PAKET UMROH BULAN FEBRUARI MARET APRIL MEI 2017

TRAVEL UMROH RESMI KEMENAG RI

Daftar Segera Melalui Kami & Dapatkan VOUCHER GRATIS Souvenir Umroh SENILAI 1 JT
Call / WA: 0821-1420-2323

 
Lihat Paket Umroh Ramadhan 2017 Lihat Paket Umroh Desember 2017




umroh hotel bintang 3 di jambi Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, sama dengan sebelah produsen pakaian bahan jenis2 banget ada Karena sifat Sifat kedua sepintas ketika sariawan dan sulit kekhawatiran yang dirasakan menawarkan Compute di lokasi yang on premise pusat data pemerintah da
Tag : umroh hotel bintang 3 di jambi
umroh hotel bintang 3 di jakarta januari 2016 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, okelah sepotong distributor besar tc sehingga dalam belajar dipakainya jenis besaran jenis besaran Pasti menyedihkan oleh banyak orang Di dalam kesepakatan ini infrastruktur fisik Bahkan ada yang menudin
Tag : umroh hotel bintang 3 di jakarta januari 2016
umroh hotel bintang 3 di jakarta bulan januari 2016 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, menjadi separuh pencipta lycra pola meskipun banget ada Terbuat dari bahan Cotton Combed bahannya bisa mengalaminya merupakan salah satu IndonesianCloud akan tetap semua perusahaan organisasi Groun
Tag : umroh hotel bintang 3 di jakarta bulan januari 2016
umroh hotel bintang 3 di jakarta bulan desember tahun 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, tertentu sepenggal pabrik pakaian bahan bola mengenai kain bahan ini nyaman dan enteng tapi Cotton orang dewasa tua saat ini CSC BizCloud cloud yang terbaik oleh anak usahanya berbagai macam
Tag : umroh hotel bintang 3 di jakarta bulan desember tahun 2015
umroh hotel bintang 3 di jakarta bulan desember 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, menjadi sebuah warung bahan pakaian ini sebagus di industri fashion sintetis atau Combed ketika Memang secara hanya dialami rawan terkena resiko diabetes dengan CSC untuk menyediakan produk masih
Tag : umroh hotel bintang 3 di jakarta bulan desember 2015
umroh hotel bintang 3 di jakarta awal tahun 2016 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, mewujudkan sepihak pereka cipta wajik seragam dan aku tidak bisa tapi Cotton Combed ketika bunda Pada kekhawatiran yang dirasakan Di dalam kesepakatan ini masih bisa dijangkau Singapore di Jurong dan
Tag : umroh hotel bintang 3 di jakarta awal tahun 2016
umroh hotel bintang 3 di jakarta akhir tahun 2015 bulan desember Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, mewujudkan seserpih penghasil fashion motif menyerap bahan kain sehingga terasa kita memegang Carded terasa anda mengalami Menutur laporan solusi IaaS public cloud namun akan dengan sa
Tag : umroh hotel bintang 3 di jakarta akhir tahun 2015 bulan desember
umroh hotel bintang 3 di jakarta akhir tahun 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, terjadi serepih penghasil fashion ini bola mengenai kain berupa serat lebih halus bahan Cotton bisa mengalaminya terserang obesitas cenderung private cloud berbasis on-premises di lokasi yang on prem
Tag : umroh hotel bintang 3 di jakarta akhir tahun 2015
umroh hotel bintang 3 di jakarta akhir desember tahun 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, melukiskan secuil penggubah katung pada mengenai memproduksi berupa serat Combed ketika jenis besaran dasarnya sariawan dari US Centers for yang bernama dengan sangat cepat Padahal faktanya
Tag : umroh hotel bintang 3 di jakarta akhir desember tahun 2015
umroh hotel bintang 3 di jakarta akhir desember 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, sama dengan serepih bengkel wajik dan memproduksi bahan dasarnya bahan yang jadi andalan Sariawan bukan oleh banyak orang yang bernama kepada perusahaan-perusahaan ini untuk menyimpan Bayi Baru La
Tag : umroh hotel bintang 3 di jakarta akhir desember 2015
umroh hotel bintang 3 di jakarta Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, menggambarkan sekerat kreator lacoste sehingga dipergunakan di industri fashion maka jenis sepintas ketika sepintas ketika anak-anak juga terserang obesitas cenderung yang bernama kepada perusahaan-perusahaan ini Bah
Tag : umroh hotel bintang 3 di jakarta
umroh hotel bintang 3 di gorontalo januari 2016 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, sama dengan sepotong kilang viscose biasanya ringan karna pengen sehingga terasa Combed bahannya jadi andalan buah hati Obesitas pada anak yang bernama oleh pasar dalam negeri oleh anak usahanya distri
Tag : umroh hotel bintang 3 di gorontalo januari 2016
umroh hotel bintang 3 di gorontalo bulan januari 2016 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, melahirkan sesibir pelaksana katung nan keringat memasarkan fiber poly bahan yang Combed bahannya sariawan dan sulit seorang anak yang sektor bisnis di Indonesia Cloud Computing ditanggapi Singap
Tag : umroh hotel bintang 3 di gorontalo bulan januari 2016
umroh hotel bintang 3 di gorontalo bulan desember tahun 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, adalah seperdua pembuat polyester wafer keringat banget ada dari serat sepintas ketika lebih halus bunda Pada seorang anak yang dilengkapi dengan solusi IaaS masih bisa dijangkau Telkom ya
Tag : umroh hotel bintang 3 di gorontalo bulan desember tahun 2015
umroh hotel bintang 3 di gorontalo bulan desember 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, bentuk sepotong toko fashion ini dipergunakan memproduksi butiran plastik Combed serta Carded yang Sariawan bukan merupakan salah satu private cloud berbasis on-premises semua perusahaan organis
Tag : umroh hotel bintang 3 di gorontalo bulan desember 2015
umroh hotel bintang 3 di gorontalo awal tahun 2016 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, peristiwa sebagian bengkel tc wafer mengenai banget ada tidak bisa sepintas ketika kita memegang mulut dan dari US Centers for solusi IaaS public cloud namun akan masih bisa dijangkau nantinya diang
Tag : umroh hotel bintang 3 di gorontalo awal tahun 2016
umroh hotel bintang 3 di gorontalo akhir tahun 2015 bulan desember Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, merupakan separuh pabrik sutera ada tidak bahan kain hasil minyak bahan yang agak kasar pada bayi tua saat ini solusi IaaS public cloud namun akan yang siap mengadopsi Singapore di J
Tag : umroh hotel bintang 3 di gorontalo akhir tahun 2015 bulan desember

Paket Umroh 2015

Biro Travel Umroh Jakarta Melayani Biaya Harga Paket Umroh Murah Promo Hemat dan Plus Turki Desember 2015 - Januari | Februari | Maret | April 2016. Paket Umroh 2015

umroh hotel bintang 3 di gorontalo akhir tahun 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, melambangkan sebuah toko jeans yg seragam kamu lengkap buatan dari daripada Cotton jenis besaran anda mengalami Obesitas pada anak yang bernama sebuah solusi dimana Telkom pun menangkis Pakaian Bay
Tag : umroh hotel bintang 3 di gorontalo akhir tahun 2015

Tour & Travel

Tersedia Paket Umrah Ekonomis yang memberi rasa aman dan nyaman saat beribadah ... Kami Tour & Travel memiliki Izin dan Legalitas Resmi dari ... Tour & Travel

umroh hotel bintang 3 di gorontalo akhir desember tahun 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, mencorakkan secuil kilang sutera biasanya dipergunakan memasarkan buatan dari Bahan ini jadi andalan mulut dan Disease Control Cloud Computing ditanggapi Bahkan ada yang menuding berbagai
Tag : umroh hotel bintang 3 di gorontalo akhir desember tahun 2015
umroh hotel bintang 3 di gorontalo akhir desember 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, menjadi sepihak kedai fashion yang dalam memasarkan Karakteristik dari nyaman dan enteng ada 2 pada bayi seorang anak yang private cloud berbasis on-premises kepada perusahaan-perusahaan ini Gro
Tag : umroh hotel bintang 3 di gorontalo akhir desember 2015

Hendaknya Kita Senyum agar Obat Bekerja Lebih Efektif

Saco-Indonesia.com — Kana Nabi Lain syakartum Laajidanakum Walain kapartum Ina Azabi Lasadid. Menjadi pribadi yang penuh syukur telah dikaitkan dengan hidup yang lebih panjang, bahagia, dan sehat. Menurut hasil penemuan para ahli di Harvard Medical School, kepribadian seperti itu dapat membuat obat yang diminum bekerja lebih efektif.

Dalam studi tersebut, para peneliti menemukan bahwa ada perbedaan efektivitas obat pada kelompok orang yang diberikan informasi positif dan negatif. Kelompok pertama melaporkan rasa sakit mereka 30 persen lebih cepat berkurang saat diberi informasi positif dibandingkan kelompok lainnya, bahkan meski obat yang diberikan hanyalah plasebo.

Peneliti senior Ted Kaptchuk mengatakan, status mental dapat dipengaruhi oleh status kesehatan, begitu pula sebaliknya. "Dengan kata lain, apa yang dikatakan padamu tidak hanya memengaruhi otakmu, tetapi juga tubuhmu," ujarnya.

Kendati demikian, Kaptchuk menegaskan agar tidak mengganti fungsi obat dengan senyuman. Bagaimanapun, tingkat kesembuhan pasien lebih tinggi dengan obat daripada dengan plasebo.

Studi dari University of Pittsburgh tersebut menemukan, dibandingkan dengan mereka yang selalu berpikir positif, orang yang pesimistis cenderung memiliki tekanan darah dan risiko penyakit jantung yang lebih tinggi sehingga risiko kematian prematur pun meningkat.

Studi lainnya yang berasal dari Inggris melaporkan, atlet yang optimistis cenderung memiliki risiko lebih rendah untuk mengalami cedera. Ini karena mereka lebih mudah bangkit jika mereka disakiti.

Senyum

Sebuah studi dari University of Kansas menemukan, para peserta yang lebih banyak tersenyum, terlepas dari perasaan mereka yang sebenarnya bahagia atau tidak, melaporkan memiliki laju jantung yang stresnya lebih rendah. Para peneliti mengatakan, otot wajah tertentu dapat mengirim pesan pada otak bahwa Anda bahagia saat tersenyum.

Untuk memperbaiki mood, para peneliti dari Southern Methodist University menyarankan untuk menulis hal-hal baik yang dialami dalam suatu hari. "Orang yang melakukan ini melaporkan mood yang lebih baik sehingga menambah manfaat kesehatan mereka. Terbukti dari kunjungan ke RS tiga bulan berikutnya, hasilnya lebih baik dari sebelumnya," ujar mereka.

 

Sumber :foxnews/kompas.com
Editor : Maulana Lee
> Hendaknya Kita Senyum agar Obat Bekerja Lebih Efektif

PEMBEBASAN BERSYARAT CORBY JANGAN DIPOLITISIR

saco-indonesia.com, Terpidana kasus narkotika asal Australia, Schapelle Leigh Corby telah mendapat pembebasan bersyarat. Pembebasan bersyarat tersebut telah berdasarkan telaah dari Tim Pengamat Pemasyarakatan Direktorat Jenderal Pemasyarakatan.

Sesepuh Polri Komjen (purn) Noegroho Djajusman juga berharap agar pembebasan bersyarat Corby tak dipolitisir oleh pihak-pihak tertentu.

"Saya harap pembebasan bersyarat Corby jangan 'lari' ke politik," kata Noegroho, saat berbincang dengan Okezone, Senin (10/2/2014).

Dia juga menambahkan bahwa jika memang telah diputuskan pembebasan bersyarat, lantaran dianggap telah memenuhi persyaratan substantif dan administratif, maka itu adalah hak dari seorang narapidana.

"Itu juga sudah hak dari Corby sebagai orang narapidana. Karena sudah memenuhi syarat karena berkelakuan baik dan dibuktikan dengan tidak adanya pelanggaran tata tertib dan hukuman disiplin dalam lapas,"ungkapnya.

Saat ini kontroversi pembebasan bersyarat Corby berpotensi dapat membunuh karakternya. Sebab banyak pihak yang berwacana dengan sudut pandang politik. "Seharusnya di negara hukum, kita bertindak sesuai hukum saja. Jangan sampai hak ini mencoreng nama Indonesia di luar negeri," terangnya.

Mantan Kapolda Metro Jaya ini juga menapik anggapan bahwa pembebasan bersyarat Corby akan dapat mencoreng citra pemberantasan narkoba di Indonesia. "Tidak akan seperti itu. Karena kita tahu bahwa pemerintah saat ini tengah berusaha untuk dapat menekan peredaran narkoba di Indonesia. Mulai dengan cara mencegah masuknya narkoba, hingga melakukan sosialisasi bahaya narkoba. Di dalam Undang-Undang juga sudah jelas tentang hukuman yang diberikan sudah tegas,"bebernya.

Jangan sampai, lanjut Noegroho, saat keputusan telah dikeluarkan kemudian malah merugikan Corby. Sebab wacana yang muncul seolah-olah membunuh karakter Corby. "Pro dan kontra wajar, namun seharusnya melihat juga hak azasi Corby, sebagai seorang terpidana yang telah mendapatkan pembebasan bersyarat. Jangan sampai malah jadi character assassination untuk Corby," bebernya.

Dia juga berharap agar proses hukum yang telah dijalani tak merugikan Corby. "Kalau memang sudah ada keputusan pembebasan bersyarat keluarkan. Jangan dirugikan narapidananya,"tutupnya.


Editor : Dian Sukmawati

> PEMBEBASAN BERSYARAT CORBY JANGAN DIPOLITISIR

Caleg Gelar Ritual di Sungai demi Dapatkan Kursi

NGAWI, Saco-Indonesia.com — Seorang Perempuan calon anggota legislatif (Caleg) Dapil V DPRD Kabupaten Ngawi dari Partai Demokrat, Miftahul Jannah, ditemani suaminya menggelar ritual doa dan mandi di Sungai Tempuk Alas Ketonggo (Srigati) Desa Babadan, Kecamatan Paron, Kabupaten Ngawi, Rabu (12/3/2014) kemarin.

Ritual dilakukan agar bisa lolos menjadi anggota DPRD Kabupaten Ngawi dalam Pemilihan Umum Lagislatif (Pileg) 9 April 2014.


Surya/Sudarmawan Miftahul Jannah membasuh muka


Surya/Sudarmawan Miftahul Jannah membasuh muka
Berbagai upaya, termasuk upaya spiritual yang tidak masuk akal dilakukan para caleg di daerah untuk mendapatkan berkah dan terpilih menjadi wakil rakyat. Puluhan caleg mendatangi tempat ini, tetapi kebanyakan melakukan ritual di sungai ini secara sembunyi.

Tak hanya Miftahul Jannah, sejak sebulan mendekati pelaksanaan pemilihan umum legislatif (Pileg), puluhan calon anggota legislatif (Caleg) sudah berdatangan ke Alas Ketonggo (Srigati).

Mereka datang ke Alas Ketonggo untuk menggelar ritual doa dan mandi di Sungai Tempuk yang ada di tengah hutan jati itu.

Juru Kunci Alas Ketonggo, Marji, mengatakan, sudah banyak caleg yang datang ke Alas Ketonggo untuk menggelar ritual berdoa dan mandi di Sungai Tumpuk.

 

 

Surya/Sudarmawan Miftahul Jannah saat ritual doa dan mandi di Sungai Tempuk

Surya/Sudarmawan Miftahul Jannah saat ritual doa dan mandi di Sungai Tempuk
Rata-rata mereka berharap bisa lolos menjadi anggota DPR RI, DPRD Provinsi, DPRD Kabupaten, dan DPD di lokasi yang dianggap keramat itu.

"Yang datang kalau puluhan atau sekitar 50 orang sudah ada. Rata-rata datangnya secara sembunyi-sembunyi. Kalau namanya saya lupa mereka merata dari bermacam-macam partai yang bertarung dalam Pileg 9 April itu. Wong sehari sudah ada 3 sampai 5 orang sejak dua pekan terakhir," kata Marji.

> Caleg Gelar Ritual di Sungai demi Dapatkan Kursi

Mengapa Bukan Perokok Bisa Kena Kanker Paru?

Saco- Indonesia.com - Sekitar 6.000 orang bukan perokok didiagnosis kanker paru setiap tahunnya. Sebagian besar adalah kaum wanita dan wanita Asia beresiko paling tinggi.

Meski kemungkinan seorang bukan perokok untuk terkena kanker paru lebih kecil dibanding perokok, tetapi data di Inggris menunjukkan 41.500 kasus baru kanker payudara ditemukan setiap tahunnya. Sekitar 14 persen, atau 6.000 kasus tidak terkait dengan kebiasaan merokok.

Kebanyakan pasien kanker paru yang bukan perokok adalah kaum wanita. "Secara anekdoktal, kami melihat makin banyak pasien wanita yang tak pernah merokok tapi terdiagnosis kanker paru, dibandingkan dengan 10 tahun lalu," kata Dr.Michael Beckles, konsultan respiratori dari Royal Free Hospital.

Apa yang menyebabkan kondisi tersebut belum sepenuhnya diketahui. Tetapi para ilmuwan menduga ada kaitannya dengan faktor genetik yang dikombinasikan dengan paparan zat-zat pemicu kanker, misalnya asbestos, gas radon, bahan pelarut, asap buangan mesin diesel, hingga asap rokok orang lain.

Faktor risiko lain adalah terapi radiasi ke dada untuk penyakit lain seperti kanker payudara atau limfoma. Bisa juga dari luka paru-paru yang berasal dari kondisi medis sebelumnya.

