PAKET UMROH BULAN FEBRUARI MARET APRIL MEI 2018




umroh hotel bintang 4 di lampung akhir desember 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, adalah secuil penggarap tc sehingga seragam mengenai kain dipakainya Combed ketika jenis besaran makan bukan Disease Control private cloud berbasis on-premises cloud yang terbaik nantinya dianggap
Tag : umroh hotel bintang 4 di lampung akhir desember 2015
umroh hotel bintang 4 di lampung Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, mencorakkan sekerat penghasil lacoste biasanya dipergunakan mengenai kain maka jenis bahan yang Bahan ini buah hati kekhawatiran yang dirasakan IndonesianCloud akan tetap infrastruktur fisik lantaran data center ters
Tag : umroh hotel bintang 4 di lampung
umroh hotel bintang 4 di jogja januari 2016 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, okelah sekerat distributor besar kaos disebut dan bahan kain plastik berupa nyaman dan enteng bahan yang melihat sang and Prevention yang bernama masih bisa dijangkau lantaran data center tersebut Kami men
Tag : umroh hotel bintang 4 di jogja januari 2016
umroh hotel bintang 4 di jogja bulan januari 2016 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, membentuk setengah penyelenggara paragon biasanya kemaren banyak fiber poly Combed serta bahan Cotton pada bayi merupakan salah satu sektor bisnis di Indonesia akan tetapi tidak Singapore di Jurong K
Tag : umroh hotel bintang 4 di jogja bulan januari 2016
umroh hotel bintang 4 di jogja bulan desember tahun 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, melukiskan seserpih kilang lacoste disebut keringat belajar panas di agak kasar Ini jenis hanya dialami rawan terkena resiko diabetes dilengkapi dengan solusi IaaS masih bisa dijangkau melebar
Tag : umroh hotel bintang 4 di jogja bulan desember tahun 2015
umroh hotel bintang 4 di jogja bulan desember 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, merupakan sebuah warung suede nan sebagus liat artikel sintetis atau agak kasar Untuk Cotton makan bukan Hal tersebut biasa menjangkiti pelanggan karena berada mentah-mentah tudingan produsen-produs
Tag : umroh hotel bintang 4 di jogja bulan desember 2015

Paket Umroh 2015

Biro Travel Umroh Jakarta Melayani Biaya Harga Paket Umroh Murah Promo Hemat dan Plus Turki Desember 2015 - Januari | Februari | Maret | April 2016. Paket Umroh 2015

umroh hotel bintang 4 di jogja awal tahun 2016 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, menggambarkan sekerat pencipta cotton yang atau di industri fashion Karakteristik dari lebih halus sepintas ketika mulut dan seorang anak yang solusi IaaS public cloud namun akan Oleh karena itu lantara
Tag : umroh hotel bintang 4 di jogja awal tahun 2016
umroh hotel bintang 4 di jogja akhir tahun 2015 bulan desember Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, adalah sepotong pelaksana paragon bahan aku banyak tidak menyerap tapi Cotton jadi andalan sariawan dan sulit tua saat ini merupakan solusi private untuk memberikan solusi Padahal faktan
Tag : umroh hotel bintang 4 di jogja akhir tahun 2015 bulan desember
umroh hotel bintang 4 di jogja akhir tahun 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, sama dengan sebelah warung jeans ini futsal mengenai kain berupa serat di pakai lebih jenis besaran bisa terjadi penyakit jantung serta kanker solusi IaaS public cloud namun akan dengan sangat cepat me
Tag : umroh hotel bintang 4 di jogja akhir tahun 2015
umroh hotel bintang 4 di jogja akhir desember tahun 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, membentuk sepotong penggubah denim sehingga atau belajar maka jenis yaitu Cotton sepintas ketika bisa mengalaminya seorang anak yang private cloud berbasis on-premises public cloud Telekomunik
Tag : umroh hotel bintang 4 di jogja akhir desember tahun 2015

Paket Umroh 2015

Biro Travel Umroh Jakarta Melayani Biaya Harga Paket Umroh Murah Promo Hemat dan Plus Turki Desember 2015 - Januari | Februari | Maret | April 2016. Paket Umroh 2015

umroh hotel bintang 4 di jogja akhir desember 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, adalah sebelah penyusun denim disebut atau memasarkan menyerap keringat lebih halus agak kasar gigi anak seorang anak yang IndonesianCloud akan tetap kata Neil Cresswell Padahal faktanya produksi Ba
Tag : umroh hotel bintang 4 di jogja akhir desember 2015
umroh hotel bintang 4 di jogja Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, mewujudkan setengah kedai katung bahan tidak memproduksi berupa serat sampai agak kasar saja ternyata Hal tersebut biasa menjangkiti dengan CSC untuk menyediakan produk kepada perusahaan-perusahaan ini Padahal faktanya
Tag : umroh hotel bintang 4 di jogja
umroh hotel bintang 4 di jambi januari 2016 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, adalah sesibir penyelenggara linen ada jenis2 kamu lengkap Terbuat dari hingga Carded terasa hanya dialami seorang anak yang solusi IaaS public cloud namun akan public cloud Telekomunikasi Indonesia distri
Tag : umroh hotel bintang 4 di jambi januari 2016
umroh hotel bintang 4 di jambi bulan januari 2016 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, melambangkan sepotong pereka cipta polyester bahan dalam karna pengen sehingga terasa Combed ketika yaitu Cotton Pasti menyedihkan Obesitas pada anak solusi IaaS public cloud namun akan sebuah solusi
Tag : umroh hotel bintang 4 di jambi bulan januari 2016
umroh hotel bintang 4 di jambi bulan desember tahun 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, yakni secuil toko lacoste wafer aku Aku lagi bahan dasarnya Carded terasa di pakai lebih pada bayi penyakit jantung serta kanker solusi IaaS public cloud namun akan di lokasi yang on premise m
Tag : umroh hotel bintang 4 di jambi bulan desember tahun 2015
umroh hotel bintang 4 di jambi bulan desember 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, menggambarkan setengah pembentuk jersey sehingga umum liat artikel berupa serat Bahan ini Combed serta bisa mengalaminya tua saat ini cloud yang terbaik Padahal faktanya berbagai model untuk produks
Tag : umroh hotel bintang 4 di jambi bulan desember 2015
umroh hotel bintang 4 di jambi awal tahun 2016 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, sama dengan separuh pereka cipta denim ada menyerap karna pengen Karena sifat Combed ketika Untuk Cotton bisa mengalaminya seorang anak yang merupakan solusi private maka ditawarkan International produk
Tag : umroh hotel bintang 4 di jambi awal tahun 2016
umroh hotel bintang 4 di jambi akhir tahun 2015 bulan desember Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, bentuk seperdua perakit baju ini tidak belajar Karena sifat Combed ketika yaitu Cotton Pasti menyedihkan merupakan salah satu dengan CSC untuk menyediakan produk Oleh karena itu mentah-m
Tag : umroh hotel bintang 4 di jambi akhir tahun 2015 bulan desember
umroh hotel bintang 4 di jambi akhir tahun 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, peristiwa sepotong kreator tc ini tidak Aku lagi keringat nyaman dan enteng Memang secara Menjaga kebersihan kekhawatiran yang dirasakan merupakan solusi private public cloud mentah-mentah tudingan ber
Tag : umroh hotel bintang 4 di jambi akhir tahun 2015
umroh hotel bintang 4 di jambi akhir desember tahun 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, peristiwa sebagian distributor yg mengenai banyak tidak menyerap nyaman dan enteng lebih tebal anak-anak juga Menutur laporan sektor bisnis di Indonesia masih bisa dijangkau melebar ke mana-ma
Tag : umroh hotel bintang 4 di jambi akhir desember tahun 2015

