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Rangkaian kegiatan yang dijalani oleh Nabi Muhammad SAW ketika menunaikan ritual haji menjadi contoh bagi para sahabat dalam menjalankan ibadah wajib tersebut. Meskipun Nabi hanya melakukan umrah sebanyak empat kali dan haji hanya sekali, rangkaian manasik haji yang beliau contohkan memiliki makna yang sangat substansial.
Jamaah haji dan umrah yang tidak memahami makna filosofis dan nilai-nilai agung yang terkandung dalam ritual haji tidak menutup kemungkinan akan merasakan kehampaan dalam ibadahnya. Sebaliknya, mereka yang mampu menangkap makna dan nilai-nilai tersebut akan semakin bersemangat dan khusyuk dalam melaksanakannya.
Berbahagialah mereka yang telah tebersit keinginan di dalam hatinya untuk menunaikan ibadah haji. Keinginan untuk pergi haji adalah anugerah sekaligus hidayah dari Allah SWT agar kita selamat dari jurang kesesatan dan kegelapan hidup.
Banyak umat Islam zaman sekarang yang merasakan kehidupannya kosong dan tak bermakna. Hari-hari dalam kehidupan mereka seakan hanya pengulangan dari hari sebelumnya. Tanpa mereka sadari, salah satu ajaran dalam agama mereka yaitu ibadah haji dapat mengantarkan mereka pada sebuah pengalaman yang akan membebaskan diri dari kehidupan semacam itu.
Perjalanan haji sangat bertolak belakang dengan perjalanan hidup yang tanpa tujuan. Dengan menunaikan ibadah tersebut kita akan dapat melepaskan diri dari jaring- jaring hawa nafsu dan membuka jalan yang luas menuju ridha Allah SWT.
Jika telah tebersit keinginan dalam hati untuk menunaikan ibadah haji, itu artinya kita telah bersedia meninggalkan sanak keluarga untuk berjumpa dengan Allah. Hati yang selalu mengajak untuk menunaikan ibadah haji adalah pertanda bahwa Allah SWT sedang mengundang kita ke sebuah ‘jamuan’ yang diadakan setiap tahun. Dalam jamuan itu, kasih sayang dan ampunan akan disuguhkan kepada seluruh tamu-Nya.
Sebaliknya, mereka yang tidak mendengar adanya panggilan hati untuk menunaikan ibadah haji patut bersedih. Sebab itu pertanda bahwa mereka telah berpaling dari Allah dan lebih memilih kehidupan yang fana.
Jika sedikit pun mereka tidak merasakan keinginan untuk berkunjung ke rumah Allah, maka itu artinya Allah SWT tidak mengundang mereka ke ‘jamuan’ yang diadakan-Nya.
Sumber : Republika.co.id
Baca Artikel Lainnya : RITUAL HAJI NABI IBRAHIM AS> FILOSOFI DARI BERNIAT HAJI
Bisnis Rental Mobil atau Jasa Sewa Mobil juga merupakan salah satu bisnis yang menjanjikan. Hal ini dikarenakan kebutuhan akan kendaraan mobil sebagai alat transportasi sangat tinggi. Kebutuhan akan rental mobil semakin meningkat, hal ini juga dapat dilihat dari semakin banyak jumlah rental mobil yang bermunculan. Bila tidak permintaan akan rental mobil tentunya bisnis ini tidak akan berkembang pesat seperti sekarang ini.
Tips Bisnis Rental Mobil
rental mobilBisnis Rental Mobil akhir-akhir ini mulai banyak orang yang melakoni nya, telah membuat persaingan nya semakin tinggi. Bagi anda yang tertarik dan ingin memulai bisnis rental mobil, sebaiknya mengetahui beberapa tips sebelum memulai bisnis rental mobil ini. Berikut ini beberapa tips memulai bisnis rental mobil.
Modal atau pendanaan yang mencukupi. Modal adalah salah faktor utama dalam membangun bisnis, tanpa adanya modal yang mencukupi kita tidak dapat memulai suatu usaha. Modal terutama dalam bisnis rental mobil memang membutuhkan jumlah yang cukup besar. Seperti yang diketahui harga sebuah mobil saja membutuhkan dana yang cukup besar. Jadi pembelian mobil merupakan jumlah dana yang paling besar.
Tempat usaha yang strategis. Salah faktor keberhasilan suatu bisnis adalah dari lokasi tempat usahanya. Pilihlah tempat usaha yang ramai dikunjungi dan mudah dilihat oleh orang, hal ini agar orang dapat dengan mudah mengetahuinya. Walaupun orang tidak atau belum menggunakan jasa kita ketika mengetahui tempat rental mobil milik kita, namun untuk kedepannya apabila orang membutuhkan rental mobil maka mereka akan ingat dan tahu dimana mereka akan menemukannya.
Pemilihan mobil yang tepat. Untuk bisnis rental mobil, sangat penting mengetahui jenis mobil yang tepat untuk rental. Ketahui jenis mobil yang paling banyak disukai konsumen, selain itu pilih juga mobil yang awet serta mudah dalam perawatannya.
Persiapkan tenaga ahli dalam mengelola bisnis rental mobil. Gunakan tenaga ahli yang terbiasa dengan bisnis rental mobil, dimana mereka yang bertugas dalam urusan me manage jalannya bisnis ini. Pemilihan supir juga harus diperhatikan, apabila kita menyediakan jasa rental mobil sekaligus dengan supirnya. Pilih juga tenaga teknis yang berpengalaman dalam mengurus mobil, sehingga dapat merawat dan memperbaiki mobil-mobil yang ada.
Berikan servis terbaik kepada konsumen. Berikan jasa terbaik kepada konsumen dengan memberikan pelayanan terbaik. Hal ini dapat kita berikan dengan memberikan service antar jemput misalnya, sehingga konsumen tidak perlu repot-repot dating ketempat kita. Masih banyak pelayanan lainnya yang dapat diberikan, tergantung bagaimana kita dalam memberikannya. Kini konsumen lebih pintar karena telah mengetahui Tips Sewa Mobil di Jakarta sehingga dapat memilih akan menggunakan jasa rental mobil.
