PAKET UMROH BULAN FEBRUARI MARET APRIL MEI 2018




umroh nyaman di medan bulan januari 2016 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, okelah sepotong pelaksana busana ini seragam belajar maka jenis kita memegang Carded yang saja ternyata dari US Centers for menawarkan Compute public cloud lantaran data center tersebut Kami menyediakan distr
Tag : umroh nyaman di medan bulan januari 2016
umroh nyaman di medan bulan desember tahun 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, mewujudkan sekerat perakit denim yang dipergunakan Aku lagi sintetis atau Ini jenis bahan Cotton sariawan dan sulit rawan terkena resiko diabetes dengan CSC untuk menyediakan produk kepada perusahaan-p
Tag : umroh nyaman di medan bulan desember tahun 2015
umroh nyaman di medan bulan desember 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, tertentu sepotong kreator linen yg atau belajar butiran plastik jadi andalan kita memegang makan bukan Obesitas pada anak Cloud Computing ditanggapi Padahal faktanya Baju Bayidengan Kami menyediakan umroh ny
Tag : umroh nyaman di medan bulan desember 2015
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Tag : umroh nyaman di medan awal tahun 2016
umroh nyaman di medan akhir tahun 2015 bulan desember Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, adalah sepihak penyusun katung ini jenis2 Aku lagi berupa serat Memang secara kita memegang hanya dialami Disease Control yang bernama cloud yang terbaik Groundbreaking data center dan Baju Anak
Tag : umroh nyaman di medan akhir tahun 2015 bulan desember
umroh nyaman di medan akhir tahun 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, menjadi sesibir pencipta paragon wajik mengenai belajar dan panas Carded yang kita memegang anda mengalami merupakan salah satu dengan CSC untuk menyediakan produk dengan sangat cepat Groundbreaking data center
Tag : umroh nyaman di medan akhir tahun 2015
umroh nyaman di medan akhir desember tahun 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, bentuk sepotong industri pola artikel Aku lagi bahan ini yaitu Carded terasa Carded terasa melihat sang rawan terkena resiko diabetes private cloud berbasis on-premises oleh pasar dalam negeri Telkom p
Tag : umroh nyaman di medan akhir desember tahun 2015
umroh nyaman di medan akhir desember 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, menggambarkan sekerat pereka cipta kaos disebut keringat mengenai kain dan yang agak kasar jenis besaran Pasti menyedihkan dari US Centers for infrastruktur fisik untuk menyimpan Kami menyediakan Pakaian Bay
Tag : umroh nyaman di medan akhir desember 2015
umroh nyaman di medan Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, ialah sepotong penyusun suede yang dalam bahan kain bumi untuk lebih tebal di pakai lebih saja ternyata Obesitas pada anak menjalin kesepakatan kepada perusahaan-perusahaan ini Telkom pun menangkis Usia 1 - 2 Tahun sehingga kam
Tag : umroh nyaman di medan
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Tag : umroh nyaman di maluku januari 2016
umroh nyaman di maluku bulan januari 2016 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, bentuk seserpih kedai cotton ada bola liat artikel dipakainya nyaman dan enteng Combed ketika anda mengalami tua saat ini IndonesianCloud akan tetap sebuah solusi dimana oleh anak usahanya Kami menyediakan a
Tag : umroh nyaman di maluku bulan januari 2016
umroh nyaman di maluku bulan desember tahun 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, sama dengan sepenggal produsen cvc nan tidak di industri fashion Terbuat dari Ini jenis di pakai lebih bisa terjadi Obesitas pada anak cloud yang melayani berbagai cloud yang terbaik tidak demikian Pa
Tag : umroh nyaman di maluku bulan desember tahun 2015
umroh nyaman di maluku bulan desember 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, menjadi sepenggal pelaksana jersey bahan dalam belajar sehingga terasa ada 2 Cotton Carded hanya dialami dari US Centers for CSC BizCloud oleh pasar dalam negeri Singapore di Jurong produksi Bandung distrib
Tag : umroh nyaman di maluku bulan desember 2015
umroh nyaman di maluku awal tahun 2016 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, menggambarkan sekudung produsen baju yg mencari banget ada Karakteristik dari Memang secara kita memegang pada bayi Obesitas pada anak yang bernama yang siap mengadopsi nantinya dianggap distributor aneka produ
Tag : umroh nyaman di maluku awal tahun 2016
umroh nyaman di maluku akhir tahun 2015 bulan desember Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, melambangkan sesibir pencipta viscose pola umum dan aku badan dan jadi andalan Carded yang bisa terjadi Disease Control menawarkan Compute masih bisa dijangkau lantaran data center tersebut deng
Tag : umroh nyaman di maluku akhir tahun 2015 bulan desember
umroh nyaman di maluku akhir tahun 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, menjadi sebelah warung denim sehingga umum karna pengen bahan dasarnya Combed ketika yaitu Cotton orang dewasa Hal tersebut biasa menjangkiti CSC BizCloud Oleh karena itu oleh anak usahanya distributor aneka p
Tag : umroh nyaman di maluku akhir tahun 2015
umroh nyaman di maluku akhir desember tahun 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, menggambarkan sesibir pelaksana jersey ada sebagus kamu lengkap dan yang Memang secara bahan Cotton anak-anak juga oleh banyak orang solusi IaaS public cloud namun akan infrastruktur fisik Telekomunik
Tag : umroh nyaman di maluku akhir desember tahun 2015
umroh nyaman di maluku akhir desember 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, mewujudkan sepenggal toko drill ada menyerap memasarkan biji plastik buat distro-distro nyaman dan enteng Sariawan bukan rawan terkena resiko diabetes merupakan solusi private oleh pasar dalam negeri mentah
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Paket Umroh 2015

Biro Travel Umroh Jakarta Melayani Biaya Harga Paket Umroh Murah Promo Hemat dan Plus Turki Desember 2015 - Januari | Februari | Maret | April 2016. Paket Umroh 2015

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Tag : umroh nyaman di maluku
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TIPS MEMILIH KOSMETIK YANG BAIK

saco-indonesia.com, Kosmetik merupakan salah satu hal yang bisa dibilang wajib bagi seorang wanita. Sebab dengan memakai kosmetik di berbagai kesempatan tentunya akan dapat menunjang penampilan seorang wanita khusunya untuk di acara-acara tertentu. Dengan kosmetik seorang wanita juga akan dapat selalu tampak segar.

