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Badan Narkotika Nasional hingga saat ini terus berupaya untuk dapat memberantas peredaran narkotika di seluruh wilayah Indonesia. Di Jawa Timur melalui Badan Narkotika Provinsi, BNN juga telah menggalakkan pemberantasan narkoba hingga kabupaten dan kecamatan. Program BNN soal rehabilitasi pecandu dan korban penyalahgunaan narkotik dirujuk ke Pondok Pesantren untuk penyembuhan. "Kalau pecandu kita penjara bisa jadi pengedar," kata Kepala Badan Narkotika Propinsi, Brigadir Jendral Iwan A Ibrahim saat berbincang di Pondok Pesantren Sabilil Huda Bojonegoro. Iwan juga telah menjelaskan di Jawa Timur ada 17 pondok pesantren yang mau menerima pecandu narkotik untuk dipulihkan. Ke depannya kata dia, BNN juga akan melebarkan sayap hingga kecamatan untuk dapat membentuk Badan Nasional Narkotika Kecamatan. "BNN tidak bukan apa-apa kalau tidak ada peran dari masyarakat," ujarnya.> BERANTAS NARKOBA DI JATIM
TANGERANG, Saco-Indonesia.com — Warga Jalan Dahlia V No 37 RT 2/RW 09 Kelurahan Desa Kapuk, Cengkareng, Atjih (54), meninggal di tengah pengajian peringatan 40 hari meninggalnya Ustaz Jeffry Al Buchori alias Uje, Selasa (4/6/2013). Diduga, dia meninggal karena terkena serangan jantung.
"Saya raba nadi juga sudah enggak ada (denyutnya). Tapi, untuk memastikan kondisi selengkapnya, saya minta segera dilarikan ke UGD Rumah Sakit dr Suyoto," ujar Sri Hartanti dalam wawancara di UGD Rumah Sakit dr Suyoto, Rempoa, Tangerang Selatan, Selasa (4/6/2013) malam. Sri adalah tetangga almarhum Uje di Perumahan Bukit Mas, Jalan Narmada III, Rempoa, Tangerang Selatan.
Kebetulan, Sri adalah seorang dokter dan dia sempat melakukan pertolongan pertama kepada Atjih. "Saya coba bantu pompa jantungnya, terus tadi dia sempat ngorok ya. Pas saya cek, pupil matanya sudah membesar. Sampai di UGD, pas dicek dengan EKD, detak jantungnya sudah tidak ada," jelas Sri.
Dari pemeriksaannya, Sri menduga Atjih telah terkena serangan jantung. "Harus dilihat riwayat kesehatannya, penyakitnya apa. Kemungkinan serangan jantung," ujar dia. Meskipun saksi mengatakan posisi Atjih tidak berdesak-desakan di tengah pengajian, Sri mengatakan, kelelahan, belum makan siang, dan berada di lokasi pengajian sejak sore sudah membahayakan untuk seseorang dengan riwayat kesehatan memiliki penyakit jantung.
Terlebih lagi, lanjut Sri, jalan menuju lokasi rumah almarhum Uje juga naik turun. Sementara selama kegiatan pengajian berlangsung, kendaraan dilarang masuk sehingga seluruh jemaah pengajian harus berjalan kaki ke lokasi. "Dan dia (perawakannya) gemuk ya," papar Sri.
Masih dalam diagnosis Sri, Atjih dinyatakan meninggal dunia seketika sebelum sampai di UGD Rumah Sakit dr Suyoto. "Sudah tidak ada pas kejadian, meninggal seketika," ujar Sri.
Dari pengamatan Kompas.com, seusai dilarikan ke UGD, jenazah Atjih langsung dipulangkan ke kediamannya. "Langsung dibawa pulang. Keluarganya juga sudah dikabarin, mereka di sana sudah siap-siap," kata Yani, tetangga Atjih yang juga mengikuti pengajian 40 hari berpulangnya Uje.
Bus Transjakarta telah kembali mengalami kerusakan. Bus rute Harmoni-Pulogadung TB.020 mogok di depan Balai Kota Jakarta pada pukul 07.49 pagi WIB. Mogoknya busway telah diakibatkan oleh asap yang keluar dari mesin belakang.