Asuransikan semua mobil. Hal ini sangat penting, untuk mencegah hal yang tidak diinginkan seperti rusaknya mobil karena kecelakaan atau mobil hilang. Dengan adanya asuransi setidaknya segala kerugian yang ada telah ditangani oleh pihak asuransi.
Dengan mengetahui beberapa tips untuk memulai bisnis rental mobil ini semoga dapat membantu bagi yang ingin mencoba bisnis yang menguntungkan ini. Hal terpenting dalam berbisnis adalah selalu pantang menyerah, jujur dan ciptakan inovasi-inovasi yang dapat menjadi bisnis kita lebih dipilih konsumen dibandingkan dengan kompetitor lainnya.> TIPS MEMULAI BISNIS RENTAL MOBIL
sejumlah khasiat buah pisang untuk menu diet harian anda
Manfaat Buah Pisang Dalam Diet : Tekstur lembut dan lunak telah merupakan ciri dari buah pisang yang menjadikannya mudah untuk dicerna dan diserap oleh tubuh. Selain itu kandungan gizi didalamnya juga sangat baik untuk tubuh anda
Dibawah ini adalah kandungan nutrisi buah pisang / 100 gr :
kalori: 97 Kkal
protein: 1,3 g
lemak: 0,6 g
serat: 21,6 g
kalsium: 13 mg
fosfor: 19 mg
zat besi: 0,4 mg
kalium: 370 mg
beta karotena: 77 mikrogram
vitamin B1: 0,004 mg
vitamin B2: 0,04 mg
vitamin B3: 0,6 mg
vitamin C: 8 mg.
Dengan kandungan nutrisi tersebut, buah ini juga memang layak untuk dimasukkan kedalam menu diet, karena dapat menjadikan tubuh tetap bugar walaupun anda sedang mengurangi asupan makanan.
Salah satu hal yang telah menjadikan buah dengan wana kulit kuning pada umumnya ini adalah karena kandungan karbohidrat tak larutnya diklaim dapat membantu pengendalian berat badan. Karbohidrat jenis ini juga berkontribusi besar dalam memicu pembakaran lemak serta menimbulkan efek mengenyangkan.
Kandungan nutrisi lainnya seperti serat dan vitamin dalam buah pisang seperti A, B, dan C, juga dapat membantu untuk memperlancar sistem metabolisme tubuh, meningkatkan daya tahan tubuh dari radikal bebas penyebab penyakit. Serta menjaga kondisi perut anda tetap kenyang dalam waktu lama.
Untuk jenis pisangnya sendiri, para ahli gizi lebih menganjurkan untuk dapat menggunakan pisang Ambon dan Cavendish.
Agar mendapatkan manfaat buah pisang secara maksimal dalam diet anda, sebaiknya anda mengganti menu sarapan anda dengan buah pisang + segelas air hangat. Kemudian usahakan untuk tidak makan sesudah jam 08 hingga tiba makan siang.
> MANFAAT BUAH PISANG DALAM DIET
Teman-teman travellers sekarang cerita cerita tentang Pantai Sawarna yuk.., Pantai Sawarna yang terletak di Propinsi Banten ternyata telah mempunyai banyak objek wisata pantai yang sangat menarik untuk dapat di kunjungi teman teman travellers, salah satunya adalah Pantai Sawarna. Pantai Sawarna yang terletak di Desa Sawarna, Kecamatan Bayah, Kabupaten Lebak, Propinsi Banten dan teman-teman trevellers menti ketahui Total jarak dari kota Jakarta sekitar 230 kilometer dengan waktu tempuh selama 6 – 7 jam. Dan lagi yang sobat travellers harus ketahui kenapa dinamakan pantai sawarna? Dulu ada seorang laki-laki yang bernama suwarna dwipa adalah bupati lebak pada waktu jaman belanda, kemudian beliau wafat di sungai sawarna, kemudian nama desa sawarna telah di ambil dari nama bupati belanda tersebut yaitu sawarna, yang bersamaan dengan nama sungai tempat dimana beliau wafat.
Sahabat trevelles Pantai Sawarna ini telah menyuguhkan pemandangan alam yang sangat indah. Deburan ombak dan pasir putihnya telah membuat liburan sobat travellers akan sangat mengasyikkan. Pantai Sawarna yang dikelilingi oleh persawahan dan perbukitan dengan pepohonan hijau yang lebat, telah menambah suasana menjadi teduh dan asri travellers.
Sobat travellers Memang untuk dapat menuju ke pantai cantik ini tidaklah mudah, karena lokasinya yang sangat jauh dari kota dan kontur jalan yang jelek karena banyak bagian jalan yang rusak dan berlubang, apalagi mulai dari Pelabuhan Ratu sampai ke Pantai Sawarna tersebut jalan nya menanjak dan banyak lubang besarmsehingga benar-menbutuhkan kehati-hatian yang ekstra sobat trevellers. Tapi begitu sampai di Desa Sawarna ini bakal terbayar deh rasa lelah capenya sewaktu di perjalanan tadi yang memakan waktu 7 jam.
Selain itu juga terdapat beberapa goa di sekitar kawasan pantai ini yang menambah lengkapnya liburan sobat, Salah satunya Goa Lalay teman-teman travelers, namanya aneh ya.. tau gak kenapa dinamakan goa lalay, lalay itu sendiri dalam bahasa sunda yang berarti kalalawar, karena memang benar di dalam gua lalai ini banyak sekali kalalawarnya sahabat travellers. Kalalawar juga sangat senang bersarang di dalam goa ini.