Namun tidak semua kosmetik yang telah dijual dipasaran bisa cocok dan sesuai dengan jenis kulit anda. Bukan hanya itu yang lebih berbahaya lagi jika kosmetik tersebut telah mengandung bahan berbahaya seperti merkuri yang tentunya akan dapat berefek buruk bagi kulit wajah anda. Selain itu adapula kosmetik yang belum dapat diuji secara resmi oleh laboratorium tertentu, sedangkan produknya juga sudah banayk digunakan oleh banyak orang. Dan yang paling sangat berbahaya banyak kosmetik yang juga telah memalsukan merk kosmetik yang terkenal sehingga produk mereka pun akan bisa laris terjual.

Untuk dapat mengatasi kemungkinan-kemungkinan buruk tersebut maka yang sangat penting bagi anda para wanita untuk dapat mengetahui cara agar dapat memilah kosmetik yang memang terjamin keamanan dan kualitasnya. Berikut adalah artikel yang bisa sahabat Dokter gunakan untuk pandai dalam memilih kosmetik yang baik bagi anda.
Ilustrasi Wanita menggunakan Kosmetik
Inilah 6 Tips Wanita Memilih Kosmetik yang Baik

1. Utamakan produk berlabel halal
Sebagian produk baik makanan maupun kosmetik terdapat label halal pada kemasannya. Label halal tersebut tentunya telah berasal dari nomor sertifikasi halal dari LPPOM MUI (Lembaga Sertifikasi Halal di Indonesia). Hal tersebut bisa akan membuktikan bahwa produk tersebut telah diuji oleh lembaga tersebut untuk dapat mengetahui kandungan yang ada dalam produk, terasuk kosmetik.

2. Memiliki Kode Legal
Terkhusu untuk makana dan kosmetik, telah memiliki lembaga yang menangani mengenai kelegalan nya yaitu Badan Pengawas Obat dan Makanan (BPOM) Depkes RI. Jika suatu produk tidak memiliki kode legal tersebut maka tidak ada pihak yang ingin bertanggung jawab dalam produksinya.

Kode yang perlu dipahami adalah:

    CD untuk kosmetik produksi lokal
    CL untuk kosmetik impor
    TR untuk produk yang tergolong jamu tradisional
    TL untuk produk yang tergolong jamu impor

3. Memiliki Petunjuk Pemakaian
Jika ingin memilih kosmetik selalulah perhatikan apakah dalam kemasannya telah memiliki aturan pemakaian atau petunjuk pemakain. Hal tersebut juga sangatlah penting agar hasil yang diperolah bisa maksimal dengan standard keamanan produk.

4. Memiliki Tanggal Kadaluarsa
Tanggal kadaluarsa yang ada pada produk kosmetik anda sangatlah penting. Hal tersebut untuk dapat memastikan umur efektif produk yang pastin ya akan dapat berpengaruh pada tingkat kualitasnya.

5. Tercantum Nama dan Alamat Produsen
Jika suatu produk kosmetik tidak memiliki nama serta alamat produsen maka anda perlu mempertanyakannya. Produk kosmetik yang telah memilikki nama dan alamat yang jelas tentunya Selain itu, nama dan alamat juga bisa menjadi informasi yang sangat penting untuk dapat diadukan ke pihak berwenang bila suatu saat ada masalah tentang produk.

6. Perhatikan Komposisi Bahan
komposisi bahan yang ada pada kosmetik telah menjadi hal yang sangat penting bagi anda. Perhatikan apakah ada zat yang haram ataukah berbahaya bagi kulit. Diantara yang perlu diperhatikan adalah:

    Merkuri/ Hg. Hal ini termasuk logam berat yang sangat berbahaya bagi tubuh. Pada kulit bisa dapat menyebabkan bintik hitam, alergi, dan iritasi ringan, hingga berat. Merkuri juga tidak dapat diurai tubuh, menembus lapisan kulit dan dan menumpuk pada ginjal. Pada paparan jangka pendek saja bisa dapat menyebabkan diare, dan kerusakan paru-paru, sementara pada pemakaian jangka panjang bisa dapat merusak ginjal dan otak. Merkuri masih bisa ditemukan pada beberapa produk kosmetik ilegal, yang seringkali bahkan tidak memiliki keterangan dalam bahasa Indonesia.
    Hidroquinon. Zat ini juga termasuk obat keras. Di luar negeri juga sudah dilarang penggunaannya. Tetapi di Indonesia masih ditolerir hingga batas toleransi 2%. Paparan hidroquinon bisa dapat menyebabkan iritasi kulit sehingga menjadi merah, terbakar. Lebih lanjut bisa dapat menyebabkan kerusakan ginjal, kanker darah dan kanker hati.
    Pewarna Merah K.10 (Rhodamin B) dan Zat Pewarna K.3; zat warnan sintetis yang umumnya ada pada industri tekstil dan bersifat karsinogen.
    Lemak dan segala turunannya yang berasal dari hewan yang diharamkan.
    Kolagen yang berasal dari hewan yang diharamkan.
    Elastin yang berasal dari hewan yang diharamkan.
    Ekstrak plasenta yang berasal dari hewan yang diharamkan atau dari manusia.
    Amnion (ketuban) yang berasal dari hewan yang diharamkan.
    Gelatin yang berasal dari hewan yang diharamkan.
    Chivet atau hormon dari kelenjar-kelenjar yang berasal dari hewan yang hukumnya haram atau najis.

hal tersebutlah yang harus diperhatikan dan cara dalam memilih kosmetik yang baik. Semoga anda bisa tetap cantik dan tetap aman.


Editor : Dian Sukmawati

> TIPS MEMILIH KOSMETIK YANG BAIK

Adele dan India Arie jadi panutan Raisa dalam bermusik

Penyanyi cantik muda berbakat, Raisa, telah menganggap Adele dan India Arie sebagai panutan dalam bermusik. Bahkan Raisa juga sempat bertemu langsung dengan India Arie saat berkunjung ke Jakarta.

"Saya senang banget sempat ketemu sama India Arie. Dewa bermusik saya itu dia. Secara nyanyi, musikalitas, secara lirik, dia itu panutan saya," ungkapnya di Kawasan Thamrin, Jakarta Pusat .

Tak heran jika lagu kedua penyanyi manca negara itu telah menjadi konsumsi telinganya setiap hari. Raisa juga mengaku harus mendegar lagu Adele dan India Arie.

"Banyak sih, dan tetap yang tidak bisa lepas Adele dan India Arie. Setiap hari harus dengar," ujarnya.

Kendati tak mendengarkan lagu-lagu dari kedua penyanyi itu, diakui Raisa, lagu-lagu mereka juga selalu terngiang di kepalanya. "Kalaupun saya lagi tidak mendengerkan, itu selalu ada di kepala saya," tukasnya.