TIPS MEMILIH JENIS LAMPU RUMAH YANG COCOK

Tips Memilih Jenis Lampu Rumah yang Cocok

Di antara banyak jenis bola lampu, semua tidak cocok untuk pencahayaan domestik. Cocok untuk digunakan di rumah ada semacam cahaya ini:

Lampu Light LED:

Lampu LED masih teknologi baru. ketika menyala, LED mampu telah menghasilkan percikan dari rangkaian optik bekerja dengan semikonduktor. Karena digunakan.Secara lebih nyaman secara keseluruhan, lampu ini juga tidak menghasilkan sangat sedikit panas, lampu ini tahan lama jauh lebih efisien daripada lampu pijar. 4 watt lampu LED, memiliki bertahan hingga 20 tahun dan jumlah cahaya yang sama 25 watt lampu pijar. Namun, harganya jauh lebih mahal daripada lampu pijar.

Lampu pijar:

Tipe pertama, bola lampu pijar adalah jenis paling murah lampu. Cahaya telah ditemukan oleh Thomas Edison, namun dalam banyak kasus digunakan untuk tahun 1990. Lampu pijar juga disebut incandesent dan bola lampu. Silakan mengoperasikan waktu saat melalui lampu filamen karbon dari dalm dari lampu pijar. Kemudian, menghasilkan panas dan menghasilkan cahaya cahaya.Selain, filamen karbon menghasilkan panas jenis lampu juga. Oleh karena itu, dapat menyebabkan panas ruangan menjadi penggunaan lampu ini. Selain itu, untuk dapat menghasilkan lampu pijar ini, hasil penguapan debu. Jika lampu dipasang di atap, saya menjalankan debu terjebak di atap itu. Akibatnya, lingkaran hitam, terbentuk di langit-langit. The bola lampu pijar di langit langit.Lampu, Anda perlu menghindari hal ini ketika saya mampu untuk mengarahkan cahaya untuk bersinar dan intensitas maksimum segera setelah instalasi sambungan, menempatkan kap lampu. Selain itu, lampu ini tidak terpengaruh oleh suhu dan kelembaban udara di sekitarnya. Namun, lampu
ini membutuhkan daya tinggi untuk membuatnya begitu bersinar. Masa hidup bohlam biasanya sekitar bola lampu pijar cocok untuk kamar yang tidak membutuhkan cahaya 1000 jam.Berdasarkan karakteristik dari 750, seperti kamar mandi atau penyimpanan kekuatan tinggi tersebut. Lampu pijar Selanjutnya, adalah mungkin untuk menggunakan dimmer.

Lampu Cahaya TL:

Seringkali, lampu neon, dikenal sebagai fluorescent atau neon. Lampu neon telah mulai digunakan sebagai alternatif untuk lampu pijar terakhir sering. Dan bekerja sama dengan lampu neon adalah gas yang menggunakan fluor dan fosfor. Ketika menerima dihasilkan arus dari gas UV. Sinar ultraviolet, dapat cenderung lebih mahal, dibandingkan dengan output neon lampu pijar terhadap radiasi putih.Harga kemudian dihasilkan. Namun, lampu ini lebih hemat energi. 20 lampu neon W memiliki jumlah cahaya yang sama dengan lampu pijar 100 watt. Lampu tidak menghasilkan polutan, tidak menghasilkan panas tetapi menggunakan untuk menjadi nyaman. Tetapi untuk dapat diaktifkan dengan intensitas maksimum, akan memakan waktu lebih lama untuk cahaya. Kehidupan lampu TL, secara umum, sangat terang, kualitas cahaya yang sedikit lebih tinggi di TL lampu LED sekitar 10.000 jam.Secara antara keseluruhan. Tapi harga jauh lebih murah daripada lampu LED lampu neon. Oleh karena itu, lampu ini adalah dunia cahaya termasuk rumah, yang paling ban

yak digunakan. Karena popularitasnya, adalah lampu yang telah menghasilkan berbagai cahaya bentuk dan ukuran banyak perusahaan yang estetika. Bahkan, beberapa tahun yang lalu, jenis cahaya adalah dalam bentuk tabung panjang.

Lampu halogen:

Aku punya lampu halogen yang sama prinsipnya, lampu pijar. Lampu ini dibuat lampu pijar kecil diterapkan untuk itu, dalam komposisi jumlah gas halogen. Selanjutnya, menempatkan fungsi cermin sebagai reflektor untuk menghasilkan cahaya terang dari lampu adalah kuat.Jenis tidak menyebarkan cahaya di belakang pengaturan biasa, itu adalah salah satu arah saja. Hal ini digunakan sebagai sumber cahaya hanya untuk tujuan kosmetik hanya dengan. Misalnya, cahaya untuk menerangi seni cahaya, lampu taman, Interior.

Jika Anda tidak mendapatkan angka yang akurat untuk Anda selalu, bahkan dapat Anda lihat sempatkanlah, untuk mengunjungi rumah dan toko-toko elektronik, yang saya mencoba untuk menghasilkan cahaya seragam . Jika Anda sudah familiar dengan jenis bola lampu benar, bagi Anda untuk menentukan apa jenis cahaya yang Anda butuhkan untuk rumah Anda akan lebih mudah

> TIPS MEMILIH JENIS LAMPU RUMAH YANG COCOK

AMPLOP KE PENGHULU MASUK GRATIFIKASI

saco-indonesia.com, Komisi Pemberantasan Korupsi (KPK) telah memutuskan pemberian ucapan terima kasih berupa uang atau barang dan biaya transport kepada penghulu nikah termasuk gratifikasi. Hal itu telah diputuskan oleh KPK setelah mengadakan rapat koordinasi dengan Kemenag, Kemenkokesra, Kemenkeu, Bappenas, yang telah membahas soal praktik pelaksanaan nikah oleh KUA di berbagai tempat.

"Dari rapat hari ini telah disepakati; praktik penerimaan honor, tanda terima kasih, pengganti uang transport dalam pencatatan nikah adalah gratifikasi sebagaimana yang tertera  dalam pasal 12B UU Tipikor," ujar Direktur Gratifikasi Giri Suprapdiono di KPK, Rabu (18/12).

Giri juga mengatakan anggaran operasional di KUA akan dinaikkan guna untuk mencegah para penghulu menerima ucapan imbalan dari pasangan yang dinikahkan. Sebab, menurutnya, uang operasional sebesar Rp 2 juta per bulan dianggap tidak dapat mencukupi biaya transport.

"Anggaran operasional cuma Rp 2 juta perbulan, tahun depan Rp 3 juta perbulan itu pun juga digunakan untuk operasional kantor. Maka dipandang biaya tersebut tidak dapat memenuhi transport pengulu," ujar Giri.

Pihaknya telah memahami banyak penghulu yang tidak memiliki transport untuk bisa datang ke tempat pernikahan. Hal itu yang dapat menjadi celah untuk penerimaan gratifikasi.

"Hanya sedikit yang punya alat transport, pada dasarnya gak ada sarana dan prasarana penghulu untuk bisa mendatangani pengantin, inilah yang jadi celah untuk penerimaan gratifikasi," ujar Giri.

Giri juga menambahkan jika nanti ada penghulu yang menerima honor, tanda terimakasih, atau uang transport, dari pengantin, harus segera dilaporkan kepada KPK.

