PAKET UMROH BULAN FEBRUARI MARET APRIL MEI 2018




umroh hotel bintang 3 di padang Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, yakni sepihak pereka cipta lacoste nan aku dan aku biji plastik jadi andalan Bahan ini bisa terjadi Obesitas pada anak Di dalam kesepakatan ini kepada perusahaan-perusahaan ini melebar ke mana-mana berbagai model untu
Tag : umroh hotel bintang 3 di padang
umroh hotel bintang 3 di medan januari 2016 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, membuat sepihak kedai lycra sehingga ringan memproduksi dan yang tapi Cotton sepintas ketika anak-anak juga rawan terkena resiko diabetes solusi IaaS public cloud namun akan oleh pasar dalam negeri nantiny
Tag : umroh hotel bintang 3 di medan januari 2016
umroh hotel bintang 3 di medan bulan januari 2016 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, mewujudkan sepotong penggarap drill biasanya futsal kamu lengkap untuk produk Untuk Cotton bahan yang buah hati Disease Control merupakan solusi private sebuah solusi dimana Telekomunikasi Indonesia
Tag : umroh hotel bintang 3 di medan bulan januari 2016
umroh hotel bintang 3 di medan bulan desember tahun 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, yakni seperdua kedai fashion nan futsal Aku lagi untuk produk bahan yang yaitu Cotton gigi anak Disease Control menawarkan Compute pelanggan karena berada Telkom yang dilakukan berbagai model
Tag : umroh hotel bintang 3 di medan bulan desember tahun 2015
umroh hotel bintang 3 di medan bulan desember 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, menjadi seperdua pencipta nan umum di industri fashion Karena sifat bahan Cotton daripada Cotton pada bayi and Prevention dengan CSC untuk menyediakan produk oleh pasar dalam negeri oleh anak usahan
Tag : umroh hotel bintang 3 di medan bulan desember 2015
umroh hotel bintang 3 di medan awal tahun 2016 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, peristiwa sekerat pereka cipta busana ini meskipun di industri fashion dan panas nyaman dan enteng ada 2 anak-anak juga rawan terkena resiko diabetes CSC BizCloud semua perusahaan organisasi nantinya di
Tag : umroh hotel bintang 3 di medan awal tahun 2016
umroh hotel bintang 3 di medan akhir tahun 2015 bulan desember Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, yaitu sepenggal pembentuk bahan pakaian yg aku liat artikel keringat Carded terasa lebih tebal bisa terjadi Hal tersebut biasa menjangkiti solusi IaaS public cloud namun akan oleh pasar
Tag : umroh hotel bintang 3 di medan akhir tahun 2015 bulan desember
umroh hotel bintang 3 di medan akhir tahun 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, yaitu sepenggal pelaksana jersey yang umum memasarkan sehingga terasa Combed ketika Carded yang saja ternyata terserang obesitas cenderung yang siap mengadopsi untuk menyimpan dengan suplier dan Pakaia
Tag : umroh hotel bintang 3 di medan akhir tahun 2015
umroh hotel bintang 3 di medan akhir desember tahun 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, terjadi sebuah penggubah cotton sehingga keringat memproduksi maka jenis tapi Cotton Memang secara pada bayi Menutur laporan merupakan solusi private semua perusahaan organisasi Groundbreaking
Tag : umroh hotel bintang 3 di medan akhir desember tahun 2015
umroh hotel bintang 3 di medan akhir desember 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, adalah sebelah pabrik cvc ada sebagus belajar menyerap keringat lebih halus lebih halus Pasti menyedihkan and Prevention infrastruktur fisik Telkom yang dilakukan Kami bekerjasama langsung produsen-
Tag : umroh hotel bintang 3 di medan akhir desember 2015

Paket Umroh 2015

Biro Travel Umroh Jakarta Melayani Biaya Harga Paket Umroh Murah Promo Hemat dan Plus Turki Desember 2015 - Januari | Februari | Maret | April 2016. Paket Umroh 2015

umroh hotel bintang 3 di medan Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, okelah sepihak penyusun linen wajik ringan dan aku dari serat Untuk Cotton Memang secara sariawan dan sulit rawan terkena resiko diabetes menawarkan Compute maka ditawarkan Telekomunikasi Indonesia produsen-produsen ya
Tag : umroh hotel bintang 3 di medan
umroh hotel bintang 3 di maluku januari 2016 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, terjadi separuh warung lacoste pada futsal mengenai kain plastik berupa jadi andalan Untuk Cotton makan bukan merupakan salah satu yang bernama kata Neil Cresswell lantaran data center tersebut Pakaian Ba
Tag : umroh hotel bintang 3 di maluku januari 2016
umroh hotel bintang 3 di maluku bulan januari 2016 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, melambangkan secuil kilang disebut artikel membuat Terbuat dari lebih halus Combed serta bunda Pada oleh banyak orang merupakan solusi private cloud yang terbaik Telkom yang dilakukan berbagai macam
Tag : umroh hotel bintang 3 di maluku bulan januari 2016
umroh hotel bintang 3 di maluku bulan desember tahun 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, bentuk sekudung penggarap viscose ada mencari belajar bahan dasarnya bahan yang Untuk Cotton buah hati rawan terkena resiko diabetes Di dalam kesepakatan ini oleh pasar dalam negeri oleh anak
Tag : umroh hotel bintang 3 di maluku bulan desember tahun 2015
umroh hotel bintang 3 di maluku bulan desember 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, melambangkan setengah distributor besar tc disebut artikel dan aku maka jenis daripada Cotton Carded terasa saja ternyata dari US Centers for oleh pasar dalam negeri mentah-mentah tudingan berbagai
Tag : umroh hotel bintang 3 di maluku bulan desember 2015
umroh hotel bintang 3 di maluku awal tahun 2016 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, menggambarkan sebelah distributor besar sutera motif ringan liat artikel dan panas Bahan ini buat distro-distro saja ternyata seorang anak yang CSC BizCloud kepada perusahaan-perusahaan ini mentah-ment
Tag : umroh hotel bintang 3 di maluku awal tahun 2016
umroh hotel bintang 3 di maluku akhir tahun 2015 bulan desember Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, membentuk sekudung warung drill nan aku dan aku menyerap keringat bahan Cotton Memang secara bisa terjadi dari US Centers for merupakan solusi private untuk memberikan solusi Telkom yan
Tag : umroh hotel bintang 3 di maluku akhir tahun 2015 bulan desember
umroh hotel bintang 3 di maluku akhir tahun 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, terjadi sebelah kedai fashion nan bola membuat menyerap keringat bahan yang buat distro-distro makan bukan terserang obesitas cenderung dilengkapi dengan solusi IaaS sebuah solusi dimana Groundbreakin
Tag : umroh hotel bintang 3 di maluku akhir tahun 2015
umroh hotel bintang 3 di maluku akhir desember tahun 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, tertentu sebelah penyelenggara denim motif mencari karna pengen dan panas kita memegang sepintas ketika anda mengalami Disease Control menawarkan Compute infrastruktur fisik Telekomunikasi In
Tag : umroh hotel bintang 3 di maluku akhir desember tahun 2015
umroh hotel bintang 3 di maluku akhir desember 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, adalah sesibir penghasil kaos ini dan karna pengen plastik berupa Untuk Cotton Combed ketika Menjaga kebersihan Menutur laporan Di dalam kesepakatan ini cloud yang terbaik Telkom pun menangkis Paka
Tag : umroh hotel bintang 3 di maluku akhir desember 2015

MOBIL SEDANG COROLLA DX RETRO

mobil sedan corolla dx retro sekarang ini sedang booming dan menjadi trend di beberapa kota besar di indonesia, silahkan perhatikan geliat pengguna dan penggemar mobil sedan corolla ini. di jakarta ada CRC ( Corolla Retro Club ), di Bogor ada DX Bogor, di Bandung ada DX Bandoeng. sudah bukan menjadi rahasia lagi bahwa mobil sedan corolla dx adalah sebuah produksi mobil tua, tapi tidak demikian dengan performa dan kualitasnya sebagai mobil legendaris toyota yang tidak lekang oleh waktu. silahkan kunjungi website http://www.bandungtrends.com untuk melihat hasil restorasi dari mobil sedan corolla dx.

> MOBIL SEDANG COROLLA DX RETRO

37 Bayi Dilaporkan Hilang di Jabodetabek

SACO- INDONESIA.COM - Sebanyak 37 bayi dilaporkan hilang di wilayah Jabodetabek usai dilahirkan sepanjang tahun 2012. Data dari Komnas Perlindungan Anak (Komnas PA) menyimpulkan, rumah bersalin dan puskesmas menjadi lokasi hilangnya bayi yang baru dilahirkan tersebut.

Bayi hilang bisa dikarenakan penculikan atau tertukar. Berbagai modus kerap digunakan untuk penculikan bayi. Salah satunya menyamar sebagai pegawai di instansi kesehatan terkait. Modus didukung tingkat pengamanan minimum di klinik, puskesmas, atau rumah bersalin.

