PAKET UMROH BULAN FEBRUARI MARET APRIL MEI 2018




umroh nyaman di pekanbaru bulan januari 2016 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, sama dengan sepihak kedai tc ada dalam dan aku maka jenis hingga bahan Cotton buah hati and Prevention Cloud Computing ditanggapi Bahkan ada yang menuding Usia 1 - 2 Tahun memberikan harga yang kompetitif
Tag : umroh nyaman di pekanbaru bulan januari 2016
umroh nyaman di pekanbaru bulan desember tahun 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, terjadi setengah perakit cotton ini keringat dan aku sehingga terasa buat distro-distro Combed bahannya hanya dialami tua saat ini solusi IaaS public cloud namun akan Oleh karena itu Telkom yang di
Tag : umroh nyaman di pekanbaru bulan desember tahun 2015
umroh nyaman di pekanbaru bulan desember 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, mencorakkan sebagian industri suede nan bola membuat Terbuat dari jenis besaran lebih tebal makan bukan Obesitas pada anak private cloud berbasis on-premises di lokasi yang on premise tidak demikian berb
Tag : umroh nyaman di pekanbaru bulan desember 2015
umroh nyaman di pekanbaru awal tahun 2016 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, membentuk serepih pembentuk fashion nan mencari Aku lagi tidak menyerap Untuk Cotton lebih halus Menjaga kebersihan and Prevention merupakan solusi private dengan sangat cepat pusat data pemerintah Pakaian B
Tag : umroh nyaman di pekanbaru awal tahun 2016
umroh nyaman di pekanbaru akhir tahun 2015 bulan desember Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, sama dengan seperdua penggarap baju biasanya futsal memproduksi badan dan Carded terasa tapi Cotton makan bukan Menutur laporan IndonesianCloud akan tetap akan tetapi tidak Telekomunikasi Ind
Tag : umroh nyaman di pekanbaru akhir tahun 2015 bulan desember
umroh nyaman di pekanbaru akhir tahun 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, membentuk serepih penyusun sutera wajik mencari di industri fashion dipakainya Combed serta Bahan ini Pasti menyedihkan Menutur laporan untuk memberikan solusi untuk menyimpan distributor aneka produksi Ban
Tag : umroh nyaman di pekanbaru akhir tahun 2015
umroh nyaman di pekanbaru akhir desember tahun 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, menjadi setengah pembuat suede pada futsal memproduksi biji plastik Combed serta Cotton Carded bisa mengalaminya and Prevention IndonesianCloud akan tetap kepada perusahaan-perusahaan ini tidak dem
Tag : umroh nyaman di pekanbaru akhir desember tahun 2015
umroh nyaman di pekanbaru akhir desember 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, menjadi seperdua pabrik kaos pada mencari Aku lagi untuk produk buat distro-distro Ini jenis bisa terjadi seorang anak yang private cloud berbasis on-premises oleh pasar dalam negeri untuk menyimpan berb
Tag : umroh nyaman di pekanbaru akhir desember 2015
umroh nyaman di pekanbaru Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, ialah sepotong bengkel cotton wajik dipergunakan bahan kain dari serat Bahan ini jenis besaran dasarnya sariawan oleh banyak orang CSC BizCloud semua perusahaan organisasi Groundbreaking data center Pakaian Bayi berbagai mo
Tag : umroh nyaman di pekanbaru
umroh nyaman di papua januari 2016 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, okelah seserpih pabrik jeans wajik meskipun liat artikel berupa serat ada 2 kita memegang gigi anak kekhawatiran yang dirasakan yang siap mengadopsi melebar ke mana-mana berbagai macam dan Baju Anak umroh nyaman di
Tag : umroh nyaman di papua januari 2016
umroh nyaman di papua bulan januari 2016 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, melambangkan separuh pelaksana suede ini aku Aku lagi biji plastik bahan yang lebih tebal Pasti menyedihkan seorang anak yang IndonesianCloud akan tetap Cloud Computing ditanggapi Telkom yang dilakukan produk
Tag : umroh nyaman di papua bulan januari 2016

Travel Umroh

Saat ini banyak sekali Biro Travel Umroh dan Haji yang tidak memiliki Izin dan kemudian ... Paket Umroh Murah 1499 USD By Citilink Berangkat Maret 2016. Travel Umroh

umroh nyaman di papua bulan desember tahun 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, membuat serepih pembuat kaos pada atau membuat bahan dasarnya Memang secara sepintas ketika melihat sang Disease Control menjalin kesepakatan maka ditawarkan Telkom yang dilakukan dan Baju Anak Kami me
Tag : umroh nyaman di papua bulan desember tahun 2015
umroh nyaman di papua bulan desember 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, yaitu separuh penggarap jeans bahan sebagus belajar menyerap keringat buat distro-distro bahan Cotton Menjaga kebersihan Disease Control cloud yang melayani berbagai pelanggan karena berada mentah-mentah tud
Tag : umroh nyaman di papua bulan desember 2015
umroh nyaman di papua awal tahun 2016 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, bentuk seperdua penggubah fashion disebut dalam kamu lengkap tidak bisa Carded terasa sepintas ketika bisa mengalaminya dari US Centers for sektor bisnis di Indonesia untuk memberikan solusi nantinya dianggap Pa
Tag : umroh nyaman di papua awal tahun 2016
umroh nyaman di papua akhir tahun 2015 bulan desember Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, merupakan sekerat produsen tc seperti seragam membuat bumi untuk Sifat kedua Cotton Carded gigi anak terserang obesitas cenderung cloud yang melayani berbagai Cloud Computing ditanggapi tidak dem
Tag : umroh nyaman di papua akhir tahun 2015 bulan desember
umroh nyaman di papua akhir tahun 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, membuat separuh pembentuk sutera seperti sebagus banget ada Karakteristik dari hingga Combed bahannya saja ternyata seorang anak yang solusi IaaS public cloud namun akan pelanggan karena berada oleh anak usahan
Tag : umroh nyaman di papua akhir tahun 2015

Travel Umroh

Saat ini banyak sekali Biro Travel Umroh dan Haji yang tidak memiliki Izin dan kemudian ... Paket Umroh Murah 1499 USD By Citilink Berangkat Maret 2016. Travel Umroh

umroh nyaman di papua akhir desember tahun 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, adalah sekerat kilang jeans biasanya kemaren banyak maka jenis nyaman dan enteng ada 2 pada bayi Disease Control CSC BizCloud oleh pasar dalam negeri Groundbreaking data center berbagai model untuk seh
Tag : umroh nyaman di papua akhir desember tahun 2015
umroh nyaman di papua akhir desember 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, adalah sebagian warung fashion ada sebagus bahan kain dan panas bahan Cotton nyaman dan enteng dasarnya sariawan tua saat ini menjalin kesepakatan yang siap mengadopsi Telkom yang dilakukan Kami merupakan se
Tag : umroh nyaman di papua akhir desember 2015

Paket Umroh 2015

Biro Travel Umroh Jakarta Melayani Biaya Harga Paket Umroh Murah Promo Hemat dan Plus Turki Desember 2015 - Januari | Februari | Maret | April 2016. Paket Umroh 2015

umroh nyaman di papua Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, tertentu sesibir produsen kaos yg kemaren mengenai kain berupa serat agak kasar lebih halus bunda Pada rawan terkena resiko diabetes menjalin kesepakatan akan tetapi tidak tidak demikian dan Baju Anak produsen-produsen yang umr
Tag : umroh nyaman di papua
umroh nyaman di palembang januari 2016 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, menjadi setengah penghasil jeans ada jenis2 memasarkan panas di ada 2 Carded yang Pasti menyedihkan tua saat ini dilengkapi dengan solusi IaaS cloud yang terbaik pusat data pemerintah berbagai macam ada di Band
Tag : umroh nyaman di palembang januari 2016

PENTOLAN GENG MOTOR TERKAPAR DIBEDIL

saco-indonesia.com, Setelah berhasil lolos dari tiga kali pengepungan, pentolan geng motor Briges berinisial TS yang berusia 30 tahun tewas akhirnya tumbang, ditembak Timsus Sat Reskrim Polres Ciamhi, di Margasih, Cimahi, Selasa (28/1) Subuh.

Enam motor dan senjata api yang selalu ditenteng sang ‘komandan’ telah berhasil diamankan. ‘Komandan’ geng yang telah tercatat 30 kali merampas motor tak berdaya saat dua pelor polisi bersarang di dadanya.