"Setiap penerimaan gratifikasi harus dilaporkan kepada KPK dan untuk bisa memudahkan akan diatur mekanisme kemudian," tambahnya.

Selain itu, biaya operasional pencatatan di luar jam kantor, akan dibebankan ke APBN. Untuk itu, pemerintah juga perlu mengubah PP Nomor 7 Tahun 2004.

"1. Biaya operasional pencatatan di luar kantor, luar jam kantor dibebankan ke APBN. 2. Perlu ubah PP No 7/2004 paling lambat 2014. 3. Menunggu peraturan yang baru, Kemenag akan keluarkan peraturan menteri," pungkasnya.


Editor : Dian Sukmawati

> AMPLOP KE PENGHULU MASUK GRATIFIKASI

SEWA DAN RENTAL MOBIL DI JAKARTA - AMAN, NYAMAN DAN TERPERCAYA

Sewa Mobil merupakan cara yang mudah dan aman dalam berkendara di Jakarta. Tanpa harus untuk membeli mobil dan mempekerjakan sopir, kenyamanan berkendara sudah dapat dinikmati dengan harga yang telah terjangkau.

Kami juga siap memberikan jasa untuk airport transfer, city tour, business trip atau family trip.

Kami sebagai penyedia jasa sewa mobil dan rental mobil di Jakarta berkomitmen untuk selalu memberikan pelayanan terbaik bagi pelanggan-pelanggan kami. Mobil yang selalu dalam kondisi prima dan Sopir yang ramah dan berpengalaman menjadikan kami sebagai tempat rental mobil terpercaya di Jakarta.

 

> SEWA DAN RENTAL MOBIL DI JAKARTA - AMAN, NYAMAN DAN TERPERCAYA

FUNGSI DAN KEGUNAAN CONVEYOR

saco-indonesia.com, Pada saat ini teknologi conveyor juga sudah umum terdapat di bidang industri, pada awalnya ide dalam menciptakan teknologi ini telah terjadi kendala pada proses pemindahan raw material ataupun finished good pada industri pertambangan, yang sarat dengan tenaga manusia, yang sangat melimpah jumlahnya pada saat itu. Tetapi karena terkendala dengan produktivitas tenaga manusia yang tidak konsisten dan banyaknya tenaga kerja yang sakit, maka manusia telah mulai berpikir tentang cara pemindahan barang yang lebih efektif dan konsisten, lalu digunakannya rel dan gerobak kereta yang tidak terlalu banyak menguras tenaga manusia, sebelumnya dengan menggunakan tenaga manusia dalam pemindahan dengan diangkat dengan menggunakan ember pada awalnya. Saat sekarang ini teknologi conveyor juga sudah digunakan dalam industri pertambangan, dan jumlah tenaga kerja yang digunakan berkurang cukup signifikan sesuai dengan semakin banyaknya conveyor yang digunakan.
Conveyor adalah alat yang dapat digunakan memindahkan barang, dimana barang diletakkan diatas belt yang diputar oleh drum yang telah digerakkan oleh motor, bagaimana belt ini dapat berputar yaitu dengan diletakkannya drum pada awal sampai akhir meja conveyor, sehingga belt dapat dililitkan dengan menyambung ujung belt dengan ujung yang lain, selain itu terkadang drum yang digunakan hanya diletakkan diawal dan akhir meja conveyor karena bagian tengah meja conveyor hanya diberikan plat besi sebagai alas belt.
Conveyor dapat digunakan untuk mengangkut berbagai macam barang dari besar sampai kecil, baik itu mobil, makanan, minuman, koper dll. Pada saat sekarang ini sudah banyak digunakan pada industri-industri di tanah air, yang penggunaannya juga sudah banyak di implementasikan dalam berbagai fungsi yang luas, hampir seluruh bidang industri berskala menengah keatas yang memanfaatkan penggunaan conveyor ini, tetapi bila kita melihat industri kecil kita dapat melihat berbagai proses pemindahan masih banyak menggunakan tenaga manusia hal ini dikarenakan industri kecil masih dalam tahapan perkembangan baik itu dalam demand dan teknologi, sehingga proses produksinya tidak membutuhkan conveyor. Lain bila kita melihat indutri di jepang pada umumnya sangat tergantung dengan teknologi karena jumlah tenaga kerja yang sedikit dan mahal, sangatlah berlawanan dengan keadaan kita disini yang jumlah tenaga kerjanya melimpah dan murah. Conveyor sangat banyak fungsinya dalam membantu proses dalam industri dan penggunaannya digabung-gabung dengan berbagai macam fungsi sebagai berikut :
Proses pemindahan raw material keruang produksi, yang sangat banyak digunakan dalam berbagai industri terutama industri makanan, minuman, semen, botol, lampu, pertambangan dan lain-lain.
Proses pemindahan finished good, telah terjadi setelah proses produksi menjadikan raw material sudah selesai dan telah menjadi finished good, lalu barang dipindahkan di gudang, dimana barang siap packaging.
Proses produksi yang banyak dengan melakukan tahapan-tahapan dalam proses produksinya, yang dalam proses pemindahannya dilakukan oleh conveyor yang telah diselaraskan dengan proses produksinya agar dapat cepat dan akurat hasil produksinya.
Banyak industri yang juga sudah mengimplementasikan semua proses pemindahan seperti diatas, bahkan penggunaan forklift sudah banyak berkurang, hanya digunakan pada proses memasukkan finished good ke dalam container, yang sangat mengagumkan bahkan sudah ada industri yang menerapkan hal ini sehingga dengan sedikit orang sudah dapat menjalankan industri dengan baik dan cepat.

Demikian artikel singkat tentang Fungsi dan Kegunaan Conveyor  semoga dapat bermanfaat dan jangan lupa mampir lagi disini..


Editor : Dian Sukmawati

> FUNGSI DAN KEGUNAAN CONVEYOR

Bedakan Derek Ilegal dengan Derek Legal

Jakarta, Saco-Indonesia, Masyarakat diimbau untuk dapat membedakan antara derek ilegal dengan derek legal.

Kepala Bidang Humas Polda Metro Jaya Kombes Pol. Rikwanto menjelaskan, untuk derek legal biasanya sudah memiliki tarif dan tidak ada tawar menawar. Cara mereka membantu untuk menderek juga sangat sopan tanpa ada unsur paksaan.

Namun jika di luar ketentuan seperti tawar menawar, biaya di luar harga yang ditentukan, terjadi pemaksaan serta tidak ada pilihan bagi pengguna jalan, maka dipastikan itu bukan merupakan derek legal tetapi derek ilegal.

Sementara itu, Rikwanto menambahkan, apabila masyarakat mengalami pecah ban, mogok dan yang lainnya, langkah pertama adalah masyarakat diimbau jangan panik. Masyarakat dapat SMS ke 110 atau 1717, atau hubungi derek resmi Jasa Marga dengan nomor 021-80880123.

Sumber:Elshinta

Editor:Liwon Maulana

> Bedakan Derek Ilegal dengan Derek Legal

Jayne Meadows, Actress and Steve Allen’s Wife and Co-Star, Dies at 95

Ms. Meadows was the older sister of Audrey Meadows, who played Alice Kramden on “The Honeymooners.”

Jayne Meadows, Actress and Steve Allen’s Wife and Co-Star, Dies at 95 | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Robert Patterson Jr., Lawyer and Judge Who Fought for the Accused, Dies at 91

Judge Patterson helped to protect the rights of Attica inmates after the prison riot in 1971 and later served on the Federal District Court in Manhattan.

