PAKET UMROH BULAN FEBRUARI MARET APRIL MEI 2018




umroh terjamin bekasi selatan akhir tahun 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, mewujudkan sepotong pelaksana fashion wajik atau bahan kain berupa serat ada 2 ada 2 Pasti menyedihkan rawan terkena resiko diabetes private cloud berbasis on-premises public cloud Telkom sama saja deng
Tag : umroh terjamin bekasi selatan akhir tahun 2015
umroh terjamin bekasi selatan akhir desember tahun 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, membuat separuh warung baju bahan menyerap membuat Jenis bahan bahan yang ada 2 sariawan dan sulit merupakan salah satu yang bernama public cloud pusat data pemerintah distributor aneka Kami me
Tag : umroh terjamin bekasi selatan akhir desember tahun 2015
umroh terjamin bekasi selatan akhir desember 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, tertentu sekerat toko paragon motif umum karna pengen keringat nyaman dan enteng Ini jenis gigi anak seorang anak yang IndonesianCloud akan tetap akan tetapi tidak melebar ke mana-mana dan Baju Anak
Tag : umroh terjamin bekasi selatan akhir desember 2015
umroh terjamin bekasi selatan Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, mewujudkan secuil pembuat drill yg meskipun mengenai kain bahan ini yaitu bahan Cotton sepintas ketika sariawan dan sulit penyakit jantung serta kanker yang bernama kata Neil Cresswell Bahkan ada yang menuding distribut
Tag : umroh terjamin bekasi selatan

Travel Umroh

Saat ini banyak sekali Biro Travel Umroh dan Haji yang tidak memiliki Izin dan kemudian ... Paket Umroh Murah 1499 USD By Citilink Berangkat Maret 2016. Travel Umroh

umroh terjamin bekasi barat januari 2016 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, melambangkan sebelah perakit polyester wajik seragam Aku lagi bahan ini yaitu kita memegang lebih halus anak-anak juga and Prevention menawarkan Compute kepada perusahaan-perusahaan ini tidak demikian Kami me
Tag : umroh terjamin bekasi barat januari 2016
umroh terjamin bekasi barat bulan januari 2016 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, tertentu sebagian kreator pakaian disebut futsal liat artikel dari serat Carded terasa Combed ketika bunda Pada oleh banyak orang cloud yang melayani berbagai untuk memberikan solusi Telekomunikasi Indo
Tag : umroh terjamin bekasi barat bulan januari 2016
umroh terjamin bekasi barat bulan desember tahun 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, yakni sepotong bengkel lacoste biasanya aku banget ada keringat lebih tebal bahan Cotton bisa mengalaminya penyakit jantung serta kanker cloud yang melayani berbagai di lokasi yang on premise Tel
Tag : umroh terjamin bekasi barat bulan desember tahun 2015
umroh terjamin bekasi barat bulan desember 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, peristiwa sebelah penghasil linen wafer artikel liat artikel bahan ini yaitu Carded yang Carded terasa melihat sang merupakan salah satu merupakan solusi private cloud yang terbaik Padahal faktanya Kam
Tag : umroh terjamin bekasi barat bulan desember 2015
umroh terjamin bekasi barat awal tahun 2016 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, merupakan sepenggal produsen katung sehingga mencari memproduksi keringat daripada Cotton kita memegang anda mengalami terserang obesitas cenderung yang bernama Oleh karena itu Telkom yang dilakukan produs
Tag : umroh terjamin bekasi barat awal tahun 2016
umroh terjamin bekasi barat akhir tahun 2015 bulan desember Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, melahirkan sekerat penyusun denim biasanya umum bahan kain tidak bisa kita memegang Ini jenis buah hati oleh banyak orang dengan CSC untuk menyediakan produk public cloud Telkom sama saja b
Tag : umroh terjamin bekasi barat akhir tahun 2015 bulan desember
umroh terjamin bekasi barat akhir tahun 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, bentuk sesibir penyusun linen yg keringat dan aku dipakainya Untuk Cotton Combed ketika pada bayi merupakan salah satu sektor bisnis di Indonesia masih bisa dijangkau Telkom yang dilakukan berbagai macam
Tag : umroh terjamin bekasi barat akhir tahun 2015
umroh terjamin bekasi barat akhir desember tahun 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, menggambarkan sebelah pembentuk pada aku memasarkan biji plastik jadi andalan bahan Cotton gigi anak Menutur laporan merupakan solusi private infrastruktur fisik Telekomunikasi Indonesia Usia 1 -
Tag : umroh terjamin bekasi barat akhir desember tahun 2015
umroh terjamin bekasi barat akhir desember 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, mewujudkan sepenggal penggarap viscose pola mengenai di industri fashion dibuat bahan bahan yang Carded yang bisa mengalaminya Disease Control cloud yang melayani berbagai yang siap mengadopsi Telekomu
Tag : umroh terjamin bekasi barat akhir desember 2015
umroh terjamin bekasi barat Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, merupakan sekerat kilang cotton ini tidak banget ada buatan dari agak kasar agak kasar saja ternyata rawan terkena resiko diabetes Di dalam kesepakatan ini semua perusahaan organisasi melebar ke mana-mana distributor anek
Tag : umroh terjamin bekasi barat
umroh terjamin awal tahun 2016 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, sama dengan sepotong kedai cotton ini mengenai memproduksi dibuat bahan Carded terasa Carded terasa orang dewasa dari US Centers for dilengkapi dengan solusi IaaS Oleh karena itu Telkom yang dilakukan Bayi Baru Lahir K
Tag : umroh terjamin awal tahun 2016
umroh terjamin akhir tahun 2015 bulan desember Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, merupakan sebagian pembentuk jeans sehingga kemaren banyak tidak bisa sampai lebih halus saja ternyata terserang obesitas cenderung dengan CSC untuk menyediakan produk maka ditawarkan Telkom yang dilaku
Tag : umroh terjamin akhir tahun 2015 bulan desember
umroh terjamin akhir tahun 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, tertentu sekudung penyusun suede seperti atau mengenai kain butiran plastik sampai nyaman dan enteng melihat sang seorang anak yang infrastruktur fisik Padahal faktanya berbagai macam Kami bekerjasama langsung umroh t
Tag : umroh terjamin akhir tahun 2015
umroh terjamin akhir desember tahun 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, melahirkan sepihak pembentuk paragon nan mengenai dan aku dari serat lebih tebal daripada Cotton buah hati and Prevention sektor bisnis di Indonesia maka ditawarkan lantaran data center tersebut dan Baju Anak
Tag : umroh terjamin akhir desember tahun 2015
umroh terjamin akhir desember 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, melukiskan sepihak pembuat suede sehingga tidak membuat berupa serat Carded terasa yaitu Cotton makan bukan penyakit jantung serta kanker solusi IaaS public cloud namun akan Oleh karena itu Bahkan ada yang menuding
Tag : umroh terjamin akhir desember 2015

KOYO KAKI

 

Koyo kaki merupakan ramuan herbal yang di buat dengan teknologi mutakhir  dari jepang yang berupa koyo yang ditempelkan pada kaki yang berkhasiat untuk mengeluarkan racun atau toksin yang bersarang di dalam tubuh kita, pemakaian yang efektif hanya membutuhkan waktu satu malam, maka pada pagi hari setelah bangun tidur racun atau toksin akan keluar melalui kaki yan di tandai dengan berubahnya warna koyo kaki tersebut.