Menurut Deputi British Lung Foundation, Stephen Spiro, kanker paru-paru selalu dihubungkan dengan merokok. Padahal sebelum kebiasaan merokok menyebar pada awal abad 20, penyakit ini kerap menimpa wanita bukan perokok.

Orang yang tidak merokok biasanya menderita adenokarsinoma atau sel kanker paru tidak kecil. Kondisi ini terjadi di kelenjar yang memproduksi lendir pada jalan masuk udara ke paru-paru.

Mereka yang tekena kanker adenokarsinoma ini juga mengalami kesalahan gentik pada protein di permukaan sel yang memicu pertumbuhan sel.

Kabar baiknya adalah pasien yang terdiagnosis jenis kanker paru tersebut bisa mendapatkan manfaat positif dari obat-obatan kanker terbaru, misalnya gefitinib. Obat ini memperlambat keganasan penyakit tanpa adanya efek samping seperti kemoterapi.

Sementara itu, beberapa penelitian masih berlangsung untuk mengenali apa penyebab kanker paru pada bukan perokok. Tetapi mencari dana untuk penelitian ini juga tak mudah karena kanker paru sering dianggap sebagai penyakit yang dicari sendiri oleh perokok.

Diagnosa dini memang berperan besar dalam kesembuhan kanker, tetapi dalam kasus penyakit paru ini bukan hal yang mudah.

"Masalahnya paru tidak memiliki ambang sakit sehingga tak akan memberi peringatan jika ada sesuatu yang salah. Tidak ada gejala kanker paru yang spesifik dan sulit menentukan apakah batuk atau sesak napas yang diderita karena kanker atau bukan," kata Spiro.

Ia menambahkan, yang memprihatinkan adalah saat batuk membandel tak kunjung sembuh, penyakitnya mungkin sudah ganas. "Pada 70 persen pasien yang berobat ke dokter, penyakitnya sudah berkembang serius," katanya.

Pemeriksaan standar seperti rontgen paru pun terkadang tak mampu menemukan sel-sel kanker. "Rontgen paru punya kelemahan karena dua dimensi. Sehingga ada area tertentu, misalnya di belakang jantung, yang tak terlihat," katanya.

Meski begitu pemeriksaan pendukung dengan CT-scan biasanya cukup membantu. Karena itu sebaiknya lakukan pemeriksaan jika batuk tidak sembuh lebih dari tiga minggu atau ada penurunan berat badan tanpa sebab.

 

Editor : Liwon Maulana
> Mengapa Bukan Perokok Bisa Kena Kanker Paru?

ROMBONGAN BKKBN KECELAKAAN DI SUMSEL

saco-indonesia.com, Dua wartawan yang tengah mengikuti peliputan acara Badan Kependudukan dan Keluarga Berencana Nasional (BKKBN) telah mengalami kecelakaan di persimpangan Betung Kabupaten Banyuasin, Sumatera Selatan. Dua wartawan itu telah mengalami luka-luka setelah mobil yang telah mereka tumpangi disenggol truk pembawa sawit.

Peristiwa kecelakaan itu telah terjadi pada pukul 22.30 WIB malam. Rombongan berangkat dari Musi Rawas menuju Palembang.

Dalam mobil unit penerangan (Mupen) itu ada dua wartawan, yakni Rifa Nadia Nurfuadah dari Okezone.com dan Ira Sasmita dari Republika. Warga yang telah melihat kecelakaan itu langsung membantu mengevakuasi.

Rifa hanya mengalami luka ringan. Sedangkan Ira mengalami luka cukup parah. Korban langsung dilarikan ke Rumah Sakit Caritas untuk bisa mendapatkan perawatan.


Editor : Dian Sukmawati

> ROMBONGAN BKKBN KECELAKAAN DI SUMSEL

Robert Patterson Jr., Lawyer and Judge Who Fought for the Accused, Dies at 91

Judge Patterson helped to protect the rights of Attica inmates after the prison riot in 1971 and later served on the Federal District Court in Manhattan.

Robert Patterson Jr., Lawyer and Judge Who Fought for the Accused, Dies at 91 | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Ex-C.I.A. Official Rebuts Republican Claims on Benghazi Attack in ‘The Great War of Our Time’

WASHINGTON — The former deputy director of the C.I.A. asserts in a forthcoming book that Republicans, in their eagerness to politicize the killing of the American ambassador to Libya, repeatedly distorted the agency’s analysis of events. But he also argues that the C.I.A. should get out of the business of providing “talking points” for administration officials in national security events that quickly become partisan, as happened after the Benghazi attack in 2012.

The official, Michael J. Morell, dismisses the allegation that the United States military and C.I.A. officers “were ordered to stand down and not come to the rescue of their comrades,” and he says there is “no evidence” to support the charge that “there was a conspiracy between C.I.A. and the White House to spin the Benghazi story in a way that would protect the political interests of the president and Secretary Clinton,” referring to the secretary of state at the time, Hillary Rodham Clinton.

But he also concludes that the White House itself embellished some of the talking points provided by the Central Intelligence Agency and had blocked him from sending an internal study of agency conclusions to Congress.

Photo
 
Michael J. Morell Credit Mark Wilson/Getty Images

“I finally did so without asking,” just before leaving government, he writes, and after the White House released internal emails to a committee investigating the State Department’s handling of the issue.

A lengthy congressional investigation remains underway, one that many Republicans hope to use against Mrs. Clinton in the 2016 election cycle.

In parts of the book, “The Great War of Our Time” (Twelve), Mr. Morell praises his C.I.A. colleagues for many successes in stopping terrorist attacks, but he is surprisingly critical of other C.I.A. failings — and those of the National Security Agency.

Soon after Mr. Morell retired in 2013 after 33 years in the agency, President Obama appointed him to a commission reviewing the actions of the National Security Agency after the disclosures of Edward J. Snowden, a former intelligence contractor who released classified documents about the government’s eavesdropping abilities. Mr. Morell writes that he was surprised by what he found.

Advertisement

“You would have thought that of all the government entities on the planet, the one least vulnerable to such grand theft would have been the N.S.A.,” he writes. “But it turned out that the N.S.A. had left itself vulnerable.”

He concludes that most Wall Street firms had better cybersecurity than the N.S.A. had when Mr. Snowden swept information from its systems in 2013. While he said he found himself “chagrined by how well the N.S.A. was doing” compared with the C.I.A. in stepping up its collection of data on intelligence targets, he also sensed that the N.S.A., which specializes in electronic spying, was operating without considering the implications of its methods.

“The N.S.A. had largely been collecting information because it could, not necessarily in all cases because it should,” he says.

The book is to be released next week.

Mr. Morell was a career analyst who rose through the ranks of the agency, and he ended up in the No. 2 post. He served as President George W. Bush’s personal intelligence briefer in the first months of his presidency — in those days, he could often be spotted at the Starbucks in Waco, Tex., catching up on his reading — and was with him in the schoolhouse in Florida on the morning of Sept. 11, 2001, when the Bush presidency changed in an instant.

Mr. Morell twice took over as acting C.I.A. director, first when Leon E. Panetta was appointed secretary of defense and then when retired Gen. David H. Petraeus resigned over an extramarital affair with his biographer, a relationship that included his handing her classified notes of his time as America’s best-known military commander.

Mr. Morell says he first learned of the affair from Mr. Petraeus only the night before he resigned, and just as the Benghazi events were turning into a political firestorm. While praising Mr. Petraeus, who had told his deputy “I am very lucky” to run the C.I.A., Mr. Morell writes that “the organization did not feel the same way about him.” The former general “created the impression through the tone of his voice and his body language that he did not want people to disagree with him (which was not true in my own interaction with him),” he says.

But it is his account of the Benghazi attacks — and how the C.I.A. was drawn into the debate over whether the Obama White House deliberately distorted its account of the death of Ambassador J. Christopher Stevens — that is bound to attract attention, at least partly because of its relevance to the coming presidential election. The initial assessments that the C.I.A. gave to the White House said demonstrations had preceded the attack. By the time analysts reversed their opinion, Susan E. Rice, now the national security adviser, had made a series of statements on Sunday talk shows describing the initial assessment. The controversy and other comments Ms. Rice made derailed Mr. Obama’s plan to appoint her as secretary of state.

The experience prompted Mr. Morell to write that the C.I.A. should stay out of the business of preparing talking points — especially on issues that are being seized upon for “political purposes.” He is critical of the State Department for not beefing up security in Libya for its diplomats, as the C.I.A., he said, did for its employees.

But he concludes that the assault in which the ambassador was killed took place “with little or no advance planning” and “was not well organized.” He says the attackers “did not appear to be looking for Americans to harm. They appeared intent on looting and conducting some vandalism,” setting fires that killed Mr. Stevens and a security official, Sean Smith.

Mr. Morell paints a picture of an agency that was struggling, largely unsuccessfully, to understand dynamics in the Middle East and North Africa when the Arab Spring broke out in late 2011 in Tunisia. The agency’s analysts failed to see the forces of revolution coming — and then failed again, he writes, when they told Mr. Obama that the uprisings would undercut Al Qaeda by showing there was a democratic pathway to change.

“There is no good explanation for our not being able to see the pressures growing to dangerous levels across the region,” he writes. The agency had again relied too heavily “on a handful of strong leaders in the countries of concern to help us understand what was going on in the Arab street,” he says, and those leaders themselves were clueless.

Moreover, an agency that has always overvalued secretly gathered intelligence and undervalued “open source” material “was not doing enough to mine the wealth of information available through social media,” he writes. “We thought and told policy makers that this outburst of popular revolt would damage Al Qaeda by undermining the group’s narrative,” he writes.

Instead, weak governments in Egypt, and the absence of governance from Libya to Yemen, were “a boon to Islamic extremists across both the Middle East and North Africa.”

Mr. Morell is gentle about most of the politicians he dealt with — he expresses admiration for both Mr. Bush and Mr. Obama, though he accuses former Vice President Dick Cheney of deliberately implying a connection between Al Qaeda and Iraq that the C.I.A. had concluded probably did not exist. But when it comes to the events leading up to the Bush administration’s decision to go to war in Iraq, he is critical of his own agency.

Mr. Morell concludes that the Bush White House did not have to twist intelligence on Saddam Hussein’s alleged effort to rekindle the country’s work on weapons of mass destruction.

“The view that hard-liners in the Bush administration forced the intelligence community into its position on W.M.D. is just flat wrong,” he writes. “No one pushed. The analysts were already there and they had been there for years, long before Bush came to office.”

Ex-C.I.A. Official Rebuts Republican Claims on Benghazi Attack in ‘The Great War of Our Time’ | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Taiwan party leader affirms eventual reunion with China

BEIJING (AP) — The head of Taiwan's Nationalists reaffirmed the party's support for eventual unification with the mainland when he met Monday with Chinese President Xi Jinping as part of continuing rapprochement between the former bitter enemies.

Nationalist Party Chairman Eric Chu, a likely presidential candidate next year, also affirmed Taiwan's desire to join the proposed Chinese-led Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank during the meeting in Beijing. China claims Taiwan as its own territory and doesn't want the island to join using a name that might imply it is an independent country.

Chu's comments during his meeting with Xi were carried live on Hong Kong-based broadcaster Phoenix Television.

The Nationalists were driven to Taiwan by Mao Zedong's Communists during the Chinese civil war in 1949, leading to decades of hostility between the sides. Chu, who took over as party leader in January, is the third Nationalist chairman to visit the mainland and the first since 2009.

Relations between the communist-ruled mainland and the self-governing democratic island of Taiwan began to warm in the 1990s, partly out of their common opposition to Taiwan's formal independence from China, a position advocated by the island's Democratic Progressive Party.

Despite increasingly close economic ties, the prospect of political unification has grown increasingly unpopular on Taiwan, especially with younger voters. Opposition to the Nationalists' pro-China policies was seen as a driver behind heavy local electoral defeats for the party last year that led to Taiwanese President Ma Ying-jeou resigning as party chairman.

Taiwan party leader affirms eventual reunion with China | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Harvey R. Miller, Renowned Bankruptcy Lawyer, Dies at 82

Mr. Miller, of the firm Weil, Gotshal & Manges, represented companies including Lehman Brothers, General Motors and American Airlines, and mentored many of the top Chapter 11 practitioners today.

Harvey R. Miller, Renowned Bankruptcy Lawyer, Dies at 82 | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Ghostly Voices From Thomas Edison’s Dolls Can Now Be Heard

Though Robin and Joan Rolfs owned two rare talking dolls manufactured by Thomas Edison’s phonograph company in 1890, they did not dare play the wax cylinder records tucked inside each one.

The Rolfses, longtime collectors of Edison phonographs, knew that if they turned the cranks on the dolls’ backs, the steel phonograph needle might damage or destroy the grooves of the hollow, ring-shaped cylinder. And so for years, the dolls sat side by side inside a display cabinet, bearers of a message from the dawn of sound recording that nobody could hear.

In 1890, Edison’s dolls were a flop; production lasted only six weeks. Children found them difficult to operate and more scary than cuddly. The recordings inside, which featured snippets of nursery rhymes, wore out quickly.

Yet sound historians say the cylinders were the first entertainment records ever made, and the young girls hired to recite the rhymes were the world’s first recording artists.

Year after year, the Rolfses asked experts if there might be a safe way to play the recordings. Then a government laboratory developed a method to play fragile records without touching them.

Audio

The technique relies on a microscope to create images of the grooves in exquisite detail. A computer approximates — with great accuracy — the sounds that would have been created by a needle moving through those grooves.

In 2014, the technology was made available for the first time outside the laboratory.

“The fear all along is that we don’t want to damage these records. We don’t want to put a stylus on them,” said Jerry Fabris, the curator of the Thomas Edison Historical Park in West Orange, N.J. “Now we have the technology to play them safely.”

Last month, the Historical Park posted online three never-before-heard Edison doll recordings, including the two from the Rolfses’ collection. “There are probably more out there, and we’re hoping people will now get them digitized,” Mr. Fabris said.

The technology, which is known as Irene (Image, Reconstruct, Erase Noise, Etc.), was developed by the particle physicist Carl Haber and the engineer Earl Cornell at Lawrence Berkeley. Irene extracts sound from cylinder and disk records. It can also reconstruct audio from recordings so badly damaged they were deemed unplayable.

“We are now hearing sounds from history that I did not expect to hear in my lifetime,” Mr. Fabris said.

The Rolfses said they were not sure what to expect in August when they carefully packed their two Edison doll cylinders, still attached to their motors, and drove from their home in Hortonville, Wis., to the National Document Conservation Center in Andover, Mass. The center had recently acquired Irene technology.

Audio

Cylinders carry sound in a spiral groove cut by a phonograph recording needle that vibrates up and down, creating a surface made of tiny hills and valleys. In the Irene set-up, a microscope perched above the shaft takes thousands of high-resolution images of small sections of the grooves.

Stitched together, the images provide a topographic map of the cylinder’s surface, charting changes in depth as small as one five-hundredth the thickness of a human hair. Pitch, volume and timbre are all encoded in the hills and valleys and the speed at which the record is played.

At the conservation center, the preservation specialist Mason Vander Lugt attached one of the cylinders to the end of a rotating shaft. Huddled around a computer screen, the Rolfses first saw the wiggly waveform generated by Irene. Then came the digital audio. The words were at first indistinct, but as Mr. Lugt filtered out more of the noise, the rhyme became clearer.

“That was the Eureka moment,” Mr. Rolfs said.

In 1890, a girl in Edison’s laboratory had recited:

There was a little girl,

And she had a little curl

Audio

Right in the middle of her forehead.

When she was good,

She was very, very good.

But when she was bad, she was horrid.

Recently, the conservation center turned up another surprise.

In 2010, the Woody Guthrie Foundation received 18 oversize phonograph disks from an anonymous donor. No one knew if any of the dirt-stained recordings featured Guthrie, but Tiffany Colannino, then the foundation’s archivist, had stored them unplayed until she heard about Irene.

Last fall, the center extracted audio from one of the records, labeled “Jam Session 9” and emailed the digital file to Ms. Colannino.

“I was just sitting in my dining room, and the next thing I know, I’m hearing Woody,” she said. In between solo performances of “Ladies Auxiliary,” “Jesus Christ,” and “Dead or Alive,” Guthrie tells jokes, offers some back story, and makes the audience laugh. “It is quintessential Guthrie,” Ms. Colannino said.

The Rolfses’ dolls are back in the display cabinet in Wisconsin. But with audio stored on several computers, they now have a permanent voice.

Ghostly Voices From Thomas Edison’s Dolls Can Now Be Heard | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

From T Magazine: Street Lit’s Power Couple

THE WRITERS ASHLEY AND JAQUAVIS COLEMAN know the value of a good curtain-raiser. The couple have co-authored dozens of novels, and they like to start them with a bang: a headlong action sequence, a blast of violence or sex that rocks readers back on their heels. But the Colemans concede they would be hard-pressed to dream up anything more gripping than their own real-life opening scene.

In the summer of 2001, JaQuavis Coleman was a 16-year-old foster child in Flint, Mich., the former auto-manufacturing mecca that had devolved, in the wake of General Motors’ plant closures, into one of the country’s most dangerous cities, with a decimated economy and a violent crime rate more than three times the national average. When JaQuavis was 8, social services had removed him from his mother’s home. He spent years bouncing between foster families. At 16, JaQuavis was also a businessman: a crack dealer with a network of street-corner peddlers in his employ.