"Tadi lagi jalan, kita lihat semua asap keluar dari mesin belakang," ujar Satgas Transjakarta, Sari saat ditemui di lokasi, Selasa (11/3).
Sari juga mengatakan, ada sekitar delapan penumpang yang berada dalam bus Transjakarta tersebut. Namun, saat ini seluruh penumpang tersebut telah dievakuasi ke bus Transjakarta lainnya.
"Ada delapan orang penumpang tapi tidak apa-apa, sudah kita alihkan ke Transjakarta yang lain," jelasnya.
Saat ini, bus Transjakarta tersebut juga sudah diderek oleh kendaraan Dinas Perhubungan. Tidak ada efek kemacetan dari mogoknya Transjakarta tersebut.
Masjid Agung Brussel – Belgia yang terletak di kawasan elit dalam taman Cinquantenaire Park kota Brussel dan tak jauh dari markas besar Uni Eropa itu pada awalnya tidak diperuntukkan sebagai masjid melainkan sebagai paviliun pameran kebudayaan negeri negeri timur, selesai dibangun tahun 1879 dan setahun kemudian di digunakan sebagai gedung eksebisi nasional Belgia. Di tahun tersebut komunitas muslim Belgia belum lagi dikenal.
Organisasi Islam pertama di Belgia, Islamic and Cultural Centre Belgium, baru berdiri di tahun 1963 atau 84 tahun setelah gedung pameran tersebut selesai dibangun. Pada awal pendiriannya Islamic and Cultural Center Belgium berkantor di gedung sewaan di kawasan sederhana kota Brussels, berkat bantuan dari kedutaan negara negara Islam di Brussels waktu itu.
Bangunan aslinya dibangun oleh arsitek Ernest Van Humbeek dalam gaya bahasa Arab, untuk membentuk Pavilion Oriental dari National Exhibition di Brussels pada tahun 1880. Pada saat itu paviliun ditempati lukisan monumental pada kanvas : “Panorama Kairo”, oleh pelukis Belgia Emile Wauters , yang telah sukses besar. Namun, kurangnya pemeliharaan pada abad kedua puluh menyebabkan bangunan memburuk secara bertahap.
Pada tahun 1967, King Baudouin membuat hadiah bangunan untuk Raja Faisal bin Abdul Aziz dari Arab Saudi , dalam kunjungan resmi ke Belgia, bangunan tersebut mungkin berubah menjadi tempat ibadah untuk penggunaan komunitas Muslim Belgia yang telah berkembang cukup pada saat itu. Masjid, setelah rekonstruksi panjang dilakukan dengan mengorbankan Arab Saudi oleh Tunisia arsitek Boubaker, diresmikan pada tahun 1978 di hadapan Khalid ibn Abd al-Aziz dan Baudouin. Masjid ini peran lembaga keagamaan terkemuka dalam Belgia Islam peran yang dimaksudkan sebagai jembatan diplomatik antara Saudi dan Belgia masyarakat serta monarki-telah menjadi titik perdebatan sejak kembali berdiri.
Saat ini juga menjadi tuan rumah sebuah sekolah dan pusat penelitian Islam yang tujuannya adalah untuk menyebarkan agama Islam. Pusat ini juga menyediakan kursus bahasa Arab untuk orang dewasa dan anak-anak, serta kursus pengantar dalam Islam .
Sumber : http://khalistatour.com
Baca Artikel Lainnya : MAKNA IBADAH HAJI DAN UMRAH> MENJELAJAHI MASJID AGUNG BRUSSEL DI BELGIA
Saco-Indonesia.com - Tanda kecil yang ditampakkan tubuh seringkali
diremehkan. Padahal, tidak jarang parameter ini bermakna besar, yang mengindikasikan adanya
kelainan atau bahaya dalam tubuh. Tanda-tanda kecil tersebut mulai dari tumbuhnya area dengan
warna berbeda pada kuku, sampai benjolan pada kelopak mata menandakan adanya ancaman pada
“Tidak ada yang lebih tahu tubuh selain tuannya. Kitalah yang paling tahu apabila ada sesuatu yang tidak beres, " kata chief medical editor situs kesehatan WebMD, Michael Smith.