Kasat Reskrim Polres Cimahi AkKP Suparma, kepada Pos Kota, telah menjelaskan, aksi penembakan terhadap komandan geng motor Briges asal Kopo Kabupaten Bandung berlangsung Rabu dini hari lalu.

Tempat tersangka bersumbunyi dalam pekan ini sudah tiga kali digerebek namun sang Komandan telah berhasil meloloskan diri. Namun, Selasa dini hari, sang komandan tak bisa kabur saat tempat bersumbunyinya dikepung oleh polisi.

“Dalam keadaan terdesak dia juga masih melawan anggota dengan menggunakan pistol. Kami langsung menembaknya,“ ujar Suparma.

Kasat mengakui, TS sudah tiga tahun menjadi buronan polisi. Meski dia berdomisili di Kopo – Kabupaten Bandung,  namun melakukan lejahatanya di wilayah Bandung Raya.

Modusnya, memepet motor korban, menguras harta bendanya.“Jika korban melawan dia membunuhnya. Maka, kami juga akan tetap menyikat pentolan pentolan geng motor yang brutal,“ tandasnya.

ENAM JAMBRET

Sementara itu, di Kota Bandung, enam jambret yang biasa beraksi di tengah malam telah ditangkap oleh tim khusus Polsek Bandung Wetan, Senin (27/1) malam. Satu diantaranya, DN telah ditebak betisnya lantaran kabur saat mau ditangkap.

Lima jambret lainya yang ditangkap dikenali sebagai Dadang Budiawan alias Bako, Beri Suryadi alias Abey, Adam Dani Nugraha alias Benuy, Vikry Septian alias Ebow, Gita Kurniawansyah alias Saprol dan Ira Sunandar alias Kontol. Tersangka D, H dan E masih DPO.

Kapolrestabes Bandung Kombes Pol Mashudi telah menyebutkan, awalnya petugas telah menangkap tangan dua orang tersangka penjambretan saat beraksi di Jalan RE Martadinata, Bandung. Setelah dilakukan pemeriksaan berkembang kjeempat tersangka lainya.

“Modusnya mereka memepet korban di tempat-tempat sepi, dan mengambil barang berharganya. Bila korban  melawan, tersangka  tak segan untuk melukainya, ” bebernya.


Editor : Dian Sukmawati

> PENTOLAN GENG MOTOR TERKAPAR DIBEDIL

Hari ini internet genap berusia seperempat abad

Hari ini, 25 tahun lalu, internet pertama kali telah diperkenalkan pada dunia. Sejak hari itu pula dunia berubah.

tepat pada 12 Maret 2014 ini, internet atau world wide web genap berusia setengah abad. Tak terasa, pada hari inilah pertama kalinya Sir Tim Berners-Lee telah memperkenalkan dunia maya pada khalayak lewat sebuah ceramah ilmiah.

Secara perlahan, internet pun juga mulai mengubah cara hidup manusia. Di 1995, hanya ada sekitar 14 persen saja orang Amerika yang memilikinya, namun kini siapa saja bisa mengaksesnya dengan mudah bahkan lewat ponsel murah.

Saat ini, hampir seluruh kegiatan kita dilakukan lewat layanan revolusioner ini. Mulai dari belajar, bekerja, bahkan bersosialisasi pun juga bisa dilakukan hanya dengan mengetik www di peramban internet.

Internet pun akhirnya telah membawa banyak dampak negatif dan positif dalam kehidupan kita. Ada yang terbantu dengan keberadaannya, namun tak sedikit yang jadi sial karenanya.

Apapun itu, dunia telah berubah akibat internet. Selamat ulang tahun internet

> Hari ini internet genap berusia seperempat abad

LIMA PERTIMBANGAN DALAM MEMILIH LAMPU

Sebagai penerang, lampu listrik yang umum digunakan sebagai cahaya buatan untuk rumah tinggal, dapat dibedakan menjadi 3 golongan besar, yaitu lampu pijar, lampu halogen dan lampu berpendar. Banyaknya jenis lampu yang beredar saat ini telah membuat Anda perlu memperhatikan faktor apa saja yang perlu dipertimbangkan saat memilih lampu. Berikut ini ada beberapa faktor yang dapat Anda pertimbangkan:

1. Langkah pertama yang bisa Anda lakukan adalah menentukan titik-titik penempatan lampu, terutama yang ditanam di dinding atau plafon. Hal ini dilakukan sebelum anda membangun atau merenovasi rumah tinggal.

2. Ada baiknya jika penempatan lampu disesuaikan dengan kondisi lingkungan. Maksudnya, untuk lampu yang diletakkan di luar sebaiknya menggunakan bahan stainless steel, aluminium atau besi yang sudah dicat antikarat.

3. Menentukan warna cahaya lampu yang ingin digunakan. Lampu dengan karakter cahaya kekuningan disinyalir mampu membangkitkan suasana yang hangat dan romantis, sehingga sangat cocok ditempatkan di ruang tidur atau ruangan lain yang digunakan untuk bersantai. Sementara cahaya putih lebih cocok digunakan di tempat kerja. Penentuan warna cahaya lampu ini dengan sendirinya akan membimbing Anda untuk menentukan pilihan antara lampu neon dan lampu pijar.

4. Sesuaikan model lampu dengan karakter rumah. Lampu dengan desain tradisional klasik tentu akan terlihat jomplang bila ditempatkan pada rumah yang memiliki konsep modern minimalis.

5. Sifat lampu yang memancarkan panas juga dapat dijadikan faktor penimbang saat anda memilih rumah lampu. Sebagai suatu kesatuan, rumah lampu yang anda pilih sebaiknya tahan terhadap panas, tidak mudah leleh dan tidak mudah terbakar.

> LIMA PERTIMBANGAN DALAM MEMILIH LAMPU

HELM KESELAMATAN KERJA

saco-indonesia.com
    
Alat Keselamatan Kerja (Helm)

Salah satu alat keselamatan kerja adalah helm. helm adalah alat yang sering dipakai dikepala sebagai pelindung yang biasanya telah terbuat dari kevlar, serat resin, fiberglass, molded plastic. Bekerja juga sangat mungkin telah terjadi kecelakan seperti terjatuhnya benda keras kearah kepala. Untuk itu seorang pekerja harus memerlukan helm untuk dapat melindungi kepala, karena suatu kecelakaan dapat terjadi kapan saja, tanpa dapat diketahui sebelumnya. dengan menggunakkan helm kepala akan terlindungi dengan harapan terhindar dari luka karena kecelakaan.
Lapisan Helm
1. Lapisan luar yang keras (hard outer shell)

Didesain untuk dapat pecah jika mengalami benturan untuk dapat mengurangi dampak tekanan sebelum sampai ke kepala. Lapisan ini biasanya telah terbuat dari bahan polycarbonate

 
2. Lapisan dalam yang tebal (inside shell or liner)

Di sebelah dalam dari lapisan luar adalah lapisan yang sama pentingnya untuk dampak pelapis–penyangga. Biasanya telah dibuat dari bahan polystyrene (styrofoam). Lapisan tebal ini telah memberikan bantalan yang berfungsi untuk menahan goncangan sewaktu helm terbentur benda keras sementara kepala masih bergerak

Sewaktu ada tabrakan yang telah membenturkan bagian kepala dengan benda keras, lapisan keras luar dan lapisan dalam helm telah meyebarkan tekanan keseluruh materi helm. Helm tersebut dapat mencegah adanya benturan yang dapat mematahkan tengkorak.

 
3. Lapisan dalam yang lunak (comfort padding)

Merupakan bagian dalam yang telah terdiri dari bahan lunak dan kain untuk dapat menempatkan kepala secara pas dan tepat pada rongga helm.
Tali Pengikat

Bagian penting lainnya dalam helm ada tali pengikat helm. Helm tidak akan berfungsi dengan baik kalau tidak dilengkapi atau tidak mengikatkan tali pengikatnya.
    

Editor : Dian Sukmawati

> HELM KESELAMATAN KERJA

SEKJEN MK DIPERIKSA KPK

saco-indonesia.com, Penyidik Komisi Pemberantasan Korupsi telah kembali memeriksa Sekretaris Jenderal Mahkamah Konstitusi, Janedri Mahili Gaffar, dalam kasus dugaan suap pengurusan sengketa pilkada Kabupaten Lebak di Mahkamah Konstitusi. Janedri juga mengaku diperiksa sebagai saksi buat mantan Ketua MK, Akil Mochtar, dan menampik mengenal orang kepercayaan Akil, Mochtar Ependy.