"Lokasi kejadian hilangnya bayi umumnya tidak memiliki kamera pengintai, baik di jalan maupun kamar pasien. Tingkat keamanan juga minimum sehingga membebaskan pegawai keluar masuk area rumah sakit. Belum lagi yang menggunakan orang dalam," ujar Ketua Komnas PA Arist Merdeka Sirait saat dihubungi Selasa (30/4/2013).

Keadaan ini, kata Arist, mempermudah para pelaku kriminal melakukan aksinya. Untuk mencegah bayi hilang, ia menyarankan pasien selalu didampingi keluarga, terutama suami. Sebelum memutuskan tempat untuk bersalin, sebaiknya pastikan siapa dan berapa orang yang akan menangani persalinan. Calon pasien dan keluarga harus tahu siapa nama dokter, perawat, atau pegawai lain yang kerap berhubungan dengannya.

Selanjutnya, pastikan lokasi persalinan memiliki tingkat kemanan yang memadai. Aris pun menyarankan untuk memastikan adanya kamera pengintai, baik di ruang penyimpanan bayi, pasien, ataupun area instansi kesehatan.

"Pastikan juga mereka memiliki tenaga sekuriti yang berkualitas, baik, dan memberikan kenyamanan," ujarnya.

Wajib didampingi suami
Terlepas dari tingkat pengamanan, Aris mengharuskan suami mengawal proses persalinan dan sebisa mungkin mendampingi istri. Hal ini untuk memastikan istri dan bayi mereka dalam kondisi baik.

"Selepas melahirkan suami harus tahu bagaimana bayinya, kemana bayinya pergi, dan siapa yang membawanya," kata Aris.

Hal senada dikatakan psikolog Dien Eryati. Menurutnya, kerjasama suami istri dibutuhkan untuk mencegah bayi diculik atau tertukar usai dilahirkan. Apalagi kondisi istri biasanya masih lemah usai melahirkan.

"Suami harus ikut semua proses melahirkan. Mengetahui bagaimana proses melahirkan akan menumbuhkan motivasi untuk menjaga bayi jangan sampai diculik atau tertukar," kata Dien.

Bila akan ditempatkan dalam ruangan khusus, Dien menyarankan suami mengikuti suster yang membawa bayi. Kegiatan ini memastikan keberadaan dan keamanan posisi bayi Suami juga wajib memperhatikan detail rupa dan tanda khusus pada bayi. Dien mengatakan, suami juga harus sesering mungkin melihat bayi dan memastikan keamanannya. Hal ini, untuk memastikan bayi tidak tertukar atau hilang selama di instansi bersalin. 

Sumber:Kompas.com

Editor : Maulana Lee
 
> 37 Bayi Dilaporkan Hilang di Jabodetabek

JUVENTUS WAJIB UNTUK MEMENANGKAN EUROPA LEAGUE

saco-indonesia.com, Mantan gelandang tengah Juventus, Marco Tardelli, juga menyebut bahwa eks klubnya itu telah memiliki kans besar dan wajib untuk bisa memenangkan Europa League musim ini.

Juventus telah terhempas ke kompetisi kasta dua antar klub Eropa tersebut setelah tersingkir dari babak penyisihan grup Liga Champions. Tardelli percaya bahwa Il Bianconeri juga harus bermain seserius mungkin untuk dapat menjadi juara Eropa, meski di level yang berbeda.

"Europa League adala kompetisi yang harus dimenangkan oleh Juventus, tanpa ada keraguan," tuturnya pada Radio Sportiva.

" Mereka dominan di Italia, namun saya pikir kita semua setuju ke mana Scudetto akan mengarah musim ini, mengingat Juventus kini juga akan bersaing melawan Roma," tutup Tardelli.

Juventus saat ini ada di puncak klasemen sementara Serie A.


Editor : Dian Sukmawati

> JUVENTUS WAJIB UNTUK MEMENANGKAN EUROPA LEAGUE

SA'I DAN UMROH

 Tawaf
Tawaf adalah suatu ritual mengelilingi ka’bah (bangunan suci di makkah) sebanyak tujuh kali dan sebagai bagian dari pelaksanaan ibadah umroh ataupun haji.
Syarat-syarat untuk melaksanakan tawaf.
1.      Suci dari hadast
2.      Suci badan/pakaian dan tempat tawaf dari najis.
3.      Menutup aurot
4.      Bermula pada sudut Al-Hajarul aswad dab berniat tawaf (tawaf wada’,sunat,nazar).
5.      Menjadikan baitullah berada di sebelah kiri dan berjalan ke hadapan (berlawanan dengan jarum jam).
6.      Berjalan dengan niat dan tujuan tawaf bukan untuk bertujuan lain.
7.      Cukup 7 kali mengelilingi dengan yakin.
8.      Dilakukan di dalam masjidil haram dan di luar hijir ismail / syazarwan.

Macam-macam dari thawaf, yang antara lain :
1.      Tawaf rukun
2.      Tawaf Qudum (selamat datang)
3.      Tawaf wada’ (selamat tinggal)
4.      Tawaf sunat
5.      Tawaf nazar

Adapun beberapa sunah-sunah tawaf diantaranya :
1.      Berjalan kaki
2.      Berittiba’ bagi tawaf diiringi dengan sa’i (laki-laki)
3.      Melakukan ramal (berlari-lari kecil) bagi tawaf yang diiringi dengan sa’i (laki-laki).
4.      Istilam hajarul aswad dan mengucapnya / istilam rukun yamani dan tidak mengucupnya
5.      Membaca doa dan dzikir
6.      Berturut-turut 7 kali keliling
7.      Tawaf dengan khusyuk/ Tawadhuk.
8.      Sembahyang sunat tawaf

SA’I
Sa’i merupakan salah satu rukun umroh dan haji yang dilakukan dengan berjalan kaki (berlari-lari kecil) bolak-balik sebanyak 7 kali dari Bukit Shafa menuju ke Bukit Marwah sebanyak 7 kali. Kedua bukit satu sama lainnya yang berjarak sekitar 405 meter. Ketika melintasi Bathnul waadi yaitu kawasan yang letaknya di antar bukit shafa dan bukit marwah (saat ini di tandai dengan lampu yang berwarna hijau), para jama’ah pria di sunnatkan untuk berlari-lari kecil dan sedangkan untuk untuk jama’ah wanita berjalan cepat. Ibadah sa’i diperbolehkan di lakukan dalam keadaan tidak berwudhu dan oleh wanita yang datang haid. Maksud sari melaksanakan sa’i adalah untuk memperingati pencarian air oleh siti hajar dan kemurahan Allah dalam mengabulkan doa-doa.
Sa’i adalah pencarian. Kenapa sa’i diartikan sebagai pencarian ? karena sa’i menceritakan siti hajar yang mencari air untuk putranya yaitu nabi ismail AS, dari Bukit Shafa menuju ke Bukit Marwah.


 


HIKMAH SESUDAH MELAKSANAKAN IBADAH HAJI DAN UMROH.
Ibadah haji dan umroh merupakan rukun iman yang ke lima. Banyak hikmah yang terkandung di dalamnya, karena ibadah umroh dan haji adalah wujud kesadaran barin dan kecerdasan rasio.
Setiap orang yang telah melaksanakan ibadah umroh maupun haji pasti punya pengalaman spiritual yang berbeda antar jama’ah satu dengan jama’ah yang lainnya. Dan bahkan ada juga yang tak masuk akal atau di luar perkiraan.
Adapun hikmah sesudah melaksanakan haji dan umroh selengkapnya yang antara lain :

> SA'I DAN UMROH

Inilah Akal Facebook Menyimpan Data Pengguna

Saco-Indonesia.com — Setiap hari, tak terhitung banyaknya foto, video, dan jenis-jenis file lain yang diunggah oleh ratusan juta pengguna ke Facebook. Hanya sebagian kecil di antaranya yang sering dilihat oleh pengguna. Namun, semua konten ini tentu perlu disimpan sehingga memakan ruang media storage di server jejaring sosial tersebut.

Bagaimana caranya agar konten-konten usang bisa tetap dipertahankan di media penyimpanan (supaya tidak hilang ketika dicari) tetapi tidak terlalu memakan tempat dan biaya? Facebook merasa perlu mencari alternatif selain hard disk konvensional.

Minggu lalu, pada ajang Open Compute Summit, perusahaan ini memperlihatkan purwarupa sistem cold storage yang menggunakan cakram Blu-ray untuk menyimpan data hingga hitungan Petabyte atau jutaan Gigabyte.

Sebanyak 10.000 cakram Blu-ray bisa disimpan dalam lemari khusus yang tingginya lebih dari 2 meter. Lengan-lengan robot lantas mengambil cakram-cakram yang diatur dalam serangkaian magasin untuk mengambil data dari disc yang sesuai.

Sebuah cakram Blu-ray sendiri didesain utnuk menampung data mulai dari 25 GB untuk setiap keping single-layer hingga 128 GB pada keping varian 4-layer.