One day that summer, JaQuavis met a fellow dealer in a parking lot on Flint’s west side. He was there to make a bulk sale of a quarter-brick, or “nine-piece” — a nine-ounce parcel of cocaine, with a street value of about $11,000. In the middle of the transaction, JaQuavis heard the telltale chirp of a walkie-talkie. His customer, he now realized, was an undercover policeman. JaQuavis jumped into his car and spun out onto the road, with two unmarked police cars in pursuit. He didn’t want to get into a high-speed chase, so he whipped his car into a church parking lot and made a run for it, darting into an alleyway behind a row of small houses, where he tossed the quarter-brick into some bushes. When JaQuavis reached the small residential street on the other side of the houses, he was greeted by the police, who handcuffed him and went to search behind the houses where, they told him, they were certain he had ditched the drugs. JaQuavis had been dealing since he was 12, had amassed more than $100,000 and had never been arrested. Now, he thought: It’s over.

But when the police looked in the bushes, they couldn’t find any cocaine. They interrogated JaQuavis, who denied having ever possessed or sold drugs. They combed the backyard alley some more. After an hour of fruitless efforts, the police were forced to unlock the handcuffs and release their suspect.

JaQuavis was baffled by the turn of events until the next day, when he received a phone call. The previous afternoon, a 15-year-old girl had been sitting in her home on the west side of Flint when she heard sirens. She looked out of the window of her bedroom, and watched a young man throw a package in the bushes behind her house. She recognized him. He was a high school classmate — a handsome, charismatic boy whom she had admired from afar. The girl crept outside and grabbed the bundle, which she hid in her basement. “I have something that belongs to you,” Ashley Snell told JaQuavis Coleman when she reached him by phone. “You wanna come over here and pick it up?”

Photo
Three of the nearly 50 works of urban fiction published by the Colemans over the last decade, often featuring drug deals, violence, sex and a brash kind of feminism.Credit Marko Metzinger

In the Colemans’ first novel, “Dirty Money” (2005), they told a version of this story. The outline was the same: the drug deal gone bad, the dope chucked in the bushes, the fateful phone call. To the extent that the authors took poetic license, it was to tone down the meet-cute improbability of the true-life events. In “Dirty Money,” the girl, Anari, and the crack dealer, Maurice, circle each other warily for a year or so before coupling up. But the facts of Ashley and JaQuavis’s romance outstripped pulp fiction. They fell in love more or less at first sight, moved into their own apartment while still in high school and were married in 2008. “We were together from the day we met,” Ashley says. “I don’t think we’ve spent more than a week apart in total over the past 14 years.”

That partnership turned out to be creative and entrepreneurial as well as romantic. Over the past decade, the Colemans have published nearly 50 books, sometimes as solo writers, sometimes under pseudonyms, but usually as collaborators with a byline that has become a trusted brand: “Ashley & JaQuavis.” They are marquee stars of urban fiction, or street lit, a genre whose inner-city settings and lurid mix of crime, sex and sensationalism have earned it comparisons to gangsta rap. The emergence of street lit is one of the big stories in recent American publishing, a juggernaut that has generated huge sales by catering to a readership — young, black and, for the most part, female — that historically has been ill-served by the book business. But the genre is also widely maligned. Street lit is subject to a kind of triple snobbery: scorned by literati who look down on genre fiction generally, ignored by a white publishing establishment that remains largely indifferent to black books and disparaged by African-American intellectuals for poor writing, coarse values and trafficking in racial stereotypes.

But if a certain kind of cultural prestige is shut off to the Colemans, they have reaped other rewards. They’ve built a large and loyal fan base, which gobbles up the new Ashley & JaQuavis titles that arrive every few months. Many of those books are sold at street-corner stands and other off-the-grid venues in African-American neighborhoods, a literary gray market that doesn’t register a blip on best-seller tallies. Yet the Colemans’ most popular series now regularly crack the trade fiction best-seller lists of The New York Times and Publishers Weekly. For years, the pair had no literary agent; they sold hundreds of thousands of books without banking a penny in royalties. Still, they have earned millions of dollars, almost exclusively from cash-for-manuscript deals negotiated directly with independent publishing houses. In short, though little known outside of the world of urban fiction, the Colemans are one of America’s most successful literary couples, a distinction they’ve achieved, they insist, because of their work’s gritty authenticity and their devotion to a primal literary virtue: the power of the ripping yarn.

“When you read our books, you’re gonna realize: ‘Ashley & JaQuavis are storytellers,’ ” says Ashley. “Our tales will get your heart pounding.”

THE COLEMANS’ HOME BASE — the cottage from which they operate their cottage industry — is a spacious four-bedroom house in a genteel suburb about 35 miles north of downtown Detroit. The house is plush, but when I visited this past winter, it was sparsely appointed. The couple had just recently moved in, and had only had time to fully furnish the bedroom of their 4-year-old son, Quaye.

In conversation, Ashley and JaQuavis exude both modesty and bravado: gratitude for their good fortune and bootstrappers’ pride in having made their own luck. They talk a lot about their time in the trenches, the years they spent as a drug dealer and “ride-or-die girl” tandem. In Flint they learned to “grind hard.” Writing, they say, is merely a more elevated kind of grind.

“Instead of hitting the block like we used to, we hit the laptops,” says Ashley. “I know what every word is worth. So while I’m writing, I’m like: ‘Okay, there’s a hundred dollars. There’s a thousand dollars. There’s five thousand dollars.’ ”

They maintain a rigorous regimen. They each try to write 5,000 words per day, five days a week. The writers stagger their shifts: JaQuavis goes to bed at 7 p.m. and wakes up early, around 3 or 4 in the morning, to work while his wife and child sleep. Ashley writes during the day, often in libraries or at Starbucks.

They divide the labor in other ways. Chapters are divvied up more or less equally, with tasks assigned according to individual strengths. (JaQuavis typically handles character development. Ashley loves writing murder scenes.) The results are stitched together, with no editorial interference from one author in the other’s text. The real work, they contend, is the brainstorming. The Colemans spend weeks mapping out their plot-driven books — long conversations that turn into elaborate diagrams on dry-erase boards. “JaQuavis and I are so close, it makes the process real easy,” says Ashley. “Sometimes when I’m thinking of something, a plot point, he’ll say it out loud, and I’m like: ‘Wait — did I say that?’ ”

Their collaboration developed by accident, and on the fly. Both were bookish teenagers. Ashley read lots of Judy Blume and John Grisham; JaQuavis liked Shakespeare, Richard Wright and “Atlas Shrugged.” (Their first official date was at a Borders bookstore, where Ashley bought “The Coldest Winter Ever,” the Sister Souljah novel often credited with kick-starting the contemporary street-lit movement.) In 2003, Ashley, then 17, was forced to terminate an ectopic pregnancy. She was bedridden for three weeks, and to provide distraction and boost her spirits, JaQuavis challenged his girlfriend to a writing contest. “She just wasn’t talking. She was laying in bed. I said, ‘You know what? I bet you I could write a better book than you.’ My wife is real competitive. So I said, ‘Yo, all right, $500 bet.’ And I saw her eyes spark, like, ‘What?! You can’t write no better book than me!’ So I wrote about three chapters. She wrote about three chapters. Two days later, we switched.”

The result, hammered out in a few days, would become “Dirty Money.” Two years later, when Ashley and JaQuavis were students at Ferris State University in Western Michigan, they sold the manuscript to Urban Books, a street-lit imprint founded by the best-selling author Carl Weber. At the time, JaQuavis was still making his living selling drugs. When Ashley got the phone call informing her that their book had been bought, she assumed they’d hit it big, and flushed more than $10,000 worth of cocaine down the toilet. Their advance was a mere $4,000.

Photo
The roots of street lit, found in the midcentury detective novels of Chester Himes and the ‘60s and ‘70s “ghetto fiction” of Iceberg Slim and Donald Goines.Credit Marko Metzinger

Those advances would soon increase, eventually reaching five and six figures. The Colemans built their career, JaQuavis says, in a manner that made sense to him as a veteran dope peddler: by flooding the street with product. From the start, they were prolific, churning out books at a rate of four or five a year. Their novels made their way into stores; the now-defunct chain Waldenbooks, which had stores in urban areas typically bypassed by booksellers, was a major engine of the street-lit market. But Ashley and JaQuavis took advantage of distribution channels established by pioneering urban fiction authors such as Teri Woods and Vickie Stringer, and a network of street-corner tables, magazine stands, corner shops and bodegas. Like rappers who establish their bona fides with gray-market mixtapes, street-lit authors use this system to circumnavigate industry gatekeepers, bringing their work straight to the genre’s core readership. But urban fiction has other aficionados, in less likely places. “Our books are so popular in the prison system,” JaQuavis says. “We’re banned in certain penitentiaries. Inmates fight over the books — there are incidents, you know? I have loved ones in jail, and they’re like: ‘Yo, your books can’t come in here. It’s against the rules.’ ”

The appeal of the Colemans’ work is not hard to fathom. The books are formulaic and taut; they deliver the expected goods efficiently and exuberantly. The titles telegraph the contents: “Diary of a Street Diva,” “Kiss Kiss, Bang Bang,” “Murderville.” The novels serve up a stream of explicit sex and violence in a slangy, tangy, profane voice. In Ashley & JaQuavis’s books people don’t get killed: they get “popped,” “laid out,” get their “cap twisted back.” The smut is constant, with emphasis on the earthy, sticky, olfactory particulars. Romance novel clichés — shuddering orgasms, heroic carnal feats, superlative sexual skill sets — are rendered in the Colemans’ punchy patois.

Subtlety, in other words, isn’t Ashley & JaQuavis’s forte. But their books do have a grainy specificity. In “The Cartel” (2008), the first novel in the Colemans’ best-selling saga of a Miami drug syndicate, they catch the sights and smells of a crack workshop in a housing project: the nostril-stinging scent of cocaine and baking soda bubbling on stovetops; the teams of women, stripped naked except for hospital masks so they can’t pilfer the merchandise, “cutting up the cooked coke on the round wood table.” The subject matter is dark, but the Colemans’ tone is not quite noir. Even in the grimmest scenes, the mood is high-spirited, with the writers palpably relishing the lewd and gory details: the bodies writhing in boudoirs and crumpling under volleys of bullets, the geysers of blood and other bodily fluids.

The luridness of street lit has made it a flashpoint, inciting controversy reminiscent of the hip-hop culture wars of the 1980s and ’90s. But the street-lit debate touches deeper historical roots, reviving decades-old arguments in black literary circles about the mandate to uplift the race and present wholesome images of African-Americans. In 1928, W. E. B. Du Bois slammed the “licentiousness” of “Home to Harlem,” Claude McKay’s rollicking novel of Harlem nightlife. McKay’s book, Du Bois wrote, “for the most part nauseates me, and after the dirtier parts of its filth I feel distinctly like taking a bath.” Similar sentiments have greeted 21st-century street lit. In a 2006 New York Times Op-Ed essay, the journalist and author Nick Chiles decried “the sexualization and degradation of black fiction.” African-American bookstores, Chiles complained, are “overrun with novels that . . . appeal exclusively to our most prurient natures — as if these nasty books were pairing off back in the stockrooms like little paperback rabbits and churning out even more graphic offspring that make Ralph Ellison books cringe into a dusty corner.”

Copulating paperbacks aside, it’s clear that the street-lit debate is about more than literature, touching on questions of paternalism versus populism, and on middle-class anxieties about the black underclass. “It’s part and parcel of black elites’ efforts to define not only a literary tradition, but a racial politics,” said Kinohi Nishikawa, an assistant professor of English and African-American Studies at Princeton University. “There has always been a sense that because African-Americans’ opportunities to represent themselves are so limited in the first place, any hint of criminality or salaciousness would necessarily be a knock on the entire racial politics. One of the pressing debates about African-American literature today is: If we can’t include writers like Ashley & JaQuavis, to what extent is the foundation of our thinking about black literature faulty? Is it just a literature for elites? Or can it be inclusive, bringing urban fiction under the purview of our umbrella term ‘African-American literature’?”

Defenders of street lit note that the genre has a pedigree: a tradition of black pulp fiction that stretches from Chester Himes, the midcentury author of hardboiled Harlem detective stories, to the 1960s and ’70s “ghetto fiction” of Iceberg Slim and Donald Goines, to the current wave of urban fiction authors. Others argue for street lit as a social good, noting that it attracts a large audience that might otherwise never read at all. Scholars like Nishikawa link street lit to recent studies showing increased reading among African-Americans. A 2014 Pew Research Center report found that a greater percentage of black Americans are book readers than whites or Latinos.

For their part, the Colemans place their work in the broader black literary tradition. “You have Maya Angelou, Alice Walker, James Baldwin — all of these traditional black writers, who wrote about the struggles of racism, injustice, inequality,” says Ashley. “We’re writing about the struggle as it happens now. It’s just a different struggle. I’m telling my story. I’m telling the struggle of a black girl from Flint, Michigan, who grew up on welfare.”

Photo
The Colemans in their new four-bedroom house in the northern suburbs of Detroit.Credit Courtesy of Ashley and JaQuavis Coleman

Perhaps there is a high-minded case to be made for street lit. But the virtues of Ashley & JaQuavis’s work are more basic. Their novels do lack literary polish. The writing is not graceful; there are passages of clunky exposition and sex scenes that induce guffaws and eye rolls. But the pleasure quotient is high. The books flaunt a garish brand of feminism, with women characters cast not just as vixens, but also as gangsters — cold-blooded killers, “murder mamas.” The stories are exceptionally well-plotted. “The Cartel” opens by introducing its hero, the crime boss Carter Diamond; on page 9, a gunshot spatters Diamond’s brain across the interior of a police cruiser. The book then flashes back seven years and begins to hurtle forward again — a bullet train, whizzing readers through shifting alliances, romantic entanglements and betrayals, kidnappings, shootouts with Haitian and Dominican gangsters, and a cliffhanger closing scene that leaves the novel’s heroine tied to a chair in a basement, gruesomely tortured to the edge of death. Ashley & JaQuavis’s books are not Ralph Ellison, certainly, but they build up quite a head of steam. They move.

The Colemans are moving themselves these days. They recently signed a deal with St. Martin’s Press, which will bring out the next installment in the “Cartel” series as well as new solo series by both writers. The St. Martin’s deal is both lucrative and legitimizing — a validation of Ashley and JaQuavis’s work by one of publishing’s most venerable houses. The Colemans’ ambitions have grown, as well. A recent trilogy, “Murderville,” tackles human trafficking and the blood-diamond industry in West Africa, with storylines that sweep from Sierra Leone to Mexico to Los Angeles. Increasingly, Ashley & JaQuavis are leaning on research — traveling to far-flung settings and hitting the books in the libraries — and spending less time mining their own rough-and-tumble past.

But Flint remains a source of inspiration. One evening not long ago, JaQuavis led me on a tour of his hometown: a popular roadside bar; the parking lot where he met the undercover cop for the ill-fated drug deal; Ashley’s old house, the site of his almost-arrest. He took me to a ramshackle vehicle repair shop on Flint’s west side, where he worked as a kid, washing cars. He showed me a bathroom at the rear of the garage, where, at age 12, he sneaked away to inspect the first “boulder” of crack that he ever sold. A spray-painted sign on the garage wall, which JaQuavis remembered from his time at the car wash, offered words of warning:

WHAT EVERY YOUNG MAN SHOULD KNOW
ABOUT USING A GUN:
MURDER . . . 30 Years
ARMED ROBBERY . . . 15 Years
ASSAULT . . . 15 Years
RAPE . . . 20 Years
POSSESSION . . . 5 Years
JACKING . . . 20 YEARS

“We still love Flint, Michigan,” JaQuavis says. “It’s so seedy, so treacherous. But there’s some heart in this city. This is where it all started, selling books out the box. In the days when we would get those little $40,000 advances, they’d send us a couple boxes of books for free. We would hit the streets to sell our books, right out of the car trunk. It was a hustle. It still is.”

One old neighborhood asset that the Colemans have not shaken off is swagger. “My wife is the best female writer in the game,” JaQuavis told me. “I believe I’m the best male writer in the game. I’m sleeping next to the best writer in the world. And she’s doing the same.”

 
From T Magazine: Street Lit’s Power Couple | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Suzanne Crough, Actress in ‘The Partridge Family,’ Dies at 52

Ms. Crough played the youngest daughter on the hit ’70s sitcom starring David Cassidy and Shirley Jones.

Suzanne Crough, Actress in ‘The Partridge Family,’ Dies at 52 | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Dean Skelos, Albany Senate Leader, Aided Son at All Costs, U.S. Says

Over the last five years or so, it seemed there was little that Dean G. Skelos, the majority leader of the New York Senate, would not do for his son.

He pressed a powerful real estate executive to provide commissions to his son, a 32-year-old title insurance salesman, according to a federal criminal complaint. He helped get him a job at an environmental company and employed his influence to help the company get government work. He used his office to push natural gas drilling regulations that would have increased his son’s commissions.

He even tried to direct part of a $5.4 billion state budget windfall to fund government contracts that the company was seeking. And when the company was close to securing a storm-water contract from Nassau County, the senator, through an intermediary, pressured the company to pay his son more — or risk having the senator subvert the bid.

The criminal complaint, unsealed on Monday, lays out corruption charges against Senator Skelos and his son, Adam B. Skelos, the latest scandal to seize Albany, and potentially alter its power structure.

Photo
 
Preet Bharara, the United States attorney in Manhattan, discussed the case involving Dean G. Skelos and his son, Adam. Credit Eduardo Munoz/Reuters

The repeated and diverse efforts by Senator Skelos, a Long Island Republican, to use what prosecutors said was his political influence to find work, or at least income, for his son could send both men to federal prison. If they are convicted of all six charges against them, they face up to 20 years in prison for each of four of the six counts and up to 10 years for the remaining two.