Sebenarnya di Desa Sawarna sendiri, bukan hanya Pantai Sawarna / Pantai Ciantir, yang bisa sobat kunjungi. Ada beberapa pantai cantik lainnya yang bisa sobat travellers telusuri. Seperti Pantai Tanjung Layar yang terkenal dengan sepasang batu besar yang berada di tengah pantai yang termasuk icon dari pantai sawarna sendiri, Pantai Lagoon Pari yang telah memiliki air laut yang jernih dan pasir putihnya dan deburan ombaknya yang lebih tenang karna posisinya yang di lidungi oleh karang yang menjorok ke laut, di banding Pantai Ciantir yang arus ombaknya lebih besar sngat cocok bagi para serfing dan sangat tidak disaran kan untuk berenang sahabat travellers. , dan Pantai Karang Taraje dengan hamparan batu karang yang besar berbentuk seperti tembok pelindung dr ombak besar sehingga dapat memberikan kesan seperti air terjun dan ikan-ikan kecil yang berenang kesana kemari di sekitar karang. Indah banget sahabat travellers
Ketika berada di pantai ini, Sahabat travellers akan dapat melupakan kepenatan dan keletihan yang kamu alami karena memang pantai Sawarna ini sangat indah. Deburan ombak yang khas dan juga pasir putihnya membuat waktu liburan Anda terasa sangat menyenangkan. Selain pantai dan lautnya yang indah, pemandangan lain yang bisa kamu lihat di sana adalah pematang sawah dan juga perbukitan yang ditumbuhi oleh pohon-pohon hijau semakin membuat kamu merasakan keindahan alam yang sebenarnya
Di desa Sawarna ada pantai lain yang tidak kalah menarik dengan pantai Sawarna. Kalau sobat travellers berlibur ke sana, jangan lupa untuk mengunjungi Pantai Tanjung layar yang sangat terkenal dengan sepasanga batu besar yang terletak di tengah pantainya. Selain pantai Tanjung Layar, masih ada juga pantai Lagoon Pari yang terkenal dengan air lautnya yang jerniih dan pasir pantainya yang putih semua destinasi wisata di sekitaran Desa sawarna patut pokonya sahabat travellers kunjungi, haruus haruus…!!!
Sekian dulu sahabat travellers info menarik tentang keindahan pantai Sawarna. Semoga artikel dari team kami ini akan bisa memberikan manfaat buat kalian dan teman-teman sahabat travellers sekalian.. pokonya pantang pulang sebelum hitam.
> PANTAI SAWARNA
Editor : Dian Sukmawati
Penyidik Unit Jatanras Satreskrim Polresta Bekasi Kota , telah mendalami keterangan dua orang saksi dari teman Ahmad Imam Al Hafitd alias Hafiz. Pendalaman itu telah dilakukan untuk dapat mengetahui apakah ke dua orang itu telah terlibat atau tidak. "Status masih sebagai saksi, hasilnya belum dapat disimpulkan, karena pemeriksaan masih berlangsung," kata Kepala Sub Bagian Humas Polresta Bekasi Kota, AKP Siswo di Bekasi. Siswo juga mengatakan, pihaknya juga belum dapat menyebutkan identitas dua orang laki-laki yang mengantarkan accu ketika mobil Hafiz mogok, saat hendak membuang jasad Ade Sara Angelina Suroto. Hasil pemeriksaan terhadap dua orang tersangka Hafiz dan Assifa, dua orang itu juga mengetahui bahwa mereka telah membawa mayat. Namun, ketika itu dua orang tersebut hanya terdiam dan tak banyak bicara ketika menanyakan seseorang yang ada di dalam mobil. "Mayat," jawab Hafitd saat ditanya ihwal seseorang yang berada di dalam mobil. "Entah itu membantu dalam pembunuhan atau hanya tahu tapi diam saja, belum bisa disimpulkan," katanya. Ade Sara Angelina telah dibunuh secara keji oleh pasangan kekasih Ahmad Imam Al Hafitd yang berusia (19) tahun dan Assifa Ramadhani yang berusia (18) tahun . Korban dianiaya dengan cara disetrum, cekik, dan disumpal mulutnya dengan menggunakan kertas dan tisu. Jasadnya lalu dibuang di dalam tol JORR KM 49, Bekasi Barat, Kota Bekasi pada Selasa malam lalu. > HAFIZ MENGAKU BAWA MAYAT DI MOBIL
WASHINGTON — The last three men to win the Republican nomination have been the prosperous son of a president (George W. Bush), a senator who could not recall how many homes his family owned (John McCain of Arizona; it was seven) and a private equity executive worth an estimated $200 million (Mitt Romney).
The candidates hoping to be the party’s nominee in 2016 are trying to create a very different set of associations. On Sunday, Ben Carson, a retired neurosurgeon, joined the presidential field.
Senator Marco Rubio of Florida praises his parents, a bartender and a Kmart stock clerk, as he urges audiences not to forget “the workers in our hotel kitchens, the landscaping crews in our neighborhoods, the late-night janitorial staff that clean our offices.”
Gov. Scott Walker of Wisconsin, a preacher’s son, posts on Twitter about his ham-and-cheese sandwiches and boasts of his coupon-clipping frugality. His $1 Kohl’s sweater has become a campaign celebrity in its own right.
Senator Rand Paul of Kentucky laments the existence of “two Americas,” borrowing the Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.’s phrase to describe economically and racially troubled communities like Ferguson, Mo., and Detroit.
“Some say, ‘But Democrats care more about the poor,’ ” Mr. Paul likes to say. “If that’s true, why is black unemployment still twice white unemployment? Why has household income declined by $3,500 over the past six years?”
We are in the midst of the Empathy Primary — the rhetorical battleground shaping the Republican presidential field of 2016.
Harmed by the perception that they favor the wealthy at the expense of middle-of-the-road Americans, the party’s contenders are each trying their hardest to get across what the elder George Bush once inelegantly told recession-battered voters in 1992: “Message: I care.”
Their ability to do so — less bluntly, more sincerely — could prove decisive in an election year when power, privilege and family connections will loom large for both parties.
Questions of understanding and compassion cost Republicans in the last election. Mr. Romney, who memorably dismissed the “47 percent” of Americans as freeloaders, lost to President Obama by 63 percentage points among voters who cast their ballots for the candidate who “cares about people like me,” according to exit polls.
And a Pew poll from February showed that people still believe Republicans are indifferent to working Americans: 54 percent said the Republican Party does not care about the middle class.
That taint of callousness explains why Senator Ted Cruz of Texas declared last week that Republicans “are and should be the party of the 47 percent” — and why another son of a president, Jeb Bush, has made economic opportunity the centerpiece of his message.
With his pedigree and considerable wealth — since he left the Florida governor’s office almost a decade ago he has earned millions of dollars sitting on corporate boards and advising banks — Mr. Bush probably has the most complicated task making the argument to voters that he understands their concerns.