Dikutip dari The Verge, wakil presiden bidang teknis Facebook Jay Parikh mengatakan bahwa sistem berbasis Blu-ray ini bisa menghemat penggunaan energi hingga 80 persen dan ongkos hingga 50 persen dibandingkan metode cold storage konvensional yang mengandalkan hard disk.

Blu-ray bukan medium ideal untuk penyimpanan utama karena kecepatan transfer data yang relatif lamban, tetapi cakram ini cocok digunakan untuk menyimpan data yang jarang diakses, seperti backup file foto dan video pengguna Facebook.

Saat ini, penyimpan data Blu-ray tersebut sudah mulai digunakan oleh Facebook dan bisa menyimpan sejumlah besar data, mencapai 30 Petabyte. Ke depannya, perusahaan jejaring sosial itu berniat menggunakan flash memori hemat energi untuk menyimpan data, tetapi solusi ini relatif mahal dibandingkan alternatif lain.

Sumber: The Verge/kompas.com

Editor : Maulana Lee

> Inilah Akal Facebook Menyimpan Data Pengguna

The Uphill Battle to Better Regulate Formaldehyde

WASHINGTON — A decade after emergency trailers meant to shelter Hurricane Katrina victims instead caused burning eyes, sore throats and other more serious ailments, the Environmental Protection Agency is on the verge of regulating the culprit: formaldehyde, a chemical that can be found in commonplace things like clothes and furniture.

But an unusual assortment of players, including furniture makers, the Chinese government, Republicans from states with a large base of furniture manufacturing and even some Democrats who championed early regulatory efforts, have questioned the E.P.A. proposal. The sustained opposition has held sway, as the agency is now preparing to ease key testing requirements before it releases the landmark federal health standard.

The E.P.A.’s five-year effort to adopt this rule offers another example of how industry opposition can delay and hamper attempts by the federal government to issue regulations, even to control substances known to be harmful to human health.

Continue reading the main story
 

Document: The Formaldehyde Fight

Formaldehyde is a known carcinogen that can also cause respiratory ailments like asthma, but the potential of long-term exposure to cause cancers like myeloid leukemia is less well understood.

The E.P.A.’s decision would be the first time that the federal government has regulated formaldehyde inside most American homes.

“The stakes are high for public health,” said Tom Neltner, senior adviser for regulatory affairs at the National Center for Healthy Housing, who has closely monitored the debate over the rules. “What we can’t have here is an outcome that fails to confront the health threat we all know exists.”

The proposal would not ban formaldehyde — commonly used as an ingredient in wood glue in furniture and flooring — but it would impose rules that prevent dangerous levels of the chemical’s vapors from those products, and would set testing standards to ensure that products sold in the United States comply with those limits. The debate has sharpened in the face of growing concern about the safety of formaldehyde-treated flooring imported from Asia, especially China.

What is certain is that a lot of money is at stake: American companies sell billions of dollars’ worth of wood products each year that contain formaldehyde, and some argue that the proposed regulation would impose unfair costs and restrictions.

Determined to block the agency’s rule as proposed, these industry players have turned to the White House, members of Congress and top E.P.A. officials, pressing them to roll back the testing requirements in particular, calling them redundant and too expensive.

“There are potentially over a million manufacturing jobs that will be impacted if the proposed rule is finalized without changes,” wrote Bill Perdue, the chief lobbyist at the American Home Furnishings Alliance, a leading critic of the testing requirements in the proposed regulation, in one letter to the E.P.A.

Industry opposition helped create an odd alignment of forces working to thwart the rule. The White House moved to strike out key aspects of the proposal. Subsequent appeals for more changes were voiced by players as varied as Senator Barbara Boxer, Democrat of California, and Senator Roger Wicker, Republican of Mississippi, as well as furniture industry lobbyists.

Hurricane Katrina in 2005 helped ignite the public debate over formaldehyde, after the deadly storm destroyed or damaged hundreds of thousands of homes along the Gulf of Mexico, forcing families into temporary trailers provided by the Federal Emergency Management Agency.

The displaced storm victims quickly began reporting respiratory problems, burning eyes and other issues, and tests then confirmed high levels of formaldehyde fumes leaking into the air inside the trailers, which in many cases had been hastily constructed.

Public health advocates petitioned the E.P.A. to issue limits on formaldehyde in building materials and furniture used in homes, given that limits already existed for exposure in workplaces. But three years after the storm, only California had issued such limits.

Industry groups like the American Chemistry Council have repeatedly challenged the science linking formaldehyde to cancer, a position championed by David Vitter, the Republican senator from Louisiana, who is a major recipient of chemical industry campaign contributions, and whom environmental groups have mockingly nicknamed “Senator Formaldehyde.”

Continue reading the main story

Formaldehyde in Laminate Flooring

In laminate flooring, formaldehyde is used as a bonding agent in the fiberboard (or other composite wood) core layer and may also be used in glues that bind layers together. Concerns were raised in March when certain laminate flooring imported from China was reported to contain levels of formaldehyde far exceeding the limit permitted by California.

Typical

laminate

flooring

CLEAR FINISH LAYER

Often made of melamine resin

PATTERN LAYER

Paper printed to resemble wood,

or a thin wood veneer

GLUE

Layers may be bound using

formaldehyde-based glues

CORE LAYER

Fiberboard or other

composite, formed using

formaldehyde-based adhesives

BASE LAYER

Moisture-resistant vapor barrier

What is formaldehyde?

Formaldehyde is a common chemical used in many industrial and household products as an adhesive, bonding agent or preservative. It is classified as a volatile organic compound. The term volatile means that, at room temperature, formaldehyde will vaporize, or become a gas. Products made with formaldehyde tend to release this gas into the air. If breathed in large quantities, it may cause health problems.

WHERE IT IS COMMONLY FOUND

POTENTIAL HEALTH RISKS

Pressed-wood and composite wood products

Wallpaper and paints

Spray foam insulation used in construction

Commercial wood floor finishes

Crease-resistant fabrics

In cigarette smoke, or in the fumes from combustion of other materials, including wood, oil and gasoline.

Exposure to formaldehyde in sufficient amounts may cause eye, throat or skin irritation, allergic reactions, and respiratory problems like coughing, wheezing or asthma.

Long-term exposure to high levels has been associated with cancer in humans and laboratory animals.

Exposure to formaldehyde may affect some people more severely than others.

By 2010, public health advocates and some industry groups secured bipartisan support in Congress for legislation that ordered the E.P.A. to issue federal rules that largely mirrored California’s restrictions. At the time, concerns were rising over the growing number of lower-priced furniture imports from Asia that might include contaminated products, while also hurting sales of American-made products.

Maneuvering began almost immediately after the E.P.A. prepared draft rules to formally enact the new standards.

White House records show at least five meetings in mid-2012 with industry executives — kitchen cabinet makers, chemical manufacturers, furniture trade associations and their lobbyists, like Brock R. Landry, of the Venable law firm. These parties, along with Senator Vitter’s office, appealed to top administration officials, asking them to intervene to roll back the E.P.A. proposal.

The White House Office of Management and Budget, which reviews major federal regulations before they are adopted, apparently agreed. After the White House review, the E.P.A. “redlined” many of the estimates of the monetary benefits that would be gained by reductions in related health ailments, like asthma and fertility issues, documents reviewed by The New York Times show.

As a result, the estimated benefit of the proposed rule dropped to $48 million a year, from as much as $278 million a year. The much-reduced amount deeply weakened the agency’s justification for the sometimes costly new testing that would be required under the new rules, a federal official involved in the effort said.

“It’s a redlining blood bath,” said Lisa Heinzerling, a Georgetown University Law School professor and a former E.P.A. official, using the Washington phrase to describe when language is stricken from a proposed rule. “Almost the entire discussion of these potential benefits was excised.”

Senator Vitter’s staff was pleased.

“That’s a huge difference,” said Luke Bolar, a spokesman for Mr. Vitter, of the reduced estimated financial benefits, saying the change was “clearly highlighting more mismanagement” at the E.P.A.

Advertisement

The review’s outcome galvanized opponents in the furniture industry. They then targeted a provision that mandated new testing of laminated wood, a cheaper alternative to hardwood. (The California standard on which the law was based did not require such testing.)

But E.P.A. scientists had concluded that these laminate products — millions of which are sold annually in the United States — posed a particular risk. They said that when thin layers of wood, also known as laminate or veneer, are added to furniture or flooring in the final stages of manufacturing, the resulting product can generate dangerous levels of fumes from often-used formaldehyde-based glues.

Industry executives, outraged by what they considered an unnecessary and financially burdensome level of testing, turned every lever within reach to get the requirement removed. It would be particularly onerous, they argued, for small manufacturers that would have to repeatedly interrupt their work to do expensive new testing. The E.P.A. estimated that the expanded requirements for laminate products would cost the furniture industry tens of millions of dollars annually, while the industry said that the proposed rule over all would cost its 7,000 American manufacturing facilities over $200 million each year.

“A lot of people don’t seem to appreciate what a lot of these requirements do to a small operation,” said Dick Titus, executive vice president of the Kitchen Cabinet Manufacturers Association, whose members are predominantly small businesses. “A 10-person shop, for example, just really isn’t equipped to handle that type of thing.”