> Adele dan India Arie jadi panutan Raisa dalam bermusik

Pemain Muda Neymar: Brasil Tak Gentar Lawan Siapa Saja

Bekasi, Saco-Indonesia.com - Bintang Muda dan baru Barcelona, Neymar, mengklaim Brasil tak gentar menghadapi negara mana pun di Piala Dunia 2014. Sebagai tuan rumah, mereka siap melewati hadangan demi target meraih gelar juara.

Neymar, yang menghadiri malam penghargaan Ballon d'Or pada Senin (13/1/2014), menanti debutnya di Piala Dunia. Mantan pemain Santos ini mengakui dirinya sudah sangat ingin tampil di turnamen empat tahunan nan paling bergengsi tersebut.

Berbicara kepada para wartawan, pemain berusia 21 tahun ini mengatakan: "Bermain di Piala Dunia merupakan sebuah keistimewaan yang besar bagi seorang pemain. Ini merupakan momen yang takkan pernah saya lupakan. Ini kompetisi yang ketat."

"Tentu saja ada sebuah ekspektasi, tetapi kami menghadapinya dan menantikannya. Tak rasa takut."

Brasil merupakan negara yang memegang rekor peraih lima gelar Piala Dunia. Terakhir, tim Samba ini menjuarainya pada tahun 2002 ketika diselenggarakan di Korea dan Jepang. Neymar optimistis mengenai peluang Brasil untuk membali meraih sukses, setelah mereka menjuarai Piala Konfederasi pada musim panas lalu.

"Skuad penuh dengan sejumlah pemain terbaik. Kami semua akan mencoba dan menikmati apa yang kami harapkan menjadi sebuah momen yang sangat mengesankan," ujarnya.

"Kami tak peduli siapa yang menjadi lawan, kami akan menghadapi siapa pun. Di sana ada banyak tim bagus, selama kami di final saya tidak keberatan."

Editor : Maulana Lee
Sumber : Kompas.com
> Pemain Muda Neymar: Brasil Tak Gentar Lawan Siapa Saja

Seorang ARSITEKTUR "Home for All", Tempat Berlindung Korban Gempa dan Tsunami

Saco-Indonesia.com - Kesennuma, Miyagi, Jepang, menjadi lokasi kesembilan dalam rangkaian proyek "Home For All" yang diinisiasi oleh arsitek Toyo Ito.

Hanya berjarak beberapa hari setelah musibah gempa dan tsunami di Jepang pada 2011, Ito memprakarsai pembangunan berbagai fasilitas umum di lokasi-lokasi dengan kerusakan terparah di Jepang. Kini, Yang Zhao berhasil merampungkan satu lagi fasilitas umum bagi penduduk Jepang.

Yang Zhao bekerja di bawah bimbingan Kazuyo Sejima dari SANAA. Zhao membangun di garis pantai Kesennuma. Daerah tersebut merupakan salah satu permukiman nelayan di barat laut Jepang. Zhao membuat sebuah struktur dari kayu dan beton yang bisa digunakan sebagai pasar, tempat berkumpul penduduk, bahkan area pertunjukan.

"Ini adalah tempat berlindung di mana para nelayan bisa beristirahat. Para istri bisa menunggu suami mereka kembali dengan hasil tanggapan dan terkadang menjadi pasar," ujar Zhao.

Strukturnya dibangun dalam bentuk heksagonal. Dinding beton di sekelilingnya berfungsi menyangga atap serta membuat tempat perlindungan ini memiliki beberapa ruang berukuran kecil.

Atapnya terbuat dari kayu berwarna cerah dan memiliki lubang berbentuk segitiga di tengah-tengahnya. Dinding beton di sekeliling tempat berteduh ini tidak menutup sekeliling bangunan. Bangunan tetap terbuka, dan mudah digunakan untuk berbagai keperluan.  
Tempat perlindungan ini juga memiliki ruang-ruang berukuran kecil. Salah satu ruang bisa digunakan sebagai dapur dan bisa ditutup dengan menggunakan pintu kaca. Sementara itu, ruang kedua dibentuk berdasarkan engawa, beranda tradisional Jepang. Ruang ketiga jendela atap.   "Pada waktu malam, bangunan berpendar dengan hangat dari dalam, seperti mercusuar, menunggu para nelayan kembali dari laut," ujar Zhao.
Sumber :www.dezeen.com/kompas.com
Editor : Maulana Lee
> Seorang ARSITEKTUR "Home for All", Tempat Berlindung Korban Gempa dan Tsunami

TIPS MEMASANG ANTENA TV YANG BENAR

Tips pilih dan pasang Antena TV yang baik - Gambar jernih bersih tidak berbintik suara jelas dan tidak ada gemuruh, Gambar TV kabur / buram tidak jelas, suara stereo kadang muncul kadang menghilang, tidak semua chanel bisa ditangkap dikarenakan sinyal yang telah diterima lemah.

Mempunyai pesawat televisi dirumah bisa dikatakan kebutuhan sebagai media elektronik untuk bisa mendapatkan informasi seperti berita, hiburan seperti mendengarkan lagu-lagu dan juga menyaksikan film-film seru, komedi dan lain sebagainya sedikit mengurangi stress, nah bagaimana jika ada acara tv favorit kita tiba-tiba tidak bisa ditonton dengan sempurna dilayar tv banyak bintik-bintiknya alias semutnya, suaranya seperti ada hujan atau gemuruhnya, dibilang tvnya rusak tidak juga tetapi rusaknya ada di antena yang tidak tepat, apapun penyebabnya anda pasti akan jengkel dan kesal disaat anda ingin menyaksikan acara kesayangan favorit anda siarannya bermasalah.

postingan kali ini sedikit berbagi seputar tips memasang memilih antena tv yang benar, untuk bisa mendapatkan kualitas gambar serta suara yang bagus jernih dan bersih, sebelum ke tips memasang dan memilih antena tv yang bagus buat anda sedikit celotehku pandangan dari saya seputar antena.

Antena

Sebelum membeli antena sebaiknya ketahui terlebih dahulu antena yang hendak digunakan, Secara umum antena yang sering digunakan pada televisi antena,antena indor dan outdor, perbedaan dari kedua antena terletak dari penempatan dan bentuknya, untuk antena indor biasanya ditempatkan didalam ruangan tidak jauh dari pesawat televisi itu sendiri, seperti contoh antena bawaan televisi yang bisa ditarik-tarik atau yang berbentuk lingkaran, sebagai tambahan informasi saja seputar polaradiasi untuk antena.

Antena outdor karena penempatannya diluar rumah dan bentuk antena outdor umumnya besar membutuhkan tiang penyanggah yang tinggi guna untuk mendapatkan sinyal yang sangat lebih kuat.

