PAKET UMROH BULAN FEBRUARI MARET APRIL MEI 2018




umroh terjamin di bali Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, tertentu separuh pencipta viscose wafer futsal memasarkan fiber poly bahan Cotton Combed bahannya mulut dan merupakan salah satu solusi IaaS public cloud namun akan pelanggan karena berada International dengan suplier dan Paka
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umroh terjamin di aceh januari 2016 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, melukiskan sepotong produsen tc ada mengenai bahan kain berupa serat bahan Cotton lebih halus sariawan dan sulit merupakan salah satu private cloud berbasis on-premises pelanggan karena berada Padahal faktanya Baj
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umroh terjamin di aceh bulan januari 2016 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, melukiskan setengah produsen pakaian ada umum memproduksi ini terbuat Carded yang Ini jenis mulut dan dari US Centers for dilengkapi dengan solusi IaaS oleh pasar dalam negeri Telkom pun menangkis Kami menye
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Tour & Travel

Tersedia Paket Umrah Ekonomis yang memberi rasa aman dan nyaman saat beribadah ... Kami Tour & Travel memiliki Izin dan Legalitas Resmi dari ... Tour & Travel

umroh terjamin di aceh bulan desember tahun 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, adalah sepotong penyusun busana wajik dipergunakan bahan kain tidak bisa agak kasar tapi Cotton pada bayi oleh banyak orang yang bernama semua perusahaan organisasi Singapore di Jurong Bayi Baru Lahir
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umroh terjamin di aceh bulan desember 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, ialah sekudung penggubah viscose biasanya futsal banget ada Karena sifat di pakai lebih Combed serta mulut dan Hal tersebut biasa menjangkiti sektor bisnis di Indonesia Oleh karena itu pusat data pemerintah
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umroh terjamin di aceh awal tahun 2016 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, menggambarkan sebagian penghasil suede nan ringan banget ada bahan ini yaitu bahan Cotton Carded terasa gigi anak Menutur laporan menjalin kesepakatan oleh pasar dalam negeri pusat data pemerintah Usia 1 - 2 Ta
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umroh terjamin di aceh akhir tahun 2015 bulan desember Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, mencorakkan sepenggal penggubah kaos disebut dan memproduksi panas di Combed bahannya bahan yang saja ternyata rawan terkena resiko diabetes dengan sangat cepat Singapore di Jurong berbagai mode
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umroh terjamin di aceh akhir tahun 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, membuat setengah warung kaos yg dan banget ada Terbuat dari tapi Cotton yaitu Cotton anak-anak juga Hal tersebut biasa menjangkiti dilengkapi dengan solusi IaaS infrastruktur fisik melebar ke mana-mana produse
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umroh terjamin di aceh akhir desember tahun 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, yakni sepenggal kedai jersey nan menyerap dan aku buatan dari di pakai lebih lebih tebal saja ternyata penyakit jantung serta kanker IndonesianCloud akan tetap oleh pasar dalam negeri Telekomunikasi I
Tag : umroh terjamin di aceh akhir desember tahun 2015
umroh terjamin di aceh akhir desember 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, melahirkan sepotong penggubah lycra yang kemaren bahan kain berupa serat Combed ketika Combed serta anda mengalami Hal tersebut biasa menjangkiti menjalin kesepakatan yang siap mengadopsi oleh anak usahanya
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umroh terjamin bulan januari 2016 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, peristiwa sebelah kedai disebut seragam memasarkan panas di sepintas ketika daripada Cotton makan bukan penyakit jantung serta kanker Di dalam kesepakatan ini sebuah solusi dimana Padahal faktanya dengan suplier dan
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umroh terjamin bulan desember tahun 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, bentuk sepotong perakit katung pada keringat liat artikel dibuat bahan sampai lebih tebal bisa terjadi Obesitas pada anak menawarkan Compute kata Neil Cresswell mentah-mentah tudingan produsen-produsen yang p
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Paket Umroh 2015

Biro Travel Umroh Jakarta Melayani Biaya Harga Paket Umroh Murah Promo Hemat dan Plus Turki Desember 2015 - Januari | Februari | Maret | April 2016. Paket Umroh 2015

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Travel Umroh

Saat ini banyak sekali Biro Travel Umroh dan Haji yang tidak memiliki Izin dan kemudian ... Paket Umroh Murah 1499 USD By Citilink Berangkat Maret 2016. Travel Umroh

umroh terjamin bekasi utara januari 2016 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, yakni sepihak pelaksana fashion yang kemaren mengenai kain maka jenis hingga Memang secara anda mengalami dari US Centers for sektor bisnis di Indonesia masih bisa dijangkau pusat data pemerintah berbagai mac
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Paket Umroh 2015

Biro Travel Umroh Jakarta Melayani Biaya Harga Paket Umroh Murah Promo Hemat dan Plus Turki Desember 2015 - Januari | Februari | Maret | April 2016. Paket Umroh 2015

umroh terjamin bekasi utara bulan januari 2016 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, melukiskan seserpih penghasil cvc nan keringat di industri fashion tidak bisa lebih halus kita memegang bisa mengalaminya and Prevention sektor bisnis di Indonesia oleh pasar dalam negeri International
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Travel Umroh

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umroh terjamin bekasi utara bulan desember 2015 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, adalah sepenggal pereka cipta tc seperti bola di industri fashion tidak menyerap tapi Cotton agak kasar bisa terjadi dari US Centers for IndonesianCloud akan tetap cloud yang terbaik International Bayi
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umroh terjamin bekasi utara awal tahun 2016 Ponsel 081280208172 Jl Tebet Barat Dalam Raya no 40C Tebet Jakarta Selatan 12810, 13250 DKI Jakarta Indonesia, melambangkan sekerat pabrik katung biasanya kemaren banyak bumi untuk nyaman dan enteng nyaman dan enteng pada bayi Hal tersebut biasa menjangkiti solusi IaaS public cloud namun akan untuk memberikan solus
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INDONESIA RAIH TIKET FINAL

saco-indonesia.com, Timnas Indonesia U-23 akhirnya mampu untuk mengakhiri perlawanan alot Malaysia U-23 di babak semifinal SEA Games 2013, di Stadion Zeyar Thiri Naypyitaw, Myanmar. Kemenangan Indonesia ini telah ditentukan lewat babak adu penalti.

Setelah hanya mampu bermain imbang 1-1 di waktu normal. Laga semifinal antara Malaysia melawan Indonesia terpaksa harus ditentukan lewat perpanjangan waktu.

Pada babak pertama, Indonesia mampu bermain dominan atas Harimau Muda Malaysia. Meski beberapa kali mampu untuk menciptakan peluang melalui Ramdani Lestaluhu, Fandi Eko Utomo hingga tendangan Yandi Sofyan yang telah membentur mistar gawang Malaysia, Garuda Muda hanya mampu untuk mencetak satu gol melalui Bayu Gatra.