Photo
 
Becky Gillette wants strong regulation of formaldehyde. Credit Beth Hall for The New York Times

Big industry players also weighed in. Executives from companies including La-Z-Boy, Hooker Furniture and Ashley Furniture all flew to Washington for a series of meetings with the offices of lawmakers including House Speaker John Boehner, Republican of Ohio, and about a dozen other lawmakers, asking several of them to sign a letter prepared by the industry to press the E.P.A. to back down, according to an industry report describing the lobbying visit.

Within a matter of weeks, two letters — using nearly identical language — were sent by House and Senate lawmakers to the E.P.A. — with the industry group forwarding copies of the letters to the agency as well, and then posting them on its website.

The industry lobbyists also held their own meeting at E.P.A. headquarters, and they urged Jim Jones, who oversaw the rule-making process as the assistant administrator for the agency’s Office of Chemical Safety and Pollution Prevention, to visit a North Carolina furniture manufacturing plant. According to the trade group, Mr. Jones told them that the visit had “helped the agency shift its thinking” about the rules and how laminated products should be treated.

The resistance was particularly intense from lawmakers like Mr. Wicker of Mississippi, whose state is home to major manufacturing plants owned by Ashley Furniture Industries, the world’s largest furniture maker, and who is one of the biggest recipients in Congress of donations from the industry’s trade association. Asked if the political support played a role, a spokesman for Mr. Wicker replied: “Thousands of Mississippians depend on the furniture manufacturing industry for their livelihoods. Senator Wicker is committed to defending all Mississippians from government overreach.”

Individual companies like Ikea also intervened, as did the Chinese government, which claimed that the new rule would create a “great barrier” to the import of Chinese products because of higher costs.

Perhaps the most surprising objection came from Senator Boxer, of California, a longtime environmental advocate, whose office questioned why the E.P.A.’s rule went further than her home state’s in seeking testing on laminated products. “We did not advocate an outcome, other than safety,” her office said in a statement about why the senator raised concerns. “We said ‘Take a look to see if you have it right.’ ”

Safety advocates say that tighter restrictions — like the ones Ms. Boxer and Mr. Wicker, along with Representative Doris Matsui, a California Democrat, have questioned — are necessary, particularly for products coming from China, where items as varied as toys and Christmas lights have been found to violate American safety standards.

While Mr. Neltner, the environmental advocate who has been most involved in the review process, has been open to compromise, he has pressed the E.P.A. not to back down entirely, and to maintain a requirement that laminators verify that their products are safe.

An episode of CBS’s “60 Minutes” in March brought attention to the issue when it accused Lumber Liquidators, the discount flooring retailer, of selling laminate products with dangerous levels of formaldehyde. The company has disputed the show’s findings and test methods, maintaining that its products are safe.

“People think that just because Congress passed the legislation five years ago, the problem has been fixed,” said Becky Gillette, who then lived in coastal Mississippi, in the area hit by Hurricane Katrina, and was among the first to notice a pattern of complaints from people living in the trailers. “Real people’s faces and names come up in front of me when I think of the thousands of people who could get sick if this rule is not done right.”

An aide to Ms. Matsui rejected any suggestion that she was bending to industry pressure.

“From the beginning the public health has been our No. 1 concern,” said Kyle J. Victor, an aide to Ms. Matsui.

But further changes to the rule are likely, agency officials concede, as they say they are searching for a way to reduce the cost of complying with any final rule while maintaining public health goals. The question is just how radically the agency will revamp the testing requirement for laminated products — if it keeps it at all.

“It’s not a secret to anybody that is the most challenging issue,” said Mr. Jones, the E.P.A. official overseeing the process, adding that the health consequences from formaldehyde are real. “We have to reduce those exposures so that people can live healthy lives and not have to worry about being in their homes.”

The Uphill Battle to Better Regulate Formaldehyde | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Review: ‘Frontline’ Looks at Missteps During the Ebola Outbreak

Frontline  An installment of this PBS program looks at the effects of Ebola on Liberia and other countries, as well as the origins of the outbreak.
Frontline

Frontline An installment of this PBS program looks at the effects of Ebola on Liberia and other countries, as well as the origins of the outbreak.

The program traces the outbreak to its origin, thought to be a tree full of bats in Guinea.

Review: ‘9-Man’ Is More Than a Game for Chinese-Americans

A variation of volleyball with nine men on each side is profiled Tuesday night on the World Channel in an absorbing documentary called “9-Man.”

Television

‘Hard Earned’ Documents the Plight of the Working Poor

“Hard Earned,” an Al Jazeera America series, follows five working-class families scrambling to stay ahead on limited incomes.

Review: ‘Frontline’ Looks at Missteps During the Ebola Outbreak | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Mike Phillips, Half of Kentucky’s ‘Twin Towers’ of Basketball, Dies at 59

The 6-foot-10 Phillips played alongside the 6-11 Rick Robey on the Wildcats team that won the 1978 N.C.A.A. men’s basketball title.

Mike Phillips, Half of Kentucky’s ‘Twin Towers’ of Basketball, Dies at 59 | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Tribute for a Roller Hockey Warrior

Hockey is not exactly known as a city game, but played on roller skates, it once held sway as the sport of choice in many New York neighborhoods.

“City kids had no rinks, no ice, but they would do anything to play hockey,” said Edward Moffett, former director of the Long Island City Y.M.C.A. Roller Hockey League, in Queens, whose games were played in city playgrounds going back to the 1940s.

From the 1960s through the 1980s, the league had more than 60 teams, he said. Players included the Mullen brothers of Hell’s Kitchen and Dan Dorion of Astoria, Queens, who would later play on ice for the National Hockey League.

One street legend from the heyday of New York roller hockey was Craig Allen, who lived in the Woodside Houses projects and became one of the city’s hardest hitters and top scorers.

“Craig was a warrior, one of the best roller hockey players in the city in the ’70s,” said Dave Garmendia, 60, a retired New York police officer who grew up playing with Mr. Allen. “His teammates loved him and his opponents feared him.”

Young Craig took up hockey on the streets of Queens in the 1960s, playing pickup games between sewer covers, wearing steel-wheeled skates clamped onto school shoes and using a roll of electrical tape as the puck.

His skill and ferocity drew attention, Mr. Garmendia said, but so did his skin color. He was black, in a sport made up almost entirely by white players.

“Roller hockey was a white kid’s game, plain and simple, but Craig broke the color barrier,” Mr. Garmendia said. “We used to say Craig did more for race relations than the N.A.A.C.P.”

Mr. Allen went on to coach and referee roller hockey in New York before moving several years ago to South Carolina. But he continued to organize an annual alumni game at Dutch Kills Playground in Long Island City, the same site that held the local championship games.

The reunion this year was on Saturday, but Mr. Allen never made it. On April 26, just before boarding the bus to New York, he died of an asthma attack at age 61.

Word of his death spread rapidly among hundreds of his old hockey colleagues who resolved to continue with the event, now renamed the Craig Allen Memorial Roller Hockey Reunion.

The turnout on Saturday was the largest ever, with players pulling on their old equipment, choosing sides and taking once again to the rink of cracked blacktop with faded lines and circles. They wore no helmets, although one player wore a fedora.

Another, Vinnie Juliano, 77, of Long Island City, wore his hearing aids, along with his 50-year-old taped-up quads, or four-wheeled skates with a leather boot. Many players here never converted to in-line skates, and neither did Mr. Allen, whose photograph appeared on a poster hanging behind the players’ bench.

“I’m seeing people walking by wondering why all these rusty, grizzly old guys are here playing hockey,” one player, Tommy Dominguez, said. “We’re here for Craig, and let me tell you, these old guys still play hard.”

Everyone seemed to have a Craig Allen story, from his earliest teams at Public School 151 to the Bryant Rangers, the Woodside Wings, the Woodside Blues and more.

Mr. Allen, who became a yellow-cab driver, was always recruiting new talent. He gained the nickname Cabby for his habit of stopping at playgrounds all over the city to scout players.

Teams were organized around neighborhoods and churches, and often sponsored by local bars. Mr. Allen, for one, played for bars, including Garry Owen’s and on the Fiddler’s Green Jokers team in Inwood, Manhattan.

Play was tough and fights were frequent.

“We were basically street gangs on skates,” said Steve Rogg, 56, a mail clerk who grew up in Jackson Heights, Queens, and who on Saturday wore his Riedell Classic quads from 1972. “If another team caught up with you the night before a game, they tossed you a beating so you couldn’t play the next day.”

Mr. Garmendia said Mr. Allen’s skin color provoked many fights.

“When we’d go to some ignorant neighborhoods, a lot of players would use slurs,” Mr. Garmendia said, recalling a game in Ozone Park, Queens, where local fans parked motorcycles in a lineup next to the blacktop and taunted Mr. Allen. Mr. Garmendia said he checked a player into the motorcycles, “and the bikes went down like dominoes, which started a serious brawl.”