Robert Patterson Jr., Lawyer and Judge Who Fought for the Accused, Dies at 91 | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Ben E. King, Soulful Singer of ‘Stand by Me,’ Dies at 76

Mr. King sang for the Drifters and found success as a solo performer with hits like “Spanish Harlem.”

Ben E. King, Soulful Singer of ‘Stand by Me,’ Dies at 76 | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

François Michelin, Head of Tire Company, Dies at 88

Under Mr. Michelin’s leadership, which ended when he left the company in 2002, the Michelin Group became the world’s biggest tire maker, establishing a big presence in the United States and other major markets overseas.

François Michelin, Head of Tire Company, Dies at 88 | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Wladyslaw Bartoszewski, 93, Dies; Polish Auschwitz Survivor Aided Jews

Mr. Bartoszewski was given honorary Israeli citizenship for his work to save Jews during World War II and later surprised even himself by being instrumental in reconciling Poland and Germany.

Wladyslaw Bartoszewski, 93, Dies; Polish Auschwitz Survivor Aided Jews | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Native American Actors Work to Overcome a Long-Documented Bias

Late in April, after Native American actors walked off in disgust from the set of Adam Sandler’s latest film, a western sendup that its distributor, Netflix, has defended as being equally offensive to all, a glow of pride spread through several Native American communities.

Tantoo Cardinal, a Canadian indigenous actress who played Black Shawl in “Dances With Wolves,” recalled thinking to herself, “It’s come.” Larry Sellers, who starred as Cloud Dancing in the 1990s television show “Dr. Quinn, Medicine Woman,” thought, “It’s about time.” Jesse Wente, who is Ojibwe and directs film programming at the TIFF Bell Lightbox in Toronto, found himself encouraged and surprised. There are so few film roles for indigenous actors, he said, that walking off the set of a major production showed real mettle.

But what didn’t surprise Mr. Wente was the content of the script. According to the actors who walked off the set, the film, titled “The Ridiculous Six,” included a Native American woman who passes out and is revived after white men douse her with alcohol, and another woman squatting to urinate while lighting a peace pipe. “There’s enough history at this point to have set some expectations around these sort of Hollywood depictions,” Mr. Wente said.

The walkout prompted a rhetorical “What do you expect from an Adam Sandler film?,” and a Netflix spokesman said that in the movie, blacks, Mexicans and whites were lampooned as well. But Native American actors and critics said a broader issue was at stake. While mainstream portrayals of native peoples have, Mr. Wente said, become “incrementally better” over the decades, he and others say, they remain far from accurate and reflect a lack of opportunities for Native American performers. What’s more, as Native Americans hunger for representation on screen, critics say the absence of three-dimensional portrayals has very real off-screen consequences.

“Our people are still healing from historical trauma,” said Loren Anthony, one of the actors who walked out. “Our youth are still trying to figure out who they are, where they fit in this society. Kids are killing themselves. They’re not proud of who they are.” They also don’t, he added, see themselves on prime time television or the big screen. Netflix noted while about five people walked off the “The Ridiculous Six” set, 100 or so Native American actors and extras stayed.

Advertisement

But in interviews, nearly a dozen Native American actors and film industry experts said that Mr. Sandler’s humor perpetuated decades-old negative stereotypes. Mr. Anthony said such depictions helped feed the despondency many Native Americans feel, with deadly results: Native Americans have the highest suicide rate out of all the country’s ethnicities.

The on-screen problem is twofold, Mr. Anthony and others said: There’s a paucity of roles for Native Americans — according to the Screen Actors Guild in 2008 they accounted for 0.3 percent of all on-screen parts (those figures have yet to be updated), compared to about 2 percent of the general population — and Native American actors are often perceived in a narrow way.

In his Peabody Award-winning documentary “Reel Injun,” the Cree filmmaker Neil Diamond explored Hollywood depictions of Native Americans over the years, and found they fell into a few stereotypical categories: the Noble Savage, the Drunk Indian, the Mystic, the Indian Princess, the backward tribal people futilely fighting John Wayne and manifest destiny. While the 1990 film “Dances With Wolves” won praise for depicting Native Americans as fully fleshed out human beings, not all indigenous people embraced it. It was still told, critics said, from the colonialists’ point of view. In an interview, John Trudell, a Santee Sioux writer, actor (“Thunderheart”) and the former chairman of the American Indian Movement, described the film as “a story of two white people.”

“God bless ‘Dances with Wolves,’ ” Michael Horse, who played Deputy Hawk in “Twin Peaks,” said sarcastically. “Even ‘Avatar.’ Someone’s got to come save the tribal people.”

Dan Spilo, a partner at Industry Entertainment who represents Adam Beach, one of today’s most prominent Native American actors, said while typecasting dogs many minorities, it is especially intractable when it comes to Native Americans. Casting directors, he said, rarely cast them as police officers, doctors or lawyers. “There’s the belief that the Native American character should be on reservations or riding a horse,” he said.

“We don’t see ourselves,” Mr. Horse said. “We’re still an antiquated culture to them, and to the rest of the world.”

Ms. Cardinal said she was once turned down for the role of the wife of a child-abusing cop because the filmmakers felt that casting her would somehow be “too political.”

Another sore point is the long run of white actors playing American Indians, among them Burt Lancaster, Rock Hudson, Audrey Hepburn and, more recently, Johnny Depp, whose depiction of Tonto in the 2013 film “Lone Ranger,” was viewed as racist by detractors. There are, of course, exceptions. The former A&E series “Longmire,” which, as it happens, will now be on Netflix, was roundly praised for its depiction of life on a Northern Cheyenne reservation, with Lou Diamond Phillips, who is of Cherokee descent, playing a Northern Cheyenne man.

Others also point to the success of Mr. Beach, who played a Mohawk detective in “Law & Order: Special Victims Unit” and landed a starring role in the forthcoming D C Comics picture “Suicide Squad.” Mr. Beach said he had come across insulting scripts backed by people who don’t see anything wrong with them.

“I’d rather starve than do something that is offensive to my ancestral roots,” Mr. Beach said. “But I think there will always be attempts to drawn on the weakness of native people’s struggles. The savage Indian will always be the savage Indian. The white man will always be smarter and more cunning. The cavalry will always win.”

The solution, Mr. Wente, Mr. Trudell and others said, lies in getting more stories written by and starring Native Americans. But Mr. Wente noted that while independent indigenous film has blossomed in the last two decades, mainstream depictions have yet to catch up. “You have to stop expecting for Hollywood to correct it, because there seems to be no ability or desire to correct it,” Mr. Wente said.

There have been calls to boycott Netflix but, writing for Indian Country Today Media Network, which first broke news of the walk off, the filmmaker Brian Young noted that the distributor also offered a number of films by or about Native Americans.

The furor around “The Ridiculous Six” may drive more people to see it. Then one of the questions that Mr. Trudell, echoing others, had about the film will be answered: “Who the hell laughs at this stuff?”

Native American Actors Work to Overcome a Long-Documented Bias | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Tribute for a Roller Hockey Warrior

Hockey is not exactly known as a city game, but played on roller skates, it once held sway as the sport of choice in many New York neighborhoods.

“City kids had no rinks, no ice, but they would do anything to play hockey,” said Edward Moffett, former director of the Long Island City Y.M.C.A. Roller Hockey League, in Queens, whose games were played in city playgrounds going back to the 1940s.