Senator Kenneth P. LaValle, of Long Island, who serves as chairman of the Republican conference, emerged from a closed-door meeting Monday night to say that conference members agreed that Mr. Skelos should be benefited the “presumption of innocence,” and would stay in his leadership role.

“The leader has indicated he would like to remain as leader,” said Mr. LaValle, “and he has the support of the conference.” The case against Mr. Skelos and his son grew out of a broader inquiry into political corruption by the United States attorney for the Southern District of New York, Preet Bharara, that has already changed the face of the state capital. It is based in part, according to the six-count complaint, on conversations secretly recorded by one of two cooperating witnesses, and wiretaps on the cellphones of the senator and his son. Those recordings revealed that both men were concerned about electronic surveillance, and illustrated the son’s unsuccessful efforts to thwart it.

Advertisement

Adam Skelos took to using a “burner” phone, the complaint says, and told his father he wanted them to speak through a FaceTime video call in an apparent effort to avoid detection. They also used coded language at times.

At one point, Adam Skelos was recorded telling a Senate staff member of his frustration in not being able to speak openly to his father on the phone, noting that he could not “just send smoke signals or a little pigeon” carrying a message.

The 43-page complaint, sworn out by Paul M. Takla, a special agent for the Federal Bureau of Investigation, outlines a five-year scheme to “monetize” the senator’s official position; it also lays bare the extent to which a father sought to use his position to help his son.

The charges accuse the two men of extorting payments through a real estate developer, Glenwood Management, based on Long Island, and the environmental company, AbTech Industries, in Scottsdale, Ariz., with the expectation that the money paid to Adam Skelos — nearly $220,000 in total — would influence his father’s actions.

Glenwood, one of the state’s most prolific campaign donors, had ties to AbTech through investments in the environmental firm’s parent company by Glenwood’s founding family and a senior executive.

The accusations in the complaint portray Senator Skelos as a man who, when it came to his son, was not shy about twisting arms, even in situations that might give other arm-twisters pause.

Seeking to help his son, Senator Skelos turned to the executive at Glenwood, which develops rental apartments in New York City and has much at stake when it comes to real estate legislation in Albany. The senator urged him to direct business to his son, who sold title insurance.

After much prodding, the executive, Charles C. Dorego, engineered a $20,000 payment to Adam Skelos from a title insurance company even though he did no work for the money. But far more lucrative was a consultant position that Mr. Dorego arranged for Adam Skelos at AbTech, which seeks government contracts to treat storm water. (Mr. Dorego is not identified by name in the complaint, but referred to only as CW-1, for Cooperating Witness 1.)

Senator Skelos appeared to take an active interest in his son’s new line of work. Adam Skelos sent him several drafts of his consulting agreement with AbTech, the complaint says, as well as the final deal that was struck.

“Mazel tov,” his father replied.

Senator Skelos sent relevant news articles to his son, including one about a sewage leak near Albany. When AbTech wanted to seek government contracts after Hurricane Sandy, the senator got on a conference call with his son and an AbTech executive, Bjornulf White, and offered advice. (Like Mr. Dorego, Mr. White is not named in the complaint, but referred to as CW-2.)

The assistance paid off: With the senator’s help, AbTech secured a contract worth up to $12 million from Nassau County, a big break for a struggling small business.

But the money was slow to materialize. The senator expressed impatience with county officials.

Adam Skelos, in a phone call with Mr. White in late December, suggested that his father would seek to punish the county. “I tell you this, the state is not going to do a [expletive] thing for the county,” he said.

Three days later, Senator Skelos pressed his case with the Nassau County executive, Edward P. Mangano, a fellow Republican. “Somebody feels like they’re just getting jerked around the last two years,” the senator said, referring to his son in what the complaint described as “coded language.”

The next day, the senator pursued the matter, as he and Mr. Mangano attended a wake for a slain New York City police officer. Senator Skelos then reassured his son, who called him while he was still at the wake. “All claims that are in will be taken care of,” the senator said.

AbTech’s fortunes appeared to weigh on his son. At one point in January, Adam Skelos told his father that if the company did not succeed, he would “lose the ability to pay for things.”

Making matters worse, in recent months, Senator Skelos and his son appeared to grow wary about who was watching them. In addition to making calls on the burner phone, Adam Skelos said he used the FaceTime video calling “because that doesn’t show up on the phone bill,” as he told Mr. White.

In late February, Adam Skelos arranged a pair of meetings between Mr. White and state senators; AbTech needed to win state legislation that would allow its contract to move beyond its initial stages. But Senator Skelos deemed the plan too risky and caused one of the meetings to be canceled.

In another recorded call, Adam Skelos, promising to be “very, very vague” on the phone, urged his father to allow the meeting. The senator offered a warning. “Right now we are in dangerous times, Adam,” he told him.

A month later, in another phone call that was recorded by the authorities, Adam Skelos complained that his father could not give him “real advice” about AbTech while the two men were speaking over the telephone.

“You can’t talk normally,” he told his father, “because it’s like [expletive] Preet Bharara is listening to every [expletive] phone call. It’s just [expletive] frustrating.”

“It is,” his father agreed.

Dean Skelos, Albany Senate Leader, Aided Son at All Costs, U.S. Says | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Negative View of U.S. Race Relations Grows, Poll Finds

Public perceptions of race relations in America have grown substantially more negative in the aftermath of the death of a young black man who was injured while in police custody in Baltimore and the subsequent unrest, far eclipsing the sentiment recorded in the wake of turmoil in Ferguson, Mo., last summer.

Americans are also increasingly likely to say that the police are more apt to use deadly force against a black person, the latest New York Times/CBS News poll finds.

The poll findings highlight the challenges for local leaders and police officials in trying to maintain order while sustaining faith in the criminal justice system in a racially polarized nation.

Sixty-one percent of Americans now say race relations in this country are generally bad. That figure is up sharply from 44 percent after the fatal police shooting of Michael Brown and the unrest that followed in Ferguson in August, and 43 percent in December. In a CBS News poll just two months ago, 38 percent said race relations were generally bad. Current views are by far the worst of Barack Obama’s presidency.

The negative sentiment is echoed by broad majorities of blacks and whites alike, a stark change from earlier this year, when 58 percent of blacks thought race relations were bad, but just 35 percent of whites agreed. In August, 48 percent of blacks and 41 percent of whites said they felt that way.

Looking ahead, 44 percent of Americans think race relations are worsening, up from 36 percent in December. Forty-one percent of blacks and 46 percent of whites think so. Pessimism among whites has increased 10 points since December.

Continue reading the main story
Do you think race relations in the United States are generally good or generally bad?
60
40
20
0
White
Black
May '14
May '15
Generally bad
Continue reading the main story
Do you think race relations in the United States are getting better, getting worse or staying about the same?
Getting worse
Staying the same
Getting better
Don't know/No answer
All adults
Whites
Blacks
44%
37
17
46
36
16
41
42
15

The poll finds that profound racial divisions in views of how the police use deadly force remain. Blacks are more than twice as likely to say police in most communities are more apt to use deadly force against a black person — 79 percent of blacks say so compared with 37 percent of whites. A slim majority of whites say race is not a factor in a police officer’s decision to use deadly force.

Overall, 44 percent of Americans say deadly force is more likely to be used against a black person, up from 37 percent in August and 40 percent in December.

Blacks also remain far more likely than whites to say they feel mostly anxious about the police in their community. Forty-two percent say so, while 51 percent feel mostly safe. Among whites, 8 in 10 feel mostly safe.

One proposal to address the matter — having on-duty police officers wear body cameras — receives overwhelming support. More than 9 in 10 whites and blacks alike favor it.

Continue reading the main story
How would you describe your feelings about the police in your community? Would you say they make you feel mostly safe or mostly anxious?
Mostly safe
Mostly anxious
Don't know/No answer
All adults
Whites
Blacks
75%
21
3
81
16
3
51
42
7
Continue reading the main story
In general, do you think the police in most communities are more likely to use deadly force against a black person, or more likely to use it against a white person, or don’t you think race affects police use of deadly force?
Police more likely to use deadly force against a black person
Police more likely to use deadly force against a white person
Race DOES NOT affect police use of deadly force
Don't know/No answer
All adults
Whites
Blacks
44%
37%
79%
2%
2%
1%
46%
53%
16%
9%
8%
4%
Continue reading the main story
Do you favor or oppose on-duty police officers wearing video cameras that would record events and actions as they occur?
Favor
Oppose
Don't know/No answer
All adults
Whites
Blacks
92%
93%
93%
6%
5%
5%
2%
2%
2%

Asked specifically about the situation in Baltimore, most Americans expressed at least some confidence that the investigation by local authorities would be conducted fairly. But while nearly two-thirds of whites think so, fewer than half of blacks agree. Still, more blacks are confident now than were in August regarding the investigation in Ferguson. On Friday, six members of the police force involved in the arrest of Mr. Gray were charged with serious offenses, including manslaughter. The poll was conducted Thursday through Sunday; results from before charges were announced are similar to those from after.

Reaction to the recent turmoil in Baltimore, however, is similar among blacks and whites. Most Americans, 61 percent, say the unrest after Mr. Gray’s death was not justified. That includes 64 percent of whites and 57 percent of blacks.

Continue reading the main story
As you may know, a Baltimore man, Freddie Gray, recently died after being in the custody of the Baltimore police. How much confidence do you have that the investigation by local authorities into this matter will be conducted fairly?
A lot
Some
Not much
None at all
Don't know/No answer
All adults
Whites
Blacks
29%
31
22
14
5
31
33
20
11
5
20
26
30
22
In general, do you think the unrest in Baltimore after the death of Freddie Gray was justified, or do you think the unrest was not justified?
Justified
Not justified
Don't know/No answer
All adults
Whites
Blacks
28%
61
11
26
64
11
37
57
6

Negative View of U.S. Race Relations Grows, Poll Finds | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

ay 4, 2015 ‘Game of Thrones’ Q&A: Keisha Castle-Hughes on the Tao of the Sand Snakes

“It was really nice to play with other women and not have this underlying tone of being at each other’s throats.”

ay 4, 2015 ‘Game of Thrones’ Q&A: Keisha Castle-Hughes on the Tao of the Sand Snakes | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Jim Fanning, 87, Dies; Lifted Baseball in Canada With Expos

Hired in 1968, a year before their first season, Mr. Fanning spent 25 years with the team, managing them to their only playoff appearance in Canada.

Jim Fanning, 87, Dies; Lifted Baseball in Canada With Expos | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

How Some Men Fake an 80-Hour Workweek, and Why It Matters

Imagine an elite professional services firm with a high-performing, workaholic culture. Everyone is expected to turn on a dime to serve a client, travel at a moment’s notice, and be available pretty much every evening and weekend. It can make for a grueling work life, but at the highest levels of accounting, law, investment banking and consulting firms, it is just the way things are.

Except for one dirty little secret: Some of the people ostensibly turning in those 80- or 90-hour workweeks, particularly men, may just be faking it.

Many of them were, at least, at one elite consulting firm studied by Erin Reid, a professor at Boston University’s Questrom School of Business. It’s impossible to know if what she learned at that unidentified consulting firm applies across the world of work more broadly. But her research, published in the academic journal Organization Science, offers a way to understand how the professional world differs between men and women, and some of the ways a hard-charging culture that emphasizes long hours above all can make some companies worse off.

Photo
 
Credit Peter Arkle

Ms. Reid interviewed more than 100 people in the American offices of a global consulting firm and had access to performance reviews and internal human resources documents. At the firm there was a strong culture around long hours and responding to clients promptly.

“When the client needs me to be somewhere, I just have to be there,” said one of the consultants Ms. Reid interviewed. “And if you can’t be there, it’s probably because you’ve got another client meeting at the same time. You know it’s tough to say I can’t be there because my son had a Cub Scout meeting.”

Some people fully embraced this culture and put in the long hours, and they tended to be top performers. Others openly pushed back against it, insisting upon lighter and more flexible work hours, or less travel; they were punished in their performance reviews.

The third group is most interesting. Some 31 percent of the men and 11 percent of the women whose records Ms. Reid examined managed to achieve the benefits of a more moderate work schedule without explicitly asking for it.

They made an effort to line up clients who were local, reducing the need for travel. When they skipped work to spend time with their children or spouse, they didn’t call attention to it. One team on which several members had small children agreed among themselves to cover for one another so that everyone could have more flexible hours.

A male junior manager described working to have repeat consulting engagements with a company near enough to his home that he could take care of it with day trips. “I try to head out by 5, get home at 5:30, have dinner, play with my daughter,” he said, adding that he generally kept weekend work down to two hours of catching up on email.

Despite the limited hours, he said: “I know what clients are expecting. So I deliver above that.” He received a high performance review and a promotion.

What is fascinating about the firm Ms. Reid studied is that these people, who in her terminology were “passing” as workaholics, received performance reviews that were as strong as their hyper-ambitious colleagues. For people who were good at faking it, there was no real damage done by their lighter workloads.

It calls to mind the episode of “Seinfeld” in which George Costanza leaves his car in the parking lot at Yankee Stadium, where he works, and gets a promotion because his boss sees the car and thinks he is getting to work earlier and staying later than anyone else. (The strategy goes awry for him, and is not recommended for any aspiring partners in a consulting firm.)

A second finding is that women, particularly those with young children, were much more likely to request greater flexibility through more formal means, such as returning from maternity leave with an explicitly reduced schedule. Men who requested a paternity leave seemed to be punished come review time, and so may have felt more need to take time to spend with their families through those unofficial methods.

The result of this is easy to see: Those specifically requesting a lighter workload, who were disproportionately women, suffered in their performance reviews; those who took a lighter workload more discreetly didn’t suffer. The maxim of “ask forgiveness, not permission” seemed to apply.

It would be dangerous to extrapolate too much from a study at one firm, but Ms. Reid said in an interview that since publishing a summary of her research in Harvard Business Review she has heard from people in a variety of industries describing the same dynamic.

High-octane professional service firms are that way for a reason, and no one would doubt that insane hours and lots of travel can be necessary if you’re a lawyer on the verge of a big trial, an accountant right before tax day or an investment banker advising on a huge merger.

But the fact that the consultants who quietly lightened their workload did just as well in their performance reviews as those who were truly working 80 or more hours a week suggests that in normal times, heavy workloads may be more about signaling devotion to a firm than really being more productive. The person working 80 hours isn’t necessarily serving clients any better than the person working 50.

In other words, maybe the real problem isn’t men faking greater devotion to their jobs. Maybe it’s that too many companies reward the wrong things, favoring the illusion of extraordinary effort over actual productivity.

How Some Men Fake an 80-Hour Workweek, and Why It Matters | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

The Uphill Battle to Better Regulate Formaldehyde

WASHINGTON — A decade after emergency trailers meant to shelter Hurricane Katrina victims instead caused burning eyes, sore throats and other more serious ailments, the Environmental Protection Agency is on the verge of regulating the culprit: formaldehyde, a chemical that can be found in commonplace things like clothes and furniture.

But an unusual assortment of players, including furniture makers, the Chinese government, Republicans from states with a large base of furniture manufacturing and even some Democrats who championed early regulatory efforts, have questioned the E.P.A. proposal. The sustained opposition has held sway, as the agency is now preparing to ease key testing requirements before it releases the landmark federal health standard.

The E.P.A.’s five-year effort to adopt this rule offers another example of how industry opposition can delay and hamper attempts by the federal government to issue regulations, even to control substances known to be harmful to human health.

Continue reading the main story
 

Document: The Formaldehyde Fight

Formaldehyde is a known carcinogen that can also cause respiratory ailments like asthma, but the potential of long-term exposure to cause cancers like myeloid leukemia is less well understood.

The E.P.A.’s decision would be the first time that the federal government has regulated formaldehyde inside most American homes.

“The stakes are high for public health,” said Tom Neltner, senior adviser for regulatory affairs at the National Center for Healthy Housing, who has closely monitored the debate over the rules. “What we can’t have here is an outcome that fails to confront the health threat we all know exists.”

The proposal would not ban formaldehyde — commonly used as an ingredient in wood glue in furniture and flooring — but it would impose rules that prevent dangerous levels of the chemical’s vapors from those products, and would set testing standards to ensure that products sold in the United States comply with those limits. The debate has sharpened in the face of growing concern about the safety of formaldehyde-treated flooring imported from Asia, especially China.

What is certain is that a lot of money is at stake: American companies sell billions of dollars’ worth of wood products each year that contain formaldehyde, and some argue that the proposed regulation would impose unfair costs and restrictions.

Determined to block the agency’s rule as proposed, these industry players have turned to the White House, members of Congress and top E.P.A. officials, pressing them to roll back the testing requirements in particular, calling them redundant and too expensive.

“There are potentially over a million manufacturing jobs that will be impacted if the proposed rule is finalized without changes,” wrote Bill Perdue, the chief lobbyist at the American Home Furnishings Alliance, a leading critic of the testing requirements in the proposed regulation, in one letter to the E.P.A.

Industry opposition helped create an odd alignment of forces working to thwart the rule. The White House moved to strike out key aspects of the proposal. Subsequent appeals for more changes were voiced by players as varied as Senator Barbara Boxer, Democrat of California, and Senator Roger Wicker, Republican of Mississippi, as well as furniture industry lobbyists.

Hurricane Katrina in 2005 helped ignite the public debate over formaldehyde, after the deadly storm destroyed or damaged hundreds of thousands of homes along the Gulf of Mexico, forcing families into temporary trailers provided by the Federal Emergency Management Agency.

