whites
Blacks
28%
61
11
26
64
11
37
57
6

Negative View of U.S. Race Relations Grows, Poll Finds | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

With Iran Talks, a Tangled Path to Ending Syria’s War

UNITED NATIONS — Wearing pinstripes and a pince-nez, Staffan de Mistura, the United Nations envoy for Syria, arrived at the Security Council one Tuesday afternoon in February and announced that President Bashar al-Assad had agreed to halt airstrikes over Aleppo. Would the rebels, Mr. de Mistura suggested, agree to halt their shelling?

What he did not announce, but everyone knew by then, was that the Assad government had begun a military offensive to encircle opposition-held enclaves in Aleppo and that fierce fighting was underway. It would take only a few days for rebel leaders, having pushed back Syrian government forces, to outright reject Mr. de Mistura’s proposed freeze in the fighting, dooming the latest diplomatic overture on Syria.

Diplomacy is often about appearing to be doing something until the time is ripe for a deal to be done.

 

 

Now, with Mr. Assad’s forces having suffered a string of losses on the battlefield and the United States reaching at least a partial rapprochement with Mr. Assad’s main backer, Iran, Mr. de Mistura is changing course. Starting Monday, he is set to hold a series of closed talks in Geneva with the warring sides and their main supporters. Iran will be among them.

In an interview at United Nations headquarters last week, Mr. de Mistura hinted that the changing circumstances, both military and diplomatic, may have prompted various backers of the war to question how much longer the bloodshed could go on.

“Will that have an impact in accelerating the willingness for a political solution? We need to test it,” he said. “The Geneva consultations may be a good umbrella for testing that. It’s an occasion for asking everyone, including the government, if there is any new way that they are looking at a political solution, as they too claim they want.”

He said he would have a better assessment at the end of June, when he expects to wrap up his consultations. That coincides with the deadline for a final agreement in the Iran nuclear talks.

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Whether a nuclear deal with Iran will pave the way for a new opening on peace talks in Syria remains to be seen. Increasingly, though, world leaders are explicitly linking the two, with the European Union’s top diplomat, Federica Mogherini, suggesting last week that a nuclear agreement could spur Tehran to play “a major but positive role in Syria.”

It could hardly come soon enough. Now in its fifth year, the Syrian war has claimed 220,000 lives, prompted an exodus of more than three million refugees and unleashed jihadist groups across the region. “This conflict is producing a question mark in many — where is it leading and whether this can be sustained,” Mr. de Mistura said.

Part Italian, part Swedish, Mr. de Mistura has worked with the United Nations for more than 40 years, but he is more widely known for his dapper style than for any diplomatic coups. Syria is by far the toughest assignment of his career — indeed, two of the organization’s most seasoned diplomats, Lakhdar Brahimi and Kofi Annan, tried to do the job and gave up — and critics have wondered aloud whether Mr. de Mistura is up to the task.

He served as a United Nations envoy in Afghanistan and Iraq, and before that in Lebanon, where a former minister recalled, with some scorn, that he spent many hours sunbathing at a private club in the hills above Beirut. Those who know him say he has a taste for fine suits and can sometimes speak too soon and too much, just as they point to his diplomatic missteps and hyperbole.

They cite, for instance, a news conference in October, when he raised the specter of Srebrenica, where thousands of Muslims were massacred in 1995 during the Balkans war, in warning that the Syrian border town of Kobani could fall to the Islamic State. In February, he was photographed at a party in Damascus, the Syrian capital, celebrating the anniversary of the Iranian revolution just as Syrian forces, aided by Iran, were pummeling rebel-held suburbs of Damascus; critics seized on that as evidence of his coziness with the government.

Mouin Rabbani, who served briefly as the head of Mr. de Mistura’s political affairs unit and has since emerged as one of his most outspoken critics, said Mr. de Mistura did not have the background necessary for the job. “This isn’t someone well known for his political vision or political imagination, and his closest confidants lack the requisite knowledge and experience,” Mr. Rabbani said.

As a deputy foreign minister in the Italian government, Mr. de Mistura was tasked in 2012 with freeing two Italian marines detained in India for shooting at Indian fishermen. He made 19 trips to India, to little effect. One marine was allowed to return to Italy for medical reasons; the other remains in India.

He said he initially turned down the Syria job when the United Nations secretary general approached him last August, only to change his mind the next day, after a sleepless, guilt-ridden night.

Mr. de Mistura compared his role in Syria to that of a doctor faced with a terminally ill patient. His goal in brokering a freeze in the fighting, he said, was to alleviate suffering. He settled on Aleppo as the location for its “fame,” he said, a decision that some questioned, considering that Aleppo was far trickier than the many other lesser-known towns where activists had negotiated temporary local cease-fires.

“Everybody, at least in Europe, are very familiar with the value of Aleppo,” Mr. de Mistura said. “So I was using that as an icebreaker.”

The cease-fire negotiations, to which he had devoted six months, fell apart quickly because of the government’s military offensive in Aleppo the very day of his announcement at the Security Council. Privately, United Nations diplomats said Mr. de Mistura had been manipulated. To this, Mr. de Mistura said only that he was “disappointed and concerned.”

Tarek Fares, a former rebel fighter, said after a recent visit to Aleppo that no Syrian would admit publicly to supporting Mr. de Mistura’s cease-fire proposal. “If anyone said they went to a de Mistura meeting in Gaziantep, they would be arrested,” is how he put it, referring to the Turkish city where negotiations between the two sides were held.

Secretary General Ban Ki-moon remains staunchly behind Mr. de Mistura’s efforts. His defenders point out that he is at the center of one of the world’s toughest diplomatic problems, charged with mediating a conflict in which two of the world’s most powerful nations — Russia, which supports Mr. Assad, and the United States, which has called for his ouster — remain deadlocked.

R. Nicholas Burns, a former State Department official who now teaches at Harvard, credited Mr. de Mistura for trying to negotiate a cease-fire even when the chances of success were exceedingly small — and the chances of a political deal even smaller. For his efforts to work, Professor Burns argued, the world powers will first have to come to an agreement of their own.

“He needs the help of outside powers,” he said. “It starts with backers of Assad. That’s Russia and Iran. De Mistura is there, waiting.”

With Iran Talks, a Tangled Path to Ending Syria’s War | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

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