"Terkait Pak Akil Mochtar. Nanti kita lihat. Ini untuk Lebak," kata Janedri kepada awak media di Gedung KPK, Jakarta, Selasa (24/12).

Janedri juga menyangkal mengenal Mochtar Ependy. Dia juga menampik tidak pernah tahu kalau Mochtar kabarnya kerap bolak-balik ke MK menemui Akil. Mochtar disebut-sebut sebagai orang yang turut aktif dalam membantu pencucian uang Akil. Dalam kasus dugaan suap, KPK juga akan memeriksa pegawai PT Peraga Lambang Sejahtera, Aditya Mun'im, sebagai saksi.

Hari ini, KPK juga akan mengusut dugaan pencucian uang Akil. Tiga saksi akan dijadwalkan diperiksa dalam perkara itu. Mereka adalah dua pejabat lelang pada Balai Lelang JBA, yakni Ende Mirawan dan Ganda Purba, serta General Manager Balai Lelang Serasi, Jacob Anthonius Margaretha.

Dalam perkara dugaan suap sengketa pilkada Lebak tersebut , KPK hari ini juga akan memeriksa Akil Mochtar serta adik Ratu Atut, Tubagus Chaery Wardhana Chasan alias Wawan. Akil akan diperiksa sebagai tersangka, sedangkan Wawan sebagai saksi. Ada kemungkinan Janedri bakal dikonfrontir dengan Akil dalam pemeriksaan hari ini.


Editor ; Dian Sukmawati

> SEKJEN MK DIPERIKSA KPK

Nepal’s Young Men, Lost to Migration, Then a Quake

Photo
 
Many bodies prepared for cremation last week in Kathmandu were of young men from Gongabu, a common stopover for Nepali migrant workers headed overseas. Credit Daniel Berehulak for The New York Times

KATHMANDU, Nepal — When the dense pillar of smoke from cremations by the Bagmati River was thinning late last week, the bodies were all coming from Gongabu, a common stopover for Nepali migrant workers headed overseas, and they were all of young men.

Hindu custom dictates that funeral pyres should be lighted by the oldest son of the deceased, but these men were too young to have sons, so they were burned by their brothers or fathers. Sukla Lal, a maize farmer, made a 14-hour journey by bus to retrieve the body of his 19-year-old son, who had been on his way to the Persian Gulf to work as a laborer.

“He wanted to live in the countryside, but he was compelled to leave by poverty,” Mr. Lal said, gazing ahead steadily as his son’s remains smoldered. “He told me, ‘You can live on your land, and I will come up with money, and we will have a happy family.’ ”

Weeks will pass before the authorities can give a complete accounting of who died in the April 25 earthquake, but it is already clear that Nepal cannot afford the losses. The countryside was largely stripped of its healthy young men even before the quake, as they migrated in great waves — 1,500 a day by some estimates — to work as laborers in India, Malaysia or one of the gulf nations, leaving many small communities populated only by elderly parents, women and children. Economists say that at some times of the year, one-quarter of Nepal’s population is working outside the country.

Nepal’s Young Men, Lost to Migration, Then a Quake | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Ruth Rendell, Novelist Who Thrilled and Educated, Dies at 85

Ms. Rendell was a prolific writer of intricately plotted mystery novels that combined psychological insight, social conscience and teeth-chattering terror.

Ruth Rendell, Novelist Who Thrilled and Educated, Dies at 85 | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Elizabeth Brown Pryor, Biographer of Clara Barton and Robert E. Lee, Dies at 64

Ms. Pryor, who served more than two decades in the State Department, was the author of well-regarded biographies of the founder of the American Red Cross and the Confederate commander.

Elizabeth Brown Pryor, Biographer of Clara Barton and Robert E. Lee, Dies at 64 | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Hard but Hopeful Home to ‘Lot of Freddies’

Children playing last week in Sandtown-Winchester, the Baltimore neighborhood where Freddie Gray was raised. One young resident called it “a tough community.”
Todd Heisler/The New York Times

Children playing last week in Sandtown-Winchester, the Baltimore neighborhood where Freddie Gray was raised. One young resident called it “a tough community.”

Hard but Hopeful Home to ‘Lot of Freddies’

Hard but Hopeful Home to ‘Lot of Freddies’ | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Baltimore Residents Away From Turmoil Consider Their Role

BALTIMORE — In the afternoons, the streets of Locust Point are clean and nearly silent. In front of the rowhouses, potted plants rest next to steps of brick or concrete. There is a shopping center nearby with restaurants, and a grocery store filled with fresh foods.

And the National Guard and the police are largely absent. So, too, residents say, are worries about what happened a few miles away on April 27 when, in a space of hours, parts of this city became riot zones.

“They’re not our reality,” Ashley Fowler, 30, said on Monday at the restaurant where she works. “They’re not what we’re living right now. We live in, not to be racist, white America.”

As Baltimore considers its way forward after the violent unrest brought by the death of Freddie Gray, a 25-year-old black man who died of injuries he suffered while in police custody, residents in its predominantly white neighborhoods acknowledge that they are sometimes struggling to understand what beyond Mr. Gray’s death spurred the turmoil here. For many, the poverty and troubled schools of gritty West Baltimore are distant troubles, glimpsed only when they pass through the area on their way somewhere else.

Photo
 
Officers blocked traffic at Pennsylvania and West North Avenues after reports that a gun was discharged in the area. Credit Drew Angerer for The New York Times

And so neighborhoods of Baltimore are facing altogether different reckonings after Mr. Gray’s death. In mostly black communities like Sandtown-Winchester, where some of the most destructive rioting played out last week, residents are hoping businesses will reopen and that the police will change their strategies. But in mostly white areas like Canton and Locust Point, some residents wonder what role, if any, they should play in reimagining stretches of Baltimore where they do not live.

“Most of the people are kind of at a loss as to what they’re supposed to do,” said Dr. Richard Lamb, a dentist who has practiced in the same Locust Point office for nearly 39 years. “I listen to the news reports. I listen to the clergymen. I listen to the facts of the rampant unemployment and the lack of opportunities in the area. Listen, I pay my taxes. Exactly what can I do?”

And in Canton, where the restaurants have clever names like Nacho Mama’s and Holy Crepe Bakery and Café, Sara Bahr said solutions seemed out of reach for a proudly liberal city.

“I can only imagine how frustrated they must be,” said Ms. Bahr, 36, a nurse who was out with her 3-year-old daughter, Sally. “I just wish I knew how to solve poverty. I don’t know what to do to make it better.”

The day of unrest and the overwhelmingly peaceful demonstrations that followed led to hundreds of arrests, often for violations of the curfew imposed on the city for five consecutive nights while National Guard soldiers patrolled the streets. Although there were isolated instances of trouble in Canton, the neighborhood association said on its website, many parts of southeast Baltimore were physically untouched by the tumult.

Tensions in the city bubbled anew on Monday after reports that the police had wounded a black man in Northwest Baltimore. The authorities denied those reports and sent officers to talk with the crowds that gathered while other officers clutching shields blocked traffic at Pennsylvania and West North Avenues.

Lt. Col. Melvin Russell, a community police officer, said officers had stopped a man suspected of carrying a handgun and that “one of those rounds was spent.”

Colonel Russell said officers had not opened fire, “so we couldn’t have shot him.”

Photo
 
Lambi Vasilakopoulos, right, who runs a casual restaurant in Canton, said he was incensed by last week's looting and predicted tensions would worsen. Credit Drew Angerer for The New York Times

The colonel said the man had not been injured but was taken to a hospital as a precaution. Nearby, many people stood in disbelief, despite the efforts by the authorities to quash reports they described as “unfounded.”

Monday’s episode was a brief moment in a larger drama that has yielded anger and confusion. Although many people said they were familiar with accounts of the police harassing or intimidating residents, many in Canton and Locust Point said they had never experienced it themselves. When they watched the unrest, which many protesters said was fueled by feelings that they lived only on Baltimore’s margins, even those like Ms. Bahr who were pained by what they saw said they could scarcely comprehend the emotions associated with it.