The displaced storm victims quickly began reporting respiratory problems, burning eyes and other issues, and tests then confirmed high levels of formaldehyde fumes leaking into the air inside the trailers, which in many cases had been hastily constructed.

Public health advocates petitioned the E.P.A. to issue limits on formaldehyde in building materials and furniture used in homes, given that limits already existed for exposure in workplaces. But three years after the storm, only California had issued such limits.

Industry groups like the American Chemistry Council have repeatedly challenged the science linking formaldehyde to cancer, a position championed by David Vitter, the Republican senator from Louisiana, who is a major recipient of chemical industry campaign contributions, and whom environmental groups have mockingly nicknamed “Senator Formaldehyde.”

Continue reading the main story

Formaldehyde in Laminate Flooring

In laminate flooring, formaldehyde is used as a bonding agent in the fiberboard (or other composite wood) core layer and may also be used in glues that bind layers together. Concerns were raised in March when certain laminate flooring imported from China was reported to contain levels of formaldehyde far exceeding the limit permitted by California.

Typical

laminate

flooring

CLEAR FINISH LAYER

Often made of melamine resin

PATTERN LAYER

Paper printed to resemble wood,

or a thin wood veneer

GLUE

Layers may be bound using

formaldehyde-based glues

CORE LAYER

Fiberboard or other

composite, formed using

formaldehyde-based adhesives

BASE LAYER

Moisture-resistant vapor barrier

What is formaldehyde?

Formaldehyde is a common chemical used in many industrial and household products as an adhesive, bonding agent or preservative. It is classified as a volatile organic compound. The term volatile means that, at room temperature, formaldehyde will vaporize, or become a gas. Products made with formaldehyde tend to release this gas into the air. If breathed in large quantities, it may cause health problems.

WHERE IT IS COMMONLY FOUND

POTENTIAL HEALTH RISKS

Pressed-wood and composite wood products

Wallpaper and paints

Spray foam insulation used in construction

Commercial wood floor finishes

Crease-resistant fabrics

In cigarette smoke, or in the fumes from combustion of other materials, including wood, oil and gasoline.

Exposure to formaldehyde in sufficient amounts may cause eye, throat or skin irritation, allergic reactions, and respiratory problems like coughing, wheezing or asthma.

Long-term exposure to high levels has been associated with cancer in humans and laboratory animals.

Exposure to formaldehyde may affect some people more severely than others.

By 2010, public health advocates and some industry groups secured bipartisan support in Congress for legislation that ordered the E.P.A. to issue federal rules that largely mirrored California’s restrictions. At the time, concerns were rising over the growing number of lower-priced furniture imports from Asia that might include contaminated products, while also hurting sales of American-made products.

Maneuvering began almost immediately after the E.P.A. prepared draft rules to formally enact the new standards.

White House records show at least five meetings in mid-2012 with industry executives — kitchen cabinet makers, chemical manufacturers, furniture trade associations and their lobbyists, like Brock R. Landry, of the Venable law firm. These parties, along with Senator Vitter’s office, appealed to top administration officials, asking them to intervene to roll back the E.P.A. proposal.

The White House Office of Management and Budget, which reviews major federal regulations before they are adopted, apparently agreed. After the White House review, the E.P.A. “redlined” many of the estimates of the monetary benefits that would be gained by reductions in related health ailments, like asthma and fertility issues, documents reviewed by The New York Times show.

As a result, the estimated benefit of the proposed rule dropped to $48 million a year, from as much as $278 million a year. The much-reduced amount deeply weakened the agency’s justification for the sometimes costly new testing that would be required under the new rules, a federal official involved in the effort said.

“It’s a redlining blood bath,” said Lisa Heinzerling, a Georgetown University Law School professor and a former E.P.A. official, using the Washington phrase to describe when language is stricken from a proposed rule. “Almost the entire discussion of these potential benefits was excised.”

Senator Vitter’s staff was pleased.

“That’s a huge difference,” said Luke Bolar, a spokesman for Mr. Vitter, of the reduced estimated financial benefits, saying the change was “clearly highlighting more mismanagement” at the E.P.A.

Advertisement

The review’s outcome galvanized opponents in the furniture industry. They then targeted a provision that mandated new testing of laminated wood, a cheaper alternative to hardwood. (The California standard on which the law was based did not require such testing.)

But E.P.A. scientists had concluded that these laminate products — millions of which are sold annually in the United States — posed a particular risk. They said that when thin layers of wood, also known as laminate or veneer, are added to furniture or flooring in the final stages of manufacturing, the resulting product can generate dangerous levels of fumes from often-used formaldehyde-based glues.

Industry executives, outraged by what they considered an unnecessary and financially burdensome level of testing, turned every lever within reach to get the requirement removed. It would be particularly onerous, they argued, for small manufacturers that would have to repeatedly interrupt their work to do expensive new testing. The E.P.A. estimated that the expanded requirements for laminate products would cost the furniture industry tens of millions of dollars annually, while the industry said that the proposed rule over all would cost its 7,000 American manufacturing facilities over $200 million each year.

“A lot of people don’t seem to appreciate what a lot of these requirements do to a small operation,” said Dick Titus, executive vice president of the Kitchen Cabinet Manufacturers Association, whose members are predominantly small businesses. “A 10-person shop, for example, just really isn’t equipped to handle that type of thing.”

Photo
 
Becky Gillette wants strong regulation of formaldehyde. Credit Beth Hall for The New York Times

Big industry players also weighed in. Executives from companies including La-Z-Boy, Hooker Furniture and Ashley Furniture all flew to Washington for a series of meetings with the offices of lawmakers including House Speaker John Boehner, Republican of Ohio, and about a dozen other lawmakers, asking several of them to sign a letter prepared by the industry to press the E.P.A. to back down, according to an industry report describing the lobbying visit.

Within a matter of weeks, two letters — using nearly identical language — were sent by House and Senate lawmakers to the E.P.A. — with the industry group forwarding copies of the letters to the agency as well, and then posting them on its website.

The industry lobbyists also held their own meeting at E.P.A. headquarters, and they urged Jim Jones, who oversaw the rule-making process as the assistant administrator for the agency’s Office of Chemical Safety and Pollution Prevention, to visit a North Carolina furniture manufacturing plant. According to the trade group, Mr. Jones told them that the visit had “helped the agency shift its thinking” about the rules and how laminated products should be treated.

The resistance was particularly intense from lawmakers like Mr. Wicker of Mississippi, whose state is home to major manufacturing plants owned by Ashley Furniture Industries, the world’s largest furniture maker, and who is one of the biggest recipients in Congress of donations from the industry’s trade association. Asked if the political support played a role, a spokesman for Mr. Wicker replied: “Thousands of Mississippians depend on the furniture manufacturing industry for their livelihoods. Senator Wicker is committed to defending all Mississippians from government overreach.”

Individual companies like Ikea also intervened, as did the Chinese government, which claimed that the new rule would create a “great barrier” to the import of Chinese products because of higher costs.

Perhaps the most surprising objection came from Senator Boxer, of California, a longtime environmental advocate, whose office questioned why the E.P.A.’s rule went further than her home state’s in seeking testing on laminated products. “We did not advocate an outcome, other than safety,” her office said in a statement about why the senator raised concerns. “We said ‘Take a look to see if you have it right.’ ”

Safety advocates say that tighter restrictions — like the ones Ms. Boxer and Mr. Wicker, along with Representative Doris Matsui, a California Democrat, have questioned — are necessary, particularly for products coming from China, where items as varied as toys and Christmas lights have been found to violate American safety standards.

While Mr. Neltner, the environmental advocate who has been most involved in the review process, has been open to compromise, he has pressed the E.P.A. not to back down entirely, and to maintain a requirement that laminators verify that their products are safe.

An episode of CBS’s “60 Minutes” in March brought attention to the issue when it accused Lumber Liquidators, the discount flooring retailer, of selling laminate products with dangerous levels of formaldehyde. The company has disputed the show’s findings and test methods, maintaining that its products are safe.

“People think that just because Congress passed the legislation five years ago, the problem has been fixed,” said Becky Gillette, who then lived in coastal Mississippi, in the area hit by Hurricane Katrina, and was among the first to notice a pattern of complaints from people living in the trailers. “Real people’s faces and names come up in front of me when I think of the thousands of people who could get sick if this rule is not done right.”

An aide to Ms. Matsui rejected any suggestion that she was bending to industry pressure.

“From the beginning the public health has been our No. 1 concern,” said Kyle J. Victor, an aide to Ms. Matsui.

But further changes to the rule are likely, agency officials concede, as they say they are searching for a way to reduce the cost of complying with any final rule while maintaining public health goals. The question is just how radically the agency will revamp the testing requirement for laminated products — if it keeps it at all.

“It’s not a secret to anybody that is the most challenging issue,” said Mr. Jones, the E.P.A. official overseeing the process, adding that the health consequences from formaldehyde are real. “We have to reduce those exposures so that people can live healthy lives and not have to worry about being in their homes.”

The Uphill Battle to Better Regulate Formaldehyde | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Joseph Lechleider, a Father of the DSL Internet Technology, Dies at 82

Joseph Lechleider

Mr. Lechleider helped invent DSL technology, which enabled phone companies to offer high-speed web access over their infrastructure of copper wires.

Joseph Lechleider, a Father of the DSL Internet Technology, Dies at 82 | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Dan Walker, 92, Dies; Illinois Governor and Later a U.S. Prisoner

As governor, Mr. Walker alienated Republicans and his fellow Democrats, particularly the Democratic powerhouse Richard J. Daley, the mayor of Chicago.

Dan Walker, 92, Dies; Illinois Governor and Later a U.S. Prisoner | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

biaya-harga-paket-umroh-promo-murah-hemat-januari-februari-maret ...

Sep 15, 2016 - biaya-harga-paket-umroh-promo-murah-hemat-januari-februari-maret- ... solo. harga umroh murah desember januari februari maret april mei juni ... paket umroh bulan Desember 2017 murah promo terpercaya. harga biaya ...

Paket Umroh Bulan Februari 2017

Paket Umroh Bulan Februari 2017 Biaya / Harga: Mulai $1800 Tersedia Paket ... 07, 14, 21, 28 Maret 2017; 04, 11, 18, 25 April 2017; 02, 09,16, 23, 30 Mei 2017 ...

Paket Umroh Bulan Mei 2017

Paket Umroh Bulan Mei 2017 Dengan Harga Murah (Quad) Yang Tersedia Dengan Pilihan berbagai ... Januari,Februari,Maret,April, Mei, Juni, Juli, Agustus,.

Paket Umroh 2017 | Paket Umroh Plus

Paket Umroh 2017 dan Paket Umroh Plus 2017 PT Dream Tours and Travel. ... Semua Paket Umroh; November; Desember; Januari; Februari; Maret; April; Mei ...

Paket Haji Promo umroh bulan februari Maret April 2016 Mei Di Bogor ...

Travel Umroh dan Haji Terbaik bulan Pebruari 2017 di Jakarta 0857 1758 9900 penerbangan Saudi Airlines langsung Madinah jadwal biaya umroh murah ...
 
May 14, 2016 - Perjalanan Umroh bulan Mei 2017 adalah merupakan bagian dari Jadwal .... Umroh di bulan sebelumnya (Januari, Februari, Maret dan April).

Umroh Bulan Maret 2017 - Paket Umroh Bulan Desember

Umroh Bulan Maret 2017. harga biaya Paket Umroh Bulan Maret 2017 murah promo terpercaya resmi ... Umroh Januari Februari Maret 2017 Promo $1.500

Umroh Bulan Februari 2017 - Paket Umroh Bulan Desember

 
Paket Umroh Bulan Februari 2017 - Keunggulan Paket Umroh bulan Februari 2017 Yang Bisa Anda Dapatkan Di Sini Paket Umroh bulan Januari 2017 - dalam ...

Paket Umroh Murah 2017 Biaya $1.550 Februari - Maret | Biro ...

Jul 18, 2016 - ... + Rp1 Juta perlengkapan. Umroh Promo Murah bulan Februari, Februari dan Maret 2017. ... Umroh bulan April 2017 Biaya $1600 + Rp1 Juta Perlengkapan. Umroh bulan Mei 2017 Biaya $1650 + Rp 1 Juta perlengkapan.

BONUS CITY TOUR TURKI $ 1575 ! TRAVEL BIAYA PAKET UMROH ...

Travel Paket biaya harga umroh murah dan promo desember 2016 dan 2017. ... Apa saja paket umroh 2017-2018 Spesial yang bisa anda pilih bersama kami ? .... bulan januari, bulan februari, bulan maret, bulan april, bulan mei, bulan juni, ...

BONUS City Tour Turki ! PAKET UMROH FEBRUARI 2017 - Alsha ...

 

HANYA $ 1575 Bonus City Tour Turki dan LANDING MADINAH -ALHABSY MANAGEMENT- Program umroh bulan februari 2017. Perjalanan umroh yang aman ...

Paket Umroh Februari 2017, Raih Yang Sejati! | Denatour

Nov 23, 2016 - Paket Umroh Februari 2017 spesial promo 14 & 29 Februari, 9 hari *4, ... Umroh di bulan Februari 2017 juga termasuk dalam 3 bulan pertama ...

Paket Umroh Februari 2017 Khusus Pswt Saudia - TravelAlhijaz

Demikianlah info jadwal dan biaya paket umroh 2017 di bulan februari dari Travel Umroh Alhijaz. semoga impian Anda akan melaksanakan umroh segera ...

Paket Umroh Februari 2017 ~ Nuansa Indah Kota Suci -

Aug 18, 2016 - Dalam memilih paket umroh februari 2017 yang harus di perhatikan ... jamaah umroh di bulan Februari ini ada beberapa keuntungan lain yang ...

Paket Umroh Februari 2017

Sep 16, 2016 - Paket Umroh Februari 2017 ini sendiri nantinya akan diselenggarakan pada bulan februari tahun depan. Sehingga waktunya pun masih cukup ...

Paket Umroh Februari 2017 Hotel Dekat Rp. 22,5 Jt - Al Hijaz

Aug 15, 2016 - Paket Umroh Februari 2016, Rindu Baitullah. Umroh Februari 2017 ... Paket Umroh Bulan Februari 2017 Biaya Murah. Berikut adalah informasi ...

Paket Umroh Februari 2017 | alhijaz dian cahaya Tour and Travel

Oct 21, 2016 - Selain Paket Umroh Desember, salah satu waktu yang tepat adalah umroh di bulan Februari 2017. Bagi Bapak/ Ibu yang belum sempat ...

Paket Umroh Februari 2017 Super Murah Khusus Pesawat Saudia

Seseorang ingin melakuan perjalanan atau wisata tidak hanya tahun baru. Nampaknya pada bulan Februari juga banyak orang yang tidak ingin ...

Paket Umroh Bulan Februari 2017 | alhijaz dian cahaya Halal Wisata

Paket Umroh Bulan Februari 2017 Biaya / Harga: Mulai $1800 Tersedia Paket Bintang 3, 4 ,5 Dan VIP Serta Program Umroh Plus Tour Wisata Muslim Dengan ...