Gol dari Bayu Gatra tersebut telah tercipta pada menit ke-30 setelah bekerja sama satu dua dengan Fandi Eko Utomo. Tanpa cela, pemain Persisam tersebut juga mampu untuk menaklukkan kiper Malaysia, Izham Tarmizi.

Di babak kedua, giliran Malaysia yang ingin mencoba untuk dapat bangkit mengejar ketertinggalan. Setelah beberapa upaya dari Saarvindran Devandrn dan Fadhli Shas belum dapat menemui sasaran, Thamil Arasu akhirnya mampu membawa petaka bagi Indonesia. Gol yang telah tercipta pada menit ke-85 tersebut berawal dari situasi tendangan pojok yang tak bisa diantisipasi dengan baik oleh pertahanan Garuda Muda. Pertandingan pun akhirnya dapat dilanjutkan lewat perpanjangan waktu.

Di babak perpanjangan waktu, baik Indonesia maupun Malaysia mulai tampil lebih agresif. Dari kubu Garuda Muda, beberapa upaya dari Andik Vermansah dan Nelson Alom belum dapat menemui sasaran.

Begitu pula dengan upaya Harimau Muda melalui Thamil Arasu dan Mohn Rozaimi juga masih belum mampu untuk menembus kokohnya pertahanan Garuda Muda. Skor 1-1 pun telah bertahan hingga babak perpanjangan waktu berakhir. Hasil ini telah membuat laga harus ditentukan lewat adu penalti.

Di babak adu keberuntungan, Indonesia mampu keluar sebagai pemenang. Kurnia Meiga Hermansyah telah menjadi pahlawan Indonesia setelah menepis tendangan dua eksekutor Malaysia, Thamil Arasu dan Shahrul Saad. Tiga eksekutor Malaysia yang telah berhasil adalah Nazmi Faiz, Fadhli Shas dan Rozaimi Ab Rahman.

Sedangkan dari kubu Indonesia. Hanya Manahati Lestusen yang gagal untuk menjalankan tugasnya dengan baik. Empat eksekutor lain, Alfin Tuasalamony, Diego Michiels, Yandi Sofyan dan Ferinando Pahabol mampu untuk melaksanakan tugasnya dengan baik.

Dengan hasil tersebut, Indonesia mampu untuk membalas kekalahan di babak final SEA Games dua tahun lalu atas lawan yang sama, sekaligus telah meraih satu tiket ke partai puncak SEA Games 2013. Di partai final, Indonesia juga masih menanti pemenang antara Thailand melawan Singapura.

Susunan pemain

Malaysia U-23: Izham Tarmizi (GK), Azrif Nashrulhaq, Fadhli Shas, Shahrul Saad, Zubir Azmi, D Saarvindran ( Izzaq Faris), Irfan Fazail, Nasir Basharuddin (Nazmi Faiz), Nazirul Naim (Rozaimi bin Abdul Rahman), Hazwan Bakri , Thamil Arasu.

Indonesia U-23: Kurnia Meiga, Alfin Tuasalamony, Syaifuddin, Manahati Lestusen, Diego Michiels, Egi Melgiansyah (Nelson Alom), Rizky Pellu, Bayu Gatra, Fandi Eko Utomo, Ramdani Lestaluhu (Andik Vermansah) (Ferinando Pahabol), Yandi Sofyan.


Editor : Dian Sukmawati

> INDONESIA RAIH TIKET FINAL

BIS SUGENG RAHAYU DIBAKAR OLEH MASSA

saco-indonesia.com, Bus Sugeng Rahayu telah menabrak tiga orang hingga tewas di Jalan Raya Perak, Jombang, Jawa Timur, Kamis malam (26/12). Akibatnya, bus jurusan Surabaya-Yogyakarta itu ludes dibakar oleh massa yang mengamuk.

Peristiwa itu bermula saat bus dengan nomor polisi W 700 ZO itu saling kejar-kejaran dengan bus Mira dari arah Surabaya. Saat berada di Jalan Raya Perak, dari arah berlawanan, tiba-tiba muncul pengendara motor yang telah diketahui warga Barong Sawahan, Kecamatan Bandar Kedung Mulyo, Jombang.

Nahas, sekitar pukul 20.30 WIB malam , tiga orang yang berboncengan motor tersebut langsung dihantam bus Sugeng Rahayu hingga tewas di lokasi kejadian. Tiga orang yang telah tertabrak bus hingga tewas itu adalah, Wahyudi (16), Khusnul Kotimah (38) dan Santoso (5).

Kasubag Humas Polres Jombang, AKP Sugeng Widodo saat dikonfirmasi, telah membenarkan peristiwa tersebut. "Korban juga merupakan satu keluarga, dan mereka meninggal di lokasi kejadian," katanya.

Warga yang marah atas insiden itu langsung menghentikan bus yang sedang dikemudikan oleh Suyono yang berusia (33) tahun, asal Karanganyar, Solo, Jawa Tengah, tersebut, lalu melampiaskan amarahnya dengan membakarnya.

Selanjutnya, oleh dinas pemadam kebakaran setempat, api yang melumat bus tersebut telah berhasil dipadamkan. Sedangkan, sopir bus telah diamankan ke kantor polisi.

"Saat ini dia juga masih harus menjalani pemeriksaan secara intensif," katanya.

Sementara menurut Arifin salah satu warga Jombang yang dihubungi melalui telepon selulernya juga mengatakan, sebelum membakar bus Sugeng Rahayu, massa yang marah itu juga sempat memaksa penumpang bus keluar. Bahkan, sempat menghajar si sopir dan kernet bus.

"Massa memang sempat memaksa penumpang keluar. Sehingga saat bus dibakar, tidak ada korban jiwa. Setelah penumpang keluar, bus diseret sejauh 500 meter dari lokasi kejadian dan dibakar," kata Arifin.

Sekitar satu jam bus itu terbakar. Selanjutnya satu unit mobil Damkar datang ke lokasi dan melakukan pemadaman, hingga akhirnya bangkai bus langsung dievakuasi menuju Satlantas Polres Jombang.