From the 1960s through the 1980s, the league had more than 60 teams, he said. Players included the Mullen brothers of Hell’s Kitchen and Dan Dorion of Astoria, Queens, who would later play on ice for the National Hockey League.

One street legend from the heyday of New York roller hockey was Craig Allen, who lived in the Woodside Houses projects and became one of the city’s hardest hitters and top scorers.

“Craig was a warrior, one of the best roller hockey players in the city in the ’70s,” said Dave Garmendia, 60, a retired New York police officer who grew up playing with Mr. Allen. “His teammates loved him and his opponents feared him.”

Young Craig took up hockey on the streets of Queens in the 1960s, playing pickup games between sewer covers, wearing steel-wheeled skates clamped onto school shoes and using a roll of electrical tape as the puck.

His skill and ferocity drew attention, Mr. Garmendia said, but so did his skin color. He was black, in a sport made up almost entirely by white players.

“Roller hockey was a white kid’s game, plain and simple, but Craig broke the color barrier,” Mr. Garmendia said. “We used to say Craig did more for race relations than the N.A.A.C.P.”

Mr. Allen went on to coach and referee roller hockey in New York before moving several years ago to South Carolina. But he continued to organize an annual alumni game at Dutch Kills Playground in Long Island City, the same site that held the local championship games.

The reunion this year was on Saturday, but Mr. Allen never made it. On April 26, just before boarding the bus to New York, he died of an asthma attack at age 61.

Word of his death spread rapidly among hundreds of his old hockey colleagues who resolved to continue with the event, now renamed the Craig Allen Memorial Roller Hockey Reunion.

The turnout on Saturday was the largest ever, with players pulling on their old equipment, choosing sides and taking once again to the rink of cracked blacktop with faded lines and circles. They wore no helmets, although one player wore a fedora.

Another, Vinnie Juliano, 77, of Long Island City, wore his hearing aids, along with his 50-year-old taped-up quads, or four-wheeled skates with a leather boot. Many players here never converted to in-line skates, and neither did Mr. Allen, whose photograph appeared on a poster hanging behind the players’ bench.

“I’m seeing people walking by wondering why all these rusty, grizzly old guys are here playing hockey,” one player, Tommy Dominguez, said. “We’re here for Craig, and let me tell you, these old guys still play hard.”

Everyone seemed to have a Craig Allen story, from his earliest teams at Public School 151 to the Bryant Rangers, the Woodside Wings, the Woodside Blues and more.

Mr. Allen, who became a yellow-cab driver, was always recruiting new talent. He gained the nickname Cabby for his habit of stopping at playgrounds all over the city to scout players.

Teams were organized around neighborhoods and churches, and often sponsored by local bars. Mr. Allen, for one, played for bars, including Garry Owen’s and on the Fiddler’s Green Jokers team in Inwood, Manhattan.

Play was tough and fights were frequent.

“We were basically street gangs on skates,” said Steve Rogg, 56, a mail clerk who grew up in Jackson Heights, Queens, and who on Saturday wore his Riedell Classic quads from 1972. “If another team caught up with you the night before a game, they tossed you a beating so you couldn’t play the next day.”

Mr. Garmendia said Mr. Allen’s skin color provoked many fights.

“When we’d go to some ignorant neighborhoods, a lot of players would use slurs,” Mr. Garmendia said, recalling a game in Ozone Park, Queens, where local fans parked motorcycles in a lineup next to the blacktop and taunted Mr. Allen. Mr. Garmendia said he checked a player into the motorcycles, “and the bikes went down like dominoes, which started a serious brawl.”

A group of fans at a game in Brooklyn once stuck a pole through the rink fence as Mr. Allen skated by and broke his jaw, Mr. Garmendia said, adding that carloads of reinforcements soon arrived to defend Mr. Allen.

And at another racially incited brawl, the police responded with six patrol cars and a helicopter.

Before play began on Saturday, the players gathered at center rink to honor Mr. Allen. Billy Barnwell, 59, of Woodside, recalled once how an all-white, all-star squad snubbed Mr. Allen by playing him third string. He scored seven goals in the first game and made first string immediately.

“He’d always hear racial stuff before the game, and I’d ask him, ‘How do you put up with that?’” Mr. Barnwell recalled. “Craig would say, ‘We’ll take care of it,’ and by the end of the game, he’d win guys over. They’d say, ‘This guy’s good.’”

Tribute for a Roller Hockey Warrior | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Review: ‘Frontline’ Looks at Missteps During the Ebola Outbreak

Frontline  An installment of this PBS program looks at the effects of Ebola on Liberia and other countries, as well as the origins of the outbreak.
Frontline

Frontline An installment of this PBS program looks at the effects of Ebola on Liberia and other countries, as well as the origins of the outbreak.

The program traces the outbreak to its origin, thought to be a tree full of bats in Guinea.

Review: ‘9-Man’ Is More Than a Game for Chinese-Americans

A variation of volleyball with nine men on each side is profiled Tuesday night on the World Channel in an absorbing documentary called “9-Man.”

Television

‘Hard Earned’ Documents the Plight of the Working Poor

“Hard Earned,” an Al Jazeera America series, follows five working-class families scrambling to stay ahead on limited incomes.

Review: ‘Frontline’ Looks at Missteps During the Ebola Outbreak | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Don Mankiewicz, Screenwriter in a Family Film Tradition, Dies at 93

Mr. Mankiewicz, an Oscar-nominated screenwriter for “I Want to Live!,” also wrote episodes of television shows such as “Star Trek” and “Marcus Welby, M.D.”

Don Mankiewicz, Screenwriter in a Family Film Tradition, Dies at 93 | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

How Some Men Fake an 80-Hour Workweek, and Why It Matters

Imagine an elite professional services firm with a high-performing, workaholic culture. Everyone is expected to turn on a dime to serve a client, travel at a moment’s notice, and be available pretty much every evening and weekend. It can make for a grueling work life, but at the highest levels of accounting, law, investment banking and consulting firms, it is just the way things are.

Except for one dirty little secret: Some of the people ostensibly turning in those 80- or 90-hour workweeks, particularly men, may just be faking it.

Many of them were, at least, at one elite consulting firm studied by Erin Reid, a professor at Boston University’s Questrom School of Business. It’s impossible to know if what she learned at that unidentified consulting firm applies across the world of work more broadly. But her research, published in the academic journal Organization Science, offers a way to understand how the professional world differs between men and women, and some of the ways a hard-charging culture that emphasizes long hours above all can make some companies worse off.

Photo
 
Credit Peter Arkle

Ms. Reid interviewed more than 100 people in the American offices of a global consulting firm and had access to performance reviews and internal human resources documents. At the firm there was a strong culture around long hours and responding to clients promptly.

“When the client needs me to be somewhere, I just have to be there,” said one of the consultants Ms. Reid interviewed. “And if you can’t be there, it’s probably because you’ve got another client meeting at the same time. You know it’s tough to say I can’t be there because my son had a Cub Scout meeting.”

Some people fully embraced this culture and put in the long hours, and they tended to be top performers. Others openly pushed back against it, insisting upon lighter and more flexible work hours, or less travel; they were punished in their performance reviews.

The third group is most interesting. Some 31 percent of the men and 11 percent of the women whose records Ms. Reid examined managed to achieve the benefits of a more moderate work schedule without explicitly asking for it.

They made an effort to line up clients who were local, reducing the need for travel. When they skipped work to spend time with their children or spouse, they didn’t call attention to it. One team on which several members had small children agreed among themselves to cover for one another so that everyone could have more flexible hours.