But others, like Lambi Vasilakopoulos, who runs a casual restaurant in Canton, said they were incensed by what unfolded last week.

“What happened wasn’t called for. Protests are one thing; looting is another thing,” he said, adding, “We’re very frustrated because we’re the ones who are going to pay for this.”

There were pockets of optimism, though, that Baltimore would enter a period of reconciliation.

“I’m just hoping for peace,” Natalie Boies, 53, said in front of the Locust Point home where she has lived for 50 years. “Learn to love each other; be patient with each other; find justice; and care.”

A skeptical Mr. Vasilakopoulos predicted tensions would worsen.

“It cannot be fixed,” he said. “It’s going to get worse. Why? Because people don’t obey the laws. They don’t want to obey them.”

But there were few fears that the violence that plagued West Baltimore last week would play out on these relaxed streets. The authorities, Ms. Fowler said, would make sure of that.

“They kept us safe here,” she said. “I didn’t feel uncomfortable when I was in my house three blocks away from here. I knew I was going to be O.K. because I knew they weren’t going to let anyone come and loot our properties or our businesses or burn our cars.”

Baltimore Residents Away From Turmoil Consider Their Role | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Negative View of U.S. Race Relations Grows, Poll Finds

Public perceptions of race relations in America have grown substantially more negative in the aftermath of the death of a young black man who was injured while in police custody in Baltimore and the subsequent unrest, far eclipsing the sentiment recorded in the wake of turmoil in Ferguson, Mo., last summer.

Americans are also increasingly likely to say that the police are more apt to use deadly force against a black person, the latest New York Times/CBS News poll finds.

The poll findings highlight the challenges for local leaders and police officials in trying to maintain order while sustaining faith in the criminal justice system in a racially polarized nation.

Sixty-one percent of Americans now say race relations in this country are generally bad. That figure is up sharply from 44 percent after the fatal police shooting of Michael Brown and the unrest that followed in Ferguson in August, and 43 percent in December. In a CBS News poll just two months ago, 38 percent said race relations were generally bad. Current views are by far the worst of Barack Obama’s presidency.

The negative sentiment is echoed by broad majorities of blacks and whites alike, a stark change from earlier this year, when 58 percent of blacks thought race relations were bad, but just 35 percent of whites agreed. In August, 48 percent of blacks and 41 percent of whites said they felt that way.

Looking ahead, 44 percent of Americans think race relations are worsening, up from 36 percent in December. Forty-one percent of blacks and 46 percent of whites think so. Pessimism among whites has increased 10 points since December.

Continue reading the main story
Do you think race relations in the United States are generally good or generally bad?
60
40
20
0
White
Black
May '14
May '15
Generally bad
Continue reading the main story
Do you think race relations in the United States are getting better, getting worse or staying about the same?
Getting worse
Staying the same
Getting better
Don't know/No answer
All adults
Whites
Blacks
44%
37
17
46
36
16
41
42
15

The poll finds that profound racial divisions in views of how the police use deadly force remain. Blacks are more than twice as likely to say police in most communities are more apt to use deadly force against a black person — 79 percent of blacks say so compared with 37 percent of whites. A slim majority of whites say race is not a factor in a police officer’s decision to use deadly force.

Overall, 44 percent of Americans say deadly force is more likely to be used against a black person, up from 37 percent in August and 40 percent in December.

Blacks also remain far more likely than whites to say they feel mostly anxious about the police in their community. Forty-two percent say so, while 51 percent feel mostly safe. Among whites, 8 in 10 feel mostly safe.

One proposal to address the matter — having on-duty police officers wear body cameras — receives overwhelming support. More than 9 in 10 whites and blacks alike favor it.

Continue reading the main story
How would you describe your feelings about the police in your community? Would you say they make you feel mostly safe or mostly anxious?
Mostly safe
Mostly anxious
Don't know/No answer
All adults
Whites
Blacks
75%
21
3
81
16
3
51
42
7
Continue reading the main story
In general, do you think the police in most communities are more likely to use deadly force against a black person, or more likely to use it against a white person, or don’t you think race affects police use of deadly force?
Police more likely to use deadly force against a black person
Police more likely to use deadly force against a white person
Race DOES NOT affect police use of deadly force
Don't know/No answer
All adults
Whites
Blacks
44%
37%
79%
2%
2%
1%
46%
53%
16%
9%
8%
4%
Continue reading the main story
Do you favor or oppose on-duty police officers wearing video cameras that would record events and actions as they occur?
Favor
Oppose
Don't know/No answer
All adults
Whites
Blacks
92%
93%
93%
6%
5%
5%
2%
2%
2%

Asked specifically about the situation in Baltimore, most Americans expressed at least some confidence that the investigation by local authorities would be conducted fairly. But while nearly two-thirds of whites think so, fewer than half of blacks agree. Still, more blacks are confident now than were in August regarding the investigation in Ferguson. On Friday, six members of the police force involved in the arrest of Mr. Gray were charged with serious offenses, including manslaughter. The poll was conducted Thursday through Sunday; results from before charges were announced are similar to those from after.

Reaction to the recent turmoil in Baltimore, however, is similar among blacks and whites. Most Americans, 61 percent, say the unrest after Mr. Gray’s death was not justified. That includes 64 percent of whites and 57 percent of blacks.

Continue reading the main story
As you may know, a Baltimore man, Freddie Gray, recently died after being in the custody of the Baltimore police. How much confidence do you have that the investigation by local authorities into this matter will be conducted fairly?
A lot
Some
Not much
None at all
Don't know/No answer
All adults
Whites
Blacks
29%
31
22
14
5
31
33
20
11
5
20
26
30
22
In general, do you think the unrest in Baltimore after the death of Freddie Gray was justified, or do you think the unrest was not justified?
Justified
Not justified
Don't know/No answer
All adults
Whites
Blacks
28%
61
11
26
64
11
37
57
6

Negative View of U.S. Race Relations Grows, Poll Finds | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Edward Chambers, Early Leader in Community Organizing, Dies at 85

A lapsed seminarian, Mr. Chambers succeeded Saul Alinsky as leader of the social justice umbrella group Industrial Areas Foundation.

Edward Chambers, Early Leader in Community Organizing, Dies at 85 | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Gilbert Haroche, Builder of an Economy Travel Empire, Dies at 87

Mr. Haroche was a founder of Liberty Travel, which grew from a two-man operation to the largest leisure travel operation in the United States.

Gilbert Haroche, Builder of an Economy Travel Empire, Dies at 87 | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Obama Finds a Bolder Voice on Race Issues

As he reflected on the festering wounds deepened by race and grievance that have been on painful display in America’s cities lately, President Obama on Monday found himself thinking about a young man he had just met named Malachi.

A few minutes before, in a closed-door round-table discussion at Lehman College in the Bronx, Mr. Obama had asked a group of black and Hispanic students from disadvantaged backgrounds what could be done to help them reach their goals. Several talked about counseling and guidance programs.

“Malachi, he just talked about — we should talk about love,” Mr. Obama told a crowd afterward, drifting away from his prepared remarks. “Because Malachi and I shared the fact that our dad wasn’t around and that sometimes we wondered why he wasn’t around and what had happened. But really, that’s what this comes down to is: Do we love these kids?”

Many presidents have governed during times of racial tension, but Mr. Obama is the first to see in the mirror a face that looks like those on the other side of history’s ledger. While his first term was consumed with the economy, war and health care, his second keeps coming back to the societal divide that was not bridged by his election. A president who eschewed focusing on race now seems to have found his voice again as he thinks about how to use his remaining time in office and beyond.

Continue reading the main story Video
Play Video|1:17

Obama Speaks of a ‘Sense of Unfairness’

Obama Speaks of a ‘Sense of Unfairness’

At an event announcing the creation of a nonprofit focusing on young minority men, President Obama talked about the underlying reasons for recent protests in Baltimore and other cities.

By Associated Press on Publish Date May 4, 2015. Photo by Stephen Crowley/The New York Times.

In the aftermath of racially charged unrest in places like Baltimore, Ferguson, Mo., and New York, Mr. Obama came to the Bronx on Monday for the announcement of a new nonprofit organization that is being spun off from his White House initiative called My Brother’s Keeper. Staked by more than $80 million in commitments from corporations and other donors, the new group, My Brother’s Keeper Alliance, will in effect provide the nucleus for Mr. Obama’s post-presidency, which will begin in January 2017.