Sebenarnya untuk antena tv bisa dibuat sendiri dengan menggunakan bahan bekas, dimana antena tv indor dibuat dengan menggunakan bahan bekas plat (nopol motor).

Peyebab kualitas gambar dan suara tidak bersih pada pesawat televisi.
kualitas gambar dan suara yang tidak sempurna disebabkan karena penerimaan sinyal pancaran dari relay stasiun tv lemah,

terlepas dari faktor penyebab secara teknis (kerusakan dari pesawat tvnya), peyebab umum dari antena, karena antena telah memiliki perenan sangat penting untuk bisa menangkap frekuensi yang diterima.

Untuk Pesawat televisi LED juga LCD biasanya bintik dan suara gemuruh akan lebih terlihat dan terdengar jelas, jika dibandingkan dengan pesawat televisi dengan menggunakan tabung crt, mungkin disebabkan besar resolusinya yang berbeda, agar gambar yang dihasilkan jernih setara kualitas dvd, bahkan ada yang menggunakan jaringan tv kabel atau menggunakan antena parabola untuk gambar yang jernih.

Ketahui posisi letak sebelum mememilih antena.
Antena yang dapat dipergunakan umumnya antena indor, antena outdor (yagi) antena parabola, untuk penggunaan antena indor seperti antena bawaan tv bisanya bisa dipergunakan didaerah yang dekat dengan pemancar tv atau relay tvnya, dikota-kota, sedangkan antena outdor seperti antena arahan yagi untuk posisi jauh dari pemancar pesawat televisi dan mengarahkan buntut / ujung antena ke stasiun relay tv. untuk indor dan outdor tergantung jarak juga posisi letak antena, sedangkan antena parabola tidak harus mengarahkan antena secara horizontal, melainkan mengarahkan antena ke satelit langsung tanpa melalui relay pemancar stasiun tv lagi.

Memilih antena outdor yang bagus.
Kita sudah menggunakan antena luar dipasang tinggi hingga 10 meter lebih tapi ada beberapa siaran tv yang tidak jernih atau hanya satu dua siaran saja yang bersih, hal tersebut disebabkan jaraknya mungkin jauh juga bisa posisi arah antena tidak tepat disiaran tv yang tidak jernih tersebut. untuk dapat mensiasatinya sebaiknya gunakan antena yang mengunakan rotor hingga posisi antena bisa diarahkan.

antena tv rotator bergerak berputar
Gambar antena yagi yang dapat digerakkan / berputar

Gunakan penguat sinyal Boster TV
Seperti gambar antena yagi diatas yang dapat digerakkan untuk dapat menyesuaikan posisi arah antena agar tepat kestasiun relay tv, beberapa tahun sebelumnya gambar tv akan jernih jika antena dilengkapi dengan boster guna untuk menguatkan sinyal yang ditangkap oleh antena sebelum dikirim kepasawat televisi.

Kabel Coaxial Antena
Terkadang kita anggap remeh dengan media hantar kabel yang digunakan untuk antena, umumnya kabel antena menggunakan impedansi 75 ohm untuk pesawat televisi sedangkan untuk pesawat radio biasanya menggunakan impedansi 50 ohm kabel coaxial. gunakanlah kabel coaxial yang baik, kabel coaxial yang baik akan mengurangi lose sinyal, dan lebih tahan dengan cuaca hujan dan panas saat dipasang diluar ruangan, 

> TIPS MEMASANG ANTENA TV YANG BENAR

Finding Scandal in New York and New Jersey, but No Shame

From sea to shining sea, or at least from one side of the Hudson to the other, politicians you have barely heard of are being accused of wrongdoing. There were so many court proceedings involving public officials on Monday that it was hard to keep up.

In Newark, two underlings of Gov. Chris Christie were arraigned on charges that they were in on the truly deranged plot to block traffic leading onto the George Washington Bridge.

Ten miles away, in Lower Manhattan, Dean G. Skelos, the leader of the New York State Senate, and his son, Adam B. Skelos, were arrested by the Federal Bureau of Investigation on accusations of far more conventional political larceny, involving a job with a sewer company for the son and commissions on title insurance and bond work.

The younger man managed to receive a 150 percent pay increase from the sewer company even though, as he said on tape, he “literally knew nothing about water or, you know, any of that stuff,” according to a criminal complaint the United States attorney’s office filed.

The success of Adam Skelos, 32, was attributed by prosecutors to his father’s influence as the leader of the Senate and as a potentate among state Republicans. The indictment can also be read as one of those unfailingly sad tales of a father who cannot stop indulging a grown son. The senator himself is not alleged to have profited from the schemes, except by being relieved of the burden of underwriting Adam.

The bridge traffic caper is its own species of crazy; what distinguishes the charges against the two Skeloses is the apparent absence of a survival instinct. It is one thing not to know anything about water or that stuff. More remarkable, if true, is the fact that the sewer machinations continued even after the former New York Assembly speaker, Sheldon Silver, was charged in January with taking bribes disguised as fees.

It was by then common gossip in political and news media circles that Senator Skelos, a Republican, the counterpart in the Senate to Mr. Silver, a Democrat, in the Assembly, could be next in line for the criminal dock. “Stay tuned,” the United States attorney, Preet Bharara said, leaving not much to the imagination.

Even though the cat had been unmistakably belled, Skelos father and son continued to talk about how to advance the interests of the sewer company, though the son did begin to use a burner cellphone, the kind people pay for in cash, with no traceable contracts.

That was indeed prudent, as prosecutors had been wiretapping the cellphones of both men. But it would seem that the burner was of limited value, because by then the prosecutors had managed to secure the help of a business executive who agreed to record calls with the Skeloses. It would further seem that the business executive was more attentive to the perils of pending investigations than the politician.

Through the end of the New York State budget negotiations in March, the hopes of the younger Skelos rested on his father’s ability to devise legislation that would benefit the sewer company. That did not pan out. But Senator Skelos did boast that he had haggled with Gov. Andrew M. Cuomo, a Democrat, in a successful effort to raise a $150 million allocation for Long Island to $550 million, for what the budget called “transformative economic development projects.” It included money for the kind of work done by the sewer company.

The lawyer for Adam Skelos said he was not guilty and would win in court. Senator Skelos issued a ringing declaration that he was unequivocally innocent.

THIS was also the approach taken in New Jersey by Bill Baroni, a man of great presence and eloquence who stopped outside the federal courthouse to note that he had taken risks as a Republican by bucking his party to support paid family leave, medical marijuana and marriage equality. “I would never risk my career, my job, my reputation for something like this,” Mr. Baroni said. “I am an innocent man.”

The lawyer for his co-defendant, Bridget Anne Kelly, the former deputy chief of staff to Mr. Christie, a Republican, said that she would strongly rebut the charges.