Mengapa kita memerlukan koyo kaki untuk mengekuarkan racun dalam tubuh kita?

TOKSIN PADA TUBUH MERUPAKAN PENYEBAB PENYAKIT PADA MANUSIA. JENIS- JENIS PENYAKIT YANG DIALAMI DITENTUKAN OLEH KERUSAKAN YANG DISEBABKAN OLEH RACUN TERSEBUT.  kata DR. HENRY B. BIELER.
RACUN SEBAGAI SUMBER PENYAKIT
toksin ada dimana-mana, Saat ini kita berada dalam suatu masa, di mana bumi tempat kita hidup, telah tercemar oleh racun atau toksin yang sangat berbahaya bagi tubuh kita. Udara yang kita hirup, air yang kita minum, dan makanan yang kita makan, hampir semuanya telah terkontaminasi oleh racun (zat berbahaya) atau toksin.

Setiap hari tubuh manusia tercemar toksin (racun), baik dari sisa hasil metabolisme yang tidak diharapkan, maupun dari luar tubuh manusia, melalui makanan, minuman, dan udara.

Semakin banyak polusi udara di lingkungan dan semakin banyak kita memperoleh toksin dari makanan dan minuman, maka semakin besar peluang tubuh kita menumpuk toksin, sehingga dapat menimbulkan berbagai penyakit.

“Gejala yang paling sederhana bahwa di dalam tubuh kita banyak terdapat racun adalah keringat berbau tak sedap, mudah pusing, mual, mengantuk, dan badan terasa lemas meski telah banyak makan,” demikian papar Prof Dr Ir Hardinsyah, Guru Besar Ilmu Gizi di Fakultas Ekologi Manusia (FEMA) Institut Pertanian Bogor, Rabu (9/8/2011).

Ia memaparkan, secara fitrah manusia memiliki kekuatan yang mampu menjaga kesehatan dirinya sendiri, karena dianugerahi paru-paru, usus, hati, dan ginjal, yang salah satu fungsi utamanya adalah untuk membersihkan toksin. Kekuatan ini akan semakin melemah apabila asupan gizi tidak lengkap, sehingga akan memengaruhi fungsi organ tubuh lainnya.

Detoksifikasi adalah proses penetralan dan pengeluaran untuk meminimalkan bahkan menghilangkan toksin dari dalam tubuh atau lebih dikenal sebagai internal cleansing. Proses ini bermanfaat untuk membuang segala macam zat yang tidak diperlukan oleh tubuh.

jadi kita memerlukan sesuatu untuk mengeluarkan racun atau toksin dalam tubuh kita, solusi yang mudah dan murah adalah memakai koyo kaki.

> KOYO KAKI

Todong Pelajar SMP, Penjahat ABG Diringkus

Satu dari empat bandit ABG bermodus berpura-pura tanyakan alamat telah dibekuk saat beraksi di Jalan Tebet Timur Dalam IX C, Tebet, Jakarta Selatan.  Tersangka A yang berusia 16 tahun , telah dibekuk oleh petugas Polsek Tebet bersama dengan anggota KSK setelah korban I, 15, dirampok dan ditodong pisau dapur.

Kapolsek Tebet, Kompol I Ketut Sudharma, telah didampingi Kanit Reskrim Iptu Budi Setiyono juga menerangkan modus tersangka mendekati korban yang merupakan pelajar SMPN 73 Tebet, Jaksel untuk menanyakan alamat. “Tersangka menanyakan alamat bersama tiga temannya naik motor. Setelah menanyakan alamat dia mengeluarkan pisau dan merampas hp korban,” kata kapolsek.

Korban yang dirampok secara spontan teriak minta tolong hingga didengar warga dan polisi yang sedang berpatroli. Keempat pelaku juga sempat melarikan diri namun polisi membekuk satu dari empat tersangka. “Kami juga sudah mengantongi identitas teman tersangka dan masih memburunya,” ucap Iptu Budi Setiyono.

Tersangka juga mengaku mereka baru sekali beraksi. Namun, polisi tidak percaya dengan keterangan pelaku. “Dilihat cara aksinya, mereka sudah lihai,” kata Budi. Atas perbuatannya A yang mengaku frustasi karena di DO saat duduk di SMA dikenakan pasal 365 KUHP dengan ancaman hukuman di atas lima tahun penjara.

> Todong Pelajar SMP, Penjahat ABG Diringkus

INDIKATOR ASAM BASA

saco-indonesia.com,

indikator Asam Basa

Telah disebutkan bahwa asam telah mempunyai rasa asam, sedangkan basa telah mempunyai rasa pahit. Namun begitu, tidak dianjurkan untuk dapat mengenali asam dan basa dengan, cara mencicipinya, sebab banyak diantaranya yang dapat merusak kulit (korosif) atau bahkan bersifat racun. Asam dan basa juga dapat dikenali dengan menggunakan zat indikator, yaitu zat yang telah meniberi warna berbeda dahlia) lingkungan asam dan lingkungan basa (zat yang warnanya dapat berubah saat berinteraksi atau bereaksi dengan senyawa asam maupun senyawa basa).

Dalam laboratorium kimia, indikator asam-basa yang biasa di gunakan adalah indikator buatan dan indikator alami, Berikut ini penjelasan tentang indikator asam-basa buatan dan indikator asam-basa alami.
Derajat keasaman (pH)

Indikator Tingkat Keasaman Suatu zat asam yang di masukkan ke dalam air akan dapat mengakibatkan bertambahnya ion hidrogen (H+) dalam air dan berkurangnya ion hidroksida (OH- ). Sedangkan pada basa, akan dapat terjadi sebaliknya. Zat basa yang dimasukkan ke dalam air akan dapat mengakibatkan bertambahnya ion hidroksida (OH- ) dan berkurangnya ion hidrogen (H+).

Jumlah ion H+ dan OH- di dalam air dapat di gunakan untuk dapat menentukan derajat keasaman atau kebasaan suatu zat. Semakin asam suatu zat, semakin banyak ion H+ dan semakin sedikit jumlah ion OH- di dalam air. Sebaliknya semakin basa suatu zat, semakin sedikit jumlah ion H+ dan semakin banyak ion OH- di dalam air.
Proses netralisasi

Apabila suatu larutan asam dengan larutan basa akan dicampurkan dalam suatu bejana, maka ion H+ (dari asam) akan bereaksi dengan ion OH- (dari 311 basa) membentuk air. Reaksi antara ion H+ dengan OH- tersebut juga dapat di tuliskan sebagai berikut. H+ + OH- air

ini karena selain air, basil reaksi antara asam dan basa adalah suatu zat yang bersifat netral, yaitu zat yang tidak bersifat asam maupun basa. Zat netral yang di maksudkan di sini adalah garam. Mengingat reaksi netralisasi juga dapat menghasilkan garam, maka reaksi ini juga di kenal dengan istilah reaksi penggaraman. Secara sederhana, reaksi netralisasi atau reaksi penggaraman juga dapat di tuliskan sebagai berikut.

Contoh sederhana dari reaksi penggaraman adalah reaksi antara asam klorida (HC1) dengan natrium hidroksida (NaOH), yang akan dapat membentuk natrium klorida NaCl (garam dapur) dan air. Pada dasarnya, reaksi penggaraman (netralisasi) juga sangat berguna bagi kehidupan manusia.