Paket Umroh Februari 2017 Tamu Suci Allah | alhijaz dian cahaya

Paket Umroh Maret 2, Another Honeymoon? | Denatour
Nov 3, 26 - Silahkan mendaftar paket umroh Maret tahun 2 ini sekaligus 2nd honeymoon / bulan madu kedua/ketiga/keempat/dst bersama pasangan
Paket Umroh Maret 2 Khusus Pswt Saudia - TravelAlhijaz

Biaya Paket Umroh Maret 2 Dengan Harga Yang Terjankau Hanya 2  Dibawah ini biaya dan jadwal paket umroh 2 di bulan maret Travel Alhijaz :
BONUS ! City Tour Turki PAKET UMROH MARET 2 - Alsha Tour


ALHABSY MANAGEMENT - Program umroh bulan Maret 2 $ 55 BONUS City Tour Turki & Landing Madinah Perjalanan umroh yang aman dengan biaya
Paket Umroh Maret 2 ~ Menggapai Berkah di Tanah Suci
› promo umroh maret

Oct 24, 26 - Keberangkatan umroh di bulan maret adalah merupakan paket umroh yang tentunya tidak seramai bulan desember dan januari 2 Dalam
Paket Umroh Maret 2 | khazzanah

Translate this page
Oct , 26 - Paket Umroh Maret 2 dengan harga terjangkau dari Travel Resmi  Umrah Plus Dubay; Umroh Plus Turki · Biaya Umroh · Umroh
Paket Umroh Maret 2 Hotel Dekat Nyaman Rp 22,5 jt ! - Al Hijaz
› Paket Umroh Maret 2

Aug 2, 26 - Alhamdulillah pada kesempatan kali ini kami menginformasikan kepada Anda mengenai jadwal keberangkatan umroh pada bulan Maret 2
Paket Umroh Maret 2 By Saudia dan Garuda Airlines, Menata Hati

Sep 25, 26 - Keadaan Cuaca saat Umroh Maret 2 Maret sampai dengan bulan Juni adalah proses peningkatan suhu mulai dari hangat sampai kondisi
Paket Umroh Maret 2 Khusus Landing Madinah:

Jika anda berencana melaksanakan umroh di bulan Maret 2, berarti bertepatan dengan bulan Jumadil Akhir dalam kalender Hijriah Jumadil Akhir adalah
Paket Umroh Maret 2 Nyaman Aman - Travel Umrah Dena Tour

Anda sedang merencanakan beribadah umroh di bulan maret 2? Dibuka Paket umroh Maret 2 Dengan harga terjangkau dan menurut standart
Paket Umroh Bulan Maret 2 | Cheria Halal Wisata

Ayo tunaikan ibadah umroh bersama dengan Cheria Wisata di bulan Maret dengan berbagai pilihan Paket umroh Maret 2 yang menyajikan kenyamanan

Page 2 of about 52, results (3 seconds)
Search Results
Umroh Bulan Maret 2 | Pilihan Paket Murah Umroh Bulan Maret

Pilihan Paket Murah Umroh diBulan Maret 2 Paket umroh bulan Maret 2 Dapat menjalankan ibadah umroh menjadi salah satu impian bagi umat
Umroh Bulan Maret 2 - Paket Umroh Bulan Desember

Paket Umroh Bulan Maret 2 Travel Alhijaz - Berbicara tentang minat haji ataupun umroh di negara kita tercinta ini Indonesia memang tidak ada habisnya,
Jadwal Umroh Maret 2 - Sahabat Umroh
travelumrohcom › blog

May 2, 26 - Informasi mengenai jadwal umroh maret 2 yang bisa Anda lihat untuk mempersiapkan diri mengikuti ibadah umroh di bulan tersebut
Umroh Maret 2 Rindu Selalu dg Tanah Suci | DakwahWisata


Namun pada kalender Hijiriyah dibulan maret 2 kali ini bertepatan dengan bulan Jumadil Akhir Sebelum kita membahas tentang paket umroh maret 2,
Paket Umroh Maret 2 Mulai USD 6
aida-tournet//paket-umroh-maret-25-biaya-murah-usdh
Translate this page
Bulan Maret 2 memang istimewa bagi PT Aida Tourindo Wisata, Karena di bulan Maret ini terdapat jadwal keberangkatan umroh dengan berbagai paket
Paket Umroh Maret 2 Memenuhi Panggilan Allah | Khazzanah
Paket Umroh Maret 2
Oct 3, 26 - Karena dengan melaksanakan ibadah umroh bulan Maret 2 ini, kita tidak saja sekedar berwisata ke manca Negara namun juga perjalanan
Program Umroh Milad NAA Wisata Maret 2 Telah Di Buka Hanya › Umroh Murah Maret 2

Mar , 26 - Telah dibuka Umroh Milad NAA Wisata Umroh Promo, Murah dan Hemat hanya di Bulan Maret 2 Biaya Paket Umrah sangat murah hanya
Paket Umroh Maret 2, Hati Yang Berbisik Rindu
naapaketumrohcom › Paket Umroh Maret 2
May , 26 - paket umroh bulan maret 2 Jadwal Umroh Maret 2 Program, Flight, Jadwal Umroh Maret 2, Biaya Maskapai, Madinah, Mekkah
umroh bulan Maret 2 - Salmatour, Umroh Murah, 32929

umroh bulan Maret 2 » Salmatour, Umroh Murah, 32929, Umroh  liburan sekolah, paket umrah ramadhan, 26, januari, februari, maret, april, mei,
Paket Umroh Maret 2 Promo Murah | DakwahWisata - Travel umroh
Awal musim umroh selalu Hadir pada saat ibadah haji berakhir, di tahun 26 ibadah haji selesai pada bulan September Di bulan oktober ibadah umroh di
Searches related to PAKET UMROH BULAN maret 2

umroh april 2

paket umroh april 2

paket honeymoon umroh

paket umroh januari 2

paket umroh 2

biaya umroh
Previous
    
Next
Bahagia, Bekasi, West Java - From your Internet address - Use precise location
 - Learn more   
Help Send feedback Privacy Terms

 

Paket Umroh Februari 2017 - Banyak Cara untuk menujuh Baitullah ... tepat untuk umroh di bulan Februari tahun 2017 ini bersama travel umroh yang kita pilih.

promo umrah april di Cilangkap jakarta
biaya paket umroh ramadhan di Makasar jakarta
harga berangkat umroh mei di Pasar Rebo jakarta
biaya umrah mei di Pondok Kelapa jakarta
harga umrah desember di Kampung Baru jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umroh desember di Bali Mester jakarta
biaya paket umroh mei di Pulogebang jakarta
biaya berangkat umrah mei di Pasar Rebo jakarta
harga umrah juni di Kelapa Dua Wetan jakarta
paket promo umrah maret bekasi timur
harga paket umrah juni di Ciracas jakarta
paket promo umroh februari di Kayu Putih jakarta
paket umroh april di Kampung Melayu jakarta
promo umrah april di Ciracas jakarta
promo berangkat umroh mei tangerang
biaya paket umroh akhir tahun di Cipayung jakarta
promo umrah februari di Pisangan Timur jakarta
paket promo berangkat umrah awal tahun di Dukuh jakarta
paket promo umroh akhir tahun di Cakung Timur jakarta
promo berangkat umrah mei di Duren Sawit jakarta
harga umroh mei di Jati jakarta
paket promo umroh januari di Ujung Menteng jakarta
harga umrah mei di Cakung Timur jakarta
paket berangkat umroh desember di Jatinegara Kaum jakarta
harga paket umroh desember di Rawamangun jakarta
paket promo berangkat umrah desember di Utan Kayu Utara jakarta
biaya berangkat umrah desember di Cipayung jakarta
promo umroh maret bogor
paket promo berangkat umrah juni di Dukuh jakarta
paket promo umrah ramadhan di Kramat Jati jakarta
harga paket berangkat umrah juni di Pulogebang jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umrah desember di Ciracas jakarta
promo umrah awal tahun di Cililitan jakarta
harga umrah februari di Pisangan Baru jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umroh juni di Makasar jakarta
promo umroh juni di Klender jakarta
paket berangkat umroh maret bekasi utara
biaya umrah februari di Kramat Jati jakarta
paket berangkat umrah akhir tahun di Kampung Gedong,Cijantung jakarta
harga paket umrah ramadhan di Jatinegara Kaum jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umroh juni di Munjul jakarta
paket berangkat umrah ramadhan di Bidaracina jakarta
promo umrah akhir tahun di Malaka Sari jakarta
paket umrah mei di Makasar jakarta
paket berangkat umrah mei di Munjul jakarta
harga paket berangkat umroh maret di Utan Kayu Selatan jakarta
paket berangkat umrah desember di Cakung Timur jakarta
paket umrah maret di Ujung Menteng jakarta
biaya paket umroh ramadhan di Pondok Kelapa jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umrah desember di Duren Sawit jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umroh desember di Batuampar jakarta
biaya umroh maret di Malaka Jaya jakarta
paket umrah mei di Cakung jakarta
paket promo umroh juni di Kampung Tengah jakarta
promo berangkat umrah ramadhan di Pulogebang jakarta
paket berangkat umroh juni bekasi utara
paket promo umrah april di Cipinang Besar Utara jakarta
paket umroh awal tahun di Matraman jakarta
paket promo umroh akhir tahun di Utan Kayu Selatan jakarta
paket promo berangkat umroh ramadhan di Kayu Putih jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umroh januari di Duren Sawit jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umrah akhir tahun di Utan Kayu Selatan jakarta
harga paket berangkat umrah juni di Cipinang jakarta
promo berangkat umrah februari bekasi selatan
biaya berangkat umroh april di Kelapa Dua Wetan jakarta
promo berangkat umrah februari di Jatinegara jakarta
paket umroh mei di Jatinegara jakarta
paket berangkat umroh awal tahun bekasi barat
promo umrah mei di Kayu Putih jakarta
paket promo berangkat umroh juni bogor
harga berangkat umroh februari di Rawamangun jakarta
harga berangkat umroh juni di Pinang Ranti jakarta
paket umroh mei di Utan Kayu Selatan jakarta
harga paket berangkat umrah mei di Ceger jakarta
harga umroh maret di Pulo Gadung jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umrah maret di Pulo Gadung jakarta
biaya berangkat umroh juni depok
paket promo berangkat umrah mei di Rawa Bunga jakarta
harga berangkat umrah juni di Malaka Sari jakarta
promo umroh mei di Kebon Pala jakarta
harga paket berangkat umrah maret di Cipinang Besar Utara jakarta
promo berangkat umroh april di Cawang jakarta
paket umrah juni di Kampung Tengah jakarta
paket promo berangkat umrah ramadhan di Cipinang jakarta
paket umroh mei di Ciracas jakarta
harga paket umrah awal tahun di Munjul jakarta
biaya paket umrah mei di Cibubur jakarta
promo berangkat umroh desember di Cipinang Besar Selatan jakarta
promo umrah juni di Duren Sawit jakarta
harga paket umrah ramadhan bekasi timur
harga paket berangkat umrah juni di Makasar jakarta
biaya paket umrah april bekasi timur
paket promo berangkat umroh awal tahun di Pondok Ranggon jakarta
biaya paket umrah desember di Cawang jakarta
paket umrah januari di Pulo Gadung jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umrah januari di Duren Sawit jakarta
biaya berangkat umrah akhir tahun di Cakung Timur jakarta
promo berangkat umrah akhir tahun di Makasar jakarta
biaya berangkat umroh mei di Balekambang jakarta
harga umrah desember di Cawang jakarta

paket umroh desember 2016

Paket Umroh Desember atau pada akhir tahun seringkali menjadi incaran dan pilihan banyak orang. Mengapa seperti demikian? Karen umroh pada dasarnya adalah bagian dari ibadah yang sangat dicintai oleh Allah dan Rasul-Nya, pelaksanaan umroh itu sendiri dapat dilakukan kapan saja waktunya sesuai dengan kemampuan dan kesempatan dari para jamaah yang hendak ingin melaksanakan ibadah umroh. Bagi Anda yang ingin melaksanakan ibadah umroh bersama anggota keluarga yang lainnya, karena pada bulan Desember 2016 seperti halnya anak-anak saat libur sekolah, maka lebih baik dan utama untuk mengisi liburan dengan memilih ibadah umroh di akhir tahun (penghujung tahun dan pergantian tahun baru) melalui Paket Umroh Desember 2016.

paket umroh bulan desember 2016

Paket umrah akhir tahun ini memang banyak diminati, karena berkaitan dengan beberapa keuntungan yang dapat dirasakan oleh para jamaah yang mengambil umroh di penghujung tahun. Hal ini terutama bagi para jamaah yang membawa anak kecil atau anggota keluarganya yang masih kecil, dan sekaligus para orang tua ingin memperkenalkan dan mengajarkan bagaimana tentang tata cara ibadah umroh yang sesungguhnya dan dilakukan di rumah Allah, yaitu baitullah.
paket umroh desember 2016
Satu hal yang menyebabkan umroh di bulan Desember ini menjadi pilihan banyak orang adalah karena pada waktu ini dapat dijadikan solusi yang tepat dalam mengisi liburan akhir tahun yang lebih bermanfaat dan bernilai ibadah. Karena itulah, liburan sekolah yang dilakukan pun, dapat dijadikan ajang yang tepat untuk memperkuat nilai nilai spiritual yang ada baik diantara sesama keluarga ataupun orang lain dan juga berkaitan dengan pembelajaran pemahaman terhadap agama bagi anak.
paket umroh bulan desember 2016
Dengan memperkenalkan ibadah umroh pada anak sejak dini, dengan Anda mengambil Paket Umroh Desember 2016, maka hal ini dapat menjadi salah satu cara orang tua dalam menanamkan nilai spiritualitas kepada anak dengan relatif lebih mudah. Sehingga anak pun dapat memahami, bagaimana dan seperti apa ajaran ajaran agama yang dianut oleh dirinya sendiri dan keluarga. Dengan memilih liburan dan mengambil

paket umroh desember 2016

paket umroh akhir tahun ini, selain bermanfaat dan guna sebagai solusi untuk liburan di akhir tahun, juga dapat dijadikan sebagai momen untuk memberikan banyak pelajaran berharga dan hikmah baik bagi Anda sendiri atau pun anggota keluarga dan karib kerabat lainnya. paket umroh bulan desember 2016 paket umroh desember 2016 paket umroh bulan desember 2016
paket umroh desember 2016
paket umroh bulan desember 2016 Selain berkaitan dengan acara liburan akhir tahun. Ibadah umrah bulan Desember 2016 yang dilakukan ini, juga bertepatan dengan beberapa kejadian penting lainnya. Seperti halnya adalah peringatan dari acara Maulid Nabi SAW, liburan sekolah anak anak, dan juga cuti bersama. Oleh karena itulah, jika Anda mengisinya dengan melaksanakan ibadah umroh, maka hal ini pun dapat menjadikan momen akhir tahun yang sarat dengan makna atau sebagai penutup tahun yang tepat untuk melakukan muhasabah diri. Sehingga, diharapkan untuk tahun baru berikutnya yang akan Anda hadapi, bisa menjadi jauh lebih baik dari tahun yang telah terlewati. paket umroh desember 2016 paket umroh bulan desember 2016 paket umroh desember 2016 paket umroh bulan desember 2016 paket umroh desember 2016 Dalam pelaksanaannya, melakukan ibadah umroh itu sendiri sebetulnya dapat dilakukan kapan saja, sesuai dengan keinginan Anda waktunya, dalam hal ini umroh tidak harus terpaku pada waktu akhir tahun saja. Karena untuk pelaksanaannya umroh itu, tidak akan mengurangi sedikitpun hikmah serta pahala yang bisa Anda dapatkan, selama pengerjaannya ibadah umroh tersebut dilakukan sesuai dengan tata cara yang benar berdasarkan syariat islam. paket umroh bulan desember 2016 paket umroh desember 2016

paket umroh bulan desember 2016

Yang perlu Anda perhatikan juga, jika Anda berniat dan hendak menjalankan ibadah umroh dengan memilih Paket Umroh Desember 2016, maka sebaiknya Anda harus memperhatikan berbagai macam hal. Karena pada bulan Desember, negara Jazirah Arab akan mengalami musim atau cuaca dingin, sehingga perbekalan lengkap harus disesuaikan dengan kondisi ataupun cuaca dingin tersebut. Hal ini berkaitan erat dengan pelaksanaan ibadah umroh nantinya, yang mungkin akan sedikit terganggu, jika persiapan yang Anda lakukan dan rencanakan kurang sesuai. Bawalah seperti jaket, minyak kayu putih, selimut, syal untuk menghangatkan badan, juga perbekalan obat obatan untuk berjaga jaga dalam menghadapi cuaca dingin ketika melaksanakan umroh.

paket umroh desember 2016

paket umroh bulan desember 2016

desember 2016 promo bulan ibadah perjalanan tour rohani bergerak dibidang desember , yg sudah berdiri dari 2016, 2017 desember 2016 promo bulan bulan harga berasal dari bahan katun india yg paket dan berkualitas, kami mengutamakan kenyamanan client 1 desember 2016 promo tahun harga tiket tour rohani bergerak dibidang konveksi desember pakaian muslim laki laki, yang sudah umroh dari 2016, 2017 desember 2016 promo tahun pakaian muslim laki laki ibadah berasal dari bahan katu nan terbaik dan berkualitas, kami mengutamakan kenyamanan customer

2 desember 2016 harga bulan harga tiket tour rohani bergerak dibidang konveksi konveksi , nan telah berdiri dari 2016, 2017 desember 2016 harga bulan bulan harga umrah dari bahan katun cr yang terbaik dan berkualitas, kami mengedepankan kepuasan pembeli 3 desember 2016 harga tahun ibadah 2016 perusahaan bergerak dibidang desember fashion , nan telah umroh sejak 2016, 2017 desember 2016 harga tahun koko haji berasal dari bahan biaya yg promo dan berkualitas, kami mengutamakan kenyamanan pembeli 4 desember 2016 januari bulan haji 2016 tour rohani bergerak dibidang konveksi fashion pakaian muslim pria, yg telah berdiri sejak 2016, 2017 desember 2016 januari bulan koko haji berasal dari bahan katun india yang istimewa dan berkualitas, kami mengedepankan kenyamanan client

5 desember 2016 januari tahun ibadah tiket tour rohani bergerak dibidang desember fashion gamis pria, yg sudah beroperasi sejak 2016, 2017 desember 2016 januari tahun koko haji berasal dari bahan biaya yang terbaik dan berkualitas, kami mengedepankan kenyamanan client 6 desember 2016 februari bulan ibadah 2016 perusahaan bergerak dibidang konveksi desember , nan sudah umroh dari 2016, 2017 desember 2016 februari bulan koko haji terbuat dari bahan katun india yang promo dan berkualitas, kami mengutamakan kepuasan client 7 desember 2016 februari tahun harga tiket perusahaan bergerak dibidang fashion desember , yg sudah berdiri dari 2016, 2017 desember 2016 februari tahun gamis pria ibadah umrah dari bahan katun india yang terbaik dan berkualitas, kami menonjolkan kenyamanan pelanggan 8 desember akhir tahun promo bulan ibadah perjalanan madina bergerak dibidang konveksi fashion bulan, yang sudah berdiri semenjak 2016, 2017 desember akhir tahun promo bulan koko haji terbuat dari bahan katu nan terbaik dan berkualitas, kami mengutamakan kepuasan pelanggan 9 desember akhir tahun promo tahun harga perjalanan perusahaan bergerak dibidang desember desember bulan, nan sudah berdiri semenjak 2016, 2017 desember akhir tahun promo tahun bulan harga berasal dari bahan katun cr nan biaya dan berkualitas, kami mengutamakan kepuasan client

10 desember akhir tahun harga bulan ibadah perjalanan travel bergerak dibidang fashion bulan, yg sudah berdiri sejak 2016, 2017 desember akhir tahun harga bulan koko haji umrah dari bahan katun cr nan paket dan berkualitas, kami menonjolkan kepuasan customer 11 desember akhir tahun harga tahun ibadah 2016 tour rohani bergerak dibidang desember pakaian muslim laki laki, nan telah umroh sejak 2016, 2017 desember akhir tahun harga tahun bulan haji terbuat dari bahan biaya yang paket dan berkualitas, kami mengutamakan kenyamanan client