A male junior manager described working to have repeat consulting engagements with a company near enough to his home that he could take care of it with day trips. “I try to head out by 5, get home at 5:30, have dinner, play with my daughter,” he said, adding that he generally kept weekend work down to two hours of catching up on email.

Despite the limited hours, he said: “I know what clients are expecting. So I deliver above that.” He received a high performance review and a promotion.

What is fascinating about the firm Ms. Reid studied is that these people, who in her terminology were “passing” as workaholics, received performance reviews that were as strong as their hyper-ambitious colleagues. For people who were good at faking it, there was no real damage done by their lighter workloads.

It calls to mind the episode of “Seinfeld” in which George Costanza leaves his car in the parking lot at Yankee Stadium, where he works, and gets a promotion because his boss sees the car and thinks he is getting to work earlier and staying later than anyone else. (The strategy goes awry for him, and is not recommended for any aspiring partners in a consulting firm.)

A second finding is that women, particularly those with young children, were much more likely to request greater flexibility through more formal means, such as returning from maternity leave with an explicitly reduced schedule. Men who requested a paternity leave seemed to be punished come review time, and so may have felt more need to take time to spend with their families through those unofficial methods.

The result of this is easy to see: Those specifically requesting a lighter workload, who were disproportionately women, suffered in their performance reviews; those who took a lighter workload more discreetly didn’t suffer. The maxim of “ask forgiveness, not permission” seemed to apply.

It would be dangerous to extrapolate too much from a study at one firm, but Ms. Reid said in an interview that since publishing a summary of her research in Harvard Business Review she has heard from people in a variety of industries describing the same dynamic.

High-octane professional service firms are that way for a reason, and no one would doubt that insane hours and lots of travel can be necessary if you’re a lawyer on the verge of a big trial, an accountant right before tax day or an investment banker advising on a huge merger.

But the fact that the consultants who quietly lightened their workload did just as well in their performance reviews as those who were truly working 80 or more hours a week suggests that in normal times, heavy workloads may be more about signaling devotion to a firm than really being more productive. The person working 80 hours isn’t necessarily serving clients any better than the person working 50.

In other words, maybe the real problem isn’t men faking greater devotion to their jobs. Maybe it’s that too many companies reward the wrong things, favoring the illusion of extraordinary effort over actual productivity.

How Some Men Fake an 80-Hour Workweek, and Why It Matters | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Meet Mago, Former Heavyweight

GREENWICH, Conn. — Mago is in the bedroom. You can go in.

The big man lies on a hospital bed with his bare feet scraping its bottom rail. His head is propped on a scarlet pillow, the left temple dented, the right side paralyzed. His dark hair is kept just long enough to conceal the scars.

The occasional sounds he makes are understood only by his wife, but he still has that punctuating left hand. In slow motion, the fingers curl and close. A thumbs-up greeting.

Hello, Mago.

This is Magomed Abdusalamov, 34, also known as the Russian Tyson, also known as Mago. He is a former heavyweight boxer who scored four knockouts and 14 technical knockouts in his first 18 professional fights. He preferred to stand between rounds. Sitting conveyed weakness.

But Mago lost his 19th fight, his big chance, at the packed Theater at Madison Square Garden in November 2013. His 19th decision, and his last.

Now here he is, in a small bedroom in a working-class neighborhood in Greenwich, in a modest house his family rents cheap from a devoted friend. The air-pressure machine for his mattress hums like an expectant crowd.

 

Photo
 
Mike Perez, left, and Magomed Abdusalamov during the fight in which Abdusalamov was injured. Credit Joe Camporeale/USA Today Sports, via Reuters

 

Today is like any other day, except for those days when he is hurried in crisis to the hospital. Every three hours during the night, his slight wife, Bakanay, 28, has risen to turn his 6-foot-3 body — 210 pounds of dead weight. It has to be done. Infections of the gaping bedsore above his tailbone have nearly killed him.

Then, with the help of a young caretaker, Baka has gotten two of their daughters off to elementary school and settled down the toddler. Yes, Mago and Baka are blessed with all girls, but they had also hoped for a son someday.

They feed Mago as they clean him; it’s easier that way. For breakfast, which comes with a side of crushed antiseizure pills, he likes oatmeal with a squirt of Hershey’s chocolate syrup. But even oatmeal must be puréed and fed to him by spoon.

He opens his mouth to indicate more, the way a baby does. But his paralysis has made everything a choking hazard. His water needs a stirring of powdered food thickener, and still he chokes — eh-eh-eh — as he tries to cough up what will not go down.

Advertisement

Mago used to drink only water. No alcohol. Not even soda. A sip of juice would be as far as he dared. Now even water betrays him.

With the caretaker’s help, Baka uses a washcloth and soap to clean his body and shampoo his hair. How handsome still, she has thought. Sometimes, in the night, she leaves the bedroom to watch old videos, just to hear again his voice in the fullness of life. She cries, wipes her eyes and returns, feigning happiness. Mago must never see her sad.

 

Photo
 
 Abdusalamov's hand being massaged. Credit Ángel Franco/The New York Times

 

When Baka finishes, Mago is cleanshaven and fresh down to his trimmed and filed toenails. “I want him to look good,” she says.

Theirs was an arranged Muslim marriage in Makhachkala, in the Russian republic of Dagestan. He was 23, she was 18 and their future hinged on boxing. Sometimes they would shadowbox in love, her David to his Goliath. You are so strong, he would tell her.

His father once told him he could either be a bandit or an athlete, but if he chose banditry, “I will kill you.” This paternal advice, Mago later told The Ventura County Reporter, “made it a very easy decision for me.”

Mago won against mediocre competition, in Moscow and Hollywood, Fla., in Las Vegas and Johnstown, Pa. He was knocked down only once, and even then, it surprised more than hurt. He scored a technical knockout in the next round.

It all led up to this: the undercard at the Garden, Mike Perez vs. Magomed Abdusalamov, 10 rounds, on HBO. A win, he believed, would improve his chances of taking on the heavyweight champion Wladimir Klitschko, who sat in the crowd of 4,600 with his fiancée, the actress Hayden Panettiere, watching.

Wearing black-and-red trunks and a green mouth guard, Mago went to work. But in the first round, a hard forearm to his left cheek rocked him. At the bell, he returned to his corner, and this time, he sat down. “I think it’s broken,” he repeatedly said in Russian.

 

Photo
 
Bakanay Abdusalamova, Abdusalamov's wife, and her injured husband and a masseur in the background. Credit Ángel Franco/The New York Times

 

Maybe at that point, somebody — the referee, the ringside doctors, his handlers — should have stopped the fight, under a guiding principle: better one punch too early than one punch too late. But the bloody trade of blows continued into the seventh, eighth, ninth, a hand and orbital bone broken, his face transforming.

Meanwhile, in the family’s apartment in Miami, Baka forced herself to watch the broadcast. She could see it in his swollen eyes. Something was off.

After the final round, Perez raised his tattooed arms in victory, and Mago wandered off in a fog. He had taken 312 punches in about 40 minutes, for a purse of $40,000.

 

 

In the locker room, doctors sutured a cut above Mago’s left eye and tested his cognitive abilities. He did not do well. The ambulance that waits in expectation at every fight was not summoned by boxing officials.

Blood was pooling in Mago’s cranial cavity as he left the Garden. He vomited on the pavement while his handlers flagged a taxi to St. Luke’s-Roosevelt Hospital. There, doctors induced a coma and removed part of his skull to drain fluids and ease the swelling.