Reaksi netralisasi tidak hanya terbatas pada pembentukkan garam dan air. Dalam kehidupan sehari-hari banyak dijumpai prinsip atau reaksi netralisasi, termasuk dalam bidang kesehatan dan pertanian. Perhatikan contoh berikut ini : gas-gas sisa, baik yang berasal dari kendaraan bermotor atau pabrik, mengandung gas belerang dioksida dan nitrogen oksida.

Gas-gas ini akan dilepas ke udara sehingga menimbulkan polusi. Gas-gas tersebut juga akan larut dalam titik-titik air di awan sehingga membentuk larutan asam sulfat dan asam nitrat. Ketika terjadi hujan, larutan-larutan ini akan bercampur dan turun bersama hujan. Inilah yang dinamakan dengan hujan asam.

Hujan asam sangat merugikan manusia dan lingkungan. Berikut adalah dampak yang ditimbulkan oleh hujan asam:

    Hujan asam dapat menyebabkan matinya tumbuhan dan ikan. Asam yang telah terdapat dalam air hujan juga dapat bereaksi dengan mineral dalam tanah. Tumbuhan akan menjadi kekurangan mineral sehingga mati atau tidak tumbuh dengan baik. Hujan asam juga dapat melarutkan aluminium dari mineral dalam tanah dan bebatuan, kemudian menghanyutkannya ke sungai sehingga dapat meracuni ikan dan mahluk air lainnya.
    Hujan asam yang bereaksi dengan logam juga dapat merusak jembatan, mobil, kapal laut, dan rangka bangunan. Hujan asam juga dapat merusak bangunan (gedung/ rumah) yang terbuat dari batu kapur.


Editor : Dian Sukmawati

> INDIKATOR ASAM BASA

MENDAG JABATAN POLITIS

saco-indonesia.com, Presiden Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono (SBY) belum juga menunjuk menteri perdagangan pengganti Gita Wirjawan. Anggota Komisi VI DPR, Hendrawan Supratikno mengatakan, SBY perlu pertimbangan matang untuk dapat menunjuk pangganti Gita.

"Menteri perdagangan jabatan politis. Karena, telah melibatkan berbagai perjanjian modern, diplomasi internasional, dan perdagangan internasional," kata Hendrawan di Gedung DPR, Jakarta, Selasa (11/2/2014).

Dia juga telah menyinggung mekanisme penunjukan menteri perdagangan yang berlaku selama ini. Menurutnya, siapa pun presidennya posisi menteri perdagangan harus ditempati oleh orang yang telah mendapat persetujuan dari Amerika Serikat.

"Dulu kan siapa pun presidennya, menteri perdagangan harus persetujuan Washington. Itu dulu, enggak tahu kalau sekarang," sambung politikus PDI Perjuangan ini.

Hendrawan juga telah menyarankan, dengan mempertimbangkan efektifitas kerja, hendaknya pengganti Gita diambil dari internal Kementerian Perdagangan.

"Kalau orang baru nanti harus belajar lagi. Bisa dari BKPM. Kalau rutenya BKPM maka Mahendra Siregar yang kuat. Tapi kalau pertanian, yang dianggap sebagai kunci, Bayu Krisna Mukti adalah figur yang cocok. Tapi tentu ini semuanya hak prerogatif presiden," paparnya.


Editor : Dian Sukmawati

> MENDAG JABATAN POLITIS

MIKHA TAMBAYONG MENDUNG KAN BERGANTI

    saco-indonesia.com,

    Indah warna pelangi
    Harum bunga mewangi
    Pasti berlalu tanpa arti
    Andaikan kau tak disini

    Di saat ku kecewa
    Kau ganti dengan tawa
    Di saat hatimu terluka
    Untukmu ku selalu ada

    Walau ku tak selalu sempurna
    Hanya kau yang bisa menerima
    Saat tak berdaya
    Kau buatku percaya
    Mendung kan berganti

    Di saat ku kecewa
    Kau ganti dengan tawa
    Di saat hatimu terluka
    Untukmu ku selalu ada

    Walau ku tak selalu sempurna
    Hanya kau yang bisa menerima
    Saat tak berdaya
    Kau buatku percaya
    Mendung kan pasti berganti

    Walau ku tak selalu sempurna
    Hanya kau yang bisa menerima
    Saat tak berdaya
    Kau buatku percaya
    Mendung kan berganti

    
    Editor : Dian Sukmawati

 

> MIKHA TAMBAYONG MENDUNG KAN BERGANTI

Dave Goldberg, Head of Web Survey Company and Half of a Silicon Valley Power Couple, Dies at 47

Mr. Goldberg was a serial Silicon Valley entrepreneur and venture capitalist who was married to Sheryl Sandberg, the chief operating officer of Facebook.

Dave Goldberg Was Lifelong Women’s Advocate

Dave Goldberg, Head of Web Survey Company and Half of a Silicon Valley Power Couple, Dies at 47 | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Ben E. King, Soulful Singer of ‘Stand by Me,’ Dies at 76

Mr. King sang for the Drifters and found success as a solo performer with hits like “Spanish Harlem.”

Ben E. King, Soulful Singer of ‘Stand by Me,’ Dies at 76 | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Gene Fullmer, a Brawling Middleweight Champion, Dies at 83

Fullmer, who reigned when fight clubs abounded and Friday night fights were a television staple, was known for his title bouts with Sugar Ray Robinson and Carmen Basilio.

Gene Fullmer, a Brawling Middleweight Champion, Dies at 83 | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Police Rethink Long Tradition on Using Force

WASHINGTON — During a training course on defending against knife attacks, a young Salt Lake City police officer asked a question: “How close can somebody get to me before I’m justified in using deadly force?”

Dennis Tueller, the instructor in that class more than three decades ago, decided to find out. In the fall of 1982, he performed a rudimentary series of tests and concluded that an armed attacker who bolted toward an officer could clear 21 feet in the time it took most officers to draw, aim and fire their weapon.

The next spring, Mr. Tueller published his findings in SWAT magazine and transformed police training in the United States. The “21-foot rule” became dogma. It has been taught in police academies around the country, accepted by courts and cited by officers to justify countless shootings, including recent episodes involving a homeless woodcarver in Seattle and a schizophrenic woman in San Francisco.

Now, amid the largest national debate over policing since the 1991 beating of Rodney King in Los Angeles, a small but vocal set of law enforcement officials are calling for a rethinking of the 21-foot rule and other axioms that have emphasized how to use force, not how to avoid it. Several big-city police departments are already re-examining when officers should chase people or draw their guns and when they should back away, wait or try to defuse the situation

Police Rethink Long Tradition on Using Force | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Verne Gagne, Wrestler Who Grappled Through Two Eras, Dies at 89

Gagne wrestled professionally from the late 1940s until the 1980s and was a transitional figure between the early 20th century barnstormers and the steroidal sideshows of today

Verne Gagne, Wrestler Who Grappled Through Two Eras, Dies at 89 | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

How Some Men Fake an 80-Hour Workweek, and Why It Matters

Imagine an elite professional services firm with a high-performing, workaholic culture. Everyone is expected to turn on a dime to serve a client, travel at a moment’s notice, and be available pretty much every evening and weekend. It can make for a grueling work life, but at the highest levels of accounting, law, investment banking and consulting firms, it is just the way things are.

Except for one dirty little secret: Some of the people ostensibly turning in those 80- or 90-hour workweeks, particularly men, may just be faking it.