Ia menyarankan agar setiap orang dapat mengenal baik tubuhnya. Berikut 5 tanda yang harus diperiksa untuk mengetahui keadaan tubuh khususnya bagi seorang wanita :
- Cek siklus menstruasi, terutama bila mengalami pendarahan sepanjang bulan
Indikasi : Kebanyakan wanita mengindikasikan menstruasi (pendarahan) yang tidak teratur berhubungan dengan stres. Sekalipun benar, wanita juga sebaiknya waspada terhadap kemungkinan kanker rahim dan mulut rahim. Ketika kanker memasuki tahap lanjut dan menyerang jaringan terdekat, wanita bisa mengalami pendarahan yang terjadi di antara masa menstruasi, setelah berhubungan seksual, atau setelah menopause.
Tindakan lanjutan : Segera memeriksakan diri ke dokter kandungan. Kanker mulut Rahim menjadi penyebab utama kematian wanita. Pemeriksaan pap smear menjadi deteksi dini dan langkahpencegahan terjadinya kanker pembunuh wanita ini.
- Periksa kuku, terutama bila ada area gelap pada penampang kuku
Indikasi : Bukan cuma tahi lalat bermutasi yang mengindikasikan terjadinya kanker kulit. Penyakit ini juga bisa berkembang di bawah kuku. Area kekuningan, coklat, atau hitam bisa menjadi tanda bahaya. “Kanker kulit melanoma menjadi salah satu yang mematikan,” kata Smith. Menurut American Cancer Society, setiap jam ada satu nyawa melayang karena melanoma. Beberapa tahun terakhir penderita melanoma semakin banyak, terutama pada wanita muda.
Tindak lanjut : Segera pergi ke dokter kulit (dermatologis). Menurut American Cancer Society, kanker yang cepat diketahui dan dilokalisasi berpeluang 98 persen disembuhkan. Lamanya terpapar dan terbakar sinar matahari saat kecil bisa menjadi faktor risiko. “Butuh 10 tahun bagi kanker kulit untuk berkembang. Sekalipun saat ini rutin menggunakan sunblock, pengalaman saat kecil bisa menjadi faktor risiko,” kata Smith.
- Periksa kulit, bila ada tumbuh jerawat atau bulu tebal
Indikasi : Kondisi ini merupakan tanda resistensi insulin dan produksi berlebihan hormon seks pria. Hal ini mengakibatkan kulit menjadi berminyak dan tumbuh rambut tebal pada wajah, dada, perut, punggung, jempol dan jari kaki. "Tandanya hampir sama dengan pubertas pada pria, " kata Smith. Smith menyarankan jangan malu bila menderita gejala ini. Namun pada wanita hal ini mungkin membutuhkan tes kesuburan.
Tindak lanjut : Segera ke dokter. Bila terjadi pada wanita, dokter mungkin akan menyarankan tes panggul, darah dan USG untuk memeriksa kondisi ini. Sebaiknya, aturlah pola hidup dan minum obat untuk mengendalikan produksi hormone androgen.
- Periksa ketiak, terutama bila ada kulit gelap yang kasar
Indikasi : Kemungkinan adalah diabetes. Kelebihan insulin dalam aliran darah, menyebabkan sel kulit mengganda dalam waktu yang cepat. Hal ini menyebabkan terbangunnya jaringan yang mengandung pigmen lebih gelap. Akibatnya kulit di bawah lengan lebih gelap dan tebal.
Tindak lanjut : Tes urine menjadi cara jitu untuk mengetahui adakah diabetes dalam tubuh penderita. Menurut American Diabetes Association, cara ini menyelamatkan 12,6 juta wanita Amerika berusia 20-an dari diabetes. Langkah ini juga disarankan bagi yang berusia 45 tahun ke atas, terutama yang memiliki kelebihan berat badan.
- Periksa kelopak mata, terutama bila ada benjolan kecil dan lembut. Banyaknya riasan tidak mampu menutupi pembengkakan ini
Indikasi : Ada kelebihan kolesterol di bawah kulit. "Kalau bengkak ini menghilang berarti kadar kolesterol bertambah, sekitar 300 atau lebih," kata Smith. Kelebihan kolesterol merupakan faktor risiko gagal jantung, yang membunuh satu dari 4 wanita di Amerika
Tidak lanjut : Segera cek kandungan kolesterol dan tanyakan pada dokter bagaimana menguranginya. Pengurangan 10 persen kandungan kolesterol, akan mengurangi peluang diabetes hingga tiga kali lipat. Pola makan sehat kaya serat dan rajin olahraga menjadi jalan keluar.