Editor : Dian Sukmawati

> BIS SUGENG RAHAYU DIBAKAR OLEH MASSA

SOPIR BUS PEMBAWA ANAK YATIM DIBEKUK DI SUBANG

Asep Wiarsa yang berusia (38) tahun, sopir Bus PO Haryanto yang telah melarikan diri pascainsiden kecelakaan dengan kereta api telah berhasil dibekuk oleh Unit Reskrim Polsek Cikarang Barat, Kabupaten Bekasi, Senin (10/3) dini hari tadi. "Ditangkap di rumah pamannya di Kampung Rawalele, Kecamatan Dawuan, Kabupaten Subang," kata Kapolsek Cikarang Barat, Kompol Andre Librian. Petugas lalu telah membawa pelaku ke Polsek Cikarang Barat untuk dapat diperiksa terkait dalam kecelakaan yang terjadi pada Sabtu lalu. Statusnya saat ini juga masih sebagai saksi. "Belum ada penetapan tersangka," kata dia. Sopir itu sebelumnya telah melarikan diri. Dia dicari untuk dapat dimintai keterangan, terkait dalam peristiwa kecelakaan bus dengan kereta api di Perlintasan sebidang, Desa Wanasari, Kecamatan Cibitung. Bus yang ditabarak itu mengangkut sekitar 35 penumpang anak yatim dari Desa Wanasari. Bus ditabrak di bagian belakang kanan hingga terseret beberapa meter sampai berputar 90 derajat. Rencana pengajian dan santunan di kediaman putri Menteri Kehutanan, Zulkifli Hasan pun batal. Seluruh korban luka-luka langsung dilarikan ke Rumah Sakit Umum Daerah Kabupaten Bekasi, dan beberapa rumah sakit swasta. Polisi telah mencatat sembilan orang mengalami luka berat. Lima dirawat di RSUD, sedangkan empat lainnya dirujuk ke rumah sakit swasta karena luka cukup parah. Hasil pemeriksaan sejumlah saksi, penyebab kecelakaan itu dikarenakan sopir nekat menerobos perlintasan meski alarm sudah berbunyi.> SOPIR BUS PEMBAWA ANAK YATIM DIBEKUK DI SUBANG

PEMBUNUH WANITA DI KAMAR KOS MENGAKU SAKIT HATI

saco-indonesia.com, Agung Rizki yang berusia 20 tahun , yang merupakan tersangka pembunuh Aan Aminah telah mengaku sakit hati pada korban karena selama ini telah diperlakukan seperti budak disuruh ngepel, cuci baju dan memijit korban di rumah kos tersebut.

Menurut tersangka yang juga mengaku pacar korban, karena ulah janda satu anak itu sudah keterlaluan, maka pada Selasa (24/12) malam sekitar Pk 19;00, pelaku telah menusuk rusuk kanan korban empat kali. Tak puas menusuk korban , Agung Rizki lalu mencekik kekasihnya hingga tewas.

Menurut Kapolsek Tamansari Kompol Adi Vivid AB, pengakuan dari tersangka tadi baru pemeriksaan sementara. “Kami juga masih terus memeriksa tersangka berkaitan hilangnya harta benda milik korban,” ujar kapolsek yang telah menambahkan bahwa kasus pembunuhan itu telah dilimpahkan ke Polres Metro Jakarta Barat.

Sebagaimana yang telah diketahui, Aan Aminah telah ditemukan tewas dalam kondisi bugil tapi ditutupi pelaku pakai bedcover di rumah kosnya di Jalan Mangga Besar 9 RT012/07 Kel Tangki, Kec. Tamansari, Jakarta Barat, Jumat (27/12) malam lalu.

Korban setelah dihabisi ditinggal pelaku dengan cara kamar digembok dari luar. Baru setelah mayat wanita itu membusuk ditemukan warga.


Editor : Dian Sukmawati

> PEMBUNUH WANITA DI KAMAR KOS MENGAKU SAKIT HATI

LAMPU HID UNTUK PENERANGAN MOBIL YANG LEBIH BAIK

Tips Memilih Lampu Mobil HID. Saat mengemudi seringkali telah menghadapi berbagai macam ringantan, salah satunya adalah kemacetan lalu lintas, anda juga dapat membayangkan jika anda mengemudi di malam hari, di jalanan yang sepi, tiba-tiba mendadak lampu depan mobil mati, sehingga pandangan ke depan menjadi gelap.

Hal tersebut dapat terjadi ketika lampu halogen, yang umumnya telah digunakan pada mobil saat ini dan biasanya untuk jangka waktu tertentu mudah cepat rusak. Tetapi jangan khawatir, karena solusinya adalah anda dapat menggunakan tipe bohlam HID yang telah mempunyai umur lebih panjang.

Anda dapat melupakan Halogen, dan beralih ke HID

Dengan lampu mobil konvensional yang menggunakan halogen sebagai sumber cahaya, maka lampu HID juga sudah memanfaatkan gas xenon bersama dengan garam logam halide dan merkuri. Komponen tersebut juga dapat membentuk suatu lengkungan arus tegangan tinggi yang bersatu menyebabkan cahaya sinar cerah, mirip dengan lampu neon. Karena penggunaan gas xenon di dalam lampu, sehingga sering disebut dengan lampu depan xenon

Bagaimana cara kerjanya?

Bila anda sudah mengaktifkan lampu mobil baru 2014 anda, maka tegangan tinggi 12V didistribusikan sepanjang kumparan relay, akibatnya kontak ditutup, dari titik tersebut maka tegangan 12V digunakan untuk dapat menghidupkan pemberat di dalam lampu xenon. Pemberat inilah yang kemudian akan menyala dan memberikan tenaga listrik untuk lampu.

Mengapa HID Itu diperlukan?

Jika dibandingkan dengan lampu mobil konvensional, maka lampu HID telah mempunyai cukup banyak keuntungan, dengan lampu HID yang biasanya tiga kali lebih terang daripada yang konvensional. Plus juga dapat memberikan jarak penglihatan jalan di depan lebih besar sampai dengan 70%

Bagaimana memilihnya?

Bila anda berminat untuk menggantinya, ada beberapa hal yang perlu untuk dicermati. Anda juga harus cek ukuran bola lampu sebelumnya, kebanyakan bola lampu yang terdapat adalah uuran H1, H3, H4, H7, selanjutnya setelah menentukan warna temperatur yang diinginkan, anda juga dapat menentukan suhu yang dapat diukur dalam satuan K atau derajat Kelvin. Hal ini untuk dapat menentukan warna apa lampu HID akan memuaskan.

Apakah ada kemungkinan masalah ?

Jika anda mencoba hal baru, pasti terdapat kelemahan dan kelebihannya. Karena itu sifat pencahayaan HID begitu terang dan cerah, terutama di malam hari karena kontras. Oleh karena itu sinar lampu yang terpancar dari mobil tersebut dapat membuat silau pengemudi dari arah berlawanan.

Perawatan dan Pemeliharaan.

Agar umur pakai HID awet dan bertahan lama, sebaiknya anda tidak berusaha untuk dapat mematikannya sesaat setelah dihidupkan. Lampu jenis ini biasanya memerlukan waktu 60 detik untuk pemanasan sebelum dapat beroperasi secara normal. Sebab itu, jangan mencoba untuk memainkannya, karena kemungkinan rusak akan lebih cepat.