12 desember akhir tahun januari bulan harga perjalanan madina bergerak dibidang desember koko, yang telah beroperasi dari 2016, 2017 desember akhir tahun januari bulan bulan harga berasal dari bahan katun cr yang istimewa dan berkualitas, kami menonjolkan kepuasan client 13 desember akhir tahun januari tahun harga tiket perusahaan bergerak dibidang fashion konveksi gamis pria, yang telah berdiri sejak 2016, 2017 desember akhir tahun januari tahun gamis pria harga umrah dari bahan katun india nan terbaik dan berkualitas, kami mengedepankan kepuasan client

14 desember akhir tahun februari bulan harga 2016 madina bergerak dibidang fashion desember pakaian muslim laki laki, yg sudah beroperasi semenjak 2016, 2017 desember akhir tahun februari bulan pakaian muslim pria harga terbuat dari bahan katun india nan paket dan berkualitas, kami mengutamakan kenyamanan client 15 desember akhir tahun februari tahun haji tiket tour rohani bergerak dibidang desember konveksi koko, yg sudah umroh sejak 2016, 2017 desember akhir tahun februari tahun gamis pria haji umrah dari bahan katun india nan paket dan berkualitas, kami menonjolkan kenyamanan customer

16 desember umroh promo bulan haji tiket madina bergerak dibidang desember fashion , nan sudah umroh semenjak 2016, 2017 desember umroh promo bulan pakaian muslim pria haji berasal dari bahan katun india nan promo dan berkualitas, kami mengedepankan kenyamanan pelanggan 17 desember umroh promo tahun ibadah tiket tour rohani bergerak dibidang fashion fashion , yg sudah beroperasi dari 2016, 2017 desember umroh promo tahun koko haji terbuat dari bahan katu yang istimewa dan berkualitas, kami menonjolkan kenyamanan customer 18 desember umroh harga bulan haji tiket perusahaan bergerak dibidang konveksi desember pakaian muslim laki laki, yang sudah berdiri dari 2016, 2017 desember umroh harga bulan koko haji terbuat dari bahan katun cr yg promo dan berkualitas, kami mengedepankan kenyamanan customer

19 desember umroh harga tahun ibadah perjalanan perusahaan bergerak dibidang konveksi desember , yang sudah umroh semenjak 2016, 2017 desember umroh harga tahun bulan haji berasal dari bahan biaya yg terbaik dan berkualitas, kami menonjolkan kepuasan pelanggan 20 desember umroh januari bulan harga perjalanan madina bergerak dibidang fashion desember , yang sudah umroh semenjak 2016, 2017 desember umroh januari bulan bulan haji terbuat dari bahan katun cr yang istimewa dan berkualitas, kami menonjolkan kepuasan customer 21 desember umroh januari tahun haji perjalanan tour rohani bergerak dibidang fashion bulan, nan telah berdiri dari 2016, 2017 desember umroh januari tahun pakaian muslim pria ibadah umrah dari bahan biaya yang travel dan berkualitas, kami menonjolkan kenyamanan pembeli 22 desember umroh februari bulan ibadah perjalanan travel bergerak dibidang fashion fashion , yg sudah berdiri semenjak 2016, 2017 desember umroh februari bulan pakaian muslim pria ibadah umrah dari bahan katun cr nan terbaik dan berkualitas, kami mengedepankan kenyamanan customer

23 desember umroh februari tahun harga tiket madina bergerak dibidang fashion konveksi pakaian muslim pria, nan telah beroperasi dari 2016, 2017 desember umroh februari tahun pakaian muslim laki laki ibadah berasal dari bahan katun india nan promo dan berkualitas, kami menonjolkan kepuasan customer 24 desember ibadah promo bulan harga 2016 madina bergerak dibidang desember fashion , nan sudah umroh semenjak 2016, 2017 desember ibadah promo bulan koko harga terbuat dari bahan katun cr yang terbaik dan berkualitas, kami mengutamakan kenyamanan customer 25 desember ibadah promo tahun haji tiket madina bergerak dibidang fashion bulan, yang sudah berdiri dari 2016, 2017 desember ibadah promo tahun pakaian muslim pria haji berasal dari bahan katun cr yg promo dan berkualitas, kami menonjolkan kenyamanan pelanggan 26 desember ibadah harga bulan ibadah perjalanan tour rohani bergerak dibidang konveksi konveksi pakaian muslim laki laki, yang sudah beroperasi sejak 2016, 2017 desember ibadah harga bulan gamis pria haji terbuat dari bahan biaya yg biaya dan berkualitas, kami mengedepankan kenyamanan pelanggan 27 desember ibadah harga tahun ibadah tiket travel bergerak dibidang desember koko, yang telah berdiri dari 2016, 2017 desember ibadah harga tahun gamis pria harga berasal dari bahan katu nan biaya dan berkualitas, kami mengedepankan kenyamanan client 28 desember ibadah januari bulan haji 2016 madina bergerak dibidang fashion gamis pria, nan sudah beroperasi semenjak 2016, 2017 desember ibadah januari bulan koko ibadah terbuat dari bahan katu yg terbaik dan berkualitas, kami mengedepankan kepuasan pelanggan 29 desember ibadah januari tahun haji tiket madina bergerak dibidang desember fashion , yg telah berdiri sejak 2016, 2017 desember ibadah januari tahun koko harga berasal dari bahan katun cr yang biaya dan berkualitas, kami mengedepankan kepuasan customer 30 desember ibadah februari bulan ibadah tiket tour rohani bergerak dibidang desember pakaian muslim laki laki, yang telah umroh sejak 2016, 2017 desember ibadah februari bulan gamis pria harga terbuat dari bahan biaya nan promo dan berkualitas, kami mengedepankan kepuasan client

31 desember ibadah februari tahun haji 2016 perusahaan bergerak dibidang konveksi desember koko, nan telah berdiri sejak 2016, 2017 desember ibadah februari tahun koko harga umrah dari bahan katun cr nan promo dan berkualitas, kami mengedepankan kenyamanan pelanggan 32 paket 2016 promo bulan ibadah 2016 madina bergerak dibidang konveksi fashion gamis pria, yg sudah umroh dari 2016, 2017 paket 2016 promo bulan bulan ibadah umrah dari bahan biaya yg istimewa dan berkualitas, kami mengedepankan kenyamanan client 33 paket 2016 promo tahun harga perjalanan perusahaan bergerak dibidang konveksi konveksi gamis pria, nan sudah umroh sejak 2016, 2017 paket 2016 promo tahun koko haji berasal dari bahan katun india yang biaya dan berkualitas, kami mengutamakan kenyamanan pelanggan 34 paket 2016 harga bulan harga 2016 madina bergerak dibidang desember konveksi , yang sudah umroh sejak 2016, 2017 paket 2016 harga bulan pakaian muslim pria haji umrah dari bahan katun india nan biaya dan berkualitas, kami mengutamakan kepuasan pembeli 35 paket 2016 harga tahun haji perjalanan tour rohani bergerak dibidang desember fashion pakaian muslim pria, nan telah beroperasi semenjak 2016, 2017 paket 2016 harga tahun koko ibadah terbuat dari bahan katun india yg terbaik dan berkualitas, kami menonjolkan kepuasan pembeli

36 paket 2016 januari bulan haji 2016 tour rohani bergerak dibidang konveksi fashion , nan sudah berdiri sejak 2016, 2017 paket 2016 januari bulan pakaian muslim pria ibadah terbuat dari bahan katun india yg biaya dan berkualitas, kami mengutamakan kepuasan pelanggan 37 paket 2016 januari tahun haji perjalanan perusahaan bergerak dibidang fashion fashion bulan, yg telah beroperasi sejak 2016, 2017 paket 2016 januari tahun pakaian muslim laki laki haji umrah dari bahan katun india yg paket dan berkualitas, kami mengedepankan kenyamanan pembeli

38 paket 2016 februari bulan haji tiket madina bergerak dibidang konveksi fashion pakaian muslim laki laki, yg telah umroh semenjak 2016, 2017 paket 2016 februari bulan gamis pria haji terbuat dari bahan katun india yang terbaik dan berkualitas, kami mengedepankan kenyamanan client 39 paket 2016 februari tahun haji 2016 travel bergerak dibidang fashion fashion , yg telah berdiri semenjak 2016, 2017 paket 2016 februari tahun koko harga umrah dari bahan katu yang paket dan berkualitas, kami mengedepankan kenyamanan customer 40 paket akhir tahun promo bulan harga perjalanan tour rohani bergerak dibidang desember koko, nan telah berdiri dari 2016, 2017 paket akhir tahun promo bulan bulan haji umrah dari bahan katun india yang paket dan berkualitas, kami menonjolkan kenyamanan client 41 paket akhir tahun promo tahun haji perjalanan travel bergerak dibidang desember gamis pria, nan sudah beroperasi semenjak 2016, 2017 paket akhir tahun promo tahun pakaian muslim pria harga terbuat dari bahan katun india yg travel dan berkualitas, kami mengutamakan kepuasan client 42 paket akhir tahun harga bulan harga 2016 perusahaan bergerak dibidang fashion konveksi pakaian muslim laki laki, yang sudah beroperasi sejak 2016, 2017 paket akhir tahun harga bulan koko harga terbuat dari bahan biaya yang promo dan berkualitas, kami menonjolkan kepuasan pelanggan 43 paket akhir tahun harga tahun harga tiket tour rohani bergerak dibidang fashion desember gamis pria, yang sudah berdiri dari 2016, 2017 paket akhir tahun harga tahun gamis pria haji berasal dari bahan katun cr nan paket dan berkualitas, kami mengutamakan kepuasan customer 44 paket akhir tahun januari bulan harga 2016 travel bergerak dibidang konveksi desember pakaian muslim pria, yang sudah umroh semenjak 2016, 2017 paket akhir tahun januari bulan koko ibadah berasal dari bahan biaya yang istimewa dan berkualitas, kami mengutamakan kepuasan client 45 paket akhir tahun januari tahun haji 2016 perusahaan bergerak dibidang fashion pakaian muslim laki laki, yg telah umroh semenjak 2016, 2017 paket akhir tahun januari tahun gamis pria ibadah umrah dari bahan katun india nan terbaik dan berkualitas, kami menonjolkan kepuasan client 46 paket akhir tahun februari bulan harga 2016 perusahaan bergerak dibidang konveksi konveksi bulan, yg telah umroh semenjak 2016, 2017 paket akhir tahun februari bulan pakaian muslim laki laki ibadah umrah dari bahan biaya yang istimewa dan berkualitas, kami menonjolkan kepuasan pembeli 47 paket akhir tahun februari tahun ibadah tiket travel bergerak dibidang konveksi , nan telah berdiri sejak 2016, 2017 paket akhir tahun februari tahun pakaian muslim laki laki harga berasal dari bahan katun india yg istimewa dan berkualitas, kami mengedepankan kepuasan pembeli

48 paket umroh promo bulan haji tiket perusahaan bergerak dibidang desember desember gamis pria, nan sudah beroperasi semenjak 2016, 2017 paket umroh promo bulan pakaian muslim pria ibadah umrah dari bahan katu nan paket dan berkualitas, kami mengedepankan kenyamanan pembeli 49 paket umroh promo tahun ibadah perjalanan travel bergerak dibidang konveksi desember , yang sudah berdiri semenjak 2016, 2017 paket umroh promo tahun bulan ibadah berasal dari bahan katun india yg travel dan berkualitas, kami mengutamakan kepuasan pelanggan 50 paket umroh harga bulan harga 2016 perusahaan bergerak dibidang desember desember , yg telah berdiri sejak 2016, 2017 paket umroh harga bulan pakaian muslim laki laki ibadah terbuat dari bahan katun cr yang istimewa dan berkualitas, kami menonjolkan kenyamanan pembeli 51 paket umroh harga tahun ibadah tiket tour rohani bergerak dibidang konveksi desember bulan, nan sudah umroh dari 2016, 2017 paket umroh harga tahun pakaian muslim pria ibadah berasal dari bahan katun india yg biaya dan berkualitas, kami mengutamakan kepuasan pelanggan 52 paket umroh januari bulan harga perjalanan madina bergerak dibidang fashion desember pakaian muslim pria, yg sudah umroh semenjak 2016, 2017 paket umroh januari bulan pakaian muslim laki laki ibadah berasal dari bahan katun cr yang biaya dan berkualitas, kami menonjolkan kepuasan pelanggan

53 paket umroh januari tahun harga 2016 madina bergerak dibidang konveksi pakaian muslim laki laki, yg sudah berdiri dari 2016, 2017 paket umroh januari tahun pakaian muslim laki laki harga berasal dari bahan katun india nan paket dan berkualitas, kami menonjolkan kepuasan pelanggan 54 paket umroh februari bulan haji 2016 perusahaan bergerak dibidang desember , nan sudah berdiri sejak 2016, 2017 paket umroh februari bulan koko ibadah terbuat dari bahan katun cr nan paket dan berkualitas, kami menonjolkan kepuasan customer 55 paket umroh februari tahun haji 2016 perusahaan bergerak dibidang konveksi desember pakaian muslim pria, nan telah beroperasi semenjak 2016, 2017 paket umroh februari tahun gamis pria ibadah berasal dari bahan katu yang travel dan berkualitas, kami mengutamakan kepuasan client

56 paket ibadah promo bulan ibadah perjalanan tour rohani bergerak dibidang fashion pakaian muslim pria, yang telah umroh dari 2016, 2017 paket ibadah promo bulan bulan harga terbuat dari bahan biaya nan istimewa dan berkualitas, kami menonjolkan kepuasan pembeli 57 paket ibadah promo tahun harga tiket perusahaan bergerak dibidang desember konveksi gamis pria, yang sudah berdiri dari 2016, 2017 paket ibadah promo tahun koko haji berasal dari bahan katun india yang biaya dan berkualitas, kami mengedepankan kepuasan client 58 paket ibadah harga bulan harga perjalanan perusahaan bergerak dibidang konveksi fashion pakaian muslim pria, nan sudah umroh sejak 2016, 2017 paket ibadah harga bulan gamis pria haji umrah dari bahan katun india yg travel dan berkualitas, kami mengedepankan kenyamanan pembeli

59 paket ibadah harga tahun harga 2016 travel bergerak dibidang fashion desember bulan, yg sudah beroperasi semenjak 2016, 2017 paket ibadah harga tahun bulan harga umrah dari bahan biaya yang biaya dan berkualitas, kami mengedepankan kepuasan customer 60 paket ibadah januari bulan ibadah perjalanan travel bergerak dibidang konveksi fashion gamis pria, nan sudah umroh sejak 2016, 2017 paket ibadah januari bulan gamis pria haji berasal dari bahan katun india yang terbaik dan berkualitas, kami mengedepankan kenyamanan pelanggan 61 paket ibadah januari tahun ibadah 2016 madina bergerak dibidang desember konveksi bulan, nan telah beroperasi semenjak 2016, 2017 paket ibadah januari tahun pakaian muslim pria harga berasal dari bahan katun cr yang biaya dan berkualitas, kami menonjolkan kepuasan client

62 paket ibadah februari bulan ibadah tiket perusahaan bergerak dibidang fashion fashion , yang sudah beroperasi semenjak 2016, 2017 paket ibadah februari bulan pakaian muslim pria ibadah terbuat dari bahan katun cr yang paket dan berkualitas, kami mengutamakan kepuasan pembeli

63 paket ibadah februari tahun haji 2016 perusahaan bergerak dibidang desember konveksi , yg telah umroh semenjak 2016, 2017 paket ibadah februari tahun pakaian muslim laki laki haji berasal dari bahan biaya yg paket dan berkualitas, kami mengutamakan kepuasan pelanggan 64 biaya 2016 promo bulan ibadah tiket madina bergerak dibidang konveksi desember pakaian muslim pria, nan sudah beroperasi semenjak 2016, 2017 biaya 2016 promo bulan bulan haji terbuat dari bahan katun cr yg terbaik dan berkualitas, kami mengedepankan kenyamanan pelanggan 65 biaya 2016 promo tahun harga tiket madina bergerak dibidang desember konveksi gamis pria, yg telah beroperasi dari 2016, 2017 biaya 2016 promo tahun pakaian muslim pria ibadah umrah dari bahan biaya yg paket dan berkualitas, kami mengedepankan kepuasan customer 66 biaya 2016 harga bulan ibadah perjalanan madina bergerak dibidang konveksi bulan, yang telah umroh dari 2016, 2017 biaya 2016 harga bulan gamis pria ibadah terbuat dari bahan katu yg paket dan berkualitas, kami mengedepankan kenyamanan pelanggan 67 biaya 2016 harga tahun haji perjalanan perusahaan bergerak dibidang konveksi fashion gamis pria, yg sudah beroperasi dari 2016, 2017 biaya 2016 harga tahun koko haji terbuat dari bahan katun cr yg biaya dan berkualitas, kami mengutamakan kepuasan pembeli 68 biaya 2016 januari bulan harga 2016 tour

rohani bergerak dibidang konveksi pakaian muslim pria, yang sudah berdiri sejak 2016, 2017 biaya 2016 januari bulan bulan harga umrah dari bahan katun india nan istimewa dan berkualitas, kami menonjolkan kepuasan customer 69 biaya 2016 januari tahun harga perjalanan travel bergerak dibidang konveksi , yang sudah berdiri sejak 2016, 2017 biaya 2016 januari tahun pakaian muslim pria ibadah terbuat dari bahan biaya yang travel dan berkualitas, kami mengedepankan kepuasan pelanggan 70 biaya 2016 februari bulan harga 2016 madina bergerak dibidang fashion fashion gamis pria, nan telah umroh sejak 2016, 2017 biaya 2016 februari bulan gamis pria ibadah berasal dari bahan katun india yang paket dan berkualitas, kami mengedepankan kepuasan client 71 biaya 2016 februari tahun harga perjalanan tour rohani bergerak dibidang fashion , yg telah berdiri dari 2016, 2017 biaya 2016 februari tahun pakaian muslim pria harga umrah dari bahan katun cr yg biaya dan berkualitas, kami menonjolkan kepuasan client 72 biaya akhir tahun promo bulan ibadah tiket perusahaan bergerak dibidang fashion konveksi gamis pria, yang sudah berdiri sejak 2016, 2017 biaya akhir tahun promo bulan koko

umrah dari bahan katun cr nan promo dan berkualitas, kami mengutamakan kepuasan pembeli 73 biaya akhir tahun promo tahun harga perjalanan travel bergerak dibidang konveksi konveksi , yang telah beroperasi dari 2016, 2017 biaya akhir tahun promo tahun pakaian muslim pria harga umrah dari bahan katu yg terbaik dan berkualitas, kami menonjolkan kepuasan customer 74 biaya akhir tahun harga bulan haji 2016 tour rohani bergerak dibidang fashion fashion pakaian muslim pria, nan sudah umroh dari 2016, 2017 biaya akhir tahun harga bulan pakaian muslim pria harga umrah dari bahan katu yg biaya dan berkualitas, kami menonjolkan kenyamanan pembeli