As governor, Mr. Walker alienated Republicans and his fellow Democrats, particularly the Democratic powerhouse Richard J. Daley, the mayor of Chicago.Dan Walker, 92, Dies; Illinois Governor and Later a U.S. Prisoner | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016
WASHINGTON — The former deputy director of the C.I.A. asserts in a forthcoming book that Republicans, in their eagerness to politicize the killing of the American ambassador to Libya, repeatedly distorted the agency’s analysis of events. But he also argues that the C.I.A. should get out of the business of providing “talking points” for administration officials in national security events that quickly become partisan, as happened after the Benghazi attack in 2012.
The official, Michael J. Morell, dismisses the allegation that the United States military and C.I.A. officers “were ordered to stand down and not come to the rescue of their comrades,” and he says there is “no evidence” to support the charge that “there was a conspiracy between C.I.A. and the White House to spin the Benghazi story in a way that would protect the political interests of the president and Secretary Clinton,” referring to the secretary of state at the time, Hillary Rodham Clinton.
But he also concludes that the White House itself embellished some of the talking points provided by the Central Intelligence Agency and had blocked him from sending an internal study of agency conclusions to Congress.
“I finally did so without asking,” just before leaving government, he writes, and after the White House released internal emails to a committee investigating the State Department’s handling of the issue.
A lengthy congressional investigation remains underway, one that many Republicans hope to use against Mrs. Clinton in the 2016 election cycle.
In parts of the book, “The Great War of Our Time” (Twelve), Mr. Morell praises his C.I.A. colleagues for many successes in stopping terrorist attacks, but he is surprisingly critical of other C.I.A. failings — and those of the National Security Agency.
Soon after Mr. Morell retired in 2013 after 33 years in the agency, President Obama appointed him to a commission reviewing the actions of the National Security Agency after the disclosures of Edward J. Snowden, a former intelligence contractor who released classified documents about the government’s eavesdropping abilities. Mr. Morell writes that he was surprised by what he found.
“You would have thought that of all the government entities on the planet, the one least vulnerable to such grand theft would have been the N.S.A.,” he writes. “But it turned out that the N.S.A. had left itself vulnerable.”
He concludes that most Wall Street firms had better cybersecurity than the N.S.A. had when Mr. Snowden swept information from its systems in 2013. While he said he found himself “chagrined by how well the N.S.A. was doing” compared with the C.I.A. in stepping up its collection of data on intelligence targets, he also sensed that the N.S.A., which specializes in electronic spying, was operating without considering the implications of its methods.
“The N.S.A. had largely been collecting information because it could, not necessarily in all cases because it should,” he says.
The book is to be released next week.
Mr. Morell was a career analyst who rose through the ranks of the agency, and he ended up in the No. 2 post. He served as President George W. Bush’s personal intelligence briefer in the first months of his presidency — in those days, he could often be spotted at the Starbucks in Waco, Tex., catching up on his reading — and was with him in the schoolhouse in Florida on the morning of Sept. 11, 2001, when the Bush presidency changed in an instant.
Mr. Morell twice took over as acting C.I.A. director, first when Leon E. Panetta was appointed secretary of defense and then when retired Gen. David H. Petraeus resigned over an extramarital affair with his biographer, a relationship that included his handing her classified notes of his time as America’s best-known military commander.
Mr. Morell says he first learned of the affair from Mr. Petraeus only the night before he resigned, and just as the Benghazi events were turning into a political firestorm. While praising Mr. Petraeus, who had told his deputy “I am very lucky” to run the C.I.A., Mr. Morell writes that “the organization did not feel the same way about him.” The former general “created the impression through the tone of his voice and his body language that he did not want people to disagree with him (which was not true in my own interaction with him),” he says.