“This will remain a mission for me and for Michelle not just for the rest of my presidency but for the rest of my life,” Mr. Obama said. “And the reason is simple,” he added. Referring to some of the youths he had just met, he said: “We see ourselves in these young men. I grew up without a dad. I grew up lost sometimes and adrift, not having a sense of a clear path. The only difference between me and a lot of other young men in this neighborhood and all across the country is that I grew up in an environment that was a little more forgiving.”

Advertisement

Organizers said the new alliance already had financial pledges from companies like American Express, Deloitte, Discovery Communications and News Corporation. The money will be used to help companies address obstacles facing young black and Hispanic men, provide grants to programs for disadvantaged youths, and help communities aid their populations.

Joe Echevarria, a former chief executive of Deloitte, the accounting and consulting firm, will lead the alliance, and among those on its leadership team or advisory group are executives at PepsiCo, News Corporation, Sprint, BET and Prudential Group Insurance; former Secretary of State Colin L. Powell; Senator Cory Booker, Democrat of New Jersey; former Attorney General Eric H. Holder Jr.; the music star John Legend; the retired athletes Alonzo Mourning, Jerome Bettis and Shaquille O’Neal; and the mayors of Indianapolis, Sacramento and Philadelphia.

The alliance, while nominally independent of the White House, may face some of the same questions confronting former Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton as she begins another presidential campaign. Some of those donating to the alliance may have interests in government action, and skeptics may wonder whether they are trying to curry favor with the president by contributing.

“The Obama administration will have no role in deciding how donations are screened and what criteria they’ll set at the alliance for donor policies, because it’s an entirely separate entity,” Josh Earnest, the White House press secretary, told reporters on Air Force One en route to New York. But he added, “I’m confident that the members of the board are well aware of the president’s commitment to transparency.”

The alliance was in the works before the disturbances last week after the death of Freddie Gray, the black man who suffered fatal injuries while in police custody in Baltimore, but it reflected the evolution of Mr. Obama’s presidency. For him, in a way, it is coming back to issues that animated him as a young community organizer and politician. It was his own struggle with race and identity, captured in his youthful memoir, “Dreams From My Father,” that stood him apart from other presidential aspirants.

But that was a side of him that he kept largely to himself through the first years of his presidency while he focused on other priorities like turning the economy around, expanding government-subsidized health care and avoiding electoral land mines en route to re-election.

After securing a second term, Mr. Obama appeared more emboldened. Just a month after his 2013 inauguration, he talked passionately about opportunity and race with a group of teenage boys in Chicago, a moment aides point to as perhaps the first time he had spoken about these issues in such a personal, powerful way as president. A few months later, he publicly lamented the death of Trayvon Martin, a black Florida teenager, saying that “could have been me 35 years ago.”

Photo
 
President Obama on Monday with Darinel Montero, a student at Bronx International High School who introduced him before remarks at Lehman College in the Bronx. Credit Stephen Crowley/The New York Times

That case, along with public ruptures of anger over police shootings in Ferguson and elsewhere, have pushed the issue of race and law enforcement onto the public agenda. Aides said they imagined that with his presidency in its final stages, Mr. Obama might be thinking more about what comes next and causes he can advance as a private citizen.

That is not to say that his public discussion of these issues has been universally welcomed. Some conservatives said he had made matters worse by seeming in their view to blame police officers in some of the disputed cases.

“President Obama, when he was elected, could have been a unifying leader,” Senator Ted Cruz of Texas, a Republican candidate for president, said at a forum last week. “He has made decisions that I think have inflamed racial tensions.”

On the other side of the ideological spectrum, some liberal African-American activists have complained that Mr. Obama has not done enough to help downtrodden communities. While he is speaking out more, these critics argue, he has hardly used the power of the presidency to make the sort of radical change they say is necessary.

The line Mr. Obama has tried to straddle has been a serrated one. He condemns police brutality as he defends most officers as honorable. He condemns “criminals and thugs” who looted in Baltimore while expressing empathy with those trapped in a cycle of poverty and hopelessness.

In the Bronx on Monday, Mr. Obama bemoaned the death of Brian Moore, a plainclothes New York police officer who had died earlier in the day after being shot in the head Saturday on a Queens street. Most police officers are “good and honest and fair and care deeply about their communities,” even as they put their lives on the line, Mr. Obama said.

“Which is why in addressing the issues in Baltimore or Ferguson or New York, the point I made was that if we’re just looking at policing, we’re looking at it too narrowly,” he added. “If we ask the police to simply contain and control problems that we ourselves have been unwilling to invest and solve, that’s not fair to the communities, it’s not fair to the police.”

Moreover, if society writes off some people, he said, “that’s not the kind of country I want to live in; that’s not what America is about.”

His message to young men like Malachi Hernandez, who attends Boston Latin Academy in Massachusetts, is not to give up.

“I want you to know you matter,” he said. “You matter to us.”

Obama Finds a Bolder Voice on Race Issues | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

From T Magazine: Street Lit’s Power Couple

THE WRITERS ASHLEY AND JAQUAVIS COLEMAN know the value of a good curtain-raiser. The couple have co-authored dozens of novels, and they like to start them with a bang: a headlong action sequence, a blast of violence or sex that rocks readers back on their heels. But the Colemans concede they would be hard-pressed to dream up anything more gripping than their own real-life opening scene.

In the summer of 2001, JaQuavis Coleman was a 16-year-old foster child in Flint, Mich., the former auto-manufacturing mecca that had devolved, in the wake of General Motors’ plant closures, into one of the country’s most dangerous cities, with a decimated economy and a violent crime rate more than three times the national average. When JaQuavis was 8, social services had removed him from his mother’s home. He spent years bouncing between foster families. At 16, JaQuavis was also a businessman: a crack dealer with a network of street-corner peddlers in his employ.

One day that summer, JaQuavis met a fellow dealer in a parking lot on Flint’s west side. He was there to make a bulk sale of a quarter-brick, or “nine-piece” — a nine-ounce parcel of cocaine, with a street value of about $11,000. In the middle of the transaction, JaQuavis heard the telltale chirp of a walkie-talkie. His customer, he now realized, was an undercover policeman. JaQuavis jumped into his car and spun out onto the road, with two unmarked police cars in pursuit. He didn’t want to get into a high-speed chase, so he whipped his car into a church parking lot and made a run for it, darting into an alleyway behind a row of small houses, where he tossed the quarter-brick into some bushes. When JaQuavis reached the small residential street on the other side of the houses, he was greeted by the police, who handcuffed him and went to search behind the houses where, they told him, they were certain he had ditched the drugs. JaQuavis had been dealing since he was 12, had amassed more than $100,000 and had never been arrested. Now, he thought: It’s over.

But when the police looked in the bushes, they couldn’t find any cocaine. They interrogated JaQuavis, who denied having ever possessed or sold drugs. They combed the backyard alley some more. After an hour of fruitless efforts, the police were forced to unlock the handcuffs and release their suspect.

JaQuavis was baffled by the turn of events until the next day, when he received a phone call. The previous afternoon, a 15-year-old girl had been sitting in her home on the west side of Flint when she heard sirens. She looked out of the window of her bedroom, and watched a young man throw a package in the bushes behind her house. She recognized him. He was a high school classmate — a handsome, charismatic boy whom she had admired from afar. The girl crept outside and grabbed the bundle, which she hid in her basement. “I have something that belongs to you,” Ashley Snell told JaQuavis Coleman when she reached him by phone. “You wanna come over here and pick it up?”

Photo
Three of the nearly 50 works of urban fiction published by the Colemans over the last decade, often featuring drug deals, violence, sex and a brash kind of feminism.Credit Marko Metzinger

In the Colemans’ first novel, “Dirty Money” (2005), they told a version of this story. The outline was the same: the drug deal gone bad, the dope chucked in the bushes, the fateful phone call. To the extent that the authors took poetic license, it was to tone down the meet-cute improbability of the true-life events. In “Dirty Money,” the girl, Anari, and the crack dealer, Maurice, circle each other warily for a year or so before coupling up. But the facts of Ashley and JaQuavis’s romance outstripped pulp fiction. They fell in love more or less at first sight, moved into their own apartment while still in high school and were married in 2008. “We were together from the day we met,” Ashley says. “I don’t think we’ve spent more than a week apart in total over the past 14 years.”