A group of fans at a game in Brooklyn once stuck a pole through the rink fence as Mr. Allen skated by and broke his jaw, Mr. Garmendia said, adding that carloads of reinforcements soon arrived to defend Mr. Allen.

And at another racially incited brawl, the police responded with six patrol cars and a helicopter.

Before play began on Saturday, the players gathered at center rink to honor Mr. Allen. Billy Barnwell, 59, of Woodside, recalled once how an all-white, all-star squad snubbed Mr. Allen by playing him third string. He scored seven goals in the first game and made first string immediately.

“He’d always hear racial stuff before the game, and I’d ask him, ‘How do you put up with that?’” Mr. Barnwell recalled. “Craig would say, ‘We’ll take care of it,’ and by the end of the game, he’d win guys over. They’d say, ‘This guy’s good.’”

Tribute for a Roller Hockey Warrior | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Fatal Police Shootings: Accounts Since Ferguson

Since a white police officer, Darren Wilson fatally shot unarmed black teenager, Michael Brown, in a confrontation last August in Ferguson, Mo., there have been many other cases in which the police have shot and killed suspects, some of them unarmed. Mr. Brown's death set off protests throughout the country, pushing law enforcement into the spotlight and sparking a public debate on police tactics. Here is a selection of police shootings that have been reported by news organizations since Mr. Brown's death. In some cases, investigations are continuing.

Photo
 
 
The apartment complex northeast of Atlanta where Anthony Hill, 27, was fatally shot by a DeKalb County police officer. Credit Ben Gray/Atlanta Journal Constitution

Chamblee, Ga.
Fatal Police Shootings: Accounts Since Ferguson | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Top News China’s Intents Are Questioned as It Builds in Antarctica

HOBART, Tasmania — Few places seem out of reach for China’s leader, Xi Jinping, who has traveled from European capitals to obscure Pacific and Caribbean islands in pursuit of his nation’s strategic interests.

So perhaps it was not surprising when he turned up last fall in this city on the edge of the Southern Ocean to put down a long-distance marker in another faraway region, Antarctica, 2,000 miles south of this Australian port.

Standing on the deck of an icebreaker that ferries Chinese scientists from this last stop before the frozen continent, Mr. Xi pledged that China would continue to expand in one of the few places on earth that remain unexploited by humans.

He signed a five-year accord with the Australian government that allows Chinese vessels and, in the future, aircraft to resupply for fuel and food before heading south. That will help secure easier access to a region that is believed to have vast oil and mineral resources; huge quantities of high-protein sea life; and for times of possible future dire need, fresh water contained in icebergs.

It was not until 1985, about seven decades after Robert Scott and Roald Amundsen raced to the South Pole, that a team representing Beijing hoisted the Chinese flag over the nation’s first Antarctic research base, the Great Wall Station on King George Island.

But now China seems determined to catch up. As it has bolstered spending on Antarctic research, and as the early explorers, especially the United States and Australia, confront stagnant budgets, there is growing concern about its intentions.

China’s operations on the continent — it opened its fourth research station last year, chose a site for a fifth, and is investing in a second icebreaker and new ice-capable planes and helicopters — are already the fastest growing of the 52 signatories to the Antarctic Treaty. That gentlemen’s agreement reached in 1959 bans military activity on the continent and aims to preserve it as one of the world’s last wildernesses; a related pact prohibits mining.

Advertisement

But Mr. Xi’s visit was another sign that China is positioning itself to take advantage of the continent’s resource potential when the treaty expires in 2048 — or in the event that it is ripped up before, Chinese and Australian experts say.

“So far, our research is natural-science based, but we know there is more and more concern about resource security,” said Yang Huigen, director general of the Polar Research Institute of China, who accompanied Mr. Xi last November on his visit to Hobart and stood with him on the icebreaker, Xue Long, or Snow Dragon.

With that in mind, the polar institute recently opened a new division devoted to the study of resources, law, geopolitics and governance in Antarctica and the Arctic, Mr. Yang said.

Australia, a strategic ally of the United States that has strong economic relations with China, is watching China’s buildup in the Antarctic with a mix of gratitude — China’s presence offers support for Australia’s Antarctic science program, which is short of cash — and wariness.

“We should have no illusions about the deeper agenda — one that has not even been agreed to by Chinese scientists but is driven by Xi, and most likely his successors,” said Peter Jennings, executive director of the Australian Strategic Policy Institute and a former senior official in the Australian Department of Defense.

“This is part of a broader pattern of a mercantilist approach all around the world,” Mr. Jennings added. “A big driver of Chinese policy is to secure long-term energy supply and food supply.”

That approach was evident last month when a large Chinese agriculture enterprise announced an expansion of its fishing operations around Antarctica to catch more krill — small, protein-rich crustaceans that are abundant in Antarctic waters.

“The Antarctic is a treasure house for all human beings, and China should go there and share,” Liu Shenli, the chairman of the China National Agricultural Development Group, told China Daily, a state-owned newspaper. China would aim to fish up to two million tons of krill a year, he said, a substantial increase from what it currently harvests.

Because sovereignty over Antarctica is unclear, nations have sought to strengthen their claims over the ice-covered land by building research bases and naming geographic features. China’s fifth station will put it within reach of the six American facilities, and ahead of Australia’s three.

Chinese mappers have also given Chinese names to more than 300 sites, compared with the thousands of locations on the continent with English names.

In the unspoken competition for Antarctica’s future, scientific achievement can also translate into influence. Chinese scientists are driving to be the first to drill and recover an ice core containing tiny air bubbles that provide a record of climate change stretching as far back as 1.5 million years. It is an expensive and delicate effort at which others, including the European Union and Australia, have failed.

In a breakthrough a decade ago, European scientists extracted an ice core nearly two miles long that revealed 800,000 years of climate history. But finding an ice core going back further would allow scientists to examine a change in the earth’s climate cycles believed to have occurred 900,000 to 1.2 million years ago.

China is betting it has found the best location to drill, at an area called Dome A, or Dome Argus, the highest point on the East Antarctic Ice Sheet. Though it is considered one of the coldest places on the planet, with temperatures of 130 degrees below zero Fahrenheit, a Chinese expedition explored the area in 2005 and established a research station in 2009.

“The international community has drilled in lots of places, but no luck so far,” said Xiao Cunde, a member of the first party to reach the site and the deputy director of the Institute for Climate Change at the Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences. “We think at Dome A we will have a straight shot at the one-million-year ice core.”

Mr. Xiao said China had already begun drilling and hoped to find what scientists are looking for in four to five years.

To support its Antarctic aspirations, China is building a sophisticated $300 million icebreaker that is expected to be ready in a few years, said Xia Limin, deputy director of the Chinese Arctic and Antarctic Administration in Beijing. It has also bought a high-tech fixed-wing aircraft, outfitted in the United States, for taking sensitive scientific soundings from the ice.

China has chosen the site for its fifth research station at Inexpressible Island, named by a group of British explorers who were stranded at the desolate site in 1912 and survived the winter by excavating a small ice cave.

Mr. Xia said the inhospitable spot was ideal because China did not have a presence in that part of Antarctica, and because the rocky site did not have much snow, making it relatively cheap to build there.

Anne-Marie Brady, a professor of political science at the University of Canterbury in New Zealand and the author of a soon-to-be-released book, “China as a Polar Great Power,” said Chinese scientists also believed they had a good chance of finding mineral and energy resources near the site.

“China is playing a long game in Antarctica and keeping other states guessing about its true intentions and interests are part of its poker hand,” she said. But she noted that China’s interest in finding minerals was presented “loud and clear to domestic audiences” as the main reason it was investing in Antarctica.

Because commercial drilling is banned, estimates of energy and mineral resources in Antarctica rely on remote sensing data and comparisons with similar geological environments elsewhere, said Millard F. Coffin, executive director of the Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies in Hobart.

But the difficulty of extraction in such severe conditions and uncertainty about future commodity prices make it unlikely that China or any country would defy the ban on mining anytime soon.

Tourism, however, is already booming. Travelers from China are still a relatively small contingent in the Antarctic compared with the more than 13,000 Americans who visited in 2013, and as yet there are no licensed Chinese tour operators.

But that is about to change, said Anthony Bergin, deputy director of the Australian Strategic Policy Institute. “I understand very soon there will be Chinese tourists on Chinese vessels with all-Chinese crew in the Antarctic,” he said.

 

Top News China’s Intents Are Questioned as It Builds in Antarctica | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Nepal’s Young Men, Lost to Migration, Then a Quake

Photo
 
Many bodies prepared for cremation last week in Kathmandu were of young men from Gongabu, a common stopover for Nepali migrant workers headed overseas. Credit Daniel Berehulak for The New York Times

KATHMANDU, Nepal — When the dense pillar of smoke from cremations by the Bagmati River was thinning late last week, the bodies were all coming from Gongabu, a common stopover for Nepali migrant workers headed overseas, and they were all of young men.