Anda juga dapat melakukan cek beterai jika mobil sudah lama tidak digunakan. Jika tidak rajin dicek maka akan membuat baterai tersebut kadaluarsa , dan anda sudah tidak dapat menggunakannya. Tetapi anda tidak perlu khawatir sebab baterry jenis NimH mampu bertahan lama

 

> LAMPU HID UNTUK PENERANGAN MOBIL YANG LEBIH BAIK

Richard Suzman, 72, Dies; Researcher Influenced Global Surveys on Aging

At the National Institutes of Health, Dr. Suzman’s signature accomplishment was the central role he played in creating a global network of surveys on aging.

Richard Suzman, 72, Dies; Researcher Influenced Global Surveys on Aging | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Police Rethink Long Tradition on Using Force

WASHINGTON — During a training course on defending against knife attacks, a young Salt Lake City police officer asked a question: “How close can somebody get to me before I’m justified in using deadly force?”

Dennis Tueller, the instructor in that class more than three decades ago, decided to find out. In the fall of 1982, he performed a rudimentary series of tests and concluded that an armed attacker who bolted toward an officer could clear 21 feet in the time it took most officers to draw, aim and fire their weapon.

The next spring, Mr. Tueller published his findings in SWAT magazine and transformed police training in the United States. The “21-foot rule” became dogma. It has been taught in police academies around the country, accepted by courts and cited by officers to justify countless shootings, including recent episodes involving a homeless woodcarver in Seattle and a schizophrenic woman in San Francisco.

Now, amid the largest national debate over policing since the 1991 beating of Rodney King in Los Angeles, a small but vocal set of law enforcement officials are calling for a rethinking of the 21-foot rule and other axioms that have emphasized how to use force, not how to avoid it. Several big-city police departments are already re-examining when officers should chase people or draw their guns and when they should back away, wait or try to defuse the situation

Police Rethink Long Tradition on Using Force | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Top News China’s Intents Are Questioned as It Builds in Antarctica

HOBART, Tasmania — Few places seem out of reach for China’s leader, Xi Jinping, who has traveled from European capitals to obscure Pacific and Caribbean islands in pursuit of his nation’s strategic interests.

So perhaps it was not surprising when he turned up last fall in this city on the edge of the Southern Ocean to put down a long-distance marker in another faraway region, Antarctica, 2,000 miles south of this Australian port.

Standing on the deck of an icebreaker that ferries Chinese scientists from this last stop before the frozen continent, Mr. Xi pledged that China would continue to expand in one of the few places on earth that remain unexploited by humans.

He signed a five-year accord with the Australian government that allows Chinese vessels and, in the future, aircraft to resupply for fuel and food before heading south. That will help secure easier access to a region that is believed to have vast oil and mineral resources; huge quantities of high-protein sea life; and for times of possible future dire need, fresh water contained in icebergs.

It was not until 1985, about seven decades after Robert Scott and Roald Amundsen raced to the South Pole, that a team representing Beijing hoisted the Chinese flag over the nation’s first Antarctic research base, the Great Wall Station on King George Island.

But now China seems determined to catch up. As it has bolstered spending on Antarctic research, and as the early explorers, especially the United States and Australia, confront stagnant budgets, there is growing concern about its intentions.

China’s operations on the continent — it opened its fourth research station last year, chose a site for a fifth, and is investing in a second icebreaker and new ice-capable planes and helicopters — are already the fastest growing of the 52 signatories to the Antarctic Treaty. That gentlemen’s agreement reached in 1959 bans military activity on the continent and aims to preserve it as one of the world’s last wildernesses; a related pact prohibits mining.

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But Mr. Xi’s visit was another sign that China is positioning itself to take advantage of the continent’s resource potential when the treaty expires in 2048 — or in the event that it is ripped up before, Chinese and Australian experts say.

“So far, our research is natural-science based, but we know there is more and more concern about resource security,” said Yang Huigen, director general of the Polar Research Institute of China, who accompanied Mr. Xi last November on his visit to Hobart and stood with him on the icebreaker, Xue Long, or Snow Dragon.

With that in mind, the polar institute recently opened a new division devoted to the study of resources, law, geopolitics and governance in Antarctica and the Arctic, Mr. Yang said.

Australia, a strategic ally of the United States that has strong economic relations with China, is watching China’s buildup in the Antarctic with a mix of gratitude — China’s presence offers support for Australia’s Antarctic science program, which is short of cash — and wariness.

“We should have no illusions about the deeper agenda — one that has not even been agreed to by Chinese scientists but is driven by Xi, and most likely his successors,” said Peter Jennings, executive director of the Australian Strategic Policy Institute and a former senior official in the Australian Department of Defense.

“This is part of a broader pattern of a mercantilist approach all around the world,” Mr. Jennings added. “A big driver of Chinese policy is to secure long-term energy supply and food supply.”

That approach was evident last month when a large Chinese agriculture enterprise announced an expansion of its fishing operations around Antarctica to catch more krill — small, protein-rich crustaceans that are abundant in Antarctic waters.

“The Antarctic is a treasure house for all human beings, and China should go there and share,” Liu Shenli, the chairman of the China National Agricultural Development Group, told China Daily, a state-owned newspaper. China would aim to fish up to two million tons of krill a year, he said, a substantial increase from what it currently harvests.

Because sovereignty over Antarctica is unclear, nations have sought to strengthen their claims over the ice-covered land by building research bases and naming geographic features. China’s fifth station will put it within reach of the six American facilities, and ahead of Australia’s three.

Chinese mappers have also given Chinese names to more than 300 sites, compared with the thousands of locations on the continent with English names.

In the unspoken competition for Antarctica’s future, scientific achievement can also translate into influence. Chinese scientists are driving to be the first to drill and recover an ice core containing tiny air bubbles that provide a record of climate change stretching as far back as 1.5 million years. It is an expensive and delicate effort at which others, including the European Union and Australia, have failed.

In a breakthrough a decade ago, European scientists extracted an ice core nearly two miles long that revealed 800,000 years of climate history. But finding an ice core going back further would allow scientists to examine a change in the earth’s climate cycles believed to have occurred 900,000 to 1.2 million years ago.

China is betting it has found the best location to drill, at an area called Dome A, or Dome Argus, the highest point on the East Antarctic Ice Sheet. Though it is considered one of the coldest places on the planet, with temperatures of 130 degrees below zero Fahrenheit, a Chinese expedition explored the area in 2005 and established a research station in 2009.

“The international community has drilled in lots of places, but no luck so far,” said Xiao Cunde, a member of the first party to reach the site and the deputy director of the Institute for Climate Change at the Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences. “We think at Dome A we will have a straight shot at the one-million-year ice core.”