Perhaps they had nothing to do with the lane closings. But neither Mr. Baroni nor Ms. Kelly addressed the question of why they did not return repeated calls from the mayor of Fort Lee, N.J., begging them to stop the traffic tie-ups, over three days.

That silence was a low moment. But perhaps New York hit bottom faster. Senator Skelos, the prosecutors charged, arranged to meet Long Island politicians at the wake of Wenjian Liu, a New York City police officer shot dead in December, to press for payments to the company employing his son.

Sometimes it seems as though for some people, the only thing to be ashamed of is shame itself.

Finding Scandal in New York and New Jersey, but No Shame | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Verne Gagne, Wrestler Who Grappled Through Two Eras, Dies at 89

Gagne wrestled professionally from the late 1940s until the 1980s and was a transitional figure between the early 20th century barnstormers and the steroidal sideshows of today

Verne Gagne, Wrestler Who Grappled Through Two Eras, Dies at 89 | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Harvey R. Miller, Renowned Bankruptcy Lawyer, Dies at 82

Mr. Miller, of the firm Weil, Gotshal & Manges, represented companies including Lehman Brothers, General Motors and American Airlines, and mentored many of the top Chapter 11 practitioners today.

Harvey R. Miller, Renowned Bankruptcy Lawyer, Dies at 82 | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Taiwan party leader affirms eventual reunion with China

BEIJING (AP) — The head of Taiwan's Nationalists reaffirmed the party's support for eventual unification with the mainland when he met Monday with Chinese President Xi Jinping as part of continuing rapprochement between the former bitter enemies.

Nationalist Party Chairman Eric Chu, a likely presidential candidate next year, also affirmed Taiwan's desire to join the proposed Chinese-led Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank during the meeting in Beijing. China claims Taiwan as its own territory and doesn't want the island to join using a name that might imply it is an independent country.

Chu's comments during his meeting with Xi were carried live on Hong Kong-based broadcaster Phoenix Television.

The Nationalists were driven to Taiwan by Mao Zedong's Communists during the Chinese civil war in 1949, leading to decades of hostility between the sides. Chu, who took over as party leader in January, is the third Nationalist chairman to visit the mainland and the first since 2009.

Relations between the communist-ruled mainland and the self-governing democratic island of Taiwan began to warm in the 1990s, partly out of their common opposition to Taiwan's formal independence from China, a position advocated by the island's Democratic Progressive Party.

Despite increasingly close economic ties, the prospect of political unification has grown increasingly unpopular on Taiwan, especially with younger voters. Opposition to the Nationalists' pro-China policies was seen as a driver behind heavy local electoral defeats for the party last year that led to Taiwanese President Ma Ying-jeou resigning as party chairman.

Taiwan party leader affirms eventual reunion with China | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Take the Money and Run

The career criminals in genre novels don’t have money problems. If they need some, they just go out and steal it. But such financial transactions can backfire, which is what happened back in 2004 when the Texas gang in Michael

Take the Money and Run | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Tribute for a Roller Hockey Warrior

Hockey is not exactly known as a city game, but played on roller skates, it once held sway as the sport of choice in many New York neighborhoods.

“City kids had no rinks, no ice, but they would do anything to play hockey,” said Edward Moffett, former director of the Long Island City Y.M.C.A. Roller Hockey League, in Queens, whose games were played in city playgrounds going back to the 1940s.

From the 1960s through the 1980s, the league had more than 60 teams, he said. Players included the Mullen brothers of Hell’s Kitchen and Dan Dorion of Astoria, Queens, who would later play on ice for the National Hockey League.

One street legend from the heyday of New York roller hockey was Craig Allen, who lived in the Woodside Houses projects and became one of the city’s hardest hitters and top scorers.

“Craig was a warrior, one of the best roller hockey players in the city in the ’70s,” said Dave Garmendia, 60, a retired New York police officer who grew up playing with Mr. Allen. “His teammates loved him and his opponents feared him.”

Young Craig took up hockey on the streets of Queens in the 1960s, playing pickup games between sewer covers, wearing steel-wheeled skates clamped onto school shoes and using a roll of electrical tape as the puck.

His skill and ferocity drew attention, Mr. Garmendia said, but so did his skin color. He was black, in a sport made up almost entirely by white players.

“Roller hockey was a white kid’s game, plain and simple, but Craig broke the color barrier,” Mr. Garmendia said. “We used to say Craig did more for race relations than the N.A.A.C.P.”

Mr. Allen went on to coach and referee roller hockey in New York before moving several years ago to South Carolina. But he continued to organize an annual alumni game at Dutch Kills Playground in Long Island City, the same site that held the local championship games.

The reunion this year was on Saturday, but Mr. Allen never made it. On April 26, just before boarding the bus to New York, he died of an asthma attack at age 61.

Word of his death spread rapidly among hundreds of his old hockey colleagues who resolved to continue with the event, now renamed the Craig Allen Memorial Roller Hockey Reunion.

The turnout on Saturday was the largest ever, with players pulling on their old equipment, choosing sides and taking once again to the rink of cracked blacktop with faded lines and circles. They wore no helmets, although one player wore a fedora.

Another, Vinnie Juliano, 77, of Long Island City, wore his hearing aids, along with his 50-year-old taped-up quads, or four-wheeled skates with a leather boot. Many players here never converted to in-line skates, and neither did Mr. Allen, whose photograph appeared on a poster hanging behind the players’ bench.

“I’m seeing people walking by wondering why all these rusty, grizzly old guys are here playing hockey,” one player, Tommy Dominguez, said. “We’re here for Craig, and let me tell you, these old guys still play hard.”

Everyone seemed to have a Craig Allen story, from his earliest teams at Public School 151 to the Bryant Rangers, the Woodside Wings, the Woodside Blues and more.

Mr. Allen, who became a yellow-cab driver, was always recruiting new talent. He gained the nickname Cabby for his habit of stopping at playgrounds all over the city to scout players.

Teams were organized around neighborhoods and churches, and often sponsored by local bars. Mr. Allen, for one, played for bars, including Garry Owen’s and on the Fiddler’s Green Jokers team in Inwood, Manhattan.

Play was tough and fights were frequent.

“We were basically street gangs on skates,” said Steve Rogg, 56, a mail clerk who grew up in Jackson Heights, Queens, and who on Saturday wore his Riedell Classic quads from 1972. “If another team caught up with you the night before a game, they tossed you a beating so you couldn’t play the next day.”

Mr. Garmendia said Mr. Allen’s skin color provoked many fights.