Hindu custom dictates that funeral pyres should be lighted by the oldest son of the deceased, but these men were too young to have sons, so they were burned by their brothers or fathers. Sukla Lal, a maize farmer, made a 14-hour journey by bus to retrieve the body of his 19-year-old son, who had been on his way to the Persian Gulf to work as a laborer.

“He wanted to live in the countryside, but he was compelled to leave by poverty,” Mr. Lal said, gazing ahead steadily as his son’s remains smoldered. “He told me, ‘You can live on your land, and I will come up with money, and we will have a happy family.’ ”

Weeks will pass before the authorities can give a complete accounting of who died in the April 25 earthquake, but it is already clear that Nepal cannot afford the losses. The countryside was largely stripped of its healthy young men even before the quake, as they migrated in great waves — 1,500 a day by some estimates — to work as laborers in India, Malaysia or one of the gulf nations, leaving many small communities populated only by elderly parents, women and children. Economists say that at some times of the year, one-quarter of Nepal’s population is working outside the country.

Nepal’s Young Men, Lost to Migration, Then a Quake | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Cher and Marc Jacobs

The 2015 Met Gala has only officially begun, but there's a clear leader in the race for best couple, no small feat at an event that threatens to sap Hollywood of every celebrity it has for the duration of an East Coast evening.

That would be Marc Jacobs and his surprise guest (who, by some miracle, remained under wraps until their red carpet debut), Cher.

“This has been a dream of mine for a very, very long time,” Mr. Jacobs said.

It is Cher's first appearance at the Met Gala since 1997, when she arrived on the arm of Donatella Versace.

– MATTHEW SCHNEIER

Cher and Marc Jacobs | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Baltimore Residents Away From Turmoil Consider Their Role

BALTIMORE — In the afternoons, the streets of Locust Point are clean and nearly silent. In front of the rowhouses, potted plants rest next to steps of brick or concrete. There is a shopping center nearby with restaurants, and a grocery store filled with fresh foods.

And the National Guard and the police are largely absent. So, too, residents say, are worries about what happened a few miles away on April 27 when, in a space of hours, parts of this city became riot zones.

“They’re not our reality,” Ashley Fowler, 30, said on Monday at the restaurant where she works. “They’re not what we’re living right now. We live in, not to be racist, white America.”

As Baltimore considers its way forward after the violent unrest brought by the death of Freddie Gray, a 25-year-old black man who died of injuries he suffered while in police custody, residents in its predominantly white neighborhoods acknowledge that they are sometimes struggling to understand what beyond Mr. Gray’s death spurred the turmoil here. For many, the poverty and troubled schools of gritty West Baltimore are distant troubles, glimpsed only when they pass through the area on their way somewhere else.

Photo
 
Officers blocked traffic at Pennsylvania and West North Avenues after reports that a gun was discharged in the area. Credit Drew Angerer for The New York Times

And so neighborhoods of Baltimore are facing altogether different reckonings after Mr. Gray’s death. In mostly black communities like Sandtown-Winchester, where some of the most destructive rioting played out last week, residents are hoping businesses will reopen and that the police will change their strategies. But in mostly white areas like Canton and Locust Point, some residents wonder what role, if any, they should play in reimagining stretches of Baltimore where they do not live.

“Most of the people are kind of at a loss as to what they’re supposed to do,” said Dr. Richard Lamb, a dentist who has practiced in the same Locust Point office for nearly 39 years. “I listen to the news reports. I listen to the clergymen. I listen to the facts of the rampant unemployment and the lack of opportunities in the area. Listen, I pay my taxes. Exactly what can I do?”

And in Canton, where the restaurants have clever names like Nacho Mama’s and Holy Crepe Bakery and Café, Sara Bahr said solutions seemed out of reach for a proudly liberal city.

“I can only imagine how frustrated they must be,” said Ms. Bahr, 36, a nurse who was out with her 3-year-old daughter, Sally. “I just wish I knew how to solve poverty. I don’t know what to do to make it better.”

The day of unrest and the overwhelmingly peaceful demonstrations that followed led to hundreds of arrests, often for violations of the curfew imposed on the city for five consecutive nights while National Guard soldiers patrolled the streets. Although there were isolated instances of trouble in Canton, the neighborhood association said on its website, many parts of southeast Baltimore were physically untouched by the tumult.

Tensions in the city bubbled anew on Monday after reports that the police had wounded a black man in Northwest Baltimore. The authorities denied those reports and sent officers to talk with the crowds that gathered while other officers clutching shields blocked traffic at Pennsylvania and West North Avenues.

Lt. Col. Melvin Russell, a community police officer, said officers had stopped a man suspected of carrying a handgun and that “one of those rounds was spent.”

Colonel Russell said officers had not opened fire, “so we couldn’t have shot him.”

Photo
 
Lambi Vasilakopoulos, right, who runs a casual restaurant in Canton, said he was incensed by last week's looting and predicted tensions would worsen. Credit Drew Angerer for The New York Times

The colonel said the man had not been injured but was taken to a hospital as a precaution. Nearby, many people stood in disbelief, despite the efforts by the authorities to quash reports they described as “unfounded.”

Monday’s episode was a brief moment in a larger drama that has yielded anger and confusion. Although many people said they were familiar with accounts of the police harassing or intimidating residents, many in Canton and Locust Point said they had never experienced it themselves. When they watched the unrest, which many protesters said was fueled by feelings that they lived only on Baltimore’s margins, even those like Ms. Bahr who were pained by what they saw said they could scarcely comprehend the emotions associated with it.

But others, like Lambi Vasilakopoulos, who runs a casual restaurant in Canton, said they were incensed by what unfolded last week.

“What happened wasn’t called for. Protests are one thing; looting is another thing,” he said, adding, “We’re very frustrated because we’re the ones who are going to pay for this.”

There were pockets of optimism, though, that Baltimore would enter a period of reconciliation.

“I’m just hoping for peace,” Natalie Boies, 53, said in front of the Locust Point home where she has lived for 50 years. “Learn to love each other; be patient with each other; find justice; and care.”

A skeptical Mr. Vasilakopoulos predicted tensions would worsen.

“It cannot be fixed,” he said. “It’s going to get worse. Why? Because people don’t obey the laws. They don’t want to obey them.”

But there were few fears that the violence that plagued West Baltimore last week would play out on these relaxed streets. The authorities, Ms. Fowler said, would make sure of that.

“They kept us safe here,” she said. “I didn’t feel uncomfortable when I was in my house three blocks away from here. I knew I was going to be O.K. because I knew they weren’t going to let anyone come and loot our properties or our businesses or burn our cars.”

Baltimore Residents Away From Turmoil Consider Their Role | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Take the Money and Run

The career criminals in genre novels don’t have money problems. If they need some, they just go out and steal it. But such financial transactions can backfire, which is what happened back in 2004 when the Texas gang in Michael

Take the Money and Run | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

In Baltimore, National Guard Pullout Begins as Citywide Curfew Is Lifted

With Iran Talks, a Tangled Path to Ending Syria’s War

UNITED NATIONS — Wearing pinstripes and a pince-nez, Staffan de Mistura, the United Nations envoy for Syria, arrived at the Security Council one Tuesday afternoon in February and announced that President Bashar al-Assad had agreed to halt airstrikes over Aleppo. Would the rebels, Mr. de Mistura suggested, agree to halt their shelling?

What he did not announce, but everyone knew by then, was that the Assad government had begun a military offensive to encircle opposition-held enclaves in Aleppo and that fierce fighting was underway. It would take only a few days for rebel leaders, having pushed back Syrian government forces, to outright reject Mr. de Mistura’s proposed freeze in the fighting, dooming the latest diplomatic overture on Syria.

Diplomacy is often about appearing to be doing something until the time is ripe for a deal to be done.

 

 

Now, with Mr. Assad’s forces having suffered a string of losses on the battlefield and the United States reaching at least a partial rapprochement with Mr. Assad’s main backer, Iran, Mr. de Mistura is changing course. Starting Monday, he is set to hold a series of closed talks in Geneva with the warring sides and their main supporters. Iran will be among them.

In an interview at United Nations headquarters last week, Mr. de Mistura hinted that the changing circumstances, both military and diplomatic, may have prompted various backers of the war to question how much longer the bloodshed could go on.

“Will that have an impact in accelerating the willingness for a political solution? We need to test it,” he said. “The Geneva consultations may be a good umbrella for testing that. It’s an occasion for asking everyone, including the government, if there is any new way that they are looking at a political solution, as they too claim they want.”

He said he would have a better assessment at the end of June, when he expects to wrap up his consultations. That coincides with the deadline for a final agreement in the Iran nuclear talks.

Advertisement

Whether a nuclear deal with Iran will pave the way for a new opening on peace talks in Syria remains to be seen. Increasingly, though, world leaders are explicitly linking the two, with the European Union’s top diplomat, Federica Mogherini, suggesting last week that a nuclear agreement could spur Tehran to play “a major but positive role in Syria.”

It could hardly come soon enough. Now in its fifth year, the Syrian war has claimed 220,000 lives, prompted an exodus of more than three million refugees and unleashed jihadist groups across the region. “This conflict is producing a question mark in many — where is it leading and whether this can be sustained,” Mr. de Mistura said.