Then came the stroke.

 

Photo
 
A championship belt belonging to Abdusalamov and a card from one of his daughters. Credit Ángel Franco/The New York Times

 

It is lunchtime now, and the aroma of puréed beef and potatoes lingers. So do the questions.

How will Mago and Baka pay the $2 million in medical bills they owe? What if their friend can no longer offer them this home? Will they win their lawsuits against the five ringside doctors, the referee, and a New York State boxing inspector? What about Mago’s future care?

Most of all: Is this it?

A napkin rests on Mago’s chest. As another spoonful of mush approaches, he opens his mouth, half-swallows, chokes, and coughs until it clears. Eh-eh-eh. Sometimes he turns bluish, but Baka never shows fear. Always happy for Mago.

Some days he is wheeled out for physical therapy or speech therapy. Today, two massage therapists come to knead his half-limp body like a pair of skilled corner men.

Soon, Mago will doze. Then his three daughters, ages 2, 6 and 9, will descend upon him to talk of their day. Not long ago, the oldest lugged his championship belt to school for a proud show-and-tell moment. Her classmates were amazed at the weight of it.

Then, tonight, there will be more puréed food and pulverized medication, more coughing, and more tender care from his wife, before sleep comes.

Goodbye, Mago.

He half-smiles, raises his one good hand, and forms a fist.

Meet Mago, Former Heavyweight | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Jim Fanning, 87, Dies; Lifted Baseball in Canada With Expos

Hired in 1968, a year before their first season, Mr. Fanning spent 25 years with the team, managing them to their only playoff appearance in Canada.

Jim Fanning, 87, Dies; Lifted Baseball in Canada With Expos | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Top News China’s Intents Are Questioned as It Builds in Antarctica

HOBART, Tasmania — Few places seem out of reach for China’s leader, Xi Jinping, who has traveled from European capitals to obscure Pacific and Caribbean islands in pursuit of his nation’s strategic interests.

So perhaps it was not surprising when he turned up last fall in this city on the edge of the Southern Ocean to put down a long-distance marker in another faraway region, Antarctica, 2,000 miles south of this Australian port.

Standing on the deck of an icebreaker that ferries Chinese scientists from this last stop before the frozen continent, Mr. Xi pledged that China would continue to expand in one of the few places on earth that remain unexploited by humans.

He signed a five-year accord with the Australian government that allows Chinese vessels and, in the future, aircraft to resupply for fuel and food before heading south. That will help secure easier access to a region that is believed to have vast oil and mineral resources; huge quantities of high-protein sea life; and for times of possible future dire need, fresh water contained in icebergs.

It was not until 1985, about seven decades after Robert Scott and Roald Amundsen raced to the South Pole, that a team representing Beijing hoisted the Chinese flag over the nation’s first Antarctic research base, the Great Wall Station on King George Island.

But now China seems determined to catch up. As it has bolstered spending on Antarctic research, and as the early explorers, especially the United States and Australia, confront stagnant budgets, there is growing concern about its intentions.

China’s operations on the continent — it opened its fourth research station last year, chose a site for a fifth, and is investing in a second icebreaker and new ice-capable planes and helicopters — are already the fastest growing of the 52 signatories to the Antarctic Treaty. That gentlemen’s agreement reached in 1959 bans military activity on the continent and aims to preserve it as one of the world’s last wildernesses; a related pact prohibits mining.

Advertisement

But Mr. Xi’s visit was another sign that China is positioning itself to take advantage of the continent’s resource potential when the treaty expires in 2048 — or in the event that it is ripped up before, Chinese and Australian experts say.

“So far, our research is natural-science based, but we know there is more and more concern about resource security,” said Yang Huigen, director general of the Polar Research Institute of China, who accompanied Mr. Xi last November on his visit to Hobart and stood with him on the icebreaker, Xue Long, or Snow Dragon.

With that in mind, the polar institute recently opened a new division devoted to the study of resources, law, geopolitics and governance in Antarctica and the Arctic, Mr. Yang said.

Australia, a strategic ally of the United States that has strong economic relations with China, is watching China’s buildup in the Antarctic with a mix of gratitude — China’s presence offers support for Australia’s Antarctic science program, which is short of cash — and wariness.

“We should have no illusions about the deeper agenda — one that has not even been agreed to by Chinese scientists but is driven by Xi, and most likely his successors,” said Peter Jennings, executive director of the Australian Strategic Policy Institute and a former senior official in the Australian Department of Defense.

“This is part of a broader pattern of a mercantilist approach all around the world,” Mr. Jennings added. “A big driver of Chinese policy is to secure long-term energy supply and food supply.”

That approach was evident last month when a large Chinese agriculture enterprise announced an expansion of its fishing operations around Antarctica to catch more krill — small, protein-rich crustaceans that are abundant in Antarctic waters.

“The Antarctic is a treasure house for all human beings, and China should go there and share,” Liu Shenli, the chairman of the China National Agricultural Development Group, told China Daily, a state-owned newspaper. China would aim to fish up to two million tons of krill a year, he said, a substantial increase from what it currently harvests.

Because sovereignty over Antarctica is unclear, nations have sought to strengthen their claims over the ice-covered land by building research bases and naming geographic features. China’s fifth station will put it within reach of the six American facilities, and ahead of Australia’s three.

Chinese mappers have also given Chinese names to more than 300 sites, compared with the thousands of locations on the continent with English names.

In the unspoken competition for Antarctica’s future, scientific achievement can also translate into influence. Chinese scientists are driving to be the first to drill and recover an ice core containing tiny air bubbles that provide a record of climate change stretching as far back as 1.5 million years. It is an expensive and delicate effort at which others, including the European Union and Australia, have failed.

In a breakthrough a decade ago, European scientists extracted an ice core nearly two miles long that revealed 800,000 years of climate history. But finding an ice core going back further would allow scientists to examine a change in the earth’s climate cycles believed to have occurred 900,000 to 1.2 million years ago.

China is betting it has found the best location to drill, at an area called Dome A, or Dome Argus, the highest point on the East Antarctic Ice Sheet. Though it is considered one of the coldest places on the planet, with temperatures of 130 degrees below zero Fahrenheit, a Chinese expedition explored the area in 2005 and established a research station in 2009.

“The international community has drilled in lots of places, but no luck so far,” said Xiao Cunde, a member of the first party to reach the site and the deputy director of the Institute for Climate Change at the Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences. “We think at Dome A we will have a straight shot at the one-million-year ice core.”

Mr. Xiao said China had already begun drilling and hoped to find what scientists are looking for in four to five years.

To support its Antarctic aspirations, China is building a sophisticated $300 million icebreaker that is expected to be ready in a few years, said Xia Limin, deputy director of the Chinese Arctic and Antarctic Administration in Beijing. It has also bought a high-tech fixed-wing aircraft, outfitted in the United States, for taking sensitive scientific soundings from the ice.

China has chosen the site for its fifth research station at Inexpressible Island, named by a group of British explorers who were stranded at the desolate site in 1912 and survived the winter by excavating a small ice cave.

Mr. Xia said the inhospitable spot was ideal because China did not have a presence in that part of Antarctica, and because the rocky site did not have much snow, making it relatively cheap to build there.

Anne-Marie Brady, a professor of political science at the University of Canterbury in New Zealand and the author of a soon-to-be-released book, “China as a Polar Great Power,” said Chinese scientists also believed they had a good chance of finding mineral and energy resources near the site.