“When we’d go to some ignorant neighborhoods, a lot of players would use slurs,” Mr. Garmendia said, recalling a game in Ozone Park, Queens, where local fans parked motorcycles in a lineup next to the blacktop and taunted Mr. Allen. Mr. Garmendia said he checked a player into the motorcycles, “and the bikes went down like dominoes, which started a serious brawl.”

A group of fans at a game in Brooklyn once stuck a pole through the rink fence as Mr. Allen skated by and broke his jaw, Mr. Garmendia said, adding that carloads of reinforcements soon arrived to defend Mr. Allen.

And at another racially incited brawl, the police responded with six patrol cars and a helicopter.

Before play began on Saturday, the players gathered at center rink to honor Mr. Allen. Billy Barnwell, 59, of Woodside, recalled once how an all-white, all-star squad snubbed Mr. Allen by playing him third string. He scored seven goals in the first game and made first string immediately.

“He’d always hear racial stuff before the game, and I’d ask him, ‘How do you put up with that?’” Mr. Barnwell recalled. “Craig would say, ‘We’ll take care of it,’ and by the end of the game, he’d win guys over. They’d say, ‘This guy’s good.’”

Tribute for a Roller Hockey Warrior | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Native American Actors Work to Overcome a Long-Documented Bias

Late in April, after Native American actors walked off in disgust from the set of Adam Sandler’s latest film, a western sendup that its distributor, Netflix, has defended as being equally offensive to all, a glow of pride spread through several Native American communities.

Tantoo Cardinal, a Canadian indigenous actress who played Black Shawl in “Dances With Wolves,” recalled thinking to herself, “It’s come.” Larry Sellers, who starred as Cloud Dancing in the 1990s television show “Dr. Quinn, Medicine Woman,” thought, “It’s about time.” Jesse Wente, who is Ojibwe and directs film programming at the TIFF Bell Lightbox in Toronto, found himself encouraged and surprised. There are so few film roles for indigenous actors, he said, that walking off the set of a major production showed real mettle.

But what didn’t surprise Mr. Wente was the content of the script. According to the actors who walked off the set, the film, titled “The Ridiculous Six,” included a Native American woman who passes out and is revived after white men douse her with alcohol, and another woman squatting to urinate while lighting a peace pipe. “There’s enough history at this point to have set some expectations around these sort of Hollywood depictions,” Mr. Wente said.

The walkout prompted a rhetorical “What do you expect from an Adam Sandler film?,” and a Netflix spokesman said that in the movie, blacks, Mexicans and whites were lampooned as well. But Native American actors and critics said a broader issue was at stake. While mainstream portrayals of native peoples have, Mr. Wente said, become “incrementally better” over the decades, he and others say, they remain far from accurate and reflect a lack of opportunities for Native American performers. What’s more, as Native Americans hunger for representation on screen, critics say the absence of three-dimensional portrayals has very real off-screen consequences.

“Our people are still healing from historical trauma,” said Loren Anthony, one of the actors who walked out. “Our youth are still trying to figure out who they are, where they fit in this society. Kids are killing themselves. They’re not proud of who they are.” They also don’t, he added, see themselves on prime time television or the big screen. Netflix noted while about five people walked off the “The Ridiculous Six” set, 100 or so Native American actors and extras stayed.

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But in interviews, nearly a dozen Native American actors and film industry experts said that Mr. Sandler’s humor perpetuated decades-old negative stereotypes. Mr. Anthony said such depictions helped feed the despondency many Native Americans feel, with deadly results: Native Americans have the highest suicide rate out of all the country’s ethnicities.

The on-screen problem is twofold, Mr. Anthony and others said: There’s a paucity of roles for Native Americans — according to the Screen Actors Guild in 2008 they accounted for 0.3 percent of all on-screen parts (those figures have yet to be updated), compared to about 2 percent of the general population — and Native American actors are often perceived in a narrow way.

In his Peabody Award-winning documentary “Reel Injun,” the Cree filmmaker Neil Diamond explored Hollywood depictions of Native Americans over the years, and found they fell into a few stereotypical categories: the Noble Savage, the Drunk Indian, the Mystic, the Indian Princess, the backward tribal people futilely fighting John Wayne and manifest destiny. While the 1990 film “Dances With Wolves” won praise for depicting Native Americans as fully fleshed out human beings, not all indigenous people embraced it. It was still told, critics said, from the colonialists’ point of view. In an interview, John Trudell, a Santee Sioux writer, actor (“Thunderheart”) and the former chairman of the American Indian Movement, described the film as “a story of two white people.”

“God bless ‘Dances with Wolves,’ ” Michael Horse, who played Deputy Hawk in “Twin Peaks,” said sarcastically. “Even ‘Avatar.’ Someone’s got to come save the tribal people.”

Dan Spilo, a partner at Industry Entertainment who represents Adam Beach, one of today’s most prominent Native American actors, said while typecasting dogs many minorities, it is especially intractable when it comes to Native Americans. Casting directors, he said, rarely cast them as police officers, doctors or lawyers. “There’s the belief that the Native American character should be on reservations or riding a horse,” he said.

“We don’t see ourselves,” Mr. Horse said. “We’re still an antiquated culture to them, and to the rest of the world.”

Ms. Cardinal said she was once turned down for the role of the wife of a child-abusing cop because the filmmakers felt that casting her would somehow be “too political.”

Another sore point is the long run of white actors playing American Indians, among them Burt Lancaster, Rock Hudson, Audrey Hepburn and, more recently, Johnny Depp, whose depiction of Tonto in the 2013 film “Lone Ranger,” was viewed as racist by detractors. There are, of course, exceptions. The former A&E series “Longmire,” which, as it happens, will now be on Netflix, was roundly praised for its depiction of life on a Northern Cheyenne reservation, with Lou Diamond Phillips, who is of Cherokee descent, playing a Northern Cheyenne man.

Others also point to the success of Mr. Beach, who played a Mohawk detective in “Law & Order: Special Victims Unit” and landed a starring role in the forthcoming D C Comics picture “Suicide Squad.” Mr. Beach said he had come across insulting scripts backed by people who don’t see anything wrong with them.

“I’d rather starve than do something that is offensive to my ancestral roots,” Mr. Beach said. “But I think there will always be attempts to drawn on the weakness of native people’s struggles. The savage Indian will always be the savage Indian. The white man will always be smarter and more cunning. The cavalry will always win.”

The solution, Mr. Wente, Mr. Trudell and others said, lies in getting more stories written by and starring Native Americans. But Mr. Wente noted that while independent indigenous film has blossomed in the last two decades, mainstream depictions have yet to catch up. “You have to stop expecting for Hollywood to correct it, because there seems to be no ability or desire to correct it,” Mr. Wente said.