But it is his account of the Benghazi attacks — and how the C.I.A. was drawn into the debate over whether the Obama White House deliberately distorted its account of the death of Ambassador J. Christopher Stevens — that is bound to attract attention, at least partly because of its relevance to the coming presidential election. The initial assessments that the C.I.A. gave to the White House said demonstrations had preceded the attack. By the time analysts reversed their opinion, Susan E. Rice, now the national security adviser, had made a series of statements on Sunday talk shows describing the initial assessment. The controversy and other comments Ms. Rice made derailed Mr. Obama’s plan to appoint her as secretary of state.
The experience prompted Mr. Morell to write that the C.I.A. should stay out of the business of preparing talking points — especially on issues that are being seized upon for “political purposes.” He is critical of the State Department for not beefing up security in Libya for its diplomats, as the C.I.A., he said, did for its employees.
But he concludes that the assault in which the ambassador was killed took place “with little or no advance planning” and “was not well organized.” He says the attackers “did not appear to be looking for Americans to harm. They appeared intent on looting and conducting some vandalism,” setting fires that killed Mr. Stevens and a security official, Sean Smith.
Mr. Morell paints a picture of an agency that was struggling, largely unsuccessfully, to understand dynamics in the Middle East and North Africa when the Arab Spring broke out in late 2011 in Tunisia. The agency’s analysts failed to see the forces of revolution coming — and then failed again, he writes, when they told Mr. Obama that the uprisings would undercut Al Qaeda by showing there was a democratic pathway to change.
“There is no good explanation for our not being able to see the pressures growing to dangerous levels across the region,” he writes. The agency had again relied too heavily “on a handful of strong leaders in the countries of concern to help us understand what was going on in the Arab street,” he says, and those leaders themselves were clueless.
Moreover, an agency that has always overvalued secretly gathered intelligence and undervalued “open source” material “was not doing enough to mine the wealth of information available through social media,” he writes. “We thought and told policy makers that this outburst of popular revolt would damage Al Qaeda by undermining the group’s narrative,” he writes.
Instead, weak governments in Egypt, and the absence of governance from Libya to Yemen, were “a boon to Islamic extremists across both the Middle East and North Africa.”
Mr. Morell is gentle about most of the politicians he dealt with — he expresses admiration for both Mr. Bush and Mr. Obama, though he accuses former Vice President Dick Cheney of deliberately implying a connection between Al Qaeda and Iraq that the C.I.A. had concluded probably did not exist. But when it comes to the events leading up to the Bush administration’s decision to go to war in Iraq, he is critical of his own agency.
Mr. Morell concludes that the Bush White House did not have to twist intelligence on Saddam Hussein’s alleged effort to rekindle the country’s work on weapons of mass destruction.
“The view that hard-liners in the Bush administration forced the intelligence community into its position on W.M.D. is just flat wrong,” he writes. “No one pushed. The analysts were already there and they had been there for years, long before Bush came to office.”Ex-C.I.A. Official Rebuts Republican Claims on Benghazi Attack in â€˜The Great War of Our Timeâ€™ | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016
The neighborhood where Freddie Gray came of age has survived harrowing rates of unemployment, poor health, violent crime and incarceration.Hard but Hopeful Home to â€˜Lot of Freddiesâ€™ | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016
Imagine an elite professional services firm with a high-performing, workaholic culture. Everyone is expected to turn on a dime to serve a client, travel at a moment’s notice, and be available pretty much every evening and weekend. It can make for a grueling work life, but at the highest levels of accounting, law, investment banking and consulting firms, it is just the way things are.
Except for one dirty little secret: Some of the people ostensibly turning in those 80- or 90-hour workweeks, particularly men, may just be faking it.
Many of them were, at least, at one elite consulting firm studied by Erin Reid, a professor at Boston University’s Questrom School of Business. It’s impossible to know if what she learned at that unidentified consulting firm applies across the world of work more broadly. But her research, published in the academic journal Organization Science, offers a way to understand how the professional world differs between men and women, and some of the ways a hard-charging culture that emphasizes long hours above all can make some companies worse off.
Ms. Reid interviewed more than 100 people in the American offices of a global consulting firm and had access to performance reviews and internal human resources documents. At the firm there was a strong culture around long hours and responding to clients promptly.