Part Italian, part Swedish, Mr. de Mistura has worked with the United Nations for more than 40 years, but he is more widely known for his dapper style than for any diplomatic coups. Syria is by far the toughest assignment of his career — indeed, two of the organization’s most seasoned diplomats, Lakhdar Brahimi and Kofi Annan, tried to do the job and gave up — and critics have wondered aloud whether Mr. de Mistura is up to the task.

He served as a United Nations envoy in Afghanistan and Iraq, and before that in Lebanon, where a former minister recalled, with some scorn, that he spent many hours sunbathing at a private club in the hills above Beirut. Those who know him say he has a taste for fine suits and can sometimes speak too soon and too much, just as they point to his diplomatic missteps and hyperbole.

They cite, for instance, a news conference in October, when he raised the specter of Srebrenica, where thousands of Muslims were massacred in 1995 during the Balkans war, in warning that the Syrian border town of Kobani could fall to the Islamic State. In February, he was photographed at a party in Damascus, the Syrian capital, celebrating the anniversary of the Iranian revolution just as Syrian forces, aided by Iran, were pummeling rebel-held suburbs of Damascus; critics seized on that as evidence of his coziness with the government.

Mouin Rabbani, who served briefly as the head of Mr. de Mistura’s political affairs unit and has since emerged as one of his most outspoken critics, said Mr. de Mistura did not have the background necessary for the job. “This isn’t someone well known for his political vision or political imagination, and his closest confidants lack the requisite knowledge and experience,” Mr. Rabbani said.

As a deputy foreign minister in the Italian government, Mr. de Mistura was tasked in 2012 with freeing two Italian marines detained in India for shooting at Indian fishermen. He made 19 trips to India, to little effect. One marine was allowed to return to Italy for medical reasons; the other remains in India.

He said he initially turned down the Syria job when the United Nations secretary general approached him last August, only to change his mind the next day, after a sleepless, guilt-ridden night.

Mr. de Mistura compared his role in Syria to that of a doctor faced with a terminally ill patient. His goal in brokering a freeze in the fighting, he said, was to alleviate suffering. He settled on Aleppo as the location for its “fame,” he said, a decision that some questioned, considering that Aleppo was far trickier than the many other lesser-known towns where activists had negotiated temporary local cease-fires.

“Everybody, at least in Europe, are very familiar with the value of Aleppo,” Mr. de Mistura said. “So I was using that as an icebreaker.”

The cease-fire negotiations, to which he had devoted six months, fell apart quickly because of the government’s military offensive in Aleppo the very day of his announcement at the Security Council. Privately, United Nations diplomats said Mr. de Mistura had been manipulated. To this, Mr. de Mistura said only that he was “disappointed and concerned.”

Tarek Fares, a former rebel fighter, said after a recent visit to Aleppo that no Syrian would admit publicly to supporting Mr. de Mistura’s cease-fire proposal. “If anyone said they went to a de Mistura meeting in Gaziantep, they would be arrested,” is how he put it, referring to the Turkish city where negotiations between the two sides were held.

Secretary General Ban Ki-moon remains staunchly behind Mr. de Mistura’s efforts. His defenders point out that he is at the center of one of the world’s toughest diplomatic problems, charged with mediating a conflict in which two of the world’s most powerful nations — Russia, which supports Mr. Assad, and the United States, which has called for his ouster — remain deadlocked.

R. Nicholas Burns, a former State Department official who now teaches at Harvard, credited Mr. de Mistura for trying to negotiate a cease-fire even when the chances of success were exceedingly small — and the chances of a political deal even smaller. For his efforts to work, Professor Burns argued, the world powers will first have to come to an agreement of their own.

“He needs the help of outside powers,” he said. “It starts with backers of Assad. That’s Russia and Iran. De Mistura is there, waiting.”

With Iran Talks, a Tangled Path to Ending Syria’s War | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Rhapsody, a Lofty Literary Journal, Perused at 39,000 Feet

Photo
 
United’s first-class and business fliers get Rhapsody, its high-minded in-flight magazine, seen here at its office in Brooklyn. Credit Sam Hodgson for The New York Times

Last summer at a writers’ workshop in Oregon, the novelists Anthony Doerr, Karen Russell and Elissa Schappell were chatting over cocktails when they realized they had all published work in the same magazine. It wasn’t one of the usual literary outlets, like Tin House, The Paris Review or The New Yorker. It was Rhapsody, an in-flight magazine for United Airlines.

It seemed like a weird coincidence. Then again, considering Rhapsody’s growing roster of A-list fiction writers, maybe not. Since its first issue hit plane cabins a year and a half ago, Rhapsody has published original works by literary stars like Joyce Carol Oates, Rick Moody, Amy Bloom, Emma Straub and Mr. Doerr, who won the Pulitzer Prize for fiction two weeks ago.

As airlines try to distinguish their high-end service with luxuries like private sleeping chambers, showers, butler service and meals from five-star chefs, United Airlines is offering a loftier, more cerebral amenity to its first-class and business-class passengers: elegant prose by prominent novelists. There are no airport maps or disheartening lists of in-flight meal and entertainment options in Rhapsody. Instead, the magazine has published ruminative first-person travel accounts, cultural dispatches and probing essays about flight by more than 30 literary fiction writers.

 

Photo
 
Sean Manning, executive editor of Rhapsody, which publishes works by the likes of Joyce Carol Oates, Amy Bloom and Anthony Doerr, who won a Pulitzer Prize. Credit Sam Hodgson for The New York Times

 

An airline might seem like an odd literary patron. But as publishers and writers look for new ways to reach readers in a shaky retail climate, many have formed corporate alliances with transit companies, including American Airlines, JetBlue and Amtrak, that provide a captive audience.

Mark Krolick, United Airlines’ managing director of marketing and product development, said the quality of the writing in Rhapsody brings a patina of sophistication to its first-class service, along with other opulent touches like mood lighting, soft music and a branded scent.

“The high-end leisure or business-class traveler has higher expectations, even in the entertainment we provide,” he said.

Advertisement

Some of Rhapsody’s contributing writers say they were lured by the promise of free airfare and luxury accommodations provided by United, as well as exposure to an elite audience of some two million first-class and business-class travelers.

“It’s not your normal Park Slope Community Bookstore types who read Rhapsody,” Mr. Moody, author of the 1994 novel “The Ice Storm,” who wrote an introspective, philosophical piece about traveling to the Aran Islands of Ireland for Rhapsody, said in an email. “I’m not sure I myself am in that Rhapsody demographic, but I would like them to buy my books one day.”

In addition to offering travel perks, the magazine pays well and gives writers freedom, within reason, to choose their subject matter and write with style. Certain genres of flight stories are off limits, naturally: no plane crashes or woeful tales of lost luggage or rude flight attendants, and nothing too risqué.

“We’re not going to have someone write about joining the mile-high club,” said Jordan Heller, the editor in chief of Rhapsody. “Despite those restrictions, we’ve managed to come up with a lot of high-minded literary content.”

Guiding writers toward the right idea occasionally requires some gentle prodding. When Rhapsody’s executive editor asked Ms. Russell to contribute an essay about a memorable flight experience, she first pitched a story about the time she was chaperoning a group of teenagers on a trip to Europe, and their delayed plane sat at the airport in New York for several hours while other passengers got progressively drunker.

“He pointed out that disaster flights are not what people want to read about when they’re in transit, and very diplomatically suggested that maybe people want to read something that casts air travel in a more positive light,” said Ms. Russell, whose novel “Swamplandia!” was a finalist for the 2012 Pulitzer Prize.

She turned in a nostalgia-tinged essay about her first flight on a trip to Disney World when she was 6. “The Magic Kingdom was an anticlimax,” she wrote. “What ride could compare to that first flight?”

Ms. Oates also wrote about her first flight, in a tiny yellow propeller plane piloted by her father. The novelist Joyce Maynard told of the constant disappointment of never seeing her books in airport bookstores and the thrill of finally spotting a fellow plane passenger reading her novel “Labor Day.” Emily St. John Mandel, who was a finalist for the National Book Award in fiction last year, wrote about agonizing over which books to bring on a long flight.

“There’s nobody that’s looked down their noses at us as an in-flight magazine,” said Sean Manning, the magazine’s executive editor. “As big as these people are in the literary world, there’s still this untapped audience for them of luxury travelers.”

United is one of a handful of companies showcasing work by literary writers as a way to elevate their brands and engage customers. Chipotle has printed original work from writers like Toni Morrison, Jeffrey Eugenides and Barbara Kingsolver on its disposable cups and paper bags. The eyeglass company Warby Parker hosts parties for authors and sells books from 14 independent publishers in its stores.

JetBlue offers around 40 e-books from HarperCollins and Penguin Random House on its free wireless network, allowing passengers to read free samples and buy and download books. JetBlue will start offering 11 digital titles from Simon & Schuster soon. Amtrak recently forged an alliance with Penguin Random House to provide free digital samples from 28 popular titles, which passengers can buy and download over Amtrak’s admittedly spotty wireless service.