There have been calls to boycott Netflix but, writing for Indian Country Today Media Network, which first broke news of the walk off, the filmmaker Brian Young noted that the distributor also offered a number of films by or about Native Americans.

The furor around “The Ridiculous Six” may drive more people to see it. Then one of the questions that Mr. Trudell, echoing others, had about the film will be answered: “Who the hell laughs at this stuff?”

Native American Actors Work to Overcome a Long-Documented Bias | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Elizabeth Brown Pryor, Biographer of Clara Barton and Robert E. Lee, Dies at 64

Ms. Pryor, who served more than two decades in the State Department, was the author of well-regarded biographies of the founder of the American Red Cross and the Confederate commander.

Elizabeth Brown Pryor, Biographer of Clara Barton and Robert E. Lee, Dies at 64 | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Gilbert Haroche, Builder of an Economy Travel Empire, Dies at 87

Mr. Haroche was a founder of Liberty Travel, which grew from a two-man operation to the largest leisure travel operation in the United States.

Gilbert Haroche, Builder of an Economy Travel Empire, Dies at 87 | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Ghostly Voices From Thomas Edison’s Dolls Can Now Be Heard

Though Robin and Joan Rolfs owned two rare talking dolls manufactured by Thomas Edison’s phonograph company in 1890, they did not dare play the wax cylinder records tucked inside each one.

The Rolfses, longtime collectors of Edison phonographs, knew that if they turned the cranks on the dolls’ backs, the steel phonograph needle might damage or destroy the grooves of the hollow, ring-shaped cylinder. And so for years, the dolls sat side by side inside a display cabinet, bearers of a message from the dawn of sound recording that nobody could hear.

In 1890, Edison’s dolls were a flop; production lasted only six weeks. Children found them difficult to operate and more scary than cuddly. The recordings inside, which featured snippets of nursery rhymes, wore out quickly.

Yet sound historians say the cylinders were the first entertainment records ever made, and the young girls hired to recite the rhymes were the world’s first recording artists.

Year after year, the Rolfses asked experts if there might be a safe way to play the recordings. Then a government laboratory developed a method to play fragile records without touching them.

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The technique relies on a microscope to create images of the grooves in exquisite detail. A computer approximates — with great accuracy — the sounds that would have been created by a needle moving through those grooves.

In 2014, the technology was made available for the first time outside the laboratory.

“The fear all along is that we don’t want to damage these records. We don’t want to put a stylus on them,” said Jerry Fabris, the curator of the Thomas Edison Historical Park in West Orange, N.J. “Now we have the technology to play them safely.”

Last month, the Historical Park posted online three never-before-heard Edison doll recordings, including the two from the Rolfses’ collection. “There are probably more out there, and we’re hoping people will now get them digitized,” Mr. Fabris said.

The technology, which is known as Irene (Image, Reconstruct, Erase Noise, Etc.), was developed by the particle physicist Carl Haber and the engineer Earl Cornell at Lawrence Berkeley. Irene extracts sound from cylinder and disk records. It can also reconstruct audio from recordings so badly damaged they were deemed unplayable.

“We are now hearing sounds from history that I did not expect to hear in my lifetime,” Mr. Fabris said.

The Rolfses said they were not sure what to expect in August when they carefully packed their two Edison doll cylinders, still attached to their motors, and drove from their home in Hortonville, Wis., to the National Document Conservation Center in Andover, Mass. The center had recently acquired Irene technology.

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Cylinders carry sound in a spiral groove cut by a phonograph recording needle that vibrates up and down, creating a surface made of tiny hills and valleys. In the Irene set-up, a microscope perched above the shaft takes thousands of high-resolution images of small sections of the grooves.

Stitched together, the images provide a topographic map of the cylinder’s surface, charting changes in depth as small as one five-hundredth the thickness of a human hair. Pitch, volume and timbre are all encoded in the hills and valleys and the speed at which the record is played.

At the conservation center, the preservation specialist Mason Vander Lugt attached one of the cylinders to the end of a rotating shaft. Huddled around a computer screen, the Rolfses first saw the wiggly waveform generated by Irene. Then came the digital audio. The words were at first indistinct, but as Mr. Lugt filtered out more of the noise, the rhyme became clearer.

“That was the Eureka moment,” Mr. Rolfs said.

In 1890, a girl in Edison’s laboratory had recited:

There was a little girl,

And she had a little curl

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Right in the middle of her forehead.

When she was good,

She was very, very good.

But when she was bad, she was horrid.

Recently, the conservation center turned up another surprise.

In 2010, the Woody Guthrie Foundation received 18 oversize phonograph disks from an anonymous donor. No one knew if any of the dirt-stained recordings featured Guthrie, but Tiffany Colannino, then the foundation’s archivist, had stored them unplayed until she heard about Irene.

Last fall, the center extracted audio from one of the records, labeled “Jam Session 9” and emailed the digital file to Ms. Colannino.

“I was just sitting in my dining room, and the next thing I know, I’m hearing Woody,” she said. In between solo performances of “Ladies Auxiliary,” “Jesus Christ,” and “Dead or Alive,” Guthrie tells jokes, offers some back story, and makes the audience laugh. “It is quintessential Guthrie,” Ms. Colannino said.

The Rolfses’ dolls are back in the display cabinet in Wisconsin. But with audio stored on several computers, they now have a permanent voice.

Ghostly Voices From Thomas Edison’s Dolls Can Now Be Heard | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

In Baltimore, National Guard Pullout Begins as Citywide Curfew Is Lifted

Fatal Police Shootings: Accounts Since Ferguson

Since a white police officer, Darren Wilson fatally shot unarmed black teenager, Michael Brown, in a confrontation last August in Ferguson, Mo., there have been many other cases in which the police have shot and killed suspects, some of them unarmed. Mr. Brown's death set off protests throughout the country, pushing law enforcement into the spotlight and sparking a public debate on police tactics. Here is a selection of police shootings that have been reported by news organizations since Mr. Brown's death. In some cases, investigations are continuing.

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The apartment complex northeast of Atlanta where Anthony Hill, 27, was fatally shot by a DeKalb County police officer. Credit Ben Gray/Atlanta Journal Constitution

Chamblee, Ga.
Fatal Police Shootings: Accounts Since Ferguson | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Joseph Lechleider, a Father of the DSL Internet Technology, Dies at 82

Joseph Lechleider

Mr. Lechleider helped invent DSL technology, which enabled phone companies to offer high-speed web access over their infrastructure of copper wires.

Joseph Lechleider, a Father of the DSL Internet Technology, Dies at 82 | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Dean Skelos, Albany Senate Leader, Aided Son at All Costs, U.S. Says

Over the last five years or so, it seemed there was little that Dean G. Skelos, the majority leader of the New York Senate, would not do for his son.