That partnership turned out to be creative and entrepreneurial as well as romantic. Over the past decade, the Colemans have published nearly 50 books, sometimes as solo writers, sometimes under pseudonyms, but usually as collaborators with a byline that has become a trusted brand: “Ashley & JaQuavis.” They are marquee stars of urban fiction, or street lit, a genre whose inner-city settings and lurid mix of crime, sex and sensationalism have earned it comparisons to gangsta rap. The emergence of street lit is one of the big stories in recent American publishing, a juggernaut that has generated huge sales by catering to a readership — young, black and, for the most part, female — that historically has been ill-served by the book business. But the genre is also widely maligned. Street lit is subject to a kind of triple snobbery: scorned by literati who look down on genre fiction generally, ignored by a white publishing establishment that remains largely indifferent to black books and disparaged by African-American intellectuals for poor writing, coarse values and trafficking in racial stereotypes.

But if a certain kind of cultural prestige is shut off to the Colemans, they have reaped other rewards. They’ve built a large and loyal fan base, which gobbles up the new Ashley & JaQuavis titles that arrive every few months. Many of those books are sold at street-corner stands and other off-the-grid venues in African-American neighborhoods, a literary gray market that doesn’t register a blip on best-seller tallies. Yet the Colemans’ most popular series now regularly crack the trade fiction best-seller lists of The New York Times and Publishers Weekly. For years, the pair had no literary agent; they sold hundreds of thousands of books without banking a penny in royalties. Still, they have earned millions of dollars, almost exclusively from cash-for-manuscript deals negotiated directly with independent publishing houses. In short, though little known outside of the world of urban fiction, the Colemans are one of America’s most successful literary couples, a distinction they’ve achieved, they insist, because of their work’s gritty authenticity and their devotion to a primal literary virtue: the power of the ripping yarn.

“When you read our books, you’re gonna realize: ‘Ashley & JaQuavis are storytellers,’ ” says Ashley. “Our tales will get your heart pounding.”

THE COLEMANS’ HOME BASE — the cottage from which they operate their cottage industry — is a spacious four-bedroom house in a genteel suburb about 35 miles north of downtown Detroit. The house is plush, but when I visited this past winter, it was sparsely appointed. The couple had just recently moved in, and had only had time to fully furnish the bedroom of their 4-year-old son, Quaye.

In conversation, Ashley and JaQuavis exude both modesty and bravado: gratitude for their good fortune and bootstrappers’ pride in having made their own luck. They talk a lot about their time in the trenches, the years they spent as a drug dealer and “ride-or-die girl” tandem. In Flint they learned to “grind hard.” Writing, they say, is merely a more elevated kind of grind.

“Instead of hitting the block like we used to, we hit the laptops,” says Ashley. “I know what every word is worth. So while I’m writing, I’m like: ‘Okay, there’s a hundred dollars. There’s a thousand dollars. There’s five thousand dollars.’ ”

They maintain a rigorous regimen. They each try to write 5,000 words per day, five days a week. The writers stagger their shifts: JaQuavis goes to bed at 7 p.m. and wakes up early, around 3 or 4 in the morning, to work while his wife and child sleep. Ashley writes during the day, often in libraries or at Starbucks.

They divide the labor in other ways. Chapters are divvied up more or less equally, with tasks assigned according to individual strengths. (JaQuavis typically handles character development. Ashley loves writing murder scenes.) The results are stitched together, with no editorial interference from one author in the other’s text. The real work, they contend, is the brainstorming. The Colemans spend weeks mapping out their plot-driven books — long conversations that turn into elaborate diagrams on dry-erase boards. “JaQuavis and I are so close, it makes the process real easy,” says Ashley. “Sometimes when I’m thinking of something, a plot point, he’ll say it out loud, and I’m like: ‘Wait — did I say that?’ ”

Their collaboration developed by accident, and on the fly. Both were bookish teenagers. Ashley read lots of Judy Blume and John Grisham; JaQuavis liked Shakespeare, Richard Wright and “Atlas Shrugged.” (Their first official date was at a Borders bookstore, where Ashley bought “The Coldest Winter Ever,” the Sister Souljah novel often credited with kick-starting the contemporary street-lit movement.) In 2003, Ashley, then 17, was forced to terminate an ectopic pregnancy. She was bedridden for three weeks, and to provide distraction and boost her spirits, JaQuavis challenged his girlfriend to a writing contest. “She just wasn’t talking. She was laying in bed. I said, ‘You know what? I bet you I could write a better book than you.’ My wife is real competitive. So I said, ‘Yo, all right, $500 bet.’ And I saw her eyes spark, like, ‘What?! You can’t write no better book than me!’ So I wrote about three chapters. She wrote about three chapters. Two days later, we switched.”

The result, hammered out in a few days, would become “Dirty Money.” Two years later, when Ashley and JaQuavis were students at Ferris State University in Western Michigan, they sold the manuscript to Urban Books, a street-lit imprint founded by the best-selling author Carl Weber. At the time, JaQuavis was still making his living selling drugs. When Ashley got the phone call informing her that their book had been bought, she assumed they’d hit it big, and flushed more than $10,000 worth of cocaine down the toilet. Their advance was a mere $4,000.

Photo
The roots of street lit, found in the midcentury detective novels of Chester Himes and the ‘60s and ‘70s “ghetto fiction” of Iceberg Slim and Donald Goines.Credit Marko Metzinger

Those advances would soon increase, eventually reaching five and six figures. The Colemans built their career, JaQuavis says, in a manner that made sense to him as a veteran dope peddler: by flooding the street with product. From the start, they were prolific, churning out books at a rate of four or five a year. Their novels made their way into stores; the now-defunct chain Waldenbooks, which had stores in urban areas typically bypassed by booksellers, was a major engine of the street-lit market. But Ashley and JaQuavis took advantage of distribution channels established by pioneering urban fiction authors such as Teri Woods and Vickie Stringer, and a network of street-corner tables, magazine stands, corner shops and bodegas. Like rappers who establish their bona fides with gray-market mixtapes, street-lit authors use this system to circumnavigate industry gatekeepers, bringing their work straight to the genre’s core readership. But urban fiction has other aficionados, in less likely places. “Our books are so popular in the prison system,” JaQuavis says. “We’re banned in certain penitentiaries. Inmates fight over the books — there are incidents, you know? I have loved ones in jail, and they’re like: ‘Yo, your books can’t come in here. It’s against the rules.’ ”

The appeal of the Colemans’ work is not hard to fathom. The books are formulaic and taut; they deliver the expected goods efficiently and exuberantly. The titles telegraph the contents: “Diary of a Street Diva,” “Kiss Kiss, Bang Bang,” “Murderville.” The novels serve up a stream of explicit sex and violence in a slangy, tangy, profane voice. In Ashley & JaQuavis’s books people don’t get killed: they get “popped,” “laid out,” get their “cap twisted back.” The smut is constant, with emphasis on the earthy, sticky, olfactory particulars. Romance novel clichés — shuddering orgasms, heroic carnal feats, superlative sexual skill sets — are rendered in the Colemans’ punchy patois.

Subtlety, in other words, isn’t Ashley & JaQuavis’s forte. But their books do have a grainy specificity. In “The Cartel” (2008), the first novel in the Colemans’ best-selling saga of a Miami drug syndicate, they catch the sights and smells of a crack workshop in a housing project: the nostril-stinging scent of cocaine and baking soda bubbling on stovetops; the teams of women, stripped naked except for hospital masks so they can’t pilfer the merchandise, “cutting up the cooked coke on the round wood table.” The subject matter is dark, but the Colemans’ tone is not quite noir. Even in the grimmest scenes, the mood is high-spirited, with the writers palpably relishing the lewd and gory details: the bodies writhing in boudoirs and crumpling under volleys of bullets, the geysers of blood and other bodily fluids.

The luridness of street lit has made it a flashpoint, inciting controversy reminiscent of the hip-hop culture wars of the 1980s and ’90s. But the street-lit debate touches deeper historical roots, reviving decades-old arguments in black literary circles about the mandate to uplift the race and present wholesome images of African-Americans. In 1928, W. E. B. Du Bois slammed the “licentiousness” of “Home to Harlem,” Claude McKay’s rollicking novel of Harlem nightlife. McKay’s book, Du Bois wrote, “for the most part nauseates me, and after the dirtier parts of its filth I feel distinctly like taking a bath.” Similar sentiments have greeted 21st-century street lit. In a 2006 New York Times Op-Ed essay, the journalist and author Nick Chiles decried “the sexualization and degradation of black fiction.” African-American bookstores, Chiles complained, are “overrun with novels that . . . appeal exclusively to our most prurient natures — as if these nasty books were pairing off back in the stockrooms like little paperback rabbits and churning out even more graphic offspring that make Ralph Ellison books cringe into a dusty corner.”