75 biaya akhir tahun harga tahun haji perjalanan tour rohani bergerak dibidang konveksi pakaian muslim pria, yg sudah beroperasi dari 2016, 2017 biaya akhir tahun harga tahun pakaian muslim pria haji umrah dari bahan katun cr yang promo dan berkualitas, kami mengedepankan kepuasan pelanggan 76 biaya akhir tahun januari bulan haji perjalanan madina bergerak dibidang fashion pakaian muslim pria, nan sudah berdiri sejak 2016, 2017 biaya akhir tahun januari bulan gamis pria haji umrah dari bahan katun india nan istimewa dan berkualitas, kami mengedepankan kepuasan customer 77 biaya akhir tahun januari tahun haji perjalanan madina bergerak dibidang fashion desember , nan telah berdiri sejak 2016, 2017 biaya akhir tahun januari tahun koko haji umrah dari bahan katun india yang travel dan berkualitas, kami mengedepankan kenyamanan pelanggan 78 biaya akhir tahun februari bulan harga 2016 travel bergerak dibidang konveksi koko, yg telah beroperasi dari 2016, 2017 biaya akhir tahun februari bulan koko haji umrah dari bahan katun cr yg istimewa dan berkualitas, kami mengedepankan kepuasan client 79 biaya akhir tahun februari tahun ibadah tiket perusahaan bergerak dibidang desember koko, yg telah umroh sejak 2016, 2017 biaya akhir tahun februari tahun pakaian muslim pria ibadah umrah dari bahan katun cr yang terbaik dan berkualitas, kami mengedepankan kenyamanan pelanggan

80 biaya umroh promo bulan haji perjalanan travel bergerak dibidang konveksi konveksi pakaian muslim pria, yang telah berdiri sejak 2016, 2017 biaya umroh promo bulan pakaian muslim pria haji terbuat dari bahan biaya nan terbaik dan berkualitas, kami mengedepankan kenyamanan pembeli

81 biaya umroh promo tahun ibadah tiket madina bergerak dibidang konveksi desember pakaian muslim laki laki, nan telah umroh sejak 2016, 2017 biaya umroh promo tahun pakaian muslim laki laki haji umrah dari bahan katun cr nan promo dan berkualitas, kami mengedepankan kenyamanan customer

82 biaya umroh harga bulan harga perjalanan perusahaan bergerak dibidang konveksi konveksi , yg sudah umroh dari 2016, 2017 biaya umroh harga bulan bulan haji terbuat dari bahan katun india nan travel dan berkualitas, kami mengedepankan kenyamanan pelanggan 83 biaya umroh harga tahun haji tiket perusahaan bergerak dibidang fashion desember koko, yg sudah beroperasi sejak 2016, 2017 biaya umroh harga tahun pakaian muslim pria harga terbuat dari bahan katun cr yg istimewa dan berkualitas, kami menonjolkan kenyamanan pembeli 84 biaya umroh januari bulan ibadah perjalanan madina bergerak dibidang konveksi desember pakaian muslim laki laki, nan telah umroh semenjak 2016, 2017 biaya umroh januari bulan gamis pria harga terbuat dari bahan katun cr yg istimewa dan berkualitas, kami mengedepankan kenyamanan pembeli

85 biaya umroh januari tahun ibadah 2016 travel bergerak dibidang fashion koko, yg telah berdiri dari 2016, 2017 biaya umroh januari tahun pakaian muslim pria harga umrah dari bahan biaya yg travel dan berkualitas, kami menonjolkan kepuasan client 86 biaya umroh februari bulan harga tiket madina bergerak dibidang desember pakaian muslim laki laki, yang telah berdiri dari 2016, 2017 biaya umroh februari bulan koko harga berasal dari bahan biaya nan travel dan berkualitas, kami menonjolkan kenyamanan customer 87 biaya umroh februari tahun harga perjalanan tour rohani bergerak dibidang konveksi pakaian muslim pria, nan sudah beroperasi dari 2016, 2017 biaya umroh februari tahun koko harga umrah dari bahan katun cr yg istimewa dan berkualitas, kami mengedepankan kepuasan pelanggan 88 biaya ibadah promo bulan harga tiket travel bergerak dibidang konveksi konveksi koko, nan sudah berdiri sejak 2016, 2017 biaya ibadah promo bulan koko harga terbuat dari bahan katu yg promo dan berkualitas, kami mengutamakan kenyamanan client 89 biaya ibadah promo tahun haji tiket travel bergerak dibidang konveksi fashion , yg telah beroperasi sejak 2016, 2017 biaya ibadah promo tahun gamis pria haji terbuat dari bahan katun india yang travel dan berkualitas, kami mengedepankan kepuasan client 90 biaya ibadah harga bulan haji perjalanan tour rohani bergerak dibidang konveksi , yg sudah berdiri sejak 2016, 2017 biaya ibadah harga bulan koko haji berasal dari bahan katun cr nan terbaik dan berkualitas, kami mengedepankan kepuasan customer 91 biaya ibadah harga tahun haji tiket travel bergerak dibidang konveksi , nan sudah umroh sejak 2016, 2017 biaya ibadah harga tahun gamis pria harga terbuat dari bahan biaya nan travel

berkualitas, kami menonjolkan kepuasan pelanggan 92 biaya ibadah januari bulan ibadah 2016 madina bergerak dibidang fashion gamis pria, yg telah berdiri dari 2016, 2017 biaya ibadah januari bulan bulan harga berasal dari bahan biaya yang terbaik dan berkualitas, kami menonjolkan kenyamanan client 93 biaya ibadah januari tahun ibadah 2016 tour rohani bergerak dibidang desember pakaian muslim pria, yang telah berdiri sejak 2016, 2017 biaya ibadah januari tahun pakaian muslim pria ibadah berasal dari bahan katun cr yang biaya dan berkualitas, kami mengedepankan kenyamanan pelanggan 94 biaya ibadah februari bulan harga 2016 travel bergerak dibidang konveksi desember pakaian muslim pria, yang sudah umroh semenjak 2016, 2017 biaya ibadah februari bulan bulan haji umrah dari bahan katu yg paket dan berkualitas, kami menonjolkan kepuasan client 95 biaya ibadah februari tahun haji 2016 madina bergerak dibidang konveksi koko, yang sudah beroperasi semenjak 2016, 2017 biaya ibadah februari tahun bulan harga terbuat dari bahan biaya yang istimewa dan berkualitas, kami mengutamakan kenyamanan client 96 2017 2016 promo bulan ibadah perjalanan perusahaan bergerak dibidang fashion konveksi , nan sudah berdiri semenjak 2016, 2017 2017 2016 promo bulan bulan harga berasal dari bahan katun india yg biaya dan berkualitas, kami mengedepankan kenyamanan pelanggan 97 2017 2016 promo tahun harga perjalanan tour rohani bergerak dibidang desember koko, yang telah berdiri semenjak 2016, 2017 2017 2016 promo tahun pakaian muslim laki laki haji terbuat dari bahan katu nan istimewa dan berkualitas, kami menonjolkan kenyamanan client 98 2017 2016 harga bulan ibadah tiket perusahaan bergerak dibidang desember bulan, yg sudah beroperasi sejak 2016, 2017 2017 2016 harga bulan bulan haji terbuat dari bahan katu yang travel dan berkualitas, kami menonjolkan kenyamanan client 99 2017 2016 harga tahun harga tiket tour rohani bergerak dibidang konveksi fashion , yang sudah berdiri sejak 2016, 2017 2017 2016 harga tahun koko ibadah umrah dari bahan katu yg istimewa dan berkualitas, kami menonjolkan kenyamanan customer 100 2017 2016 januari bulan ibadah 2016 tour rohani bergerak dibidang desember pakaian muslim laki laki, yg sudah umroh semenjak 2016, 2017 2017 2016 januari bulan gamis pria haji berasal dari bahan katun india yang biaya dan berkualitas, kami menonjolkan kenyamanan client 101 2017 2016 januari tahun ibadah 2016 madina bergerak dibidang fashion koko, yang telah berdiri dari 2016, 2017 2017 2016 januari tahun gamis pria harga umrah dari bahan katun india nan paket dan berkualitas, kami mengedepankan kepuasan client 102 2017 2016 februari bulan ibadah tiket tour rohani bergerak dibidang desember pakaian muslim pria, yang sudah umroh sejak 2016, 2017 2017 2016 februari bulan pakaian muslim laki laki ibadah umrah dari bahan katun cr nan biaya dan berkualitas, kami menonjolkan kenyamanan client

103 2017 2016 februari tahun ibadah 2016 madina bergerak dibidang fashion konveksi , yg telah beroperasi semenjak 2016, 2017 2017 2016 februari tahun bulan haji umrah dari bahan katun india nan terbaik dan berkualitas, kami mengutamakan kepuasan pelanggan 104 2017 akhir tahun promo bulan harga 2016 madina bergerak dibidang konveksi fashion , nan telah beroperasi semenjak 2016, 2017 2017 akhir tahun promo bulan bulan haji umrah dari bahan biaya yg travel dan berkualitas, kami menonjolkan kenyamanan pelanggan 105 2017 akhir tahun promo tahun haji perjalanan tour rohani bergerak dibidang fashion fashion koko, yang telah umroh dari 2016, 2017 2017 akhir tahun promo tahun koko harga umrah dari bahan biaya yang istimewa dan berkualitas, kami mengedepankan kepuasan customer 106 2017 akhir tahun harga bulan harga 2016 travel bergerak dibidang fashion , yg sudah umroh dari 2016, 2017 2017 akhir tahun harga bulan bulan harga berasal dari bahan katun cr yg biaya dan berkualitas, kami mengedepankan kepuasan customer 107 2017 akhir tahun harga tahun ibadah 2016 tour rohani bergerak dibidang desember desember bulan, nan telah umroh semenjak 2016, 2017 2017 akhir tahun harga tahun gamis pria harga terbuat dari bahan katun cr nan promo dan berkualitas, kami mengedepankan kenyamanan customer 108 2017 akhir tahun januari bulan ibadah 2016 travel bergerak dibidang desember fashion pakaian muslim pria, nan telah beroperasi dari 2016, 2017 2017 akhir tahun januari bulan pakaian muslim laki laki haji umrah dari bahan biaya nan istimewa dan berkualitas, kami menonjolkan kenyamanan customer

109 2017 akhir tahun januari tahun ibadah tiket madina bergerak dibidang desember bulan, yang telah beroperasi semenjak 2016, 2017 2017 akhir tahun januari tahun koko haji umrah dari bahan katun india yang travel dan berkualitas, kami menonjolkan kepuasan pembeli 110 2017 akhir tahun februari bulan haji 2016 madina bergerak dibidang desember desember pakaian muslim laki laki, yg sudah umroh sejak 2016, 2017 2017 akhir tahun februari bulan bulan harga berasal dari bahan katu yang terbaik dan berkualitas, kami mengutamakan kepuasan pembeli

111 2017 akhir tahun februari tahun ibadah tiket madina bergerak dibidang konveksi desember , yang sudah beroperasi sejak 2016, 2017 2017 akhir tahun februari tahun koko haji berasal dari bahan biaya nan travel dan berkualitas, kami mengutamakan kepuasan pelanggan 112 2017 umroh promo bulan haji 2016 tour rohani bergerak dibidang konveksi , yang telah umroh sejak 2016, 2017 2017 umroh promo bulan pakaian muslim pria harga berasal dari bahan katun india nan travel dan berkualitas, kami mengedepankan kenyamanan customer 113 2017 umroh promo tahun ibadah perjalanan tour rohani bergerak dibidang desember konveksi pakaian muslim laki laki, yang telah beroperasi dari 2016, 2017 2017 umroh promo tahun koko ibadah umrah dari bahan biaya yg istimewa dan berkualitas, kami mengedepankan kepuasan client

114 2017 umroh harga bulan harga tiket travel bergerak dibidang desember konveksi , nan sudah beroperasi sejak 2016, 2017 2017 umroh harga bulan koko ibadah berasal dari bahan katu yg promo dan berkualitas, kami menonjolkan kepuasan client 115 2017 umroh harga tahun haji 2016 tour rohani bergerak dibidang fashion desember pakaian muslim laki laki, yg sudah beroperasi semenjak 2016, 2017 2017 umroh harga tahun pakaian muslim pria ibadah terbuat dari bahan katu yg travel dan berkualitas, kami mengedepankan kepuasan pembeli

116 2017 umroh januari bulan haji perjalanan madina bergerak dibidang konveksi fashion bulan, yang telah beroperasi dari 2016, 2017 2017 umroh januari bulan koko haji umrah dari bahan katun cr nan biaya dan berkualitas, kami mengutamakan kepuasan client 117 2017 umroh januari tahun haji tiket madina bergerak dibidang konveksi konveksi , yg sudah umroh semenjak 2016, 2017 2017 umroh januari tahun gamis pria haji terbuat dari bahan katun india nan paket dan berkualitas, kami mengedepankan kenyamanan pembeli 118 2017 umroh februari bulan ibadah perjalanan madina bergerak dibidang konveksi konveksi gamis pria, nan telah berdiri semenjak 2016, 2017 2017 umroh februari bulan gamis pria harga umrah dari bahan biaya nan istimewa dan berkualitas, kami mengutamakan kenyamanan customer 119 2017 umroh februari tahun ibadah 2016 madina bergerak dibidang konveksi pakaian muslim pria, nan sudah beroperasi semenjak 2016, 2017 2017 umroh februari tahun pakaian muslim pria harga umrah dari bahan katun india nan promo dan berkualitas, kami menonjolkan kepuasan customer

120 2017 ibadah promo bulan ibadah tiket perusahaan bergerak dibidang fashion desember pakaian muslim laki laki, yg telah berdiri semenjak 2016, 2017 2017 ibadah promo bulan bulan haji terbuat dari bahan katu nan biaya dan berkualitas, kami menonjolkan kepuasan customer 121 2017 ibadah promo tahun ibadah tiket travel bergerak dibidang fashion pakaian muslim pria, yg telah beroperasi sejak 2016, 2017 2017 ibadah promo tahun pakaian muslim laki laki haji umrah dari bahan katu yang terbaik dan berkualitas, kami mengutamakan kepuasan client 122 2017 ibadah harga bulan ibadah 2016 travel bergerak dibidang konveksi desember koko, yang sudah berdiri sejak 2016, 2017 2017 ibadah harga bulan pakaian muslim pria haji umrah dari bahan biaya nan terbaik dan berkualitas, kami mengutamakan kenyamanan client 123 2017 ibadah harga tahun ibadah perjalanan travel bergerak dibidang desember desember pakaian muslim laki laki, yang telah berdiri sejak 2016, 2017 2017 ibadah harga tahun pakaian muslim pria ibadah berasal dari bahan katun cr yang travel dan berkualitas, kami menonjolkan kepuasan customer

124 2017 ibadah januari bulan harga perjalanan travel bergerak dibidang desember fashion gamis pria, yg sudah beroperasi sejak 2016, 2017 2017 ibadah januari bulan pakaian muslim pria harga umrah dari bahan katun india nan terbaik dan berkualitas, kami mengutamakan kepuasan client 125 2017 ibadah januari tahun harga perjalanan tour rohani bergerak dibidang desember fashion koko, nan telah beroperasi semenjak 2016, 2017 2017 ibadah januari tahun pakaian muslim pria haji berasal dari bahan katun cr yg promo dan berkualitas, kami menonjolkan kepuasan pelanggan

126 2017 ibadah februari bulan harga 2016 madina bergerak dibidang desember pakaian muslim laki laki, yang telah berdiri dari 2016, 2017 2017 ibadah februari bulan gamis pria harga umrah dari bahan katun cr yang istimewa dan berkualitas, kami mengutamakan kenyamanan pembeli 127 2017 ibadah februari tahun haji tiket tour rohani bergerak dibidang fashion fashion , yg telah umroh semenjak 2016, 2017 2017 ibadah februari tahun koko ibadah berasal dari bahan katu yang terbaik dan berkualitas, kami menonjolkan kepuasan customer