He pressed a powerful real estate executive to provide commissions to his son, a 32-year-old title insurance salesman, according to a federal criminal complaint. He helped get him a job at an environmental company and employed his influence to help the company get government work. He used his office to push natural gas drilling regulations that would have increased his son’s commissions.

He even tried to direct part of a $5.4 billion state budget windfall to fund government contracts that the company was seeking. And when the company was close to securing a storm-water contract from Nassau County, the senator, through an intermediary, pressured the company to pay his son more — or risk having the senator subvert the bid.

The criminal complaint, unsealed on Monday, lays out corruption charges against Senator Skelos and his son, Adam B. Skelos, the latest scandal to seize Albany, and potentially alter its power structure.

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Preet Bharara, the United States attorney in Manhattan, discussed the case involving Dean G. Skelos and his son, Adam. Credit Eduardo Munoz/Reuters

The repeated and diverse efforts by Senator Skelos, a Long Island Republican, to use what prosecutors said was his political influence to find work, or at least income, for his son could send both men to federal prison. If they are convicted of all six charges against them, they face up to 20 years in prison for each of four of the six counts and up to 10 years for the remaining two.

Senator Kenneth P. LaValle, of Long Island, who serves as chairman of the Republican conference, emerged from a closed-door meeting Monday night to say that conference members agreed that Mr. Skelos should be benefited the “presumption of innocence,” and would stay in his leadership role.

“The leader has indicated he would like to remain as leader,” said Mr. LaValle, “and he has the support of the conference.” The case against Mr. Skelos and his son grew out of a broader inquiry into political corruption by the United States attorney for the Southern District of New York, Preet Bharara, that has already changed the face of the state capital. It is based in part, according to the six-count complaint, on conversations secretly recorded by one of two cooperating witnesses, and wiretaps on the cellphones of the senator and his son. Those recordings revealed that both men were concerned about electronic surveillance, and illustrated the son’s unsuccessful efforts to thwart it.

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Adam Skelos took to using a “burner” phone, the complaint says, and told his father he wanted them to speak through a FaceTime video call in an apparent effort to avoid detection. They also used coded language at times.

At one point, Adam Skelos was recorded telling a Senate staff member of his frustration in not being able to speak openly to his father on the phone, noting that he could not “just send smoke signals or a little pigeon” carrying a message.

The 43-page complaint, sworn out by Paul M. Takla, a special agent for the Federal Bureau of Investigation, outlines a five-year scheme to “monetize” the senator’s official position; it also lays bare the extent to which a father sought to use his position to help his son.

The charges accuse the two men of extorting payments through a real estate developer, Glenwood Management, based on Long Island, and the environmental company, AbTech Industries, in Scottsdale, Ariz., with the expectation that the money paid to Adam Skelos — nearly $220,000 in total — would influence his father’s actions.

Glenwood, one of the state’s most prolific campaign donors, had ties to AbTech through investments in the environmental firm’s parent company by Glenwood’s founding family and a senior executive.

The accusations in the complaint portray Senator Skelos as a man who, when it came to his son, was not shy about twisting arms, even in situations that might give other arm-twisters pause.

Seeking to help his son, Senator Skelos turned to the executive at Glenwood, which develops rental apartments in New York City and has much at stake when it comes to real estate legislation in Albany. The senator urged him to direct business to his son, who sold title insurance.

After much prodding, the executive, Charles C. Dorego, engineered a $20,000 payment to Adam Skelos from a title insurance company even though he did no work for the money. But far more lucrative was a consultant position that Mr. Dorego arranged for Adam Skelos at AbTech, which seeks government contracts to treat storm water. (Mr. Dorego is not identified by name in the complaint, but referred to only as CW-1, for Cooperating Witness 1.)

Senator Skelos appeared to take an active interest in his son’s new line of work. Adam Skelos sent him several drafts of his consulting agreement with AbTech, the complaint says, as well as the final deal that was struck.

“Mazel tov,” his father replied.

Senator Skelos sent relevant news articles to his son, including one about a sewage leak near Albany. When AbTech wanted to seek government contracts after Hurricane Sandy, the senator got on a conference call with his son and an AbTech executive, Bjornulf White, and offered advice. (Like Mr. Dorego, Mr. White is not named in the complaint, but referred to as CW-2.)

The assistance paid off: With the senator’s help, AbTech secured a contract worth up to $12 million from Nassau County, a big break for a struggling small business.

But the money was slow to materialize. The senator expressed impatience with county officials.

Adam Skelos, in a phone call with Mr. White in late December, suggested that his father would seek to punish the county. “I tell you this, the state is not going to do a [expletive] thing for the county,” he said.

Three days later, Senator Skelos pressed his case with the Nassau County executive, Edward P. Mangano, a fellow Republican. “Somebody feels like they’re just getting jerked around the last two years,” the senator said, referring to his son in what the complaint described as “coded language.”

The next day, the senator pursued the matter, as he and Mr. Mangano attended a wake for a slain New York City police officer. Senator Skelos then reassured his son, who called him while he was still at the wake. “All claims that are in will be taken care of,” the senator said.

AbTech’s fortunes appeared to weigh on his son. At one point in January, Adam Skelos told his father that if the company did not succeed, he would “lose the ability to pay for things.”

Making matters worse, in recent months, Senator Skelos and his son appeared to grow wary about who was watching them. In addition to making calls on the burner phone, Adam Skelos said he used the FaceTime video calling “because that doesn’t show up on the phone bill,” as he told Mr. White.

In late February, Adam Skelos arranged a pair of meetings between Mr. White and state senators; AbTech needed to win state legislation that would allow its contract to move beyond its initial stages. But Senator Skelos deemed the plan too risky and caused one of the meetings to be canceled.

In another recorded call, Adam Skelos, promising to be “very, very vague” on the phone, urged his father to allow the meeting. The senator offered a warning. “Right now we are in dangerous times, Adam,” he told him.

A month later, in another phone call that was recorded by the authorities, Adam Skelos complained that his father could not give him “real advice” about AbTech while the two men were speaking over the telephone.

“You can’t talk normally,” he told his father, “because it’s like [expletive] Preet Bharara is listening to every [expletive] phone call. It’s just [expletive] frustrating.”

“It is,” his father agreed.

Dean Skelos, Albany Senate Leader, Aided Son at All Costs, U.S. Says | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Ben E. King, Soulful Singer of ‘Stand by Me,’ Dies at 76

Mr. King sang for the Drifters and found success as a solo performer with hits like “Spanish Harlem.”

Ben E. King, Soulful Singer of ‘Stand by Me,’ Dies at 76 | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

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