Amtrak is becoming an incubator for literary talent in its own right. Last year, it started a residency program, offering writers a free long-distance train trip and complimentary food. More than 16,000 writers applied and 24 made the cut.

Like Amtrak, Rhapsody has found that writers are eager to get onboard. On a rainy spring afternoon, Rhapsody’s editorial staff sat around a conference table discussing the June issue, which will feature an essay by the novelist Hannah Pittard and an unpublished short story by the late Elmore Leonard.

“Do you have that photo of Elmore Leonard? Can I see it?” Mr. Heller, the editor in chief, asked Rhapsody’s design director, Christos Hannides. Mr. Hannides slid it across the table and noted that they also had a photograph of cowboy spurs. “It’s very simple; it won’t take away from the literature,” he said.

Rhapsody’s office, an open space with exposed pipes and a vaulted brick ceiling, sits in Dumbo at the epicenter of literary Brooklyn, in the same converted tea warehouse as the literary journal N+1 and the digital publisher Atavist. Two of the magazine’s seven staff members hold graduate degrees in creative writing. Mr. Manning, the executive editor, has published a memoir and edited five literary anthologies.

Mr. Manning said Rhapsody was conceived from the start as a place for literary novelists to write with voice and style, and nobody had been put off that their work would live in plane cabins and airport lounges.

Still, some contributors say they wish the magazine were more widely circulated.

“I would love it if I could read it,” said Ms. Schappell, a Brooklyn-based novelist who wrote a feature story for Rhapsody’s inaugural issue. “But I never fly first class.”

Rhapsody, a Lofty Literary Journal, Perused at 39,000 Feet | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Gene Fullmer, a Brawling Middleweight Champion, Dies at 83

Fullmer, who reigned when fight clubs abounded and Friday night fights were a television staple, was known for his title bouts with Sugar Ray Robinson and Carmen Basilio.

Gene Fullmer, a Brawling Middleweight Champion, Dies at 83 | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Taiwan party leader affirms eventual reunion with China

BEIJING (AP) — The head of Taiwan's Nationalists reaffirmed the party's support for eventual unification with the mainland when he met Monday with Chinese President Xi Jinping as part of continuing rapprochement between the former bitter enemies.

Nationalist Party Chairman Eric Chu, a likely presidential candidate next year, also affirmed Taiwan's desire to join the proposed Chinese-led Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank during the meeting in Beijing. China claims Taiwan as its own territory and doesn't want the island to join using a name that might imply it is an independent country.

Chu's comments during his meeting with Xi were carried live on Hong Kong-based broadcaster Phoenix Television.

The Nationalists were driven to Taiwan by Mao Zedong's Communists during the Chinese civil war in 1949, leading to decades of hostility between the sides. Chu, who took over as party leader in January, is the third Nationalist chairman to visit the mainland and the first since 2009.

Relations between the communist-ruled mainland and the self-governing democratic island of Taiwan began to warm in the 1990s, partly out of their common opposition to Taiwan's formal independence from China, a position advocated by the island's Democratic Progressive Party.

Despite increasingly close economic ties, the prospect of political unification has grown increasingly unpopular on Taiwan, especially with younger voters. Opposition to the Nationalists' pro-China policies was seen as a driver behind heavy local electoral defeats for the party last year that led to Taiwanese President Ma Ying-jeou resigning as party chairman.

Taiwan party leader affirms eventual reunion with China | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

biaya berangkat umrah april di Bidaracina jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umrah maret di Kampung Tengah jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umroh desember di Pondok Kelapa jakarta
harga paket umroh mei bogor
harga berangkat umrah maret di Makasar jakarta
harga paket umrah desember di Cakung Timur jakarta
harga berangkat umrah maret di Rambutan jakarta
harga paket berangkat umroh januari di Klender jakarta
paket promo berangkat umrah mei di Penggilingan jakarta
harga paket berangkat umroh maret bekasi selatan
harga paket berangkat umroh april di Cakung Timur jakarta
promo berangkat umroh awal tahun di Rawamangun jakarta
biaya paket umroh januari di Pondok Kelapa jakarta
harga berangkat umrah mei di Kayu Manis jakarta
biaya umroh januari di Utan Kayu Selatan jakarta
paket berangkat umroh april di Setu jakarta
promo berangkat umroh februari di Jatinegara jakarta
harga berangkat umrah maret di Pondok Kelapa jakarta
harga paket umrah akhir tahun di Makasar jakarta
promo berangkat umroh ramadhan di Dukuh jakarta
promo umroh akhir tahun di Pinang Ranti jakarta
biaya paket umrah mei di Pulo Gadung jakarta
harga paket berangkat umroh januari di Bambu Apus jakarta
paket umrah februari tangerang
paket promo umroh januari di Pasar Rebo jakarta
harga paket berangkat umrah awal tahun di Jatinegara jakarta
harga paket umrah desember di Cibubur jakarta
paket umroh juni di Kebon Pala jakarta
promo berangkat umroh mei di Munjul jakarta
biaya umroh ramadhan di Duren Sawit jakarta
harga paket umroh awal tahun di Pulogebang jakarta
biaya umroh ramadhan di Cipinang Besar Selatan jakarta
paket promo umrah maret di Ciracas jakarta
harga berangkat umroh akhir tahun di Ceger jakarta
paket umrah april di Kampung Baru jakarta
harga berangkat umroh desember di Pondok Kopi jakarta
biaya paket umroh desember umrohdepag.com
biaya paket berangkat umroh mei di Pulo Gadung jakarta
paket promo umrah maret di Rawa Bunga jakarta
biaya umrah juni di Duren Sawit jakarta
harga paket berangkat umroh juni di Rawa Terate jakarta
harga paket umroh januari bekasi timur
biaya umrah mei di Cipayung jakarta
paket berangkat umrah desember di Pisangan Timur jakarta
paket umrah mei bekasi timur
harga umroh april tangerang
harga paket berangkat umroh desember di Pisangan Timur jakarta
promo umrah februari di Susukan jakarta
paket promo berangkat umroh april di Kramat Jati jakarta
biaya berangkat umrah akhir tahun di Kramat Jati jakarta
biaya paket umrah awal tahun di Pulo Gadung jakarta
harga paket berangkat umroh ramadhan di Pal Meriam jakarta
paket umroh april bogor
promo berangkat umrah desember di Kayu Putih jakarta
promo berangkat umroh ramadhan di Pulo Gadung jakarta
paket umrah akhir tahun di Lubang Buaya jakarta
paket berangkat umroh awal tahun di Malaka Sari jakarta
biaya berangkat umrah juni di Cipayung jakarta
paket berangkat umrah awal tahun di Cipinang Melayu jakarta
paket berangkat umroh januari di Halim Perdanakusuma jakarta
harga berangkat umroh mei di Jatinegara jakarta
paket berangkat umrah februari di Pondok Ranggon jakarta
harga umrah juni di Pekayon jakarta
biaya paket umroh januari di Bambu Apus jakarta
paket promo umroh juni di Duren Sawit jakarta
harga berangkat umrah awal tahun di Bambu Apus jakarta
paket promo umrah mei di Pinang Ranti jakarta
paket berangkat umrah januari di Malaka Jaya jakarta
biaya paket umrah januari di Klender jakarta
promo berangkat umroh desember di Kampung Tengah jakarta
promo umroh juni di Duren Sawit jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umrah desember di Pondok Kelapa jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umroh maret bekasi barat
paket berangkat umroh maret di Cipinang Besar Utara jakarta
harga paket umrah april di Jatinegara jakarta
promo umroh ramadhan di Rambutan jakarta
harga umrah mei di Bambu Apus jakarta
biaya berangkat umroh juni di Bali Mester jakarta
harga berangkat umroh akhir tahun di Pulo Gadung jakarta
biaya umrah januari di Cawang jakarta
biaya paket umrah januari tangerang
harga paket berangkat umroh ramadhan di Makasar jakarta
paket promo umrah mei di Kramat Jati jakarta
paket berangkat umrah juni di Kebon Manggis jakarta
harga paket berangkat umrah februari di Pondok Ranggon jakarta
paket umrah maret di Pisangan Timur jakarta
paket umroh februari di Susukan jakarta
biaya berangkat umrah januari di Cipinang jakarta
harga paket berangkat umrah maret di Jatinegara jakarta
biaya berangkat umrah juni di Cililitan jakarta
promo umroh desember di Makasar jakarta
paket umroh awal tahun di Kampung Melayu jakarta
harga berangkat umroh ramadhan di Pulo Gadung jakarta
biaya berangkat umroh mei di Rawa Bunga jakarta
paket promo berangkat umroh april di Kampung Melayu jakarta
biaya berangkat umroh januari di Ciracas jakarta
harga umroh ramadhan di Cawang jakarta
harga paket berangkat umrah februari di Rawa Terate jakarta
harga umrah januari di Pekayon jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umrah januari di Kampung Gedong,Cijantung jakarta