Copulating paperbacks aside, it’s clear that the street-lit debate is about more than literature, touching on questions of paternalism versus populism, and on middle-class anxieties about the black underclass. “It’s part and parcel of black elites’ efforts to define not only a literary tradition, but a racial politics,” said Kinohi Nishikawa, an assistant professor of English and African-American Studies at Princeton University. “There has always been a sense that because African-Americans’ opportunities to represent themselves are so limited in the first place, any hint of criminality or salaciousness would necessarily be a knock on the entire racial politics. One of the pressing debates about African-American literature today is: If we can’t include writers like Ashley & JaQuavis, to what extent is the foundation of our thinking about black literature faulty? Is it just a literature for elites? Or can it be inclusive, bringing urban fiction under the purview of our umbrella term ‘African-American literature’?”

Defenders of street lit note that the genre has a pedigree: a tradition of black pulp fiction that stretches from Chester Himes, the midcentury author of hardboiled Harlem detective stories, to the 1960s and ’70s “ghetto fiction” of Iceberg Slim and Donald Goines, to the current wave of urban fiction authors. Others argue for street lit as a social good, noting that it attracts a large audience that might otherwise never read at all. Scholars like Nishikawa link street lit to recent studies showing increased reading among African-Americans. A 2014 Pew Research Center report found that a greater percentage of black Americans are book readers than whites or Latinos.

For their part, the Colemans place their work in the broader black literary tradition. “You have Maya Angelou, Alice Walker, James Baldwin — all of these traditional black writers, who wrote about the struggles of racism, injustice, inequality,” says Ashley. “We’re writing about the struggle as it happens now. It’s just a different struggle. I’m telling my story. I’m telling the struggle of a black girl from Flint, Michigan, who grew up on welfare.”

Photo
The Colemans in their new four-bedroom house in the northern suburbs of Detroit.Credit Courtesy of Ashley and JaQuavis Coleman

Perhaps there is a high-minded case to be made for street lit. But the virtues of Ashley & JaQuavis’s work are more basic. Their novels do lack literary polish. The writing is not graceful; there are passages of clunky exposition and sex scenes that induce guffaws and eye rolls. But the pleasure quotient is high. The books flaunt a garish brand of feminism, with women characters cast not just as vixens, but also as gangsters — cold-blooded killers, “murder mamas.” The stories are exceptionally well-plotted. “The Cartel” opens by introducing its hero, the crime boss Carter Diamond; on page 9, a gunshot spatters Diamond’s brain across the interior of a police cruiser. The book then flashes back seven years and begins to hurtle forward again — a bullet train, whizzing readers through shifting alliances, romantic entanglements and betrayals, kidnappings, shootouts with Haitian and Dominican gangsters, and a cliffhanger closing scene that leaves the novel’s heroine tied to a chair in a basement, gruesomely tortured to the edge of death. Ashley & JaQuavis’s books are not Ralph Ellison, certainly, but they build up quite a head of steam. They move.

The Colemans are moving themselves these days. They recently signed a deal with St. Martin’s Press, which will bring out the next installment in the “Cartel” series as well as new solo series by both writers. The St. Martin’s deal is both lucrative and legitimizing — a validation of Ashley and JaQuavis’s work by one of publishing’s most venerable houses. The Colemans’ ambitions have grown, as well. A recent trilogy, “Murderville,” tackles human trafficking and the blood-diamond industry in West Africa, with storylines that sweep from Sierra Leone to Mexico to Los Angeles. Increasingly, Ashley & JaQuavis are leaning on research — traveling to far-flung settings and hitting the books in the libraries — and spending less time mining their own rough-and-tumble past.

But Flint remains a source of inspiration. One evening not long ago, JaQuavis led me on a tour of his hometown: a popular roadside bar; the parking lot where he met the undercover cop for the ill-fated drug deal; Ashley’s old house, the site of his almost-arrest. He took me to a ramshackle vehicle repair shop on Flint’s west side, where he worked as a kid, washing cars. He showed me a bathroom at the rear of the garage, where, at age 12, he sneaked away to inspect the first “boulder” of crack that he ever sold. A spray-painted sign on the garage wall, which JaQuavis remembered from his time at the car wash, offered words of warning:

WHAT EVERY YOUNG MAN SHOULD KNOW
ABOUT USING A GUN:
MURDER . . . 30 Years
ARMED ROBBERY . . . 15 Years
ASSAULT . . . 15 Years
RAPE . . . 20 Years
POSSESSION . . . 5 Years
JACKING . . . 20 YEARS

“We still love Flint, Michigan,” JaQuavis says. “It’s so seedy, so treacherous. But there’s some heart in this city. This is where it all started, selling books out the box. In the days when we would get those little $40,000 advances, they’d send us a couple boxes of books for free. We would hit the streets to sell our books, right out of the car trunk. It was a hustle. It still is.”

One old neighborhood asset that the Colemans have not shaken off is swagger. “My wife is the best female writer in the game,” JaQuavis told me. “I believe I’m the best male writer in the game. I’m sleeping next to the best writer in the world. And she’s doing the same.”

 
From T Magazine: Street Lit’s Power Couple | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Richard Suzman, 72, Dies; Researcher Influenced Global Surveys on Aging

At the National Institutes of Health, Dr. Suzman’s signature accomplishment was the central role he played in creating a global network of surveys on aging.

Richard Suzman, 72, Dies; Researcher Influenced Global Surveys on Aging | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Joseph Lechleider, a Father of the DSL Internet Technology, Dies at 82

Joseph Lechleider

Mr. Lechleider helped invent DSL technology, which enabled phone companies to offer high-speed web access over their infrastructure of copper wires.

Joseph Lechleider, a Father of the DSL Internet Technology, Dies at 82 | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Ghostly Voices From Thomas Edison’s Dolls Can Now Be Heard

Though Robin and Joan Rolfs owned two rare talking dolls manufactured by Thomas Edison’s phonograph company in 1890, they did not dare play the wax cylinder records tucked inside each one.

The Rolfses, longtime collectors of Edison phonographs, knew that if they turned the cranks on the dolls’ backs, the steel phonograph needle might damage or destroy the grooves of the hollow, ring-shaped cylinder. And so for years, the dolls sat side by side inside a display cabinet, bearers of a message from the dawn of sound recording that nobody could hear.

In 1890, Edison’s dolls were a flop; production lasted only six weeks. Children found them difficult to operate and more scary than cuddly. The recordings inside, which featured snippets of nursery rhymes, wore out quickly.

Yet sound historians say the cylinders were the first entertainment records ever made, and the young girls hired to recite the rhymes were the world’s first recording artists.

Year after year, the Rolfses asked experts if there might be a safe way to play the recordings. Then a government laboratory developed a method to play fragile records without touching them.

Audio

The technique relies on a microscope to create images of the grooves in exquisite detail. A computer approximates — with great accuracy — the sounds that would have been created by a needle moving through those grooves.

In 2014, the technology was made available for the first time outside the laboratory.

“The fear all along is that we don’t want to damage these records. We don’t want to put a stylus on them,” said Jerry Fabris, the curator of the Thomas Edison Historical Park in West Orange, N.J. “Now we have the technology to play them safely.”

Last month, the Historical Park posted online three never-before-heard Edison doll recordings, including the two from the Rolfses’ collection. “There are probably more out there, and we’re hoping people will now get them digitized,” Mr. Fabris said.

The technology, which is known as Irene (Image, Reconstruct, Erase Noise, Etc.), was developed by the particle physicist Carl Haber and the engineer Earl Cornell at Lawrence Berkeley. Irene extracts sound from cylinder and disk records. It can also reconstruct audio from recordings so badly damaged they were deemed unplayable.

“We are now hearing sounds from history that I did not expect to hear in my lifetime,” Mr. Fabris said.