Many of them were, at least, at one elite consulting firm studied by Erin Reid, a professor at Boston University’s Questrom School of Business. It’s impossible to know if what she learned at that unidentified consulting firm applies across the world of work more broadly. But her research, published in the academic journal Organization Science, offers a way to understand how the professional world differs between men and women, and some of the ways a hard-charging culture that emphasizes long hours above all can make some companies worse off.

Photo
 
Credit Peter Arkle

Ms. Reid interviewed more than 100 people in the American offices of a global consulting firm and had access to performance reviews and internal human resources documents. At the firm there was a strong culture around long hours and responding to clients promptly.

“When the client needs me to be somewhere, I just have to be there,” said one of the consultants Ms. Reid interviewed. “And if you can’t be there, it’s probably because you’ve got another client meeting at the same time. You know it’s tough to say I can’t be there because my son had a Cub Scout meeting.”

Some people fully embraced this culture and put in the long hours, and they tended to be top performers. Others openly pushed back against it, insisting upon lighter and more flexible work hours, or less travel; they were punished in their performance reviews.

The third group is most interesting. Some 31 percent of the men and 11 percent of the women whose records Ms. Reid examined managed to achieve the benefits of a more moderate work schedule without explicitly asking for it.

They made an effort to line up clients who were local, reducing the need for travel. When they skipped work to spend time with their children or spouse, they didn’t call attention to it. One team on which several members had small children agreed among themselves to cover for one another so that everyone could have more flexible hours.

A male junior manager described working to have repeat consulting engagements with a company near enough to his home that he could take care of it with day trips. “I try to head out by 5, get home at 5:30, have dinner, play with my daughter,” he said, adding that he generally kept weekend work down to two hours of catching up on email.

Despite the limited hours, he said: “I know what clients are expecting. So I deliver above that.” He received a high performance review and a promotion.

What is fascinating about the firm Ms. Reid studied is that these people, who in her terminology were “passing” as workaholics, received performance reviews that were as strong as their hyper-ambitious colleagues. For people who were good at faking it, there was no real damage done by their lighter workloads.

It calls to mind the episode of “Seinfeld” in which George Costanza leaves his car in the parking lot at Yankee Stadium, where he works, and gets a promotion because his boss sees the car and thinks he is getting to work earlier and staying later than anyone else. (The strategy goes awry for him, and is not recommended for any aspiring partners in a consulting firm.)

A second finding is that women, particularly those with young children, were much more likely to request greater flexibility through more formal means, such as returning from maternity leave with an explicitly reduced schedule. Men who requested a paternity leave seemed to be punished come review time, and so may have felt more need to take time to spend with their families through those unofficial methods.

The result of this is easy to see: Those specifically requesting a lighter workload, who were disproportionately women, suffered in their performance reviews; those who took a lighter workload more discreetly didn’t suffer. The maxim of “ask forgiveness, not permission” seemed to apply.

It would be dangerous to extrapolate too much from a study at one firm, but Ms. Reid said in an interview that since publishing a summary of her research in Harvard Business Review she has heard from people in a variety of industries describing the same dynamic.

High-octane professional service firms are that way for a reason, and no one would doubt that insane hours and lots of travel can be necessary if you’re a lawyer on the verge of a big trial, an accountant right before tax day or an investment banker advising on a huge merger.

But the fact that the consultants who quietly lightened their workload did just as well in their performance reviews as those who were truly working 80 or more hours a week suggests that in normal times, heavy workloads may be more about signaling devotion to a firm than really being more productive. The person working 80 hours isn’t necessarily serving clients any better than the person working 50.

In other words, maybe the real problem isn’t men faking greater devotion to their jobs. Maybe it’s that too many companies reward the wrong things, favoring the illusion of extraordinary effort over actual productivity.

How Some Men Fake an 80-Hour Workweek, and Why It Matters | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Betsy von Furstenberg, Baroness and Versatile Actress, Dies at 83

Ms. von Furstenberg made her debut in the movies and on the Broadway stage in the early 1950s as a teenager and later reinvented herself as a television actress, writer and philanthropist.

Betsy von Furstenberg, Baroness and Versatile Actress, Dies at 83 | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Nepal’s Young Men, Lost to Migration, Then a Quake

Photo
 
Many bodies prepared for cremation last week in Kathmandu were of young men from Gongabu, a common stopover for Nepali migrant workers headed overseas. Credit Daniel Berehulak for The New York Times

KATHMANDU, Nepal — When the dense pillar of smoke from cremations by the Bagmati River was thinning late last week, the bodies were all coming from Gongabu, a common stopover for Nepali migrant workers headed overseas, and they were all of young men.

Hindu custom dictates that funeral pyres should be lighted by the oldest son of the deceased, but these men were too young to have sons, so they were burned by their brothers or fathers. Sukla Lal, a maize farmer, made a 14-hour journey by bus to retrieve the body of his 19-year-old son, who had been on his way to the Persian Gulf to work as a laborer.

“He wanted to live in the countryside, but he was compelled to leave by poverty,” Mr. Lal said, gazing ahead steadily as his son’s remains smoldered. “He told me, ‘You can live on your land, and I will come up with money, and we will have a happy family.’ ”

Weeks will pass before the authorities can give a complete accounting of who died in the April 25 earthquake, but it is already clear that Nepal cannot afford the losses. The countryside was largely stripped of its healthy young men even before the quake, as they migrated in great waves — 1,500 a day by some estimates — to work as laborers in India, Malaysia or one of the gulf nations, leaving many small communities populated only by elderly parents, women and children. Economists say that at some times of the year, one-quarter of Nepal’s population is working outside the country.

Nepal’s Young Men, Lost to Migration, Then a Quake | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

William Pfaff, Critic of American Foreign Policy, Dies at 86

Mr. Pfaff was an international affairs columnist and author who found Washington’s intervention in world affairs often misguided.

William Pfaff, Critic of American Foreign Policy, Dies at 86 | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Top News China’s Intents Are Questioned as It Builds in Antarctica

HOBART, Tasmania — Few places seem out of reach for China’s leader, Xi Jinping, who has traveled from European capitals to obscure Pacific and Caribbean islands in pursuit of his nation’s strategic interests.

So perhaps it was not surprising when he turned up last fall in this city on the edge of the Southern Ocean to put down a long-distance marker in another faraway region, Antarctica, 2,000 miles south of this Australian port.

Standing on the deck of an icebreaker that ferries Chinese scientists from this last stop before the frozen continent, Mr. Xi pledged that China would continue to expand in one of the few places on earth that remain unexploited by humans.

He signed a five-year accord with the Australian government that allows Chinese vessels and, in the future, aircraft to resupply for fuel and food before heading south. That will help secure easier access to a region that is believed to have vast oil and mineral resources; huge quantities of high-protein sea life; and for times of possible future dire need, fresh water contained in icebergs.

It was not until 1985, about seven decades after Robert Scott and Roald Amundsen raced to the South Pole, that a team representing Beijing hoisted the Chinese flag over the nation’s first Antarctic research base, the Great Wall Station on King George Island.

But now China seems determined to catch up. As it has bolstered spending on Antarctic research, and as the early explorers, especially the United States and Australia, confront stagnant budgets, there is growing concern about its intentions.