On a visit last week to Puerto Rico, Mr. Bush sounded every bit the populist, railing against “elites” who have stifled economic growth and innovation. In the kind of economy he envisions leading, he said: “We wouldn’t have the middle being squeezed. People in poverty would have a chance to rise up. And the social strains that exist — because the haves and have-nots is the big debate in our country today — would subside.”
Republicans’ emphasis on poorer and working-class Americans now represents a shift from the party’s longstanding focus on business owners and “job creators” as the drivers of economic opportunity.
This is intentional, Republican operatives said.
In the last presidential election, Republicans rushed to defend business owners against what they saw as hostility by Democrats to successful, wealthy entrepreneurs.
“Part of what you had was a reaction to the Democrats’ dehumanization of business owners: ‘Oh, you think you started your plumbing company? No you didn’t,’ ” said Grover Norquist, the conservative activist and president of Americans for Tax Reform.
But now, Mr. Norquist said, Republicans should move past that. “Focus on the people in the room who know someone who couldn’t get a job, or a promotion, or a raise because taxes are too high or regulations eat up companies’ time,” he said. “The rich guy can take care of himself.”
Democrats argue that the public will ultimately see through such an approach because Republican positions like opposing a minimum-wage increase and giving private banks a larger role in student loans would hurt working Americans.
“If Republican candidates are just repeating the same tired policies, I’m not sure that smiling while saying it is going to be enough,” said Guy Cecil, a Democratic strategist who is joining a “super PAC” working on behalf of Hillary Rodham Clinton.
Republicans have already attacked Mrs. Clinton over the wealth and power she and her husband have accumulated, caricaturing her as an out-of-touch multimillionaire who earns hundreds of thousands of dollars per speech and has not driven a car since 1996.
Mr. Walker hit this theme recently on Fox News, pointing to Mrs. Clinton’s lucrative book deals and her multiple residences. “This is not someone who is connected with everyday Americans,” he said. His own net worth, according to The Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, is less than a half-million dollars; Mr. Walker also owes tens of thousands of dollars on his credit cards.
But showing off a cheap sweater or boasting of a bootstraps family background not only helps draw a contrast with Mrs. Clinton’s latter-day affluence, it is also an implicit argument against Mr. Bush.
Mr. Walker, who featured a 1998 Saturn with more than 100,000 miles on the odometer in a 2010 campaign ad during his first run for governor, likes to talk about flipping burgers at McDonald’s as a young person. His mother, he has said, grew up on a farm with no indoor plumbing until she was in high school.
Mr. Rubio, among the least wealthy members of the Senate, with an estimated net worth of around a half-million dollars, uses his working-class upbringing as evidence of the “exceptionalism” of America, “where even the son of a bartender and a maid can have the same dreams and the same future as those who come from power and privilege.”
Mr. Cruz alludes to his family’s dysfunction — his parents, he says, were heavy drinkers — and recounts his father’s tale of fleeing Cuba with $100 sewn into his underwear.
Gov. Chris Christie of New Jersey notes that his father paid his way through college working nights at an ice cream plant.
But sometimes the attempts at projecting authenticity can seem forced. Mr. Christie recently found himself on the defensive after telling a New Hampshire audience, “I don’t consider myself a wealthy man.” Tax returns showed that he and his wife, a longtime Wall Street executive, earned nearly $700,000 in 2013.
The story of success against the odds is a political classic, even if it is one the Republican Party has not been able to tell for a long time. Ronald Reagan liked to say that while he had not been born on the wrong side of the tracks, he could always hear the whistle. Richard Nixon was fond of reminding voters how he was born in a house his father had built.
“Probably the idea that is most attractive to an average voter, and an idea that both Republicans and Democrats try to craft into their messages, is this idea that you can rise from nothing,” said Charles C. W. Cooke, a writer for National Review.
There is a certain delight Republicans take in turning that message to their advantage now.
“That’s what Obama did with Hillary,” Mr. Cooke said. “He acknowledged it openly: ‘This is ridiculous. Look at me, this one-term senator with dark skin and all of America’s unsolved racial problems, running against the wife of the last Democratic president.”G.O.P. Hopefuls Now Aiming to Woo the Middle Class | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016
Mr. Mankiewicz, an Oscar-nominated screenwriter for “I Want to Live!,” also wrote episodes of television shows such as “Star Trek” and “Marcus Welby, M.D.”Don Mankiewicz, Screenwriter in a Family Film Tradition, Dies at 93 | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016
Ms. Pryor, who served more than two decades in the State Department, was the author of well-regarded biographies of the founder of the American Red Cross and the Confederate commander.Elizabeth Brown Pryor, Biographer of Clara Barton and Robert E. Lee, Dies at 64 | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016
KATHMANDU, Nepal — When the dense pillar of smoke from cremations by the Bagmati River was thinning late last week, the bodies were all coming from Gongabu, a common stopover for Nepali migrant workers headed overseas, and they were all of young men.
Hindu custom dictates that funeral pyres should be lighted by the oldest son of the deceased, but these men were too young to have sons, so they were burned by their brothers or fathers. Sukla Lal, a maize farmer, made a 14-hour journey by bus to retrieve the body of his 19-year-old son, who had been on his way to the Persian Gulf to work as a laborer.
“He wanted to live in the countryside, but he was compelled to leave by poverty,” Mr. Lal said, gazing ahead steadily as his son’s remains smoldered. “He told me, ‘You can live on your land, and I will come up with money, and we will have a happy family.’ ”
Weeks will pass before the authorities can give a complete accounting of who died in the April 25 earthquake, but it is already clear that Nepal cannot afford the losses. The countryside was largely stripped of its healthy young men even before the quake, as they migrated in great waves — 1,500 a day by some estimates — to work as laborers in India, Malaysia or one of the gulf nations, leaving many small communities populated only by elderly parents, women and children. Economists say that at some times of the year, one-quarter of Nepal’s population is working outside the country.Nepalâ€™s Young Men, Lost to Migration, Then a Quake | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016
Under Mr. Michelin’s leadership, which ended when he left the company in 2002, the Michelin Group became the world’s biggest tire maker, establishing a big presence in the United States and other major markets overseas.FranÃ§ois Michelin, Head of Tire Company, Dies at 88 | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016
HOBART, Tasmania — Few places seem out of reach for China’s leader, Xi Jinping, who has traveled from European capitals to obscure Pacific and Caribbean islands in pursuit of his nation’s strategic interests.