“When the client needs me to be somewhere, I just have to be there,” said one of the consultants Ms. Reid interviewed. “And if you can’t be there, it’s probably because you’ve got another client meeting at the same time. You know it’s tough to say I can’t be there because my son had a Cub Scout meeting.”
Some people fully embraced this culture and put in the long hours, and they tended to be top performers. Others openly pushed back against it, insisting upon lighter and more flexible work hours, or less travel; they were punished in their performance reviews.
The third group is most interesting. Some 31 percent of the men and 11 percent of the women whose records Ms. Reid examined managed to achieve the benefits of a more moderate work schedule without explicitly asking for it.
They made an effort to line up clients who were local, reducing the need for travel. When they skipped work to spend time with their children or spouse, they didn’t call attention to it. One team on which several members had small children agreed among themselves to cover for one another so that everyone could have more flexible hours.
A male junior manager described working to have repeat consulting engagements with a company near enough to his home that he could take care of it with day trips. “I try to head out by 5, get home at 5:30, have dinner, play with my daughter,” he said, adding that he generally kept weekend work down to two hours of catching up on email.
Despite the limited hours, he said: “I know what clients are expecting. So I deliver above that.” He received a high performance review and a promotion.
What is fascinating about the firm Ms. Reid studied is that these people, who in her terminology were “passing” as workaholics, received performance reviews that were as strong as their hyper-ambitious colleagues. For people who were good at faking it, there was no real damage done by their lighter workloads.
It calls to mind the episode of “Seinfeld” in which George Costanza leaves his car in the parking lot at Yankee Stadium, where he works, and gets a promotion because his boss sees the car and thinks he is getting to work earlier and staying later than anyone else. (The strategy goes awry for him, and is not recommended for any aspiring partners in a consulting firm.)
A second finding is that women, particularly those with young children, were much more likely to request greater flexibility through more formal means, such as returning from maternity leave with an explicitly reduced schedule. Men who requested a paternity leave seemed to be punished come review time, and so may have felt more need to take time to spend with their families through those unofficial methods.
The result of this is easy to see: Those specifically requesting a lighter workload, who were disproportionately women, suffered in their performance reviews; those who took a lighter workload more discreetly didn’t suffer. The maxim of “ask forgiveness, not permission” seemed to apply.
It would be dangerous to extrapolate too much from a study at one firm, but Ms. Reid said in an interview that since publishing a summary of her research in Harvard Business Review she has heard from people in a variety of industries describing the same dynamic.
High-octane professional service firms are that way for a reason, and no one would doubt that insane hours and lots of travel can be necessary if you’re a lawyer on the verge of a big trial, an accountant right before tax day or an investment banker advising on a huge merger.
But the fact that the consultants who quietly lightened their workload did just as well in their performance reviews as those who were truly working 80 or more hours a week suggests that in normal times, heavy workloads may be more about signaling devotion to a firm than really being more productive. The person working 80 hours isn’t necessarily serving clients any better than the person working 50.
In other words, maybe the real problem isn’t men faking greater devotion to their jobs. Maybe it’s that too many companies reward the wrong things, favoring the illusion of extraordinary effort over actual productivity.
BEIJING (AP) — The head of Taiwan's Nationalists reaffirmed the party's support for eventual unification with the mainland when he met Monday with Chinese President Xi Jinping as part of continuing rapprochement between the former bitter enemies.
Nationalist Party Chairman Eric Chu, a likely presidential candidate next year, also affirmed Taiwan's desire to join the proposed Chinese-led Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank during the meeting in Beijing. China claims Taiwan as its own territory and doesn't want the island to join using a name that might imply it is an independent country.
Chu's comments during his meeting with Xi were carried live on Hong Kong-based broadcaster Phoenix Television.
The Nationalists were driven to Taiwan by Mao Zedong's Communists during the Chinese civil war in 1949, leading to decades of hostility between the sides. Chu, who took over as party leader in January, is the third Nationalist chairman to visit the mainland and the first since 2009.
Relations between the communist-ruled mainland and the self-governing democratic island of Taiwan began to warm in the 1990s, partly out of their common opposition to Taiwan's formal independence from China, a position advocated by the island's Democratic Progressive Party.