Mr. Xiao said China had already begun drilling and hoped to find what scientists are looking for in four to five years.

To support its Antarctic aspirations, China is building a sophisticated $300 million icebreaker that is expected to be ready in a few years, said Xia Limin, deputy director of the Chinese Arctic and Antarctic Administration in Beijing. It has also bought a high-tech fixed-wing aircraft, outfitted in the United States, for taking sensitive scientific soundings from the ice.

China has chosen the site for its fifth research station at Inexpressible Island, named by a group of British explorers who were stranded at the desolate site in 1912 and survived the winter by excavating a small ice cave.

Mr. Xia said the inhospitable spot was ideal because China did not have a presence in that part of Antarctica, and because the rocky site did not have much snow, making it relatively cheap to build there.

Anne-Marie Brady, a professor of political science at the University of Canterbury in New Zealand and the author of a soon-to-be-released book, “China as a Polar Great Power,” said Chinese scientists also believed they had a good chance of finding mineral and energy resources near the site.

“China is playing a long game in Antarctica and keeping other states guessing about its true intentions and interests are part of its poker hand,” she said. But she noted that China’s interest in finding minerals was presented “loud and clear to domestic audiences” as the main reason it was investing in Antarctica.

Because commercial drilling is banned, estimates of energy and mineral resources in Antarctica rely on remote sensing data and comparisons with similar geological environments elsewhere, said Millard F. Coffin, executive director of the Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies in Hobart.

But the difficulty of extraction in such severe conditions and uncertainty about future commodity prices make it unlikely that China or any country would defy the ban on mining anytime soon.

Tourism, however, is already booming. Travelers from China are still a relatively small contingent in the Antarctic compared with the more than 13,000 Americans who visited in 2013, and as yet there are no licensed Chinese tour operators.

But that is about to change, said Anthony Bergin, deputy director of the Australian Strategic Policy Institute. “I understand very soon there will be Chinese tourists on Chinese vessels with all-Chinese crew in the Antarctic,” he said.

 

Top News China’s Intents Are Questioned as It Builds in Antarctica | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Jean Nidetch, 91, Dies; Pounds Came Off, and Weight Watchers Was Born

A 214-pound Queens housewife struggled with a lifelong addiction to food until she shed 72 pounds and became the public face of the worldwide weight-control empire Weight Watchers.

Jean Nidetch, 91, Dies; Pounds Came Off, and Weight Watchers Was Born | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Advertisement Politics Obama Finds a Bolder Voice on Race Issues

As he reflected on the festering wounds deepened by race and grievance that have been on painful display in America’s cities lately, President Obama on Monday found himself thinking about a young man he had just met named Malachi.

A few minutes before, in a closed-door round-table discussion at Lehman College in the Bronx, Mr. Obama had asked a group of black and Hispanic students from disadvantaged backgrounds what could be done to help them reach their goals. Several talked about counseling and guidance programs.

“Malachi, he just talked about — we should talk about love,” Mr. Obama told a crowd afterward, drifting away from his prepared remarks. “Because Malachi and I shared the fact that our dad wasn’t around and that sometimes we wondered why he wasn’t around and what had happened. But really, that’s what this comes down to is: Do we love these kids?”

Many presidents have governed during times of racial tension, but Mr. Obama is the first to see in the mirror a face that looks like those on the other side of history’s ledger. While his first term was consumed with the economy, war and health care, his second keeps coming back to the societal divide that was not bridged by his election. A president who eschewed focusing on race now seems to have found his voice again as he thinks about how to use his remaining time in office and beyond.

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Obama Speaks of a ‘Sense of Unfairness’

Obama Speaks of a ‘Sense of Unfairness’

At an event announcing the creation of a nonprofit focusing on young minority men, President Obama talked about the underlying reasons for recent protests in Baltimore and other cities.

By Associated Press on Publish Date May 4, 2015. Photo by Stephen Crowley/The New York Times.

In the aftermath of racially charged unrest in places like Baltimore, Ferguson, Mo., and New York, Mr. Obama came to the Bronx on Monday for the announcement of a new nonprofit organization that is being spun off from his White House initiative called My Brother’s Keeper. Staked by more than $80 million in commitments from corporations and other donors, the new group, My Brother’s Keeper Alliance, will in effect provide the nucleus for Mr. Obama’s post-presidency, which will begin in January 2017.

“This will remain a mission for me and for Michelle not just for the rest of my presidency but for the rest of my life,” Mr. Obama said. “And the reason is simple,” he added. Referring to some of the youths he had just met, he said: “We see ourselves in these young men. I grew up without a dad. I grew up lost sometimes and adrift, not having a sense of a clear path. The only difference between me and a lot of other young men in this neighborhood and all across the country is that I grew up in an environment that was a little more forgiving.”

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Organizers said the new alliance already had financial pledges from companies like American Express, Deloitte, Discovery Communications and News Corporation. The money will be used to help companies address obstacles facing young black and Hispanic men, provide grants to programs for disadvantaged youths, and help communities aid their populations.

Joe Echevarria, a former chief executive of Deloitte, the accounting and consulting firm, will lead the alliance, and among those on its leadership team or advisory group are executives at PepsiCo, News Corporation, Sprint, BET and Prudential Group Insurance; former Secretary of State Colin L. Powell; Senator Cory Booker, Democrat of New Jersey; former Attorney General Eric H. Holder Jr.; the music star John Legend; the retired athletes Alonzo Mourning, Jerome Bettis and Shaquille O’Neal; and the mayors of Indianapolis, Sacramento and Philadelphia.

The alliance, while nominally independent of the White House, may face some of the same questions confronting former Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton as she begins another presidential campaign. Some of those donating to the alliance may have interests in government action, and skeptics may wonder whether they are trying to curry favor with the president by contributing.

“The Obama administration will have no role in deciding how donations are screened and what criteria they’ll set at the alliance for donor policies, because it’s an entirely separate entity,” Josh Earnest, the White House press secretary, told reporters on Air Force One en route to New York. But he added, “I’m confident that the members of the board are well aware of the president’s commitment to transparency.”

The alliance was in the works before the disturbances last week after the death of Freddie Gray, the black man who suffered fatal injuries while in police custody in Baltimore, but it reflected the evolution of Mr. Obama’s presidency. For him, in a way, it is coming back to issues that animated him as a young community organizer and politician. It was his own struggle with race and identity, captured in his youthful memoir, “Dreams From My Father,” that stood him apart from other presidential aspirants.

But that was a side of him that he kept largely to himself through the first years of his presidency while he focused on other priorities like turning the economy around, expanding government-subsidized health care and avoiding electoral land mines en route to re-election.