So perhaps it was not surprising when he turned up last fall in this city on the edge of the Southern Ocean to put down a long-distance marker in another faraway region, Antarctica, 2,000 miles south of this Australian port.
Standing on the deck of an icebreaker that ferries Chinese scientists from this last stop before the frozen continent, Mr. Xi pledged that China would continue to expand in one of the few places on earth that remain unexploited by humans.
He signed a five-year accord with the Australian government that allows Chinese vessels and, in the future, aircraft to resupply for fuel and food before heading south. That will help secure easier access to a region that is believed to have vast oil and mineral resources; huge quantities of high-protein sea life; and for times of possible future dire need, fresh water contained in icebergs.
It was not until 1985, about seven decades after Robert Scott and Roald Amundsen raced to the South Pole, that a team representing Beijing hoisted the Chinese flag over the nation’s first Antarctic research base, the Great Wall Station on King George Island.
But now China seems determined to catch up. As it has bolstered spending on Antarctic research, and as the early explorers, especially the United States and Australia, confront stagnant budgets, there is growing concern about its intentions.
China’s operations on the continent — it opened its fourth research station last year, chose a site for a fifth, and is investing in a second icebreaker and new ice-capable planes and helicopters — are already the fastest growing of the 52 signatories to the Antarctic Treaty. That gentlemen’s agreement reached in 1959 bans military activity on the continent and aims to preserve it as one of the world’s last wildernesses; a related pact prohibits mining.
But Mr. Xi’s visit was another sign that China is positioning itself to take advantage of the continent’s resource potential when the treaty expires in 2048 — or in the event that it is ripped up before, Chinese and Australian experts say.
“So far, our research is natural-science based, but we know there is more and more concern about resource security,” said Yang Huigen, director general of the Polar Research Institute of China, who accompanied Mr. Xi last November on his visit to Hobart and stood with him on the icebreaker, Xue Long, or Snow Dragon.
With that in mind, the polar institute recently opened a new division devoted to the study of resources, law, geopolitics and governance in Antarctica and the Arctic, Mr. Yang said.
Australia, a strategic ally of the United States that has strong economic relations with China, is watching China’s buildup in the Antarctic with a mix of gratitude — China’s presence offers support for Australia’s Antarctic science program, which is short of cash — and wariness.
“We should have no illusions about the deeper agenda — one that has not even been agreed to by Chinese scientists but is driven by Xi, and most likely his successors,” said Peter Jennings, executive director of the Australian Strategic Policy Institute and a former senior official in the Australian Department of Defense.
“This is part of a broader pattern of a mercantilist approach all around the world,” Mr. Jennings added. “A big driver of Chinese policy is to secure long-term energy supply and food supply.”
That approach was evident last month when a large Chinese agriculture enterprise announced an expansion of its fishing operations around Antarctica to catch more krill — small, protein-rich crustaceans that are abundant in Antarctic waters.
“The Antarctic is a treasure house for all human beings, and China should go there and share,” Liu Shenli, the chairman of the China National Agricultural Development Group, told China Daily, a state-owned newspaper. China would aim to fish up to two million tons of krill a year, he said, a substantial increase from what it currently harvests.
Because sovereignty over Antarctica is unclear, nations have sought to strengthen their claims over the ice-covered land by building research bases and naming geographic features. China’s fifth station will put it within reach of the six American facilities, and ahead of Australia’s three.
Chinese mappers have also given Chinese names to more than 300 sites, compared with the thousands of locations on the continent with English names.
In the unspoken competition for Antarctica’s future, scientific achievement can also translate into influence. Chinese scientists are driving to be the first to drill and recover an ice core containing tiny air bubbles that provide a record of climate change stretching as far back as 1.5 million years. It is an expensive and delicate effort at which others, including the European Union and Australia, have failed.
In a breakthrough a decade ago, European scientists extracted an ice core nearly two miles long that revealed 800,000 years of climate history. But finding an ice core going back further would allow scientists to examine a change in the earth’s climate cycles believed to have occurred 900,000 to 1.2 million years ago.
China is betting it has found the best location to drill, at an area called Dome A, or Dome Argus, the highest point on the East Antarctic Ice Sheet. Though it is considered one of the coldest places on the planet, with temperatures of 130 degrees below zero Fahrenheit, a Chinese expedition explored the area in 2005 and established a research station in 2009.
“The international community has drilled in lots of places, but no luck so far,” said Xiao Cunde, a member of the first party to reach the site and the deputy director of the Institute for Climate Change at the Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences. “We think at Dome A we will have a straight shot at the one-million-year ice core.”
Mr. Xiao said China had already begun drilling and hoped to find what scientists are looking for in four to five years.
To support its Antarctic aspirations, China is building a sophisticated $300 million icebreaker that is expected to be ready in a few years, said Xia Limin, deputy director of the Chinese Arctic and Antarctic Administration in Beijing. It has also bought a high-tech fixed-wing aircraft, outfitted in the United States, for taking sensitive scientific soundings from the ice.
China has chosen the site for its fifth research station at Inexpressible Island, named by a group of British explorers who were stranded at the desolate site in 1912 and survived the winter by excavating a small ice cave.
Mr. Xia said the inhospitable spot was ideal because China did not have a presence in that part of Antarctica, and because the rocky site did not have much snow, making it relatively cheap to build there.
Anne-Marie Brady, a professor of political science at the University of Canterbury in New Zealand and the author of a soon-to-be-released book, “China as a Polar Great Power,” said Chinese scientists also believed they had a good chance of finding mineral and energy resources near the site.
“China is playing a long game in Antarctica and keeping other states guessing about its true intentions and interests are part of its poker hand,” she said. But she noted that China’s interest in finding minerals was presented “loud and clear to domestic audiences” as the main reason it was investing in Antarctica.
Because commercial drilling is banned, estimates of energy and mineral resources in Antarctica rely on remote sensing data and comparisons with similar geological environments elsewhere, said Millard F. Coffin, executive director of the Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies in Hobart.