China’s operations on the continent — it opened its fourth research station last year, chose a site for a fifth, and is investing in a second icebreaker and new ice-capable planes and helicopters — are already the fastest growing of the 52 signatories to the Antarctic Treaty. That gentlemen’s agreement reached in 1959 bans military activity on the continent and aims to preserve it as one of the world’s last wildernesses; a related pact prohibits mining.

Advertisement

But Mr. Xi’s visit was another sign that China is positioning itself to take advantage of the continent’s resource potential when the treaty expires in 2048 — or in the event that it is ripped up before, Chinese and Australian experts say.

“So far, our research is natural-science based, but we know there is more and more concern about resource security,” said Yang Huigen, director general of the Polar Research Institute of China, who accompanied Mr. Xi last November on his visit to Hobart and stood with him on the icebreaker, Xue Long, or Snow Dragon.

With that in mind, the polar institute recently opened a new division devoted to the study of resources, law, geopolitics and governance in Antarctica and the Arctic, Mr. Yang said.

Australia, a strategic ally of the United States that has strong economic relations with China, is watching China’s buildup in the Antarctic with a mix of gratitude — China’s presence offers support for Australia’s Antarctic science program, which is short of cash — and wariness.

“We should have no illusions about the deeper agenda — one that has not even been agreed to by Chinese scientists but is driven by Xi, and most likely his successors,” said Peter Jennings, executive director of the Australian Strategic Policy Institute and a former senior official in the Australian Department of Defense.

“This is part of a broader pattern of a mercantilist approach all around the world,” Mr. Jennings added. “A big driver of Chinese policy is to secure long-term energy supply and food supply.”

That approach was evident last month when a large Chinese agriculture enterprise announced an expansion of its fishing operations around Antarctica to catch more krill — small, protein-rich crustaceans that are abundant in Antarctic waters.

“The Antarctic is a treasure house for all human beings, and China should go there and share,” Liu Shenli, the chairman of the China National Agricultural Development Group, told China Daily, a state-owned newspaper. China would aim to fish up to two million tons of krill a year, he said, a substantial increase from what it currently harvests.

Because sovereignty over Antarctica is unclear, nations have sought to strengthen their claims over the ice-covered land by building research bases and naming geographic features. China’s fifth station will put it within reach of the six American facilities, and ahead of Australia’s three.

Chinese mappers have also given Chinese names to more than 300 sites, compared with the thousands of locations on the continent with English names.

In the unspoken competition for Antarctica’s future, scientific achievement can also translate into influence. Chinese scientists are driving to be the first to drill and recover an ice core containing tiny air bubbles that provide a record of climate change stretching as far back as 1.5 million years. It is an expensive and delicate effort at which others, including the European Union and Australia, have failed.

In a breakthrough a decade ago, European scientists extracted an ice core nearly two miles long that revealed 800,000 years of climate history. But finding an ice core going back further would allow scientists to examine a change in the earth’s climate cycles believed to have occurred 900,000 to 1.2 million years ago.

China is betting it has found the best location to drill, at an area called Dome A, or Dome Argus, the highest point on the East Antarctic Ice Sheet. Though it is considered one of the coldest places on the planet, with temperatures of 130 degrees below zero Fahrenheit, a Chinese expedition explored the area in 2005 and established a research station in 2009.

“The international community has drilled in lots of places, but no luck so far,” said Xiao Cunde, a member of the first party to reach the site and the deputy director of the Institute for Climate Change at the Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences. “We think at Dome A we will have a straight shot at the one-million-year ice core.”

Mr. Xiao said China had already begun drilling and hoped to find what scientists are looking for in four to five years.

To support its Antarctic aspirations, China is building a sophisticated $300 million icebreaker that is expected to be ready in a few years, said Xia Limin, deputy director of the Chinese Arctic and Antarctic Administration in Beijing. It has also bought a high-tech fixed-wing aircraft, outfitted in the United States, for taking sensitive scientific soundings from the ice.

China has chosen the site for its fifth research station at Inexpressible Island, named by a group of British explorers who were stranded at the desolate site in 1912 and survived the winter by excavating a small ice cave.

Mr. Xia said the inhospitable spot was ideal because China did not have a presence in that part of Antarctica, and because the rocky site did not have much snow, making it relatively cheap to build there.

Anne-Marie Brady, a professor of political science at the University of Canterbury in New Zealand and the author of a soon-to-be-released book, “China as a Polar Great Power,” said Chinese scientists also believed they had a good chance of finding mineral and energy resources near the site.

“China is playing a long game in Antarctica and keeping other states guessing about its true intentions and interests are part of its poker hand,” she said. But she noted that China’s interest in finding minerals was presented “loud and clear to domestic audiences” as the main reason it was investing in Antarctica.

Because commercial drilling is banned, estimates of energy and mineral resources in Antarctica rely on remote sensing data and comparisons with similar geological environments elsewhere, said Millard F. Coffin, executive director of the Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies in Hobart.

But the difficulty of extraction in such severe conditions and uncertainty about future commodity prices make it unlikely that China or any country would defy the ban on mining anytime soon.

Tourism, however, is already booming. Travelers from China are still a relatively small contingent in the Antarctic compared with the more than 13,000 Americans who visited in 2013, and as yet there are no licensed Chinese tour operators.

But that is about to change, said Anthony Bergin, deputy director of the Australian Strategic Policy Institute. “I understand very soon there will be Chinese tourists on Chinese vessels with all-Chinese crew in the Antarctic,” he said.

 

Top News China’s Intents Are Questioned as It Builds in Antarctica | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Jayne Meadows, Actress and Steve Allen’s Wife and Co-Star, Dies at 95

Ms. Meadows was the older sister of Audrey Meadows, who played Alice Kramden on “The Honeymooners.”

Jayne Meadows, Actress and Steve Allen’s Wife and Co-Star, Dies at 95 | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

François Michelin, Head of Tire Company, Dies at 88

Under Mr. Michelin’s leadership, which ended when he left the company in 2002, the Michelin Group became the world’s biggest tire maker, establishing a big presence in the United States and other major markets overseas.

François Michelin, Head of Tire Company, Dies at 88 | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Edward Chambers, Early Leader in Community Organizing, Dies at 85

A lapsed seminarian, Mr. Chambers succeeded Saul Alinsky as leader of the social justice umbrella group Industrial Areas Foundation.

Edward Chambers, Early Leader in Community Organizing, Dies at 85 | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

From T Magazine: Street Lit’s Power Couple

THE WRITERS ASHLEY AND JAQUAVIS COLEMAN know the value of a good curtain-raiser. The couple have co-authored dozens of novels, and they like to start them with a bang: a headlong action sequence, a blast of violence or sex that rocks readers back on their heels. But the Colemans concede they would be hard-pressed to dream up anything more gripping than their own real-life opening scene.

In the summer of 2001, JaQuavis Coleman was a 16-year-old foster child in Flint, Mich., the former auto-manufacturing mecca that had devolved, in the wake of General Motors’ plant closures, into one of the country’s most dangerous cities, with a decimated economy and a violent crime rate more than three times the national average. When JaQuavis was 8, social services had removed him from his mother’s home. He spent years bouncing between foster families. At 16, JaQuavis was also a businessman: a crack dealer with a network of street-corner peddlers in his employ.