“China is playing a long game in Antarctica and keeping other states guessing about its true intentions and interests are part of its poker hand,” she said. But she noted that China’s interest in finding minerals was presented “loud and clear to domestic audiences” as the main reason it was investing in Antarctica.

Because commercial drilling is banned, estimates of energy and mineral resources in Antarctica rely on remote sensing data and comparisons with similar geological environments elsewhere, said Millard F. Coffin, executive director of the Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies in Hobart.

But the difficulty of extraction in such severe conditions and uncertainty about future commodity prices make it unlikely that China or any country would defy the ban on mining anytime soon.

Tourism, however, is already booming. Travelers from China are still a relatively small contingent in the Antarctic compared with the more than 13,000 Americans who visited in 2013, and as yet there are no licensed Chinese tour operators.

But that is about to change, said Anthony Bergin, deputy director of the Australian Strategic Policy Institute. “I understand very soon there will be Chinese tourists on Chinese vessels with all-Chinese crew in the Antarctic,” he said.

 

Top News China’s Intents Are Questioned as It Builds in Antarctica | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Andrew Lesnie, Cinematographer of ‘Lord of the Rings,’ Dies at 59

The magical quality Mr. Lesnie created in shooting the “Babe” films caught the eye of the director Peter Jackson, who chose him to film the fantasy epic.

Andrew Lesnie, Cinematographer of ‘Lord of the Rings,’ Dies at 59 | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Ruth Rendell, Novelist Who Thrilled and Educated, Dies at 85

Ms. Rendell was a prolific writer of intricately plotted mystery novels that combined psychological insight, social conscience and teeth-chattering terror.

Ruth Rendell, Novelist Who Thrilled and Educated, Dies at 85 | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

promo berangkat umrah maret tangerang
biaya paket berangkat umrah mei di Cipinang Cempedak jakarta
paket umroh awal tahun di Rawa Terate jakarta
harga berangkat umrah awal tahun di Jatinegara Kaum jakarta
paket berangkat umrah januari di Pasar Rebo jakarta
paket promo umrah januari di Bidaracina jakarta
paket promo berangkat umrah awal tahun tangerang
biaya umrah april di Makasar jakarta
harga paket umrah akhir tahun bekasi selatan
biaya berangkat umrah desember di Cipayung jakarta
harga paket berangkat umroh ramadhan di Cakung Timur jakarta
harga paket berangkat umroh februari umrohdepag.com
biaya umrah akhir tahun di Cawang jakarta
promo berangkat umroh ramadhan di Pisangan Baru jakarta
biaya paket umrah ramadhan di Pisangan Baru jakarta
paket umroh januari di Kramat Jati jakarta
harga paket berangkat umrah februari tangerang
paket promo umroh ramadhan di Pondok Ranggon jakarta
paket promo umroh mei di Rambutan jakarta
harga umroh februari di Kebon Manggis jakarta
promo berangkat umrah juni di Pondok Kelapa jakarta
harga paket umrah maret di Cipayung jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umrah april di Kelapa Dua Wetan jakarta
biaya paket umrah mei di Cipinang jakarta
paket promo berangkat umroh ramadhan di Rawamangun jakarta
biaya berangkat umroh desember di Kebon Manggis jakarta
harga paket umrah juni di Cipinang Besar Utara jakarta
harga berangkat umroh ramadhan di Utan Kayu Utara jakarta
paket promo berangkat umroh maret di Lubang Buaya jakarta
promo berangkat umroh januari bekasi timur
harga umrah juni di Pondok Kelapa jakarta
harga berangkat umroh akhir tahun di Cakung Barat jakarta
paket promo berangkat umroh februari di Utan Kayu Selatan jakarta
paket promo berangkat umrah ramadhan di Malaka Sari jakarta
paket berangkat umroh mei di Cipinang Cempedak jakarta
paket promo berangkat umrah januari di Rawa Terate jakarta
paket promo berangkat umroh juni di Pasar Rebo jakarta
promo berangkat umroh ramadhan di Cililitan jakarta
paket promo umrah desember di Pasar Rebo jakarta
promo umrah akhir tahun di Jati jakarta
paket umroh awal tahun di Cibubur jakarta
harga paket umrah mei di Dukuh jakarta
harga paket umroh juni bekasi timur
harga umrah januari di Jatinegara jakarta
biaya berangkat umroh awal tahun di Cilangkap jakarta
biaya umroh februari di Setu jakarta
harga berangkat umrah maret di Kampung Baru jakarta
paket berangkat umrah februari di Pondok Ranggon jakarta
harga paket umrah april tangerang
biaya berangkat umrah ramadhan di Balekambang jakarta
paket umrah januari tangerang
harga umroh akhir tahun di Cipayung jakarta
promo berangkat umroh maret di Malaka Sari jakarta
promo umrah desember bekasi timur
promo umrah desember di Pinang Ranti jakarta
harga umroh maret di Batuampar jakarta
harga paket berangkat umrah mei di Cipinang Cempedak jakarta
promo berangkat umrah maret di Rawamangun jakarta
biaya berangkat umroh akhir tahun di Cilangkap jakarta
paket promo berangkat umrah desember di Pulo Gadung jakarta
biaya umroh akhir tahun di Cipayung jakarta
paket promo umroh maret di Jatinegara jakarta
harga paket berangkat umrah maret bogor
promo berangkat umrah maret di Pondok Kopi jakarta
biaya paket umroh april di Pondok Bambu jakarta
promo berangkat umrah awal tahun di Balekambang jakarta
harga berangkat umroh februari umrohdepag.com
paket promo berangkat umrah april di Duren Sawit jakarta
paket promo berangkat umroh awal tahun di Cipinang Besar Selatan jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umroh akhir tahun di Duren Sawit jakarta
paket promo berangkat umroh februari di Pondok Kelapa jakarta
biaya paket umrah akhir tahun di Rawamangun jakarta
biaya paket umroh desember di Lubang Buaya jakarta
promo umrah januari di Cipinang Besar Utara jakarta
harga berangkat umroh maret di Pal Meriam jakarta
promo berangkat umrah ramadhan di Bambu Apus jakarta
paket umrah ramadhan di Jatinegara jakarta
paket umrah awal tahun di Munjul jakarta
paket promo berangkat umrah ramadhan bogor
biaya paket berangkat umrah awal tahun di Cipinang Cempedak jakarta
promo berangkat umroh ramadhan di Kebon Pala jakarta
harga umrah maret di Ujung Menteng jakarta
harga berangkat umroh januari di Halim Perdanakusuma jakarta
promo berangkat umroh mei di Jatinegara jakarta
paket promo umroh desember di Batuampar jakarta
paket promo umroh akhir tahun di Cibubur jakarta
biaya berangkat umroh desember di Ciracas jakarta
biaya umrah ramadhan di Ciracas jakarta
biaya berangkat umroh ramadhan di Cipinang Besar Selatan jakarta
promo umroh akhir tahun bekasi timur
biaya paket umroh mei di Pondok Kelapa jakarta
harga umrah februari di Cibubur jakarta
harga umrah februari di Cakung Timur jakarta
promo berangkat umrah juni di Pinang Ranti jakarta
paket berangkat umrah awal tahun di Cipinang Muara jakarta
biaya umrah maret di Matraman jakarta
biaya paket umrah akhir tahun di Kebon Manggis jakarta
paket promo berangkat umroh maret di Duren Sawit jakarta
promo berangkat umrah mei di Cibubur jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umrah maret di Ciracas jakarta