But the difficulty of extraction in such severe conditions and uncertainty about future commodity prices make it unlikely that China or any country would defy the ban on mining anytime soon.
Tourism, however, is already booming. Travelers from China are still a relatively small contingent in the Antarctic compared with the more than 13,000 Americans who visited in 2013, and as yet there are no licensed Chinese tour operators.
But that is about to change, said Anthony Bergin, deputy director of the Australian Strategic Policy Institute. “I understand very soon there will be Chinese tourists on Chinese vessels with all-Chinese crew in the Antarctic,” he said.Top News Chinaâ€™s Intents Are Questioned as It Builds in Antarctica | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016
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GREENWICH, Conn. — Mago is in the bedroom. You can go in.
The big man lies on a hospital bed with his bare feet scraping its bottom rail. His head is propped on a scarlet pillow, the left temple dented, the right side paralyzed. His dark hair is kept just long enough to conceal the scars.
The occasional sounds he makes are understood only by his wife, but he still has that punctuating left hand. In slow motion, the fingers curl and close. A thumbs-up greeting.
This is Magomed Abdusalamov, 34, also known as the Russian Tyson, also known as Mago. He is a former heavyweight boxer who scored four knockouts and 14 technical knockouts in his first 18 professional fights. He preferred to stand between rounds. Sitting conveyed weakness.
But Mago lost his 19th fight, his big chance, at the packed Theater at Madison Square Garden in November 2013. His 19th decision, and his last.
Now here he is, in a small bedroom in a working-class neighborhood in Greenwich, in a modest house his family rents cheap from a devoted friend. The air-pressure machine for his mattress hums like an expectant crowd.
Today is like any other day, except for those days when he is hurried in crisis to the hospital. Every three hours during the night, his slight wife, Bakanay, 28, has risen to turn his 6-foot-3 body — 210 pounds of dead weight. It has to be done. Infections of the gaping bedsore above his tailbone have nearly killed him.
Then, with the help of a young caretaker, Baka has gotten two of their daughters off to elementary school and settled down the toddler. Yes, Mago and Baka are blessed with all girls, but they had also hoped for a son someday.
They feed Mago as they clean him; it’s easier that way. For breakfast, which comes with a side of crushed antiseizure pills, he likes oatmeal with a squirt of Hershey’s chocolate syrup. But even oatmeal must be puréed and fed to him by spoon.
He opens his mouth to indicate more, the way a baby does. But his paralysis has made everything a choking hazard. His water needs a stirring of powdered food thickener, and still he chokes — eh-eh-eh — as he tries to cough up what will not go down.
Mago used to drink only water. No alcohol. Not even soda. A sip of juice would be as far as he dared. Now even water betrays him.
With the caretaker’s help, Baka uses a washcloth and soap to clean his body and shampoo his hair. How handsome still, she has thought. Sometimes, in the night, she leaves the bedroom to watch old videos, just to hear again his voice in the fullness of life. She cries, wipes her eyes and returns, feigning happiness. Mago must never see her sad.
When Baka finishes, Mago is cleanshaven and fresh down to his trimmed and filed toenails. “I want him to look good,” she says.
Theirs was an arranged Muslim marriage in Makhachkala, in the Russian republic of Dagestan. He was 23, she was 18 and their future hinged on boxing. Sometimes they would shadowbox in love, her David to his Goliath. You are so strong, he would tell her.
His father once told him he could either be a bandit or an athlete, but if he chose banditry, “I will kill you.” This paternal advice, Mago later told The Ventura County Reporter, “made it a very easy decision for me.”
Mago won against mediocre competition, in Moscow and Hollywood, Fla., in Las Vegas and Johnstown, Pa. He was knocked down only once, and even then, it surprised more than hurt. He scored a technical knockout in the next round.
It all led up to this: the undercard at the Garden, Mike Perez vs. Magomed Abdusalamov, 10 rounds, on HBO. A win, he believed, would improve his chances of taking on the heavyweight champion Wladimir Klitschko, who sat in the crowd of 4,600 with his fiancée, the actress Hayden Panettiere, watching.
Wearing black-and-red trunks and a green mouth guard, Mago went to work. But in the first round, a hard forearm to his left cheek rocked him. At the bell, he returned to his corner, and this time, he sat down. “I think it’s broken,” he repeatedly said in Russian.
Maybe at that point, somebody — the referee, the ringside doctors, his handlers — should have stopped the fight, under a guiding principle: better one punch too early than one punch too late. But the bloody trade of blows continued into the seventh, eighth, ninth, a hand and orbital bone broken, his face transforming.
Meanwhile, in the family’s apartment in Miami, Baka forced herself to watch the broadcast. She could see it in his swollen eyes. Something was off.
After the final round, Perez raised his tattooed arms in victory, and Mago wandered off in a fog. He had taken 312 punches in about 40 minutes, for a purse of $40,000.
In the locker room, doctors sutured a cut above Mago’s left eye and tested his cognitive abilities. He did not do well. The ambulance that waits in expectation at every fight was not summoned by boxing officials.
Blood was pooling in Mago’s cranial cavity as he left the Garden. He vomited on the pavement while his handlers flagged a taxi to St. Luke’s-Roosevelt Hospital. There, doctors induced a coma and removed part of his skull to drain fluids and ease the swelling.
Then came the stroke.
It is lunchtime now, and the aroma of puréed beef and potatoes lingers. So do the questions.
How will Mago and Baka pay the $2 million in medical bills they owe? What if their friend can no longer offer them this home? Will they win their lawsuits against the five ringside doctors, the referee, and a New York State boxing inspector? What about Mago’s future care?
Most of all: Is this it?
A napkin rests on Mago’s chest. As another spoonful of mush approaches, he opens his mouth, half-swallows, chokes, and coughs until it clears. Eh-eh-eh. Sometimes he turns bluish, but Baka never shows fear. Always happy for Mago.
Some days he is wheeled out for physical therapy or speech therapy. Today, two massage therapists come to knead his half-limp body like a pair of skilled corner men.
Soon, Mago will doze. Then his three daughters, ages 2, 6 and 9, will descend upon him to talk of their day. Not long ago, the oldest lugged his championship belt to school for a proud show-and-tell moment. Her classmates were amazed at the weight of it.