Despite increasingly close economic ties, the prospect of political unification has grown increasingly unpopular on Taiwan, especially with younger voters. Opposition to the Nationalists' pro-China policies was seen as a driver behind heavy local electoral defeats for the party last year that led to Taiwanese President Ma Ying-jeou resigning as party chairman.Taiwan party leader affirms eventual reunion with China | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016
KATHMANDU, Nepal — When the dense pillar of smoke from cremations by the Bagmati River was thinning late last week, the bodies were all coming from Gongabu, a common stopover for Nepali migrant workers headed overseas, and they were all of young men.
Hindu custom dictates that funeral pyres should be lighted by the oldest son of the deceased, but these men were too young to have sons, so they were burned by their brothers or fathers. Sukla Lal, a maize farmer, made a 14-hour journey by bus to retrieve the body of his 19-year-old son, who had been on his way to the Persian Gulf to work as a laborer.
“He wanted to live in the countryside, but he was compelled to leave by poverty,” Mr. Lal said, gazing ahead steadily as his son’s remains smoldered. “He told me, ‘You can live on your land, and I will come up with money, and we will have a happy family.’ ”
Weeks will pass before the authorities can give a complete accounting of who died in the April 25 earthquake, but it is already clear that Nepal cannot afford the losses. The countryside was largely stripped of its healthy young men even before the quake, as they migrated in great waves — 1,500 a day by some estimates — to work as laborers in India, Malaysia or one of the gulf nations, leaving many small communities populated only by elderly parents, women and children. Economists say that at some times of the year, one-quarter of Nepal’s population is working outside the country.Nepalâ€™s Young Men, Lost to Migration, Then a Quake | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016
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HOBART, Tasmania — Few places seem out of reach for China’s leader, Xi Jinping, who has traveled from European capitals to obscure Pacific and Caribbean islands in pursuit of his nation’s strategic interests.
So perhaps it was not surprising when he turned up last fall in this city on the edge of the Southern Ocean to put down a long-distance marker in another faraway region, Antarctica, 2,000 miles south of this Australian port.
Standing on the deck of an icebreaker that ferries Chinese scientists from this last stop before the frozen continent, Mr. Xi pledged that China would continue to expand in one of the few places on earth that remain unexploited by humans.
He signed a five-year accord with the Australian government that allows Chinese vessels and, in the future, aircraft to resupply for fuel and food before heading south. That will help secure easier access to a region that is believed to have vast oil and mineral resources; huge quantities of high-protein sea life; and for times of possible future dire need, fresh water contained in icebergs.
It was not until 1985, about seven decades after Robert Scott and Roald Amundsen raced to the South Pole, that a team representing Beijing hoisted the Chinese flag over the nation’s first Antarctic research base, the Great Wall Station on King George Island.
But now China seems determined to catch up. As it has bolstered spending on Antarctic research, and as the early explorers, especially the United States and Australia, confront stagnant budgets, there is growing concern about its intentions.
China’s operations on the continent — it opened its fourth research station last year, chose a site for a fifth, and is investing in a second icebreaker and new ice-capable planes and helicopters — are already the fastest growing of the 52 signatories to the Antarctic Treaty. That gentlemen’s agreement reached in 1959 bans military activity on the continent and aims to preserve it as one of the world’s last wildernesses; a related pact prohibits mining.
But Mr. Xi’s visit was another sign that China is positioning itself to take advantage of the continent’s resource potential when the treaty expires in 2048 — or in the event that it is ripped up before, Chinese and Australian experts say.
“So far, our research is natural-science based, but we know there is more and more concern about resource security,” said Yang Huigen, director general of the Polar Research Institute of China, who accompanied Mr. Xi last November on his visit to Hobart and stood with him on the icebreaker, Xue Long, or Snow Dragon.
With that in mind, the polar institute recently opened a new division devoted to the study of resources, law, geopolitics and governance in Antarctica and the Arctic, Mr. Yang said.
Australia, a strategic ally of the United States that has strong economic relations with China, is watching China’s buildup in the Antarctic with a mix of gratitude — China’s presence offers support for Australia’s Antarctic science program, which is short of cash — and wariness.
“We should have no illusions about the deeper agenda — one that has not even been agreed to by Chinese scientists but is driven by Xi, and most likely his successors,” said Peter Jennings, executive director of the Australian Strategic Policy Institute and a former senior official in the Australian Department of Defense.