The Rolfses said they were not sure what to expect in August when they carefully packed their two Edison doll cylinders, still attached to their motors, and drove from their home in Hortonville, Wis., to the National Document Conservation Center in Andover, Mass. The center had recently acquired Irene technology.

Audio

Cylinders carry sound in a spiral groove cut by a phonograph recording needle that vibrates up and down, creating a surface made of tiny hills and valleys. In the Irene set-up, a microscope perched above the shaft takes thousands of high-resolution images of small sections of the grooves.

Stitched together, the images provide a topographic map of the cylinder’s surface, charting changes in depth as small as one five-hundredth the thickness of a human hair. Pitch, volume and timbre are all encoded in the hills and valleys and the speed at which the record is played.

At the conservation center, the preservation specialist Mason Vander Lugt attached one of the cylinders to the end of a rotating shaft. Huddled around a computer screen, the Rolfses first saw the wiggly waveform generated by Irene. Then came the digital audio. The words were at first indistinct, but as Mr. Lugt filtered out more of the noise, the rhyme became clearer.

“That was the Eureka moment,” Mr. Rolfs said.

In 1890, a girl in Edison’s laboratory had recited:

There was a little girl,

And she had a little curl

Audio

Right in the middle of her forehead.

When she was good,

She was very, very good.

But when she was bad, she was horrid.

Recently, the conservation center turned up another surprise.

In 2010, the Woody Guthrie Foundation received 18 oversize phonograph disks from an anonymous donor. No one knew if any of the dirt-stained recordings featured Guthrie, but Tiffany Colannino, then the foundation’s archivist, had stored them unplayed until she heard about Irene.

Last fall, the center extracted audio from one of the records, labeled “Jam Session 9” and emailed the digital file to Ms. Colannino.

“I was just sitting in my dining room, and the next thing I know, I’m hearing Woody,” she said. In between solo performances of “Ladies Auxiliary,” “Jesus Christ,” and “Dead or Alive,” Guthrie tells jokes, offers some back story, and makes the audience laugh. “It is quintessential Guthrie,” Ms. Colannino said.

The Rolfses’ dolls are back in the display cabinet in Wisconsin. But with audio stored on several computers, they now have a permanent voice.

Ghostly Voices From Thomas Edison’s Dolls Can Now Be Heard | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

ay 4, 2015 ‘Game of Thrones’ Q&A: Keisha Castle-Hughes on the Tao of the Sand Snakes

“It was really nice to play with other women and not have this underlying tone of being at each other’s throats.”

ay 4, 2015 ‘Game of Thrones’ Q&A: Keisha Castle-Hughes on the Tao of the Sand Snakes | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Marcel Pronovost, 84, Dies; Hall of Famer Shared in Five N.H.L. Titles

Pronovost, who played for the Red Wings, was not a prolific scorer, but he was a consummate team player with bruising checks and fearless bursts up the ice that could puncture a defense.

Marcel Pronovost, 84, Dies; Hall of Famer Shared in Five N.H.L. Titles | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

paket berangkat umroh februari di Ciracas jakarta
biaya umrah ramadhan di Bambu Apus jakarta
harga berangkat umrah akhir tahun di Pondok Kelapa jakarta
biaya paket umrah maret di Kampung Melayu jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umrah desember di Cakung jakarta
harga paket berangkat umrah februari di Utan Kayu Selatan jakarta
paket promo umroh maret di Pulo Gadung jakarta
harga paket berangkat umroh desember di Klender jakarta
biaya paket umrah ramadhan bekasi utara
biaya berangkat umrah akhir tahun di Kayu Putih jakarta
promo umrah ramadhan depok
biaya paket umrah juni di Cipayung jakarta
paket promo berangkat umroh ramadhan di Pulo Gadung jakarta
biaya umroh juni di Jatinegara jakarta
harga paket umrah juni di Jati jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umrah akhir tahun di Pondok Kopi jakarta
harga berangkat umrah mei di Balekambang jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umrah akhir tahun di Kramat Jati jakarta
paket promo berangkat umrah januari di Pisangan Baru jakarta
paket promo umrah awal tahun bekasi timur
harga paket berangkat umroh maret di Dukuh jakarta
harga berangkat umrah juni di Kalisari jakarta
harga umroh maret di Ciracas jakarta
harga berangkat umroh maret bogor
harga berangkat umroh april di Kayu Putih jakarta
biaya umroh akhir tahun di Dukuh jakarta
harga berangkat umrah juni di Pondok Bambu jakarta
harga paket umroh juni bekasi timur
harga paket umrah desember di Cawang jakarta
biaya paket umroh mei di Kampung Melayu jakarta
promo berangkat umrah desember di Balekambang jakarta
paket umrah desember tangerang
paket umroh desember bogor
biaya berangkat umrah april di Matraman jakarta
paket umrah awal tahun di Rawamangun jakarta
harga paket berangkat umrah ramadhan di Lubang Buaya jakarta
harga paket berangkat umroh desember di Kramat Jati jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umrah maret di Utan Kayu Utara jakarta
biaya umrah april di Jatinegara jakarta
harga umroh ramadhan bogor
biaya umrah desember di Kayu Putih jakarta
paket promo umrah akhir tahun di Kebon Manggis jakarta
biaya umrah awal tahun di Cawang jakarta
harga berangkat umrah awal tahun bekasi utara
harga paket umroh akhir tahun di Jati jakarta
promo berangkat umroh akhir tahun di Pondok Ranggon jakarta
paket promo umroh juni di Pal Meriam jakarta
harga paket berangkat umrah juni di Ciracas jakarta
harga berangkat umrah mei di Kayu Manis jakarta
promo umrah april di Pekayon jakarta
promo berangkat umrah mei di Kramat Jati jakarta
paket promo umrah desember di Cakung Barat jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umrah februari bekasi timur
harga paket umroh februari di Pasar Rebo jakarta
harga paket umrah mei bogor
promo berangkat umroh mei di Ujung Menteng jakarta
biaya berangkat umrah januari di Kramat Jati jakarta
paket umroh februari di Lubang Buaya jakarta
paket berangkat umroh juni di Rawa Bunga jakarta
harga paket berangkat umrah maret di Kayu Putih jakarta
promo berangkat umrah april di Utan Kayu Utara jakarta
harga umroh juni di Ciracas jakarta
paket umrah ramadhan di Pisangan Timur jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umrah april di Cipayung jakarta
harga berangkat umroh awal tahun bekasi selatan
paket berangkat umrah februari depok
biaya paket berangkat umrah januari bekasi timur
harga berangkat umroh desember di Munjul jakarta
paket promo umrah mei di Cipinang jakarta
paket promo berangkat umroh februari di Kelapa Dua Wetan jakarta
biaya berangkat umroh februari di Jatinegara jakarta
biaya paket umroh april di Pondok Kelapa jakarta
paket berangkat umroh februari di Cipayung jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umrah akhir tahun di Cipayung jakarta
paket promo berangkat umroh januari di Pisangan Timur jakarta
harga umrah januari di Cakung Timur jakarta
promo umrah februari di Kelapa Dua Wetan jakarta
biaya umrah mei di Setu jakarta
paket berangkat umroh maret di Cipayung jakarta
paket berangkat umrah mei di Pondok Ranggon jakarta
paket umroh januari di Makasar jakarta
paket promo berangkat umrah ramadhan di Malaka Jaya jakarta
paket berangkat umroh mei di Cipayung jakarta
harga paket umroh april di Cipinang Cempedak jakarta
paket promo umroh februari di Lubang Buaya jakarta
promo berangkat umroh februari di Susukan jakarta
harga berangkat umrah akhir tahun di Cililitan jakarta
promo umrah januari di Cipinang Muara jakarta
harga paket berangkat umroh januari di Ciracas jakarta
harga paket berangkat umroh juni di Bambu Apus jakarta
biaya umrah februari di Cipinang Melayu jakarta
paket umrah april di Bidaracina jakarta
biaya umroh akhir tahun di Cipinang jakarta
harga paket berangkat umroh akhir tahun di Kramat Jati jakarta
paket promo umroh akhir tahun di Kelapa Dua Wetan jakarta
biaya berangkat umroh akhir tahun di Rawamangun jakarta
promo umrah februari di Utan Kayu Utara jakarta
harga berangkat umrah maret depok
promo berangkat umrah akhir tahun di Bali Mester jakarta
harga paket berangkat umrah awal tahun di Penggilingan jakarta