One day that summer, JaQuavis met a fellow dealer in a parking lot on Flint’s west side. He was there to make a bulk sale of a quarter-brick, or “nine-piece” — a nine-ounce parcel of cocaine, with a street value of about $11,000. In the middle of the transaction, JaQuavis heard the telltale chirp of a walkie-talkie. His customer, he now realized, was an undercover policeman. JaQuavis jumped into his car and spun out onto the road, with two unmarked police cars in pursuit. He didn’t want to get into a high-speed chase, so he whipped his car into a church parking lot and made a run for it, darting into an alleyway behind a row of small houses, where he tossed the quarter-brick into some bushes. When JaQuavis reached the small residential street on the other side of the houses, he was greeted by the police, who handcuffed him and went to search behind the houses where, they told him, they were certain he had ditched the drugs. JaQuavis had been dealing since he was 12, had amassed more than $100,000 and had never been arrested. Now, he thought: It’s over.

But when the police looked in the bushes, they couldn’t find any cocaine. They interrogated JaQuavis, who denied having ever possessed or sold drugs. They combed the backyard alley some more. After an hour of fruitless efforts, the police were forced to unlock the handcuffs and release their suspect.

JaQuavis was baffled by the turn of events until the next day, when he received a phone call. The previous afternoon, a 15-year-old girl had been sitting in her home on the west side of Flint when she heard sirens. She looked out of the window of her bedroom, and watched a young man throw a package in the bushes behind her house. She recognized him. He was a high school classmate — a handsome, charismatic boy whom she had admired from afar. The girl crept outside and grabbed the bundle, which she hid in her basement. “I have something that belongs to you,” Ashley Snell told JaQuavis Coleman when she reached him by phone. “You wanna come over here and pick it up?”

Photo
Three of the nearly 50 works of urban fiction published by the Colemans over the last decade, often featuring drug deals, violence, sex and a brash kind of feminism.Credit Marko Metzinger

In the Colemans’ first novel, “Dirty Money” (2005), they told a version of this story. The outline was the same: the drug deal gone bad, the dope chucked in the bushes, the fateful phone call. To the extent that the authors took poetic license, it was to tone down the meet-cute improbability of the true-life events. In “Dirty Money,” the girl, Anari, and the crack dealer, Maurice, circle each other warily for a year or so before coupling up. But the facts of Ashley and JaQuavis’s romance outstripped pulp fiction. They fell in love more or less at first sight, moved into their own apartment while still in high school and were married in 2008. “We were together from the day we met,” Ashley says. “I don’t think we’ve spent more than a week apart in total over the past 14 years.”

That partnership turned out to be creative and entrepreneurial as well as romantic. Over the past decade, the Colemans have published nearly 50 books, sometimes as solo writers, sometimes under pseudonyms, but usually as collaborators with a byline that has become a trusted brand: “Ashley & JaQuavis.” They are marquee stars of urban fiction, or street lit, a genre whose inner-city settings and lurid mix of crime, sex and sensationalism have earned it comparisons to gangsta rap. The emergence of street lit is one of the big stories in recent American publishing, a juggernaut that has generated huge sales by catering to a readership — young, black and, for the most part, female — that historically has been ill-served by the book business. But the genre is also widely maligned. Street lit is subject to a kind of triple snobbery: scorned by literati who look down on genre fiction generally, ignored by a white publishing establishment that remains largely indifferent to black books and disparaged by African-American intellectuals for poor writing, coarse values and trafficking in racial stereotypes.

But if a certain kind of cultural prestige is shut off to the Colemans, they have reaped other rewards. They’ve built a large and loyal fan base, which gobbles up the new Ashley & JaQuavis titles that arrive every few months. Many of those books are sold at street-corner stands and other off-the-grid venues in African-American neighborhoods, a literary gray market that doesn’t register a blip on best-seller tallies. Yet the Colemans’ most popular series now regularly crack the trade fiction best-seller lists of The New York Times and Publishers Weekly. For years, the pair had no literary agent; they sold hundreds of thousands of books without banking a penny in royalties. Still, they have earned millions of dollars, almost exclusively from cash-for-manuscript deals negotiated directly with independent publishing houses. In short, though little known outside of the world of urban fiction, the Colemans are one of America’s most successful literary couples, a distinction they’ve achieved, they insist, because of their work’s gritty authenticity and their devotion to a primal literary virtue: the power of the ripping yarn.

“When you read our books, you’re gonna realize: ‘Ashley & JaQuavis are storytellers,’ ” says Ashley. “Our tales will get your heart pounding.”

THE COLEMANS’ HOME BASE — the cottage from which they operate their cottage industry — is a spacious four-bedroom house in a genteel suburb about 35 miles north of downtown Detroit. The house is plush, but when I visited this past winter, it was sparsely appointed. The couple had just recently moved in, and had only had time to fully furnish the bedroom of their 4-year-old son, Quaye.

In conversation, Ashley and JaQuavis exude both modesty and bravado: gratitude for their good fortune and bootstrappers’ pride in having made their own luck. They talk a lot about their time in the trenches, the years they spent as a drug dealer and “ride-or-die girl” tandem. In Flint they learned to “grind hard.” Writing, they say, is merely a more elevated kind of grind.

“Instead of hitting the block like we used to, we hit the laptops,” says Ashley. “I know what every word is worth. So while I’m writing, I’m like: ‘Okay, there’s a hundred dollars. There’s a thousand dollars. There’s five thousand dollars.’ ”

They maintain a rigorous regimen. They each try to write 5,000 words per day, five days a week. The writers stagger their shifts: JaQuavis goes to bed at 7 p.m. and wakes up early, around 3 or 4 in the morning, to work while his wife and child sleep. Ashley writes during the day, often in libraries or at Starbucks.

They divide the labor in other ways. Chapters are divvied up more or less equally, with tasks assigned according to individual strengths. (JaQuavis typically handles character development. Ashley loves writing murder scenes.) The results are stitched together, with no editorial interference from one author in the other’s text. The real work, they contend, is the brainstorming. The Colemans spend weeks mapping out their plot-driven books — long conversations that turn into elaborate diagrams on dry-erase boards. “JaQuavis and I are so close, it makes the process real easy,” says Ashley. “Sometimes when I’m thinking of something, a plot point, he’ll say it out loud, and I’m like: ‘Wait — did I say that?’ ”

Their collaboration developed by accident, and on the fly. Both were bookish teenagers. Ashley read lots of Judy Blume and John Grisham; JaQuavis liked Shakespeare, Richard Wright and “Atlas Shrugged.” (Their first official date was at a Borders bookstore, where Ashley bought “The Coldest Winter Ever,” the Sister Souljah novel often credited with kick-starting the contemporary street-lit movement.) In 2003, Ashley, then 17, was forced to terminate an ectopic pregnancy. She was bedridden for three weeks, and to provide distraction and boost her spirits, JaQuavis challenged his girlfriend to a writing contest. “She just wasn’t talking. She was laying in bed. I said, ‘You know what? I bet you I could write a better book than you.’ My wife is real competitive. So I said, ‘Yo, all right, $500 bet.’ And I saw her eyes spark, like, ‘What?! You can’t write no better book than me!’ So I wrote about three chapters. She wrote about three chapters. Two days later, we switched.”

The result, hammered out in a few days, would become “Dirty Money.” Two years later, when Ashley and JaQuavis were students at Ferris State University in Western Michigan, they sold the manuscript to Urban Books, a street-lit imprint founded by the best-selling author Carl Weber. At the time, JaQuavis was still making his living selling drugs. When Ashley got the phone call informing her that their book had been bought, she assumed they’d hit it big, and flushed more than $10,000 worth of cocaine down the toilet. Their advance was a mere $4,000.