After securing a second term, Mr. Obama appeared more emboldened. Just a month after his 2013 inauguration, he talked passionately about opportunity and race with a group of teenage boys in Chicago, a moment aides point to as perhaps the first time he had spoken about these issues in such a personal, powerful way as president. A few months later, he publicly lamented the death of Trayvon Martin, a black Florida teenager, saying that “could have been me 35 years ago.”

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President Obama on Monday with Darinel Montero, a student at Bronx International High School who introduced him before remarks at Lehman College in the Bronx. Credit Stephen Crowley/The New York Times

That case, along with public ruptures of anger over police shootings in Ferguson and elsewhere, have pushed the issue of race and law enforcement onto the public agenda. Aides said they imagined that with his presidency in its final stages, Mr. Obama might be thinking more about what comes next and causes he can advance as a private citizen.

That is not to say that his public discussion of these issues has been universally welcomed. Some conservatives said he had made matters worse by seeming in their view to blame police officers in some of the disputed cases.

“President Obama, when he was elected, could have been a unifying leader,” Senator Ted Cruz of Texas, a Republican candidate for president, said at a forum last week. “He has made decisions that I think have inflamed racial tensions.”

On the other side of the ideological spectrum, some liberal African-American activists have complained that Mr. Obama has not done enough to help downtrodden communities. While he is speaking out more, these critics argue, he has hardly used the power of the presidency to make the sort of radical change they say is necessary.

The line Mr. Obama has tried to straddle has been a serrated one. He condemns police brutality as he defends most officers as honorable. He condemns “criminals and thugs” who looted in Baltimore while expressing empathy with those trapped in a cycle of poverty and hopelessness.

In the Bronx on Monday, Mr. Obama bemoaned the death of Brian Moore, a plainclothes New York police officer who had died earlier in the day after being shot in the head Saturday on a Queens street. Most police officers are “good and honest and fair and care deeply about their communities,” even as they put their lives on the line, Mr. Obama said.

“Which is why in addressing the issues in Baltimore or Ferguson or New York, the point I made was that if we’re just looking at policing, we’re looking at it too narrowly,” he added. “If we ask the police to simply contain and control problems that we ourselves have been unwilling to invest and solve, that’s not fair to the communities, it’s not fair to the police.”

Moreover, if society writes off some people, he said, “that’s not the kind of country I want to live in; that’s not what America is about.”

His message to young men like Malachi Hernandez, who attends Boston Latin Academy in Massachusetts, is not to give up.

“I want you to know you matter,” he said. “You matter to us.”

Advertisement Politics Obama Finds a Bolder Voice on Race Issues | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Native American Actors Work to Overcome a Long-Documented Bias

Late in April, after Native American actors walked off in disgust from the set of Adam Sandler’s latest film, a western sendup that its distributor, Netflix, has defended as being equally offensive to all, a glow of pride spread through several Native American communities.

Tantoo Cardinal, a Canadian indigenous actress who played Black Shawl in “Dances With Wolves,” recalled thinking to herself, “It’s come.” Larry Sellers, who starred as Cloud Dancing in the 1990s television show “Dr. Quinn, Medicine Woman,” thought, “It’s about time.” Jesse Wente, who is Ojibwe and directs film programming at the TIFF Bell Lightbox in Toronto, found himself encouraged and surprised. There are so few film roles for indigenous actors, he said, that walking off the set of a major production showed real mettle.

But what didn’t surprise Mr. Wente was the content of the script. According to the actors who walked off the set, the film, titled “The Ridiculous Six,” included a Native American woman who passes out and is revived after white men douse her with alcohol, and another woman squatting to urinate while lighting a peace pipe. “There’s enough history at this point to have set some expectations around these sort of Hollywood depictions,” Mr. Wente said.

The walkout prompted a rhetorical “What do you expect from an Adam Sandler film?,” and a Netflix spokesman said that in the movie, blacks, Mexicans and whites were lampooned as well. But Native American actors and critics said a broader issue was at stake. While mainstream portrayals of native peoples have, Mr. Wente said, become “incrementally better” over the decades, he and others say, they remain far from accurate and reflect a lack of opportunities for Native American performers. What’s more, as Native Americans hunger for representation on screen, critics say the absence of three-dimensional portrayals has very real off-screen consequences.

“Our people are still healing from historical trauma,” said Loren Anthony, one of the actors who walked out. “Our youth are still trying to figure out who they are, where they fit in this society. Kids are killing themselves. They’re not proud of who they are.” They also don’t, he added, see themselves on prime time television or the big screen. Netflix noted while about five people walked off the “The Ridiculous Six” set, 100 or so Native American actors and extras stayed.

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But in interviews, nearly a dozen Native American actors and film industry experts said that Mr. Sandler’s humor perpetuated decades-old negative stereotypes. Mr. Anthony said such depictions helped feed the despondency many Native Americans feel, with deadly results: Native Americans have the highest suicide rate out of all the country’s ethnicities.

The on-screen problem is twofold, Mr. Anthony and others said: There’s a paucity of roles for Native Americans — according to the Screen Actors Guild in 2008 they accounted for 0.3 percent of all on-screen parts (those figures have yet to be updated), compared to about 2 percent of the general population — and Native American actors are often perceived in a narrow way.

In his Peabody Award-winning documentary “Reel Injun,” the Cree filmmaker Neil Diamond explored Hollywood depictions of Native Americans over the years, and found they fell into a few stereotypical categories: the Noble Savage, the Drunk Indian, the Mystic, the Indian Princess, the backward tribal people futilely fighting John Wayne and manifest destiny. While the 1990 film “Dances With Wolves” won praise for depicting Native Americans as fully fleshed out human beings, not all indigenous people embraced it. It was still told, critics said, from the colonialists’ point of view. In an interview, John Trudell, a Santee Sioux writer, actor (“Thunderheart”) and the former chairman of the American Indian Movement, described the film as “a story of two white people.”

“God bless ‘Dances with Wolves,’ ” Michael Horse, who played Deputy Hawk in “Twin Peaks,” said sarcastically. “Even ‘Avatar.’ Someone’s got to come save the tribal people.”

Dan Spilo, a partner at Industry Entertainment who represents Adam Beach, one of today’s most prominent Native American actors, said while typecasting dogs many minorities, it is especially intractable when it comes to Native Americans. Casting directors, he said, rarely cast them as police officers, doctors or lawyers. “There’s the belief that the Native American character should be on reservations or riding a horse,” he said.

“We don’t see ourselves,” Mr. Horse said. “We’re still an antiquated culture to them, and to the rest of the world.”

Ms. Cardinal said she was once turned down for the role of the wife of a child-abusing cop because the filmmakers felt that casting her would somehow be “too political.”