Then, tonight, there will be more puréed food and pulverized medication, more coughing, and more tender care from his wife, before sleep comes.
He half-smiles, raises his one good hand, and forms a fist.Meet Mago, Former Heavyweight | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016
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Late in April, after Native American actors walked off in disgust from the set of Adam Sandler’s latest film, a western sendup that its distributor, Netflix, has defended as being equally offensive to all, a glow of pride spread through several Native American communities.
Tantoo Cardinal, a Canadian indigenous actress who played Black Shawl in “Dances With Wolves,” recalled thinking to herself, “It’s come.” Larry Sellers, who starred as Cloud Dancing in the 1990s television show “Dr. Quinn, Medicine Woman,” thought, “It’s about time.” Jesse Wente, who is Ojibwe and directs film programming at the TIFF Bell Lightbox in Toronto, found himself encouraged and surprised. There are so few film roles for indigenous actors, he said, that walking off the set of a major production showed real mettle.
But what didn’t surprise Mr. Wente was the content of the script. According to the actors who walked off the set, the film, titled “The Ridiculous Six,” included a Native American woman who passes out and is revived after white men douse her with alcohol, and another woman squatting to urinate while lighting a peace pipe. “There’s enough history at this point to have set some expectations around these sort of Hollywood depictions,” Mr. Wente said.
The walkout prompted a rhetorical “What do you expect from an Adam Sandler film?,” and a Netflix spokesman said that in the movie, blacks, Mexicans and whites were lampooned as well. But Native American actors and critics said a broader issue was at stake. While mainstream portrayals of native peoples have, Mr. Wente said, become “incrementally better” over the decades, he and others say, they remain far from accurate and reflect a lack of opportunities for Native American performers. What’s more, as Native Americans hunger for representation on screen, critics say the absence of three-dimensional portrayals has very real off-screen consequences.
“Our people are still healing from historical trauma,” said Loren Anthony, one of the actors who walked out. “Our youth are still trying to figure out who they are, where they fit in this society. Kids are killing themselves. They’re not proud of who they are.” They also don’t, he added, see themselves on prime time television or the big screen. Netflix noted while about five people walked off the “The Ridiculous Six” set, 100 or so Native American actors and extras stayed.
But in interviews, nearly a dozen Native American actors and film industry experts said that Mr. Sandler’s humor perpetuated decades-old negative stereotypes. Mr. Anthony said such depictions helped feed the despondency many Native Americans feel, with deadly results: Native Americans have the highest suicide rate out of all the country’s ethnicities.
The on-screen problem is twofold, Mr. Anthony and others said: There’s a paucity of roles for Native Americans — according to the Screen Actors Guild in 2008 they accounted for 0.3 percent of all on-screen parts (those figures have yet to be updated), compared to about 2 percent of the general population — and Native American actors are often perceived in a narrow way.
In his Peabody Award-winning documentary “Reel Injun,” the Cree filmmaker Neil Diamond explored Hollywood depictions of Native Americans over the years, and found they fell into a few stereotypical categories: the Noble Savage, the Drunk Indian, the Mystic, the Indian Princess, the backward tribal people futilely fighting John Wayne and manifest destiny. While the 1990 film “Dances With Wolves” won praise for depicting Native Americans as fully fleshed out human beings, not all indigenous people embraced it. It was still told, critics said, from the colonialists’ point of view. In an interview, John Trudell, a Santee Sioux writer, actor (“Thunderheart”) and the former chairman of the American Indian Movement, described the film as “a story of two white people.”
“God bless ‘Dances with Wolves,’ ” Michael Horse, who played Deputy Hawk in “Twin Peaks,” said sarcastically. “Even ‘Avatar.’ Someone’s got to come save the tribal people.”
Dan Spilo, a partner at Industry Entertainment who represents Adam Beach, one of today’s most prominent Native American actors, said while typecasting dogs many minorities, it is especially intractable when it comes to Native Americans. Casting directors, he said, rarely cast them as police officers, doctors or lawyers. “There’s the belief that the Native American character should be on reservations or riding a horse,” he said.
“We don’t see ourselves,” Mr. Horse said. “We’re still an antiquated culture to them, and to the rest of the world.”
Ms. Cardinal said she was once turned down for the role of the wife of a child-abusing cop because the filmmakers felt that casting her would somehow be “too political.”
Another sore point is the long run of white actors playing American Indians, among them Burt Lancaster, Rock Hudson, Audrey Hepburn and, more recently, Johnny Depp, whose depiction of Tonto in the 2013 film “Lone Ranger,” was viewed as racist by detractors. There are, of course, exceptions. The former A&E series “Longmire,” which, as it happens, will now be on Netflix, was roundly praised for its depiction of life on a Northern Cheyenne reservation, with Lou Diamond Phillips, who is of Cherokee descent, playing a Northern Cheyenne man.
Others also point to the success of Mr. Beach, who played a Mohawk detective in “Law & Order: Special Victims Unit” and landed a starring role in the forthcoming D C Comics picture “Suicide Squad.” Mr. Beach said he had come across insulting scripts backed by people who don’t see anything wrong with them.
“I’d rather starve than do something that is offensive to my ancestral roots,” Mr. Beach said. “But I think there will always be attempts to drawn on the weakness of native people’s struggles. The savage Indian will always be the savage Indian. The white man will always be smarter and more cunning. The cavalry will always win.”
The solution, Mr. Wente, Mr. Trudell and others said, lies in getting more stories written by and starring Native Americans. But Mr. Wente noted that while independent indigenous film has blossomed in the last two decades, mainstream depictions have yet to catch up. “You have to stop expecting for Hollywood to correct it, because there seems to be no ability or desire to correct it,” Mr. Wente said.
There have been calls to boycott Netflix but, writing for Indian Country Today Media Network, which first broke news of the walk off, the filmmaker Brian Young noted that the distributor also offered a number of films by or about Native Americans.
The furor around “The Ridiculous Six” may drive more people to see it. Then one of the questions that Mr. Trudell, echoing others, had about the film will be answered: “Who the hell laughs at this stuff?”Native American Actors Work to Overcome a Long-Documented Bias | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016
Over the last five years or so, it seemed there was little that Dean G. Skelos, the majority leader of the New York Senate, would not do for his son.