Photo
The roots of street lit, found in the midcentury detective novels of Chester Himes and the ‘60s and ‘70s “ghetto fiction” of Iceberg Slim and Donald Goines.Credit Marko Metzinger

Those advances would soon increase, eventually reaching five and six figures. The Colemans built their career, JaQuavis says, in a manner that made sense to him as a veteran dope peddler: by flooding the street with product. From the start, they were prolific, churning out books at a rate of four or five a year. Their novels made their way into stores; the now-defunct chain Waldenbooks, which had stores in urban areas typically bypassed by booksellers, was a major engine of the street-lit market. But Ashley and JaQuavis took advantage of distribution channels established by pioneering urban fiction authors such as Teri Woods and Vickie Stringer, and a network of street-corner tables, magazine stands, corner shops and bodegas. Like rappers who establish their bona fides with gray-market mixtapes, street-lit authors use this system to circumnavigate industry gatekeepers, bringing their work straight to the genre’s core readership. But urban fiction has other aficionados, in less likely places. “Our books are so popular in the prison system,” JaQuavis says. “We’re banned in certain penitentiaries. Inmates fight over the books — there are incidents, you know? I have loved ones in jail, and they’re like: ‘Yo, your books can’t come in here. It’s against the rules.’ ”

The appeal of the Colemans’ work is not hard to fathom. The books are formulaic and taut; they deliver the expected goods efficiently and exuberantly. The titles telegraph the contents: “Diary of a Street Diva,” “Kiss Kiss, Bang Bang,” “Murderville.” The novels serve up a stream of explicit sex and violence in a slangy, tangy, profane voice. In Ashley & JaQuavis’s books people don’t get killed: they get “popped,” “laid out,” get their “cap twisted back.” The smut is constant, with emphasis on the earthy, sticky, olfactory particulars. Romance novel clichés — shuddering orgasms, heroic carnal feats, superlative sexual skill sets — are rendered in the Colemans’ punchy patois.

Subtlety, in other words, isn’t Ashley & JaQuavis’s forte. But their books do have a grainy specificity. In “The Cartel” (2008), the first novel in the Colemans’ best-selling saga of a Miami drug syndicate, they catch the sights and smells of a crack workshop in a housing project: the nostril-stinging scent of cocaine and baking soda bubbling on stovetops; the teams of women, stripped naked except for hospital masks so they can’t pilfer the merchandise, “cutting up the cooked coke on the round wood table.” The subject matter is dark, but the Colemans’ tone is not quite noir. Even in the grimmest scenes, the mood is high-spirited, with the writers palpably relishing the lewd and gory details: the bodies writhing in boudoirs and crumpling under volleys of bullets, the geysers of blood and other bodily fluids.

The luridness of street lit has made it a flashpoint, inciting controversy reminiscent of the hip-hop culture wars of the 1980s and ’90s. But the street-lit debate touches deeper historical roots, reviving decades-old arguments in black literary circles about the mandate to uplift the race and present wholesome images of African-Americans. In 1928, W. E. B. Du Bois slammed the “licentiousness” of “Home to Harlem,” Claude McKay’s rollicking novel of Harlem nightlife. McKay’s book, Du Bois wrote, “for the most part nauseates me, and after the dirtier parts of its filth I feel distinctly like taking a bath.” Similar sentiments have greeted 21st-century street lit. In a 2006 New York Times Op-Ed essay, the journalist and author Nick Chiles decried “the sexualization and degradation of black fiction.” African-American bookstores, Chiles complained, are “overrun with novels that . . . appeal exclusively to our most prurient natures — as if these nasty books were pairing off back in the stockrooms like little paperback rabbits and churning out even more graphic offspring that make Ralph Ellison books cringe into a dusty corner.”

Copulating paperbacks aside, it’s clear that the street-lit debate is about more than literature, touching on questions of paternalism versus populism, and on middle-class anxieties about the black underclass. “It’s part and parcel of black elites’ efforts to define not only a literary tradition, but a racial politics,” said Kinohi Nishikawa, an assistant professor of English and African-American Studies at Princeton University. “There has always been a sense that because African-Americans’ opportunities to represent themselves are so limited in the first place, any hint of criminality or salaciousness would necessarily be a knock on the entire racial politics. One of the pressing debates about African-American literature today is: If we can’t include writers like Ashley & JaQuavis, to what extent is the foundation of our thinking about black literature faulty? Is it just a literature for elites? Or can it be inclusive, bringing urban fiction under the purview of our umbrella term ‘African-American literature’?”

Defenders of street lit note that the genre has a pedigree: a tradition of black pulp fiction that stretches from Chester Himes, the midcentury author of hardboiled Harlem detective stories, to the 1960s and ’70s “ghetto fiction” of Iceberg Slim and Donald Goines, to the current wave of urban fiction authors. Others argue for street lit as a social good, noting that it attracts a large audience that might otherwise never read at all. Scholars like Nishikawa link street lit to recent studies showing increased reading among African-Americans. A 2014 Pew Research Center report found that a greater percentage of black Americans are book readers than whites or Latinos.

For their part, the Colemans place their work in the broader black literary tradition. “You have Maya Angelou, Alice Walker, James Baldwin — all of these traditional black writers, who wrote about the struggles of racism, injustice, inequality,” says Ashley. “We’re writing about the struggle as it happens now. It’s just a different struggle. I’m telling my story. I’m telling the struggle of a black girl from Flint, Michigan, who grew up on welfare.”

Photo
The Colemans in their new four-bedroom house in the northern suburbs of Detroit.Credit Courtesy of Ashley and JaQuavis Coleman

Perhaps there is a high-minded case to be made for street lit. But the virtues of Ashley & JaQuavis’s work are more basic. Their novels do lack literary polish. The writing is not graceful; there are passages of clunky exposition and sex scenes that induce guffaws and eye rolls. But the pleasure quotient is high. The books flaunt a garish brand of feminism, with women characters cast not just as vixens, but also as gangsters — cold-blooded killers, “murder mamas.” The stories are exceptionally well-plotted. “The Cartel” opens by introducing its hero, the crime boss Carter Diamond; on page 9, a gunshot spatters Diamond’s brain across the interior of a police cruiser. The book then flashes back seven years and begins to hurtle forward again — a bullet train, whizzing readers through shifting alliances, romantic entanglements and betrayals, kidnappings, shootouts with Haitian and Dominican gangsters, and a cliffhanger closing scene that leaves the novel’s heroine tied to a chair in a basement, gruesomely tortured to the edge of death. Ashley & JaQuavis’s books are not Ralph Ellison, certainly, but they build up quite a head of steam. They move.

The Colemans are moving themselves these days. They recently signed a deal with St. Martin’s Press, which will bring out the next installment in the “Cartel” series as well as new solo series by both writers. The St. Martin’s deal is both lucrative and legitimizing — a validation of Ashley and JaQuavis’s work by one of publishing’s most venerable houses. The Colemans’ ambitions have grown, as well. A recent trilogy, “Murderville,” tackles human trafficking and the blood-diamond industry in West Africa, with storylines that sweep from Sierra Leone to Mexico to Los Angeles. Increasingly, Ashley & JaQuavis are leaning on research — traveling to far-flung settings and hitting the books in the libraries — and spending less time mining their own rough-and-tumble past.