Another sore point is the long run of white actors playing American Indians, among them Burt Lancaster, Rock Hudson, Audrey Hepburn and, more recently, Johnny Depp, whose depiction of Tonto in the 2013 film “Lone Ranger,” was viewed as racist by detractors. There are, of course, exceptions. The former A&E series “Longmire,” which, as it happens, will now be on Netflix, was roundly praised for its depiction of life on a Northern Cheyenne reservation, with Lou Diamond Phillips, who is of Cherokee descent, playing a Northern Cheyenne man.

Others also point to the success of Mr. Beach, who played a Mohawk detective in “Law & Order: Special Victims Unit” and landed a starring role in the forthcoming D C Comics picture “Suicide Squad.” Mr. Beach said he had come across insulting scripts backed by people who don’t see anything wrong with them.

“I’d rather starve than do something that is offensive to my ancestral roots,” Mr. Beach said. “But I think there will always be attempts to drawn on the weakness of native people’s struggles. The savage Indian will always be the savage Indian. The white man will always be smarter and more cunning. The cavalry will always win.”

The solution, Mr. Wente, Mr. Trudell and others said, lies in getting more stories written by and starring Native Americans. But Mr. Wente noted that while independent indigenous film has blossomed in the last two decades, mainstream depictions have yet to catch up. “You have to stop expecting for Hollywood to correct it, because there seems to be no ability or desire to correct it,” Mr. Wente said.

There have been calls to boycott Netflix but, writing for Indian Country Today Media Network, which first broke news of the walk off, the filmmaker Brian Young noted that the distributor also offered a number of films by or about Native Americans.

The furor around “The Ridiculous Six” may drive more people to see it. Then one of the questions that Mr. Trudell, echoing others, had about the film will be answered: “Who the hell laughs at this stuff?”

Native American Actors Work to Overcome a Long-Documented Bias | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Don Mankiewicz, Screenwriter in a Family Film Tradition, Dies at 93

Mr. Mankiewicz, an Oscar-nominated screenwriter for “I Want to Live!,” also wrote episodes of television shows such as “Star Trek” and “Marcus Welby, M.D.”

Don Mankiewicz, Screenwriter in a Family Film Tradition, Dies at 93 | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Ghostly Voices From Thomas Edison’s Dolls Can Now Be Heard

Though Robin and Joan Rolfs owned two rare talking dolls manufactured by Thomas Edison’s phonograph company in 1890, they did not dare play the wax cylinder records tucked inside each one.

The Rolfses, longtime collectors of Edison phonographs, knew that if they turned the cranks on the dolls’ backs, the steel phonograph needle might damage or destroy the grooves of the hollow, ring-shaped cylinder. And so for years, the dolls sat side by side inside a display cabinet, bearers of a message from the dawn of sound recording that nobody could hear.

In 1890, Edison’s dolls were a flop; production lasted only six weeks. Children found them difficult to operate and more scary than cuddly. The recordings inside, which featured snippets of nursery rhymes, wore out quickly.

Yet sound historians say the cylinders were the first entertainment records ever made, and the young girls hired to recite the rhymes were the world’s first recording artists.

Year after year, the Rolfses asked experts if there might be a safe way to play the recordings. Then a government laboratory developed a method to play fragile records without touching them.

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The technique relies on a microscope to create images of the grooves in exquisite detail. A computer approximates — with great accuracy — the sounds that would have been created by a needle moving through those grooves.

In 2014, the technology was made available for the first time outside the laboratory.

“The fear all along is that we don’t want to damage these records. We don’t want to put a stylus on them,” said Jerry Fabris, the curator of the Thomas Edison Historical Park in West Orange, N.J. “Now we have the technology to play them safely.”

Last month, the Historical Park posted online three never-before-heard Edison doll recordings, including the two from the Rolfses’ collection. “There are probably more out there, and we’re hoping people will now get them digitized,” Mr. Fabris said.

The technology, which is known as Irene (Image, Reconstruct, Erase Noise, Etc.), was developed by the particle physicist Carl Haber and the engineer Earl Cornell at Lawrence Berkeley. Irene extracts sound from cylinder and disk records. It can also reconstruct audio from recordings so badly damaged they were deemed unplayable.

“We are now hearing sounds from history that I did not expect to hear in my lifetime,” Mr. Fabris said.

The Rolfses said they were not sure what to expect in August when they carefully packed their two Edison doll cylinders, still attached to their motors, and drove from their home in Hortonville, Wis., to the National Document Conservation Center in Andover, Mass. The center had recently acquired Irene technology.

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Cylinders carry sound in a spiral groove cut by a phonograph recording needle that vibrates up and down, creating a surface made of tiny hills and valleys. In the Irene set-up, a microscope perched above the shaft takes thousands of high-resolution images of small sections of the grooves.

Stitched together, the images provide a topographic map of the cylinder’s surface, charting changes in depth as small as one five-hundredth the thickness of a human hair. Pitch, volume and timbre are all encoded in the hills and valleys and the speed at which the record is played.

At the conservation center, the preservation specialist Mason Vander Lugt attached one of the cylinders to the end of a rotating shaft. Huddled around a computer screen, the Rolfses first saw the wiggly waveform generated by Irene. Then came the digital audio. The words were at first indistinct, but as Mr. Lugt filtered out more of the noise, the rhyme became clearer.

“That was the Eureka moment,” Mr. Rolfs said.

In 1890, a girl in Edison’s laboratory had recited:

There was a little girl,

And she had a little curl

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Right in the middle of her forehead.

When she was good,

She was very, very good.

But when she was bad, she was horrid.

Recently, the conservation center turned up another surprise.

In 2010, the Woody Guthrie Foundation received 18 oversize phonograph disks from an anonymous donor. No one knew if any of the dirt-stained recordings featured Guthrie, but Tiffany Colannino, then the foundation’s archivist, had stored them unplayed until she heard about Irene.

Last fall, the center extracted audio from one of the records, labeled “Jam Session 9” and emailed the digital file to Ms. Colannino.

“I was just sitting in my dining room, and the next thing I know, I’m hearing Woody,” she said. In between solo performances of “Ladies Auxiliary,” “Jesus Christ,” and “Dead or Alive,” Guthrie tells jokes, offers some back story, and makes the audience laugh. “It is quintessential Guthrie,” Ms. Colannino said.

The Rolfses’ dolls are back in the display cabinet in Wisconsin. But with audio stored on several computers, they now have a permanent voice.

Ghostly Voices From Thomas Edison’s Dolls Can Now Be Heard | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Suzanne Crough, Actress in ‘The Partridge Family,’ Dies at 52

Ms. Crough played the youngest daughter on the hit ’70s sitcom starring David Cassidy and Shirley Jones.

Suzanne Crough, Actress in ‘The Partridge Family,’ Dies at 52 | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Hard but Hopeful Home to ‘Lot of Freddies’

Children playing last week in Sandtown-Winchester, the Baltimore neighborhood where Freddie Gray was raised. One young resident called it “a tough community.”
Todd Heisler/The New York Times

Children playing last week in Sandtown-Winchester, the Baltimore neighborhood where Freddie Gray was raised. One young resident called it “a tough community.”