He pressed a powerful real estate executive to provide commissions to his son, a 32-year-old title insurance salesman, according to a federal criminal complaint. He helped get him a job at an environmental company and employed his influence to help the company get government work. He used his office to push natural gas drilling regulations that would have increased his son’s commissions.
He even tried to direct part of a $5.4 billion state budget windfall to fund government contracts that the company was seeking. And when the company was close to securing a storm-water contract from Nassau County, the senator, through an intermediary, pressured the company to pay his son more — or risk having the senator subvert the bid.
The criminal complaint, unsealed on Monday, lays out corruption charges against Senator Skelos and his son, Adam B. Skelos, the latest scandal to seize Albany, and potentially alter its power structure.
The repeated and diverse efforts by Senator Skelos, a Long Island Republican, to use what prosecutors said was his political influence to find work, or at least income, for his son could send both men to federal prison. If they are convicted of all six charges against them, they face up to 20 years in prison for each of four of the six counts and up to 10 years for the remaining two.
Senator Kenneth P. LaValle, of Long Island, who serves as chairman of the Republican conference, emerged from a closed-door meeting Monday night to say that conference members agreed that Mr. Skelos should be benefited the “presumption of innocence,” and would stay in his leadership role.
“The leader has indicated he would like to remain as leader,” said Mr. LaValle, “and he has the support of the conference.” The case against Mr. Skelos and his son grew out of a broader inquiry into political corruption by the United States attorney for the Southern District of New York, Preet Bharara, that has already changed the face of the state capital. It is based in part, according to the six-count complaint, on conversations secretly recorded by one of two cooperating witnesses, and wiretaps on the cellphones of the senator and his son. Those recordings revealed that both men were concerned about electronic surveillance, and illustrated the son’s unsuccessful efforts to thwart it.
Adam Skelos took to using a “burner” phone, the complaint says, and told his father he wanted them to speak through a FaceTime video call in an apparent effort to avoid detection. They also used coded language at times.
At one point, Adam Skelos was recorded telling a Senate staff member of his frustration in not being able to speak openly to his father on the phone, noting that he could not “just send smoke signals or a little pigeon” carrying a message.
The 43-page complaint, sworn out by Paul M. Takla, a special agent for the Federal Bureau of Investigation, outlines a five-year scheme to “monetize” the senator’s official position; it also lays bare the extent to which a father sought to use his position to help his son.
The charges accuse the two men of extorting payments through a real estate developer, Glenwood Management, based on Long Island, and the environmental company, AbTech Industries, in Scottsdale, Ariz., with the expectation that the money paid to Adam Skelos — nearly $220,000 in total — would influence his father’s actions.
Glenwood, one of the state’s most prolific campaign donors, had ties to AbTech through investments in the environmental firm’s parent company by Glenwood’s founding family and a senior executive.
The accusations in the complaint portray Senator Skelos as a man who, when it came to his son, was not shy about twisting arms, even in situations that might give other arm-twisters pause.
Seeking to help his son, Senator Skelos turned to the executive at Glenwood, which develops rental apartments in New York City and has much at stake when it comes to real estate legislation in Albany. The senator urged him to direct business to his son, who sold title insurance.
After much prodding, the executive, Charles C. Dorego, engineered a $20,000 payment to Adam Skelos from a title insurance company even though he did no work for the money. But far more lucrative was a consultant position that Mr. Dorego arranged for Adam Skelos at AbTech, which seeks government contracts to treat storm water. (Mr. Dorego is not identified by name in the complaint, but referred to only as CW-1, for Cooperating Witness 1.)
Senator Skelos appeared to take an active interest in his son’s new line of work. Adam Skelos sent him several drafts of his consulting agreement with AbTech, the complaint says, as well as the final deal that was struck.
“Mazel tov,” his father replied.
Senator Skelos sent relevant news articles to his son, including one about a sewage leak near Albany. When AbTech wanted to seek government contracts after Hurricane Sandy, the senator got on a conference call with his son and an AbTech executive, Bjornulf White, and offered advice. (Like Mr. Dorego, Mr. White is not named in the complaint, but referred to as CW-2.)
The assistance paid off: With the senator’s help, AbTech secured a contract worth up to $12 million from Nassau County, a big break for a struggling small business.
But the money was slow to materialize. The senator expressed impatience with county officials.
Adam Skelos, in a phone call with Mr. White in late December, suggested that his father would seek to punish the county. “I tell you this, the state is not going to do a [expletive] thing for the county,” he said.
Three days later, Senator Skelos pressed his case with the Nassau County executive, Edward P. Mangano, a fellow Republican. “Somebody feels like they’re just getting jerked around the last two years,” the senator said, referring to his son in what the complaint described as “coded language.”
The next day, the senator pursued the matter, as he and Mr. Mangano attended a wake for a slain New York City police officer. Senator Skelos then reassured his son, who called him while he was still at the wake. “All claims that are in will be taken care of,” the senator said.
AbTech’s fortunes appeared to weigh on his son. At one point in January, Adam Skelos told his father that if the company did not succeed, he would “lose the ability to pay for things.”
Making matters worse, in recent months, Senator Skelos and his son appeared to grow wary about who was watching them. In addition to making calls on the burner phone, Adam Skelos said he used the FaceTime video calling “because that doesn’t show up on the phone bill,” as he told Mr. White.
In late February, Adam Skelos arranged a pair of meetings between Mr. White and state senators; AbTech needed to win state legislation that would allow its contract to move beyond its initial stages. But Senator Skelos deemed the plan too risky and caused one of the meetings to be canceled.
In another recorded call, Adam Skelos, promising to be “very, very vague” on the phone, urged his father to allow the meeting. The senator offered a warning. “Right now we are in dangerous times, Adam,” he told him.
A month later, in another phone call that was recorded by the authorities, Adam Skelos complained that his father could not give him “real advice” about AbTech while the two men were speaking over the telephone.
“You can’t talk normally,” he told his father, “because it’s like [expletive] Preet Bharara is listening to every [expletive] phone call. It’s just [expletive] frustrating.”
“It is,” his father agreed.Dean Skelos, Albany Senate Leader, Aided Son at All Costs, U.S. Says | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016