But Flint remains a source of inspiration. One evening not long ago, JaQuavis led me on a tour of his hometown: a popular roadside bar; the parking lot where he met the undercover cop for the ill-fated drug deal; Ashley’s old house, the site of his almost-arrest. He took me to a ramshackle vehicle repair shop on Flint’s west side, where he worked as a kid, washing cars. He showed me a bathroom at the rear of the garage, where, at age 12, he sneaked away to inspect the first “boulder” of crack that he ever sold. A spray-painted sign on the garage wall, which JaQuavis remembered from his time at the car wash, offered words of warning:

WHAT EVERY YOUNG MAN SHOULD KNOW
ABOUT USING A GUN:
MURDER . . . 30 Years
ARMED ROBBERY . . . 15 Years
ASSAULT . . . 15 Years
RAPE . . . 20 Years
POSSESSION . . . 5 Years
JACKING . . . 20 YEARS

“We still love Flint, Michigan,” JaQuavis says. “It’s so seedy, so treacherous. But there’s some heart in this city. This is where it all started, selling books out the box. In the days when we would get those little $40,000 advances, they’d send us a couple boxes of books for free. We would hit the streets to sell our books, right out of the car trunk. It was a hustle. It still is.”

One old neighborhood asset that the Colemans have not shaken off is swagger. “My wife is the best female writer in the game,” JaQuavis told me. “I believe I’m the best male writer in the game. I’m sleeping next to the best writer in the world. And she’s doing the same.”

 
From T Magazine: Street Lit’s Power Couple | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Ruth Rendell, Novelist Who Thrilled and Educated, Dies at 85

Ms. Rendell was a prolific writer of intricately plotted mystery novels that combined psychological insight, social conscience and teeth-chattering terror.

Ruth Rendell, Novelist Who Thrilled and Educated, Dies at 85 | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

harga paket umroh januari di Jatinegara jakarta
paket umroh april di Ciracas jakarta
harga umrah awal tahun di Pisangan Timur jakarta
promo umrah februari di Kampung Tengah jakarta
harga paket umroh februari di Jatinegara jakarta
paket umroh ramadhan di Batuampar jakarta
biaya berangkat umroh awal tahun di Rawa Bunga jakarta
harga berangkat umroh januari di Pisangan Baru jakarta
biaya paket umroh mei di Lubang Buaya jakarta
biaya paket umrah desember di Pulogebang jakarta
harga berangkat umroh januari di Makasar jakarta
promo umroh ramadhan di Kampung Baru jakarta
paket berangkat umrah april di Kramat Jati jakarta
paket promo umroh awal tahun di Kebon Pala jakarta
paket berangkat umroh april di Kampung Tengah jakarta
harga umroh juni di Malaka Jaya jakarta
promo berangkat umroh juni di Kebon Pala jakarta
harga berangkat umrah mei di Dukuh jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umroh desember di Ceger jakarta
harga paket berangkat umroh desember di Pondok Bambu jakarta
harga umroh februari di Malaka Sari jakarta
harga umrah awal tahun di Pasar Rebo jakarta
harga paket berangkat umroh april di Pulo Gadung jakarta
paket promo berangkat umrah ramadhan di Rambutan jakarta
biaya berangkat umroh juni di Bidaracina jakarta
promo umrah maret di Cipinang Muara jakarta
promo umrah awal tahun di Pondok Kopi jakarta
paket promo berangkat umroh april di Balekambang jakarta
paket umroh awal tahun di Cipinang Besar Selatan jakarta
harga paket berangkat umrah ramadhan di Duren Sawit jakarta
biaya berangkat umroh mei di Cakung Timur jakarta
harga paket berangkat umroh april di Cililitan jakarta
biaya umroh desember di Pulogebang jakarta
harga berangkat umrah mei bekasi barat
paket berangkat umroh januari di Bali Mester jakarta
paket promo umroh januari di Cipayung jakarta
paket promo umrah ramadhan di Kayu Manis jakarta
biaya paket umrah awal tahun di Susukan jakarta
paket berangkat umroh mei bekasi barat
paket promo umroh april di Kelapa Dua Wetan jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umrah akhir tahun di Makasar jakarta
harga paket berangkat umrah juni bogor
promo berangkat umrah april di Kampung Tengah jakarta
paket umroh akhir tahun di Pulogebang jakarta
harga berangkat umrah februari di Utan Kayu Utara jakarta
biaya umroh awal tahun bogor
harga paket umrah akhir tahun di Munjul jakarta
promo umrah ramadhan di Cipayung jakarta
paket umroh februari di Rawa Terate jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umroh mei di Batuampar jakarta
biaya paket umrah april di Bambu Apus jakarta
harga paket umrah januari di Klender jakarta
harga umroh april di Kramat Jati jakarta
harga paket umrah januari di Pulo Gadung jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umrah maret di Susukan jakarta
harga paket berangkat umroh ramadhan di Kampung Tengah jakarta
harga berangkat umrah ramadhan di Kelapa Dua Wetan jakarta
paket promo berangkat umrah mei di Pondok Kelapa jakarta
harga paket umroh januari di Lubang Buaya jakarta
harga paket berangkat umrah april di Rawamangun jakarta
harga berangkat umrah ramadhan di Ciracas jakarta
paket umroh januari di Jatinegara Kaum jakarta
paket umroh april umrohdepag.com
biaya paket umrah ramadhan di Kampung Baru jakarta
paket umrah awal tahun di Kampung Tengah jakarta
biaya umrah januari di Cipinang jakarta
paket promo berangkat umroh desember di Rawa Terate jakarta
biaya paket umroh maret di Munjul jakarta
biaya umrah januari di Pondok Kelapa jakarta
harga paket umrah juni di Cakung jakarta
harga paket umrah maret di Cawang jakarta
biaya paket umrah februari di Cipinang Muara jakarta
harga paket berangkat umrah januari di Cibubur jakarta
paket umroh mei di Cipinang Besar Selatan jakarta
harga paket berangkat umroh akhir tahun di Kayu Putih jakarta
paket promo umrah februari di Penggilingan jakarta
biaya paket umrah ramadhan di Cawang jakarta
paket promo umrah januari di Kampung Tengah jakarta
paket umrah maret bekasi utara
biaya paket umrah mei di Jatinegara Kaum jakarta
biaya berangkat umrah februari di Utan Kayu Utara jakarta
paket umroh ramadhan di Pasar Rebo jakarta
harga paket umrah ramadhan di Cakung jakarta
harga paket berangkat umrah mei di Kalisari jakarta
harga umrah akhir tahun di Dukuh jakarta
paket umroh desember di Rambutan jakarta
paket berangkat umroh februari di Cipinang Besar Utara jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umroh juni di Cipinang Besar Utara jakarta
paket umroh akhir tahun di Setu jakarta
harga paket umrah maret di Jatinegara jakarta
harga berangkat umroh januari di Kampung Gedong,Cijantung jakarta
biaya berangkat umrah mei di Cakung Barat jakarta
promo umroh mei di Pondok Kopi jakarta
biaya berangkat umrah juni di Cipinang Besar Utara jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umroh mei di Rawa Bunga jakarta
paket umroh februari di Duren Sawit jakarta
paket umrah februari di Jatinegara Kaum jakarta
paket promo umrah akhir tahun di Ciracas jakarta
harga berangkat umrah januari di Cawang jakarta
biaya paket berangkat umroh februari di Pekayon jakarta