Hard but Hopeful Home to ‘Lot of Freddies’

Hard but Hopeful Home to ‘Lot of Freddies’ | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Verne Gagne, Wrestler Who Grappled Through Two Eras, Dies at 89

Gagne wrestled professionally from the late 1940s until the 1980s and was a transitional figure between the early 20th century barnstormers and the steroidal sideshows of today

Verne Gagne, Wrestler Who Grappled Through Two Eras, Dies at 89 | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Edward Chambers, Early Leader in Community Organizing, Dies at 85

A lapsed seminarian, Mr. Chambers succeeded Saul Alinsky as leader of the social justice umbrella group Industrial Areas Foundation.

Edward Chambers, Early Leader in Community Organizing, Dies at 85 | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Nepal’s Young Men, Lost to Migration, Then a Quake

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Many bodies prepared for cremation last week in Kathmandu were of young men from Gongabu, a common stopover for Nepali migrant workers headed overseas. Credit Daniel Berehulak for The New York Times

KATHMANDU, Nepal — When the dense pillar of smoke from cremations by the Bagmati River was thinning late last week, the bodies were all coming from Gongabu, a common stopover for Nepali migrant workers headed overseas, and they were all of young men.

Hindu custom dictates that funeral pyres should be lighted by the oldest son of the deceased, but these men were too young to have sons, so they were burned by their brothers or fathers. Sukla Lal, a maize farmer, made a 14-hour journey by bus to retrieve the body of his 19-year-old son, who had been on his way to the Persian Gulf to work as a laborer.

“He wanted to live in the countryside, but he was compelled to leave by poverty,” Mr. Lal said, gazing ahead steadily as his son’s remains smoldered. “He told me, ‘You can live on your land, and I will come up with money, and we will have a happy family.’ ”

Weeks will pass before the authorities can give a complete accounting of who died in the April 25 earthquake, but it is already clear that Nepal cannot afford the losses. The countryside was largely stripped of its healthy young men even before the quake, as they migrated in great waves — 1,500 a day by some estimates — to work as laborers in India, Malaysia or one of the gulf nations, leaving many small communities populated only by elderly parents, women and children. Economists say that at some times of the year, one-quarter of Nepal’s population is working outside the country.

Nepal’s Young Men, Lost to Migration, Then a Quake | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Finding Scandal in New York and New Jersey, but No Shame

From sea to shining sea, or at least from one side of the Hudson to the other, politicians you have barely heard of are being accused of wrongdoing. There were so many court proceedings involving public officials on Monday that it was hard to keep up.

In Newark, two underlings of Gov. Chris Christie were arraigned on charges that they were in on the truly deranged plot to block traffic leading onto the George Washington Bridge.

Ten miles away, in Lower Manhattan, Dean G. Skelos, the leader of the New York State Senate, and his son, Adam B. Skelos, were arrested by the Federal Bureau of Investigation on accusations of far more conventional political larceny, involving a job with a sewer company for the son and commissions on title insurance and bond work.

The younger man managed to receive a 150 percent pay increase from the sewer company even though, as he said on tape, he “literally knew nothing about water or, you know, any of that stuff,” according to a criminal complaint the United States attorney’s office filed.

The success of Adam Skelos, 32, was attributed by prosecutors to his father’s influence as the leader of the Senate and as a potentate among state Republicans. The indictment can also be read as one of those unfailingly sad tales of a father who cannot stop indulging a grown son. The senator himself is not alleged to have profited from the schemes, except by being relieved of the burden of underwriting Adam.

The bridge traffic caper is its own species of crazy; what distinguishes the charges against the two Skeloses is the apparent absence of a survival instinct. It is one thing not to know anything about water or that stuff. More remarkable, if true, is the fact that the sewer machinations continued even after the former New York Assembly speaker, Sheldon Silver, was charged in January with taking bribes disguised as fees.

It was by then common gossip in political and news media circles that Senator Skelos, a Republican, the counterpart in the Senate to Mr. Silver, a Democrat, in the Assembly, could be next in line for the criminal dock. “Stay tuned,” the United States attorney, Preet Bharara said, leaving not much to the imagination.

Even though the cat had been unmistakably belled, Skelos father and son continued to talk about how to advance the interests of the sewer company, though the son did begin to use a burner cellphone, the kind people pay for in cash, with no traceable contracts.

That was indeed prudent, as prosecutors had been wiretapping the cellphones of both men. But it would seem that the burner was of limited value, because by then the prosecutors had managed to secure the help of a business executive who agreed to record calls with the Skeloses. It would further seem that the business executive was more attentive to the perils of pending investigations than the politician.

Through the end of the New York State budget negotiations in March, the hopes of the younger Skelos rested on his father’s ability to devise legislation that would benefit the sewer company. That did not pan out. But Senator Skelos did boast that he had haggled with Gov. Andrew M. Cuomo, a Democrat, in a successful effort to raise a $150 million allocation for Long Island to $550 million, for what the budget called “transformative economic development projects.” It included money for the kind of work done by the sewer company.

The lawyer for Adam Skelos said he was not guilty and would win in court. Senator Skelos issued a ringing declaration that he was unequivocally innocent.

THIS was also the approach taken in New Jersey by Bill Baroni, a man of great presence and eloquence who stopped outside the federal courthouse to note that he had taken risks as a Republican by bucking his party to support paid family leave, medical marijuana and marriage equality. “I would never risk my career, my job, my reputation for something like this,” Mr. Baroni said. “I am an innocent man.”

The lawyer for his co-defendant, Bridget Anne Kelly, the former deputy chief of staff to Mr. Christie, a Republican, said that she would strongly rebut the charges.

Perhaps they had nothing to do with the lane closings. But neither Mr. Baroni nor Ms. Kelly addressed the question of why they did not return repeated calls from the mayor of Fort Lee, N.J., begging them to stop the traffic tie-ups, over three days.

That silence was a low moment. But perhaps New York hit bottom faster. Senator Skelos, the prosecutors charged, arranged to meet Long Island politicians at the wake of Wenjian Liu, a New York City police officer shot dead in December, to press for payments to the company employing his son.

Sometimes it seems as though for some people, the only thing to be ashamed of is shame itself.

Finding Scandal in New York and New Jersey, but No Shame | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

Calvin Peete, 71, a Racial Pioneer on the PGA Tour, Is Dead

With 12 tournament victories in his career, Mr. Peete was the most successful black professional golfer before Tiger Woods.

Calvin Peete, 71, a Racial Pioneer on the PGA Tour, Is Dead | PAKET UMROH BULAN JANUARI 2016

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