“This is part of a broader pattern of a mercantilist approach all around the world,” Mr. Jennings added. “A big driver of Chinese policy is to secure long-term energy supply and food supply.”
That approach was evident last month when a large Chinese agriculture enterprise announced an expansion of its fishing operations around Antarctica to catch more krill — small, protein-rich crustaceans that are abundant in Antarctic waters.
“The Antarctic is a treasure house for all human beings, and China should go there and share,” Liu Shenli, the chairman of the China National Agricultural Development Group, told China Daily, a state-owned newspaper. China would aim to fish up to two million tons of krill a year, he said, a substantial increase from what it currently harvests.
Because sovereignty over Antarctica is unclear, nations have sought to strengthen their claims over the ice-covered land by building research bases and naming geographic features. China’s fifth station will put it within reach of the six American facilities, and ahead of Australia’s three.
Chinese mappers have also given Chinese names to more than 300 sites, compared with the thousands of locations on the continent with English names.
In the unspoken competition for Antarctica’s future, scientific achievement can also translate into influence. Chinese scientists are driving to be the first to drill and recover an ice core containing tiny air bubbles that provide a record of climate change stretching as far back as 1.5 million years. It is an expensive and delicate effort at which others, including the European Union and Australia, have failed.
In a breakthrough a decade ago, European scientists extracted an ice core nearly two miles long that revealed 800,000 years of climate history. But finding an ice core going back further would allow scientists to examine a change in the earth’s climate cycles believed to have occurred 900,000 to 1.2 million years ago.
China is betting it has found the best location to drill, at an area called Dome A, or Dome Argus, the highest point on the East Antarctic Ice Sheet. Though it is considered one of the coldest places on the planet, with temperatures of 130 degrees below zero Fahrenheit, a Chinese expedition explored the area in 2005 and established a research station in 2009.
“The international community has drilled in lots of places, but no luck so far,” said Xiao Cunde, a member of the first party to reach the site and the deputy director of the Institute for Climate Change at the Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences. “We think at Dome A we will have a straight shot at the one-million-year ice core.”
Mr. Xiao said China had already begun drilling and hoped to find what scientists are looking for in four to five years.
To support its Antarctic aspirations, China is building a sophisticated $300 million icebreaker that is expected to be ready in a few years, said Xia Limin, deputy director of the Chinese Arctic and Antarctic Administration in Beijing. It has also bought a high-tech fixed-wing aircraft, outfitted in the United States, for taking sensitive scientific soundings from the ice.
China has chosen the site for its fifth research station at Inexpressible Island, named by a group of British explorers who were stranded at the desolate site in 1912 and survived the winter by excavating a small ice cave.
Mr. Xia said the inhospitable spot was ideal because China did not have a presence in that part of Antarctica, and because the rocky site did not have much snow, making it relatively cheap to build there.
Anne-Marie Brady, a professor of political science at the University of Canterbury in New Zealand and the author of a soon-to-be-released book, “China as a Polar Great Power,” said Chinese scientists also believed they had a good chance of finding mineral and energy resources near the site.
“China is playing a long game in Antarctica and keeping other states guessing about its true intentions and interests are part of its poker hand,” she said. But she noted that China’s interest in finding minerals was presented “loud and clear to domestic audiences” as the main reason it was investing in Antarctica.
Because commercial drilling is banned, estimates of energy and mineral resources in Antarctica rely on remote sensing data and comparisons with similar geological environments elsewhere, said Millard F. Coffin, executive director of the Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies in Hobart.
But the difficulty of extraction in such severe conditions and uncertainty about future commodity prices make it unlikely that China or any country would defy the ban on mining anytime soon.
Tourism, however, is already booming. Travelers from China are still a relatively small contingent in the Antarctic compared with the more than 13,000 Americans who visited in 2013, and as yet there are no licensed Chinese tour operators.
But that is about to change, said Anthony Bergin, deputy director of the Australian Strategic Policy Institute. “I understand very soon there will be Chinese tourists on Chinese vessels with all-Chinese crew in the Antarctic,” he said.Top News Chinaâ€™s Intents Are Questioned as It Builds in Antarctica | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016
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